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Post-test

for
The changing year.
1.What is many seasons are there in United Kingdom?
a. one
b. two
c. three
d. four
2.What are their correct names ?
a. winter fall autumn summer
b. fall sunny rainy summer
c. autumn spring fall winter
d. summer spring fall autumn
3. In which area a three-way division into hot , rainy and cool season is used.
a. Tropical
b. Northern hemisphere
c. Southern hemisphere
d. Temperate and Polar
4. The cycle of seasons in the polar and temperate zones of one hemisphere is opposite to that in the
other so when it is summer in the Northern hemisphere, it is __________ in the Southern
hemisphere, and vice versa.
a. winter.
b. fall
c. autumn
d. spring
5. The seasons result from the Earth's axis being tilted to its orbital plane; it deviates by an angle of
approximately _______. Thus, at any given time during summer or winter, one part of the planet is
more directly exposed to the rays of the Sun .
a. 23.5 degrees
b. 33.5 degrees
c. 32.5 degrees
d. 3.5 degrees
6. Seasonal weather fluctuations (changes) also depend on factors such as proximity to oceans or
other large bodies of water, and____________
a. currents in those oceans
b. El Niño and other oceanic cycles
c. and prevailing winds
d. all correct
7. Meteorological seasons are reckoned by _______________, with summer being the hottest
quarter of the year and winter the coldest quarter of the year.
a. temperature
b. humid
c. snow
d. Earth’s orbit
8.In the conventional United States calendar: How many days are there in Winter which begins on
21 December, the winter solstice; spring begins on 20 March, the vernal equinox; summer begins
on 20 June, the summer solstice; and autumn begins on 22 September, the autumnal equinox.
a. 89 days
b. 92 days
c. 93 days
d. 90 days
9. What are The solstices?
a. The days when the Sun reaches its farthest northern and southern declinations.
b. The days when the Earth reaches its farthest northern and southern declinations.
c. The days when the Moon reaches its farthest northern and southern declinations.
b. The days when the Earth reaches its nearest northern and southern declinations.
10. What are The Equinoxes?
a. The days in which day and night are of equal duration.
a. The weeks in which day and night are of equal duration.
a. The months in which day and night are of equal duration.
a. The years in which day and night are of equal duration.
11. What is weather ?
a. conditions in the atmosphere at any time or short period of time.
b. conditions in the atmosphere in a week.
c. conditions in the atmosphere in a month.
d. conditions in the atmosphere during a year.
12.What is climate ?
a. Surface and atmospheric conditions over a longer time period or over a large geographical area
b. Surface and atmospheric conditions over a short time period in a day
a. Surface and atmospheric conditions over a geographical area in a week
a. Surface and atmospheric conditions over a year time period
13. The ____________ are fed into the computer and used to analyse the weather patterns at a
particular time.
a. reality
b. duration
c. observations
d. telecommunications
14. The many data _____________ used include ships, aircraft, oil rigs, buoys and balloons, as well
as manned land stations around the world.
a. sources
b. sauces
c. saucers
d. information
15. Polar-orbiting satellites pass around the earth from pole to pole at a height of about 870 km.
How long does it take for the satellite to complete its orbit, by which time the earth has rotated by
about 25 degrees.
a. It takes approximately 2 hour 42 minutes
b. It takes approximately 1 hour 42 minutes
c. It takes approximately 3 hour 49 minutes
d. It takes approximately 2 hour 22 minutes
16. The computer model produces a global forecast _______ a day using the midnight and midday.
a. once
b. three times
c. twice
d. four times
17. What is the information, skills, and understanding that you have gained through learning or
experience ?
a. study
b. learning
c. subject
d. knowledge
18. What do we call how to make a statement saying what is likely to happen in the future, based on
the information that you have now or predict ?
a. broadcast
b. foreplay
c. forecast
d. forehead
19. An instrument that measures changes in the air pressure and the weather, or that calculates
height above sea level.
a. barometers
b. thermometers
c. gauges
d. vessels
20. In or under the sea and not far from the coast.
a. seashore
b. onshore
c. offshore
d. coastshore
21.What are the advantages of living in the countryside?
a. Clean, fresh air
b. Less traffic jam
c. Open spaces
d. All correct
22. What are the disadvantages of living in the countryside?
a. Clean, fresh air
b. Less nightlife
c. Open spaces
d. More playing room for children
23.According to the findings of recent research by Agri Aware : How many percent of the
respondents considered their quality of life in the countryside to be good, citing peace and
relaxation as the main advantages to living there?
