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67 x 10-27 kg Mass of neutron = mass of proton Mass of electron = 1/1840 mass of proton Diameter of nucleus is of the order of 10-14 m Diameter of orbits = 104 times dia of molecule Diameter of electron = 10-15 m Charge on electron = - 1.602 x 10-19 coulomb Charge on proton = + 1.602 x 10-19 coulomb. UNIT OF CURRENT : The charge on an electron is measured in terms of coulomb. The unit of current is coulomb per second and is called ampere.Thus I (Ampere) = coulomb/second = q / t One coulomb is equivalent to the charge of 6.28 x 1018 electrons. 1 emu of current = 3 x 1010 esu of current. ELECTROMOTIVE FORCE : Electromotive force or potential of a body is the work done in joules to bring a unit electric charge from infinity to the body. It is expressed in terms of volts (V). The potential difference is defined as that which causes current to flow in the closed circuit. RESISTANCE : Resistance is the property of a substance due to which it opposes the flow of electrons (i.e., electric current) through it. The unit of resistance is ohm (). Metals, acids and salt solutions are good conductors of electricity. Silver, copper and aluminium offer least resistance to flow of current and are called very good conductor of electricity. The electrons while flowing through the molecules or the atoms of the conductor, collide with other atoms and electrons, thereby producing heat. Some substances offer relatively greater difficulty or hindrance to the passage of these electrons. Such substances are called poor conductors or insulators of electricity. Some of the insulators are glass, bakelite, mica, rubber, polyvinyl chloride (P.V.C.), dry wood, etc. The resistance of a conductor depends on: 1. Length of conductor- it varies directly with the length 2. Cross-sectional area of the conductor - it varies inversely with the cross-sectional area 3. Its resistivity i.e. the nature of composition, etc., of the material of which the conductor is made up 4. Temperature of the conductor - it almost varies directly with the temperature. Thus R, the resistance of a conductor is given by R=l/A where = specific resistance or resistivity of the material, l = length of the conductors,

A = cross-sectional area of conductor. Ohm's Law : If the temperature and other conditions remain constant, the current through a conductor is proportional to the applied potential difference and it remains constant. Thus Current = Applied Voltage / Resistance of the circuit Resistance = Applied voltage / Current in the circuit Potential across resistance = Current x Resistance. Conditions for Ohm's Law : 1. Ohm's law can be applied either to the entire circuit or a part of a circuit. 2. When ohm's law is applied to a part circuit, part resistance and the potential across the part resistance should be used. 3. The Ohm's law can be applied to DC as well as AC circuits. However, in case of AC circuits impedance Z, is used in place of resistance. Thus I = E / Z = Applied voltage / Impedance in the circuit Conductance (G ) : Conductance is the reciprocal of ( R ) and is measure of the ease with which the current will flow through a substance. Thus G= 1 / R The unit of conductance is mho. ELECTRICAL POWER : Electrical power is expressed in terms of watts (W) and is given by W= E x I = I2 x R = E2 / R Power is also expressed in terms of kW ( kilowatt ) ( =1000 W ) or MW ( megawatt ) which is 1000 kW or 1000,000 W. Electrical Energy : Electrical energy is expressed in terms of kilowatt hours (kWh). Thus 1 kWh = 1 kW x 1 hour = 1000 watt-hours = 1000 x 60 x 60 watt-sec. RESISTANCE COMBINATIONS : Resistances in series :

When resistances are connected in series, same current flows through all resistances, and

overall resistance R, is given by R = R1 + R2 + R3 Also, V = V1 + V2 + V3 = IR1+ IR2 + IR3 . Electric Current and Ohm's Law (Continued): Resistances in Parallel :

When conductors are joined in parallel, following relations hold good I = I1 + I2 + I3 1 / R= 1 / R1 + 1 / R2 + 1 / R3 R= ( R1 +R2 + R3 ) / ( R1R2 + R2R3 + R3R1 ) G = G1 + G2 + G3 Effect of Temperature on Resistance : Resistance of all materials is affected by the variations in temperature. The effect of temperature in general is as follows: (i) Resistance of most of the metallic conductors increases with rising temperature (ii) Resistance of non-conductors or insulators usually decreases with rising temperature. Temperature coefficient of resistance : It is defined as the increase in resistance per ohm original resistance per oC rise in temperature. Thus = (Rt - Ro )/(Ro . t) where Ro = resistance at 0 oC Rt = resistance at t C t = temperature rise in oC Usually is of the order of l0 -4 / oC for most of the metals. In case of insulators and electrolytes, is usually negative. Temperature coefficient of carbon is negative.

Carbon resistors are physically small in size and color code is used to represent their value in ohms. The scheme is shown in Figure above. Various codes for colors are given in the table below :

Color Code Color Black Brown Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Violet Grey White 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Value

DRIFT VELOCITY : The drift velocity vd of charge carriers is related to current I by the equation I = n e vd Where n = density of charge carriers in conductor, = area of cross-section of conductor, e = charge on each carrier. A large amount of energy has to be supplied to pull an electron from inside to outside of the metal surface. This energy is called work function. This energy is the characteristic of the metal.

