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For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office
Washington 25, D. C.-Price sl
Eighth Annual Report for the
Fiscul Year Ended Jzlne 30, 1958


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January 15, 1959.
I have the honor to transmit herewith the Annual Report
for Fiscal Year 1958 of the National Science Foundation for
submission to the Congress as required by the National Science
Foundation Act of 1950.
Director, National Science Foundation.
The Honorable
The President of the United States.

Letter of Transmittal .................... ii
The Chairman’s Foreword ................. vii
The Director’s Statement .................. ix


Quality of the Nation’s Scientific Effort ........... 3
Condition of American Education .............. 5
President Eisenhower Alerts the Nation ............ 6
Increased Support for Science by the Federal Government .... 7
Federal Activity in the Field of Education ........... 8
Recommendations of the Scientific Community ......... 10
What Remains To Be Done ................. 10
Basic Research-A National Resource ............ 11



Support of Basic Research in the Sciences ........... 27
Research Programs ................... 27
Division of Biological and Medical Sciences. ...... 27
Division of Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering
Sciences ..................... 36
Social Science Research Program ........... 41
Scientific Conferences and Symposia ........... 43
Research-Related Activities ............... 46
Fiscal Analysis of Research Programs ........... 47
Training and Education in the Sciences ............ 49
Fellowships Program .................. 51
Institutes Program ................... 54
Special Projects in Science Education Program ....... 57
Scientific Manpower Program .............. 67
Exchange of Scientific Information .............. 70
Research on Scientific Information ............. 70
Publications and Information Services ........... 72
Government Research Information ............ 74
Exchange of Scientific Information-Continued page
Foreign Science Information ............... 75
Special Scientific Exhibits ................ 77
Surveys of the National Research and Development Effort .... 78
Government ...................... 79
Colleges and Universities and Other Nonprofit Institutions . . 82
Industry. ....................... 85
Overall Data. ..................... 88
Conference on Research and Development and its Impact on
the Economy. ....................

The International Geophysical Year ............. 92

General. ....................... 92
World Data Centers ................... 93
Antarctic Operations .................. 95
Earth Satellite ..................... 96
Results of First 12 Months of Observations ......... 98
Conclusion ...................... 103

A. National Science Board, Staff, Committees, and Advisory
Panels. ....................... 107
B. Financial Report for Fiscal Year 1958 ........... 116
C. Grants for Basic Research. ................ 118
D. Grants Other Than Research ............... 148
E. Grants for the International Geophysical Year Program .... 162
F. Fellowship Awards. ................... 166
Name, Residence, and Field of Study of Individuals Awarded
NSF Fellowships. ................... 166
Institutions Chosen by NSF Predoctoral Fellows ....... 181
Present or Most Recent Institutional Affiliation of Individuals
Offered NSF Postdoctoral and Science Faculty Fellowships. . 182
G. Publications Resulting From Research Grants and Fellowships . 186
Division of Biological and Medical Sciences. ....... 186
Developmental Biology .. ............ 186
Environmental Biology .............. 187
Genetic Biology ................. 189
Metabolic Biology ................ 190
Molecular Biology ................ 193
Psychobiology .................. 201
Regulatory Biology. ............... 204
Systematic Biology ................ 207
Division of Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering
Sciences .... : ................
Astronomy. ...................
Chemistry. ...................

G. Publications Resulting From Research Grants and Feiiow-
Division of Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering
Scienc~Continued Mv
Earth Sciences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Engineering Sciences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220
Mathematical Sciences. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222
Physics . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224
Rubber Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227
Conferences and General. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 228
Social Sciences Research Program. . . . . . . . . . . . 228
Office of Scientific Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . 228
Division of Scientific Personnel and Education (Fellowships,
1958). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229
Division of Scientific Personnel and Education (Fellowships,
1952-57) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232
H. Publications of the National Science Foundation. . . . . . . 244

Throughout this year there has been much discussion of the

significance and quality of scientific research and education in
our country. This has led some to recognize that a vigorous,
wholesome national life requires more widespread respect for
intellectual effort; they have advocated the need and satisfac-
tions of hard mental work. But many have laid the blame for
present shortcomings on unrespected, poorly supported teachers
and investigators or have sought to satisfy their responsibility for
the future of our country by merely advocating greater expend-
itures for scientific facilities and some for teachers.
More adequate financial support for science is of course essen-
tial if scienceis to flourish as a basic element of our national cul-
ture; it is needed to insure the well being of our people and their
security against foreign aggression. The financial support pro-
vided is no lessimportant as a measure of the value the citizens
and government of our country place on science.
There have been buoyant times when Americans have been
encouraged to believe they could do all things. That is a pleas-
ant delusion of immaturity. One determinant of a nation’s
greatnessis its courage to choose between the important and the .
less important. A nation achieves greatness by determined
devotion to the things that matter most as it sacrifices the
During debates on how much our Federal, State, and munici-
pal governments can afford to spend on scientific teaching and
research, it is well to remember that the sums provided in the
debated budgets represent human effort. How much of the life
of the citizens of our country will be devoted to training the
minds of our youth, to the discovery of new knowledge and its
applications, and to the welfare of mankind depends on the will
and wisdom of the people and their elected representatives in
government. If the trivial and unimportant are chosen, there
will be less for ennobling, creative efforts.
These are matters which have concerned the National Science
Board as they have endeavored to shape the National Science
Foundation into an institution for building a better way of life.
Our responsibilities far exceed the disbursement of Federal
funds and the formulation of Federal programs and policies
affecting science. We have the unavoidable opportunity to use
our funds and functions as means for encouraging, by example
and assistance, countless people and institutions to devote more
of their material and intellectual efforts to science. We can thus
further science as one of the great adventures of the human
But science is only one of those adventures on the frontiers
of the mind and spirit. Science and technology have released
great powers for the vast development of a material civilization.
Only if scientists vigorously foster the spiritual as well as the
material values of science will scientific progress make possible
a life that ennobles man and is rewarding.
Chairman, National Science Board.

Now that a year has elapsed since this country was dramati-
cally brought face to face with the need for critical
tion of its national effort in science and technology, it is appro-
priate to consider our progress and to gauge the follovdnough
of the President’s stirring and realistic messagesto the country
during November 1957.
In particular, attention was directed to the urgent need for
developing to the fullest our capabilities in science and engi-
neering research and our education and training in science and
Some notable progress has been made and some major ac-
complishments undertaken. The President’s appointment of a
Special Assistant for Science and Technology, backed by a dis-
tinguished Science Advisory Committee, has been widely ac-
claimed. The National Defense Education Act constitutes a
forward-looking move to assistin the improvement of our system
of education. Steps were taken to increase Federal support of
basic research, and plans have materialized in the formation
of a new agency, the National Aeronautics and Space Adminis-
tration, to deal with the urgent problem of space research and
exploration. Military research and technology have received
increased emphasis in keeping with current national defense
goals. The President has proposed plans for reorganization of
the Department of Defense designed to improve materially the
effectivenessof our military potential.
The Government has taken these constructive steps. It is
now fair to ask: are these enough? Are we as a nation proceed-
ing forthrightly to accomplish what is necessary for maximum
progress in science and technology, and for the improvement in
the education and training of our young people? Furthermore,
are we acting with the promptness which the situation demands?
Or is there evidence that, as a rebound from our intense interest
of a year ago, we are in danger of again becoming complacent?
As a single illustration, one need only compare the reaction of
the public to the launching of the first sputnik with that mani-
fested at the third launching in May.
The answer is that we have only made a beginning; the major
job is still to be done. In the field of education, there seemsto
be no immediate prospect of adequate salaries for school teach-
ers, of adequate school buildings and facilities, nor of adequate
incentives for recruiting the numbers of competent teachers we
shall require. Congress shows caution about taking action, as
do most of the States; the scientific and educational societies
lack funds; and local attempts outside of a few wealthy suburban
communities have come up against the realization that adequate
funds are not available for the purpose until something is done
about taxes.
As for the support of scientific research, it is generally recog-
nized that the modem dependence of a country upon its tech-
nology requires thorough attention to its progress in science,
The key to the latter lies in the support of basic research. For-
ward thinking and plans for dealing with important areas of
research have not as yet shown indication of full realization in
budget terms. The immediacy here lies in insuring the health
and strength of science and engineering in the graduate schools
of our colleges and universities, which constitute the stronghold
for basic research and for the advanced training of scientists and
engineers. The pressing problem for science and engineering in
universities is to secure modem laboratories and research equip-
ment, including rather costly equipment for the larger institu-
tions, and to provide for large capital research facilities to be
used nationally or at regional centers. In the interest of training
future scientists, needs extend to undergraduate laboratories and
demonstration equipment. Not to be forgotten are the funda-
mental needs of our colleges and universities for funds freely
usable for maintenance and operation; these are the most diffi-
cult of all to secure.
In the meantime, the evidence from other countries and nota-
My the U. S. S. R shows a determination and a national, spirit
on the part of the people tihich seems to be relatively absent
from the American scene. The recent educational group which
went to the U. S. S. R. with the Commissioner of Education,
and likewise the group of university presidents, came away with
the conviction that the Russian people see their way clear to
world leadership in science and technology. They are appar-
ently dedicated to this-not in the senseof military competition,
but rather of achieving world supremacy without the need of
military domination. Among other nations, we shall ultimately
have to reckon with the genius for organization and the industry
of the German people, the industry and learning ability of the
Japanese and the industry and potentialities of the Chinese.
As a nation we appear to forget that we live in a competitive
world and shall continue to do so. It seems abundantly clear
that we shall rapidly lose in competition, unless we can show
more determined and constructive efforts than we have during
the past years.
It is clear that successin the requisite effort depends funda-
mentally upon the understanding of the problem by our people
and our determination to achieve these goals. Under our demo-
cratic system, no segment of Government, whether Federal,
State, or local, can succeed in securing necessary action pro-
grams or funds to carry them out unless our citizens understand,
actively endorse, and indeed participate in the steps that need
to be taken. In short, the wholehearted cooperation of the
people of the country is necessaryto achieve the goals which the
President has pointed out so clearly. Most important here is
a realization that this is not a single emergency but a continu-
ing-possibly a permanent-one. In this modem world there
can be no relaxation of a determination to compete SUCWSS-
fully and continuously.
Admittedly these questions are complicated by several issues:
(a) the need and extent to which the Federal Government
should take action and provide funds for education and for edu-
cational institutions in the face of a traditional policy of leaving
such matters to State and local authorities; (b) the development
of our full capabilities for national security and world competi-

tion without jeopardizing our economy; (c) the realization of

national goals while maintaining individual initiative and
achievement of individual wants and ambitions; (d) attainment
of full development of individual talents and aptitudes while
dealing satisfactorily with the demands for education for all.
While these questions are important and should be resolved,
we dare not allow these to becloud the main issue-we must
progress in our science and technology and in the education and
training of our citizens with all the effectiveness and thorough-
nesswe can muster. We cannot afford to delay in arguments as
to how we do them.
During the past year the recession has brought us face to face
with one of our most serious difficulties, namely, how we can
develop our full capabilities and still remain financially solvent-
in other words, how to provide for the increasingly costly tech-
nological developments necessary for national security without
endangering the Nation’s economy. A grave danger here is
that, for reasons of economy, we fall short of developing our
capabilities in science and technology.
We can only insure the possibdity of full protection of national
security by giving every encouragement to scientific research (as
contrasted with development and production). It is only in
this way that we can achieve the ideas and the breakthroughs
which promise clear superiority; it is only in this way we can in-
sure that the developments we undertake are modem and up-to-
date in every detail. The results of such research, in competent
hands, are never without value. Even when no breakthroughs
appear, the total effort always brings a possible breakthrough
It should be noted that the costs of research are very small as
compared with those of development. Only about four percent
of national funds for research and development go into basic
As history amply records, the most epoch-making scientific
discoveries have come from basic research. But basic research,
being exploration into the unknown by its very nature cannot
predict exactly where these breakthroughs will occur. There-
fore, comprehensive support of &search has to be undertaken in
order to overlook no opportunities. This should be regarded as
an investment, the precise spots where high returns occur being
unknown in advance. With full support of research, both basic
and applied, we then have full exploitation of the potentialities
for development and production. Incidentally, by the support
of basic research we gain as an important byproduct the ad-
vanced training of young scientists.
It is worth noting that during the hard times of the 1930’s
forward-looking technical industries increased their research ef-
forts and this policy paid off.
Then, in order to protect the national economy, the important
point is to exercise extreme care beforehand in planning for the
costly development and the production which can emerge from
among the possibilities identified by research, By careful selec-
tion of the developments and undertakings which have most
promise and the highest priority, we contribute in considerable
measure to the protection of a balanced national budget.
What has just been said in the area of science and technology
seems capable of extension to our planning as a nation.. The
question is whether even under the most favorable circumstances
our economy is prepared to cope with the costs in effort and
money required for the increasingly many and varied oppor-
tunities that lie before us. Speaking literally, this has never
been possible. The new factor which has been entering the
picture by degrees and is now prominent is that as a nation we
shall have to pay even greater attention to our objectives and to
the priorities among them.
This point is brought into sharp focus in connection with our
present subject . There is an apparent lack of realization and
determination on the part of our citizens to advance progress
in education and in science. Without this realization and deter-
mination it is not possible to act with the promptness which is
required. Although the facts have received much publicity and
should be pretty generally known, it becomes increasingly clear
that these do not at present appear truly to be national objec-
tives, as understood by the people.

Perhaps what is missing is a’clear conception on the part of
our citizens of what our objectives are as a nation and more
importantly how we can achieve them, and most important of
all, what each citizen’s responsibility is in cooperating. There
would probably be found general agreement on our traditional
objective of peace and prosperity-“the pursuit of happiness.”
However, we do not seem to understand that it will be impos-
sible to maintain our own prosperity and world peace unlesswe do
and do promptly the things necessary to compete in a modem
world. What is meant by this? Simply to develop our capa-
bilities, both individually and collectively, to the fullest and then,
in order to maintain a sound economy, identify and select the
areas of endeavor which should engage our fullest attention in
terms of money and effort. In science we should put maximum
emphasis upon the relatively modest needs of basic research in
order to learn all the possibilities of progress in technology and
then choose carefully the fields for development that require
large capital sums.
To be sure, a preliminary responsibility lies with the Federal
Government to take the lead in the solution of these problems,
but to provide full solution requires the understanding and the
cooperation of all citizens. The responsibility of the Federal
Government then is: (a) to insure that the problem is entirely
understood by the people; (b) to provide direct support accord-
ing to carefully devised plans; (c) to consider seriously ways and
means of increasing substantially funds from other sources. The
responsibility of the people is first to give these problems their
careful attention and, second, to determine, as their Government
has to do, the degree to which they can contribute by thought,
action, and money to our national goals as well as to the satisfac-
tion of their personal needs and desires. In other words, each
citizen should be fully and continuously aware of his active re-
sponsibilities to the Nation and to its primary goals, in time of
peace aswell as war, and be prepared to make whatever sacrifices
may be necessaryto achieve them.
Whether our primary objective as a nation is to deter our
enemies, to sustain the Free World’s leader&sip, to extend a
helping hand to underdeveloped nations or merely to maintain
our peace and prosperity at home, the first essential is a real
determination to achieve better education, better science-and
technology and, above all, the development of quality in all
fields-quality in training and quality in performance. Unless
we can succeed in accomplishing these things we can maintain
neither our national objectives nor the personal objectives of
our people.
Director, Nationat Science Foundation.



The Year

OF the

Earth Satellites







Because of the manmade satellites now circling the earth, United

States citizens recognize-perhaps with more clarity than ever before
the importance of science and its contribution to their welfare and se-
curity. The achievement which brought this about was the launching
of the first satellite by the Soviets in October 1957, a feat of astonishing
engineering prowess. Later launchings by both the United States and
the U. S. S. R. culminated a period of increasing attention in the public
press to scientific and technical accomplishments, including the har-
nessing of nuclear energy for power as well as weapons purposes and the
worldwide exploration of the universe represented by the International
Geophysical Year, of which the satellites are a part.
With increased awareness of the vital role of science also came the
realization of the high state of Soviet science in many fields, a fact known
and reported by United States scientists for many years. To the Amer-
ican public, however, the first launching became a symbol of competi-
tion between Russian and American science, and a sign that we.-had
“lost” a “scientific race.” To the extent that the symbol became identi-
fied with such a “race, ” it was erroneous and destructive--we did not
think of the undertaking in these terms, but regarded it as a part of a
cooperative international scientific undertaking, the International Geo-
physical Year. But to the extent that the symbol called attention to
certain marked deficiencies in the environment in which our scientists
operate, and pointed up the need for improvements in our scientific
education and strengthening of our basic research, it was accurate and

Quality of the Nation’s Scientific Effort

The critical self-examination that followed showed that, in point of
fact, United States science has during recent years been of the highest
quality. In general, our accomplishments in research have been second
to none, and United States scientists as a group have. continued to raiik
high in the estimation of their colleagues throughout the world. It was
pointed out, for example, that from 1943 to 1956, United States scientists
received 34 of the 67 Nobel Prizes awarded in physics, chemistry, and
medicine and physiology.
This evaluation of domestic science also showed that the Nation has
not been wholly unaware of the needs of its scientists. The growing
proportion of Soviet young people being trained as scientists and engi-
neers, as contrasted with our own, had received much publicity, as had
the comparatively higher position with respect both to salaries and pub-
lic esteem which is enjoyed by scientists in the U. S. S. R. Expenditures
for research and development have been steadily increased by industry,
by the Government, and by educational and nonprofit institutions of
many types, although by far the greatest percentage of these expenditures
is devoted to developmental work and applications engineering, rather
than basic research. Establishment of the National Science Founda-
tion in 1950 had been a major step in the attempt to correct the im-
balance in this country insofar as the position of basic research was
Public discussions following the satellite launchings brought out once
again the fact that Americans customarily think of science in terms of
applied work, or engineering, despite the highly significant accomplish-
ments of research workers in the areas of fundamental investigation.
Nevertheless, the connection between basic and applied research, and
the degree of dependence of the latter upon the former, has become
increasingly clear during the past year. In addition, the continuing
reduction of the “technological lag” -the time elapsing between publi-
cation of the results of fundamental research and utilization of those
results in specific engineering applications-has become more apparent.
Finally, interest in the satellites and the inquiry into the status of
science which they stimulated also brought to United States citizens a
realization of the interrelationships of science and scientists throughout
the world. Our rate of scientific progress is appreciably increased when
the achievements of foreign scientists are made available to us. Sim-
ilarly, the achievements of American scientists help scientists of other
countries-to move on to new research, the results of which are again
available to our scientists as to all others. Scientific literature is circu-
lating more freely and more translations are becoming available. In-
ternational scientific conferences are increasingly benefiting from the

participation of scientists from more and more count&~, ineluding those
behind the Iron Curtain. The U. S. S. R., for example, is m.+intain-
;ng one of the three world data centers of the International Geophysical
Year and has taken an active and cooperative part in many other IGY
programs. Despite the continuing difliculty which marks political re-
lations between the United States and the Soviet Union, scientific rcla-
tionships have improved substantially. If this interchange can con-
tinue, the world may well anticipate a measurably faster rate of scien-
tific development in the future. The economy, health, and general wel-
fare of mankind benefit from such international exchange of scientific

Condition of American Education

Review of the United States position which followed the launchings
also necessarily included an analysis of the educational system which
must produce. the well-informed and highly competent men of science
and public affairs required if our Nation is to retain its position of re-
sponsibility and leadership in world affairs. Although yesterday’s less
exacting requirements for trained manpower were satisfied by the grad-
uates of our schools and colleges, thoughtful observers raised serious
questions about the quality of today’s educational system and its ability
to meet tomorrow’s increasing demands for thoroughly trained men and
Quality in the Nation’s schools was observed to be what the commu-
nity and its citizens made it. So long as students disdained difficult
studies in English, foreign languages, science, and mathematics; so long
as they were supported by parents who derogated learning and culture
with contemptuous references to eggheads and longhairs; so long as citi-
zens were reluctant to continue to vote the increased taxes needed to pro-
vide well-equipped schools and well-paid teachers-then so long did the
quality of the educational system jog along over an improvised and
bumpy road. In the years immediately ahead, schools and colleges will
be deluged with applicants representing the generation born in the post-
war period. They will be greeted (by overworked and underpaid teach-
ers, too hard-pressed to withstand the ‘burden of trying to maintain high
scholastic standards while, at the same time, trying to satisfy the de-
mands of an age which requires that high-ability students be provided
the training to which their talents entitle them.
For the National Science Foundation, policy lines were clear-un-

equivocally, ‘the Foundation progmm~ wese coflcerncd witi improving
science education, a prerequisite for raising the quality of scientific man-
power. As st result, so coveted have become Foundation fellowships
,for men and women pursuing science training into the doctoral area
that most candidates given honorable-mention ratings have asked that
their names be publicized with the announced winners of fellowships-
secure in the knowledge that other sources of support would regard them
more favorably because of the acknowledged severity of standards ap-
plied by the Foundation. Similarly, Foundation-supported institutes
(summer, academic-year, and in-service) for high school and college
teachers of science and mathematics have won nationwide acclaim for
their role in improving competence in subject matter training. Finally,
the Foundation’s support of curriculum-improvement studies in high
school physics and mathematics (with plans for similar studies in
chemistry and biology) promises to point the way to measurably im-
proved quality of course content in several fields of science, focused as
these studies are on fundamental, not filigreed, science instruction.
Complementing these progr+m.s of the National Science Foundation,
which made a resolute attack on the science-manpower problem, were
very substantial efforts extended by several private organizations.
Groups such as the Ford Foundation and the Rockefeller Foundation
supported broad-based programs designed to improve education in the
United States; and the National Merit Scholarship program to recog-
nize exceptional achievement at the high school level did much to pub-
licize the need for high intellectual attainment, through the award of
college scholarships. All in all, however, these efforts were confined
largely to groups already aware of the problem. At the time of the
satellite launchings, citizens generally had not become genuinely con-
cerned with the pressing’problem of identifying and training prospective
scientists. With Sputnik in orbit, however, the Federal Government
took quick action to improve the status of science and education in the
United States.

President Eisenhower Alerts the Nation

In November of 1957, President Eisenhower made two major ad-
dressesto the Nation- “Science in National Security” and “Our Future
Security”- in which he focused attention on the importance of science
and technology to our security and of our failure to give high enough
priority to scientific education and to the place of science in our national
life. He noted, as we& our failure to give priority, both public and
private, to basic research,
At de same time, the President appointed Dr. James R. Killian, Jr.,
President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, as Special Assist-
ant to the President for Science and Technology. A staff of scientific
experts was also named as the President’s Science Advisory Committee
to work with Dr. Killian to provide the President with the very best ad-
vice the scientific community could supply.
Soon thereafter, in recognition of the impact of science on interna-
tional policy and international policy on science, Dr. Wallace R. Brode
was appointed Science Adviser to the Secretary of State. Dr. Brode is
directing a reinvigorated program for sending science attach& to our
embassies in those countries most scientifically advanced, to collect in-
formation and to advise our ambassadok on scientific matters.

Increased Support for Science by the Federal Government

In recognition of the importance of science and the vital interest of

this country in space exploration, the Congress established special stand-
ing committees- in the House of Representatives, the Committee on
Science and Astronautics; and in the Senate, the Committee on Astro-
nautic and Space Sciences. These committees will permit far more
effective congressional consideration of the increasing number of prob-
lems in these areas.
Actions taken by the Federal Government through the executive and
legislative branches to improve our scientific position include :
1. Increased Research Appropriations.-Increased funds for research
were given to the National Science Foundation for its basic research
programs, to the Public Health Service for its programs of medical
research, to the Atomic Energy Commission for its programs in atomic
research, and to the Department of Defense.
2. Establishment of a Space Agency.-A major legislative achieve-
ment was the creation of an independent Federal agency to direct
aeronautical and space research and activities, including the develop
ment and use of aeronautical and space vehicles. This agency has been
designated as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Space activities will be coordinated and policy set at the highest level by
the Aeronautics and Space Council composed of the President, the
Secretaries of State and Defense, the Administrator of the NASA, the

Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, and a maximum of one
additional Government and three additional non-Government members.
Noteworthy as well is House Concurrent Resolution 332, expressing
the sense of Congress that the United States should strive for interna-
tional agreements banning the use of outer space for military purposes
and providing for joint exploration of outer space and the amicable
settlement of international disputes arising therefrom.
3. Improved Working Conditions for Government Scientific Pro-
grams.-Strengthening the Federal Government’s own research effort
was another considerable achievement. Physical scientists and engineers
employed by the Government were given salary increases. Recruitment
for junior scientific and technical positions was authorized at a higher
salary level. Scientific and engineering personnel were made eligible
to receive further training and education at Government expense.
Newly appointed scientists and engineers traveling to their first post of
duty now receive travel expenses not heretofore granted.
4. High-level Coordination of Research and Engineering Activities
in the Department of Defense. -The position of Director of Research
and Engineering was established within the Department of Defense,
with rank above the Assistant Secretaries of Defense and power to
manage projects of interservice character without the necessity of follow-
ing the military chain of command of any of the services. Furthermore,
the Department of Defense issued a significant directive stressing the
importance of basic research.
5. Other Legislative Actions.-(a) The National Science Foun-
dation was directed to begin a program of study, research, and evaluation
in the field of weather modification; (b) Federal agencies were author-
ized to use certain foreign funds, acquired by this country in connecuon
with agriculture surplus programs, for scientific activities overseas’ in-
cluding collection and translation of foreign science literature; and (c)
authorization to make grants, as well as contracts, was provided for
Federal agencies engaged in contracting for basic research by educational
and other nonprofit institutions. These agencies were also‘enabled to
vest, with the institution, title to equipment procured from research

Federal Activity in the Field of Education

1. Preside&s Special Education Message to the Congress.-In Janu-
ary 1958, President Eisenhower forwarded to Congress’s special educa-
tion message containing recommendation for “certain emergency
Federal actions to encourage and assist greater eEort in specific areas
of national concern.” He said, “Because of the growing importance of
science and technology, we must necessarily give special-but by no
means exclusive-attention to education in science and engineering.”
He recommended a fivefold increase in the appropriation for the
scientific education activities of the National Science Foundation because
they are regarded “as among the most significant contributions currently
being made to the improvement of science education in the United
Also submitted were recommendations for additional temporary Fed-
eral programs to strengthen general education and to strengthen science
education in our State and local school systems. These programs were
to be conducted by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
2. Congressional Response.- Probably the first action taken to im-
prove existing conditions was the early passage of a supplemental ap
propriation to the National Science Foundation of approximately $9
million permitting immediate expansion of existing programs designed
to improve science education. This included the award of additional
fellowships and attendance of additional high school science teachers at
summer institutes.
The 1959 appropriation for National Science Foundation educational
programs was increased more than 300 percent to approximately $60
million, thus allowing wide expansion of existing programs and the
initiation of new programs.
However, the principal congressional action in the field of education
was the National Defense Education Act of 1958, which constituted the
first general Federal aid-to-education legislation since the Morrell Act of
1862. At the same time the act reaffirmed the principle that State and
local communities have primary educational responsibility including
that for supporting science and language study and for encouraging
high academic standards as being in the national interest.
This act provided, among other things, for loans to students to enable
them to attend college; for the award of graduate felIowships; for match-
ing grants to the States for guidance and counseling activities in the
high school and for vocational programs for training highly skilled
technicians requiring scientific knowledge; and for contracts with col-
leges for conducting foreign language institutes for elementary and
secondary schoolteachers. Major administrative responsibility for

carrying out the provisions of this &atute wm assigned to the Department
of Health, Education, and Welfare.
The act aiso created a !Science Informqtion Service in the National
Science Foundation to develop new and improved methods for making
scientific information more readily available, thus endorsing a recom-
mendation of the President’s Science Advisory Committee. In this way,
Congress emphasized the importance of the information programs pres-
ently being carried on by the Foundation pursuant to the 1950 act
establishing the Foundation.

Recommendations of the Scientific Community

In March of 1958, the American Association for the Advancement of
Science convened a Parliament of Science of more than 100 prominent
scientists and public leaders. One of their key conclusions was that
Government support of scientific research should not be centralized in a
single Department of Science.
Among their other conclusions were:
1. Optimal progress in science requires increased support for basic
2. As funds for support of science increase, plans and procedures for
administering the national scientific effort become increasingly important
and national scientific policy bears closer scrutiny.
3. Scientists must have maximum freedom to communicate with
each other and with the public in order that science may progress most
effectively and may be most widely used for improving human welfare.
4. As citizens, scientists must ponder the social consequences of their
findings and must inform the public of the consequences they foresee.
5. The primary goal of education is the intellectual development of
the individual.

What Remains To Be Done

In his Oklahoma address of November 14, 1957, on “Our Future
Security,” President Eisenhower not only stressed the importance of
insuring high-quality instruction in science and engineering and the
early identification and encouragement of science and engineering stu-
dents, but he also emphasized the “long-term concern for even greater
concentration on basic research-the kind that unlocks the secrets of
nature and prepam the way for such great breakthmugbs a~ atomic
Won, eIectmnics, and antibiotics.“*
While pointing out the fact that “at present our basic research, com-
pared with any other country’s, is corsiderably greater in quantity and
certainly equal in quality,” he warned of the “fast rate of increase of the
Soviet effort and their obvious determination to concentrate heavily on
basic research. The world will witness future discoveries even more
startling than that of nuclear fission. The question is: Will we be the
ones to make them?”

Basic Research-A National Resource

One month before the President’s Oklahoma address, the Director of
the National Science Foundation, on October 15, 1957, transmitted to
the President the report of the Foundation, Basic Research-A National
Resource. In his letter of transmittal, the Director said :
The report will, I believe, be informative and should prove heIp
ful toward bringing about a fuller understanding concerning the
desirabIe baIance between applications of science to defense, health,
and the economy on the one hand, and basic research activity-the
“defense in depth” for our whole technology--on the other.
This report contained recommendations designed to improve the
status of fundamental research in the United Stat-recommendations
of far-reaching nature which warrant reemphasis here. Briefly, they are :
I. Government agencies should significantly increase the support of
basic research (including facilities) and of training for research, as well
as ensuring that support is rendered on a continuing stable basis.
2. State Governments, with Federal assistance, should increase their
support of basic research and of graduate education at State universities.
3. Federal grants and contracts for research and research training
should continue to carry a minimum of restrictions on the freedom of
the scientist and of his institution.
4. Methods should be devised for increasing philanthropic gifts for
basic research, with no restrictions as to their use.
5. Industry should be encouraged to conduct more basic research in
its own laboratories.
6. Scientists working for industry should be encouraged, both by their
firms and by scientific journals, to publish their research.
7. Gloser and better relationships should be developed between mem-

bers of-Congress and scientists, in view of their respective responsibilities
to each other and to the American people.
Implicit in tliese recommendations is the strongly held conviction of
the .scientific community and of the National Science Foundation that
the Federal Government must not exercise centralized control over sci-
ence. Increased Federal support does not carry with it the license to
direct the research, or to set the policies, scientific or otherwise, of the
institutions receiving support. Each needs the other, but they .must
remain separate. Otherwise, our research institutions and our scientists
might well begin to feel an erosion of the intellectual freedom which is
their bulwark and our shield. For the educational and sociological
barriers which are today set in the way of science, we cannot substitute
legislative and administrative chains because, as we are finding out,
limitations upon our scientists are limitations upon all of us.
It is important to understand the reasons for this policy. The first
is that intellectual freedom is a cardinal principle of democracy. The
second, related to and underlying the first, is that intellectual freedom
constitutes the great strength of a true democracy, Creativeness, orig-
inality, and accomplishment are at a maximum when left to individual
initiative and enthusiasm.
The goal of our scientific effort and indeed all our efforts must be
quality-quality in native ability, quality in training, and quality in
Quality in native ability we have in abundance, latent among our
youth, from all walks of life. But we must identify these young people
early, give them every encouragement and opportunity to develop their
aptitudes to the fullest, whatever these may be, for their own future and
for the future of our society.
Quality in training for these young people we must insist upon. This
means superior teaching and superior teachers, together with the equip-
ment and materials they should have.
Quality in performance in science and technology requires that we
push forward the frontiers of science with all the vigor at our command.
This means full support, both financial and moral, to our competent
basic research scientists and engineers for their needs. This includes the
construction of essential though costly capital installations, such as those
required for nuclear physics, astronomy, oceanography, and the explora-
tion of outer space.
The role of the Federal Government then is to encourage and assist
efforts such as these. There is a final ingredient, however, without
which effective results cannot be achieved, namely an understanding

and a determination on the part of our people to achieve them, and a *:


pride in intekctual, as well as material accomplishment. When all is 5.

said and done, in the modern competitive world as in the past, it ia the
determination and perseverance of a people toward its national goals
and toward international cooperation which alone can bring about
realization of the hopes of mankind.


Sampling of





\ An Aerobee-Hi liquid-fuel research rocket is shown being fired at the IGY rocket-
launching site; Fort Churchill, Manitoba, Canada. It carries an instrument payload
of 150 pounds in a 4 to 6 cubic foot space to altitudes of 150 miles. The launching
platform is set indoors because of the extreme cold during the winter months. The
launching tower can be tilted to counteract the effect of winds. Antennas, on each
,’ side of launching stand, are used in tracking rocket in flight.
b This is part of the United States program for the International Geophysical Year
1,. conducted through the U. S. National Committee with Federal coordination being
1 provided by the National Science Foundation.
cal bench. Optical elements-
above-are mounted in wooden F
4, at the left end of the bench,
3t left is positioning an opaque
tr the light source.

onsists of a plywood base, two

ng thread for calibration. The
se by means of a rubber band.
Objects as small as human hair
! in the apparent position of a
of the base serves as an object.

A completely new course in high school physics

has been prepared by the Physical Science Study
Committee composed of outstanding physicists and
experienced successful high school teachers with
support from the National Science Foundation. (See
page 65.1 Some of the ingenious and inexpensive
equipment developed for use in this course is shown

A teacher holds one end of a “slinky” toy used

in the study of wave motion. The photo shows a
transverse wave formed by a quick lateral move-
ment of the spring. Interesting effects of wave re-
flection and superposition may also be studied with
this toy.

tank consists of a glassed-in window frame, balanced on two chairs, containing a half inch
of water. The rippler is a vibrating wooden plane assembled from scraps of lumber, and
powered by a six-volt hobby motor. In operation, the light source at top center, formed
from an ordinary bulb in a modifled tin can, projects the ripple pattern on a paper screen
on the floor.


Comparison of dwarf mice-mice of normal size and appearance at birth which fail
to grow-with normal mice has provided evidence that the absence of cellular granules
is linked with the demonstrated absence of growth hormone produced in the anterior
pituitary gland. Electron micrographs, enlarged 10,000 times, of this gland in a 21-day-
old drawf mouse (lower left) shows the absence of large granules and the reduction of
amount of cytoplasm of the dark cells (probably remnants of the acidophilesl. A micro-
graph of the same part of the pituitary gland in a 21-day normal mouse shows the large
granules surrounding the nucleus (lower right).



The nuclear reactor was one of 51 U. 5. exhibits installed In the International Science
Section of the Fair, through the coordination efforts of the National Science Foundation.
The built-in safety factors and low operating power level (1 watt1 of this small reactor
permitted actual operation at the Fair. It is a modifled swimming pool type using plastic
embedded Uz3j enriched fuel. Among the public demonstrations was the irradiation of
J silver coins to produce harmless radioisotopes.
Other exhibits can be seen in the background. (See page 77.1




Three obviously related types of frogs belonging to the Genus Rana free (al, fbl, (cl
on photograph) have been classifted as different species on the basis of their pigmentation
differences. Genetic studies, however, have revealed that two of these so-called species-
Burnsi fnonspottedl and Kandyoshi (mottled)- (b) and lc), are dominant mutant variants
of the common spotted leopard frog (al.
A fourth variant fd), which is not found in nature, was produced by crossing the non-
spotted and mottled varieties. Since the nonspotted and mottled types are known to
coexist the failure to find this particular cross in nature may indicate that it is at a selective
The other three forms are obviously successful or else they would not be so prevalent.


Research Programs
Foundation programs in support of basic research are conducted
through the Division of Biological and Medical Sciences; the Division of
Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences; and the Social
Science Research Program. Research projects described here are to be
considered illustrative of the research being supported. Facilities sup-
port included under these programs has been limited to specialized re-
search facilities, where the need was urgent, was clearly in the national
interest, and the necessary funds were not available from other sources.


Current Research Support

In the area of Developmental Biology, a wide variety of research wa
supported, covering chemical embryology (metabolism of embryos),
plant growth (hormonal control), plant morphogenesis (shoot or root
apex activity, floral induction, slime mold development), chloroplast
differentiation, physiology of reproduction (ovarian, uterine, and pla-
cental physiology), regeneration (wound-healing), skin and tumor graft-
ing, histology, histochemistry, anatomy, embryology (plant and animal),
and cytology (mechanisms of mitosis). Specifically, studies are being
supported on the sequence of the events which operate in limb forma-
tion in mammalian organisms by such techniques as tissue transplanta-
tion and interchange of organism parts; nucleic acid metabolism and
the changes which occur in it during early development of the mam-
malian embryo; the mechanisms of cellular interactions, particularly
their biochemical and biophysical aspects; the origin and fate of special
initiator-cell members of cell populations; and microscopic structure and
histochemistry of the fine structure of the skin in primates.
As in previous years, the Environmental Biology program supported
a wide variety of projects including various aspects of animal and plant
ecology, both terrestrial and aquatic life histories, environmental physi-
ology, paleoecology, certain phases of parasitology, and other areas of
biology in which the major immediate emphasis is on the interrelation-’
ships between the external physical, biological, or sociological factors and
one or more organisms. Although much of American research activity
in environmental biology continues to be descriptive and devoted to
observations of gross physical habitat and organism survival relation-
ships, the program has emphasized studies analyzing functional as-
pects of the interaction, exchanges, and adjustments of the members
of the plant and/or animal community and of their physical and biologi-
cal environments. Interest in population dynamics in its many aspects,
including cyclic phenomena, continued to be an expanding interest.
Within the Genetic Biology program, studies in the area of microbial
genetics included work aimed at determining the mechanisms by which
enzymes involved in biochemical syntheses are controlled genetically.
Studies also were supported on gene-enzyme interrelationships, pointed
toward enhancing our understanding of the interactions between gene
and enzyme. Research on the genetics of higher plants included work
on mutations in maize, as well as work on cotton and tobacco. Signifi-
cant research relating to the theoretical aspects of quantitative genetics
also was supported.
Some of the outstanding research supported during the last fiscal year
by the Metabolic Biology program covered the following areas : the
problem of enzyme-inhibitor relationships responsible for cellular meta-
bolic activity; elucidation of the enzymatic mechanisms occurring in
fat metabolism of higher plants; and the investigation of certain aspects
of protein biosynthesis. Other exciting projects supported included a
study of the function of nucleic acids in growth, differentiation and in-
duced enzyme formation, and an investigation of the basic mechanisms
of mammalian carbohydrate metabolism.
With the advent of the program covering metabolic processes, the
Molecular Biology program was redefined to encompass studies of
the physical and chemical properties of substances of biological origin;
studies of individual enzymes such as isolation, purification, properties,
kinetics, and mechanism of action; and such aspects of physical biology
as fine structure, membrane phenomena, and chemical and physical
properties of particulates. This year’s grants have been concentrated in
the areas of protein structure, enzyme kinetics, bioenergetics, membrane
phenomena, and photobiology, with somewhat less emphasis on bio-
genesis, immunochemistry, and biochemical cytology.
With respect to the substance of the Psychobiology program, research
covering the underlying neurological foundations and neurochemical
aspects of behavior continued to be supported. The traditional interest
of the program in relating newly developed quantitative techniques to

experimental problems in psychology was also continued through sup-
port of work on the development of psychological measurement models,
and on the use of multivariate methods in psychological research. In
a somewhat related area, the impact of computer technique on research
in the field of psychology is illustrated by a grant aimed at developing
computer techniques for handling data from the area of learning
The program in Regulatory Biology supported outstanding research
in such conventional fields as neurophysiology and endocrinology. How-
ever, exciting research in less traditional areas is illustrated by projects
involved in the study of chemical processes that give rise to biological
rhythms. The program also encompassed investigations of the develop-
ment of regulatory processes in fetal and newborn organisms, in the
chemical sensesof insects, and other regulatory processes of organisms.
The areasof research in Systematic Biology is on essentially three levels
of complexity. At the first level, the units of organic diversity are dis-
covered, identified, characterized, and named. At the second level,
the major task is classification -the arrangement of the otherwise chaotic
mass of species into the so-called higher categories. At the third level,
systematic biology is the study of the interrelationships of organisms in
space and in time. During fiscal year 1958 grants were made to aid
research on each of these levels. An illustration of the type of discovery
and inventory-taking that occupies taxonomists in lesser known parts
of the world is a study of the flora of the Lesser Antilles. Similar studies
of the life of a different geological period cover research on the Triassic
vertebrates of Argentina. The application of comparatively new tech-
niques to problems of classification is demonstrated by research on the
fine structure of pollen grains, on paper electrophoresis as a method in
avian taxonomy, and on serological studies of the grass family. At the
third level of complexity in the systematic area, valuable summarizing
research is under way on the zoogeography and evolution of Pacific in-
sects, on the speciation of amphibian populations, and on the Droso-
philidae of the Caribbean region.

Significant Research Developments

The honey guide, a small family of bird found primarily in Africa,
presents an interesting problem in animal behavior in its symbiotic
(mutually beneficial) relationship with certain mammals, including
human beings. Specifically, these birds guide the mammal to the .
vicinity of wild bees’ nests and, following the foraging of such nests by

the.mammal, feed avidly on the waxy comb, which constitutes their chief
source of food. In the course of investigations on this behavior and on
the unique problems of digestion and nutrition involved, a hitherto
unidentified wax-splitting bacterium was isolated from the intestine
tract of the bird. Although this organism, Micrococcus cerolydus,
cannot by itself degrade wax in tritro, rapid breakdown of wax occurs
if a mixture of ground liver, intestine, and spleen of chicks is added to
the culture. Conversely, chicks, while themselves unable to dig& wax,
metabolize this substance effectively if it is mixed with a culture of the
Of particular interest is the apparent “interference” effect between
the micrococcus and the tubercule bacillus, whose envelope is “waxy”
or lipoidal in nature. As a result of recent studies in this connection,
a protein fraction isolated from the micrococcus has been found to in-
hibit the growth of the tubercule bacillus in tissue culture. This appar-
ently is a result of inhibition of the oxygen uptake of resting cells or of
cell-free extracts of the bacillus. In preliminary experiments, it has
been found that this protein fraction also appears to protect guinea pigs
against tubercule bacillus, presumably by inhibiting the development of
the infecting organisms.
This investigation may not only provide an explanation of the basic
mechanisms of “interference” between two microbial species and of
wax digestion but also suggests important implications in the therapy
and control of tuberculosis. Moreover, this work vividly illustrates how
information in one area of biological sciences may lead directly to im-
portant observations in another, superficially quite unrelated area.


(2 UESTION.- A firm belief in the individuality of genes underlies all
research in modern genetics. By “individuality” is meant that a given
gene will not be modified or changed in any way by external influences,
except for the well-known agents, such as X-rays, which cause mutation.
Although the expression of a gene can readily be affected in all kinds
of ways, the basic nature of a gene is presumed to remain constant and
unchanged, generation after generation, until such time as, by chance,
it suffers a mutation. Then the new mutant form of the gene again
persists almost indefinitely until such time as another mutational event
may occur to produce still another mutant form of the gene.
The first case on record which clearly violates this basic axiom about
the individuality of genes has been discovered. A gene in corn-one
that produces color in the kernel-can be permanently mbdified simply
by bringing it into combination with a particular one of its alleles

(partner genes). When the color gene is later removed by outcrossing j._.
from the “contaminating” influence of its partner, it is found to be no
longer capable of producing normal seed pigment. Further, this loss
of potency is permanent; the color gene has been mutationally changed.
Thus, it is now possible to modify at will a particular gene merely by
making a cross of two different kinds of corn plants.
Should this phenomenon be found to occur generally, an entirely new
mechanism will have to be taken into account in explaining the origin
of genetic variability, which itself underlies all evolutionary change. This
discovery may well turn out to be among the most significant basic dis-
coveries in genetics. In any event, the “individuality of genes” will
never be the same again.

PLANTS SHARE ROOT SYSTEMS.- In nature, the roots of plants of many

species or of individuals of. the same species frequently grow together
in a tangled mass. It has also been reported that natural root grafts
may form between one plant and another, but the significance of this
botanical curiosity is poorly understood. Grafts were revealed by ex-
amining roots of trees exposed by windfalls, excavation of roots, or by
detection in a tree of substances (isotopes, dyes, poisons, etc.) injected
into another tree. Injection of these substances into root systems through
stumps of felled trees proved to be the most effective method of deter-
mining the transfer of material between trees, and therefore the presence
of a true root graft.
It was discovered that more than half of the trees in one test plot were
grafted to one or .more of the neighboring trees. In another test plot
not only were most of the root systems grafted together, but this method
revealed that many of the seemingly dead smaller trees had living root
systemswhich had been captured by the large trees.
These findings may bring into question one of the basic assumptions
of plant ecology, namely, that most plants operate as individual entities
in competition with other individual entities. These results suggest that
some plants may operate as a well-knit group or unit having a common
physiology. The concept of group operation could be of importance in
understanding the dynamics of vegetation development.


GROWTH.- Certain cancerous tissues (sarcomas) of mice contain a
diffusible agent which strikingly promotes the outgrowth of nerve fibers
from spinal and sympathetic ganglia (groups of nerve cells along the
spinal cord) in the chick embryo to which these sarcomas have been
grafted. The tumor agent is specific in that it does not stimulate the
growth of any cells other than those in the spinal and sympathetic
ganglia. More recently it has been found that nerve growth factors,
similar to the tumor factors, are present in the salivary glands of the
mouse and rat, in snake venoms, and in the venom of the Gila monster.
Roth the sarcoma and venom factors are proteins which obtain their
effects by stimulating the protein-synthesizing machinery of the nerve
cell. As one of several examples of the influence of diffusible protein
growth-promoting substances upon cell behavior, these studies advance
our understanding of the control of pathological and normal growth in
animals, including man.


Understanding the process of development of multicellular organisms
from the original single cell, the fertilized egg, requires knowledge of
the control mechanism by which cells interact (exchange information)
to promote orderly growth and differentiation.
A most promising technique for studying this phenomenon has been
that of interposing barriers, such as filters and membranes, between
interacting cellular groups. Results so far obtained show that direct
surface contact between cells is not necessary for the transmission of in-
formation from one cell to another (in the form of special information-
bearing molecules). There are indications that the chemical transfer
of information occurs via cytoplasmic bridges connecting the cells and
low macro-molecular bridges of the matrices which surround the cells.

SEX HORMONES CONTROL PLANT GRowTH.-Sex hormones not only

control sex organ formation and sexual behavior in animals and the
higher plants but have been recently discovered to play a similar role in
the more primitive plants (water molds and ferns). In the water molds
the sexual process is composed of a number of distinct reactions which
occur alternately in the male and in the female, and each reaction is
directly dependent both for its initiation and regulation upon a hor-
mone(s) produced by the plant during the last preceding stage. Par-
ticularly interesting is the isolation and chemical characterization of a
specific male sex organ-inducing agent secreted by the sex cell-producing
stage (prothallium) of the common bracken (fern). This agnt, at a
concentration of one part in 30,000, is able to transform almost half
of the cells of the test fern prothallium into male sex organ-pmch&g
cells, whereas no male sex organs develop in the untreated controls. The
agent which is organ specific, but not species specific, has been identified
as an unsaturated aliphatic acid with a molecular weight of about 300.

Acms.-Proteinoids (protein-like material) have been produced by
the application of heat ( 170” C.) to mixtures of amino acids. By the
use of two acids-aspartic and glutamic-in excessquantities, it has been
possible by adding various mixtures of the 18 amino acids which occur
in natural proteins to produce substances with characteristics of proteins.
The amino acids polymerize in a specific nonrandom order. By the
proper selection of these amino acids, it is possible to synthesize protein-
oids which contain desired pharmacological properties, etc.
The sequence of reactions and products formed through thermal
action on amino acids to produce proteinoids gives strength to one of
the hypotheses of biogenesis- namely, that complex biological molecules
originally came into existence in the presence of moderately high tem-
peratures, possibly resulting from the intrusion of hot volcanic magma
into marine waters or by the inundation of heated tidal pools.

THE ALTERATION OF PROTEINS AT WILL.-The discovery of a method

for introducing sulfur in the form of sulfhydryl (-SH ) groups and di-
sulfide (-SS-) groups into proteins and protein-like molecules has
made it possible to alter at will the physical, chemical, and physiological
characteristics of proteins. This development not only provides an
excellent tool for probing the structure of the protein molecule, but also
permits tailoring of proteins with desired medical and industrial
The reagent used is N-acetylhomocysteine thiolactone with silver as a
catalyst.. The number of -SH groups introduced is controlled by
varying the concentration of silver. These -SH groups are incorpo-
rated into the protein molecule through displacement of amino groups
A nonmelting gelatin which has promise as photographic emulsion,
and a nonsolidifying gelatin which might be used as a plasma extender
have been prepared. Similarly a protein fraction with which anti-
biotics, mercurial diuretics, etc., may be conjugated to extend the life
and potency of these agents has been postulated. The use of this proc-
ess on aminated cotton has produced a product with a number of wool-
like characteristics. (SS- groups are the chief crosslinks in wool fab-
rics, but are absent in natural cotton.) This thiolated cotton is highly
efficient for removing heavy metals from solution and is an insoluble
oxidizing and reducing agent (electron exchanger).


During the digestive process enzymes, such as trypsin, break down pro-

teins into their constituent amino acids which are then absorbed into the
circulsitory system through the intestinal lining.
By f&ding a tq+psin inhibitor in conjunction with a prqtein, such as
irmulin, intact protein molekles can be transported across the intestinal
barrier into the blood without previous breakdown.
These experiments may well explain the manner in which antibodies
in colostrum (the early milk from mothers) are transmitted to the infant.
This research also indicates a strong possibility that, through the use
of digestive enzyme inhibitors, essential protein-like molecules may be
introduced into the circulatory system by oral administration rather than
through commonly used injection techniques.


CALLY.-By adding an enzyme obtained from bacteria (DNAase) to
a previously prepared mixture of nucleic acids, it has been possible to
synthesize deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), the basic hereditary and virus
material. The mixture required the addition of a small amount of
DNA as a primer as well as magnesium ions. (The net synthesis of
DNA exceeded that added as a primer by twentyfold.) The enzymati-
tally synthesized product had the same structure as proposed by Watson
and Crick for natural DNA (two nucleic acids chains which wind around
each other in a double spiral). Chemical understanding of DNA repli-
cation increases our knowledge of heredity, and the reproduction of
viruses. Since one of the hypotheses held by medical scientists is that
the synthesis of DNA differs in cancer cells from that in normal cells,
the key to understanding cancer may lie in just such experiments.

PoNENTS.- As previously mentioned, the biological properties of DNA,
a vital constituent of the nucleus of all animal and plant cells, are
of paramount importance since this compound is closely associated with
the process of reproduction and the transmission of hereditary factors.
In recent studies on the growth of a number of different bacterial
species (e. g., Brucella abortus, Diplococcus pneumoniae), it has been
found that addition of a mixture of bacterial DNA and deoxyribonu-
clease (DNAase)-the enzyme specific for its hydrolysis-to growing
cultures of these organisms produces striking effects upon the selective
establishment of virulent cells in an initially nonvirulent population.
Two different mechanisms are operative in causing this effect-a selec-
tive inhibition of the growth of nonvirulent cells (Brucella) or a selective
stimulation of the multiplication of virulent cells (pneumococci), which
may be associated with increased DNA synthesis. In addition to this
strildng effect on bacterial cells, experimex~tal evidence Mica- that
these DNA-DNAase digests are capable of stimulating the rate of
multiplication of lymphosarcoma cells in mice. Certain antagonists
to the DNA-DNAase effect, such as protamines, DNA-protein antisera,
and kinetin rib&de have been observed. One of these (kinetin ribo-
side) produces increased selective inhibitory effects against virulent
pneumococci and lymphosarcoma cells when administered in combina-
tion with DNA and DNAase.
Information of this sort concerning the factors and mechanisms which
are involved in determination of the relative virulence of microorganisms
is of considerable interest because of its relationship to an understanding
of the phenomena of resistance and susceptibility to infectious diseases
as well as to a possible therapeutic treatment of infections and malig-
nant disease.


Highland, the principal mountain-mass of South America north of
the Amazon and east of the Andes, lies in southern Venezuela, with
conspicuous extensions into Brazil, Colombia, and the Guianas. It is
a spectacular area of numerous discontinuous and isolated tabular
mountains characteristically ringed by high vertical cliffs whose summits
are continuously wreathed in clouds of overhanging mists. Threaded
by uncharted rivers, and uninhabited except for small groups of often
hostile Indians, this is the “Lost World” hinted at by Conan Doyle and
W. H. Hudson. Until 1944 only a few fringes of this vast unknown
region had been touched by scientists. Since that time a program of
exploration has taken place which, even in these modern times when
the world’s surface is thought to be known, is a classic comparable to
the discoveries of a century ago. A totally unsuspected mountain, now
named Neblina, 50 miles long and 10,500 feet high, has been discovered
by a group of scientists who have made 18 expeditions in the Guyana
Highland during the past 14 years.
The flora of this region, now being made known for the first time, is
spectacular in the extreme, containing an extraordinary number of
unsuspected native plants at the level of genus and species. Further-
more, the region appears to be the center of distribution for many
ancient groups of plants. The explorers have now reached the end of
a phase of their work and are turning to detailed study and evaluation
of the many thousands of collected specimens. A fuller knowledge of
this flora will provide biogeographers with data crucial to a knowledge
of plant distribution throughout tropical America.
Facilities for Research in the Biological and Medical Sciences
During fiscal year 1958, grants were made for facilities support at a
cost of slightly less than $1 million. Among these grants was one for
$544,250 to the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole, Massa-
chusetts, to cover one-fourth the cost of constructing a new research
laboratory building and the complete cost of constructing 25 cottages for
housing scientists and their families. The new research building will
replace 3 antiquated wooden laboratory buildings and will provide
additional working space. The Rockefeller Foundation is providing
one-half, and the National Institutes of Health one-fourth, of the total
laboratory costs. By providing additional housing, this grant will enable
scientists, especially younger ones with growing families and limited in-
comes, to take advantage of the Laboratory’s facilities for summertime
research. Many have been discouraged by the economics of the situa-
tion-in this case, the cost of rental housing in a summer resort area.
A grant of $200,000 was made to the Jackson Memorial Laboratory
to permit building an addition to the main building to satisfy immediate
and pressing research space. The two other sizable facility grants were
those to the Missouri Botanical Garden ($60,000) for herbarium and
library facilities for botanical research, and to the Museum of Com-
parative Zoology, Harvard University ($300,000) for museum facilities
for research in systematic zoology and paleontology.
Somewhat related to facility support were a number of equipment-
type grants of a size beyond that normally encountered in ordinary
research proposals. These varied from a grant for an ultracentrifuge to
grants for the purchase and installation of electron microscopes. In all
CXXS,equipment grants were made on a basis of the quality of the re-
search program in which the equipment was to play an integral part.
In the case of electron microscopes, it also was the practice of the
Division to have assurances from the recipient institution that it would
participate in the support of the microscope by providing for a full-
time operator whose salary was to come from the institution receiving
the equipment.



Current Research Support

The Astronomy program, perhaps more than any other discipline, has
felt the impact of the new interest in space. The excitement and im-
portance of what was sometimes considered mere star-gazing are rapidly

becoming apparent. For exakple, studies of the minor planets, which
number in the tens of thousands, will give their locations to the degree
of accuracy required for navigation in interplanetary space. The sun,
too, is the object of intensive study to answer such questions as : How
does the sun eject cosmic rays ? What is the precise nature of the sun’s
surface? These and many other questions have taken on new impor-
tance, and answers for them are being sought.
Grants in the Chemistry program have continued to emphasize organic
and physical chemistry, with support also for inorganic and analytical
chemistry. The special support provided for basic research in high
polymers was continued during the year, but plans have been made to
incorporate this support within the framework of the existing sub-
disciplines. Of special interest are grants involving total synthesis and
reaction mechanisms.
Fields of special emphasis in the Earth Sciences program included
geochemistry, which is becoming more and more identifiable with clas-
sical geology, and meteorology. The other fields have remained in about
the same relative positions from the standpoint of support received, and
include geology, oceanography, geophysics, and aeronomy. A new
program for Atmospheric Sciences will be established in fiscal year 1959,
to deal primarily with meteorology and the sciencesbasic to meteorology,
including phenomena of the upper atmosphere.
The research supported by the Engineering Sciences program is by its
nature more nearly part of a “closed feedback loop” in that the need
for further basic study is frequently brought to focus through applications
of previous research. Grants were made in the fields of mechanics of
solids, transfer and rate mechanisms, thermodynamics, properties of
materials, fluid mechanics, and electrical theory.
The Mathematical Sciences program, on the other hand, is perhaps
the farthest removed from “feedback.” It continues to support research
in areas of applied mathematics as well as in algebra, analysis, topology,
and geometry. Mathematical research, of course, differs from research
in the experimental sciences in that it cannot be done by designing and
performing an experiment, but must be carried out by the mathematician
thinking about the problem.
The Physics program placed major emphasis on high energy physics,
particularly involving the interactions of elementary particles. The
program has found grants to be especially effective when they provide
either for scientists in smaller institutions to work with those from larger
ones, or for team attacks through which staff members of several small
institutions join together on a problem.

SgnHkant Reseakh Developments
EnoE.-The increasing attention paid to the possibilities of weather
modification, such as production of rain to alleviate dry spells, has dram-
atized the lack of knowledge of the basic processeswhich cause weather
and atmospheric conditions. Interpretation of the much publicized
cloud-seeding experiments has largely been speculative, for the basic
physics of clouds is as yet largely unexplored. A series of National
Science Foundation grants have begun to make up the deficiences in
knowledge in this area. In one case, clouds developing day after
day in the same place, near Tucson, Arizona, were observed visually
with stereographic cameras, and with radar. Areas of cloud develop-
ment were seeded on certain days selected at random, and the results
were compared with those of nonseeded days. Although the number
of tests was not sufficient to determine statistically how effective seeding
may be, the radar showed that precipitation from larger seeded clouds
appeared to be greater than from similar unseeded ones. This repre-
sents a real gain in our understanding of how the seeding of cumulus
clouds can result in an increase in precipitation.

ULTRASONIC WAVES USED FOR NEunosuRoERY.-Because of interest

in what happens as a result of intense uniform concentration of ultrasonic
waves (those with frequencies which are far above normal hearing level),
a neurological instrument was developed under a Foundation grant
which employs ultrasonic waves rather than cutting edges. This device
focuses sound waves into extremely small precise regions in the brain,
permitting much more detailed study and understanding of various por-
tions of the brain. A most important aspect of the new tool is that it
may be employed to cut out tiny regions of the inner brain without
disturbmg the outer structure. This type of bloodless surgery has been
used in abating the tremor of Parkinson’s disease.

STREAM MODEL MAY An> IN FLUID CONTROL.-Basic engineering re-

search on the effects of underwater dunes on the roughness, velocity,
and sediment-transporting capacity of a stream may well revolutionize
thinking about flood control and care and use of natural waterways. A
laboratory model of a stream used in conjunction with a high-speed
motion-picture camera has resulted in clarification of the motion of in-
dividual sand grains in a flowing stream. The entire pattern of sand
dune movement has been speeded up through use of the model. Basic
knowledge has been supplied which, when applied to particular condi-
tions in specXc streams, can bring about more efficient and soundly
based flood-control programs.
-S.-One of the most puzzling rocks found in the earth’s crust is , t.
called “pegmatite,” or “giant granite.” The pegmatites contain min-
erals commonly found in granites, but in much larger crystals. These
large crystals are easily mined and separated, so that pegmatites con-
situte our chief source of certain mineral commodities, such as feldspar
(used as an abrasive) and mica (used as electrical insulation). Also,
large crystals of rare minerals in pegmatites are our principal source of
elements, such as lithium and beryllium, How did such large crystals
grow? Most geologists have believed that the giant crystals must, have
been deposited from hot dilute solutions rich in volatiles. The excess
water was presumed to have escaped upward to the earth’s surface.
Recent field and laboratory studies have upset the old ideas. The
hypothesis has now been evolved that pegmatites are relatively dry
melts (magmas) and are closed physico-chemical systems, and that the
giant crystals are formed during a “second boiling.” Early crystallii-
tion releases latent heat and enriches the residual magma in water
enough to saturate it. At this point a vapor phase is produced, which
is responsible for both the transport of the material and the formation
of the giant crystals. Laboratory tests have confirmed these ideas;
miniature pegmatites actually have been produced.
This is of great practical interest in guiding the exploitation of known
bodies of pegmatite minerals and in searching for undiscovered deposits,
for it shows that such deposits wil be shallow and contained within a
limited area. In addition, since the phenomenon apparently applies to
other types of molten rock, many other investigations are suggested
which may lead to information about the origin of various ores and the
discovery of additional sources of these ores.


groups of atoms bonded together by pairs of electrons can be split to
yield positive and negative ions. For example, atoms “A” and “B”
bonded by two electrons can be split to yield “A” with a positive charge
and “B” with a negative charge and both electrons attached to it.
Another kind of split yields neutral “free radicals”, i. e., atoms “A” and
“B” with one electron attached and no charge. Such free radicals are
among the mostreactive species known to chemists, and have long defied
study because of their extreme instability, that is, their tendency to re-
combine almost at once. Recently techniques have been worked out
whereby the free radicals are formed and immediately trapped on cold
surfaces (20” K., or -424” F.) . This freezing permits detailed spectro-
scopic study of their properties, and a slow warming of the surface per-

dts investigation in “slow motion” of their reactions. For example, a
National Science Foundation grantee has formed such a free radical,
CH2, and has brought about its reaction with ethene, ketene, and other
compounds, a yield cyclopropane,, cyclopropanone, and the like-re-
actions which would not take place at ordinary temperatures. The
combination or reaction of these free radicals produces a vast amount of
energy, which, if it could be’captured, would be promising for rocket
propulsion. The radicals might also be used as unique reagents to carry
out otherwise unattainable chemical syntheses.


and geophysical work in Utah and eastern Nevada has shown that the
rock structure of the area is exceedingly complex. A team of researchers
under a grant from the National Science Foundation has made detailed
measurements of variations in the pull of gravity throughout the area
and, from these variations, has been able to chart the major contours of
the buried bedrock and obtain important clues as to the configuration of
fault blocks and other structural patterns. This represents a significant
advance in the technique of “underground mapping.” In addition, the
fact that these particular structural patterns have now been mapped may
be of economic importance in determining where mineral deposits and
ground water are likely to be found. These patterns are also important
because of the relationship between the faults and earthquake hazards in
the region. In the Salt Lake region, for example, earthquakes tend to
occur along the Wasatch fault zone, which passes through Salt Lake
City and was mapped in part by this survey.


AND POLYMERIZATION.-Organic chemists have long been aware that

a given compound can exist in two or more forms which differ only in
the geometric relationship of a given atom or group to the rest of the
molecule. Only recently, however, has the vital importance of this
spatial arrangement or “molecular configuration” been appreciated.
very often one form will possessmuch greater biological activity than
its isomers. Therefore, chemists have put much effort into learning how
to manipulate molecules to produce the desired configurations.
One researcher partially supported by a Foundation grant has suc-
cessfully completed the total stereospecific synthesis (producing only the
desired molecular configuration) of several antibiotics. The techniques
devised for doing this can be applied to future syntheses, thus leading to
new antibiotics. Another grantee recently announced the first total
stereospecific synthesis of the alkaloid yohimbine, after four years of work.

Yohimbine is stx-ucturally related to reserpine, which has found use as
a tranquilizer and hypertensive agent. This work thus paves the way
for synthesis of the structurally more complicated reserpine, and ulti-
mately of improved derivatives.
Other workers have been studying-the molecular configurations of
compounds which can undergo polymerization to yield high molecular
weight compounds. One researcher has produced a substance which
is identical with natural rubber in its physical characteristics, by care-
fully controlling the spatial relationships of the groups in the molecule.
Through this control of configuration, many new synthetic substances-
potential fibers, rubbers, and plastics-have already been produced and
are being considered by industry for development.

Facilities for Research in the Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering

Facilities support in this area during 1958 totaled approximately
$5 million. A supplemental award of $1,130,000 was made to the As-
sociated Universities, Inc., for the construction of the National Radio
Astronomy Observatory in Green Bank, W. Va. This is in addition to
a previous grant of $4,000,000. Complete installation of an 85-foot
Blaw-Knox equatorially mounted paraboloid telescope is expected before
the end of calendar year 1958. Design of a 140-foot telescope has been
completed, and a contingent contract for construction has been signed.
After a 3-year program of site survey and testing, the National Optical
Astronomy Observatory will be established at Kitt Peak, Arizona. The
Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., has been
given a grant of $3,100,000 to go ahead with construction. Plans for a
36-&h reflecting telescope and associated housing have already been
completed. Designs for an 80-inch telescope are being developed. A
permanent director for the Observatory, Dr. A. B. Meinel, was
Three grants for computer installation were made-$50,000 to the
University of Oklahoma, $50,000 to Iowa State University, and
$100,000 to the University of Minnesota.
Support for nuclear reactors was provided to two universities-
$150,000 to the University of Virginia, and $300,000 to the State Col-
lege of Washington.


On August 1, 1957, a unified Social Science Research Program was
established as an outgrowth of a 4-year study of the Foundation’s re-
sponsibiitics within this area. The new program replaces the program
in %onvergent fields of natural and social sciences” previou$ly con-
ducted by the two research divisions, and is concerned with selected
fields in the scientific study of human social behavior. The present
Social Science Research Program includes four areas: anthropological
sciences, sociological sciences, economic sciences, and the history and
philosophy of science.

Current Research Support

The Anthropological Sciences program includes basic research in
archaeology, physical anthropology, ethnodbotany, ethnology, psycho-
linguistics, and related fields. One project is concerned with the utili-
zation of electronic computers in linguistic analysis. Another grantee
is studying the order and acquisition of consonant clusters in child
language. An archaeological investigation and a study of an aboriginal
American Indian group by a team of anthropologists, biologists, and
geographers may yield knowledge of the relationships of culture, ecol-
ogy, and environmental adaptation.
A grantee in the Sociological Sciences is exploring new techniques in
research on migration. The achievement and potential of Soviet
science, as viewed by American scientists returning from Russia, is the
subject of another study. In still a third area an investigator is study-
ing problems of identification and family structure to determine how
variations in parental behavior may affect the child’s personality.
Problems of primary importance to the Foundation, in the light of
its congressional mandate to investigate the social and economic con-
sequences of science, are encompassed in the Economic Sciences. One
grantee is investigating technological change from an econometric point
of view, while another is studying the economics of invention. A
third grant is mentioned below under research developments.
Grants were made in the area of History and Philosophy of Science
for research on early American science, on the origins of anatomy and
physiology, and on the philosophical foundations of physics.

Significant Research Developments

of a study on the use of electronic computers in analyzing current eco-
nomic indicators, which has received an additional grant for refinement
of techniques, have significantly advanced computer-analysis knowledge.

In the past, seasonal and irregular business fluctuations, usually much
larger than changes in underlying cyclical or major trends, made trust-
worthy prediction most diflkult. The new method provides a quicker
and more sensitive measure for deter@ning the stage of the business
cycle and separates meaningful trends from temporary irregularities.
It is already in use and has proved of value both to Government and
private industry in gauging the direction and strength of current trends.

Scientific Conferences and Symposia

During the past fiscal year, the Foundation sponsored and provided
partial support for 34 scientific conferences and symposia. In most in-
stances sponsorship was shared with one or more private or public agen-
cies, including universities and scientific societies.
Cambridge, Massachusetts, July 3-6, 1957 ; Chairman : John C. Slater, Department
of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts; Co-
sponsors : Massachusetts Institute of Technology, The International Union of Pure
and Applied Physics.
vania, July 5-8, 1957 ; Chairman : Joseph V. Smith, Department of Mineralogy,
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania; Cosponsor : Pennsyl-
vania State University.
CRYSTALLOGRAPHY-Montreal, Canada, July 10-l 9, 1957 ; Chairman : John S. Cole-
man, National Academy of Sciences- National Research Council, Washington,
D. C. ; Cosponsors : Philips Electronics, Inc., Research Corporation, General Electric
August 1, 1957; Chairman: T. Y. Lin, University of California, Berkeley, California;
Cosponsors: University of California, American Society of Civil Engineers, American
Institute of Architects, American Association of State Highway Officials, American
Concrete Institute, Prestressed Concrete Institute.
22, 1957; Chairman: Carlos G. Bell, Jr., The Technological Institute, Northwestern
University, Evanston, Illinois; Cosponsor: Northwestern Technological Institute.
ISTRY-Madison, Wisconsin, August 26-3 1, 1957 ; Chairman : Joseph R. Dillinger,
Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin ; Cosponsors :
University of Wisconsin;Intemational Union of Pure and Applied Physics.
CORDON RESEARCX CONFERENCES-NeW Hampshire, Summer 1957; Chairman: W.
George Parks, Department of Chemistry, University of Rhode Island, Kingston,
Rhode Island; Cosponsor: American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Massachusetts, September 3-7, 1957; Chairman : Farrington Daniels, Department

of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin; Cosponsor: National
Academy of Sciences-National Research Council,
St. Louis, Missouri, October 25-26, 1957 ; Co-Chairmen: Carl Epling, University
of California, Los Angeles; and Ernest Mayrl, Harvard University, Cambridge,
Massachusetts; Cosponsor: Missouri Botanical Garden.
SYMPOSIUM ON PHoToPEaxoDIsM--Gatlinburg, Tennessee, October 29-November
2, 1957; Chairman: Robert B. Withrow, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C. ;
Cosponsors : None.
ATMosPaaRE~incinnati, Ohio, November 4-6, 1957; Co-Chairmen: J. P. Lodge,
Jr., Robert A. Taft Sanitary Engineering Center of the Public Health Service,
Cincinnati, Ohio; and Waldo E. Smith, American Geophysical Union, National
Academy of Sciences- National Research Council, Washington, D. C. ; Cosponsors :
Public Health Service, National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council.
ida, December 2-7, 1957 ; Chairman : Murrough P. O’Brien, The Council on Wave
Research, University of California, Richmond, California; Cosponsors: University of
Florida; The Council on Wave Research, University of California.
CONFERENCE ON HIGH TEMPERATURE BEsEARcH-Chicago, Illinois, December 1 l-
13, 1957; Chairman: Mark G. Inghram, Department of Physics, University of
Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; Cosponsor: University of Chicago.
fornia, December 17-19, 1957; Chairman: Robert Hofstadter, Department of
Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California; Cosponsor: Stanford University.
December 26, 1957-January 4, 1958; Co-Chairmen: Delon Henkin and Alfred
Tarski, Department of Mathematics, University of California, Berkeley, California;
Cosponsors : University of California, International Union for the History and
Philosophy of Sciences.
New Brunswick, New Jersey, January 24-25, 1958 ; Chairman : Alan Boyden, The
Serological Museum, Rutgers, The State University, New Brunswick, New Jersey;
Cosponsor: Rutgers, The State University.
THE NATURE OF MUSCLE PROTEIN-Cambridge, Massachusetts, February 5-7, 1958;
Chairman: Cyrus Levinthal, Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Tech-
nology, Cambridge, Massachusetts ; Cosponsor : The Biophysical Society.
5-March 13, 1958; Chairman: Paul Weiss, Laboratory of Developmental Biology,
The Rockefeller Institute, New York, New York; Cosponsor: Rockefeller Institute.
ScIENcEs~hicago, Illinois, February 12-13, 1958; Chairman: A. A. Albert, Divi-
sion of Mathematics, National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council,
Washington, D. C. ; Cosponsors: University of Illinois, National Academy of Sci-
ences-National Research Council, University of Chicago.
Colorado, February 17-18, 1958; Chairman: W. G. Worcester, Engineering Experi-

ment Station, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado; Cosponsor: University of
SyYPOSIUM ON CELESTIALtiCHANICS -New York, New York, March 17-18, 1958;
Chairman: Jan &hilt, Rutherford Observatory, Columbia University, New York,
New York; Cosponsor: Columbia University. ‘_
March 24-27, 1958 ; Chairman: William D. McElroy, Department of Biology, Johns
Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland; Cosponsor: The McCollum-Pratt Insti-
tute of Johns Hopkins University.
CONFERENCE ON SALT MARSH RmcssAacx-Sapelo Island, Georgia, March 25-28,
1958 ; Chairman : Robert A. Ragotzkie, University of Georgia Marine Biology Lab-
oratory, Sapelo Island, Georgia; Cosponsor: University of Georgia Marine Biology
souri, March 1958; Chairman: Edward U. Condon, Department of Physics, Wash-
ington University, St. Louis, Missouri; Cosponsor: Washington University. \
Pennsylvania, May 19-20, 1958 ; Chairman : H. RadclyfIe Roberts, The Academy of
Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Cosponsor : The Acad-
emy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.
SYMPOSIUM ON SULPHURIN PROTEINS-FahIkouth,Massachusetts, May 23-24,1958;
Chairman: Reinhold Benesch, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole,
Massachusetts ; Cosponsors : American Heart Association, Marine Biological Labora-
May 26-29, 1958; Chairman: Aubrey Gorbman, Department of Zoology, Columbia
University, New York, New York; Cosponsor: Columbia University.
CONFERENCE ON HYPERCONJUOATION -Bloomington, Indiana, June 2-4, 1958; Co-
Chairmen: V. J. Shiner, Jr., and E. Campaigne, Department of Chemistry, Indiana
University, Bloomington, Indiana; Cosponsors: Indiana University Alumni Founda-
tion, American Cyanamid Company, Eli Lilly and Company, Esso Research and En-
gineering Company, Humble Oil and Refining Company.
Harbor, New York, June 3-l 1, 1958 ; Chairman: Bruce Wallace, Biological Labora-
tory, Long Island Biological Association, Cold Spring Harbor, New York ; Cosponsors :
Carnegie Corporation of New York, Association for the Aid of Crippled Children,
The National Institutes of Health.
CONFERENCE ON THE STRUCTURE OF Mucor=oLYsaccHaamas-Ipswich, Massachu-
setts, June 5-7, 1958; Chairman: Endre A. Balazs, The Retina Foundation, Boston,
Massachusetts ; Cosponsor : The Retina Foundation.
CHANTING CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT-SO& Hadley, Massachusetts, June 9-11,
1958; Chairman: James D. Ebert, The Carnegie Institution of Washington, Balti-
more, Maryland; Cosponsor: The Society for Study of Development and Growth.
TIONS- Los Angeles, California, June 18-20, 1958; Chairman: W. C. Hoffman, DC-
partment of Engineering and Engineering Extension, University of California, Los
Angeles, California ; Cosponsor : University of California, Los Angeles.

Iwatrvrrr-U~muamr C0Npasun0rONRlMlMpaxf0~ EULOTIUML EN-
Columbus, Ohio, June 19-20, 1958; Chairman: A& S. Oldacre, Stanford Research
In&tute, Menlo Pa&# California; cosponsors: American Institute of Electrical En-
gineers Committee on Research, Ohio State University.
Madison, Wisconsin, June 30,1958; Chairman: A. E. Whitford, Washburn Observa-
tory, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin; Cosponsor: University of Wis-

Research-Related Activities
Support of Travel to International Scientific Meetings
Because direct contact among scientists is important to the advance-
ment of scientific knowledge, the Foundation partially defrays travel
expenses for a limited number of American scientists to attend selected
international meetings and congresses abroad. In addition, travel
grants are sometimes made for such purposes as visits to laboratory or
research sites. The awards to the scientist generally amount to round
trip air-tourist fare between his home institution and the location of the
meeting. In 1958, 190 scientists received such grants at a cost of
Training Aspects of Research Grants
Research grants play an important role in the training of both pre-
doctoral and postdoctoral research assistants and associates. During
1958, approximately 1,165 in this category received advanced training
through participation in research projects under the direction of many
of the Nation’s most capable scientists.
When this number is added to the 1,348 awards made through the
Foundation’s formal fellowship programs, we find that a total of 2,515
have been given the chance to further their scientific education and to
gain valuable laboratory experience while working under the aegis of
seasoned and highly competent investigators.

Miscellaneous Grank
Among these are support for short-term research by medical students,
an extension of the previous year’s program; grants to biological field
stations to provide summer research training stipends for postdoctoral
investigators, graduate students, and teachers from small colleges; grants
to provide summer training for college and high school teachers who
serve as research assistants to scientists; and support for an internship
program in mathematical research under which postdoctoral mathema-
ticians investigate selected fields of applied mathematics under special
Fiscal Analysis of Reswrih Pmgmms
The Foundation during the 1958 fiscal year made grants totaling *
$25,049,155 for the support of basic research in the sciences, including
$5,934,250 for the maintenance and construction of research facilities,
These funds provided 1,120 grants in the biological, medical, mathemat-
ical, physical, engineering, and social sciences to 293 institutions in all
48 States, Alaska, Bermuda, Canada, Great Britain, Hawaii, Lebanon,
Puerto Rico, and Switzerland. Research grants for fiscal year 1958
averaged $18,085 for a period of 2.09 years, or about $8,653 a year.
Facilities grants were discussed in detail previously in the sections deal-
ing with the programs of the research divisions.
The following table summarizes the research grant program by subject
categories. A detailed list of the grants showing institution, principal
grantee, title of project, and amount is given in appendix C.

