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Tony robInson

Awards founder and CEO of UKIP Media & Events

Graham Johnson

Awards co-chairman and managing director of UKIP Media & Events

DEan sLaVnICh

Awards co-chairman and editor of Engine Technology International magazine

Welcome to the 14th International Engine of the Year Awards. This years awards are the biggest yet, with the jury panel featuring 76 of the worlds most respected motoring journalists from 35 countries, bringing with them a wealth of experience and knowledge of todays advanced passenger car, SUV and MPV engines. New members on this years jury include Renuka Kirpalani, a muchrespected journalist in India who features on the Autocar Show on Bloomberg TV; Tarcisio Dias de Arajo, who runs the very popular Mecnica Online website in Brazil; and Nicol Louw, the new technical editor of Car (South Africa). The winning engines for 2012 boasted not only high-end performance, but also cutting-edge powertrain subsystems that reduce emissions and substantially improve fuel economy. Judges from around the globe particularly favoured supercharging and turbocharging technologies along with direct injection, although there were notable naturally aspirated winners as well. As with previous years, engines with small displacements proved to be

popular, highlighting the need for car makers to embrace downsizing. At the other end of the engine size spectrum, one of the highlights this year came in the Performance Engine category, where new developments from BMW M, McLaren and Porsche went head-to-head with last years winner, the stunning 4.5-litre V8 in the Ferrari 458. Equally intriguing was the race to secure both the Green Engine and the New Engine accolades, with the next generation of IC engines battling against some exciting new electric designs, such as the range-extender setup from General Motors in the Chevrolet Volt and Opel/Vauxhall Ampera, and the Hybrid4 diesel hybrid innovation from PSA Peugeot Citron. The race to be crowned the overall International Engine of the Year Award was also fiercely contested. In the end, it came down two diminutive engines but did this include last years all-conquering winner, the Fiat TwinAir two-cylinder? The winning powertrain not only boasts innovation, it also has been designed to replace a much larger powertrain. Turn the pages to discover the best engines of 2012

www.ukipme.com/engineoftheyear
The International Engine of the Year awards are presented by Engine Technology International magazine, published by UKIP Media & Events Ltd. The Awards involve the voluntary participation of 76 motoring journalists from 35 countries. UKIP Media & Events Ltd receives no advertising or financial support from any car manufacturer or distributor.

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

Argentina

Australia

Argentina

Australia

Austria
bill McKinnon horst bauer

Carlos angio

Pablo Jorge gualtieri

John Carey

Age: 71 Years in motoring journalism: 22 Outlets: MegaAutos, MegaNews

Age: 63 Years in motoring journalism: 42 Outlets: El Repuesto, Parabrisas

Age: 54 Years in motoring journalism: 27 Outlets: Wheels, Qantas in-flight magazine, Motor Trend Online (USA)

Age: 53 Years in motoring journalism: 29 Outlets: TopGear Australia, The Australian, Australian New Car Buyer

Age: 53 Years in motoring journalism: 25 Outlet: Kurier

Brazil

Canada

Canada

Belgium

etienne Visart de boCarM

tarCisio dias de araJo

daVid booth

JiM Kenzie

Canada
MarC laChaPelle

Age: 62 Years in motoring journalism: 34 Outlet: RoadBook Magazine

Age: 35 Years in motoring journalism: 11 Outlet: Mecnica Online

Age: 54 Years in motoring journalism: 31 Outlets: Autovision, National Post

Age: 67 Years in motoring journalism: 40 Outlets: Motoring on TSN TV, Toronto Star

Age: 58 Years in motoring journalism: 31 Outlet: MSN Autos (USA)

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

Judges
China China China Czech Republic
gary tsang tomas Hyan

Canada
ricHarD russell

Xia Dong

Kun Wang

Age: 66 Years in motoring journalism: 35 Outlets: Carguide, MSN Autos (Canada), Toronto Globe & Mail

Age: 44 Years in motoring journalism: 13 Outlets: Auto Motor and Sport, Auto Power

Age: 36 Years in motoring journalism: 9 Outlet: Automotive Weekly

Age: 41 Years in motoring journalism: 18 Outlets: Automobile, G, The Peak, South China Morning Post, Tatler (Hong Kong)

Age: 60 Years in motoring journalism: 44 Outlet: Automobil Revue

France

France

moHameD sHeta

cHristoPHe congrega

tHierry etienne

France

Benot Prot

France
yves maroselli

Egypt
Age: 37 Years in motoring journalism: 17 Outlets: Al-Masry Al-Youm Newspaper, Auto Arabia, Middle East Auto News Agency

Age: 46 Years in motoring journalism: 15 Outlet: L'Automobile Magazine

Age: 53 Years in motoring journalism: 30 Outlet: Le Figaro

Age: 76 Years in motoring journalism: 42 Outlet: Le Journal de L'Automobile

Age: 39 Years in motoring journalism: 17 Outlets: Le Figaro, L'Automobile Magazine, Science & Vie

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

Germany

Germany

Germany

Germany

tHomas imHof

GeorG kacHer

jrGeN lewaNdowski

jrGeN zllter

Greece
Nikos kouNitis

Age: 54 Years in motoring journalism: 31 Outlets: MOT, Welt am Sonntag

Age: 60 Years in motoring journalism: 37 Outlets: Auto Bild, Automobile, Car

Age: 62 Years in motoring journalism: 37 Outlet: Ganske Publishing

Age: 60 Years in motoring journalism: 24 Outlets: Autobild, Car and Driver (USA), Focus, Welt am Sonntag

Age: 43 Years in motoring journalism: 17 Outlet: 4Wheels

India

Hungary

India

Gbor szcsNyi

Hormazd sorabjee

reNuka kirPalaNi

Ireland

Padraic deaNe

Italy
loreNzo faccHiNetti

Age: 38 Years in motoring journalism: 14 Outlets: Az Auto, Retro Mobil, Luxusauto, Tempo radio

Age: 46 Years in motoring journalism: 25 Outlets: Autocar India, CNBC Television

Age: 44 Years in motoring journalism: 8 Outlet: The Autocar Show (Bloomberg TV India)

Age: 54 Years in motoring journalism: 21 Outlet: Motorshow

Age: 40 Years in motoring journalism: 18 Outlet: Auto

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

Judges
Japan Italy Italy Japan Japan
goro okazaki jaCk YaMaguChi

MarCo Marelli

MassiMo nasCiMBene

Yasuhiko kawaMura

Age: 42 Years in motoring journalism: 21 Outlets: Auto & Fuoristrada, Gente Motori

Age: 59 Years in motoring journalism: 28 Outlet: La Repubblica

Age: 52 Years in motoring journalism: 27 Outlets: Car and Driver (Japan), Motor Fan Illustrated, Motor Magazine

Age: 45 Years in motoring journalism: 23 Outlets: Car and Driver (Japan), CarView, Car Graphic

Age: 77 Years in motoring journalism: 52 Outlets: Automotive Engineering International, Motor Magazine

Mexico

Netherlands

Mexico

jaCk YaMaguChi rogelio rivera-nava

sergio oliveira

sjoerd van Bilsen

natan tazelaar

New Zealand
Brian Cowan

Age: 43 Years in motoring journalism: 11 Outlet: Car and Driver (Mexico)

Age: 51 Years in motoring journalism: 16 Outlets: El Informador, La Cochera TV, Autoestereo Radio

Age: 37 Years in motoring journalism: 15 Outlet: De Telegraaf/ Autovisie

Netherlands
Age: 38 Years in motoring journalism: 12 Outlets: Carros, Autovisie, Autokompas,

Age: 66 Years in motoring journalism: 38 Outlets: The Coaster, Rodney Times

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

Poland

Philippines

carl cunanan

roberT bielecki

JoaquiM oliVeira

Jos Vieira

Romania
dan Vardie

Portugal

Age: 49 Years in motoring journalism: 11 Outlets: C!, Calibre, Billionaire, Wheel2Wheel

Age: 44 Years in motoring journalism: 12 Outlet: Oponeo online

Age: 44 Years in motoring journalism: 23 Outlets: Auto Foco, Marca, Mundo Automovel TV

Portugal

Age: 68 Years in motoring journalism: 47 Outlets: ACP Magazine, Autosport, Turbo

Age: 49 Years in motoring journalism: 23 Outlets: 4x4 Crossover Lifestyle magazine, Car (Romania)