SUPER-CONDUCTIVITY : As temperature of metallic conductor decreases, their resistivity decreases. In certain metallic conductors as temperature decreases, the resistivity falls to zero at a certain temperature called super-conducting temperature. It happens for mercury at 4 K and for tin at 3.72 K. This phenomenon is called super-conductivity. Resistivity of semiconductors decreases with increase in temperature T = o e-(Eg / kT) where Eg = band gap energy, T = resistivity at T K, k = Boltzman constant. NON LINEAR DEVICES : The devices for which potential difference V Vs current I curve is not a straight line are called non-linear devices. They do not obey Ohm's law and resistance of these devices is a function of V or I e.g. vacuum tubes, junction diodes, thermistors etc. The dynamic resistance of such devices is given as r = Lt t 0 V / I = d V / d I where V is the change in p.d. Multiple Choice Questions of Electric Current and Ohm's Law (1-15): 1. Resistivity of a wire depends on (A) length (B) material (C) cross section area (D) none of the above. Get Answer: (Hide) B 2. When n resistances each of value r are connected in parallel, then resultant resistance is x. When these n resistances are connected in series, total resistance is (A) nx (B) rnx (C) x / n (D) n2 x. Get Answer: (Show) D 3. Resistance of a wire is r ohms. The wire is stretched to double its length, then its resistance in ohms is (A) r / 2

(B) 4 r (C) 2 r (D) r / 4. Get Answer: (Hide) B 4. Kirchhoff's second law is based on law of conservation of (A) charge (B) energy (C) momentum (D) mass. Get Answer: (Show) B 5. The diameter of the nucleus of an atom is of the order of (A) 10 -31 m (B) 10 -25 m (C) 10 -21 m (D) 10 -14m. Get Answer: (Hide) D 6. The mass of proton is roughly how many times the mass of an electron? (A) 184,000 (B) 184,00 (C) 1840 (D)184. Get Answer: (Show) C 7. The charge on an electron is known to be 1.6 x 10-19 coulomb. In a circuit the current flowing is 1 A. How many electrons will be flowing through the circuit in a second? (A) 1.6 x 1019 (B) 1.6 x 10-19 (C) 0.625 x 1019 (D) 0.625 x 1012. Get Answer: (Hide) C 8. Two bulbs marked 200 watt-250 volts and 100 watt-250 volts are joined in series to 250 volts supply. Power consumed in circuit is (A) 33 watt (B) 67 watt (C) 100 watt (D) 300 watt.

Get Answer: (Show) B 9. Ampere second could be the unit of (A) power (B) conductance (C) energy (D) charge. Get Answer: (Hide) D 10. Which of the following is not the same as watt? (A) joule/sec (B) amperes/volt (C) amperes x volts (D) ( amperes )2 x ohm. Get Answer: (Show) B 11. One kilowatt hour of electrical energy is the same as (A) 36 x 105 watts (B) 36 x 10s ergs (C) 36 x 105 joules (D) 36 x 105 B.T.U. Get Answer: (Hide) C 12. An electric current of 5 A is same as (A) 5 J / C (B) 5 V / C (C) 5 C / sec (D) 5 w / sec. Get Answer: (Show) C 13. An electron of mass m kg and having a charge of e coulombs travels from rest through a potential difference of V volts. Its kinetic energy will be (A) eV Joules (B) meV Joules (C)me / V Joules (D)V / me Joules. Get Answer: (Hide) A 14. The value of the following is given by 100 (kilo ampere ) x ( micro ampere ) 100 milli ampere * 10 ampere (A) 0.001 A

(B) 0.1 A (C) 1 A (D) 10A. Get Answer: (Show) B 15. A circuit contains two un-equal resistances in parallel (A) current is same in both (B) large current flows in larger resistor (C) potential difference across each is same (D) smaller resistance has smaller conductance. Get Answer: (Hide) C Multiple Choice Questions of Electric Current and Ohm's Law (16-30): 16.Conductance is expressed in terms of (A) ohm / m (B) m / ohm (C) mho / m (D) mho. Get Answer: (Hide) D 17. Which of the following could be the value of resistivity of copper? (A) 1.7 x 10-8 ohm-cm (B). 1.7 x 10-6 ohm-cm (C). 1.6 x 10-5 ohm-cm (D). 1.7 x 10-4 ohm-cm Get Answer: (Show) B 18. A copper wire of length l and diameter d has potential difference V applied at its two ends. The drift velocity is vd. If the diameter of wire is made d/3, then drift velocity becomes (A) 9 vd (B) vd / 9 (C)vd /3 (D)vd. Get Answer: (Hide) D 19.Two resistances R1 and R2 give combined resistance of 4.5 ohms when in series and 1 ohm when in parallel. The resistances are (A)3 ohms and 6 ohms (B)3 ohms and 9 ohms (C)1.5 ohms and 3 ohms (D)1.5 ohms and 0.5 ohms.

Get Answer: (Show) C 20. We have three resistances of values 2 , 3 and 6 . Which of the following combination will give an effective resistance of 4 ? (A) All the three resistances in parallel (B) 2 resistance in series with parallel combination of 3 and 6 resistance (C) 3 resistance in series with parallel combination of 2 and 6 resistance (D) 6 resistance in series with parallel combination of 2 and 3 resistance. Get Answer: (Hide) B 21. Three equal resistors connected in series across a source of emf together dissipate 10 watts of power. What would be the power dissipated in the same resistors when they are connected in parallel across the same source of emf? (A) 10 watts (B) 30 watts (C) 90 watts (D) 270 watts. Get Answer: (Show) C 22.Current I in the figure is

(A)1.5A (B)0.5A (C)3.5A (D)2.5A Get Answer: (Hide) A 23.Four identical resistors are first connected in parallel and then in series. The resultant resistance of the first combination to the second will be (A) 1 / 16 times (B) 1 / 4 times (C) 4 times

(D) 16 times. Get Answer: (Show) A 24.Twelve wires of same length and same cross-section are connected in the form of a cube as shown in figure below. If the resistance of each wire is R, then the effective resistance between P and Q will be

