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XIX

16-33

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35-68


69-100

-
101-137

,
139-184

185-247


249-284

13

285-321


323-371



373-497

10


. :

499-578

14

!
579-586

587-588


589-606

607-611

The resume
613-616

15



XIX


X I X


* (17471828)
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XIX .
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Bak, 1998, s. 46-47.
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18


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X I X

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447, . 239-240.
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20


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. I (1825-1855)
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1890, . 122.
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21


X I X

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. . , 1954, . 85-86.
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22


X I X

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, .VII, . 586, . 619-620; .. . ., . 107.
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23


X I X

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1828
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1
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.. . ., . 107-111.
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24


X I X


, ,
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, 1911 :
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,

.. . T.I. , 1972, .72.


.. :
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3
(). . , .III. 1828, .,
1830. .272-273; , .VII, .437, .487; .: 8, 5 9, 2.
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2

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25


X I X

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26


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, .II, . 1436, .702-705.
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.: 200. , 2005.
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27


X I X

, , , , , ,
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, 1805
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1978 , 150-
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150, 150-
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1988 ,

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28


X I X

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29


X I X



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XVIII . 1 ,

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30


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31


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37

1411
[164, 139].
[164, 139].
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[164, 140].
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39

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52

, 1755

* [105, 136; 95, 161; 82, 5].



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[105, 231].

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[95, 161].

[105, 137, 232; 95, 163; 82, 5].

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2 ].
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53

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5 ].
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[214, 185; 200, 9].

(1797-1834). [115,

* [60, 6].
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[99, 67].
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[200, 8]. .. 1785 [41, II, 177],
1779 [82, 5]. ,

, 1784 .
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54

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[200, 9].
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[26, . 1256, . 626; 188, 113]. ,
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[.: 127, 30].
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55

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[26, . 1256,
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[98, 285286]. 17 1806 .
[.: 27, . 792, .421],
.
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. 129, .69-70; . 424, .232; 95, 167; 82, 5; 200, 16-17].

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[200, 17]. ,

, [98, 295].

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[.: 200, 17-18].
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.) .
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[.: 200, 17-18].
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56

,
*,
[.: 8, II, 63; 177, 515; 127, 96; 200,
18].
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, 1747
1827 , - .
.

* , ba (, )
sr sar (, ), , Sar
Aslan [.: 8, II, 63; 127, 96; 200, 18].
Aslanlar ba ( ) [.: 59, 62; 177,
515].
..

57

, ()
:

( XIV 1410 )
(1410-1413)
( ) (1420- )
( ) (1440- )
(1440- )
(1460- )
( 1515 )
( 1550 )
(1550-1575)
(1576-1583)
(1583)
(1577)
( 1604 )
(1604/5-1625)
(1625-1635)
(1635)
(1636-1639)
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(1652/53-1659/60)
(1659/60-1663)
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(1674-1675)

* - XVIII , [105,156],
, ,
. ,
- (1639)
[66,129].
** [66,140].
*** , [105, 156; 82, 4].
( ) [104, 63],
[104, 80, 84, 88].
..

58

**** (1675-1679)
***** (1679-1688)
****** (1688-1691)
(1691-1694)
(1694-1699)
() (1699-1705)
(1705-1709)
(1709-1719)
(1719-1725)
(1725-1728)
(1728-1734)
(1734)
(1734)
(1735)
(1736)

**** [105, 156].


, [66,
182; 104, 102]. XIX [82, 4].
***** , [82, 4]. ,
, , [66, 195].
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:
, : ,1938: [ . . , 1938].
. . , 1969.
. ( ,
..). , 1973.
: : , ,
, : : : [ .
.
. , 1873].
, . I. , 1881.
..

59

2
:

()* (1747-1748)
** (1748-1751)
*** (1751-1755)
(1755-1759)
( ) (1759/60****1783, )
( ) (1783-1784,
*****)
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) (1797,
)
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[.: 221, 93].
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[ .: 1, . 52].
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, [ .: 1, . 53-54].
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[.: 200, 17].
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1807 . , 10 1806 , ,
[.: 27, . 129, . 69-70].
..

60

. . , 1989.

, . , 1991.
, . II. , 1868.

, . III. , 1869.

.. -. , 1991.
, .I. , 1881.

..

. ., 1852.

Brydges H.J. The dynasty of the Kajars, translated from original Persian

manuscript. New York, Arno Press, 1973.

Bournoutian G.A. The khanate of Erevan under Qajar rule 1795-1828,

Mazda Publishers in association with Bibliotheca Persica. Costa Mesa,


California and New York, 1992.

