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Raphael Luis D. Icban MGT110/AY02 1. A business is an organization engaged in the trade of goods, services, or both to consumers.

Businesses are predominant in capitalist economies, where most of them are privately owned and administered to earn profit to increase the wealth of their owners. Businesses may also be not-for-profit or state-owned. A business owned by multiple individuals may be referred to as a company, although that term also has a more precise meaning. The etymology of "business" relates to the state of being busy either as an individual or society as a whole, doing commercially viable and profitable work. The term "business" has at least three usages, depending on the scope the singular usage to mean a particular organization; the generalized usage to refer to a particular market sector, "the music business" and compound forms such as agribusiness; and the broadest meaning, which encompasses all activity by the community of suppliers of goods and services. However, the exact definition of business, like much else in the philosophy of business, is a matter of debate and complexity of meanings. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business

2. What is Ethics? Ethics is the branch of study dealing with what is the proper course of action for man. It answers the question, "What do I do?" It is the study of right and wrong in human endeavors. At a more fundamental level, it is the method by which we categorize our values and pursue them. Do we pursue our own happiness, or do we sacrifice ourselves to a greater cause? Is that foundation of ethics based on the Bible, or on the very nature of man himself, or neither? Source: http://www.importanceofphilosophy.com/Ethics_Main.html

Raphael Luis D. Icban MGT110/AY02 Fast-Moving Stocks 2012 Whether you are a stock trader or simply an investor, you would always want your stocks to rise fast and give you great returns. Every rise in the stock price is cheered and conversely, every fall can lead to frustration, stress or anxiety. Many people love to believe that the sudden rise or fall in stock prices is insane. However, the truth is that with proper analysis and practice, an individual can judge stock movement in a much betterway Factors Influencing Stock Prices

Performance: Earnings of companies play a very important role in deciding the rise or fall in stock prices. Good earnings are generally followed by an upward rally, while bad earnings can lead to downgrading of a stock and reduced target prices. What matters the most is the net profit of the firm, instead of the gross profit. Earnings determine the performance of a company and are compared with its peers to determine its efficiency. Domestic Investor Interest: Fast-moving stocks generally have a huge domestic investor interest. Stock prices can rise only when good volumes of stocks are traded on a particular counter everyday. One thing to remember is that investor interest can rise only when the earnings meet market expectations and people are assured of the future prospects of that company. Foreign Investor Interest: Foreign investors, in this age of globalization, play a very important role in the growth of companies. Significant amount of foreign investments in select companies can increase positive sentiment which would fuel buying activity on a large-scale. Cheap Valuations: Cheap valuations in certain stocks can lead to systematic and deliberate value buying by large institutional investors, mutual funds and wealthy stock traders. Stocks are bought at dirt cheap prices by these agencies and people, to rake in maximum benefits on an up move. So, if you can understand investor sentiment, then earning good profits in stocks would not be a difficult task. Expansion Plans: A company announcing rapid expansion plans can indicate an upward trend in its stock prices. Business expansion and increased revenue can lead to re-rating of a company which will automatically increase its market capitalization. So, as an investor, you should keep an eye on a company's announcements regarding future acquisitions, mergers and expansions. Overall Market Sentiment: Overall market sentiment needs to be extremely positive for stocks to rise fast. A stock cannot outperform the market consistently, if global as well as domestic cues are negative, and there are concerns about economic growth. The macroeconomic picture needs to be inspiring and positive for appreciation in stock prices.

Fast-moving Stocks for 2012


Salesforce.com Inc. AIG Sears Holding Corp. J.C.Penney Co. Inc. Newmont Mining Corp. Interpublic Group of Cos. Pepco Holdings Inc. Washington Post Co. Endo Pharmaceuticals Holdings Inc. SAP AG Exelon Corporation New Gold, Inc. Google Inc. Baidu, Inc. TJZ Companies Yum! Brands The following are the points to consider before buying fast-moving stocks:

Avoid investment at higher levels even though business prospects are good. This is because valuations at this point are expensive Buy in parts, to reduce your average buying cost Have stop losses close to your buying price; mostly at critical support points Consider fundamentals also, apart from technical analysis, to pick the right stocks You can always consult a stock market specialist to get some useful tips regarding best stocks to invest in. Though there are many fast-moving penny stocks, and the temptation to trade in them is fairly overwhelming, a detailed study and analysis of the company will enable you to take an informed decision about trading in them. DISCLAIMER: This article is just for reference purposes and does not recommend any stock market transactions. By Charlie S. Last Updated: 6/26/2012