(A)R (B) 5 / 6 R (C) 3 / 4 R (D) 4 / 3 R. Get Answer: (Hide) B 25. When P = Power, V = Voltage, I = Current, R = Resistance and G = Conductance, which of the following relation is incorrect? (A) V = (PR) (B). P= V2G (C) G= P / I2 (D) I = (P / R) Get Answer: (Show) C 26.The unit of electrical conductivity is (A) mho / metre (B) mho / sq. m (C) ohm / metre (D) ohm / sq. m. Get Answer: (Hide) A

27.Which of the following bulbs will have the least resistance ? (A) 220 V, 60 W (B) 220 V, 100 W (C) 115 V, 60 W (D) 115 V, 100 W. Get Answer: (Show) D 28.The ratio of the resistance of a 100 W, 220 V lamp to that of a 100 W, 110 V lamp will be nearly (A) 4 (B)2 (C) 1 / 2 (D) 1 / 4 Get Answer: (Hide) A 29.The resistance of a 100 W, 200 V lamp is (A) 100 ohm (B) 200 ohm (C) 400 ohm (D) 1600 ohm. Get Answer: (Show) C 30.Two 1 kilo ohm, 1/2 W resistors are connected in series. Their combined resistance value and wattage will be (A) 2 k, 1/2 W (B) 2 k, 1 W (C) 2 k, 2 W (D) l k, 1/2 W. Get Answer: (Hide) B 31.Which method can be used for absolute measurement of resistances ? (A)Ohm's law method (B)Wheatstone bridge method (C)Releigh method (D) Lortentz method. Get Answer: (Show) 32.Three 3 ohm resistors are connected to form a triangle. What is the resistance between any two of the corners? (A) 3 / 4 ohms (B) 3 ohms (C) 2 ohms (D) 4/3 ohm.

Get Answer: (Show) 33.Five resistances are connected as shown in figure below. The equivalent resistance between the points A and B will be

(A) 35 ohms (B) 25 ohms (C) 15 ohms (D) 5 ohms. Get Answer: (Show) 34.How many different combinations may be obtained with three resistors, each having the resistance R ? (A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 6. Get Answer: (Show) 35.A wire of 0.14 mm diameter and specific resistance 9.6 micro ohm-cm is 440 cm long. The resistance of the wire will be (A) 9.6 ohm (B) 11.3 ohm (C) 13.7 ohm (D) 27.4 ohm. Get Answer: (Show) 36.Ohm's law is not applicable to (A) DC circuits (B) high currents (C) small resistors (D) semi-conductors. Get Answer: (Show)

37.A metal resistor has resistance of 10 ohm at 0C and 11 ohms at 160C, the temperature coefficient is (A) 0.00625 / C (B) 0.0625 /C (C) 0.000625 /C (D) 0.625 /C. Get Answer: (Show) Questions 38 to 40 refer to Figure given below.

Five resistances are connected as shown and the combination is connected to a 40 V supply. 38. Voltage between point P and Q will be (A) 40 V (B) 22.5 V (C) 20 V (D) 17.5 V. Get Answer: (Show) 39.The current in 4 ohm resistor will be (A) 2.1 A (B) 2.7 A (C) 3.0 A (D) 3.5 A. Get Answer: (Show) 40.Least current will flow through (A) 25 ohm resistor (B) 18 ohm resistor (C) 10 ohm resistor (D) 5 ohm resistor. Get Answer: (Show) 41.Total power loss in the circuit is (A)10W (B) 50.2 W

(C) 205 W (D) 410 W. Get Answer: (Show) 42.A resistance of 5 ohms is further drawn so that its length becomes double. Its resistance will now be (A) 5 ohms (B) 7.5 ohms (C) 10 ohms (D) 20 ohms. Get Answer: (Show) 43.Specific resistance of a substance is measured in (A) ohms (B) mhos (C) ohm-cm (D) cm/ohm. Get Answer: (Show) 44.A wire of resistance R has it length and cross-section both doubled. Its resistance will become (A) 4 R (B)2 R (C) R (D) R / 4. Get Answer: (Show) 45.Ohm's law is not applicable in all the following cases Except (A) Electrolytes (B) Arc lamps (E) Insulators (A) Vacuum ratio values. Get all answers at once: (Hide) 31.B ----- 32.C ----- 33.D ----- 34.B ----- 35.D ----- 36.D ----- 37.C ----- 38.B -----39.D -----40.A -----41.C ----- 42.D -----43.C -----44.C ----- 45.C 46.The element of electric heater is made of (A) copper (B) steel (C) carbon (D) nichrome. Get Answer: (Show) 47. 5xl016 electrons pass across the section of a conductor in 1 minute 20 sec. The current flowing is

(A) 1mA (B) 0.1 mA (C) 0.01mA (D) 10 mA. Get Answer: (Show) 48.Which of the following figures represents the effect of temperature on resistance for copper ?

