Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 41

a&TcsdefcGif

The Balance Of Gold

oQifOuX

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

ed ' gef ;
vlow0gonf ode;f oef;rsm;pGm &SnMf uma0;vS twdw[
f q
k t
dk yfaom acwfor,wkrYd pS rdr\
d tmom
qEtvkd jynfh0a&;twGuf tcuftcJ pGJjrJMuHpnf xkdrsm;vS Oyg,trsdK;rsdK;wkdYjzifh rdrd\todPfynmukd
&ifhoefxGm;usdKif;apcJh\/
tvGeaf &S;us &kid ;f pkid ;f vSaom(0g)todynm? Pfynm ew?d xlyed ;f vSbad omtajctaerS wpfqifx
h uf
wpfqifh jrifhjrifh wufvmcJh\/ t0dZmarm[wnf;[laom wdrfrnf;wdrfykyf zkH;tkyfvTrf;jcKH tvif;vkHcef;
ozG,f ta&mifxx
k nf xlajymvSaom rdr\
d OD;aESmuftwGi;f odYk 0dpm&PPfwnf;[laom tvif;a&mifudk
xkd;azmuf 0ifa&mufapcJhavjyD/
arm[t0dZm xlxv
J pS mG zk;H vTr;f aejcif;aMumifv
h nf;aumif;? rSm;,Gi;f cRwaf csmifrrI sm;aMumifv
h nf;aumif;
xdwv
f efaY Mumuf&UG rH rI sm;aMumifv
h nf;aumif; vlow0g\todtjrif tqiftjcif wd;k wufrI zifah ES;cJ&h \/ wjznf;
jznf; wa&GUa&GU a&SUokdYwkd;wufvmaomtcgrSomvQif vlow0gonf trSefukd awGUjrifcGifh&avawmh\/
ESpaf ygif;rsm;pGm uka#uk#mwkyYd wfv;Hk if;onf trSew
f nf;[laom tvif;a&mifatmufoYdk c&D;qku
d af &muf
a&;twGuf jznf;jznf;aES;aES; av;av;rSerf eS f ,ufuef,ufuefEiS hf ,dr;f csnw
f pfcg ,kid cf snw
f pfvn
S hf auGUcsnf
wpfzkH aumufcsnfwpfrsdK; tvsm;xdk;wpfvnf wGm;csnfwpfvSnfh twd'ku&yifyef;jidKjiifvSpGm MudK;pm;tm;
xkwfcJhavonf/
,if;okdY tywfwukwf aemufrqkwfyJ tm;xkwfMudK;pm;cJhjcif;aMumifh vlow0gonf enf;rsm;rqkd
0dpm&PPf0if &J&&J if&h ifh MupH nfpOf;pm;jyKvmavjy/D c&pf0g'DwyYdk if xm0&c&pfya&mfzufw\
Ydk usO;f ajrmif;
vSaompnf;twGif;rS twif;&kef;uef xGufpjyKvmMuavjyD/ if;wdkYonf c&pf0g'DwkdY\todPfudk ydefvSD
tm;EGJUcsnfheJY ykuGatmif jyKvkyfcJhMu\/
if;wko
Yd nf c&pf0g'Drsm;udk ajcmufveS cYf MhJ u\/ vdrv
f nfcMhJ u\/ taoG;tom;ukd pky,
f cl MhJ u\/ wefc;dk
jym#d[mrsm; rSm;,Gi;f cRwaf csmf ravsmaf omt&mrsm;? r[kwrf rSeaf om w&m;rsm;? rjzpfEidk af omt&mrsm; ,kwd
,kwm Avmewd tusKd ;taMumif;rnDaomt&mrsm;ukd ynma&;taejzifh c&pf0g'Dwt
Ykd m; oifjyay;cJ\
h / bmom
a&;taejzifh atmufusaemufusjzpf&ef? rmeMuD;Mu&ef? cspf&ef? rkef;&ef? cGifhvTwfonf;cH&ef? vufpm;acs&ef
oifjyay;cJh\/
okaYd omf urmavmuMu;D onf vsijf refaomt&Sed jf zifh ajymif;vJaeacs\/ ta[mif;rsm;vnf; topfudk
ae&mz,fay;vsufaeacsjyD/ &ufpufMurf;wrf; MuufoD;jzef;avmufatmif tonf;ESvkH;wkefzG,f&mtrsm;
yg0ifonfh ormusr;f uJo
h aYkd om usr;f pmrsm;ESihf &kid ;f pkid ;f aomt,l0g'rsm;onf wk;d wuf todPf&ifu
h suaf om
vlow0g twGuf rsdKcsrjzpfEkdifaom aq;cg;MuD;ozG,f jzpfukefavjyD/
t0dZm arm[ xlajymvSatmif tarSmifz;Hk vTr;f aeaom urmavmuMu;D twGi;f rajymyavmufatmif
ta&mifawmufaeaom trSew
f &m;udk rawGU? awGUaMumif; enf;aumif;vrf;aumif;wkjYd zifh aMumif;usKd ;qifjcif
vsuf vku
d v
f &H mS azG&jcif;xuf ykrd jdk rifjh rwf vlow0gwkt
Yd oufEiS v
hf
J jyKvyk t
f yfaom vkyif ef;r&Sad wmhjy/D trSef
onf igwkdY\urmavmutwGif;&Sd &wemtaygif;wdkYwGif tjrifhqkH; tjrwfqkH; taumif;qkH;&wem jzpf\/
if;onf ajymif;vJysufpD;wwfaom avmutwGif; rajymif;rvGJ? tjrJwnfaeaomt&mjzpf\/
trSeo
f nf vlow0gwk\
Yd 'kuu
dk okcjzpfatmif zefqif;Ekid \
f / if;onf aorsKd ;jzpfaom vlow0gwkt
Yd wGuf
raoapwwfaom tjrdKufaq;jzpf\/
if;onf *PSmrjidrf? a`Er&? ylyifaomuAsmyg'ESifhtaMumifhtMursm;aeMuaom vlow0gwdkYtm;
pkd;&drfuif;y jidrf;csrf;at;jrjcif;ukd ay;wwf\/
if;onf qmavmifrw
G o
f yd
f aeaom vlow0gwkt
Yd wGuf aumif;jrwfaom abmZOftm[m& Munfvif
at;jraom a&ozG,fjzpf\/ tarSmiftwGif; aeMu&aomolwkdYtwGuf tvif;a&mifjzpf\/ arQmfvifhcsuf
uif;rJhMuaom olwdkY\rSDcdktm;xm;&m ukdif;uRef;jzpf\/
awmfajzmifrh eS u
f ef Pftjrifoefaom olawmfaumif;wkt
Yd wGuf tjrwfq;Hk aom aumif;cs;D r*Fvmjzpf\/
trS e f o nf vl o w 0 gwk d Y \ touf & S i f p Of t cgvnf ; aumif ; aoaomtcgvnf ; aumif ; aemuf w G e f Y
aMumuf & G H U aompd w f u if ; &J w if ; jcif ; uk d jzpf a p\/
2

trSefwpfckukd awGUaomolonf tarSmifrkduftwdjyD;aom urmavmutwGif; tvGefxGef;vif;


f &m;ukd pkpH rf;jcif;? ppfaq;jcif;?
awmufajymif ta&mifvQyaf om rD;&I;wkid w
f pfcu
k kd nx
d eG ;f onfrnf\/ xktrS
dtrSew
aqG ; aEG ; jcif ; wk d Y j zif h o mvQif &&S d E k d i f a cs\/ if ; onf ,k H M unf j cif ; jzif h &&S d E k d i f a omt&m r[k w f a cs/
xkdYaMumifh trSefukdawGU&SdodjrifEkdif&ef vlwkdif;vlwkdif;rSm pkHprf;ppfaq;cGifh &Sd&rnf/ vGwfvGwfvyfvyf
MuHpnf pOf;pm;cGifh &&Sd&rnf/ pkHprf;ppfaq;olukd i&Jwnf;[laom tjypf'PfjzifhajcmufvefYaom xm0&onf
vlow0g\ tMuD;qkH;&efoljzpf\/ pl;prf;&SmazGolukd aumif;uifbkHeef;wnf;[laom r[kwfrrSef vkyfMuHonfh
vufaqmifrsdK; vmbfxkd; trsdK;rsdK; jzm;a,mif;aom xm0&onf opmazmufolrnf\/
vlow0g y"me&nf&,
G cf suo
f nf trSeu
f dk pl;prf;&SmazG&efom jzpfoif\
h / rdrpd ;l prf;&SmazG&&Sad om(0g)
tusKd ;taMumif; uku
d n
f aD om(0g)0dpm&PrSwaf usmufrmS twifcEH idk af om trSeo
f nf rdrad &SUaqmif rdr\
d q&m
tppfjzpfoif\
h / ,if;okaYd om trSew
f &m;ukd ,kMH unfvu
dk ef m&olonf vljzpfusKd ; ? vlUb0&usKd ;eyfavawmh\/
okrYd [kwf xm0&ukad Mumuf ygy&[ef;rif;udak Mumuf? ewfuadk Mumuf? vlrif;udak Mumuf? rdrd 0dpm&PPf
ukd tokH;rjyK0Hhaomolonf vlpifppfu uRefjzpf&avawmh\/ oifhjrwfvS\/
trS e f o nf vl o w 0 guk d &J & if h a p\/ trS m ;onf ol & J a bmenf ; ap\/ trS e f o nf ajzmif h r wf
wnfMunfap\/ trSm;onf vdrfvnfvSnfhjzm; rkom;pum;ukd>rufMum;ajymqkdap\/ trSefonf tvif;?
trSm;onf tarSmifjzpf\/ trSefonf vlow0g\ PfpuKudk zGifhay;\/ trSm;onf vlow0g\Pf
rsuf p d t Munf " gwf u k d wd r f o v m uJ h o d k Y zk H ; tk y f rjrif p wrf ; ? tuef ; twd jzpf a p\/
vlow0gonf rdrd\Pfxifvmaom(0g)rdrd\em; Mum;vmaom(0g)rdrdrsufpd jrifvmaomt&m
[lorQukd iJu
h u
G af xmufxm;nmwmjcif;? aMumuf&UHG xdwv
f efjY cif;? tvsO;f r&Sb
d (J 0g)t*wdav;yg; vku
d pf m;jcif;
rjyKbJ pkpH rf;ppfaq;&rnf/ if;rSmtrSeu
f &dk atmif pkpH rf;&SmazGzYdk &nf&,
G cf suw
f pfco
k mvQif &S&d rnf/ vlow0gwkYd
onf rnfonfhw&m;? rnfonfhbmomudkrqkd a&TcsdefcGif csdefpuf&rnf/ rSwfwifMunfh&rnf/ i&JrD;wdkY&rnf/
uefw
Y u
dk Mf unf&h rnf/ vlonf yk*K v
d pf ?JG XmepG?J bmompGpJ onfwu
Ydk kd t&if;tjrpfrS jzwfv;DS z,fcs tuG,t
f um
twm;tqD; r&S?d yuwdaea&mifjcnfjzifh vif;ajymifawmufy tarSmifrcaom uGi;f jyif &yfwnfaeol jzpf&rnf/
rSefvS\/ trSefw&m;ukd &SmazGolonf rdrdPfrsufpdtjrJzGifhxm; Mum;orQ? jriforQt&mwkdYudk
Muufuef; qefawGU - avGUavGUief;ief; rpl;prf;bJ t&rf;,kMH unfavhr&S/d usr;f pmtkyt
f oD;oD;wdYk yg&Sjd cif;aMumifh
rSeo
f nf[k ,kMH unf xdx
k u
dk sr;f pmwkYd ryg&Sjd cif;aMumifh rSm;onf[k y,fzsuo
f nfr[kw/f taMumif;t&mwpfck
onf tvGefa&S;usaom acwfor,rS tmp&d, y&r&? odmEkod vufqifhurf; qif;ouf,kHMunf
vmcJhaomaMumifh rSefonf/ ,ckrS ay:yifjzpfaomaMumifh rSm;onf[k ,kHMunfonf r[kwfacs/ yk*v"d|mef
yk*K v
d pf jJG zifh rnfol a[majym rSeo
f nf okrYd [kwf rSm;onf[q
k ;Hk jzwfrnfr[kw?f wefc;dk jym#d[mESijhf ynfph aHk omol\
rkuy gXf jzpfaomaMumifh rSe&f rnf/ okrYd [kwf yuwdv?l vlomrefu ajymaomaMumifh rSm;&rnf[al om xk;H pHudk
vkdufemrnf r[kwfacs/
q&morm;uajym rSejf y;D wynfu
h ajym rSm;onf[k ,kMH unfrnfr[kw/f tppftrSeu
f dk &SmazGoo
l nf
a&S;uvlrsm; ajymcJo
h rQ a[mcJo
h rQ tukerf eS o
f nf[k vku
d ef m,kMH unf ,ckacwfay:vlrsm;ajymorQ? a[morQ
tukefrSm;onf[k jiif;y,favhr&Sd/ ajymola[mol\ *kPfowif;ESifhemrnfMuD;jcif;(0g)ausmfaZmudwd&Sdjcif;udk
y"gerjyKbJ usdK;aMumif;om"u ,kwd&Sd? rJhukdom t"duxm; trSm;trSefudk qkH;jzwfacsrnf/
ajymqkad &;om;olu &Sib
f &k ifyjJ zpfjzpf? olawmif;pm;yJjzpfjzpf {&mrynm0Ey*k Kd vMf u;D yJjzpfjzpf ta&;rMu;D
y"mer[kwf? pifppfrSm if;ajymqkda&;om;csufyg&Sdaom taMumif;,kwd jid rjidom y"mejzpfacsonf/
trSef\wefzkd;onf pwifMuHpnfa&;om;ajymqkdolukd trSDjyK ,kwfavsmh&kd;r&Sd? trSm;onfomvQif
tjyify Am[D&w tultnDudk vkad csonf/ trSeo
f nf tqHjzpfonf/ trSm;um; tumoufoufjzpf\/ xkd
onft
h rSeu
f dk &&Sad &;twGuf okawoebufopYdk w
d o
f uf0ifol vlow0gwko
Yd nf raerem; MuKd ;pm;vk;H yrf;aeMu
ukef\/
wkid ;f a&;jynfa&;q&monf vGecf ahJ om twdwo
f r,u trSm;rsm; rdr\
d wkid ;f jynftay:okYd rusa&muf
ap&ef urm&h mZ0ifEiS w
hf idk ;f a&;jynf&m ynmrsm;ukd aeYrtm; nrvyf txyfxyf qnf;yl;ae&avonf/ yx0D
aA'q&monf trSeu
f &dk &S&d eftwGuf ausmufawmif? ausmufaqmifrsm;ukd xGi;f azmufMunf&h \
I jird ;f at;jy;D aom
3

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

rD;awmifrsm;ukd oGm;a&mufMunf&h &I \/ wku


d Mf u;D wku
d if ,f uRe;f Mu;D uRe;f i,ftoG,o
f ,
G w
f u
Ydk dk vSnv
hf nfMunf&h &I \/
"gwkaA'q&monf zm;zk-d vkt
H rsKd ;rsKd ;wkEYd iS hf t&m0wKtxnf'Aw\
Ydk tqDtESpu
f dk npx
f w
k &f ef tjrMJ uKd ;yrf;ae\/
if;vnf; trSefukdomtvkd&SdaomaMumifh xkdrQ'kucHvsuf MudK;pm;ae&&Sm\/ xkYdjyif pufq&m? aq;q&mwkdY
onfvnf; trSeu
f &dk &Sad &;twGuo
f mvQif aeYnrjywf 'vpyftm;xkwaf eMuuke\
f / tjcm;aom avmu"gwf
ynmwkdYvnf; enf;ESifhyifwnf;/
okaYd omf trSeu
f m; tb,frmS &So
d enf;/ trSeo
f nf azmufvaJG zmufjyefjzpfaeaom(0g)tjrw
J rf;ajymif;
vJaeaom rrSefaomt&mwkdY\tv,f wnf&Sdaeacs\/ trSefonf tedpt"l0jzpfaomt&mrsm;ukd edp"l0
owjzpfatmif jyKjyifzefw;D vku
d \
f / trSeo
f nf jzpfw?Hk ysuw
f ?Hk oGm;wk?H vmwk?H ed,XHKusiahf eaom t&mwk\
Yd
tv,f tjrJwap xm0&wnfaeaomt&m jzpf\/
trSefonf arG;zGm;jcif;? aoaMuysufpD;jcif;ukd tvsOf;rod? tpr&Sd? tqkH;r&Sd? tem'd-teEjzpf\/
trSefonfausmufp&pf-ausmufcJwkdYyif&Sd\/ bmaMumifhxkdausmufcJausmufp&pfwkdYonf xif&Sm;&Sdjcif;wkdY
aMumifhwnf;/ urmavmuwGif; rnfrQwefckd; yg0gtmPmMuD;olyif jzpfygap(0g)xm0&bk&m;yifjzpfap
rnforl Q ausmufcJ pkaygif;yg 0ifzUJG pnf;aeaom &ky"f gwf &kyu
f vmyfwu
Ydk dk wpfcgwnf;tjy;D tjird ;f vufpowf
azsmufzsurf ypfEidk af cs/ yx0Dajrjyif obm0"rtavsmuf aygufaeMuukeaf om opfyifwYdk vnf; trSew
f &m;
wnf&\
dS / opfyifonf taphtanmufrpS wjznf;jznf; wpfpwpfp wa&GUa&GUwk;d wk;d &ifo
h efxmG ;usKd i;f vsuf
ukid ;f cufa0qmjcif;odYk a&mufvm&\/ tukid ;f tcuf tnGet
Yf wuf a0zm;Mu;D rm;jyefjY yL; MunfE;l zG,&f mjzpfvm\/
tikt
H yGihf tqifq
h ifh pD&&Djzpfvm\/ oD;uif;? oD;&if?h oD;rSnw
hf Ydk wG&J &Jo
G ;D aqmif\/ opfyif\tvSusuo
f a&onf
a&;rukef? ajymrcef; tHhbeef;rQ xl;qef;vS\/ okdYaomf xkdopfyif todPfr&Sdacswum;/
xkt
Yd wl wd&pmefvnf; trSew
f &m;&Sad cs\/ if;onf [k[
d 'dk 'D D a&GU&Sm;oGm;vmwwf\/ rdrx
d uf0ef;usi&f dS
t&m[lorQudk odwwf\/ tyltat; cGjJ cm;wwf\/ if; tod"gwfay:vmacsjy/D ok&Yd mwGif trSeu
f o
dk w
d wfaom
Pfum;r[kwfao;/ xkdYaMumifh trSefw&m;onf urmavmuMuD;twGif;xif&Sm;pGm&SdaMumif; (v,fjyif
qifajy;)jzpfacsjy/D xkt
d rSew
f &m;uko
d zd aYkd zmfxw
k zf u
Ydk m; vlow0g\wm0efwnf;/ xdaYk Mumifv
h o
l w0gonf a&SU
qkdcJhjyD;onfhtwkdif; pkHprf;ppfaq; aqG;aEG;jcif;wkdYjzifh trSefw&m;ukd awGUatmif&SmazGoifhacs\/ trSefonf
jrifjh rwf\/ csKd jred \
f / trSeo
f nf toifwu
Ydk dk 'kut
aygif;rS uif;vGwaf pEkid \
f / urmavmutwGi;f trSerf S
wpfyg; toifwkdYtwGuf tjcm;u,fwif&Sif r&SdawmhjyD/
trSew
f &m;onf Ak'jzpf\/ xkdYaMumifh toifwkdY\pdwf Ak'udkudef;0yfapMuavmh/ Ak'pdwESifhqefYusif
bufjzpfaom pdw[
f o
l rQonf trSerf [kw/f trSerf [kwaf omaMumifh wHvQyo
f zG,?f wu,f[w
k rf eS af omt&m
r[kwf/ xkdYaMumifh rkcsysufpD;&rnf/ trSefum; ysufpD;jcif;r&Sd/ yuwdtjrJwnfae\/ Ak'onf trSefjzpf\/
Ak'o
nf aumif;jrwfaom r*Fvm&Sad pownf;/ Ak'o
nf a[m&SEj zpfapownf;/ Ak'o
nf vlow0gwk\
Yd pdwf
udef;0yfapownf;/ odkYudef;0yfcH&aomolonf edpokcukd awGUapownf;/

Oa,smZOf
igwk\
Yd urmavmuMu;D twGi;f vlow0gtrsm; aexkid u
f siMhf u&H ef enf;vrf;ESpcf o
k mvQif &Sad cs\/
yxrenf;um; Ak'enf; jzpf 'kwd,enf;rSm xm0&enf; jzpfavonf/
1/ (u) yxrenf; um; ,ck igwkdYaexkdifvsuf&Sdaom urmavmuMuD; wdk;wufpnfyifap&ef? pHkprf;ppfaq;
aqG;aEG;oifMum;jcif;jzifh igwkdY\ Pfynmwkd;wufvmap&ef MuHpnfwDxGifjcif;jzifh yx0D? tmayg? awaZm?
0ga,m paom "gwfobm0wdkYukd tokH;cs&ef odyH? 0dZm tjzmjzmwkdYjzifh igwkdY\pdwfukd wjznf;jznf;
&ifhusufvmap&ef aexkdifzkdY jzpf\/
d enf;um; ,kwo
(c) 'kw,
d m"u obm0uif;rJah om aumif;uifbeHk ef;ukd arQmrf eS ;f ae&ef? igwk,
Yd ck&&Sd
aeaom toufudk igwkeYd m;rvnfaom(0g)xif&mS ;r&SEd idk af om(0g) b,fenf;ESirhf Q rjzpfEidk af om edpZ 0D twGuf
pGefYvTwf&ef qkawmif;arwmykdYjcif;? ,ZfylaZmfjcif;jzifh txufaumif;uifbkHrSm &Sdonf[k ,kHMunfaeMuaom
zkwf ow0g\tultnDukd &&Sd&efjzpf\/
2/ (u) yxrenf; um; MuHpnf&ef? pkHprf;&efppfaq;&ef? pl;prf;&SmazG&ef? 0dpm&PPf tvif;a&mifxGef;jy
xm;aom vrf;udk vkdufem&efjzpf\/
(c) 'kwd,enf; um; tuef;uJhodkY,kHMunf&ef? t&rf;vkdufem&ef? toifwdkY\todPf? tpOf;pm;Pf?
tqifjcifPfwu
Ydk kd tok;H rjyK&ef? od[efjrif[efaqmifMuukeaf om rsurf jrifaMumifawmifuef;wkYd awmifa0S;qG&J m
odkY rjiif;rqef vkdufyg&efjzpf\/
3/ (u) yxrenf;um; avmuwp&d,H= owavmuwpf0ef;&Sd yk*Kdvfow0goligra&G; (0g)tjzLtrnf;ra&G;
(0g) ESmacgif;jym;? ESmacgif;cRerf a&G;? tm;vk;H wd\
Yk tusKd ;pD;yGm; xGe;f um;a&;twGuf tm;xkw&f ef/ wwp&d,=H
om;orD;? r,m;? ZeD;paom wdo*F[taygif;wdkY\tusdK;tmedoHo r[yvtwGuf? tm;MudK;rmefwuf
aqmif&Guf&ef/ Ak'wp&d,H=Pftvif;a&mif xGef;ajymif0if;vuf? wefckd;xGuf&ef tcuftcJ? trSm;trSef
a0zefyidk ;f jcm;a&;twGuf tqkwrf epfMuKd ;yrf;&ef? ow0gtrsm;avmuom;wk\
Yd 'kuq
if;&J[o
l rQukd t&if;tjrpfrS
ckwfjzwfvSD;y,f okccsrf;om e,fcsJUay;&efjzpf\/
d enf;um; wapo&Jrsm;? ewfq;dk rdpm rsm;? xm0&eef;rsm;onf tjcm;aomurmavmu 'kw,
(c) 'kw,
d b0okYd
a&mufaomtcg rdrdwkdYtm; aumif;jrwfaom qkvmbfukday;Muvdrfhrnf[k ,kHMunfukd;pm;ae&ef jzpf\/
4/ (u) yxrenf; um; Pfynmwnf;[laom qDr;D wefaqmifjzifh xGe;f ajymif0if;vufaeaomvrf;avQmuf
oGm;&ef jriforQ? Mum;orQ? awGUxdorQwkdYukd aMumif;usdK;ppfaq; trSef? trSm;cGJjcm;jyD;vQif trSm;ukdy,f?
trSefukdo,fvsuf oGm;&efjzpf\/
d enf;um; jrifjh rwfaom Pfa&mif? ynma&mif? 0dpm&Pa&mifwu
(c ) 'kw,
Ydk kd jird ;f owf? tarSmiftwGi;f
wGm;oGm;&ef jzpf\/ usKd ;aMumif;ESpjf yifbmukrd Qrjrif? bmukrd QrqifjcifEidk b
f J olwpfyg;\aemufov
Ydk u
dk &f efjzpf\/
5/ (u) yxrenf;um; &k;d om;wnfMunform"dnaD omoljzpf xm0&ESihf if;\i&Jukd av;av;pm;pm; bmavmuf
rQta&;rxm; *&krpku
d b
f J rdr\
d jrifjh rwfaompdwu
f ;l Pfwu
dYk dk &J&&J if&h ifh tusKd ;oift
h aMumif;oifzh iG jhf yajymqkEd idk f
&ef jzpf\/
d enf;um;olwpfyg;\Eko
(c) 'kw,
Yd ufpYdk a&omckv
d suf rdryd ifu,
dk
f Pfudk uRet
f apcH aMumuf&UG x
H w
d v
f efY
aompdwx
f m;jzifh jym;jym;0yfwmG ;jy;D oGm;vm&ef rdr\
d jrifjh rwfaom twGi;f Pf"gwfudk awmfveS &f ef tjcm;ol\
vGwfvyfcGifhukd jiif;y,f&ef rdrdukd,fwkdifvnf; &kyfemrfyg uRefZmwmygjyD; oabmuftajcokdY qkduf&efjzpf\/
5

