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AISI 4140 Steel, normalized at 870°C (1600°F), air cooled, 100 mm (4 in.) round

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Notes: Material

Normalized: heated to 815°C, air cooled. Medium-carbon steel with high hardenability and good fatigue, abrasion and impact resistance.

Key Words:

6381, 709 AFNOR M AMS 40 40 (UK), 6382, CD 4, JIS AMS AFNOR SCM 6390, 4 42 H, AMS CD JIS 4 SCM 6395, (France),ASTM 4, IS SS14 1570 2244 40Cr1Mo28, A322, (Sweden), ASTM IS MIL A331, 4367 SPEC 40Cr1Mo28, ASTM MIL-S-16974, A505, IS ASTM 5517 SAE 40Cr1Mo28 A519, J404, ASTM SAE A646, J412, B.S. SAE 708 J770, A 42 DIN (UK), 1.7225, B.S. UNS 708 G41400, M 40 (UK), AMS B.S. No vendors are listed for this material. Please click here if you are a supplier and would like information on how to add your listing to this material.

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Physical Properties

Metric

English

Comments

Density

7.85 g/cc

0.284 lb/in³

Mechanical Properties

Metric

English

Comments

Hardness, Brinell

241

241

Hardness, Knoop

265

265

Converted from Brinell hardness.

Hardness, Rockwell B

97

97

Converted from Brinell hardness.

Hardness, Rockwell C

22.0

22.0

Converted from Brinell hardness.

Hardness, Vickers

254

254

Converted from Brinell hardness.

Tensile Strength, Ultimate

814 MPa

118000 psi

Tensile Strength, Yield

485 MPa

70300 psi

Elongation at Break

22.2 %

22.2 %

in 50 mm

Reduction of Area

57.4 %

57.4 %

Modulus of Elasticity

205 GPa

29700 ksi

Typical for steel

Bulk Modulus

140 GPa

20300 ksi

Typical for steel

Poissons Ratio

0.290

0.290

Calculated

Machinability

65 %

65 %

Based on AISI 1212 as 100% machinability.

Shear Modulus

80.0 GPa

11600 ksi

Typical for steel

Electrical Properties

Metric

English

Comments

Electrical Resistivity

0.0000220 ohm-cm

0.0000220 ohm-cm

specimen hardened and tempered; 20°C (68°F)

0.0000263 ohm-cm 0.0000263 ohm-cm specimen hardened and tempered

ohm-cm

0.0000263 ohm-cm

specimen hardened and tempered

@Temperature 100

°C

@Temperature 212

°F

 

ohm-cm

0.0000326 ohm-cm

specimen hardened and tempered

@Temperature 200

°C

@Temperature 392

°F

 

ohm-cm

0.0000475 ohm-cm

specimen hardened and tempered

@Temperature 400

°C

@Temperature 752

°F

 

ohm-cm

0.0000646 ohm-cm

specimen hardened and tempered

@Temperature 600 °C

@Temperature 1110

°F

Thermal Properties

 

Metric

 

English

Comments

CTE, linear

CTE, linear 12.2 µ m/m- °C 6.78 µ in/in- °F

12.2 µm/m-°C

µin/in-°F

 

@Temperature 0.000 - 100 °C

@Temperature 32.0 - 212 °F

 
 

µm/m-°C

µin/in-°F

 

@Temperature 20.0 - 400 °C

@Temperature 68.0 - 752 °F

 
 

µm/m-°C

µin/in-°F

 

@Temperature 20.0 - 600 °C

@Temperature 68.0 - 1110 °F

 

Specific Heat Capacity

Specific Heat Capacity 0.473 J/g- °C 0.113 BTU/lb- °F  

0.473 J/g-°C

BTU/lb-°F

 

@Temperature 150 - 200 °C

@Temperature 302 - 392 °F

 

J/g-°C

BTU/lb-°F

 
 

@Temperature 350 - 400 °C

@Temperature 662 - 752 °F

 

J/g-°C

BTU/lb-°F

 
 

@Temperature 550 - 600 °C

@Temperature 1020 - 1110 °F

Thermal Conductivity

 

42.6 W/m-K

296 BTU-in/hr-ft²-°F

100°C

33.0 W/m-K 229 BTU-in/hr-ft ² - °F  

W/m-K

229

BTU-in/hr-ft²-°F

 
 

@Temperature 600 °C

@Temperature 1110 °F

 

W/m-K

262

BTU-in/hr-ft²-°F

 
 

@Temperature 400 °C

@Temperature 752 °F

 

W/m-K

293

BTU-in/hr-ft²-°F

 
 

@Temperature 200 °C

@Temperature 392 °F

Component Elements Properties

Metric

 

English

Comments

Carbon, C

0.380 - 0.430 %

0.380 - 0.430 %

 

Chromium, Cr

 

0.80 - 1.10 %

0.80 - 1.10 %

 

Iron, Fe

96.785 - 97.77 %

96.785 - 97.77 %

As remainder

Manganese, Mn

 

0.75 - 1.0 %

0.75 - 1.0 %

 

Molybdenum, Mo

 

0.15 - 0.25 %

0.15 - 0.25 %

 

Phosphorous, P

 

<= 0.035 %

<= 0.035 %

 

Silicon, Si

0.15 - 0.30 %

0.15 - 0.30 %

Sulfur, S References for this datasheet.

<= 0.040 %

<= 0.040 %

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