(A) figure A (B) figure B (C) figure C (D) figure D. Get Answer: (Show) 49.Three elements having conductance G1, G2 and G3 are connected in parallel. Their combined conductance will be (A) 1/( 1/G1 + 1/G2 + 1/G3) (B) (G1G2 + G2G3 + G3G1)/(G1 + G2 + G3) (C) 1/(G1 + G2+ G3) (D) G1 + G2 +G3 Get Answer: (Show) Questions 50 to 53 refer to Figure given below:

50.The variation of resistance of iron and some alloys with temperature is shown in figure. The variation of carbon will be represented by (A) curve A (B) curve B (C) curve C (D) curve D. Get Answer: (Show) 51.Curves A and B represent the properties for materials which have (A) low resistance (B) low conductance (C) negative resistance (D) negative temperature coefficient. Get Answer: (Show) 52.Which of the following has negative temperature coefficient ? (A) Brass (B) Mercury (C) Electrolytes (D) Silver. Get Answer: (Show) 53.All of the following have negative temperature coefficient EXCEPT (A) Paper (B) Gold (C) Rubber. Get Answer: (Show) 54.For the circuit shown below the current I flowing through the circuit will be

(A)1 / 2 A (B) 1 A (C) 2 A (D) 4 A. Get Answer: (Show) 55.A cube of material of side 1 cm has a resistance of 0.002 ohm between its opposite faces. If the same volume of the material has a length of 8 cm and a uniform cross-section, the resistance of this length will be (A) 0.032 ohm (B) 0.064 ohm (C) 0.096 ohm (D) 0.128 ohm. Get Answer: (Show) 56.A standard 60 W bulb is in series with a room heater and connected across the mains. If the 60 W bulb is replaced by 100 W bulb (A) the heater output will increase (B) the heater output will reduce (C) the heater output will remains unaltered. Get Answer: (Show) 57. Two aluminium conductors have equal length. The cross-sectional area of one conductor is four times that of the other. If the conductor having smaller cross-sectional area has a resistance of 100 ohms the resistance of other conductor will be (A) 400 ohms (B) 100 ohms (C) 50 ohms (D) 25 ohms. Get Answer: (Show) 58.A nichrome wire used as heater coil has the resistance of 1 ohm/m. For a heater of 1000 W at 200 V, the length of wire required will be (A) 10 m (B) 20 m (C) 40 m (D) 80 m.

Get Answer: (Show) 59.The hot resistance of a tungsten lamp is about 10 times the cold resistance. Accordingly, cold resistance of a 100 W, 200 V lamp will be (A) 4000 ohm (B)400 ohm (C)40 ohm (D)4 ohm. Get Answer: (Show) 60. Variable resistors are (A)Wire wound resistors (B)Thin film resistors (C)Thick film resistors (D)All of the above. Get all answers at once: (Hide) 46.D -----47. B ----- 48.A ----- 49. D ----- 50. B ----- 51.D ----- 52. C ----- 53. B ----- 54.C ----- 55. D ----- 56. A ----- 57. D ----- 58. C ----- 59. C ----- 60. A 61.Low resistance can be accurately measured by (A) Kelvin bridge (B )Wheat stone bridge (C) Wein's bridge (D) None of the above. Get Answer: (Show) 62.A heating element of a hot plate on an electric cooking range draws 12 amperes from 240 V mains. How many kWh of energy will be consumed in one hour and 15 minutes (A) 1.2 (B) 3.2 (C) 6.0 (D) 7.2. Get Answer: (Show) 63. Temperature coefficient of resistance is expressed in terms of (A) ohms / ohms oC (B) mhos / ohm oC (C) mhos / oC (D) ohms / oC. Get Answer: (Show) 64. If R1 is the resistance of a coil of copper at t oC and RT is the resistance at T oC and also the resistance temperature coefficient of copper per degree centrigrade at 0oC is 1/234.45, then Rt/RT (A) (1+t) / (1+T) (B) (1+ 234.45t) / (1+234.45 T)

(C) (234.45 + t) / (234.45 + T) (D) (234.45 + t2 ) / (234.45 + T 2). Get Answer: (Show) 65. Resistivity is usually expressed in terms of (A) mho (B) ohm / oC (C) ohms/cm-square (D) ohms/cm-cube. Get Answer: (Show) 66. Which material is expected to have least resistivity? (A) Copper (B) Lead (C) Mercury (D) Zinc. Get Answer: (Show) 67. The shunt winding of a motor has a resistance of 85 ohm at 22oC. When the motor runs at full load, its resistance increases to 100 ohms. The resistance temperature coefficient of winding per 0oC is 0.004. The rise in temperature of the winding will be nearly (A) 20oC (B) 50oC (C)70oC (D) 100oC. Get Answer: (Show) 68. The resistance temperature coefficient is defined as (A) increase in resistance per degree centigrade (B) decrease in resistance per degree centigrade (C) the ratio of increase in resistance per degree centigrade to the resistance at 0oC (D) the ratio of increases in resistance per degree centigrade to the rate of rise of resistance at 0oC. Get Answer: (Show) 69.Two coils connected in series have resistance of 600 ohm and 300 ohm and temperature coefficients of 0.1% and 0.4% respectively.The resistance of the combination at 50oC will be (A) 1050 ohm (B)1001 ohm (C)1600 ohm (D) 990 ohm. Get Answer: (Show) 70. A 100 W, 200 V filament lamp has operating temperature of 2000 oC. The filament material has resistance temperature coefficient of 0.005 at 0oC per oC. The current taken by the lamp at

the instant of switching with 200 V supply with filament temperature of 20oC will be (A) 1 A (B) 3 A (C) 5 A (D)10A. Get Answer: (Show) 71. A fuse is always installed in a circuit is (A) Series (B) Parallel. Get Answer: (Show) 72. The rating of fuse wire is expressed in terms of (A) Ohms (B) Mhos (C) Amperes (D) Watts. Get Answer: (Show) 73. Which of the following material is not used as fuse material? (A) Silver (B) Copper (C) Aluminium (D) Carbon. Get Answer: (Show) Questions 74 to 78 refer to Figure below.