[ . -. , 1329].

: : , ,

, :
: :[ . .

. , 1873].

..

61

1.
(XIII ).
: . . . ., 1939, . 101.

..

62

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Bournoutian G.A. The khanate of Erevan under Qajar rule 1795-1828, Mazda
Publishers in association with Bibliotheca Persica, Costa Mesa. California and
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Publishers in association with Bibliotheca Persica. Costa Mesa, California and New York,
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156

1
2

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4
6

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11
13
15

..
. ., 1852, .441-446.
Bournoutian .A. The khanate of Erevan under Qajar rule 1795-1828, Mazda Publishers in association with Bibliotheca Persica, Costa Mesa, California and New York, 1992. p.35-38.

*
(, , ) .
[.: 110, 292]. 1829
, ( 1850
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157

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158

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11


[, . 1, ].

:
1. , .IV. ., 1836. .290-291.
2. ..
. ., 1852, .468, 687.
3. , .I, , 1881, ( ).

4. Lynch H.F.B., Armenia, Travels and Studies, 2 vol. 1901, .280.


5. Bournoutian G.A. The khanate of Erevan under Qajar rule 1795-1828, Mazda
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..

159

1 ()
2
3
4
5


()

(ski
hr)

(ski
hr)
(ski
hr)

8
( )

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:
1. , .IV. ., 1836, .290-291.
2. ..
. ., 1852, .469.
3. Bournoutian .A. The khanate of Erevan under Qajar rule 1795-1828, Mazda
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* . 1836
9 .
..

160

1.
.

: Lynch H.F.B., Armenia, Travels and Studies, vol. 2, 1901, p. 213


..

161

2.
.

: . ( . .). , 1980, .318

3.

: Bournoutian .A. The khanate of Erevan under Qajar rule 1795-1828,

Mazda Publishers in association with Bibliotheca Persica, Costa Mesa,


California and New York, 1992, p. 41
*
[95, 686]. ., ,
.

4.

: ., ., . . ., 1968, .66

5.

: ., ., . . ., 1968, .75

..

166

6.

. 1655

: ., ., . . ., 1968, .62

7.
,
. 1672

: ., ., . . ., 1968, .62

..

167

8.
. 1837

: ., ., . . ., 1968, .76

..

168

9.
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: ., ., . . ., 1968, .71

..

169

10.

: . - . ., 1969, .143

..

170

11.

: (
).
I-V, ., 1904

..

171

1. -

: ..
XIX . , 1959, .143

2.

: , .I, , 1881

3. . 1820
: Bournoutian .A. The khanate of Erevan under Qajar rule
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12.
(XIX )

13.

, - (1811-1893)

14.

, - (1811-1893)
..

182

4.
XVIII
: . , 2007, .34

..

183

15.
.

(XIX )

..

184

, ,
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, XIX
[.: 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40
]. ,

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.
,
..

187

,
[95, 901-911].
.,
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200 [95, 901-911].
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188

- [95, 917]. ,

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. XVIII
, ,
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,

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, .
, , , . [.:
24, 25 ].
-

(
04.04.1946
). ,
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,
[Nemtova M. srlrin da yadda. Bak, Elm, 1987, s.40-41].
, ,
, 12 5
[.:
1, 2 ]. 1414
,
. 50
, ,
..

189

. . , ,
, ,
,
.
,

[ .
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... , 1961, .68-75].

- .
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, [ ..
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1986, . 250-251; .: 4 ]. ,
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190

.


, .

.

.
[107, 481].
[.: 27, 28 ].

,
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.
1510-1517 ,
.
XIX , , , (790 850 ), 7 .
4,5 . 10,5 12 . -, - - . .
36-42 .

.
2450 . , 53 ,
.
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[.: 5, 6 ].
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191

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, . 16721673 , ,
, 2
[10, 21-22]. , , , , [10, 21-22].
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3 ].

. 1815-1817
, , , , , .
, 1840
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[.: 8, 4]. .
-, ,
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.

, ..

192

. , , , ,
.

(1764-1783) .

. ,
,
[Krimov Krim. Irvan srdarnn saray. Yeni fikir qzeti, 1995,
18 oktyabr, 5].
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. [.:
7, 8, 9, 10, 11 ].
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. ( XIX .) , , ,
.

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194

. ( ), , ,
[Krimov Krim. . .].

[Krimov Krim.
. .].
.
: , ,
.
. ,
[101, 216].
, ,
, , ,
, , , [101, 217; 215, 181].
.,
1827-1828 , ,
, [Krimov
Krim. . .].
50- XIX ,
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. (18251875). , ,
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..