National Science Foundation Research Granh by Fields of Science,

Fiscal Year 1958
Biological and Medical Sciences: Number Amount
Developmental. ..................................... 48 $604,300
Environmental. ..................................... 78 953,600
Genetic ............................................. 57 711,150
Metabolic .......................................... 74 1,482,350
Molecular .......................................... 78 1,609,100
Psychobiology. ..................................... 62 968,800
Regulatory ......................................... 70 1,075,280
Systematic. ........................................ 103 1,036,450
General ............................................ 35 440,100

605 8,881,130

Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences:

Astronomy. ........................................ 33 1,017,830
Chemistry .......................................... 134 2,323,900
Earth Sciences. ..................................... 70 1,246,395
Engineering. ....................................... 88 1,538,400
Mathematics. ...................................... 72 1,242,lOO
Physics. ........................................... 69 2,139,200

466 9,507,825

Social Sciences:
Anthropology ....................................... 22 384,100
Sociology .......................................... 14 182,100
Economics. ........................................ 5 93,300
History and Philosophy of Science. .................... 8 66,450

49 725,950

Total........................................... 1,120 19,114,905



Figure 1.9 Analysis of the average National Scknce Foundation Research grant in Rscal your
1958 by types of expenditures (estimated).

Analysis of Salaries Paid From Research Grunt Funds,l Fiscal Year 1958
Average grant, jiscar year
Percent of
Amount salaries
Principal Investigator (total) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $2,027 , 19. 0
Summer......................................... (1,503) (14.1)
Sabbatical. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (84) (- 8)
Academic. . . , , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . , . . . . . (440) (4.1)
Research Associate s, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,953 27. 6
Research Assistant *. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,283 30. 8
Other 4 , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,412 22. 6

Total. . , . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,675 100.0

1 Based on Budget Estimates at the time of Board approval.
s Includes post-Ph. D. scientific personnel normally spending full time on research
and usually not occupying tenure positions at the institituon when they are doing the
* Includes graduate assistants enrolled at the grantee institution and working towards
a master’s degree or a doctorate.
4 Includes laboratory technicians and assistants, undergraduate assistance, miscel-
laneous direct labor charges and retirement charges where the grantee’s accounting
system treats these as a direct charge.

From figure 1 and the accompanying table, it can be seen that salaries
accounted for 67.1 percent and equipment 23.1 percent of the total
funds distributed. Indirect costs were estimated at 13.6 percent of
direct costs.



The program activities of the Division of Scientific Personnel and

Education are directed toward encouraging policies that will insure
that the Nation’s educational system will produce enough highly trained
scientists, engineers, science teachers, and other scientific workers to
meet our ever-increasing national needs.
The most serious and urgent problem at the present time in the
training of future scientists and engineers is not to find great numbers
of additional students, but to provide a high caliber of training in
science for the competent student who will seek it. In addition to prop-
erly motivated, capable students, a high quality of science instruction
requires a sufficient number of well-trained, dedicated teachers. It
also requires text and instructional materials which both reflect the
current status of scientific knowledge and meet the needs of the students.
Among the approximately 140,000 high school teachers of science
and mathematics, there are admittedly a goodly number of well-trained
full-time teachers, but a significant fraction of the total group is not
adequately trained to teach either modern science or mathematics with
optimum efficiency. A great many of these teachers are aware of their
academic deficiencies and are eager to improve their qualifications.
Evidence is provided by the fact that in the spring of 1958, 16,000
science and mathematics teachers applied for admission to Foundation-
supported Summer Institutes-approximately 1 in every 9 high school
science and mathematics teachers in the country.
Although it is sometimes stated that the problem of providing new
teachers to meet expanding enrollment is a more serious one than the
upgrading of present teachers, the fact remains that these present teachers
will bear the brunt of the teaching load for a number of years. Since
they will be providing the leadership and much of the in-service training
for their newly graduated colleagues, it is of prime importance that these
already committed teachers receive the training that they themselves
deem necessary.
A crucial factor involved in providing a continuing high level of
excellence in the training of our future college and university science
students is an adequate suppIy of well-qualified faculty mem&. In
1955, colleges and universities employed less than 200,000 teachers;
by 1970, approximately one-half million will be needed. Evidently,
financial and other inducements at present are not strong enough to
attract our most capable science scholars into teaching.
One NSF study has shown that in 1953-54, more than 3 out of 4 of
our college and university teachers were over 34 years of age, 44 percent
were over 44 years old. More than one-third were between 45 and 60
years of age; many of these will be retired when the large enrollment
reaches college in the 1970’s.
The prospect of progressive erosion in the quality of -faculties is real.
Using the ratio of faculty members holding doctorates to the total staff,
the NEA has found that this ratio for all college faculties was 40.5
percent in the 1953-54 academic year. The President’s Committee on
Education Beyond the High School envisages a decline in this ratio to
20 percent by 1970-assuming generally accepted anticipated supply-
and-demand conditions.
Of the new faculty in all fields hired during the 1953-54 and 1954-55
academic years, 30.8 percent held doctorates; by 1955-56, the percentage
dropped to 26.7 and in 1956-57, to only 23.5. During 1953-54, 18.5
percent of all newly hired faculty had less than a master’s degree. The
percentage increased to 20.1 in 1955-56 and to 23.1 in 1956-57.
Even if we were able to solve the problems of providing enough corn-
petent teachers at all levels, the science training provided would still not
be adequate. Too much of the content of science and mathematics
courses in our high schools and colleges is outdated. The time lag
between the discovery of new facts and their presentation in the class-
room has always been a problem, but it has now become so serious as to
pose a major threat to the effectiveness of our educational system. The
task of modernizing the subject matter of science is one of tremendous
Evaluation of this country’s scientific training needs requires the
gathering and analysis of data dealing with scientific and technological
personnel resources and with the educational system, especially the ele-
ment which relates specifically to science education. Much of this
needed information has not yet been obtained.
The objective of all Scientific Personnel and Education Division pro-
grams has been and will continue to be the alleviation of the critical
situation resulting from the previously mentioned inadequacies in science
education. The programs fall into four categories-Fellowships, Insti-
tutes, Special Projects in Science Education, and Scientific Manpower.

Fellowshlps hogmn
The fellowships program is desigued to strengthe.u the Nation’s
scientific potential by providing support for advanced training in the
sciences, mathematics, and engineering directed toward the development
of highly qualified research scientists, and for further study in the sciences
directed toward increasing the competence of college science teachers.
A total of 1,527 fellowships were offered in fiscal year 1958; their value
was approximately $5.6 million. (Accompanying tables show distribu-
tion of fellowship awards by type, field, and State.) In 1959 about
2,500 full-year and 1,200 summer fellowships are to be awarded.

National Science Foundatton Fellowship Awards, by Type and Field,

Fiscal Year 1958

Post- Senior
Field ioctora post- science Total
First Inter- Termi- Loctora faculty
Ye= nediate nal ‘zy-

Life sciences. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 122 63 32 67 408

Chemistry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 95 53 12 37 306
Engineering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 49 27 3 41 193
Earth sciences. . . , . . . . . . . . 18 26 14 4 9 73
Mathematical sciences. . , . . 58 60 22 11 36 206
Physics and astronomy. . . . . 98 111 40 11 21 314
Physical sciences general, . . . 0 0 0 0 1 1
Natural sciences general. . . . 0 0 0 0 4 4
Convergent fields. . . . . . . . . . 3 8 5 3 0 22

Total. .............. 389 224 76 216 1,527

Predoctoral ‘
Now in its seventh year ,of operation, the predoctoral fellowships pro-
gram is designed to offer support to unusually able students, thus en-
abling them to complete their graduate studies with the least possible
delay. The prestige of these fellowships is so high that they are much
sought after by top quality graduate science students. The objectives of
the predoctoral fellowships program are best served by keeping these
fellowships highly selective and highly competitive. From the 3,804
applications, a total of 1,084 fellowships were offered during 1958. In
1959, 1,000 fellowships will be awarded under this program.

Nufl&a/ Science Founddon Fellowshtr, Adfcations and Awards,
Fiscal Year lb58 - -

Region and State Appli- Awards Region and State Appli- iwards
cations cation3


coMecticut. ........ 106 38 Illinois. .............. 344 111

Maine. ............. 21 7 Indiana. ............. 145 40
Massachusetts. ... %;. ... 283 88 Iowa. ............. ;. 82 25
NewHampshire ...... 28 7 Kansas. .............. 90 27
New Jersey. ......... 205 71 Michigan. ............ 178 51
New York. .......... 792 235 Minnesota. ........... 122 47
Pennsylvania. ........ 373 99 Missouri. ............ 112 26
Rhode Island. ....... 28 11 Nebraska. ............ 41 7
Vermont ............ 11 5 North Dakota. ........ 17 3
Ohio. ............... 201 61
SOUTH South Dakota. ........ 26 5
Wisconsin. ........... 117 40
Alabama. ........... 52 7
Arkansas ............ 33 9 WEST
Delaware ............ 18 5 Arizona .............. 34 6
Florida. ............. 64 15 California. ........... 493 181
Georgia ............. 41 9 Colorado. ............ 56 13
Kentucky. .......... 44 7 Idaho ................ 25 7
Louisiana. .......... 44 5 Montana. ............ 16 2
Maryland. .......... 130 30 Nevada .............. 8 1
Mississippi ........... 30 8 New Mexico. ......... 17 3
North Carolina. ...... 76 18 Oregon. ............. 73 16
Oklahoma. .......... 75 11 Utah ................ 56 18
South Carolina. ...... 28 2 Washington. .......... 112 39
Tennessee. .......... 60 14 Wyoming ............ 11 5
Texas ............... 179 43
Virginia ............. 79 25 POSPESSIONS
West Virginia. ....... 22 5 Alaska. .............. 9 2
District of Columbia. .. 42 11 Hawaii. .............. 9 4
Puerto Rico. ......... 15 2

Regular Postdoctoral
Also in its seventh year, the regular postdoctoral fellowships program
is designed to provide support to individuals who have recently received
doctoral degrees in science to enable them to obtain additional high
level training. In fiscal year 1958, 15 1 of the 5 13 applicants were
offered regular postdoctoral fellowships. About 150 awards are planned
for 1959.
Senior Postdoctoral
This 3-year-old program of senior postdoctoral fellowships provides
opportunities for scientists who have demonstrated superior accomplish-
ments in a particular field to become still more proficient, by studying
and doing research during a leave of absence from their regular posi-
tions. This program is kept highly individualized and variable in
nature to adjust to the particular needs of the Fellow. In 1958, 76
fellowships were offered under this program selected from among 259
applications. About 75 awards will be made in 1959.

Science Faculty
The science faculty fellowships program, the newest of the Founda-
tion’s fellowship programs, was initiated during fiscal year 1957. It
is designed to improve the quality of science teaching in our colleges,
especially the small colleges. Many of these instructors were drawn
into teaching with very little training beyond the bachelor’s degree;
others have been teaching for a good number of years with little oppor-
tunity for intellectual growth. These fellowships permit teachers be-
longing to either of these groups to undertake further study to increase
their competence as teachers.
During fiscal year 1958, science faculty fellowships were offered to
216 of the 694 applicants. Plans for 1959 call for 300 awards.

New Fellowships Programs for Fiscal Year 1959

1. COOPERATIVE GRADUATE FELLowsHIPs.-similar to present pre-
doctoral fellowships except that applicants will apply through the par-
ticipating institution of their choice. The institution will then do the
initial screening with final evaluation and selection by the Foundation.
The institutions will also have the responsibility of administering certain
funds associated with the program. Approximately 1,000 awards will
be offered under this program in 1959.


Permit graduate teaching assistants to pursue their own study programs
full time during the summer months, thus shortening the time required
to obtain their advanced degrees. This program should encourage
more highly capable graduate students to accept teaching assistantships
as a means of support during the academic year, thereby benefiting the
student through the teaching experience he gains and benefiting the
university through the availability of the most capable graduate students
as teaching assistants. About 550 awards will be offered for the summer
of 1959.


EM.-For in-service science and mathematics teachers in secondary
schools,who hold baccalaureate degiees. It permits the selectedteach-
ers to undertake a personal study program (extending over 1, 2, or 3
summers) leading to improved subject matter competence and often
to an advanced degree. Approximately 750 awards are planned.

Institutes Program
Institutes are designed to improve the subject-matter competence of
high school and college teachers of science and mathematics. During
tical year 1958, they consisted of the following three types : (a) Summer
Institutes for high school and college teachers, (b) Academic-Year Insti-
tutes for high school teachers, and (c) In-Service Institutes for high
school teachers. Expenditures for the 125 Summer Institutes, 19 Aca-
demic-year Institutes, and 85 In-Service Institutes totaled $12.4 million.
The institutes are planned and conducted by colleges and universities.
Beyond providing broad, general directives and the needed financial
support, the Foundation does not participate in the operation of the
institutes. It makes financial grants to institutions whose plans, as out-
lined in the proposals submitted to the Foundation, appear practical and
most likely to result in the greatest benefit to the teachers who would
In order to determine efficiently and fairly which proposals would be
supported, advisory panels are employed to review and evaluate the
proposals received from colleges and universities. The membership of
the panels is chosen from individuals recommnded by the scientific
societies and other sources as being highly qualified to render judgment
in questions involving education in the sciences. The membership en-
compasses all disciplines in the natural sciences, including mathematics.
Industrial as well as educational institutions are represented. High
school teachers and officials from State departments of public instruction
are among the members. The evaluations of the advisory panels deter-
mine in large measure the proposals which are supported. The directive
of Congress “to avoid undue concentration” in carrying out the pro-
grams of education in the sciences is heeded in the final selection.
Balance is sought in geographic distribution, and in representation of the
various science areas and types of host institutions.

Summer Institutes
T&e institutes ordinarily provide courses that are tailormade to fit
the needs of the teachers, most of whom completed their formal course
work a number of years ago and frequently teach other subjects as well

g3 their speciahy. In addition to the coursq the institutes commonly
provide appropriate lecture series, opportunities for dkussions, and
informal activities that add to their value to participants.
Of the 126 Summer Institutes held in 1958,5 were for college teachen
only; 3, for both high school and college teachers; and the remaining
118 were for high school teachers only.
Three of the college institutes were for biology teachers, one was for
geology teachers, and the fifth was for junior college teachers of chemistry,
mathematics, or physics. The institutes for college and high school
teachers were in biology, chemistry, and mathematics, respectively. Of
the 118 institutes for high school teachers, 10 were in biology, 4 in c&m-
istry, 12 in mathematics, 6 in physics, 1 in earth science, and 5 in
general science. The remaining 80 offered courses in 2 or more areas.
Twelve of the institutes for high school teachers were sponsored jointly
with the Atomic Energy Commission and provided w,ork in radiation
Summer Institutes during 1958 were held in 47 States and in 3 Terri-
tories-Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. New York had the greatest
nurnber, 7. There were 54 institutes west and 72 east of the Mississippi.
There were 18 institutes in New England and New York, 3 1 in the other
Eastern States and the District of Columbia, 19 in the Southeastern
States, 23 in the Midwest Plains States, 18 in the Southwest including
California, 13 in the Rocky Mountain and Northwest region, and 4 in
the Territories.
The institutes varied in length, the shortest being 4 weeks, and the
longest, 12. The average was 7 weeks. The number of participants
in each institute varied from 20 to 110, and averaged 50. Participant
support funds not needed for travel or dependents were used by many
institutes to provide a few additional stipends. In all, approximately
6,000 high school teachers and 300 college teachers received support
from National Science Foundation funds in the 1958 Summer Institutes.
The National Science Foundation grants provided funds for partici-
pant support. The maximum award to a participant was set by the
Foundation at $75 per week for stipend, plus allowance for dependents
and travel. Most institutes followed this schedule and granted the
maximum allowable amounts to each awardee. (A few distributed
their available funds in smaller amounts to more participants.) Many
of the institutes accepted a few registrants beyond those who received
The Foundation grants to each institution paid necessary tuition and
fees for the stipend holders, and paid the direct costs occasioned by the

institute to the extent that these exceeded the amount already allowed
for tuition and fees.

-Continued expansion of the Summer Institutes pro-
gram is expected in 1959 to a number in excessof 300. The Foundation
expects to exercise greater latitude in providing opportunities to teachers
at all levels for improvement of their mastery of science and mathematics.
Although most of the 1959 Summer Institutes will doubtless be for high
school and junior high school teachers, relatively more will be scheduled
for college teachers. This will be of particular advantage to teachers in
the small colleges and in teacher-training institutions. Thus, not only
will present teachers be aided, but through them, prospective teachers
Elementary school science teaching is in drastic need of strengthening.
Therefore, a number of experimental Summer Institutes for elementary
school supervisors and teachers is being planned. It may even be pos-
sible to provide for other groups of teachers not yet reached-those in
technical institutes not offering the baccalaureate degree.

Academic-Year Institutes
In fiscal year 1958 the Foundation awarded grants to 19 universities
for Academic-Year Institutes to be conducted during the 1958-59 school
year. The courses in these institutes are based on the subject matter of
science and mathematics. High school teachers are able in many cases
to earn a graduate degree such as the Master of Science in Science Edu-
cation. In order to enable as many of the deserving teachers as possible
to earn this degree, the Foundation has made it possible for the institutes
to offer summer awards which permit the selected teachers to continue
their studies during the summer following the Academic-Year Institute.
Foundation grants for these institutes provide a maximum stipend
of $3,000, plus additional allowance for dependents and travel. Tuition
and other fees are covered as well as an allowance for books.
Approximately 925 teachers will be trained in the 1958-59 program,
and evidence gained from past programs indicates that very few of these
teachers will leave the teaching profession-proportionately fewer, in
fact, than normally leave teaching. It is also worthwhile to note that
appointments were available for fewer than 10 percent of those who

-In academic year 1959-60, the Foundation plans to
support about 30 Academic-Year Institutes, the maximum level it is felt
this program should attain.

In-Service Institu?*s \
The Foundation initiated this program to fit the needs of high school
teachers of science and mathematics through courses offered on Satur-
day morning or during after-school hours.
The successof the In&rvice Institutes program during the previous
2 years resulted in support by the Foundation of 86 such institutes dur
ing the 1958-59 academic year. About 3,000 high school teachers are
able to participate in this institute program which provides for their sup-
plementary training in the subject matter of science and mathematics
while at the same time, they maintain their teaching responsibilities.
The institutes are located in 35 States, the District of Columbia, and
Puerto Rico.

FUTURE PLANS. -Because of the popularity and proved value of this

institute program, the Foundation plans to support about 200 In-
Service Institutes for high school teachers of science and mathematics
during the 1959-60 academic year. Considerable interest has been
shown in the potential use of this mechanism to prepare teachers for
dealing with the new materials being developed for teaching science
and mathematics in the Course Content Improvement Program.
Extending the successful pattern established by the preceding pro-
grams, the Division proposes to initiate institutes of a similar type to
serve the needs of elementary school teachers in their teaching of science
and mathematics.

Special Projects in Science Education Program

Complementing the Institutes Program of the Foundation, this pro-
gram is concerned principally with the experimental testing and develop-
ment of promising new ideas for the improvement of science instruc-
tion, and with new and more effective methods of increasing the under-
standing of science on the part of our young people. Approximately
$1.5 million was obligated in fiscal year 1958 to carry out this program.
Projects fall readily into the three following types: (a) Student Par-
ticipation Projects, (b) Teacher Training Projects, and (c) Course Con-
tent Improvement Studies.

Student Participation Prolects

These projects are planned to enlist the interest in and understanding
of science, mathematics, and engineering by students at all educational
levels. Activities in this area that have been supported by the National
Science Foundation include the following :
1. The Traveling High SoAdo Scknzca Library Program.-+ many
areas of the United State8 high school students with an interest in scieqce
have We or no access to books about science and mathematics other
than their textbooks. The primary purpose of this program is to fur-
nish to secondary schools, on a loan basis, a carefully selected library of
general-interest hooks chosen to cover a broad spectrum of science and
mathematics. A secondary but important result is the stimulation of
book purchases by school and other libraries in response to student
The program is conducted for the Foundation by the American
Association for the Advancement of Science. It was started on an experi-
mental basis in fiscal year 1956, and has been expanded each year since
then. In fiscal year 1958, 54 sets of 200 books each were circulated
among 2 16 high schools. Each school receives 50 books at a time.
Through periodic exchange, all 200 books are made available to each
school served during the academic year. In the summer, the libraries
are made available to Foundation-sponsored Summer Institutes.
A list of the books in the Traveling Science Libraries is published
separately and is given wide distribution. It is being used in many
communities as a guide to the purchase of books for libraries. A larger
and more comprehensive list of science and mathematics books for sec-
ondary school and community libraries is being prepared, and a special
list of science and mathematics books available in inexpensive paper-
bound editions is also issued to encourage students who wish to buy
them for their own use.
An evaluation study of the program has been conducted applicable to
the 1956-57 program which served 104 schools. This developed con-
siderable information regarding the reading habits of high school stu-
dents, Outstanding among the conclusions were the following :
a. In schools served by the Traveling Science Libraries, 39 percent of
the students read at least one of the books. Half of these read more
than three of the library books.
b. Small high schools make more intensive use of the library books
than large schools.
c. At schools where there is a strong teacher interest in science, as
determined by the number of library books checked out by the teacher,
student interest in the books is more intense.
d. A.majority of the schools served by the libraries subsequently added
some science books to their own libraries. Lack of funds is the prin-
cipal reason for not buying more books.

The Founc$ation plans to continzlit tkib pm k the future; &.
to expand it as funds permit. are over 13,000 high schools &n ,
the United States with a student body of less than 200 students.
2. The Traveling Science Demonstration Lecture Program.--Sup
ported jointly with the Atomic Energy Commission and administered
by the Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies, this program provides
opportunities for secondary school students and teachers to see and hear
science lecture demonstrations stressing the scientic principles involved
in such subjects as solar radiation, atomic structure, nuclear reactions,
space travel, and other subjects of scientific interest. Selected high
school teachers are trained at Oak Ridge during a Summer Institute
session and then during the academic year travel widely over the country
providing lecture-demonstrations in selected high schools.
The training program for 1957-58 was much like that for the first
year. Seven teachers were carefully selected for participation in the
program and underwent a period of preparation and special trainiig
at Oak Ridge during the summer. The summer training period in-
cluded courses and lectures on fundamentals of physical sciences, radio-
isotope techniques, science experiments, and techniques in science
Six weeks of the’three-month summer session consisted of lectures
and demonstrations in chemistry, physics, biology, and mathematics
given by prominent scientists and teachers. Concurrently with the
lecture-demonstration training, the traveling teachers designed and built
many pieces of apparatus for use in their subsequent visiting lectures.
Many of these inexpensive “home-made” assemblieswere used as models
which later were duplicated by high school teachers working with their
students. During the 1957-58 school year the traveling teachers made
visits of l-week duration to 260 high schools throughout the country.
They gave, on the average, one lecture-demonstration per day in the
schools and were usually invited to provide many added lectures to
parent and civic clubs. In addition to the schools visited, other neigh-
boring schools were often reached while the teacher was in the com-
munity, so that a total of 892 schools (including some elementary
schools) received at least one demonstration-lecture. More than 226,000
high school students and some 5,700 high school teachers were reached
by this program.
The activities and previsits of the traveling teachers were coopera-
tively planned by the high school principals and the science departments
of the various high schools. This cooperation aided the high school
teachers to anticipate what would be covered by the visiting lecture-

demonstrator and permitted them to arrange their w&k in the science
courts to fit into the material covered by the visitor.
From reports of school principals, teachers, and parents, there is
abundant evidence that the high school traveling lecture-demonstration
program has had increasing success. By May 1, 1958, the number of
visits requested for the year 1958-59 had exceeded 3,200.
The 1958-59 program will make use of a group of 19 traveling
teache-7 completely supported by National Science Foundation and
Atomic Energy Commission funds and at least 12 supported during the
9 months of the school year by State departments of education, with
National Science Foundation funds covering the teachers’ stipends during
the summer months and Atomic Energy Commission funds providing
the demonstration equipment.
The fact that educational systems in individual States are willing
and able to include the Traveling Science Demonstration Lecture Pro-
gram in their “normal”
, educational pattern is an indication of the
validity of the program. It is a good indication that this program will
probably function smoothly when it is expanded during the coming
year to provide a more widespread coverage of schools.
3. The Visiting Scientists Program.-This is a program which enables
distinguished scientists to visit small colleges and universities for periods
of several days to give lectures, to conduct classesand seminars, and to
meet students and faculty members on a formal as well as informal basis
in order to stimulate interest in science.
The Visiting Scientists Program was initiated in the 1954-55 school
year when the National Science Foundation made a grant to the Mathe-
matical Association of America for a series of visits to various small
colleges and universities. Since that time the program has been ex-
panded to include similar programs in chemistry, physics, biology, and
In the past year, grants have been made to the following organiza-
tions to support Visiting Scientists Programs: American Chemical So-
ciety, American Institute of Physics, American Institute of Biological
Sciences, American Astronomical Society, and the Mathematical Associ-
ation of America. About 500 visits to colleges and a few high schools
will have been made during the academic year, reaching an audience
of over 60,000 students. The visiting scientists and the administrators
of the institutions visited, as well as the faculties and students, have
expressed enthusiasm for the value of the program.
The present programs in mathematics, chemistry, biology, physics,
and astronomy have proved so successful in arousing interest in the
subject matter presented that in 1959 they will be expanded to make
mre contacts possible. In addition, new scieutific discipliues will be
included, such as the earth scieucesand engineering. \
In view of the importance of iuteresting high school students in s&n-
tifk careers, an active program, admhktered by appropriate scientific
groups, will be developed in the next fiscal year, so that able scientists
can visit high schools, lend their stimulus to science education at that
important level, and provide a better appreciation of career opportunities.
4. Science Clubs and Student Projects.-This program stimulates
interest in science and in scientific and engineering careers among stu-
dents below the college level by supporting extracurricular science proj-
ects under the guidance of national youth organizations.
Since 1952, the National Science Foundation has been providing a
limited amount of support to Science Clubs of America, administered
by Science Service, Inc., a nonprofit organization with other sources of
income. Approximately 19,500 local Science Clubs, composed pre-
dominantly of students of senior and junior high schools, are affiliated
with ,Science Clubs of America. Each has an adult adviser, usually a
science teacher.
Many club members carry out individual projects which frequently
culminate in exhibits displayed at a school science fair. The most
worthy of these are selected for showing at a city, regional, or State
science fair, and each of these in turn usually selects two finalists who
are sent, with their exhibits, to the annual National Science Fair.
At the National Science Fair held May 9-l 1, 1958, exhibits were
shown by 281 finalists from 146 areas. The supporting fairs showed a
more impressive growth rate. On the basis of reports from 98 of the
146 affiliated fairs, it is estimated that the 281 exhibits at the national
fair were selected from a total of more than 468,000 exhibits at local
fairs, an increase of 60 percent over the preceding year.
Public attendance at science fairs is encouraged. In 1958 attend-
ance at the national fair was over 30,000, and an estimated 4 million
persons saw the exhibits at the supporting fairs.
Geographic coverage of this program is extensive but not intensive.
There are only three States where there are no science fairs, but few
of the remaining States have anything approaching complete coverage.
Of about 16 million students of the 7th through 12th grades, about
4 million would probably be interested in this kind of activity if the
opportunity were available. Total membership in the 19,500 Science
Clubs is estimated at about 500,000 students.
A recent study of National Science Fair finalists from 1950 to 1957
reveals a very high degree of interest in higher education. Of 589
Hduals on were received, 156 were still in high school
and 23 were in militaq &ce. Of the remaining 410,‘95 p&cent
were taking college courses or had received a “college degree. -
In view of the results obtained fram this program, the Foundation
plans to continue its support of Science Clubs of America and also to
explore the possibilities of science programs in cooperation with other
national youth, organizations such as the 4-H Clubs, Future Farmers
of America, the Boy Scouts, and the Girl Scouts.
5. Summer Training Program for Secondary School Students.-A
primary purpose of this program is to encourage the scientific interests
of high-ability secondary-school students by providing them with oppor-
tunities to participate in study and research programs set up especially
for such students by interested college groups.
Pilot programs supported for the summer of 1958 include those of
two. State university short summer institutes for high school students
and one research foundation’s summer-long. research participation pro-
gram. In the two university institutes-“science camps”-two or three
weeks were devoted to lectures, laboratory experience, visits to other
laboratories or museums, and field trips, together with orientation lec-
tures in the various branches of science and mathematics. Their aim
was to acquaint the students with the many facets of scientific activity
so as to provide a better comprehension of the sciences and a better
basis for a choice of future careers. In the Waldemar Research Foun-
dation summer program, high school students participated in super-
vised research which not only complemented their wintertime classroom
instruction, but also offered them the stimulation and intellectual dis-
cipline of experimental scientific research.
Both types of programs utilized high school science teachers as coun-
sellor-participants, to the ultimate benefit of their future classes. In
these 3 pilot projects, 145 students and 8 high school teachers par-
High school students also took part as members of demonstration
classes in mathematics and science which were part of the program
of some of the Summer Institutes for high school teachers.
A number of other proposals for the summer of 1958 to aid in de-
veloping the scientific interests of high school students were received,
but the Foundation was unable to support them all. However, for 1959,
the Foundation expects to support as many as 80 such projects.
6. Other Student Participation Projects.-Included under this head-
ing are projects such as support of the preparation and distribution of
pamphlets and brochures describing career opportunities in the various

gciemk disciplines and de&gned to awaken stud&t interest; a pqqax@
to bring to science teachers and their students,by m$ans of poster.--
hibits, a balanced and comprehensive understandiig of the IGY’and
a constructive realization of the interdependence of the scientific dis-
ciplines involved ; studies of ways in which the Foundation can best
provide a&stance to State Academies. of Science in furthering their
interests in science education; production of pilot films relating to
science to be made available to American schools, not strictly as teach-
ing aids but directed to achieving a broader understanding of science
by all students; support of a 4-week summer workshop at the University
of Chicago to introduce qualified college students to the field of meteor-
ology as a subject for graduate study and as a profession, and partial
support to the American Institute for Research to conduct a planning
study’ for research on the identification, development, and utilization
of human talents.

Toucher Training Prefects

Teaching is not a static profession in which the education attained
in one’s youth can serve until retirement. In science, mathematics, and
engineering, new developments of a profound nature are constantly
occurring and affecting the fundamental principles in important areas
of subject matter. Associated with the new discoveries are novel lab-
oratory and demonstration procedures. Today’s teacher finds it essen-
ital to seek periodic refresher training, or if necessary, more advanced
training, if he expects to retain his competence as a teacher. The
problem varies with the teaching level, but this need applies to the
professor charged with graduate training, the secondary school teacher,
and the elementary school teacher. Whereas the college or university-
associated teacher may hunger for recent developments at the frontiers
of his field, the precollege teacher is usually isolated from contact with
the broad advances in science. Thus, the refresher work required
depends on the goals of the participants, and a flexible program is
needed to supplement the activities of the regular institutes programs. ,,
During the past year, the National Science Foundation helped various
institutions to offer a wide variety of opportunities for the improvement
of teachers. Conferences and symposia were supported in such di-
verse fields as the teaching of astronomy, recent advances in proto-
zoology, approaches to the teaching of “freshman” chemistry, the uses
of projection equipment in planetaria, selected problems in statistics,
and the use of research problems at the undergraduate level. One
example of the needs at a level of education which may require in-
creasing attention was the pilot course given for teachers in technical
institu~ iti the theoryof lxr&s instrumentation and automatic con-
trol. Another illustration of the productive outcome of a long-standing
problem was a workshop centered on the various approachesto improv-
ing the electrical engineering curriculum, attended by representatives
of 100 engineering schools. The National Science Foundation also
contributed support to an important conference on problems of higher
education in science and engineering, with the Scientific Manpower
Commission, Engineering Manpower Commission, and the National
Academy of Sciences-National Research Council as cosponsors. Many
national leaders in science, industry, and education attended to discuss
the issues on a broad scale, and significant results are expected.
Not only the college teacher has benefited from these projects. In
an effort to come to grips with the overwhelming problem of elementary
school teachers for science teaching, an exploratory conference by the
National Science Teachers Association was supported on this subject.
In addition, two experimental approaches were tried in bringing science
content closer to the elementary school teacher: one, an in-service
institute for all of the interested elementary teachers in a small city;
the other, an institute for elementary science teacher-coordinators who
were nominated by their schools to receive this training and then return
to teach and to coordinate the science programs in their own schools.
Opportunities for secondary school teachers included specialized
summer programs in junior high school mathematics, marine biology,
and earth science. Of particular interest was a plan used in connection
with several mathematics summer institutes. In order to provide the
teachers.participating in the institutes an opportunity to see new mathe-
matics concepts actually taught in class, or even to try presenting these
new ideas themselves, several institutes offered demonstration classes for
high school students. The Special Projects in Science Education Pro-
gram supported these demonstration classes, which seemed not only to
help the teachers master the subject but also brought a .stimulating
experience in mathematics to several hundred superior high school

Course Content Improvement Studies

Progress in the sciences has been so rapid in recent years that the
courses in science and mathematics offered in most secondary schools
now reflect neither the current state of knowledge nor the attitudes of
mind which characterize modern scientific study. The course work in
mathematics that now makes up the program of most modern high
schools has been taught essentially unchanged for approximately 60 years
and, therefore, does not emphasize many of the aspects of mathematics

now consideredimportant. Similarly, coursesin physics,chemistry, and
biology as taught in most secondaryschoolsnot only contain much o&so-,
lete material, but-even more important-represent a point of view ’
that has long #beendiscarded by the scientists working in these areas
The basic conceptsof thesescienceshave been altered beyond recognition
and whole new fields, unknown a few yearsago, are now areasin which
important and active contributions to knowledge are being made.
Two consequencesof this failure of science instruction in the primary
and secondary schools to keep pace with the growth of knowledge have
been a conspicuous lack of interest in science and mathematics on the
part of students and a seriously inadequate preparation for more ad-
vanced study in colleges and universities. The quality of the scientific
training given our young people has so vital a role for the safety and
economic welfare of this country that it can no longer be neglected if
America is to maintain its position of leadership in science and tech-
The seriousnessof the situation has led many eminent scientists to de-
vote their efforts to a thorough and critical reexamination of science
programs in the public schools. The Foundation has provided support
for major studies of science curricula in the secondary schools in which
the knowledge, judgment, and experience of distinguished scientists and
skillful teachers have been welded together to produce new and imagina-
tive approaches to science instruction.
One of the most encouraging activities in high school science instruc-
tion today is the development of an entirely new course in physics for
the high schools. This has resulted from the cooperative efforts of a
large group of senior physicists working with a similar number of ex-
perienced and successful high school science teachers. The new course
represents a drastic departure from traditional methods of instruction
both in selection of subject matter and in the methods of presentation. A
new textbook has been written, a new laboratory manual prepared,
ingenious and inexpensive equipment has been designed for use in
laboratory study, films to supplement class and laboratory instruction
are being produced, a large number of monographs extending and en-
riching the student’s understanding of specific topics are being written,
and a comprehensive guide to assist teachers in presenting the new course
has been prepared. Everything possible has been done to bring maxi-
mum appreciation and understanding of the science of physics to the
high school student. The new course has been tested in a number of
high school classeswith most encouraging results, and preparations are
now under way to have the course tried in more than 200 classesduring
the next school year.

A skilady *a~&@+qQ ,of mathematics cu’kkula in tb~ eleentary

and mndary scl+ool&as been started with Foundation supportt Pke,
also, eminent natthematkians,~ar~ working cooperatively with 42qeri~
enced high school teachersto develop an approach ,to mathematics that
will both reflect modern concepts in this important field and create
intexest and understanding in the minds of the students.
i :”
:, Mtithematics today is an entirely different discipline from what it was
i ,:’ even a generation ago. Its ~applications have been so extended that
1 :,
scientists in many new fields use it as physicists and engineers used it
I4 early in the twentieth century. Industrial employment of mathemati-
i /
cians is many times greater today than was considered probable by the
E: best informed experts of only twenty years ago. The incredible speed
[ 7
: with which mathematics has come to play a role in almost every aspect
L* of modern life makes imperative a thorough restudy of the teaching
methods whereby young minds are brought into contact with this subject.
It is the purpose of the Mathematics Study Group to so reorganize the
workin mathematics in the upper levels of the elementary schools and in
the high schools that it will become a way of thinking rather than a sys-
tem of artificial devices to solve problems. Successful advancement of
this goal could become one of the important landmarks in the history of
educational progress during the twentieth century.
It should be emphasized that these studies have been cooperative ef-
forts in which scientists have sought and obtained the cordial assistance
of the professional educational organizations so that the knowledge and
experience of both groups could be utilized in the development of the
new courses.
Interest in the comprehensive studies of physics and mathematics cur-
ricula in the secondary schools has been widespread and has encouraged
similar studies in other sciences. The professional scientific societies
representing the chemists and biologists have approached the Foundation
for the support of comparable studies in these disciplines.
The Foundation provided support for a conference of college
teachers of chemistry which was held early in the summer of 1958 at
Wesleyan University, Connecticut. The conference discussed both the
appropriate materials to be included in college courses in elementary
chemistry and the most effective ways of presenting the material to
In the area of teaching aids, Foundation support has been given to
the production of a series of films in which skillful teachers of mathe-
matics DISCUSS current ideas in special subject-matter areas of mathe-
matics. The films are designed to enlarge and enrich the grasp of
mathematics of collegestudentsof this discipline.

support has also been granti folpcrcperimtntof .cc&x tcltvhriosl,iiliuM
hi biology becawe it S&wed that widagcale we af films and tckvisiiotz
is a partialansw~ to incnasing emollments, shorn of teachgrs, and
presentation of educational experiences difficult to provide in other ways.
This project enlists, under the sponsorship of the American Institute of
Bioldgical Sciences, distinguished biologists and expeenced productiq
personnel in presenting both factual and theoretical topics on film, to-
gether with an evaluation of the effectiveness of this type of teaching.

Scientific Manpower Program

The Scientific Manpower Program is designed to provide the Federal
Government with knowledge about the Nation’s resources of scientific
manpower, such as supply, demand, utilization, and characteristics.
This is accomplished through maintenance of the National Register of
Scientific and Technical Personnel and through the conduct of Scien-
tific Manpower Studies. Expenditures for this program during 1958
totaled approximately $352,000.

The National Register of Scfentifk and Technical Personnel

The Register provides a means for quickly locating specialized scien-

tific manpower in case of emergency and serves as a source of data con-
cerning scientific manpower supply and characteristics. It is maintained
by the Foundation in cooperation with the Nation’s professional organ-
izations of scientists and engineers. At present the Register lists more
than 175,000 names, an increase of over 25,900 during the year.
During 1958, an analysis was completed of data received during
1954-55 from 126,000 scientists. The reports are currently being proc-
essed. The data deal with a wide variety of factors, such q salary, age,
level of education, field of study, professional specialization, function,
and type of employer. In addition, special studies are being made of the
proficiency of scientists in various foreign languages.
A “Survey of Earned Doctorates” is proceeding under grant to the
National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council. The object
is to collect information by means of specially designed questionnaires
from all individuals now being granted science or technical doctorates,
as a continuing program. Statistical analysesare aready under way.
Register personnel have been cooperating with the Civil Service Com-
mission in the establishment of a special placement roster of Federal
scientists and engineers in grades GS-13 and above. (The starting salary
for GS-13 is $9,890.) This roster is expected to be in operation in the
fall of 1958.
at the p;ist year the Register has been used to provide data~n
mathematici~ in certain specialtiesto the Bureau of the Budget; salaries
of scientists to the Civil Service Commission; resident scientists to the
State Of Florida; older scientists to the National Committee on Aging; etc.
FUTURE PLANS. -To place the Register program on a more current
operating basis and extend the coverage of the Register to new fields of
vital importance to the Nation, such as rocket and missile technology,
:; communications and electronics, aeronautical science, ceramics and
: y
metallurgy. Methods of increasing the usefulness of the data currently
within the Register are also under study.
i i

h. Scientific Manpower Studies


This program acts as a clearinghouse for the collection, interpretation,

and dissemination of information concerning scientific and technical
During fiscal year 1958, at the request of the Bureau of the Budget,
a major study was initiated by the Foundation aimed at the development
of a coordinated program of scientific manpower data collection. An
, advisory panel consisting of experts in the field was appointed jointly by
the Foundation and the President’s Committee on Scientists and Engi-
neers, under the chairmanship of Dr. Philip M. Hauser of the University
of Chicago.
The results of this panel’s study served as the basis of the Foundation’s
report to the Bureau of the Budget, “A Program for National Informa-
tion on Scientific and Technical Personnel.” The Foundation indi-
cated the many gaps now existing in scientific manpower information
and the need for better planning and coordination in the operation of
existing data collection programs. Among the report’s recommenda-
tions for urgent action, three general areas of need are most urgent : (a)
better definitions and classification of scientific and technical manpower;
(b) a continuing flow of basic employment information; and (c) pro-
jections. Other recommendations include intensive surveys of scientific
manpower ch&racteristics, improvement of data collection on education,
and studies of qualitative aspects of scientific and technical manpower.
A key recommendation is that an appropriate Federal agency should
be given the responsibility for coordinating that part of the work which
involves Government support for analyzing the data produced and for
making the findings known.
The Foundation in cooperation with the Engineers Joint Council,

the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, and the
Scientific Manpower Commission sponsored the Conference on Higher


Education and Technology held in Chicago, itlinois, dctobw: si-

November 2, 1957. The Western Society of Engineers was the lo&
sponsor. The immediate objectives of the conference were to: (a)
provide an up-to-date picture of the scientific and engineering man-
power situation and its implications for educational resources; (b)
highlight the unique problems of higher education in science and engi-
neering and explore remedial measures; and (c) contribute to the gen-
eral understanding of problems of higher education in technology and
the need to rally our Nation’s resources to meet the challenge. The
proceedings of the conference were published under the title Enginees-
ing and Scientific Education- Foundation of National Strength.
During the fiscal year 1958, the following studies were completed :
Immigration of Professional Workers to the United States, 1953-56.-
An analysis of approximately 60,000 immigrants, classified as profes-
sional, technical, and kindred workers, who entered the U. S. for per-
manent residence during fiscal years 1953-56 (July 1, 1952-June 30,
Scientific Manpower-1957.- The papers presented at the Sixth Con-
ference on Scientific Manpower held in conjunction with the AAAS
meeting at Indianapolis, Ind., in December 1957. The conference
theme was “Scientists and Scientific Research in a Changing Economy.” ’
Reports prepared as a result of Foundation grants include Engineer-
ing Enrollment and Faculty Requirements, 1957 to 1967; Availability of
Retired 0ficer.s to Teach Mathematics and Science; and Doctorate Pro-
duction in United States Universities, 1936-56.
Other projects included analysis of data for 1954-55 from the Na-
tional Register of Scientific and Technical Personnel; analysis of data
from the 1957 Survey of Doctorate Degrees; continuing analysis of in-
formation on scientific manpower in foreign countries; and special rem
search on various subjects in the field of education, such as high school-
college attrition and qualifications and preparation of high school science
and mathematics teachers.
FUTURE PLANS. -To enlarge the program so as to begin to adopt urgent
recommendations which have Ibeen made concerning an integrated and
expanded program of scientific manpower data collection, to expand
the analysis of the relative scientific manpower positions of the Free
World and the Soviet Bloc nations, and to initiate a program of experi-
mental research on scientific manpower data collection.

‘4. I

i ‘*

i ‘,



The ultimate goal of the Office of Scientific Information is to insure
I,!’ the ready availability to all United States scientists of the world’s current
and past output of significant scientific information. With the ever-
’ I
increasing volume of scientific research throughout the world has come a
proportionate increase in the body of the world’s scientific knowledge.
These factors pose a severe problem in dissemination, for research, no
matter how significant, is of little value unless the results are easily ac-
cessible to other scientists.
,’ (’
The Foundation, through the Office of Scientific Information, fosters
I cooperation and coordination of scientific information activities among
’ ;
I1 7 agencies of the Federal Government and among non-Government
: organizations engaged in activities in this field.
The four major programs of this Office are: Research on Scientific In-
formation, Publications and Information Services, Government Research
Information, Foreign Science Information. During fiscal year 1958,
approximately $2 million were spent in pursuit of these programs.

Research on Scientific Information

The objective of this program is the development of new or improved
means of organizing, translating, storing, searching for, and disseminat-
ing large quantities of scientific information. Scientists need new tools
to help them find and digest the material they want without time-consum-
ing searches through the literature. The design of improved systems
and the development of procedures for using high-speed machines in
the processing of scientific information require thorough study of the
actual information requirements of scientists, experimentation with pos-
sible ways of organizin g and searching information so as to best meet
their requirements, and, finally, testing and evaluation of proposed new
procedures and systems.

. Machine Translation
Active research programs on the use of electronic machines in pre-
paring translations are being carried on in the U. S. S. R. and England,
: ,
:, ’

as well as in: the: Unfted States. The ,71 technical papers presented at a
6-day conference in Moscow in May 1958 on reseti& in mechanical ’
translation demonstrate the size of the Russian effort. ’
The Foundation is continuing its support of the following programs
in this field. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology is continuing ”
work on methods of machine translation with emphasis on the study of
sentence structure in German and English and procedures for converting
German sentences into the correct English word order. At Georgetown
University research continues on translation of Russian chemical papers
into English. Several promising techniques which have been developed
are being tested on general-purpose computers.
At the Harvard Computation Laboratory a full-scale automatic
Russian-to-English “electronics dictionary” will soon be in operation, and
will be used as a research tool in the continuing program to develop rules
for the fully automatic production of translations.
The Cambridge Language Research Unit, Cambridge, England, is
continuing work on the development of generalized procedures for
handling syntactic structures and semantic choices in machine trans-
lation. The procedures are being tested first on punched cards.

Organizing and locating Information

Several new studies have been started and. others continued dealing
with problems involved in organizing and locating information. A study
of the use of a computer to prepare a coordinate index for bibliographies
in book form was begun at George Washington University. Western
Reserve University has undertaken a test program of chemical notation
systems, which in time may be used to facilitate the preparation of
indices and the use of machines in searching chemical structure files. A
basic research project looking toward a systematic means of reducing the
linguistic complexities of scientific publications to simpler, more uniform
construction is in its second year at the University of Pennsylvania.

Operations Research Studies of Scientific Communication

Continuing support was given to an exploratory operations research
study of scientific communication at the Case Institute of Technology.
This project is a pilot study of the pattern of communication among
chemists and their use of recorded information. A final report was
received from a related study, based on interview survey methods, of
scientific information exchange at Columbia University. The report
discusses the occasions of information exchange and the characteristics
of information-gathering patterns in a university environment and sug-
gcsts additional studies looking toward the improvement of channels of
1 information exchange.

Research Irifonnotion Center and Advisory Service

The Foundation called a series of conferences and meetings with di-
rectors of research and representatives of other Federal agencies to discuss
means of facilitating research on information processing and searching,
as well as on machine translation. As a result of these discussions,
plans were made for the establishment at the National Bureau of Stand-
1,;: ards of a research information center and advisory service in the field
1; of information processing (including machine translation), whose serv-
j’> ices will be available to Federal agencies and other organizations con-
1 ;,
ducting or supporting research in the field. The new service is expected
to be in operation early in fiscal year 1959.
International Conference on Scientific Information
( _:

Both financial assistance and staff time were given to the planning
of a large international research conference on scientific information,
: ’
; !
to be held in Washington, D. C., late in 1958 under the auspices of the
National Academy of Sciences- National Research Council, the Ameri-
! ’

can Documentation Institute, and the National Science Foundation.
E Approximately 75 papers have been accepted for the conference.

Publications and Information Services

The principal objective of this program is to aid the dissemination of
scientific information by helping to maintain, improve, and expand
present means of publication, and by helping to establish and maintain
, b
information centers that provide scientists with specialized reference serv-
ices, where such aid is necessary.

Support of Scientific Publications

As in the past, the Foundation granted temporary, emergency support
to valuable research journals facing financial or other crises (such as the
Astronomical Journal), or to help journals with a specific problem such
as the publication of an extensive backlog or a cumulative index (such
as the Journal of Parasitology). Support was also given to help defray
the publication costs, and sometimes part of the preparation costs, of
other types of significant publications that could not be published without
such aid. These included monographs (such as World Monograph on

the Fontindaceas), specialized bibliographies (continuation of a bibli-
ography of the International Geophysical Year), compilations of data
( Organic Electronic Spectral Data, 1946-SS), volumes of special tables
(Geographical Conversion Tables), and critical reviews of recent de-
velopments in a field (a comprehensivevolume of reviews on all aspects
of phytopathology by leading experts from all over the world).

Abstracting and Indexing Services

Special attention was given this year to the problems of abstracting
and indexing services. Besides giving emergency support to Mathe-
matical Reviews and Sociological Abstracts, the Foundation provided
funds and staff work for a conference of major United States scientific
abstracting and indexing services. The conference met to consider
operating problems of the services and to explore the possibility of
increased cooperation among the various services to achieve systematic
coverage of the world’s scientific literature. A major accomplishment
of the conference was the formation of the National Federation of
Science Abstracting and Indexing Services, which will strive to co-
ordinate the work of the various services, seek ways to improve them,
and encourage the development of abstracting and indexing services
for those specialized subject fields not at present covered by such services.

Data and Reference Centers

Support was given for the establishment of an Office of Critical
Tables at the National Academy of Sciences---National Research Coun-
cil to coordinate the activities of the various data compilation projects
now in progress in this country and of the data centers currently in opera-
tion, and to stimulate new projects and centers in areas not presently
being covered. The Foundation again joined with other Federal agen-
cies to support the Bio-Sciences Information Exchange, which collects
information on current research projects in the biological sciences, or-
ganizes and classifies this information, and makes it available upon
Studies and Experiments
Several studies were undertaken, under grants from this program,
of problems connected with publishing and disseminating scientific in-
formation. The American Institute of Physics began a major program
of research on publishing problems in the field of physics, including
such matters as the nature of the problems, comparisons of techniques
and methods that might be used in physics, publications, and the pub-


li&tiom nec& mx$ uses of physic& Biologkl Abstracts undertook

a survey of the coverageof botanical literature by abstracting~service&
~H&ner and Company made a study of the importance of subject slant-
ing in published abstracts, where the same papers are abstracted for
scientists in different fields.
Support was given to the Conference of Biological Editors for the
preparation of a style manual for biological publications, which will
establish standards in such matters as literature citations, terminology,
abbreviations, and preparation of illustrations. These standards will
be arrived at by agreements among biological editors, and it is expected
that most biological journals will adhere to them after the manual is
published, thus establishing badly needed consistency and saving con-
siderable time and effdrt of both editors and authors.
!I 1
The American Physical Society was given partial support for the
‘, i
:I establishment of an experimental type of journal for the rapid publica-
tion of physics research results. New editorial procedures will be used,
I;!: ‘.
and it is hoped that improved production methods will also be developed.
!t :
The results of the experiment will be watched with great interest by
ii other scientific groups.

j j
‘. Government Research Information
” .,
The objective of the Government Research Information program is
to make unpublished results of federally supported scientific research

as available to United States scientists as are the results published con-
ventionally in journals and books.

* Inventory of Government Scientific Reporting

An inventory of Government agencies has been underway to deter-
mine the quantity and subject matter of the scientific reports which they
issue, the availability of these reports to scientists outside Government,
and the policies and procedures of these agencies with respect to their

scientific information programs. Additional agencies were surveyed
during fiscal year 1958, and the data from the entire survey will be pub-
lished in a series of Foundation pamphlets. The first, dealing with the
Department of Agriculture, will appear early in fiscal year 1959.

Government Research Information Clearinghouse

The second year of operation of the GRI Clearinghouse saw an in-
t :.
I crease in the comprehensivenessof replies to inquiries from scientists.
More than 9,000 information sourceswere cited in responseto quests


I I:


byscientists for information oa where Govemment-sponsoredresarch ii

being carried on and how accessto the resultant reports can be obtained. ’ - .
clearinghouse staff members,in a prototype decksification program,
are searching the Armed ServicesTechnical Information Agency’s clq
sified collection for significant reports that appear to be susceptible of
.declass&ation. Subjects are selected on the basis of interest as ex-
pressed by queries directed to the Clearinghouse. Declassification ret-
ornmendations are handled by the Office of Technical Services.

OfRce of Technical Services, U. S. Department of Commerce

Financial support of the Office of Technical Services was increased to
enable it to continue and expand its vigorous program of obtaining, an-
nouncing, and making generally available scientific reports in basic re-
search fields. As a result, OTS was able substantially to augment its
automatic acquisition agreements with other Federal agencies and now
believes it is receiving nearly all significant, unclassified reports in basic
science issued by the Department of Defense and its contractors.

library of Congress
The Report Reference Center, established in the Library’s Science
Division in fiscal year 1957, increased its work as a result of an increase
in the funds granted to it, and now has the country’s principal collection
of unclassified scientific reports available for general reference use.
About 40,000 titles were added during the fiscal year, bringing the total
to approximately 100,000.
With Foundation support the Library will complete early in fiscal year
1959 its preparation of the Armed Services Technical Information
Agency subject index to the unclassified reports within AD numbers 1
to 75,000.

Foreign Science Information

The basic goal of this program is the widest possible dissemination in
the United States of the published results of foreign scientific research.
To date it has been necessary to limit work toward this goal almost ex-
clusively to Russian scientific literature, emphasizing translations into
Midwest Inter-library Center (MILCH
,Continued support was given to the MILC in Chicago, a cooperative
endeavor of 19 major midwestern universities. The Center is establish-
ing a comprehensivecollection of foreign chemical and biological serial
publications. The’Foundation grant f&r fiscal year 1958 will maintain
the subscriptions to the 800 journals acquired last year and permit the
addition of 1,000 in cheqistry and 500 in biology. When present gaps
are filled, the holdings will make 9,500 of the world’s most signi&ant
ii serials in these two fields available to U. S. scientists.
2: Ij
jj :
Translations of Russian Documents

1: i
Grants made during the year brought to 29 the number of Russian
/, .., scientific journals receiving cover-to-cover translation with Foundation
b :
: ,’
support and with the cooperation of the Atomic Energy Commission, the
National Bureau of Standards, and the Office of Naval Research; 14
new translation projects were begun during the year. These together
i :
with translations sponsored commercially and by other agencies make
available in English by subscription more than 50 important Russian
j : scientific periodicals. Grants were also made for the translation of 10
important Russian scientific monographs in the fields of biology, ceram-
i ’
ics, geochemistry, geology, and mathematics. Support was granted for
i : the fifth consecutive year for translation by the American Mathematical
I Society of approximately 1,500 pages of carefully selected papers from
Russian mathematics journals.

Special libraries Association Translation Center

In collaboration with the National Institutes of Health, the Founda-
tion continued to support the Special Libraries Association Translation
Center of the John’ Crerar Library in Chicago. The Center’s holdings
were increased during the year to approximately 20,000 titles. New
/ 1
titles are being added at the rate of about 500 per month.

Foreign Technical information Center

In line with its efforts to assist agencies of Government to coordinate
foreign information programs for maximum effectiveness, the Founda-
I tion chaired a series of interagency meetings to plan methods for dis-
seminating Government-prepared translations to the public. out of
these meetings grew a new program which the Congress has authorized
to be established within the Office of Technical Services of the Depart-
ment of Commerce. The primary function of the new Foreign Tech-
nical Information Center, to begin operation in fiscal year 1959, will be
‘/ to act as a clearinghouse and to channel to the public large quantities of
abstracts, translations, and studies of foreign science prepared by a num-
ber of Government agencies in the course of their normal operations.
I /

I j
Other Activities
Other grants during the year included support for a supplement to
Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany, a study of the current status of
Russian biological research publications and another on certain Rus-
sian engineering publications, and preparation and publication of A Se-
lected Bibliography of J ap anese Publications in Science and Technology.
Continued partial support was given to the International Council of
Scientific Unions for its program of assisting international cooperation
in scientific abstracting.

Special Scientific Exhibits

In 1957-58 the Foundation coordinated the United States program
for large-scale science exhibits in the International Science Section of
the Brussels World’s Fair. Funds transferred from the Department of
State paid for the conception, design, construction, and display of ap-
proximately 6,000 square feet of exhibits. The United States is rep-
resented by 5 1 displays of a total of about 500 from 15 nations.
The scientific achievements of more than 100 prominent American
scientists, combined with cooperation and generous assistance from 50
American industries, contributed to the production of the United States
exhibits. American exhibits range from the very popular to the very
technical, and include a display of manmade diamonds, an operating
nuclear reactor, and an exhibit on the recent Nobel prize-winning dis-
covery of the nonconservation of parity.
With the cooperation of the Naval Research Laboratory and the
National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, 4 out-
standing earth satellite exhibits were produced, which have been shown
a total of 61 times in 25 States, the District of Columbia, and 3 foreign
countries, as well as having had 4 television appearances. These ex-
hibits are currently being modified to include the Explorer satellite as
well as Vanguard.




The vastly increased public attention given to basic science, following

the launching of the Soviet sputniks, made apparent the need for more
information on the present research and development efforts in the
United States. Fortunately, factfinding in this area had been part of the
program of the National Science Foundation for several years. Early
<studies provided much otherwise unavailable information. This year
the Foundation accelerated the development of a long-range plan for
obtaining annual data on the volume of research and development.
To carry out this program, the Foundation’s Office of Special Studies
was reorganized. Four program objectives were outlined to collect
and analyze data on the nature and extent of the Nation’s scientific ac-
tivities, and thereby assist in the formulation of Federal science policies.
These program objectives are asfollows :
1. To measure the Nation’s research and development effort.
2. To undertake such special studies as may be indicated by the
analysis of the results under ( 1)) in order to throw additional light on
the problems involved.
3. To appraise the impact of research and development on selected
areas as well as the economy as a whole.
4. To promulgate the findings in a series of monographs and reports.
Long-range statistical studies on research and development in four
sectors of the economy are now materializing. On an annual basis
data are being collected on the Federal sector; in the other three sectors-
private industry, colleges and universities, and other nonprofit institu-
tions-periodic benchmark surveys are planned with intervening annual
summary surveys. The continuity of these surveys will make possible
time series for the individual sectors as well as for the national totals, with
accompanying analyses on the flow of funds.
. Work has begun on analytical studies, including examination of the
relationship of research and development to the growth of a company,
and investigation of decision-making as related to innovation and to re-
search and development expenditures. Still another will survey the
trends and volume of scientific research and development expenditures
dnurnpowerinthesovi~~Urrion. Plansape*bGingmadctod~
eral Government sector.
During the year, the publications issued by the Foundation in this
field were as follows:

Two studies of Federal scientific activity and one on scienti6c activity
in six State governments were released during the year. These studies,
along with brief comments on their findings; are noted below.
Federal Funds for Science VI. The Federal Research and Develop-
ment Budget, Fiscal Years 1956, 1957, and 1958.-This issue of the
Federal Funds for Science series continued the annual analysis of the
Federal Government’s obligations and expenditures for scientific re-
search and development. As shown in figure 2, both obligations and ex-
penditures for this purpose increased in the three fiscal years covered by
the study.
These obligations and expenditures represent the funds administered
by more than 20 Federal agencies for basic research, applied research,
development, and the expansion of R&D plant which accounted for
10-15 percent of the totals shown in figure 2. Of the Government’s
total obligations for basic and applied research and development, more
than 60 percent is for development and less than 40 percent is for re-
search, including basic research.
The Federal research and development budget, which has shown a
multifold increase since 1940, includes funds for work conducted not only
in Government laboratories but under contract or grant arrangements
with numerous private organizations, such as industry and educational
and other nonprofit organizations.
In the past decade Federal expenditures for scientific research and
development have advanced from around 2 percent of the total Federal
budget to more than 4 percent.
Funds for Scientific Activities in the Federal Government.-Along
with a number of surveys of research and development initiated in 1954,
a study of the Federal Government’s organization, personnel, and funds
for scientific activities was undertaken. Previous publications have
summarized the information developed on organization and personnel.
This publication focused on Government funds applied to a wide range
of scientific activities, including, in addition to conduct of research and
development, amounts for planning and administering R&D, increase
of R.&D plant, scientific data collection, training of scientific manpower,
and scientific information. Since more than 80 percent of the total
NOtEa Both obligations and expenditures include funds for conduct of rarearch ond dwelopment.
including pay ond olIo~~nc~s of military personnel in raoorch and dwalopment, ond incrr~r* of R 6 D

Figure 2.- The Federal research and development budget, fiscal years 195648.

funds for scientific activities was applied to conduct of research and de-
velopment in fiscal year 1954, the major emphasis in the publication is on
this activity.
Scientific Activities in Six State Governments.--In addition to the
survey of scientific activities in the Federal Government, an exploratory
study of such activities in six selected States was initiated during the
same period and a summary of the findings was published.
The combined expenditures of California, Connecticut, New Mexico,
New York, North Carolina, and Wisconsin for scientific activities
amounted to $69 million out of a total of $4.3 billion for all purposes in
fiscal year 1954. As shown in the accompanying table, conduct of re-
search and development accounted for $57 million of the total scientific
activity expenditures. Almost two-thirds of the funds for research and
development were expended for such purposes in the Agricultural Ex-
periment Stations and the State universities.
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allege, and Univerjities and Other Non&It Institutions
Se&d reports, ofkring insight into research and deveiopment within
these Wtitutions, were published during the year. These studies,
basedon previous surveys, are enumerated below.
Faculty .-&Sent& Research Activities at Colleges and Universities,
1953-54 (Reviews of Data on Research G’ Development, No. 6) .-
This survey covered 1,120 institutions. Detailed data were reported
by 180 schools out of the 190 which had large research programs, The
remaining 807 responding institutions were primarily liberal arts and
teacher colleges.
The survey showed that the preponderance of total academic re-
search effort is carried on in the large complex institutions-those having
schools of medicine, agriculture, and engineering. The 180 large insti-
tutions reported total faculty of 46,560, of whom 30,060 were engaged
in research; the 807 small institutions reported total faculty of 15,691,
of whom 1,359 were engaged in research.
The greatest number of faculty members and full-time equivalents
(i. e., estimated equivalent of full-time faculty work performed by part-
time faculty) engaged in research were in the life sciences, reflecting the
large amount of medical research in academic institutions. The next
greatest number were in the physical sciences, of which the largest
number were in engineering fields.
Funds for Research and Development at Engineering Schools, 1953-
54 (Reviews of Data on Research &3 Development, No. 7) .-The
109 engineering schools submitting usable returns in this survey con-
ferred 92 percent of all graduate degrees in engineering in the United
States during the period covered by the survey, July 1, 1953 to June
30, 1954.
The estimated total research funds spent by these schools during the
year was $72.8 million. Approximately $64.4 million, or 88 percent,
of this was separately budgeted for research; the remainder was for
departmental research and indirect costs of separately budgeted funds.
Of considerable interest is the fact that more than four-fifths of the
funds for separately budgeted research in engineering schools, $53.7
million, came from the Federal Government. Most of this was from
the Department of Defense. (See figures 3 and 4.)
Funds for Research in Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1953-54
(Review of Data on Research &f Development, No. 8)-This sur-
vey covered the 53 agricultural experiment stations in the United States,
Alaska, Puerto Rico, and Hawaii which received Federal grants-in-aid
for research.





s d”
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3 :: 2
ii St 8
E a 2s3
9 s
2 t P
m 41

Totd Number ad fulll-tirm tquhhnh of fmdty &I SdantMc Remard~AetivMs, by flofd,
Academfc Yew t 953-54 (987 Institutiod

Number in research Percent distribution

Field Total Full-time Total Full-time

equivalent equivalent

(1) (2) (3) (4)


Physical sciences. . . . . . . . . . . 10,450 5,481 33 33

Engineering sciences. . . . 4,168 2,281 13 14

Chemistry . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,179 1,077 7 7
Physics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,517 837 5 5
Mathematics. . . . . . . . . . 1,214 564 4 3
All other physical
sciences. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,372 722 4 4

Life sciences, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11,332 5,679 36 34

Biological sciences in-

cluding medical pre-
clinical. . . . . . . . . . . . s 6,560 3,508 21
Clinical sciences. . . . . . . 4,772 2,171 13

Agricultural sciences. ...... 5,139 3,658 16 22

Psychology. .............. 986 389 3 2
Social sciences. ........... 3,548 1,327 11 8

Total. . . . . . . . . . . . . . a 31,455 16,534 100 100

Nor&-Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of rounding.

Source: National Science Foundation.

Unlike the research in colleges and universities, the greatest amount

of effort in agricultural institutions was for applied research. The aca-
demic institutions had reported that 62 percent of their research was
basic, while these stations reported ,only 23 percent as basic. However,
some of the land-grant universities may have had a relatively high per-
cent of their basic research conducted by the agricultural experiment
Primary source of support for the agricultural experiment stations
comes not from the Federal Government, but from the States. The
U. S. Department of Agriculture contributed $13.5 million for the year,
while State governments contributed $44.9. However, the Federal

funds provided to these stations con3titute the nucleus of their support,
and the incentive for State and private support of agricultural research.
Funds from all other sources, such as sales, industry and foundation
contributions, and others, came to $15.8 million.
Research Expenditures of Foundations and Other Nonprojit Institu-
tions, I953-54.-Included in this report are a diversegroup of nonprofit
organizations such as private philanthropic foundations, health agencies,
research institutes, professional societies, academies of science, science
museums, and botanical and zoological gardens. These organizations,
which accounted for expenditures of approximately $70 million for
scientific research and development, play an important and, in some
respects, a unique role in the Nation’s scientific community.

Two publications which dealt with research and development in the
industrial sector were issued during the year.
Research and Development Costs in American Industry, 1956.-A
preliminary report of research and development costs in American In-
dustry in 1956 was issued by the Foundation in Reviews of Data on
Research and Development, No. 10. The study was conducted by the
Bureau of Labor Statistics and was based on a stratified random sample
of manufacturing and most other nonagricultural industries. Commer-
cial laboratories and trade associations were the subject of a separate
Compared with 1953, the date of an earlier study, industrial research
and development costs showed a 76 percent rise, from $3.7 billion to
$6.5 billion in 1956. Federal Government-financed work accounted for
$1.8 billion of the increase, while privately financed work accounted for
the remaining $1 .O billion. Of total industrial research and develop-
ment funds, the federally supported proportion rose from 37 percent to
49 percent.
Four major industries accounted for 68 percent of all research and
development expenditures in 1956-aircraft and parts, electrical equip-
ment, machinery, and chemicals and allied products. Aircraft and parts
and electrical equipment alone accounted for just over 50 percent of total
research and development costs. (See figure 5.)

/ 85

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1i $
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2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 -500 1000 1500 2000 2500


Figure 5.4ndustrial rosearch and development funds in fhe Unltod Staler, by source and
by industry, I953 and 1956.

The largest increase in research and development occurred in aircraft

and parts industry, which rose 174 percent, from $758.0 million in 1953
to $2,078.7 million in 1956. The machinery industry was next in line
with a 92 percent increase, from $3 18.9 million in 1953 to $610.6 mil-
lion in 1956. As for the electrical equipment industry, it increased 58
percent, from $743.3 million in 1953 to $1,173.4 million in 1956.
Growth in the chemicals and allied products industry amounted to 42

percent, increasing from $361.1 &on in 1953 to’ $511,7 milQ~ in
1956. Expansion in rexarch and development ccsts from 1953 to
1956 Aged between 70 percent and 75 percent for fabricated metal
products and ordnance, petroleum products and extraction, and stone,
clay, anti glass products. In the lower 50 percent to 60 percent range
were to be found telecommunications and broadcasting, rubber prod-
ucts, and professional and‘scientific instruments.
Four-fifths of total Federal funds for industrial research and dev$op-
ment in 1956 went into the aircraft and parts and the electrical equip
ment industries. In the aircraft and parts industry, 87 percent of their
total funds were derived from the Federal Government, and in the elec-
trical equipment industry, 54 percent was the comparable figure. By
contrast, in chemicals and allied products, only $13.3 million or 2.6
percent came from the Federal Government. As figure 5 indicates, the
role of Federal Government financing is expanding for the three lead-
ing industries receiving Federal Government funds-aircraft and parts,
electrical equipment, and machinery.
Directory of Independent Commercial Laboratories Performing Re-
search and Development, 1957.-This is the most recent available list-
ing of such laboratories and was compiled by Syracuse University under
Foundation contract.

Number’ of Sciontlsfs and Engineers Engaged in Rosoarch and Devolopmonf by Socfor and
Occupational Held, 1954

Physical sciences and

Major sector sciences sciences
Physical Engi- Total
sciences necring
Federal Government 2. ............. 16,700 30,500 4,800 35,300
Industry-oriented organizations 8. ... 45: 700 116,600 162,300 4,200 166,500
Colleges and universities *. ......... 7,600 5,600 13,200 12,000 25,200
Other institutions s. ... f ........... 700 300 1,000 1,000 2,000

Total. ..................... 67,800

1 For the most part these data consist of numbers of full-time personnel plus the full-
time equivalent of personnel engaged part time in research.
s Includes military personnel.
s Includes research personnel employed at research centers administered by organi-
zations in this sector under contract with Federal agencies.
Source: National Science Foundation.

Overall htd
A synthesis of previous survey data on scientific personnel was released
during fiscal year 1958.
$cientists and Engineers in Research and Development, 1954.-Sum-
mary data on employed scientists and engineers in the conduct of re-
search and development in the natural sciences (including engineering)
in the United States were presented in the ninth issue of Reviews of
Data on Research & Development. According to this summary, based
on a number of surveys conducted in 1954, approximately 230,000
scientists and engineers were engaged in R&D activities. The following
table shows a distribution of these people on the basis of their occupa-
tional fields and the major sectors of employment.

Conference on Research and Development and Its Impact on

Ii ,‘;
g; j.:;
the Economy
1’ f)
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The increase in research and development expenditures from $5.4
!/ ;;” billion in 1953 to an estimated $10 billion in 1957 has sharpened the
J i,,l,’
f 1 ,(I: need for knowledge of research and development as an economic fac-
a! :,;.
tor. To marshal such knowledge by virtue of its responsibility under
:, : :
3, ,,4’
w; >!: Public Law 507, 81st Congress, “to appraise the impact of research
ii ; :,’
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upon industrial development and upon the general welfare,” the Foun-
ji ” dation called a conference on “Research and Development and Its
:;.; 8.
Impact on the Economy,” held May 20, 1958. More than 500 noted
/ ::/
. economists and spokesmen for science attended.
/* 1 ;.
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The continuing themes of the conference, as Dr. Alan T. Waterman
.~j ,I
c: saw them, were the interrelationship of natural science research with
,‘i i” the state of knowledge in economics and social sciences, the interde-
! !i ‘.
i, ! :
pendence of basic and of applied research, and the interdependence of
:\ 6,iI”
‘.I government, industry, and universities and other nonprofit institutions
I,, :’
1 a.8 in furthering research and development.
1 ‘:
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’ i, Scientific Research and the State of the Economy
,’ 8
i ,’
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Many conference speakers emphasized that research is not only a
: a, good investment, but is in time of recession indispensable. Professor
Sumner H. Slichter, Lamont Professor of Economics, Harvard Uni-
i versity, outlined in detail his thesis of research as a dynamic force in
: (,
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a free competitive society.
: i
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“Within the last thirty years,” Professor Slighter stated, “techno-
’ i
logical research has become a large activity that introduces fundamental
changes into the operation of the economy. Measured in terms of
,* <
the number of scientists and engineers devoting full time to it, re-
.’ i.
! 3
search “is more than five times as large as it was in 1930, and measured
by the ratio of research expenditures to the gross national product, it
is about thirteen times as large. * * * Today it is unthinkable that
anyone should attempt to construct a theory of employment or a theory
of growth without taking account of technological research.”
Research for profit he calls “the industry of discovery,” whose “prod-
uct is knowledge.” Because the product is knowledge, its utility does
not diminish as the supply increases, but rather increases as it com-
bines with the output of other units of the industry.
“One may think of knowledge as consisting of a body of tested propo-
sitions,” Dr. Slichter explained. “The larger the number of tested
propositions, the more numerous are the cases in which the addition
of a new tested proposition will yield new useful applications and, in
addition, will suggest hypotheses useful in adding still more tested
propositions to the body of knowledge. Thus, the greater the body of
existing knowledge, the greater is likely to be the value of the new
discoveries. * * *
“It is obvious that technological research increases the capacity of
the economy to raise productivity. Less obvious and indeed generally
overlooked is the fact that research gives the economy the capacity to
bring about planned increases in the demand for goods-both by creat-
ing new demands for consumption goods and by creating, new invest-
ment opportunities. * * *”
Research, he said, tends to introduce into industry the sort of tech-
nology that must be financed by long-range plans outside the business
cycle. Furthermore, technological research greatly increases the num-
ber of industries in the economy and this, in itself, is a stabilizing influ-
ence. “Hence, * + * technological research tends to moderate the
cyclical movements of the economy as a whole.”
The remarks of Dr. Dexter Keezer of the McGraw-Hill Publishing
Company confirmed Professor Slichter’s thesis. He stated, “There is
no recession in research and development. * * * Industry plans to
spend billions of dollars more this year for research and development
than it spent last year. Expenditure indicated is over $8 billion,”

R’elationship of Research Process to Research Resources

Several speakers emphasized that growth of our economy requires
nurturing the roots of research and development. Dr. James R. Killian,
Jr., Special Assistant to the President for Science and Technology, said :
“We need to increase basic research now because it is through basic
research as it is conducted in the universities that we educate the pro-

scientists and engineers of the future; and the Nation, in the
tecbological contest it faces, cannot afford any alternative.”
Dr. C. Guy Suits, Vice President and Director of Research, General
Electric Company, referred to basic research as necessary “learning
work” that must precede “applied work.” Along with other speakers,
he particularly emphasized the high risk factor inherent in basic re-
search, where the immediate result, knowledge, normally is years re-
moved from profit. But, he said, “If you don’t expect to be in business
five years from now, there’s no need for expenditures for scientific re-
search, especially in the learning category.” Experience has proven that
a competently staffed, well-organized laboratory can obtain commercial
successover the long run from its basic research expenditures.
Both Dr. Killian and Dr. Charles Hitch, the latter from RAND Cor-
poration, expressed the view that universities continue to provide the
best environment for basic research. Both also pointed out the need
for innovation in institutional forms, including further development of
industrywide cooperative research and the establishment of research
Distribution of resources within the research and development effort
was also discussed. Dr. Martin R. Gainsbrugh of the National Industrial
it ii’ Conference Board contended that Federal allocations of resources for
f@ research are “primarily motivated by noneconomic considerations”-
:$i I,
chiefly military.
iI” Mr. Robert E. Johnson, Western Electric Company, discussed opera-
j., ‘i,
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tions research, which he defined as “research into the nonphysical aspects
i, ,:
5_.I ‘) .: of our economy.” More and more operations research studies are being
,j,i “‘,
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channeled into problems of research and development budget planning
[; ; +
and decision making to maximize return from limited resources. Dr.
Russell Ackoff, Case Institute of Technology, outlined three categories of
I;/ II”
f 1’ i’,
: I ,:4 decision-making in which tools of the social science disciplines--eco-
i,r -’i
I(/ ‘i, nomics, psychology, and sociology- are all put to use along with mathe-
j !,‘ matics:
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(a) Determining the amount of company resources to be devoted to
i I ‘,
,L; I’”
research and development.
I .! (b) Dividing funds between basic and applied research.
i‘ I ,;,’ (c) Selecting individual projects and determining when they should
,. ’ j
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start and when they should end.
t j’1,>’
Mr. Ralph E. Burgess, American Cyanamid Company, touched on the
si[ ,S“
I , I-1
same point: “It becomes clear that industry’s participation in the na-
i; f, : 1:
I jr:. tion’s achieving its research needs is virtually contingent upon advances in
; ii’,;.
:, I:‘/,
knowledge about research as a science in itself.”
!: 1 ‘r
Speakexs@ressedthe need for effective use of human resourcesto
avoid a research bottleneck resulting from shortages of scientific~person~
nel. Dr. M. H. Trytten, National Academy of Sciences-National
Research Council, noted that our historic concern with education as a
whole had by “accident” produced enough technically trained people
to meet past needs. However, the present rate of growth is too great
to depend on chance. The temptation to draw the best brains away
from teaching was noted by Dr. Bertrand Fox, Graduate School of Busi-
ness Administration, Harvard University.
Dr. Suits defined the technical personnel problem as follows: “In our
system we require an economic balance, and to use more technical people
we have to learn how to employ them effectively. Although there is an
economic limit to the numbers of technical people we can employ in
industry, there is no limit to the quality of the required skills. * * *
I think we should focus more attention on quality and less on quantity.”
Dr. Killian noted that perhaps “more first-rate research is now done
in the sciences in the United States than in any other country of the
world. Our deficiency is at the very top, in the area over and above
the first-rate, where the great intellectual breakthroughs occur, where
great concepts and discoveries originate.”
Foundation statistics released at the time of the conference demon-
strated the bifurcation of industrial R&D support. The preliminary
findings of a survey showed that in 1956 private industrial R&D totaled
$6.5 billion; industry financing, $3.3 billion; and the Federal Govern-
ment, $3.1 billion.


The International Geophysical Year ( IGY > officially opened on July
1, 1957, with 66 nations and more than 10,000 scientists participating.
This was the culmination of five years of international planning con-
ducted by committees of scientists in many nations and the coordination
of such planning by the Comitt SpCcial de 1’AnnCe GCophysique Inter-
nationale (CSAGI) .
On this date, observations of geophysical measurements over the entire
earth were begun at more than 2,500 stations. These observations will
extend through December 31, 1958, and are being coordinated both
in time and geographic coverage.
The countries participating in the International Geophysical Year
are :
Argentina Finland
Australia France
Austria German Democratic Republic
Belgium German Federal Republic
Bolivia Ghana
Brazil . Greece
Bulgaria Guatemala
Burma Hungary
Canada Iceland
Ceylon India
Chile Indonesia
China, Republic of Iran
Colombia Ireland
Cuba Israel
Czechoslovakia Italy
Denmark Japan
Dominican Republic Korea, Democratic Republic of
East Africa Malaya
Ecuador Mexico
%YPt Mongolian PeoplesRepublic
Ethiopia Morocco
Netherlands SWHkIl
New Zealand Switzerland
Norway Tunisia
Pakistan Union of South Africa
Panama Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Peru United Kingdom
Philippines United States of America
Poland UIW=Y
Portugal Venezuela
Rhodesia, Southern Vietnam Democratic Republic
Rumania Vietnam (Republic)
Spain Yugoslavia

The planning and execution of the United States program for the
IGY is being conducted by the U. S. National Committee for the Inter-
national Geophysical Year and a group of related technical panels.
This committee was created by the National Academy of Sciences-Na-
tional Research Council. Funding and Government coordination are
provided -by the National Science Foundation.
The United States is conducting observational programs in aurora
and airglow, cosmic rays, geomagnetism, glaciology, gravity measure-
ments, ionospheric physics, longitude and latitude determinations, mete-
orology, oceanography, seismology, and solar activity. High-altitude
rockets and earth satellites are being used because they are essential for
extending the coverage of geophysical measurements to the outer limits
of the high atmosphere.