Russia

Slovenia

South Africa

leonid GoloVanoV

Age: 44 Years in motoring journalism: 17 Outlet: Autoreview

Age: 53

Mikhail Podorozhansky

ToMaz Porekar

Jake VenTer

South Africa
Francois rabe

Russia

Age: 62 Years in motoring journalism: 32 Outlet: Avto magazin

Age: 77 Years in motoring journalism: 17 Outlets: Car, Wiel

Age: 45 Years in motoring journalism: 18 Outlet: Wiel

Years in motoring journalism: 25 Outlet: Autoreview

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

Judges
Spain Spain South Korea South Africa Sweden
arturo De anDrS arturo De anDrS rolf GilDenlow

nicol louw

charley chae

alvaro SauraS alonSo

Age: 33 Years in motoring journalism: 1 Outlet: Car

Age: 54 Years in motoring journalism: 26 Outlets: Auto Express, Global Autonews

Age: 32 Years in motoring journalism: 10 Outlet: Autofcil Car&Tecno

Age: 72 Years in motoring journalism: 50 Outlet: Automvil

Age: 66 Years in motoring journalism: 35 Outlet: TT

Thailand

Ukraine

Turkey

Turkey

richarD kaJornSak leu

volkan DemirkuSak

halit Bolkan

oleG vaSylevSkyi

UK
John SimiSter

Age: 43 Years in motoring journalism: 22 Outlet: Bangkok Post

Age: 28 Years in motoring journalism: 7 Outlet: Otohaber

Age: 42 Years in motoring journalism: 18 Outlet: Auto Motor & Sport

Age: 41 Years in motoring journalism: 17 Outlet: Auto Bild

Age: 57 Years in motoring journalism: 28 Outlets: Auto Express, Auto Italia, Evo, The Independent on Sunday

UK

UK

UK

USA

Dean Slavnich

Paul horrell

Graham JohnSon

mike allen

USA
Dan carney

Age: 32 Years in motoring journalism: 11 Outlet: Engine Technology International (editor), co-chairman of the Awards

Age: 48 Years in motoring journalism: 23 Outlets: Car Graphic, The Daily Telegraph, Motor Trend, Popular Science, Top Gear

Age: 38 Years in motoring journalism: 18 Outlet: UKIP Media & Events Ltd (managing director), co-chairman of the Awards

Age: 62 Years in motoring journalism: 26 Outlet: Popular Mechanics

Age: 45 Years in motoring journalism: 23 Outlets: Automotive Engineering International, The New York Times, Sports Car International

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

Judges
USA USA USA USA USA
JasoN CaMMisa FraNk Markus

JasoN aLterMaN eDDie CaMMisa

keN Gross

PatriCk hoNG

Age: 40 Years in motoring journalism: 21 Outlets: Car and Driver, Automobile, GQ, Men's Journal, Motive, MPH, The New York Times

Age: 70 Years in motoring journalism: 40 Outlets: automedia.com, Playboy, Old Cars Weekly

Age: 40 Years in motoring journalism: 18 Outlet: Road & Track

Age: 36 Years in motoring journalism: 6 Outlet: Automobile Magazine

Age: 49 Years in motoring journalism: 21 Outlet: Motor Trend

International

International

DeNNis siMaNaitis

Chris WaLtoN

Matt Davis

Peter LyoN

International
Peter NuNN

USA

USA

Age: 69 Years in motoring journalism: 37 Outlet: Road & Track

Age: 47 Years in motoring journalism: 18 Outlet: Edmunds.com

Age: 49 Years in motoring journalism: 16 Outlets: Auto Express, AutoWeek, Genroq, Gente Motori, Engine Technology International

Age: 51 Years in motoring journalism: 24 Outlets: The Age, Auto Bild, Auto Express, Best Car, Car and Driver, Edmunds.com

Age: 56 Years in motoring journalism: 34 Outlets: Auto Motor und Sport, Automobile, Car, Car Graphic, Wheels

International

MiChaeL tayLor

International
Peter robiNsoN

Age: 43 Years in motoring journalism: 21 Outlet: AutoCar worldwide, Motor Magazine (Australia), AutoWeek (USA)

Age: 68 Years in motoring journalism: 50 Outlets: Autocar, Wheels

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

Rules & scoRing


Rules
Capacity classes: To qualify for inclusion in the class categories listed below, an engine must have been housed in a passenger car that was on sale in more than one country as of June 2012. Sub 1-litre n 1-litre to 1.4-litre n 1.4-litre to 1.8-litre n 1.8-litre to 2-litre n 2-litre to 2.5-litre n 2.5-litre to 3-litre n 3-litre to 4-litre n Above 4-litre Green Engine of the Year: To qualify for inclusion in this category, an engine must have been housed in a passenger car that was on sale in more than one country as of June 2012, have been designed with fuel economy as a priority, and employ intelligent technologies and engine subsystems to reduce all types of emissions, including particulate matter and NOx. Best Performance Engine: To qualify for inclusion in this category, an engine must have been housed in a passenger car that was on sale in more than one country as of June 2012, and have been designed specifically for a performanceorientated car, or be installed in a vehicle created for sporting fun. Best New Engine: To qualify for inclusion in this category, an engine must have been launched after May 2011 and be housed in a passenger car that was on sale in more than one country as of June 2012. International Engine of the Year 2012: The winners of the eight capacity classes and the Green Engine of the Year are shortlisted for the overall International Engine of the Year Award.

Scoring
In every category, the panelists judged each shortlisted engine using their subjective driving impressions and technical knowledge, taking into account characteristics such as fuel economy, smoothness, performance, noise and driveability. The jurors each had 25 points to award to their five favourite engines in each category. A maximum of 15 points could be allocated to an engine, and the minimum was 1 point. An engine could not be tied for the top spot.

n All performance and fuel economy figures referenced in this journal are manufacturers data and are based on EU Cycles (except where indicated).

n Only the results of the top six engines in each category have been listed. Full results are available upon request by emailing dean.slavnich@ukipme.com

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

New Engine
The petrol engine is fighting back for fuel efficiency, and this tiny three-cylinder shows how to do it. It's light, it's neat, it's clever, and it's a delight to drive" John Simister, freelance journalist

new engine
2

Green Engine
Combining pure electric efficiency with petrol versatility and convenience means that this is a leading solution" Bill McKinnon, freelance journalist

green engine
3

Performance Engine
High specific torque and power output, driveability, and the sound of a typical V8 that this brand is famed for this engine has it all and more!" Yves Maroselli, freelance journalist

Performance engine
4

Sub 1-litre
A delight to drive because of its refinement and torque, and the effect that its light weight nature has on the rest of the car. This engine embodies clever measures to ensure its economical in the real world at high load, not just in the test cycle Paul Horrell, freelance journalist

Sub 1-litre
5

1-litre to 1.4-litre
Still the most clever powertrain in the small-car segment, combining plenty of power with clever fuel-saving technology" Jrgen Zllter, freelance journalist

1-litre to 1.4-litre
6

1.4-litre to 1.8-litre
An engine of this size for the mass market has never been so tough, flexible, and fun. Long may it rule" Matt Davis, freelance journalist

1.4-litre to 1.8-litre

10

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

Categories
7

1.8-litre to 2-litre
There is no doubt that downsizing and adding turbo boost is the way of the future, but this particular company has done an exemplary job of pushing the technology to the mainstream" Francois Rabe, Wiel

2-litre to 2.5-litre
Quirky, funky, and brutally powerful, this is an engine that stands out from a crowd of boring conformists" Jason Cammisa, Automobile Magazine

1.8-litre to 2-litre

2.5-litre to 3-litre
In this category class, no other car maker has managed to create an engine that can match this winner in terms of efficiency, power, driving pleasure, and technical sophistication" Lorenzo Facchinetti, Auto

2-litre to 2.5-litre

10

3-litre to 4-litre
"Maybe the last generation of naturally aspirated power for cars such as this one. High specific power and a free revving nature continue to make this engine stand out from the crowd" Nicol Louw, Car (South Africa)

2.5-litre to 3-litre

11

Above 4-litre
Theres just no topping the wail of a flat-plane V8 from this supercar maker, and extracting 124hp/litre from a naturally aspirated engine is a borderline techno-miracle Frank Markus, Motor Trend