195

,
, , (
) . ,
( , .). 1860-70-
, , ,
,
, -
, - [ASE, VI, Bak, 1980, s.517-518; .: 12, 13
].
,
, , . , , - .
, , , .

,
. [Krimov
Krim. . .].
, ,
1918 , .
. ,
1510
. ,
, . ,
..

196

, 1918 ,
[113, 449].
,
, ,
1929 , , ,
. ,
, . , , :
Zmane ah Abbas cnntmkan,
z u kt abad mulke-cahan
[ , . 4, , 1929, .299].
. , ,
. ,
. ,
, ,
1685
[ , 4, 1929, .299].

8 . . ,
,
, , , ,
, [95, 468].
, .
(Gy mscid), - ,
.
1760-1768 .
-,
1616 , . 97,2
66 . ,
.
..

197

1988 .
, 10 , ,
.
, ( ), .
XVII-XVIII [.:
14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 ].
1725 ,
XIX , .

. . .

. , ,
,
.
, ,
1988 [113, 452; .: 23 ].
, , XIX
, , 8 ,
,
.
8 , .
, ,
. , ,
. . : 1. (); 2. ; 3. ; 4.
; 5. ; 6. ; 7.
; 8. [95, 469].
..

198


- ,
,
, , . ,
.
.
, , ,
.

.
, , , [.: 29, 30
].
, ,
.
, . , , [.: 31, 32, 33 ].

.

.
1 1827
[177, 361].

. 1924
, 461
473. . ,
.
145 261 217. - .
, . , - , ,
..

199

.
, , .
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.
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. 1825-1826
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.

( ). , [170, 98].
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200

,
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, 1543 , ,
[ .
. III , , 2001, .75; .: 26
].

. , ,
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. 1470
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, 500
, , -, , ,
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. , . 1988
.
.

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201

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[.: 34
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. , ,
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30-40-
.

, , ,
. ( , .4, , 1929),
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(1868-1938),
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.
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,
. 1938 , . [121, 67, 73].
.
.

..

202

, 1657
.
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, . , ,
.
- 1812 ,
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, ,

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. , . ,
, - 1950
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544].
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. 201-
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. 239-
[121, 544].
..

203

2001 245 . , ,
, ,
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300
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2814.
, ,
, , ,
, , , ,
[Mdtli E. Smd Srdariniyanin 245 shiflik Irvan
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.
.
(1470-1535)
. ,
,
XV-XVI .

..

204

(1754-1860), .
(1800-1911). ,
,
(1821-1926).
1918 , - [Sazl-szl Gy. Bak, 1999, s.13].

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.
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.
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.
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..

205

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, , ,
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[95, 909-910].
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. . V . , 1937,
.393].

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. ,

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[10, 23, 28].
..

206

, XVII
.
,
.
,
. .
:
. ,
: ,
, , , [.:
Abbasov . Azrbaycan folkloru XX sr ermni mnblrind. Bak,
1977, s. 65].

150
,
(
.), , , ,
- [.: Abbasov
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, ,

. ,
,
( .)
.

,
, XV-XVI .
, XIX
. ,

..

207

,
. ( )
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.
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,
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, ,
.
,
.
. ,
, ,
. ( .)
,
[.: Abbasov . Azrbaycan folkloru XX sr ermni
mnblrind, s. 102].
XVII ,
.
.

, , , ,
XVIII .
, :
- ,
[Yerevanl . Azri-ermni dbi laqlri. rvan, 1968, s.282].
,
- ,

, , XVII-XVIII
, XIX ,
.
., ..

208

,
, ,
. ,

,
.
,
,
.

.

..

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"-"

2394

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2845

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2
4

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2842
3055

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3581

"-"

3229

6
8
9

10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23

"-"
"-"
"-"
"-"
"-"
"-"
"-"
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3228
3411
3417
3443
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6640

4529
6438
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7009

7315

7197
7316
7318

..

210

24

"-"

7351

26

"-"

7693

25
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55

"-"
"-"
"-"
"-"
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7653

7694

1876

7702

1831

7667
7707

1759
1611

7709

1620 (1608)

7716

7715

1687 (1688)

7717

1695

7891

8021

1802

8099

7782
7997
8084
8338

1784
?

1810

8361

1696

8540

1799-1807

8715
8725

8397
8605

1666

1676 (1667)

8738

8764

8741
8820
8831

8967

9003

8968

1556

: Abbasov . Azrbaycan folkloru XIX sr ermni mnblrind. Bak, 1977, s.46-47.


..

211

1.

: ..
.
. . ... ., 1961, .72

..