World Data Centers

In readiness for the flow of data resulting from IGY observations,
three World Data Centers have been established and are in operation
under CSAGI agreements. These are World Data Center A, main-
tained by the United States; World Data Center B, established by the
USSR; and World Data Center C, composed of eight nations of Western
Europe (Sweden, Spain, France, Italy, Switzerland, United Kingdom,
the German Federal Republic) and centers in Japan and Australia.
The location and organization of these three centers will serve the geo-
graphical convenience of the scientists of all nations.
All original IGY data is sent to one or more of the three World Data
Centers, where it is cataloged and stored. The receiving Center in
turn immediately makes copies of the data for the other two Centers if
these have not been supplied, and provides these copies free of charge.
Thus three complete sets of IGY data are coming into existence. The

World Data Centers issue periodic catalog lists of the data in their
archives at the end of each six months of the period of the IGY, andany
institution or individual may obtain copies of the data from a Center at
a nominal sum to cover reproduction costs.
- The United States World Data Center is directed by the National
Academy of Sciences’Coordination Office, Washington, D. C., and is
organized into 11 subcenters,each responsible for the handling of data
in a particular discipline or disciplines. The location of these subcenten
are :
(1) Airglow and ionospheric physics-Central Radio Propagation
Laboratory, National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, Colorado.
(2) Aurora (instrumental observations)-Geophysical Institute,
University of Alaska, College, Alaska.
(3) Aurora (visual observations)-Rockefeller Hall, Cornell Uni-
versity, Ithaca, New York.
(4) Cosmic rays-School of Physics, University of Minnesota, Min-
neapolis, Minnesota.
(5) Geomagnetism, gravity, and seismology-United States Coast
and Geodetic Survey, Geophysics Division, Washington, D. C.
( 6 ) Glaciology- American Geographical Society, Broadway at 156th
Street, New York, New York.
(7) Longitude and latitude-United States Naval Observatory,
Washington, D. C.
(8) Meteorology and nuclear radiation-National Weather Records
Center, United States Weather Bureau, Asheville, North Carolina.
(9) Oceanography-Department of Oceanography and Meteorol-
ogy, Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, College Station,
( 10) Rockets and satellites-National Academy of Sciences-National
Research Council, Washington, D. C.
( 11) Solar activity- High Altitude Observatory, Boulder, Colorado.
Time schedules for submission of data to the World Data Centers
arranged by CSAGI differ widely for the various disciplines, and there-
fore reports on the status of flow of data differ widely among the Centers.
To date, World Data Center A reports the receipt of data from 56 of the
66 nations participating in the IGY.
Agreements for the interchange of data between the Centers are being
met, as are those for the reproduction of copies of material to meet the
. demands of scientific bodies or investigators. World Data Center A has
initiated several series of reports. One series for rockets and one for
satellites will make available the results of rocket and satellite launchings

to interested scientists. Three issues of the satellite series have been
published to date. Under an I(;Y General Report Series, World Data
Center A has released one issue, a report of the Antarctic atmospheric
circulation from observations made at the Antarctic Weather Central,
Little America Station. Responsibiities for the interchange of data in-
clude the interim publication of data in some cases, and, as part of this
latter function, Center A has already published solar data entitled “Re-
ports of Surges and Active Prominence Regions” for the months of July,
August, and September 1957. Other reports are in preparation for

Antarctic Operations
In the fall of 1957, the Navy expedition DEEP FREEZE III, under
the command of Rear Admiral George J. Dufek, USN, left the United
States for the Antarctic, transporting the wintering-over team for the
second year and the summer team for 1957-58, as well as materiel for
the resupply of all stations. A second orientation program at Davisville,
Rhode Island, was held for the second IGY scientific team. The scien-
tific leaders named for the next 18-month period were :
Laurence Gould-Director of the U. S. IGY Antarctic Program.
Harry Wexler- Chief Scientist of the U. S. IGY Antarctic Pro-
A. P. Crary-Deputy Chief Scientist and Scientific Leader at Little
America Station.
Matthew Brennan-Scientific Leader at Ellsworth Station.
Stephen Barnes- Scientific Leader at Byrd Station.
Willis Tressler-Scientific Leader at Wilkes Station.
Palle Mogenson- Scientific Leader at Amundsen-Scott Pole
Kenneth Salmon (New Zealand) -Scientific Leader at lallett
During the past year the planned program of observations at the six
United States IGY stations has been under way. These observations
included the fields of aurora and airglow, ionospheric physics, cosmic
rays, geomagnetism, meteorology, seismology, and glaciology ; and cer-
tain preliminary findings resulting from these observations are mentioned
later in this section under the heading “Results of the First Twelve
Months of Observations.” In addition, during the 1957-58 summer
season, 3 major traverses covering over 4,000 miles were undertaken
from the Little America, Byrd, and Ellsworth Stations to study the
properties of the Antarctic icecap and other phenomena. Findings of
these traverse parties supplement those resulting from observations at the
6 established stations and have added considerably to the knowledge of
the Continent. The Ross Ice Shelf traverse party of 6 covered a dis-
tance of 1,440 miles in 113 days and studied principally properties of the
Ross Ice Shelf. The Byrd traverse party covered 1,180 miles from
November 19, 1957, to February 20, 1958. Its main purpose was to
determine the general nature of the ice and protruding mountains in
Marie Byrd Land and in the Ellsworth Highland east of the Byrd Sta-
tion. The Ellsworth traverse investigated the Filchner Ice Shelf and
the inland ice of Edith Ronne Land. This traverse left Ellsworth Sta-
tion on October 28, 1957, and traveled 1,250 miles in 81 days. The
traverse parties were supported by Naval air reconnaissance and re-
supply groups.

Earth Satellite
Responsibility for the United States earth satellite program was as-
signed as follows :
1. The National Science Foundation, for Government coordination
and funding of the scientific aspects of the program.
2. The United States National Committee for the International Geo-
physical Year, for planning of the program’s scientific aspects.
3. The Department of Defense, for provision of launching vehicles, for
actual placing of the satellites into orbit, and for development of radio
tracking and telemetering equipment.
The program is now based upon two launching vehicles, the Van-
guard developed by the Navy, described in previous Annual Reports,
and the Jupiter C contributed by the Army to the program.
During the past fiscal year, 6 successfully flown scientific earth satel-
lites were launched as part of the IGY program, 3 by the Soviet Union
and 3 by the United States. The following table gives information on
the size, weight, and payload of the six satellites, as well as details of
their launching vehicles. ( See accompanying table. )
Eleven radio tracking stations have been established by the Naval
Research Laboratory at the following locations :
Blossom Point, Maryland Santiago, Chile
Fort Stewart, Georgia Antigua, British West Indies
Havana, Cuba San Diego, California
Quito, Ecuador Woomera, Australia
Lima, Peru Esselen Park, Union of South Africa
Antofagasta, Chile

3 s,
97 l
These stations werk originally equipped to track the U. S. earth satellite
at a frequency of 108 megacycles per second and to use the same
frequency in the receipt of scientific information telemetered from the
satellites. Becauseof the use of 20 and 40 megacycle-per-secondtrans-
mitters by the USSR in their satellites, several of the “Minitrack” stations
have been modified to receive the 40 megacycle-per-second frequency as
well as the 108 megacycle-per-second frequency. Several additional
tracking and telemetry stations using the electronic circuitry designated
as “Microlock” have been established by various groups.
Twelve optical tracking stations have been established by the Smith-
sonian Institution and are in operation. These stations are located at
the following sites :
White Sands, New Mexico Cadiz, Spain
Florida, near Palm Beach Shiraz, Iran
Curacao, Netherlands West Indies Naima Tai, India
Arequipa, Peru Woomera, Australia
Villa Dolores, Argentina Mitaka, Japan
Olifantsfontein, South Africa Haleakala, Maui, T. H.
The “Moonwatch” volunteer visual observing program being con-
ducted by the Smithsonian Institution now numbers some 240 stations
of which over 140 are in the United States and more than 100 in loca-
tions throughout the world other than in the United States or the USSR.
Some 50-70 stations have been established within the USSR as part
of the Russian equivalent of “Moonwatch.”
In addition, a volunteer radio amateur satellite observation program
called “Moonbeam” has been set up, as well as a program of amateur
satellite photographic tracking under the auspices of the Society of Photo-
graphic Scientists and Engineers.
Some preliminary data resulting from the satellites launched so far
have been exchanged, but it will take a number of months before com-
plete interpretations of these data can be exchanged.

Results of First 12 Months of Observations

A report on the scientific results of the IGY must await careful, pro-
longed study and interpretation of the data. However, interesting
findings during the first 12 months of observations in the various disci-
plines have been reported to date, some of which are influencing existing
scientific theories and are indicative of the values to be derived from
the program.

Solar Activity
For the first time in history, the sun has been kept under continuing
observation by more than 100 stations. As a consequenceof these ’
observations, the World Warning Agency (AGIWARN) issued 25
alerts, and 11 Special World Intervals had been declared as of May 26,
1958. Significant events, such as geomagnetic, ionospheric, and/or
cosmic ray disturbancestook place during at least nine of theseintervals.
This patrol is also maintained for solar researchpurposessuch as meas-
uring the amount of energy released in solar flares by measuring the
absolute change in tr ansmission through the ionosphere at radio fre-
quencies, measuring the brightness of light scattered by free electrons in
the electron corona, and measuring magnetic fields at the sun’s surface.
Roth optical and radio techniques are used.

Upper Atmosphere
In the upper atmosphere, an investigation in cosmic ray intensity has
shown that the cosmic ray equator deviates systematically from the geo-
magnetic equator, suggesting that there may well be important magnetic
fields, probably of extraterrestrial origin, which alter the trajectories of
the incoming primary particles. Likewise, X-radiation not of cosmic
origin has been found in the upper atmosphere, occurring at the same
time that aurorae were observed overhead. Rocket penetrations of the
ionosphere and aurorae have demonstrated the presence of an additional
layer of ionization at a level some 12 miles below normal layers, appar-
ently associated with solar X-ray emission associated in turn with the
occurrence of solar flares. As of early 1958, the total cosmic ray inten-
sity had decreased to about one-half the intensity present in 1954, vary-
ing inversely with the level of solar activity.
Observations indicate that aurorae occur simultaneously in the north-
ern and southern hemispheres. Cosmic noise absorption data obtained
by a joint auroral-ionospheric program show a generally progressive de-
crease in absorption at stations located at successively lower geomagnetic
latitudes. The data begin to delineate an auroral absorption zone and ’
confirm that nighttime absorption is definitely associated with visual
aurora1 activity. X-radiation now appears to be associated with the
occurrence of aurorae.
In the observations of whistlers (atmospheric electrical disturbances
resulting in electromagnetic propagation in the audio frequency range,
e. g., lightning), early experiments have demonstrated that the ion den-
sity and molecular concentration occurring at altitudes up to twice the
earth’s radius must be much greater than formerly anticipated. This


may con&n the theory that the earth’s atmosphere extends far beyond
the level where it had been previously thought to end and indicates that
there may be a very tenuous atmosphere-possibly the sun’s corona--
filling all the space between the earth and the sun. A program of re-
cording of subaudiofrequency geomagnetic fluctuations reveals that a
number of the wave forms of these fluctuations, if increased in frequency,
bear a high similarity to the wave forms of whistlers and other atmos-
pheric radio phenomena. Because of current belief that some of the
noise associated with whistlers is due to ionized gas entering the magnetic
field of the earth, it is clear that these geomagnetic studies have a close
connection to the studies of the transient conditions in the nearby inter-
planetary medium. Studies of magnetic effects in equatorial regions
tentatively confirm the existence of the equatorial electroject, the equa-
torial electric current, possibly of several hundred thousand amperes,
which is believed to encircle the earth high in the atmosphere and
which plays a role in the magnetic effects observed on earth near the
In the ionosphere, the vertical sounding program is giving new in-
formation about the several ionospheric layers. “True-height” deter-
minations show that the F-layer undergoes a pronounced pinching, so
that it changes from a very thick layer in the daytime to a very thin
and high-density layer at night. Scatter measurements have led to the
discovery of large-scale traveling disturbances in the F-region, which
appear to be a kind of gigantic wave motion in the ionosphere. At
times there also appear to be tilts in the F-layer that allow signal propa-
gation over extremely long distances. The vertical sounding program
in the Antarctic is aimed at determining whether the electronic clouds
observed at the Pole Station during the polar night drift in from the
region of the sunlit Antarctic Circle or whether a single cloud somehow
persists throughout the winter. A diurnal variation is observed in the
degree of ionization at the South Pole, and this variation may be re-
lated to the geomagnetic field behavior.

Meteorology and Oceanography

In the meteorology program, the concentration of carbon dioxide
in the uncontaminated atmosphere appears to be remarkably constant
over the world. As a consequenceof the surface and high altitude
observations now being collected from so many stations, weather fore-
casting is being improved. North American weather charts of useful
accuracy can now be drawn up to 100,000 feet ( 10 millibars). The
high altitude observations along the 75th meridian have improved by .
50 percent the forecasting in South America of winds aloft. Observa-
tions in the Antarctic for the first time reveal a significant warming
trend of about five degrees Fahrenheit in annual mean temperature
over a period of approximately 50 years,or lessthan one-half the warm-
ing trend in the Greenland Arctic. The Antarctic circulation for the
first time is being plotted in considerabledetail.
In oceanography, observations at the island stations cor&m that
there seems to be an exchange of water between the two hemispheres
as the seasons change. The cruises and the deep current studies now
being made, including the analysis of water samples, will yield valuable
data on ages of water masses. The water samples also indicate that
chlorophyll and productivity in the open sea may be two times as great
as previously estimated. New deep currents and counter-currents are
being charted. Cruise ships have run seismic profiles, taken bottom
sediment samples, and made heat flow measurements. It was found
that in regions of uplift the heat flow was larger than normal, while
near severe downwarpings, the values were much less than expected,
These findings lend support to the theory that there exist within the
earth’s mantle great convection currents that bring hot material up
towards the bottom of the crust in regions of uplift and return this
material, which has cooled in the meantime, back down toward the
core of the earth in regions of downwarp. In fact, the convection cur-
rents themselves may be the cause of the uplifted and downwarped

Seismology, Gravity Measurements, and Glaciology

In the seismology and gravity programs, detailed studies of the struc-
tures of the North American and South American continents indicate
great nonuniformities and regional geographic differences in the mantle
of the earth, as there are in the crustal rocks. In some regions moun-
tains are held in isostatic balance by substructures of lighter crustal rocks
extending downward into the heavier rock of the mantle. In other
regions it now appears that another kind of structure may hold moun-
tains up. A network of relatively narrow roots or veins of crustal rock
may project into the mantle to depths as great as 200 kilometers. Long-
period wave measurements will yield information on the variation of
elastic properties in the earth’s crust and mantle. Earth tides are being
measured and sea surface gravity measurements are now extending the
gravity network.
I In the Antarctic, eaxthqub ire being measuredfrom station seismo-
graphs. These will give much information about the structure of
Antarctica’ itself and are also of other interest, since the majority of
earthquakes occur in Pacific borders. Seismographic pro&s obtained
on the oversnow traverseslend additional information concerning Ant-
arctic structure. Measurements of ice thickness indicate that the bot-
tom of the ice sheet is far below sea level in various points. This may
mean that the Antarctic is not a continent but may be composedof sev-
eral land massesor may have frozen fjords or inland lakes. Glaciologi-
cal and geological studies reveal that the Antarctic ice mantle is much
thicker on the average than was previously assumed and that it was
once about 1,000 feet thicker than it is now. It is not yet known
whether the total ice massis at present increasing or decreasing.

The rocketry program of the IGY has yielded much data concerning
the chemical and ion composition of the Arctic atmosphere and iono-
sphere, and the diffusive separation of gasesin the upper atmosphere.
The distribution of temperature and pressureof the atmosphere at high
northern latitudes has been partially measured. In the Antarctic, cos-
mic ray flights indicate that total intensity is within 5 percent of that in
high northern latitudes.

Scientific Earth Satellites

In the U. S. satellitesflown so far, skin and interior temperatures have
been measured, and somewhat inconclusive data concerning a low inci-
dence of micrometeorite impacts have been obtained. The chief find-
ing to date is that of a tremendous intensity of cosmic radiation above
approximately 600 miles, which overwhelmed the sensory device. It
is hoped to adapt the sensorydevices to measure this large intensity in
future flights. Finally, observationsof the orbits of the several satellites
flown by the U. S. S. R. indicate that the density of the atmosphere at
altitudes around 225 kilometers is higher than was previously supposed
from theoretical considerationsand calculations. Ionospheric measure-
ments using radio signalsfrom the U. S. S. R. satellites have yielded con-
siderable data, among them an interesting but unexplained phenome-
non-the discovery of radio signals coming apparently from a point
antipodal to the actual satellite. Certain signals have been heard over
remarkable ranges and wide angles,indicating the possibility of a chan-
neling effect at certain altitudes in the ionosphere.

The IGY program has been gratifying to all concerned, not only in
the elaboratenessand completenessof the material preparations and the
tremendous number of observing stations involved, but also in the en-
thusiasm with which all scientific groups and individual scientists are
participating and the great evidence of the deepest international




National Science Board, Staff, Committees, and Advisory Panels


Terms expire May IO, 1960

ROGER ADAMS,Research Professor, Department of Chemistry and
Chemical Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, Ill.
THEODQREM. HESBURGH, C. S. C., President, University of Notre
Dame, Notre Dame, Ind.
WILLIAM V. HOUSTON, President, Rice Institute, Houston, Tex.
DONALD H. MCLAUGHLIN, President, Homestake Mining Co., San
Francisco, Calif.
JOSEPH C. MORRIS, Vice President, Tulane University of Louisiana,
New Orleans, La.
MORROUGH P. O’BRIEN, Dean, College of Engineering, University of
California, Berkeley, Calif.
WARREN WEAVER, Vice President for the Natural and Medical Sciences,
The Rockefeller Foundation, New York, N. Y.
DOUGLAS M. WHITAKER, Vice President for Administration, The
Rockefeller Institute, New York, N. Y.
Terms expire May IO, 1962
LAURENCE M. GOULD, President, Carleton College, Northfield, Minn.
PAUL M. GROSS (Vice Chairman of the Board and Chairman of the
Executive Committee), Vice President and Dean, Duke University,
- Durham, N. C.
GEORGE D. HUMPHREY, President, University of Wyoming, Laramie,
EDWARD J. MCSHANE, Professor of Mathematics, University of Virginia,
Charlottesville, Va.
FREDERICK A. MIDDLEBUSH, President Emeritus and Director of Devel-
opment Fund, University of Missouri; Columbia, MO.
SAMUEL M. NABRIT, President, Texas Southern University, Houston,
JULIUS A. STRATTON, Acting President, Massachusetts Institute of Tech-
nology, Cambridge, Mass.
EDWARD L. TATUM, Member, The Rockefeller Institute, New York,
N. Y.
Terms expire May IO, 1964
DETLEV W. BRONK (Chairman of the Board), President, National
Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, Washington, D. C.,
and President, The Rockefeller Institute, New York, N. Y.
LEE A. DUBRIDGE, President, California Institute of Technology, Pasa-
dena, Calif.
T. KEITH GLENNAN, President, Case Institute of Technology, Cleveland,
ROBERT F. LOEB, Bard Professor of Medicine, College of Physicians and
Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, N. Y.
KEVIN MCCANN, President, Defiance College, Defiance, Ohio.
JANE A. RUSSELL, Associate Professor of Biochemistry, Emory Uni-
versity, Atlanta, Ga.
PAUL B. SEARS, Chairman, Conservation Program, Yale University,
New Haven, Conn.
ERNEST H. VOLWILER, Chairman of the Board, Abbott Laboratories,
North Chicago, Ill.
46 * * * + * *
ALAN T. WATERMAN (ex officio), Director, National Science Founda-
tion, Washington, D. C.
Director- ________ -_-_-_-__--_-__--_- ____ ALAN T. WATERMAN
Associate Directors _____ --_-_-- __________ PAUL E. KLOPSTEG
General Counsel -_-_________ - _-___--__-- WILLIAM J. HOFF
Special Assistants to the Director---------- WILLIAM G. COLMAN
Secretary, National Science Board--------- VERNICE ANDERSON
Public Information Oficer-,---,--------- CLYDE C. HALL
Program Director for Social Science HARRY ALPERT
Assistant Director for Biological and Medi- JOHN T. WILSON
cal Sciences.
Deputy Assistant Director,,------------ LOUIS LEVIN
Program.Director for:
Developmental Biology----- _________ NELSON T. SPRATT
Environmental Biology----: _________ - GEORGE SPRUGEL, JR.
Genetic Biology --__-____ -_- ________ - GEORGE LEFEVRE
Metabolic Biology ----________ LOUIS LEVIN (ACTING)
- ____ -_
Molecular Biology,,---,-,---- WILLIAM V. CONSOLAZIO
Psychobiology --------____ - ____ - _____ JOHN T. WILSON (ACTING)
Regulatory Biology ---__________-____ ARTHUR W. MARTIN, JR.
Systematic Biology _____ -- _____ ----__ A. C. SMITH

Assistant Director for Mathematical, Physi- E. A. ECKHAFWT
cal, and Engineering Sciences.
Deputy Assistant Director-- ____________ RAYMOND J. SEEKER
Program Director for:
Astronomy ---__-__-__________ -__-__ GEOFFREY KELLER
Chemistry -------------------------- WALTER R. KIRNER
Earth Sciences ---______ ----__- _____ WILLIAM E. BENSON
Engineering Sciences -_____ -- ________ GENE M. NORDBY
Mathematical Sciences --___________ . LEON W. COHEN
Physics _-______-__--_-___ ---- ______ J. HOWARDMCMILLEN
Assistant Director for Scientific Personnel and HARRY C. KELLY
Deputy Assistant Director ____ -- ________ BOWEN C. DEEP
Program Director for:
Special Projects in Science Education-- WALTER H. PETERSON
Fellowships,-,- ________ --_---___---_ THOMAS D. FONTAINE
Scientific Manpower ______ -- _________ THOMAS J. MILLS
Academic Year Institutes,,,-------,-, DONALD B. ANDERSON
Summer Institutes _-________________ GRANT W. SMITH
Assistant Director for Administration------ JOHNSTON E. LUTON
Comptroller ____---_---________-______ FRANKLIN C. SHEPPARD
Grants Administrator ________-_-___---- ALBERT J. LEIGH
Head, Administrative Services ---------- HOWARDTIHILA
Personnel Officer ____________-____---- B. BROOKE BRIGHT
Head, Ofice of Special Studies _______---- JACOB PERLMAN
Chief, Government Survey Section------ MILDRED C. ALLEN
Chief, Industry Survey Section---------- KENNETH P. SANOW
Chief, Nonprofit Institutions Surveys See- HAROLD ORLANS
Head, O&e of Scientific Information------ BURTON W. ADKINSON
Program Director for:
Foreign Science Information -_-------- RALPH E. O’DETTE
Government Research Information---- DWIGHT E. GRAY
Scientific Documentation------------- HELEN L. BROWNSON
Head, Ofice for the International Geophysi- J. WALLACE JOYCE
cal Year.
Executive Secretary, Interdepartmental Corn- NORMAN T. BALL
mittee on Scientific Research and
Executive Director, President’s Committee ROBERT L* CLARK
on Scientists and Engineers.


Divisional Committee for Biuhgictd and Couege of Mineral Industries, Penn-

ithdical ScidnceS sylvania State University, University
Park, Pa.
FRANK BRINE, JR., Dean of Graduate
1RWER REVELLE, Director, Scripps Insti-
Studies, The Rockefeller Institute, New
tution of Oceanography, LaJolla, Calif.
York, N. Y.
ment of Chemistry, Carnegie Institute
Letters and Science, University of Cali-
of Technology, Pittsburgh, Pa.
fornia, Berkeley, Calif.
IFREDERICK SEITZ, Department of Physics,
FRANK A. GELDARD, Chairman, Depart-
University of Illinois, Urbana, Ill.
ment of Psychology, University of Vir- II’HOMAS K. SHERWOOD, Department, of
ginia, Charlottesville, Va.
Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts
C. N. H. LONO, Chairman, Department of
Institute of Technology, Cambridge,
Physiology, Yale University School of
Medicine, New Haven, Conn.
W. D. MCELROY, Chairman, Department ’FREDERICKE. TERMAN, Provost and Dean
of Engineering, Stanford University,
of Biology, Johns Hopkins University, 1
Stanford, Calif.
Baltimore, Md. tG. T. WHYBURN, Department of Mathe-
C. PHILLIP MILLER, Department of Medi-
matics, University of Virginia, Char-
cine, University of Chicago, Chicago, I
lottesville, Va.
C. P. OLIVER, Department of Zoology, 1
servatory, California Institute of Tech-
University of Texas, Austin, Tex.
nology, Pasadena, Calif.
FRANK W. PUTNAM, Head, Department ojF
Biochemistry, University of Florida Cal-
lege of Medicine, Gainesville, Fla. Divisional Committee for Scientific Per-
H. B. STEIN~ACH (Chairman), Depart- . sonnel and Education
ment of Zoology, Division of Biological I
Sciences, University of Chicago, Chi . H. FREDERIC BOHNENBLUST, Department
cage, Ill. of Mathematics, California Institute of
KENNETH V. THIMANN, Department oif Technology, Pasadena, Calif.
Plant Physiology, Harvard University , MARY I. BUNTING, Dean, Douglass Col-
The Biological Laboratories, lege, Rutgers, The State University,
bridge, Mass. New Brunswick, N. J.
RALPH E. CLELAND, Dean of Graduate
Studies, Head, Department of Botany,
Divisional Committee for Mathematical # Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind.
Physical, and Engineering Sciences WARREN C. JOHNSON, Vice President and
Dean, Division of Physical Sciences,
PAUL D. BARTLETT, Chemistry Depart w University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.
ment, Harvard University, Cambridge , KATHARINE E. MCBRIDE, President, Bryn
Mass. Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, Pa.
DIRK BROUWER, Department of Astron - HAROLD W. STOKE, Dean, Graduate
omy, Yale University Observatory, Nev V School of Arts and Science, New York
Haven, Conn. University, New York, N. Y.
RICHARD COURANT, Department of Math RALPH W. TYLER, Director, Center for
ematics, New York University, Nev w Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sci-
York, N. Y. ences, Stanford, Calif.
ALFRED 0. NIER, Chairman, Departmen t HARRY A. WINNE (Chairman), Vice
of Physics, University of Minnesota ‘, President in Charge of Engineering (re-
Minneapolis, Minn. tired), General Electric Co., Schenec-
ELBURT F. OSBORN (Chairman), Dean 1% tady, N. Y.

Advisory Panel for Astronomy FRED HADDOCK, The Observatory, Uni-
HORACE W. BABCOCK, Mount Wilson and versity of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Palomar Observatories, Pasadena, Calif. WILLIAM W. MOROAN, Yerkes Observa-
GERALD M. CLEMENCE, U. S. Naval Ob- tory, University of Chicago, Williams
servatory, Washington, D. C. Bay, Wis.

CE~ PAYNE-GAPOSCHXIN, Harvard Institute, Gerontology Branch, Balti-

College Observatory, Harvard Univkr- more City Hospital, Baltimore, Md.
sity, Cambridge, Mass. Rapa 0. ERICKSON, Department of Beta
C-L K. SEYP~T, Arthur J. Dyer Ob- any, University of Pennsylvania, Phila-
servatory, Vanderbilt University, Nash- delphia, Pa.
ville, Term. A. M. SCHECHTMAN, Department of Zo-
JOEL STBBBINS, Lick Observatory, Uni- ology, University of California, Los
versity of California, Mount Hamilton, Angeles, Calif.
Calif. TAYLOR A. STEEVRS~Biological Labora-
M~RLB A. TUVE, Carnegie Institution of tories, Harvard University, Cambridge,
Washington, Washington, D. C. Mass.
PETER VAN DE I(AMP, Sproul Observatory, ALBERT TYLER, Department of Embry-
Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pa. ology, California Institute of Technol-
ogy, Pasadena, Calif.
EDGARZWILLINO, Department of Genetics,
Advisory Panel for Chemistry University of Connecticut, Storrs, Conn.
R~PH A. BEEBE, Department of Chem-
istry, Amherst College, Amherst, Mass. Advisory Panel for Earth Sciences
AONTON B. BURG, Department of Chem-
istry, University of Southern California, J. R. BALSLEY, Jr., U. S. Geological Sur-
Los Angeles, Calif. vey, Washington, D. C.
STANLEY J. C R I s T o L, Department of CH~LES H. BERRE, Jr., Department of
Chemistry, University of Colorado, Geology, Columbia University, New
Boulder, Cola., York, N. Y.
FREDERICK R. DUKE, Department of W. B. HEROY, Sr., Geotechnical Corpora-
Chemistry, Iowa State College of Agri- tion, Dallas, Tex.
culture and Mechanic Arts, Ames, HARRY H. HESS, Department of Geology,
Iowa. Princeton University, Princeton, N. J.
KARL FOLKERS, Merck and Company, HELMUT E. LANDSBERO, Division of
Rahway, N. J. Climatology, United States Weather
FRANK T. GUCKER, Department of Chem- Bureau, Washington, D. C.
istry, Indiana University, Bloomington, BRYAN PATTERSON, Division of Geologi-
Ind. cal Sciences, Harvard University, Cam-
DONALD F. HORNIO, Department of Chem- bridge, Mass.
istry, Princeton University, Princeton, R. P. SHARP, Department of Geology and
N. J. Geophysics, California Institute of
DAVUD N. HUME, Department of Chem- Technology, Pasadena, Calif.
istry, Massachusetts Institute of Tech- HAROLD C. UREY, Department of Geo-
nology, Cambridge, Mass. chemistry, University of Chicago,
JOHN G. KIRKWOOD, Department of Chicago, Ill.
C h e m i s t r y, Yale University, New W. S. VON Aax, Woods Hole Oceano-
Haven, Conn. graphic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass.
HARRY F. LEWIS, Institute of Paper
Chemistry, Appleton, Wis.
JOHN D. ROBERTS, Department of Chem-
istry, California Institute of Technol- Advisory Panel for Engineering Sciences
ogy, Pasadena, Calif.
R. E. BOLZ, Department of Mechanical
PHILIP W. WEST, Department of Chem-
Engineering, Case Institute of Tech-
istry, Louisiana State University and
nology, Cleveland, Ohio.
Agricultural and Mechanical College,
ARTHUR B. BROWNWELL, Worcester Poly-
Baton Rouge, La.
technic Institute, Worcester, Mass.
PAUL F. CHENEA, Schools of Engineering,
Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind.
Advisory Panel for Developmental Biology HARMER E. DAVIS, Institute of Transpor-
FREDERIK B. BANG, Department of Path- tation and Traffic Engineering, Uni-
obiology, Johns Hopkins University, versity of California, Berkeley, Calif,
Baltimore, Md. JOHN HOLLOMON, Metallurgy and Ce-
DIETRICH H. F. A. BODENSTEIN, U. S. ramics Research, General Electric
Public Health Service, National Heart Company, Schenectady, N. Y.

KENNETH A. KOBE, Department of Chem- M. RHOADES, Department of
ical Engineering, University of Texas, Botany, University of Illinois, Urbana,
Austin, Tex. Ill.
FREDERICK C. LINDVALL, Division of REED C. ROLLINS, Gray Herbarium, Hare
Engineering, California Institute of vard University, Cambridge, Mass.
Technology, Pasadena, Calif. JACK SCHULTZ, Institute for Cancer Re-
W. R. MARSHALL, Jr., Engineering Exper- search, Philadelphia, Pa.
iment Station, University of Wisconsin,
Madison, Wis.
I.i JOHN S. MCNOWN, School of Engineering Advisory Panel for Mathematical Sciences
:I and Architecture, University of Kansas,
;! Lawrence, Kans. H. FREDERICK BOHNENBLUST, Depart-
j W. R. SEARS, Graduate School of Aero- ment of Mathematics, California Insti-
i1 nautical Engineering, Cornell Univer- tute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif.
! L: sity, Ithaca, N. Y. RICHARD BRAUER, Department of Mathe-
1: matics, Harvard University, Cambridge,
j I’
i y/’
PAUL R. HALMOS, Department of Mathe-
,I Advisory Panel for Environmental Biology
,; matics, University of Chicago, Chicago,
;:I MURRAY BUELL, Department of Botany, Ill.
Rutgers, The State University, New JACK C. KIEFER, Department of Mathe-
ii Brunswick, N. J. matics, Cornell University, Ithaca,
! THEODORE H. BULLOCK, Department of N. Y.
‘!! Zoology, University of California, Los DEANE MONTOOMERY, Department of
I Angeles, Calif. Mathematics, Institute for Advanced
Ia., STANLEY A. CAIN, Conservation Depart- Study, Princeton, N. J.
ment, University of Michigan, Ann Ar- MINA REES, Dean, Hunter College, New
bor, Mich. York, N. Y.
WILLIAM J. HAMILTON, JR., Department DONALD C. SPENCER, Department of
of Conservation, Cornell University, Mathematics, ‘Princeton University,
r, Ithaca, N. Y. Princeton, N. J.
ARTHUR D. HASLER, Department of Zo- JOHN V. WEHAUSEN, Department of
: ology, University of Wisconsin, Madi- Mathematics, University of California,
i son, Wis. Berkeley, Calif.
THOMAS PARK, Department of Zoology, RAYMOND L. WILDER, Department of
University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill. Mathematics, University of Michigan,
JOHN F. REED, Graduate School, Univer- Ann Arbor, Mich.
; sity of New Hampshire, Durham, N. H.
),’ JOHN H. RYTHER, Woods Hole Ocean-
ographic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass.
s, Advisory Committee for Metabolic Biology
of Zoology, Duke University, Durham, *ROBERT S. BANDURSKI, Department of
N. C. Botany, Michigan State University of
Agriculture and Applied Science, East
Lansing, Mich.
>i *HARRY BEEVERS, Department of Biulogi-
Advisory Panel for Genetic Biology
8,; cal Sciences, Purdue University, Lafay-
VERNON BRYSON, Institute of Microbiol- ette, Ind.
/ ogy, Rutgers, The State University, JACKSON W. FOSTER, Department of
New Brunswick, N. J. Bacteriology, University of Texas, Aus-
: EVERETT R. DEMPSTER, Department of tin, Tex.
Genetics, University of California, SAMUEL GURIN, Department of Biochem-
Berkeley, Calif. istry, University of Pennsylvania School
’ H. BENTLEY GLASS, Department of Biol-
/ of Medicine, Philadelphia, ‘Pa.
ogy, Johns Hopkins University, Balti- *STERLINO HENDRICKS, Bureau of Plant
/ .i more, Md.
/ si Industries, U. S. Department of Agri-
3 HERSCHEL K. MITCHELL, Department of culture, Beltsville, Md.
“, Biology, California Institute of Tech-
NATHAN 0. KAPLAN, Department of
nology, Pasadena, Calif.
Biochemistry, B r a n d e i s University,
/ Waltham, Mass.
3 *Served during part of fiscal year 1958.
‘j 112

*FRITZ LIPMANN, The Rockefeller Insti- JOHN R. PBLLAM, Department of Physics,
tute, New York, N. Y. California Institute of Technology,
*WILLIAM D. MCELROY, McCollum- Pasadena, Calif.
Pratt Institute, Johns Hopkins Univer- JAMES IRAINWATER, Department of Phys-
sity, Baltimore, Md. ics, Columbia University, New York,
C. B. VAN NIEL, Hopkins Marine Sta- N. Y.
tion, Pacific Grove, Calif. NORMAN F. RAMSEY, Department of
SIDNEY ROBERTS, Department of Physio- Physics, Harvard University, Cam-
logical Chemistry, School of Medicine, bridge, Mass.
University of California Medical Cen- LLO~> P. SMITH, AVCO Research and
ter, Los Angeles, Calif. Advanced Development Division, Law-
*KENNETH V. THIMANN, Biological rence, Mass.
Laboratories, H a r v a r d University, JAMES A. VAN ALLEN, Department of
Cambridge, Mass. Physics, State University of Iowa, Iowa
City, Iowa.
CLARENCE ZENER, Research Laboratories,
Advisory Panel for Molecular Biology Westinghouse Electric Corporation,
East Pittsburgh, Pa.
ROBERT A. ALBERTY, Department of
Chemistry, University of Wisconsin,
Madison, Wis.
*BERNARD AXELROD, Department of Bio- Advisory Panel for Psychobiology
chemistry, Purdue University, Lafa-
yette, Ind. LLOVD G. HUMPHREYS, Department of
*ALLAN H. BROWN, Department of Bot- Psychology, University of Illinois,
any, University of Minnesota, Minne- Urbana, Ill.
apolis, Minn. CONRAD G. MUELLER, Department of
VINCENT G. DETHIER, Departme* of Psychology, Columbia University, New
Biology, Johns Hopkins University, York, N. Y.
Baltimore, Md. W. D. NEFP, Department of Psychology,
*FRED KARUSH, Department of Pediat- University of Chicago, Chicaga, Ill.
rics, University of Pennsylvania School H. E. ROSVOLD, Laboratory of Psychology,
of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pa. National Institute of Mental Health,
*IRVING M. KLOTZ, Department of Chem- Bethesda, Md.
istry, Northwestern University, Evan-
BENTON J. UNDERWOOD, Department of
ston, 111.
Psychology, Northwestern University,
CYRUS LEVINTHAL, Department of Biol-
Evanston, Ill.
ogy, Massachusetts Institute of Technol-
ogy, Cambridge, Mass. DELOS D. WICKENS, Department of
DAVID SHEMIN, Department of Bio- Psychology, Ohio State University,
chemistry, College of Physicians and Columbus, Ohio.
Surgeons, Columbia University, New
York, N. Y.
BIRCXT VENNESLAND, Department of Bio- Advisory Panel for Regulatory Biology
chemistry, University of Chicago, Chi-
cago, Ill. JOHN R. BROBECK, Department of Phys-
iology, University of ‘Pennsylvania.
School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pa.
Advisory Panel for Physics “HARRY EAGLE, National Institute of Al-
lergy and Infectious Diseases, National
DAVID M. DENNISON, Department of Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md.
Physics, University of Michigan, Ann *RALPH W. GERARD, Mental Health Re-
Arbor, Mich. search Institute, University of Michi-
ROBERT E. MARSHAK, Department of gan, Ann Arbor, Mich.
P h y s i c s, University of Rochester, *ROBERT E. HUNGATE, Department of
Rochester, N. Y. Bacteriology, University of California,
WOLFGANG K. H. PANOFSKY, Department Davis, Calif.
of Physics, Stanford University, Stan- *CARLTON C. HUNT, Department of Phys-
ford, Calif.
iology, University of Utah College of
*Served during part of fiscal year 1958. Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah.
RACgYaLL Lmmm, Department of Meta .- LBONARD S. COTTRELL, Jr., Russell Sage
bolic~ch, Michael Reese HaspitA 1, Foundation, New York, N. Y.
Chicago, Ill. LFXDNPESTIN&, Department of PsychoI-
MACLYN MCCARTY, The Rockefelle: c ogy, Stanford University, Stanford,
Institute, New York, N. Y. Cdif.
*ROUND K. MEYER, Department of Bi e EMIL W. HAWRY, Department of Anthro-
ology, University of Wisconsin, Madi’ . pology, University of Arizona, Tucson,
son, Wis. AliZ.
FOLKE K. Srcooo, Department of Botany, , GEORGE P. MIJRDOCK, Department of An-
University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis thropolgy, Y@le University, New Haven,
CARROLL M. WILLIAMS, Professor 0;i Conn.
Zoology, Harvard University, Biologica 1 ERNEST NAOEL, Department of Philos-
Laboratories, Cambridge, Mass. ophy, Columbia University, New York,
N. Y.
RICHARD H. SHRYOCIC, Institute for the
Advisory Panel on Scientific Manpoweg , History of Medicine, Johns Hopkins
Information University, Baltimore, Md.
JOSEPH J. SPENOLER,Department of Eco-
JAMES W. COLE, Jr., School of Chemistry, , nomics, Duke University, Durham,
University of Virginia, Charlottesville, I N. C.
Va. I,SHERWOODL. WASHBURN, Department of
IIARoLD GOLDSTEIN, Division of Man- Anthropology, University of Chicago,
power and Employment Statistics , Chicago, Ill.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U. S. De. . SAMUEL S. WILKS, Department of Math-
partment of Labor, Washington, D. C . ematics, Princeton University, Prince-
ALBERT KAY, Office of Manpower Supply, , ton, N. J.
Department of Defense, Washington, I
D. C.
CHARLES V. KIDD, Research Planning :
Advisory Panel for Systematic Biology
Branch, National Institutes of Health, 1
Bethesda, Md. JOHN N. COUCH, Department of Botany,
RAY W. MAYHEW, Owens-Illinois GlassI University of North Carolina, Chapel
Co., Toledo, Ohio. Hill, N. C.
JAMES C. O’BRIEN, Department of Health, , ROBERT
. K. ENDERS, Department of Biol-
Education, and Welfare, Washington, ogy, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore,
D. C. Pa.
PHILIP N. POWERS, Internuclear Co., *SIDNEY W. Fox, Oceanographic Insti-
Clayton, MO. tute, Florida State University, Talla-
M. H. TRYTTEN, Office of Scientific Per- hassee, Fla.
sonnel, National Academy of Science+ ILIBBIE H. HYMAN, American Museum of
National Research Council, Washing- Natural History, New York, N. Y.
ton, D. C. 1DAVID D. KECK, New York Botanical
J. FLETCHER WELLEMEYER, American Garden, New York, N. Y.
Council of Learned Societies, Wash- 1ROWERSMCVAUGH, University of Michi-
ington, D. C. gan, Ann Arbor, Mich.
DAEL WOLFLE, American Association for 4*CHARLES D. MICHENER, Department of
the Advancement of Science, Washing- Entomology, University of Kansas,
, ton, D. C. Lawrence, Kans.
*HERBERT H. Ross, State Natural His-
tory Survey Division, Urbana, Ill.
*KARL P. SCHMIDT, Chicago Natural His-
Advisory Panel for Social Science tory Museum, Chicago, Ill.
*NORMAN R. STOLL, The Rockefeller In-
I. BERNARD COHEN, Harvard University, stitute, New York, N. Y.
1WILLIAM C. STEERE, Department of Bio-
Cambridge, Mass.
logical Sciences, Stanford University,
*Served during part of fiscal year 1968. Stanford, Calif.
Advisory Panel on High Polymer Research &uuu~ k MA=, Stanford Research In-
stitute, Menlo Park, Calif.
J. H. DILLON, Textile Research Institute, THBRAW) MOBL~, University of Illinois,
Princeton, N. J. Urbana,’ Ill.
J. D. FERRY, University of Wisconsin, CARLC. MONW, Carnegie Institute of.
Madison, Wis. Technology, Pittsburgh, Pa.
PAUL J. FLORY, Mellon Institute, Pitts- CHARLES
G. Chtm~~oxm~
burgh, Pa. Institute of Brooklyn, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Financial Report for Fiscal Year 1958


Appropriation for fiscal year 1958 __________________ $49,750,000
Unobligated balance from fiscal year 1957- ___-_______ 1,552,533
Appropriation reimbursements ____ - __________ -___-- 83

Total __------------------------------ $51,302,616

Support of science :
Basic research :
Biological and medical sciences _________-__-___ $8,541,075
Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences-- 9,425,158
Social sciences -_----------------------------- 553,750
Antarctic research ____________________________ 922,800

Subtotal ____-_______-___--_______________ 19,442,783

Research facilities :
Biological and medical sciences ________________ - 987,050
Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences-- 5,039,OOl
Subtotal --------------------------------- 6,026,05 1
Surveys and reports ----------------------------- 192,000
Dissemination of scientific information-- _______ -___ 1,796,099
Attendance at international scientific meetings------ 119,900

Subtotal, grants and contracts _________________ 27,576,833

Program development, operation, and evaluation-,,, 1,125,829

Total obligations-support of science----,- ---------w----- 28,702,662

Support of scientific manpower :
Graduate fellowships ___________ - _______________ $5,602,120
Institutes program ____---_--_______-____________ 12,212,030
Special projects in science education,-,,- ______ -__ 618,835
Course content improvement program _____________ 835,372
Clearinghouse for scientific manpower information,, 225,039
President’s Committee on Scientists and Engineers-,, 135,283
Subtotal, grants and contracts ____ - ____ -_---__ 19,628,679
Program development, operation, and evaluation---- 819,400
Total obligations -support of scientific manpower _-______-___ 20,448,079
Executive Direction and Management --------------------------- 822,730
Total obligations fiscal year 1958 _-__-__ -___- ____ - ______ -_ 49,973,471
Unobligated balance carried forward to fiscal year 1959,,--,, ’ 1,329, 145
Total __---------_---_--__---------------------------- 51,302,616

IA substantial portion of the unobligated balance represents outstanding payments

under grants and contracts with other Federal agencies.

116 -


Appropriation for fiscal year 1958 _-_______________ $2,000,000
Unobligated balance from fiscal year 1957,- _____-___ 17,337,064

Total _____-______________------------ $19,337,064

Technical programs ““““““‘-“‘r”““‘---------- $13,845,965
Administrative expenses, National Academy of Sci-
ences-National Research Council ---------------- 23 g;
Administrative expenses, National Science Foundation,, 3

Total obligations, fiscal year 1958 _______ - _________________ 14,197,471

Unobligated balance carried forward to fiscal year 1959,--,,, ’ 5,139,593
Total --------------------____^_______ 19,337,064

1 A substantial portfon of the unobligated balance represents outstanding payments

under grants and contracts with other Federal agencies.

Unobligated balance from fiscal year 1957,,-,,---,--, $4,003
Donations from private sources _______________-_____ 3,281

Total __-____-_________-______________________------~ $7,284

Miscellaneous expenses --------------------------------------- 66
Unobligated balance carried forward to fiscal year 1959,--,, 7,218


,. I
? ,.*,.Li,&



Grants for Basic Research

ANTHROPOLOGICAL BCIBINCBIS Marshall T. Newman, U. 8. Natlonal Mn-

UNIV~BSITY OP ARIZONA, Tucson, Arle. lenm; Aboriginal Iifatorg of the Peru&an
Emil W. Haury, Department of Anthro- Tooat; 1 year; $3,100
pology ; UuZture lfirtory 01 the Point 01 JTANBVRD UNIVIIBSITY, Stanford, Callf. ;
Pines Region; 3 yeare; $19,700 &Ian R. Beals, Department of Anthropology ;
Terah L. Smlley, GTeochronology Labora- ProosS8 in Community D$#ereMCation; 2
tories; Late PrehWory or Northern At%- years ; $11,000
zona; 2 year6 ; $12,000 TIUMPLB UNIVIBRSITY, Philadelphia, Pa. ; Wll-
BRYN MAWR COLLEQE, Bryn Mawr, Pa.; Liam B. Schwab, Department of Sociology
Frederica de Laguna, Department of An- and Anthropology; Gaoeb Uv-ban Btudg; 2
thropology ; EthnotogJcaZ Research Amcng years ; $5,000
the Indian8 ot Cfopper River; 5 years; TULANE UNIVERSITY 01 LOUISIANA, New Or-
$13,800 leans, La. ; E. Wyllys Andrews, Middle
UN~PBRSITY OB CALI~QRNIA, Berkeley, Calif. ; American Research Institute ; Development
Joseph B. Birdsell, Department of Anthro- ol Pre-CoZumbtin Culture; 2 years; $25,OOO
pology and Sociology, Los Angeles, Calif. ; ITNIVIURSITYOB WASIIIN~TON, Seattle, Wash. ;
OuZture and EnuironmentaZ Adaptation; 1 James B. Watson, Department of Anthro-
year ; $10,000 pology ; New Quinea BtudZea; 1 year ; $4,100
WlIllam H. Sears, Florlda State Museum ; Davld A. Baerreis, Department of Sociology ;
PrehZstorCo Prooeseee on the (fuZf UoartaZ Iuterrela;ttone oj BtoZogicaZ and CuZturaZ
Plain; 3 years ; $13,400 Change; 1 year; $15,500
ton, D. C. ; Demltrl B. Shlmkin, The Grad-
uate Council ; gibertan UnguWCo Analysts; ASTRONOMY
1 year ; $5,300 BRIQHAM YOTJNQ UNIVERBITY, Provo, Utah ;
HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Mass. ; D. H. McNamara, Department of Mathe-
Douglas L. Oliver, Department of Anthro- natics ; A Bpeotrographio lStudg of EoZdps-
pology ; Anthropology Study ot the flooiety iftg Ilinariee and of Beta Canis Majori
ZsZantte; 3 years ; $19,200 VarZabZes; 2 years ; $10,400.
ton, Ind. Pasadena, Callf. ; Jesse L. Greensteln, Chair-
Sol Saporta, Research Center in Anthro- man, Department of Astrophysics ; The Iden-
pology, Folklore, and Linguistics, Indiana tiJZcatZon ol Radio Bouroe8; 6 months;
University ; PsyohoZCnguistJc Analysis 01 $3,200
Oonsonant CZuster8; 2 years; $20,000. UNIVERSITY OF CALIRORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. ;
Thomas A. Sebeok, Research Center in Otto Struve and C. R. Lynds, Department
Anthropology, Folklore, and Linguistics, of Astronomy ; A Bearch for Variable #tars
Indiana University ; OOmPUter Reeearoh 4n in GaZaotie CZueter8; 2 years ; $4,800
P8@OhOlhQ7Ui8tdO8; 2 years ; $20,000
UNIV~R~~ITY OB MICHIOAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. ; Washington, D. C. ; M. A. Tuve, Chairman,
Richard K. Beardsley, Department of An- Department of Terrestrial Magnetism ; In-
thropology ; Jthnographio Anatyefi of Farm vestigation and Conrtruction 01 PhotoeZeo-
UommunCtiees;2 years ; $600 trio Image Tube8 For Researoh &a Astron-
UNIVERSITY OF OREGON, Eugene, Oreg. ; omy; 16 months ; $255,OOO
Luther C. Cressman, Department of Anthro- CA~B INSTITUTB~ 01 TECHNOL~QY, Cleveland,
pology ; Oregon Ooaut PrehWory; 1 year; Ohio; J. J. Nassau, Head, Department of
$6,300 Astronomy ; DCetribution of A-Type &tar8 in
SACRAMP~NTOSTATIO COLLEBQ, Sacramento, f?eZeotedGala&o RegWw; 1 year; $5,900
Callf. ; Thomas Rhys Williams, Department UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, Chicago, 111.; G.
of Anthropology; Dusun Anthropology; 1 van Biesbroeck, Department of Astronomy ;
year ; $9,800 Astrometrio InveetCgation8; 1 year ; $5,200
N. Mex. ; Fred Wendorf, Associate Director A. G. Smith, Department of Physics ;
for Research ; dlO?&ahan8Ecology; 1 year; Planetary Emi88ione at Radio Frequencies;
$8,000 2 years ; $20,000
D. C. Walter J. Miller, Fordham University Astro-
Clifford Evans and Betty J. Meggers, nomical Laboratory ; Faint Variable Btar8 in
Dlvision of Archaeology ; Recon8truotion 01 the Uggnus Cloud of the Milky Wag; 2
dfigration ROtbte8; 1 year; $2,100 years ; $5,9OO

U~?~IWMTT, Wnsh@t~n, D. C tory; Artrouwtrie 8tUu 03 Noarb Btom, 2
EelIlrlc4 Ka Ekh4orn, DepnrtmeBt of Y-: m7AMo 6;
AetrowmY ; Detemnirtatton of the inw 'VAWPRBILT UNIV~PIBXTY,Nashville, Tena.;
BystematiQ Error8 of tb6 iwiwwn Eutiem. Carl K. Soyfert, Mreetor, Arthur J. Dyer .,;
bad Zone8 of the Artroaraphio Gatdogut Obeervatoq ; An ZweutCqatbrc ot the #two-
and Redetmnimattor of Itr Phte @on. tsro of the GaZaay Through tke 1Studtt of
stantr; 2 YHrS; $1$500 ths Iuarer A88oofationr of OB Star8 ; 2
Cnrl C. Kiese, Georgetown Coilege Obervn. yeare ; $14,000 ..
tory ; A tllearch lor Faint Line8 in t?u
sp6ctrum 03 the 8un and the Yeamwema+i WAYNE STATID UNIV~RBBITY, Detroit, Mich. ;
of the Laboratow 19peotrum of TitonCm; Bertram Dorm, Department of Physic8 ;
1 year ; $24,000 Artrookemi&sZ Re8earuh; 2 yeara; $13,500
David Layaer, Harvard College Obeerva- Arthur D. Code, Director, Washburn Ob-
tory ; TheoreticaZ Energy LeveL and Tranri- servatory ; AbeoZ&e Ccrlilrratiua ot the
tfon Probabilities; 2 year8 ; $9,900 Energy Di8tribvtion of Astronomical Radia-
T. K. Menon and H. I. Ewen, Harvard tlon 8oumee; 2 years; $1%,700
College Observatory ; Radio Astronomy Cn J. IQ. Mack, Department of Physics; IV&-
the Microwave Region; 1 year; $34.300 ter&rometrio &udy 01 Coronal Emi88iOn; 1
year ; $10,700
R. King, Department of Astronomy ; The YALE UNIVIDBBITY,‘N~~ Haven, Conn.
DynamiooZ Evolution of star Clustere; 2 Dirk Brouwer, Director, Yale University
years ; $4,200 Observatory ; Relouation oj the YaZe Obrerva-
JOENS HOPKINS UNIVEBBITY, Baltimore, tory; 1 year; $22,900
Md. ; John D. Strong, Laboratory of Astro- Harlan J. Smith, Department of Aatron-
physica and Physical Meteorology ; High ow.; Inve8ttgation 01 PZunetMy Non-
Altitude Aetronomy; 1 year; $40,000
thermal Radio Emiseion; 2 gears; $21,000
Rupert Wild& Yale Univereity Obtaerva-
LOUISIANA STATE UNIVERSITY AND AQRICUL- tory ; Uonstitutton of the Late-Type Btaftar
TUBAL AND MECHANICAL COLLIDQFJ, Baton Atmosphere8 and Interioru; 2 yeara; $7,500
Rouge, La. ; Kenneth M. Yoss, Departmenl
of Physics and Astronomy ; Retative Fre.
quenoiee of G and K Giants With Weak and CHEMISTRY
Strong Absorption; 2 years; $9,300
LOWELL OBS~BVATOBY,Flagstait, Ariz. ; H. L. James W. Berry, Department of Chemie-
Giclas, Astronomer ; Proper Motion Hurvey try : HeterowcZio Tropolonee and Troponw;
of the Northern Hemkphere; 3 years; 2 years; $4,100
$29,400 Leslie Forster, Department of Chemistry ;
MICHIQAN STATE UNIVEWITY OB ACWCUL. NinaZet-Triplet Traneitions in FZuid 19ystom8;
TUBBYAND APPLIED SCIENCE, East Lansing, 2 years; $11,200
Mich. ; John S. Mathis, Department oi’ AUIZONA STATEI COLLIIIOE, Tempe, Aria. ;
Physics and Astronomy ; The Kinematic8 oj Roland K. Robins, Department of Chemistry ;
the Interior Region8 of GZobu,ZarCluetere; PhyeicaZ and Chemical Propertiea and Htruc-
1 year; $2,900 tUre 03 CertaCn Purinee and Purine Antafio-
NEW Mr~xrco COLLEW 01 AGBICKTLTURIUAND nistr; 2 years; $14,400
M~DCEANICARTE, State College, N. M. ; Clyde UNIV~~~~ITY OF BEKANSAS, Fayetteville, Ark.
W. Tombaugh, Physical Sciences Laboratory ; Richard W. Fink, Department of Chemis-
An Obeervational PatroZ and GeophiysiocrZ try ; RadiochemicaE Btudieer 03 Decay Prop-
Reeearch oj the Moon and the Planets; 1 ertCe8 of Radioactive Nuclei; 2 yeara;
year ; $25,000 $30,200
OHIO STATS UNIVEBSITY, Columbus, Ohio. Thomas C. Hoering, Department of Chem-
John D. Kraus, Department of Electrical istry ; Kinetics of Exohange of Irotop4c
Engineering; A Fixed Paraboloid and Tilt- Ox##en Between 08y-Anion8 and Water;
able-Flat Reflector for Radio Aetrolcomy 2 years;$14,300
Research: 1 sear: 358.650 Samuel Siegel, Department of Chemietry ;
A. Sleitebak, Dip’artment of Physic8 and &%reouhemistry of UataZytCoHydrogonution
Astronomy ; A Spectrographic lgtudy of A- of Aromatic and HydroaromatCo Oompounde;
Type @tar8 Near the Nortk Galactic Pole; 1 2 years ; $15,000
year ; $3,500 K. H. Stern, Department of Chemistry;
UNIvBls81TY OF OREGON, Eugene, Oreg. ; Thermodynamic8 01 Zon Pair Formation; 2
E. G. Ebbfghausen, Department of Physics ; years ; $13,800
Au Inveett#atton of lgpectroecopb Binaries AUBUBN RES~DABCHFOUNDATION, INC., Au-
With Particular Attention to th,e Detection burn, Ala. ; G. M. Koaolapoff, Department of
of Change8 in the Orbital Elements; 1 year ; Chemistry ; PhyeCcaZUonetanto of Orpan+
$8,000 pho8phOru8 COmpOUUd8; 3 years ; $18,500
Martin Schwarzschild, Department of Saul 0. Coben, Department of Chemistry ;
Astronomy ; H&h AZtitude Aetronomy; 3 Chemietru of Free Ra&ioaZs in BoZutZon; 3
years ; $285,000 years ; $25,400
REINSSIOLAE~POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTIU, Troy, Harold Conroy, Department of Chemistry ;
N. Y. ; J. Mayo Greenberg, Department of Btructure and Theoretioal Biogenss(8 ol
Physics; The Boattering of Light by NmaZZ AZkaZotde; 3 years; $34,800
Particles; 2 years ; $19,400 B~IQHAM YOUNQ UNIVEBBITY, Provo, Utah.
SWABTEMOIW COLLIDQID, Swbrthmore, Pa. ; Eliot A. Butler and Keith Anderson, De-
Peter van de Kamp, Director, Sproul Obeerva- partment of Chemietry ; Detection ot Molecu-

Zar Speck8 in IonSo IquiZJb*; 8 years; John S. Meek, Department of Chemfstry ;
$26,400 Bridgehead Compounds; 3 years; $16,200
K. Leroi Nelson, Department of Chem- :0~nnLL Co~Lntz& Mount Vernon, Iowa
istry ; Low Temperdture K&bet&s Cn Aprotic James B. Cnlbertson, Department of Chem-
SoZvent8; 2 years; $20,409 stry ; Sterio Erect8 With Substituted CyaZo-
BROWN UNIVERSITY, Providence, IL 1. ‘lexane Compounds; 3 months ; $1,600
Robert H. Cole, Department of Chemistry ; James B. Culbertson, Department of Chem-
Dielectric Propertiea of Imperfect Uaaea; 2 stry ; St&o Eflecte With S~batituted CgcZo-
years ; $15,700 Cexanea; 3 years; $8,500
John Ross, Department of Chemistry ; Z%v- William A. Deskin, Department of Chem-
coadty of Gaaea; 3 years ; $14,000 stry ; Speotrophotometric Studies of Metale;
BBYN MAWR COLLEGQ Bryn Mawr, Pa. ; i months ; $1,400
Ernest Berliner, Department of Chemistry ; William A. Deskin, Department of Chem-
ReZatiue Reactidtiee of PoZgnuoZear Aro- stry ; Complexes oj the Transition Metala;
matto Sgatem8; 3 years ; $11,100 3 years; $10,500
Howard Tieckelmann, Department of Chem- Equipment Grants for High Polymer Re-
istry ; Syntheei% of Compound8 Related to learoh
the VHamin B1 Pyrincidine; 3 months; UNIVRJB~%I!J?X
OIF DENVER, Denver, Colo. ; Earl
$4,500 A. Engle and 0. Howard McCormick, De-
?artment of Chemistry ; Determfnation of
CALII?OBNIA IN~TITUTID orp TBICHNOLOOY,Pasa- Urconium, Iron CheZate Compounde; 3
dena, Calif. nonths ; $3,500
John H. Richards, Department of Chemis-
try ; 1Sandwich Compound8 of Rtcthenium; D~PATJL UNIVERSITY, Chicago, Ill. ; Eugene
1 year; $2,200 Lieber, Department of Chemistry ; Reactton
John D. Roberts, Department of Chem- >f Hgdrazoic Acid With Ammono-Carbonic
istry ; Chemistry of Small Rfng Compounds; I&da; 2 years ; $5,500
3 years ; $21,200 DUKE UNIVERSITY, Durham, N. C. ; C. R.
UNIVBR~ITY OIP CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. Hauser, Department of Chemistry ; Rear-
Thomas L. Allen, Department of Chemis- Pangementa, Eliminationa, Diaplaoementa
try ; Davis, Calif. ; Thermodynamic Proper- and Uondensationa; 3 years; $19,500
thee of Metallic Halidea; 3 years; $9,200 EMORY UNIVERSITY, Emory University, Ga. ;
Robert K. Brinton, Department of Chem- R. A. Day, Jr., Department of Chemistry ;
istry, Davis, Calif. ; EZemeatarg aa8 Phase &ion Exchange StUdie8 of Metal CompZexe8;
RadCoaZReactCon8; 3 years ; $11,000 2 years ; $12,000
Joel H. Hildebrand, Department of Chem- FISK UNIVERSITY, Nashville, Term. ; S. P.
istry ; Properties artd SoZubZZitgReZatton.8oj Massie, Department of Chemistry ; I,s-
NoneZectroZytea; 2 years ; $16,900 Dianilinoethane and l,%DianiZinopropane
CABNEGIIU INSTITITTE OR TECHNOLOGY, Pitts- Defivativee; 18 months ; $3,500
burgh, Pa. ; Robert B. Carlin, Department of FLORIDA STATB UNIVERSITP, Tallahassee,
Chemistry ; FJaoher IndoZe Syntheab; 2 Fla. ; John E. Lefiler, Department of Chemis-
years ; $14,100 try ; Iodine a8 a b’ubetftuent; 3 years;
CI#NTRAL STATS COLLIE, Wilberforce, Ohio ; $21,700
E. Oscar Woolfolk, Department of Chemis- UNIVBRSITY OF FLORIDA, Gainesville, Fla. ;
try ; Identification a.nd Chromatographic 81. E. Muschlitt, W. H. Cramer and T. L.
Separation of CoZorZeaa Organic Compounds; Bailey, Department of Chemistry ; Negative
2 years; $6,300 lon Studies by Ma88 Spectrometry; 2 years ;
Robert A. Clement, Department of Chem- GEORGIAINSTITUTHI 01pTECHNOLOGY, Atlanta,
istry ; Bronated Rate Law Applied to Organic Ga. ; Jack Hine, Department of Chemistry ;
Reaotione; 2 years; $13,000 Relative Acidity oj Hydrocarbons and Other
R. S. Mulliken, Department of Physics, Weak Ao6oYa;2 years; $6,700
and W. G. Brown. Deaartment of Chemistrv : GRINNIDLL COLLEQE, Grinnell, Iowa ; William
Structure, Spect& a?&$Reaction8 of Mole&: A. Nevill, Department of Chemistry ; HaZo-
Ear Complexes; 3 years; $58,000 genated Cyclobutane Acids; 3 years;
Stuart A. Rice, Department of Chemistry ;
Confgurational and Thermodynamic Proper- HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Mass.
tCe8of PoZgeZectroZytesand Polar Polymer8; George B. Kistiakowsky, Department of
3 years; $31,700 Chemistry ; Unstable Intermediates Cn Gas
Henry Taube, Department of Chemistry ; Reactions; 2 years; $15,000
Chemi8trg Of Oxygen and Oxy-Compounds; Francis 0. Stone, Department of Chemis-
3 years; $44,200 try; Chemistry of Boron; 3 years ; $24,100
Robert B. Woodward.
CL~UMBONAGRICIJLTU~AL COLLEOE, Clemson, Chemistry Denartment of
S. C. ; F. I. Brownley, Jr., Department ; Structure
of Natural Products; a’nd &thesis oj
Chemistry and Geology ; Determinat4on oj 3 years; $62,100
FZuortde; 2 years ; $4,400 HUNTEB COLLEQE, New York, N. Y.; Horst
W. Hoyer, Department of Chemistry ; EZec-
Cos COLLEGE, Cedar Rapids, Iowa ; Frank C. trophorettc Mobility of MMiceZZea;2 years ;
Pennington, Department of Chemistry ; Neat: $12,000
Method of SgntheaizCng IndoZes; 2 years; UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, Urbana, Ill.
$6,600 &quipment Ql.ant for Hrgh PoZbmer Re-
UNIVEB~ITY OF COLOBADO,Boulder, Colo. search
Stanley J. Cristol, Department of Chem. David Y. Curtin, Department of Chemis-
istry ; hieohaniesmeof Addit$on and EWmina- try; Sterti Control of Organic Reactions;
tCon Reactions; 3 years; $36,400 3 years ; $20,900

a. 8. Qntoweky, Department of Chew& c. Gardner swain, DepRrtment of chcmie-
try; Nuclear and Qua&up016 Relawatlors; try ; POW Dbpkroemecrt Reuot(orr; 8 yearm;
2 years; $24,200 $21,500
MaEa. ; Richard 8. Stein, Department ot
<. J. bhiner, Jr., Department of Chomls- Chemistry ; Relatfonahfp Betwsm Urydal
-Indiana University ; R#eot of Deutarfum MorphoZogu and Yeahanical Propwt&m oj
6Tubstftutfon on Rate8 of OrganJo React&~ru; UryetaZNne High PoZymtwa; 2 yeare ; $12,100
3 years; $20,300 ~mLLoN IN~TITUTBI 0~ INDWTBIA~, BmsBurca,
Harrison Shull, Department of Chemistry, Pittsburgh, Pa. ; P. J. Flory, Blxecutive
Indiana UniversWy ; Theoretfcal &wife8 of Director of Besearch ; Propertied of PoQ-
Atomio and hiokmutar ~trUi?tUre; 80 months ; mm-8 ati Their Pjloluttoru; 1 year; $16,200
$43,700 UNIVIWSITY 01~ MINNMW~TA, MinneapoUs,
IOWA STA!CIO COLL~DQIB01 AGBICULTIJRBI AND Minn. ; Maurice M. Kreevoy, Qpartment of
MECHANIC ARTS, Ames, Iowa. Chemistry ; Add Cluvage ot Organomer-
Lawrence S. Bartell, Department of Chem- ourialu; 2 years; $5,400
istry ; High Precisfon Molecular &Wuaturea
by Electron Diffraction; 3 years; $23,700 NISSISS~PP~ STATIII COLLEQID, State College,
George 8. Hammond, Department of Chem- Miss.; Lye11 C. Behr, Department of Chem-
istry ; Dffluaion Kinetics fn Thermal De- lstry ; Reactivity 01 O@adi.woles fn &b8t&
compoeftfone ; 2 years ; $19,200 tutfon; 3 years; $6,400
KALAMAZOO COLLEW, Kalamazoo, Mich. ; MONMOUTH COLLIDOIP,Monmouth, Ill. ; G. W.
Kurt D. Kaufman, Department of Chemis- Thiessen, Department of Chemistry; Tibs
try; Furocoumarins; 3 years; $12,000 Kolbe ElectroZyef8; 2 years; $12,200
AND APPLIED SCIHINCIP, Manhattan, Kans. ; N. J.; James A. Bradley, Department of
Jack L. Lambert, Department of Chemistry ; Chemistry ; b’ulfonatfoon ol Aromatio Uom-
Metal Complexea and Chelates of Aromatio Pmbna8; 3 months; $2,100
Act&a; 3 years; $14,400 UNIVI~RSITY OF NBIW HAYPSHIRID, Durham,
LHIHIQH UNIVERSITY, Bethlehem, Pa. ; David N. H. ; Alexander R. Amell, Department of
M. Hercules, Department of Chemistry; Chemistry ; Kinetfoa of the Qa8 Pkaae Re-
Lumineecence of Orthohydrow Aromatfo action Between Nitrogen PentoMe ana
AOid8; 3 years ; $21,000 Borne Reducfng Age&e; 2 years; $10,000
Calif. ; Robert B. Henderson, Department of Vegas, N. Mex.; E. Gerald Meyer, Depart-
Chemistry ; Summer Research for High ment of Chemistry ; Bummer Re8eatVh for
&h002 and College Chemietry TeaCher8; 3 High School Chemfatrg Tsaohere; 3 months ;
months ; $5,200 $4,300
J. P. Phillips, Department of Chemistry ; Benson R. Sundheim, Department of Chem-
Analytfcal Reagent8 Related to 8-QuZnoZino~; istry ; Dissociation Uonstante of ErPaited
3 years; $11,000 Yoleculee; 3 years ; $10,100
Huston, Department of Chemistry ; Ire- Hill. N. C.
change Reactfone in Nonaqueous IonfSing J.’ C. Morrow, Department of Chemistry ;
Bolvents; 2 years ; $13,300 Nagnetochemfcal and UryetalEographCo
LUTHER COLLEGIU, Decorah, Iowa; Adrian &&die8 of Transitfon Metal Uompounda; 3
Docken, Department of Chemistry; Uon- years ; $17,200
Oscar K. Rice, Department of Chemistry ;
aen8ea, Five-hiembered Oarbocyclfo Xyaterne; Deoompo8itfon of Aaomethane; 2 years i
1 year; $2,000 $15,900
Dunlap, Department of Chemistry ; Thermo- N. Dak.; Edward
dynamic Propertfee 01 Fluorocarbon NoZu- ment of Chemistry J. ;
O’Rellly, Jr., Depart-
Vibrational Aeefgnmerrt
tions; 3 years ; $18,300 of Symmetrically Substituted Naphthalene-
UNIV~~RSITY 0~‘ MARYLAND, College Park, D-4; 2 years ; $10,900
William J. Bailey, Department of Chemis- Fred Basolo, Department of Chemistry,
try ; Pyrolysi.9 of Eetera; 3 years; $43,300 Nuclear dfagnetfo Resonance mUaft! 01
Ernest. F. Pratt, Department of Chemis- Metal Uomplexee; 2 years ; $17,100
try ; 19elective Reaction of Organio Com-
pOUnd8 Aaeorbed on BOzfd8; 1 year; $11,400 UNIVERSITY OF NOTRH~DAMS, Notre Dame,
Ind. ;
MASSACHUSETTS INSTITU~P~ OB TECHNOLOQY, istry ; Louis Pierce, Department
Molecular hZforowave &pectroscopy;
of Chem-
Cambridge, Mass.
Klaus Biemann, Department of Chemis- 2 years ; $18,300
try ; Boron Trifluorfde aa a Tltrcmt fl, Or- OHIO STATIU UNIVIRSITY, Columbus, Ohio.
ganio Analysis; 3 years; $16,600 Michael P. Cava, Department of Chem-
Arthur C. Cope, Department of Chemis- istry ; The Benzocgclobutene Eerier; 3
try : Btereochemfetry Of the ReaCtant years ; $39,800
Upon Ion& and Radioal Reacttone; 5 years ; Melvin 8. Newman, Department of Chem-
$98,200 istry ; Dfgerentiatfon &i IeolutZon of
Herbert 0. House, Department of Chemis- ROtamer8: 1 Year : 38.200
try ; fltereochemfstry of Mfmfnation Re- Melville L.Woli!r&, Department of Chem-
aotfons Occurrffig 0~ YetaZ Burjaces; 3 istry ; Btructural Investfgatfon 01 Polgsac-
years ; $16,200 OhWfae8; 3 years ; $21y,OOO


UrIvBBnrtY 011OKLAROYA RmnmAM?a1IdTI~ mun- PoLrrrPcHnrc lA8l%TvT& T&,

.1‘ b
TUT& Norman, ,Okla.: Norman Fogal, De- 3. I.
partment of Chemietry, Univemity of Okla- . Qevrge J. Jan%, Department of Chemietry ;
hvnm; E#6otu of Zonfo Strength on tba Raman J3pcgtra oi MoZtun BaZt8; 2 year6 ;
D4otribuUon oj kIpadea of OompZw Ioru; 2 ~28,000 - -
ymru ; $10,400 Sobert L. Strong, Department of Chemis-
Osmanf STATE Commu6, Corvallir, Ores. try: Primaru Photoohem~ Aot in B6Zu-
Irvin F. Kurth, Department of Chemis- Han Raaoti&; 2 years ; $11,000
try ; Uond@r Barb Lcgnin Oomponank; 8 RM~ABCH FOUNDATIONSOP STATIE UXI~~PRSITT
year%; $17,700 38 NPW YOBE, Albany, N. Y. ; Michael
W. H. Slabaugh, Department of Chemie- Bzwarc, Department of Chemistry, College
trJr ; 10% EbOhatrg6 Of -pibit 00ide; 2 of Forestry, Syracuse, N. Y. ; OhmWry ol
years ; $8,600 Free Radioak; 3 years ; $80,200
U~~vmssrm OP Oamuo~, Eugene, Oreg. ; Ter- UNIVI!JE~I~ OP ROCHESTIOB, Rochester,
rell It. Hill, Department of Chemistry; N. Y.; A. B. F. Duncan, Department of
TPAeoreticaZ Btudiea in BtatWicaZ Uh6miaaZ Chemistry; IZeotronio Structure of PoZu-
~hartn0di0t4w08; a ytxtr~ ; ~a2,soo atomio MoZeouZea; 2 years; $12,000
sity Park, Pa. S~ABCH, New York, N. Y. ; D. A. MacInnes,
Norman C. Deno, Department of Chemis- of Chemistry ; Redetermination
try ; Quantitative Theory ReZuting Aoid- of th6 Value of th% Faraday; 1 year;
Oatalyzsd Reaction Rangea to AM Uoncen- $15,800
trationa and Other Ye&a Ohangea; a years ; RUTOEBS, TAXI STATE UNIV~BSITY, New
$17,200 Brunswick, N. J. ; Donald B. Denney, De-
Maurice Shamma, Department of Chemls- partment of Chemistry ; Organio Tri- and
try; Byntheaia and Uhemi8etry of Tetrahy- Pentavalent Phoaphorue aompounda; 2
dropyrtdinea; 2 years ; $8,000 years ; $12,000
Harry D. Zook, Department of Chemistry ; ST. Lonxe UNIVIDRSITY, St. Louie, MO.;
Nature and ReaotZvulty of Enoktea; 8 yearn ; George W. Schaeffer, Department of Chem-
$19,100 iatry ; Reduction oj Znorganio Bubstanoea
UNMR~SITY OF PENNBYLVANIA, Philadelphia, With Aaueoua #odium Borohudride: 8
Pa. ; John G. Miller, Department of Chem- years ; $l%,UOO
ietry ; Uompreasibility Factor Measurements SMITH COLLEGBI, Northampton, Mass. ; Mil-
of Thcrmodynamio and MOZecztZar PrOpertie ton D. Soffer, Department of Chemistry;
03 Gaseous Miaturea; 1 year ; $11,000 #yntheeis ahd Btruoture of Beaquiterpenea;
Brooklyn, N. Y. ; C. Q. Overberger, Depart- UNIVERSITY OP SOUTH CABOLINA, Columbia,
ment of Chemistry; Chemi8try ol l,l- and s. c.
l,t-lubatituted Hgdrazinea and UycZio Az0 H. W. Davis, Department of Chemistry;
(;lompound8; a year6 ; $26,200 Bummer Rseearch for Riglr lgchool and Cob
PO~~ONA COLLEGB, Claremont, Calif. ; Car. Zege Uhemi&rg Teaohera; 3 months ; $3,000
win Hanach, Department of Chemistry; DeLos F. DeTar, Department of Chemis-
Bummer Reaearoh for try ; Organto
UoZZege iJhemZetr& years Reaction Mechanisms; 8
Tcachera; 8 months ; $S,SOO ; $20,600
John L. Kite, Department of Chemistry ;
P~INCIBTON UNIVEBSITY, Princeton, N. J. Reactivity Toward Free Radicals of Non-
James R. Arnold, Department of Chemis Benzenotd Aromatio Hydrocarbone; 2
try ; NaturaZ a&i Induced Radioactivities; 1 years ; $16,000
Charlee P. Smyth, Chemistry Department Angeles, Callf.
RotatioltaZ Isomerism and IntramoZeouZal Jerome A. Berson, Department of Chem-
Motion; 2 year6 ; $17,000 istry ; Btereochemiatrg or BiphenyZ &JS-
PUBDUEI R~PS~~A~CHFOUNDATION, Lafayette. t6m8; 2 years; $16,800
Ind. Norman Kharasch, Department of Chem-
Robert A. Benkeser, Department of Chem- istry ; Reaction 01 S,&DinCtro benzenesub
istry, Purdue University ; Organ<0 Uhemie-
tenyl Okloride With PhengkrOetgZ6n6 and
try of Igjlioon, Germanium and Tin Uom. P-Substituted PhenyZucetyZenea; 3 years ;
pounda; 2 years ; $15,400 $10,800
Robert A. Benkeser, Department of Chem- SOUTHERN METHODIST UNIVIDRSITY, Dallas,
istry, Purdue University ; RsduotioM by Tex. ; John J. Banewicz, Department of
Mthium Cn AmtCna Bolventa; 2 years ; Chemistry ; i?iagnetio And EZectricaZ Proper-
$10,600 ties of Antiferromagnetio Gemicoltductora; 2
Norbert Mnller, Department of Chemistry, years ; $9,600
Purdue University; Xigh ResoZution Nuclear
Magnetlo Reaonanos lSpeotrom&rg; 3 years ; STANIWED UNIVERSITY, Stanford Calif.;
$8&000 Qeorge 8. Parks, Department of Chemistry
J. M. Honig, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering; Heat8 of Com-
Purdue University ; Interaction Between bustion or TypicaZ Ospgen Uontaining Or-
Metal Omidea and Nitrogen DioaMe; : gan& Uompounda; a years; $25,600
years ; $17,500 THI~L COLL~XO, Greenville, Pa. ; Walter H.
R. L. Livingston, Department of Chemis Puterbaugh, Department of Chemistry ;
try, Purdue University ; Moleoular atruc dl6chaniSm and Influence oj Metallic Cation
tur6 of Certain Organio Uompound8 by Eke in Organo-MetuZZi6 Raaotiona; 2 years;
tron Dtflraotiofi; 2 years ; $12,800 $5,000