3-litre to 4-litre

Above 4-litre

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

11

If downsizing is the way ahead, there is currently no better example than this. Same power as the naturally aspirated 1.6-litre engine it replaces, and much punchier to drive
John Simister, freelance journalist
Ford has finally ended its 14-year wait to collect an International Engine of the Year Award after the companys first ever three-cylinder design easily took first place in the New Engine category. Judges from around the world have been quick to praise the 1-litre EcoBoost unit, which combines turbocharging, direct injection and twin variable cam timing to deliver high levels of performance and refinement with the fuel economy advantages of downsizing. Georg Kacher, an international freelance journalist based in Germany, was one of many jurors to fall for the new Ford engine: At last, a three-cylinder that works. Its frugal, surprisingly refined, and a lot of fun. On the road, the three-cylinder, which first finds a home in the Ford Focus, generates 123bhp and 170Nm peak torque (200Nm with overboost), and that, along with a combined fuel economy figure of 56.5mpg and CO2 emissions of 114g/km, ensured a Blue Oval victory, beating the likes of BMW with its 3-litre twin-power turbo diesel six-cylinder, Mazdas 2.2-litre Skyactiv diesel, the GM range extender setup in the Volt/Ampera, and the McLaren 3.8-litre V8 heart. One of the central engineering aspects of the 1-litre EcoBoost, which was developed at Fords Dunton technical centre in the UK, is a new compact, high-performance turbocharger from Continental. Such is its innovative design, the turbo offers an extremely fast response and its ability to reach nearly 250,000rpm results in virtually no turbo lag and peak torque from 1,300 to 4,500rpm. Being able to generate high torque levels further supports an eco-friendly driving style and this is combined with good performance and a diesel-like torque experience, all of which was not missed by Christophe Congrega of LAutomobile Magazine in France: With good torque at the very low end, this high-tech three-cylinder turbo gives the driving performance of a small turbo diesel, but without the noise and vibrations.

a SIngle turbo helpS realISe 170nm oF torque

the 1-lItre ecobooSt waS developed at dunton

Ford haS collected ItS very FIrSt engIne gong

baby ecobooSt IS FordS SmalleSt engIne yet

RESULTS
1. Ford 999cc three-cylinder turbo (Ford Focus) 2. BMW 3-litre twin-power turbo diesel six-cylinder (BMW M550d xDrive sedan, M550d xDrive touring) 3. Mazda 2.2-litre skyactiv diesel (Mazda CX-5)

POINTS

POINTS

257 154 143

4. BMW 4.4-litre twin turbo V8 (BMW M5, M6 Coup, M6 Convertible)

139

5. GM 1.4-litre range extender (Chevrolet Volt, Opel Ampera) 119 6. McLaren 3.8-litre V8 (McLaren MP4-12C) 112

12

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

new engine
Ford 999cc three-cylinder turbo

Ford: engine capacity number of cylinders power output bore x stroke compression ratio

999cc three 123bhp 71.9mm x 82mm 10:1

Currently, the range extender idea is the best way to increase electric driving power while reducing the addiction to the combustion engine. Well done to GM for leading the way
Massimo Nascimbene, La Repubblica
The Green Engine Award has traditionally been a stronghold for hybrids and specifically Toyotas Hybrid Synergy Drive innovation, which has won this accolade six times since 2004. But this year, an all-new type of powertrain design has come to the fore to collect the prestigious Green Engine gong: the range-extender from General Motors. And unlike the latest breed of all-electric vehicles that drive for a maximum of 125 miles before needing to recharge, the range extender in the Chevrolet Volt and Opel/Vauxhall Ampera appealed to judges with its 380-mile range. For the first 35 miles of the journey, the Volt/Ampera can drive fuel-free (and therefore no tailpipe emissions) using a full charge of electricity stored in its 16kWh lithium-ion battery. Then, when the vehicles battery runs low, a 1.4-litre petrol engine/generator engages to extend the overall driving range by another 345 miles on a full charge, meaning that the GM product can truly claim to be a family car. The 1.4-litre range extender in the Volt/Ampera remains one of the most intelligent and innovative green car solutions out there, enthused Peter Nunn, a freelance journalist with global outlets, who gave the powertrain top marks. He added, The technology is seamless, efficient, and with no range anxiety issues to worry about as with a conventional electric car. On top of all that, its far more interesting than a diesel. The lithium-ion battery in the Volt/ Ampera weighs just over 198kg and comes in a 1.6m-long T-shaped construction that features a glass-filled polyester structural composite with aluminium thermal radiation shield and steel. It boasts 288 prismatic cells and a liquid active thermal control system. The 1.4-litre engine, on the other hand, features overhead camshafts, four valves per cylinder, continuously variable intake and exhaust cam phaser. The IC unit provides 84bhp at 4,800rpm, and the two electric drive motors offer a further 149bhp and 273Nm of torque.

volT/AMpErA boAsTs A driviNG rANGE of 380 MilEs

GMs rANGE ExTENdEr usEs A 1.4-liTrE iC ENGiNE

ThE firsT TiME AN rEv hAs WoN AN ENGiNE Trophy

volT/AMpErA bENEfiTs froM A T-shApEd bATTEry

RESULTS
2. Ford 999cc three-cylinder turbo (Ford Focus ) 3. Nissan electric powertrain (Nissan Leaf)

POINTS

POINTS

1. GM 1.4-litre range extender (Chevrolet Volt, Opel Ampera) 197 159 145

5. Fiat 875cc two-cylinder turbo (Fiat 500, 500C, Panda, Lancia/Chrysler Ypsilon, Alfa Romeo Mito) 6. PSA Peugeot Citron 2-litre diesel-hybrid (Peugeot 3008, 508 RHX, Citron DS5 HDI-Hybrid)

128 105

4. Toyota 1.8-litre gasoline-hybrid (Toyota Prius, Auris Hybrid, Lexus CT 200h) 133

14

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

GREEN ENGiNE
General Motors 1.4-litre range-extender

GM: engine capacity number of cylinders power output bore x stroke compression ratio

1,398cc four 147.5bhp 73.4mm x 82.6mm 10.5:1

Additional propulsion: AC Synchronous electric motor; lithium-ion battery pack with 288 cells

Big engines are a dying breed. The only way for them to survive is to be technically excellent, and this one has been constructed with the same intricacy as a Swiss mechanical wristwatch
Gbor Szcsnyi, Az Auto
Only two other car makers in the history of the awards have successfully defended their Performance Engine Award for two consecutive years: Mercedes-AMG and BMW M. Last years winner Ferrari, with the 458 V8 had it all to do this year if it was to join the back-to-back winners club, with stiff competition coming in the form of the stunning McLaren 3.8-litre V8, the powerful 4.4-litre twin turbo from BMW M, and Porsches acclaimed 3.8-litre Boxer in the new 911. In what was one of the closest categories contested at this years awards, all four of the above engines were, at one stage of the votecounting process, leading the way in securing the coveted Performance Engine gong, but in the end the 458 heart held its nerve to snatch top spot by a mere 24 points! The result means that Ferrari now joins Mercedes-AMG and BMW M in successfully holding its Performance Engine title for two years in a row, meaning that the V8 firecracker cements its place in the history books as a truly great sports car engine. Frank Markus from Motor Trend in the USA was one of the judges backing the Prancing Horse powertrain: Theres just no topping the wail of a flat-plane V8 from this supercar maker, and extracting 124hp per litre from a naturally aspirated engine is a borderline techno-miracle. The 458 V8 oozes engineering greatness. It is the first Ferrari direct-injection engine to be mid-rearmounted and it boasts a very low piston compression height thats typical of a racing engine, and this contributes to it achieving a compression ratio of 12.5:1. Equipped with the traditional flatplane crankshaft, the V8 delivers 562bhp at 9,000rpm and 540Nm of torque at 6,000rpm. In the real world, such effortless power means that the 458 Italia can easily sprint to 62mph (100km/h) in under 3.4 seconds.

458 V8 BOaSTS a lOw piSTOn cOmpreSSiOn heiGhT

The Ferrari V8 haS recOrded Back-TO-Back winS

The 4,499cc hearT OFFerS 140Bhp per liTre

The 458 SprinTS TO 62mph in under 3.4 SecOndS

RESULTS
1. Ferrari 4.5-litre V8 (Ferrari 458 Italia, 458 Spider) 2. McLaren 3.8-litre V8 (McLaren MP4-12C) 3. BMW 4.4-litre twin turbo V8 (BMW M5, M6 Coup, M6 Convertible)

POINTS

POINTS

171 147 127

4. Porsche 3.8-litre Boxer DI (Porsche 911 (991) Carrera S) 5. Ferrari 6.3-litre V12 (Ferrari FF) 6. BMW 3-litre twin-power turbo diesel six-cylinder (BMW M550d xDrive sedan, M550d xDrive touring)

111 103 100

16

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

performance engine
Ferrari 4.5-litre V8

Ferrari: engine capacity number of cylinders power output bore x stroke compression ratio