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

6/ (u) yxrenf; um; igwkaYd eMuaom urmavmu\ tusKd ;pD;yGm;rsm;jym;apjcif;iSm aexkid u


f siMfh u&H efjzpf\/
igwkdY\OD;aESmufynm zGHUxGm; igwkdY\pdwfESvkH;,Ofaus;rItwGufjzpf\/
'kutaMumif;? okctaMumif;wdkYudk eufeufeJeJazG&Sm 'ku\taMumif;udk tjrpfygrusef tukefvkH;
y,fveS jf y;D vQif okce,ftwGi;f odYk csO;f eif;0ifa&muf&ef? avmb? a'go? arm[wnf;[laom vlow0g\&efol
Mu;D ok;H OD;ukd acsreI ;f jzKd zsu&f ef? um,pdw xdEk pS 0f wk\
Yd jrifjh rwfaomtmomqEudk jznf&h ef obm0"re,ftwGi;f odYk
csO;f eif;xGi;f azmuf vQKd U0Suw
f rd jf rK yaf eaom trSew
f &m;wku
Yd kd owavmuwpfcv
k ;Hk \ tusKd ;twGuaf zmfxw
k f
&efjzpf\/
d enf;um; xm0&twGuf aexkid u
(c ) 'kw,
f siMhf ujH yKvyk &f ef jzpf\/ if;enf;ukd prf;oyfcahJ vjy/D okaYd omf
tusKd ;um; rxl;vS/ if;enf;ukd vGeaf vjy;D aom ESpaf ygif;rsm;pGmu ygavwde(0g)ygvufpwkid ;f ac: wkid ;f jynf
prf;oyfczhJ ;l ayonf/ okaYd omf xkpd rf;oyfaom ygvufpwkid ;f wkid ;f oljynfom;wku
Yd dk xm0&onf rapmifah &Smufc/hJ
if;vlrsKd ;wku
Yd dk tjcm;aomvlrsKd ;wku
Yd vTr;f rk;d cJMh ujy;D tkypf ;dk cJMh uayjy/D if;wdo
Yk nf rdrw
d &Ydk UJ wkid ;f jynfrS ESix
f w
k cf cH MhJ u
&avjy/D wkid ;f rJjh ynfrhJ jzpfaeMu&avjy/D olwo
Ykd nf ESpaf ygif;rsm;pGmumvMumatmif if;wdu
Yk ;dk uG,af om xm0&\
tultnDukd arQmfvifhapmifhpm;aecJhMuukef\/ olwkdYonf wpfzefjyefpnf;vkH;rdMuvdrfhOD;rnf/ olwkdY\jrdKUrsm;?
bk&m;ausmif;rsm;? ,Zfyvifrsm;ukd jyefaqmufvkyfrGrf;rH&vdrfhOD;rnf/ olwkdYonf xm0&\tcspfawmfrsm;
wpfzefjyefjzpfMu&vdrOhf ;D rnf/ olwo
Ydk nf xm0&\tultnDjzifh olw\
Ydk &eforl sm;ukd wpfzefjyefvnfErdS ef if;
urmMuD;udktkyfpkd;EkdifMuvdrfhOD;rnf[k ,kHMunfaecJhMuukef\/
okaYd omf &maxmifru ESpaf wGajymif; umvanmif;avaomf ,kMH unfarQmv
f ifu
h ;dk pm;csuw
f nf;[laom
a&mifjcnfrsm;udk arS;rSed af ysmufu,
G pf jyKvmcJah vonf/ ,ckaomf Pfynmtajrmftjrif&o
dS w
l o
Ykd nf ,kMH unf
uk;d pm;csurf sm;udk t&l;tdyrf ufavmufrQ tESpo
f m&rygvS[x
k ifjrifrw
S ,
f Ml uavjy/D xm0&enf;ukd Oa&mypaom
wkdufMuD;wkdufi,f jynfMuD;jynfi,fwkdY prf;oyfcJhavjyD/
tusdK;um; uRefpdwfarG;? uRefaoG;qG ESdyfpufnOf;yef;jcif; trsdK;rsdK;wkdYjzifh tqkH;owfavjyD/
MuD;yGm;wkd;wufa&;vrf;[lorQ tukefvkH;tydwfqkdYcHcJh&avjyD/
bmoma&;\vGwfvyfcGifhudk &mZ0wfrI[k todtrSwfjyKcJhMuukefjyD/
xm0&ukd apmfum;jcif;[k ,lqcJhMuukefjyD/
t,l0g'rwlrQaomolrsm;udk w&m;pGJcJhMu? &kdufESufcJhMu? csdK;zJhowfjzwfcJhMu? rD;&IdUcJhMu? vnfjzwfcJhMu?
wHpkdYxkd; owfcJhMuukefjyD/
if;enf;udk (Dark Age)ac:arSmifaomacwf(0g)c&pf0g'txGe;f um;qk;H acwf prf;oyfcahJ vjy/D tusKd ;
rnfokdY xGef;um;cJhoenf;/
teE toacsFra&rwGufEkdifatmif rsm;jym;vSaom MudK;pifwkdYonf tjypfrJhaomvlynm&Sdrsm;? xdkYjyif
tmPm&SiftmPmykdifwkdYESifh t,ltqrwlrQMuaom vltmZmenfwkdY\aoG;jzifh pkd&TJcJhavjyD/
a&wGurf eS ;f q *Pef;csr&Ekid af vmufaom "g;wdo
Yk nf vlow0gwk\
Yd tonf;ESv;Hk ukd xk;d arTacsreI ;f cJMh u
avjyD/
Mu;D us,cf rf;em; tvGeMf u;D rm;aom xif;ykw
H rYdk mS taiGUrpJ tvQrH pJ w[J[J w&S&J JS qlnaH eaom rD;awmuf
rD;vQw
H o
Ydk nf tpmiwfaeaom awmusm;? awmjcaohu
F o
hJ Ydk vlow0gwk\
Yd tom;ukd rnmrwm pm;aomufcMhJ u
ayjyD/
tusOf;axmif[lorQwkdYonf tMuHtpnfPf&nf&SdaomvlwkdYjzifh jynfhESufcJhavjyD/
xm0&twGuf &ufpufMurf;MuKwrf [
I o
l rQwu
Ydk jdk yKusicfh MhJ uavjy/D &mZ0wfr[
I o
l rQwu
Ydk dk usL;vGecf MhJ uayjy/D
tvGefjrifhjrwf em;0ifcsdKaom ]]vGwfvyfjcif;}}[laompum;vkH;wkdYonf urmajrjyif &yfwefYrwnfaeEkdifbJ
,kdifvJ ysufpD;cJhavjyD/
if;enf;udk ae&mwkid ;f prf;oyfcahJ vjy/D tusKd ;w&m;um; xl;rjcm;em;yif jzpfc\
hJ / wkw
d u
dk sO;f usO;f ESihf
vk&d if;qk&d aomf xm0&aexkid ef nf;onf urmavmuMu;D wpfcv
k ;Hk ukd aoG;a&mifzse;f rD;[ke;f [ke;f awmufap
cJhavjyD/
wpfzefwkH urmavmuMuD;twGif; vrf;usOf;vrf;us,f[l vrf;ESpfoG,fom &Sdavonf/
6

vrf;usO;f um; tw[w


d orm;wkYd wpfO;D pD pDwef; oGm;&ef jzpf\/ vifEiS rhf ,m;? om;ESit
hf rd? armifEiS hf
ESrwkYd twlwuG ab;csi;f ,SOv
f suf oGm;Ekid af tmifyif rus,v
f aS cs/ vrf;usO;f um; Oyg'gefwnf;[laom oJuEm&
ay:rS jzwfoGm;\/ c&D;oGm;wdkYum; ajymufMum; ajymufMum;om&Sd\/
if;vrf;usO;f uav;um; ausmufp&pf? ausmufcJ zvfusKd ;? rSeu
f rJG sm;jzefMY uv
J suf ql;ajimifch vkwf csKyH w
k f
xlxyfv\
S / t,lo;D acgif;rmolwo
Ydk nf aoG;csi;f csi;f eDaom ajcz0g;wkjYd zifh xkv
d rf;ay:rSm avQmufomG ;cJMh u\/
toifwo
Ydk nf vrf;ab; yef;yGirhf sm; jrifawGUcJah omf if;wdu
Yk kd rqGwrf cl;Muukev
f if?h if;yef;0wfvmT \
atmuf aMumufzG,fvefYzG,faom a>rqkd;ykef;0yfvsufaeacs\/
vuf0v
J uf,mbufrsm;udk apmif;iJ
h rQ rMunfMh uaveJ/Y a*s&q
k vifjrKd Uawmfopfuo
kd m pdwt
f m&krH eS ;f
ajzmifhajzmifhwef;wef; Munfh&Ibdavm/ oifwkdY\om;r,m; rdbaqGrsdK;nmwd rdwAEa0taqGcifyGef;wkdYukd jyef
vSnfhrQrMunfhMuukefvifh/
oifwpfa,mufwnf; vGwv
f yfcsr;f oma&;udo
k m tm&kjH yKavm? oifwcYdk spcf ifaomolrsm; i&JrmS qif;&Jae
oavmuf oifwo
Ydk nf aumif;uifbeHk ef; aysmjf rL;aeMu&uket
f /hH ,kaH vm? Munfavm/
oifwkdYonf olwpfyg;aumif;rItwGuf qkawmfvmbfawmfrsm; &MuukefvwHU/ ajzmifhajzmifhwef;wef;
pdwt
f m&kH arQmrf eS ;f ,kMH unf oGm;Muukeaf vmh/
oifwdkY\tokH;rusaom(0g)ajcmufaoGUaeaom(0g)ukd,fusdK;ukdom iJhuGufaom0dnmOfukd u,fwifjcif;
jyKEkdifayvdrfhrnf/
usO;f ajrmif;vSaom vrf;um; urmajrjyifrS c&pf0g'Dw\
Ydk [',0wKjrifjh rwfaomw&m;pkrS uif;rJh
aom aumif;uifbkHeef;okdY oGm;&mjzpfaomvrf;yifwnf;/
tjcm;vrf;um; us,0f ef;jyefjY yL;aom vrf;wnf;/ cvkwu
f efoif;? ql;ajimif?h csKyH w
k u
f if;aom(0g)tzkt
xpf tedrfhtjrifh&Sif;aom? tauGUtaumufr&Sdaom ajzmifhpif;aomvrf;wnf;/
igwkdYtm;vkH; acsmifcsdvSpGmaom oufoufomom &ifaygifwef;vufwGJ aysmfyGJqifum &Tif&Tifjyjy
ab;rcbJ at;at;jrjr avQmufoGm;Ekdifaomvrf;wnf;/
vlrsKd ;ra&G;? usm;r ra&G;? tjzLtrnf; ra&G;? ZmwftEG,rf a&G;? bmomra&G;? urmavmu&Sd ow0g
taygif;wko
Yd nf csKd jred o
f m,maomaus;iSuw
f \
Ydk wGejf rL;a<u;aMumfow
H EYdk iS hf ywfomapmif;ni;f 'krH if;? ywvm;?
Mum;&olw\
Ydk em;0 ysm;&nfEiS o
hf Mum;pkaygif;usovkd Mum;r0Ekid af vmufaom prf;acsmif;wk\
Yd toHudk emcHvsuf
wysUH ysUH MuL? &eHv
Y v
l suf &SLol\ESmwGi;f wvIid v
f idI Mf uKd io
f if;aeaom yef;&eH&Y u
dI rf sKd ;pkw
H u
Ydk dk tm&ko
H iG ;f ,l &Iu
d u
f m
&SLvsu?f Munfvifoef&Y iS ;f a&Ta&mif0if;aom aerif;\ta&mifudk ckv
d v
HI su?f xku
d s,jf yefaY om vrf;rawmfoGm;vm
EkdifMu\/
vrf;um; obm0"rtwkid ;f tusKd ;taMumif; qufo,
G v
f su&f adS om vrf;wnf;/ vifa&mr,m;yg?
om;a&m orD;yg? ajr;a&mjrpfyg? aqGa&mrsdK;yg? rdwfaqGa&m o*F[yg Munfom&Tifys twlwuG oGm;Ekdifaom
vrf;wnf;/
vrf;um; wpfqifhxufwpfqifh jrifhjrifh wufoGm;aomvrf;wnf;/
xkv
d rf;ay:okYd avQmufrMd uaomf rsKd ;? Zmwf? t,l? tjzL? trnf; uGjJ ym;jcif;r&Sad wmhbJ wpfv;Hk wpfpnf;
nDtpfukdt&if;csnf;uJhodkY jzpfavawmh\/
rSev
f \
S / usm;ESiEhf mG ;wko
Yd nf vnfcsi;f ,SOw
f
JG aysmyf q
JG ifum oGm;vmMuuket
f /hH &efo&l efbufwo
Ydk nf
rdwf&if;aqG&if; wpfrd0rf;wGif; acgif;eif;qif; xkduJhodkYjzpfMuukeftHh/
tk-d urmol urmom; ow0grsm;wk?Yd urmavmuMu;D um; tik?H tyGi?hf oD;&if?h oD;rSnw
hf jYdk zifh wifw
h ,f
vSyaom vdarmyf ifEiS w
hf v
l aS cswum;/ oD;rSnw
hf 0if;0if; oD;uif;wzkwzf w
k q
f o
dk uJo
h Ykd rckid rf jrb
J J a<uusaom
oD;uif;? oD;Ek? oD;&ifhwkdYum; ajrMoZmjzpfMuukefayjyD/
if;tyif&dS toD;wkid ;f wko
Yd nf b0toD;oD;ESiw
hf Ml uuke\
f / toifwo
Ydk nf tcsed af ph aoaeYoYkd a&muf
aomtcg if;vdarmw
f nf;[laomb0oD; tzwfomuseaf wmhonf[k >rufqadk jymMum;Ekid &f ef aumif;jrwfaom
tESpt
f qDwu
Ykd kd xkw,
f ?l pkw,
f Ml uukeaf vmh/
igwko
Yd nf us,jf yefaY om obm0"rvrf;ukd avQmufMupk?Yd avmuwku
d o
f m;ow0gtrsm;wk\
Yd tusKd ;pD;yGm;
7

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

wkd;wufapjcif;tvkdYiSm aexdkifusifhMuHMupkdY/
tarSmifxal jym? ab;bsr;f aygwJu
h sO;f ajrmif;Muyfwnf;vSaomvrf;rSzv
J suf xGe;f ajymif0if;y tvif;a&mif
& ab;rc? &efroD? nDnmus,jf yefY vltrsm;avQmufaom vrf;rMu;D wpfavQmuf avQmufMuukepf Ukd /
vrf;ay:rS avQmufomG ;olonf r*Fvm&Spd w
G um;/ ab;&efveG af jrmuf tvif;a&mifatmufoYdk a&muf&dS
aomolonf usufoa&&SdpGwum;/
usO;f ajrmif;aom Pfrsupf ?d Oyg'gefzad om ESv;Hk ? arm[zk;H aompdww
f u
Ydk kd vGeaf jrmuf vrf;ay:odYk
avQmufrdolonf bkef;uHMuD;rm;pGwum;/ trSm;ukdy,f trSefe,ftwGif;odkY csOf;eif;0ifa&mufrdaomolonf
jrifhjrwfavpGwum;/
trSeef ,ftwGi;f odYk csO;f eif;0ifa&mufrjd y;D vQif Ak'\
tvif;a&mifudk cH,
l tylaysmufuif;? at;jrjcif;odYk
a&mufatmif tm;xkwfEkdifolum; wu,fvlom;]]r wpfaxmif wpfaumifbGm;}} jzpfacswum;/
trSeo
f nf Ak'j zpf\/ Ak'o
nf tvif;a&mifjzpf\/ tvif;a&mifonf Ak'j zpf\/ Ak'o
nf bke;f awmf?
Pfawmf? uHawmfteE? usufoa&r*Fvmtaygif; jcH&Hcvsuf a[m&SEjzpfapcvkd/

toQifOuX
Ak'omoemjyKausmif;? awmifwGif;MuD;jrdKU/
99? ewfawmfvqef;- 15 - &uf/

oQifOu|

]]a&Tcsed cf iG pf m}}ac:pmtkyif ,fonfum; uREyfk w


f \
Ydk vufoYdk 1926-ckEpS f a&muf&v
dS mcJ\
h / b,fyHk b,f
enf;ESifha&mufvmonfukdum; aumif;pGmrrSwfrdawmhacs/ uREkfyf\vufokdY rsufpdvnfvrf;rSm;jyD; a&mufvm
aom pmtkyfi,fum; &efukefjrdKU? tar&duefESpfjcif;omoemjyKpmykHESdyfwkdufrS 1924-ckESpf&kdufESdyfxkwfa0aom
38-Mudrfajrmuf&kdufjcif;jzpf\/
xko
d nfph mtkyif ,fukd &&Spd uyif aoaocsmcsm a&SUaemufrsO;f ayguf zwf&cI \
hJ / zwf&jI y;D vQif ]]pmtkyf
i,fum; Ak'0g'ukdvnf; em;rvnf/ c&pf0g'ukdvnf; oabmraygufaomolwpfa,muf\vufcsufyJ}}}[k
qk;H jzwfcsucf sc\
hJ / ta&;,lavmufaom(0g)yrmPrlavmufaom vuf&mr[kw[
f k xifjrifrw
S ,
f cl \
hJ / okrYd w
S f
,ljcif;aMumifv
h nf; ,ckwidk f xkpd mtkyif ,f\taMumif;udk a&;vnf;ra&;om;cJ/h ajymvnf; rajymMum;cJb
h ;l acs/
xkdpmtkyfi,fyg pum;rsm;ukd acsy&efavQmufxm;aom yvuf0ausmif;q&mOD;bkd;vS\avQmufvTmukd
1299-ck? 0gacgifvqef;-1&uf(7-8-37)paeaeYxkwf bmrm;*sme,fawGU&SdaomtcgrSomvQif xkdonfhpmtkyf
i,fukd jyefvnfowd&&SdcJhacsonf/
xdkowd&ojzifh vkdufvH&SmazGaomtcg ESpfaygif;21-ESpfwkdifwkdif uREkfyf\vufwGif pGJpGJjrJjrJrcGmrcGJbJ
ae&Smaompmtkyfi,fudk awGU&aomaMumifh 0rf;yifajrmufrdwkHao;\/ xdkonfhpmtkyfi,fum; c&pf,mefwkdY\
vuf&;dk pOfvm oabm"rwmudk aocsmpGmazmfjyouJo
h Ykd tvGe&f idk ;f ysaompum;tok;H tEIe;f wkjYd zifh Ak'b
mom0if
rGefjrefrmwkdYtm; wrifapmfum;aompm jzpfcJh\/
rSev
f \
S / xkpd mtkyif ,fudk a&;om;aom jrefrmc&pf,mefonf Ak'0 g'ukd aocsmrdrrd od&adS cs/ odaYk Mumifh
vnf; rawmfrw&m; apmfum;&kid ;f ys ,Ofaus;olw\
Ykd em;0 yD,0gpmrjzpf/ rnf;npfaom tok;H tEIe;f wku
Yd o
kd ;Hk pGJ
a&;om;cJhykH&acsonf/ tawmftwef yg;vsm;Pfynmtoifhtwifh&Sd a,medaomreodum&xm;aom
txufwef;pm;c&pf0g'Dyif r[kwaf Mumif;udk xkpd mtkyif ,fuyif oufaocHvsuaf eacsonf/ c&pf0g'D\tjypf
AvayG Mu;D us,af omqifaoukd om;a&pkww
f pfcsyEf iS zhf ;Hk tky
f Ak'0 g'wnf;[laomywjrm;*ludk 0ufow0gjiLpl
ta&mifrSdefap&ef ukd,fESifhtxyfxyfyGwfouJhodkY&Sdacs\/ okdYaomf xkdpmtkyfi,fwnf;[laom om;a&pkwfjzifh
qifaoyrmP MuD;rm;vSaom c&pf0g'\tjypftm'De0wkdYukd vkHatmifzkH;tkyfjcif;iSm rwwfEkdifacswum;/
xkjYd yif Ak'0 g'wnf;[laom ywjrm;*lonfvnf; yGwjf cif;? wku
d jf cif;wkaYd Mumifh ta&mifrrSed b
f J wk;d wufyrdk dk
ajymifxdef0if;vuf jydK;jydK;jyufjyuf jzpfvmacsonfwum;/
xkdpmtkyfi,fyg pum;tm;vkH;wkdYudk tusOf;csKH;vkdufaomf(1) Ak'a*gwrESifhxm0&
(2) Ak'bmodww&m;awmfESifhxm0&\w&m;
(3) Ak'bmom0if&[ef;oHCmESifhc&pf0g'Dyg'&Dac: bkef;MuD;wkdYukd EIdif;,SOfazmfjycsufyif jzpfacsonf/
t&mum; ao;odrv
f ,
G u
f al omtvkyrf [kwaf cs/ Ak'0 g'ESichf &pf0g'(0g)Ak'b
momusr;f *efwEYdk iS hf c&pf
usrf;pmrsm;ukd ususeeodjrifaomolwkdY\tvkyfwnf;/
uREkfyfwkdY\ a&TcsdefcGifpmq&monf rdrdrEkdifaom0efudk csDrd&ufom;jzpfaeacsjyDwum;/ q&mrQru
{&mrynm&SiMf u;D rsm;jzpfMuaom a'gufwmtkv
d 'f ifb*f? ya&mfzufqm0DvspH aomyk*K v
d w
f o
Ydk nfvnf; Ak'0 g'ESihf
c&pf0g'ukd EIdif;,SOf&ef tm;xkwfcJhMu\/ pmrsufESm400-500ausmf&Sd usrf;MuD;rsm;ukdyif a&;om;cJhMuukef\/
okdYaomf if;wdkYvnf; wpfbufjrifawGomjzpf ratmifjrifcJhacs/ rwlwmukd wkjcif;? zm;ukdwk c&kckefjcif;?
rsufuef;u aeukdavmifurf;Munfhvkdjcif;wkdYonf tHhzG,fol&Jyif jzpfacs\wum;/
c&pf0g'Dwo
Ydk nf rdrw
d \
Ydk c&pfudk Ak'& iS af wmfb&k m;ESiEhf idI ;f ,SOv
f Mdk uuke\
f / jyKd iq
f idk v
f Mdk uuke\
f / if;um;
obm0"ryifwnf;/ rSefvS\/
avmu tusn;f weft&kyq
f ;dk tcsKd ;rusoo
l nf vSvyS y tcsKd ;tpm;usoEl iS hf ,SOjf yKd iv
f \
kd / wGzJ uf
oGm;vk\
d / okaYd omfvyS olEiS ,
hf OS jf yKd irf ad omtcg rdr\
d e*k&d t
f usn;f wefwmxuf yk
d t&kyq
f ;dk oGm;wwfaomtcsuf
ukd owdr&Muacs/
,if;odYk owdr&Mujcif;wkaYd Mumifyh ifvQif rwlwmudk EIid ;f ,SOrf Md uavonf/ a&Tcsed cf iG pf mac:pmtkyu
f dk
9