!mLAm UNIVBBBITY or LouIsxAN& ,Jaw hlgy; Eudv u6u wau F-#an i* tlir
orIeaM, IA.; Joseph E Boyeq Dspemt ROMTw; 2 Jsur: W.1~
of Ch&&try; Reaotion 6f U-Nittee Uim- aIlian Ii Kavanm, DepartmaIIt of p;o-
##amd8 with mhsaturated c?mu*; 2 years; )lOgy* Los Angel- CalIf.; u&elnioaz R6ob
$18,100 rreund or ueu Dw8ior; 2 years; $13&00
UNIVBMITY or UTAH, Salt Lake City, Utah ; ?ANI~IUS COLLWE, BnlFaIo, N, Y.: John L.
Eenry Egring, Department of Chemistry; @lum,Department of Biology ; BemtaUtl( C
TheeretfoaZ and Esp8rinentd AYtudy of Rate Bomdiucn and PrototlplLon; 2 yean I
Proo68868; 2 years ; $45,000 IlO,
UNIvRnsITY or VIuQrnra, cimrlottelwin~ ZAULBTONCOLLWID, Northdeld, MLnn.; WB-
VtL; Thomas I. Crowell, Department of .lam H. Muir, Department of Blolo(ly; nit-
Chemistry ; Ktnetio Btndiee of Amllnsr; 3 %r6ntiation 4n Pzant Ti68W odtwe8 ot
years ; $14,000 Single OsU OripC; 2 yearn ; $6,QOO
B. S. Rabinovitch, Department of Chem- PION, Billensbnrg, Wash. ; Janet M. LoWe,
istry ; Homog6neous Isom6&ation R660- Department of Zoology : BarZy Ohiak Sk-
tionr; 3 years: $15,600 wo Di~ersntiut~or and Daudopcrcsnt; 2
Kenneth B. Wlberg, Department of Chem- v6ar6; $&OOO
istry; dCeohani8m.8oj Oxidation Reuotione; ZOBNBLLUNIVPBSITY, Ithaca, N. Y. t Perry
6 years ; $68,200 R. Gilbert, Department of Zoology ; Struo- .
WAYNR Detroit, AUch.
STATID UNIVEWITY, !uraZ and Funotional ReZatiowhis 03 Ds-
Norman L. Allinger, Department of &opi~~ Young to lfother; 1 yeai; $3,000
Chemistry ; Uonf ormational EJeots In %IQIQH!NNUNIVIDBSITY,Omaha, Nebr. ; Allen
Ye&urn Rings; 3 years; $lS,300 B. Schlesinger, Department of Biology ;
Stanley Kiraehner, Department of Chem- B#ect ol BpatiaZZy Di8tributsd PoZk Uom-
fstry; Bummer Research For High BchooZ ponente Upon Bmbrgonio DevsZopm6nt; 2
and UoZZegetYhemirtry Teachers; 3 months; gears ; $6,600
$8,300 UNIVERSITY or DIOLAWABPI,Newark, Del.;
C. L. Stevens, Department of Chemistry;
Gem-Dihalides From the Hofmann Degrcr- R’ranklin C. Daiber, Departmentof Biologl-
dation Reaction; 2 years; $15,400 cal Sciences ; Reproduotivs Funotion8 (0
lZa8mobranoh Fishee; 2 years; $10,000
W. Va. ; Chester W. Muth, Department of Fla. ; James R. Fisher, Department of Chem-
Chemistry ; IntramoZecuZar Oyclircation In-
voZving a Nitro Group; 2 years ; $9,600 lztry ; UeZZParticuktes in Bea Urchin Egg8;
1 year; $3,000
ing Green, Ky. ; Ward C. Sumpter, Depart-
ment of Chemistry; Identifcation and Lermo Mendoza, Department of Biology;
Uharacterlsation of IndoZe Derivatives by Reproduotion in hte Good&Gas; 3 years;
Fueion Yethodr; 2 years; $6,000 $13,300 .
UNIVERSITY OF IDAHO, Moscow, Idaho ; Lorin
WIUSTE~N MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY, Kalama- W. Roberts, Department of Botany; A His-
zoo, Mich., Don C. Illland, Department of to&emloaZ Study of Protein-Bound BuZf-
Chemistry ; Ohemtstry of AZOaCetate8; A hydrgl Gt~Up8 in Wound hferJetem8; 2 years ;
N6w CZa88of Uompounde; 3 years; $15,200 $5,300
James R. Brathovde. Department of Chem- Meryl Rose, Department of Zoology ; BpeoilOo
istry ; X-Ray Phaee and Btruoture gtudies Inhibition During Diflerentktion in Tubu-
ol N-Altphatio Amidecr; 3 years; $6,900 Zaria; 1 year ; $15,000
Thomas El. Ferington, Department of Chem- ington, Ind. ; Robert Brigge, Department of
istry ; Kinetics of Vinyl PoZym6rkzatdon; 2 Zoology, Indlana University ; NzcoZear Dtflar-
years ; $6,200 entiation in Embryonio OeZZ8; 8 years;
DIUWLOPM~NTAL BIOLOGY Andre T. Jagendorf, Department of Blol-
UNIVERSITY OB ARIZONA, Tucson, Ariz.; ogy ; Chloroplaet Growth Procerses; 3 years ;
John V. Slater, Department of Zoology; $23,000
NuoZeo-Cytoplasmtc Interaction8 During In- Clement L. Marker& Department of Biol-
traceZZuZar Diberentiation; 2 years ; $8,000 ogy ; Biochemical Basi8 of UeZZD4#erenti6-
tfon; 3 years ; $35,000
BOSTON DISP~NSABP, Boston, Mass. ; Qer- Malcolm 8. Steinberg, Department of Btol-
hard Schmidt ; Embruoc!&emioaZ lStudCe8on UhemioaZ Bond8 Between Vertebrate
Liptdee, Protgtns, and NuoZeio Aoide; 2 iY%ryonio UeZZs;2 years ; $12,000
years ; $lU,500 LOYOLA UNIVBBSITY, Chicago, Ill. ; Boris ID.
B~ANDEIS UNIVIDRSITY, Waltham, Mass. ; N. Splroff, Department of Biological Scl-
Maurice Sussman, Department of Biology; ences ; Functions of the PineaZ Body; 1 year ;
MOrphOg8?&68i8 +?aths UeZZuZar1SZimeYOZdS; $4,000
2 years; $11,600 MABQUIETTEI UNIVEBSITY, Milwaukee, Wle.
BBOWN UNIVERSITY, Providence, R. I. ; Wil- Walter G. Rosen, Department of Biology;
llam Montagna, Department of Biology ; UhemotropZsm oj Pollen Tub68; 2 years;
Uomparative HIetoZogy and Hi8tOChemi8trti $12,000
ot the BRin of Prtmatee; 2 years; $lO,OOcl John W. Saunders, Jr., Department of Bi-
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFOBNIA, Berkeley, Calif, ology ; Ti88ue Znteractlon.8 During Organo-
William A. Jensen, Department of BE genesi ; 8 years ; $27,000
&fAl!JSACHUt’JETTS1aSTxTu~l~ 08’ T~CHI(OLOBY, Ph#eioZogt/ of Form&don and D%Vetopmmt ol
Cambridge, BWa. ; lZobert J. Hansen, I%P8ti- Egg8 or ddarhe Znwrtebrate8; 2 yeare;
ment of CM1 lnglneering ; The Form and $22,000
Funotion 01 the Foot; 2 years ; $16,000 WAYNE STATID UNIVERPJITY, Detroit, Mlch. ;
MIAMI Uxuvaas~r~, Oxford, Ohio ; John R. Werner cf. Helm, Department of Biology ;
Harrison, Department of Zoology; Qrozata Change8 in Berum Protein8 During Ontogeny
and Diferentiation of Embryonio UhZck Tie 01 MammaZe; 2 years; $15,900
8~6 CnVitro; 2 years ; $10,300 WIUSLEYAN UNIVERSITY, Middletown, Conn. ;
UNIVEBBITY OB MIAMI, Coral Gables, Fla. ; Hubert B. Goodrich, Department of Biology ;
Charlotte J. Avers, Department of Botany ; UoZor Pattern Format&w& in Two TeZeoet
Hi8toohem&aZ &dies 01 the DZfferenttatCng Fieh; 1 year; $2,900
Root lflpCderm48; 2 years ; $13,800 YALIO UNIVERSITY, New Haven, Corm.
UNIVB~ESITY OF NEW HAMPBEIBE, Durham, Edgar J. Boell, Department of Zoology ;
N. H.; Charlotte Q. Nast, Department of Developmental Change8 in dfitochondria; 1
Botany ; FertCZtzatZon Btudiee of Angio- year ; $7,000
epgmcs; 1 year ; $7,490 John P. Trlnkans, Department of Zoology ;
NOETH CABOLINA STATID COLLEGESOB Aam- The Potencies oj Ttseue UeZZ8; 3 years ;
Ernest Ball, Dlvlslon of Biological Sciences ;
arowth tn Vitro of the dhoot Ape0 of Uertain
Beed Plants; 3 years ; $23,000 EARTH SCIENCES
Robert C. King, Cresap Laboratory of Biol- KURT TEICHERT, U. S. Geological Survey,
ogy ; Radiation-Znduced Ovarian Tumor8 6n Federal Center, Denver, Colo. ; Studgee of
Drosophila; 2 years; $18,000 19tratigraphp and PaleoecoZogy in West at+
many; 4 months; $1,400
versity, Ga. ; Arthur L. Cohen, Department UNIVICBSITY OIP ALASKA, College, Alaska ;
of Biology ; Morphogenesie in the True V. P. Hessler, Geophysical Institute ; Earth
hfyraomycetes; 1 year; $1,700 Potentials; 2 years ; $13,800
UNIVERSITY OF PI!?!CSBUBOH,Pittsburgh, Pa. AMHERST COLLEGJD,Amherst, Mass. ; Bruce
Caslmer T. Grabowskl, Department of B. Benson, Department of Physics; Oxygen
Anatomy ; Organization and Cellular Differ- Isotope Variation8 in Ocean Water; 1 year _.;
enttitlon & Embryos; 2 years; $12,000 $15,000
Ian M. Sussex, Department of Biological UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA, Tucson, Ariz. ; L. J.
Sciences ; Morphogeneeie in the ghoot of Battan and A. R. Kassander, Jr., Institute of
Vascular PZante; 2 years ; $17,300 Atmospheric Physics ; Needing of Bummer
PRINCETON UNIVIURSITY, Princeton, N. J. ; Cumulus ClZoud8; 1 year; $22,200
Lionel I. Rebhun, Department of Biology ; CALIFORNIA INSTITUTIU 01pTECHNOLOGY, Pasa-
Fertilization and Cleavage in Marine Zn- dena, Callf.
vertebrate Egge; 2 years; $8,900 R. H. Jahns, Department of Geology ;
UNIVERMTY OB ROCHESTBIB,Rochester, N. Y. ; Laboratory &ynthesie oj PegmatJte Minerals;
William B. Muchmore, Department of Blol- 2 years ; $22,600
ogy ; ZmmunoohemCcaZ&%&die8oj Musole De- C. C. Patterson and T. J. Chow, Division
velopment; 3 years; $24,000 of Geological Sciences ; Lead Isotope8 Cn
the Oceans; 1 year; $10,350
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY, Carbondale, W. B. Ray, Department of Geology ; High
Ill. ; Frank J. Flnamore, Department of Preeeure Polymorph8 oj Ice; 3 years;
Physiology ; BucZeCoAdd MetaboZiem Dur- $27,600
Cng Early Developmental &ages; 3 years;
$15,000 UNIVERSITY ov CALIIFOBNIA, Berkeley, Callf.
L. H. Adams and G. C. Kenneds. Institute
STANFORDUNIVIRSITY, Stanford, Calif. ; Cllf- of Geophysics,. Los Angeles, Calif:; Rapidly
ford Qrobstein, Department of Biological Running &fineraZ Transistione; 1 year ;
Sciences ; UeZZ and Tissue Interaction8 Cn $20,000
Development; 2 years ; $33,100 M. N. Bramlette, Department of Geology,
UNIVERSITY OF WYOYINO, Laramie, Wyo. ; Scriuus Institution of Oceanograuhy, La
Charles 5. Thornton, Jackson Hole Blolog- Jolla,- Callf. ; FoesiZ uoccozithophor&Z8; 3
ical Research Station, Moran, Wyo. ; Amphib- years ; $29,000
4an Limb Regeneration; 3 years ; $6,200 Perry Byerly, Seismographic Station ; 8
TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION, Wave ol Earthquakes; 2 years ; $3,795
College Station, Tex. ; R. 0. Berry, Depart- R. L. Hay, Department of Geology ;
ment of Animal Husbandry and Dairy Scl- Weathering and Diagenesis in the CZarno
ence; In VJtro Culture and Low Tempera- Formation; 2 years ; $10,800
ture igtorage of Bovine FoZZicuZar Ova; 2 W. H. Munk, Scripps Institution of
years ; $6,600 Oceanography, La Jolla, Callf. ; Chandler
TEXAS SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY, Houston, Wobble; 3 years; $17,250
Tex. ; Alberta J. Seaton, Department of Blol- M. A. Murphy and P. Rodda, Department
ogy ; CutoZogCcuZOrgandzatCon oj the Egg; of Geology, Riverside, Calif. ; Cretaceous
1 year; $4,700 Rock8 of Northwestern Sacramento Valley;
2 years; $14,500
TBINITY UNIVERRITY, San Antonio, Tex. ; M. Neiburger, Department of Meteorology,
Tom P. Sergeant, Department of Biology ; Los Anneles. Callf. : Cloud Drop Growth :
t#rowth ZnZttating b%bbetances&s “Con&- 3 years ;$64;750 ’
Honed” Ye&a; 2 years ; $17,300 George Tunell, Department of Geology,
UNIVEIRSITX!OF WABHINOTON, Seattle, Wash, ; Lon Angeles, Callf. ; Ore Forming Proceseee;
Arthur H. Whlteley, Department of Zoology ; 2 years ; $22,600

‘/ ;
J. l0.
!l!yler, Bsrippr Inmtitution of B. F. acsy, Marine Laboratory: water :.,I i*
ooeanography, IA Jolla, CalK. ; Volu*~, Bttut- g4.8888 of ths strwr of Fzorue; 1 pear;
terin# Fun&ion of WaturaZ Woteru; 2 year6 ; :1
$24,000 &vmtsr~y 01 MICHIOAN~ Ann Arbor, Mich. ;
UNIVBREITY OF CHICAGO, Chicago, Ill. 8. N. Dingle, Department
of MeteorOlogy;
H. R. Byerz, Department of Meteorology; Uotndrop S&e Spectra; 3 years;
DetectJon ot Ice iVucZeatin# Agentr; 2 yeara ; UNIV~U~ITY OF MINNm40TA, Minneapolis,
$81,000 Miull.
H. R. Byerz and L. J. Battan, Department S. S. Goldich, Department of Geology and
of Meteorology ; BeedZng of gumtner Cu9auZus 8. 0. C. Nier. Denartment of Physics : Rod(o-
CZoude; 1 year; $18,600 rcative Datib bywK/O/A)O Me&d; d yearn ;
CITY COLLEOBP, New York, N. Y. ; C. H. Kindle, $39,000
Department of Geology ; Stratigraphy ond F. M. Swain, Department of Geology;
Fauna of Western Newfoundland; 8 years; Bituminous DepOUita; 1 year ; $10,250
$16,800 H. E. Wright, Jr., Department of Geology;
COLUMBIA UNIVQBSITY, New York, N. Y. PZeistoceneLimnoZoay; 2 year8 ; $17,OOO
W. S. Broecker, Lamont Geological Ob- MONTANA STATS UNIV~BSITY, Mirsoula,
servatory ; Radiocarbon A#e Deteminatione; Mont. ; John Hower, Jr., Department of Geol-
3 years ; $34,OOO ogy ; CfeneeCe
of GZaUCOnite;2 years ; $16,600
D. B. Ericson, Lamont Geological Observ-
atory ; Ocean Sediment Cores; 1 year; NATIONAL ACADEMY OP SCIKINCEIS-NATIONAL
$13,000 RES~ABCH COUNCIL, Washington, D. C.;
John Imbrie, Department of Geology ; William R. Thurston, Division of Earth Sci-
Evolution of Common Biofacies; 3 years; ences ; A Study of the Feasibitity and Derir-
$23,800 ability of Drilling a Hole to the Xohoro-
FBANKLIN AND MARSHALL C~LLE~Q, Lan- utoio Diecontinuity; 1 year ; $15,000.
caster, Pa. ; Donald U. Wise, Department of NA~TTI~A; BURHIAU OF STANBARDS, Washing-
Geology ; Baeement Structure and Tectonics * H. F. McMurdie; BgZver lo&de
in Wyoming; 2 years ; $5,000 Stidiei; i’year ; $20,000
Thomas F. Bates, Department of Agronomy N. C. ; Virgil I. Mann, Department of Geol-
and Soil Science : Parent Rock to Clav Mln- ogy ; Gravity Survey in North tYaroZ2na; 2
eraZ Alteration 6% the Hawaiian IsZa&Ze; 1 years ; $9,200
INDIANA UNIVERBITY FOUNDATION, Blooming- TUTE, Norman, Okla. ; C. 0. Dodd, Depart-
ton. Ind. : J. B. Droste. DeDartment of ment of Petroleum Engineering, University
Geology, Indiana University ; Clay M$neraZs of Oklahoma; UZay AfineraZ &%-face fYhetn-
in Evaporite Deposits; 2 years; $11,300 &try; 2 years ; $20,000
A. C. Waters, Department of Geology ; Iron- Park, Pa.
Bearing Layered Silicates; 2 years; $26,000 G. W. Brindley, Department of Ceramic
LAWRENCEI COLLEOIU,Appleton, Wis. ; W. F. Technolosv : Thermal Reaction8 in Ceramio
Read, Department of Geology ; Subeurface Syetems;-5 years ; $34,000
Studiee of St. Peter Sandetone; 1 year ; $900 Robert N. Clayton, Department of Geo-
Los AN~~LES COUNTY MUSEUM, Los Angeles, chemistry ; Extraction of Ox##en for IsotopCo
Calif. ; Theodore Downs, Department of AnaZysi8; 1 year ; $4,000
Vertebrate Paleontology ; Uemoaoio Verte- Rustum Roy, Department of Geochemie-
brute8 of Imperial VaZZey; 2 years; $11,000 try; Phase Rule Cn Subsolidue Mate Rea.o-
TUBAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEQE, Baton J. V. Smith, Department of Mlnerology
Rouge, La. : G. E. Murray, Department of and Petrology ; The iKineroZo#y of the Am-
Geology ; Stratigraphio Studiee Cn North- phibolee; 2 years; $16,700
eaetern Mexico; 3 years ; $24,000 0. F. Tuttle, Division of Earth Sciences;
UNIVEI~SITY OF MAINE, Orono, Maine ; P. H. Weight Loeeee at Htgh Temperature8 and
Osberg, Department of Geology ; Strzlcture of Preesures; 1 year; $7,300
Pitt8ford Area, Vermont; 6 months ; $350 0. F. Tuttle, Division of Earth Sciences;
MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTB OF TECHNOLOQY ; Melting Temperature8 of Silicatee; 1 year;
Cambridge, Mass. $10,000
W. F. Brace, Department of Geology and UNIVERSITY OF PBNNSYLVANIA, Philadelphia,
Geophysics ; Mineral PZaetZcCty and Hard- Pa. ; E. K. Ralph, Department of Physics;
neee; 3 years ; $20,000 Carbon 14 HaZf-Life; 1 year; $2,500
M. J. Buerger, Department of Geology and PBINCETON UNIVERSITY, Princeton; N. J.
Geophysics ; Computational Work on Urystal William E. Bonini, Department of Gee
Structures; 1 year; $8,000 logical Engineering ; Setemk Study 03 FauZt-
W. H. Dennen and Ely Mencher, Depart- lng Along the Beartooth Front; 2 years;
ment of Geology and Geophysics; Geochem- $16,350
4caZInvestigations of Sedimentary Rocke; 1 Franklyn B. Van Houten, Department of
year ; $11,000
H. G. Houghton, Department of Meteorol- Geology ; Sedlmentology and Pateomagnettem
of the Brunewick Shale and Lockatong Aroil-
WY ; The Prosecution 01 Atmospheric Re- Zite; 2 years ; $14,000
search in the United State8 of America; 18
UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI, Coral Gables, Fla. N. Y.; Samuel Katz, Department of Geo-
Cesare Emiliani ; The Marine Laboratory ; physics ; Elastio Constants a?ut Density Ut
Pleietocene Ocean Temperatzcreu; 2 years ; High Preeeure and Temperature; 6 months ;
$28,000 $3,450

‘prml Auqwm,mm~~ in, htmC!HAMCAL B, CALIYCkMIA &CITUTB Or. TlWHNOtoeX,
mm&a Foun~~moti, College Tex.
Station, Pasadena, Callf,; Qeorge W. Housner and
Blehard &. Bade% Department of Oceanog- Donald 10. Hudson, Division of Englneerlng ;
Mpby and Meteorology; Bathymwt~ aud Loc6z f3rouna dlotione of fitron@-lltot46n
&d66Wnt8 Oj the Bag Of (lamp6&6; i ]resr ; Blarthquabe8; 8 years; $%ZMO0
S6,ooo UII~EBIBITY or CALIF~BNIA, Berkeley, CalIf.
D. W. Hood, Department of Oceanography Werner Godamlth and Don hf. Cunning-
and Meteorolonnr : aolo&nm aarbonat6 HoIn- ham, Department of Englneerlng Design;
Investigat&m of Penetration; 2 years;
W. D. Hershberger, Department of Engl-
C. Jonas, Department of QeOlOOy ; Bdsot oj neerlng, Los Angeles, Callf. ; Paramagnetiv
Bra&M-Water Organ&m8; 2 year8 ; $12,800 Recronunce and the “9fa8er’* PrinoCpZe; 3
Uarvmasmx or UTAH, Salt Lake City, Utah. years $43,300
3. W. Berg, Jr. and K. L. Cook, Depart- Ralph Hultgren, Department of Mineral
ment of Geophyslce; Deep Bei8m40 Rejrac- Technology ; Heat (lapadty oj AZZog8; 8
t46n BtudSee; 1 year; $11,000 years ; $26,000
K. L. Cook and J. W. Berg Jr., Depart- J. W. Johnson, Department of Englneer-
ment of C3eophyslcs; GeophysicaZ Mudi68 in lng ; Wave8 Generated by a dfoving Presrurs
Utah and Nevada; 2 years ;. $32,560 Area; 2 years ; $15,900
R. S. Seban, Department of Mechanical
~SIXT~QTO~ AND Llelp UNIVPIBSITY, Lexlng- Engineering, Institute of Engineering Re-
* E. W. Spencer, Department of search; Heat Tranejer From a Flat PZute;
G&logy ) ’ DejormatCon oj Mad&son Range, 2 years, $25,500
Montana; 3 years; $16,000 C. J. Vogt, Department of Mechanical
WA~~HINOT~N UNIVIIIBSIT~, St. Louis, MO. ; Engineering ; LZqukZ Hydrocarbon.8 at EZe
H. N. Andrews, Jr., Henry Shaw School of vated Temperature8 and Preerures; 1 year ;
Botany ; PaZeozoio Plants; 8 years ; $10,250 $7,J300
Wash. ; C. D. Campbell, Department of Geol- burgh, Pa. ; Robert F. Mehl, Metals Re-
ogy ; Magnetization of BaraZt Lavas; 1 year ; search Laboratory ; Recoverg and Recrystal-
$6,000 Zkatton (7haracteristics ej High Purfty Iron;
2 years; $17,600
T. cf. Thompson, Department of Oceanogra- CIONTBAL INSTITUTE FOR THUDDB~AB:St. Loui&
phy ; Organ& aO??&pOU?tdS Cn Bea Water; 2 MO. ; Jerome R. Cox, Jr. ; The Production oj
years ; $16,600 AoolcstZo Tran8Cents; 2 years, $21,300
II. H. Lettau, Department of Meteorology ; Cola.
aonveotive Energy Tranujer; 15 months ; Jack E. Cermak, Department of Clvll
$22,000 Engineering ; AtmO8phe?% lgurjaoe Lager
Phenomkna; 2 years ; $28,000
PALID UNIVEBSITY, New Haven, Corm. A. T. Corey, Department of Civil Engl-
K. K. Tureklan, Department of Geology ; neerlng ; Distribution or Fluid Phaues in a
aru8taZ Abundance oj NiokeZ, OObaZt and Porous Field; 1 year ; $8,000
ahrorrctum; 2 years ; $19,900
K. hf. Waage, Department of aeology ; COLUMBIA UNIVEBSITY, New York, N. Y. ;
OephaZopodFauna8 oj Fow EtZZs Formation; Elmer L. Gaden, Jr., Department of Cheml-
3 years ; $8,700 cal Enginering ; Kinetics oj Fermentat4on
Processes; 3 years ; $32,500
ECONOMIC SCIENCES Ralph W. KIuge, Department of Civil En-
gineering ; TOr8iOnaZStrength 0j Prestressed
ANTIOCH COLLIIJQ~D, Yellow Springs, Ohio ; Conorete; 2 years; $10,600
Julian H. Blau, Department of Mathematics ; Frank E. Rlchart, Department of Civil
AiathematCoaZ EoonomCc8; 8 years ; $10,600 Engineering; Arching in Granutar EZ68tiO
UNIV~D~~ITY OP CHICANO, Chicago, III. ; Zvl Media; 1 year; $7,400
arlllches, Department of Economics ; Econo- John H. Schmertmann, Department of
metrio Investigations oj TeohnoZogicaZ Civil Engineering ; shear lgtrength oj alaU8;
ahangs; 2 years ; $16,800 1 year ; $9,600
Mlnn. ; Jacob Schmookler, School of Business Ga. ; Charles W. Qorton, School of Mechanl-
Admlnlstratlon ; The Economics of Inven- cal Engineering ; Velocity Proplee in Non-
tion; 2 years ; $19,000 Z8OtheiWmZ Flow; 2 years; $6,500
New York, N. Y. ; Millard Hastay; Use of R. W. P. King, Department of Engineering &
(lomputers in Economio Analgeir; 2 years; Applied Physics ; Etectrohydrodynamics and
$40,000 Related Phenomena; 2 years; $17,200
cage, Ill.
ENGINEERING SCIENCES Lloyd H. Donnell, Department of Me-
AL~B~D UNIVBIBSITY, Alfred, N. Y. ; Charles chanics ; Large BheZZDfeptacement Theory;
H. Greene, Department of Glass Technology, 2 years ; $8,400
New York State College of Ceramics; Diu- August J. DnreRl, Department of Civil
trJbution and Naturs oj FZawr C GZa88; 2 Englnerlng ; Embedded Grid Method oj
years ; $22,000 Pltr688 AnaZg8f8; 2 years ; $16,500

Philip CT.Hodfe, Jr., Departmmt ef Ye-
chanies; Thgoy of Pi8a8wt88 Uaeur Pkr
tddt~; 2 yetlru ; wwoo
UNIvmBIwrY oc uLINOI8, urhana, Ill.
Clyde I& Keskr, Department of !Cheoreti-
cal and Applied Mechanics ; Aoovnrwkrtios 6oaald X. Weaver, Jr., Hle&rical lEa@l- ’:
F&pus Damage is Uonorete; 8 yeua; ;eein\b t&adrature BignaJ Furwtio#8; 1
$63,000 :
Ralph Peck, Department of Civil Eng& NEW YORK UNIVII~ITX, New York, N. Y.
nuering ; IEite and IlNtti K&k; 2 years ; John Happel, Department of Chemical
$16,600 Engineering ; Cetalytio vapor Pb688 m&f-
STATED UNIVCII~ITI alp IOWA; Iowa City, lrog8nutton ot N-f3utuns; 2 yearn f $17,400
Iowa; Hunter Rouse, Institute of Hydraulic Polpkarp Herasymenko, MetaUaqlcal
Research, Irrotationd Flow at Wetr8 and Titunism-Aluminum and 2%
UonfWt Outletcr; 2 years ; $8,400
Stanley Corrsin; Department of Mechani- CULTUIW AND EN~INB~EINQ. Raleigh. N. C.:
cal Engineering ; Xotion ol Particle8 in Tur- I, F. Lee, Department of Meehadcal Engii
b&t&t Flow; 2 years ; $15,000 aeering ; Cona8n8ation mook; 2 years ;
Stanley Corrsin, Department of Mechani- 522,800
cal Engineering ; Isotropio Turbulence; 5 NO~THWWST~~N UNIVBESITX, Evanston, Ill.
years ; $66,000 J. 0. Brlttain, of Metallurgy :
8. K. Friedlander, Department of Chemi- ImperSectione 01 Metal8 at Elevated Tsm-
cal Engineering ; Chemical Reaction8 4n perotwar ; 2 yearn ; $25,400
Flowing AqUeOU8 Bolutions; 2 years; D. F. Mason and George Thodos, Depart-
$16,900 ment of Chemical Engineering; Btudisr 4n
MAEQUETT~ UNIVEBSITX, Milwaukee, Wis. ; the Oriticol Region f&r Pure aOmPOn8nt8
Richard C. Kolf, Department of Engineer- and Miaturee; 2 yearn; $20,500
ing ; Vortioity in Eorizontd Orijloe Flow; J. M. Smith, Department of Chemical Bin-
2 years ; $12,000 gint!Wing ; H8at Trun8f8f, Ma88 Tratwjsr
MA~EACHU~XWTS INSTITUTE OF TECIXNOLOQX, and Chemiaaz Racration 4n Flowing %8; 8
Cambridge, Mass. years ; $16,800
Alan S. Michaela, Department of Chemi- UNIVIWITX air OKLAHOMA B~~~AI~cII In-
cal Engineering ; Ga%Tron8mi88ion Through STITUTQ, Norman, Okla.
PoEym& FiZrns>-2 year0 ; $13,000 0. K. Crosser, Department of Chemical
Edwin R. Gilliland and Raymond F. Engineering, University of Oklahoma ; Ther-
Baddour. Denartment of Chemical Eneineer- mal Conductivity 01 Baturated Ltquidr and
ing ; Fldw + au888 Through Miaro;orour Vapors; 2 years; $8,800
dolide; 2 years ; $19,000 C. M. Sliepcevich, Department of Chemi-
Warren M. Rohsenow, Department of cal Engineering, Univeralty of- Oklahoma ;
Mechanical Engineering ; Yechani8m oj Dynamio Re8pOMl8OharaoterCstius of a Uon-
Gaeeous Freeze-Out Processes; 2 years; tinuou8, Agitated Reaator; 8 years ; $25,000
$14,800 OREWON STATEI COLLIIOIII, Corvallis, Oreg. ;
UNIVFJRSITX OP MICHIQAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. James G. Knudsen, Department of Chemical
Lloyd L. Kempe, Department of Chemical Engineering ; Heat Tran8jer and Flow Uhar-
Engineering; The EdeCt8 of Agitation on acterietica of Two ImmisoibZe Liwidr; 8
Ma88 Transler Zn Aerobic Fermentation; 2 gears ; $22,000
Gordon J. Van Wylen, Department of sity Park, Pa.
Mechanical Engineering ; Limit Line of Arthur Rose, Department of Chemical En-
;;;;%.;ated Nitrogen Vapor; 2 years; gineering ; Vapor-Squid EquilibrZum and
DWiUatZon ot Fatty Aaids, E8ttw8 and
UNI~WITX OB MINNBSOTA, Mlnneapolia, AlcohoZe; 2 yeare; $i6,600
Minn. A. W. Taylor, Department of Ceramic
W. F. Brown, Department of Electrical Technology ; Znfluenue 01 Wetting Aflsntr on
Engineering ; Rigorous UUlcUkZtiOn oj Fer- CEaue; 2 years; $9,100
romaanetic hficrostruoture : 2 vears ; g25.000 George J. Young, Department of Fuel
J&es P. Hartnett, Department of .Me- Technology ; Ad8OrptiOn in the Oarbon-
chanical Engineering ; Free Convection 01 Water Byrtem; 8 years; $16,600
Liquid Metals; 2 years; $10,800 UNIV~DE~ITY OF PIITLIBIJBQH, Pittsburgh, Pa. ;
Robert F. Lambert, Department of Elec- J. G. Bassett, Department of Metallurgical
trical Engineering ; Round Propagation in Engineering ; Behavior of Hydrogen in steel;
Moving Yedia; 2 years; $10,800 2 years; $23,800
Edgar L. Piret, Department of Chemical POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE 03 BE~~KLXN,
Engineering ; Crushing and Grinding Ener- Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Ernst Weber, Vice Presi-
getice; 2 years; $19,900 dent for Research ; The Linear AZgebra and
UNIVEIMITX OF MI~SOTJBI, Columbia, MO. TopoZogy of Kirchoff Network8 and Bwitch-
George B. Clark, Department of Mining in@ f%Y24it8; 15 months; $10,400
Engineering, School of Mine8 and Metal- PUBDUB RWDABCH FOUNDATION, Lafayette,
lurgy, Rolla, MO. ; Xtfe88e8 CT&HeterOflefleO%8 Ind.
QeoEopicaZ Bodieu Under Grauitational Leslie C. Case, Department of Chemical
FOrCe8; 3 years; $29,000 Engineering, Purdue University ; Urorr
Donald L. Waidelich, Department 01 Linktng in Elastomer8; 8 years ; $14,500
Electrical Engineering ;Impedunce and R. J. Groah, Department of Mechanical
Equivalent Cirouit or a Probe UoiZ Near a Engineering, Purdue University; Theory ol
Plane Uonductor; 2 yeare; $14,400 Yot%ng Heat Bourn; 2 years; $18,000

George A. Iiawklna, Director, IPlnglneerlng Tsbe8-AfoduZutfon Uharaot@ri&ioe; 2 years ;
Rkperlment Statlon; UonceptuaZ Study ot a $22,800
Nudeor Rese&vh Rsoator; 1 year; $~30,000 UNIVB~RSITY OF WISCONSIN, Madison, Wle.;
G. A. Leonards, Department of Boll Me- Vincent C. Rldeont, Department of Blectrlcal
chanlce ; UonsoZidatlon CYharaoteri8ti.08 of Englneerlog ; Computer OoweZatkm of
ArtQfoiuZZg SedCme&ed (IZaus; 2 years; L&ear and NonZZneor l3gstemr; 8 years;
$8,700 $44,200
0. A. Leonards, Department of Civil Bin-
glneerlng ; Frees/u@ Phenomena Cn Fine- YALE UNIVEIBSITY, New Haven,. Corm. :
Gradned do48; 2 yearu ;’ $16,400. Robert B. Gordon, Department of Metal-
J. C. Samuels, Department of lnglneerlng lurgy ; PZa8tZoity of Ionic OryetaZ8; 2 year0 ;
Science8 ; Propertie of Stoohtwtio Suetems; g1a,soo
3 years; $20,200
J. L. Waling, Department of Civil Engl-
neerlng, Purdue University ; Dynamb Re- ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY
eponee of Reinjoroed Concrete SZabe; 8
years ; $36,300 UNIVEBSITY OB ALASKA, College, Alaska ;
Laurence Irving, Biologist ; AdaptatCon to
ROCKY MOUNTAIN HYDRAULIC LAB~BATOBY, (7oZdin Arot#o Inhabitants; 1 year; $17,800
Allenspark, Colo. ; R. W. Powell and C. J.
Posey ; Open Ohannet Flow Reeearoh; 2 AMIOBICAN GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY, New York,
years ; $9,800 N. Y. ; Calvin J. Heusser ; Radiocarbon Dat-
tng of Peats; 1 year; $2,900
STANFORD UNIVI~W~ITY, Stanford, Calif.
Stephen J. Kline, Department of Mechanl- AMEBICAN MUSEUM OB NATUBAL HISTORY,
cal Engineering; Flow Models Cn Turbulent New York, N. Y.
Boundary Layer8 ; 2 years ; $22,900 Jack McCormick; Vegetation ol the Uhf?-&
Ray K. Llnsley, Department of Civil Engl- oahua lKountaZn8; 3 years ; $20,000
neering ; uharaoteraetCo8 of Streamflow Richard 0. Zweifel, Department of Am-
Hydrographe for Small Drainage BU8in8; phibians and Reptiles ; Embryon$o Tempera-
2 years; $20,000 ture Adaptation in Anurane; 3 years ; $5,500
William H. Schwarz, Department of UNIVEBSITY OF ARIZONA, Tucson, Ariz.
Chemistry ; Turbulent hfi&sg; 2 years ; E. Lendell Cockrum, Department of Zool-
$21,300 ogy ; Biology of SOUthWeStet%Uhiropterane;
Hoboken, N. J. ; Sidney F. Borg, Depart- Robert R. Humphrey, Department of
ment of Civil Engineering; Wedge Entry Agronomy and Range Management ; AnaZysC8
Into a Uo?ctoaZVC8ooueFluid; 1 year ; $6,800 of Annual Rang Pattern8 in Deeert Shrube;
3 years; $86,600
B). E. Drucker and K. N. Tong, Mechanical Terah L. Smiley, Geochronology Labora-
Engineering Department ; Thermodynamio tories ; Po8tgZaoiaZ Pollen Sequence in the
Behavior of Initially Saturate& Vapors; 2 Southwest; 2 years ; $32,600
years ; $22,700 BOWDOIN COLLEGE, Brunswick, Maine
C. 8. Grove, Department of Chemical En- Charles E. Huntington, Department of
glneerlng ; Ma88 Tranefer $n Liquid Metal Biology ; &fortality and Reproducttve Rate8
Sg8tem8; 2 years; $16,900 Cn Ocenodroma; 6 years; $17,900
TEXAS ACJBICULTUBAL AND MIOCHANICAL RE- James M. Moulton, Department of Biology ;
SPIABCH FOUNDATION, College Station, Tex. ; Relations of Sound to Behavior of Fiehee;
Warren Rice, Department of Mechanical En- 2 years ; $12,000
gineering ; Tra,nefer Uoefio(ent8 in the Turbu- BBADBOBDJUNIOR COLLEOB, Bradford, Mass. ;
lent Boundary Layer; 2 years; $17,300 Norman S. Bailey, Department of Natural
UNIVERSITY OB TEXAS, Austin, Tex. Sciences ; Bio-Ecological lgtudiee of New
David M. Hlmmelblau, Department of England Tingidae; 2 years; $5,300
Chemical Engineering ; Study of Ion4zation UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif.
COn8tant8 Ueing Radioactive Traoere; 2 William L. Belser, Scripps Institution of
years; $11,000 Oceanography, La Jolla Calif. ; Btoaesay
Kenneth A. Kobe, Department of Cheml- Technique jor Organic YateriaZe Zn &ea
cal Engineering ; SoZubiZtty of Qasee in Water; 2 years; $10,000
Liquids; 3 years ; $18,300 Brian P. Boden, Scripps Institution of
Enrico Volterra, Department of Engineer- Oceanography, La Jolla ; So&c-Scattering
ing Mechanics ; Inter?&aZCondtraints AppZied La?/er Reeearch; 1 year ; $2,000
to Dynamlo Problems; 2 years; $19,000 Theodore H. Bullock, Department of
UNIVI~B~ITY OF VERMONT, Burlington, Vt. ; Zoology, Los Angeles, Calif. ; Phy8iotogicaZ
Arthur R. Eckels, Department of Electrical Ecology of Marine Invertebrates: 1 year;
Engineering ; Feedback Technique8 Cn EZeo- $5,600
trobaZZi8tooardiography; 1 year ; $5,200 Wilbur W. Mayhew, Division of Llfe
UNIVERSITY OB‘ VEBMONT AND STATS A~BI- Sciences Riverside, Calif. ; CZimatCo Lgtrees
CULTURAL COLLEO~, Burlington, Vt. ; J. 0. Effect8 on Desert Vertebrates; 3 years ;
Outwater, Mechanical Engineering Depart- $15,200
ment ; Fiber Reinjoroed Materials; 2 years ; Robert H. Parker, Scripps Institute of
$14,900 Oceanography, La Jolla, Calif. ; &far&e
UNIVIXXSITY OB WASHINGTON, Seattle, Wash. Macro-Invertebrate Zoogeography a8 Related
Morris E. Chllds, Department of Mechanl- to DepoeitionaZ Environments; 2 years ;
Cal Bnglneerlng ; Turbulent Two-Dlmen8ionaZ $11,600
Jet ddi@ing; 2 years; $17,900 Fred B. Phleger, Scripps Institution of
A. E. Harrison, Department of Electrical Oceanography, La Jolla, Calif. ; ForamC-
Engineering ; Traveling-Wave Microwave nife-ra and Sedlmsntology; 3 years ; $39,900

C-N CoLlsam, Northfleld, M&n.; J. sits of Kentucky ; hmei4t Bupply 01 06~
Brua2 Quyselmau, Department of Zoology ; tuin AZusko Lake-a; 1 year; $8,100
PeroWed Rhythm8 of Looomotor AotW& L. 8. HATI~EWAY SCHOOL OF CONBEBVATI~N,
486uru8tucean8; a peers; $5,700 South Lincoln, Mass. ; William H. Drurj,
COL~BADO STAT~I UNIVEBSITY, Fort Collius, Jr., Director ; Aotivllty Pattefw olrd Yl(n‘o-
Cola. tion; 3 geeI73 ; $rs,ooo
Robert R. Lecbleitner, Department of Zo- MACALE~~T~B C~LLBQQ, St. Paul, Minn.;
ology ; Dfatributio?uxZ Ecology of Cynomyr; Waldo S. Qlock, Department of Geology ;
3 years; $14,900 Tree Growth and RainfoR; 3, years ; $8,500
Richard T. Ward, Department of Botany UNIVERSITY OF MAINE, Orono, Maine ; George
and Plant Pathology ; Ecotogy of Reproduo-
t4on in Fague Grandifolia; 2 years; $4,000 .X Woodwell, Department of Botany ; Up=
land Deciduour Forest8 01 hfains; 2 yeera ;
UNIVERSITY OP COMRADO, Boulder, Colo. ; $2,600
Qordon Alexander, Department of Biology ; MABQU~TTR UNIVIIRBITY, Milwaukee Wis. ;
InfZuence of Altitude Upon Orthoptera; 3 Kalph L. Dix, Department of Biology;
years ; $20,100 PhytosocioZogioaZ Study 03 OruarZonda; 8
COBNELL UNIVEBSITY, Ithaca, N. Y. ; Lamont years ; $13,000
C. Cole, Department of Zoology ; Edectr of UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI, Coral Gables, Fle. ;
Movements on Rodent Population Structure; Samuel P. Meyers, Marine Laboratory ; Mo-
2 years; $13,900 i%ne Yeasts of Biscayne Bay; 1 year; $5,300
W. Dwight Billings, Department of Bot-
any; Alpine Vegetation in Relation to Boil -r;ls; AND APPLIED SCIINCB, East Lansing,
Development and Wow Patterne; 2 years; G. ’ W. Prescott, Department of Botany ;
$3,000. EcologicaZ Faotore in the DfstributZon 01
C. G. Bookhout, Department of Zoology;
Environmental Influences in the DeveZop- Tropical Algae; 1 year ; $19,200
George C. Williams, Department of Nat-
ment of BaZanus *aupZ44; 3 years; $26,060 ural Sciences; Movements of Early Stage8
F. John Vernberg, Department of Zo- of Yaripze Fi8he8; 1 year; 34,200
ology ; Comparative Ecology of Tropical and
Temperate Zone Crustaceans; 1 year ; $5,400 UNIVERSITY OF MICHIQAN, Ann Arbor, Mich.
W. 5. Benninghoff, Department of Botany ;
E~ABLHAM COLLEOE, Richmond, Ind. ; James Phytosoc4oZogicaZ Survey 4n Ytohigan; 3
B. Cope, Department of Biology; DCstribu-
tton, Mtgration and Ortentation of Chirop- years ; $23,500
L. B. Slobodkin, Department of Zoology;
terans; 3 years ; $17,300 Predation, Immigration, and Environmental
FLOBIDA STATE UNIVERSITY, Tallahassee, Var4atfon Cn Laboratory POpUkrtiOnU; 2
Fla. ; A. W. Ziegler, Department of Biologi- years ; $23,600
cal Sciences ; Factor8 Influencing Seasonal UNIVXI~~ITY OF MISSOURI, Columbia, MO. ;
Occurrence of Water Fungi; 2 years; $9,500 W. H. Elder, Department of Zoology ; Popu-
UNIV~DRSITY OF FLORIDA, Gainesville, Fla. ; latlon Dynumics 01 Myotis Bpec4es; 2 years ;
Archie Carr, Department of Marine Che- $6,700
lonia ; Reproduct4ve Ecology of Marine MONTANA STATED UNIVBIRSITX, Missoula,
Chelonta; 2 years ; $15,500 Mont. ; Richard D. Taber, School of Forestry,
UNIVERSITY 01~ HAWAII, Honolulu, T. H. and Robert S. Hoffman, Department of Zo-
Henry A. Bess, Department of Zoology ology ; Ecology of AZptne UommunitCe8; 3
and Entomology ; Ineect PopuZatCon Dy- years ; $13,000
n&mice; 2 years ; $12,200 UNIVERSITY or Nlw MEDXICO, Albuquerque,
Leonard D. Tuthill, Director of Research ; N. Mex. ; C. Clayton Hoff, Department of
BCoZogyof YarCne Midges; 1 year; $4,700 Biology ; PeeudO8COrptOn8 Ol the Rooby
UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, Urbana, Ill. MountaZn Reg4on; 2 years; 34,400
Lawrence C. Bliss, Department of Bot- NEW YORK ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY, New York,
any ; Productivity of Alpine Plant Com- N. Y. ; William Beebe, Department of Tropi-
munittes; 2 years ; $5,100 cal Research ; B4oZogyof Tropical Avtfauna;
S. Charles Kendeigh, Department of Zo- 3 years ; $16,200
ology ; Phy84oZogy and EcoZogy of Certain UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA, Chapel
SubArot4o and Tropfcat Fauna; 1 year; Hill, N. C. ; William E. Fahy, Institute of
$7,300 Fisheries Research ; Mer4st4o Structure8 in
IOWA STATE Co~Lmala OB ACJRICULTUR~U AND Fishee; 3 years ; $19,600
rington, Department of Zoology and Euto- N. Dak., Gabriel W. Comita, Department of
mology ; Populat4on Phenomena 4% H4gher Zoology and Physiology ; Life OyoZe of a
Vertebrates; 1 year ; $6,000 Cyczopoid Uopepod; 2 years; $4,300
Iowa; 0. Edgar Folk, Jr., Department of N. Dak. ; Paul B. Kannowskl, Department of
Physiology ; InfZuence of Env4ronmentaZ Fac- Biology ; Ant D48trZbution in ReZatZonto En-
tors on Mammaldan Act4vity Rhythms; 2 vironmentaz Factore; 2 years ; $6,400
years ; $11,100 RES~ABCH FOUNDATION, Oklahoma State
UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS, Lawrence, Kane. ; A. University of Agriculture and Applied
W. Kuchler, Department of Geography ; Science, Stillwater, Okla. ; Troy C. Dorris,
Natural Vegetat4on of the United Statee; 3 Department of Zoology, Oklahoma State
years ; $36,600 University ; ProductlvZty of an Aquat4o Oom-
Dugdale, Department of Zoology, Univer- STITUTBI, Norman, Okla; Elroy L. Rice and

William 9. Penfouud, Deputmant of Plant J. c. Neem =a w. a. k@eder*De-tit
Sciences, UnSvemity of Oklahoma, Y&ro- ti Zoology; Sol& and th6 -D48tr4bution oj
624mats of ~D6vck uanfmn; 1 year; $15,IOO 61malEAdnaZ8; 1 year; $4,099
btrwor ST~TD CoLLmom, Corvallih Oreg. WOOD8 How OCRANOQBAPEIC INOB-WN,
H. Irgens-Moller, Agricultural Experiment Woods Hole, Mass.
Station; Bootype Var4uti6n 4s DosgZabF4r; - John W. Kanwisher ; En6rgu R6qUhnbWt8
8 years ; $12,409 ~1 Yar4ss Bottom Uommsn4tie8; 2 y6a=: .
Robert M. Storm, Department of Zoology ; $17,990
b&~tolautw oj a Pr4dt4ve Forart; 2 years ; Gordon Riley ; Pr6du&vitp 0f th6 B6NhO8
oj UocMtaZWaters; 8 years ; $26,700
Peter W. ‘Frank, Department of Biology, Uarth S. Kennington, Jackson Hole Biolog-
Anairy oj Prediction8 oj Populotton Num- teal Research Station ; High AZtittuio Animal
berr; 2 years ; $9,000 Phu8iology; 8 years ; 84,600
R. W. Morris, Department of Biology ; PALID UNIVEBSITY, New Haven, Conn. ; Ed-
Env4ronmentaZ RelutioturhCps oj Some Made ward 8. Deevey, Osborn Zoological Labora-
UottZd Fi8hee; 8 year8 ; $16,500 tory ; Animal and Plant Id4ero30884k4n Labs
PUBDU~ RIIS~PABCH FOUNDATION, Lafayette, Bedimento; 2 years ; $14,000
Ind. ; Durward L. Allen, Department of
Forestry and Conservation ; Ecology of (7ani8
Lupur; 8 years ; $11,800 GENETIC BIOLOGY
OP Nnw Yoag, Albany, N. Y. ; John Q. New, Ala. ; John 8. Mecham, Department of
Science Department, State University Teach- Zoology-Entomology ; Qenetical and Eaolog-
ers College, Oneonta, N. Y. ; Mte ITZetorg of loaL Relationships 03 UlO8ely Related Sp66&8
Percini Peltata Peltata (Staufler) ; 2 pears ; of IIyZid Amph4Mans; 1 year ; $2,500
$%204-J ABLINGTON STATB COLLEQP, Arlington, Tex. ;
BUTGEIB~,’ Tam STATII UNIVEB~ITY, New W. F. Pyburn, Department of Biology ;
Brunswick, N. J. ; George E. Reid, Depart- Variatiun in DietrCbution oj Vertebral SWp6
ment of Zoology; Eflects of Oonservation Uotor Gene FreqaenaCeo in Urick6t Frogs; 2
hieasurer Upon Stream Eaology; 2 years ; years ; $7,000
$12,200 B~QHAX YOUNQ UNIVERSITY, Provo, Utah;
Couuau OF ST. THOMAS, St. Paul, Mimi.; Howard C. Stutz, Department of Botany;
Lester J. McCann, Department of Biology ; Cytogenetia stUdit? oj Secale L. an& Related
B&d DZetr4but4on and NutrJtion; 1 year ; Oraesee; 2 years ; $10,000
$1,100 CALIFOSINIA BOTANICAL Soc~u’rr, Davis,
UHIVE~SITY OP SOUTHIIIBN CALIFORNIA, Los Calif. ; Marion 8. Cave, Department of
Angeles, Calif. Botany, University of California, Berkeley,
Robert M. Chew, Department of Biology; Calif. ; Indem to Plant Ohromosome Nww
Energy Metabolism and Water Balance oj a hers; 1 year; $2,100
Dscrert Uommuntty; 2 years; $10,700 UNIVERSITY OF CALI~OBNIA, Berkeley, Calif.
Louis C. Wheeler, Department of Biology ; R. W. Allard, Department of Agronomy,
Abrorption oj Uertain CYat4onrby Plante; 8 Davis, Calit. ; Quantitative Geneticcs; 8
years ; $20,200 years-; $20,096
STANFOBD UNIVBIRSITY, Stanford, Calif. ; Spencer W. Brown, Department of Qenet-
Walter C. Brown, Department of Biological ice ; Cytology oj State Ineeatrr; 2 years:
Sciencea ; HerpMojaung oj PhilCpp4ne Tropi- $11,500
aal Forests; 8 years ; $12,100 Qerald E. McClearn, Department of Pss-
chology ; OLenetioDeterminatZon of Learn&g
TEXAS TECHNOLOGICAL COLLEQB, Lubbock, Phenomena : 2 vears : $14.000
Tex. ; William W. Miletead, Department of Curt Stein, -Department of Zoology ; D6
Biology ; InterreZationshipe of Cangon Liz- velopmenta2 #enetias of Drosophila MelunO-
ard Species; 3 years ; $5,800 vaster; 2 years; $13,000
UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS, Austin, Tex. Frank C. Vasek, Department of Life Sci-
Louie 13. Kornicker, Institute of Marine ences, Riverside, Calif. ; CytogenetCc8 oj
Science, Port Aransas, Tex. ; Living Ostra- Clwkia IpxllZe; 2 years; $6,700
aode 4% Tea?aeBap8; 2 years ; $14,000 DICXINSON COLLIQIO, Carlisle, Pa. ; Daniel
Bassett Maguire, Jr., Department of J. McDonald, Department of Biology ; I)eZe-.
Zoology ; Di8peP8d and Oolonization by ter4ous Mutation8 4n Population8 oj Tribo-
Small Aquatio Organisms; 8 years; $8,000 lium Oonfusum; 18 months ; $2,509
UNIVEREITY OF UTAH, Salt Lake City, Utah EMORY UNIVERSITY, Emory University Gla. ;
Walter P. Cottam, Department of Botany ; Charles Ray, Jr., Department of Biology,
Phyto8o6ioZogicaZ study oj the Wasatch Cytogenetia stua4es oj Tetrahymena Pyri-
Range; 3 years ; $16,000 jormie; 2 years; $13,500
Albert W. Grundmann, Department of FLORIDA STATS UNIVERSITY, Tallahassee,
Zoology and Entomology ; Paradti8m of ISO- Fla. ; A. Oib DeBusk, Department of Bio-
&ted Rodent Populations; 2 years; $3,000 logical Sciences ; Enzymes and Enzyme Sys-
UTAH STATE UNIVEBSITY, Logan, Utah ; Wil- terns in Mutation; 1 year; $9,200
liam F. Sigler, Department of Wildlife Man- HARVARD UNIVEBSITY, Cambridge, Masc.
agement ; Population Dynamic8 of Small Paul C. Mangelsdorf, Department of Bi-
Benthio Finh; 3 years ; $22,500 ology ; CytogenetZcs oj YutatCon8 in Afaize-
UNIVIURSITY OB WISCONSIN, Madison, Wie. Teosinte Hybrids; 2 years; $11,900
P. R. Morrison and J. C. Neess, Depart- Ernst Mayr, Department of Zoology;
ment of Ecology; FteM Investigat4on8 in Analysis oj VarlotCon in Two Mad&e In-
Phu84olog46aZEaotogy; 1 year ; $3,999 tert4daZ OrgansSms; 2 year8 ; $21,009
HAvBaromcoLIaQB,Haverf;*a~~ 2bIbw& :‘
lmw, m~wrY pepartmen ; u&iw~6!$zgz?*~~ iD&
troZ ot thu ImmsbdZi6abco* Art- ot P8- Warp; 2 Y-; S&600 :
ramedum Anrelia; 2 yewe; $12,000 ~NIVRR8ITT O? PITTEtBU8QH, P#tBbU*
‘INDIANA UNIVBFI8ITT, Bloomington, Ind. ; & Pa; Elm Blngledkrt, xhputment of ie
I%. Humphrey, Depaitment of Boology, Irs- logical Science6; t36nutlor mbi# P&Mokroy
thui and Subbthal Trait6 C thu Mdaan 01 mu Diom0b Pbono*Mcror, an4 alowu
AreoZtl; 3 yeara; $5,600 Tranuport” fa Bautsris; 2 yearn: $W,SOO
JOHNS HOPEIIQI UM~~~BS~Y, Balllmore, PnaDnB Bmaurca RWII~DATI~N, Lafayet&
Md. In&
Ronald IL Cowden, Depsrtment of Bi- k E. Bell, Department of Pollltrf se%
ology, NuaZeur BtiouenuaZeia Aaid; 2 years; ences, Purdue Unlveraity ; Fh6o*st(saZ Qok
$7,000 aepts Srr QuantUat4vs G6n6Ua6j 3 y- :
P. HI. Hsrtman, Department of Biology; $40,000
MuttzbiZitg in SaZmonsZZaT~pAimurCum; 2 Jules Janlck, Department of Horticultw’e,
years ; $8,800 Purdue University ; Qsrrstti of Se@ D&e+
Carl P. Swanson, Department of Botany; minatim; 2 yeare; $8.500
YetaboZio Faatorr 4~ jliutagenia Sgutem6; 3 Oliver It. Nelson, Department of Botanl
years ; $19,400 and Plant Pathology, Purdue Unltenlt~;
KENTUC~P B~BI!IARCH IFOUNDATION, Leming- Qmetia Fine Structure; 2 year6; $10,000
ton, KY. ; Herbert Parke8 Riley, Department ROCHBRTBR,Rochester, N, Y. ;

of Botany, University of Kentucky; UytoZ- A. H. Doermann, Department of Biology;

ogy asd Evolution in South Afriaan PZant6; C%etio8 of Baoterial VIrwe8; 1 yem :
2 years; $6,000 $3,000
Spring Harbor, N. Y. ; A. Sokoloff ; Pheno- Barbara, Calif. ; Marta 8. Walters: Uhro-
typia Variation in Natural PopuZatione 01 mo8ome Dtstributlon and SpindZs Behavior
Drosophila ; 2 years ; $9,500 in Interspeo4fia Hybrids 03 Bromus ; 2 year8 ;
Mich. ; Robert R. Miller, Department oi TIJRR AND MECHANIC ART& Brooklnga,
Zoology, Speciatfan in the Gent46 Poeailiop- 8. D. ; James 0. Rose, Agronomy Depart-
eia; 3 years ; $19,000 ment; Formation ot Homorrygour DipZoid
MINNEAPOLIS WAIT MEYO~IAL BLOODBANK, Mutant8 in Sorghum; 2 years; $22,100
Minneapolis, Minn. : G. Albin Matson, Direc- STANFORD UNIVERSITY, Stanford, Callf. ;
tar; Stvdg of Hereditary Blood Faators; 1 Charles Yanofsky, Department of Biological
year ; $10,000 Sciences; Genetia OontroZ 01 Wnayms Fotc
UNIVBIRSITY OF MINNIOSOTA, Minneapolis, mation; 18 months; $16.600
Joseph G. Gall, Department of. Zoology, A. C. Faberge, Department of Zoology,
Struatural and UhemiaaZ Feature8 or Animal Chromoeome and NucZear Structure; 1 year ;
Cell Nuclei; 2 years ; $16,900 $2,300
David J. Merrell, Department of Zoology; T. C. Hsu, Anderson Hospital and Tumor
Dominant Bernet Mutation in Natural Popu- Institute, Houston, Tex. ; MammaZCccr,
Z&On6 01 Rana PipienS; 3 years; $?,600 Uhromo8ome8 in Vivo and in Vitro; 2 years;
MO. ; Edgar Anderson, Department of Ge- UNIVERSITY or WASHINQTON, Seattle,
netics ; Introgreeeion in Wild and UuZtCvated Wash. ; Stanley M. Gartler, Department of
Planta; 3 years; $17,000 Medicine ; Human BioahcmiaaZ G6netiu6 DtC
Zi&ng Twgnns; 1 year ; $8,500
E. H. Coe, Jr., Department of Field Corps; W~~LIUYAN UNIVERSITY, Middletown, Conn. ;
(fens Action Cn Yaiae; 2 years ; $8,000 Ernst Caepari, Department of Biology; 67e-
net&o UontroZ ot Uompetenae for PCgm6nt
NOBTH CAROLINA STATE COLLEGI! OP A.aRr- Format4on; 2 years; $10,000
D. U. Gerstell & L. L. Phillips, Depart- R. Alexander Brink, Department of Genet-
ment of Field Crops; ArtCfieiaZ Amphidi- InvariabZs th?betia Uhange of the R*
pZoCds in the Genera OlossypCum and N(oo- its;
(tens in Maize; 3 years ; $26,800
thm; 3 yeare; $17,000 Arthur B. Chapman and N. E. MOrtOnt
H. F. Robinson and C. Clark Cockerham, Department of Genetics ; btati&iwZ AnaZysi6
Institute of Statistics ; Quantitative GenetZas in Qenetiae; 2 years; $10,700
Research in Drosophila; 3 years ; $32,000 James F. Crow, Department of Genetica;
Ben W. Smith, Division of Biological Genetia Analgsie ot DDT RerCstant Drodo-
Sciences; The Relation ot Dioeoious SeaabaZ phila; 1 year : $1,500
Reprodzlction to the NaturaZ Oaouwenoe 01 WOMAN%I M~ICAL COLLIDO~ OP PENN~YLVA-
PoZypZoidy; 3 yeare; $24,000 NIA, Philadelphia, Pa. ; Max Levltan, Depart-
OHIO STATRJ UNIVERSITY, Columbus, Ohio ; ment of Anatomy; PopuZation Dynamie6 ot
Henry L. Plaine, Department of Zoology Linked ~hromo8omaZ Variants; 3 yeara;
and Entomology ; Induction of UnaontroZZed $5,900
Growth8 by Spedpa Genes 4?&Droeophila; YAL~I UNIV~~TY, New Haven, Corm.
2 years; $11,600 Norman H. Giles, Department of Botany;
~NI~~RSTY OF PQNNSYLVANIA, Philadel- BenetCa UontroZ oj Adenine Biosyntheri6; 2
years ; $12,000
J. ’ (3. Gots, Department of Microbiology ; Earl D. Hanson, Department of ZoolOgY;
Gene-Wnsyme Interaatione Cn Bacteria; 3 NucZeoogtopZa6mio Interaction; 2 years ;
years ; $28,900 $12,800

A. A. Albert, Department of Mathematics;
AM~BICAN UNIVERSITY OB BEIRUT, Beirut, Linear Algebras; 2 years; $13,600
Lebanon : E. S. Kennedy. Deoartment of Saunders MacLane, Department of Mathe-
Mathemaiics ; History oj. Iela~mio AatrOn- matics ; Topic8 in TopoZogu, CIeOmetrg,Logic
omy; 2 years ; $12,600 and Analgab; 2 years; $29,100
Helmut de Terra, Department of History; Paul Herget, Cincinnati Observatory ; Uom-
Ear& American Science; 1 year, $3,500 put&g Research; 1 year ; $20,000
T. Benfev. DeDartment of Chemistrv : DeveZ- Harish-Chandra, Department of Mathe-
opment bj S&ctural Theory in- brganlc matics ; Spherical Functions on a Semi8impZe
Ohemiatry; 3 years; $3,700 Lie ffroup ; 1 year ; $5,000
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, Gainesville, Fla.; E. R. Larch, Department of Mathematics;
James A. Olson, Department of Biochem- Integration in Functional Analyeta; 1 year;
istry; Historical Study in ItaZian S&ewe; $6,500
1 year ; $700 UNIVERSITY OB CONNECTICUT, Storrs, Conn. ;
MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTIO OIF TECHNOLOOY, Elliot 5. Wolk, Department of Mathematics;
Cambridge, Mass. ; Giorgio de Santillana, De- Order Compatible TOpOZOgie8; 2 years;
partment of Humanities ; Development oj $4,000
Phg8C~8; 1 year ; $8,700 CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Ithaca, N. Y. : W. H. J.
g;n~~s~~~ OP MINNESOTA, Minneapolis, Fuchs, Department of Mathematics ; Topic8
. ; Herbert Feigl, Minnesota Center for in Complex VariabZe; 2 years ; $25,000
Philosophy of Science ; PhizoaophiGaZ Foun- DARTMOUTH COLLEGE, Hanover, N. H. ;
dation of Physics; 1 year ; $14,300 John 0. Kemeny, Department of Mathe-
PALO ALTO MEDICAL RESEARCH FOUNDATION, matics ; StochaetiG PrOGe88eS; 2 years ;
Palo Alto, Calif. ; Charles D. O’Malley, De- $19,000
partment of History; O&girt8 of Modern UNIVERSITY OF DELAWABHI, Newark, Del. ;
Anatomy and Physiology; 1 year ; $5,700 Robert F. Jackson, Department of Mathe-
matics ; Computing Reeearch; 1 year;
Curtis, Department of Mathematics ; Sub-
JAN 0. VAN DER CORPUT, UNIVERSITY OF CAL- group8 of the Homotopy cfroupa; 2 years;
I~O~NIA, Berkeley, Calif. ; Aeymptotic Expan- $14,500
aions; 2 years ; $30.400
dence, R. I. ; Tibor Rado, Chairman ; Summer Computing Resekch;Computer Laboratory ;
1 year; $25,000
Reeearoh Institute in Surface Area Theory;
6 weeks ; $30,000 ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOOY, Chicago,
UNIVERSITY OR BRITISH COLUMBIA, Van- Ill. ; M. A. McKiernan, Department of
couver, Canada ; Marvin Marcus, Depart- Mathematics ; Iteration and Functional
ment of Mathematics ; Doubly Stochastic EqUat4On8; 1 year ; $4,500
MaWoes; 2 years ; $4,700 UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, Urbana, Ill. ; How-
BROWN UNIVERSITY, Providence, R. I. ; ard A. Osborn, Department of Mathematics;
W. S. Massey and D. A. Buchsbaum, Depart- Local Problems in Di.#‘erentiabZe Manifolda;
ment of Mathematics ; Algebraic Topologti 2 years; $13,600
and HomoZogfcaZAlgebra; 3 years ; $35,200 ;;I$?~; UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION, Blooming-
William G. Bade and Frantisek Wolf, De- Louis * Auslander, Department of Mathe-
partment of Mathematics; Theory and Ap- matics, Indiana University ; Discrete
pl&ation ol Operators; 2 years ; $30,500 Groups of Aflne Motions; 2 years ; $7,900
David Blackwell, E. L. Lehmann, Michel George Whaples, Department of Mathe-
Lo&e, Jerry Neyman, and Henry ScheffB, matics ; Algebraic Number Theory; 2 years :
Department of Statistics ; Research Cn Math- $15,000
ematical Statietica and Probability; 2 years ; INSTITUTE FOR ADVANCED STUDY, Princeton,
$30,000 N. J. ; Frank Harary, Department of Mathe-
Earl A. Coddington, Department of Math- matics ; Theory of Graphs; 10 montha:
ematics, Los Angeles, Calif. ; Spectral Theory $4,800
01 DWerentiaZ Operatore; 2 years ; $10,500 INSTITUTE OIP MATHEMATICAL STATISTICS,
J. G. van der Corput, Department of Stanford, Calif. ; I. R. Savage ; Summer Re-
Mathematics ; A8umptOtCO Expan8iOn8; 1 search Inetitute in Non-Parametric Infer-
year ; $19,200 ence; 6 weeks ; $15,000
Lowell J. Paige, Department of Mathemat- IOWA STATFI COLLEGXI OF AGBICULTUR~ AND
iCS, LOS Angeles, Calif. ; iiOn-A88OGiat%x? MECHANIC ARTS, Ames, Iowa.
Algebraa; 2 years ; $6,200 John Gurland, Statistical Laboratory ;
CABNE~I~ INBTITUTP~ OF TECHNOLOOY, Pitts- Dtitributlon and B8timatiOn Theory; 3
burgh, Pa. ; Walter Noll, Department of years ; $21,200
Mathematics ; Theoretical UoWnuum Ye- H. 0. Hartley, Statistical Laboratory ;
chantos; 3 years ; $20,100 Estimation of Parameter8 from Incomplete
CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY OF AMERICA, Wash- Data; 2 years; $9,000
ington, D. C. ; Eugene Lukacs, Department Oscar Kempthorne, SJtatistical Labora-
of Mathematics ; Characteristio Funotfona tory; A General Formulation of the Design
and Statistfoe; 3 years; $26,400 oj Experimenta; 3 years ; $9,800

JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVEBSITY, Baltimore, K. Aa. Strand, Computing Center; Be-
Md.; Q. D. Mostow, Department of Mathe- search Computing Center; 1 year: $11,400
matics ; Compact Transformatton Groups; Hsien-Chung Wang, Department of Mathe-
3 years; $23,200 matics ; TotaZZg Dfecontinuous Groups On
UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS, Lawrence, Kans. Homogeneous spaces; 2 years: $4,300
U. W. Hochstrasser, Computing Center; PRINCETON UNIVERSITY, Princeton, N. J.
Computing Research; 1 year; $20,000 S. Lefschetz, Department of Mathematics ;
G. Baley Price, Department of Mathe- Singularities of DiflerentfaZ Bystems; !d
matics ; Beometty of Function &pace; 2 years ; $6,800
years ; $40,300 H. D. Smyth, Department of Engineering;
Robert Schatten, Department of Mathe- Computing Research; 1 year; $30,000
matics ; The Trace-Class of Operators; 1 I?UBDUI!I RESEARCH FOUNDATION, Lafayette,
year ; $9,400 [nd.
Robert Schatten, Department of Mathe- Arthur H. Copeland, Jr. ; Department of
matics ; The Trace-Class of Operators; 0 Mathematics ; Afaps on TopoZogicaZ Pairs;
months ; $3,000 2 years ; $3,200
KENYON COLLEQE, Gambler, Ohio ; Otton J. H. B. Kemperman, Department of Math-
Nikodym, Department of Mathematics ; Ematics ; The Di8tribUtiOtt of a &3QUenC8;
Operators in HiZbert space; 2 years ; $11,700 1 year ; $8,900
LEHIQH UNIVERSITY, Bethlehem, Pa. ; Theo- REED COLLEQJD, Portland, Oreg. ; J. B.
dore Hailperin, Department of Mathematics ; Roberts, Department of Mathematics ;
Logical Principles Valid in AZZ Finite Do- PoZynomiaZIdentities; 3 years ; $7,800
TUBAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEQE, Baton Herbert Busemann, Department of Mathe-
Rouge, La. ; R. D. Anderson, Department of matics ; Convew surfaces and FinsZer Bpaoes;
Mathematics ; Mappings of Higher Dimen- 2 years ; $6,300
sional Bpaces; 3 years; $15,300 C. C. Chang, Department of Mathematics;
MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OB TECHNOLOOY, Research Program in the Foundations 01
Cambridge, Mass. ; Warren Ambrose, De- Mathematics; 2 years ; $12,800
partment of Mathematics; Topics in TopoZ- James Dugundji, Department of Mathe-
ogy and Differential Geometry; 2 years; matics ; HomoZogy and Homotopy; 2 years ;
$33,300 $12,200
R. S. Phillips 6 H. A. Dye, Department of
MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY OB A~RICUL- Mathematics ; Operator Theory; 2 years ;
TURE AND APPLIED SCIENCE, East Lansing, $29,800
Leo Katz, Department of Mathematics ; STANFORD UNIVERSITY, Stanford, Calif. ;
Diecrete Methods Cti Mathematical &‘tat,is- Solomon Feferman, Department of Mathe-
tics; 2 years ; $20,000 matics ; GeneraZized Product Theories; 1
Lawrence W. Van Tersch and Gerald P. year ; $2,400
Weeg, Computer Laboratory ; Computfng Re- SYRACUSEI UNIVERSITY, Syracuse, N. Y.;
search; 1 year; $20,000 Bruce Gilchrist, Computing Center ; Uomput-
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. Zng Reeearch; 1 year; $12,000
Arthur W. Burks, Department of Philoso- TULANE UNIVERSITY OF LOUISIANA, New
phy ; Logical Design of Computer Nets; 2 Orleans, La. ; A. D. Wallace & A. H. Clifford,
years ; $31,700 Department of Mathematics ; The Topology
R. L. Wilder, Department of Mathematics ; of Groups and Semi-Groups; 2 years ; $35,500
Generalized Manifolds; 0 months ; $3,900 WASHINQTON UNIVERSITY, St. Louis, MO.
UNIVERSITP OF MINNESOTA, Minneapolis, Harvey Cohn, Department of Mathe-
Minn. matics ; Computationat studies Cn Pure
Eugenio Calabi, Leon W. Green and Mathematics; 2 years ; $1’7,200
Hidehiko, Department of Mathematics ; Allen Devinatz, Department of Mathe-
Topological and Diflerential lStructure Man& matics ; Spectral Problems in Harmon&
foZd8; 2 years ; $14,800 Analysis; 2 years ; $7,600
Bjarni Jonsson, Department of Mathe- UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON, Seattle, Wash. ;
matics; Lattice Theory; 1 year; $3,000 Edwin Hewitt, Department of Mathematice ;
UNIVERSITY OB NEW MEXICO, Albuquerque, Functional AnaZysis; 3 years; $75,000
New Mexico; I. I. Kolodner, Department of WAYNE STATBI UNIVERSITY, Detroit, Mich. ;
Mathematics and Astronomy ; Partially Felix Haas, Department of Mathematics ;
Ordered Spaces; 2 years; $32,500 Non-Linear OsdZZations; 2 years ; $9,700
Richard Courant, Institute for Mathematical R. H. Bing, Department of Mathematics;
Sciences ; Research in Applied Mathematics; Topology in Three DdmensionaZ &pace; 18
1 year; $50,000 mos. ; $12,100
Teruhisa Matsusaka, Department of S. Davis, Computation Laboratory ; Uomput-
Mathematics ; Problems in Algebraic (feom- iltg Research; 1 year ; $20,000
etry; 2 years; $4,100
Alex Rosenberg and Daniel Zelinsky, De-
partment of Mathematics ; HomoZogicaZ AZ- METABOLIC BIOLOGY
gebra; 2 years; $9,000
Maxwell A. Rosenlicht, Department of AMERICAN UNIVERSITY OF BEIRUT, Beirut,
Mathematics ; Algebraic Transformation Lebanon ; John H. Schneider, Department of
Groups; 1 year; $9,600 Biochemistry ; Synthesis of DeOW!yr$bO8e