4,499cc eight 562bhp 94mm x 81mm 12.5:1

Fords Ecoboost 1-litre triple, like Fiats winning TwinAir turbo in 2011, is an engine that takes efficiency to the masses, but is also a pleasure to drive
John Carey, freelance journalist
The Sub 1-litre category has fast become one of the toughest awards to win, as global car makers fasttrack the development of downsized engines that generate fewer emissions and go further on less fuel. Last year saw a historic victory for Fiat in this segment, with its twocylinder design ending four years of dominance by Toyota. But this year, the competition was just too hot for the little Italian urban motor following the launch of two new three-cylinder powertrains: one from Volkswagen and the other from Ford. In the end, it was the latter that landed the knockout blow, meaning that TwinAir will not be able to defend its overall crown only the third time such an occurrence has happened in the history of the Awards. The 999cc turbocharged Ford engine took more than four years to develop and has been benchmarked against Toyotas three-cylinder Aygo unit. Developed at Fords Dunton technical centre in the UK, the 1-litre EcoBoost engine features a new, compact, high-performance turbocharger from Continental. The extremely fast response of the turbo, plus its ability to reach nearly 250,000rpm, results in virtually no turbo lag and peak torque of 170Nm. Other technical highlights include an exhaust manifold cast into the cylinder head, which lowers the temperature of the exhaust gases and, in turn, enables the engine to run with the optimum fuel-to-air ratio across a wider rev band. An advanced split cooling system reduces fuel consumption by warming the engine more quickly, and unique to the 1-litre engine cast iron has been selected for the block, reducing the amount of energy needed for warm-up by up to 50% of that required for an aluminium block. Oozing innovation, the judges couldnt help but praise Fords smallest engine to date. Freelance journalist John Simister said, Tiny engine, big outputs, extraordinary claimed economy, some very neat design features. Sounds great, too.

Ford TAkES ThE Sub 1-liTrE ACColAdE From FiAT

JudgES hAvE FAllEn in lovE wiTh ECobooSTS rASp

ThE liTTlE bluE ovAl uniT oFFErS 170nm oF TorquE

ECobooST Took morE ThAn Four yEArS To CrEATE

RESULTS
1. Ford 999cc three-cylinder turbo (Ford Focus) 2. Fiat 875cc two-cylinder turbo (Fiat 500, 500C, Panda, Lancia/Chrysler Ypsilon, Alfa Romeo Mito)

POINTS

POINTS

371 310

4. Toyota 998cc three-cylinder (Toyota Aygo, IQ, Yaris/Vitz, Peugeot 107, Citron C1, Daihatsu Cuore, Sirion/Boon) 5. Hyundai/Kia 998cc three-cylinder (Kia Picanto) 6. Mitsubishi 999cc three-cylinder turbo (Smart Fortwo, Fortwo Brabus)

122 104 64

3. Volkswagen 999cc three-cylinder (Volkswagen Up, SEAT Mii, koda Citigo) 262

18

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

Sub 1-litre
Ford 999cc three-cylinder turbo

Ford: engine capacity number of cylinders power output bore x stroke compression ratio

999cc three 123bhp 71.9mm x 82mm 10:1

A brilliant wee performer that also saves fuel in all the right ways. So much technical know-how winnowed down into a tight package
Matt Davis, freelance journalist

The TWinchArger feATureS in The neW VW beeTle

The 1.4-liTre VW engine DeliVerS up To 185bhp

VW polo AlSo benefiTS froM The TSi poWerTrAin

The TWinchArger hAS Won iTS clASS Since 2006

Volkswagens Twincharger has continued its amazing, trophy-laden run at the International Engine of the Year Awards. The 1.4-litre unit, which intelligently combines supercharging and turbocharging technologies in one powerful but frugal package, has won its category class since 2006. On top of that, it has also collected the Green Engine gong in 2009, and the overall International Engine of the Year Awards in both 2009 and 2010. Its victory this year in the 1-litre to 1.4-litre class means that its one of the most successful engines ever to be developed. Such has been its continual impact that the judges cant help but heap yet more praise on the motor. The Twincharger simply combines the best of both worlds, said Georg Kacher, a prominent freelancer based in Germany. Meanwhile, Carl Cunanan a motoring correspondent from the Philippines added, The combining of the right technologies in this engine allows downsizing to continue to dominate the way the world sees and

ultimately buys the cars of today and tomorrow. As a measure of its relentless and ongoing success, TSI Twincharger secured first place in its category by 117 points last year; but for 2012, it rolled home 158 points clear of its smaller stablemate, the VW 1.2-litre TSI engine. A frugal offering, TSI Twincharger can deliver up to 185bhp in certain applications due to the combination of petrol direct injection, a turbocharger and a supercharger. Low-end torque is ensured at low speeds by the mechanically driven supercharger. The turbo takes over at higher speeds once the intake air is pressurised, filling the hole in the torque at low revs, and blessing the diminutive engine with the sort of power usually associated with a 2-litre naturally aspirated unit. But power is only half the story here, as the TSI Twincharger offers impressive fuel economy. In the VW Golf, for example, it realises 45.5mpg on the combined cycle.

RESULTS

POINTS

POINTS

1. Volkswagen 1.4-litre TSI Twincharger (VW Polo, Beetle, Golf, Golf Plus, Golf Cabriolet, Scirocco, Eos, Jetta, Tiguan, Sharan, Touran/ Cross Touran, Passat CNG, Touran/Cross Touran CNG, Audi A1, Audi A3, SEAT Ibiza FR, Alhambra, Cupra, koda Fabia RS) 337 2. Volkswagen 1.2-litre TSI (VW Polo, Beetle, Jetta, Touran, Golf, Golf Plus, Golf Cabriolet, Touran/Cross Touran, Audi A1, A3, SEAT Ibiza, Leon, Altea/XL/Freetrack, koda Fabia, Roomster, Octavia, Yeti) 179 3. Fiat 1.4-litre MultiAir turbo (Fiat Abarth Punto Evo, Fiat Bravo, Alfa Romeo Mito, Giulietta, Lancia Delta) 160

4. Volkswagen 1.4-litre TSI (VW Golf, Golf Plus, Golf Cabriolet, Scirocco, Eos, Jetta, Tiguan, Passat, Audi A1, A3, SEAT Leon, Altea/XL/Freetrack, koda Octavia, Yeti, Superb) 95 5. GM 1.4-litre range-extender (Chevrolet Volt, Opel Ampera) 6. Nissan 1.2-litre supercharged (Nissan Micra/March) 90 85

20

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

1-litre to 1.4-litre
Volkswagen 1.4-litre TSI Twincharger

Volkswagen: (Volkswagen Golf example) engine capacity 1,390cc number of cylinders four power output 157bhp bore x stroke 76.5mm x 75.6mm compression ratio 10:1

This very interesting 1.6-litre turbo is full of technology, and this ensures that it is best for torque, power and pleasure
Christophe Congrega, LAutomobile Magazine
In an era where theres less budget available for R&D, joint ventures among car makers are proving fruitful, and none more so than the tie-up between BMW and PSA Peugeot Citron. The Franco-German collaboration has spawned an engine that just keeps coming up trumps, with the lively 1.6-litre turbo offering having won its category class for six years in a row. New judge Alvaro Sauras from Spains Autofcil and Car&Tecno magazines, explains the motors ongoing appeal: In most of the BMW/ PSA models that use this engine, this powertrain is one of the best things about the car and in some cases it is the best thing about the car. Simply put, a C4 Sedan is very much different to a C4 Sedan 1.6 THP model. Along with the performance, the fuel figures are great too, especially in the smaller and lighter models. The appeal of the BMW/PSA 1.6-litre turbo has been further enhanced with the adoption of fully variable valve management. The throttle-free load control technology based on the Valvetronic system used in other BMW engines and highly unusual in this compact segment optimises the engines responses and, at the same time, makes for a significant reduction in fuel consumption and emissions. Within fractions of a second, the valve management adjusts the stroke and opening period of the intake valves to the amount of output required, with the camshaft acting on the valves through an additional intermediate arm, and not directly through the cam follower. The pivot point of this additional intermediate arm is infinitely adjustable by an eccentric shaft controlled by an electric motor. The result is a package that simply bats away new turbocharged and downsized competition from Mercedes-Benz, Ford and Alfa Romeo, as well as surpassing established rivals from Audi in the form of the 1.8-litre TFSI unit and Toyotas current gasoline-hybrid setup.