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

]]a&TcsdefcGif pmtajz}}

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

zwfrdMuukefaom jrefrmwkdif;&if;bGm; rGefjrefrmtrsm;wkdYonf pdwfvufraumif; jzpfMuukef&m\/ xkdq&ma&;


aompmrsm;um; t&mra&mufcahJ pum Ak'b
mom0ifw\
Ydk pdwu
f rdk l tawmfemusn;f atmifxcd u
dk af pcJu
h ek &f acsjy/D
odkYaomf uREkfyfwdkYtzkdYum; odkYr[kwfacs/ if;q&m\pmoGm;ukd yxrqkH;zwfrdaomtcsdefrSmyif]]emp&m}}[k
rxifrSwfcJhacs/
PfynmEke,f todtjrifrus,faom vlrr,fuav;oli,fwkdY\ qJqkdjcif;? tjypfwifjcif;udkvnf;
aumif;? rdrd\pdwfukd tpkd;r&ojzifh xdef;tkyfodrf;csKyfjcif;iSm rwwfEkdifukefaom Orwu*kPfxl;bGJUxl;jzifh csD;
usL;tyfuek af omolw\
Ykd qJqjdk ypfwifjcif;ukv
d nf;aumif;? tb,frnfaomynm&Sio
f nf ta&;w,ljyKr
l aecsrd hf
rnfenf;/
twkdif; oabmusjyD;jzpfaom uREkfyfwkdYonf c&pf0g'DwkdYa&;orQom;orQ tjypfqkdorQ pmawGukd
txufygtwkid ;f oabmxm; zwf&cI u
hJ ek \
f / okaYd omf if;c&pf0g'D t,lrwlno
D w
l Ykd bmyJa&;a&; raxmif;wm/
c&pf(0g)xm0&ukd Ak'E iS Ehf idI ;f ,SOjf cif;onf Ak'E iS Ahf 'k b
mom0ifwt
Ydk m; tMu;D qk;H rw&m;qk;H aom apmfum;
csujf zpfonf[k uREyfk w
f ,
Ydk q
l cJ\
h / tcsuf trf-at ? 'Dvpf? 'D-*D-t,fvb
f UJG xl;*kPx
f ;l jzifh {&mrynm&SiMf u;D
csD;usL;tyfaom qmr&Dqif*kd;u uREkfyfwkdY\,lqcsufukd tckdiftrmaxmufcHavonf/
rSefvS\/ if;a&;om;aom (SPIRIT OF BUDDHISM) rnfaompmtkyf ]]Ak'&Sifawmfbk&m;ukd
c&pfESifh EIdif;,SOfjcif;xuf ykdrkd Ak't&Siftm; rawmfrw&m;apmfum;jcif; r&SdawmhjyD}}[k
} a&;om;cJhavjyD/
,ck uREyfk w
f \
Ydk tajzukad &;&jcif;onf awmif;yefo\
l tvkq
d E jynf0h ap&efom &nf&,
G o
f nf[k rSw,
f Ml u
apvkad Mumif;? xkad &Tcsed cf iG pf mygtcsuw
f u
Ydk kd rcHvadk omaMumifh emusn;f vSaomaMumifh ta&;,lvv
dk aS omaMumifh
a&;om;onfr[kwfaMumif; xif&Sm;pGmrSwfom;Muapownf;/
,cktcg xkpd mtkyif ,fyg pum;pkudk &Si;f Mupk/Yd Ak'& iS af wmfb&k m;ESix
hf m0&EIid ;f ,SOcf sujf zpfaom eHygwf
(1)jzifh pMuukefpkdY/ xkdwGif xm0&\tajcoepfZpfjrpfukd pdppfzkdYvkdacs\/
xm0&um; c&pf0g'\tkwfjrpfjzpf\/ r@Kdifjzpf\/ a&aomufjrpfjzpf\/ tkwfjrpfjydKuGJ r@dKifvJ
a&aomufjrpf rjrJcJhaomf c&pf0g'wpfckvkH;vJ xif;zGJjzpf&rnfrSm ajrvufcwfrvGJyif jzpfacsonf/
xkdYaMumifh xm0&onf tppftrSef wu,f&SdcJhzl;oavm/ okdYr[kwf &[l'DvlrsdK;wkdY\pdwful;rQom jzpf
oavm-[laom tpGef;ESpfzufukd uREkfyfwkdY yxrpOf;pm;zkdYvkdacsonf/
xko
d nfh xm0&onf tppfr[kw/f trSerf [kw/f wu,fwnf&dS jzpfay:cJzh ;l onf r[kwb
f J Pfynm
tajrmftjrifenf;yg; qifjcifww
Hk &m;r&Sad om &[l'w
D \
Ydk pdwu
f ;l jzifah &mf&rf;onfh rSe;f qcsuo
f mjzpfcahJ omf c&pfa&m
c&pf0g'yg wnfwHhEkdifawmhrnf r[kwfacs/
taMumif;um;- xm0&vnf; c&pf? c&pfvnf; xm0&? if;wdEYk pS Of ;D yif 0dnmOfawmfjzpfjcif;aMumif[
h al y/
xko
d ;Hk yg;wpfqal c:Muaom c&pf0g'Dw\
Ydk bk&m;ok;H ckteuf a&aomufjrpfjzpfaom xm0&*kPrf sm;udk aocsmpGm
ppfaq;cJah omf wu,fwnf&cdS zhJ ;l ? jzpfay:cJzh ;l jcif;r&S?d &[l'w
D \
Ydk pdwu
f ;l rQom jzpfaMumif; xif&mS ;csrd rhf nfenf;/
okx
Yd if&mS ;cJah omf xm0&wnf;[laom yif&if;jyKd vaJ wmht/hH t&if;vJcahJ omf c&pf0g'wnf;[laom tzsm;xif;rjzpf
bJ tb,frSm cHEkdifcsdrfhrnfenf;/
,ckacwf&dS pmjzL pmeD tvDvaD om c&pf0g'Dw\
Ydk tvkt
d wkid ;f if;wd&Yk UJ xm0&ukd PpuKjzifh Munf&h I
ppfaq;MupkdY/
(1) xm0&onf &lyum,r&S?d tvkq
d E bmrQr&S/d t*Fgajcvufr&S/d yuwd emrf0n
d mOfoufoufrQom jzpf\/
(2) xm0&onf tedp- "k0-ow-t0demod jzpfjr\
J / azmufjyefjcif; r&S/d yuwd twkid ;f tjrw
J nfae\/
(3) xm0&onf teEPfawmfESifhjynfhpkH\/ if;\Pfynmonf qkwf,kwfjcif;? wkd;wufjcif;r&Sd/
(4) xm0&onf teEwefckd;awmf&Sifjzpf\/ urmavmuukd zefqif;oljzpf\/
onfwkdYum; c&pf0g'Drsm; trTef;wifMuaom xm0&\*kPfwkdYaywnf;/
xkrd nfaom *kPw
f EYdk iS jhf ynfph aHk om rnfaomxm0&onf rnfoaYdk omt&menf;/ wu,fwnfwhH jzpf
ay:cJh zl;rnfavm/ c&pf0g'DwYdk wefqmqifxm;aom *kPrf sm;ukd rSe-f rrSef ppfaq;Mupk/Yd &Iavmh? Munfah vmh?
qifjcifwkHw&m; vufukdifxm; aocsmpGmzwf&Iavmh/
10

(1) obm0"rqkdif&m 0dnmPu0dZmt& todPfynmtvdrmESifhqifjcifPfwkdYonf &kyfjzpfaom


OD;aESmufEiS ,
hf OS w
f aJG ygif;rdaomf ay:aygufaMumif; xif&mS ;\/ rSev
f \
S / oifah vsmaf vsmufywfaom &ky?f OD;aESmuf
r&Sad omyk*K v
d rf mS todtvdrm Pfynm rkcsr&SEd idk af cs/ xkOd ;D aESmuftenf;trsm;ukv
d u
dk
f todtvdrm Pf
ynm tEkt&ifh jzpf&\/ xkaYd Mumifh &ky?f OD;aESmufr&Sad omae&m todtvdrm Pfynm r&SEd idk [
f 0k Zd m q&mwkYd
qkH;jzwfMuukef\/
odkYjzpfaomf &lyuEmr&Sd? if;r&Sd OD;aESmufr&SdbJ tm;vkH;odwwfaom PfynmESifhjynfhpkHaom
xm0& &SdEkdifygrnfavm/ r&SdEkdif/ xif&Sm;aptHh/
&kyEf iS hf if;\*kPo
f ww
d o
Ydk nf uREykf w
f pYdk w
d f woD;wjcm;pD[k xifjrif&apum pifppfrmS cGjJ cm;r&Ekid f
(0g)rjzpfEkdifaom t&mrsm;jzpfacsonf/ Oyrm-rD;wnf;[laom &kyfESifhtylwnf;[laom if;\*kPfwkdYonf
uREyfk w
f \
Ydk pdwf uGjJ ym;jcm;em;onf[x
k if&\/ wjcm;pD[k rSw&f \/ odaYk omf tyludk rD;rScx
JG w
k jf cif;iSm rwwfEidk /f
ausmufcJwnf;[laom&kyf trm"gwf[laom *kPf&Sd\/ trm*kPfukd ausmufcJrS cGJrxkwfEkdifacs/ xkdYtwlyif
OD;aESmufwnf;[laom &kyEf iS t
hf odwnf;[laom if;\*kPw
f u
Ydk m; woD;wjcm;pDyif[k xifrw
S af eMuaomfvnf;
pifppfrSm cGm&paumif;aom obm0"rrsm; r[kwfMuacs/
xkaYd Mumifh &kyrf &S/d yko
H Pmefr&S/d cEmuk,
d rf &S/d xkaYd Mumifv
h nf; OD;aESmufr&S/d odOYk ;D aESmufr&Syd gbJvsuf
todPf&o
dS nf[q
k t
dk yfaom xm0&onf c&pf0g'Dw\
Ydk xifjrifreS ;f qcsuf pdwu
f ;l rQom jzpfacsonf/ obm0"r
tm;jzifh rkcswnf&jdS zpfay:Ekid af omt&m r[kw/f uJo
h aYkd om xm0&onf '@m&D0wKomvQif wnf&EdS idk \
f /
odaYk om taMumif;rsm;aMumifh c&pf0g'Dw\
Ydk xm0&onf wu,ftppf jzpfay:cJzh ;l onfr[kw/f &[l'w
D Ydk
MuHpnfa&;om;xm;aom '@m&Dusrf;yg ,kHwrf;pum;rQomjzpfaMumif;? oEd|mefusus rSwf,lMuygavavmh/
(2) todPfynm&Sdaom? teEu&kPmESifhjynfhpkHaom xm0&onf rvIyfr,Suf bJopfwkH;uJhodkY
aeonf[k ,lq&efrjzpfEidk /f todPf&o
dS nft
h wkid ;f wpfpw
Hk pfck MupH nfae&rnf/ wpfpw
Hk pfck jyKvyk af e&rnf/
opfwkH;uJhokdYaernfr[kwfacs/ um; vGefqefr&aom "robm0wnf;/ c&pf0g'DwkdY\ "ra[mif;usrf;
trnfygxm0&\ aumif; raumif;ESiahf omif;ajymif;a&m&m rormaomtvkyrf sm;? tMut
H pnfrsm;ukd xif&mS ;pGm
awGUjrif&acs\/
odYk tjrrJ jywf MupH nfjcif;? vkyu
f idk jf cif;onf tpOfajymif;vJjcif;udk jzpfap\/ &kyt
f m;jzifv
h nf;aumif;
emrftm;jzifv
h nf;aumif;? (0g)um,uHtm;jzifv
h nf;aumif;? raemuHtm;jzifv
h nf;aumif; wpfpw
Hk pfck MupH nfvyI f
&Sm;jcif;jzpfcahJ omf wpfcck k ajymif;vJjcif; jzpf&rnfrck s/ um; wdr;f z,fa&Smifv
JG r&aom "robm0ed,mr
wnf;/
csJUOD;pkdY-&lyaA'&kyfykdif;qkdif&m "gwfobm0wkdYonf twkd;tqkwf &SdMuukef\/ &kyfwpfck trm"gwf
vGecf ahJ omf taysm"h gwfenf;yg;jrJ "rwmjzpf\/ xkt
Yd wl taysm"h gwfveG af omf trm"gwfenf;\/ tylveG af omf
tat;enf;\/ tat;vGeaf omf tylenf;&pjrjJ zpf\/ if;enf;raoG emraA'0dZm taumif;tqk;d ESprf sKd ;wko
Yd nf
twk;d tqkw&f MdS uuke\
f / arwmw&m;wk;d yGm;rsm;jym;aeaomf a'gow&m;acgif;yg; ,kwaf vsmo
h mG ;acsrnf/ a'go
yGm;aomf arwm&Sm;\/ <uif;usefaomw&m;tm;vkH;wkdYvnf; enf;twlyifrSwfav/
,ckaomf xm0&bufoYdk vSnMhf upk/Yd
xm0&onf wpfcgwpf&H a'goxGuf\/
vlow0gudk used q
f \
J /
okd;tkd? qdwftkdwkdY\tom;jzifh,pfylaZmfonfhtwGuf trsufa'go axmif;axmif;x\/
t&ufMuKduf\/
taoG;tom; MuKd u\
f /
xkdtcg a'goyGm;? aum"rsm;ojzifh arwmacgif;yg;avawmh\/
xm0&onf tarT;tMudKif tvGefrufarm\/
ok;d uif om;uifudk pGv
J rf;\/
xkdokdYaom xm0&\pdwftpOf avmbw&m;? wPSmw&m;wkdY awmxaeacsrnf/
11

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

,if;okdY avmbrsm;cJhaomf tavmb acgif;yg;rnf rkcsyif/


odYk twk;d tqkw&f cdS ahJ omf ajymif;vJjcif;r&S/d azmufjyefjcif;r&S/d edpx
m0& tjrw
J nfonfpaomxm0&\
*kPyf umoewko
Yd nf tukejf ymus oGm;acsjyrD [kww
f aHk vm/ rMum;0hH remom? tonf;,m;p&m? aMumufp&m
vefpY &m rormnpfusK 'kp&ku
d t
f rIwu
Ydk dk tjrjJ yKaeaom o0dnmPuxm0&onf txufazmfjy&myg*kPw
f EYdk iS hf
rxkdufwefacswum;/
xkaYd Mumifh c&pfw&Ydk UJ xm0&onf bmurSr[kwb
f J vkyMf uw
H x
D iG x
f m;aom ouFyr QomjzpfaMumif; xif&mS ;
jyefacsonfwrkHU/
(3) wzefw-Hk tMuifwpfpw
Hk pfa,mufaom ol\Pfynmonf twk;d tqkwf &Scd t
hJ /hH xko
d u
l dk jynfph o
Hk l
[lrqkEd idk /f jynfph o
Hk rl mS xyfwk;d &ef? xnf&h ef? jznfph u
G &f ef r&Sad wmhjy/D teEty&drmP wefc;dk awmfEiS jhf ynfph Hk
onf[k rac:qkdEkdfifawmhjyD/
xm0&onf wpfcgwpfcg a'goxGu\
f / wpfcgwpf&H arwmoufoa,mifjzpfay:\/ yxr tm'HEiS hf
{0wku
Yd dk oufowfvw
G pf m;&ef trdeaYf y;cJ\
h / urmzefqif;ykH tjcif;t&mudk urmOD;usr;f 2-Murd f ajymjy\/
okdYaomf wpfckESifhwpfck rwlacs/
tcsurf sm;onf xm0& twk;d tqkw&f adS Mumif;? xm0&onf jynfph o
Hk rl [kwaf Mumif;? teEPfEiS hf
rjynfhpkHaMumif;? teEwefcdk;awmf&Sif r[kwfaMumif;udk av;av;eufeuf axmufcHcsufay;Muukef\/
xkaYd Mumifh avm*spef nf;tm;jzifv
h nf;aumif;? qku
d u
f v
dk *dk seD nf;tm;jzifv
h nf;aomfvnf;aumif; pOf;pm;cJh
aomf o0dnmPujzpfaom? tjrv
J yI &f mS ;oGm;vmaeaom? &kyrf &Sd emrf0n
d mPfoufoufom&aom? jynfph aHk om
tukeo
f ad om teEwefc;dk ESijhf ynfph aHk omxm0&onf rkcsrjzpfEidk af om t&mjzpf\/ ynmPfarS;rSed f tqifjcif
cg;odrfaom &[l'DvlrsdK;MuHpnfwDxGifcJhaom '@m&DZmwfvkdufrQom jzpfaMumif; rSwfMuukefavmh/
(4) ,ckacwfay: 0dnmPu0dZm q&mwkYd &SmazGawGU&Sad om 'A[al om (MATTER) owt
d &Sed [
f al om
(FORCE) wku
Yd dk xde;f odr;f okrd ;DS a&;qkid &f mOya't& xk'd AEiS o
hf w(d 0g)rJw
h m;ESizhf pYdk w
f o
Ydk nf urmavmutwGi;f
tjrJwnf&SdaecJhavonf/ xkdYjyifESpfckwkdYonftxufazmfjycJhaom &kyf"gwfESifhif;\*kPfwkdYuJhodkY tpOftjrJwGJ
aeaomt&mwkdYwnf;/
if;wdo
Yk nf obm0"rqidk &f mvnf; rnfonft
h cgrS wpfcpk cD jJG cm;rwnfMuuke/f tem'd teEumv
rSp pkw
H w
JG nf&v
dS mcJMh uuke\
f / tem*wfumvvnf; teEumvwkid af tmif wnf&MdS uukev
f wUH / xkaYd Mumifh
'A[al om &ky"f gwf? owd[
al om tm;"gwfwjYdk zifjh y;D aom urmavmuMu;D onfvnf; tem'dteEyifwnf
&Sjd cif;? csKyaf ysmufjcif; jzpf&avonf/ yko
H Pmefwpfcrk S tjcm;yko
H Pmefwpfco
k Ydk ajymif;vJc&hJ avonf/ jzpfjcif;?
wnfjcif;? ysufpD;jcif;wnf;[laom puf&[wf vnfywfaeMu&ukefonf/
xkdYaMumifh tpOftjrJ azmufvGJazmufjyef? jzpfwkHysufwkH jzpfaeaom tem'dteEjzpfaompMu0Vm
urm avmutwGi;f ed&mum&oknwHx;kH qdwo
f Ok ;f vk;H vk;H bmrQ r&S&d mrS? cP&kwcf si;f ? &S&d o
dS rQ? jrifjriforQ?
vlow0g? awm? awmif? a&? ajr? ork'& m? ae? v euww
f m&mwku
Yd dk zefqif;Ekid af omxm0&onf wnf&EdS idk Of ;D
rnfavm/ b,fawmhrS r&SEd idk /f odrYk [kwf tem'dteEumvrSp tjrx
J m0&'Gew
f v
JG mcJah om &ky"f gwf ? emrf"gwfukd
twl,SOfwGJ aygif;qkHay;Ekdifaom xm0&vnf; &SdEkdifygOD;rnfavm/ {uE r&SdEkdifawmhacs/
xkaYd Mumifh c&pf0g'Dw&Ydk UJ xm0&onf pdwu
f ;l om wnf&EdS idk af omt&mtppf jzpfacsjy/D xkaYd Mumifh tem'd
teEtprxif tqk;H rjrifaom urmavmu"gwfudk zefqif;ol(0g)jyKjyifo&l o
dS nf[al om c&pf0g'Dw\
Ykd xifjrif
,lqcsufonf tajctjrpf vkH;0r&Sdaom0g'om jzpfacs\/
taMumif;um; pMu0Vm urmavmu"gwfudk zefqif;onf(0g)jyKvyk o
f nf[al om pum;onf oku
Yd vkd
rzefqif;rDtcgu xko
d &Ydk yk "f gwf? tm;"gwf? emrf"gwfwjYdk zifjh y;D aom urmavmuMu;D r&Scd ahJ o;cJ/h wnf&v
dS wUH
jzpfacs\/ Corollary owd odrYk [kwf tm;"gwfonf vIy&f mS ;jcif;ukd jzpfap\/ xkv
d yI &f mS ;jcif;onf 'A[al om
&kyf"gwfukd ajymif;vJap&kHrQru xkdowdukdyif toGiftjyifykHoPmef ajymif;vJapavonf/
xk'd Aoww
d \
Ydk ykt
H oGif ajymif;vJraI Mumifh ae? v? euww
f m&m? ajrMu;D ? vl? wd&pmef? opfyif? awmawmif?
12

ork'& m? "gwfowK[al om urmavmutwGi;f &S&d o


dS rQo0dnmPu? t0dnmPuwkrYd jzpfay:cJah o;/ rjzpfxeG ;f
cJah o;[laom t"dyg ,fay:xGuaf omaMumif[
h v
l /dk odaYk y:xGuaf omt"dyg ,fonf &ky"f gwf? emrf"gwf? 'AEiS o
hf ww
d Ydk
tem'dteEjzpfonf[laomtcsufESifhvnf; qefYusifaomaMumifh[lvkd/
odt
Yk xuf azmfjycJah om 0dnmPdu0dZm avmu"gwfqidk &f m ,kw,
d w
k m wkt
Yd & c&pf0g'Dw\
Ydk omum&
xm0&onf Mu;D us,zf UG x
H mG ;aom '@m&DZmwfvu
dk rf w
S pfyg; tjcm;xif&mS ;&So
d l r[kwEf idk af Mumif; rSwo
f m;Muap
cvkd/
uREkfyfwkdY\a*gwrAk'rlum; rsdK;ESifh&kd;ESifhtrnfESifh? t&nfESifh? usihfykHMuHykHESifh? bk&m;jzpfykH? w&m;
a[mykHESifhaocsmrkcs wu,fjzpfay:cJhzl;aMumif; xif&Sm;\/ okdYwu,fjzpfay:cJhbl;onfukd uREkfyfwkdY\a&Tcsdef
cGiq
f &muyif twdtvif;0efccH o
hJ nfjzpfaomaMumifh xkt
d aMumif;ESiyhf wfouf uREyfk w
f u
Ydk tus,w
f 0ifzh iG hf
p&mrvkdawmhjyD/
okjYd zpfcahJ omf a&Tcsed cf iG pf mq&mESiw
hf uG tm;vk;H aomc&pf0g'Dwo
Ydk nf xif&mS ;r&Sad om (0g) b,ftcg
umvrQ rjzpfay:cJhbl;aom(0g)'@m&DZmwfvkdufrQomjzpfaom xm0&ukd uREkfyfwkdY\xif&Sm;jzpfay:cJhzl;aom
a*gwr&Sifawmfbk&m;ESifhEIdif;,SOf&ef tm;xkwfMuavonf/
okEYd idI ;f ,SOjf cif;onf wu,fr&Sad om(0g)pdwu
f ;l rIjzpfaom aiG'*Fg;udk 0if;0if;jyufjyufvufay:rSm ta&mif
vufaeaom wu,fah &T'*Fg;ESijhf yKd io
f vk&d adS cs\/ ,raeom;jzifx
h v
k yk x
f m;aom opfom;&kyu
f dk wu,fv
h o
l m;
ESijhf yKd io
f vkd &Sad cs\/ ae&m uREyfk w
f o
Ydk nf}}*syaf umifEiS }f }tpcsaD om pavq&mMu;D OD;ykn\aw;xyfuo
dk wd&
\/ okaYd omf txufygESiyhf if vkaH vmufjyjD zpf rxnfv
h u
dk af wmhjy/D
okaYd omf a&Tcsed cf iG q
f &m pdwrf ysuyf gESiOhf ;D ? toif c&pf0g'Dw&Ydk UJ xm0&udk pum;tjzpfwu,f&cdS zhJ ;l w,f/
jzpfcJhzl;w,fyJ xm;MuygOD;pkdY/ okdYxm;MunfhcJhaomftoifwkdY\xm0&onf b,fvkdtpm;xJuenf;/
tm;xm;p&mavm? u&kPm&Sifavm/
vlaumif;avm? vlq;dk avm/
cspfp&mavm? aMumufp&mavm/
okaYd om ar;cGe;f rsm;ukd ar;Munf&h acsrnf/ okaYd r;Munfch ahJ omf tb,fuo
hJ aYdk om tajzrsKd ;ud&k rnfenf;/
xkdtar;rsm;ukd uREkfyfwkdYukd,fwkdif rajzvkd/ taemufwkdif;om; c&pf0g'Drsm;u uREkfyfwkdYukd,fpm;ajzqkdtHh/
tdyfcsf-*sD-0gvfpfrnfaom &mZ0ifq&mMuD;\tajzudk yxrMunfhMupkdY/
]]teEwefckd;awmf&Sif xm0&onf wu,fxif&Sm;&Sd urmavmutwGif; wkdufckdufaeMuaom
ppfyGJrsm;? aoaMuysufpD;jcif;rsm;? ppfESifhywfoufaom aMumufvefYzG,frsm;udk wm;qD;jcif;iSm wwfEkdifaom
ow&d ydS gvsuEf iS hf wrifZrd cf jH y;D Munfah ecJo
h nfqv
dk Qif uREyfk o
f nf xkx
d m0&\tzk;H tumr&Sad om rsuEf mS ukd wHawG;
ESifh axG;rnftrSefjzpfownf;/
(MR.BRITTLING SEES IT THROUGH)

tar&duwkdufrS ,lepfwm&d,H c&pf,mef"rq&moDtkd'dkygum;\pum;ukd em;axmifMunfhOD;pkdYxm0&onf cPcP pdwaf jymif;vJwwf\/ vufpm;acswwf\/ tvGet


f MuL;a'goMu;D \/ xm0&onf
trsufa'goxGufvG,f\/ tqrwef &ufpufMurf;MuKwf\/ rdrdtcspfawmf &[l'DvlrsdK;wkdYukdyif wpfcgwpf&H
pdwq
f ;dk \/ wpfaeYaomf xm0&onf (vltaygif;wk\
Yd OD;acgif;udk jzwf igxm0&tm; ylaZmfavmh)[k arma&Stm;
ajymowwf/ xkdYaemuf c&pf,mefyg'&D'D;eftif;*sdwf a&;om;csufukd qufvufemcHygOD;/
]]urmajrjyif vlow0gESifhxm0&\qufqHykHonf ,ckuREfkyfwkdY awGUjrif&orQom tukefjzpfcJhvQif?
xkdxm0&onf rdrd\vkyfief; ajzmifhrSefjcif;? &kd;om;jcif;w&m;wkdYudkrsm;pGm tav;rjyKaMumif; xif&Sm;acs\/}}
(THE FAITH AND THE WAR)

wpfzef tDqmbedrnfaom pma&;q&mMuD; odkYr[kwf tbd"rmq&mMuD;\pum;udk emMum;MuOD;pkdY/


]]oifw(Ydk c&pf0g'Drsm;udq
k v
dk o
dk nf)ajymqkad omt&m[lorQukd cRi;f csuu
f av;wpfcx
k m;jy;D uREyfk t
f m;vk;H
13