74. The voltage drop across the resistor 9 ohm will be (A)18 V (B) 12 V (C) 9 V (D) 6 V. Get Answer: (Show) 75. The voltage drop will be least in which resistor ? (A) 2 ohm

(B) 3 ohm (C) 6 ohm (D) 3 ohm and 6 ohm. Get all answers at once: (Hide) 61.A ----- 62. B ----- 63. A ----- 64. C ----- 65. D ----- 66. A ----- 67. C ----- 68. C ----- 69. D ----70. C ----- 71. A ----- 72. C ----- 73. D ----- 74. A ----- 75.D Multiple Choice Questions of Electric Current and Ohm's Law (76-90):

76. The current through 6 ohm resistor will be (A) 1 A (B) 2 A (C) 3 A (D) 4 A. Get Answer: (Show) 77. The ratio of power dissipated in circuit ADB to that in circuit ABC will be (A) 1 (B) 1.5 (C)0.67 (D) 2. Get Answer: (Show) 78. Total power dissipated in the circuit is (A) 80 W (B)100 W (C)120 W (D) 150 W. Get Answer: (Show) 79. The current carrying capacity of the fuse material depends on (A) cross-sectional area (B) length (C) material (D) all of the above. Get Answer: (Show)

80. According to the fuse law, the current carrying capacity varies as (A) diameter (B) (diameter)3/2 (C) 1 / diameter (D)1 / (diameter)2. Get Answer: (Show) Questions 81 to 83 refer to Figure given below.

81. For the circuit shown in Figure above, the value of current I will be (A) 10A (B) 15A (C) 20A (D) 25A. Get Answer: (Show) 82. The combined resistance of the circuit is (A) 10 ohms (B) 5 ohms (C) 4 ohms (D) 2 ohms. Get Answer: (Show) 83. Total power dissipated in the circuit is (A) 2.5 kW (B) 5.0 kW (C) 7.5 kW (D)10 kW. Get Answer: (Show) 84. A 100 W bulb is connected in series with a room heater of 750 W. What will happen if the bulb is replaced by a 60W bulb? (A) Heater output will increase (B) Heater output will decrease (C) Heater output will remain unchanged (D) Bulb will not glow. Get Answer: (Show)

85. An immersion rod heats a bucket of water in 15 minutes. In order that the water should boil in 10 minutes (A) length of heating element of the rod should be increased (B) length of heating element of the rod should be reduced (C) supply voltage should be reduced (D) heating element of larger diameter should be used. Get Answer: (Show) 86. A lamp of 100 W at 200 V is supplied current at 100 volts. It will be equivalent to the lamp of (A) 50 W (B) 40 W (C) 25 W (D) 10 W. Get Answer: (Show) 87. Two electric bulbs of 100 W, 200 V are put in series and the combination is supplied 100 V. The power consumption of each bulb will be (A) 100 / 2 W (B) 100 / 4 W (C) 100 / 8 W (D) 100 / 16 W. Get Answer: (Show) Questions 88 to 91 refer to Figure given below.

88. Three lamps are in circuit as shown in Figure given above. The lamp of 100 W will have maximum brightness when (A) key k1 is closed, k2 is open and k3 is closed (B) k1 is open, k2 is closed and k3 is open (C) k1 is open, k2 is closed and k3 is also closed (D) k1 is closed, k2 is open and k3 is also open. Get Answer: (Show)

89. When switches k1 and k2 are open and k3 is closed (A) 100 W lamp will glow brighter than 40 W lamp (B) 40 W lamp will glow brighter than 100 W lamp (C) Both will glow at their full brightness (D) Both will glow at less than their full brightness. Get Answer: (Show) 90. Which of the following statements is necessarily correct ? (A) 40 W bulbs will always glow at full brightness (B) 100 W bulb will always glows at full brightness (C) Whatever be the position of keys, at least one 40 W bulb will always glow (D) Whenever current flows through the circuit, 100 W bulb will always glow. Get all answers at once: (Hide) 76.C ----- 77.B ----- 78.C ----- 79.D ----- 80.B ----- 81.D ----- 82.C ----- 83. A -----84.B ----- 85.B ----- 86.C ----- 87.D ----- 88.B ----- 89.B ----- 90.D Multiple Choice Questions of Electric Current and Ohm's Law (91-105):

91. 40 W bulb A will be least bright when (A) only keys k1 and k2 are open (B) only keys k2 is open (C) only keys k3 is open (D) all keys are closed. Get Answer: (Show) 92. The power consumption of the circuit will be maximum when (A) key k1 and k3 are closed and k2 is open (B) key k1 is closed, k2 and k3 are open (C) key k1 and k2 are closed and k3 is open (D) all the keys are closed. Get Answer: (Show) 93. Which of the following lamps will have least resistance at room temperature ? (A) 200 W, 220 V

(B) 100 W, 220 V (C) 60 W, 220 V (D) 25 W, 220 V. Get Answer: (Show) 94. Filaments of electric bulbs are usually made of (A) Nichrome (B) Tungsten (C) Copper (D) Carbon. Get Answer: (Show) 95. The value of supply voltage for 500 W ,5 ohm load is (A) 500 V (B) 100V (C) 50 V (D) 10V. Get Answer: (Show) 96. Which resistor will be physically larger in size ? (A)10 ohm, 50 W (B) 100 ohm, 10 W (C) 1 kohm, 1 W (D) 10 Mohm, 1/ 2 W. Get Answer: (Show) 97. Four resistances R1 , R2, R3 and R4 are connected in series against 220 V supply. The resistances are such that R1 > R2 > R3 > R4. The least power consumption will be in (A) resistor R1 (B) resistor R2 (C) resistor R3 (D) resistor R4. Get Answer: (Show) 98. 100 resistors of 100 ohms each arc connected in parallel. Their equivalent resistances will be (A) 10,000 ohms (B) 100 ohms (C) 1 ohm (D) 1/ 10000 ohm. Get Answer: (Show) 99. For a fixed supply voltage the current flowing through a conductor will decrease when (A) cross-sectional area of the conductor is increased