The 1.6-lITre Turbo offers sharP PerformanCe

The engIne Powers a rafT of mInI ProduCTs

The Turbo moTor Is also used wIdely by PeugeoT

The unIT has been Tuned for 200bhP In The rCZ

RESULTS

POINTS

POINTS

1. BMW-PSA 1.6-litre turbo petrol (Mini Cooper S, Clubman Cooper S, Countryman Cooper S, Coup/Roadster Cooper S, Mini Cooper Works, Clubman Cooper Works, Coup/Roadster Cooper Works, Peugeot 207, 207cc, 208, 308, 308cc, 3008, 508, 5008, 308 GTI, RCZ, Citron DS3, C4 Picasso/Grand Picasso, C5, DS5, DS5, DS3 Racing, DS4, DS4 Racing) 321 2. Audi 1.8-litre TFSI (Audi A3, A4, TT, A5, SEAT Leon, Altea/XL/ Freetrack, Exeo, koda Octavia, Superb, Yeti, VW Passat, CC) 204 3. Toyota 1.8-litre gasoline-hybrid (Toyota Prius, Auris Hybrid, Lexus CT 200h) 149

4. Mercedes-Benz 1.8-litre DI Turbo (Mercedes-Benz C, SLK, E, E CNG) 110 5. Alfa Romeo 1.7-litre DI Turbo (Alfa Romeo Giulietta, Lancia Delta, Chrysler 300, Jeep Grand Cherokee) 102

6. Ford 1.6-litre turbo (Focus, C-Max/Grand C-Max, Mondeo, S-Max, Galaxy, Fusion, Volvo V40, S60, V60, V70/XC70, S80, S80 E85) 101

22

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

1.4-litre to 1.8-litre
BMW/PSA 1.6-litre turbo

BMW/PSA (Mini Cooper S example): engine capacity 1,598cc number of cylinders four power output 181bhp bore x stroke 77mm x 85.8mm compression ratio 10.5:1

Nobody will miss the two cylinders cut from the base 3 Series once theyve put their foot down in a 328i turbo four
Frank Markus, Motor Trend

iN The 328i, The peTroL eNgiNe reTurNS 44.1Mpg

The verSaTiLe Four-cyLiNder powerS The Z4

bMw haS recorded back-To-back wiNS iN ThiS cLaSS

The Four-cyLiNder caN geNeraTe up To 241bhp

Last year saw BMWs 2-litre twinturbo diesel unit take top honours in the 1.8-litre to 2-litre category, but this year its the car makers 2-litre twin-turbo petrol design that bags the award. Judges applauded the engines downsizing technologies, with Franois Rabe of Wiel saying, There is no doubt downsizing and adding turbo boost is the way of the future. BMW has done an exemplary job of pushing this technology to the mainstream. The 2-litre harnesses BMWs boosting technology, which uses twin-scroll turbochargers and variable valve control to deliver a hearty punch of 350Nm of torque, in 328i spec, while returning fuel consumption levels of 44.1mpg on the combined cycle and a lowly CO2 emissions rating of just 149g/km. The four-cylinder petrol fended off competition from the equally versatile four-cylinder TFSi unit from Audi, which is fitted to an even

broader spectrum of cars than the BMW victor. Other challengers successfully defeated included last years surprise winner, the BMW twin-turbo diesel, and former stablemates Mazda and Ford, which claimed fourth and fifth places respectively. Rounding out the top six was the innovative PSA dieselhybrid unit as fitted to the Peugeot 3008, 508RHx and Citrons DS5. The flexibility of the BMW petrol engine sees it deliver three power outputs, from 181bhp through to 241bhp, and it is fitted across the BMW range, from the 1 Series, through to the mid-spec 5 Series. And its not hard to see why this engine won, as Jason Cammisa, west coast editor at Automobile Magazine, explains: This engine quietly and smoothly sets the world standard for fuel economy, engine response and NVH. Replacing one of the smoothest straight-sixes in the world is no small task, but this downsized turbo engine does it without offending anyone. Its positively brilliant.

RESULTS

POINTS

POINTS

1. BMW 2-litre twin-turbo four-cylinder petrol (BMW 125i, 320i, 328i, 520i, Z4 20i, Z4 s Drive 28i, X1 20i, X3 20i, X1 28i 278 2. Audi 2-litre four-cylinder TFSI (Audi A3, S3, TT, TTS, A4, A5, A6, Q3, Q5, SEAT Leon FR/Cupra, Altea XL/Freetrack, Exeo, Alhambra, koda Octavia vRS, Superb, VW Golf GTi, Golf Cabriolet, Golf R, Scirocco, Scirocco R, Eos, Jetta, Passat, Passat CC, Touran/Cross Touran, Sharan, Tiguan) 246 3. BMW 2-litre twin-turbo four-cylinder diesel (BMW 116d, 118d, 120d, 123d, 125d, 316d, 318d, 320d, 520d, 525d, X1 18d, X1 20d, X3 20d, Mini Cooper SD, Clubman Cooper SD, Countryman Cooper SD, Coup/Roadster SD) 243

4. Mazda 2-litre skyactiv gasoline (Mazda 3, CX-5) 5. Ford 2-litre EcoBoost (Ford Focus ST) 6. PSA Peugeot Citron 2-litre diesel-hybrid (Peugeot 3008, 508RHX, Citron DS5 HDI-Hybrid)

178 127 96

24

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

1.8-litre to 2-litre
BMW 2-litre twin-turbo four-cylinder petrol

BMW (BMW 328i example): engine capacity 1,997cc number of cylinders four power output 241bhp bore x stroke 84mm x 90.1mm compression ratio 10:1

Sportiness combined with a relatively lightweight engine that uses five cylinders instead of six is impressive then an excellent torque range and gorgeous sound is thrown in too
Jrgen Zllter, freelance journalist
This hotly contested award has been the most unpredictable of all the category classes over the years. Since the formation of the awards in 1999, the 2-litre to 2.5-litre segment has been won by no fewer than nine different car makers, but Audis hardearned victory this year has meant that some consistency is finally being thrown into the mix, with the Ingolstadt OEM recording its third successive win with this motorsportinspired, five-cylinder turbo design. First launched in the TT RS and then the RS3, Audis five pot is one of the most characterful on the market, with a soundtrack reminiscent of the Quattros rally heyday in the 1980s. But theres more to this sonorous motor than pure nostalgia. For a start its very flexible, with a flat torque curve delivering the 450Nm peak all the way from 1,600rpm to beyond 5,000rpm. The engine also features direct-injection to help the TT RS to deliver impressive economy levels, alongside its scintillating performance: 30.7mpg on combined cycle from a car that will accelerate from standstill to 62mph (100km/h) in a mere 4.7 seconds and tops out at a governed 155mph (250km/h). The RS3 takes only one second longer to hit the 62mph mark, and fuel economy is bettered by only a whisker. Such stats make for impressive reading. For customers who want even more performance, Quattro will electronically raise the permitted top speed to 170mph (280km/h), and pushing the Sport button to open a flap in the left exhaust tailpipe allows the evocative soundtrack to be heard in its full glory. Such a stunning piece of engine design meant that the Audi heart strolled to an easy victory this year, amassing an impressive 380 points 120 points more than second place. The final word, then, goes to Oleg Vasylevskyi, editor of Auto Bild (Ukraine): The first thing that hits you is the inimitable sound, and then the performance certifies just how good this engine is.

rS3 SprinTS To 62mph in leSS Than Six SecondS

TT rS haS impreSSive fuel economy of 30.7mpg

The audi Turbo engine remainS undefeaTed

The five-cylinder deliverS plenTy of Torque

RESULTS
1. Audi 2.5-litre five-cylinder turbo (Audi TT RS, RS3 Sportback) 2. Mercedes-Benz CDI 2.1-litre (Mercedes-Benz C, E, CLS, S, SLK, GLK) 3. Mazda 2.2-litre skyactiv diesel (Mazda CX-5)

POINTS

POINTS

380 260 245

4. PSA Peugeot Citron/Ford 2.2-litre diesel (Citron C5, C-Crosser, Land Rover Freelander2, Range Rover Evoque, Peugeot 508, Ford Mondeo, S-Max, Galaxy) 170 5. Subaru 2.5-litre turbo (Subaru Forester, Impreza WRX, Legacy, Exiga) 6. Honda 2.2-litre i-DTEC (Honda Civic, Accord) 145 69

26

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

2-litre to 2.5-litre
Audi 2.5-litre turbo

Audi (Audi TT RS example): engine capacity 2,480cc number of cylinders five power output 335bhp bore x stroke 82.5mm x 92.8mm compression ratio 10:1