212

2.

: .
, .3. , 2001, .175

..

213

3.
-
: . ( . .).
, 1890, . 275

..

214

4.
-
: .
. , 1986, . 311

..

215

5.
,
(XIX )

6.

: . ( . .). , 1890, .455.

..

218

7.

: . ( . .). , 1890, .309.

..

219

8.
()

: . ( . .). , 1890, . 310.

9.
()

: . ( . .). , 1890, . 310.

..

220

10.

: ., ., . . ., 1068, . 66.

11.
.

: ., I. rmenian Acts of Cultural Terrorism.


Ankara, 1997, p. 46.
..

221

12.
.
: (), . VI, .312

..

222

13.
.
: (), . VI, .313

..

223

14.
. , XVIII
, ..

..

224

15.
.

: ., ., . . ., 1968, . 64

16.

: ., ., . . ., 1968, . 64

..

225

17.

: Lynch H.F.B., Armenia, Travels and Studies,


vol. 2, 1901, p. 214

..

226

18.

: ., ., . . ., 1968, . 65

..

227

19.
- .
(XIX )

20.

(XIX )

..

228

21.
, . 1910
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22.
( ),

1988
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..

229

23.
- .
,

. 1988

..

230

24.
-.

: ., ., . .
., 1968, . 71

..

231

25.
- .
: ., ., . .
., 1968, . 70

..

232

26.
(XII )

: . .
, 2004, .192

..

233

27.
.

: ., ., . . ., 1968, . 74

..

234

28.
.

: ., ., . . ., 1968, . 89

..

235

29.

..

236

30.
*

: http://www.gudman-stroy.ru/article2/images/kover_armen.jpg
*
- .

..

237

31.
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1.

2.
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:
Bournoutian .A. The khanate of Erevan under Qajar rule 1795-1828,
Mazda Publishers in association with Bibliotheca Persica,
Costa Mesa. California and New York, 1992, p. 56

3.
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: (
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367

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223. . du chevalier Chardin , et autres

licus de Orient. . . Amsterdam, 1735, Paris 1811.

224. . - . -

, 1716.

..

606




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611

THE IREVAN KHANATE

the Russian invasion and resettlement of Armenians in the territory


of Northern Azerbaijan

The resume

The resume

In the book offered to the readership is


spoken about one of the Azerbaijan states
having played the significant role in the history of Southern Caucasus- the Irevan
khanate (1747-1828). History of the Irevan
khanate is an integral part of the rich spiritual and material culture of Azerbaijan people created in the course of several
millennia.
In the recent past- in the beginning of
the XIX century the territory of present Armenian Republic was a part of the territory
of the Azerbaijan state Irevan khanate. Territories, on which the Irevan khanate had
been emerged, are the ancient lands of the
Azerbaijan Turks. The important historical
events and processes which had found reflections in the heroic epos of Azerbaijan
and other Turkic peoples Kitabi-Dede
Gorgud had occurred just in this region of
Azerbaijan. Oghuz khagan from which
Oghuz-Turks have taken their genealogical
origin lived just here- on the outskirt lands
of the Goycha Lake,* died and were buried
here. Many of other Oghuz-Turk warlords
lived, died and had been buried here- on
their ancestors homeland.
Up to the Russian invasion in the beginning of the XIX century overwhelming
majority of population in the Irevan khanate
was made by the Azerbaijan Turks. In the
capital of the khanate- in the ancient city of
Irevan, lived only the Azerbaijan Turks. Medieval sources also confirm belonging of
this city to Azerbaijan. Ibrahim
Rahimizadeh, being the secretary of the sultan during the Ottoman campaigns of the
XVI century wrote that Irevan is the apple
of the eyes of the Azerbaijan lands. Even
after the invasion by Russia in the beginning
* In 1930 the historical Azerbaijan name of the
Lake Goycha was renamed by Armenians to
Sevan.

..