(B) length of the conductor is increased (C) length of the conductor is reduced (D) cross-sectional area is increased and length is decreased. Get Answer: (Show) 100.When current flows through heater coil it glows but supply wiring does not glow because (A) supply wiring is covered with insulation layer (B) current through supply line flows at slower speed. (C) supply wires arc made of superior material (D) resistance of heater coil is more than that supply wires. Get Answer: (Show) 101. The resistance of 1 meter length of 18 gauge copper wire is k ohm. The resistance of one metre length of 24 gauge copper wire will be (A) k / 2 ohm (B) 18 / 24 kohm (C) k ohm (D) more than k ohm. Get Answer: (Show) 102. In the circuit shown below, the resistance R has a value that depends on the current Specially, R is 20 ohms when the current I is zero, and the amount of increase in resistance is numerically equal to one-half the current. What is the value of the current in the circuit?

(A) 8.33 A (B) 10.0 A (C) 12.5 A (D) 50 A. Get Answer: (Show) 103. If the length and diameter of a conductor is tripped, the resistance will increase approximately by (A) 66 2/3 % (B) 33 1/3 % (C)-66 2/3 %

(D) -33 1/3 %. Get Answer: (Show) 104. If the resistance of an incandescent light bulb changes as the voltage across the bulb is changed, which of the following is true ? (A) The internal inductance of the bulb causes this change (B) The bulb is said to have a low ionization potential (C) The bulb has constant resistance of the current through the bulb is changed (D) The bulb is a type of non-linear resistance. Get Answer: (Show) 105. Which method can be used for absolute measurement of resistance ? (A) Ohm's law method (B) Wheatstone bridge method (C) Raleigh method (D) Lortentz method. 91.A ----- 92.A ----- 93.A ----- 94.B ----- 95.C ----- 96.A -----97.D ----- 98.C -----99.B ----- 100.D ----- 101.D ----- 102.B ----- 103.C ----- 104.D -----105.B 106. Two 1 kilo ohm, 1/2 W resistors are connected in series. Their combined resistance value and wattage will be (A) 2 kohm, 1 / 2 W (B) 2 kohm, 1 W (C) 2kohm, 2 W (D) 1 kohm, 1 / 2 W. Get Answer: (Show) 107. The resistance of 100 W, 200 V tamp is (A) 100 ohm (B) 200 ohm (C) 400 ohm (D) 1600 ohm. Get Answer: (Show) 108. A cylindrical wire is compressed in length by 10%. The percentage decrease in the resistance will be (A) 16% (B) 19% (C) 20% (D) 25%. Get Answer: (Show) 109. Three resistance of 6 ohm each are connected as shown in Figure given below. The equivalent resistance between X1 and X2 is

(A) 2 ohm (B) 4 ohm (C) 8 ohm (D) 12 ohm. Get Answer: (Show) 110. The unit of conductance is (A) per ohm (B) ohm/m (C) mho/m (D) mho. Get Answer: (Show) 111. Ohm's law is not applicable in all the following cases except (A) Electrolysis (B) Arc lamps (C) Insulators (D) Vacuum radio valves. Get Answer: (Show) 112. In which of the following circuits will the voltage source produce the most current? (A) 10 V across a 10 ohm resistance (B) 10 V across two 10 ohm resistance in series (C) 10 V across two 10 ohm resistances in parallel (D) 1000 V across Mohm resistance. Get Answer: (Show) 113. A piece of sliver wire has a resistance of 1 ohm. A manganin wire has specific resistance 30 times that of silver. The resistance of a manganin wire of one fourth length and one third diameter will be (A) 6 / 5 ohm (B) 1 ohm (C) 67.5 ohm (D) 86.75 ohm. Get Answer: (Show) 114. A cube of material of side 1 cm has a resistance of 0.002 ohm between its opposite faces. If the same volume of the material has a length of 8 cm and a uniform cross-section, the resistance of this length w ill be (A) 0.032 ohm

(B) 0.064 ohm (C) 0.096 ohm (D) 0.128 ohm. Get Answer: (Show) 115. The unit of conductivity is (A) mho / m (B) mho / sq. m (C) ohm / m (D) ohm / sq. m. Get Answer: (Show) 116. For the circuit shown in the figure given below, the meter will read

(A) 1 A (B) 5 A (C) 10 A (D) 25 A. Get Answer: (Show) 117. For the circuit shown in figure given below, the reading in the ammeter A w ill be

(A) 2 A (B) 0.5 A (C) 0.4 A (D) 0.2 A. Get Answer: (Show) 118. According to Joule law heat produced by a current I while in flowing through a material of resistance R for a length of time T, is proportional to (A) T only (B) (RT)

(C) (IRT) (D) (I2RT). Get Answer: (Show) 119. In the color code for resistances black color represents the number (A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3. Get Answer: (Show) 120. In the color code white color represents the number (A) 9 (B) 8 (C) 6 (D) 5. 106.B -----107.C ----- 108.B ----- 109.A ----- 110.D ----- 111.C ----- 112.C -----113.C ----- 114.D ----- 115.A ----- 116. C -----117.C ----- 118.D -----119.A -----120.A Multiple Choice Questions of Electric Current and Ohm's Law (121-135): 121. In the color code number 3 is represented by (A) blue (B) orange (C) grey (D) violet. Get Answer: (Show) 122. The condition for the validity under Ohm's law is (A) Temperature at positive end should be more than the temperature at negative end (B) Current should be proportional to the size of resistance (C) Resistance must be wire wound type (D) Resistance must be uniform. Get Answer: (Show) 123. In which figure the relationship between voltage V and current I is in accordance with Ohm's law ?