.. ,* .A!:, *;: *d&,,,~?;~w?~ b&"L ,& I, ~,l~'~~~~~~r.;,,~,.~c.,, _/ ;,, a ',<Y,* ,),) i; "; ,* (&, * ,, , ,, ,', , , ! ,,s; Z&i+

iVuolecd Acid ct, Bornsal arrd RegeneraUng GOUCHBR COLLQOIP,Baltimore, Md. ; Helen B.
L-iver; 8 years ; $10,000 Funk, Department of Physiology and Bae-
BEANDEIS UNIVIDRSITY, Waltham, Mass. teriology ; The Role of Hemopoietic Vitamin8
Lawrence Grossman, Department of Bio- In the Biospntheei.8 of Leghemoglobin; 2
‘chemistry ; Nuclei0 Acid Metabolism 0s Eort years ; $8,200
Cells Infected with Virue; 8 years; $24,000 HAHNEMANN M~DDICAL COLLEQE, Philadel-
Nathan 0. Kaplan, Department of Bio- phia, Pa. ; William L. Gaby, Division of
chemistry ; Enzymatio and Immunochemical Microbiology ; Role of PhO8phOZipide8in the
Factor8 Regulating Cellular Activity; 8 Transport 01 Amino Acids; 1 year; $7,100
years ; $48,800 HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Mass.
Morris Soodak, Department of Biochem- Boris Magasanik, Department of Immunol-
istry and Biology ; BiO8gnthe8i8 of L-FUcO8e ogy and B&teriology i Tranclfer 01 Blngle
and of Thyroglobulin; 2 years ; $15,300 Oarbon Unit8 in Hietidine and Purine Me-
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. tabolism- 01 Micro-Organisms; 3 years ;-
I. L. Chaikoff, Department of Physiology, $19,500
School of Medicine ; Basio Aspects of Mam- Alwin M. Pappenheimer, Jr., Department
malian Uarbohydrate Metaboliem; 3 years ; of Biology ; The Mode of Action of Diphthe-
$45,000 ria Toxin; 2 years; $43,000
Nicholas T. Mirov, Department of Geog- W. R. Sistrom, Biological Laboratories ;
raphy ; Relation Between Boron and Carbo- Composition, &?ructure, and Function of
hydrate YetaboZi8m; 2 years ; $7,000 Bacterial Chromatophores; 3 years ; $14,600
Irving Zabin, Department of Physiological T. Hastings Wilson, Department of Physi-
Chemistry, Los Angeles ; Lipid Metabolism ot ology, The Medical School; Mechaniems of
the Brain; 2 years; $17,000 Inteetinal Abeorption of sugars and Nucleo-
UNIVIOIWITY OP CHICAGO, Chicago, Ill. tide8; 2 years ; $16,400
William B. Martin, Department of Micro- Hop81 COLLEOE, Holland, Mich. ; Philip 0.
biology ; Metaboli8m 01 Itaconic and Mesa- Crook, Department of Biology; Effect 01
conic Acid8 by Fungi; 2 years; $6,700 Mammalian Hormone8 on Unicellular Or-
Lloyd J. Roth, Department of Pharmacol- gadsme; 2 years ; $3,350
ogy ; Biogeneeis and Metaboliem of Tropane
AEkaZoidsin Plante; 2 years ; $9,800 HOWARD UNIVERSITY, Washington, D. C. ;
Lawrence M. Marshall, Department of Bio-
COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y. chemistry; Role 01 the Tricarboxulic Acid
Erwin Chargaff, Department of Biochem- CpCZein the &mthesis of Vitamin B-lt; 2
istry, College of Physicians and Surgeons ; years ; $10,000
Nucleic Acid8 Endowed With Biological
Bpecifcity; 3 years ; $46,000 ILLINOIS INSTITUTBI OB TECHNOLOOY, Chi-
Philip Feigelson, Department of Biochem- cage, Ill. ; Allan H. Roush, Department of
istry, College of Physicians and Surgeons ; Bioloes : MetaboZism of Comoounde Related
Induced Enzyme Formation in Mammals; 2 to L&&n by Baeidiomy&tes; 2 years;
years ; $17,600 $7,500
Seymour Lieberman, Department of Ob- UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, Urbana, Ill.
stetrics and Gynecology ; Biogen,eais 01 the I. C. Gunsalus, Division of Biochemistry;
steroid Hormones; 3 years ; $36,000 Metabolio Biogenesis and Degradation of
CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Ithaca, N. Y. Terpenes bg Microorganisms; 4 yeara;
Walter D. Bonner, Jr., Department of $73,500
Botany ; Mechanic8 of Cellular Oxidation8 in R. H. Hageman, Department of Agron-
Plant Tissuee; 3 years ; $14,000 omy ; Physiological Bo8i8 of Hybrid Vigor $n
Walter D. Bonner, Jr. and Conrad S. Corn; 2 years ; $15,850
Yocum, Department of Botany ; Double-beam INDIANA UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION, Blooming-
b’pectrophotometer for Research on Kinetic8 ton, Ind.
of Cellular Processes; 1 year ; $7,200 Felix Haurowitz, Department of Chemis-
DARTMOUTH COLLEOE, Hanover, N. H. ; Frank try, Indiana University ; Biosynthesis and
G. Carpenter, Department of Physiological Structure 01 Protein8 and Antibodies; 3
Sciences, The Medical School ; Resting Me- years ; $21,000
taboliem of Immature Nerve Fibers; 3 years ; W. J. Van Wagtendonk, Department of
$4,300 Zoology; Nucleic Acid Turnover of Para-
UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE, Newark, Del.; mecium Aurelia; 2 years ; $13,000
Bruce M. Pollock, Department of Biological KAISER FOUNDATION, Oakland, Calif. ; Mary
Sciences ; PhyeioZogicaZ and Biochemical Me- Belle Allen, Laboratory of Comparative
ChaniSm8 of the Reet Period; 18 months; Physiology and Morphology ; Comparative
$8,450 Biochemietry of Photosynthetic Pigmente;
EMORY UNIVERSITY, Emory University, Ga. ; 2 years ; $11,200
Elliot Juni, Department of Bacteriology and UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS, Lawrence, Kane. ;
Immunology ; Bacterial Oxidation of Simple H. J. Nicholas, Department of Gynecology
Aliphatic Alcohols; 3 years; $17,000
and Obstetrics, Medical Center, Kansas, City,
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, Gainesville, Fla. ; Kans. ; Metabolism 01 Cholesterol in the
Howard J. Teas, Department of Botany, Central Nervous System; 2 years ; $13,700
Agricultural Experiment Station, Biosynthe-
8i8 of Lysine and Trpptophan; 2 years; UNIVERSITY OB MARYLAND, University Hos-
$14,000 pital, Baltimore, Md. ; Samuel P. Bessman,
UNIVERSITY OP GEORQIA, Athens, Ga. ; Rob- Department of Pediatrics, Medical School,
ert G. Eagon, Department of Bacteriology ; Baltimore, &Id. ; A Feed Back Xyetem ReZat-
Synthesi8 of PoZy8accharide by Peeudomonae Ing Glucose Metabolwm to Oxidations; 2
FZuore8oene; 2 year% ; $tl,OOO years ; $13,000
Cambridge, Mass. ,a Jolla, Calif. ; Grant R. Bartlett, Divinion
Gene M. Brown, Department of Biology; 0;C Laboratories; LIatabolOm oj the Yam-
Metabolism and Function 01 B Vitamins; 3 mralian Erythrooyta; 2 years; $13,000
John M. Buchanan, Division of Biochem- z IENTI~~TB~, Medical Center, Jersey City,
istry, Department of Biology ; Biosynthesk Is1. J.; R. L. Garner, Department of Bio-
of Amino Acid8 and Polypeptides; 3 yeare; CJhemistry ; Adaptive Fewnentatlon ol tA0
$-6O,OOO Ilrlethyl Pentoees; 2 years; $12,000
Edward Herbert, Department of Biology; Slaugh COLLIDOQ,Northampton, Mass. ; Stan-
Bunthesfa of Ribonucleic Acid by Call-Free lf ?y M. Bloom, Department of Chemistry;
iietems; 3 years ; $30,000 ACole of Mevalonio Acid in Yetabolism 01
MICHIQAN STATED UNIVERSITY OF AQBICUL- FDenicillium Qrlseo-Fulvum; 2 years; $8,700
Mich. z 1. c. ; Herbert Friedmann, United States
Robert P. &heifer, Department of Botany Eiational Museum ; Metabolio Aspcots ot the
and Plant Pathology ; Physiology of Para- L)igestion oj Wax; 1 year; $7,700
sitism; 2 years ; $11,000 1JNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFOBNIA, Los
Harold M. Sell, Department of Agricul- Aingeles, Calif.
tural Chemistry ; The Biochemistry of Nat- Walter Mars, Department of Biochem-
ural and GyntheNo Growth Buktancee in stry & Nutrition; Thyroxine and Yaart
Higher Plants; 2 years ; $16,100 detabolism; 1 year ; $6,000
UNIVERSITY OB MICHIGAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. Sydney C. Ritteaberg, Department of Bat
I. A. Bernstein. Denartment of Dermatol- eriology ; Oxidation of Propionate by
ogy, University kospital ; Biosyntheeis Of ‘eeudomonas Fluorescena; 2 years ; $17,800
Deoxcyriboee Nucleio Add in Intact Cells; 2 ~~NPLBI UNIVERSITY, Philadelphia, Pa. ;
years ; $14,700 lohn M. Ward, Department of Biology;
0. Robert Greenberg, Department of Bio- liochentical Aspects of Yorphogeneei8; 2
logical Chemistry ; BtO8ynthe8i8 Of Ribo- ‘ears ; $17,400
flavin; 2 years; $14,700
James F. Hogg, Department of Biological JNIVERSITY 01~TEXAS, Austin, Tex.
Chemistry, Medical School ; Enzymatic Jack Myers, Department of ZOolOgY ;
Pathway o! ff lyconeogeneeis; 2 year0 ; 3hy8iology and Biochemistry 01 Algae; 3
$14,000 reirs ; $19,000
Lothar L. Salomon. Deuartment of Bio-
MONTANA STATE COLLEGE, Bozeman, Mont. ; chemistry &d Nutrition, -Medical Branch,
John E. Gander, Department of Chemistry; Galveston, Tex.; The Nature, Role and
kfeohaniam 01 ~luco8idic Cyanide Formation Ketabolism or Adrenal Aeoorbio Aoid; 2
in Plants; 2 years; $7,000 Tears ; $8,600
J. H. Pazur, Department of Biochemistry 3ichard W. Van Norman, Department of
and Nutrition ; Enzymatic &#ntheets of ffa- Experimental Biology ; Relative Participa-
lactoeyl Oligo8accharidee; 2 years ; $12,500 Son ot Chloroplaat Pigments Cn Photoegn-
UNIVERSITY OR OREGON, Eugene, Oreg. ; theeis; 2 years; $13,600
Bradley T. Scheer, Department of Biology ; VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY, Nashville, Tenn. ;
Humoral Control of Metabolism tn Crueta. _~.. ~.~ R. Park. DeDartment of Physiology ;
ceans; 2 years; $23,000 5%cose Transpbrt in Mammalian - Cellal- 3
Carl 0. Clagett, Department of Agriculs 3urg, Va. ; M. Daniel Lane, Department of
tural and Biological Chemistry ; Role OJ Biochemistry and Nutrition ; The Enzumatio
Pevtides in Plant Metaboliem; 2 years; Sarboxylatfon ot Propiongl Uoenzyme A; 3
$t3;100 years ; $17,200
Eugene 8. Lindstrom, Department of Bat. WALDEMAR MEDICAL RESIDARCH FOUNDATION,
teriology ; Light Induced Phosphorglation in [NC., Port Washington, Long Island, N. Y. ;
Photosynthetio Bacteria; 1 year; $6,000 William H. Pearlman, Associate Scientific
PUBDU~ RESEARCH FOUNDATION, Lafayette Director ; The Metabolism of CJertain Steroid
Ind. Uormones; a years ; $40,000
Harry Beevers, Department of Biological WASHINQTON UNIVERSITY, St. Louis, MO.
Science8 : The OLZyoxyZateCycle in Plan1 Theodore Cayle, Henry Shaw School of
Metabolism; 3 years ; $30,200 Botany ; Distribution o! 04 in the Early
Henrv Koffler. Deuartment of Biologica’ Product8 oj Photoeynthesi8; 2 years ; $11,000
Science8 ; Bios&thee;s and Function of -Cer Oliver H. Lowry, Department of Pharma-
tain Fungal Carbohydrates; 3 years ; $20,70( cology, School of Medicine; Riboflavin En-
REED COLLEGE, Portland, Oreg. ; Helen A zymee; 3 years ; $48,000
Stafford, Department of Biology ; Dihy UNIVERSITY OB WASHINQTON, Seattle, Wash. ;
droxyfumarate and Its DerCvatives in thl Bastiaan J. D. Meeuse, Department of
Carbohydrate Metabolism of Higher Plants, Botany ; 05aZb Acid Metabolism in Plante;
3 years ; $10,000 1 year ; $6,950
N. Y. ; Fritz Lipmann ; Yetabolio Group Aoti Harlyn 0. Halvorson, Department of Bac-
vation; 4 years ; $120,000 teriology ; ProteCn Biosyntheeis in Yea8t;
Brunswick, N. J. ; Henry J. Vogel, Institutl e Glenn S. Pound, Department of Plant
of Microbiology ; Comparative Microbial Bio Pathology ; Physiology of Virus M&tip&Jo-
synthesie of Amino AcCde; 3 year8 ; $25,40( 5 taon in Plants; 2 years; $9,000

WORCRISTBB FOUIDATIO#, Shrewsbury, Mass. ; H. B. Steinbach, Department of Zoology;
Ralph I. Dorfman, Director of Laboratories; Ion Binding and Enzyme Activation in
Mechanfem oj Hormone Action; 2 years; Muscle; 2 years ; $13,500
$18,300 Birgit Vennesland, Department of Bio-
YALEJUNIVERSITY, New Haven, Conn. chemistry ; Enzyme Reaction% of Uhloro-
Morris Foster, Section of Dermatology, plaets; 3 years; $36,000
Yale University School of Medicine ; Physf- John Westley, Department of Biochem-
ological Studies of MeZa,?&ogenesie;2 years; istry ; Biochemical EnvConment and Pro-
$11,300 tein i5tructure; 2 years ; $14,000
Arthur W. Galston, Department of Bot- CITY osr HOPID MEIDICAL CENT&B, Duarte,
any ; The Relation of Light and Photo- Calif. ; Richard S. Schweet, Division of Re-
miketio Nubstance to- Growth and Flower- search ; Boluble Enzyme8 Related to Pro-
CnaCn Plants : 3 years : $29.000 tein Synthesis; 2 years; $11,600
Arthur W. - Gaiston, ’ ~ep&tment of Bot-
any ; Light-Controlled Growth Reaction8 in COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y.
Plkte; 2 years ; $16,500 S. M. Beiser and F. Agate, College of
C. N. H. Long. Deoartment of Phvsioloev : Physicians and Surgeons ; Biological Prop-
Hormone Reguktion of Proteilc a6d I%$o: erties oj Steroid Hormone-Protein Conju-
hydrate MetaboZC8m; 3 years; $57,000 gates; 2 years ; $17,000
YIDSHIVA UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y. E. A. Kabat, Department of Microbiology,
San Seifter, Department of Biochemistry, College of Physicians and Surgeons ; Spectro-
Albert Einstein Colleee of Medicine: Forma- photometry in Btochemtial Reeearch; 1 year ;
tion oj Hydroprolin; and Hydrd&Zyeine; $8,000
2 years ; $15,300 Elvin A. Rabat, College of Physicians and
Harold J. Strecker, Department of Bio- Surgeons ; Immunochemical Btudiee on
chemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medi- PoZyeaccharidee; 3 years ; $88,000
cine ; Interconvereion of Glutamio A&d and Stanley L. Miller, Department of Bio-
Proline; 2 years ; $18,000 chemistry, College of Physicians and Sur-
Abraham White, Department of Biochem- geons ; Syntheeis of Organio Compound8 on
istry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine ; the Primitive Earth; 2 years ; $16,000
Eflects of Adrenal Cortical steroids on David Nachmansohn, Department of
tiktabolis~ of Lymphoid Tieeue; 3 years ; Neurology; Molecular Force8 in Nerve IW
$34,000 puke Conduction; 3 years; $45,000
William L. Nastuk, Department of Physiol-
ogy, College of Physicians and Surgeons;
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY Ionic Permeability Change Produced at the
End-Plate Membrane; 1 year ; $9,000
Dr. HUGO BAUER, NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF David Shemin, Department of Biochem-
HEALTH, Bethesda, Md. ; Products of Histi- istry ; Biosyntheeis and Function of Por-
dine &fetaboZism; 1 year ; $4,000 phyrins; 3 years; $46,000
BARNARD COLLEGB), New York, N. Y.; Wil- Stephen Zamenhof, Department of Bio-
liam A. Corpe, Department of Botany; chemistry ; Introduction of Unnatural Baeee
Capsular Material of Chromobacterium SPP ; Into Deoxypentose Nucleic Acid8 and the
1 year; $1,000 Genetical EfleCt8 of Such Introduction; 3
BOSTON UNIVERSITY, Boston, Mass. : Wil. years ; $32,000
liam C. Boyd, Department of Biochemistry, CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Ithaca, N. Y.
School of Medicine : Antibodu-Ant&en Reac- George P. Hess, Department of Biochem-
tion8; 3 years ; $25;000 ” ” istry and Nutrition ; Structural and Func-
BRANDEIS UNIVERSITY, Waltham, Mass. tional Interrelationehipe in h’naymee; 2
William P. Jencks, Department of Bio- years ; $16,000
chemistry ; Energy Transferring Reaction8 in Robert W. Halley, Department of Bio-
Biological b’ystems; 3 years; $23,500 chemistry and Nutrition ; Bioeyntheeis oj
Mary Ellen Jones, Graduate Department Proteins; 3 years; $27,000
of Biochemistry ; Biosynthetic and Transfer DARTMOUTH COLLEQE, Hanover, N. a. ;
Reaction8 Involving Nitrogen Compounde; Arthur Samuels and Manuel Morales, De-
3 years; $22,000 partment of Biochemistry ; Immunochemi-
Martin D. Kamen, Department of Bio- cal Reagent8 and Their Application to Muscle
chemistry ; Photoactivation and Electron Studies; 2 years; $25,000
Transjer PrOCe88e8 %n Photoeynthetic
Bacteria; 1 year; $18,600 DUQUESNE UNIVERSITY, Pittsburgh, Pa. ;
Oscar Gawron, Department of Chemistry ;
CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOQY, Reaction of Cyanide With Cyetine; 2 years;
Pasadena, Calif. ; H. K. Mitchell, Division $6,000
of Biology ; Amino Acid-Oontainlng Lipids;
3 years ; $36,000 EABLHAM COLLEQQ, Richmond, Ind. ; Wil-
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. liam K. Stephenson, Department of Biology;
Allen 0. Narr, Department of Bacteriology, lon Dbtribution and Electrical Membrane
Davis, Calif. ; Biochemical Cytology of the Properties in lCiu8cZe Fibere; 2 years ; $10,000
Azotobacter; 2 years ; $12,000 FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY, Tallahassee,
P. K. Stumpf, Department of Plant Bio- Fla. ; Sidney W. Fox, The Oceanographic
chemistry ; Enzymatic Mechanism8 Partici- institute ; Biogenesis: Thermat Prebiochem-
pating Cn Fat Metabolism of Higher Plante; ical Reactione; 2 years ; $10,000
3 years ; $34,400 GEORGEWASHINQTON UNIVERSITY, Washing-
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, Chicago, Ill. ton, D. C. ; Erich Heinz, Department of
Kenneth D. Kopple, Department of Chem- Physiology, School of Medicine ; Busi8 01
istry ; Peptide hiodels oj Enzymes; 3 years ; Active Traneport A#-088 a Uving &fern-
$25,600 brane; 1 year ; $4,700

HAHNgIUANN WDICllt COLLEW AND HO@ AgriculturalChemistry ; Biologioal Oacda-
PITAL, Philadelphia Pa. tion of S-Hydro~anthranflate; 3 years;
116.John Boyd, Department of Biological I $31,000
Chemistry ; Spectrophotometry $n Blwhem. . UNIVERSITX OF PENNSYLVANIA, Philadelphia,
bal Reeearch; 1 year; $8,000 Pa.
Jay S. Roth, Division of Biological Chem. David L. Drabkin, Department of BiO-
ietry ; Isolation, CharacterizatiOn and Bio.. chemistry. Graduate School of Medicine :
logical Function of an Inactive Ribonuoteaee, : DiflerentiutiOn of k!I&bglobine; 2 Yeare;
2 years ; $15,000 $20.000
HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Maas. Elizabeth Trorogood, Botany Department :
James D. Watson, Department of Biology :, Legume Nodule Heme Proteins; 2 years:
Structure and Function oj Bacterial Micro. $17,000
somee; 2 years; $46,000 UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBIJRQH, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Morton M. Weber, Department of Bacteria Gary Felseufeld, Department of Bb
ology ; Electron Transport in Anaerobic hfi, physics ; The rlctive Site in Some Copper-
croorganisme; 2 years ; $12,000 Carrying Proteirls; 3 gears ; $23,000
F. H. Westheimer, Department of Chem Peter S. Olmsted, Department of Bio-
istry ; Chemical Model8 for Enzyme Systems, chemistry ; hfechaniem 01 in Vitro Poly-
4 years; $42,000 nucleotide Bwntherris; 3 years ; $30,000
Felix Friedberg, Department of Biochem Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Murray Goodmen, Depart-
istry ; Pepticlee in Creatine Transphoephory ment of Chemistry ; Synthesis and Reactions
lase; 2 years; $12,500 of Peptides and Their Derivativee; 2 years;
UNIVERSITX OF ILLINOIS, Urbana, Ill. $16,000
Robert Eme.rson, Department of Botany :, PRINCETON UNIVP)RSITY, Princeton, N. J.
Quantum Yield of Photosyntheste; 3 years : Aurin M. Chase, Department of Biology ;
$32,000 Nechanism of Enzyme ActiolL: Luciferoee;
John W. Hastings, Department of Chem,. 3 years ; $10,000
istry; Luminescence in the Marine Dine, E. Newton Harvey, Department of Bi-
flagellatee; 2 years ; $16,700 ology, Isolation and Chemical CompoeZtZonoj
Eugene Rabinowitch, Department 01e Cypridina Lucijcrin; 1 year ; $6,900
Botany ; Photochemical and Photogalvaniti . Frank H. Johnson, Department of Bi-
Storage of Light Energy in Heterogeneoue ,OlOliTY; Btochemistry of Luminescent Sys-
Systems; 3 years; $26,000 tems; 3 years ; $30,000
S. Spiegelman, Department of Bacteri- UNIVERSITY OF P~JERTO RICO, San Juan,
olom ; S@thesis of Ribonucleic Acid and Puerto Rico; David B. Tyler, Department of
Deoxyribonucleio Acid in Subcellular Sye- Pharmacology ; Iiinetice and Biological Sig-
terns; 3 years ; $30,000 rtificccnce of NetaZ Complexes 01 O$‘a.loacetio
STATE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, Iowa City, Acid; 2 years ; $11,000
Iowa; Henry B. Bull, Department of Bio- PURD~J~ RIGSEARCH FOUNDATION, Lafayette,
chemistry, CoYlege of Medicine ; Electro- I[nd. ; Bernard Axelrod, Department of Bio-
phoresia of Adsorbed and of Dissolved PrO- (zhemistry, Purdue University ; Protein 6%.
teins; 3 years ; $45,000 Ithesio at t?be Sub-Cellular Level; 3 years;
MARXCREST COLLEGE, Davenport, Iowa ; Sis- $28,000
ter Helene Ven Horst, Department of Chem- REED COLLEGE, Portland, Ore& ; A. II. Liver-
istry ; Eflect of Radiation8 on Am,ino Acide; more, Department of Chemistry ; Uyetetne
1 year ; $1,000 ,a& Homooyateine Deeulfhydraeee; 2 years ;
UNIVERSITY OR MINNESOTA, Minneapolis, $13,000
Minn . ; Rufus Lumry, School of Chemistry ; Il?~~l ROCKEFELLER INSTITUTID, New York,
Reaction Kinetic8 of Hydrolytic Enzymes; N. Y. ; Edward J. Murphy ; Electrical Con-
2 years ; $12,500 /duction tn Hydrogen-Bonded Subetances;
UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI, Columbia, MO. 2 years; $32,000
Warren R. Fleming, Department of Zo- ST. LOUIS UNIVERSITT, St. Louis, MO. ; Eli-
ology ; Permeability Properties and the Po- inh Adams, Department of Pharmacology,
tential Across the Isola,ted Fron Skin: 2 ISchool of Medicine ; Amino Acid ilfetaboliem
years ; $14,000 in Bacteria; 2 years ; $53,000
Owen J. Koeppe, Department of Biochem- ~JNIVERSITY OF SOWHRRN CALIFORNIA, Los
istry, School of Medicine; Mechanism oj Angeles,
Action 01 Cflyceraldehyde-9-Pho8phute De- partment Calif. of
: Richard W. Eppley, De-
Biology ; Active Transport in
hydrogenuses; 2 years ; $11,000 1
Porphyra Perforata; 2 years; $11,500
Harry Sobotka and Ross F. Nigrelli, De- STATE COLLEGE OF WASHINGTON, Pullman,
partment of Chemistry ; Digitalie-like Prod- Wash. ; Leonard B. Kirschner, Department
ucts From Marine Animate; 2 years ; tof Zoology ; Movement 01 Water in Biologi-
$12,000 Ical Syetcms; 2 years ; $10,000
Robert Warner Chambers, Department of , ’Term. ,* John L. Wood, Division of Chemis-
Biochemistry, College of Medicine, Synthesis 1try, School of Medicine, Memphis, Tenn. ;
oj Nucleotidee; 3 years ; $21,000 Purchaee of an Infrared Spectrophotometer
Paul R. Cross, Department of Biology ; ,for Biochemical Reeearch; 1 year; $14,000
Purchaee of a Spinco Ultracentrijuge; 2 7VILLANOVA UNIVERSITY, Villanova, Pa. :
years ; $6,000 1 Chomas H. Doyne, Research and Develop-
OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY OF AGRICUL- I nent Division ; Crystal Structure oj Amino
TURBO AND APPLIED SCIENCE, Stillwater, lcid and Dipeptide Metallic Salts; 2 years;
Okla. ; L. M. Henderson, Department of i ;15,500

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Vs. : Donald W. Kupke, Department of Bio- MO. ; Ira J. Hlrsh, Pfsychology Laboratory;
chemistry, School of Medicine ; Protein Com- Studies in TemporaZ Perception; 3 years ;
bonent Involved In the Photochemical $56,200
i)ransformatron of ProtochZorophyZZ to UNIV~REITY OF CHICAGO, Chicago, Ill.
OhZorophyZZ-A; 3 years ; $28,000 Robert A Butler, Department of Psychol-
WASHINGTON UNIVEBSITI, St. Louis, Mis- ogy ; Efleots of Brain Damage on Reupons<ve-
aouri ; Philipp Strittmatter, Department of nest to VfsuaZ and Auditory Inoentivee; 2
Biological Chemistry, School of Medicine ; years ; $26,600
Uharactet-ization of MammaZiun oyto- I. T. Diamond, Department of Psychology ;
chromes; 3 years ; $20,000 Behavioral AnuZy82e of the Bomatie Cartes;
UNIVERSITY OF WASHINOTON, Seattle Wash., 2 years ; $21,600
Robert F. Labbe. Denartment of Pediatrics. CLEVIDLAND HEARING AND S~azca CENTER,
School ot Medicine-; The MechanZsm by Cleveland, Ohio ; Earl D. Schubert, Acting
Which Iron I8 Incorporated Into Heme; 1 Director ; InterauraZ Temporal Dfsparity; 1
year ; $7,800 year ; $5,700
Robert A. Alberty, Department of Chem- burg, Va. ; John K. Bare, Department of
istry ; Physical Chemical &MZies of Fuma- Psychology ; Phy8ioZogiCaZ BU8e8 of dfotiva-
race; 4 years ; $60,000 tion; 2 years ; $4,600
Stephen A. Ruby, Institute of Enzyme Re- COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y. ;
search ; ATP-Tranephoephorylase Catalyzed William N. Schoenfeld and William W. Cum-
ReUCtiOn8; 3 years ; $22,000 ming, Department of Psychology ; Research
Edward E. Smissman, School of Phar- on bchedules of Reinforcement; 1 year;
macy ; Bynthesls and Study of BCoeynthetCc $2,800
Intermediatee; 3 years ; $19,000 COLUMBUS STATE INSTITUTE OF PSYCHI-
YALE UNIVBIBSITY, New Haven, Conn. ATRY, Columbus, Ohio ; Seymour Levine, Re-
Henry A. Harbury, Department of Bio- search Division; Studies in Drive Dtsc?%mG
chemistry ; Protein-ProEthetZo Group Inter- nation; 2 years ; $10,600
action; 2 years ; $17,000 CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Ithaca, N. Y.
G. Evelyn Hutchinson, Osborn Zoological William C. Dilger, Laboratory of Omi-
Laboratory ; Diagenetic Changes in Ptg- thology ; EthoZogfcaZ lgtudCe8 of Agaporn2c;
mente in Lacuetrine Bedimente; 1 year; 2 years ; $15,600
$5,800 Eleanor J. Gibson & Richard D. Walk,
Frederic M. Richards, Department of Bio- Department of Psychology ; Study of V48uaZ
chemistry ; Chemistry of the Functional Depth DZscriminatton; 2 years; $12,900
Groups of RibonucZeaee; 2 years; $12,000 J. E. Hochberg, Department of Peychol-
YESHIVA UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y. WY : DImenefon.6 of Form Perception; 2
years ; $5,800
Henry D. Hoberman, Department of Bio-
chemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medi- DARTMOUTH COLLEOE, Hanover, N. H. ; Wolf-
cine ; Coenzyme-Linked OxMation-Reduction gang Kohler, Department of Psychology ;
Reactions; 8 years ; $30,000 Problem8 in GeetaZt Psychology; 3 years;
Alex B. Novikoff, Albert Einstein College $32,000
of Medicine ; BiochemicaZ and Structural Do~z UNIVEOBSITP, Durham, N. C. ; Kellogg
Correlations of Micro8omes; 2 years ; $13,500 V. Wilson, Department of Psychology ;
MuZtiddlmenefonaZflttmulus flcalfng; 1 year ;
Henry W. Nissen, Director, Yerkes Labora-
ABX~~ICAN Muszu~ OB NATURAL HISTOBY, tories of Primate Biology ; The Basic Re-
NewY0rk.N.Y. 8eUrCh Program of the Perkee Laborator<es
Helmut’ E. Adler, Department of Animal of Primate Biology; 1 year; $40,000
Behavior; Bensoru Factor8 (n Bird NavCotG FRANKLIN AND MARSHALL COLLECIP, Lan-
Non; 1 years; $14,400 caster, Pa. ; Kenneth R. John, Department
Evelyn Shaw, Department of Animal Be-
havior ; Development of BchooZing Behavior; of Biology; b’tudy of &hooZCng Behavior; 1
1 year ; $9,700 year ; $3,600
UNIVERSITP OIF ABIZONA, Tucson, Ariz.; Joe nard S. Martof, Department of Zoology ;
T. Marshall, Jr. ; Department of Zoology ; Behavior of Amphibians; 2 years ; $9,300
Reeearch on flpeciation; 1 year ; $4,200
B~ANDEIS UNIVEBSITY, Waltham, Mass. ; Philip Teitelbaum, Department of Psychol-
Richard Held, Department of Psychology ; ogy ; Eflect of HypothaZamCo Lesion8 on Be-
Visual-Yotor Coordination; 2 years ; $21,200 havior; 2 years; $17,600
--.a a. .I
Frances L. Clayton, Department of Psy- Leonard Diamond, Department of Psychol-
chology ; Analget of Beoondary Reward; 2 ogy ; ~imuZtaneou8 Brightnees Contrast; 2
years ; $8,500 .a-- -- -. years ; $11,000
UNI&;DBSITY ok CALI&&~~ Berkeley, Calif. UNIVERSITYOB~LLINOIS, Urbana,111
W. E. Jeffrey, Department of Psychology, Donelson E. Dulany, Jr., Department of
Los Angeles : Reeearch on Dticrim&ation Psychology; Reinforcement of Verba Be
Learning; 2 years; $19,800 havior; 1 year; $6,300
John P. Seward, Department of Psychol- G. Robert &ice, Department of Psychol-
ogy, Los Angeles ; Drive-Incentive Interao- WY ; lgtudies Cn Human Condltfontng; 3
Horn; 1 year ; $5,200 years ; $17,200

Harold W. Hake, Department of Psychol- UNIVIESITT or PENNSYLVANIA, Philadelphia,
ogy ; Role of Recognition im Perception; 3 Pa. ; Eliot Stellar, Institute of Neurological
years ; $15,700 Sciencee; Phwiologfoaal Yeohanimsw o$ Mot&
Lawrence I. O’Kellp, Department of Pey- vation; 3 years ; $23,500
chology ; InJluence of PhyafologiaaZ VariubZea PRINCETON UNIVERSITY, Princeton, N. J.
on Behavfor; 3 years; $20,000 Robert C. Bollee, Department of Psychol-
Garth J. Thomas, Department of Elect& ogy ; BtimuZna Propertiea 01 Drives; 1 year ;
cal Engineering ; Behavioral Alteratfons FOE $3,600
lowing Le8iona in the RhinancephaUm; 2 Byron A. Compbell, Department of Psy-
years ; $34,000 ehology ; Methodological bwdy of the Aver-
INDIANA UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION, Blooming- sive Properties of BtimuZi; 2 years ; $15,000
ton, Ind. ; W. K. Estes and C. J. Burke, De- QUEENS COLLEOIO,Flushing. N. Y. ; Eugene
partment of Psychology, Indiana University ; s. Gollin, Department of -Psychology ;-De-
Analysis of Learnilog; 5 years; $68,400 velonment of Vi8uaZ and TaatuaZ Rwoani-
INSTITUTE! OF LIVINQ, Harfford, Conn. ; John Non) 1 year- $9,500
8. Stamm ; ldecta of Uortical Btimulation SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION. Washington.
on Learning and Retention; 2 yeara ; $16,600 D. C.
KENT STATS UNIVEBBITY, Kent, Ohio; Martin Moynlhan, Canal Zone Blologlcal
Charles C. Perkins, Jr., Department of Psy- Area: Behavior of Neotropioal Lepidoptera;
chology ; study of 8timutua OeneraZtzation; 1 year ; $4,800
1 year; $7,500 Martin Moynihan, Canal Zone Biological
L~UISANA STATS UNIVERSITY AND Aaa~cot Area; aomparativs Analyste oj Behavior in
TUBAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEOID, Baton Tropical B&da; 3 years; $22,000
Rouge. La. : Donald J. Lewis. Deoartment of UNIV~RSITX OF SOUTHIORN CALIFORNIA, Los
Psy<hhology; Perabtence of &&warded Re- Angeles, Calif.; W. W. Grings, Department
aponaea in Human Adulta; 3 years ; $21,300 of Psychology ; &lmulua Patterning in
Learning; 1 year; $5,000
Cambridge, Mass. ; Walter A. Rosenblith, UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS, Austin, Tex. ; Robert
Department of Electrical Engineering ; Re- K. Young, Department of Psychology ; &tud-
search on gpeech Perception; 2 years; iea of Verbal Learning; 2 years ; $5,000
$50,400 TULANIU UNIVERSITY, New Orleans, La.
MCGILL UNIVERSITY, Montreal, Canada ; Her- Abram Amsel, Department of Psychology,
bert H. Jasper, Montreal Neurological Insti- Newcomb College: Factor8 in Reward Bitt&-
tute ; Neurophysiological Research; 2 years ; ations; 2 years; $12,600
$21,400 Edward A. Bilodeau, Department of Pay-
chology; studfee oj Learning and Raten-
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIOAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. tton; 3 years ; $14,900
Mathew Alpern, Department of Ophthal- UNIVH~RSITY OF VIROINIA, Charlottesville,
mOlOgy; gtudiea oj (lontraat Phenomena; 2 Va. ; Frank W. Finger and L. Starling
years ; $15,200 Department of Psychology ; Research
John E. Bardach, Department of Fish- Reid,
on Induced Drive Btatea; 3 years; $16,800
eries ; Behavior oj Reej Fiahee; 6 months ;
$600 UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN, Madison, Wise. ;
Donald G. Marquis and W. Crawford W. J. Brogden, Department of Psychology;
Clark, Department of Psychology ; Temporal Learning and Conditioning; 3 years ; $30,700
0haracteri8tioe of the Vi8uaZ Byatem; 1 year ; YALI UNIVDRSITY, New Haven, Conn.
$5,200 William N. Dember, Department of Psy-
Robert W. Storer, Department of Zoology ; chology ; Study of Perception and Learning;
Uomparativs Behavior oj Qrebea; 4 years; 1 year : $5,600
$14.100 Frank A. Logan, Department of Psychol-
UNIVERSITY OB MINNESOTA, Minneapolis, ogy ; Conditions oj Retnjoroement; 1 year ;
Minn. ; Kenneth MacCorquodale and Paul $6,000
E. Meehl, Department of Psychology ; &&die8 Fred D. Shetlleld, Department of Psy-
of Reinforcement; 1 year; $6,900 chology ; rgtudles in Oonditloning; 2 years;
Mont. ; Clyde E. Noble, Department of Psy- YESHIVA UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y. ; Seth
chology ; AnalysCa oj Trial-and-Error Learn- K. Sharpless, Department of Pharmacology ;
ing; 2 years ; $15,400 Biochemical Correlates of Behavior; 2 years ;
RESEARCH COUNCIL, Washington, D. C. ;
Glen Finch, Executive Secretary, Division of
Anthropology and Psychology ; International PHYSICS
Directory of PeychologC8t8; 1 year ; $2,000 BOSTON UNIVERSITY, Boston, Mass. ; Robert.
NEW YORK UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y.; K. Nesbet, Department of Physics ; Bern&
Leo M. Hurvich, Department of Psychology ; Emoirical Calculation of Yolecular-Eleo-
Znveetigation of the ViauaZ Reaponee troko Wave Functions; 2 -years ; $11,800
Processes; 3 years ; $32,000 BRANDEIS UNIVERSITY, Waltham, Mass.
OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY, Columbus 10, Ohio ; Max Chretien. Deoartment of Phsslcs:
Donald R. Meyer, Department of Psychology ; Elementary Particle ‘Btudiea With lkbbla
Btudiee in Primate Learning; 1 year; Chambere; 2 years; $16,400
$17,000 Silvan 5. Schweber, Department of
PENNSYLVANIA STATB UNIVIDRSITY, Unlver- Physics ; Quantum Theory oj Fieliie; 2 yeara ;
sity Park, Pa. ; John F. Corso, Department $10,300
of Psychology ; Neural Quantum Theory oj BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY, Provo, Utah ;
Hearing; 1 year; $9,300 John H. Gardner, Department of Physlccs;

,^,l, :, i&&i, $2~1 c&, :iI, ,“,,.r.-*;,;‘,.:.
;.: 1” ‘, ,,I’,~L,.-“\: ,,\,,‘. .‘..L ...:s.,‘,..‘,~ ,_ :s: ,, ; .,,, ,& ,i&

Qyromagnetto Ratio of the Free Bleotron Wave Btudu Vibrat4onat l2c4tatbns

2 years; $22,000 in Gasee; 2 years; $19,100
Philip J. Bray, Department of Physicn; Francis M. Pipkin, Department of Physics ;
Nuclear Re8OnUnce&u&es of Electron Die- Radio-Frequency Alignment 01 Nuclear
tributions and Cryetat Btructure; 2 years; Spine; 2 years ; $25,700
S16.200 Norman F. Ramsey, Department of
David Feldman, Department of Physics; Physics ; Molecular Beam Studies; 2 years ;
Theoretical High-Energy Phyetce; 2 years ; $56,600
CALIB~RNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, Pasa- Md. ; Hans Meissner, Department of Physics ;
dena, Calif. ; Harry A. Kirkpatrick, Depart- StUdie8 on kluperconductivCty; 2 years ;
ment of Physics ; Predeion dleasurements of $17,500
Certain Fundamental Natural Constants; 2 UNIVERSITY 01 ILLINOIS, Urbana, Ill. : Fred-
years ; $26,400
crick Seitz, Department of Physics; imper-
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. fections in Crustalline Material8: < 2 V~ vears ,:
Robert Karplus and Malvin A. Ruderman, $15,600 -
Department of Physics ; EZementary Par-
ticlee and High Energy Interactions; STATE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, Iowa City, Iowa ;
2 J.
years ; $30,900 M. Jauch, Department of Physics; A
W. A. Nierenberg and G. 0. Brink, Depart- Study of the Scattering Matris; 2 years;
ment of Physic8 ; Hyperfine Structure $16,500
Anomaliee of Zeotopee; 2 years ; $18,200 MARQUETTE UNIVERSITY, Milwaukee, Wis. ;
M. Tinkham, Department of Physics; A. G. Barkow. DeDartment of Phvsics: Ele-
studies oj Bolido at Millimeter and Sub- mentary Particle keactions; 2 years ; $8,600
MiZZimeter B’aveZengthe; 2 years ; $23,500 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND, College Park, Md.
C!~ax~o:s INSTITUTBI OB TECHNOLOQY, Pitts- Lauren8 Jansen, Institute of Molecular
burgh, Pa. Physics ; Phys(ca1 Propertiee of Condensed
Robert T. Schumacher, Department of Non-Polar Gaeee; 2 years ; $160,000
Physics ; Magnetic Re8OnanCe Studies; 2 Joseph Weber, Department of Physics;
years ; $18,000 Reeearch on Relativity Theory; 2 years;
8. A. Friedberg, Department of Physics; $8,700
Inveetigation of Solids at Low Temperatures; MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOI,OOY,
2 years ; $13,400 Cambridge, Mass. ; Bruno Rossi, Department
UNIVERSITY OIP CHICAOO, Chicago, Ill. of Physics ; Cosmic Ray Air Shower Re-
A, W. Lawson and M. H. Cohen, Denart- search; 2 years ; $134,300
ment of Physics ; Solid State Proaertk of XICHICAN STATE UNIVERSITY OF AGRICUL-
Bismuth, Antimony, and Areenic; 2 years ; TURE AND APPLIED SCIENCE. East Lansing.-.
$30,800 Mich.
Marcel Schein, Department of Physics ; Joseph Ballam, Department of Physics ;
Interaction 01 Hyperon and Heavy Meeons; Properties of Heavu Meeons and Huoerone I_~ z:
2 years ; $23,000 2 years ; $28,800 -
Marcel Schein, Department of Physics ; Sherwood K. Haynes, Department of
Cooperative Emul8ion Flight lor High Physics ; Beta-Rag Spectroscopy at Very Low
Energy Events; 3 years; $450,000 Energie8; 2 years ; $17,600
dam, N. Y. ; John Weymouth, Department of SOCIATION, Madison, Wis. ; Keith R. Symon,
Physics ; Thermal Difluse X-Ray Scattering The University of Wisconsin ; High Energy
of Solide; 2 years; $11,800 Acelerator gtudiee; 1 year; $160,000
Henry A. Boorse, Department of Physics ; Hack Arroe, Department of Physics ; Hyper-
Reeearchee in Low Temperature Phg8iC8; 3 ffne Structure in At0mi.c Spectra; 2 years;
years ; $73,300 $19,400
Gerard G. Harris and Jay Orear, Depart- EN; MEXICO COLLEGIO, State College, N.
ment of Physics ; Propertie and Interac- . ; Robert E. McDaniel, Department of
tions of Elementary Particles; 2 years ; Physics; Heavy Nuclei Component of Uoe-
$21,600 nzic Iladintion; 2 years, $4,800
M. Cotts, Department of Physics ; A Nuclear N. Mex.; John R. Green, Department of
#pin Re8OnUnCestudy of Solids; 3 years ; Physics ; Penetratang fJhOWer8Produced in
$45,100 Ught Elements; 1 year; $9,800
Dewdney, Department of Physics ; Energy Hill, N. C.
Distribution 01 PhotoeZectrone; 2 years ; Bryce S. Dewitt, Department of Physics;
$12,500 Grav0ationaZ Field Theory; 2 years;
FLORIDA STATH~ UNIVERSITY, Tallahassee, $13,400
Fla. ; H. S. Plendl, Department of Physics ; R. I% Glover, Department of Physics;
Nuclear spectroecopy; 3 years ; $19,600 Superconductivity in Thin Films; 2 years;
F. R. Metzger, Bartol Research Foundation, John G. Daunt, Department of Physics;
Swarthmore, Pa. ; Nuclear Resonance Fluo- Physical Phenomena at Very Low Tem-
reecence Studies Using a Centrifuge Method; peraturee; 6 years ; $208,000
2 years ; $43,600 R. L. Mills and A. M. Sessler, Department
GEOBGETOWNUNIVERSITY, Washington, D. C. ; of Physics ; Theoretical Problem8 4s Nuclear
Robert N. Schwartz, Department of Physics ; Phg8iC8; 2 years; $28,000

TUTID, Norman, Okla. lulian E. Mach, Department of Physics ;
R. 0. Fowler and 0. H. Theimer, Depart- Wueture ol Atom& Gpwtra; 2 yeara;
ment of Physics, University of Oklahoma; S31,600
InfZuence 03 the Debye 19hieZding Eflect oy UNIVE88ITX OF WXOMINO, Laramie, WyO. ;
lStrong PZasma8; 2 years; $13,000 Prederick J. Bueche, Department of Phye-
Chun C. Lin, Department of Physica; c8; Mechan4caZ Propertie ot High PoZ#-
Pressure Broadening of Microwave GpectraZ Wt-8; 2 yetU8; $10,300
Ihee; 2 years; $6,600
J. R. Nielsen and 0. H. Theimer, De- HALF,UNIVERSITY, New Haven, Conn. ; Henry
partment of Physics, University of Okla- L. Fairbank, Department of Physico : Ee-
homa; VibrationaZ lgpectra of Cryeta& and ~er4mentaZ Research in Low Temperature
PoZymer8; 2 years ; $13,600 Phg8fC8; 2 years; $2.9,400
Bernd Crasemann, Department of Physics ;
Electron Oapture Branch4no Ratio8 and XEGULATORY BIOLOGY
FZUOre8Ce?wesYield8;3 years! $16,100 VICTOB H. DROPKIN, Nematode Research
PENN8YLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY, Univer- Laboratory, U. S. Department of Agricul-
sity Park, Pa. ; Edwin R. Fitzgerald, De- ture, Seaford, N. Y. ; A Bioassay of Root-
partment of Physics ; Dynamio Properties Knot Nematode8 Parasltio on PZants; 6
of Metals; 3 years; $23,300 months ; $800
Pa. William J. McCauley, Department of Zo-
C. Dean and G. A. Jeffrey, Department of alogy ; The Water Balance and Reepiratorg
Physics; study of Crystal and Molecular Metabolism of the ctcla Monster; 8 yeara;
Btructure: 2 years : $10.300 $12,000
T. M. Donahue, Department of Physics; UNIVERSITY OF ARKANSAS,
Oxygen and Boddum $n the Upper Atmos- Fayetteville,
phere; 1 year; $8,100 Ark. ; Charles D. Wood and Joseph El. Stone,
Department of Physiology and Pharmacol-
COLLEQII OF PU~ET SOUND, Tacoma, Wash. ; om ; ALtera~tions Produced by Drug8 to
Martin E. Nelson, Department of Physics ; ‘he Central Nervous Syaterta; 2 years;
Prtmary CoemCoRag stUd4e8 U84ng Nuclear $20,100
EmuZ84ons; 2 years ; $7,100
BARNARD COLLEQE, New York, N. Y. ; Aub-
PuEDIJE RESEARCH FOUNDATION, Lafayette, rey Gorbman, Department of Zoology :
Ind. ; Kenneth L. Andrew, Department of ComparatCvs PhV8iOZOVgof Thyro4d Funo-
Physics, Purdue University ; The speotra of t4on; 3 years; $28,700
the Carbon Group and The4r Analyses; 2
years ; $10,200 BOSTON UNIVER8ITX, Boston, Mass. ; John
REED COLLEOE, Portland, Oreg. ; R. L. Mar- D. Ifft, Department of Anatomy, School of
tin, Department of Physics ; OptZcaZProper- Medicine ; Relationehtp ol the Hgpothala-
mu8 to the Gonadotrophio Aotidt4t?8 of the
tie8 ol silver HaZidee; 2 years ; $10,100 Pdtu4targ; 3 years ; $17,100
UNIVERSITX OF ROCHESTER, Rochester, Alfred B. Chaet, Department of Physf-
N. Y. ; 11. Parker Givens, Institute of Optics ; ology, School of Medicine ; TOXICFactor8 Cn
A Study of the OptiCal Constants of Metals; Heat; 2 years; $13,050
2 years; $18,700 Rae Whitney, Department of Biology:
SEATTLE PACIFIC COLLEGE, Seattle Wash. ; Reeponse8 to Homo-Transplan~ts in Ham-
Donald D. Kerlee, Department of Physics ; Rters a8 a Function of Inbreeding; 1 year;
Pr4mary UoemCoRag igtUd4e8 Using Nuclear $1,150
Emuts~on8: 2 years ; $12,000 BUCKNELL UNIVERSITY, Lewisburg, Pa. ;
SEATTLE UNrvE881xx, Seattle, Wash. ; Paul Roger H. Bowman, Department of Biology;
S. L. Luger, 8. J., Department of Physics ; Growth Hormone Content of the Pltuitarg
Radionuclide Half-Life Neaeurement With a8 Affected by Age; 2 years; $5,500
a Precision Recording Electrometer; 2 UNIVERSITY OF BUFFALO, Buffalo, N. Y. ;
years ; $3,200 Simon Rodbard, Chronic Disease Research
SYRACUSE UEIv8881xx, Syracuse, N. Y.; Institute ; Regulat4on of the Uirculating
Peter G. Bergmann, Department of Physics ; Pluema Volume by the AutonomCo NervoUs
Radiation Theory in Generat Relativity and Byetern; 2 years; $12,400
EZwtrodynamice; 2 years ; $22,000 CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOQY,
UNIVERSITX OF TENNESSEE, Knoxville, Pasadena, Calif. ; C. A. G. Wiersma, Division
Tenn. ; D. T. King, Department of Physics ; If Biology; Integrative Action of the Crw-
Multiple Meson Production in Energetic tacean Nervoue f&stem; 3 years; $39,900
OoZZ&donsof Nucleons; 2 years ; $27,000
TRINIXX COLLEQIO, Hartford, Corm. ; Robert Alden S. Crafts, Department of Botany,
Lindsay, Department of Physics ; Magnet& Davis ; Uptake, Dietribution, and Fate of
zat4on Studies of Antiferromagnetic Hub, 18otoPicaZly Labeled Compound8 tn Plants;
stancee; 2 years; $11,600 2 years ; $6,700
:$$4 FLYBE OF SXRACU8E UNIVER8ITX Thomas W. James and Theodore L. Jahn,
* Peter Fong, Department 01 c, Department of Zoology, Los Angeles, Calif.,
Physics ; ’ Tiiory of Nuclear F4884on; f &“ynchronously Divid4ng Celle; 3 years ;
years, $6,500 $36,800
WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY, St. Louis, MO. ; S. H. Madin, Department of Bacteriology,
J. P. Hurley, Department of Physics; Pho. Naval Biological Laboratory ; Characteriza-
ton Splitting by the Coulomb Field; 3 tion of an Unknowlt Lethal VImc8 of lgwfne:
year ; $9,000 2 years; $18,600
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John H. Phillips, Department of Bacteri- Me8; Re848ta%oe 03 the wheat PZad to

OIORS: The Immune Meahani8~ of Issvtwte- Attack W the Heaim FZvy; 3 years ; $8,700
bra?-&; 2 years ; $19,100 UNI~ER~I!~Y OF KANSAS, Lawrence, Kana.;
Charles H. Sawyer, Department of An- H. W. Barrett, Department of Biochemistry;
atomy, School of Medicine, Los Angeles; InteetinaZ Ab8Of-ptiO% or Peptidea; 2 yearn;
Uentrnl Nervous Mechanisms OontroZZing $8,700
the Neurohypophy848; 3 years; $21,300
Beatrice M. Sweeney, Biology Division, UNIVEBSITI OF L~ISVILL~, Louisville, Ky.;
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Warren 8. Rehm, Department of Physiology ;
Jolla, Callf. ; Endogenour Diurnal Rhythm EZectrophysioZogicaZ Studier on Gaatrio
in UeZZDiv48ion in Yarine DinofageZZate8; Mucosa; 3 years ; $35,300
N. Y.; William Etkin, Department of Bi- Mich. ; W. J. Hooker, Department of Botany
ology ; &Jecretory Fun&ion of the Pituitary and Plant Pathology; Virabe MuZtipZ4oation
in the Ab8enCeof it8 Nerve 1suppZy; 2 years ; a8 Influenced by Inherent Resiutance of the
$16,900 Plant Hoet; 2 years ; $13,000
Cola. ; Frank B. Salisbury, Department of J. Levitt. Denartment of Botanr : Phffsi-
Botany and Plant Physiology; The Influence ological Bore48bj Resbtance oj kiant8- to
01 Growth Regulator8 Upon Flowering; 2 Frost and Drought; 2 years: $12.500
years ; $13,400 Thomas D. Luckey, Department of Bio-
UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO, Boulder, Colo. ; chemistry ; Role of Inteetinal Microorgan-
Robert Samuel& Department of Nicroblology, iem in Vitamin Nutrition in the Chicken:
Medical Center, Denver, Colo.; Nutrition of 3 years; $28,400
Tr4tr4chomona8 Augusta; 2 years ; $8,800 NEW YORK UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y. ;
COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y. William B. Hebard, Department of Biology ;
Herbert Elftman, Department of An- rgpeoiee, Age, and 19eaeonaZ Variation fn
atomy ; Ecbect of Tron8pZantatiOn on the Amphibian Blood Compoeition; 3 years;
Uytology of the Pituitary; 1 year; $5,400 $8,400
Harry Grundfest, Department of Neur- NORTH CAROLINA STATE COLLEQ~ OF AQBI-
ology ; Fundamental Mechanisms of BioeZea- CULTURB) AND ENQINEERINQ, Raleigh, N. C. ;
tr4o Act4vity; 5 years; $75,900 Robert P. Upchurch, Department of Field
Beatrice C. Seegal, Department of Micro- Crops ; Uptake or Organic Bubetancee by
biology ; ImmunoZogicaZ diechaniems in EQJ- Plant Roots; 3 years; $23,900
perimental Nephritb; 1 year; $12,880 OHIO STATKI UNIVERSITY, Columbus, Ohio ;
CONNICTICUT COLLEQBI FOE WOMBIN, New Leo A. Sapirstein, Department of Physi-
London, Conn. ; John F. Kent, Department ology ; Movement of DieeoZved Material8 Be-
of Zoology ; Functional Wgniflcance 01 the tween thte Circulating BZood and Cells; 2
UastroZntestinaZ Argentafln OeZZs;3 years ; years ; $25,800
OBEQON STATS COLLEQB, Corvallis, Oreg. ;
COBNELL UNIVERSITY, Ithaca, N. Y. Carroll W. Fox, Department of Dairy and
Damon Boynton, Department of Pom- Animal Husbandry ; Dietary Influence8 on
ology ; Natural Growth Regulator8 and In- Fertility; 1 year; $6,100
termediary Nitrogenous Compound8 in Austin Pritchard, Department of Zoology ;
Growth and FZower Initiation; 2 years; Action of Thuroid Hormone in Embruonio
$11,800 Sharke; i year; $1,200
A. van Tienhoven, Department of Poultry
Husbandry ; Neural CoMroZ of Ovulation; UNIVERSITY or OREQON, Eugene, Oreg. ;
3 years; $12,100 George M. Austin, Division of Neurosurgery
Medical School. Portland. Oren. : BZnoZe CeZZ
DID PAUL UNIVERSITY, Chicago, Ill.; John &tivity of 8pinaZ Cord 4; Relation to Intra-
R. Cortelyou, Department of Biological 8pinaZ rgproutdng 01 New Terminale; 2
Sciences ; Parathyrotd Glands Zn Anuran years ; $24,100
Amphibtane; 2 years; $8,300
John W. Everett, Department of Anatomy ; Pa. ; William 8. Yamamoto, Department of
NeuraZ Mechanism8 Controlling the Pituitarg Physiology, School of Medicine ; ReguZation
Gland; 2 years; $16,780 oj the ArteriaZ UO, Concentration; 3 years;
Talmage L. Peele, Department of An- $13,100
atomy ; Interdependence of Amygdala and PRINCETON UNIVERSITY, Princeton, N. J. ;
Hgpothalamue; 2 years ; $20,000 Colin S. Pittendrigh, Department of Biol-
G~OBQE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY, Washing- ogy ; Phy8ioZog4caZ and Chemical Btudy of
ton, D. C. ; Eugene M. Renkin, Department the Yechanieme ol BioZogicaZ CZocke; 3
of Physiology, School of Medicine ; ReguZa- years ; $30,000
tory bfeChoni8m8 in Blood OCrcuZation; 2 PUE~DUEIRIMJEABCH FOUNDATION, Lafayette,
years ; $15,500 Ind.
HARVARD UNIVERSITP, Cambridge, Mass. ; George A. Gries, Department of Botany
Frederick L. Hisaw, Department of Biology ; and Plant Pathology; seneecence of PZant
Reproductive Hormonal Processes in Blase Roots; 1 year ; $900
mobranch FOhe8 and A8c4dian8; 2 years; Richard C. Sanhorn, Department of Bio-
$9,400 logical Sciences; The Extracellular Fluid ol
Arthropods; 2 years ; $12,100
Byron 8. Miller and John A. Johnson, De- Terence A. Rogers, Department of Physi-
partment of Flour and Feed Milling Indua- ology, School of Medicine and Dentistry;

LWtribution of Mapneuiur, in TcSwsr; 1 SOCIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
year ; $7,600 UNIVERSITY 0~ CALIIY)BNIA, Berkeley, Calif. ;
RUTQERS, THEI STATS UNIVERSITY, New Richard C. Atkinson, Department of Psy-
Brunswick, N. J.; W. Rel Robblns, Depart- chology, Los Angeles, Cal& : YuZtCPeraon
ment of Plant Physiology ; Phy&olopically Deaision Proceaaer; 1 year; $5,000
Active and -Inactive Forma of Iron fn
PZantu; 1 year ; $2,000 UNIVERSITY OF CHICAQO, Chicago, III. ; Rev-
erly Duncan, Population Research and
ST. JOHN% UNIVEBBITY, Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Training Center ; MetropoZitan ReeMentiaZ
Daniel M. Lilly, Department of Biology ; Btructure; 2 years ; $10,000
Growth and Nut&ion in Hypotrichous
Ciliater; 2 years ; $14,000 CORNELL UNIVDRBITY, Ithaca, N. Y. ; Urie
Bronfenbrenner, Department of Child De-
SOUTHWESTERN LOUISIANA INSTITUTR, La- velopment and Family Relations ; Identill-
fayette, La. ; Velvl W. Greene, Department cattin and Family &Uructure; 1 year ; $9,500
of Bacteriology ; Interaction of Pure bltraine HARVAED UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Mass.
of Laotio lgtreptococoi; 2 years; $5,300 R. Duncan Lute, Laboratory of Social
UNIVIUI~SITY OF TEXAS, Austin, Tex.; Sidney Relations ; Mathematics of Imperjeot D(r-
Ochs, Department of Physiology, Medical crimination; 1 year ; $7,300
Branch, Galveston, Tex. ; fJurjace Reaponsee R. Duncan Lute, Laboratory of Social
From the Cerebral Cortw Elicited by Btimu- Relations ; Individual fJhoice Behavior; 3
lation; 3 years; $9,600 years ; $24,500
D. 5. Van Fleet, Department of Botany ; Md.; Clinton De Sota, Department of Pey-
Cell Division and Diflerentiation in Plants; cholopy ; Conceptual Learning oj ReZation-
1 year ; $2,350 ships; 2 years ; $7,100
William A. Kratz, Department of Biology ; Cambridge, Mass.
Thermal Tolerant and Thermophilfo Algae; Daniel Lerner, Center for International
2 years ; $7,100 Studies ; Lgoviet Science; 1 year ; $13,800
TULANE UNIVERSITY OIP LOUISIANA, New Or- Marvin E. Shaw, School of Industrial
leans, La. ; Harold Baer, Department of Management ; Use of Information in SmaZZ
Microbiology, School of Medicine ; Propertiecr Q-roupa; 2 years ; $9,700
and Uaea oj FZuOre8CWt Antibodies; 2 UNIVP~BSITYOF MICHIQAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. ;
years ; $17,000 Robert B. Zajonc, Research Center for Group
UNIV~~RSITY OF UTAH, Salt Lake City, Utah ; Dynamics ; lSeZective FaCtOr in Cognition;
James R. King, Department of Experimental 3 years; $26,200
Biology ; Avian Energy Yetaboliam; 3 UNIVIQESITY 01 MINNIUSOTA, Minneapolis,
years ; $15,000 Minn. ; Harold H. Keller, Laboratory of Re-
VALPABAISO UNIVERSITY, Valparalso, Ind. search and Social Relations ; Patterns oj
W. C. Gunther, Department of Biology ; Interdependency in BmaZZQroupe; 3 years;
Rea8onaZ Variation oj Reproductive Organ8 $20,300
and Endocrine GZand8: 1 vear : $1.600 UNIVEBSITY OF NOBTH CABOLINA, Chapel
Robert J. Hanson, Depa&nent of .Blology, Hill, N. C. ; Daniel 0. Price, Institute for
The Phapooytoaia of Influenza Virus; 3 Research in Social Science; Uomputer Re-
years ; $8,880 eearch in Demography; 1 year; $9,900
INC., Port Washington, Long Island, N. Y. ;
Norman Molomut, Scientific Director ; The Pa. ; Dorothy S. Thomas, Department of
Edecta oj Neuropenio Btreae on Tiseue Re- $20,200 SOCiOiOgy ; YigtWiOn Df&?rentfaZU; 2 years ;
generation; 18 months ; $14,500
Walter Chavln, Department of Biology ; Brunswick, N. J.; John W. Riley, Jr., De4
Nature and Role of the Thyroid Hormone for partment of Sociology ; BtatiatCcaZ Method8
in PrCmttive Vertebrates; 2 years; $13,000 LVooiaZByetern Data; 3 years ; $14,600
WILKES COLLEOE, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. ; Charles
B. Reif, Department of Biology ; Proto- SYSTEMATIC BIOLOGY
plaem40 Bimilaritiee Between Green and
UoZorZeas Forma of Euptena; 2 yeare ; $7,400 ALLEQHENY COLLEOBI,Meadville, Pa. ; Robert
UNIVERSITY OB WISCONSIN, Madison, Wis. E. Bugbee, Department of Biology ; ReVj8COn
Harold R. Wolfe, Department of Zoology ; oj North Amerkan Hpeoiea oj Eurptoma; 2
Relation oj Age to Antibody Reaponae; 2 years ; $2,000
Charles M. Welse, Department of Zoology ; New York, N. Y.
Phya~oZogicaZFactor8 Inpuenoing Migration Joseph C. Moore, Department of Mam-
and Molt i?s Birds; 2 years ; $6,500 mals; Revision of the Indomalayan Bciu-
YALE UNIVERSITY, New Haven, Conn. ridae; 1 year ; $2,700
Philip B. Cowles, Department of Yicro- Nicholas 8. Obraztsov, Department of In-
biology ; Bacteriophagy and Bacteriocino- sects and Spiders ; Revision oj North Am&
peny; 2 years; $11,000 can Tortricidae; 2 years ; $12,000
Jerome P. Sutin, Department of Anatomy, AMHEBST COLLEOBI,Amherst, Mass. ; Albert
School of Medicine; Uentral Nervous Bya- E. Wood, Department of Biology, Evolution
tern ddechanisma Regulating Food Intake; oj Early Rodent8 and Lapomorpha; 3 years ;
3 years; $26,999 $8,000

._. :’ .“;; “.“i. ;; /,(. &>:,>“:,.~.,m’ i,,,,,,,, v/c >:.. ..‘di... .L , <a/‘. j _,, ., 1 ;> )

UNIV~BSITY 01 ARKANSAS, Fayetteville, Robert L. Wilbur, Department of Botany;

Ark. ; Herndon 0. Dowling, Department of A Systematio Study of the ffenu.8 Amorpha
Zoology ; American Specie8 of Elaphe (Rep- (Leguminosae) ; 2 years ; $4,600
tilia) ; 2 years ; $0,000 FLORIDA STATIUUNIVEBSEFY, Tallahassee, Fla.
BEBNICE~ P. BISHOP MU~EUY, Honolulu, Robert K. Godfrey, Department of Biologid
T. H.; J. Linsley Gressitt, Department of cal Sciences ; Vascular Plant8 of Aquatic
Entomology ; Zoogeography and Evolution o] Marsh Habitats of Western Florida; 2
PacifZc Inseote; 2 years ; $25,000 years ; $6,000
Robert B. Short, Department of Biologi-
BOSTON UNIVERSITY, Boston, Mass. ; Arthur cal Sciences; Taxonomic Studies of Diccye.
G. Humes, Department of Biology; Cope- mid Yesozoa; 2 years; $6,300
poda (Cruetacea) of Africa and Madagaecar;
1 year; $4,800 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, Gainesville, Fla.
Coleman J. Goin, Department of Biology ;
UNIVIDRSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. Systematic8 and Evolution of the Amphfbia;
Martin W. Johnson, Scripps Institution of 2 years ; $2,400
Oceanography, La Jolla, Calif. ; Taxonomdo William J. Riemer, Florida State Museum ;
and Zoogeographic Studies of Copepoda Herepetofauna of the ApaZachicoZa Baain;
(Oruetacea) ; 1 year ; $2,100 3 years; $7,400
Maynard F. Moseley, Department of Bot- Minter J. Westfall, Jr., Department of
any, Santa Barbara College, Goleta, Calif. ; Biology ; Systematio b’tUdie8 of North
Morphologtial EM&es of Nymphaeaceae; 3 Americalz Zygoptera; 3 years; $15,000
years ; $8,000
Irwin M. Newell, Division of Life Science, GRINNELL COLLEOIU,Grinnell, Iowa.
Kenneth A. Christiansen, Department of
River&de ; Correlation of Larvae and Adults Biology Sy8temati.o Studiee of ColEemboZa;
of Polytr+chous Trombidiform Mites; 3 2 years ;; $5,400
years ; $16,800 Norman H. Russell, Department of Biol-
Ruben A. Stirton, Museum of Paleontol- ogy : The Genus Viola in North America; 3
WY : Tertiary &fammale of Auetralia; 2 years ; $11,600
years ; $7,100
CANISIUS COLLEOI, Buffalo, N. Y. ; John L. Richard A. Howard, Arnold Arboretum;
Blum, Department of Biology ; Composition Flora of the Lesser Antilles; 3 years;
and Phytogeography of the Coastal Vaf& $21,000
cheria Belt; 2 years ; $3,800 I. Mackenzie Lamb, Farlow Herbarium ;
F~~ICAQO AcADsaf Y OB SCIENCES, Chicago, New Index of Lichens; 2 years ; $3,900
. ; Dr. Howard K. Gloyd, Director; The Herbert W. Levi, Museum of Comparative
CroMid wake Genue Agkistrodon; 2 years; Zoology ; Type Specie8 of Rare Spider Qen-
$4,400 era; 1 year; $2,200
UNIVERSITY OB CHICAOO, Chicago, Ill. ; Bar- Zoology Alfred S. Romer, Museum of Comparative
bara F. Palser, Department of Botany; ; SStudyof Carboniferous Tetrapode;
Floral Morphology of the Ericales; 2 years; 2 years ; $7,800
$10,000 Alfred S. Romer, Museum of Comparative
Zoology ; Triassic Vertebrate8 of Argentina;
CLARPMONT GRADUATE SCHOOL, Claremont, 1 year ; $3,000
Calif. ; Sherwin Carlquist, Department of Ernest E. Williams, Museum of Compara-
Botany; Wood Anatomy of Compositae; 3 tive ZoologJ‘; Syatematics and Ecology of
years ; $7,300 Anolie in Cuba; 2 years ; $9,700
Linda, Calif. ; Bruce W. Halstead and Leonard D. Tuthill, Department of Ento-
F. Rene Modglin, Department of Biotoxi. mology ; Insects of Hawaii; 3 years ; $37,500
cology ; Phylogenetic Relationships in Sting- IDAHO STATE COLLEQE, Pocatello, Idaho ;
rays; 2 years; $9,000 Marie L. Hopkins, Department of Zoology ;
COLORADO STATB UNIVIIIRSITY, Fort Collins, Bison Latifrona and Aesociated Pleistocene
Cola. ; Tyler A. Woolley, Department of Fauna; 3 years; $4,800
Zoology; Bystematics of Oribatid Mites; 3 UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, Urbana, Ill.
years ; $12,000 Donald P. Rogers, Department of Botany ;
UNIVERSITY OB CONNHCTICUT, Storrs, Conn. ; Lower Baeid$omycetes of Oregon; 2 years;
James A. Slater, Department of Zoology and $10,000
Entomology ; Systematio Studies of the Milton W. Sanderson, State Natural His-
Family Lygaeidae (Hemiptera) ; 4 years ; tory Survey Division ; Weet Indian Specie8
$18,000 I$ 8;$gZlophaga (Coleoptera) ; 3 years ;
CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Ithaca, N. Y. Wilson N. Stewart, Department of Bot-
Helen J. Illick, Biology Department, Rus-
sell Sage College, Troy, N. Y. ; Morphology any ; Petrifaction FO88il.3 of the Penney&
ot the Lateral-Line System in Cgprinidae; 1 vania period; 3 years ; $10,000
year ; $1,750 STATE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, Iowa City, Iowa ;
Edward C. Raney, Department of Con. Robert F. Thorne, Department of Botany;
servation ; Systematic8 aud Speciation in Vaecular Plants of Zowa; 3 years; $10,000
Fishee; 1 year ; $8,300 KAISER FOUNDATION, Oakland, Calif. ; Ben-
Charles G. Sibley, Department of Con- jamin G. Chitwood, Laboratory of Compara-
servation ; Paper E~ectrophoresie A8 a tive Physiology and Morphology ; Marine
Method in Avtan Taxonomy; 1 year ; $5,400 Nematode8 and Other Scolecidans; 2 years;
DUKE UNIVERSITY, Durham, N. C. $12,000
H. L. Blomquist, Department of Botany ; KXNSAS STATE COLLEQH~OB AQRICULTUR~ AND
Syetematiccs of Sphagnum CnNorth America; APPLIED SCIENCXI, Manhattan, Kans. ; Regi-
2 years; $8,400 nald H. Painter, Department of Entomology ;
Tasonomdc .Htudy of Poeoilanthrw (Dip. Austin B. Williams, Institute of Fisheries
tera) ; 2 years ; $2,000 Research ; Decapod Cruetaceana of the Bosrth-
C~NIVEESITY OR KANSAS, Lawrence, Kans. eastern United Matee; 3 years; $8,000
Robert W. Baxter, Department of Botany : OKLAHOJIA STATB~UNIVERSITY AND APPLIED
The Pennsylvanian Fossil Flora 01 Eaetern SCIIaNCBI,Stillwater, Okla. ; George A. Moore,
gansae; 3 years ; $11,600 Department of Zoology ; Comparative Xorph-
E. Raymond Hall, Department of Zoology : OloQy of &Lnjiehes; 2 years ; $7,000
systematic8 Btudfes of North Americas Mam- UNIVERSITY OR OKLAHOIXA RESEARCH INSTI-
mals; 3 years ; $11,000 TUTE, Norman, Okla. : Norman H. Boke, De-
Ronald L. McGregor, Department of Bat. partment of Plant Sciences, University of
any ; A BiO8y8tematCO BtudQ 01 Echtnaceo Oklahoma ; Developmental Anatomy of Cac-
(Compoeitae) ; 2 years; $5,300 taceae; 3 years; $16,200
Gordon E. Gates, Department of Zoology ; Harold J. Jensen, Department of Botany
Claesilication of Oligochasta; 4 years j nud Plant Pathology ; Survey 01 Marine
$26,000 Nematodes; 3 years; $9,900
Martin A. Rosinski, Department of Bat. Herman A. Scullen, Department of Ento-
any and Plant Pathology ; MorphoZogQ and mology ; Tazonomic Studiee of CercerCnf; 2
Cytology of Ceratocyetis; 2 years ; $3,700 years ; $5,800
UNIVE.RSITY OF MARYLAND, College Park, William P. Stephen, Department of Ento-
Md. ; 0. W. Wharton, Department of Zool- mology ; &‘ystematio Studies ol Apidae; 3
ogy ; Baeic Research in Acarology; 3 years ; years ; $9,400
UNIVEIZSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS, Amherst, mont, Calif. ; Philip A. Munz, Director ;
Mass. ; Charles P. Alexander, Department of Cytological a,nd Systematic Investigation8 of
Entomology ; Crase-Fliee of Western North Onagraceae; 3 years ; $10,600
America; 2 years; $3,200 ~tOOSEVELT UNIVERSITY, Chicago, Ill. ;
MICHIGAN STATS UNIVERSITY OF AQRICITL- Charles II. Seevers, Department of Biology ;
TURBI AND APPLIED SCIHINCE, East Lansing, Systematic8 and Evolution of the Staphy-
Mich. ; Henry A. Imshaug ; Department of linidae; 3 years; $6,900
Botany and Plant Pathology ; Taxonomic and RUSSELI, SAGE COLLEGE, Troy, N. Y. ; Geneva
Phytogeographic b’tudy ol Weet Indian Savre. Deuartment of Biolorrv : Nomencl.a-
L&hens; 3 years; $19,000 tube and *Claseiflcation 03 B&ophytes; 1
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIOAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. year ; $8,500
Claude W. Hibbard, Museum of Paleontol- RUTGERS, THID STATE UNIVICRSITY, New
ogy ; PleCetoce?teFaunas of the High Plaina Brunswick, N. J.
Region; 3 years; $18,600 Ruth E. Gordon, Institute of Microbiology ;
Warren H. Wagner, Department of Bot- Taxonomic Stud@ of Actinomycetes; 3 years ;
any; Fern Taxonomy; 1 year; $8,000 $20,000
Marion A. Johnson, Department of Bot-
UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA, Minneapolis, nny ; Serological Btudy of Festuceae; 3
Minn. ; A. Orville Dahl, Department of Bot- years ; $15,000
any ; Fine Structure 01 Pollen Graina; 2
years ; $11,000 ST. JOHN FISHER COLLEGE, Rochester, N. Y. ;
MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEIN, St. Louis, Ross H. Arnett, Jr., Department of Biology ;
MO. ; Julian A. Steyermark, Research De- $3,500
Npeciation of Oedenterid Beetles; 2 years;
partment ; Revised Catalogue oj Missouri
Flora; 1 year; $1,750 SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION 9 Washington,
LJ. c.
UNIVERSITY OF NEW HAI~PSHIRE, Durham, Carl J. Drake, Department of Zoology;
N. H. &fonogra,phic studies of Tingidae and Pres-
Marian H. Pettibone, Department of Zool- &due (Ziemiptera) ; 2 years ; $19,000
WY ; Polychaetoue Annelide 01 New En@- Mason E. Hale, Jr. ; Department of Bat.
land; 4 years ; $15,000 w ; Lichen8 oj West Virginia; 1 year;
Emery F. Swan, Department of Zoology ; $1,650
ffrowth and Variation in Sea Urchins (Echi- Porter M. Kier, Department of Geology
noidea) ; 4 years ; $18,600 Studies of Cassiduloida (Echinoidea) ; 1
N~cw YORK BOTANICAL GARDEN, New York, grar ; $2,700
N. Y.; David D. Reck ; Assistant Director Floyd A. McClure, Department of Bot-
and Head Curator; Studies Cn Syetematic lny ; Taxonomy 01 the Bambooe; 2 years;
Botany; 1 year ; $30,000 e14,ooo
N. Y. ; Myron Gordon, Genetics Laboratory ; Bnrreles. Calif. : John S. Garth. Denartment
A Biological &&r&thesis of the Poeciliid If f<ioldgy ; Xakthidae of the kacijc Amcr-
Fishes; 2 years ; $11,000 ban Coast; 2 years ; $11,500
CIJLTUBE AND ENGINEERING, Raleigh, N. C. ‘ayette, La. ; William D. Reese, Departmeut
Clyde F. Smith, Division of Biological )f Biology ; The Mo88 Genus Calymperee Cn
Sciences ; Catalogue 01 the Homoptera of the gouth America; 2 years; $3,300
World; 1 year ; $6,900 STANFORD UNIVERSITY, Stanford, Calif. ;
Theodore B. Mitchell, Division of Biologi- George S. Myers, Natural History Museum ;
Cal Sciences; Native Bees 01 the Eastern ?Qetematic igtudy of Zeomorph Fishes; 3
United States; 3 years; $34,000 rears ; $16,000
Hill, N. C.; Albert E. Radford, Department Arthur C. Cole. Jr.. Denartment of Ento-
of Botany ; Flora of North and Routh Caro- nology ; The Ant Genus Pogonomyrmex; 2
lina; 2 years ; $16,000 rears ; $6,000

i .* ,I .; ~:,,.J .,>> ;,& ;t~.>,, ;,,:,:;, ,‘, i,l. iMr4’(,,’ :, ” ,‘,‘~,“‘../, G, ,‘) ,.,