Source: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/fast-moving-stocks2011.html

Raphael Luis D. Icban MGT110/AY02 A Unique Spin on the ERCs 2011 National Business Ethics Survey Data MARCH 9, 2012 BY LINDSAY WALKER Ethics is especially important in todays business environment, given the pressure that both employees and employers are feeling as a result of the current economic conditions. According to a recent survey from the Ethics Resource Center (ERC), when it comes to business ethics, theres good news and theres bad news. 2011 National Business Ethics Survey Infographic We put together an infographic that highlights some of the key findings from the 2011 National Business Ethics Survey conducted by the ERC. The survey is published every two years and takes a look at business ethics from an employee perspective. Over the years, the findings from the survey have been used to identify trends and the factors that impact business ethics, offering suggestions and steps companies can take to reinforce their commitment to ethics. In 2011, the survey looked at: The economys influence on ethical behavior Levels of observed and reported workplace misconduct Ethics challenges facing active social networkers Retaliation against whistleblowers Ethics culture within an organization Employee confidence in management NBES Key Findings According to the 2011 NBES, observed misconduct in U.S. workplaces has reached historic lows and more employees than ever before are blowing the whistle on workplace misconduct. Unfortunately, the survey also reported that retaliation claims have risen sharply, and the percentage of employees who perceived pressure to compromise standards in order to do their jobs had also increased, reaching 13%. Another finding to put in the bad news category is that near-record levels of employees reported that their organization had weak ethics cultures. With an increasing number of employees reporting a weak ethical culture in their organizations, its clear that things still need to change.

What Can You Do? With new powerful anti-corruption legislation introduced last year, business ethics have been in the spotlight even more and companies are looking for ways to improve the culture of ethics in their organizations. The NBES provides a snapshot of the current ethics climate, which gives companies an idea of where they need to concentrate their efforts to improve the situation. Some of the recommendations listed in the ERC report and in our infographic suggest that companies take the following steps to reinforce ethics initiatives within their organizations: 1. Invest in an ethics program and make employees aware of it. 2. Leverage social media tools to ignite conversations about ethics issues. 3. Integrate ethical leadership into performance evaluations for all managers. 4. Regularly update and promote your code of ethics.

About the Author Lindsay Walker is the Corporate Journalist at Customer Expressions Corporation, developers of the i-Sight investigative case management software platform, an integrated and customizable solution for corporate investigations. She maintains the company blog at http://i-sight.com.

Source: http://www.corporatecomplianceinsights.com/a-unique-spin-on-the-ercs2011-national-business-ethics-survey-data/

Raphael Luis D. Icban MGT110/AY02 Fast-Moving Stocks 2012 (summary) Picking fast-moving penny stocks, as well as blue chip stocks, is not an easy task. Here, we try to understand how to find fast-moving stocks, and know which are the fastmoving stocks that you can invest wisely. There are factors influencing stock prices. These are performance of the stock, domestic investor interest, foreign investor interest, cheap valuations, expansions plans, and overall market sentiment. Before buying fast moving stocks, the following points must be considered. First is to avoid high investment even though business prospects are good because valuations at this point are expensive. Second is to buy by parts to reduce your buying cost. Third is to stop losses close to your buying price. And lastly is to consider fundamentals also to pick the right stocks.

Raphael Luis D. Icban MGT110/AY02 A Unique Spin on the ERCs 2011 National Business Ethics Survey Data (summary)

Ethics is especially important in today's business environment, given the pressure that both employees and employers are feeling as a result of the current economic conditions. According to a recent survey from the Ethics Resource Center, when it comes to business ethics, there's good news and there's bad news. The survey is published every two years and takes a look at business ethics from an employee perspective. Over the years, the findings from the survey have been used to identify trends and the factors that impact business ethics, offering suggestions and steps companies can take to reinforce their commitment to ethics. According to the 2011 NBES, observed misconduct in U.S. workplaces has reached its historic lows which means that the workers inside that who is not behaving properly has gone done. Unfortunately, the survey also reported that retaliation claims have risen sharply, and the percentage of employees who perceived pressure to compromise standards in order to do their jobs had also increased, reaching 13%. Another bad thing about the survey is that near-record levels of employees reported that their organization had weak ethics cultures. ERC reports suggest to companies to invest in an ethics program and make employees aware of it, leverage social media tools to ignite conversations about ethics issues, integrate ethical leadership into performance evaluations for all managers and, regularly update and promote your code of ethics.