(A) Figure A (B) Figure B (C) Figure C (D) Figure D. Get Answer: (Show) 124. Production of heat due to current is related by which law (A) Ohm's law (B) Joule's law (C) Kelvin's law (D) Maxwell's law. Get Answer: (Show) 125. A fixed resistance R is connected across a DC voltage source. If the voltage is gradually and uniformly increased, the relationship between voltage and resistance is correctly represented in which group?

(A) Group A (B) Group B (C) Group C (D) Group D. Get Answer: (Show) 126. The maximum power that can be distributed in the load in the circuit shown in

(A) 3 watts (B) 6 warts (C) 6.75 watts (D) 13.5 watts. Get Answer: (Show) 127. A variable resistance R is connected across a source of voltage V. If the value of the resistance R is gradually varied, the relationship between I and R will be represented by which curve ?

(A) Figure A (B) Figure B (C) Figure C (D) Figure D. Get Answer: (Show) 128. A 1 k, 1 W resistor can safely pass a current of (A) 30mA (B) 100mA (C) 150 mA (D) 500 mA. Get Answer: (Show) 129. The resistance to the flow of current through a copper wire (A) increases as the length of wire decrease (B) decreases as the diameter of wire decreases (C) increases as the length of wire increases (D) decreases as the length of wire increases. Get Answer: (Show) 130. For the same voltage, the ratio Resistance of 100 W lamp Resistance of 25 W lamp is: (A) 1 (B) 4 (C)16 (D)1 / 4. Get Answer: (Show) 131. The voltage drop across a resistor of 100 ohm is 10 volts. The wattage of the resistor must be (A) 1 / 2 W (B) 1 W

(C) 2 W (D) 4 W. Get Answer: (Show) 132. A 100 volt bulb has a resistance of 500 ohms. The number of hours it can work for every kWh of energy consumed will be (A) 20 (B) 40 (C) 50 (D) 60. Get Answer: (Show) 133. A semi-conductor is (A) one which conducts only half of applied voltage (B) a material whose conductivity is same as between that of a conductor and an insulator (C) a material made of alternate layers of conducting material and insulator (D) a material which has conductivity a having average value of conductivity of metal and insulator. Get Answer: (Show) 134. Two resistors R1 = 47 kohm, 1 W and R2 = 0 ohm, 1 W are connected in parallel. The combined value will be (A) 47 kohm, 1 W (B) 47 kohm, 2W (C) 47 kohm, 1 / 2 W (D) 0 kohm, 1W. Get Answer: (Show) 135. A rheostat differs from potentiometer in the respect that (A) rheostat has large number of turns (B) rheostat offers larger number of tappings (C) rheostat has lower wattage rating (D) rheostat has higher wattage ratings. 121.B -----122.D ----- 123.B ----- 124.B ----- 125.A ----- 126.C -----127.B -----128.A ----- 129.C ----- 130.D ----- 131.B ----- 132.C ----- 133.B -----134.D -----135.D Multiple Choice Questions of Electric Current and Ohm's Law (136-150): 136. The equivalent resistance at the points X1 and X2 in the circuit shown below

(A) 60 ohm (B) 40ohm (C) 80 ohm (D) 20ohm. Get Answer: (Show) 137. For the same electrical resistance, the weight of aluminium conductor as compared to copper conductor of identical cross-section is (A) 85% (B) 50% (C) 20% (D) 120%. Get Answer: (Show) 138. A drawn wire of resistance 25 ohm is further drawn so that its diameter becomes one fifth. Its resistance will now be (A) 625 ohm (B) 125 ohm (C) 25 ohm (D) 1 ohm. Get Answer: (Show) 139. Which of the following has negative coefficient of resistance? (A) Wire wound resistor (B) Metals (C) Non-metals (D) Thermistor. Get Answer: (Show) 140. The current at a given point in a certain circuit may be written as a function of time t, as i ( t ) = -3 + t. The total charge passing a point between t = 99 and t = 102 sec will be (A) 112 coulombs (B) 242.5 coulombs (C) 292.5 coulombs (D) 345.6 coulombs. Get Answer: (Show) Questions 141 and 142 refer to the data given below: A certain passive circuit element has the characteristic that the instantaneous voltage across it is always exactly three times the cube of the instantaneous current through it 141. The power being dissipated when i = 0.1 A will be (A) 3 W (B) 0.3 W (C) 3 x 10-3 W

(D) 3 x 10 -4 W. Get Answer: (Show) 142. The power being dissipated when i = 10 A will be (A) 3 W (B) 30 W (C) 3 kW (D) 30 kW. Get Answer: (Show) 143. A resistor has the value of 30 kohm and the current in it is measured to be 0.5 mA. The conductance is (A) 15 (B) 30000 (C) 3.33 x 10-5 (D) 3.33 x 10-3 Get Answer: (Show) 144. In the above problem, the terminal voltage must be (A) 15 mV (B) 1.5 V (C) 15 V (D) 150 V. Get Answer: (Show) 145. The charge of an electron is known to be 1.6 x 10-19C. How many electron does not 1 make it C of charge ? (A) one (B) one million (C) 6.2 x 1018 (D) 1.6 x 10-19. Get Answer: (Show) 146. The current entering the terminal of an element is given by the equation i ( t ) = 10 6 t2 - 107t A. The total charge flowing, into the element between t = 1 s and t = 2 s will be nearly (A) 2.2 x 10-6C (B) 1.6 x 10 -6C (C) 0.6 x 10-8C (D) 0.6 x 10 -10C. Get Answer: (Show) 147. An electron in a vacuum tube is observed to lose 1.6 x 10-20 J of energy in moving from point A to point B. The voltage of point B with respect of point A is (A) - 1 V (B) + 1 V