This engine manages to transform the 1 Series M Coup into one of the ultimate driving machines. Docile enough for the daily commute, but explosive power and crushing acceleration when provoked
Nicol Louw, Car (South Africa)
BMW continues to dominate the 2.5-litre to 3-litre class, and this year its the 3-litre bi-turbo six-cylinder gasoline heart that takes the top spot, fighting off no fewer than three other turbocharged BMW engines. Such has been BMWs supremacy in this segment that the only one other car maker Mazda in 2003 and 2004 has collected a 2.5-litre to 3-litre trophy in the history of the awards, which means that BMW engineering has come out top in this class 12 times in 14 years! The bi-turbo six-cylinder, which powers the likes of the 1 Series M Coup and the Z4 35is, faced stiff competition this year from the M Performance twin-power turbo diesel six-cylinder in the M550d xDrive, as well as the two twin power turbo six-cylinder engines that come in both gasoline and diesel form, and drive a host of BMW models. But in the end, it was the bi-turbo that impressed judges the most, as Gbor Szcsnyi from Az Auto explained: This engine uses every technical trick in the book to make sure that the end product is powerful, efficient and economical. This really is a work of engineering art. The inline six offers 340bhp at 5,900rpm, and such power means that the 1 M Coup accelerates from 0 to 62mph (100km/h) in 4.9 seconds before going on to an electronically limited top speed of 155mph (250km/h). Peak torque of 450Nm from 1,500rpm to 4,500rpm ensures smooth yet rapid progress and in-gear flexibility. But power is not the only string to the N54s bow. In the 1 M Coup, the six-cylinder ensures frugal motoring, realising a very impressive 29.4mpg fuel economy figure on the combined cycle, and a CO2 emissions output of 224g/km. Another jury member captivated by the BMW bi-turbo was Lorenzo Facchinetti from Auto, who said, In this category class, no one else has managed to match BMW in terms of efficiency, power, driving pleasure and technical sophistication.

iN The 1 M Coup, The N54 uNiT DeveLopS 340Bhp

BMWS Bi-TurBo BeaTS Three oTher BMW eNgiNeS

The Bi-TurBo Six-CyLiNDer feaTureS iN The z4

1 M Coup iS gooD for 29.4Mpg oN CoMBiNeD CyCLe

RESULTS

POINTS

POINTS

1. BMW 3-litre bi-turbo six-cylinder gasoline (BMW 1 Series M Coup, 335is, Z4 35is) 257 2. BMW 3-litre twin power turbo diesel six-cylinder (BMW M550d xDrive sedan, M550d xDrive touring) 234 3. BMW 3-litre twin-power turbo diesel six-cylinder (BMW 330d, 335d, 530d, 535d, 530d GT, 535d GT, 640d, 730d, 740d, X3 30d, X3 35d, X5 30d, X5 40d, X6 30d, X6 40d) 191

4. Porsche 2.7-litre flat-six DI (Porsche Boxster) 5. BMW 3-litre twin-power turbo six-cylinder gasoline (BMW 135i Coup, 335i, Z4 35i, 535i, 535i GT, X3 35i, X5 35i, 640i, 740i)

186

163

6. Audi/VW 3-litre V6 TDI (Audi A4, A5, Q7, A6, A7, Q5, A8, VW Touareg, Phaeton, Porsche Panamera, Cayenne) 158

28

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

2.5-litre to 3-litre
BMW 3-litre bi-turbo six-cylinder gasoline

BMW (1 Series M Coup example): engine capacity 2,979cc number of cylinders six power output 335bhp bore x stroke 84mm x 89.6mm compression ratio 10.2:1

The M3s spooky V8 resides in a class of one when it comes to its output and its sound. It makes a haunting, menacing noise whether at 800 or 8,000rpm, and has personality that not even todays Ferraris can beat
Jason Cammisa, Automobile Magazine
Having won its category class since 2008, there was a general feeling this year that the evergreen M3 powerplant was set to bow out, with newer and leaner pretenders to the crown eyeing top spot in the 3-litre to 4-litre race. But pretenders to the crown are exactly what McLarens 3.8-litre V8 engine, Porsches 3.8-litre Boxer DI, Audis 4-litre TFSI heart and Nissans 3.8-litre bi-turbo unit proved to be, as the BMW M V8 rolled back the years to claim yet another famous victory. This engine isnt just a winner in this category, it can also compete with much larger engines, said Natan Tazelaar, a new jury member from the Netherlands. Its extreme level of sportiness combined with usability and fuel-efficiency is truly unique. This engine will go into the history books as the last of a kind, though, because unfortunately for this V8, the future seems to be all about the turbo. Tipping the scales at 202kg, the naturally aspirated M3 V8 is seen by many as one of the last old-school M engine developments, with BMWs performance arm increasingly moving towards forced induction designs for most of its upcoming products, such as the new M5 and M6 models. The M3 V8 is lighter, and more than 30mm shorter than the legendary straight-six engine it replaced (and which also won its displacement award six times in a row, between 2001 and 2006). Further technical highlights include an alternator that disconnects from the engine during acceleration to maximise power. The M heart also features a separate throttle butterfly for each cylinder, with two stepper motors operating them on each row of cylinders. This gives the BMW M3 unit a particularly sensitive response at low speeds, together with an immediate reaction whenever the driver presses the accelerator, unleashing some 414bhp at a screaming 8,250rpm.

M3 V8 Has won ITs Class For THe pasT FIVe years

THe BaVarIan powerplanT generaTes 414BHp

THe BMw M3 HearT TIps THe sCales aT 202kg

Is THIs THe lasT naTurally aspIraTed M VeHICle?

RESULTS
1. BMW M 4-litre V8 (BMW M3 Coup, M3 Convertible) 2. McLaren 3.8-litre V8 (McLaren MP4-12C)

POINTS

POINTS

292 276 220

4. Audi 4-litre TFSI (Audi S6, S7, S8, Bentley Continental GT) 168 5. Nissan 3.8-litre Bi-turbo (Nissan GT-R) 6. Porsche 3.8-litre Boxer Turbo (Porsche 911 (997) Turbo) 166 157

3. Porsche 3.8-litre Boxer DI (Porsche 911 (991) Carrera S)

30

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

3-litre to 4-litre
BMW 4-litre V8

BMW M: engine capacity number of cylinders power output bore x stroke compression ratio

3,999cc eight 414bhp 92mm x 75.2mm 12:1

Theres just no topping the wail of a flat-plane V8 from this supercar maker, and extracting 124hp per litre from a naturally aspirated engine is a borderline techno-miracle
Frank Markus, Motor Trend
In retaining its Above 4-litre title, the Ferrari 458 Italia has now collected four trophies in two years proof that this is a truly great engine and one that deserves all of its recent success, especially when considering some of the high-power, performance-orientated creations it was up against this year. The 4,449cc unit not only had to do battle with two Mercedes-AMG offerings the 5.5-litre V8 and the 6.2-litre beast that won this very award in 2009 and 2010 it also had to deal with BMW Ms latest development: the already acclaimed 4.4-litre twin-turbo V8 in the M5/M6, as well as Lamborghinis Aventador heart and Ferraris very own 6.3-litre V12 that is housed in the new FF. As in the Performance Engine category, in the end, the Ferrari 458 pulled clear with only a few votes left to be counted, seeing off its main threat the turbocharged M unit by just 16 points. For me, big engines like this must meet two requirements: perfect function and genius innovation, enthused jury member Xia Dong, from China. The Ferrari V8 in the 458 Italia does this to perfection. The Maranello V8 impressed judges not only on a performance front, but also on an efficiency level. The engine represents a major step forward for the Prancing Horse in terms of emissions. With the help of DI, the new V8 is much more powerful than the previous V8, but emissions are down to 320g/km and fuel economy is at 20.6mpg on the combined cycle. Tipping the scales at a dry weight of 1,380kg, the 458 Italia has optimal weight distribution, with 58% over the rear axle. The eight-cylinder is mated to a seven-speed, dual clutch transmission that further increases performance while delivering smoother shifts. Ferrari powertrain engineers have developed specific, sportier gear ratios to match the power and torque curves of the V8, thus ensuring high torque even at lower engine speeds.

