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Materials

Chapter 6

controlling material thickness for the vessel shell is obvious. This may not be as apparent where thickness transitions occur. Generally, the thinner thickness in each component of the vessel is allowed to be the controlling thickness. It is this thinner thickness that usually has the ability to resist uncontrolled crack propagation. UCS66 requires that each component that is essential to the structural integrity for pressure containment be considered for its own thickness. Thus, items like reinforcing pads must be considered separately from the shell, head, or nozzle materials; tubesheets considered separately from shell materials; and heads considered separately from shell materials. Figures to assist in determining the applicable thickness for welded construction are given in Fig. UCS66.3 and are summarized in the following table.

Table 6.2 Governing Thickness for Charpy Impact Test Exemption Configuration Butt welds Exceptions castings, flat heads, tubesheets, and governing thickness greater than 4 inches and temperature less than 120F castings, governing thickness greater than 4 inches, and temperature less than 120F castings, governing thickness greater than 4 inches, and temperature less than 120F castings, governing thickness greater than 4 inches, and temperature less than 120F castings, governing thickness greater than 4 inches, and temperature less than 120F castings, governing thickness greater than 4 inches, and temperature less than 120F castings, governing thickness greater than 4 inches, and temperature less than 120F castings Governing Thickness thickness of welded joint

Flat head butt welds

thinner of parts joined or of flat thickness thinner of parts joined or of tubesheet thickness thinner of parts joined

Tubesheet butt welds

Corner welded joints

Fillet weld joints

thinner of parts joined

Lap weld joints

thinner of parts joined

Multiple component welded assemblies Castings Governing thickness for welded fabrication greater than 4 inches and temperatures less than 120F Nonwelded parts

warmest of the individual components largest nominal thickness testing is mandatory

Governing thickness for nonwelded parts greater than 6 inches and temperatures less than 120F

castings, bolts, and governing thickness greater than 6 inches and temperature less than 120F castings and bolts

of the flat component thickness

testing is mandatory

CASTI Guidebook to ASME Section VIII Div. 1 Pressure Vessels Third Edition