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

oabmwlyg\/ xkdcRif;csufum; oifwkdY\xm0&onf uREkfyf\rm&fewf jzpfownf;/}}


xm0&ESiyhf wfouf c&pf0g'Dtaemufwidk ;f om;wkYd a&;om;ajymqkcd suu
f dk taxmuftxm;rsm; uk;d um;
azmfjyEkdifapumrl &Snfvsm;rnfhab;ukd awG;jyD; rQyif ukd;um;xnfhvkduf\/
c&pf0g'Dt,lno
D (l 0g)xm0&udk uk;d um;olwu
Ydk yif oku
Yd avmuf trTe;f wifjcif;? *kPw
f ifjcif;ukcd &H aom
xm0&onf wu,faumif;jrwfaomol [kwEf idk af wmhrnfavm? wu,f{uef r[kwEf idk w
f mrSe/f xkaYd Mumifh wu,fyJ
wnfxeG ;f jzpfay:cJzh ;l onf xm;OD;awmh? xko
d nfx
h m0&onf vlow0gwk\
Yd MunfnKd jcif;? uk;d uG,jf cif;? qnf;uyf
ylaZmfjcif;ponfwkdYukd cH,lxkdufaomol r[kwfEkdifawmhjyD/
odkYaom taMumif;wkdYaMumifh wu,fww
d d jzpfay:cJjh cif; r&Sx
d aom(0g)
jzpfay:cJhapum tvGefodrfzsif;,kwfnhHaom tusifhpm&dw&Sdxaom(0g)
t&ufaopmukd tjraJ omufo;Hk rS0D
J ? csKd ;uif? ok;d uif? EGm;uifwu
Ydk w
dk iG w
f iG Mf u;D MuKd uaf wmfrx
l aom(0g)
csdK;iSufESifhyifusa&t&ufukd r&cJhaomf tvGeftMuL; txl;a'gyG trsufawmf&Savh&Sdxaom(0g)
oabmrus a'gxaomtcg Mu;D pGmaomaum"jzifh wm;r&? qD;r& used q
f w
J wfwt
hJ avh0oD&x
dS aom(0g)
owfa&; jzwfa&; wku
d cf u
dk af &;wku
Yd o
dk m tjrt
J m;ay;avh&x
dS aom (0g)
r[kwfrrSef ynm&Sdow0gwkdY atm*vDqefzG,f&mw&m;wkdYukd a[mMum;cJhxaom(0g)
aMumufcref; vefcY ref; ? arwm"gwftenf;i,f&o
dS w
l yYdk if Muufo;D zse;f zG,&f mtjypftm'De0wku
Yd u
dk sL;vGecf x
hJ
aom(0g)
vlow0gwkYd PfynmyGiv
hf if; tusKd ;taMumif; qk;d aumif;odjrifrnfudk tpOfp;dk &draf om(0g)okpYd ;dk &dro
f jzifh
Pfynmtvif;a&mif\&efojl zpfxaom xkx
d m0&uk-d

vGefcJhaom 2561-ESpfcefYtcg oka'g'erif;w&m;ESifhrm,ma'0Drdzk&m;wkdYrS om;awmfod'wukrm&


rif;om; vkred OD ,smOf arG;awmfrcl ahJ Mumif; txdr;f trSwt
f jzpfjzifh pku
d x
f cl ahJ om oD&"d rmaomurif;w&m;Mu;D
\urnf;ausmufpmt&vnf;aumif;? tdEd,EkdifiH\ a&S;&mZ0ifrSwfwrf;wkdYt&vnf;aumif;?
wu,fjzpfxGef;cJh&aom(0g)
tjcm;aom bmom&SifwkdYESifhrwl tvGefjrifhjrwf pifMu,faomtusifhpm&dw&Sdawmfrlxaom(0g)
t&ufaopm rl;,pfapwwfaom t&mwku
Yd dk uk,
d af wmfwidk v
f nf; rok;H ? wynfrh sm; aemufvu
dk if ,fom;wkYd
rok;H &efuv
dk nf; wm;jrpfawmfrcl x
hJ aom(0g)
ygPmwdygwm olUtoufowfjcif;\ tjypftm'De0ukd a[mjyawmfr
l ZD0[om-ZD0wwsm? toufowfjcif;
nO;f qJjcif;udk wm;jrpfawmfrcl x
hJ aom(0g)
trsuaf 'go aum" rku
d rf mS ;? vlUatmufwef;pm;wk\
Yd vufo;Hk jzpfaom w&m;rsm;ukd tjrpfygrusef tukev
f ;Hk
y,fveS f ckwjf zwfawmfrjl y;D jzpfojzifh
trsufxGufjcif;? a'gyGjcif; r&dS? arwm"gwfjzifh jynfh0aomESvkH;&Sdawmfrlxaom(0g)
ouf&SdoufrJh[lorQwkdYukd usdefqJjcif;? owfjzwfjcif;? zsufqD;jcif;trI b,ftcgrSrjyKcJhxaom(0g)
owfa&;? jzwfa&;? wku
d cf u
dk af &;wku
dY dk twmeH OyrH uwGm e[ae,s - eCm wa, rdru
d ,
dk u
f dk OyrmjyK
olwpfyg;wkt
Yd m; nO;f qJowfjzwfjcif; rjyK&m[k a[mjy tm;ay;jcif;rjyKcx
hJ aom(0g)
raumif;npfMuL mrap&d,paomygy"rtpkwkdYrS tjrJa0;uGmawmfrlcJhxaom(0g)
tusdK;taMumif;quf ,kwdom"u&Sdaomw&m;?
vlow0gwkdYtm; taMumif;tusdK;&apaom w&m;wkdYukdom a[mawmfrlcJhxaom(0g)
cspo
f m;wk?Yd toifwo
Ydk nf tvif;rSvm tvif;odYk a&mufMuukeaf vmh[k a[mawmfro
l nfudk axmufojzifh
vlow0gtaygif;ukd tarSmifab;rSumuG,
f
tvif;a&mifatmufoaYdk &mufatmif az;ru,fwifaom
yk*K v
d x
f ;l jzpfcx
hJ aom uREyfk w
f \
Ydk a*gwrAk'E iS Ehf idI ;f ,SOjf cif;onf olawmif;pm;\wJpw
k u
f dk &Sib
f &k if\eef;awmfEiS hf
EIdif;,SOfouJhokdY &Sdacs\/ tkef;rIwfESifha&Tzvm;,SOfjydKifxm;ovkd &Sdacs\/
14

rQaom pum;tpOfjzifh c&pf0g'DwYdk oJorJ rJ pJ pJG jGJ rjJ rJ ,kMH unfvmcJMh uaomxm0&onf tppftrSerf [kwf
wu,fjzpfczhJ ;l onfr[kw/f {uE ay:aygufczhJ ;l onfr[kw/f pifppfum; &[l'v
D rl sKd ;wk\
Yd pdwu
f ;l ouFyr QjzpfaMumif;
xif&mS ;cJah vjy/D xkrd Qru xko
d nfx
h m0&onf ouFyr [kwb
f J wu,fjzpfay:cJzh ;l onfyif xm;OD;/ if;wko
Yd nf
vlow0gwd\
Yk &kad ojcif;? jrwfE;dk jcif;? &Scd ;dk ylaZmfjcif;wku
Yd cdk ,
H x
l u
dk af om *kPt
f *FgESijhf ynfph o
Hk yl if r[kwaf Mumif;vnf;
]]avSUaemufvIdif;yg}} jzpfcJhavjyD/
rQESifhyif a&TcsdefcGifpmq&m\EIdif;,SOfcsufwkdYonf wpfckrusef jydKysufcJhavjyD/ okdYaomf trsm;aom
rGe?f jrefrmwkid ;f &if;om;wkt
Yd yg; 00em;vnfoabmusap&eftvkidY mS xkcd sed cf iG pf mq&m\ta&;Mu;D aom EIid ;f ,SOf
csufwkdYukd uGufuGufuGif;uGif; v,fjyifrSm qifqif;ovkd jzpfap&ef &Sif;vif;azmfjyacsrG zsufjzKef;rIef; ypfOD;
thH[lvkd/
a&TcsdefcGifpmq&monf xkdpmtkyfi,f pmrsufESm(4)
tESpfav;q,fhig;ESpfom bk&m;tjzpfwnfaom &Sifa*gwrum; jrwfovm;/ okdYr[kwf tp
]]tES
rxif tqkH;r&Sd urmtqufquf teEumvywfvkH; bk&m;ZmwdtjzpfESifh jynfhpkHawmfrlaom xm0&
bk&m;um; jrwfovm;}} [k yxrqkH; EIdif;,SOfcsuf ar;cGef;(2)ckukd ar;&Sm\/ uREkfyfwkdY\tajzum;tESpaf v;q,fig;wkid w
f idk f bk&m;tjzpf wnfawmfrcl ahJ om a*gwrAk'o
nf toifc&pf0ifw\
Ydk xm0&
xuf tqaygif; ra&omatmif yk
d jrwfownf;/
tb,faMumifq
h adk omf c&pf0g'Dw\
Ydk xm0&bk&m;jzpfzYdk aeaeomom ykxZk Ofyif b,ftcgrQ rjzpfcb
hJ ;l /
teEumvywfv;Hk wnf&zdS aYdk eaeomom urmavmutwGi;f 1-pueYf ? 1-ADZemrQrwnf&cdS zhJ ;l aomaMumif[
h l
vkd/ if;xm0& ouFyrQjzpfaMumif;ukdtxufu a&;cJhjyD/
'kw,
d EIid ;f ,SOcf suv
f nf; yxrESix
hf ;l rjcm;em; jzpf\/ a*gwrAk'o
nf toifa&Tcsed cf iG pf mq&ma&;jywJh
twkid ;f yif jzpfczhJ ;l \/ oHo&musiv
f nfczhJ ;l \/ 'ku& p&d,musichf zhJ ;l \[k uREyfk w
f Ydk 0efc\
H / ae&m toifa&Tcsed f
cGipf mq&monf ]]0#fMu;D q,fah jcmufyg;ukcd &H aom}}[k a&;om;\ uREyfk w
f o
dYk nf okrYd a&r&m raorcsm jzef;um
oef;um t&rf;uma&m awmwk;d qifuef; toifa&;om;cJo
h nfukd awGUjrifzwf&o
I jzifh toifonfc&pf0g'ukv
d nf;
oabmrus a*gwrAk'\Ak'bmomukdvnf; em;rvnf[k txufa&;cJhjyD/
'kw,
d ar;cGe;f vnf; a*gwrAk'o
mvQif rkcs{uefjrifjh rwf&;dk trSe[
f k uREyfk w
f aYkd jzqk\
d / tb,faMumif-h
Ak'& iS af wmfb&k m;\tjzpftysuaf wmfonfomvQif avmu"gwfq&mMu;D wk\
Yd (Evolution) wpfqifx
h ufwpfqifh
jrif
h wk;d wufaejcif;[laom t,l0g'ESiw
hf rl QaomaMumifv
h nf;aumif;? obm0"re,
d mrxk;H wrf;ESihf uku
d n
f D
aomaMumifhvnf;aumif;[lay/ xif&Sm;apOD;tHh/
Ak'& iS af wmfb&k m;\tavmif;tvsmonf oHo&m usiv
f nf bk&m;tjzpfoYdk a&mufaMumif;jzpfaom
aAm"dorm&taqmufttkw
H u
Ydk kd jyKpyk sKd ;axmifc\
hJ / odjYk yKpyk sKd ;axmifaomaMumifh aemufq;Hk vlow0gwk\
Yd
txGwftxdyfjzpfaom ormorK'tjzpfodkYa&mufawmfrlcJhavonf/ odkYjzpfjcif;um; ed,mr"rtm;avsmfpGm
jzpfjcif;wnf;/
,ckrsufjrifavmu tjzpftysufobm0"rukd &IOD;avmh/ oli,fwpfa,mufonf yxrqkH; rlvwef;
ausmif;okYd oGm; u-c okrYd [kwf at-bD-pD ponfwu
Ydk dk aES;auG;pGm oifMum;&\/
xkaYd emuf tv,fwef;ausmif;okYd ajymif;jy;D aomf tv,fwef;ynmukd oif&jyef\/ if;aemuf txufoYdk
a&mufjyefaomf txufwef;ausmif;odkY ajymif;a&TU&jyefonf/
txufwef;atmifjrifcahJ omf aumvdyaf usmif;? ,leAD mpDwaD usmif;wko
Yd Ykd ajymif;qufvufoifMum;&jyef
avonf/ xko
d nfo
h yd aH usmif;wkYd &&St
d yfaom ody0H Zd m paom 'D*&D*P
k x
f ;l bGUJ xl;tnGet
Yf zl;awGukd tuke&f &Sx
d u
G f
vmaomtcg xkdolukd {&mrynm&dSygarmuq&mMuD;[kac:avonf/
rnfonfah usmif;rQ raebl;bJ twwfynm tjzmjzmwku
Yd dk y&dp,jyKvyk
f rqnf;yl;cJb
h J ,ck rsujf rif
avmu ynm&SdrjzpfEkdif/ odyH-0dZmpaom 'D*&DbGJUxl;wkdYukd r&Ekdifacs/ wu,fwap &&Sdonfqkdyacsaomf
xko
d o
l nf vlnm vl0g vlAvcsmom jzpfacsrnf/
vlow0gonf wjznf;jznf; i,f&mrS Mu;D vm&\/ Pfynmvnf; Ek&mrS wjznf;jznf;wpfpp wk;d yGm;
Mu;D &if
h vm&\/ t"dyg ,fum;- vli,fonf vlMu;D jzpfvmEkid \
f / ynmEkoo
l nf {&mrynm&SiMf u;D jzpfvmEkid \
f [k
15

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

qkv
d \
dk / um;"rwmed,mr? jiif;csux
f w
k
f r&aomt&mwnf;/ xkjYd yif vlow0gonf wjznf;jznf; wk;d wuf
ae\/ um;0dZmq&mwkdY\tvkdwnf;/
rSev
f \
S / odw
Yk ;dk wufaejcif;jzifh vlow0gonf aemufoq
Ydk w
k &f ;dk r&S?d a&SUodt
Yk jrw
J ;dk wufae\/ okYd
wk;d wufaejcif;jzifh vlow0gonf vlw\
Ydk txGwt
f xdyf jzpfaombk&m;tjzpfoaYdk &mufEidk \
f / okjYd zpfjcif;um;
avmutpOftvm urmeh ,
d mr"rwmtwkid ;f yifwnf;/ if;ESiq
hf efu
Y siaf omt&monf rkom0g'vdrv
f nfMuq
H
ouFyrQomjzpfacsonf/
xkaYd Mumifh ykxZk Ofb0rS bk&m;tjzpfoaYdk &mufaom(0g)vlu bk&m;jzpfaom a*gwrAk'o
nf urmeh ,
d mr
jzpf&kd;jzpfpOf tm;avsmfpGm jzpfvmaom bk&m;tppfjzpfownf;/
xm0&um; wpfcgrQ ausmif;raebl;l bJEiS hf trf-at? 'Dvpf paom 'D*&DbUJG xl;uk&d &Sad omolEiS w
hf v
l \
S /
rSepf /G avmu y&dp,jyKr?I vkUH vjyKr?I tm;xkwrf o
I nf ta&;Mu;D vS\/ xko
d t
Ydk m;xkwrf I y&dp,wku
Yd kd jyKvyk rf o
S m
vQif uk,
d t
f m;? Pftm;xGm;usKd i;f zGUH jzKd ; tajctaewpfrsKd ; wk;d wufMu;D rm;vmEkid af csonf/ avSum;ukd wuf
&m(0g)awmifudk wuf&m wpfxpfwpfxpf(0g)wpfqifw
h pfqifrh wufbJ wpfcgwnf; txufq;Hk xpf (0g) awmif
xGwf awmifxdyfodkY ra&mufEkdif/
Ydk dk bmwpfck
okaYd omf c&pf0g'Dw\
Ydk xm0&um; odrYk [kwaf cs/ bk&m;jzpf&jcif;\taMumif; y&durfwu
rQ rjyKvkyfbJ bGm;ceJjAKH;ceJ bk&m;jzpfvmacsonfwum;/ vlpifppfu bk&m;jzpfjcif; (0g) ausmufwkH;
ausmufcJ yuwdu a&Ttppfjzpfjcif;(0g)zefusdK;rSefuGJu pdefwkH;pdefcJ ausmufrsuf&GJjzpfjcif;wkdYonf vuf
zspf w D ; tH h c sD ; zG , f w k d Y w nf ; /
okaYd omf vlu vljzpf? ausmufcu
J ausmufcjJ zpf? a&Tu a&Tjzpf? zvfuzvfjzpf? pdeu
f pdejf zpf qkad ompum;
wko
Yd nf tHzh ,
G rf [kwf &,fp&momjzpf\/ xkt
Yd wl bk&m;u bk&m;jzpfonf[al ompum;vnf; &,fp&myifwnf;/
xm0&onf wpfcgwpf&H ykxZk Ofrjzpf 'kp&ku
d rf jyK[k a&Tcsed cf iG q
f &mqk\
d / ykxZk Ofaeaeomom t[dwo
f w0gyif
wpfcgrQrjzpfb;l aom xm0&twGuf tvIid ;f wMu;D *kPyf umoewifaep&m rvkad wmhacs/ a&Tcsed cf iG q
f &m cs;D
usL;aom*kPfrsm;onf xm0&ESifhvkH;0 rxkdufwefacs/
tb,faMumifh toifa&Tcsed cf iG q
f &mu 'kp&ku
d rf jyK[k cs;D rGr;f xm;aom xm0&onf tu,f ouFy
Ydk m0& jyKvyk cf ahJ om
r[kwb
f J wu,fwnf&cdS zhJ ;l aom xm0&jzpfct
hJ /hH toifw\
Ydk "ra[mif;usr;f toifwx
tjypftpk 'kp&dkufrIwkdYudk ,ckacwfor, trkdufrJqkH; vlow0gyif rjyKvkyf0Hhacs/ usL;vGefjyKrl&efyif
pdwfrul;0Hhacs/
wwd,EIdif;,SOfcsuf]]bk&m;\pnf;pdrfudk cHpm;pOfyif emjcif;? tkdjcif;? aojcif;ESifhruif;rvGwf? touf(80)aphvQif
aocsd e f w ef uk d , f h t ouf u k d r apmif h E k d i f ? ao&aom&S i f a *gwrum; jrwf o vm;? ok d Y r [k w f yp K y e f ?
twd w f ? tem*wf u mvok H ; yg; wpf c grQ rem? rtd k ? rao? ed p x m0&touf E S i f h j ynf h p k H qif ; &J ' k u
rqufqH? bk&m;\pnf;pdrfcsrf;om cHpm;pHpm;aom xm0&bk&m;um; jrwfovm;}}[ka&TcsdefcGifq&mu ar;&Sm\/
uREkfyfwkdY\ tajzum;Ak'&Sifawmfbk&m; jrwf xm0&u ,kwfonf[lvkd/ &Sif;vif;MuOD;pkdY/
uREyfk w
f \
Ydk a*gwrEG,zf mG ; Ak'& iS af wmfb&k m;onf wu,fjzpfay:cJzh ;l \/ avmutwGi;f txift&Sm;
bk&m;[laomemrHawmfudkcH,l yGifhawmfrlcJh\/ urmavmutwGif;]]jzpfonf}}[laompum;udk tokH;jyKEkdif
avmufatmif wu,fay:aygufcJhzl;aom o0dnmP-t0dnmP[lorQonf a&TcsdefcGifq&ma&;ovkd em&jrJ?
tk&d jr?J ao&jrJ jzpf\/ um; "re,
d mrwnf;/
jzpf-[laom pum;jzifhokH; &paumif;aomt&m[lorQonf txufyg"rwmukda&SmifuGif; rvGwf
Ekdifacs/
rem? rtk?d rao[k toifa&Tcsed cf iG q
f &m cs;D rGr;f xm;aom xm0&um; rjzpfb;l ? ray:cJzh ;l jcif;aMumifo
h m
azmfjy&med,mr"rwmrS uif;vGwfjcif; jzpfacsrnf/
tu,fwap jzpfay:cJhbl;yacsaomf xkdolonf emjcif;? tkdjcif;? aojcif;wdkYrS rkcsruif;vGwfEkdif?
16

jzpfjcif;onf tprlvjzpf\/ taMumif;jzpf\/ a&aomufjrpfjzpf\/ emjcif; ? tkjd cif; ? aojcif;wko


Yd nf tusKd ;
rsm;jzpfuek \
f / tukid ;f tvufwo
Ydk m jzpfuek \
f / rjzpfu rem? rtk?d rao/ xkaYd Mumifh rem? rtk?d raoaom
xm0&onf b,fawmhrSrjjzpf
zpfbl;aM
umif;? ray:aygufcJhbl;aMaMumif
umif; xif&Sm;j;jyDyD r[kwfwkHavm/ ,kefcsdK? vdyfarG;?
aMumif
ykpeG af oG;wko
Yd nf qwfcsKd ? ok;d arG;? Mu\
hH aoG;wkx
Yd uf ykrd t
dk zk;d xku
d w
f efrnfavm/ tok;H 0ifrnfavm/
pwkwE idI ;f ,SOcf suv
f nf; edAm efoaYkd &mufaom&Siaf wmfa*gwruomvQif jrwfonf[k uREyfk w
f u
Ydk ajzqk&d
acsrnf/ taMumif;um;- a&TcsdefcGifq&m a&;om;onfhtwkdif; a*gwrAk'onf edAmefpH0ifoGm;aomfvnf;
if;\ w&m;awmfrsm;onf ,ckwkdif urmavmu&Sdow0grsm;ukd vrf;rSefokdY(0g)tvif;a&mifatmufodkY
ykYdaqmifvsuf&SdaomaMumifh [lay/ c&pf0g'DwkdYonf rdrdukd;uG,fwJhxm0&ukd edpxm0&ZmwftjzpfESifhjynfhpkH
onfhurmtqufqufwnf&Sdonf[k csD;usL;Muukef\/
xkpd um;ukd pOf;pm;Mupk/Yd xm0&onf a&Tcsed cf iG pf mq&mtqkt
d wkid ;f urmtqufquf teEumvywfv;Hk
touf&Sifae&kd;rSefcJhaomf ,ckvnf; xm0&xif&Sm;&Sd&acsrnf/ tu,f&SdcJhvQif xm0&onf rdrdvufa&G;pif
tcspaf wmfjzpfwhJ oa&v (0g) a[As (0g) *sL; (0g) &[l'w
D u
Ydk kd tb,fah Mumifyh pfxm;&oenf;/
*smreDu emZD[pfwvmwko
Yd nf xm0&\tcspaf wmfrsm;ukd ESyd pf ufnO ;f yef;aeMu\/ xkrd Qru wkid ;f jynfrS
ESifyif xkwfaeMuukef\/
bmhaMumifh xm0&jird af eovJ/ qDEidk af wmifxyd af y:rS rk;d oHEiS [
hf ed ;f jy;D bmaMumifh [pfwvmukd rMurd ;f bJ
aeoenf;/ tJ*kwjynfh&Sifaz&kdbk&ifukd tjypf'PfcwfcJhovkdbmaMumifh [pfwvmudk tjypf'PfrcwfbJ ae
&oenf;/ ajz&aytHh"ra[mif;yg az&kw
d Ydk taMumif;uvnf; vkyZf mwfjzpf? xm0&uvnf; ouFyr QomjzpfaomaMumifw
h nf;/
wpfzef oa&vvlrsKd ;wku
Yd dk wpfyg;trsKd ;om;rsm;tay:tkycf sKycf iG ?hf pk;d rd;k cGihf tifyg,mcsUJ xGicf iG u
hf dk ay;rnf/
jrdKUjyjynf&Gm wnfaxmif ay;rnf[k uwdxm;cJhaomxm0&onf ,cktcg ol\tcspfawmfrsm;ukd tkd;ajcrJh?
tdraf jcrJh jzpfaeonfwu
Ydk dk rjrifwo
Hk avm? olwpfyg;vufatmuf uReo
f abmufjzpfaeonfukd rjrifwo
Hk avm?
rjrifacswum;? bmhaMumifh- r&SdaomaMumifh[lay/
xkdYjyif- xm0&onf ,ckwkdif &Sd&kd;rSefcJhaomf tjcm;wpfenf;jzifh prf;oyfMuOD;pkdY/
uREyfk o
f nf xm0&a[mcJo
h nf[k c&pf0g'DwYdk ,kMH unfaeaom "ra[mif;usr;f wpfae&m&mrSm trSwt
f
om; puLpwpfckukd nyf rD;tmrcHaowmwGifxnfhjyD; aomhydwfxm;tHh/ toifc&pf0g'Dtm;vkH;(pmjzLpmeDyg
ruse)f wko
Yd nf teEumvwkid af tmif wnfaomteEPfEiS jhf ynfph aHk wmfral om xm0&ukq
d ak wmif;arwmykjYd y;D
ar;jref;Muukefavmh/
uREyfk o
f nf rnfonfeh yH gwfrmS rSwx
f m;onf[k toifc&pf0g'Dwt
Ykd m;vk;H onf xm0&\ajymjycsuaf Mumifh
trSeaf jymqkEd idk Mf uygrnfavm/ toifw\
Ydk xm0&onf rwwfEidk af wmhjy/D bmhaMumif-h ouFyr Qomjzpf '@m&D
ZmwfvkdufrQom jzpfaomaMumifh[lvkd/
xm0&onf teEumvwkid af tmif bk&m;Zmwdjzifw
h nf teEwefc;dk awmfEiS jhf ynfph o
Hk nf[k a&Tcsed cf iG f
q&mwkq
Yd Mdk u\/ odaYk omf uREyfk w
f rYkd u
l m; xm0&rSm teEwefc;dk aeaeomom? teEwefc;dk yif&o
dS nfudk rawGU&acs/
ckdifrmaptHh/
uREkfyfonf pufrysufbJ oGm;aeaom pufem&Di,fwpfvkH;ukd pm;yGJay: wifxm;tHh/ wpfurmvkH;&Sd
c&pf0g'Dtm;vk;H tJ'pD m;yGu
J 0dk idk ;f jy;D ]]tk.d ..xm0&bk&m;? t&Si\
f wefc;dk awmfxif&mS ;oGm;atmif em&Duav;ukd
t&Siw
hf efc;dk jzifh &yfatmif vkyaf wmfryl g}}[lqkawmif;ywemjyKMuyg/ a&Tcsed cf iG q
f &mwk\
Yd xm0&onf rQao;
i,faom em&Dpufudk&yfatmif wwfEkdifygrnfavm/
rwwfEkdif/ bmhaMumifh- teEwefckd;ESifhjynfhpkHonfqkdwJh xm0&ukdu r&SdaomaMumifhwnf;/
yOrEIdif;,SOfcsufum;- a*gwr&Sifawmfbk&m;\arG;zGm;&m jzpfxGef;ay:ayguf&mt&yfa'owkdYudk
azmfjy xm0&\tkd;ajcrJh tdrfajcrJh? tajcrJh? taerJhtjzpfukdvnf;aumif;? b,fae&m b,fXme&,fvkdY
rnf r nf & & aocsm*e jzpf a y:&ma'or&S d w J h a wav*syk d ; tjzpf u k d v nf ; aumif ; ? azmf j yavonf /
avmu tMuifol wpfpw
Hk pfa,mufonf Z&yfawGUrStyd &f \/ a&tk;d pifawGUrS aomuf&\/ xrif;qkid f
awGUrS pGeyYf pfaomtykyt
f ok;d wku
Yd akd wGUrS awmif;&rf;pm;&\/ xko
d aYdk omolonf tk;d eJt
Y rd ef YJ pm;eyf&u
d m eJY wifw
h ifh
17

