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Trends and Issues of Accreditation in Nursing Education (Colleges/Universities)

Introduction It is the declared policy of the state to encourage and assist, through the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) , higher education institutions (HEIs) which desire to attain standards of quality over and above the minimum required by the state. For this purpose, the CHED encourages the use of voluntary non-governmental accreditation systems in aid of the exercise of its regulatory functions The CHED will promote a policy environment which supports the accreditations nongovernmental and voluntary character and protects the integrity of the accreditation process. What is accreditation? Accreditation is - A process by which institutions or programs continuously upgrade their educational quality and service through selfevaluation and the judgment of peers. - A concept based on self-regulation which focuses on evaluation and the continuing reinforcement of educational quality. - A status granted to an educational institution or programs which meet commonly accepted standards of quality or excellence. What are the basic characteristics of accreditation? a.) its prevailing sense of volunteerism b.) its strong tradition of self-regulation c.) its reliance on evaluation techniques d.) its primary concern with quality Basic Principles of Accreditation Based on accepted standards Each school seeking accreditation will be surveyed and evaluated in terms of the appropriateness and adequacy of its philosophy and objectives and its terms of the degree and competence and which it achieves its goals. Concerned with the teacher-learner relationship Provides opportunities for institutional growth through self-survey and evaluation and selfregulation. Admits periodic review, criticism, and readjustment of its criteria, policies and procedures to changes in education. Different Accrediting Agencies in the Philippines (Private and Public) Pioneer: 1. FAAP (Federation of Accrediting Agencies of the Philippines 2. PAASCU (Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges, and Universities) 3. ACSC-AAI (Association of Christian Schools and CollegeAccrediting Agency, Incorporated) 4. PACUCOA (Philippine Association of Colleges and Universities Commission on Accreditation)

5. AACCUP (Accrediting Association of Chartered Colleges and Universities in the Philippines) 6. NNQAA (National Network of quality Accrediting Agencies) 7. ALCUCOA (Assosciation of Local Colleges and Universities Commission on Accreditation) Accreditation Requirements 1. SEC registration, Articles of Incorporation and Approved by-Laws. 2. Listings of Officers and Members of the governing board 3. Board resolution authorizing the submission of application for CHED recognition 4. Short history of the organization and its works. 5. Listings of the member accrediting agencies. 6. Description of accreditation process as done by member agencies 7. Full set of accreditation instruments used by its member agencies 8. Sample self-evaluation reports and sample of Chairmans report of actual survey 9. Description of training processes and procedures of accreditors of its member agencies 10. If a network/federation is new and has not functioned yet, it should submit documentations to show CHED that it is able do its functions. Processes Within two months from application and submission of all the required documents. CHED for valid reasons may grant provisional recognition to federation/network subject to annual review. The federations/networks recognized by CHED shall be subject to periodic review every five years or as the need arises. Federations/networks found not conforming with the policies and guidelines of this CMO shall be required by CHED to comply within six months after notification After due process is observed, CHED may limit, suspend or withdraw recognition of a federation/network. How are these standards measured? -Accrediting agencies judge an institution not by comparison with other institutions but primarily by the degree to which each institutions own avowed philosophy and objectives, vision-mission are matched by actual practice in the various areas being evaluated. What areas are evaluated during the survey? On the collegiate and secondary levels, the following areas are evaluated: 1.College/School Community 5. Laboratories Involvement 6. Physical Plant 2. Faculty 7. Student Services 3. Instruction 8. Administration 4. Library On the grade school level, the library and laboratories (no. 4 and no. 5 above) are omitted; instead, Student Activity Program is added.

PAASCUs Membership Status for Accreditation Purposes Applicant Status An educational institution committed to institutional selfimprovement through the guidance of PAASCU may request to become an Applicant Institution. Requirements: 1. Application letter from the President or Director of the Institution, addressed to the PAASCU Board of Directors. DECS/CHED certificate of recognition. Submission of the documents supporting the institution's case for acceptance should include the institution's objectives, history, organizational structure and by-laws, principal administrators, number of faculty members, number of students, and any other materials/brochures/manuals/publications. Payment of an application fee.

Terms and Conditions: 1. Candidate status is granted by the Board of Directors until such time that the institution meets the requirements of a Member Institution. The institution should implement the recommendations of the preliminary survey teams.

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PAASCU's Actions and Responsibilities: 1. 2. Consultancy services, particularly during the Institutional Self-Survey process, are made available. Scheduling of a Formal Survey Visit upon Request of the institution.

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Member Status A Candidate Institution which has fulfilled the requirements of accreditation may be granted Member status. Requirements 1. The Institution should receive a favorable rating during a Formal Survey Visit conducted by a PAASCU Accrediting Team. The Institution should strive to implement the recommendations of the Formal Survey Team. Payment of the membership fee.

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Terms and Conditions: 1. Application status is granted for a maximum period of three (3) years, except when extended by specification of the Board of Directors. Written Annual Progress Report, briefly outlining the progress of the institution in specific areas, is due on or before the first week of May.

2. 3.

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Terms and Conditions

PAASCU's Actions and Responsibilities: 1. 2. 3. Formal acceptance as an Applicant Institution. Assistance through School Improvement program and Consultancy Services. Review of the Annual Progress Report by the Commission concerned (Graduate School, Higher Education, Secondary Education or Elementary Education.)

Favorable evaluation by a PAASCU Formal Team leads to the granting of accreditation for a period of three (3) years. With this, the institution becomes a full member of the Association. At the end of the initial three-year accreditation period, the school undergoes another self-evaluation. It then applies for reaccreditation. If the second formal visit is favorable, then accreditation is awarded for a period of five years.

Candidate Status The candidate status is granted to institutions which have completed their preliminary surveys and are preparing for initial accreditation. Candidacy is not accreditation and does not assure eventual accreditation. It is an indication that an institution is progressing toward accreditation. Requirements: 1. 2. 3. 4. Completion of a preliminary survey. Implementation of the recommendations of the preliminary survey team. Completion of an Institutional Self-Survey using PAASCU survey forms. Submission of the accomplished Self-Survey at least one (1) month prior to the Formal Survey Visit.

Reference: Commission on Higher Education (CHED) Memo Order 1, series 2005.

Prepared by: Christopher John M. Asaro Jr, RN.