Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 69
Srila Jiva Goswami’s Brahma-saiihita Commentary Text 1 iévarah paramah krsnah sac-cid-ananda-vigrahah anadir adir govindah sarva-karana-Kéranam isvarah—the controller, paramah--supreme,, krsnah--Lord Krsna, sat comprising eternal existence;, cit~-absolute knowledge,, ananda~and absolute bliss,, vigrahah--whose form,, anadih~-without beginning,, adih—the origin;, govindah--Lord Govinda;, sarva-kérana-Kéranam-the cause of all causes, Krsna who is known as Govinda is the Supreme Godhead. He has an eternal blissful spiritual body. He is the origin of all. He has no other origin and He is the prime cause of all causes.** Commentary by Srila Jiva Gosvami Mangalcarana srekrsna-riipa-mahima mama citte mahiyacam, yasya prasidad vyak-kartum iechami brahma-sarihitam Within my heart 1 worship the splendor of Lord Krsna's transcendental form. 1 desire that by Lord Krsna's mercy 1 will be able to explain the verses of Brahma- sambita duryopanapi yuktartha survicarad rsi-smrtih vicdre tu mamatra syd rsindmh sa rsir gatih Although the Brahma-samhita is a very difficult book, the commentaries of the sages have made it easy to understand. My words follow their explanations. yadyapy adhyaya-sata-yuk sambita s8 tathapy asau adhyayah sitra-rapatvat tasyah sarvangatamn gatah Although the Brahma-samhita contains one hundred chapters, because this, chapter briefly describes Lord Krsna's transcendental form, it is the best srimad-bhagavatadyesu drstam yan mrsta-buddhibhih tad evatra paramrstarh tato hrstam mano mama The same transcendental sweetness the pure-hearted devotees see in srimad- Bhagavatam and other Vaisnava-sistras is also present in the Brahma-samhita. For this reason my heart is now happy. yad yac chri-krsna-sandarbhe vistarad viniropitam, atra tat punar amssya vyakhyatun sprsyate maya After due reflection, in this book 1 have lightly touched on the same topics more elaborately explained in my Sri Krsna- sandarbha. L Krsna. Srimad Bhagavatam (1.3.28) explains “All of the above-mentioned incarnations are either plenary portions or portions of the plenary portions of the Lord, but Lord Sri Krsna is the original Personality of Godhead.* Brahma-samhita begins with a similar declaration of the supremacy of Lord Krsna. In this verse the Supreme Personality of Godhead is specifically identified as Lord Krsna. As the name Lord Krsna is spoken first in the passage bepinning “Krsnavatarotsava" and other statements of Srila Sukadeva Gosvami and other great souls, as the name of Krsna is given first in the statement "krsnaya vasudevaya devaki-nandanaya" of the Sama Upanisad, as the name of Krsna is given first in Garga Muni's revelation of the Lord's holy names, and as the example “payasa kumbham purayati" is also given, in the same way this verse of Brahma- samhita gives the name Krsna first because the form of Lord Krsna is the origin of all other forms of Godhead That Krsna is the most important name of the Supreme Personality of Godhead is explained in the Padma Purana, Prabhasa-khanda, where, ina conversation between Narada and Kusadhvaja, the following words of the Supreme Personality of Godhead are repeated "O Arjuna, of all My holy names, Krsna is the most important." The importance of the name Krsna is also confirmed in the Brahmanda Purana, Sri Krsnastottara-sata-nama-stotra, where Lord Krsna says "The pious results derived from chanting the thousand names of Lord Visnu three times can be attained by only one repetition of the holy name of Krsna."* In the first verse of Brahma-samhita the name "Govinda" is also given. This name is given to Lord Krsna because He is the master of the spiritual surabhi cows. Because Lord Krsna is all-powerful, the first verse of Brahma-samhita describes Him as “isvara". Lord Krsna is also described in these words of Srimad- Bhagavatam (10.8.13 and 15). "Your son Krsna appears as an incarnations in every millennium. In the past He assumed three different colours: white, red, and yellow, and now He has appeared ina blackish colour."* “rom this son of yours there are many forms and names according to His transcendental qualities and activities. These are known to me, but people in general do not understand them."* In these verses the word “asya" (of Him) refers to Lord Krsna “anuyugam, means “in every millennium’, *tanuh" means "the forms of various incarnations", “prhnatah" means "manifests", "varnas trayah” means "the colours beginning with white", and “asan" means "manifested. In these verses Garga Muni says, "In Satya yuga and other yugas the Lord appeared in a white form and forms of other colours, but now (idanim) He has appeared in His original form, the form of Lord Krsna (kxrsnatam gatah), Because Lord Krsna is the original, the best form of the Personality of Godhead, the name Krsna is the most important of His names, and the other forms of Godhead (bahuni rupani) are manifested from the original form, Krsna, That the transcendental qualities of the name Krsna make it the most important of God's names is confirmed in the following statement of Vaisnava literature AAAAARIARAARAHABAARAAARAARKARAAAN (Missing) In this way the name Krsna is described. The verse of Vaisnava literature does not accept any other name as the most important name of God. In the Astadasaksara-mantra-vyakhya of both the Upasana Tantra and the Gautamiya Tantra the following similar verse may be seen: “The word "krs" means ‘eternal transcendental existence" and ‘na’ means “spiritual pleasure". When the verb "krs" is added to the affix "na", it becomes Krsna, which indicates the eternally blissful Absolute Truth." The word "bhu" comes from the verb "bhu", which may mean “to be" or “toattract". In the quotation from Vaisnava literature the word is interpreted to mean “attraction” and in the quote from Gautamiya Tantra, "bhu" is interpreted to mean “existence” The word "bhu" may thus be interpreted to mean "existence", but in this, case it may not be interpreted to mean "movement" or "generalness". The primary meaning is "attraction". The secondary meaning is “existence”. The meanings