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

w,fw,faeolxuf omEkdifygrnfavm/
xkdYtwlyif txufb0*frSmaeonf[k pmrwwf ayrwwfaom vltwkdYu ajymqkda&;om;cJhapum
rnforl S b,fem;aeonf[k rajymEkid
f rnfrnf&&r&Sad om xm0&xuftrsKd ;trnf t&nftcsi;f ? ae&mXme
jzpfay:&ma'oESifhtwnfwus oufaoom"u tckdiftrmjyp&m&Sdaom Ak'a*gwruomvQif ykdrkdjrifhjrwf
aMumif; rSw,
f al v/
q|rEIdif;,SOfcsuf- uREkfyfwkdY\a&TcsdefcGifq&monf Ak'&Sifawmfbk&m;rSm zefqif;Ekdifaom wefckd;
r&S[
d k tjypfq&dk mS \/ c&pf0g'Dw\
Ydk xm0&uJo
h Ydk ajrMu;D udk &TUv
H yk jf y;D ? vljzpfua&mh[k zefqif;aom wefc;dk rsKd ;um;
a*gwr&Sifawmfbk&m;om r[kwf/ ,ckumv avmu"gwfynm&Sdtrsm;wkdYuyg tvGefpufqkyfaomt&m jzpf
ownf;/
a*gwr&Siaf wmfb&k m;rSm xku
d o
hJ aYdk omwefc;dk rsKd ;r&Sad Mumif; uREyfk w
f u
Ydk 0efcyH g\/ wefc;dk onf tppfr[kw?f
Pfynmyg;&Sm;aom vlnHhpm;wkdYom ,kHMunfEkdifaomt&m jzpf\/ wefckd;onf trSefw&m;ESifhu@ujzpf\/
&THUukd a&Tjzpfatmif wefckd;jzifh zefqif;xm;apum xkd&THUonf a&Ttppfr[kwfEkdif? rjzpfEdkfif/ rsufvSnfhq&mrsm;
jyKvyk
f jyaom tHzh ,
G &f mrsm;onf tppftrSef r[kwo
f uJo
h Ukd wnf;/ xkt
Yd wl &TUH jzifjh yKvyk
f jyaom xm0&\vl
onfvnf; vlppfr[kw/f rD;zkwrf S wm&Sncf rH nfh &TUH &kyo
f mjzpfacsonf/ wefc;dk jym#d[monf twdwu
f mv? tem*wf
umvESifhomqkdif\/ ,ck vufiif;awGUjrifae&onfh ypKyefumvESifhrqkdifacs/ [kwfvS\/
]]a&S;vGecf jhJ y;D aom ESpaf ygif;1937-ESpcf efu
Y vlwpfa,mufonf ao&mrS xajrmufczhJ ;l \}}[k wpfpw
Hk pf
a,mufaomolu toifa&TcsdefcGifq&mtm; ajymvmcJhvQif toifonf]]tif; [kwfay&m\? ,kHMunfyg\}}[k
ajymqkdrnf trSefjzpf\/
xkjYd yif]],aeYrS ESpaf ygif; 1000 rQMumaomtcg ,ckaojy;D olrsm;onf ao&mrS xajrmuf&iS o
f efMuukef
vwHU}}[k ajymqkdolukdvnf; toifa&TcsdefcGifq&monf]]rSefyg? jzpfEkdifaumif;yg\}}[k rkcsajymqkdacsrnf/
okrYd [kwf ]]raeYu vlaowpfa,muf ocsKi ;f rSxvmonfudk awGUcJ&h \}}[k toiftm;wpfpw
Hk pfa,muf
u ajymMum;ygvQif if;ajymqkdolxGufvmcJhwJh t&l;axmif\trnfudk toifu rkcsar;jref;acsrnf/
xkdYaMumifh uREkfyfwdkYonf wefckd;jym#d[m\t"dyg,fukdem;vnfoifhukef\/ wefckd;um; tb,fokdYaom
t&menf;/ tajzum;-obm0"re,
d mr&Sad om trSew
f &m;ukd tav;rjyKb(J 0g) obm0"rEiS ahf xmfavmfuefY
vefYjyKEkdifonfqkdaom tjyKtrljzpf\/
&Si;f aptH/h tu,fwap vlwpfa,mufonf t0ef;\wpf0uf xdy0f tcsi;f &Sad ompuf0idk ;f udk jyKvyk Ef idk f
acsaomf ,luvpf-*JMoarx&Dynmqkid &f m wefc;dk yifjzpfacsrnf/ av;cko;Hk vDudk (&Sp)f jzpfatmif pGr;f Ekid o
f o
l nf
ocsFmbufqkdif&m wefckd;ukd tokH;jyKEkdifol jzpfacsrnf/
xkt
Yd wl [ku
d 'f &k*d si?f atmufq*D si?f Ekid x
f &k*d si"f gwfwu
Ydk pdk ak ygif; a&TtppfjzpfatmifjyKvyk Ef idk o
f o
l nf
vnf; "gwkaA' wefc;dk ukt
d ok;H jyKEidk o
f yl ifjzpfacsrnf/ xkjYd yif pwk*u
H dk Mw*d jH zpfatmif jyKvyk Ef idk o
f \
l vnf;aumif;?
2+2=3 jzpfatmif vkyfEkdifol\vnf;aumif;? rSefa&SUwnfhwnfh&yfaeol\t&dyfukd rSefrxifapbJ aemufu
&yfol\t&dyfukd rSefay:vmatmif vkyfEkdifol\wefckd;onfvnf;aumif; tvGeftHhMozG,fjzpfacsrnf/
qkv
d &dk if;um; obm0"rEiS t
hf wku
d t
f cH qefu
Y sib
f uf jyKvyk af om t&m[lorQudk wefc;dk [kac:avonf/
0dZm ody t00aom avmu"gwfynm xGe;f um;todPf? tqifjcifPf wk;d yGm;aeaom ,ckacwf
jzpfay:aom vlynm&Sw
d o
Ydk nf obm0"rnrD QyHk tjcif;t&mwku
Yd v
dk nf;aumif;? obm0"rtm;avsmpf mG tm;vk;H
aomt&mrsm; jzpfay:vmMuonfuv
dk nf;aumif;? wlaomtaMumif;w&m;aMumifh jzpfay:vmaomtusKd ;w&m;
rsm;onf ruGJrjym; wpfom;wnf; wlnDonf\tjzpfukdvnf;aumif; odjrifMuavjyD/
jrifjriforQ o0dnmPu t0dnmPu[lorQwo
Ydk nf taMumif;rJjh zpfay:vmMuonfr[kw[
f k xk;d xGi;f
Pfjzifh odjrifMuavjy/D taMumif;w&m;wdo
Yk nf tusKd ;rjzpfxeG ;f bJ aysmufysu&f ;dk r&S[
d k odvmMuavukejf y/D
okYd uGi;f qufoMH uKd ;yrm taMumif;wpfuiG ;f tusKd ;wpfuiG ;f ? xkt
d usKd ;uGi;f yif taMumif;uGi;f jzpfvm&ef
xkduGif;aMumifh tusdK;wpfuGif; qufvmjyefaom urmavmuMuD;twGif; wefckd;twGuf ae&mr&SdawmhjyD/
xkaYd Mumifh wefc;dk qkad omt&monf oufoufr&SEd ikd ?f rjzpfEidk af omt&m jzpf\/ 0dpm&PPf&ifo
h efoyl nm&Sif
wdkY\ PfwGif;okdYoufqif;0ifa&mufjcif;iSm pGrf;Ekdifaomt&mr[kwf/
18

xkdYaMumifh ,ckacwfay: 0dZmq&m? avmu"gwfynm&SifwkdY\tbd"mef]]wefckd;}}[laomyk'fr&SdawmhjyD/


wefckd;jym#d[mrsm; jzpfay:cJhzl;onf(0g)wpfpkHwpfa,mufaomolonfwefckd;jym#d[mrsm;ukd jyKvkyfcJhonf[laom
tcsufwkdYudk ,kHMunfp&m[laompm&if;rS y,fEkwfypfMuavonf/
todtvdrmPf ynmwkH;wd 0dpm&Pr&Sdjcif;onf wefckd;ukd ,kHMunfjcif;wnf;[laom opfyifrsm;
xGm;xGm; usdKif;usdKif; aygufa&mufEkdifaom ajr,muGufjzpfacs\wum;/
c&pf0g'Dw\
Ydk "ra[mif;usr;f xm0&uk,
d w
f idk f jyKvyk cf o
hJ nf[k a&ESpaf &jzef;wkYd vIu
d v
f u
dI v
f v
JS JS tonf;pGJ
,kMH unfaeMuaom wefc;dk jym#d[mESiyhf wfoufaom taMumif;t&mrsm;pGm yg0ifavonf/ okaYd omf xkw
d efc;dk rsm;
onf wpfurmvk;H &Sd vlow0gtaygif;uk,
d MHk unfap&ef rwwfEidk cf /hJ ,kwpf t
G qk;H xm0&\tcspaf wmf&[l'rD sm;
yif if;\wefc;dk wku
Yd kd tenf;i,frQ *&krjyKcMhJ uacs/ qko
d ifv
h \
S / &[l'w
D o
Ydk nf wefc;dk tajrmuftjrm;jyKvyk o
f nf
qkdaom xm0&xuf if;wkdYukd,fwkdif jyKvkyfxm;aom a&TEGm;&kyfudk ykdrdk,kHMunfMuukef\/
okjYd zpf&jcif;\taMumif;um; if;wefc;dk qkad omt&mwku
Yd kd rnforl QrjyKvyk zf ;l aomaMumifyh ifjzpfacs\/
aemufay:c&pf0g'DwdkY pdwful;jzifh rSef;jyD; a&;om;cJhaomt&mrsm;omjzpfacs\/
wpfzefwkH xm0&\om;awmf c&pfukd,fwkdifjyKvkyfcJhonf[k pmrzwf ra&;wwfaomwHigonfvlxGuf
"ropfq&mrsm; a&;om;cJhonf[k ajymMuqkdMu(0g),kHMunfaeMuaomwefckd;rsm;wkdYvnf; bmrStusdK;r&SdcJhacs
wum;/
rSefvS\/ c&pfukd,fwkdif ao&mrS &Sifatmif jyKvkyfay;aomol? tElaysmufatmif aq;ukay;aomol?
tuef;aysmuf tvif;aygufatmif ukay;aomolwo
Ydk nf c&pf\aemufvu
dk w
f ynfrh sm;(0g)if;ukd ,kMH unforl sm;
jzpfonf[k uREkfyfwkdYrawGU&acs/ c&pf\trIudk ppfaq;&m xkdolwkdYray:vmMuacswum;/
aoaomolukd toufoiG ;f ay;Ekid af om(0g)&Siaf tmif wwfEidk af omwefc;dk jym#d[m&So
d jl zpfaMumif;udk rnfol
wpfpw
Hk pfa,mufurQ 0ifa&mufoufaorcHcw
hJ um;/ aoab;ukrd aMumuforl &S?d okrYd &So
d jzifh taoukd t&Sijf zpf
atmif vkyfEkdifaomwefckd;&Sifudk zdvdwfbk&ifcHu owfypfrnfavm/
]]olEpS af ,mufww
Ydk iG (f c&pfEiS Ahf m&A)oifwo
Ydk nf tb,fou
l dk vTwaf pcsio
f enf;}}[k vltrsm;wkt
Yd m;
jrKd U0efrif;u ar;aomtcg tb,faMumif]h ]wefc;dk &Sijf zpfaom(0g)taoud&k iS af tmif? tuef;udjk rifatmif vkyEf idk f
aomc&pfukd vTwfapcsifygonf}}[k rajymcJhMuoenf;/
bmwpfcrk Q rvkycf b
hJ ;l wJt
h jyif omrn olvu
dk ,
dk v
f v
dk pl m;xJu jzpfaomaMumif[
h al omtajzrSwpfyg;
tjcm;tajz r&Sad wmhjy/D xkaYd emuf a&Tcsed cf iG pf mq&monf Ak'b
&k m;&Si\
f *kPt
f aygif;wnf;[laom ywjrm;*kP\
f
ta&mifawG arS;ua&m[Jh [laomoabmjzifh yGww
f u
dk jf yefaomaMumifh ]]ow0grsm;wko
Yd nf tb,fujzpfoenf;}}
[k olwpfyg;u ar;vQif ]]oHo&mtprxif[k ajym&oavm}}[laompum;ukd rdefYbdaomf- xkdpum;0gus\
vk&d if;t"dyg ,fum;? ow0gonf tem'djzpf tpr&S[
d k a*gwrEG,zf mG ;Ak'& iS af wmfb&k m;u rde>Yf rufa[mMum;awmf
rlcJhonf[lvkd/
txufygpum;ukd Ak'&Sifawmfbk&m;onf vGefcJhaomESpfaygif;2400ausmftcgu >rufMum;awmfrlcJh\/
,cktcg wpfurmvk;H u ynmt&Sq
d ;Hk ? tjrifjh rwfq;Hk [k ,kMH unfu;dk pm;aeMu&aom csm;vfp'f g0if? tefpw
f [
f ufuv
J ?f
y&dkzufqm [wfupfvDpaom 0dZm"dk&fMuD;rsm;udk ar;MunfhcJhaomf a*gwrbk&m;\pum;awmfom rSefuef\/
ESpfaygif;5947ESpfcefYurS urmajrMuD;udk zefqif;onf/ at&Srkdif;em;rSajrMuD;jzifh vl&kyfvkyfjyD; vlukd
zefqif;onf[al om xm0&\pum;onf ,kw,
d w
k m Avmewt
d usKd ; taMumif;rnD? trSm;twdjy;D aom pum;
jzpf\[k wpfoHwnf; rdefYqkdMuayrnf/
rSev
f \
S / xm0&\urmOD;usr;f tcef; 1-2wku
Yd ,
dk MHk unfol c&pf,mefO;D a&yif tvGe,
f w
k af vsmch ahJ vjy/D
taemufwidk ;f om; avmu"gwfynm&SMd u;D rsm;wku
Yd rl if;usr;f ukd '@m&D,w
Hk rf;pum;avmufom todtrSwjf yKMu
avawmhonf/
xkdYjyif Ak'&Sifawmfbk&m;rSm pkd;ykdifaom tmPmwefckd;omr[kwf (if;ukdwu,f wnf&Sdonfyif xm;
OD;awmh) bmwefc;dk rQr&S/d tb,fah Mumif-h oifw\
Ydk xm0&onf oifw,
Ydk MHk unfwidk ;f wu,f&
dS toifwt
Ydk rTe;f
wifxm;aom wefc;dk rsm;ukd wu,fyidk o
f jl zpfcyhJ grl toifw\
Ydk xm0&ukd &S&d yHk ifr&S[
d k twdtvif;ajymqkad &;om;
aeaom uREkfyfuJhokdY yk*KdvfrsdK;? taemufEkdifiHrsm; ]]z&D;oifhum;}}ac:aomyk*KdvfrsdK;rSp olwdkYr,kHMunfol?
19

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

tjypfqkdoltm;vkH;wkdYukd rkcszsufqD;jyD; olzefqif;xm;aom i&JokdYrkcsykYday&m\/ ,ckum; rzsufqD;Ekdif? rykdYEkdif


acswum;/
okrYd ykEYd idk jf cif;aMumifh xm0&onf wu,f&o
dS rl [kw?f &Sw
d ,fxm;OD;awmh toifwx
Ydk ifwidk ;f wefc;dk tmPm&Sd
ol r[kwaf Mumif; xif&mS ;jyD r[kwaf vm/
xm0&onf wpfyg;aom ow0gwdkYudk ykdifqkdif\[k toifa&TcsdefcGifq&mESifhwuG c&pf,mefwkdYqkd\/
uREkfyfurl xkdokdYaom wefckd;rsdK; xm0&rSmr&Sd[k twdtvif;qkd\/ xkdokdYqkdjcif;\taMumif;ukd jy&acsOD;rnf/
toifwdkY\usrf;vmtwkdif; pmwef(ac:)rm&fewfudk tb,folzefqif;oenf;/ xm0&zefqif;\/
pmwef u d k xm0&Ek d i f c J h y g\avm/ ,aeY t xd wpf c grS rEk d i f a o;? pmwef u om tpOf E k d i f v mcJ h a cs\/
xm0&onf ynmoD;ukd rpm;&ef wm;jrpfcJh\/ if;udkpm;u pm;aomaeY oifaovdrfhrnf/ (u 217)[k jcrd ;f ajcmufc\
hJ / okaYd omf pmwefu if;toD;udk rpm; pm;atmifwu
dk w
f eG ;f \/ okw
Yd u
dk w
f eG ;f ojzifh {0a&m
tm'Hyg xkt
d oD;ukd pm;Muuke\
f /
pmwef\yxrEkid jf cif;? xm0&\yxr&I;H jcif; r[kww
f aHk vm/ if;toD;ukpd m;vQif pm;aomaeY aovdrhf
rnf[laom pum;onf xm0&\rkuygXfjzpf\/ pm;ompm; rao[laompum;u pmwef\rkuygXfjzpf\/
xkdrkuygXfESpfckwGif xm0&rkuygXfonf rSm;\/ pmwef\rkuygXfrSef\/ taMumif;um; xkdtoD;udk
pm;aomaeY xm0&ajymwkdif; raoonfhtjyif tm'Honf tESpf930wkdifatmif touf&Sifae\/
xm0&onf vdr\
f / nm\/ pmwefonf rvdr?f rnm? trSeu
f kd twdtvif;ajym\/ xm0&tvko
d mqkv
d Qif
wpfurmvkH;&Sd vlow0gtm;vkH;wkdYonf vltcsnfhjzpfaecJhay&m\/ pmwef0ifjyD; u,fayvkdYomaygh? um;
xm0&MuD;ukd pmwefu EkdifykHwnf;/
xm0&0ifpm; c&pfudk MunfMh uOD;pk/Yd pmwefonf xm0&0ifpm;ukd jrifv
h aS omawmifxyd af y:okYd qGw
J ifjy;D
vQif wpfurmvkH;&Sd xkdonfh xm0&zefqif;onfqkdaom wkdif;jynfwdkYudk jyjyD;aemuf odkYajymavowwf\/
(pmwef)]]toif xm0&0ifpm;c&pfonf uREyfk pf mwefudk &kad ojrwfE;dk OD;ESrd u
f sKd ; &Scd ;kd cJv
h Qif wkid ;f jynf
tm;vkH;udk igonf oifhtm;ay;tHh/(pmwefu ykdifEkdifvSacs\/)
wpfurmvkH; zefqif;ol jzpfonfh xm0&0ifpm;u tb,fokdY jyefajymoenf;/
(xm0&0ifpm;)]]a[h- pmwef z,favmh? &Sm;avmh? ighxHrS z,favmh? oifomvQif ighukd &Sdckd;&rnf[k
usrf;*ef vm&Sdacsonf/}}
tvGwrf ajym0Hah omaMumifh usr;f uk;d usr;f um;jy&&Sm\/ odu
Yk sr;f uk;d jywmeJY pmwefuolUudk &Scd ;dk a&mhovm;/
olUxHrSz,f&Sm;jyD;oGm;a&mhvm;? &Sdckd;zkdYaeaeomom z,f&Sm;zkdYaeaeomom? pmwefonf xm0&0ifpm;udk a*s&k
qvifjrdKUwGif;odkY ,loGm;jyD;aom bk&m;&Sdckd;ausmif;\'kydumjym'fzsm;ay:rSm wifxm;jyefavonf/ wifjyD;
aemuf]]oifonf xm0&0ifpm; wu,ftrSefjzpfw,fqkdvQif a[m'Djym'fxdyfzsm;ay:rSckefcs? uRrf;xkd;cs
(0g) 'kdifAifxkd;cs jyavmh}}
[kyif ckdif;jyefacs\/ okdYuRrf;xkd;jyyg\avm? rjy0hhH/ rjy0Hhojzifh]]rif;\q&mxm0&udk rjzm;a,mif;ygESifh}}[k avoHaysmhESifhacsmh&avawmhwnf;/ (vk-4)
onfwkdYum; xm0&onf olwpfyg;ukd rqkdxm;bd? rdrdzefqif;xm;cJhonfqkdwJhpmwef\tay:
yif pkd;ykdifaomwefcdk;tmPmr&SdaMumif; ukd av;av;eufeuf axmufcsufwkdYaywnf;/
Ak'a *gwronf aorif;ukd rEkid ?f rSe\
f / oufawmf(80)t&G,af wmfrmS &ky-f emrfEpS 0f csKyyf jcif;odYk a&muf
awmfrcl \
hJ / xm0&onf aorif;udEk idk o
f nf[k c&pfwu
Ydk qk\
d / xkt
d wkid ;f ,kMH unfoal wGvnf; &Sad eMu\/
xm0&0ifpm;c&pfonf aojy;D aemuf 3-&ufajrmufrmS xajrmuf&iS jf yefonf[k c&pf,mefw,
Ydk MHk unfMu\/
aojcif;rSwpfzef jyef&iS jf y;D aemuf &ufaygif;(40)wkid w
f idk f ol\wynfrh sm;ESit
hf wlwuG pm;aomufaexkid af o;onf
[kvnf; ,kMH unfaeMuuke\
f / ,kMH unfru
I dk uREyfk w
f t
Ykd jypfrqkv
d ?dk if;ukd xifjrifovkd oabmus,MHk unfEidk \
f /
ok d Y a omf rdr dr d w k d Y , k H M unf c suf o nf ,k w d & S d o avm(0g)r&S d o avm? tusd K ;taMumif ; nD o avm(0g)
rnD o avm? jzpf E k d i f o avm(0g)rjzpf E k d i f o avm ponf j zif h awG ; awmpOf ; pm;? ppf a q;zk d Y o m qk d v d k \ /
,ckaomf c&pf,mefwkdY\ ,kHMunfcsufrSef? rrSefukd jyefvnfppfaq;&rnf/ okdYrppfaq;rD ao&mrS
20

jyef&Sifjcif;(0g)xajrmufjcif;ESifhywfouf taemufwkdif;om;c&pf0g'Dynm&Sifrsm;\xifjrifcsufukd azmfjy&acs


OD;rnf/
t*Fvefjynf pwefevD? bpfa&Smhyf*kd;? 'g[efbpfa&Smhuifeef&J&Sf'gvf-uifEGefqGefeDuJhokdYaom ynm&Sd
yk*K v
d Mf u;D rsm;wko
Yd nf ao&mrS jyef&iS jf cif;0g'ukd ESpo
f uforl sm;r[kwMf uuke/f xkjYd yif tar&duwku
d f vnf; xkd
uJhokdYaom yk*dKvfrsm; wkd;yGm;vsuf&Sdayonf/
tar&duwku
d ef ,l;a,mufjrKd U c&pf,mefbek ;f Mu;D (REV.Lighton Parks) vDwefywfpu
f atmufygtwkid ;f
aMunmcJhzl;\/
]]uREyfk w
f \
Ydk omoem ao&mrS wpfzef&iS jf yefxajrmufjcif;0g'onf wu,f{uef rSeaf omt&mr[kw[
f k
,kHMunfaeMuaom c&pf,mefbkef;MuD; tajrmuftjrm;&SdMuukef\/}}
tar&duwku
d f rufqufcsLqufe,f*P
dk ;f tkyb
f ek ;f Mu;D bpfa&Sm0h v
D QaH vm&if;pfonfvnf; txufygtwkid ;f
t,l&Sdaomyk*KdvfMuD;yif jzpfownf;/
ao&mrS wpfzef jyef&iS o
f nf[al om c&pf\wefc;kd ukd uREyfk Ef iS w
f uG 0dpm&PPfvufuidk x
f m;Muaom
ynm&Siftrsm;wkdYonf rkcsr,kHMunfEkdif/ trSef[k {uefrrSwf,lEkdif Muukef/
wu,fwap rSefcJhyacsaomf (0g) c&pfonf ocsKif;twGif;rS jyefxvm&kd; [kwfcJhaomftb,faMumifh olonf rdrd\&efolrsm;xHokdY roGm;cJhoenf;/
tb,faMumifh bkef;MuD; auzmhpfxHodkY roGm;cJhoenf;/
tb,faMumifh au&k'fbk&ifxHokdY oGm;jyD;}}toifwkdYowfaomfvJ igrao}}[k rajymcJhoenf;/
c&pf\rdwaf qGrsm;u ol\tavmif;ukd cd;k oGm;Muygonf[k ajymMuaom a&mrppfom;rsm;xHoo
Ykd mG ;jy;D
r[kwfaMumif;udk bmhaMumifh r&Sif;cJhoenf;/
yxrwpfMudrfuJhodkY MuD;us,fcrf;em;pGm a*s&kqvifjrdKUwGif;okdY txift&Sm; bmhaMumifhr0ifcJhoenf;/
]]Munhaf vmh? ig\ajcvufeaH wmif;wkYd toifw&Ydk u
dk x
f m;aom 'Pf&mrsm;ukMd unfah vmh/ toifwo
Ydk nf
uREyfk u
f dk owf&ef tm;xkwMf u\/ okaYd omf aorif;onf uREyfk \
f uRejf zpf\/ uREyfk rf ao}}[k vltrsm;wkx
Yd o
H mG ;jy;D
bmhaMumifh rajymcJhoenf;/
taMumif;um; jyef&iS jf cif;[laompum;onf trSerf [kw?f vkyMf uaH jymcJah om '@m&Dpum;rQom jzpfaom
aMumifh[lay/
wpfzefwHk oku
Yd vkd &Sijf yef&rHk Qru vuf&cdS Emuk,
d Ef iS yhf if wufomG ;jyefonf[q
k Mdk ujyefao;\/ c&pf,mef
wkdY,kHMunfrIonf ppfaq;jcif;tenf;i,ffrQ rjyKbJ t&rf;,kHzkdYomjzpfacs\wum;/
olonf b,ft&yfoYdk oGm;oenf;/
a*s&kqifvifjrdKUopfonf tay:rSmr&Sd? xm0&ae&monf xkdt&yf r&Sdacs/
ol b,fomG ;oenf;
olonf b,fvrf;u oGm;oenf;/
ta&SUukd oGm;oavm? taemufukd oGm;oavm/
b,fudk oGm;oenf;/
vuf&SdcEmukd,fukd olb,fvkd jyKvkyfypfcJhoenf;/
b,favmufjrifah tmif ol wufoGm;oenf;/
tZ#mumo&Sd jyif;xefaom tat;"gwfukd ol b,fykHatmifjrifoGm;oenf;/
urmajrMu;D ESit
hf eD;qk;H jzpfaom vonf rkid af ygif;240000tuGmrSm &S\
d / olonf b,fuo
dk mG ;oenf;/
ol\cEmuk,
d o
f nf raorDu cEmuk,
d yf ifjzpfaomaMumifh "gwftpkta0;omjzpf\/ tcsKd Uc&pf,mefwu
Ykd rl
&lyuEmjzifh wufonfr[kwf? emruEmjzifhomoGm;onf[k ajymqkdjiif;ckHMuao;\/ odkYjzpfvQif aopOfu
cEmukd,f bmjzpfoGm;oenf;/