FerrarI has claIMed The aboVe 4-lITre award

The use oF dI has helped reduce eMIssIons ouTpuT

The 4,449cc unIT Is MaTed To a seVen-speed dcT

The 458 V8 oFFers hIgh Torque aT low speeds

RESULTS
1. Ferrari 4.5-litre V8 (Ferrari 458 Italia, 458 Spider) 2. BMW 4.4-litre twin turbo V8 (BMW M5, M6 Coup, M6 Convertible)

POINTS

POINTS

206 190

4. Ferrari 6.3-litre V12 (Ferrari FF) 5. Mercedes-AMG 6.2-litre V8 (Mercedes SLS AMG) 6. Lamborghini 6.5-litre V12 (Lamborghini Aventador)

111 103 91

3. Mercedes-AMG 5.5-litre V8 (Mercedes E AMG, CLS 63 AMG, ML 63 AMG, S AMG, CL 63 AMG, SLK 55 AMG) 118

32

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

ABOVE 4-litrE
Ferrari 4.5-litre V8

Ferrari: engine capacity number of cylinders power output bore x stroke compression ratio

4,499cc eight 562bhp 94mm x 81mm 12.5:1

GM 1.4-litre range-extender

Not so much an engine, more a complete powertrain that works extraordinarily well. The closest weve got yet to turning water into wine John Simister, freelance journalist

Ford 999cc three-cylinder turbo

At last, a three-cylinder that works. It's frugal, surprisingly refined, and a lot of fun Georg Kacher, freelance journalist

Volkswagen 1.4-litre TSI Twincharger

A brilliant wee performer that also saves fuel in all the right ways. So much technical know-how winnowed down into a tight package Matt Davis, freelance journalist

BMW/PSA 1.6-litre turbo

In most of the BMW/PSA models that use this engine, this powertrain is one of the best things about the car and in some cases it is the best thing about the car" Alvaro Sauras, Autofcil and Car&Tecno

BMW 2-litre twin-turbo four-cylinder petrol

Nobody will miss the two cylinders cut from the base 3 Series car once theyve put their foot down in a 328i turbo four" Frank Markus, Motor Trend

34

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

InternatIonal engIne of the Year fInalIsts 2012


6

Audi 2.5-litre five-cylinder turbo

Sportiness combined with a relatively lightweight engine that uses five cylinders instead of six is impressive, but then an excellent torque range and gorgeous sound is thrown in too Jrgen Zllter, freelance journalist

BMW 3-litre bi-turbo six-cylinder gasoline

This engine manages to transform the 1 Series M Coup into one of the ultimate driving machines. Docile enough for the daily commute, but explosive power and crushing acceleration when provoked" Nicol Louw, Car

BMW M 4-litre V8

The M3s spooky V8 resides in a class of one when it comes to its output and sound. It makes a haunting, menacing noise whether at 800 or 8,000rpm, and has personality not even todays Ferraris can beat Jason Cammisa, Automobile Magazine
9

Ferrari 4.5-litre V8

Big engines are a dying breed. The only way for them to survive is to be technically excellent, and this one has been constructed with the same intricacy as a Swiss mechanical wristwatch Gbor Szcsnyi, Az Auto

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

35

This is a fitting victory for a truly remarkable engine. For a three-cylinder to power a vehicle like the Ford Focus with such ease proves that the future is very, very bright for the IC engine
Dean Slavnich, Engine Technology International
What a year it has been for Ford and its outstanding three-cylinder turbo engine. The Blue Oval finally broke its International Engine of the Year Awards jinx by collecting New Engine and the Sub 1-litre awards, but now the diminutive 999cc unit has gone one better and made it a treble by taking top spot in the race to be crowned the overall 2012 winner. Fords victory means that for the second consecutive year, a new name has been added to the hall of fame, with the Blue Oval joining last years first-time winner Fiat, and previous victors Volkswagen, BMW, Toyota, Mazda and Honda. Fords stunning success also means that since 2009, the overall winner has had a displacement of less than 1.4 litres and in the past two years alone, the engine size of the winning International Engine of the Year Award has been below 1 litre proof that downsizing is here to stay. But Fords task in taking top spot was not easy. To qualify, it first had to beat last years champion Fiats two-cylinder TwinAir in the Sub 1-litre category. And then, to take the overall title, it faced competition from GMs range-extender powertrain and last years runner-up, Volkswagens ever-successful 1.4-litre TSI engine. In the end, a crushing points victory among the European judges laid the foundation for its triumph in the overall voting. Then, a solid endorsement from judges all around the world enabled the Ford to ease to first place, achieving a record tally of 401 points. This is a fitting victory for a truly remarkable engine, said Dean Slavnich, co-chairman of the Awards and editor of Engine Technology International magazine. For a threecylinder to power a vehicle like the Ford Focus with such ease proves that the future is very, very bright for the IC engine. Power, response and very good real-world fuel consumption figures are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to this engine and what it offers drivers today. Well done Ford!

ForDS 999CC moTor haS Won The overall aWarD

The Blue oval haS SeCureD Three engIne gongS

The overall WInner IS agaIn a DoWnSIzeD DeSIgn

ForDS engIne haS greaT Fuel eConomy anD poWer

RESULTS
1. Ford 999cc three-cylinder turbo (Ford Focus)

POINTS

POINTS

401

2. Volkswagen 1.4-litre TSI Twincharger (VW Polo, Beetle, Golf, Golf Plus, Golf Cabriolet, Scirocco, Eos, Jetta, Tiguan, Sharan, Touran/ Cross Touran, Passat CNG, Touran/Cross Touran CNG, Audi A1, Audi A3, Seat Ibiza FR, Alhambra, Cupra, koda Fabia RS 288 3. Ferrari 4.5-litre V8 (Ferrari 458 Italia, 458 Spider) 224

6. BMW/PSA 1.6-litre turbo petrol (Mini Cooper S, Clubman Cooper S, Countryman Cooper S, Coupe/Roadster Cooper S, Mini Cooper Works, Clubman Cooper Works, Coupe/Roadster Cooper Works, Peugeot 207, 207cc, 208, 308, 308cc, 3008, 508, 5008, 308 GTI, RCZ, Citron DS3, C4 Picasso/Grand Picasso, C5, DS5, DS5, DS3 Racing, DS4, DS4 Racing) 162 7. BMW 3-litre bi-turbo six-cylinder gasoline (BMW 1 Series M Coup, 335is, Z4 35is) 8. BMW M 4-litre V8 (BMW M3 Coup, M3 Convertible) 160 128

4. GM 1.4-litre range extender (Chevrolet Volt, Opel Ampera) 212 5. BMW 2-litre twin-turbo four-cylinder petrol (BMW 125i, 320i, 328i, 520i, 528i, Z4 20i, Z4 sDrive 28i, X1 20i, X3 20i, X1 28i) 199

9. Audi 2.5-litre five-cylinder turbo (Audi TT RS, RS3 Sportback) 126

36

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

InternatIonal engIne of the year


Ford 999cc three-cylinder turbo

Ford: engine capacity number of cylinders power output bore x stroke compression ratio

999cc three 123bhp 71.9mm x 82mm 10:1

Best Eco-friendly: Toyota 1.5-litre Hybrid Best Fuel Economy: Volkswagen 1.2-litre TDi Best Concept: DaimlerChrysler Necar 4 Sub 1-litre: Toyota Yaris 1-litre 1-litre to 1.4-litre: Volkswagen 1.2-litre TDi 1.4-litre to 1.8-litre: Toyota 1.5-litre Hybrid 1.8-litre to 2-litre: Volkswagen 1.9-litre TDi 2-litre to 2.5-litre: Audi 2.5-litre V6 TDi 2.5-litre to 3-litre: BMW 3-litre TDi 3-litre to 4-litre: BMW 4-litre V8 TDi Above 4-litre: BMW 5.4-litre V12 International Engine of the Year 1999: Toyota Yaris 1-litre
2

1999 Winners

Best New Engine: Mazda Renesis Rotary Best Fuel Economy: Honda 1.3-litre IMA Best Performance Engine: Mercedes-AMG 55 Sub 1-litre: Honda 1-litre IMA 1-litre to 1.4-litre: Honda 1.3-litre IMA 1.4-litre to 1.8-litre: Mini Supercharged 1.6-litre 1.8-litre to 2-litre: Honda 2-litre (S2000) 2-litre to 2.5-litre: BMW 2.5-litre 2.5-litre to 3-litre: Mazda Renesis Rotary 3-litre to 4-litre: BMW M 3.2-litre Above 4-litre: Volkswagen 5-litre V10 TDi International Engine of the Year 2003: Mazda Renesis Rotary
6

2003 Winners

2000 Winners

Best Eco-friendly: Toyota 1.5-litre Hybrid Best Fuel Economy: Honda 1-litre IMA Best Concept: DaimlerChrysler Necar 4 Sub 1-litre: Honda 1-litre IMA 1-litre to 1.4-litre: Toyota 1.3-litre VVTi 1.4-litre to 1.8-litre: Honda 1.8-litre (Accord) 1.8-litre to 2-litre: Honda 2-litre (S2000) 2-litre to 2.5-litre: Alfa Romeo 2.5-litre V6 2.5-litre to 3-litre: BMW 3-litre TDi 3-litre to 4-litre: BMW 4-litre V8 TDi Above 4-litre: Ferrari 5.5-litre V12 International Engine of the Year 2000: Honda 1-litre IMA
3