Aaron J. Sharp, Department of Botauy ; 5xeeutive Dtmction

VawuZar Plant8 of Tenneesea; 3 yews; ?~ATXO~ALACADEMY 01 ScnPn~~s-NATIONAL
Sla,ooo RESEARCH COUNCIL, Washington, D. C.;
TEXAS RES~AECE FOUNDATION, Renner, Tex. ; 3. D. Meid, Business Manager; Commtttee
Donovan 8. Correll, Botanical Laboratory ; )n Polar Re6earch; 1 year ; $30,000
Se&ion Tuberariwm oj Solannm in North,
Central and South America; 2 years ; $14,000 Yeomagretbm
W. Frank Blair, Department of Zoology; ton, D. C. ; H. Arnold Karo, Director ; Con-
Speciutiolr (n AmphMan Populations; 8 Zuct o! Qeomagnetism Program; 2 years ;
years ; $15,300 ~10,000
Harold C. Bold, Department of Botany:
Algae oj Texa8 80218; 1 year; $6,000 I3ZadoZogy
Clark Hubbs, Department of Zoology,
S&yii;on Zn F&h Popuktfon; 3 years ; 4ac~lc INSTITUTIU OP NOBTH AMBRICA, New
Ilork, N. Y.
Wilson S. Stone and Marshall R. Wheeler, Walter A. Wood, Director ; Conduct of
Department of Zoology ; Drosophilldae of the 1Program in Traverse SeZsmoZogy; 2 years;
C?Wibbean Regione; 3 years; $26,000 : 642,000
UNIVERSITY OIP TULSA, Tulsa, Okla. ; Albert Walter A. Wood, Director; Conduct ot
I?. Blair and Hague L. Lindsay, Jr., De- Station and Traverse GZadoZogy; 2 years ;
partment of Life Sciences ; Population Stud- 6265,000
ice of Plethodontid Salamandere; 2 years ;
$2,800 Iono8pheric Phyeics
George F. Edmunds, Department of Zoology ton, D. C. ; A. V. Astin, Director ; Conduct 01
and Entomology ; Higher CZassjjZcatZon oj lOnOSPhe?% Phy8i~8 Program; 2 years ;
Ephemeroptera; 2 years ; $6,300 6109,300
Carl H. Krekeler, Department of Biology; Veteorology
Spetematic Studies o$ CaVerniCOZOu8
CoZeop- [J. S. WEATHER BUREAU, Washington, D. C. ;
tera; 3 years ; $4,500 F. W. Reichelderfer, Chief ; Conduct of
UNIVERSITY OF VERMONT AND STATEDA~RICUL- weteorology Program; 2 years ; $301,000
TURAL COLLEOBI,Burlington, Vt. ; Hubert W.
Vogelmann, Department of Botany; A Study 9ceanography
of Prlngle’e Undistributed Botanical Col- WOODS Ho~ar OCEANOQRAPHIC INBTITUTION,
Zectione; 2 years ; $6,400 Woods Hole, Mass. ; John McGilvray, Busi-
-S43018 %I&~&I&tsNI ~INH~G~x.X’IO~ VINIOXIA less Manager; Procurement of Deep Water
burg, Va. ; Perry C. Holt, Biology Depart- Large Sampte BOttZe8; 1 year ; $2,000
ment ; Systematic Studies 01 Branchiobdel-
Zidae; 2 years ; $5,800
Station Seiemologp
Paul L. Illig, Department of Zoology ; Bye- CALIFORNIA INSTITUTIU OF TECHNOLOGY, Pasa-
tematdce of Crustacia; 2 years ; $17,700 dena, Calif. ; Frank Press, Director, Seismo-
logical Laboratory ; Seismology Observation8
Carroll W. Dodge, Henry Shaw School of
at WCZkeeStation; 2 years ; $2,500
Botany ; Lichen Flora of the Antarctio Uon- COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y. ;
tine&; 2 years; $13,100 Maurice Ewing, Director, Lamont Geological
UNIVMRSITY OB WISCONSIN, Madison, Wis. ; Observatory ; Seiemology Obeervations at
John W. Thomson, Department of Botany: Hallett Station; 2 years ; $2,500
A Manual of American Arctic L&hens ; 2 U. S. COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY, Wash-
years ; $8,000 ington, D. C. ; H. Arnold Karo, Director ;
YOUNGSTOWN UNIVERSITY, Youngstown, Seiemologg Ob8ervations at Byrd and South
Ohio ; Fred H. Glenny, Department of Biolo- Pole stationa; 2 years ; $5,000
gy ; The Aortto Arch S’ystem ot Bird8: 1
year ; $1,300
ington, D. C. ; Louis N. Katz, President ;
Antarctti Field Operation8 Program of Summer Reeearch for Teacher8
U. S. WIDATHER BUREAU, Washington, D. C. ; of COZZt?gt3
Php8fOZOQg;1 year; $50,000
F. W. Reichelderfer, Chief; CJondUct of
Antarctic Field Operatione; 2 years ; $51,600 Ariz.,
Kenneth F. Wertman, Department of Bac-
Aurora and AirgZou, teriology ; PUrCha8e of an Electron MCcro-
ARCTIC INSTITVT~D OF NORTH AMERICA., New 8cope jor BaadoReeearch; 1 year ; $30,200
York, N. Y.; Walter A. Wood, Director ; BAYLOR UNIVERSITY, Waco, Tex. ; Stanley W.
Conduct of the Aurora and Airglow Pro- Olson, Dean, College of Medicine, Texas
gram; 2 years ; $20,000 Medical Center, Houston, Tex. ; Short Term
Biology and dledicine Research bg &fedicaZ Students; 3 years;
York, N. Y. ; Walter A. Wood, Director ; BERMUDA BIOLOGICAL STATION, St. George’s
Eetablishment of a BiOlOgiCal Laboratory at West, Bermuda; W. H. Sutcliffe, Jr., Direc-
the Antarctio hfolliurdo Base; 2 years; tor ; Research at the Bermuda BioZogicaZ
$82,000 Station; 5 years; $12,500
COLUMBIll UxrvmB8fTP, New York, N. Y. dne; 8hort Term Re6eareh b# Y6dW 8tw-
Willard C. Rappleye, Dean, College of Phy dent8; 8 yeara; $12,000
sic&us and Surgeons ; 8hort Term Resaarcl UNIVEBSITY OF WISCONSIN, Madison, Wia. ;
w dledicaZ Btudcrrt8; 3 years ; $12,000 F. IIZ Shideman, Chairman, Committee on
DUKB UNIVEBSITY, Durham, N. C. ; Kennetl Scholarships and Fellowships of the Medical
E. Penrod. Assistant Dean, School of Medi, School; Bhort Term Research b AtadioaZ
tine ; Bhort Term Research b Mediaa Btudents; 3 years ; $12,000
UNIVERSITY OB FEPU)BIDA,Gainesville, Fla. BIOLOQY, Shrewsbury, Mass. ; Hudson Hoag-
George T. Harrell, Dean, The College 01 land, ExecutiveDirector : Distilling Equip
Medicine; Bhort Term Research b Medic& ment for Hasardouo VoZatiZs 8oZvents; 1
tJtudent6; 3 years; $3,600 year ; $4,500
Springs, Miss. ; Gordon Gunter, Director Marcus D. Kogel, Dean, Albert Einstein
Bummer Research at the GuZf Coast Research College of Medicine ; Bhort Term Reeearoh by
Laboratory; 2 years ; $12,000 YedioaZ 8tudentr; 3 years ; $12,000
PITAL, Philadelphia, Pa. ; Harold A. ,Taggart,
Associate Dean ; Bhort Term Research b& FACILITIES
YedZcaZ Btudents; 3 years; $12,000
F. M. Carpenter, Department of Biology; dena, Calif. ; F. W. Went, President ; Fea6i-
An Electron Micro8cope for BitiZogicaZ Re bitity Study-jor Uonstruction of a Controlled
search; 1 year; $32,800 Environment FadZitu : 1 vear : $20.200
UNIVERSITY OF CAL&RN& Be%eley, Calif. ;
HIGHLAND BIOLOQICAL STATION, INC., High. Stanislavs Vaeilevskis, Lick Observatory ;
lands, N. C. ; Thelma Howell, Executive Deeign of Equipment UonsisHng 01 an Auto-
Director ; 8ummer Reeearch at the Highlands motto Machine for iUea6uring Aetrographio
Biological Btation; 3 years; $17,400 Position6 and Magnitudes; 1 year; $67,200
UNIVEBSITY OB KANSAS, Kansas City, Kans. ; HABVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Mass. ;
Alvar A. Werder. Chairman of the Research Alfred 8. Romer, Director, Museum of Com-
Committee, Schobl -of Medicine ; 8hort Term parative Zoology ; Museum FadZitics for Re
Research by hZedicaZ Btudents; 3 years; search in Byetematio Zoology and PaZeontoZ-
$10,300 ogy; 5 years; $300,000
A. H. Stockard, Director, University of Mich- A. H. Banner, Acting Director ; Improvement
igan Biological Station ; summer Researoh at 01 Reeearoh FaoiZitCes at the Hawaii Mar2116
the University of Michigan BZoZogCoaZ Bta- Laboratory; 1 year; $13,500
tion; 2 years ; $16,100
Minn. ; Robert B. Howard, Associate Dean, Ralph E. Cleland, Botany Department ; A
The Medical School; 8hort Term Research Dontrolled Environment Room for BotanicaZ
by hfed2caZ8tudente; 3 years ; $12,000 Re8earCh; 1 year; $25,000
W. N. Hubbard, Jr., Associate Dean, New Stewart, Department of Physics ; (lonstruo-
York University College of Medicine ; Bhort tion of a High Bpeed Digital Computer;
Term Reeearch by Medical Btudentr; 3 1 year; $50,000
years ; $12,000 I MARINE BIOLOQICAL LABORATOBY, Woods Hole,
NOBTHWESTEBN UNIVERSITY, Evanston, Ill. ; Mass. : PhiliD B. Armstrong. Director : Uolz-
Richard H. Young, Dean, The Medical School, p&u&ion oj^ a Research %uiZding and of
Chicago, Ill. ; 8hort Term Research by Medi- Hourring for Baeio BioZogicaZ and Medical
CaZ8tUdent6; 3 yeara; $12,000 Sciencea; 8 years; $544,250
Donald G. Anderson, Dean, School of Medi- uinn. ; 8. E. Warschawski, Department of
cine and Dentistry ; Bhort Term Re6earOh by Slathematics ; Acquieition 01 a High Bpeed
Medical Btudents; 3 years ; $12,000 Digital Oomputer; 1 year; $100,000
Angeles, Calif. ; Frederick J. Moore, Research 3erald S. Tuma, School of Electrical Engi-
Committee, School of Medicine; short Term leering ; Oonetruction of a High Bpeed
Research by MedicaZ Btudents; 3 years; Digital Computer; 1 year ; $60,000
$12,000 UNIVERSITY OR VIRGINIA, Charlottesville, Va.
UNIVEBSITY OF TEXAS, Austin, Tex. ; John B. Horton H. Hobbs, Jr., Director; Improve-
Truslow, Executive Director, Medical Branch, nent of Reeearch FfZCiZiti66 at the hfountain
Galveston, Tex. ; Bhort Term Research by Lake BIological Btation; 1 year; $5,200
Medical 8tudent6; 3 years ; $12,000 Lawrence R. Quarles, Dean of the School
TULAN~D UNIVERSITY OB LOUISIANA, New )f Engineering ; Researoh Reactor FacZZity;
Orleans, La. ; M. E. Lapham, Dean, The ! years; $160,000
School of Medicine ; 8hort Term Research by STATE COLLEGE OB WASHINGTON, Pullman,
Medical Btudents; 3 years ; $12,000 rash. ; Harold W. Dodge& Department of
UNIVBRSITY OF UTAH, Salt Lake City, Utah; :hemistry : Reeearoh Reactor FaciZCty; 2
Philip B. Price, Dean, College of Medicine; rears ; $300,000
Bhort Term Research by MedioaZ 8tUdent6; SALK UNIVEBSITY, New Haven, Conn. ; Edgar
8 years; $12,000 1. Boell, Department of Zoology ; Fauitity
VANDERBILT UNIVEBSITY, Nashvllle, Tenn. ; !or a Recircukting Be&Water Bystem; 1
John B. Youmans, Dean, The School of Medi- ‘ear ; $4,700

Grants Other Than Research


. ;~fX&f”YtNC!IUSIN SUPPORTOlIF PJympostum on Comparative Endrocrinol-
ogy; $14,300
DBILPHIA, Philadelphia, Pa. ; Xyetematic Bi- Calif. ; Kixth Internutfonat Uonference on
ology in Private Inetitution8; $4,200 Coastal Engineering; $5,000
ington, D. C. ; Conference on Ba8iO Reeearch EXPIURIMENTAL BIOLOQY, Washington, D. C. ;
In Architecture; $6,000 International #‘ymposCum on Enzyme Uhem-
istry; $10,000
BINGES, Washington, D. C. GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY, Schenectady,
The PhysiologicaZ Relation8 Between Nu- N. Y.; Conference on the Properties of
cleus and Cytoplasm; 1 week; $2,900 Metals at Low Temperatures; $0,000
Conference on ExtrachromosomaZ Eere- GENETIC% SOCIETY OF AMERICA, Madison,
dity; 5 days; $3,600 wis. ; Tenth International Uongrese of Ge-
DINEERB, New York, N. Y. ; Industry-Uni- GENETICS SOCIETY OR AMERICA, Austin, Tex. ;
versity Oonference 0% Research on Elect& Tenth InternationaZ Clongress of Genetioe,
ca2 EngWeering; $2,500 Montreal, Canada ; $26,000
of Comparative Zoology, Harvard Univer- ington, D. C. ; Conference on Ba8Zo Researoh
sity, Cambridge, Mass. ; Recent Advance8 in in Ctl;iZ Engineering; $2,700
OrrabthoZogicaZ Reeearch; $2,800 UNIVERSITY OF GEORQIA, Athens,
Ga.; Uon-
AMERICAN PHYTOFATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY, ference on Bait Marsh Research; $10,800
Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Sta- UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, Urbana, Ill.; Fun-
tion, New Haven, Conn. ; &@mposium on damentat Research dn PlaZn (loncrete;
Plant Pathology; $3,400 $8,400
New York, N. Y. ; Joint Meeting of the ington, Ind. ; Hyperconjugation; 3 days ;
International Aesociatfon for Bridge and $2,000
Btructurat Engineering and the structural INTXUBNATIONALUNION OP PUREI AND APPLIED
Division of the American society of UMZ CHEMISTRY, Basel, Switzerland ; 40th Meet-
lhgineering; $8,000 ing of the Emecutive Committee oj the In-
BIOLOGICAL ABSTRACTS, Philadelphia, Pa. ; ternational Union of Pure and Applied
UOnje?WWe0% U. 19. &!ient$flo Abstracting Chemistry; $5,000
and Indexing Services; $11,400 JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY, Baltimore,
BIOMETRIC SOCIBTY, Eastern North Ameri- Md. ; The Chemicat Ba8i8 of Development;
can Region, Blacksburg, Va. ; Fourth In- 1 week; $6,500
ternational Biometrio &mpos(um on Bio- LONQ ISLAND BIOLOQICAL ASSOCIATION,
metrio Genetics; $2,500 Cold Spring Harbor, N. Y. ; 8.Wd Cold
HIOPHPSIC~I, SOCIETY, Cambridge, Mass.: &?pring Harbor KymposCum on QuantZtative
r9ymposla on the &Ztructure and Function of Biology; $6,500
MicrosomaZ Particle8 and on the Nature oj MARINB BIOLOQICAL LABORATORY, Woods
Muscle Protein; $5,000 Hole, Mass. ; #ymposCum on Sulfur in Pro-
UNIVPIRSITY OIT CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. teina; $9,000
Uonferenoe on the Axiomatio Method in MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OB TIUCHNOLOOY,
Gebme’trg and Physics; $17,250 Cambridge, Mass. ; Conjerence for Uourse
Symposium on &atietioaZ YethOd in Content Btudtes Cr, ilfathematios; 2 days;
Radio Wave Propagation Inveetigations; $6,000
UNIVP~RSITY OF CHICAQO, Chicago, Ill. ; Con- MO. ; Small Angle X-ray Bcattering From
ference on High Temperature Research; Metals; $4,600
UNIVERSITY OP COLORADO, Boulder, Colo. ; MO. ; Taxonomic Coneequencee 01 Man’s
Uonfersnoe on Engineering Science Research dctivities; $1,500
Symposium on Uelestial Yechanios ; W. W. Atwood, .lr., Offlce of International
$8,000 Relations ; A New International Council of

&9entiflo Unions Oommittee, #‘Bpecfal Com- Teacher8 of &oienca and Mothemotias; 10
mittee on the Contamination of Extra Ter. months ; $247,100
restrial Bodies (UETEX)“; $15,000 OKLAHOMA STATNI UNIVERSITY, Stillwater,
Oonference on Atmospheric Chenristty of Okla.; Academic-Year Institute for High
Sulphur and Chlorine; $4,000 L3ohooZ Teacher8 of B&enca and Math@-
Fracture Colloquium; 4 days; $7,000 matics; 10 months; $26U,OOO
InternationaZ Congrees of Radiation Ice OREGON STATE COLLEGID, Corvallis, Ore& ;
search; 0 days; $7,l500 Academic-Year Institute for High Sohoot
Stopping Power Conference; $6,500 Teacher8 of Science and AiathematiC8; 10
RETINA FOUNDATION, Boston, Mass. ; Con- months ; $248,000
ference on the lStructure of Mucopolyeac PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVH~RSITY, Unlver-
charide8; $6,000 sity Park, Pa. ; Academic-Year Institute for
UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER, Rochester, N. Y. High School Teacher8 of the Soiences; 10
International Uonfermce on gemiconduc- monthe; $286,000
tor8;5 days; $5,000 UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA, Philadelphia,
THY ROCKIDFELLER IN#TITUT& New York, Pa. ; Academic-Year Znetitute for High
N. Y. School Teacher8 of Science and Mathema-
A seminar series on Developmental Bi- tics; 10 months; $265,500
Sympoeium on Elementary Proceeees in million, S. Dak. ; Academic-Year Inetitute
Nerve Conduction and Muscle Contraction; for High School Teacher8 of &‘&ence; 10
$23,000 months ; $250,000
Brunswick, N. J. ; Conference on Biochemi- .Jcadentio-Year Institute for High School
cal and Serological Characterization of Pro- Teacher8 03 Science;
teins; $1,000 10 months ; $280,050
SOCIETY FOR THM STUDY OIF DEVELOPMENT demic-year Institute for Austin,
AND GROWTH, Washington, High &JchooZTeaoh-
D. C.; Xeuen- er8 of Science and Mathematics;
teenth Growth Sympoeium; 1 week; $5,700 $270,000 10 months ;
Ill. ; TWO Hundred Yeare 01 Progress in Academic-Year Institute for High Schoot
&8tematic Biology; $2,600 Teczchers of Science and Mathematics: 10
WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY, St. Louis, MO. : months ; $2’60,000
The Midwest Conference on Theoretical 1UNIVEKSITY OF VIRGINIA, Charlottesville, Va. ;
Phpeics; $1,500 Scademic-Year Institute for High School
~JNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN, Madison, Wis. ; Teacher8 or Science and MathematiOU; 10
Analysis oj Composite Radiation From Stel- months ; $260,000
lar Byeterns; 1 day ; $980 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY, St. Louis, MO. ;
ilcademic-Year Inetitute for High School
Tea.ohers of Boience and Mathematice; 10
Academic-Year Institute8 UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN, Nadison, Wis. ;
Academic-Year Znetitute for High School
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGIO, Chicago, Ill. ; A(,a- Teachers or Science and A.fathomatice; 10
demic-Year Institute for Ifigh School months ; $261,000
Teacher8 of Mathematice; 10 months ;
UNIVERSITY OIT COLORADO, Boulder, Colo. ; In-Service Institutes
dcademic-Year Institute for Higlt School UNIVERSITY OF AKRON, Akron, Ohio ; In-
Teacher8 of Science and Mathematics; 10 Service Inetitute for Secondary School
months ; $267,000 Teachers of Science; 10 months; $3,900
Academic-Year Institute for High Sc71ooZ In-Service Institute for Secondary School
Teacher8 of Science and Mathematics; 10 Teachers of Science and Mathematics; 10
months ; $264,950 months ; $9,040
UNIVERSITY OR ILI,INOIS, Urbana, Ill. ; Aca- ANTIOCH COLLEGE, Yellow Sprinm, Ohio ;
demic-Year Institute for High School In-Service Inetitute jor High School Teacher8
Teclchers oj Mathematics; 10 months ; of Science and Mathematioe; 10 months;
$260,000 $13,060
IOWA STATD TEACHERS COLL~QE, Cedar Falls, Service Institute for High School Teacher8
Iowa ; Academic-Year Institute for High of LTcienoe and Mathematioe; 10 months;
School Teacher8 of Science and Mathema- $9,740
tics; 10 months; $260,000
UNIVERSITY OF ARKANSAS, Fayetteville, Ark. ;
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. ; In-Service Institute for ZIigh School and
Academic-Year Institute for Hiah School Junior High School Teacher8 oj Mathe-
Teacher8 of science and ViWathematic8; 10 matice; 10 months ; $5,920
months ; $265,000 BALL STATE TEACHFJ~S COLLEGE, Muncie,
UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA, Chapel Ind. ; In-Service Institute for High School
Hill, N. C. ; Academic-Year Inetitute for Teachers of Mathematics; 10 months ; $9,600
High School Tenrlzers of Rr9cnce and Eathe- BOSTON COLLEGE, Chestnut Hill, Mass. ; In-
matics; 10 months; $266,800 Service Inetitute for High School Teacher8
OHIO STATID UNIVERSITY, Columbus, Ohio ; of science and dlathematice; 10 months;
Academic-Year Institute For High 19chooZ $9,200
‘/ _/
‘*““‘, ,I &,&.*~.,g& .>j,.,‘& 0;;‘: , $.< :i;z “’ &!Tr,:;--m I, r*^ ,&,i IIs : : ,, j : .* .j .a3c. .:.M&


ing Green, Ohio ; In-Service ZnstZtuts for !allf. ; In-Servic6 Znatitute for High School
Eigh School Teacher6 of Science und Mathe- ‘eachera of Science aM Yathematiu6; 38
matics; 10 months ; $7,360 veeks ; $7,250
Service Institute for High SchooZ Teachers !ex. ; Zn-Service Znetitute for High SohooZ
of Science and Yathematica; 10 months; reacher6 ot Biology and ChemWru; 35
$8,750 reeks ; $11,040
Service Institute for High SchooZ Teacher8 Iante, Ind. ; In-Service Institute for High
of Physice; 10 months; $11,370 lchooZ Teacher8 of Science; 10 months ;
UNIVERSITY OF BU~PAL~, Buffalo, N. Y.; In- i5,820
Service Znetitute for High SchooZ Teachers JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVEBSITP, Baltimore,
01 Yathematice; 10 months ; $6,090 dd. ; In-Service Institute for High School
UNIVEJRSITY OB CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. ; reachers of Science; 10 months; $9,060
In-Service Institute for Secondary &hoot ;adu;s STATE TEACHEB~ COLLEQE, Emporia,
Teacher8 of Mathematics, at Los Angeles; * In-Service Instatute for Secondary
10 months ; $7,140 bhooi Science and Mathematics Teachers;
BITY, New York, N. Y. ; In-Service Institute KESTERN KENTUCKY STATE COLLIDGB, Bowl-
PI; gTsegacher6
oj Mathematics; 10 months ; ng Green, Ky. ; In-Service Znetitute for
Yigh School Teacher8 of Science and Mathe-
DARTMOUTH COLLBIQE, Hanover, N. H. ; Zn- natics; 10 months; $5,250
ServiceZnetitute for HCgh School Teacher6 INOX COLLEGQ, Galesburg, Ill. ; In-&r&e
oj Chemistry and Biology; 6 montha ; $5,000 ‘nstitute for Secondary School Teacher8 oj
UNIVEREIITY OB DENVRR, Denver, Colo. ; Zn- Phg8iG8; 10 months ; $7,300
Service Znetitute for Hdoh School Teacher6 LONQ BEACH STATEI COLLEGD, Long Beach,
ij Biotogy, Chemikry a& General Science; Jallf. ; In-Service Institute for Secondary
10 months; $11,600 reacher8 of MUthemUtiC8 and Science; 10
UNIVERSITY OF DBITROIT, Detroit, Mich. ; Zn- nonths ; $5,550
Service Znetftute for Secondary School CENTENARY COLLEGE OR LOUISIANA, Shreve-
Teacher8 of Mathematics; 10 months ; $8,750 port, La. ; In-Service Znetitute for High
DRAKIJ UNIVERSITY, Des Moines, Iowa : Zn- Schoot Teacher6 of htathematics; 10 months ;
Service Institute for Secondary School 65,350
Teacher8 of Science and Mathematics; 10 UNIVERSITY OB LOUISVILLIO, Louisville, Ky. ;
months ; $9,630 ‘n-ServicaZnetitute for High School Teacher6
EMORY UNIVBRSITY, Emory University, Ga. ; lt Mathematics; 10 months; $6,400
In-Service Znetitute for Secondary School LOYOLA COLLEGE, Baltimore, Md. ; I%-ServZoe
Teacher6 of Mathematice and Sciencea; 10 rnstitute jor Secondary School Teacher8 of
months ; $13,000 Science and Yathematice; 10 months ; $5,140
EVANSVILLE COLLEGEI, Evansville, Ind. ; Zn- ~ZARQUETTE UNIVERSITY, Milwaukee, Wls. ;
Service Znetitute for Secondary School In-Service Znetitute for Secondary School
Teacher8 of Chemistry; 10 months; $4,380
Teacher8 of Science; 10 months; $4,400
FISK UNIVERSITY, Nashville, Tenn. ; In-
Service Znetitute for High School Teacher8 MIAMI UNIVERSITY, Oxford, Ohio ; In-Servbe
of Chemietry; 10 months; $4,730 lnst$tute for Secondary Schoot Teacher6 in
the Biologica Sciencee; 10 months; $6,800
In-Service Znetitute for Hioh School Teachere UNIVERSITY OB MIAMI, Coral Gables, Fla. ;
of Mathematics; 10~mOntbS ; $4,350 In-Service Institute for High SchooZ Teach-
GEORGR PEABODY COLLEQ~ FOB TEACHPIRS, er8 of Science and MUthematk8; 10 months ;
Nashville, Tenn. ; In-Service Znetitute fot $7,250
High School Teacher6 of Physics; 10 months t EASTERN MICHIQAN COLLEQQ, Ypsilanti,
$3,860 Mich. ; In-Service Institute for High School
GEORGP~WaswINQyoN UNIVERSITY, Washing Teacher6 of Phg6iC8; 10 months; $7,540
ton, D. C. ; In-Service Institute for High MICHIGAN STATBI UNIVERSITY OF AGRICUL-
School Teacher8 of Chemistty; 10 months TURHI AND APPLIED SCIENCBI, East Lansing,
$3,630 Mich. ; In-Service Institute for High School
HAMPTON INSTITUTI!J, Hampton, Va.; Ztc Teacher8 of Science and hfathematiccs; 10
Service Znetitute for Secondary Schoo,I months ; $5,900
Teacher8 of ScCence; 33 weeks ; $5,000 UNIVERSITY OP MINNESOTA, Minneapolis,
HIRAM COLLEGB, Hiram, Ohio ; In-Service Minn. ; In-Service Institute for High School
Znet4tute for Secondary School Teacher8 o; Teacher8 of Physice; 10 months ; $6,000
Mathematice; 34 weeks ; $6,700 MONTCLAIR STATR COLLEGE, Montclair, N. J. ;
COLLRQIO OB THB HOLY CROSS, Worcester In-Service Institute for High SchooZ Teach-
Mass. ; In-Service Znatitute jor High Schoo er-8 of Mathematics; 10 months; $6,180
Teacher8 of Mathematics; 10 months ; $4,40(
Ill. ; In-Service Institute for Secofldarl Service Znetitute for Teacher8 of Secondary
School Teacher8 of Mathematics; 38 weeks School Science and MUthematiC Teachere;
$7,000 10 months ; $6,700
Ill. ; In-Service. Znetitute for Secondaq; N. Mex. ; In-Service Znetftute for High
School Teacher8 oj Science; 10 months ; School Science and Mathematic Teachers:
$7,660 i6 months; $6,720
NBW YOBK UXUIVBRSITY, New York, N. Y.; h.; In-&m?ios h6titlbt6 t6r High &~l)oo~
In-8&s In&tutu for Bacondary BchooZ Teocherr of Science; 10 months; $5,880
Teacher%ot MathematZo; 10 months ; $6,900 SPRING HILL COLLEOB, Spring Hill, Ala.;
In-1Seruioe Inetttute for High &hooZ In-&rvice Inetituts jor High &hooZ Teuah-
Teuchers 01 Earth Sciences; 10 months; er8 of 6WesCeand Afathematiou; 10 months ;
$5,120 $5,440
N. Y.; In-et~~; I?b$titute lor lgecondary onta, N. Y. : In-b-uice Institute for Hioh
BChOOZ M&hem&ice; 10 Bch&oZand junior High BchooZ TeiLcher8 ,I
months ; $4,450 ddathematics; 10 months ; $5,700
CULTURID AND ENQINEERINO, Raleigh, N. c.; Beruice Institute for secondary GohooZ
In-Service In8WUte for High Bohool Teach- Teacher8 of Physice; 10 months; $7,000
er-8 of Mathematicu; 10 months; $4,000 UNIVERSITY 01 TENNESPLIEB,
Knoxville, Tenn. ;
THHI WOMAN’S COLLEGE OB THIO UNIVXIRSITY In-BervZce Institute for Beoondary BchooZ
OP NORTH CAROLINA; Greensboro, N. C. ; In- Teacher8 of Bdence and ddathematiocr; 10
service In8titute for 19econdary GchooZ months ; $8,400
Teacher8 oj &ience and Mathematice; 10 AGRICULTUBAL AND MECHANICAL COLLQGEI01
months ; $6,100 TIOXAS, College Station, Tex. ; In-1SeruZce In-
NOTREI DAMID COLLEGE&St. Louis, MO. ; In- etitute for High school Teacher8 01 OLeoE
L4eruice Inetitute for Secondary BchooZ ogy; 5 months ; $3,480
Teacher8 of Mathematic and bience; 10 UNIVERSITY OF UTAH, Salt Lake City, Utah;
months ; $4,110 In-Beruice Inetitute for Junior and #enior
UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA RESEARCH INSTI- Hiah &hooZ Teacher8 of Mathematioe: 10
TUT& Norman, Okla. ; In-Service Institute months ; $7,860
for High A’chool Teacher8 of Ebience and UTAH STATS UNIVERSITY, Logan, Utah; In-
ddathematice; 36 weeks ; $4,790 Service Institute jor secondary BchooZ
UNIVERSITY 01 ORBIGON,Eugene, Oreg. ; In- Teacher8 of &fathematiCU; 10 months ; $7,950
Service Institute for igecondary BchooZ VILLANOVA UNIVERSITY, Villanova, Pa. ; In-
Mathematic Teachers; 10 months ; $3,250 Service Institute for Hioh BchooZ Teacher8
UNIVEBSITY OF PITTSBURQH, Pittsburgh, Pa. ; oj Biology; 10 mohths; $4,650
In-getvice Institute for High BchooZ Bdence UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA, Charlottesville,
and ddathematios Teachere; 10 months; * In-&%-vice Inetitute jor High GchooZ
$13,400 &k&her8 of Mathematice; 10 months ; $4,400
Puerto Rico. ; In-Bervice Institute for 8ec- Wash. ; In-service Institute for Junior and
ondarg School Science and Mathematics High BchooZ Teacher8 of MathematiCU; 10
Teachers; 10 months; $10,370 months ; $4,000
In-Service Institute for High BchooZ Teach- In-Service Inetitute for Secondary school
er8 oj science; 10 months ; $3,550 Teaohere of Yathematice; 10 months ; $7,600
REED COLLEGE, Portland, Oreg. : In-Bet-vice WILLIAM JEWELL COLLEGE, Liberty, MO. ; 1%
Inutitu.te for High BchooZ Teacher8 oj Sci- service Znetitute for secondary ElchooZTeach*
ence and Mathematics; 10 months ; $10,300 ere of science; 10 months; $8,100
In-1Service Institute for Secondary School In-service Inetitute for lgecondarg &hooZ
Teacher8 of Mathematice; 10 months ; $7,150 Teacher8 oj Yathematice and i9cience; 10
months ; $12,550
In-Bervice Institute for Secondary BchooZ WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC I N 8 T I T u T ID,
Teacher8 of science and Mathematics; 10 Worcester, Mass. ; In-aeruice Inetitute for
months ; $11,500 High GchooZTeacher8 of Science; 10 months :
In-rService Inetitute for High BchooZ Teach-
er8 oj Bcience and dfathematiC8; 10 months ; summer Inetitutes
$9,120 ADELPHI COLLEQID, Garden City, N. Y.;
UNIV~~RSITY OB SCRANTON, Scranton, Pa. ; Bummer Institute in Radiation Biology and
In-Service Institute for High &hooZ Teach- Chemistry /or High &hooZ Teacher8 of lscG
ere of &fence; 10 months; $4,210 ence; 6 weeks, $45,800
NOLOGY, Rapid City, S. Dak. ; In-Hervice In- mer Inetitute for High BchooZ Teacher8 oj
etitute for b’econdary School Teacher8 oj Science; 6 weeks ; $55,600
b’cience; 10 months ; $9,300 UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA, University, Ala. ;
SOUTHEASTERN STATBI COLLEGE, Durant, Summer Institute for High 19chooZTeacher8
Okla. ; In-Service Institute for Secondary oj Bcience and Yathematice; 6 weeks;
&hooZ Teacher8 of LScienceand Mathematice; $53,700
10 months ; $4,650 UNIVERSITY OB ALASKA, College, Alaska ;
SOUTHEBN METHODIST UNIVERSITY, Dallas, Summer Inetitute jor Hfgh BchooZ Teach-
Tex. ; In-Bervice Institute for High school er8 of &ience and Mathematics; 8 weeks;
Teachers of science and Mathematice; 10 $68,600
months ; $15,360 ALLEQHENY COLLEOI, Meadvflle, Pa. ; #um-
SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY AND AGRICULTUEAL mer Institute for High /School Teacher8 of
AND MECHANICAL COLL~DGIO,Baton Rouge, Science and iUathematic8; 8 weeks ; $58,700

) :; “.*’ &p ,;,~>~~:&: * “>:,’ ,, .I /
. II”.., ,,‘, .i*r. w ! * / “.* i -a ,d> .~ _‘i -,‘b ,.* ~” I “., , ,I :,. .‘,. ‘_

AHEBICAN UNIVEBSITY, Washington, D. C. ; Teacher8 of Bctence and MathematJou; 8

PJummerInstCtute jar High School Teacher8 weeks ; $73,200
of Chemistry and Physic8 ; 8 weeks ; $64,600 Bummer Institute for High Bahool
ANTIOCH COLLEBBI, Yellow Springs, Ohio ; Teacher8 of Batenat?; 8 weeks; $1,000
l3ummer Inetitute jor High School Teacher8 UNIVERSITY OB‘ COLORADO, Boulder, Colo. ;
oj OLeneral Bdence; 8 weeks; $80,600 Summer Inetitute for High School Tea&era
TJNIVER~ITY OF ARIZONA, Tucson, Arlz. ; #urn- gj i3cience; 6 weeks; $45,100
mer Institute jor High School Teachers of UNIVERSITY OF CONNECTICUT, Storrs, Conn. ;
r3cience and hfathematice; 5 weeks; $42,450 Summer Institute ilr Phgeics for High Xohool
UXIVEESITY OB ARKANSAS, Fayetteville, Teacher8 of Physioe; 6 weeks; $65,450
Ark. ; lgummer Inetitute for High BchooZ CONVERSE COLLEGE, Spartanburg, S. C. ;
g’eachere of science and Mathematics; 6 Summer Institute for High School Teachera
weeks ; $71,500 ,f Biology, Ohemietry, and Physics; 8 weeks ;
ATLANTA UNIVERSITY, Atlanta, Ga. ; Bum- $72,650
mer Inet$tute for High 19chooZTeacher8 of CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Ithaca, N. Y.; Bum-
Science and Mathematics; 9 weeks; $64,700 mer Inetitute in Earth b’dencee for High
BAYLOE UNIVERSITY, Waco, Tex. ; Hummer School Teacher8 of kWe?zce; 6 weeks;
Institute $?a&ience and blathematice and $53,250
Radiation Biology for High &hoot Teach- UNIVERSITY OP DELAWARIO, Newark, Del. ;
ere of &ience and Mathematioe; 8 weeks; Summer Inetitute jor High lgahool Teacher8
$73,000 of Science and aathematics; 6 weeks;
BOWI)OIN COLLEGE, Brunswick, Maine ; gpe- $19,600
&al Hummer Inetitute for High School Phus- UNIVERSITY OF DENVER, Denver, Colo. ;
ice Teacher8 in the Program of the Physical Hummer Institute for High iSchool Teachers
lgcience fitudy Committee; 6 weeks; $51,550 of science and Mathematice; 9 weeks ;
Kummer Inetitute in Radiation Biology for DILLARD UNIVERSITY, New Orleans, La. ;
High School Teacher8 of Bcienoe; 5 weeks ; Summer Institute for High School Teacher8
$12,300 of Science; 6 weeks ; $29,000
BROWN UNIVERSITY, Providence, R. I. ; DRAKH~ UNIVERSITY, Des Moines, Iowa ;
Bummer Institute for High .&hooZ Teacher8 Summer Institute for High School Teacher8
of b’cience and Mathematics; 6 weeks; of Science; 6 weeks ; $47,100
$50,700 DUKE UNIVERSITY, Durham, N. C.
BUCKNELL UNIVERSITY, Lewisburg, Pa. ; Summer Institute for High School
Summer Inetitute for High School Teuchere Teacher8 of b’cience and dlathematics and
of Science and Mathematics; 6 weeks; Elementary School Supervisorcl; 9 weeks ;
$51,150 $97.900
UNIVHIRSITY OF BUFFALO, Buffalo, N. Y. ; summer Institute in Radiation Biology for
Hummer Insthhute for High School Teachers High Echoob Teacher8 of Science; 8 weeks;
oj Mathematics; 4 weeks; $39,800 $19,000
8ummer Institute for High School Fla. ; Hummer Inetitute for High School
Teachers of Science and kathemdtics, at Los Teacher8 of Bcience and Mathematics; 6
Angeles ; 6 weeks ; $74,850 weeks ; $75,800
summer Institute for High School E’ORDHA~~ UNIVHIRSITY, New York, N. Y.;
Teacher8 of Xcience; 7 weeks, $120,550 Summer Inetitute for High School Teacher8
Bummer Institute in Radioactivity and of Mathematics; 6 weeks ; $47,050
Biology for High School Teacher8 of UNIVERSITY OB GEORGIA, Athens, Ga. ; Bum-
Xciencee; 6 weeks; $14,500 mer Institute for High &hoot Teacher8 of
CABLETON COLLEGE, Northfield, Mlnn. ; Sum- Sofence and Mathemattie; 6 weeks ; $47,700
mer Institute for High School Teacher8 of HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Mass. ;
Mathematics; 6 weeks, $50,650 Summer Institute in Nuclear Science and
CASIOINSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, Cleveland, Biology for High &hooZ and College
Ohio Teacher8 oj Science; 8 weeks ; $19,000
Gummer Irtstitute for High &hoot UNIVERSITY OB HAWAII, Honolulu, T. H. ;
Teachers of Chemistry; 6 weeks; $63,050 ITummer InsWute for High School Teacher8
summer Institute for High Bohool of Science and Mathematics; 8 weeks ;
Teacher8 of Mathematics; 6 weeks ; $33,100 $90,860
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, Chicago, Ill. ; b%m- HOWARD PAYNBI COLLEGE, Brownwood, Tex. ;
mer Institute for High school Teacher8 of Hummer Instb?ute for High BchoQl Teacher8
Mathematks;6 weeks ; $57,550 of Science and Mathematics; 6 weeks ;
CLAREMONT COLLEGE, Claremont, Calif. ; $47,550
summer Institute for High &hool and HOWARD UNIVERSITY, Washington, D. C. ;
Julzior College Teacher8 of Biology and Gen- Summer Inetitute Jn Radiation Biology for
eral Science; $48,550 High School Teacher8 of science; 8 weeks ;
dam, N. Y. ; Summer Institute for High UNIVERSITY OF IDAHO, Moscow, Idaho ;
r3chooZ Teacher8 of Science and Mathe- Summer Inetitute for High b’ohool Teacher8
matics ; 8 weeks; $66,550 oj &ience and Mathematics; 8 weeks;
COLBY COLLIGE, Waterville, Maine ; Summer $63,050
Institute for High L3chool Teacher8 of ILLINOIS WESLEYAN UNIVIURSITY, Bloomlng-
Science and Mathematics; 6 weeks, $49,400 ton, Ill. ; summer Inetitute for High School
COLORADOCOLLEGE, Colorado Springs, Colo. Teacher8 of Bcienos ancl Mathematice; 8
Bummer Institute for High School weeks ; $63,700

mer Institute for CoZZegeTeaoheru of QeoZ- Summer Inetitute for Htgh SohooZ and OoE
egg; 8 weeks; $37,600 Zege Teacher8 of Chemietry; 6 weeLs;
INDIANA UNIVERSITY, Bloomington, Ind. ; $41,400
Summ6r In8tZttbte for High BchooZ Teacher8 -MONTANA STATB~ UNIVEBSITY, Missoula,
of Biology; 6 weeks ; $33,400 Nont. ; Summer Institute in Radiation BC
INTERAMERICAN UNIVERSITY OF PIXRT~ ology and Biology for Hivh SchooZ Teaoher8
RICO, San German, Puerto Rico; Hummer of Biology; 8 weeks ; $36,100
Institute for High School Teachers of BioZ- MOBIJAN STATB COLLQGE, Baltimore, Md. ;
ogy and GenWaZ fhience; 8 weeks; $57,750 Summer Z?batitute jor High SchooZ Teacher8
IOWA STATS COLLEXXU 01 AGBICULTURB~ AND of Science and Mathematios; 8 weeks;
MECHANIC ABTs, Ames, Iowa; Bumm~ In- $63,700
for High SchooZ Teacher8 of
stitute h5enoe MUBBAY
and Mathematics; 6 weeks ; $59,200 Summer Institute
for High School Teai7her8
IOWA STATE TEACHERS COLLEQE, Cedar Falls, of Science; 8 weeks ; $75,450
Iowa; Summer Institute for Junior HCgh UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA, Lincoln, Nebr. ;
School Teacher8 of General Sctence; 8 Summer Institute for High SchooZ and
weeks ; $63,050 Junior High School Teachers of Science and
KANSAS STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE, Emporia, hfathematiC8; 8 weeks ; $35,600
Kans. ; Summer Institute for High School
Teacher8 of Science; 6 weeks; $51,900 UNIVERSITP OIP Naw HAM~SIIIRE, Durham,
N. H. ; Summer Inatitute for High SchooZ
UNIVI~IBSITY OB KANSAS, Lawrence, Kans. ; Teachers of Chemistry and Physics; 8
Summer Inetitute for High School and CoZ- weeks ; $73,360
lege Teachers of dlathematioa; 8 weeks;
Vegas, N. Mex. ; Summer Znatitute for High
LAFAYETTE COLLEGE, Easton, Pa. ; Summer School Teachers of Science; 8 weeks ;
Inetitute for High SchooZ Teacher8 of $63,250
Chemi8trg and Physics; 6 weeks ; $25,100
N. Mex. ;
01r NBw MEXICO, Albuquerque,
Summer Inatitute in Radiation
Rouge, La. ; Summer Institute for High Biology for High School Teachers of Science;
School Teacher8 oj Science and Mathe- 8 weeks; $19,000
matics; 9 weeks; $68,300 NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGB AT DUIWAM,
MABQUEITTIOUNIVERSITY, Milwaukee, Wise. ; Durham, N. C. ; Summer Inatitute for HCglb
Summer Inetitute for High School Teacher8 School Teacher8 of ScCence and bfathe-
matics; 6 weeks; $00,300
of Biology; 6 weeks; $43,550
Md. ; Summer Institute for High SchooZ * Summer Instttute jar High
Teachers of Science; 6 weeks; $47,650 SchioZ ‘TeGhera of Science and Mathe-
,ntatice; 6 weeks; $72,200
Mich. N. Dak. ; Summer Znstitute for High School
Summer Institute for High School Science Teacher8 of Science and Yathematioe; 8
Teachers; 6 weeks; $51,000 weeks ; $62,300
Summer Institute for Junior College NORTHEAST MISSOURI STATHI T~ACHEBS
Teacher8 of Science and Yathematice; 6 COLLEO~, Kirksville, MO. ; Summer Institute
weeks ; $51,000 for High School l’eachera of General Sci-
NOBTHBIBN MICHIGAN COLLEQ~, Marquette, ence; 10 weeks ; $78,700
Mich. ; Summer Institute for High School NOBTHWESTEBN STATB COLLEGIU, Natchi-
Teacher8 of Science and Mathematioe; 6 toches, La. ; Summer Inetitute for High
weeks ; $45,250 SchooZ Teacher8 of Biology and Chemietrv;
WEBTHBN MICHIGAN COLLEGEI, Kalamazoo, 9 weeks ; $61,500
Mich. : Summer Inetitute for High &hoot UNIVERSITY OIF NOTBJD DAME!, Notre Dame,
Teacher8 of Mathematice; i3 weeks ; $48,250 Ind. ; Summer Inatitute jor High SchooZ
UNIVBIESIT~ OF MINNESOTA, Minneapolis, ‘I’eachers of Mathematics; 7 weeks ; $98,600
Summer Inetitute for High School Teaoh- OAK RIDGE, INSTITUTE OF NUCLBAB STUDIES,
er8 of Chembtry, Mathematice and Physice; INC., Oak Ridge, Tenn.
Summer Inatitute for High School Teach-
8 weeks; $34,850 er8 of Science and MathematiC8; 4 weeks ;
Summer Irwrtttute for HZgh Schoot Teach-
ers of Science and Mathematice; 5 weeks; $31,250
Speciat Summer Inetitute for High School
Special Summer Inetitute for High SchooZ Science Studyin the Program of the Phyaioal
Phuaios Teacher8 ifl the Program of the Committee; 8 weeks; $46,700
Phyeioal Sdelcce Study Committee; 8 weeks ; OBERLIN COLLEGE, Oberlin, Ohio ; Bummer
$60,300 Institute for High School Teachers of
UNIVERSITY OB MISSISSIPPI, University, Xathematice; 8 weeks ; $79,400
Miss. ; Summer Institute for High &hoot OHIO UNIVEBSITY, Athens, Ohio ; Hummer
Teacher8 of Science and Yathematice ; 11 Institute for High School Teacher8 of
weeks ; $128,350 Science and Mathematice; 6 weeks ; $60,600
Summer Institute for High School Teaoh- OHIO WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY, Delaware,
em of Science and hiathemUtio8; 8 week8: Ohio; Summer Institute for High SohooZ
$60,000 Teacher8 of Sctence; 8 weeks ; $54,000

Bummer Institute for RCgh School Teaahera ville, Tenn. ; 8UfMMV In6titUt6 fW High’
of &ianoe; 8 weeks ; $42,500 School Teacher6 of Betewe and hfothemat-
OBBGON STATS COLLEGE, CorvaIIis, Oreg. ica; 8 weeks ; $69,600
Summer Institute for CoZZegeTeacher6 of TEXAS SOUTHEBN UNIVIDBSITX, Houston,
Biology; 6 weeks; $48,450 Tex. ; Summer Institute for High School
Summur Institute jar High SchooZ Teach- Teacher6 of Science and Mathemotic6; 12
er8 of Science and kathematics; 8 weeks; weeks ; $72,600
$63,500 UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS, Austin, Tex. ; Bum-
UNIVERSITY 0~‘ OREGON,Eugene, Oreg. ; Xum- mer Institute for High School Teacher6 of
mer Inetitute jor College Teacher8 oj Bfol- Natural Science and Mathematics -: 6 weeks :
ogy; 8 weeks ; $29,000 $48,300
sity Park, Pa.; Summer Inetitute jor High mer Inetitute for High SchooZ Teacher8 of
School Teacher8 oj Science; 6 weeks; Science and diathematic6; 6 weeks; $49,650
$49,300 TUSKEGEIU INSTITUTE, Tuskegee Institute,
PRINCETON UNIVERSITY, Princeton, N. J. ; Ala. ; Summer Institute for High School
Summer Inetitute jor High Schoot Teacher6 Teacher6 of Chemistry; 8 weeks; $54,300
of Chemistry; 6 weeks; $7,500 UNION COLLEGE, Schenectady, N. Y. ; Bum-
UNIVERSITY OF PUERTO RICO, Rio Piedras, mer Institute for High SchooZ Teachers oj
Puerto Rico ; Summer Institute for High Science and dlathematice; 6 weeks; $50,250
School Teacher8 of Science and Mathemat- UTAH STATIC UNIVERSITY, Logan, Utah ; Bum-
ics; 6 weeks ; $52,650 mer Institute for High School Teacher6 oj
PURDUE RESEARCH FOUNDATION, Lafayette, Chemietry, Physics and Mathematice; 10
Ind. ; Summer Institute in Biology and Ra- weeks ; $62,750
diation Biology for High School Teacher8 UNIVERSITY OB VBBMONT AND STATEI AQBI-
of Science; 8 weeks ; $80,100 CULTURAL COLLEGE, Burlington, Vt. ; Bum-
RANDOLPH-MACON WOMAN’S COLLEGE, Lynch- mer Institute for High School Teacher-o oj
burg, Va. ; Summer Inetitute for High dlathematics; 7 weeks ; $57,000
SohooZ Teacher8 of Science and Mathemat- VIBGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTBI, Blacks-
fee; 6 weeks ; $60,450 burg, Va. ; Summer Institute for High School
REED COLLEGE, Portland, Oreg. ; Speciat Teacher8 of Scienoe; 8 weeks ; $61,200
b%mmer Inetitute for High School Physics VIRGINIA STATS COLLEOI, Petersburg, Va. ;
Teacher8 in the Program of the Physical Summer Institute for High School Teacher6
Science Study Committee; 7 weeks; $47,000 of General Science; 6 weeks; $52,250
N. Y.; Summer Institute for High SchoaZ Wash. ; Summer Institute for High School
Teacher8 of Science; 8 weeks; $110,250 Teacher8 of Science and Mathematics; 8
RIPON COLLEQE, Ripon, Wise.; Summer In- weeks ; $63,900
etitute for High School Teacher8 of Science WAYNB STATS UNIVERSITY, Detroit, Mich. ;
and Mathematice; 6 weeks; $33,500 Summer Institute in Radiation Biology for
RUTGERS, The State University, New Bruns- High School Teacher6 of Science; 8 weeks;
wick, N. J. ; Summer Inetitute for High $19,000
School Teacher8 of Mathematics; 6 weeks; WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY, Middletown, Conn. ;
$50,000 Summer Institute jor High Sohool Teacher8
ST. LOUIS UNIVERSITY, St. Louis, MO.; Sum- of Science and hiathematics; 6 weeks;
mer Inetitute for High School Teacher8 oj $38,700
Ohemietry; 6 weeks; $27,800 WEST VIRGINIA UNIVEBSITY, Morgantown.
SAN JOSE STATB COLLEOHI,San Jose, Calif. ; W. Va.; Summer Institute for High BchooZ
Summer Institute for High School Teacher8 Teacher8 of Science and Mathematic6; 6
of General Science; 6 weeks; $46,750 weeks ; $47,450
5. Dak. ; Summer Institute jar High School Summer Institute for Junior College and
Teacher8 of Science and Mathematics; 8 College Teacher6 of Biology; 6 weeks;
weeks ; $52,750 $41,600
million, S. Dak. ; Summer Institute for High Summer Inetitute for High School Teacher6
School Teacher8 of Science and Yathemat- of hiathematics; 8 weeks ; $72,900
&T;;8 weeks ; $62,400 WORCESTER P 0 L Y T E c R N I c INSTITUTE!,
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, Los Worcester, Mass. ; Summer Institute for
Angeles, Calif. ; Summer Institute for High IIigh SchooZ Teacher6 01 Physics; 6 weeks;
;;;o$o Teacher8 of Chemistry; 6 weeks; $38,QOO
SOO(TH~RN METHODIST UNIVERSITY, Dallas, Summer Institute in Biology and Radia-
Tex. ; Summer Institute for High School tion Bioloau for Hiah School Teacher8 of
Teacher6 of Science and Mathematic8; 6 Biology; 8”weeks ; $72,600
weeks ; $37,800 Summer Institute for High School Teach-
STEPHEN F. AUSTIN STATE COLLEGB~,Na- ers of hiathematice; 8 weeks; $68,100
cogdochea, Tex.; Summer Institute for High
School Teacher8 of Science and Mathemat- Other
Ccc; 6 weeks; $52,200 ALFRED LANDE, Ohio State University, Co-
STEVENS INSTITUTE. OF TECRNOLOCY, Hobo- lumbus, Ohio; A New Approach to the
ken, N. J. ; Summer Institute for IIigh School Teaching of Quantum Mechanice; 4 months ;
Teacher6 of Science; 6 weeks; $57,050 $1,000

dena, Calif. Buffalo, N. Y.
Vi&inn dutronomer6; 1 year : $11,0215 Production ot Films lor Improving OOL
+isitini Profeseoru in hrtrokom~; i year ; legiate Afathematical Inrtruotion; 2 years;
$17,000 $49,000
ANEIUCAN CHENICAL SOCIETY, Washington A Pilot Program oj Vtsfting Lectureahfpr
D. C. ; Viuiting Bcientiete; 1 year ; $19,550 to Secondary School8; 2 years; $47,700
Program Review and Action PJanntng
ENCES, WaShingtOIl, D. C.
Eznerimental TV-Film6 49sUndergraduate 6
Btologg; 1 year; $47,800 Va. ; Research Activities and Science Teach-
Vfsiting BioZogCsto; 1 year; $25,415 ing in the Undergraduate Institution6 ol
Virginia: 2 days; $5,650
‘V&t&g ScCentCstsProgram in Physics. ; Conference on the Teaching of Physioe (A
1 year; $28,900 the High Schoole; 5 days; $5,750
Viefting iscientists to High f3chooZs Pro NATIONAL ACADEXY OF SCIENCRS-NATIONAL
gram in Phyeice; 1 year ; $24,265 RESEARCH COUNCIL, Washington, D. C.
SOCIETY, Completion of the Preparation of a Num-
ington, D. C. ; Workehop on the Teaching o, ber of PubZication6 for Biologiste; 7 months ;
Undergraduate Physiology; 10 days ; $3,151 316.675
Prototype Poster Exhibit; 6 months;
Ill. ; A Refreeher Course Dealing With Re
cent Advance8 in the Biology of Protozoa, ,. NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS, Washlng-
2 days; $3,500 ton, D. C. ; Training Program in Numerical
AnalU8i8 for senior ~dVer8it~ Stafl; 4
BRANDEIS UNIVERSITY, Waltham, Mass. ; months : $63,600
Brandeb University Inetitute in Photo
Washington, D. C. : Exploratory Conlerenoe
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. : on Science in the Elementary School; 3
Summer Conference lor Teacher8 of Autron days ; $4,860
omy; 6 weeks; $20,700
CASE INSTITUTB OB T~XNOLOQY, Cleveland, , INC., Oak Ridge, Tenn. ; Program of Asstst-
Ohio ; Pilot Course in Procees Inetrumen- znce to Science Teaching in Secondary
tation and Automatic Control for Post-High ’ iSchoole; 1 year; $116,025
$);io Engineering Teachers; 3 weeks ;
ISympoeCum on Trend6 in the Teaching of
UNIVERSITY OF C’RICAQO, Chicago, Ill. ; Sum-
mer Workshop for Introducing Qualified , ’College General Chemietry; 3 days; $400
Science Students to the Field of Meteorol. OKLAEIO~~A STATIU UNIVERSITY, Stillwater,
egg; 4 weeks; $14,400 Dkla. ; Symposia in Conjunction With the
ISouthern Regional (Iraduate Summer See-
UNIVERSITY OF COI~RADO, Boulder, Colo. :;’ 4@ionin Stati8tice; 6 weeks ; $5,300
In-1Service Program for Elementary School
Teachers; 32 weeks; $1,125 UNIVERSITY
1 0~ OREGON, Eugene, Oreg. ;
COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, New York, Workshop jor High School Science and
N. Y. ;
Summer Program for Secondary School SC&. ’Mathematica Teachere; 1 year ; $2,210
ence Teachera; 2 months; $19,550 UNIVERSITY OB PUERTO RICO, Rio Piedras,
CRANBROOK INSTITUTEI 01p SCIENCE, Bloom- , 1Puerto Rico ; Combined Twelve-Month In-
field Hills, Mich. ; A Symposium on the Ed% ’Service and Summer Znetitute for High
cational Use of Projection Planetaria; 3 iSchool Teachers 01 Science and Mathe-
days ; $7,000 matics; 49 weeks; $72,000
* Horizon8 of ScienCe; 6 months; 1 orovement and AnaZg8i8 of a uaeter’e Pro-
i&,&b 1lram To Prepare Retiring YZZitary Ollecers
: Fo Teach Basic Coureee in ddathematics (n
Fla. ; Mathematic Summer Camp for High 7oZZegesand Vniverettiee; 1 year; $7,000
School Students; 6 weeks ; $9,300 1ROCHESTERINSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, Roch-
GULF COAST RESEARCH LABORATORY, Ocean ?ster, K. Y. ; Follow-Up Survey of Graduate6
Springs, Miss. ; Support for Teacher6 in ?f Rocheeter Institute of Technology; 6
Biology and Geology; 8 weeks ; $S,OOO 1nonths ; $800
ton, Ind. ; High School Science Student8 In- 14 Su.mmerScience Workehop for Elementary
stitute; 2 weeks; $6,560 School Teachere-Coordinator8; 6 weeks;
UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS, Lawrence, Kane. ; 645,000
;;l,et?; and Mathematics Camp; 3 weeks; SCIENCE SERVICB, Washington, D. C. ;
1gdence Clubs of America; 1 year; $25,000
Md. ; A Summer Institute on Junior High 1[NC., Port Washington, N. Y. ; An ExperG
School Mathematics; 4 weeks ; $20,000 nental Program To Supplement the Train-
MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, ifng of High School Students in the BioZogioaZ
Cambridge, Mass. skiences; 3 months; $7,600
Curriculum Workshop in Electrical Engi- VVESLEYAN UNIVERSITY, Middletown, Conn. ;
neering Education; 10 days ; $7,500 C!onjerence for the Bxamtnatfon of New or
The Teaching 01 Physical Science Cn the io&Zed Approaches to the Teaching of
Seaondarg Schools; 1 year ; $500,000 ; fhemietry; 10 days; $16,675

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WBBTIBBBI SOCIETY OF ENGINEEBB, Chicago, Anatomy, Adelaide, Australia; F. M. SCOTT,

Ill. ; National Uonjerence on Problem6 of University of California, Los Angeles, Calit.
Higher EducatJon +n Bdence and Engineer- Commission on Proteins of the International
hg; 3 days; $6,050 Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry,
UNIVEIWITY OB WISCONSIN, Madison, Wis. ; Vienna, Austria :
A Demonstration ala86 for Eighth Grade H. NEURATH, University of Washington,
bVudent6 To Be HeZd Cn Uonnectton With Seattle, Wash.
the National Science Foundation B%mmqr J. W. WILLIAMS, University of Wisconsin,
Institute; 6 weeks ; $500 Madison, Wis.
YALTA UNIVERSITY, New Haven, Corm. ; BchooZ Conference on Interactions in Ionic Solu-
MathematiC &udy Group; 1 year ; $100,000 tions. Oxford. England :
H.. 8. FRANK, tiniversity of Pittsburgh,
Pittsburgh, Pa.
SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS Carolina, Columbia, 5. C.
H. S. HARNED, Sterling Chemistry Lab-
oratory, New Haven, Conn.
RESEARCH COUNCIL, Washington, D. C. ; Conference on Magnetism, Grenoble, France :
Howard L. Bevis, Chairman; The Presi- R. M. BOZORTH, Bell Telephone Laborato-
dent’8 Committee on &ientt8t8 and Engi- ries, Inc., Murray Hill, N. J.
neers; 11 months; $120,000 Conference on Physical Problems of Atomic
and Molecular Spectroscopy, Moscow, Rus-
sia : 0. H. DIEKIU, Johns Hopkins University,
Configurations and Interactions of Macro-
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAQO, Chicago, Ill.; Bur- molecules and Liquid Crystals, London,
vey of Research Potential and Training in England : S. A. RICH, University of Chicago,
the Mathematical sciences; 18 months; Chicago, Ill.
$2,500 Cryogenic Physics Meeting of International
UNIVIORSITY OB NORTH CAROLINA, Chapel Hill, ;;$ute of Refrigeration, Delft, Nether-
N. C. : Editing. Printino and Distribution of : F. G. BRICKWEDDE, Pennsylvania
6%~ l&al Reyorts and” a &‘ummary Repoyt State University, University Park, Pa.
of a study oj &ientipc Activities h 6%~ Eighth Annual International Conference on
State Governments; 10 months; $7,000 High Energy Physics, Geneva, Switzerland :
R. P. FEYNMEN, California Institute of
Technology, Pasadena, Calif.
SCIENTIFIC MANPOWER A. KLEIN, University of Pennsylvania,
Philadelphia, Pa.
ENCES, Washington, D. C. ; Maintainkg the bridge, Mass.
Nattonal Regbter 01 bcientiflo and Tech- C. N. YANG, Institute for Advanced Study,
nCcaZPersonnel 4n the Field of Biology; 1 Princeton, N. J.
year ; $34,500 Enzyme Commission of the International
AMERICAN INSTITUTPJ OF PHYSICS, New York, Union of Biochemistry, Vienna, Austria :
N. Y.; Maintaining the NatZonaZ Regietetr A. L. LEHNINGER, Johns Hopkins School of
OJ’b’cientifto and Technical Personnel in the Medicine, Baltimore, Md.
.FieZdeof Physics and Astronomy; 9 months ; Fifteenth International Zoological Congress,
$15,000 London, England; E. G. BUTLHIB, Princeton,
Washington, D. C. ; National
Register of Fifth Congress of the International Asso-
Scientificand Technical Personnel in Psy- ciation of Quaternary Research, Madrid-
chology; 2 years; $6,350 Barcelona, Spain :
ENGINEERS JOINT COUNCIL, New York, N. Y. ; C. EMILIANI, University of Miami, Coral
dlaintaining the NationaZ Register oj Scien- Gables, Fla.
tiflc and Technical Personnel in the Field J. B. GRIFFIN, University of Michigan,
01 Engineering; 1 year ; $20,000 Ann Arbor, Mich.
RESEARCH COUNCIL, Washington, D. C. Denver, Colo.
Maintaining the National Regieter of H. E. WRIGIIT, Jr., University of Min-
Scientific and Technical Personnel in the nesota, Minneapolis, Minn.
Earth &iences; 1 year ; $24,000 First International Conference for Insect
Doctorate Survey; 6 months ; $6,776 Pathology and Biological Control, Prague,
Czechoslovakia : E. A. STEINHAUS, Univer-
sity of California, Berkeley, Calif.
ATTENDANCE AT INTERNATIONAL First International Congress of the Society
MEETINGS of Bioclimatology and Biometeorology, Vi-
enna, Austria :
Annual Meeting Commission on Education N. L. MINTZ, Brandeis University, Wal-
of International Institute of Refrigeration, tham, Mass.
Paris, France: W. R. WOOLRICH, University T. L. NOAFSINGER, Purdue University, La-
of Texas, Austin, Tex. fayette, Ind.
Australian and New Zealand Association for R. B. PLATT, Emory University, Emory
the Advance of Science Symposium on Wood University, Ga.


Fourth International Conference on Soil A. CHURCH, Princeton University, Prince-

Mechanics and Foundation EngIneerIng, ton, N. J.
London, England : H. F. FJDHR. Columbia University, New
A. R. JUXIKIS, Rutgers. The State Uni- S!ork, N. Y. -
versity, New Brunswick, N. J. 5. H. GOULD, American Mathematical So-
G. A. LEONABDS, Purdue University, La- ziety, Providence, R. I.
fayette, Ind. J. G. KEYENY, Hanover, N. H.
R. B. PECK, University of Illinois, Urbana, S. C. KLEENE, University of Wisconsfn.
Ill. Madison, Wis.
Fourth International Congress of Bio- D. H. LEHMER, University of California,
chemistry, Vienna, Austria : AMERICAN Berkeley, CalIf.
CHEMICAL SOCIETY, Philadelphia, Pa. T. MATSUSKA, Northwestern University,
(American Biochemists) Evanston, Ill.
J. W. MILNER, Mathematical Institute,
Fourth International Ethological Confer- Dxford, England.
ence, Freiburg, Germany : E. E. NOISE, University of Michigan, Ann
F. A. BEACH, Yale University, New Arbor, Mich.
Haven, Conn. M. NAQATA. Harvard University, Cam-
K. D. ROEDER, Tufts University, Medford, IrIdge, Mass. -
Mass. J. NASH, Massachusetts Institute of Tech-
General Assembly of the International lology, Cambridge, Nass.
Union of Pure and Applied Physics, Rome C. L. PERRY. Stanford Research Institute,
Italv. Menlo Park, Calif.
R. H. BOLT, Massachusetts Institute of W. RUDIN, University of Rochester, Roch-
Technology, Cambridge, Mass. zter, N. P.
R. B. BRODB~, University of California, M. M. SCHIFFER, University of Amster-
Berkeley, Calif. lam, Amsterdam, Holland.
H. H. NIBLSEN, Ohio State University, E. H. SPANIER, University of Chicago,
Columbus, Ohio. 3hicago, Ill.
J. H. VAN VLIUCK, Harvard University, A. TARSKI, University of California,
Cambridge, Mass. Berkeley, CalIf.
International Association of Limnology, W. J. TRJITZNSKY, University of Illinois,
Venice, Italy : J. HEDQPETH, College of the Urbana, Ill.
Pacific, Marin County, Calif. II. C. WANO, Northwestern University,
Evanston, Ill.
International Commission for the Nomen. J. WOLI~OWITI, Cornell University, Ithaca,
clature of Cultivated Plants, London, Eng N. Y.
land : M. G. WEISS, U. S. Department of 0. ZABRISKI, Harvard University, Cam-
Agriculture, Beltsville, Md. bridge, Mass.
International Conference on Coordination International Federation of Electron Micro-
Compounds, Rome, Italy : scope Societies, Berlin, Germany :
J. C. BAILAR, JH., University of Illinois, T. F. ANDERSON, Naloney Clinic, Philadel-
Urbana, Ill. phia, Pa.
F. BASOLO, Northwestern University, C. MORQAN. Columbia University, New
Evanston, Ill. York, N. Y. -
International Conference on Elementary E. MUIOLLER, Pennsylvania State Univer-
Particles, Padua, Italy : sity, University Park, Pa.
J. ASHKIN, Carnegie Institute of Tech- R. R. PORTER, The Rockefeller Institute,
nology, Pittsburgh, Pa. New York, N.Y.
H. PRIMAKOFF, Washington University, F. 0. SCHMITT, Massachusetts Institute
St. Louis, MO. of Technology, Cambridge, Mass.
International Conference of the Inter- H. SWIFT, University of Chicago, ChI-
cage, Ill.
national Pharmaceutical Federation, Brus- J. H. L. WATSON, Edsel B. Ford Institute
sels, Belgium : SPECIAL LIBRARIES ASSOCIA- for Medical Research, Henry Ford HospI-
TION, Squibb Institute for Medical Research, tal, Detroit, Mich.
New Brunswick, N. J.
International Geographical Union Regional
International Conference on Nuclear Struc- Conference, Tokyo, Japan :
ture, Rehovoth. Israel: L. WILIOTS. Los W. G. MCINTIRBI, Louisiana State Uni-
Alamos ScientI& Labortary, Los Alamos, versity and Agricultural and Mechanical
N. Mex. College, Baton Rouge, La.
International Congress of Mathematicians, G. B. CRESSBY, Syracuse University, Syra-
Edinburgh, Scotland : cuse, N. Y.
A. A. ALBERT, University of Chicago, Chi- International Institute of Refrigeration,
cago, Ill. Moscow, Russia : C. F. KAYAN, Columbia
R. D. ANDERSON, Louisiana State Univer- University, New York, N. Y.
sity and Agricultural and Mechanical Cal,
lege, Baton, Rouge, La. International Institute of Welding, Vienna,
R. H. BING, Institute for Advanced Study Austria: R. D. STOUT, Lehigh University,
Princeton, N. J. Bethlehem, Pa.
R. BOTT, University of Michigan, Am International Symposium on Atmospheric
Arbor, Mich. Diffusion and Air Pollution, Oxford Eng-
R. H. BRUCK, University of Wisconsin land :
Madison, Wis. H. E. CRAMER, Massachusetts Institute of
S. CHERN, University of Chicago, Chi Technology, Round Hill Field Station,
cage, Ill. South Dartmouth, Mass.
K. L. CHUNQ, Syracuse University, Syra A. J. HAAOEN-SYIT, California Institute
cuse, N. Y. of Technology, Pasadena, CalIf.

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International Symposium on Macromolecular Cl. M. Cox, North Carolina State College

Chemistry, Prague, Czechoslovakia : of A&culture and Engineering, Raleigh,
H. MOBAWETZ, Polytechnic Institute of N. C.-
Brooklyn, Brooklyn, N. Y. B. B. DAY, Washington, D. C.
R. SIMHA, New York University, New Summer School on Information Theor%
York, N. Y. Varenna, Italy :
R. 8. STEIN, University of Massachusetts, .I. W. LEE. Massachusetts Institute of
Amherst, Mass. Te&noIogy, Cambridge, Mass.
International Symposium on Passivity, E. B. NEWMAN, Harvard University, Cam-
Darmstadt, Germany : bridge, Mass.
N. HACKEBMAN, University of Texas, Aus- Symposium on Microchemistry, Birmingham,
tin, Tex. England :
H. H. UHLIG, Massachusetts Institute of A. A. BENEDETTI-PICHLICB, Queens College,
Technology, Cambridge, Mass. Flushing, N. Y.
F. J. WELCHER, Indiana University,
Kamerllngh Onnes Conference in Low Tern Bloomington, Ind.
perature Physics, Lelden, Netherlands : P. W. WEST, Louisiana State University
R. M. BOZORTH, Bell Telephone Labora- and Agricultural and Mechanical College,
tories, Inc., Murray Hill, N. J. Baton Rouge, La.
F. 0. BRICKWEDDB), Pennsylvania State Symposium on Rarefled Gas Dynamics, Nice,
University, University Park, Pa. France : M. Z. v. KRZYWOBLOCKI, University
L. N. COOPER,Ohio State University, Co- of Illinois, Urbana, Ill.
lumbus, Ohio. Symposium on the Utilization of Nitrogen
R. P. FEYNMEN, California Institute of and its Compounds by Plants, Reading,
Technology, Pasadena, Callf. England :
1. F. HAMMEL, Jr., Los Alamos Sclenti- F. C. STEWARD, Cornell University, Ithaca,
fit Laboratory, Los Alamos, N. Mex. N. Y.
Meeting of Commission on National Atlases G. C. WEBSTEB, Ohio State University,
of the International Geographical Union, Columbus, Ohio.
Moscow, Russia: C. P. BARNES, U. S. De- Tenth Assembly of the International Astro-
partment of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. nomical Union, Moscow, Russia :
Meeting of Joint Commission on Spectros L. H. ALLER, University of Michigan, Ann
copy, Moscow, Russia : R. 8. MTJLLIKIN, Uni- Arbor, Mlch.
versity of Chicago, Chicago, Ill. E. F. CARPIONTER, University of Arlzona,
Tucson, Arlz.
Ninth International Astronautical Congress, T. GOLD, Harvard College Observatory,
Amsterdam, Holland : A. MIELBI, Purdue Unl- Cambridge,. Mass.
verslty, Lafayette, Ind. G. E. KRON, University of California,
Ninth Pacific Science Congress, Bangkok, Mt. Hamilton. Callf.
Thalland : 0. P. KU&OR, Yerkes Observatory, Wil-
T. P. BANK, II, University of Mlchlgan, liams Bay, Wls.
Ann Arbor, Mlch. D. LAYZER, Harvard College Observatory,
M. R. BRITTAN, Sacramento State College, Cambridge, Mass.
Sacramento, Callf. J. NEYMAN, Statistical Laboratory, Cam-
F. El. EOLER, Aton Forest, Norfolk, Conn. bridge, England.
E. K. RABB, Cincinnati Observatory, Cin-
G. W. GRACIO,Yale University, New Haven, cinnati, Ohio.
Conn. W. 0. ROBERTB, University of Colorado,
J. H. JOHNSON, Colorado School of Mines, Boulder, Colo.
Qolden, Colo. M. SCH WARZSCHILD, Princeton University
H. POPENOIO,University of Florida, Galnes- Observatory, Princeton, N. J.
ville, Fla. C. K. SEXFERT, Vanderbilt University,
P. C. SILVA, University of Illinois, Ur- Nashville, Tenn.
bana, Ill. P. VAN DE RAMP, Swarthmore College,
H. S. SWINQLE, Alabama Polytechnic In- Swarthmore, Pa.
stitute, Auburn, Ala. Third International Congress on Prestres-
I. B. TAEUBEB, Hyattsvllle, Md. sing, Berlin, Germany : T. Y. LIN, University
Occipital Lobe Function, Frelburg, Germany : of Callfornla, Berkeley, Callf.
H. TE~BER, New York University of Medl- Thirtieth Session of the International Sta-
clne, New York, N. Y. tistical Institute, Stockholm, Sweden :
Seventh International Congress of Mlcro- J. CORNFIELD, National Institutes of
biology, Stockholm, Sweden : AMERICAN IN- Health, Bethesda, Md. :
ton, D. C. (partial support of l&20 Amerl- land. College Park. Md.
can microbiologists). E.’ LUKA~S, Catdollc University of Amer-
Sixth International Conference on Low Tem- ica, Washington, D. C.
Reruture Pl~sslcs. Lelden. Netherlands : C. F. Thirty-Third International Congress of
SQUIRE, Rice Inatltute, Houston, Tex. Amerlcanlsts, San Jose, Costa Rica :
Solvay Conference, Brussels, Belgium : M. S. EDJIONDSON, Tulane University of
A. R. SANDAOE, Carnegie Institution of Louisiana, New Orleans, La.
Washington, Pasadena, Callf. D. W. LATHRAP, Harvard University, Cam-
bridge, Mass.
H. SHAPLEY, Harvard University, Cam- E. B. RICKETSON, Tulane University of
bridge, Mass. Louisiana, New Orleans, La.
Special Session of the International Statis- P. B. TAYLOB, JR., Tulane University of
tical Instltute, Brussels, Belgium : Louisiana, New Orleans, La.