21

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

ol(c&pf)onf aumif;uifoYdk rwufru


D av;rSmyif ol\wynfrh sm;ESit
hf wlwuG ig;[if;ukd pm;cJah o;onf
[k c&pf0ifusrf;rsm; uREkfyfwkYdawGU&\/ xkdig;onf emruEmig;jzpfoavm/ emruEmc&pfu &lyuEmig;ukd
pm;jzpfEkdifrnfavm/ rjzpfEkdif/
okYd ao&muxjy;D aumif;uifow
Ydk ufomG ;onfqadk omwefc;dk ukd rnfojl rifvu
dk o
f enf;/ ol\wynfrh sm;
jrifonf[k c&pf,mefwkdYu qkdMu\/ tdrf;-olwkdY\ajympum;ukd ppfaq;MunfhOD;pdkY/
&Sirf oJonf wefc;dk ukd if;\c&pf0if razmfjycJah cs/ okaYd omf c&pf\aemufq;Hk pum;ukrd l azmfjycJah o;
\/ c&pf\wefc;dk tm;vk;H wkw
Yd iG f tMu;D qk;H jzpfaom aumif;uifwufonfw
h efc;dk ukd &Sirf oJonf wu,fjrifvu
dk &f
ygvsuEf iS chf &pf\twKyw
u
d dk a&;om;aomtcgrS if;ukd arhcseyf pfco
hJ nf[k qkEd idk yf grnfavm/ rqkEd idk /f roJonf
ao;i,faom wefc;dk rsm;ukyd if rarhravsmh rSww
f rf;wifco
hJ nfudk pOf;pm;avmh/ xkaYd Mumifh roJonf xdak emufq;Hk
wefc;dk ukrd jrifvu
dk [
f k qk;H jzwf&acsrnf/ &Siaf ,m[Huvnf; aumif;uifwufaomtaMumif;ukd razmfjycJ/h c&pf\
tcspq
f ;Hk wynfh a,m[Hyif rawGUrjrifvu
dk &f aomf(0g)rdrad &;om;aom c&pf0if ra&;om;cJah omf xkt
d csuo
f nf
aemufvlrsm; xnfhoGif;xm;cJhaom tydkbmomtppfjzpfayownf;/
roJonf t0wfjzLESiv
hf rl sm;ukd rjrif? c&pfaumif;uifwufomG ;onfudk rjrif? rmukonf taMumif;
t&mtm;vk;H ukd owdr&cJ/h vkumonf t0wfjzLESiv
hf rl sm;taMumif;udk rSww
f rf;wifxu
dk o
f nf(0g)ol\c&pf0if
xnfo
h ifo
h nf[rk atmufarhcahJ cs/ a,m[Honf taMumif;t&mukd a&;om;vkyd yHk ifr&cJ/h okyYd gvsuf tcsuf
ukd ,kMH unfaeMuukeaf o;\/ tHzh ,
G &f myif r[kwaf vm/
aumif;uifoYdk wufjcif;onf tvGex
f if&mS ;oifah omt&mjzpfc\
hJ / rD;yk;H ysw
H ufvmwmudk ab;ywf0ef;usif
4-5rkdifc&D;rS jrifMu&wkHao;\/ okdYaomf c&pfaumif;uifodkYwuf&mrSmrl ol\wynfhrsm;yif tukefrjrifvkduf
&acswum;/ jrKd UoljrKd Uom; wkid ;f oljynfom;wkrYd mS ajymzG,&f mr&Sad wmhjy\
D / tk-d c&pf,mefwYdk ar;vku
d pf rf;yg&ap/
bmhaMumifh c&pfonf vltrsm;wkYd oHo,uif;jy;D xifvif;pGm jrifatmif aumif;uiforYdk wufoenf;/ zdvw
d ?f
a[&k'rf pS jy;D wpfwidk ;f jynfv;Hk u jrifatmifwufomG ;vQif omjy;D raumif;wkaH vm/ tdr;f - aumif;acs\/ okb
Yd m
aMumifh rwufoenf;/ taMumif;um; ao&mrSjyef&Sifvmwmvnf;r[kwf/ aumif;uifwufonfqkdwmvnf;
vkyfZmwfjzpfaomaMumifh[lvkd/
owrEIdif;,SOfcsuf\vkd&if;um; Ak'&Sifawmfbk&m;rSm a&S;yGifhjyD;bk&m;&Sifrsm; twl&SdcJh\/ tem*wf
yGifhaom bk&m;&Sifrsm;twl &SdvdrfhOD;rnf/ xm0&um; umvokH;yg; wlolr&Sd[k qkdvkd&if;jzpfownf;/
urmavmutwGif; jzpfay:cJhzl;aom bk&m;trnfcHyk*KdvfwkdYwGif Ak'a*gwronf pnf;ESifhurf;ESifh
bk&m;tjzpfokdY a&mufaomyk*Kdvfxl;yk*KdvfrGef jzpfownf;/
c&pf,mefwkdY\xm0&c&pfbGJUcH ESpfemrH&bk&m;qkdaomolonf pnf;rJhurf;rJh&SdvS\/
uREkfyfwkdYonf if;c&pf(0g)xm0&qkdolukd wu,fpifppf urmajrjyifrSm jzpfcJhzl;onfhtaexm;jyD;
ajymqkad &;om;cJjh y/D oku
Yd vkd jzpfczhJ ;l onft
h aexm;&apumrl if;\jzpfyu
Hk m; ,kw,
d w
k m uif;rJv
h \
S / bmhaMumif-h
oGm;&mvrf;aMumif;vrf;r&Sd/ oGm;vnf; roGm;bJ c&D;tqkH;okdY a&mufaeonfESifhwlaomaMumifhwnf;/
a*gwrAk'o
nf rdr\
d usiv
hf rf;usiphf Ofudk aoaocsmcsm azmfjycJ\
h / a[majymcJ\
h / xku
d siphf Ofuu
dk si
hf
xkv
d rf;jzifh oGm;aomrnforl qkd Ak'b
UJG xl;uk&d &SEd idk \
f / rnforl qkb
d &k m;jzpfaMumif; aAm"dorm&wku
Yd kd jznfu
h siEfh idk \
f /
rnforl qkd bk&m;tjzpfoYdk nTejf yaomvrf;okaYd vQmufomG ;Ekid \
f / owEd iS Zhf pJG jJG rpJ mG &So
d l rnforl qkd owavmu\
u,fwif&SifjzpfEkdif\/
rnfonfyh nmrS ususeerwwfao;aom 5-ESpo
f m;t&G,o
f il ,fuav;onf wuov
dk af usmif;tkyMf u;D
(0g) ynmrif;Mu;D jzpfomG ;olrsm; oifMum;oGm;aompepftwkid ;f oif if;olw\
Ykd vkUH vrsKd ;jzifMh uKd ;pm;oGm;cJah omf
wpfaeY rdrdjzpfcsifaom wuokdvfausmif;tkyf(0g)ynmrif;MuD; jzpf&rnf/ um; rvGJEkdifaomvrf;wnf;/
xkt
Yd wl a*gwrAk'\
usiphf Of usiv
hf rf;twkid ;f vku
d v
f t
H m;xkwMf uKd ;ukwo
f olonf wpfaeY if;\tajc
taeokdY rkcsa&muf&rnf/
Ak'0g' rnfolrqkd vGwfvyfcGifh&&Sd\/ tpOfojzifh wynfhaemufvkdufcsnfhomjzpfaeMu&rnfr[kwf/
22

tm;xkwfu q&mtjzpfokdYvnf; a&muf&SdEkdifao;\/ xkdYaMumifhAk'0g'onf vGwfvyfa&;udk nTefjy\/


c&pf0g'onf uRefjzpfa&;ukd nTefjy\/
c&pf,mefwkdYonf rnfonfht&mudkrQ vGwfvyfpGm rvkyfEkdif/ rMuHpnfEkdif/ if;wkdYonf tpOfojzifh
c&pf\aemufvkdufwkdYom jzpf&rnf/ tpOfuRefb0omae&rnf/ rnfonfhtcgrQ aemufvkdufi,fom; uRef
oabmufb0rS rvGwfEkdif/ c&pf\tajcodkY b,feHa&mtcgrQ ra&mufEkdif/ a&mufatmif oGm;vrf;vnf;r&Sd/
usiphf Ofvrf;vnf; r&S/d xkaYd Mumifh c&pf(0g)xm0&onfusiphf Ofusiv
hf rf; "rvrf;vnf;r&Sb
d J b&rf;bwm r[kwf
w,kwfjzpfaom bk&m;jzpfaMumif; xif&Sm;jyDr[kwfavm/ xm0&rSm wlolr&Sd[k a&TcsdefcGifq&mu qkd\/
tdr;f - bk&m;bGUJ ukd cH,o
l w
l w
Ydk iG f xm0&avmuf &ufpufo?l w&m;rJo
h ?l jiLplo?l raumif;rI usL;vGeo
f ?l
t&ufMudKufol? trJuifom;uif MudKufolr&SdaMumif; uREkfyfwkdYuvnf; 0efcHyg\/ uXm&mZ0if olUudkwk
rku
d rf aJ omtrI jyKvyk o
f rl &So
d jzifh olEiS w
hf o
l rl &Sq
d u
dk toufa&Tcsed cf iG q
f &m\pum;onf aumif;aomqkjd cif;jzpf
ay&m\/
aumif;jrwfonfah e&mrSm twkrv
hJ Qif ajymygawmh/ raumif;wJah e&mrSm twkvaH ewJx
h m0&udk trTe;f wif
aejcif;um; toifc&pf,mefwYdk epfreG ;f zdYk zefw;D jcif;rQomjzpfownf;/ uk,
d ahf cgif;uk,
d &f mS ? uk,
d rfh om uk,
d x
f rf;?
ukd,fhwGif;ukd,fwl;jcif;wkdYom jzpfownf;/
bk & m;jzpf o l o nf bk & m;jzpf a pwwf a om pnf ; pH e pf u d k od & \/ bk & m;ae ae&\/ bk & m;vk y f
vkyf&\/ bk&m;ajym ajym&\/
toifwYdk "ra[mif;wpfcv
k ;Hk udk Munfah vmh/ xm0&onf bk&m;vkyf b,fawmhrS rvkycf /hJ bk&m;ajymvnf;
rajymcJ/h bk&m;qkw
d t
hJ rnfEiS rhf wef/ raumif;wJb
h ufrmS twkvaH ewmawGudk vkycf \
hJ / used q
f yJ aHk wG MunfOh ;D avmh/
,ckumv EIwfoD;tpGmqkH; tMurf;qkH; ig;pdrf;onfyif xm0&\pum;vkH;wkdYudk &SufvkdYrokH;0Hhacswum;/
wpfzef "ropfudk MunfOh ;D avmh/ c&pftrnf&adS omxm0&bGm;onf brsKd ;bk;d wl uav;yifwnf;/ olEiS hf
rwJo
h rl sm;udk used \
f / qJ\/ zm&D&w
S u
Ykd rdk l wGiw
f iG Mf u;D oJorJ rJ J Mu;D used cf \
hJ / qJc\
hJ / vlukd used zf q
Ykd zJ Ydk tcGihf
r&aomtcg toufr&SdwJha&ozef;yifukd usdef\/ qJ\/ rsufESmvkdufaomtavh&Sd\/ trsdK;cGJjcm;wwf\/
xkjYd yif bk&m;ajymbk&m;vkyf r[kww
f mawGuadk jymcJ?h vkycf \
hJ / xko
d aYdk om olonf bk&m;[laombGUJ ESiehf mrH
ESifhxkdufwefyg\avm/ rkcs{uef bk&m;[laom emrHESifhrwef&kd;rSefownf;/
pifppfrSm xm0&ESifhxm0&bGm;c&pfwkdYonf bk&m;[laom emrHESifhrwefaomaMumifh if;wdkYESifhwloludk
bk&m;bGJUcHyk*Kdvfxl;yk*KdvfjrwfwkdYtxJrSm &Sm&efrvkdawmhjyD/ atmufwef;pm;wkdYtxJrSmrl if;wkdYESifhcRwfpGyfovkd
wlolawG toacsFESifhteErukefEkdifatmif aygrsm;vSacs\/
t|rEIdif;,SOfcsufyg c&pfao&mrSxjcif;? aumif;uifokdYwufjcif;ponfwkdYukd q|rEIdif;,SOfcsuf
tajz tus,fw0ifha&;cJhjyD/ xkdYaMumifh tcsuf tus,fw0ifha&;om;jyD;]]vJaeoludk zdaxmif;}}&ef
rvk d a wmh j yD /
e0rEIdif;,SOfcsuf Ak'&Sifawmfbk&m;\&kyfwkqif;wkponfwdkYonf 'ku\tjzpfESifhokctppfukd
a[mazmf x k w f j ycJ h a om ur m h a us;Zl ; &S i f j zpf a om a*gwrAk ' \ *k P f a us;Zl ; awmf u d k ur m ol u r m om;?
'k u o nf o w 0 grsm;wk d Y tpOf t jrJ o wd & ap&ef xk v k y f x m;aom t&mrsm;jzpf a omaMumif h if ; wk d Y o nf
r[kwfr[wf vkyfZmwfjzpfaom xm0&0ifpm;tazrSefr&SdbJ zGm;&aomc&pfxuf tqaygif;rsm;pGm omvGef
ykdrkdjrwfvSayownf;/ Ak'0g'Drsm;wkdY &kyfwkqif;wkudk t&kdtaojyKjcif;onf xkd&kyfwkqif;wkudk jyKvkyf
xm;aom ausmuf t k w f p onf w k d Y u d k &k d a oonf r [k w f / pif p pf u m; tz\"gwf y k H u d k om;orD ; rsm; t&k d
taoay;ouJhodkYjzpf\/ t*Fvefjynf e,fvfqif 0,fvif*wef paomvlpGrf;aumif;MuD;wkdY\ausmuf&kyfukd
aemifvmaemufom;wkdYt&kdtaoay;ouJhodkYyifwnf;/
3-ck - 1-vD - 1/ wck - 1-vD - 3/
EIdif;,SOfcsuf (bk&m;ocifwpfqlwnf; jzpfatmif aygif;wwfaom crnf;awmf-om;awmf-oefY&Sif;
aom0dnmPfawmfwnf;[laom 3-yg;aomolwdkYwGif)[laompum;ukd a&TcsdefcGifq&mu tvIdif;wMuD; *kPfxD;
23

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

*kPrf jyKvyk
f a&;om;aomaMumifh trsm;aom c&pf0g'Dw\
Ydk PftwGi;f tvif;a&mifxiG ;f azmuf trSeo
f Ykd
a&mufap&ef aocsmxifvif;&Sif; jycJhaytHh/
"ropfusrf;t& c&pfonf a,mowf\om;vnf;jzpf\/ xm0&\om;vnf;jzpf\/ trdum; rm&D
wpfa,mufwnf;yifwnf;/ tbESpfa,muf? trdwpfa,mufrS arG;zGm;olum; c&pfyifwnf;/ c&pfonf rnf
onfhenf;jzifh xm0&\om;jzpfEkdifrnfenf;/ rm&D\0rf;wnf&SdjyDjzpfaomoaEonf xm0&\oaEjzpfonf[k
aumif;uifwrefwpfa,mufu wpfa,mufudk tdyfrufwGifajymaMumif; roJc&pf0ifawGU&\/
okaYd omf- xkt
d aMumif;ESiyhf wfouf armifa,mowfu b,fvrdk sm; a&;cJo
h enf;/ bmrQra&;cJ/h wpfpHk
wpf&mrsm; a[majymcJyh g\avm/ rajymcJ/h um,uH&iS f rm&Donftcsuf y"geoufaojzpf\/ olomvQif
todq;Hk jzpf\/ olrajymu tjcm;rnforl Q rodEidk /f okjYd zpfaomf if;rm&Du tcsuf bmrsm;a&;cJo
h m;cJah jymqkcd hJ
oenf;/ bmrQa&;vnf;ra&;? ajymvnf; rajymcJah cs/ xkjYd yif a,mowf\tdyrf ufwiG af y:vmaom wrefawmf
uaum tcsufukd tjcm;olrsm;tm; today;cJh\avm/ ray;cJh/
wpfzefw-Hk y"gevufonfjzpfaom 0dnmOfuvnf; tcsuEf iS yhf wfouf bmrQra&;cJ/h tzwnf;
[laomvufonfppfray:bJ y#doaEuyfrw
DS nfpo
JG nf[al om udp c&pf\rdcifrm&Donf todq;Hk jzpf\/ xdt
k od
qk;H jzpfaom rm&Du ol\cifyeG ;f avmif; a,mowfudk vkd xkv
d jdk zpfaMumif; ajymjyrnfavm/ b,fenf;ESirhf Qajym
jy0Hrh nfr[kwaf cs/ ajym0Hu
h taumif;r[kwaf wmhjy/D tjcm;olwpfyg;ukd ajymzku
Yd m; pdwu
f ;l rSmyif rwifEidk af om
t&mjzpf\/ ,if;odkYjzpfacsaomf roJonf owif;udk rnfolUxHrS&oenf;/ rod/ xkdYaMumifh uREkfyfwkdYonf
udp todqkH;olxHrS rMum;&bJ wwd,rodEkdifolrsm;\ pmom awGU&acs\/
0dnmOfonfc&pf\tzjzpfaMumif; rnfokdY oufaojyrnfenf;/
&kyfemrfESpfyg;&Sdaom rm&Donf emrfomjzpfaom 0dnmOfESifhrnfokdY awGUqkHaygif;oif;rnfenf;/
oefY&Sif;aom0dnmOf[laom ow0grsdK;&SdaMumif; rnfolodEkdifrnfenf;/
armifa,mowfaum xkdonfh0dnmOfqkdaomt&mukd odEkdifrnfavm/
armifa,mowfonf tdyfrufwGif jrif&aomolonf aumif;uifwrefjzpfonf[k b,fykHodoenf;/
tdyfrufwGif xifjrifvmaomolrSwpfyg; tjcm;aumif;uifwrefrsm;ukd ukda,mowf od&SdawGUjrifcJhzl;
oavm/
udpt
m;vk;H onf tdyrf ufomjzpf\/ vlqif;&Jarmifa,mowfum; tdyaf ysmaf e&Sm\/ tdyaf ysmaf epOf
tdyfruf awGUjrif&aomt&monf oufao0ifrnfavm/
tdyrf ufonf oufaocH r0if/ ,ckumv&Sd w&m;&k;H rsm;okYd tdyrf ufjzifh oufaocHou
l kd t&l;[korkwMf u
uke\
f / tdyrf ufonf ESpo
f ufp&myifjzpfap(0g)aMumufvefpY &myifjzpfap? tdyo
f El ;dk vmaomtcg wpfcrk Q tESpf
om&a&m aMumufp&mygruseb
f J tm;vk;H aysmufysuo
f mG ;&avonf/ tdyrf ufonf bmwpfcrk Q tom;&Smr&aom
t&mwnf;/ okaYd omf c&pf,mefwo
Ydk nf a,mowf\tdyrf ufudk wu,ft
h rSe[
f k ,kMH unfaeMuukeo
f nf/ tHzh ,
G f
wpf&yfyif jzpfacs\wum;/
udpE iS yhf wfouf c&pf,mefw\
Ykd oabmum; rm&D\twGi;f tusq;Hk ta&;ukd rdru
d ,
dk w
f idk f rMum;bJ?
rodbJa&;Muaom c&pf0ifwkdYwnf;/ if;wkdYwGifvnf; tcsdKUu c&pf\tbonf oefY&Sif;aom0dnmOfjzpfonf/
tcsKd Uurl a,mowfonfyif c&pf\tbjzpfonf[q
k Mdk uuke\
f / roJEiS v
hf u
k mc&pf0ifwYdk c&pf\tquftEG,f
ukyd if azmfjyacsao;\/ if;wkpYd m&if; c&pftbonf a,mowf[ak zmfjyMuuke\
f / ae&m rSwcf suf tenf;
i,fa&;cJhyg&ap/
roJc&pf0if c&pf\tquftEG,u
f jdk y&m c&pfr'S g0dwt
f xd 28-qufjy\/ if;pm&if;ESpcf w
k Ydk 'g0d'f
c&pfa,mowf[laom trnfwkdYrSwpfyg; tjcm;trnfwlrygacs/ Oyrm-c&pftz a,mowf? a,mowftz
a[vd (vkum) onfuadk xmufaomf c&pf\bMu;D ESpaf ,muf jzpfaeacsonf/ tppftrSejf zpfaom aqGpOfrsKd ;
qufpm&if;ukyd if MupH nfzefw;D xm;Muaom if;c&pf0ifusr;f ygpum;wko
Yd nf trSejf zpfzaYdk eaeomom ,kw&d adS om
rkom;wkdYyif rjzpfEkdifMuukef/
tu,fwap roJ? vkum rnfaomolwo
Ydk nf c&pf0iftpuaejy;D rrSew
f m vGw
J mawGuakd &;Muyacsaomf
aemufaemuftcef;wdYk if;wkaYd &;aomtcsurf sm;udk ,kMH unf&ef &Syd gao;\avm/ roJ\pm&if;rSeaf omf vkum
24

\pm&if; rSm;&rnf/ vkum\pm&if;rSefaomf roJ\pm&if;rSm;&rnf/ ESpfckpvkH;rrSefEkdif/ tppftrSefrSm ESpfckvkH;


rSm;ykH&acsonf/
pum;p jyefqufp/Ydk xm0&0ifpm;(0g)xm0&zGm;[laomtcsuu
f dk c&pf,mefwo
Ydk nf ,kwo
d m"ubmrQr&Sd
bJ ,kMH unfaeMuuke\
f / if;onf vlow0g\0dpm&PPfEiS q
hf efu
Y sib
f ufjzpf\/ xkrd Qru c&pfonf xm0&\
om;jzpf&kHwif r&yfao;bJ olonfyif xm0&jzpfcJh\(0g)jzpfqJjzpfonf[k c&pf,mefwkdY ,kHMunfaeMuukef\/
c&pfonf rarG;rDtcgu xm0&jzpfcJhoavm/ rm&D\0rf;Akdufonf xm0&\&mZyvifjzpfoavm/
c&pfonfyif xm0&jzpfaMumif; rnfonfhtaxmuftxm;om"u &Sdoenf;/
xm0&onf ol\tbjzpfaMumif; c&pfu,
dk w
f idk u
f ajymonf[k wpfpw
Hk pfa,mufaomolu ajymcJ\
h /
xko
d nfw
h pfpw
Hk pfa,mufaomolum; rnfoel nf;(0g)xko
d nfh wpfpw
Hk pfa,mufonf 'Dowif;pum;ukd b,foUl xHrS
Mum;cJhoenf;/ rnfolrSrodacs/ tjcm;wpfpkHwpfa,mufurl 'g0d'f\tEG,f a,mowf\om;[k qkdjyefacs\/
aemufjzpfaom wpfpkHwpfa,muf\pum;onf ,kwd&Sd\/ rSefEkdif&nf&Sd\/
c&pf,mefwkdY\ t,ltm;jzifh c&pfonf 'kwd,vl? xm0&onf yxrvl? oefY&Sif;aom0dnmOfonf
wwd,vl jzpf\/ vlo;Hk OD;wko
Yd nf toD;toD; xm0&jzpfMu\/
c&pfwpfOD;wnf;yif rdrdukd,fwkdif\tzvnf;jzpf om;vnf;jzpfEkdif\/ okdYaomf oefY&Sif;aom0dnmOfrl
tzvnf;r[kw?f om;vnf;r[kwf ESpcf v
k ;Hk jzpfowwf/
aocsmpGm pOf;pm;wwfolrsm;tzkdY tvGef&,fzG,faumif;aom t,ljzpfacs\/
om;udk tztm;jzifah rG;\/ xko
d m;onf rarG;rDtcguvnf; &Scd zhJ ;l owwf/ c&pfonfo\
l tz xm0&
avmuf MuD;owwf(0g)xm0&onf ol\om; c&pfwrQ ysdKrspfEke,favowwf/
taMumif;um; om;ESit
hf z twlwyl if jzpfonf[k qkad omaMumifw
h nf;/ xkjYd yif oef&Y iS ;f aom0dnmOfonf
om;ESifhtzxHrS xGufay:&\/ odkYaomf olwkdYESpfOD;rjzpfrD (0g) rarG;rDuyif if;wkdYESifhtwl &Sdonf[lvkd/
xkaYd Mumifh tzonf xm0&jzpf\/ om;vnf; xm0&jzpf\/ 0dnmOfonf xm0& jzpf\/ ok;H ckaom
xm0&wko
Yd nf wpfcak omxm0& jzpfEidk \
f / wpfcak omxm0&onf ok;H ckaomxm0&rsm;jzpfEidk \
f [k c&pf,mef
wkdYajymqkd,kHMunfMu\/ twkdif;qkdaomf c&pf,mefwkdY\tvDaygif;onf tvGef&,fp&m aumif;aeacs\/
if;um; (1)wpfvD (3)/ (3)wpfvD (1) jzpfacs\/ xkaYd Mumifh tEkwu
f ed ;f rSmvnf; (3-3=1)? (3-2=3)?
(3-1=3) jzpfaeacs\/ taygif;vnf; 2+1=1 jzpfaeacs\/ ocsmF enf;t& jy&aomf 3+1=3? 3-3=1? 3-1=3
[l t"dyg,fr&Sdaomudef;rsm; jzpfvmacsrnf/
taMumif;um;c&pf = c&pf + xm0&+0d n mOf [l vnf ; aumif ; ?
xm0&+0d n mOf + c&pf = c&pf [l vnf ; aumif ; ?
(xm0&+0d n mOf + c&pf ) c&pf = xm0&+c&pf + 0d n mOf
[lvnf;aumif; jzpfaomaMumifhwnf;/ xkdYaMumifh c&pf,mefwkdY\okH;ckwpfql bk&m;[laom0g'xuf
ydrk
dk rjzpfEidk af omt&m r[kwrf [wfaomt&m? odrzf si;f ,kwn
f ahH om? &,fz,
G af umif;aomt&m urmavmu
twGif; r&SdawmhjyD/
wGif a&Tcsed cf iG pf mq&m\ Ak'E iS x
hf m0&EIid ;f ,SOcf suf qk;H avjy/D if;\EIid ;f ,SOcf suw
f u
Ydk akd phpyf aocsmpGm
awG;awmqifjcifygrl t&mra&mufoMueF t
f ajrmufyrm jzpfaMumif;udyk nm&Siw
f Ydk awGU&SEd idk af yjy/D xkt
d csurf us
Pftjrifrus,b
f J A[kow
k 0dpm&Pao;i,fo\
l EIid ;f ,SOcf suw
f o
Ydk nf pOf;pm;Pf,OS af om ajzqkcd su[
f al om
aea&mifjcnfa&mufvmojzifh qD;ESif;ozG,f aysmufukefavjyD/