Best New Engine: BMW M 3.2-litre Best Fuel Economy: Honda 1-litre IMA Best Concept: Saab SVC Sub 1-litre: Honda 1-litre IMA 1-litre to 1.4-litre: Volkswagen Group 1.4-litre TDi 1.4-litre to 1.8-litre: BMW 1.8-litre Valvetronic 1.8-litre to 2-litre: Honda 2-litre (S2000) 2-litre to 2.5-litre: PSA Peugeot-Citron 2.2-litre HDi 2.5-litre to 3-litre: BMW 3-litre 3-litre to 4-litre: BMW M 3.2-litre Above 4-litre: Ferrari 5.5-litre International Engine of the Year 2001: BMW M 3.2-litre
4

2001 Winners

Best New Engine: Toyota 1.5-litre Hybrid Synergy Drive Best Fuel Economy: Toyota 1.5-litre Hybrid Synergy Drive Best Performance Engine: Mercedes-AMG 65 Sub 1-litre: Honda 1-litre IMA 1-litre to 1.4-litre: Honda 1.3-litre IMA 1.4-litre to 1.8-litre: Toyota 1.5-litre Hybrid Synergy Drive 1.8-litre to 2-litre: Honda 2-litre (S2000) 2-litre to 2.5-litre: BMW 2.5-litre 2.5-litre to 3-litre: Mazda Renesis Rotary 3-litre to 4-litre: BMW M 3.2-litre Above 4-litre: Volkswagen 5-litre V10 TDi International Engine of the Year 2004: Toyota 1.5-litre Hybrid Synergy Drive
7

2004 Winners

2005 Winners

2002 Winners

Best New Engine: BMW 5-litre V10 Best Fuel Economy: Toyota 1.5-litre Hybrid Synergy Drive Best Performance Engine: BMW 5-litre V10 Sub 1-litre: Honda 1-litre IMA 1-litre to 1.4-litre: Fiat-GM 1.3-litre Diesel 1.4-litre to 1.8-litre: Toyota 1.5-litre Hybrid Synergy Drive 1.8-litre to 2-litre: Volkswagen 2-litre FSI Turbo 2-litre to 2.5-litre: Honda 2.2-litre Diesel 2.5-litre to 3-litre: BMW 3-litre Twin Turbo Diesel 3-litre to 4-litre: BMW M 3.2-litre Above 4-litre: BMW 5-litre V10 International Engine of the Year 2005: BMW 5-litre V10
8

Best New Engine: BMW 4.4-litre Valvetronic Best Fuel Economy: Honda 1-litre IMA Best Concept: GM AUTOnomy Sub 1-litre: Honda 1-litre IMA 1-litre to 1.4-litre: Honda 1.3-litre IMA 1.4-litre to 1.8-litre: Toyota 1.8-litre VVTL-i 190 1.8-litre to 2-litre: Honda 2-litre (S2000) 2-litre to 2.5-litre: PSA Peugeot-Citron 2.2-litre HDi 2.5-litre to 3-litre: BMW 3-litre 3-litre to 4-litre: BMW M 3.2-litre Above 4-litre: BMW 4.4-litre Valvetronic International Engine of the Year 2002: BMW 4.4-litre Valvetronic

2006 Winners

Best New Engine: Volkswagen 1.4-litre TSI Twincharger Best Fuel Economy: Toyota 1.5-litre Hybrid Synergy Drive Best Performance Engine: BMW 5-litre V10 Sub 1-litre: Honda 1-litre IMA 1-litre to 1.4-litre: Volkswagen 1.4-litre TSI Twincharger 1.4-litre to 1.8-litre: Toyota 1.5-litre Hybrid Synergy Drive 1.8-litre to 2-litre: Volkswagen 2-litre FSI Turbo 2-litre to 2.5-litre: Subaru 2.5-litre Turbo 2.5-litre to 3-litre: BMW 3-litre Twin Turbo Diesel 3-litre to 4-litre: BMW M 3.2-litre Above 4-litre: BMW 5-litre V10 International Engine of the Year 2006: BMW 5-litre V10

38

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

Previous Winners
9

2007 Winners

13

Best New Engine: BMW 3-litre Twin Turbo Best Fuel Economy: Toyota 1.5-litre Hybrid Synergy Drive Best Performance Engine: BMW 5-litre V10 Sub 1-litre: Toyota 1-litre 1-litre to 1.4-litre: Volkswagen 1.4-litre TSI Twincharger 1.4-litre to 1.8-litre: BMW-PSA 1.6-litre Turbo 1.8-litre to 2-litre: Volkswagen 2-litre FSI Turbo 2-litre to 2.5-litre: BMW 2.5-litre 2.5-litre to 3-litre: BMW 3-litre Twin Turbo 3-litre to 4-litre: Porsche 3.6-litre Turbo Above 4-litre: BMW 5-litre V10 International Engine of the Year 2007: BMW 3-litre Twin Turbo
10

Best New Engine: BMW 2-litre Diesel Twin Turbo Green Engine of the Year: Toyota 1.5-litre Hybrid Synergy Drive Best Performance Engine: Porsche 3.6-litre Turbo Sub 1-litre: Toyota 1-litre 1-litre to 1.4-litre: Volkswagen 1.4-litre TSI Twincharger 1.4-litre to 1.8-litre: BMW-PSA 1.6-litre Turbo 1.8-litre to 2-litre: Volkswagen/Audi 2-litre Turbo FSI 2-litre to 2.5-litre: Subaru 2.5-litre Turbo 2.5-litre to 3-litre: BMW 3-litre Twin Turbo 3-litre to 4-litre: BMW 4-litre V8 Above 4-litre: BMW 5-litre V10 International Engine of the Year 2008: BMW 3-litre Twin Turbo
11

2008 Winners

Best New Engine: Fiat 875cc TwinAir Green Engine of the Year: Fiat 875cc TwinAir Best Performance Engine: Ferrari 4.5-litre V8 Sub 1-litre: Fiat 875cc TwinAir 1-litre to 1.4-litre: Volkswagen 1.4-litre TSI Twincharger 1.4-litre to 1.8-litre: BMW/PSA 1.6-litre Turbo 1.8-litre to 2-litre: BMW 2-litre twin-turbo diesel 2-litre to 2.5-litre: Audi 2.5-litre five-cylinder turbo 2.5-litre to 3-litre: BMW 3-litre DI Twin Turbo 3-litre to 4-litre: BMW 4-litre V8 Above 4-litre: Ferrari 4.5-litre V8 International Engine of the Year 2011: Fiat 875cc TwinAir
international engine of the year winners 1999-2011
1 2 3

2011 Winners

Best New Engine: Porsche 3.8-litre flat six Green Engine of the Year: Volkswagen 1.4-litre TSI Twincharger Best Performance Engine: Mercedes-AMG 6.2-litre Sub 1-litre: Toyota 1-litre 1-litre to 1.4-litre: Volkswagen 1.4-litre TSI Twincharger 1.4-litre to 1.8-litre: BMW-PSA 1.6-litre Turbo 1.8-litre to 2-litre: Audi 2-litre TFSI 2-litre to 2.5-litre: Mercedes-Benz Diesel 2.1-litre 2.5-litre to 3-litre: BMW 3-litre DI Twin Turbo 3-litre to 4-litre: BMW 4-litre V8 Above 4-litre: Mercedes-AMG 6.2-litre International Engine of the Year 2009: Volkswagen 1.4-litre TSI Twincharger
12

2009 Winners

10

11

12

Best New Engine: Fiat 1.4-litre MultiAir Turbo Green Engine of the Year: Toyota 1.8-litre Hybrid Best Performance Engine: Mercedes-AMG 6.2-litre Sub 1-litre: Toyota 1-litre 1-litre to 1.4-litre: Volkswagen 1.4-litre TSI Twincharger 1.4-litre to 1.8-litre: BMW-PSA 1.6-litre Turbo 1.8-litre to 2-litre: BMW 2-litre twin-turbo diesel 2-litre to 2.5-litre: Audi 2.5-litre five-cylinder turbo 2.5-litre to 3-litre: BMW 3-litre DI Twin Turbo 3-litre to 4-litre: BMW 4-litre V8 Above 4-litre: Mercedes-AMG 6.2-litre International Engine of the Year 2010: Volkswagen 1.4-litre TSI Twincharger

2010 Winners

13

trophies won 1999-2012

BMW Volkswagen/Audi Toyota Honda Daimler Fiat/Alfa Romeo Ferrari

55 26 22 22 9 7 6

BMW-PSA Mazda Porsche PSA Peugeot Citron GM Ford Subaru

5 4 3 3 3 3 2

International Engine of the Year Awards 2012

39

COVERAGE
The International Engine of the Year Awards attracts an enormous amount of press and advertising coverage from around the world. Here are just a few examples of its global reach

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International Engine of the Year Awards


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