(C)- 0.1V (D) + 0.1 V. Get Answer: (Show) 148. In electronic micro-circuits, a resistor may be fabricated from a constant-thickness layer of semi-conductor material with conductor connections at the edges as shown in Figure given below. If the resistor shown has resistance R, then a similar resistor 0.2 millimeter by 0.2 millimeter has a resistance of

(A) 4 R (B) 2 R (C) R (D) R / 2 Get Answer: (Show) 149. Certain substances lose their electrical resistance completely at finite low temperatures. Such substances are called (A) dielectrics (B) super-conductors (C) semi conductors (D) perfect conductors. Get Answer: (Show) 150. We have three resistances each of 1 ohm. How many different values of resistance can be obtained by different series-parallel combinations if all the three resistances are to remain in the circuit? (A) Three (B) Four (C) Five (D) Six. 136.B ----- 137.B ----- 138.A ----- 139.D ----- 140.C ----- 141.D ----- 142.D -----143.C ----- 144.C ----- 145.C ----- 146.A ----- 147.C ----- 148.C ----- 149.B ----- 150.B Multiple Choice Questions of Electric Current and Ohm's Law (151-165): 151. A resistor has the value of 3 kohm and the current through it is measured to be 0.3 mA.

The conductance is (A) 30000 mho (B) 30 mho (C) 0.33 milli mho (D) 30 micro mho. Get Answer: (Show) 152. Resistance between X1 and X2 is

(A) 10 ohm (B) greater than 10 ohm (C) 0 (D) less than 10 ohm. Get Answer: (Show) 153. When checked with an ohm meter an open resistor reads (A) zero (B) high but within tolerance (C) low but not zero (D) infinite. Get Answer: (Show) 154. A current of 1 mA flows through a 1 Mohm, 2 W carbon resistor. The power dissipated as heat in the resistor will be (A) 2 W (B) 1 W (C) 0.5W (D) 0.1W. Get Answer: (Show) 155. Which of the following carbon coded resistor has value of 10 kohm with 20% tolerance? (A) Red, red, green and silver stripes (B) Yellow, violet, yellow and silver stripes (C) Orange, orange, black and gold stripes (D) Brown, black, orange and no tolerance band. Get Answer: (Show) 156. A carbon resistor has to meet the following requirements IR drop: 5 V, Current: 100 mA, Safety factor for power dissipation : 2. Which of the following resistors will be suitable ? (A) 5 ohm, 10 W

(B) 0.5 ohm, 100 W (C) 5 ohm, 10 W (D) 50 ohm, 1 W. Get Answer: (Show) 157. A 10 ohm resistor with a 10 W power rating is expected to be a (A) carbon resistor (B) wire wound resistor (C) either carbon or wire wound resistor (D) neither carbon nor wire wound resistor. Get Answer: (Show) 158. Two 10 kohm, 5 W resistors in parallel have equivalent resistances of 5 kohm and power rating of (A) 2.5 W (B) 5 W (C) 10 W (D) 25 W. Get Answer: (Show) 159. Which of the following is typical resistance and power dissipation value for a wire wound resistor? (A) 1Mohm, 1 / 3 W (B) 50kohm, 1 / 2 W (C) 500 ohm, 1 W (D) 10 ohm, 50 W. Get Answer: (Show) 160. A 100 kohm resistor with a 1 W power rating is likely to be a (A) carbon resistor (B) wire wound resistor (C) either carbon or wire wound resistor (D) neither carbon nor wire wound resistor. Get Answer: (Show) 161. Two 5 kohm, 5 W resistors in series have equivalent resistance of 10 kohm with power rating of (A) 2.5 W (B) 5 W (C)10W (D) 25 W. Get Answer: (Show) 162. Which of the following are typical resistance and power-dissipation values for a carboncomposition resistor ?

(A) 10,000 ohm, 10 W (B) 1000,000 ohm, 1 W (C) 5000 ohm, 100 W (D) 10 ohm, 50 W. Get Answer: (Show) 163. A resistor is to be connected across a 45 V battery to provide 1 mA of current. The required resistance with a suitable wattage rating is (A) 45 ohm, 10 W (B) 4.5 ohm, 2 W (C) 450 kohm, 2 W (D) 45 kohm, 1/4 W. Get Answer: (Show) 164. In the circuit shown below, heat produced in 5 ohm resistance is 10 cal/sec. Heat developed in 4ohm is

(A) 1 cal/sec (B) 2 cal/sec (C) 3 cal/sec (D) 4 cal/sec. Get Answer: (Show) 165. For a carbon-composition resistor color-coded with yellow, violet, orange and silver stripes from left to right, the value of resistance and tolerance are (A) 470 ohm 10% (B) 47ohm 10% (C) 740 ohm 50% (D) 74 ohm 5%.

Get all answers at once: (Hide) 151. C -----152.C -----153.D -----154.B ----- 155.D ----- 156.D ----- 157.B ----- 158.C ----- 159.D -----160.A -----161.C ----- 162.B ----- 163. D----- 164.B ----- 165.B

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