Twelfth Annual Congress of the Interna+ turs ot txa88 Held JR L6ningrad, ivooember
tional Science Film Association, Moscow, 2347,2963; 1 year; $7,060
of Sciences-National Research Council, BNCES, Washington, D. C.
Washington, D. C. An English Edition of the Russian Journul
Twelfth International Ornithological Con- Soil &fence; 1 year ; $36,575
gress, Helsinki, Finland : An Enfllish Edition of the Russian Pro-
P. H. BALDWIN, Colorado State Univer- ceedinQ8 03 the Academy of Science8 o! the
sity, Fort Collins, Colo. USSR-Biochemtstry Section; 1 year ;
D. S. FABNBIR, State College of Washing $15,050
ton, Pullman, Wash. Engli8h Edition8 of Three Rudsian Jour-
M. H. MOYNIHAN, Smithsonian Institution, nals: blicrobiology, Plant Physiology, and
Washington, D. C. Doklady (Biological Science8 and Botanical
R. S. PALMER, New York State Museum science Sections) ; 1 year ; $13,170
and Science Service, Albany, N. Y. Information on Biological Research and
C. G. SIBLEY, Cornell University, Ithaca, Publication8 in the USSR; 1 month; $9,175
N. Y. Preparation of a Supplement to the
A. WOLFSON, Northwestern University, Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany, by
Evanston, 111. E. D. Merrill and E. H. Walker; _ 1 year;
Twenty-Third Annual Conference of the In- $28,266
ternational Federation for Documentation, Publication of an English Tranelation
Paris, France: H. H. HENKLIO, John Crerar Manuscript of a Russian Monograph, X-rays
Library, Chicago, Ill. and Plants, bv L. P. Breslavete; t3 months ;
$7,370 -
Visit to the Institute of Ophthalmology in Publication or an Bngli8h Translation
London, England: R. G. JAMES, State Uni- Manuscrint of Arachnida. Vol. IV. No. 2.
versity of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa. Fauna of-the USSR, by B. I. Pomerantzev; 6
Visit to the Soviet Academy of Construction months ; $10,300
and Architecture ; Research Laboratories ; Publication of an English Tranelation
Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia : Manuscript 01 Arachnofdea, Vol. VI, No. 1,
B. BRESLER, University of California, Berke- Fauna of the USSR ; 6 months ; $7,230
ley, Calif. Style dianual jor Biological Journale; 2
Visit to Two Scientific Meetings in Europe, years ; $11,500
and a Report on Public Information Proce- The Translation and Publication ot a Ru8-
dures : S. S. NEOUS, Medical College of Vir- eian Monograph, Problems in the Classiflca-
ginia, Richmond, Va. tion of Antagonists of Actionmycetes, bg
0. F. Gauee; 6 months ; $6,320
The Journal of Chemical Phyeice; 1 year ;
GILBERT W. KIN& International Business $35,000
Machines Corporation, Yorktown Heights, English Edition8 of the BueRfan Publica-
N. Y. : Visits to the Cambridoe Lanauaoe Re- tions: Journal of Technical Physics, Doklady
search Unit at Cambridge; England: and (Physics Section) and Journal of Acoustics ;
Other Center8 oj Reeearch in Information 1 year; $37,500
Retrieval in London and Paris (Beginning An Englieh Edition of the Rueeinn Jour-
February 9, 1958) ; 2 weeks ; $770 nal Crystallography ; 1 year ; $19,000
HERBERT B. WEAVER, University of Hawaii, An English Edition of the Russian Aetro-
Honolulu, T. H. ; Travel and Subeietence nomical Journal; G months ; $19,900
Expense8 in Connection With Visit8 to Pay- Study of the Physic8 Publishing Problem;
chological Laboratoriee and Research Factl- 18 months ; $29,700
ittee; 6 months; $1,700 AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY, Provi-
ACTA MEITALLURGICA, Schenectady, N. Y.; dence, IL. I.
Enolish Editions of Two Russian JOUrnal8: For Preparing and Distributing Selected
The Physics of Metals and Metallography Translations of Ruesian Mathematice Ar-
and The Journal of Abstracts-Metallurgy ; ticles; 1 year; $24,537
1 year; $23,710 Mathematical Review8 : 2 years : $40.000
UNIVERSITY OB ALASKA, College, Alaska; Preparation of a 15.Year Cu-mulative Index
Traveling and Subeistence Expenees in Con- to Mathematical Reviews; 6 months; $6,600
nection With Visits to Biological Labora- AMERICAN PHTSICAI, SOCIETY, Charlottes-
toriee and Research Facilitiee of the Univer- ville, Va. ; Establish an Experimental Type
sity 01 Ala&a; 3 months ; $2,500 of Journal for Rapid Publication of Physics
ticipation and Adminietration of the Na- Bloomington, Ind. ; 60th Anniversary Vol-
tional Science Foundation Colloquia Series; ume of Review8 of PhptOpathOlOQg; 2 years ;
2 years ; $4,000 $22,250
dena, Calif. NEER~, New York, N. Y.; Translation and
Publication of the Aetronomical Journal; Publication of the Rueeian Journal of Ap-
3 years; $15,000 plied Mathematics and Mechanics; 1 year;
Supplement8 to the Aetrophysical Journal; $35,000
AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, Columbus, Galesburg, Ill. ; Cumulative Index te Volume8
Ohio; Translation and PublicatZon of the $6-40 01 The Journal of Parasitology ; 18
Prooeedfnge oj the Symposium on the Struo- months ; $3,410

Proceeding8 ot the 1966 General Conven- Publication of a SeZected Bibliography oj
tion 01 the AatronombaZ Leizgue; $300 Japaneee Serial Publications in Science and
BIOL~UICAL ABSTRACTS, Philadelphia, Pa. ; Technology; 6 months; $2,200
The Uoverage of the Botanical Uterature by A Subject Index to the ASTIA TitZe An-
Abstract&g and Indexing ServZcee; 4 nouncement Bulletin; 6 months; $4,000
months ; $2,550 Compilation of a& Acce88ion8 List of Sd-
BROOKLYN CoLIm-m, Brooklyn, N. Y.; entific and Technical Serial8 of the Library
Soclologfcat Ab8WaCt8; 1 year ; $5,000 of Uongrees; 1 years ; $5,000
UNIVEB~ITY OIF CALIFOBNIA, Berkeley, Calif. Reference Uenter for Report8 on Qovern-
Preparation oj an Index Catalogue of men&Supported Scientific Reeearch; 1 year ;
Double Stare; 1 year; $6,200 $29,600
World Bibliography or FoesiZ Vertebrate8 Continuation of PreparaHon of a Bibliog-
and Paleolithic Anthropology, Volume 6; 2 raphy on the International OLeophysicaZ
years ; $5,900 Year, and Preparation of Index Entries for
CAMBRID~IULANGUA~I~ RESEARCH UNIT TBUST, an Experimental Printed Coordinate Index
Cambridge, England; Research on New Log- to the BibZiography; 1 year; $14,000
Cco-Mathematical Method8 for the Analy8i8 LONG ISLAND BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, Cold
01 Language8 for Machine !l’ranslation; 1 Snrine Harbor. N. Y. : The Hutants of Droso-
year ; $33,000 &la XIelanogaster; i years ; $11,3Ob
Ohio; Operation8 Research in the Area of Cambridge, Mass.
BcientilZc Commun$cation; 1 year ; $24,100 Information on Scientific and Engineering
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, Chicago, Ill. ; Trans- Publications the USSR: 8 weeks : $6.030
lation of the Economic Atlas of Japan; 1 English Edition8 oj Th;ee Ruseiah ’ JbUr-
year ; $7,000 naZ8: Radio Engineering, Radio Engineering
and Electronics, and Electro-Communica-
DNPAUW UNIVERSITY, Greencastle, Ind. ; Pub- tions; 1 year; $70,000
lication of a Monograph of the Fontinala- Method8 of Translating Language8 by
ceae; 3 years ; $3,700 Machine; 1 year; $41,400
English Edition of the Ruseian Journal Geo- MATHEMATICAL
Buffalo, N. Y. ;
Studg of Non-
chemistry; 1 year ; $15,000 Teaching Mathematical Employment; 4
GEOCHEMICA~ SOCIBTY, Washington, D. C. ; months ; $8,000
Tranelation and Publication of Two Russian UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. ;
Book8 in Geochemi8try: Physico-Chemical Manual of the Marine AZgae of Tropical
Principles of Pararrenesis of Minerals. 2111
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D. S. korzhinakll, &d The Geochemistry iyf
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ton, D. C. ; New Coordinate Indexing ddethod MINERALOQICAL SOCIETY OB AMERICA, Chi-
of Bound Book Form BibliogrQphies; 1 year ; cago, Ill. ; Index to Volumes 31-40 of The
$14,000 American Mineralogist ; 1 year ; $4,500
Mechanical Translation; 1 year ; RNSEARCH COUNCIL, Washington, D. C.
%";*6%0 An EngZi8h Edition 01 the Russian Ab-
stract Journal : Geology Series ; 1 year;
Research on Automatic Translation oj $36,770
A Survey of Intereet in and Feasibility oj
into Englieh; 6 months; $29,150 an International
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Russian Into English; 4 months ; $26,200 1 year ; $7,500
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Factory Laboratory ; 1 year; $93,500 Revision of Study on Soviet Professional
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ONOMY, Cambridge Mass. ; Revision of Liet oj $28,000
Nomina Conservanda in the InternationaZ The Biology Code and Key and an Analqt-
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UNIONS, London, England ; InternationaZ Ab-
stracting Board; 1 year; $7,250 Translation and Publication 03 Two Rua-
aian Book8 in the Field 03 Geology: Facies
INTERNATIONAL GEOGRAPHICAL UNION, Wash- Studies, by D. V. NaZivWn, and Fundamental
ington, D. C. ; BeographicaZ Conversion Problems in Tectonics, by V. V. Bezoueov; 1
Tablee; 1 year ; $6,100 year ; $41,460
Conference on the Ceni?raZNerv-
N. Y. ; First Silver Spring, Md. ; Organio EZectronio Spec-
ou8 Byeterns and Behavior; 1 year ; $15,000 tral Data, 1946-1955; 1 year; $11,750

Pa. ; Inuestigation ot Littgui8tfo Traneforma- Brunswick, N. J. ; Survey ot Soientillo Doan-
tZon8 for Information RetrievaZ; 16 months ; aentation Training Facilities; 0 months ;
$42,300 6750
N. J. D. C.
Some Problems ol Chemical Kinetic8 and Biological Sc&mcee Information Ex-
Reactivity; 1 year; $1,500 :hange; 1 year ; $25,000
The TraneZation From the Ruesian of the BIological Sciences Information Ea-
Book Entitled The Problem of Stability of change; 1 gear ; $28,000
Nonlinear Control Systems, by Academician
A. M. Letov; 6 months ; $2,000 I’ULAN~ UNIVICRSITY, New Orleane, La. ;
Preparation oj Han,dbook of Middle Ameri-
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SITy, Philndelphin, Pa. ; BasicReeearch
Needs in High Temperature Science; 6 SOCIETY FOR INDUSTRIAL AND APPLIED MATH-
months ; $10,000 IMATICS, Philadelphia, Pa. ; An EngZidh Edi-
tion oj the Russian Journal Theory Of
CHAEOLOGY, Andover, Mass. ; Radiocarbon Probability and Its Applications ; 18
Samples and Their Datee; 18 months; months ; $72,240
ROSCOB B. JACKSON MIU~~ORIAL LABORATORY, Ohio; Teat Program To Evaluate Notation
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Gene Bibliography; 1 year; $5,600 1 year; $27,600


Grants for the Mernational Geophysical Year Program

Fiscal year 1958

AURORA AND AIRGLOW Study of the Isotopic Constitu-

AIR FORCE CAMBEID~~ RENAECH tion of Cosmic Radiation at
CENTEB : Balloon Altitude8 ___________ 8,175
Procurement of Miscellaneone FRANKLIN INSTITUTE :
Supplies ______--_-_________ $3,750 Correlation of Solar Activity
Operations at Sacramento Peak with High Altitude Primary
and Tonanzintla ____________ 1,000 Cosmic Ray Intensity ________ 20,140
UNIVERSITY OF ALASKA : Construction of a Neutron Moni-
Operational Cost of Aurora1 Ob- tor-shipboard _____ -__---__ 1,720
servations and Measuremente, 123,100 Construction and Operation of
Operational Cost for Radio Wave a Neutron Monitor, Thule,
Absorption and COSIDiC Noise Greenland -----------_------ 2,940
Method--,-----,,-__,_,,___ 22,500 STATE UNIVERSITY OB IOWA:
ARCTIC INSTITUTIP OF NORTH High Altitude Cosmic Ray Neas-
AB~ERICA: urements in the Arctic-,---, 37,663
Operational Cost of the Aurora1 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND:
Program in the Antarctic---,, 55,250 Study of High Speed Cosmic
CORNELL UNIVERSITY: Ray Fluctuations ___________ 16,700
Headquarters for All-Sky Cam- Reduction of Cosmic Ray Counter
eras in the United Statea,,,,, 11,000 Data-,-,___,______,__-_,__ 10,000
Radar Observations at Ithaca,,, 4,000 UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA:
All-Sky Camera Operations of Monitoring Cosmic Ray Intensi-
Six U. S. Station8 __-________ 6,900 ties at High Altitude ________ 25,000
The Preparation and Processing Trajectory Computation and
of Aurora1 Data ____________ 32,000 Study--------------------_ 2,800
ARDS: Measurements of Zenith-Angle
Airglow Data Reduction ________ 30,000 Dependence of High Energy
Operational Costs and Coordina- Musons-- -----------------_ 2,600
tion of Northern Stations--,, 23,414 UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA:
STANFORD UNIVERSITY: Construction of Two, Triple Co-
Operntions of Western United incidence Geiger Counter Tele-
States Radar Stations---,--, 10,300 scopes --------------------- 12,835
Development of Equipment for Construction of Neutron
Meteor Observations in the Monitor -________ “_ _______ -_ 8,520
Antarctic -L ___________ -_-__ 1,100 UNIVERSITY OFNEW HAMPSHIRE:
Operation Cost for Radio Absorp- Reduction and Study of Neutron
tion and Cosmic Noise Nethod Intensity Time-Variations---- 5,229
in Western United States---- 11,500 UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO:
investigation of the Semi-Diurnal
Planetary Variation of Atmos-
COSMIC RAYS pheric Pressure ____ -___--___ 1,800
NOLOOY: Construction of a Neutron Moni-
Balloon Flights to be made in tor to be used in Alaska-,--- 15,600
the Antarctic _______________ 7,600 Studies of the Primary Cosmic
UNIVERSITY OF CALIIPORNIA: Ray Spectrum ______________ 14,200
Construction of Air Shower De- Construction of Equipment for
tectors --- ______ --_---- ____ 2,300 Measurement of Neutrons of
Procurement and Modification of Solar Origin at High Alti-
Neutron Counters and Associ- tudes-,-_-_,,__--__-_______ 15,200
ated Equipment __________ -__ 28,850 SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY:
CARNEQIE INSTITUTION OF WASH- Emulsion Studies ____ -- _______ 2,000
Reduction of Cosmic Ray Ion-
ization Chamber Data ________ 12,000 GEOMAGNETISM
High Altitude Measurements of Operation of Jarvis and Palmyra
Cosmic Rays ________________ 8,706 Magnetic Stations ___________ 22,500

INGTON : Observation of Mean Rigidity of
Operation of South American the Earth _--_-----_ - 21,250
Five-Station Network ________ 21,000 JOLUMRIA UNIVERSITY :
u. S. COAST AND GEODETIC SUB- ?rocurement and Construction
VEY : of Pendulum Equipment for
Expenses of Coordinating and Submarine Pendulum--- _____ 49,690
Administering the Geomagne- Zeduction of Gravity Measure-
tism Program ___---___ - _____ 45,200 ments _____________________ 9,809
Operation of Nagnetic Observa- JXIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN :
tories at Three Antarctic Sta- Procurement of a Gravimeter
tions---------------------- 7,000
Procurement of Equipment and for Measurements in the Ant-
Supplies for Nagnetic Sta- arctic _----__---- _________- 6,559
tions-western Pacific----,,- 16,000 Antarctic Data Reduction and
Publication __-_-______-__-__ 21,760~
Operation of East-West II. S. sravimeter Measurements,,-,,- 22,000
Network-- _________________ 14,185
Operation of North-South Chain ~VOODSHOLY OCEANOGRAPHIC IN-
Magnetic Stations in Alaska-- 6,600 STITUTION :
Magnetic Gradient Study in Pendulum Gravity Surveys in
Alaska-------------------- 20,000 Australia and New Zealand-, 12,500
Operation of Rapid-Run Auxil-
iary Magnetographs _________ 16,600
Observations at Knox Coast Sta- [ONOSPHERIC PHYSICS
tion ln the Antarctic ________ 3,000
Ionospheric Absorption-Cosmic
Noise Method in Alaska-,-- 7,700
GLACIOLOGY Operation of an Atmospheric
AMERICAN GEOGRAPHICAL So- Whistler Station in Alaska,, 18,000
CIETY : Fixed Frequency Backscatter in
Glacier Observations in Southern Alaska,__,---,--,----,,,,-, 8,450
Alaska-------------------- 6,400 AMERICAN RADIO RELAY LEAGUES :
ARCTIC INSTITUTE OF NORTII Amateur Participation in Iono-
AMERICA : spheric Physics __-------_--- 9,455
Procurement of Glaciological DARTMOUTEI COLLEGE :
Equipment ---____ - ________- 36,750 Establishing the Latitude De-
Recruitment, Hiring and Travel pendence and Occurrence at
of Scientists in the Antarctic- 99,365 Conjugate Geomagnetic Loca-
Establishment and Operation of tions of Whistlers in the East, 48,800
the Headauarters Unit to CO- Ionospheric Absorption, Cosmic
ordinate the Glaciology Pro- Noise Method in the East---- 2,900
gram---------------------- 11,000 NATIONAL BUREAU OF STAND-
Procurement of Equipment for ARM3 :
use on Mt. Michelson- ___---- 25,500 Operation of Six Antarctic Sta-
Study of Antarctic Glacial Geol- tions ----- --------- -------- 176,900
ogy-------,--------------- 8,900 Ionospheric Quality Control and
Logistic Equipment and Sup- Training- _______-__------_- 36,300
plies _____ -_- ___-----__---- 5,000 Equatorial VHF Ionospheric For-
DEPARTMENT OB THY ARMY : ward Scatter Measurements,, 39,500
Procurement of Deep Drilling Procurement of Three Atmos-
Equipment and Supplies for pheric Radio Noise Recorders- 8,900
Antarctica __--__----------- 17,000 Fixed Frequency Backscatter
CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OB TECH- Measurements _____________- 10,200
NOI.OGY : VHF Oblique-Incidence Sporndic-
Glacier Dynamics on Blue Glacier E Fired Strength Measure-
Olympic Mountains- ____----- 5,000 ments,,-,------------------ 22,500
Antarctic Ice Sampling-Isotope Ionospheric Physics Data Proc-
Ratios ____________________- 10,150 essing _--- ___-__----------- 63,285
Antarctic Data Reduction and Ionospheric Absorption, Cosmic
Publication ___________----- 76,755 Noise Method in Alaska-,-,- 8,893
Meteorological Studies in West- SITY :
ern United States (Blue Gla- Ionospheric Absorptlon-Pulse
cier) __-------------------- Method___--,-------,------ 8,800
UNIVERSITY 01 WISCONSIN : True Height Determination---- 47,758
Procurement of Antarctic Port- STANFORD UNIVERSITY :
able Gravimeter ________---- Logistic Support in the Atmos-
pheric Whistler Program---- 35,907
Fixed Frequency Backscatter
GRAVITY MEASUREMENTS Measurements _-__---------- 45,300
Aa! ERICA : Procurement, Construction, and
Recruitment, Hiring and Travel Testing of Radio Astronomy
of Scientists for Antarctic--- Equipment - _________------- 6,900

I ~ ,*J,s,-,m$ .:.~.r”~~.,,‘i’.~~,:“4 /I .i,<i,.. -: %“li;. :; ,I
jl .Arr.i.‘~,...r. . ..1 ‘%.i : :. : /


VEY: Procurement of Rocket8 and
Longitude and Latitude Mea- Equipment and Partial Opera-
surements in Alaska ________ 6, ooc tional Costs on Guam _______
Planning and Operation in Con-
METEOROLOGY nection with Rocketry Program
in the Arctic _______________
Data Reduction and Publication- 19,65a Pacific Solar Eclipse Expedition-
Procurement of Equipment and
Supplies in Antarctica,---,, 98,01(1
South American Upper-Air Me-
* teorological Observationa---, 43,soc SEISMOLOGY
Oneration at the Antarctic Wea- ARCTIC INSTITUTE OF NOXTH
-ther Central ________________ 36,7oa AMERICA :
Arctic Ice Floe Meteorological Seismology Personnel in the
Station8 _______________ :-,, 81,5oa Antarctic- _____ - ____ -- ______
Antarctic Geochemical Measure- CALIFORNIA INSTITUTP~ or TECH-
ments of Carbon Dioxide and NOLOGY:
Surface Ozone ______________ 20,000 Procurement of Strain Seismo-
Reduction and Preparation for graphs for the Study of Crustal
Publication Meteorological Strain Accumulation-------- 3,600
Data---------------------- 14,670 Procurement of Equipment for
use in the Antarctic _________ 3,000
UNIVIU~SITY 0~ CALIFORNIA: Seismic Exploration of Continen-
Procurement of Equipment for tal Structure ______ - ________ 6,000
2188 in the Ieland Observa- U. S. COAST AND GEODETIC
tories Program -____________ 25,005 SURVEY:
Related EXpen8e for Deep Cur- Seismography Measurements on
rent Program in the Pacific-, 16,000 the Pacific Islands _____ - ____ 7,800
Procurement of Equipment for An‘tarctie Teleseismic Measure-
Radio-Chemistry Analysis---- 27,000 ments ________________ -- ____ 13,000
Operation8 of Island Observ- Procurement of Equipment for
atories in the Atlantic------ 31,400 use in the Antarctic-- _______ 3,000
Operational Costs of Deep Cur- Seismic Measurements in the
rent Oceanography Program Atlantic ____ -- ________ ---___ 5,600
in the Atlantic ____________ 87, 075 Operational Costs for Long
Operational Costs for Radiochem- Period Wave Studies--,,,,,, 4,200
istry Analysis ______________ 20,000 Data Reduction and Publication- 9,220
Procurement of Bathythermo- Antarctic Data Reduction and
graphs for Deep Current Pro- Publication ____________ - ____ 47,255
gram------,--------------- 421 Seismic Exploration of Coastal
Reduction of Bathythermographic Areas------------_-,-__,,,, 31,900
Data----,-----,---,-,,-,------ 30,000
Operational Cost of Deep Current
Oceanography Program in the CORNELL UNIVERSITY:
Atlantic ____________________ 2,000 A Solar Radio Noise Patrol---- 7,565
Radiochemistry Analysis of Sea HIGH ALTITUDD OBSERVATORY:
Water in the Atlantic and Gulf Development of Three Indirect
of Mexico __________________ 14,000 Flame Recorders---- ____ -___ 2,738
UNIVERSITY OR WASHINGTON: Visual Observations ___________ 6,000
Operation of the Deep Current Rapid Data Presentation------- 3,200
Oceanography Program in the UNIVERSITY op MICHIGAN :
Pacidc---------------,------ 28,058 Eigh Resolution Profiles of
Procurement of Carbon Dioxide H-alpha in Solar Flames----- 6,250
Measuring Equipment _____ -__ 13,042 Operational Costs of McMath-
Arctic Sea Ice Studies _________ 4, 325 Hulbert Observatory ____ -__-_ 6,250
INSTITUTION: Data Reduction and Publication- 13,000
Operational Costs and Related
Expenses in the Deep Current
Oceanography Program in the WORLD DAYS
Atlantic ____________________ 29,450
Radiochemistry Analysis of Sea NATIONAL BUREAU OP STAND-
Water __________ - __________ 16,250 ARDS:
Operational Cost8 of Oceanog- 3peration of U. S. and World
raphy Program in the Arctic-, 4,000 Warning Center ______ - ______ 27,340

164 =.:.
TIFIC SUPPORT Measurement of the Meteoric
Dust Erosion of the Satellite
u. S. DEPARTMENT OB THB Skin --------_---__--------- 28,750
Trail Rations for Oversnow NATIONAL BUREAU OB STAND-
Traverse Parties ____________ 10,416 ARDS:
Interferometer and Doppler
NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCI- Measurement8 ____________---
Electron Density Proflles ____--- ‘2 9!io”
Coordination and Editorial Of- OFFICIU OF NAVAL RESIDABCH :
fices-International Special Solar Radiation Measurements- 30,000 i
Committees----- _____ -- _____ 25,000 Special Equipment and Engi-
Publication of Technical Manual8 neering Services for Scientllie
and Other Documents for the Experiments------ ____------ 1,400
World Wide Standardization PENNSYLVANIA STATIO UNIVER-
and Coordination of Scientiilc SITY:
Measurements -----___---__- 40,620 Doppler Measurements from
Support of Polar Operations Spaced Locations-- ______--- 84,950
Staff---------------------- 68,600
Support of the International RESEIARCH INSTITUTEI FOB AD-
Geophysical Year Polar Opera- VANCED STUDIES:
tions Staff----------------- 70,000 Determination of the Flux of
Heavy Primary Cosmic Ray
U. S. WEATHER BU~~UAU: Nuclei _______ -_-_-_- __----- 61,750
Antarctic Planning Staff------- 92,313
Procurement of Equipment and STANFORD UNIVERSITY:
Supplies-Antarctic Program- 14, ooa Electron Density and Radio Prop-
agation Studies--- _________- 112,000
WORLD DATA CENTER Energy Budget of the Earth,--- 66,700
Rocket and Satellite World Data OF SCIENTIFIC DATA
Center A- ______ ---__-_- ____ CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECH-
ARDS: Telemetry Recording and Techni-
Archives in Alrglow and Iono- cal Assistance ______________ 30,980
sphere -- ____ ---___------_-- 21, 425
Archives in Meteorology ___---- 32,500 EARTH SATELLITE-SCIENTIFIC CO-
AIR FORCE CAMBRIDGE RESEARCH Operating Expenses of Program
CENTER: Coordination Staff __________ 72,800
Satellite Polar Propagation Scientific Coordination of the
Measurements--------------- 25,000 Earth Satellite Program,--,- 102,000
Aurora1 Zone Phenomena------ 167,900
Meteorological Observation8 U.S. DEPARTMENTOFTHEARMY:
From an Earth Satellite,---- 222, ooa Establishment of an Interim
CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECH- Optical Network------------ 121,200
Special Equipment and Engineer-
ing Services------------ ____ 147,lOC Cost of Optical Tracking Sta-
tions---------------------- 100,200
FRANKLIN INSTITUTE: Operation of Optical Tracking
Determination of the Flux of 778,325
Heavy Primary Cosmic Ray Stations __________________-
Nuclei _--_--_- ____ -- _______ 15,000 Administration of a Visual Ob-
serving Program ___________- 80,500
Radio Interferometry and Data Observation Reduction, Analysie,
Analysis - _____ --_---_-- __-- 46,250 and Central Operation---,,- 351,800
Direct Administrative Costs---, 234,000
Construction and Testing of SOCIETY OF PHOTOGRAPHIC
Equipment and Supplies for SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS:
Cosmic Ray Observations---- 71,015 Volunteer Photographic Track-
LINFIELD RESEARCH INSTITUTE: ing----------------------- 18,000
Absolute Signal Strength and
Frequency Measurements----- 42,000 6,526,658


Fellowship Awards-Fiscal Year 1958

NameA, Residences, and Fields of Study of Individuals Awarded

National Science Foundation Fellowships
ALABAMA BALL, JAMES S., Albany, Physics.
BANKS, PHILIP O., Sacramento, Earth
Predoctoral Sciences.
COULTER, C. ALTON, Phenix City, Physics. BERLOWITZ, LAURENCE J., Los Angeles,
ELDER, JOHN W., S. J., Mobile, Chemistry. Zoology
MAHOWALD, ANTHONX P., S. J., Mobile, BOULWARE, DAVID G., Lafayette, Physics.
Zoology. BROSEMER, RONALD W.,l Oakland, Biochem-
SANDERSON,JACK T., Birmingham, Physics. istry.
Bctence Faculty BROWN, LOWELL S., Visalla, Physics.
BROWN, ROBERT T., Riverside, Physics.
BAILEY, WILFORD S., Auburn, AgrlcuIture. BROWN, STEPHEN L., Palo Alto, Physics
PATRICE, KEITH H., Auburn, Agriculture. BURNS, JOHN M., Berkeley, Genetics.
WATSON, RAYMOND C., Jr., Annlston, Engl- CHRISTENSEN, MARK N., Berkeley, Earth
neering. Sciences.
Cogig3, GEORGEF., Jr., Los Angeles, Chem-
ARIZONA CZAMAX&!& GERALD K., Stanford, Earth
Predoctorat Sciences.
DALTON, EDWARD K., Riverside, Physic&
FENWICK, ROBERT B.,l Phoenix, Engineering. DAY. GENE F.. Alameda. Phvsics.
JUSTICE, KEITH E., Tucson, Zoology. DAY~E~.L, MEL&N D., Pasadena, Physics.
RAUCH, HERBERT E.,l Tucson, Engineering. DEVOTO, RICHARD H., Palo Alto, Engineer-
PostdoctoraZ ing.
DEAL. PAUL H.,’ Sacramento, Zoology.
HALE, KENNKITH L., Tucson, Anthropology. DODD; JAZZES R., Pasadena, Earth Sciences.
Bdence Faculty EGGER, M. DAVID,~ Bakersfield, Psychology.
HALL, DAVID J., Tucson, Engineering. EISENBERO, JOHN, Berkeley, Zoology.
ENDERTON, HERBERT, San Jose, Mathematics.
FISH, ROBERT A., Los Altos, Chemistry.
FONO, PAUL, San Francisco, Mathematics.
ARKANSAS FOSTER, EDWARD M., Gardena, Mathematical
PredoctoraZ Economics.
EVERETT, WAYNBI, Benton, Biochemistry. GAOE, DOSALD H., Durham, Engineering.
HILL, JOHN W., Fayettevllle, Chemistry. GILLESPIB, BARBARA, Arcadia, Botany.
LOCKHART, ANDREW P., Van Buren, Engi- GIULIANO, CONCETTO R., Gardena, Chem-
neering istry.
PAQB, LEROY E., Springdale, Engineering. GOLDENBERO.H. MARK, Los Angeles, Physics.
RUSSELL, CHARLES D., El Dorado, Chem- GOLDSBOROUGH,JOHX, Stanford, Physics.
istry. GRIFFITH.& ROBERT B., Sunnyvale, Physics.
STALLINOS, JOHN R., JR, Morrilton, Mathe- GUNCKEL, THOMAS L., II.1 Pomona, Englneer-
matics. ing.
HAGGI, DONALD E.,’ Berkeley, Physics.
Po8tdoctoraz HAND, LOUIS N., Palo Alto, Physics.
WASSON, JOHN T., Springtown, Chemistry. HAUGIN. RUTH M.. Pasadena. Psychology.
HOLLAND, JEROMID .T., La Miradai Mathe-
Sdence Faculty matics.
WILLIAMS, RALPH, Magnolia, AgrlcuRure. HOLLIDAY. DENNIS, Alhambra, Physics.
HONE, DANIEL W., San Francisco, Physics.
HONSA~ER. JOHN L.. Pasadena. Physics.
CALIFORNIA HULTGREN; -GLEN 0:. Berkeley, Chemistry.
HUNDLEY, RICHARD O., Pasadena, Physics.
PredoctoraZ IRVINE, WILLIAM RI., Beverly Hills, Physics.
ALBRIGEIT,NORMAN W., Pasadena, Physics. JORDAN, PETER C. H., Los Angeles, Chemistry.
ALLEN, MARCIA K., Stanford, Genetics. JOSEPHSON, ROBERT K., Los Angeles, Zoology.
ALMOND, CABOLYN, San Leandro, Mlcrobi- KAPLAN, DAVID, Granada Hills, Philosophy
ology. of Science.
KELLY, BEATRIC~~ L., Monterey Park,
1 Declined. Microbiology.
KIEFQU, EWAB F., Pasadena, Chemistry. ‘1!HIEBAUf, &fAIt’MAL &., JR, Whlttiu,
KLEINMAN, LEONABD, Berkeley, Physics. Physics.
LARSEN, JIM, Pomona, Earth Sciences. !IYHIPBSEN, WILLIAM ID., Oakland, Chemietry.
LEBOVITZ, NOBBUN R., Los Angeles, Physics. ‘J~INDERHOLT. VICTOR E.. Santa Monica,
LEESON, Dav~u B., Los Angeles. Engineering. Genetics.
LICITWEB, PHILIP, Orinda, Zoology. 7TOGEL, IUARTIN, Los Angeles. Chemistry.
LIRBY. WILLIAN J.. Berkeley, Genetics \ VAONER, WILLIA%I G., South Pasadena,
LINDEN, DONALD A., San - Francisco, En- Physics.
giueering. ‘IVATTENBURO. WILLABD H.. Greenville. Bin-
LINDSAY, ROBERT, Hillsborough, Engineering. gineering. .
LOO&IIS. ALDEN A.. Palo Alto, Earth Sciences. 1WEBB, SAWNEX D., Los Angeles, Zoology.
MACIEL; GARY E., .Livermore, Chemistry. 1PEDDLE, OBVILLII H., Granada Hills, Med-
MACMILLAN, ARCHID J., Long Beach, Engi- ical Sciencea.
neering. WERTHANF,R, N. RICHARD, Encino, Physlca.
MANJARREZ, VICTOR, 23. J., San Francieco, :WILCOX, WILLIAM R., Albany, Engineering.
Mathematics. 1WILLIS, JOHN S., Pasadena, Zoology.
MARSIIALL, J. HOWARD, III, Pasadena, 1~VILSON, DONALD M., Los Angeles, Zoology.
Physics. 1WILSON, GARTH H., Oakland, Engineering.
MASON, DAVID, Berkeley, Botany. 1WOOLFOLK,ROBERTW., Riverside, Chemistry.
I\ICcONKEY, EDWIN H., Berkeley, Zoology. 1IVULFB, DANIEL L., Altadena, Chemistry.
MCCITEN. PETER A., Bakersfield, Engineering. YOUNG,LAEL N., Mentone, Mathematics.
M&USE, DELBERT C., Saratoga, Botany.
MILLER, ROGEI~ H., Palo Alto, Physics. 1
MONK, JAIIES D., Danville, Mathematics. 1BARTH, CHARLES A., Jr., Encino, Physics.
MORLAN, GEORGED.,l Pasadena, Mathematics. 1BREINAN, LEO, Berkeley, Mathematics.
MKAZEK, ROBERT V., San Bernardino, En- 4JADE, TohI J., Glendale, ZOOiOgy.
gineering. ~AIIPBELL, ALLAN M., Stockton, Microbiol-
MUFFLER, L. J. PATBICK,~ Claremont, Earth I 069.
Sciences. 1FEINSTBIIN, ANIEIL, Nenlo Park, Mathe-
M uLLER, RICHARD S., Los Angeles matics.
Engineering. HENRY, DAVID W., Los Angeles, Chemistry.
NANDI. JEAN. Berkeley. ZooiOns. 1&RATA, ARTHUR A., Los Angeles, Biochem-
~EKH'BOB, JA~IEs E., Lafayette, Physics. istry.
NEVILLE, DONALD E., Los Angeles, Physics. KOMIIEBSA’ND, MAX H., La Mesa, Botany.
NEVILLE, RICHARD C., South Gate, En - :MASON, RICHARD A., Davis, Agriculture.
gineering. MUNZ, FREDERICK W., Claremont, Zoology.
OGLESBY, LARRY C.,l Atascadero, Zoology. IOLANDICB,HARVBY, Davis, Agriculture.
OHBACH, RAY~IOND L., Los Angeles, Physics . PEVIIIOUSE, BYRON C., San Francisco, Medl-
ORIANS,. GORDON H., Albany, Zoology.
ORTESBURGEB,IRENE B.,l Los Altos, Physics cal Sciences.
,ISHREVE,RONALD L., Big Pine, Earth Science&
PARKER, EVELYN D., San Francisco, Bio
chemistry. SMITH, DARWIN W., Pasadena, Chemistry.
PARKER, RONALD B., Berkeley, Earth Sciences SPARKS, RO~EBT A., Los Angeles, Chemistry.
PICCOLINI, RICUABD J., Los Angeles , SI-ENCER, GLENN H., Lafayette, Chemistry.
Chemistry. TANQHEBLINI, FRANK R., Palo Alto, Physics.
PROSCHAN, FRANK, Sunnyvale, Mathematics UBETSKY, JACK L., Albany, Physics.
PBUITT, WILLIA~U E., Stanford, Mathematics WEITZNER, HAROLD, San Frnncisco, Physics.
PURVES, WILLIAM E., JR., Sacramento Senior Poetdoctoral
QUINN, EDWARDP.,l Berkeley, Engineering. ALPEN, EDWARD L., San Mateo, Biophysics.
REINECKE, MANPHED G., Albany, Chemistry ‘. BADE, WILL,IAN G., Berkeley, Mathematics.
RENEAU, LEON R., San Mateo, Engineering :. BERN, HOWARD A., Berkeley, Zoology.
RICHARDS, PAUL L., Riverside, Physics. BERSON, JEROB~EA., Los Angeles, Chemistry.
ROUEICTSON,BALDWIN, Los Angeles, Physics 1. CUSHINQ, JOHN E.,f Santa Barbara, General
ROSENBERG, DAVID, North Hollywood ‘, Biology.
Genetics. EDELMAN, ISIDOI~II S.,* San Francisco, Bio-
ROYCE, EDWIN B., Pasadena, Physics. chemistry.
SCHULTZ, CLAUDE H.,l Davis, Physics. FUHRMAN, FBEDEBICE A., Stanford, Zoology.
SEDEBHOLM, CHAELI$S H., Concord, Chemis 1- GOODWIN, WILLARD E., Los Angeles, Medical
try. Sciences.
SHAIN, STEPHEN,~ San Anselmo, Engineer I- GBOOAN,RAYMOND cf., Davis, Botany.
ing. JEFFRIES, CARSON D., Berkeley, Physics.
SLAGGIE, E. LEO, Albany, Physics. NOBBECK, EDWARD, Berkeley, Anthropology.
SIIITH, RICHARD G.,’ Glendora, Engineering :. ROYDEN, HALSEY I,.. Los Altos, Mathemntics.
S~IITH, ROBERT B.,l Vista, Chemistry. SCHWIML~MEB,SIO&IUND, Berkeley, Biochem-
STONE, CHARLES J.,l Van Nuys, Mathematics .l istry.
Economics. WOLFF, JAN, San Anselmo, Medical Sciences.
STONE, JEREJIY J., Menlo Park, Mathemati i-
cal Economics. Science Faculty
STBANG, WILLIAM G., Los Angeles, Mathe L BARRETT, E. OTTO, El Sobrante, Astronomy.
matics. BEEKS, RICHARD M., Claremont, Botany.
STRO~XBOTNE,RICHARD I,., Berkeley, Physics 5. BLACK, ARTHUR L., Davis, Biochemistry.
SWANSON. DARWIN L.. Bakerstield, Physic8 1. COAD, PETEB, Orange, Chemistry.
TAYLOR, HUGH P., Jr., Los Angeles, Eartk '1 GORMAN, CHARLES M., San Francisco,
Sciences. Chemistry.
THACHEB, PHILIP D.,l Auberry ,Physics. HABVILLII, JOHN P., Los Gatos, Zoology.
LARSEN, CHABLIIS M., Santa Clara, Maths
1 Declined. matics.

“ 9 I’4 * ;A.‘i:e..i ‘~;:‘.,~~.,c,,~l~“~4,~b.‘ ,,1$ ,&;:~ 3,. I) ; ‘, *.; _ ,/ ,/ 1 .:,. j,

PBIQUEQNAT,WILLIS El., Claremont, General SIE~~~L, JOHN H., New Haven, Medical Scl-
Biology. ences.
PHILLIPS, EDWIN A., Claremont, Botany. STILLINOER, FUNK H., Jr., New Haven,
PILLSBUBY, THOMAS S., Concord, Blochem- Chemistry.
lstry. TIBBT, WILLIAM G., Seymour, Astronomy.
PITTS, THOMAS D., Los Angeles, Zoology. WOXONICK, CHABLES L., Merlden, Biochem-
He&or Postdoctoral
KLINE, DANIEL L.,l Bethany, Zoology.
Predoctoral SCHAFHIX, RICHARD D., New London, Mathe-
IXWIN, CYNTHIA, Morrison, Anthropology. matlcs.
LONOLIDY,WILLIAM W., Jr., Boulder, Physics. Science Faculty
NEIIIPEB, DONALD A., Monte Vista, Physics. CLEVERDON, ROBERT C., Coventry, General
SAKAKUBA, ARTHUB Y., Boulder, Physics. Biology.
SPENCER, ALBBET W., Fort Collins, Zoology. RHODES, MARION B., Woodstock Valley,
TEN BROEK, BEBNARD J., Boulder, Zoology. Chemistry.
VIEBXK, ELEANOR G., Boulder, Zoology. SAMUELSON, HENBY H., Storrs, Physics.
Po8tdoctoraz SCEIAIFEX, ALICB~ T., New London, Mathe-
HERIN, REQINALD A., Jr., Ft. Collins, Agrl- THOMSON, BETTY F., New London, Botany.
POTTASCH, STIJABT R., Boulder, Astronomy.
Be&or PostdoctoraZ DELAWARE
PBITIDRSEIN,WILLIAM, Boulder, Demography. Predoctoral
Bdence Faculty DAY, BENJAMIN D., Newark, Physics.
JENNINOS, U. DUANE, Wilmington, Englneer-
ESTLOW, WILLIS L., Boulder, General Blol- lng.
WY. LORAND, JOHN P.,l Wilmington, Chemistry.
KOCH, WILLIAM G., Greeley, Chemistry.
TULIN, L~IONAXDG., Boulder, Engineering. Science Faculty
BENDA, STEPAN V., Dover, Physics.

BALDWIN, DAVID E., West Hartford, Physics.
BOWIOX,GORDONH.,l New Haven, Psychology. BRANT, DAVID A., Chemistry.
BINQHAM, CHBISTOPHB~R,~Colchester, Mathe- DADE, EVIXETT C., Mathematics.
matics. EHXMAN, JOHN R., Physics.
BUYRN, AUDREY B., Hartford, Physics. FELTON, RONALD H., Chemistry.
CHURCHILL, LINDSEY, Jr., Merlden, Mathe- HACKMAN, MATTHEW, Mathematics.
matical Sociology. KOBBMAN, FREDERICK, Mathematics.
DOANBI, WINIBXED W., West Haven, Genetics. HOYME, LUCILIO E., Anthropology.
DOLLARD, JOHN D., Hamden, Physics. HUBBARD, ROBERT L., Physics.
FARNHAM, ANN E., Storrs, Microbiology. OLIVER, DAVID W., Physics.
FOOTEI, CHRI~T~PHDR S., West Hartford, PXESNALL, DEAN C., Earth Sciences.
Chemistry. Science Faculty
FXASE~X,EDWARD C.,l Simsbury, Engineering. BUTCHES, GEORGEH., Mathematics.
HIC+BIE,PAUL R., West Hartford, Physics.
HILBER, S. ROBERT, New Haven, Zoology.
KAHN, DONALD W., Bethany, Mathematics. FLORIDA
KAHN, PHYLLIS, Bethany, Biophysics.
MCCARTHY, CHARLES A., New Haven, Mxthe- PredootoraZ
matlcs. BOND, FREDERICIC T., Jr., Tavernier, Chem-
MCCOLM, DOUOLAS, New Haven, Physics. istry.
MERMIN, N. DAVID,~ New Haven, Physics. BROCKMAN, HERMAN E.. Tallahassee. Ge-
MILLER, JOHN H.. New Haven. Botanv. netics.
POLINS~Y, MARTHA I. V., New’Haven,l Zool- TOX, EVELYN, Miami Beach, Physics.
WY. IRWIN, CAX~L A., Jacksonville, Anthropology.
SCOVILLID, RICHARD, Torrlngton, Mathe- X~ALY, DAVID L.,l Sarasota, Chemlstrs.
matics. ?ITTMAN, RICHARD G., Jr., Jacksonville
SELTZER, RICHARD J., Hartford, Chemistry. Beach, Chemistry.
STIQPHQNSON,R. RHOADS, Mt. Carmel, Engl- RALPH, PETEX,~ Avon Park, Physics.
neerlng. ROSEN, GERALD H., Surfside, Physics.
TANENBAUM, B. SAMUEL, New Haven, Phys- SCHWA~~B, FRANK E., Miami, Physics.
1CS. WAGNER, ALVIN, Tallahassee, Zoology.
WEBBER, BROOKB, B., Bridgeport, Genetics. Po8tdoctoraZ
WILLIAMS, FREDERICK N., New Haven, Zool- HUBBARD, PAUL S., Jr., St. Petersburg,
WY. Physics.
Postdoctoral Senior Postdoctoral
JACOBSON,ROBERT A., Waterbury, Chemistry. FEDEX, WI’LLIAM A., Orlando, Botany.
MEIGS, ROBERT A., Newlngton, Biochemistry. PEPPY, THOMAS O., Gainesville, Genetics.
Science Faculty
1 Declined. SCOTT, LINUS A., Gainesville, Engineering.

PredoctoraZ [ILL, ROB~IBT N., Evanston, Physic&
BBADL~Y, NEAL E., Decatur, Mathematics. IOOAN, JERRY A., Chicago, Psychology.
BUTLER, JAMES R., Macon, Earth Sciences. AMESON. A. KWTH. ChamDai&rn. Chemistry.
DOWNS, JAMES P., Savannah, Earth Sciences. OSEPH, DAVID W., Wheat&, Physics.
How& JOHN A.,1 Blue Ridge, Chemistry. LALTENBRONN, JAMES S., New Baden,
JOHNSON, CHABLE~ S., Jr., Albany, Chem- Chemistry.
istry. :APLAN, CECILI, Chicago, Chemistry.
MCMILLAN, D. RUSSQLL, Jr., Atlanta, Mathe- ;ERMICLE, JERRY L., Dundus, Genetics.
matics. :ERTICSZ,DENIS J., Glenview, Chemistry.
Postdoctoral ;INOSLEY, JACK D., Champaign, Physics.
&EMENT, WILLIAM, Jr.,l, Bensenville,
UILBERT, THOMAS F., Athens, Psychology. Physics.
rgoienceFaculty Lr~~~~~E~o, MILTON, Chicago, Chemistry.
CLEIMMONS, JOHN B., Savannah, Mathe- =X~INE& MICHAEL J., Chicago, Physics.
matics. I ,LOYD,RONALD M., Oak Park, Earth Sciences.
HALL, ALEXANDIDR A., Albany, Physical Sci- 1&OTSOIFF, SEYMOUR N.,l Chicago, Engineering.
ences General. nIACLEAN, DAVID, Winnetka, Chemistry.
nIILLER, DONALD A., Mt. Prospect, Engi-
nIINN, FREDERICK L., Waukegan, Chemistry.
IDAHO a,~OORHEAD,LYNN, Poplar Grove, Biochem-
Predoctorat istry.
BRANDVOLD, GLEN E., Coeur d’Alene, Engi -
BYIORQAN,ROBERT L.,l Chicago, Chemistry.
neering. Physics.
BURDICK, GLENN A., Pocatello, Physics. NELSON, DALE,’ Ottawa, Mathematics.
NIELSON, CLAIR W., Pocatello, Physics : ~LORSON,ROY A., Chicago, Chemistry.
REMSBERQ, LOUIS P., Jr., Caldwell, Chem.- 1?ARTOS,RICI-IARD, Chicago, Chemistry.
istry. 1?AULIKAS, GEORG~UA., Champaign, Physics.
WILLMORTH, JOHN H.,l Boise, Engineering * I ?AULUS, HBINRY P., Winnetka, Biochemistry.
lgenior Postdoctoral IXENICK, REBECCA J., Manhattan, Chemistry.
1XESING, HENRY, Chicago, Chemistry.
TISDALPI, EDWIN W., Moscow, Agriculture - 1REYNOLDS. JOHN C.. Glen El&n. Physics.
1XOGERS,KENDAL T.; Urbana, Physics.
1%OSIN, ROBERT F., Highland Park, Mathe-
ILLINOIS matical Psychology.
Predoctoral 1ZUST. JAnfw IL. Pekin. Enaineerinn.
,SC~~ESSINGER, DAVID,. Chicago, Biochem-
BASS, HYMAN, Chicago, Mathematics. istry.
BERKSON, EARL R., Chicago, Mathematics. !~HREFFLER, DONALD C., Kankakee, Genetics.
BJORKEN, JAMES D., Park Ridge, Physics. ,SORENSEN,HANS O.,l Chicago, Engineering.
BLISS, JAMES C., Chicago, Engineering. 4STEARNS, RICHARD E., Wilmette, Mathe-
BODINE, ALAN G., Macomb, Physics. matics.
BRESNAHAN, TIMOTHY M., Chicago, Genera 1 I~ALBOTT, RICEIARD, L., Elmhurst, Chemistry.
Biology. ITANGORB, MARTIN C., Evanston, Mathe-
BREWER, RICIIARD D., Murphysboro, Zoology ‘. matics.
BUCCINO, ALPHONSE, Chicago, Mathematics I. fTILLSON, MARTHA A., LaGrange, Zoology.
BUDDEMEIER, ROBERT W., Urbana, Chemistry ‘. ’TINKLER, JACK D., Lansing, Engineering.
CARPENTER, WAYNE, Champaign, Chemistry ‘. 1IOWBER, JACOB, Chicago, Mathematics.
CHASE, STEPHE’N U., Chicago, Mathematics I. ;TROZZOLO,ANTHONY M., Chicago, Chemistry.
CHILTON, FRANK M., Jr., Chicago, Physics. VRENTAS, JAMES, Danville, Engineering.
COLEMAN, SIDNB~Y,Chicago, Physics. WALL, ROBNRT E., Mulberry Grove, Chem-
CORRELL, DAVID, Lombard, Zoology. istry.
DOVE&WILLIAM F., Jr., Oak Park, Biochem .- WARD, EIAROLD N.,* Evanston, Mathematics.
istry. WARDEN, JOHN C., Danville, Botany.
ECKSTEIN, SHULAMITH G., Chicago, Physics I. WEINER, DANIEL, Chicago, Physics.
EDWARDS, HAROLD M., Jr., Champaign 4 1WEINER, GEORGE T., Chicago, Mathematical
Mathematics. Economics.
FOODEN, JACK, Chicago, General Biology. WENTZEL, DONAT cf., Chicago, Physics.
FRAENKEL, DAN G., Urbana, Medical Sciences I. WOI,A, JOSEPII A., Chicago, Mathematics.
FREIPELDER. DAVID M., Waukegan, Bia I- YO’IJNQDAHL,CARL I<., Chicago, Mathematics.
physics. . YUND, RICI-IARD A., Farina, Earth Sciences.
GA~~IOLI, RICHARD A.,1 Highwood, Engj L- %I&1nfER, RUSSEL L., Springfield, Zoology.
neering. ZIMMERMAN, STEVEN B., Chicago, Biochem-
GINSBERO, DONALD M., Chicago, Physics. istry.
GOLDBERO,JAY M., Chicago, Psychology.
GRINN~ULL,ALAN D.,1 Carbondale, Zoology. Postdoctoral
HAOEN, CARL R., Chicago, Physics. ARONSON, ARTHUR I., Champaign, Microbl-
HAHN, FRANK J., Champaign, Mathematicr I. ology.
HANNAUER, GEOROE, III, La Grange, Maths ?-
matics. BAUR, MARIO E., Chicago, Chemistry.
HARBKE, RICHARD C., Wood River, Eart h FEDER, WALTER, Chicago, Medical Sciences.
Sciences. GLASKY, ALVIN J., Chicago, Biochemistry.
HARRISON, MICHAEL J., Chicago, Physics. GOLUB, GENE H., Chicago, Mathematics.
IKEDA, RICHARD M., Champaign, Chemistry.
1 Declined. LEPLEY, ARTHUR R., Peoria, Chemistry.

Lxwy, H. RICHARD, Chicago, Medical Se&or Pmtdootorat
Sciences. SHINER, VEBNON J., Jr., Bloomin6toq Chem-
Be&or PostdoctoraZ WRUB~L, MAI~SHAL H., Bloomington, Aetron-
BECKER, ROBERT A.,1 Urbana, Physics. omy.
KING, ROBERT C., Evanston, Genetics.
SEQAL, IRVINQ E., Chicago, Mathematics. &ience FacrlZty
BAUM~ART, JOHN K., North Manchester,
Bdence Faculty Mathematics.
GALL, HAROLD J. F., ChiCagO, Zoology. DYER-BENNET, JOHN W., Lafayette, Mathe-
JOHNSON, VERNOY A., Chicago. Mathematics. matics.
MATHERS, CAROL K., De Kalb, Zoology. JONES, HOBART W., Lafayette, Agriculture.
PBURT, ROBERT M., Urbana, Engineering. SCHLEIUF, DANIEL J., Lafayette, Engineering.
PHIPPS, HABRIS E., Charleston, Chemistry.
STEIN, HOWARD, ChiCa60. Mathematics.
VAN LAER, JOHN, Chicago, Psychology. IOWA
WATSON, WALTER W., Chicago, Physics.
ANDERSON, WILLIAM J., Ames, Engineering.
INDIANA BELL, JERRY A., Bettendorf, Chemistry.
Predoctoral ECKER, RICHARD E., Ames, MiCrObiOlogy.
ALLTOP, WILLIAM O., Indianapolis, Mathe- FORBES, NILTON L., Iowa City, General
matics. Biology.
BARONOWSKY, PAUL E., Evansville, Bio- GOODRICH,KENNETH P., Iowa City,-- Psschol-
chemistSy. 06Y.
BELINFANTE, JOHAN, West Lafayette, GRAHAM, JOHN B.,l Brooklyn, Engineering.
Physics. ROBERTS, WALDEN K., Lamoni, Chemistry.
DAVIDSON, EENEBT R., Terre Haute, Engi- ~ELIM, ROBERT G., Lan.von. Chemistrv.
neering. STUDIER, F. WILLIAM, waverly, Biop&sics.
FALLER, JAMES E., Mishawaka, Physics. SUNDQUIST, BRUCE, Davenport, Engineering.
FASSNACHT, ROBERT,* South Bend, Physics. WAONER, ALLAN R., Davenport, Psychology.
FISH, FEROL IF., Jr., East Chicago, Earth WATSON, PATTY J., Sheffield, Anthropology.
Sciences. WOOLDRIDOE,CHARLES E., Mason City, Engi-
FISHER, ROBERT T., Indianapolis, Physics. neering.
FRANCIS, GEORGE K.,l South Bend, Mathe-
matics. Po8tdoctoraZ
HUEBER, FRANCIS M., Indianapolis, Earth LLOYD, MONTE, Sioux City, ZOOlOgy.
Sciences. MARTIN, DEAN F., Grinnell, Chemistry.
HUNTER, RALPH E., LaPorte, Earth Sciences. Senior Poetdoctorab
JBINKINS, THOMAS M., Indianapolis, Mathe-
matics. BOLI~ VICTOR W., Ames, Engineering.
KLEIN, ATTILA O., Bloomington, Botany. EYRINO, LEROY, Iowa City, Chemistry.
L~oo, JABIES C.,l Windfall, Physics. Science Faculty
LUNDY, RICHARD A., Connersville, Physics. GILBERT, WALTER M., Ames, Mathematics.
MERCER, EDWARD IQ., West Lafayette, Chem- GREEN, ROBERT W., Ames, Physics.
istry. EARRENSTI~IN, HOWARD P., Ames, Engineer-
PARICER, RICHARD B., Hanover, Zoology. ing.
PoHL, WILLIAM F., Michigan City, Mathe-
matics. SORENSON,MAUD~ J., Whiting, Physics.
PRAIRIE, RICHARD L., Fort Wayne, Biochem- WILD, WAYNE G., Storm Lake, Physics.
RAGLAND, THOMAS E., Bloomington, Bio-
chemistry. KANSAS
RAY, CLAYTON E., Indianapolis, Earth Predoctoral
SANE, JA&~ES O., Hammond, Engineering. BEAM, JOHN El.,1 Ottawa, Physics.
SCHERER, KIRBY V., Jr., Evansville, Chem- DALY, HOWELL V., Jr., Lawrence, Zoology.
istry. DAVIES, HAROLD W., Emporia, Botany.
SCHRENK, GEORQEL., Seymour, Physics. DAVIS, JOHN A., Jr., Topeka, Engineering.
FRANZEN, Huao F., Lawrence, Chemistry.
SHIELDS, JAB~ES E., Marion, Biochemistry. KAINES, HOWARD B., Kansas City, Zoology.
SIB%% CHARLES C.,l Elkhart, Mathematics. BALL, JOHN B., Mission, Medical Sciences.
STARBUCK, WILLIAM H., Portland, Mathe- HANSON, DAVID L., Wichita, Mathematics.
matics and Social Sciences. KEIDEB, KARL G., Lawrence, Anthropology.
VOUOHT, ELDON J., South Bend, Mathe- HOBBS, CHARLES F., Lawrence, Chemistry.
matics. JACKSON, THOMAS C.,l Hutchinson, Engi-
WEIL, JON D., Evansville, Genetics. neering.
WILT, FRED H., Syracuse, Zoology. KING, WYNETKA A., Emporia, ZOOlOgy.
RAMSAY, ARLAN,~ Dodge City, Mathematics.
PoetdoctoraZ RETTENMEYER, CARL W.. Lawrence, Zoology.
BLOCK, RICHARD E., Bloomington, Mathe- RICHERT, STUART, Wichita, Physics.
matics. ROGERS, GARY B., Manhattan, Engineering.
STILLER, MARY L., Connersville, Biochem- SCHLA~ER, GUNTHER, Lawrence, Zoology.
SIN~~~~;N, RICHABD D., Wichita, Mathe-
SOMM&R,’ WARREN T., Manhattan, Physics.
1 Declined. STBATTAN, ROBEBT D., Newton, Engineering.
STEICKLEB, STICWABTJ., Hutchinson, Chem- EAUK, PETER, Chevy Chase, Chemistry.
EAUK. ROSALIND, Chevy Chase, Medical
W~!f?k. RICHABD D., Minneapolis, l!Ingi- S&&es. - -
neering. EESA~EB, MATTHQW E., Takoma Park,
Po8tdOCtOraZ KAUBBIANN, JOHN EL, Towson, Zoolom.
FABRAB. THOMAS C., Wichita, Chemistry. KtJRZWE:o. ULRICH H.,’ Silver Spring,
QASTON, LAMONT W., Lawrence, Medical Physics.
Sciences. MORTENSEN, GLEN A., Poolesville, En-
STdenceFaculty gineering.
SHARNOFF, MABK, Chevy Chase, Physica.
CAB~SAN, KENNETH S., Salina, Mathematics. SIGER, ALVIN, Baltimore, Biochemistry.
SYITH, BOB L., Manhattan, Engineering. STAGNER, MARILYN L., Bethesda, Zoology.
TAEUBER, KARL E., Hyattsville, Demography.
TBUYBORIU, ROQERH., College Park, Zoology.
PredoctoraZ VLASES, GEORGE C., Pikesville, Engineering.
COOK.MAUBICE G., Hatton, Agriculture. WARNER, JONATHAN R., Bethesda, Biophysics.
KOEHL, WILLIAIU J., Jr., Covington, Chem- WHITLOCK, HOWARD W., Jr., Unlverslty
Park, Chemistry.
X~~~$;~ THOMAS R., Henderson, General ZDANIS, RICHARD A., Baltimore, Physics.
LIXD, JOHN E., Jr., Louisville, Chemistry. PoetdoctoraZ
RIQQSBY, W. STUART, Ashland, Biophysics. GOLDSNITH, TI~~OTHY FL, Silver Spring,
Po8tdoctotaZ RHODES, WILLIAM C., Baltimore, Bio-
DIXON, Joe B., Fulton, Agriculture. chemistry.
STEINRERGEB, EMIL, Rockvllle, Medical
&dence Faculty Sciences.
MIDDENDOBB, WILLUM H., Covington, Engi-
neering. Senior PoetdoctoraZ
PAYNIO, LAWRENCE E., Olney, Mathematics.
GUTSCHEI, GRAHAM D., Annapolis, Physics.
Po8tdoctoraz WHITE, ELIXABETIX L., Baltimore, History
HAMILTON, JOSEPH H., Jr., Tallulah, Physics. of Science.
lS&nce Faculty
CROW, A. BIGLER, Baton Rouge, Agriculture. MASSACHUSETTS
DANTIN, ELVIN J., Baton Rouge, Engineer,
ing. PredoctoraZ
STONE, EDWARD J., Baton Rouge, Agricul ALTIERI, BARBARA L.,’ Watertown, Psychol-
TIJLLIER, PETER M., Jr., Lafayette, Mathe, ANOD~E~RSON DON L Brighton Earth Sciences.
matics. AVERELI,. ~O,N P:: Boston, Physics.
BAY&~, GORDONA.; Plttsfield, Physics.
BENEDICT, MARY H., Weston, Chemlstry.
Bsootis, RODNEY A., Somerville, Physics.
Predoctoral BROWN, THO~~AS A., Cambridge, Mathe-
BERKELMAN, KARL,: Lewiston, Physics. matics.
JENNESS, JONATHAN, North Bridgton, An- COOPER,BERNARD R., Hyde Park, Physics.
thropoiogy. COTTER, EDWARD, Chelsea, Earth Sciences.
KNIOHT, WILLIAM S., Auburn, Chemistry. COLXY, FRANCES,* Wollaston, Physics.
LARY, EDMUND C., West Scarboro, Engineer- DIA~~OND, JARED M., Brookline, Medical
W%u, CAROLYN R., Portland, Zoology. DIXON, WILLIAM B., Fall River, Chemistry.
EVENS, LEONARD, Brookllne, Mathematics.
Po8tdoctoraz FABENS, AUQUSTUS J., Salem, Mathematics.
BRUSH, STEPHEN G., Orono, Physics. FULTON, RORERT L., East Weymouth,
Sc4ence Faculty GIBBS, SARAH P., Lexington, Zoology.
SCOTT, ALLAN C., Waterville, General Bi, GILLEN, Rosro E., New Bedford, Medical
ology. Sciences.
GOLD, L. PETER, Brockton, Chemistry.
GOLD~~AN, LAWRENCE:, Peabody, Zoology.
G~SSARD, ARTHUR C., Quincy, Physics.
PredoctoraZ GI~ANT, WALTER J. C., Lawrence, Physics.
BROWN, ROBERT L., Kensington, Chemistry GRISWOLD, ROBERT, New Bedford, Chemlstry.
CARSON, DANIEL H.,l Baltimore, Psychology HARRISON, JEAN B., Belmont, Zoology.
CURTIS, EDWARD B., Annapolls, Mathematics HEARTH,ROBERT L., Cambridge, Biochemistry.
DORBMAN, JAY R., Baltimore, Chemistry. HOBEY, WILLIAMS D., Peabody, Chemistry.
GOREN, SIMON L., Baltimore, Engineering HOLM, RICHARD H.,l Falmouth, Chemlstry.
HOWARD, WEBSTER E., Jr., Cambridge,
1 Declined. Physics.

JAMIOS, E~T~LLB M., Revere, Mathematics SP~OUII, ISABEILLIO B., South Hadley, Zool-
KAYTO& MYBOH, Lowell, Engineering. W~~‘AND, JOHN T., Boston, General Biology.
KNAPP, THOMAS B., Arlington, Mathematics
KOLIIIIKOW, ROBERT, Cambridge, Physics.
LPCHNIIB, ROBIIRT J., Watertown, Engineer
ing. Predoctoral
L~VIN, ALAN D., Brighton, Psychology. BACHB~ANN, ROWERW., Ann Arbor, Zoology.
LIANIDICS, SYLVIA P., Lynn, Medical Sciences BISQUE, RAIKON E., Iron River, Earth Sci-
McGo~[FI, DAVID J., Somerville, Engineering ences.
MCPHEBSON, KBINNETH,’ Revere, Medica: BORGESON, DAVID P., Muskegon, Zoology.
Sciences. BOUW~MA, WARD D., Grand Rapids, Mathe-
OFEIN~AND, JAMES, Taunton, Microbiology. matics. -
PARSONS, MAR~AEIIT C.,l Cambridge, Zoology, BBAKII, JOHN R.,l Stanton, Agricultural Eco-
PIIIBBIIAN, PBTEB S., Cambridge, Physics. nomics.
POULTNBIY, S H II R M A N K., Leonminster. BUTCHEB, SAMUEL S., Gaylord, Chemistry.
Physics. CLOSSON, WILLIAII D., Pontiac, Chemistry.
RBIYNOLDB, DAVID V., Attleboro, Psychology, COATS, KEITH H., Ann Arbor, Engineering.
ROZIN, PAUL, Cambridge, Psychology. CO~~;,~ CHARLES C., Royal Oak, Mathe-
SAKLAD, MALCOLM H.,’ Boston, Chemistry.
SCHLESINQEB, JAMES W., Cambridge, Mathe. CUa~~ss,‘L~~az~cio E., Hastings, Physics.
matics. DENTON, JOHN S., Jr.,2 Jackson, Mathematics.
SCHWALBTZ, LOWELL M., Watertown, Engi. DIE~CKS, KAY J.,* Ypsilanti, Psychology.
neering. DRAOT, ALEX, Grand Rapids, Physics.
Sc~I~~;;;fz~ua, PETER E., Cambridge, Mathe- FARRAND, WILLIAM R., Ann Arbor, Earth
WHARTON, LENNARD, Brookline, Chemistry. Sciences.
WHITNEY, PHILIP R., Marshfleld, Earth Sci- FISCHEIR, PATRICK C.,l Ann Arbor, Mathe-
ences. matics.
WILLIAMS, DAVID C., Belmont, Chemistry. GAMSON, WILLIAM A.,1 Ann Arbor, Psychol-
WILLIAMS, RICHARD B., Cambridge, General WY.
Biology. GARLAND,HOWARD,’ Detroit, Mathematics.
WILSON, KENNETH G.,l Concord, Physics. ~ARWOOD,DONALD C., Cassopolis, Chemistry.
WYLIE, RICHARD M.,* Hingham, Zoology. GRAESSLBY, WILLIAM W., Ann Arbor, Engi-
Po8tdootoral HAMELINX, RONALD C., Holland, Mathe-
ALLIUN, DAVID W., Watertown, Medical Sci. matics.
ences. KNOLL, GLENN F., Frankenmuth, Engineer-
CHOMSKY, AVRABZ N., Cambridge, Mathe. ing.
matics & Linguistics. LITWIN, GEOR~HI H., Detroit, Psychology.
DAVIS, ROBERT E., Cambridge, Chemistry. LOVETT, JAMES S., East Lansing, Botany.
DAVIS, ROWLAND H., Cambridge, Genetics. MOHR, CHABLES M.,* South Haven, Engineer-
DIETER, NANNIELOU, Cambridge, Astronomy. ing.
ERVIN, SUSAN M., Cambridge, Psychology. NELSON, FREDERIC F., Grand Rapids, Chem-
FE~SENDIIN, RICHARD W., North Amherst, istry.-
Chemistry. RUSKIN, ARNOLD M., Saginaw, Engineering.
LAW, JOHN H., Jr., Cambridge, Biochemistry. SANDEL, VERNON, L’Anse, Chemistry.
PALAIS, RICHARD S., Brookline, Mathematics. SCHRIBER, THOMAS J., Muskegon, Engineer-
RUDOLPH, EMANUIIL D., Wellesley, Botany. ing.
SCHNEPS, JACK, Cambridge, Physics. SHIELDS, PAUL C., South Haven, Mathe-
SEIDEL, GEORGII M., Woronoco, Physics. matics.
WHILLS, HBRBEBT, Brighton, Medical Sciences. ~INCIUS. JOS~UPH A., East Lansing, Chem-
iYenior Postdoctoral istry.-
AKUTOWICZ, EDWIN J., Cambridge, Mathe- ~TASHEFF, JAMES,~ Ann Arbor, Mathematics.
matics. ~TENGEB, ROBERT A., Midland, Chemistry.
ATLAS, DAVID, Newton Center, Earth Sci- VAN DYK, JOANNE, Hancock, Zoology.
ences. WIDEMAN, JAMES Ed., Detroit, Zoology.
WISER, NATHAN H., Detroit, Physics.
COHIIN, SAUL G.,l Lexington, Chemistry. I~OUNQDALE, GILBERT A., Detroit, Chemistry.
FALKOFIF, DAVID, Auburndale, Physics.
KBAMER, SOL, Woods Hole, Zoology. Postdoctoral
MAR, JAMES W., Lincoln, Engineering. COLEMAN, JOSEPH E., Birmingham, Medical
MABTIDLL, ARTHUR E., Northboro, Chemistry. Science.
So~smn, MILTON D., Haydenville, Chemistry. ~EHRING, FREDERICK W., Ann Arbor, Mathe-
Boteme Faculty matics.
RAYMOND, FRANK A., Ann Arbor, Mathe-
COLEMAN, JAMH~SA., Springileld, Astronomy. matics.
CBAWFORD, JEAN V., Wellesley, Chemistry.
DUBHAM, MARCIA J., Hingham, Anthropology. Jenior Postdoctoral
FLAVIN, JOHN W., Chestnut Hill, Zoology. ‘NSULL, WILLIAM, Jr., Zeeland, Medical
HILL, SARAH J., Wellesley, Astronomy. Sciences.
NICKERSON, NORTON H., South Dennis, Bot- (ANNICY, DAVID L., Ann Arbor, Genetics.
any. Science Faculty
SAVAOE,RICHARD L., Arlington, Engineering.
LAKER, JOHN H., Grand Rapids, Physics.
BJORK, CLARENCE M., Marquette, Mathe-
l Declined. matics.

Hafuoa, BIDETB~Y, Ann Arbor, IDngineering. LANQBI,JOHN E., St. Cloud, Mathematics.
LI~JSLZJY, ROBEBT M., Traverse City, Earth LANOSJOEN, ARN~I N., St. Peter, Chemistry.
Sciences. %AMID!ITQ,RICHARD W., Northfleld, Chemis-
MICHELSION, FINN C., Ann Arbor, Engineer- try.
ing. L’RUSK,AYBBO~~, Wluona, Chemistry.
RINQO, BOYD C., East Lansing, Engineering.
ROSE, FRANK E., Flint, Physics.
SMITH, WAYLAND P., East Lansing, Engi- KIssIssIPPI
TEODOBO, ROSARIO R., Detroit, Microbiology. PredoctoraZ
WOODBY, LAUNUN G., Rosebush, Mathematics. ZERNY, JOSEPH, III, Ozford, Chemistry.
JLIBURN, J. WILLIAM, Hattiesburg, Zoology.
GROW,TERRY T., Amory, Physics.
MINNESOTA DAVIS, JAMES E., State College, Chemistry.
KNOPP, PAUL J., S. J., Pass Christian, Mathe
PredoctoraZ matlcs.
ACKERB~BO, ROBERT C., Minneapolis, Engi- HANGUM, BILLY W., Mlze, Chemistry.
Science Faculty
AN:::%, ROBEBTA K., Carlton, Microbi-
ology. LEWIS, JESSIE C., Tougaloo, Mathematics.
APPQLBAUM, ELIZABETH, St. Paul, General WEIITIU, JESSEI S., Cleveland, Zoology.
BLOOMQUIST, CAROL, Hutchinson, Chemistry.
BRETHOWER, DALHI M., Nevis, Psychology. -dISSOURI
CULBEIRT, PATRICK, Minneapolis, Anthro.
pology. Vedoctoral
ERICKSON, GLEN W., Minneapolis, Physics. ~LACKBURN, THOMAS R., Webster Groves,
GALVIN, FRED, St. Paul, Mathematics. Chemistry.
GUTTMAN, BURTON S.,l Minneapolis, Zoology. BLAIR, JAB~ES E., Kansas City, Chemistry.
HAAKB, PAUL C., Winona, Chemistry. ~J~HIN~, EDWARD J., Steelville, Earth
HANNA, MELVIN W., Minneapolis, Chemistry. Sciences.
HOLMES, JOHN C., South St. Paul, Zoology. ~REITLEIN, JOSEPH F., Ferguson, Physics.
HUBIN, ALLEN J.,l Sandstone, Chemistry. Fox, Sr. M. ALICIO MARIE, B. V. M., St.
JORDAN, THOMAS F.,1 Duluth, Physics. Louis, Zoology.
JUNTAS, ROBERT L., Mountain Lake, Medi- >RAY, DAVID L., Kansas City, Engineering.
cal Sciences. JONES, M. THOMAS, Jennings, Chemistry.
KIRCHNER, ROGER B.,l Edina, Mathematics. KLOCK, PAUL W., St. Louis, Engineering.
LARSON, JANB, Minneapolis, Chemistry. LHIYINO, HOWPJLLE., St. Louis, Physics.
LAURANCEI, NEAL, Winsted, Physics. MIDGLHIY, JAMI~S El., Kansas City, Physics.
MILLQR, FRANK C.,’ Little Falls, Anthro- MONTGOMERY, DAVID, Milan, Physics.
PologY. PALMER, THEODORID W., Webb City, Mathe-
MOFFIT, ALAN T., Rochester, Physics. matics.
MUELLER, AUQUST P., Mahnomen, Zoology. PITTMAN, WILLIAM H., Columbia, Chemistry.
OSTBIRKAMP, DARYL L., Minneapolis, Chem- PRATT, RICHARD L., Jefferson City, Mathe-
istry. matics.
RADLOFF, LENORE, Minneapolis, Psychology. SCHAB~BFER, KATH~RINEI M. M., Clayton,
REIUD, FRANCIS K., Austin, Engineering. Earth Sciences.
RICHARDS, J. IAN, St. Paul, Mathematics. SC;;;;;L, STEPHIN H., Kirkwood, Mathe-
ROISELAND, DONALD, South St. Paul, Physics,
SCHWAR~, ROBERT, South St. Paul, Chem. SLOAN, MARTIN F., University City, Chem-
istry. istry.
SPANGLER, JOHN D., Atwater, Physics. THOILIPSON, JOHN G.,l JelIerson City, Mathe-
SWEBNB~Y,CAROL C., Winnebago, Chemistry. matics.
TCJRGERSON. RONALD, Minneapolis, Physics.
VISTE, AR~EN If.,1 Austin, Chemistry. Postdoctoral
WALL, ROBERT E., St. Paul, Earth Sciences. WOOD,GALPIN, T., St. Louis, Physics.
WALSTEDT, RUSSELL E.,l Mound, Physics.
WATKINS, MARGARET J., Minneapolis, Zo- Ye&or Poetdoctoral
ology. PFANDEU, WILLIA~M. H., Columbla, Zoology.
WILLDTT, ROGERD., Northfield, Chemistry. VARNBIY,ROBEBT N., St. Louis, Physics.
W;roEhSr. ESPERANCID,C. S. J., St. Paul,
Science Faculty
YOUNIX&T, MARY J., Balaton, Chemistry. EAMILTON, JOHN M., Parkville, Zoology.
PoetdoctoraZ MILLIR, OWEN W., St. Louis, Engineering.
CO~;&I;~~,~RAYMOND O., Jr., St. Paul, Psy PUTERBAUOH,MILTON P., Kansas City, Chem-

LOVRIBIN, RBIX, Minneapolis, Chemistry. TA:~~YER WILBUR P., Bolivar, Chemistry.

WINCH, BBADLEY L., Minneapolis, Chemistry. TUDOR, Jai&X3 R., Columbia, Engineering.
&ielzce Faculty
BARRY, DAVID G., Mankato, Philosophy of MONTANA
CAHOON, MARY ODILQ, Duluth, Microbiology. Predootoral
KEMP, DANIEIL S., Missoula, Biochemistry.
l Declined. WOODWARD,LEWD A., Missoula, Earth Sciences.
.., 1 ..~N~,.~:ii(;~~r~,‘~~.~~~~~~~da3.’.I” *a. % ” C&6-;‘5’ ‘L’ “I;*;,:~,’ I : -B.,i,b.,t)
/ fd .*-~~t,:;.i,I<r, .;\.,, U’.... I,j y.4_ ,, I, i’,& 54,

NEBRASKA KIN& CABY J., III,1 Princeton, Englneerlng.

KLAUDEB, I.~JIS T., Jr., Moorestown,
Predootorat Physics.
DOMINGO, JOHN J., Weeping Water, Physics. LAIDLAW, WILLIAM J., Fair Lawn, PsychoI-
HAYES, JOHN B., Omaha, Earth Sciences. WY.
QUIST, ABVIN S., Blair, Chemistry. LABBEN, DAVID, Hawthorne, Physics.
VAN VLECK, LLOYD D., Clearwater, Agrlcul- LISSNBR, DAVID, Upper Montclair, Mathe-
ture. ma tics.
Po8tdoctoraz MARIK, ROBERT H.,l Westfield, Engineering.
MATHEB, WILLIAM B., Jr., Princeton, Chem-
JENSEN, DONALD D., Osceola. Psychology. istry.
YANDEBS, ABDAONF., Falls City, Genetics. MCLEAN, MARQARET C., Glen Ridge, Zoology.
MEANS, WINTHROP D., Summit, Earth
NEVADA MENNITT, PHILIP G., Bayvllle, Chemlstry.
Predoctoral O’BBIEN, PAUL J., Haddonfleld, Biochem-
SHANKLAND, THOMAS, Boulder City, Physics. RADOSKI, HENRY R.,l Jersey City, Physics.
REICHLE, WALTER T., Bloomfield, Chemistry.
RICHTER, WAYNE H., Leonia, Mathematics.
NEW HAMPSHIRE RICHIPJ, ROBERT W., Princeton, Mathematics.
RUSKIE, HOWARD E., Westwood, Chemistry.
Predoctoral SCHNITZER, HOWARD J., Newark, Physics.
FOLEY, RLCHABD J., Durham, Engineering. SILVESTRI, ANTHONY J.2 Glassboro, Chem-
KING, R. BRUCIO, Rochester, Chemistry. istry.
LYNCH, DAVID D.,’ Penacook, Physics. TRETIAK, OLEH J., Passaic, Engineering.
ROBINSON, PETEB, Hanover, Earth Sciences. VANDEB VEN, NED S., Princeton, Physics.
VAN ZANDT, LONNIE L.,l Plainfield, Physics.
Po8tdoctoraz VAUGHAN, WORTH E., Tena5y. Chemistry.
DOYLIJJ,WILLIAM T., Hanover, Physics. WALDRON, SIDNEY R., Ringwood, Anthropol-
WAXMAN, NAHUM J.,l Vlneland, Anthropol-
WEISBEB~, ROB~BT A., Bayonne, Microblol-
Predoctorat WY.
ADLER, ROBERT J., Westfleld, Engineering. WESNER, JOHN W., Jr., Berkeley Heights,
ALBERSHEIM. PETER, Madison, Biochemistry. Engineering.
ANDEBSEN, KENNETH K., Fords, Chemistry. WEYMAN, RAY J., Princeton, Astronomy.
BAI.DESCHWIELEB, JOHN D., Cranford, Chem- Postdoctoral
BARAFF, GENB A., Maplewood, Physics. KLEITMAN, DANIEL J., Morristown, Physics.
BA~~;~T, NYLE~ N., West Orange, Mathe- LEMAL, DAVID M., Fanwood, Chemistry.
PHILLIPS, JAMES C., Morristown, Physics.
BARTH, ROBERT H., Jr., Ridgewood, Zoology. SHUSTER, CHARLES W., Glen Rock, Blo-
BOOTH, MARY L.,l Boonton, Mathematics. chemistry.
BBAULT, JAMES W., Princeton, Physics. WAITE, THOMAS R., Morristown, Physics.
BROWN, W. STANLEY, Princeton, Physics. igedor POUtdOCtOral
BBOWNBI, GERARD M., Jersey City, Physics.
BIJRKB, JAMES A., Andover, Physics. GILLISPIE, CHARLES C., Princeton, History
CALDWELL, DENNIS J., Penns Grove, Chem- of Science.
istry. KULP, J. LAURENCE, Demarest, Chemistry.
CARLSMITH, JAMES M., Summit, Psychology. RAUCH, HARRY E., Trenton, Mathematics.
CIECIUCH, RONALD F. W., Jersey City, Chem- Science Faculty
istry. GREENSPAN, BERNARD, Florham Park, Nathe-
D’HEEDENE, ROBERT N.,l New Vernon, Math- matlcs.
ematics. IMRRIE, JOHN, Leonla, Earth Sciences.
DOLOTTA, THEODORE~A., Vineland, Englneer- STIVALA, SALVATOBE S., Nerchantvllle, Chem-
lng. istry.
DONNELLY, THOMAS, Pdnceton, Earth Sci-
DREISS, GERARD J., Union City, Physics. NEW MEXICO
FITEGEORGE, Joxcn R.,’ Trenton, Botany.
FLIUTCHER, JOHN Q., Princeton, Physics. PredoctoraZ
FOREB, ARTHUR, Trenton, General Biology. COOPEB, JAMES A.,1 Albuquerque, Englneer-
FRENCH, BNVAN M., Nutley, Earth Sciences. inr.
GIF;~,~VILLIAM B., South Orange, Mathe- PIERRE, ALLAN D., Las Cruces, Physics.
. SWAIN, GEORGE R., Albuquerque, Englneer-
GILL% JOHN C., Teaneck, Earth Sciences. lng.
GOODYmAR,WILLIAM F., Jr., New Brunswick,
HmARSr, JOHN E., East Orange, Chemistry.
HESS, GEORGEB.,l Princeton. Physics. ADELBERQ, ARNOLD M., Brooklyn, Mathe-
EAY, ELIZABETH M., Leonia, Earth Sciences. matics.
ALCALAv, DAVID, New York, Mathematics.
ANDERSON, CHARLES H., Briarcliff Manor,
1 Declined Physics.