25

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

,ckaomf c&pf,mefwpfavmuvk;H &Sd c&pf0g'DwdYk rjiif;Ekid ?f r&Si;f Ekid af omjcm;em;csuu


f jdk y&ef tcGiq
hf u
dk f
a&mufvmacsjyD/ uREkfyfwkdYAk'&Sifawmfbk&m;ukd xm0&ESifhrEIdif;,SOfvkdacs/ bmaMumifh EIdif;,SOfzkdY tzuft&m
r[kwaf omaMumifw
h nf;/ odaYk omf jcm;em;csuf tenf;i,furkd l azmfjyoifo
h nf[k uREyfk w
f Ydk ,lqonf/

Ak'&Sifawmfbk&m;ESifhxm0&wkdY\ jcm;em;csuf
Ak'a*gwr
1/ oem;Muifemwwf\/
2/ ygPmwdygwtrIudk a&SmifMuOfawmfrl\/ &IHUcsawmfrl\/
3/ ukd,fwkdifowfawmfrrl/
4/ olwpfyg;ukd used q
f aJ vhr&S/d
5/ 0efw
dk m r&S/d
6/ aopmt&ufudk uk,
d w
f idk v
f nf;roH;k ? wynfw
h u
Ydk v
kd nf; rok;H ap/
7/ &efoEl iS hf rdwaf qGudk twlwyl if csp&f rnf[k a[mawmfr\
l / a[monft
h wkid ;f uk,
d w
f idk u
f sio
hf ;Hk \/
8/ tom;pm;jcif;rS a&SmifMuOfawmfrl\/
9/ om;OD;ukd ,ZfylaZmf&rnf[k b,ftcgrS trdefYr&Sd/ Avd'ge-,ZfylaZmfjcif;ukd pufqkyfawmfrl\
10/ vlEiS w
hf uG tjcm; ouf&dS ow0gwku
Yd kd owfjzwfzYdk rqkx
d m;bd? emusn;f atmifyif jyKvyk af wmfrrlc/hJ
11/ ppfrufukd &IwfcsawmfrlcJh\/ ppfukd wm;jrpfawmfrlcJh\/
12/ &efukd &efcsif;rwkHUvsOf;ESifh[k onf;cHjcif;w&m;ukd a[m\/
13/ olUom;tdr,
f mjypfrmS ;jcif;udk av;eufpmG tjypfqadk wmfr\
l / rde;f rrsm;ukd trd[al omonmjzifh Munf&h rnf[k
a[mawmfrcl \
hJ /
14/ qk;d oGr;f aom olwu
Ydk kd aumif;atmifjyKjyifjy;D vQif u&kPmyGm; oem;awmfr\
l / trsux
f u
G af wmfrrlacs/
15/ vlrsdK;rcGJjcm;bJ tm;vkH;aom ouf&Sdow0gwkdY\tusdK;ukd o,fykd;aqmif&GufawmfrlcJh\/
16/ op0g'D-blw0g'D jzpfawmfrl trSefudkom cspfawmfrl\/ ow0gwkdYukd vSnfhpm;awmfrlavhr&Sd/
17/ olUtouf owfjcif;udk rqkdxm;bd/ rdrdukd,fukd OyrmjyK r&kdufrESuf&[lyifa[mcJh\/
18/ vlwkdif;rSm vGwfvyfcGifh&Sd\[k a[mawmfrlcJh\/
19/ rsufESmvkdufjcif; r&Sd/ ormorwfusifhawmfrl\/ tjcm;bmom0ifrsm;ukd rkef;wD;awmfrrl/
20/ rkom;ajymqkdjcif;udk tjypfMuD;pGmjy wm;jrpfawmfrl\/
21/ rdrd\ya,m*ygap ow0gudk emusifatmif jyKawmfrrlcJh/
22/ rdrdudk,fwkdifjzpfap(0g)ya,m*ygjzpfap ygPmwdygwrIudk b,ftcgrQ rjyKcJhacs/
23/ a'goukd y,f&Sm;jyD;jzpf arwmukdomyGm;rsm;awmfrl\/
24/ bmomt,l0g' uGJjym;&kHrQru rdrdbmomukd apmfum;vmoltay:rSmyif arwmyGm;zkdYqkH;rawmfrlcJh\/
25/ wpfOD;ukdrkef; wpfOD;udk cspfonfr&Sd? ow0gtm;vkH;udk wpfom;wnf;cspfawmfrl\/

26

Ak'&Sifawmfbk&m;ESifhxm0&wkdY\ jcm;em;csuf
xm0&
1/ &ufpufMurf;MuKwf\/
2/ olwpfyg;toufowf&ef trdefYay;\/
3/ uk,
d w
f idk v
f nf; olUtoufowf\/ ( I SAW VI )
4/ txyfxyftMudrfMudrf ,kwf,kwfrmrm usdefqJavh&Sd\/
5/ 0efwkd\/ rap&rsm;\/
6/ t&ufukd uk,
d w
f idk af omuf\/ wynfw
h u
Ydk v
dk nf; aomufap/ (171-16/3)
7/ &efou
l dk csp&f rnf[k ajymum;ajym\/ uk,
d w
f idk u
f rl &efou
l rdk ek ;f \/ tjcm;bk&m;rsm;ukrd ek ;f \/ tjcm;bmom0if
rsm;udk used \
f / qJ\/
8/ tom;pm;MuL;\/ csKd ;uif-ok;d uifudk MuKd u\
f / taoG;MuKd u\
f / (xG-awm)
9/ om;OD;udk ightm;ylaZmfavmh 8-&ufom;ok;d uav;udk ylaZmfavmh[k trdeaYf y;\/ rylaZmfu used q
f \
J /
(xG 22/ 29/ 30)
10/ tJ*kwjynf&Sd om;OD;orD;OD;wkdYudkowf\/ vlow0grStyjzpfaom uRJEGm;wkdY\om;OD;ukdyif owfcJh\/
(xG? 12??29)
11/ ppfruf 0goemyg\/
12/ &efwUHk rl&ef? vufpm;acs&ef ta&;wMu;D a[mcJ\
h / (0wf? 24? 30)
13/ a,musfm;ESifhawGUzl;aomrdef;r[lorQukd owf tysdKpifrsm;ukdrowfbJ oifwkdYtzkdYodrf;qnf;,liifavmh
(awm? 31? 17? 18)
14/ qk;d oGr;f olrsm;udk trsux
f u
G
f ESyd pf ufc\
hJ / aumif;atmif rjyKjyifbJ i&JoYdk ykcd \
hJ / (9-17) (q-7-11)
15/ ESmacgif;cRef? ESmacgif;jym; cGJjcm;\/ a&vvlrsdK;wdkY\tusdK;ukdomaqmif&GufcJh\/ (0wf-21-20)
16/ ow0gwkdY rkom;ESifhtrSm;udk ,kH&efvSnfhpm;cJh\/ okdYvSnfhpm;ojzifh rkom;,kHolwkdYukdtjypfay;cJh\/
(1-ouf-2-12-12)
17/ toufowfjcif;udk &kd;&kd;r[kwf vnfyif;vdrfcsdK;&rnf/ jyefroGm;ap&[k a[mcJh\/tonf;,m;p&myif/
(0wf-5-7)
18/ uRefarG;jrLjcif; ? uRefta&mif;t0,fjyKjcif;udk oabmwl\/ (wG-21)
19/ rsufESmvkduf tjcm;bmom0ifrsm;ukd rkef;\/ usdefqJ\/ &[l'Drsm;ukdom u,fwifvkdpdwf&Sd\/
20/ vlow0gwkdY\pdwfwGif;odkY rkom;ajymvkdpdwfudkyif xnfhoGif;ay;cJh\/ (3?7?22?23)
21/ rdrdukd,fwkdif ,mukwfESifhebrf;vkH;cJh\/ aygifusdK;atmif xkd;cJh\/ (u-32-27)
22/ 'g0d'fukd oef;acgifpm&if;taumufckdif;jyD;vQif vl 70000ukdowf\/ (2-71-24-15)
oabFmudk Munfch
hJ vl 50070udo
k wf\/ (1? 71? 6? 19)
23/ a'goMuD;\/ a'goMuD;vGef;aomaMumifh arma&Su awmif;yef&\/ (xG 32-11)
24/ nDt&if;u tjcm;bk&m;taMumif;udk a[mvmu if;ukd tpfukd&if;ua&S;OD;pGmowf&rnf[k qkH;rcJh\/
(w&m; 13? 7? 8? 9)
25/ ,mukwu
f dk csp
f {aomukd rke;f \/ if;udk raumif;aomv,fajrudk ay;\/ (r 1?12?3)
Ak'E iS x
hf m0&wk\
Yd axmifaygif;rsm;pGmaom jcm;em;csuw
f rYdk S tenf;i,frQ xkw
f jycJjh y;D jy/D ,ckaomf
Ak'ESifhxm0&bGm;c&pf\jcm;em;csufwkdYukd tenf;i,frQ jyMuOD;pkdY/ Munfhavmh &Iavmh pOf;pm;avmh/

27

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

Ak'a*gwr
1/
2/
3/
4/

oka'g'eESifhr[mrm,ma'0DwkYdrS ESpfrpkHarG;aomom;awmfjzpf\/
txufygt& tusifhoDv tmpm& razmufjym;aom rdaumif;zcif\om;jzpfaMumif;xif&Sm;\/
tOerif;\ou&mZf 68-ck uqkefvjynfh aomMumaeYwGif zGm;jrifaMumif; &ufcsKyf&Sd\/
obm0"rt& toufawmf 80-jynfah omtcg bk&m;wd\
Yk a`Ej zifh wnfMunfpmG tifMuif;O,smOf y&d
edAm efpaH wmfrcl \
hJ /
5/ owavmu&Sd ow0gtaygif;wkdYudk u,fwifawmfrl&efjzpf\/
6/ owavmutwGif; at;jidrf;jcif;okcw&m; jzpfay:ap&ef <uvmawmfrljcif;jzpf\/
7/ ajcmufusyd af om wynfrh sm;udk omoemjyK apvTw&f m ow0gwkt
Yd m; jrwfaomw&m;ukd jyMuavmh[k rdeYf
awmfrcl \
hJ /
8/ olUvl ighvlponfjzifh b,faomtcgrQ vlrsdK;cGJjcm;aompdwf &SdawmfrrlcJhacs/
9/ wpfpkHwpfa,mufukd aMumufvefY rnfonfhtcgrQ vQKdU0SufpGmoGm;vmawmfrrlcJhacs/
t*kv
F rd mvuJo
h aYkd om "g;jyAdv
k u
f vku
d af pumrl rajy;bJ ol&owu
d dk jyawmfr\
l /
10/ rSefaomw&m;twGuf raMumufr&GHU aemufrwGefYbJ wkd;Muavmh a[mMuavmh[k rdefYawmfrlcJh\/
11/ ,xm0g'D wxmum&D*P
k Ef iS hf jynfph aHk wmfro
l jzifh &efo-l rdwaf qGra&G;cspMf u rdeaYf wmfrw
l idk ;f uk,
d w
f idk v
f nf;
&eforl w
d af qGrjcm; cspaf wmfrcl \
hJ /
12/ rdbnDtpfukdarmifESrwkdYukd cspf&ef a[mawmfrlcJh\/ ukd,fwkdifvnf; cspfawmfrlcJh\/
13/ ur0g'Djzpfawmfral omaMumifh tvkyv
f yk jf cif;ukd cs;D rGr;f awmfr\
l / aumif;aomtvkyjf zifh toufarG;jrL&efred Yf
awmfrcl \
hJ /
14/ Avd'ge[laom olUtoufjzifh ,ZfylaZmfjcif; &IwfcsawmfrlcJh\/ wm;jrpfawmfrlcJh\/
15/ rnfonfh ow0gukrd Q xdr0f u
S
f w&m; a[mawmfrrlc/hJ rdr\
d w&m;awmfudk &Si;f &Si;f em;vnfMuap&ef
twdtvif; a[mjyawmfrcl \
hJ /
16/ olwpfyg;ukd emusifapaMumif;jzpfaom "g;-vSH ponfwkdYudk tokH;rjyK&[k wm;jrpfawmfrlcJh\/
17/ urmol urmom;wkt
Yd m; tvif;a&mif&ap&ef w&m;jyMuaomyk*K v
d rf sm;ukd b,ftcgrQyw
k cf wfawmfrrlc/hJ
18/ pmay-ynmwwfolrsm;ukd txl;ta&;ay; csD;ajrmufawmfrlcJh\/
19/ a`ErJhaom tvkyfukd tjrJa&SmifMuOfawmfrl\/ w&m;ojzifh El;nHhajyjypfpGmoma[mavh&Sd\/
20/ t&ufaopmukd ud,
k af wmfwidk f raomufo;Hk onft
h jyif wynfah emufvu
dk rf sm;ukv
d nf; raomuf&ef wm;
jrpfawmfrf cl \
hJ /
21/ trJ-om;-ig;[laom oufowfpm;jcif;rS a&SmifMuOfawmfrlcJh\/
22/ ukd,fwkdifusifhMuHprf;oyfjyD;aom w&m;udkoma[mojzifh xkdtwkdif;usifholrsm; r*fzkdvfedAmef &MuonfrSm
ra&rwGuEf idk af tmif rsm;vSavjy/D aemiftcgvnf; xkt
d wkid ;f usiMhf uo
H l taygif;wko
Yd nf twkid ;f rod
edAm efoaYkd &mufvrd Ohf ;D rnf/
23/ oufawmf 80-jynf
h cEm-emrf&yk cf sKyaf wmfral omtcg rnforYdk Qrnnf;nLawmfrb
l J b0tqk;H owfawmfr\
l /
24/ oufawmf 80-jynfhatmif ae&\/ taoaumif;jcif;jzifh aoawmfrl&\/
25/ jrifhjrwf,Ofaus;aom w&m;udka[mjy ajzmifhwef;aom vGwfvyf&mvrf;udk jyawmfrlcJh\/

28

oQifOu|

1/
2/
3/
4/

a,moyfESifhrnm;rDu oaEt&ifhtrm &SdjyD;jzpf tazac:p&mr&SdbJ rm&DrSarG;\/


tazwnf;[laom vufonf&Smr&ojzifh tusifhazmufjym;aom trd\om;jzpf\/
tajcrus xrif;qkdifrSm arG;&ojzifh arG;aeYarG;&ufESifhywfoufaomrSwfwrf; r&Sd/
r[kwrf [yf vkyMf uaH jymrIaMumifh olc;dk "g;jywku
Yd o
hJ Ykd olc;dk ESpaf ,muf\tv,frmS um;pifwifjy;D olwpfyg;wk\
Yd
towfudk cH&\/
5/ oa&vac:&[l'DwkdYtwGufom jzpf\/ tjcm;ow0gwkdYudk u,fwif&efr[kwf/ (r?15?24)
6/ urmavmutwGif; at;jidrf;jcif;ukd vTwf&efr[kwfbJ "g;udkapvTwf&ef tcsif;csif;uGJjym;Muap&efjzpf\/
(r?10/ 34-35)
7/ wpfusyd Ef pS af ,mufaom wynfrh sm;udak pvTw&f m oa&vvlrsKd ;rSwpfyg; tjcm;vlrsKd ;rsm;&S&d m jrKd Ujyjynf&mG
rsm;odYk r0ifMuESi[
hf k ajymcJ\
h / (r 10? 5-6)
8/ olUudk tultnDawmif;qkad om *&dred ;f rwpfa,mufEiS hf awGUaomtcg vlrsKd ;cGjJ cm;aom pdwu
f kd xif&mS ;pGm
azmfjycJ\
h / (rm 7/ 26? 27)
9/ olUudk ausmufcEJ iS hf ypfrnf&adS omtcg yke;f jy;D xGuaf jy;cJ\
h / (a,m 8?59)xm0&\om;[k ajymojzifh zrf;
rnfvu
dk af omtcg uk,
d v
f w
G &f ek ;f ajy;\/ ol&aJ bmenf;aMumif; xif&mS ;pGm jycJ\
h / (a,m 10? 39)
10/ oifwu
Ydk kd jrKd Uu w&m;pGt
J /Hh tjcm;jrKd UokYd xGuaf jy;Muavmh[k trdeaYf y;cJ\
h / (ar? 10? 23)
11/ &eforl sm;udk csp&f rnf[k ajymaomfvnf; olu,
dk w
f idk u
f rl &eforl sm;udk used q
f \
J / olUukd r,ko
H rl sm;udk acG;?
0uf? a>rqk;d ? pmwef? pmweforD;[laom npfpw
k af ompum;vk;H wkjYd zifh ok;H ac:qkcd \
hJ / (rm? vk)
12/ rdbponfwu
Ydk kd rke;f &efajymcJ\
h / (vk? 14/ 26) uk,
d w
f idk u
f vnf; ol r,ko
H rl sm;ukd rke;f cJ\
h / olUa&SUac:
jy;D owf&rnf[k ajym\/ (vk? 19/27)
13/ tvkyf vkyjf cif;udk &Iwcf s\/ aeYpOftpm&zkYd qkawmif;&rnf/ eufjzeftzkYd MuKd wifqkawmif;&rnf[ak jym
cJ\
h / (rm 6? 11) (vk? 9/ 3)
14/ olu,
dk w
f idk u
f yif ouf&o
dS w0gwkjYd zifh ,Zfyal Zmfc\
hJ / (vk 22? 7)
15/ rdr\
d trsKd ;tEG,&f [l'w
D u
Ydk o
kd m twdtvif;a[m tjcm;vlrsm;ukrd l em;rvnfEidk af tmifvn
S phf m;a[m
cJ\
h / (r-13/ 13-25)
16/ "g;r&Sdaomolrsm;onf rdrdwdkY\ t0wfudka&mif; "g;udk0,fMuavmh[k ajymcJh\/ (vk-22? 36)
17/ olray:rDu ay:aygufcJhaom yk*Kdvfrsm;udk olckd;awG"g;jyawG[k ykwfcwfajymqkdcJh\/ (a,m-10/ 8)
18/ pmay-ynmwwfolrsm;udk &GHUrkef; a>rqkd;awG oDvaMumifawGponfjzifh rzG,fr&m ajymcJh\/
19/ tvGe
f a`Er ahJ omtvkyu
f dk vkycf \
hJ / w&m;ojzifh ajymjyoifyh gvsuf [k[
d m 'D[m qGv
J v
JG iT yhf pf\/
(rm 11? 15)
20/ t&ufaopmukd tvGeMf uKd u\
f / wynfh aemufvu
dk rf sm;ukd t&ufaomuf&ef trdeaYf y;cJ\
h / (a,m-2)
21/ trJ-om;-ig;ukd udk,fwkdifyif pm;aomufcJh\/ wynfhrsm;twGuf ajymzG,f&mr&SdjyD/
22/ c&pfum; olrodaom aumif;uifbeHk ef;udk bef;jyjy;D w&m;a[mcJ\
h / aumif;uifbu
Hk svmawmhrnf/ urmMu;D
ysupf ;D awmhrnf[k rrSeaf om ajcmufv;Hk vSev
Yf ;Hk wkjYd zifh a[mcJah pumrl ,ckwidk f ol\ aumif;uifbeHk ef;okYd
a&mufow
l pfO;D wpfa,mufrQrjyEkid ?f c&pf,mefxyd o
f ;D wrefawmfMu;D rsm;yif ,ckb,fa&mufaeonf rod&?
tjcm;olwu
Ydk m; ajymzG,&f m r&Sad wmhjy/D
23/ aotHhqJqJcP toHqkd;MuD;ESifhuREkfyfbk&m; tb,fhaMumifh uREkfyfudk pGefYypfxm;ygoenf;[k atmf\/
tultnDawmif;\/
24/ touf33-ESpfom ae&\/ aojcif;qkd;jzifh ao&\/
25/ ,kwfedrfh&kdif;pkdif;aom w&m;udk a[m aumufauG;aomvrf; uRefjzpfvrf;ukd ajymjycJh\/
,ckaomf xm0&-xm0&bGm;c&pfESifhAk'a*gwrwkdY\jcm;em;csuf t>rufrQukdazmfjyjyD; a&TcsdefcGifpm
q&m\w&m;ESpfyg; ndEIdif;csufudk ppfaq;ajzMum;OD;pkdY/
29

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

xm0&bGm;-c&pf

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

,ckwGif w&m;ESpfyg;udk quf ndEIdif;MuOD;pkdY/


&Siaf *gwr w&m;&if;[lru
l m; olUtoufurdk owfEiS ?hf olUOpmukd rck;d ESi?hf olUom;r,m;ukd rjypfrmS ;ESi?hf
rkom;pum;ukd rajymESifh? ao&nfao&ufukdraomufESifh[k yOoDvig;yg;&Sd\/
xko
d q
Ykd adk omf um,uH 0pDuu
H o
dk m ynwf raemuHudk rynwf/ 'kp&ku
d t
f jrpfurkd Ekwyf ,f/ tjcm;ynwf
wkdY\tcsKyftcsmr[kwf? csdKUwJhaomynwfw&m;um; jrwfovm; ponfjzifh a&TcsdefcGifq&muqkd\/
pum;pkjzifh ig;yg;oDvukd a&Tcsed cf iG q
f &mu Ak'b
mom(0g)Ak'0 g'xifaeaMumif; xif&mS ;acs\/ rnfoYdk
aomw&m;awmfonf Ak'0 g'? Ak'b
momjzpfonf[al om tcsuu
f av;udrk Qrod em;rvnf&mS olwpfa,mufu
Ak'0g'udk tjypfqkdjcif;onf ]]awmifxdyfMumayguf taemufaexGuf}} vufzspfwD; tHhcsD;zG,faumif;vSaom
t&m jzpfownf;/
Ak'0g'qkdwmukd rodu tenf;i,f t>rufrQ ajymjycJh&ao;wmaygh/ avmuMuD;twGif;(1) qif;&Jjcif; 'kuonf&Sd\/
(2) xkd'ku\taMumif;onf ork',trSefjzpf\/
(3) 'kurS vGwfajrmufjcif;rnfonf trSef&SdEkdif\/
(4) xkd'kurS vGwfajrmuf&mokdY oGm;&mvrf;onftrSef&Sd\/
um; Ak'0g'\tkwfjrpfwnf;/ tkwfjrpf eHygwf(1)ESifheHygwf(3)wkdYonftusddK;wkdYwnf;/ wpfzef
(2)ESifh (4)wkdYonf taMumif;wkdYwnf;/ xkdYaMumifh Ak'\w&m;awmfonf tusdK;taMumif; jid\/ rSwfxkduf\/
xkt
d usKd ;taMumif;rSvw
G af om (0g) uif;jzpfaomt&m[lorQonf Ak'0 g'r[kw/f (pwkop 0derd ak wm "armemr
ew)d tusKd ;taMumif;rSvw
G af om trSew
f &m;r&S/d Ak'\
w&m;onf tusKd ;taMumif;nD\/ uku
d n
f aD omw&m;
rSef\/ xkdYaMumifh rSefaomt&monf Ak'0g'jzpfownf;/
jrefrmEkid if &H dS c&pf,mefwo
Ydk mr[kw?f wpfurmvk;H &Scd &pf,mefwo
Ydk nf (0g) wpfurmvk;H &Sd ynm&Siw
f o
Ydk nf
Ak'&Sifawmfbk&m;\opmav;yg;w&m;udk jiif;csufxkwfEkdifMurnfavm/ rxkwfEkdif&kHrQru ]]rSefvSygayonf}}
[lyif0efcaH e&acsjy/D okyYd gvsuu
f REyfk w
f \
Ydk todtjrifrus,f PfynmEke,faom a&Tcsed cf iG pf mq&mu Ak'0 g'
wnf;[laom a&Tzvm;udk c&pf0g'wnf;[laom tke;f rIwyf EhJ iS ,
hf OS jf yKd i
f jyaeacs\/ aMomf tHzh ,
G af umif;pGwum;/
tk-d a&Tcsed cf iG q
f &m ig;yg;oDvqkw
d m Ak'b
UJG xl;cHy*k K v
d x
f ;l yk*K v
d jf rwfwYdk ray:xGe;f apum ,Ofaus;aom
urmavmutwGi;f tjrw
J nf&cdS w
hJ w
hJ &m;jzpfc\
hJ / ig;yg;oDvtwGuf Ak'b
UJG cHb&k m;wpfqyl iG phf &mrvkad wmhjy/D
Ak'0 g' ig;yg;oDvonf atmufq;Hk wef;tusijhf zpf\/ ig;yg;oDvwnfoo
l nf jrifjh rwfaom Ak't
&Si\
f
w&m;awmfwnf;[laom eef;awmf\rkcf0okdY a&mufolwkdY(0g)twGif;bufodkY0ifoGm;cJhaomf xkdig;yg;oDvxuf
jrihfukef jrwfukefaom oDvw&m;? orm"dw&m;? ynmw&m; ponfwkdYudk awGUjrifusifhMuH&ukefvwHU/
,cktcg igwk\
Yd urmavmuMu;D onf tarSmifwiG ;f rStvif;bufox
Ydk u
G jf yLpjyKaeacsjy/D &kid ;f pkid ;f jcif;wHcg;
ukyd w
d cf
hJ ,Ofaus;jcif;vGijf yif &Ti&f iT Mf u;D vSr;f pjyKaeavjy/D xko
d nfurmavmuMu;D twGi;f ig;yg;oDvrvko
H l
ukd vlUpm&if;okdYyif roGif;awmhjyD/ ig;yg;oDvrvkHolonf wd&pmefxufrsm;pGm romvSacs/
okYdtoifa&TcsdefcGifq&mwkdY&JUxm0&[m ig;yg;oDvvkHyg\avm/ "ra[mif;usrf;vmpum;wkdYt&
rvkaH cs/ ig;yg;oDvrvkjH cif;aMumifh xm0&onf rdru
d ,
dk u
f rdk rd u
d sm;opfpaom &kid ;f pkid ;f aom(0g)aMumufrufz,
G f
aom wd&pmefwkdYESifhEIdif;,SOfjcif; jyKcJhavonf/
xkjYd yif um,uH 3-yg;? 0pDuH 4-yg;? raemuH 3-yg;[laom 'kp&ku
d 1f 0-yg;qkw
d phJ um;ukd uREyfk w
f \
Ydk a&Tcsed f
cGifq&monf Mum;&kHrQ Mum;cJhzl;aomf (raemuHukd rynwf)[laompum;ukd rqkday&m[k uREkfyfwkdY,kHMunf\/
xkdokdY rqkdwef&mukd qkdxm;ojzifh xkda&TcsdefcGifpmq&mukd uREkfyfwkdY oem;rd&avawmh\/ Ak'todPf-0g't,l Ak'0g' todPfESifh,SOfaom0g' (0g) ynmPf&SdolwkdYom trSefodtyfaomt,lwkdYjzpfjcif;aMumifh
uREyfk w
f \
Ydk a&Tcsed cf iG pf mq&m Ak'0 g'tppfudk rodjcif;onf tHzh ,
G t
f csuf r[kwaf wmhacs/ a&Tcsed cf iG pf mq&monf
PfynmwkH;wd tusdK;taMumif;rodolwpfOD;jzpfaMumif; xif&Sm;aponfrSwpfyg; tjcm;tusdK;r&SdawmhjyD/
xkjYd yif ('kp&ku
d t
f jypfrsm;aomykxZk OfwYdk tjypfuadk y;aomw&m;? tjypfudk ajzaomw&m;? w&m;ESpyf g;
wkw
Yd iG f b,fw&m;om jrwfE;dk zG,&f o
dS enf;)[laompum;jzifh Ak'\
w&m;onf tjypfay;aomw&m;? xm0&(0g)
30