614

of the XIX century the population of Irevan city consisted of the Azerbaijan Turks. B.Jelikhovskaya writes: In view Irevan is entirely a Tatar (Azerbaijan - editor) city.
Being the second after the Irevan city and situating on the left bank of the river
Araz Sardarabad was one of majestic medieval fortresses of Azerbaijan. In Sardarabad
fortress, except for the sardars palace and the huge garden belonging to the sardar there
were roughly 700 houses, 1 mosque, row of 33 shops, 16 mills, 4 factories on manufacture of oil, set of other craft works. This city, as well as other monuments of Azerbaijan, was wiped off the face of the Earth.
In the territory of the Irevan khanate samples of material culture of the Azerbaijan
people - settlements, cities had been erected; thousands of historical monumentsfortresses, mosques, minarets (prayers tower), caravansaries, bath-houses had been
built. In the territory of the khanate were a great deal of ancient Oghuz-turk graveyards
and a lot of other gravestone monuments, including gochbashi (ram-head) statues belonging to the Azerbaijan people. All the place names- toponyms also belonged to the
Azerbaijan people.
However in the beginning of the XIX century in Southern Caucasus began the period of bloody tragedies. After bloody battles and protracted sieges Russian troops managed to seize the fortresses of Sardarabad and Irevan. The Irevan khanate was invaded.
The commander-in-chief of the Russian troops Paskevich was awarded with the title of
count Erivanski, the second degree Cross of St. George and the money premium in
amount of 1 million roubles. Seizure of the Irevan fortress was celebrated in Saint Petersburg with special official parade and special medals were instituted.
After the victory over Iran and Turkey, the Russian invaders under the clauses of
Turkmenchay (1828) and Adirna (1829) contracts, began mass resettlement of Armenians from these states to the lands of Northern Azerbaijan, in particular to the territories
of Irevan, Nakhchivan, Garabagh khanates and the lands of present Republic of Georgia where Azerbaijanis lived. This fact is proved with numerous archival documents.
Armenians were moved to the territory of Northern Azerbaijan purposefully, i.e. to
create for them the permanent homeland. Despite of mass resettlement of Armenians, the
imperial government bodies not at once managed to change a demographic situation in
the Irevan khanate. Russian general Paskevich who had realized the invasion of the Irevan khanate was obliged to recognize that even after the resettlement of Armenians there
three quarters of population in the Irevan lands were made by the Azerbaijan Turks.
In due course, with the purpose of liquidation of historical state traditions and consciousness of independence of the Azerbaijani people, the Russian colonizers began to
carry out administrative-territorial reforms. On March, 21, 1828 according to the decree
of Emperor Nicolas I, Irevan and Nakhchivan khanates of Azerbaijan were liquidated,
and in their territory for Armenians moved from Iran and Turkey the fictious Armenian province was created. Thus the first step on the way of creation of the Armenian
state in Southern Caucasus, to be exact, in the territories of Irevan and Nakhchivan
khanates was made.
After resettlement of Armenians Southern Caucasus stepped to the period of bloody
massacres. Having been armed and supported by the Russian invaders, the Armenian
..

615

armed formations started to pursue a policy of genocide against the Azerbaijani people.
With the purpose of carrying out the invasive plans in Southern Caucasus great powers
began to use Armenians and in exchange for it they tried their best for creation their
state on the lands of North Azerbaijan former Irevan and Nakhchivan khanates.
At last on May 29, 1918 under pressure of great powers the government of the newly
established Azerbaijan Democratic Republic conceded the ancient Azerbaijan city of
Irevan with adjoining area of 9, 5 sq. km to Armenians. On the conceded Northern Azerbaijan lands- in the territories of former Irevan khanate the Armenian state was created.
It is an incontestable historic fact that in Southern Caucasus had never been the Armenian state before. Today in the given territory Armenians completely have destroyed
all monuments of material - spiritual culture and toponyms of Azerbaijan. As a result of
bloody policy pursued by the support of great powers in the territories, where in the recent past the overwhelming majority of the population was made by the Azerbaijan
Turks, today does not live any Azerbaijani.
The book The Irevan khanate: the Russian invasion and resettlement of Armenians
in the territory of Northern Azerbaijan, made by the staff of authors from employees of
the History Institute, the Azerbaijan Republic National Academy of Sciences is worked
out with the purpose of unmasking falsifications and to make the world community
aware of the scientific truth, to be exact, the real history. Written on the basis of incontestable primary sources, including numerous archival documents and even the Armenian sources, the book The Irevan khanate: the Russian invasion and resettlement of
Armenians in the territory of Northern Azerbaijan proves, that the territory on which
today the state called the Armenian Republic has been formed, in the recent past and during all history was the Azerbaijan land. Native populations of these lands were Azerbaijanis. But the Armenian is the alien ethnos resettled in Southern Caucasus by the
tsarist Russia. The territory of the Armenian Republic on which the stated ethnos lives
is the Azerbaijan land. As long as Azerbaijan people live, this truth will also live.



2010, ,
620

..


1009
.,
. 143
.: (+994 12) 596 36 60
: (+994 12) 596 36 86
.: (+994 50) 216 78 57
(+994 50) 443 80 07
regionlariib@yahoo.com region.00@rambler.ru
ISBN: 978-9952-813 4-6-3

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