BAOEB, VICTOR J., White Plains, C&n&try. IARRI8, MORTON If Brooklyn, MathWmtiUL
BAUX, PAUL F.. New York, Mathematics. : ZARTI, KENNETH J., Troy. Pbysic8.
Bicnlc~!. RONALD J., Buffalo, Mathematics. I IERXBBRO, NOBYAN P,,l Brooklyn, Matha
BEB~OZOBN, MALCOLM, New York, Chemistry. matlca.
B~oor& DAVID DA.. New York. Mathematics. I 30~~. MABCIAN E., Jr., ROChe8ter, Enginee@
BOCK, ~VALTEB, \?oodbaven, ioology. ing.
Bor~~ss, ROBEUT S., Brooklyn, Chemistry. I ~OFFYANN, ROALD,~ Jackson Heights, Chem-
BOLGER, JUSTIN C., Brooklyn, Engineering. istry.
BRAY. RICHARD C.. New York. Blocbemlstr~. IORINO, NORMAN J., Brooklyn, Pbysice.
BRU~ER, ARbrAND.~Brooklyn, Mathematics. - : 30~0~1~8, EDWIN B., Jamaica, Biopbyeice.
BGHRER, CARL F., Hempstead, Chemistry. I IOBTMANN, ALFRED G., Woodside, Chemi8tXy.
BUTENSKY, MARTIN, Brooklyn, Engineering. I IRITE, JANE AX., Hornell, Chemistry.
BUXBAUM, PAUL J.,’ Flushing, Engineering. I XUQHE~, THOA~AS H.,l Mt. Elsco, Engineer-
CARROLL, ALAN S., Rochester, Physics. ing.
CATANIA, A. CHARLES, New York, Psychology. JIOHNSOARD, PAUL A., Ithaca, Zoology.
CHINOWSKY, STANLEY, Brooklyn, Englneer- KADANOFB.LEO. New York. Pbvslce.
lng. : <AHN, DA’NIEL S., Brooklyn, M8tbematlce.
CLOUGH, QARRETT C., Newburgh, Zoology. I CAISER, ROBERT, New York, Engineering.
COLLA, COLEBSAN, Buffalo, Engineering. I RANDALL, GEOFFREY A.,’ Far Rockaway,
CONSIDINE, JAbfEs P., New York, Chemistry. Mathematics.
D~WSON, ROBERT L., Rochester, Chemistry. 1IAKDEL, ROBERT S.,l New York, Astronomy.
DE PILLIS, JOHN, Jamaica, Mathematics. 1<APLAN, STAWLET,~ Brooklyn, Matbematlce.
DE VOE, HOWARD, Pleasantvllle, Chemistry. 1ZARQ, GERHART, New York, Chemistry.
Drcx, STANLEY, Brooklyn, Botany. IARRASS, ABRAHAM, Brooklyn, Mathematlce.
DITTNER, PETER F., Long Island City, :KATZ, THOMAS, Forest Hills, Chemistry.
Physics. 1KESSLER, DIETRICII, Hamilton, Mlcroblology.
DOLEN, RICHARD,~ New York, Physics. 1~NEUER, JOSEPH G.,l Massapequa, Englneer-
DOLLIVER, JAMES S.,l Ithaca, Botany. lng.
DOUOHERTY, HAEBY W., Brooklyn, Biocbem- 1ZORENMAN, VICTOR, Brooklyn, Physics.
istry. 1LAMRERT, LOBETTA, North Bellmore, Medical
DUBNAU, DAVID,* Brooklyn, Zoology. Sciences.
DWORIN, LOWELL, Brooklyn, Physics. 1LANL)E, ALEXANDER, New York, Physics.
ECKERT, ROWERO., New York, Zoology. 1LANDSMAN, EMANUEL, New York, Englneer-
EICHBERO, JOSEPH, Jr., Great Neck, Medical lng.
Sciences. 1LARCHAB, ROBJCRTH., New York, History ot
EISENRERO, JUDAH, Forest Hills, Physics. Science.
ERWIN, JOSEPH A., Brooklyn, Zoology. 1LARRABE~. ALLAN R.. Great Neck, Blocbem-
FAOAN, JOAN J., Ridgewood, Earth Sciences. lstry. -
FALB, PETER L., Brooklyn, Mntbemntlcs. ILEERMAKERS, PETER, Rochester, Chemistry.
FARLEY, DONALD T., Jr.,1 Ithaca, Pbyslce. 1LEIBOWITZ, GEBALD M., New York, Mathe-
FEHLNER, FRANCIS P., Dolgeville, Cbemlstry. matics.
FEINLEIR, JULIUS,~ Brooklyn, Physics. ILEKT, ARNOLD, New York, Engineering.
FELDJIAN. MARTIN. New York. Cbemlstrs. 1LEVIKN, ROVER E., Brooklyn, Engineering.
FELDMAN; MARTIN; Brooklyn,’ Physics. - 1LEVINE, IRA N., Brooklyn, Chemistry.
FELDAI AN, MARVIN, Brooklyn, Engineering. LE\‘ISE, ISAAC, New York, Chemistry.
FERZIGER, JOEL H., Brooklyn, Engineering. LEVIXE, JEBOM~: P., Mount Vernon, Matbe-
FLINT, OLIVER S., Jr., Slatervllle Springs matlcs.
Zoology. LEVY, PETER M., New York, Engineering.
FRANCO, VICTOR, New York, Physics. LIOHT, JOHN C., Mount Vernon, Cbemlstry.
FRANREL, RICHARD A.,’ New York, Chemistry . LONOOSZ, EDWARD J., Rochester, Chemlstry.
FREED. JACK.’ Brooklvn. Enrrlneerlnrr. LUBIN, JONATHAN D., Staten Island, Mathe-
FUDGE; MOLLY W., Manilus, ~oology~ matics.
GALLANT, JONATHAN, Mount Vernon, Blo MACE, ROSBI cf., New York, Microbiology.
chemistry. NARCUS, DANIEL H., Forest Hills, En-
GARDIHER, WILLIAM, Niagara Falls, Cbem - gineering.
lstry. MARVIN, DONALD A., Osslning, Biopbyslca.
GASSNER, HENRY P.,l Staten Island, Matbe MAYER. ALAN. Flushlna. Mathematics.
matlctll Economics. MCCABE, JOHN P., New. York, Mathematics.
GASTWIHTH, JOSEPH L.,l Rego Park, Matbe !- McLEOD, DONALD W., Rochester, Physics.
matics. MELTZER, HERBERT,’ Brooklyn, Chemistry.
GELB. ARTHUR, Brooklyn, Engineering. MENBIS, JACK, Flushing, Engineering.
GERSTEIN, IRA, Rego Park, Physics. MEYER, STUART L., New York, Physics.
GIBBS, JAblEs L., Jr., Ithaca, Anthropology ‘. MILLER, RICHARD W., Buffalo, Biochemistry.
GILINSHY, VICTOB, Bronx, Physics. MINEKA, JOHN, Ithaca, Mathematics.
GL;,‘;~~ HERMAN R.,l New York, Matbe c MINKUS, JEROME, Brooklyn, Mathematice.
. MONSKY, PAUL, Queens, Blathematlcs.
GOLDBERG,ABRAHAM, Staten Island, Physics I. NOSHER, ROBERT E.,l Larchmont, Matbe-
GOLDMAN, MICHAEI, A.,1 Brooklyn, Physics I. ma tics.
GOLDSTEIN, PAUL, Brooklyn, Chemistry. MTEUS, ROBERT A., Mount Vernon, Physice.
GROSSJIAN, EDWARD J., Brooklyn, Blocbem I- NILSSON, WILLIAA~, Middle Village, Chem-
lstry. lstry.
GRUHN, RUTH, Cornwall on Hudson, Anthro ,- NORDLANDER, J. ERIC, Schenectady, Cbem-
polog:y. lstry.
HALL, DASIEL N., Bronxville, Cbemlstry. NOVIN, DONALD, Brooklyn, Psychology.
HARHINGTOX, DAVID R., North Tonawands 4 O’DONNELL, DAVID V.,’ Bellerose, Chemlstry.
Physics. OLSEX, MARY J., Northport, Genetics.
OSOE’SIZY, A~adn~bf J., Cbeektowaga, En-
1 Declined. gineering.

PAOLILLo, DOar1nxc9 J., Jr., Delhi, Botany. Poetdoctoral
PE[IKOFB; ARTHUB, Jamaica, Engineering. BBENNEB, JOSEPH E., New York, Chemistry.
PHINNBY, BOBCAT A., Rochester, Earth DUBINS, LE~TEB E., Bronx, Mathematics.
Sciences. F’EIT, WALTER, Ithaca, Mathematics.
PIERSON, EDWARD S., Syracuse, Engineering. GELLEB, MURRAY, Brooklyn, Chemistry.
PLATBK, Warms A., Buffalo, Chemistry. GLASHOW, SHELDON L., New York, Physics.
POULSON, THOMAS L., Manhasset, Zoology. HIRSCH, MORRIS, New York, Mathematics.
PBICE, STEVEN, Valley Stream, Zoology. JACOBSON, CLAIRE, New York, Anthropology.
RAFB, ALFBIOD I.,1 Brooklyn, Engineering. JENSEN, DONALD W., Niagara Falls, Chem-
RAPPAPOBT, RHODA, New York, History of i8tl-y.
Science. KLEPPNER, DANIEL, New Rochelle, Physics.
RICHTER, ALAN, Brooklyn, Genetics. KLOTZ, TILLA S., New York, Mathematics.
RIND, KENNETH, Brooklyn, Chemistry. LUBKIN, ELIHU, Brooklyn, Physics.
RINDE, JOHN J., New York, Engineering. MAZUB, PETER, New York, Zoology.
ROMBEBO, BERNHARD W., Rochester, Mathe- POPPER, JULIET, Brooklyn, PByChOlOgY.
matics. SCHAEFER, JOHN P., Springfleld Gardene,
SACKS, GERALD E., Ithaca, Mathematics. Chemistry.
SALZMAN, ALICE, Bronx, Chemistry. SNYDP)B, JOAN, New York, Anthropology.
SANDY, EhANK, New York, Phyaici. TAUSNER, MENASHA J., Bronx, Physics.
SCADUTO, FLOBENCB C., Seaford, Chemistry. ULRICI~, WERNER, New York, Engineering.
SCHEELE, GEORGE F., Yonkers, Engineering.
SCHEINBAUM, MONTB L., Brooklyn, Chem- Rentor Poetdoctoral
istry. GIBSON, JAMES J., Ithaca, Psychology.
SCHILDKBAUT, CARL, Woodmere, Chemistry. MILLER, JULIAN M., New York, Chemistry.
SCH~IEIX, EUC~ENIU IL, Flushing, Chemistry. SACHS, ALLAN M., Dobbs Ferry, Physics.
SCHU~, ROY L., Geneva, Physics. WOLBSBEBO, MAX, Upton, Chemistry.
SCHULTZ, JONAS, Brooklyn, Physics.
SCHUSTER, DAVID I., Cedarhurst, Chemistry. Science Faculty
SCHWEITZER, PAUL A., Pelham, Mathemati&.
SEECOIF,ROBEBT. New York. Genetics. BERNARD, FRANCIS J., New Rochelle, Gen-
SHAKI~, CARL, New York, Physi&. ~- eral Biology.
SHAPIBO, ELLEN,’ New York, Mathematics. BOYD, ROBERT N., New York, Chemistry.
SHAPIRO, ROBERT, New York, Chemistry. CARROLL, BENJAMIN, New York, Chemistry.
SHAW. RO~EB W.. Buffalo. Phvsics. CHICCARELLI, JOSEPH B., New York, Mathe-
SHEP~, LAWBEN&, Brooklyn,” MathematiC8. matics.
SHURJ& FRED C., New York, Physics. COSTJSICK, PAUL, Buffalo, General Biology.
SILVERT, WILLIAM,~ New York, Physics. CRIPPEN, FRANK B., New York, Mathematics.
SKLAB, LAWBBNCB),~Laurelton, Physics. HARRISON, WILLIAM P., Potsdam, Engineer-
SMITH, DAVID Y., Schenectady, Physics. ing.
SOVERS, OJABS, Brooklyn, Physics. HEBREY, ERNA M. J., Flushing, Physics.
STAI~?+~RD,FRED E., Bronx, Chemistry. LENEB, WALTER, Geneseo, General Biology.
STARK, GEOBQ~~R., New York, Biochemistry. LEVI, HOWARD, New York, Mathematics.
STEBNBEBO, SAUL H.,l Bronx, Mathematical MATTERN, JOHN A., Buffalo, Chemistry.
Psychology. Nmpo;; ABBA V., Poughkeepsie, Mathe-
STBBNHEIM, MORTON M., New York, Physics.
STBIWABT, DARYL G., Ithaca, Agriculture. PRYOR, MARVIN J., Coeymans, Physica.
STRAUSS, HEBB~BT L., Kew Gardens, Chem- SCHNELLER, MARY B., Brooklyn, General
istry. Biology.
STRAUSS, WALTER A., Kew Gardens, Mathe- WORTH, DONALD C., New York, Physics.
TAYLOR, T~KLA, New York, Mathematics.
THOMPSON, PHILIP A., Berlin, Engineering.
THORNDIKE, EDWARD H., Montrose, Physics. PredoctoraZ
TOBIAS, IRWIN, Brooklyn, Chemistry. BRYANT, DAVID, Greensboro, Chemistry.
TUITIU, ROBERT J., Rochester, Chemistry. .
Bu~~~~ ROBERT C., Chapel Hill, Mathe-
VINCOW, GEBSHON, Brooklyn, Chemistry. .
VOOEL, JOSEPH L.,l Richmond Hill, Physics. HORNER, SALLY M., Chapel Hill, Chemistry.
VOZICK, MICHAEL W., New York, Biochem- JORDAN, WADE H., Jr., Edenton, Chemistry.
istry. LINDSLEY, DONALD H., Asheville, Earth
WAHLIQ, MICHAEL A., Woodside, Physics. Sciences.
WALL, TH~ODOBE T., New York, Chemistry. PITERSON, JAMES M., Clinton, Chemistry.
WARNER, ROBERT E., Rochester, Physics. POSTMA, HERMAN, Wilmington, Physics.
WATSON, Garo~a~l PI., III, New York, Zoology. ROSSEB, GORDON H., Jr.,l Durham, Mathe-
WEBB, JULIAN P., Rochester, Physics. matics.
WBIHN, DONALD, Brooklyn, Mathematics. ROY, DONALD H., Raleigh, Engineering.
WEININOEB, STEPHEN, Whitestone, Chemis- SNIPBS, CHARLES A., Sylva, zoology.
try. SNrPms, RAYMOND F., Reidsville, Chemistry.
WHINBTON, ANDREW, Flushing, Mathematical
Economics. Postdoctoral
WIMM~B, GERTRUDE, New York, Botany. STINEBPRINQ, W. FOBB~BT, Durham, Matho-
WOr%TIS, MICHAEL,~ New York, Physics. matics.
ZIPS~B, DAVID,~ New York, Botany. Be&Or Po8tdoctoraZ
ZWICKEL, ALLAN M., Lynbrook, Chemistry.
NAYLOB, AUBBEY W., Durham, Botany.
cox, EVELYN M., Greensboro, General
1 Declined. Biology.

HAGOOD, JAMES J., Jr., Greensboro, Mathe- JIRARDEAU. MARVIN I).. Jr., Bay Villa%
malice. Physica.
OWEN, HAEBY A., Jr., Durham, Engineering. ~OYCQ,PAUL C., Cleveland, Medical Sciences.
‘e&or Postdoctoral
THOA~AS, PAUL E., Fargo, Mathematics. Wence Faculty
LCKER, GEOR~B G., Bowling Green, Chem-
Science Faculty istry.
ANDERSON, EDWIN M., Fargo, Engineering. ~NDERS, HANNS K., Bowling Green, Chem-
THOMPSON, JOHN C., Dickinson, Mathe-
matics. ,~~~~QI& KENN~DTH B., Steubenville, Zool-
5m??’ JACK L Columbus Biochemistry.
OHIO 3oni~os, HE&!, Jr., Cleveland Heights,
Predoctord IAVIS, RICIIARD C!., Akron, Mathematics.
BAMBAKIDIS, GUST, Akron, Physics. CICHEN, ERWIN, Columbus, Engineering.
CABNAHAN, BRICQ, New Philadelphia, Engi- PINKBEINER, DANIEL T., II, Gambler, Mathe-
neering. matics.
CARRUTHERS, PET~QBA., Middletown, Physics. FRAZIER, THYRSA A., Wllberf’orce, Mathe-
CHRISTENSEN, JULIEN M., Dayton, Psy- matics.
chology. :LASOQ, PAUL K., Springfield, Chemistry.
CLARK, ALLAN H., Cincinnati, Mathematics. JOTTSCHANO. JACK L.. Cincinnati, Zoology.
CLARK, THOMAS J., St. Marys, Chemistry. KESSLER, I&TON A., Columbus, Zoology.
EK, FREDERICK L., Cuyahoga Fnlls, Physics. ~AVHI, FLOYD R., Springtleld, Earth Sciences.
ELDER, CAROL-AXN, Cleveland Heights, ?ARR, GEORGE K., Athens, Anthropology.
Botany. &UI.NBERRY, ROVER C., Athens, Engineer-
ERNEST, JEAN~ETT~ R., North Olmsted,
Zoology. ATOLL, ROBERT R., Oberlin, Mathematics.
FOOTE, J. LINDSLQP, Cleveland, Chemistry. YOZWIAK, BERNARD J., Youngstown, Mathe-
FROMMBR, GABRIEL P., Cincinnati, Psy. matics.
HELLING, MARTIN, Canton, Mathematics.
H~IRSNMAN, ARNOLD, Cleveland Heights, En, 3KLAHOMA
HUFF, ROBERT W., Canton, Physics. Predoctoral
KOENIG, DONALD F., Cuyahoga Falls, Bio DENISON, GILBIERT W., Norman, Engineering.
physics. ENGLEMAN, MAHIC,~ Woodward, Botany.
KRAA~ER. DAVID A.. Cleveland, Physics. FRETWBLL, LYMAN J., Jr., Tulsa, Physics.
KRAPP, PAUL J., Springfield,’ Chemistry. KRUOER, CHARLES H., Oklahoma City, En-
KREIMER, H. FREDERICK, Jr., Cincinnati gineering.
Mathematics. LAND, HUGH C., Norman, Zoology.
LIBOR, ANDREW S., Cincinnati, Physics. PARKIR, J~RALD D., Stillwater, Engineering.
LDNHERT, P. GALEN, Arcanum, Biophysics SCHMALBERGER, DONALD C., Stillwater,
MALONEY, WILLIAM T., Jr., Nile% Engineer Astronomy.
MARSI’IALL, TROIKAS C., Cleveland, Physics Rcieftice Faculty
MAWBY, JOHN E., Dayton, Earth Sciences. BLEAKLEY, WILLIAM B.,l Tulsa, Engineering.
MERKL, ARTHUR W., Cincinnati, Chemistry WALLER, EDWIN J., Stillwater, Engineering.
NICHOI~S, LARRY D., Xenia, Chemistry.
NICHOLS, TEIOMAS S., Batavia, Chemistry.
NORCROSS, BRIJCB E., Columbus, Chemistry
Oaa, ANDREW P., Bowling Green, Mathe OREGON
matics. Predoctoral
POWELL. DAVID L.. Mansfield, Chemistry.
RENKEN, JAMES H.,l Columbus, Physics. AMMANN, EUGENE O., Portland, Engineering.
ROSEN, RONALD H., Cleveland Heightr COLE, GLEN H., Portland, Anthropology.
Mathematics. DQ BAR, ROQER B., Eugene, Physics.
SIMPSON, ANNA L., Oberlin, Psychology. DIXON, RICHARD W.,l Woodburn, Engineer-
SLAYMAN, CLIFFORD L., Jr.,1 Canton, Zoology ing.
S%~ALLWOOD,RICHARD D.,l Dayton, Engi GOSE, EARL E., Portland, Engineering.
neering. KIND. PHYLLIS D., Portland, Microbiology.
SWEENEY, THOMAS I,.,’ Cleveland, Engi KUE~L, LEROY, Corvallis, Biochemistry.
neering. LEEPER, EDWABD, Eugene, Physics.
TAYLOR, LYNN, J., Cuyshoga Falls, Chemis MOURSUND, DAVID G.,l Eugene, Mathematics.
NEWTON, RICHARD M., Corvallis, Biochem-
V:~‘;)ER EMBSE, URBAN A., Kalida, Engi istry.
neering. OHLSEN, GERALD G., Eugene, Physics.
YOUNQ, ANDREW T., Massillon, Astronomy. PERSON, JAMES C., Salem, Chemistry.
RUSSELL, DALE A., Enterprise, Earth Sci-
Postdoctoral ences.
FREED, STA’NLEY A., Springfield, Antbropol
OETY. Po8tdootoraE
STROMBERG, KARL R., Troutdale, Mathemat-
1 Declined. ics.

Boience Faoulty MA~ID, LBO~AED Y., Philadelphia, IOnglneer-
KLBINHOLI, LEWIS H., Portland, Zoology. Ing.
MOLLENAUER, JAXICEF., Radnor, Chemistry.
MOEAN, PAUL R.,* Coudersport, Physics.
MORRISON, JAA~ES L., Pittsburgh, Physics.
Predoctorat istry.
REILLY, BERNARD E., Conneaut Lake, Med-
AARON, RONALD, Philadelphia, Physics. ical Sciences.
ANDI~BBON, ANGEL C.. North Warren, SARTOBY, WALTEE K., Pittsburgh, Englneer-
Physics. Ing.
BEBMON, STUART, Philadelphia, Physics. SEIDERS, VICTOR M., York, Earth Sciences.
BERTBAM, WALTER J., Jr., Pittsburgh, SHAFBER, RUSSELL A., Philadelphia, Physics.
Physics. SHAW, LEONA-, Lafayette Hills, Engineer-
BIDWELL, LEONARD N., Philadelphia, Mathe- ing.
matics. SHEPPABD, RICHARD A., Lancaster, Earth
BLUMENTHAL, SAUL, Philadelphia, EngIneer- Sciences.
Ing. SILVERSTEIN, MARIANNE, Philadelphia, Math-
BODOIA, JOHN, Pittsburgh, Engineering. ematics.
BOHACHEVSKY, IHOB 0.. Philadelphia, SMITH, GEORGEE.,l Upper Darby, Physics.
Mathematics. SNYDER, EUGENE I., Philadelphia. Chemistry.
BBICE, MARTHA C., Glensiae, Zoology. SQUIRES, ROBERT 0.. Ambridge, Engineering.
BURGIN, WALTER H., Jr., Camp Hill, Mathe- STEIN, FRED P., Dallastown, Engineering.
matics. STONER, JOHN 0.. Jr., Berlin, Physics.
BURTNER, ROGERL., Hershey, Earth Sciences. THOMSON, GEO~GIUH., Philadelphia, Chem-
Cox, DAVID J., Swarthmore, Biochemistry. istry.
COX, WALTER M., Glenside, Earth Sciences. THORNTON, H. FEANCI~, Philadelphia, Math-
DAVIES, K. THOMAS R., Pittsburgh, Physics. ematics.
DIU COURSEY, PATRICIA J., Paoli, Zoology. VAISNYS, JUOZAS R., Philadelphia, Chemistry.
DELANEY, THOMAS J., Havertown, Engineer- VAN VALEN, LEIGH, Harrisburg, Zoology.
ing. WELSH, ROBEBT E., Pittsburgh, Physics.
B)ABDLIUY, DAVID B., Pittsburgh, Engineering. WOOD,DON, Carry, Engineering.
EARLE, CLIIPBORD, Jr., Abington, Mathe- WOODS, ROBERT M., Jr., New Wilmington,
matics. Physics.
EVANS, DAVID W., Erie, Agriculture. ZARTMAN, ROBERT E., LItItz, Earth Sciences.
EYDIU, RICHARD H., Lancaster, Botany.
FANTI, RONALD L., Philadelphia, Engineer- Poetdoctoral
ing. ALEXEBF, IGOR, Pittsburgh, Physics.
FLEMING, GORDON N.,’ Pittsburgh, Physics. BRILL, ARTHUR S., Philadelphia, Biophysics.
FLIEGEL, HENRY F., Havertown, Astronomy. COMFORT, W. WISTAB, Bryn Mawr, Mathe
FRBNCH, TEAYE:~ C.. Sewickles.- , Biochem- matics.
istry. GEIPFEN, DONALD A., Pittsburgh, Physics.
GOODRICH, ROBBBT L., Pittsburgh, Physics. ENOBLER, CAROLYN B., State College, Chem-
GREEN, JOHN P., Jr., Philadelphia, Engi- istry.
neering. LINDENMAYER, ABISTID, Philadelphia, Logic
GRENDEB, GORDON C., State College, Earth & Biology
Sciences. MUNSON, RONALD A., Lancaster, Chemistry,
GRIM, SAMUEL O., Dallastown, Chemistry. PETERSON, DONALD B., Erie, Chemistry.
GROOM, DONALD E., Turtle Creek, Physics. SAWYER, RAYA~ONDF., Bethlehem, Physics.
HALL, ROBERT D., Philadelphia, Psychology. SORENSEN, RAYafoND A., Pittsburgh, Physics.
HATCH, THEODORE! F., Jr., Pittsburgh, WINDGASSEN, RICHARD J., Jr., Allison Park,
Mathematics. Chemistry.
HENDRIX, THOMAS E., Landisville, Earth
senior Postdoctoral
HILL, E. ALEXANDDR, III, Carnegie, Chem- ASHKIN, Jumus, Saxonburg, Physics.
istry. BATES, THOMAS F., State College, Earth
HIRSCHBIELD, JUDITH B., Pittsburgh, Mathe- Sciences.
- . Math-
matics. ematics.
HOHMANN, JERBI W., Volant, Engineering. KUHN, HAROLD W., Secane, Mathematical
JOHNS, LEWIS E., Jr., Pittsburgh, Engi- Ecohomics.
JONES, RICHARD H., Ridley Park, Engineer- b’cience Faculty
ing. BEICHL, GEORGEJ., Philadelphia, Chemistry.
KAMPMEIEB, JACK A., Wyncote, Chemistry. BEBATAN, LEON L., Philadelphia, En-
KAUFFMAN, MARVIN E., Lancaster, Earth Sci- gineering.
ences. BI~;;~;B, BARNARD H., Annville, Mathe-
KAUFFMAN, JOEL M., Huntingdon Valley,
Chemistry. CBISLEY,’ FRANCIS D., Pittsburgh, Mlcrobi-
KRAMER, J. DAVID R., Jr., Philadelphia, En- EARTZLER, EVA R., Belleville, Chemistry.
gineering. LEWIS, DOROTHY S., McDonald, Chemistry.
LAISON, GARY, Ph!ladelphIa, Mathematics. MILLER, BERNARD L., Havertown, Physics.
MCFADDEN, JAMES T., State College, Zoology. MOBRILL, BERNARD, Swarthmore, Engineer-
MCNUTT, DOUGLAS P., Philadelphia, Physics. ing.
MCWILLIAMS, IAN G., Philadelphia, Physics. NEE, M. COLEMAN, Scranton, Mathematics.
H., Meadvflle, Earth
1 Declined. I’PARSONS,

J’f6doctC?‘& bsaax, NIL, Dalhart, Physics.
BAKIDB,WILLIP A., Jr., Austin, Chemistry.
BEAIJD~, ROBEBTA., Woonaocket, Chemistry. BIPCHTEL,NOBBERT G., Jr., Groves, EngineelF
BUILTON,PAUL E., Warwick, Chemiatrp. Ing.
FLYNN, GEORQE P., Warren, Chemistry. BLAND, RICHABD P., Farmersville, Mathb
FEEYD, PICTEB?Providence, Mathematics. matics.
JACOBS, NOEMAN A.2 Providence, Engi- BRANS, CABL H., Jr., Dallas, Physics.
neering. COLE, DAVID, Brownwood, Chemistry.
LN#&AIEN,NORM- A., Providence, Chem- COLQATBI,SAM O., Amarillo, Chemistry.
istry. IAH& DAVID M., Dallas, Physics.
MOULTON, DAVID M., Providence, Chemistry. BOSS, MEREDITH G., Jr., Amarillo, Earth
PoetdoctoraZ Sciences.
EINST~N. JULIAN R.. Providence. Medical [AREIS, DONALD P., Austin, Engineering.
Scienca [YDER, MONTB L., Rockdale, Chemistry.
GOBWN, JOHN E., Providence, Chemistry. ONES, BENJAD~IN F., Houston, Engineering.
ESIKAR, ARNOLD V., Houston, Physics.
Bchmce Faculty ,OWPI,MILDRED E., Galveston, Zoology.
CLAPP, LI~ALLYN B., Providence, Chemistry. ,OWBY, JOHN T., Jr., Laredo, Biophysics.
FERRANTIC, W~LLIAY R., Providence, En& MANUEL,THOMAS A., Austin, Chemistry.
neering. [ONOER,JOANNE, Beaumont, Mathematics.
ISBORNE,ZACK, Pampa, Physics.
‘ECK, CHARLES W., Freer, Physics.
#TBEETER, STEPHEN, Houston, Ellrtb
Predoctoral Sciences.
KIN& HABOLYN, MarIon, Chemistry. TUBBLEBIELD, TRAVIS El., Denton, MedIcaI
Ndence Faculty VEIR, MORTON W., Austin, Psychology.
RoACHE, Lowxrd C., Orangeburg, General VILSON, ROBERT W., Houston, Physics.
Biology. VISDOM, NORVELL E., Jr., Crane, Chemistry.

SOUTH DAKOTA ~VBBALL,JOHN E., Austin, Psychology.

PredoctoraZ fcience Faculty
MACEK,ROBERT, Faulkton, Physics. LNDERSON,MILES E., Denton, Physics.
MINEHABT, RALPH C., Mitchell, Physics. !ARAWAY, PBENTICSI A., Stepbenville, Zool-
PIERCE& ROBERT L., Huron, Mathematics. WY.
RASMU~SON, GABY, Clark, Chemistry. IAMMOND, MELVIN A. R., Austin, Natural
Sciences General.
BcZenceFaculty IENDERSON, LAVANI~IL L., Sr., Washington,
ESSLEB, WARBEN O., Brookinga, Engineering Botany.
;A Row, RACHAEL A., Terrell, Mathematics.
;ANDEQREN,GUSTALB F., Beaumont, Physics.
PredoctoraZ Botany.
~OYES, THEODORB A., Bryan, Engineering.
COOK, CLARENCI~ E., Jefferson City, Chem I!ERWEY, PIUTER, Jr., Beaumont, Mathe-
HUYPHRBYS, TOM D., Arlington, Zoology. matics.
NUNNALLY, DAVID A., Nemphis, Zoology. VINCENT, LLOYD D., Baytown, Physics.
REKEYEYER, MARY L., Oak Ridge, Genetlcr YOUNQ,PHILLIP L., Nacogdoches, Zoology.
WALLACE, WILLIAM J., Clinton, Chemistry.
W;;ry~~, BEULAH M.,l Nashvflle, Biochem
Postdoctoral Predoctoral
Its. BERQ~SON, HA-N E., Salt Lake City,
Cox, JAMES R., Jr., Cookeville, Chemistry. Physics.
MABTIN, MICHAEL M., Nashville, Chemistq
SHIMONY, ABNEBE., Memphis, Philosophy a BILLS, JAD~ESL.,* Salt Lake City, Chemistry.
Physics. EVERETT, GLBN E., St. George, Physics.
ISRAELSEN, BOYD P., Logan, Engineering.
&?imCS Faculty MUIRBROOK, NEWELL K.,l Ogden, Engineer-
SCHWPITZER, GBOB~BIK., Kuoxville, Philosc ing.
phy of Science. PARKEB, PIERCE D., Salt Lake City, Earth
SMITH, CHARLES H., Memphis, Chemistry. Sciences.
WADDELL, H~NBY T., Troy, Botany. PICKERING, RANABD J., Orem, Earth
PINCOCK, RICHARD E., Ogden, Chemistry.
TEXAS Ross, KENNETH A., Salt Lake City, Mathe-
PredoctoraZ matics.
ABBOTT, WALTEB P., Austin, Zoology. BUNNELL& DONALD D., Salt Lake City,
ANDEBSON, Louis W., Houston, Physics. Earth Sciences.
SHAW, ALAN W., Brigham, Engineering.
1 Declined. SIMMONS, JOHN R., Logan, Biochemistry.

&ienoe FaiwZty COLIU,DALB W., Seattle, Agrlcnlture.
BAOLBIY,JAY MBBBILL, Logan, Engineering. CBAVIPN, JAMES M., Seattle, Chemistry.
BAHL~W. THOMAS L., Logan, Medical EVANS, ROBIOBTJ., Seattle, Chemistry.
Scleneee. FIDDLEB, RICHARD W.,l Klrkland, Englneer-
LABBEN, WESLEY P., Salt Lake City, Zoology. lng.
TBUJILLO, AI,FON~O R., Price, Chemistry. FLUHARTY, ARVAN L., Seattle, Biochemistry.
GUARD, JAMES R.,l Seattle, Mathematics.
EELLIWELL, THOMAS M., Kirkland, Physics.
EILLIER, FREDERICK S.,l Aberdeen, Englneer-
Predoctoral KNUDSON, JANICE M., Walla Walla, Medical
FINB~&~AN, JOSEPH C.,l Shaftsbury, Physics. LIPSI!, PAUL, Seattle, Chemistry.
SMITH; DOUGLAB L., Marshfleld, Chemistry. LINSTROILI. CAROL J.. Tacoma. Mlcrobloloas.
Science Faculty MCIVOR, IVOR K., Kirkland, Engineering.--
MCNEILL, DALE, Tacoma, Physics.
Chem? MERCHANT, HOWAI~DC., Bothell, Engineering.
INSKEEP, RICHARD G., Burlington,
lstry. MOTTELER, ZANE C.,l Olympia, Mathematics.
TOBCH, REUBEN, Burlington, Zoology. ROE, DAVID K., Tacoma, Chemistry.
RUPLEY, JOHN A., Seattle, Biochemistry.
SAQLE, ARTHUR A., Seattle, Mathematics.
VIRGINIA SEEDS, ROBERT B., Vancouver, Englneerlng.
Predoctoral TONKYN, RICHARD G., Seattle, Chemistry.
YOWELL, CAROL E., Seattle, Physics.
ADAMS, J. BABCJ~AY,Charlottesville, Physics.
ANDERSON, MARY M., Arlington, Chemistry. Poetdoctora,Z
BOBERO, THOMAS C., Falls Church, Engineer- BLANK, H. RICHARD, Jr., Seattle, Earth Scl-
ing. ewes.
COLBMAN, SAMUEL H., Roanoke, Mathemat- HAR&~ON, KENNETH M., Seattle, Chemistry.
ics. HUGHES, DANIEL R., Bothell, Mathematics.
EANEB, EDWARD D., Williamsburg, Chem- PHELPS, ROBERT R., Seattle, Mathematics.
istry. WILCOX, WESLEY C., Seattle, Medical Scl-
GARRICK. MICHAEL D., Hampton, Blochem- ences.
GRISWOLD, RALPH E., Arlington, Englneer- Senior Postdoctoral
lng. FLEAGLE, ROBERT G., Seattle, Earth Sciences.
HALEY, JOSEPH A., Ashland, Mathematics. RENLEY, ERNEST M., Seattle, Physics.
HANSON, CHARLES L., Alexandria, Zoology.
H~ATWOLE, HAROLD F., Waynesboro, Zoology. Science Faculty
JOLLY, H. PAUL, Jr.,l Richmond, Physics. CANARIS, ALBERT G., Everett, Zoology.
KONRAD, MICHAEL,~ Virginia Beach, Blo- CARLSON, DALE A., Aberdeen, Engineering.
physics. CO.~TI~S,VINC~JNT L., Centralla, Mathematics.
LIOHT, ROBLEY J., Roanoke, Chemistry.
MALMAR, CONSTANCE M..l Rapldan, Chem-
MURRAY, J. JAMIDS, Jr., Lexington, Zoology.
NORTHROP, RALPH C., Jr., Arlington, Chem- Predoctoral
lstry. BURDICK, DONALD S., Huntington, Mathe-
PHINNISTON, JOHN T., Fairfax, Biochemistry. matics.
STARNBS, WILLIAM H., Jr., Ewing, Chem- FRAMIII, ROBERT A., Jr., Charleston, Chem-
istry. istry.
TBRBORGH, JOHN W., Arlington, Zoology.
THOMAS, WILLIAM A., Blacksburg, Earth Science Faculty
Sciences. DUKE, JOSEPIT A., Wheeling, Chemistry.
WAMPLER, JESSE M., Llnvllle, Earth PAINTER, JACK T., Kingston, Engineering.
Physics. PredoctoraZ
rgdence FaGUZtg AITKEN, DONALD W., Jr., Madison, Physics.
MONCURE, HENRY, Jr.,1 Charlottesville, BUSHNELL, WILLIAM R., Madison, Botany.
Chemistry. FRAUTSCHI, STEVEN, Madison, Physics.
WALL, ARTHUR A., Portsmouth, Chemistry. H~nEn~rnou, ROBERT A., Wauwatosa,
HtlRTnIAN, THOMAS F., Oshkosh, Psychology.
WASHINGTON HENSEL. GUSTAV. Shebosaan. Mathematics.
HOUGEN’, JON T.,’ Sheboy-gin,. Chemistry.
PredOGtOraZ HUNDHAUSEN, ARTHUR J., Wausau, Physics.
BIRKIOLAND, PBTER W., Bellevue, Earth Scl- JACOB, RICHARD, Rlpon, Physics.
ences. JONES, EVAN T., Madison, Chemistry.
BROWN, RONALD E., Everett, Physics. KBDLEC, ROBERT, Raclne, Engineering.
BUCHANAN, CHARLES D., Stellacoom, Physics. LAUDON, RICHARD B., Waunakee, Earth
BURK, HAROLD W., Tacoma, Psychology. Sciences.
CHANO, DAVID B., Seattle, Physics. Maeous, WALTER,= Wauwatosa, Psychology.
AfARDEN, ALBPJRT, Milwaukee, Mathematics.
1 Declined. MEYB~R, RICHARD T., Madison, Chemistry.

MILLEB, GBBALD R., Milwaukee, Chemistry. WYOMING
O-EL, GEORGE N., Beloit, Engineering.
PABKEB, DAVID J., Madison, Chemistry. Predoctorol
PBEBFEBKOBN, ELMIP~ R., Manitowoc, Med- Mathematics.
ical Sciences. KINDERSHOTT, MTRL C.,l Lander, Physics.
PoMBANINO, GEBALD C., Oshkosh, Engineer- KLEINDIQNST, MAXINB R., Superior, Anthro-
ing. pology.
REESE, WILLIAM,~ Bellevue, Physics. TALBIORT, WILLABD L., Jr., Casper, Physics.
ROESLEB, FRED L., Wauwatosa, Physics.
SCHWARTZ, RICHARD J., Waukesha, Engi-
neering. ALASKA
SHARP. TERBY E.. La Crosse. Chemistrv.
SIMPSON, JAME; E., Milwaukee, Mathe- Bdence Faculty
matics. KOSKINS, JOHN R., College, Engineering.
STFXGELNANN, EDWARD F., Milwaukee, RICIU, ELBIUBT F., Jr., College, Engineering.
SUTTON, PAUL W., Sparta, Chemistry.
TOBEY, STEPHEN W., Madison, Chemistry. HAWAII
TREICHEL, PAUL M., Jr., Madison, Chemistry.
WRIGHT, CHARLES R. B., Madison, Mathe- PredoctoraZ
matics. FURUNOTO, AUGUSTINE S., Honolulu, Earth
ZIEGLER, JUDITH A., Eau Claire, Psychology. Sciences.
Senior Postdoctoral IZUNO, TAKUNI, Wahiawa, Genetics.
FERRY, JOHN D., Madison, Chemistry. Science FacuZty
FRODYNA, MICHAEL M., Honolulu, Chemistry.
Science Faculty
neering. PUERTO RICO
F~LDBALLE, M. ELAINBI, Madison, Zoology. Predoctoral
LOY, WAYNE R., Plattsville, Chemistry.
MATAR, JOSEPH E., Milwaukee, Engineering. L~vINs, RICHARD, Yauco, Genetics.
WARNER, ELDON D., Wauwatosa, Zoology. Science Faculty
1 Declined. Mathematics.

Institutions Chosen By NSF Predoctoral Fellows

Fellows Fellows
Alabama, University of, University, GernTt IC)nRstitute of Technology, At-
Ala -----_--_-_-- ,----- --_____ --_- 2 __-_--___________------- 2
Arizona, University of, Tucson, Ariz-- 1 Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass- 129
Arkansas, University of, Fayetteville, Idaho, University of, Moscow, Idaho-, 1
Ark-- ~_~~_-_-~--_-_-~__--~~~~~~ 2 Illinois Institute of Technology, Chi-
Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute of, cago, Ill- _______ - _______________ - 1
Brooklyn, N. Y---------- ______ -__ 2 Illinois, University of, Urbana, Ill--- 2,O
Brown University, Providence, R. I--- 6 Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind- 5
Buffalo, University of, Buffalo, N. Y-- 1 Iowa State College of Agriculture and
California Institute of Technology, Mechanic Arts, Ames, Iowa ________ 4
Pasadena, Calif-------.------------ 65 lowa, State University of, Iowa City,
California, University of, Berkeley, Iowa ----------__---------------- 8
Calif- ______ -__- ____ -----___--___ 68 Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore,
California, University of, Davis, Calif- 1 Md -----------__------_--------- 17
California, University of, Los Angeles, Kansas State College of Agriculture and
Calif __--________-------_-------- 16 Applied Science, Manhattan, Kans--- 1
California University of Southern, Los Kansas, University of, Lawrence, Kans- 6
Angeles, Calif-------------------- 1 Kentucky, University of, Lexington,
Carnegie Institute of Technology, KY -------------_---------------- 1
Pittsburgh, Pa------------------- 13 Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pa--,,, 1
Case Institute of Technology, Cleve- Loyola University. Chicago, Ill------ 1
land, Ohio _____ -___--__----_-___- 1 Maryland, University of, College Park,
Chicago, University of, Chicago, Ill-- 54 Md-,--------------------------- 3
Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colo- Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Cambridge, Mass _________ - __-_____ 84
Cole----------------------------- 1 Michigan State University of Agricul-
Colorado, University of, Boulder, Cola- 4 ture and Applied Science, East
Columbia University, New York, N. Y- 30 Lansing, Mich --________ - _---_____ 5
Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y----- 24 Michigan, University of, Ann Arbor,
Dartmouth College, Hanover, N. H ____ Mich---,--,,-------------------- 28
Delaware, University of, Newark, Del-- ; Minnesota, University of, Minneapolis,
Duke University, Durham, N. C ______ 6 Minn _--------__-------__------- 14
Florida State University, Tallahassee, Mo;~~‘I’I- State University, Missoula,
Fla ______________-----_--------- 4 ---------------_---------- 1
Fordham University, New York, N. Y-- 1 Nebraska, University of, Lincoln, Nebr- 1

New Hampshire, University - of.I Durham.
N.H- ----------------------------
Tufta University, Medford, &tara,,,-,,
Tulane Universitv of Louisiana.TVNew --
New York University, New York, N. Y- Orleans, La ----------------------
- 1
North Carolina State College of Agricul- Utah State University of Agriculture
ture and Engineering, Raleigh, N. C- and Applied Science, Logan, Utah-,, 1
North Carolina, University of, Chapel Utah, University of, Sait Lake City,
Hill, N. C --___-__--______________ Utah ____________________________ 2
Northwestern University, Evanston, 111, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Term, 1
Notre Dame, University of, Notre Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blaeks-
Dame, Ind ____-__________________ 1 burg, Va,-,,---,,,,,-,,,,,_,,,_,, 1
Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio- 6 Virginia, University of, Charlottesville,
Oklahoma, University of, Norman, Va,,,-,,-,,_,,,_,,,,_,,,,,,,,,,, 2
Okla ---------------------------- 4 Washington University, St. Louis, MO,, 7
Oregon State College, Corvallis, Oreg,, 1 Washington, University of, Seattle,
Pennsylvania, University of, Philadel- Wash ----------------------------
’ 10
phia, Pa _________________________ 6 Wayne State University, Detroit, Mich- 1
Pennsylvania State University, Univer- Western Reserve University, Cleve-
sity Park, Pa _____________________ land, Ohio _______________________ 1
Princeton Upiversity, Princeton, N. J,, 6: Wisconsin, University of, Madison, Wis, 47
Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind----- 4 Yale University, New Haven, Corm,,,,, 81
Radcliffe College, Cambridge, Nass---- 10
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, Foreign Inetituttons
N. Y---,-,--,,,-,--,,,-,,,,,,,------- 3
Rice Institute, Houston, Tex- ________ 3 Birmingham, University of, Birming-
Rochester, University of, Rochester, ham, England ____________________ 1
N. Y-,-----,-,,-,__-___-,,,,,-_, 6 Bristol, University of, Bristol, England 1
Rutgers, The State University, New Cambridge, University of, Cambridge,
Brunswick, N. J- ----------------- 1 England __________________________ 2
St. Louis University, St. Louis, No ____ 2 Goettingen, University of, Goettingen,
South Carolina, University of, Colum- Germany _________________________ 1
bia, S. C________________________ Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan _______ 1
Stanford University, Stanford, Calif,, 4: London, University of, London, England 1
Stevens Institute of Technology, Ho- Oxford, University of, Oxford, England- 4
boken, N. J-------,,--,,-,,_,,-,, 1 Paris, University of, Paris, France--,, 2
Syracuse University, Syracuse, N. Y--- 1 Stockholm, University of, Stockholm,
Tennessee, University of, Knoxville, Sweden,--------,---,,--,-__,,___ 1
Tenn -----------------___-------- Swiss Federal Institute of Technology,
Texas, University of, Austin, Tex __-__ s’ Zurich, Switzerland _______________ 1

Present or Most Recent Institutional Alqiliation of Individuals Ofered

National Science Foundation Postdoctoral and Science Faculty Fellowships
Johns. Hopkins University, Baltimore,
California, University of, Berkeley, Nd,-,,~,,,,---,,--,,~~---------~
Calif ____________________________ 7 Kansas, University of, Lawrence,
California, University of, Davis, Calif- 3 Rana--------,--,--,,-------,--,,
California, University of, Los Angeles, Leeds, University of, Leeds, England-,,
Calif _______________ -_-_-__- _____ 8 Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
California, University of, San Fran- Cambridge, Mass -__-__-__ - ________
cisco, Calif _______________________ 1 Michigan, University of, Ann Arbor,
California Institute of Technology, Nich _ __-----------_-------------
Pasadena, Calif ________________-_ - 3 Minnesota, University of, Minneapolis,
Caln&idge University, Cambridge, Eng- Ninn ----------------------------
----------------------------- 1 Nebraska, University of, Lincoln, Nebr-
Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pitts- New York University, New York, N. Y-,
burgh, Pa ________________________ 3 Northwestern University, Chicago, Ill-,
Chicago, University of, Chicago, Ill---- 8 Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio-
Colorado, University of, Boulder, Cole-- 1 Oregon, University of, Eugene, Oreg:-,,
Colorado State University, Fort Col- Oxford, University of, Oxford, England-
lins, Co10___-______-_____________ 1 Pennsylvania, University of, Phila-
Columbia University, New York, N. Y-- 4 delphia, Pa--- --------------------
Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y ______ 1 Pennsylvania State University, Uni-
Duke University, Durham, N. C_______ 1 versity Park, Pa __________________
Florida State University, Tallahassee, Pittsburgh, University of, Pittsburgh,
Fla-------------,_-,__,,_,,_,_-__ 1 Pa ------------------------------
Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass-, 20 Princeton University, Princeton, N. J--
Illinois, University of, Urbana, Ill-,-,, 9 Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind--,,
Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind-- 4 Radcliffe College, Cambridge, Mass-,,--
Institute for Advanced Study, Prince- Rochester, University of, Rochester,
ton,N. J--,,-,---,,--_______,,_,_ 1 N. Y ----------------------------
Institute for Theoretical Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif,,,
Copenhagen, Denmark _____________ 1 Syracuse University, Syracuse, N. Y-,,
Iowa, State University of, Iowa City, Te;i;zee, University of, Knoxville,
Iowa ---------------------------- 2 ----------------------‘--‘------

Texas, University of, Austin, Te&,-, U. 8. Department of Agriculture, Ma&
yir,ria, University of, Charlottesville, hattan, Kane _____________________
--------------------*--------- U. S. Naval Radiological Defense Labo-
Washington, University of, Seattle, ratory, San Francisco, Calif ___-- ---
Wash,--,-,,,,,------,------------ Utah State University of Agriculture
Washington University, St. Louis, MO, and Applied Science, Logan, Utah---
Wayne State University, Detroit, Nich, Virginia, University of, Charlottesville,
Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Va.,,,,-,--,,,,,,,-,,,,,,,-,-----------
Ohio----------------------------- Walter Reed Army Research Institute,
Wisconsin, University of, Madison, Wis, Washington, D. C _______ - ______--- 1
Yale University, New Haven, Corm,,,, Washington, University of, Seattle,
Wash ------------------_--------- 8
Washington University, St. Louis, MO- 1
SENIOR POSTDOCTORAL W;;forn Reserve University, Cleveland.
----------^------------------ i
Air Force Cambridge Research Center, Wisconsin, University of, Madison,
Cambridge, Mass __________________ Wis-- --------------_____-------- 1
A;y;nne National Laboratory, Lemont, Woods Hole Marine Biological Labora-
_____-------------------------- tory, Woods Hole, Mass ________-- 1
Brandeis University, Waltham, Mass,, Yale Medical School, New Haven, Corm- 1
Brookhaven National Laboratory, Up-
ton, Long Island, N. Y ____________
Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, Pa-- SCIENCa FACULTY
California, University of, Berkeley,
Calif ________--_________________ Akron, University of, Akron, Ohio-,,, 1
California, University of, Davis, Calif,, Alabama Polytechnic Institute, Auburn,
California, University of, Los Angeles, Ala,,- -------------_-_---------- 2
Calif ____--______________________ Alaska, University of, College, Alaska, 1
California, University of, San Fran- Albany State College, Albany, N. Y-- 1
cisco, Calif _____--________________ Allegheny College, Neadville, Pa--,,, 1
California, University of, Santa Bar- American International College, Spring-
bara, Calif _______________________ field, Mass __________ - ____________
Ca;;;;e pastitute of Technology, Pitts- Arizona, University of, Tucson, Aris-- :
------------------------ Arkansas Polytechnic College, Russell-
Chicago: University of, Chicago, Ill-- ville, Ark _______ - ________________
Clark University, Worcester, Mass--- Barnard College, New York, N. Y---,,
Colorado, University of, Boulder, Cola,, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Mass---
Columbia University, New York, N. Y-, Boston University, Boston, Mass----
Connecticut, University of, Storrs, Bowling Green State University, Bowl-
Corm------,--,,--,,------------- ing Green, Ohio --___ ----- _______-
Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y ______ Brown University, Providence, Ii. I----
Duke University, Durham, N. C ______ Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pa-,
Florida, University of, Gainesville, Fla- Buena Vista College, Storm Lake, Iowa
Idaho, University of, Moscow, Idaho-, Buffalo, University of, Buffalo, N. Y-
Illinois, University of, Urbana, Ill---- California, University of, Davis, Calif-
Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind- Carbon Junior College, Price, Utah--
Iowa State College of Agriculture and Carleton College, Northfleld, Ninn-,,,
Mechanic Arts, Ames, Iowa ________ Carroll College, Waukesha, Wfs ______
Iowa, State University of, Iowa City, Case Institute of Technology, Cleve-
Iowa---------------------------- land, Ohio-- ____ - ____________-__- 2
Maryland, University of, College Park, Central Christian College, Bartlesville,
Md--,--------------------------- Okla _-------------_____--------- 1
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Central Michigan College, Mount Pleas-
Cambridge, Mass -________________ ant, Nich- _____________ - _____-__- 1
Michigan, University of, Ann Arbor, Centralia Junior College, Centralia,
Nich-_-------,--------,--,,--,------ Wash --------------___----------- 1
Missouri, University of, Columbia, No- Ce;;il -State College, Wilberforce,
National Institutes of Health, Be- _- -------------------------- 2
thesda, Nd ______________________ Chaffey Junior College, Ontario, Calif-, 1
New York University, New York, N. Y- Chapman College, Orange, Cnlif -----_-
Northwestern University, Evanston, Chicago, University of, Chicago, Ill,--- li
111------------------------------ CiTncrati, University of, Cincinnati,
Oregon, University of, Eugene, Ore& ------------------_---------- 2
Pennsylvania, University of, Philadel- Clarkson College of Technology, Pots-
phia, Pa __-- __-_ ----_---_------_ dam, N. Y-------,-,--,,,-,----,-,
Pennsylvania State University, Univer- Colby College, Waterville, Maine ______
sity Park, Pa ____ - _______________ Colgate University. Hamilton, N. Y,-,,
Princeton University, Princeton, N. J-- Colorado, University of, Boulder, Cola,,
Rockefeller, Institute, New York, N. Y,, Colorado State College, Greeleg, Cola-..,
Smith College, Northampton, Mass---- Columbia University, New York, N. Y--,
Southern California, University of, Los Connecticut College, New London, Conn-
Angeles, Calif ----_____________-__ Connecticut, University of, Storrs,
Stanford University, Stanford, Calif--- Corm----,,-----,---,-,---------, 8
U. S. Department of Agriculture, Berke- Contra Costa Junior College, Richmond,
ley, Calif ________________________ Calif ----------------------------- 2
U. S. Department of Agriculture, Or- Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y -__---- 2
lando, Bla,-,-------------------- Dartmouth College, Hanover, N. H----- 2

F&o W8 Fetho8
Delaware, Unlverslty of, Newark, Del-- North Carolina, Agricultural and Tech-
Delaware State College, Dover, Del--- i nical College of, Greensboro, N. C,,,
Delta State College, Cleveland, Miss---- 1 North Carolina College at Durham, Durr
Dominican College, San Rafael, Cal&, ham, N. C-----------------,-,,_,
Drew University, Madison, N. J --____- North Dakota State College, Ellendale,
Drexel Institute of Technology, Phlla- N. Dak --------------------------
delphla, Pa _______________________ Northeastern University, Boston, Mass,
Duke Unlversity, Durham, N. C ________ Northern Illinois University, De Kalb,
D’Youvllle College, Buffalo, N. Y ______ Ill__-___-_,________________,,__,
Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, Northern Michigan College, Marquette,
Ill ---_--------------------------- Mlch----------------____,_______
Edgewood College of the Sacred Heart, Northern Oklahoma Junior College,
Madison, Wls _____________________ Tonkawa, Okla ___________________
Emmanuel College, Boston, Mass ______ North Park College, Chicago, Ill _______
Everett Junior College, Everett, Wash-- Notre Dame, University of, Notre Dame,
Florida, University of, Gainesville, Fla- Ind--__----_____--_-------------
Fordham University, New York, N. Y-, Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio _________
General Motors Institute, Flint, Mlch-- C)hlo State University, Columbus, Ohlo-
Grand Rapids Junior College, Grand Ohio University, Athens, Ohio ________
Rapids, Mlch _______________ -__-__ 1 Oklahoma State University of Agrlcul-
Gustavus Adolphus College, St. Peter, ture and Applied Science, Stillwater,
Minn ---------------------------- 1 Okla____-__-____________,__,____
Hampton Institute, Hampton, Va----- 1 Park College, Parkvllle, MO_____ -_-__
Hastings College, Hastings, Nebr-,--- Pennsylvania, University of, Phlladel-
Hollins College, Holllns, Va ___________ phia, Pa ____________ - ________ -__-
Huston-Tlllotson College, Austin, Tex,, Pittsburgh, University of, Pittsburgh,
Idaho, University of, Moscow, Idaho--- Pa__-___________----____________
Illinois, University of, Urbana, Ill---- Pomona College, Claremont, Calif-----
Indiana, University, Bloomington, Ind-- Prairie View Agricultural & Mechanical
International Christian University, College, Prairie View, Tex ______ ---
Tokyo, Japan -------------------__ 1 Princeton University, Princeton, N. J--
Iona College, New Rochelle, N. Y------- 1 Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind--,-
Iowa State College of Agriculture and aueens College, Flushing, N. Y _______
Mechanic Arts, Ames, Iowa _________ Reed College, Portland, Oreg---- _____
Jacksonville State Teachers College, Rhode Island, University of, Kingston,
Jacksonville, Ala _______ -- ____ --___ R. I----~~~~~~~-~~~~__~___,,,___,
Junlata College, Huntingdon, Pa------ Rockford College, Rockford, Ill __-____
Kansas University of, Lawrence, Kans- Rose Polytechnic Institute, Terre
Kansas City, University of, Kansas Haute, Ind _______________________
City, MO_____ --- _________ - _______ 1 Rutgers, The State University, New
Kansas State College of Agriculture, Brunswick, N. J _______ -___- _______
and Applied Science, Manhattan, St. John’s University, Collegevllle,
Kans_--_--__________------------ 2 Mlnn ----------------------------
Ka;;ys Wesleyan University, Salina, St. Joseph’s College, Philadelphia, Pa-,
Kenyon College, Gambler, Ohio _______
Lamar State College of Technology,
11 St. Joseph’s College for Women, Brook-
lyn, N. Y__--__-___---_----------
St. Mary’s College, Wlnona, Minn _____
Beaumont, Tex---- _____________ -- St. Olaf College, Northfleld, Mlnn _____
Laredo Junior College, Laredo, Tex---- St. Scholastica, College of, Duluth,
Lebanon Valley College, Annville, Pa--- Minn____________--______________
Louisiana Polytechnic Institute, Rus- San Francisco, University of, San Fran-
ton, La,----_,__,-_,,,__-_____,__ cisco, Callf __________ --___-___-___
Louisiana State University and Agrl-
cultural and Mechanical College, San Jose State College, San Jose, Callf-
Baton Rouge, La -_-_-___-_________ 3 Savannah State College, Savannah,
Loyola University, Los Angeles, Calif-- 1 Ga-__---__---_-___--------------
Manchester College, North Manchester, South Carollna State College, Orange-
Ind,-,,----__,,____,____________ 1 burg, S. C -------_____________ --_
Mary Hardln-Baylor College, Belton, South Dakota State College of Agricul-
Tex------- --------------------- 1 ture and Mechanic Arts, Brooklngs,
Massachusetts, University of, Amherst, S. Dak____-______,_____,_________
Mass --__---_-__ -__---_-_------__ 1 Southern State College, Magnolia, Ark--
Michigan, University of, Ann Arbor, Southwest Baptist College, Bollvar,
Mlch---------------------------- 4 MO--- --------------------------
Michigan State University of Agrlcul- Southwest Texas State Teachers College,
ture and Applied Science, East Lans- San Marcos, Tex ----------------__
ing, Mlch-- ----________ - _________ 2 Southwestern Louisiana Institute, La-
Minnesota, University of, Minneapolis, fayette, La- --------------------_
Mlnn__,,________,_______________ 1 Stanford University, Stanford, Calif--
Missouri, University of, Columbia, MO- 1 State Teachers College, Dickinson, N.
Monterey Peninsula College, Monterey, Dak -----------------------------
Callf ---------------------------- 1 State Teachers College, Mankato, Mlnn-
Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, State University-- Teachers College,
Mass--_,,-,__,_________________, 1 Albany, N. Y ______________ -___-_-_ 1
New York, State University of, Ithaca, State University Teachers College,
N. Y,,~,~,,~~~,~--~~,~~~~~~~~~~~ 1 Geneseo, N. Y _____________________ 1
New York University, New York, N. Y- 1 Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pa-, 1

Fellows Fallows
Tarleton State College, Stephenvllle, Virginia, University of, Charlottesville,
Tex ----------------------------- 1 Va ----__--__________-_----------
Tennessee, University of, Knoxville, Virginia State College, Norfolk, Va-,-- f:
Term---------------------------- 2 Washington. University of, Seattle.
Texas, Agricultural Be Mechanical Col- Wash: ---_-_______________-------
lege of, College Station, Tex-- ______ 1 Washington University, St. Louis, No-,
TeFe; Southern University, Houston, Wayne State University, Detroit, Mlch-
-------------------_--------- 1 Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mans-----
Teg,; Technological College, Lubbock, Wheaton College, Wheaton, Ill ____----
_^~--_-~~~--~--_---__________ Wheeling College, Wheeling, W. Va----
Trenton Junior College, Trenton, N. J-- Wiley College, Marshall, Tex __-_-_---
Tufts University, Medford, Nass ______ Wisconsin, University of, Nadlson,
Tulsa, University of, Tulsa, Okla ______ Wls-----------------------------
United States Naval Academy, Annap- Wisconsin Institute of Technology,
olis, Md--- __----- ---___-- ________ Plattevllle, Wls--- ________ - ____ -__
Utah State University, Logan, Utah--- Wlttenberg College, Sprlngfleld, Ohio--
Vassar College, Poughkeepsle, N. Y---, Woman’s College of the University of
Vermont, University of, Burlington, Vt- North Carolina, Greensboro, N. C---
Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacks- Touugsto\vn University, Youngstolvn,
burg, Va------------------------- Ohio-----------------------------


Publications Resulting From Research Grants and Fellowships

Fiscal Year 1958

This bibliography of some 1,3 15 items to facilitate reference use of the compila-
lists all papers published by NSF grantees tion. Grantee items are grouped by
and fellows for which the Foundation National Science Foundation divisions or
received publication information during offices, by programs within each division,
fiscal year 1958. Notification of publica- and alphabetically by grantee institution
tion was usually in the form of a reprint within each program.
or a copy of the paper or book. Approxi- Papers by fellows are listed in “Division
mately 170 grantee institutions and 50 of Scientific Personnel and Education.”
fellowships are represented. Because of The fiscal year 1958 papers are listed
timelags between completion of research under the issuing Journals which are ar-
and publication of results, much of the ranged alphabetically, with fellows listed
experimentation covered by these papers alphabetically under the Journal. Because
was carried on prior to fiscal year 1958, this listing is the first to include fellowship
while the results of a great deal of research reprints, a supplement is included to cover
during fiscal year 1958 will be reported the years 1952-57. Items in this group
in papers appearing in later lists. are arranged alphabetically by fellow.
The arrangement of entries is designed

Division of Biological and Medical Sciences

DliWELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY Tyler, A., and C. B. Metz. Effects of If’er-
tilixin-Treatment of #sperm anal Trljpsin-
UNIVERSITY oli‘ CALIBORNIA, Los Angeles, A. Treatment of Eggs on Homologous and
LANQ Croee-Fertilizatiost in Sea-Urchine. Pub-
Lang, Anton. The Effect of Gibberell&n bllcazloni Stazione Zoologica, Napoll, 27:
upon Flower Formation. Proceedings of the 128-145 (Dec. 1955).
National Academy of Sciences, 43: 709-717 -, Albert0 Monroy, and Charles B.
(Aug. 1957). Metz. Fertilization of Fertilized Sea Urchin
Sachs, Roy M., and Anton Lang. Edect Eggs. Biological Bulletin, 110: 184-195
of Qibberellin on Cell Division in Hyoscya- (Apr. 1956).
mus. Science, 125: 1144-1145 (June 1957).
per, C. A., E. J. Feeley, and E. R. Wltkus.
Everett C., and Robert L. Miller. Moropho- The Cytology of Xanthisma Texanu,m D. C.
logical Integration. 317 pp. Chicago, Illl- IV. Megasporogenesie and Embryo Bat
nols, University of Chicago Press, 1958. Formation, Pollen Mitosis and Embryo For-
CORNELL UNIVERSITY, P. W. GILBERT-Gll- m&ion. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical
bert, Perry W., and F. G. Wood, Jr.kfethod Club, 89: 428434 (Dec. 1956).
of Aneethetixing Large Sharks and Rays HARVARD UNIVERSITP, L. R. CLEVELAND
Safely and Rapidly. Science, lE6: 212-213
(Aug. 1957). Cleveland, A Factual Anazg8f8 of
L. R.
Chromosomal kiovement in Barbulanympha.
FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY, C. B. METZ Journal of Protozoology, 5: 47-62 (1958).
Metz. Charles B. MeChani8m8 in Fer-
tilization, pp. 17-45. In: Physiological Trlg- --. Achromatic Figure Formation bg
gers, U. S. A., 1956. MuZtiple Centriolea of Barbulanympha. Jour-
nal of Protozoology, 4: 241-248 (1957).
-. MeChani8m8 in Fertilization. Jour- -. Additional Observations on Game-
nal of Cellular and Comparative Physiology,
46: 366-367 (Oct. 1955). togeneeis and Fertilization in Trlchonympha.
-. BpeciPc Egg and Sperm b’ubstancee Journal of Protozoology, 4: 164-168 (1957).
and Activation of the Egg. pp. 23-69. In: -. Correlation between the Molting
The Beginnings of Embryonic Development, Period of Cryptocercus and Bexuality in It8
Washington, D. C., American Association for Protoxoa. Journal of Protozoology, #: X68-
the Advancement of Science. 1957. 175 (1957).
Cleveland, L. R. hfovement oj Chromo- SOCIETY FOR THQ STUDY OF DNvELOWUENT
some8 in Spirotrichonympha to OentrMea AND GROWTH, K. V. THIMANN-RUDNICE,
Tn’nstead ot the End8 of CentraZ Swindle. I:FOBOTEEA, ED. Rhgthmio and Synth6tio
Journal oi Protoeoology, -5: 63-68 (1658). P‘rocesres in Growth. The Fifteenth Sym-
-. Type8 and Life Cycles oj Centriolcs Posium of the Society for the Study of De-
of Flagellates. Journal of Protozoology, 4: elopment and Growth. 217 pp. Prince-
230-241 (1957). ::on, New Jersey, Princeton University
P‘ress, 1957.
Moan-Finamore, F. J., and G. T. Crouse. ESTANFORD UNIVBRSITY, D. L. STILWQLL,
_. __. - and NucZdo Aeid Metabolism in Jrr.-Stilwell, Donald L., Jr. The ZnnerVa-
Developing Amphibian Embrpo8. 1. Isolrr- ion of Tendon8 and ApOneWO8e8. American
tion and Chemical Identification ot Acid- s ournal of Anatomy, 100: 289-317 (May
Soluble NucleotZdes. Experimental Cell Re- 1 957).
search, 14: 160-165 (1968). !lTEXAS AGRICUDXTRAL EXP~CRIMENT STATION,
DORF Weaver, Nevin. Edects of Larval Age on
Avron, Mordhay, and Andre T. Jagendorf. Mmorphic Difierentiation oj the Female
Borne Further Znve8tiaatfon8 on ChloropZast
.-. f Ioney Bee. Annals Entomological Society
TPNH Dfaphorase. -Archives of Bloc-hem- 0If America, 50: 283-294 (May 1957).
istry and Biophysics, 7’2: 17-24 (Nov. 1957). Experiment8 on Dfmorphiem in the
Krogmann, David W., and Andre T. Jag- Fe=* Honey Bee. Journal of Economic
A Spectrophotometric A88ag oj the : Dntomolo,--y, 50: 759-761 (Dec. 1957).
Hill Reaction with Ferricyanide. Plant I JNIVERSITY OR WISCONSIN, H. W. Moss-
Physiology, 88: 373-374 (July 1957). AlrAN-Orsini, Margaret Ward. The Vascular
1i’not oj the Hamster Uterus: The PZaCentaZ
t lrterial Suppty and It8 Change8 during
Saunders, John W., Jr., John M. Cairns, cfestation and Poetpartum Involution. Jour-
and Mary T. Gasseling. The Role of the 121 of Morphology, 100: 568-599 (May
Aptcal Ridge oj Ectoderm in the Differen- 1957).
tiation of the dforphological Structure and
Inductive Specificity oj Limb Part8 in the! ’ KITTENBERQ COLLEGE, K. J. NoRsToa-Nor-
Chick. Journal of Morphology, 101: 57-87 EItog, Knut J. Polyembryony in Hierochloe
(July 1957). (jdorata (L.) Beauv. Ohio Journal of Sci-
-and Mary T. Gasseling. The Origin f?ncc, 57: 315-320 (Sept. 1957).
of Pattern and Feather Germ Tract Speci-. ,1UNIVERSITY OF WYO~~ING, C. S. THORNTON-
p&y. Journal of Experimental Zoology, 1 Chornton, Charles Stead. The Edect oj
135: 503-527 (Aug. 1957). lpical Cap Removal on Limb Regeneration
1in Amblystoma Larvae. Journal of Experl-
Kemp, Norman E. Electron Microscopy and1 :mental Zoology, 1.?/1:357-381 (Mar. 1957).
New Frontier8 in Cytology and Histology * .
University of Michigan Medical Bulletin ENVIRONM@NTAL BIOLOGY
rEr&o-Costello, D. P., M. E. Davidson, A . Rasquin, Priscilla. Cytological Evidence
Eggers, M. H. Fox, and C. Henley. Method18 for a Role of the Corpuscle8 oj Stafl.niur in
for Obtaining and Handling Marine Egg8I i!:he Oemoregulation oj Teleoets. Biological
and Embryoe. 247 pp. Woods Hole, Ma& ’ 13ulletin, J: 399-409 (Dec. 1956).
sachusetts, Marine Biological Laboratory, -. Ovarian Morpholog$/ and Early
1957. ’ 1Fmbryologu of the Pediculate Fi8he8 Anten-
NORTHW~STEHN UNIVERSITY, R. C. KING larius and Histrio. Bulletin of the Amer-
King, R. C., and R. 0. Burnett. Oogeneei6f iIcan Museum of Natural History, 114: 331-
in Adult Drosophila Melanogaster. V. Mu.. ’371 -.
Studiee in the Control oj Pigment
tations Which Affect Nurse Uell Nuclei,
Growth, 2.2: 263-280 (Oct. 1967). Cells and Light Reaction8 in Recent TeleO8t
-, -9 and N. A. Staley. Oogeltesif I .Fishes. Part 1. Morphology of the PtneaZ
in Adwlt Drosophila Melanogaster. IV . Region. Part ;e. Reaction8 of the Pig-
Hereditary Ovarian Tumors. Growth, 81,: mentarg System to Hormonal StimuZatton.
239-261 (Sept. 1957). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natu-
rul Illstory, 115: 7-68 (1958).
UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA, W. G. HUTCH. - and Louise M. Stall. EdeCt8 oj Pit-
rasoN--Medill-Brown, M., and W. G. Hutch resein and Water Injection8 on Secretion8
inson. Eflect of Penicillin, Growth Phase 01 Brain and Hypophyeie (n a TeleO8t. Jour-
Ultraviolet Light, altd Ultrasonic Vibrationi ; nal of Comparative Neurology, 107: 273-
on the Ability of Proteus Mirabilis to For-wt 293 (Apr. 1957).
L Type Colonies. Journal of Bacteriology , UNIVERSITY 01 ARIZONA, A. R. MEAD
74: 280-285 (Sept. 1957). Mead. Albert R. Dbease in the Giant
PRINCETON UNIVERSITY, W. P. JACOBS- African’ Snail Aohatina fulica Bowdioh.
Jacobs, William P., and Ielene B. Morrow Science, l&S: 1130-1131 (June 1966).
A Quantitative Study of Xylem Developmen i The Giant African (Kalutara)
in the Vegetative Shoot Apew of Coleus k?nxi Ceylon. Ceylon Forester, 11: 47-80
American Journal of Botany, 44: 823-84: 2 (Jan.-July 1955).
ENDERS-BUCHANAN, G. D. Variation irn Bafnbridge, Richard, and Talbot H. Wa-
Litter Size of Nine-Banded ArmadiZZosf. terman. Polariaed Light and the Orienta-
Journal of Mammalogy, 38: 529 (Nov. 1957) . tiom oj Two Marine Crustacea. Journal of
:: ,: ,+: .:, ,” t :( “S
;: * :I”lh,~“-~.~nl~,~,.:V~.~~~,“, h&b aia,::.,‘,4i..; ?,#,‘,:;i ,_i <%,. <$ t .!‘d,i.‘,, ,.J .,:

Experimental Biology, 3 4: 342-364 (Sept American Museum Novitutes, No. lS35,

lQ57). June 1957, 32 pp.
Williama, Roger W. A New DbtrUWioor b HIGHLANDS BIOLOQICAI, STATION, INC., L. 13.
Record for Culex Salinarius 000: The Ber I ANDERSON
muda Ieland8. Mosquito News, 16’: 29-3( 1 H., Jr. Larvae of Rome Eaton, Theodore
(Mar. 1956). Plethodontid Salamandere. Appatachian
-. Obeervatione on the Breeding Habi -
Herpetologica, la: 303-312 (1956).
tat8 of Some Heleidae of the Bermuda Is Habeeb, Herbert. New HydrachneZZae
land8 (Dip tera) . Proceedings of the Ento, * from North Carolina. Leaflets of Acadian
t mological Society of Washington, 59: 61-t% i Biology, No. 15, July 1957, 8 pp.
:!I (Apr. 1957).
1 -. The Biting MI&gee of the Genus# Stevenson, Henry M. Summer Notes on
ij Culicoides Found in the Bermuda Ialandc AZtitudinaZ Distribution in the Mountain8
9 (Diptera, Heleidae) I 1. A Description 01; of the Southeastern State8 in 1958. Chat,
I, C. Bermudensis N. BP. with a Key to the: 21: 2-S (Mar. 1957).
LocaZ Fauna. Journal of Parasitology, .jg. INDIANA UNIVERSITP, D. G. FREY-Frey,
297-300 (June 1956). David 0. The La,te-UlaciaZ Cladoceran
The Biting Ridges of the Genus I Fauna of a Small Lake. Archiv ftlr Hydro-
.‘$ CuGdes in the Bermuda IeZande (Diptera. biologie, 54: 209-275 (Apr. 1958).
! ? Heleidae). %. A Study oj Their Breeding ; INDIANA UNIVERSITY, S. D. GERKINa-Gerk-
1 i’ Habitat8 and QeographicaZ Distribution. ing, Shelby D. A Method of Sampling the
t .‘,i Journal of Parasitology, /a: 300-305 (Jum ? Littoral Macroja,una and It8 Application.
1956). Ecology. 38: 219-226 (Apr. 1957).
i :; Wirth, Willis
W., and Roger W. Williams. STATE UNIVERSITP OF IOWA, G. E. FOLK, Jr.
: ,‘< The Biting ddfage8 oj the Bermuda Islands. . Farrand, Richard L., G. E. Folk, Jr., and
I: i with Description8 of Five New Specie8 (Dip- Marvin L. Riedesel. Type8 oj Mammalian
j ‘p tera, EZeZeidae). Proceedings of the Ento- Hibernation. Proceedings of the Iowa Acad-
h’ ,’
mologicnl Society of Washington, 59: 5-14 : emy of Science, 68: 724-728 (Dec. 1956).
I! : (Feb. 1957). Folk, G. E., Jr., Twenty-Four Hour
1’ UNIVERSITY 01 CALIFORNIA, La Jolla, B. P.I Rhythm8 of YnmmaZ8 in a Cold Environ-
p ; Brian P., and Elizabeth M. ment. American Naturalist,
jj Bourn-Boden, 91: 153-166
! * Kampa. Records of BioZuminescence in the (May-June 1937):.
Ocean. Pacific Science, 11: 229-235 (Apr. Riedesel, Marvin L. Serum Magnesium
1957). Levels in Yammalian Hibernation. Trans-
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Santa Barbara, actions of the Kansas Academy of Science,
E. R. NoaLa-Noble, Elmer R. BeaeonaZ 60: 99-141 (1957).
Variations in Host-Parasite Relations be- - and G. Edgar Folk, Jr. Serum Mag-
tween Fi,sh and Their Protozoa. Journal nesium Change8 ilz Hibernation. Nature,
of the Marine Biological Association, 36: 177: 68 (Apr. 1956).
Paul J. Some Effect8 of Various Combina- Warren, Katherine Brehme, ed. Cold
tions oj Day and Night Temperatures and Spring Harbor S?lmpoeia on Quantitative
Photoperiod on the Height arowth of Lob- Biology, v. .%fJ.Populatio,n Studies: Animal
ZolZyPine Seedlings. Forest Science, S: 45- EooZogy and Demography. 437 pp. Cold
55 (Mar. 1957)~ spring Harbor, L. I., N. Y., Long Island
EMORY UNIVERSITY, F. H. BoRMANN-BOr- Biological Association, 1957.
mann, F. H. Moisture Transfer between UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI. H. B. MOORHI
Plants through Intertwined Root Systems. Moore, H. B. and 6. L. O’Berry. PZank-
Plant Physiology, S&: 48-55 (Jan. 1957). fort of the Florida Current. IV. Factor8 Zn-
UNIVERSITY OP FLORIDA, A. CARR ‘luencing the Vertical Distribution of Borne
Caldwell, David K., Archie Carr, and Common Copepods. Bulletin of Marine
Thomas R. Hellier, A Nest of the At-
Jr. Science of the Gulf and Caribbean, 7: 297-
_ Leatherback Turtle. Dermochelss 315 (Dec. 1957).
Coriacea Coriacea (Linnaeue), on the At- - and E. G. Corwin. The eflects of
Zantic Coast of Florida, with a Summary remperature, Illumination and Preeeure on
of American Neeting Records. Quarterly !he Vertical Distribution of Zooplankton.
Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences, Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and
18: 279-284 (1955). 3aribbean, 6: 273-287 (Dec. 1956).
-) -, -. Natural History Note8 JNIVERSITY OR MICHIGAN, W. R. DAWSON
on the AtZantic Loggerhead Turtle, Caretta Dawson, William R., and George A. Bar-
Caretta Caretta. Quarterly Journal of the :holomew. MetobOZiC and Cardiac Reeponsee
Florida Academy of Sciences, 18: 292-302 :o Temperature in th.e Lizard Dipsosaurus
(Dec. 1955). lorsalis. The Anatomical Record.-I 128:
--- i53F3
Carr, Archie. Notes on the Zoogeography :July 1957).
oj the Atlantic Sea TUrtk8 of the Uenu8 - and Francis C. Evans. Relation of
Lepidochel ys. Revista de Biologia Tropi- 3rowth and Development to Temperature
cal, 5: 45-61 (1957). 2eguZation in Nestling Field and Chipping
- and Dnvid K. Caldwell. The Ecol- iparrows. Physiological Zoology, SO: 315-
ogy and Rigration oj Sea Turtles, 2. Re- :27 (Oct. 1957).
SuZt8 of Field Work in Florida, 1955. UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI, I?. W. FRANK-
American Museum Novitates, No. 1793, Oct. prank, Peter W., Catherine D. Boll, and
1956, 23 pp. lobert W. Kelly. Vital Statistic8 of Lab-
- and Leonard Giovannoli. The EcoZ- ratory Cultures oj Daphnia PuZea DeQeer
ogp and Migrations oj Sea Turtlee, S. Re- LBRelated to Density. Physiological Zool-
suite oj Field Work in Costa Rica, 1956. gy, 80: 287-305 (Oct. 1957).

SHIELDS-Shields, Lora Mangum, Charles ,ND V. G. LILLY-Berry, Charles R., and
Mitchell, and Francis Drouet. AZgu- crnti f 1. L. Barnett. htode of Parasttisnb and
Lichen-Stabilized gurface Cruets a% Soil I Iost Range of PiptocephaZia Virginiana.
Nitrogen Sources. American Journal of nIlycologla, 19: 374-386 (May-June 1957).
Botany, 44: 489-498 (June 1957). Voom HOLI~ OCEANOGEAPHIC INBTITUTION,
UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO, C. C. HOFP- : :. A. RILnY-Sanders, Howard L The
Hoff, C. Clayton. u8t of the Peeudo- c:ephaZocarida and Crustacean Phylogeny.
scorpions of North America North of Mex- Efystematic Zoology, 6: 112-129 (Sept. 1957).
ico. American Museum Novltates, No. 1875, TWOODSHOLY OCEANOBRAPHIC INSTITUTION,
Feb. 1958, 50 pp. J1. H. RYTHER-Yentech, C. S., and J. H.
NORTH DAKOTA AGRICULTURAL COLLEOHI, 1Xyther. Short-Term Variation8 in Phgto-
G. W. Co%frTA-Comlta, Gabriel W., and &nkton Chlorophyll and Their Signipcanue.
Jean J. Comita. The Interna Dietrlbution Xmnology and Oceanography, S: 140-142,
Pattern8 of a Calanoid Copepod Population, [Apr. 1957).
and a Description of a Modified CZarke- UNIVERSITY OF WYO~%ING,K. R. JOHN-John,
Bumpus Plankton Sampler. Llmnology and Kenneth R. Comparative Rate8 of &WviVaz
Oceanography, t: 321-332 (Oct. 1957). If Normal and Deformed Chub, Glla Atrarla
NORTH DAKOTA AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE, ?irard, in Two Ocean Lake, Teton County,
L. D. POTTER-Potter, Loren D. Phyto. Wyomillg. Proceedings of the Pennsylvania
sociologicat Study of San Augustin Plains, eicademy of Science, $1: 77-82 (1967).
New Mexico. Ecological Monographs, 87 :
113-136 (Apr. 1957).
Alcala, Angel C., and Walter C. Brown.
Discovery of the Frog Cornufer guentheri 1JNIVERSITY OIF CALIFORNIA, Los Angeles, C.
on Negro8 I8Zand, Philippines, with Obser- BlaLINo
and Wm. R. Lower.
vatione on It8 Life History. Herpetologlca, Epliug, Carl,
13: 182-184 (1957). (Xanges in an Inversion System during a
Yvndred Qeneration8. Evolution, 11: 248-
Brown, Walter C., and Angel C. Alcala. !56 (June 1957).
ViabiZitv of Lizard Egg8 Exposed to Sea -, Donald F. Mitchell, and R. H. T.
Water. Copeia, No. 1. 39-41 (Apr. 1957). blattoni. The Relation of an Inversion KQs-
UNIVERSITY OIT VIRGINIA, B. D. REYNOLDS :em to Recombination in Wild Populatione.
Cheng, Thomas C. A Study of the Yeta- Evolution, 11: 226-247 (June 1957).
cercaria of Crepidostomum cornutum (08. UNIVERSITY 0~ CALIBORNIA, Los Angeles,
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