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UNIVERSITI TUN HUSSEIN ONN MALAYSIA Lampiran B

FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL DAN PEMBUATAN

LESSON PLAN

SUBJECT DETAILS

SEMESTER / SESSION :2008/2009/2

SUBJECT CODE :BDA 3043

SUBJECT : THERMODYNAMICS II

STUDENT’S ACADEMIC LOAD :

Learning Activities Total Hours / Sem


Lectures 42
Tutorials 14
Labs -
Self Learning 57
Others 7
Total Study Hours (TSH) 120
LECTURER / INSTRUCTOR / : En. Md Zin b Ibrahim (S3,S4,S5) (Bilik: E03-10
TUTOR Tel: 074537795)
Dr. Ahmad Jais Bin Alimin (sek:6) ajais@uthm.edu.my
Dr. Hamidon Bin Salleh (sek:7) hamidon@uthm.edu.my
En. Winardi Sani Sek:5) winardi@uthm.edu.my
PREREQUISITE SUBJECT : Thermodynamics I

(A) SYNOPSIS

The course emphasizes on the application of thermodynamics laws in engineering applications,


exposing the working principle of power plants, machines and engines that operate based on
thermodynamics system. The systems include steam and gas power plants, heat pump and
refrigeration system, reciprocating compressor, internal combustion engines and non reactive
mixtures, and cooling tower system.

Prepared by : Approved by :

Signature : Signature :

Name : Mr Md Zin b Ibrahim Name : Dr. Ahmad Jais Alimin

Date : 20 December 2008 Date : 23 December 2008


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(B) GOALS The goal of this course is to enhance the understanding,


knowledge, and skills of the students in thermodynamics
applications.

(C) OBJECTIVES

The objectives of this course are to enable the students to:

(1) apply thermodynamic theories to Engineering applications.


(2) analyze the thermodynamics cycles and systems to determine their performance and
behaviors
(3) evaluate thermodynamics cycles and systems based on their performance and
characteristics.

(D) LEARNING OUTCOMES

At the end of this course, the students would be able to:

(1) interpret the processes of the thermodynamic cycle and translates it into a schematic and
property diagram such as the T-s, p-h and p-v diagram.
(2) apply the theories and related techniques to determine the characteristics of the
thermodynamic cycles and thermal systems such as the efficiency, the work ratio, and the
working fluid consumption rate.
(3) evaluate the performances of studied power plants, compressors, refrigeration systems, and
internal combustion engines based on their characteristics.
(4) apply the laws of mixture to obtain the properties and characteristics of gas to gas mixture
and gas to vapor mixture.
(5) communicate and work effectively in a group through given assignments and presentations.

(E) SYLLABUS AND LESSON PLAN

WEEK TOPICS

1-3 1. STEAM POWER PLANT


1.1 The Principle of Heat Engine and the Second Law of Thermodynamics.
1.2 Carnot Cylce
1.3 The Practical Steam Power Plants
1.4 Rankine Cycle
1.5 Perfomance Criteria of a Steam Power Plant.
1.6 Rankine Cycle with Superheated Steam
1.7 Rankine Cycle with Reheating and Regeneration.

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WEEK TOPICS

4-5 2. GAS TURBINES


2.1 Air Standard Assumptions
2.2 Ideal Bryton Cycle vs. the Actual Cycle
2.3 Performance and Efficiency of the Cycle
2.4 Modifications of the Basic Cycle (Regeneration: the use of Intercooler
and Reheater)

6-7 3. RECIPROCATING COMPRESSOR


3.1 Work Cycle, Indicated Work and Power, and Conditions for Minimum
Work.
3.2 Compressors with Clearance
3.3 Performance Criteria of the Compressor (Mechanical Efficiency,
Isothermal Efficiency and Volumetric Efficiency)
3.4 Multistage Compressors.
Test 1
8-9 4. REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS
4.1 Reversible Heat Engine
4.2 Vapor Compression Cycle
4.3 Coefficient of Performance for Refrigeration System
4.4 The Practical Refrigeration Cycle
4.5 Refrigeration Load
4.6 Multi Stage Compression Refrigeration Cycle and Flash Chamber
4.7 Cascade Refrigeration System
4.8 Absorption Refrigeration System

10-11 5. INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE


5.1 Types and Classifications of IC Engine
5.2 Otto, Diesel and Dual Combustion Cycle
5.3 Engine Knocking Phenomena
5.4 IC Engine Performance Criteria ( Indicated Power, Brake Power, Mean
Effective Pressure, Specific Fuel Consumption)
5.5 Morse Test
Group Presentations

12-13 6. MIXTURES
6.1 Gas Mixture Composition
6.2 Gravimetric and Volumetric Analysis
6.3 Dalton and Amagat Law
6.4 Vapor and Gas Mixture
6.5 Psychometric Chart
6.6 Cooling Tower
14 Test 2

FINAL EXAMS

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(F) REFERENCES

Main References :

(1) Chengel Y.A. & Boles M.A, (2004), “Thermodynamics: An Engineering


Approach”, McGraw Hill.
(2) Eastop T.T & McConkey A., (1993), “Applied Thermodynamics For
Engineering Technologist: Fifth Edition”, Longman, Essex.
(3) Rogers G.F.C., & Mayhew Y.R., (1993), “Engineering Thermodynamics”, Black
Well.
Other
References :

(1) Van Wyle G.J., Sonntag R.E. & Borgnakke C., (1994), “Fundamentals of
Classical Thermodynamics” John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Canada.
(2) D.R. Spalding and E.H. Cole ; Engineering Thermodynamics ; Edward Arnold
3rd Edition ; 1978.
(3) Md. Razali Ayub dan Mohammad Zainal Mohd Yusof, Termodinamik Gunaan
untuk Ahli Teknologi Kejuruteraan; Penerbit UTM, Skudai, 1996.
(4) J.R. Howel, R. O Buckins; Fundamental of Enginering Thermodynamics ;
McGraw Hill.

(G) ASSESMENT SCHEME

1. Test 1 : 20%
2. Test 2 : 20%
3. Group Assignment/ : 10%
4. Group Presentation : 10 %
5. Final Examination : 40%

(H) ATTENDANCE AND RULES DURING LECTURE


(1) Students must attend lectures not less than 80% of the contact hours for every subject
including Compulsory Attendance Subjects (Hadir Wajib – HW) and Attendance Only
Subjects (Hadir Sahaja – HS).

(2) Students who do not fulfill (1) will not be allowed to attend further lectures and sit for
any further examination. Zero mark (0) will be given to students who fail to comply
with (1). While for Compulsory Attendance Subjects (Hadir Wajib – HW), those who
fail to comply with (1) will be given Failure Attendance (Hadir Gagal – HG).

(3) Students must obey all rules and regulations of the university and must discipline
themselves in order to avoid any disciplinary actions against them.

(4) Student must obey safety regulations during learning and teaching process.

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