a. 75%
b. 85%
c. 80%
d. 90%
24. For how many billion has been spent by farmers over the past ten years to construct better
animal housing and manure storage facilities on Irish farms?
a. Over €5.2
b. Over €2.5
c. Over €3.5
d. Over €1.5
25. Animal manure is not waste, it is an important source of nutrients for crops.
What is the meaning of the underlined word?
a. waste matter from human that is mixed with soil to improve the soil and help plants grow
b. waste matter from animals that is mixed with soil to improve the soil and help plants grow
c. the way in which something is done or happens
d. polite ways of behaving in social situations
26. Avoid any damage to hedges, fences or dry stone walls.
What is the meaning of the underlined word?
a. a row of small bushes or trees growing close together, divide one field or garden from another
b. a small bushes or trees growing close together
c. a row of small rocks lying close together, divide one field or garden from another
d. small bush or tree growing together
27. Make sure that your car does not block points of access or exit and is parked safely.
The underlined word can be replaced by
a. enter
b. entrance
c. gate
d. depart
28. A backpacking expedition in 1973 brought him to England where he met his wife and decided
to stay and be a journalist and writer.
What is the meaning of the underlined word?
a. a short journey, usually made for a particular purpose
b. a long and carefully organized journey, especially to a dangerous or unfamiliar place,
or the people that make this journey:
c. a funny adventure
d. Both a and b
29. He established an antilittering campaign across the country.
a. a small insect that lives in large groups
b. supporting or approving of something
c. opposed to
d. before someone or something
30. I didn’t know how to run a campaign so I approached the Campaign to Protect Rural England
and they invited me to be their President.
a. a series of actions intended to achieve a particular result relating to politics or business,
or a social improvement:
b. someone who is staying in a tent or shelter
c. a North American reindeer
d. the goods that are being carried in a ship or plane
31. Seasonal weather differences between hemispheres are further caused by the_______of Earth.
Earth reaches perihelion (the point in its orbit closest to the Sun) in January, and it reaches aphelion
(farthest point from the Sun) in July.
a. elliptical orbit
b. solar eclipse
c. moon eclipse
d. tides
32.The South Pole is in the middle of the continent of __________ and therefore a considerable
distance from the moderating influence of the southern oceans.
a. Antarctica
b. Artic
c. Asia
d. Europe
33. The North Pole is in the____________, and thus its temperature extremes are buffered by the
water.
a. Arctic Ocean
b. Pacific
c. Antarctic
d. Indian
34. The periods of "midnight sun" (or _________________ for the other side of the globe) are
progressively longer.
a. "midday park"
b. "midday spark"
c. "midday dark"
d. "midnight hot"
35. How many of the imaginary lines that are circled the Earth perpendicular to its axis?
a. two
b. three
c. four
d.five
36. The World Health Organisation _______________ that depression and depression-related
illness will become the greatest source of ill-health by 2020.
a. estimates
b. estimated
c. estimate
d. estimatize
37. Yet it is known that physically active people have a lower risk of dying from _____?
a. coronary heart disease
b. type II diabetes
c. hypertension
d. all of them
38. Bill Bryson is an______________ journalist and writer.
a. American
b. Cuban
c. German
d. British
39. Agriculture recycles 100% of all animal manures that it produces.
a. produced
b. producing
c. produces
d. products
40. Drive carefully on narrow country roads, always.
a. not wide
b. wide
c. shallow
d. deep
41. Halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole is an imaginary line, the __________.
The equator goes around the middle of Earth like a belt. It divides our planet into the Northern
Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.
a. latitude
b. longitude
c. meridians
d. equator
42. Another set of imaginary lines helps us measure distance east and west. These are lines of
longitude. Each line of longitude runs from the North Pole to the South Pole. These lines are also
called _____________.
a. latitude
b. longitude
c. meridians
d. equator
43. Parallels measure distance north or south of the equator. This distance is measured in ______. a.
decree
b. degrees
c. decade
d. detour
44. What do we call the study of weather?
a. biology
b. sociology
c. meteorology
d. mature
45. The many data sources used include ships, aircraft, oil rigs, buoys and balloons, as well as
manned land stations around the world. What can we find in the sea?
a. ships
b. oil rigs
c. bouys
d. All correct