c&pf\w&m;onf tjypfukdajzaom w&m;[kqkdvkd[ef&Sd\/


tk-d a&Tcsed cf iG pf mq&m? toifonf w&m;("r)ESirhf w&m;(t"r)ukrd Q em;rvnf cJw
h um;/ w&m;qkad om
"r(0g)trSeo
f nf rnfonft
h cgrS tjypfurdk ay;Ekid /f tjypfqo
dk nfrmS vnf; ay;jzpfpaumif;aomt&m r[kwf
acs/ Ak'&Sifawmfbk&m;\w&m;udk vkdufemusifhMuHol rnfonfhtjypfrS rcsOf;uyfEkdif/
rSev
f \
S / aumif;jrwfaomw&m;onf aumif;jrwfaomtusKd ; jzpfymG ;apwwf\/ o&ufyifonf o&ufo;D
ukd oD;ouJo
h w
Ydk nf;/ taMumif;udzk efw;D olonf tusKd ;ud&k pjrw
J nf;/ taMumif;udyk ,fro
S mvQif tusKd ;jy,fpjrJ
jzpf\/ aumif;-raumif;[laomtaMumif;ukd jyKoolonf aumif;-raumif;[laom tusKd ;rS ajy;rvGwEf idk /f
wHcg;ukyd w
d cf
hJ ,Ofaus;jcif;vGijf yif &Ti&f iT Mf u;D vSr;f pjyKaeavjy/D xko
d nfurmavmuMu;D twGi;f ig;yg;oDv
rvkHolukd vlUpm&if;okdYyif roGif;awmhjyD/ ig;yg;oDvrvkHolonf wd&pmefxufrsm;pGm romvSacs/
um; vGecf ahJ omESpaf ygif; 2000ausmu
f a[mMum;cJah om Ak'a *gwr\pum;awmfwnf;/ ,ckacwfay:
0dZmq&mavmu"gwfynmt&m yg&*lajrmuf wpfzufurf;a&mufolwkdYu xkdpum;ukdyifaxmufcH ,kHMunf
aeMu&avjyD/ taMumif;ESifhtusdK;wkdYonf twlwlyifwnf;/ odkYaomf tcsif;csif; ajzmifhajzmifhqefYusifbuf
jzpfonf[al om avmu"gwf0Zd m q&mwk\
Yd pum;onf ESpaf ygif; 2000ausmu
f Ak'\
pum;awmfEiS w
hf pfxyfwnf;
yif jzpf\/
taMumif;ESifhtusdK;wkdYonf wpfrsdK;pDwpfjcm;pD jzpfaumif;aomt&mrsm; r[kwfMuukef/ &Sif;aptHh/
om;onf olUtowfowfjcif;wnf;[laom taMumif;udk jyKvyk \
f / MuKd ;'Pfwnf;[laom tusKd ;onf
tztay:oku
Yd sa&muf&rnfavm/ rusa&mufEidk /f taMumif;jyKvyk o
f o
l nfvQif tusKd ;udk cHpm;&acsrnf/ vlow0g
\cEmukd,fonf taMumif;? if;\t&dyfonftusdK;/ taMumif;oGm;&m tusdK;vkdufyg&\/ taMumif;jywfrS
tusdK; &yfpJavonf/
xkt
Yd wl aumif;rI raumif;rIwo
Ydk nf taMumif;w&m;rsm; jzpfMuuke\
f / xko
d nft
h aMumif;rsm;\aemuf
okYd aumif;-raumif;[laom tusKd ;wko
Yd nf rcGrJ cGmyJ tjrv
J u
dk af eMu&rnf trSejf zpfownf;/ onfwu
Ydk m;
wpfurmvk;H &Sd ynmtajrmftjrif Pftqiftjcif&o
dS w
l Ydk rjiif;Ekid af omtrSew
f w
Ydk nf;/ xkt
d rSew
f o
Ydk nf Ak'\

pum;awmfrsm;jzpfMu\/ xkdYaMumifh Ak'onf trSef? trSefonf Ak'jzpfownf;/


,ckwiG f tjypfudk ajzaomw&m;ukd MunfMh upk/Yd c&pf0g'Dw\
Ykd tjypfyaysmufa&;pepfonf tawmfqef;Mu,f
&,fz,
G af umif;aom t&mrnf\/
tm'HEiS {fh 0wk\
Yd opfawmho;D ck;d pm;rIaMumifh vlow0grsm; qk;d npfazmufjym;avacs\/ yxr aumif;uif
bkeH ef;qk;H &acs\/ okjYd zpfapum xm0&onf vlow0gwku
Yd t
dk ouf&iS af ecGiahf y;cJ\
h / xkaYd emuf aem{vufxuf
a&mufaomtcg vlow0gwk\
Yd npfnrf;rIaMumifh vl&pS Of ;D rSwpfyg; tjcm;vlow0gwkt
Yd m;vk;H udk a&ESpo
f wfc\
hJ /
xkv
d 8l -OD;wkv
Yd nf; vlaumif;rsm; r[kwcf MhJ u? xm0&onf if;wdu
Yk dk csr;f omcGiahf y; urmukw
d pfzefjyKpjk yef\/
olonf tjypfaysmufa&;twGuf Avd'ge[laom EGm;? okd;? csdK;wkdYjzifh ,ZfylaZmf&rnf[k vltrsm;ukd
oifjy ay;cJ\
h / xko
d jYdk zpfcahJ omf "ra[mif;usr;f t& tjypfyaysmufa&;rSm wd&pmefwu
Ydk o
dk wf ,Zfyal Zmf&efjzpf\/
tjypfEiS ,
hf Zfyal Zmfjcif;rSm rnforYdk QtquftEG,rf &Sad Mumif; ,cktcgvlynm&Srd sm; odMuavjy/D okaYd omf xm0&url
tjypftMu;D ti,fuv
dk u
dk
f ,Zfaumif tMu;D ti,fjzpfap&rnf[k ajymcJ\
h / xkjYd yif ,Zfaumifw\
Ydk aoG;onf
vlow0gwkdY\tjypfukd pifMu,fapEkdif\[lyif ajymcJhwkHao;\/
rnfrQyif xm0& tm;xkwaf pumrl olUvlrsm;onf ol\Oya'ukd rvku
d ef myJ yk
d yk
d qk;d vmMuuke\
f /
vlow0gwkt
Yd wGuf ,Zfyal Zmf&rnfqadk pum tjypfrsm;onfw&d pmefaoG;? vlUaoG;wkjYd zifah q; rpifEidk af vmuf
atmif MuD;rm;vmcJh&\/ xkdYaMumifh xm0&ukd,fwkdif ,ZfaumifjzpfzkdYvkdvm;cJh\/ vlow0gtm;vkH;wkdYukdvnf;
xm0&uused q
f x
J m;cJ\
h / xkaYd Mumifh urmaomfvnf;ysu&f rnf/ okrYd [kwf xm0&aomfvnf;ao&rnfrmS aocsm
aeavjyD/
xkdodkYaom taMumif;aMumifh xm0&onf c&pf[laomtrnfjzifh vl0ifpm;jzpfvm&acs\/
&[l'w
D o
Ykd nf if;xm0&0ifpm;c&pfukd owfMuay\/ ,Zfyal ZmfMuay\/ owfjcif;um; r[kww
f &m;0g
<um;ajymqkdrIaMumifh jzpfownf;/
xkdodkYc&pftaocHjcif;udk vlwkdYtjypfajy&m vrf;zGifhjcif;jzpfonf[k c&pf,mefwkdY ,kHMunfaeMuukef\/
31

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

xkdt,l0g'xufykdrkd r[kwfr[yfaomt&mukd urmwpfcGif rawGUEkdifawmhjyD/


vlwpfOD;onf ckd;rIudk usL;vGef\/ xkdYaMumifh c&pf,mefbkef;MuD;wpfyg;okdY csdK; odkYr[kwf okd;ukdquf
,ZfylaZmfap\/ tjypfwjcm;? ,Zfwjcm;yif/
xm0&onf vlow0gtwGuf Oya'rsm; jyKvyk \
f / xko
d nfOh ya'ukd vlu azmufzsuu
f sL;vGe\
f / ,if;odYk
aom vl\tjypfaMumifh xm0&u taocH\/ tvGe[
f efaomtcsuaf ywnf;/
vlwpfa,mufonf vlowfru
I sL;vGe\
f / w&m;cGiw
f ifjy;D ppfaq;\/ jypfrx
I if&mS ;\/ MuKd ;'Pfay;vku
d \
f /
xkt
d cg tjcm;vlwpfa,mufonf bk&ifx
h o
H o
Ydk mG ;jy;D xkMd uKd ;ay;cH&aomol\tpm; aoyg&ap[k ajymqkad vQmuf
xm;vm\/ &Sifbk&ifu]]at;.... aumif;jyD ? vlowfrI&SdolvTwf? aemufvmol MudK;pifwufap}}[k trdefYcs
rnfavm/
odjYk yKacsaomf rw&m;Oya'jzpfacs\/ w&m;aom Oya'um; - owfru
I sL;vGeo
f o
l m ao'Pfao
jypfccH iG hf &Sad p&rnf/ tu,f xko
d wfrw
I &m;cHtpm; xkb
d &k ifu0if a&mufcaH pumrl xl;rjcm;em;yif jzpfownf;/
odYk jzpfacsaomf vlowfrEI pS cf k jzpfacsrnf/ w&m;cHtppfrmS vGwv
f yfciG &hf &S
d tjypfro
hJ El pS Of ;D towfc&H acsrnf/
um; - c&pf,mefwYdk tjypfajzaomenf;wnf;/ vlow0gwk\
Yd tjypf[o
l rQwo
Ydk nf xm0&zGm;c&pfwpf
a,mufwnf; um;pifwif towfcHcJh 'geYJtukefyaysmuf\qkdaom0g'[m ,kwd&Sdyrvm; a&TcsdefcGifpmq&m/
,ckumv vlowfru
I sL;vGeo
f al wG MuKd ;ay;cHae&wm axmufawmhjzifh c&pf,mefwaYdk jymqk,
d MHk unfaeMu
wJhtjypfajzenf;[m tvum;jzpfaeacsonf/ tdrf;...[kwfvS\/
c&pfaojcif;onf ol\tjypfaMumifo
h mjzpf\/ "ropft& ol\trIukd aoaocsmcsmppfaq;jy;D wkid ;f ol
jynfom;wkdY\tvkdqEukd ar;jyD; olUudkowfcJhjcif;jzpf\/ olaowmESifhow0g\tjypfESifh bmrQrqkdifacs/
okdY,kHMunfrIonf vlwkdY\urmavmu jypfrIaygrsm; xGef;um;jcif;udk jzpfapcJh\/ c&pf,mefwkdY
\aumif;uifbeHk ef;ukd vlq;dk ? vl,w
k rf m? vlAvmcsmwkjYd zifh jynfah pcJ\
h / ,ckurmavmu\wd;k wufru
I dk aqmif&u
G f
aeMuaom avmu"gwfynm&Siw
f o
Ydk nf xm0&\aumif;uifbeHk ef;od0Yk ifciG rhf &Muuke/f xif&mS ;ap&ef atmufyg
trIoGm; 2-ckukd ,SOfjydKif zwfOD;avmh/

(1)
c&pf,mefw\
Ydk aumif;uifbeHk ef;ok0Yd ifa&mufa&;twGuf w&m;qk;H jzwf&maeYwiG f avmu"gwfq&mMu;D
'g0ifukd ppfaq;ar;jref; tjypfay;aomtcef;/

csm;vfpf'g0if\trI
a&SUbwf
'g0if
a&SUbwf
'g0if
a&SUbwf
'g0if

- tarmif b,ft&yfuvJ/
- uREyfk f urmajrjyifuyg/
- tarmif b,fvv
dk pl m;vJ/
- [m;...uREyfk t
f aMumif; uREyfk rf ajymvk?d oifwrYdk w
S w
f rf;pmtkyu
f dk Munf&h if odrmS aygh/
- [ift
h if? 'DrmS armifwv
Ydk Ul jynferYJ wlb;l / uk,
d t
hf aMumif; uk,
d af jymayrJh &Supf &mr&S/d
- at;...'gjzifh usKy[
f m yxrwef;pm;vlaygh/ uREyfk f om;r,m;udk cspw
f ,f/
ykw 'g& o*Fa[mukd rysurf uGuaf pcJ/h aqGrsKd ;nmwdrsm;ukv
d nf;axmufyMhH unf&h cI w
hJ ,f/
a&SUbwf - armif\tdrfoltdrfom;rsm;ukd b,fykHjyKpkcJhoenf;/
'g0if
- a'goa&SUxm;jy;D b,fawmhrpS um;rajymcJb
h ;l / uREyfk \
f om;r,m;ukd emusiaf tmifrajymcJrh qkcd yhJ g/
a&SUbwf - wifaewJha<u;jrDrsm;aum qyfcJh&JUvm;/
'g0if
- tk.d ..usKyrf mS a<u;wpfjym; wpfcsyrf S rwif? romp&dwEf iS w
hf uG uREyfk \
f om;r,m;rsm; rylryif
32

a&SUbwf
'g0if
a&SUbwf
'g0if
a&SUbwf
'g0if
a&SUbwf
'g0if
a&SUbwf
'g0if
xm0&

&atmif aiGtjynft
h pkH xm;ypfcyhJ gonf/
- tarmif b,fc&pf,mef*kdPf;om;vJ/
- [ift
h if? b,f*P
kd ;f om;rS r[kw?f if;*kP
d ;f awG[m t,lo;D acgif;rmjy;D tjrifMurf;Muw,f/
- teEtjypf'Pfukdaum ,kHMunf&JUvm;/
- [ift
h if? r,kMH unfyg/
- eH&;dk taMumif;aum ,k&H UJ vm;/
- tm'He{YJ 0taMumif;udk ar;wmvm;/
- at; [kww
f ,f? tJ'g ,kMH unf&UJ vm;/
- trSeaf jym&rSmjzifh r,kw
H t
hJ jyif uREyfk [
f m tJ't
D aMumif;ukd zsuq
f ;D aewJh vlwpfa,mufygyJ/
- c&pfawmfu oif&h UJ tjypfudk cH,w
l ,fqw
dk maum ,kMH unf&UJ vm;/
- [ift
h if? r,kMH unfyg/
- vlru
dk u
f dk i&JocYdk svu
dk af vmh/

(2)
*syk d ; prpf \ trI

a&SUbwf - tarmif b,fuvJ/


prpf
- uReaf wmfrsKd ;vnf; urmajrjyifuyg/
a&SUbwf - b,f*P
dk ;f 0ifv/J
prpf
- pmeD*P
dk ;f 0ifjzpf&rHk u? tkid -f trf-pD-attoif;om;vnf; jzpfcyhJ gw,f/
a&SUbwf - bmtvkyfrsm; vkyfukdifpm;aomufygovJ/
prpf
- bPfwu
dk rf mS pma&;vkycf yhJ gw,f/
a&SUbwf - bPfuaiGrsm; ckd;,lajy;cJhzl;ygovm;/
prpf
- tjypfywfrmS rkYd rajz0Hyh g/
a&SUbwf - a[;...'Du Oya'uwpfrsKd ; ar;wmajzyg/
prpf
- rSeyf g? ck;d ,lczhJ ;l ygw,f/
a&SUbwf - b,favmufrsm; ck;d cJo
h vJ/
prpf
- aygif 1000 ck;d cJyh gw,f/
a&SUbwf - 'Djyifaum/
prpf
- uReaf wmfrsKd ; tdref ;D csi;f &JUr,m;udv
k nf; ck;d cJyh gw,f/
a&SUbwf - r,m;Mu;D aum &So
d vm;/
prpf
- rSeyf g &Sad Mumif;yg/
a&SUbwf - 'gjzifh armifhr,m;MuD;ukd pGefYypfvkdufwmaygh/
prpf
- rSeyf g/ okaYd omf olwu
Ydk dk xm0&bk&m;u apmifah &Smufvrd rhf nf[k uReaf wmfrsKd ; ,kMH unfygonf/
a&SUbwf - &GUH&kyfeJYeH&kd;udk zefqif;wJhrdef;rukdaum/
prpf
- rSeyf g? vIu
d v
f u
dI v
f v
JS JS tonf;pGJ ,kMH unfaMumif;yg/
a&SUbwf - c&pfawmfu ow0gwkdY\tjypfudk aoG;eJYaq;aMumawmfrlwmaum/
prpf - rSeyf g? ,kMH unfygw,f/ ,kv
H yYdk if we*FaEGaeYwidk ;f bk&m;&Scd ;kd ausmif;oGm;jy;D ocifa,&Iudk tcGiv
hf w
T yf g
rnft
h aMumif; qkawmif;cJyh gw,f/
xm0& - aumif;jrwfaomoli,ftm; apmif;udak y; aumif;uifbo
Hk Ydk oGi;f avmh/
33

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

txufyg trIomG ;ESpcf u


k kd EIid ;f ,SOMf unfyh gu c&pfawmf0g'\rw&m;aom? rrSeu
f efaom tjypfay;ykH
ukd awGU&ayrnf/ om;tjypf tzcH? tztjypf om;cHqadk omtcsuu
f dk pOf;pm;Pf&o
dS rl sm;u &,fz,
G pf um;[k
qkd>rufMuukef\/
Ak'b
modww&m;awmfudk vku
d ef musiMhf ujH cif;jzifh &&St
d yfaomtusKd ;um; rGejf rwfvpS mG \/ Ak'w
&m;awmf
onf oE|d u
d *kPEf iS jhf ynfph aHk omaMumifh vufiif;csucf si;f tusKd ;udck pH m;&\/ csucf si;f vufiif; tusKd ;ay;yku
H m;
olUtowfudk owfaeolwpfa,mufonfA'k & iS af wmfb&k m;\w&m;awmfudk Mum;em&jcif;aMumifh olUtowf owf
jcif;rS a&SmifMuOf aumif;aomtrIudk jyKvkyftHh/
xko
d jYdk yKvyk jf y;D onfEiS hf wpfjyKd ief uf xko
d nfo\
l oEmef raumif;rIrS uif;a0;ojzifh at;jrMunfvifaom
pdw"f gwf ay:vmacs\/ Munfvifat;jraom pdw"f gwfay:vmjcif;yif raumif;rIjzpfaom ygPmwdygwa&SmifMuOf
jcif;\ tjrifjh rwfq;Hk aom oE|d u
d tusKd ;ay;wnf;/ oDvrI? orxrI? bm0emrIwYdk vnf; enf;ESiaf ywnf;/
uREkfyfwkdY\ a&TcsdefcGifpmq&monf if;pmtkyfeHygwf9-ESifh jrwfaomw&m;onf jrwfaomtusdK;ukd
ay;wwf\qk\
d / [kwv
f \
S / uREyfk w
f \
Ydk Ak'& iS af wmfb&k m;uvnf; uvsmPum&D? uvsmPygyum&D p ygyuH?
jrwfaom w&m;ukt
d m;xkw?f tusKd ;jrwf&? ,kwaf omw&m;ukjd yKu ,kwaf omtusKd ;&ap[k a[m>rufawmfrcl \
hJ /
tcsufudk oabmwlcJhaomf a&SUokdYwpfqifhwufpkdY/ c&pf\w&m;onf jrwfoavm(0g),kwfoavm/
tar;ESpfcsufudk ajz&aomf xm0&\w&m;[lorQonf ,kwfaomw&m;[lorQwkdYwGif acgifcsKyfjzpfonf[k
ajz&acsrnf/
xm0&w&m; ,kwrf maMumif;ukrd l tus,w
f 0ifh zGiq
hf adk &;om;cJjh y/D xm0&\w&m;onf qk;d ,kwaf om
w&m;jzpf qk;d ,kwaf omtusKd ;rsm;udk jzpfapcJah vonf/ xkq
d ;dk ,kwn
f pfnrf;aom tusKd ;rsm;udk awGUjrif&onf
jzpfaomaMumifh c&pf,mefw&m;qkd;0g'npfnrf;aMumif;ukd uHwkdifuHr ajymqkdEkdifavonf/ c&pf,mefw&m;\
tusKd ;ESiyhf wfouf c&pf,mefq&mMu;D a'gufwmat'Gwu
f &D;efv;D u rnfoaYdk jymqkcd o
hJ enf;/ ynma&SUoGm;owd
xm; pOf;pm;zwfavmh/
c&pfou&mZftprS 1500-ckEpS w
f idk af tmif rSwo
f m;xm;aom c&pf0g'&mZ0ifpmtkyyf g pm&Gurf sm;onf
aoG;tvdrf;vdrf;vl;usH rD;avmifuGufrsm;jzifh jynfhESufvsuf&SdcJh\/ taMumif;um;-wpfacwfjyD;wpfacwf ol
wpfyg;Ekid if o
H Ydk 0ifa&mufwu
dk cf u
dk jf cif;rsm;? tjypfro
hJ rl sm;udk tjyKv
H u
dk o
f wfjcif;rsm;? bmoma&;ppfyrJG sm;? bmokd
vkdjrLaeYrsm; (Bartholomew Days) jrdKU&Gmrsm;ukd zsufqD;jcif;rsm;? tESpfokH;q,fwkdufaomppfyGJrsm;? &[l'D
axmifjcif;rsm; (Jew Baithings) pke;f rsm;ukd rD;&IUd owfjcif;rsm;? bmoma&;ESyd u
f yG af omOya'rsm; (Inguistions)?
nO;f yef;ESyd pf ufrrI sm;? odpYk aomtm;jzifh tvm;wlrsm;jym;vSaom rw&m;rIrsm;onf tqk;H rS&ydS gOD;rnfavm[k
xifjrif&avonf/
wpfzef c&pf0g' t,lo;D acgif;rmaom c&pf,mefbek ;f Mu;D (REV: G.A.Studert Kennedy) *s?D at?
pwk'gwfuifeuf'D\pum;ukd zwfOD;avmh/
]]c&pfvufxufrpS ESpaf ygif; 2000\&mZ0ifonf rnf;arSmifaMumufvefzY ,
G jf zpfc\
hJ / xkad Mumufz,
G f
aomtjcif;t&mESifhywfoufaom tcsufwkdYukdvnf;aumif;? tqkH;r&Sdwkdufckdufaeaom ppfwkdYukdvnf;aumif;?
zdESdyfjcif; w&m;pGJqkdjcif;? &ufpufjcif;? vdrfvnfjcif;wkdYukdvnf;aumif; jynfhpkHatmifazmfjy&ef pum;vkH;rsm;
r&Sad wmhjy/D c&pfvuf0g;uyfwidk u
f dk tvHx
l jrKd U&Gmrsm;ukd wku
d cf u
dk zf suq
f ;D &ef rD;&IUd &ef rde;f rom;rsm;ukd owf&ef?
uav;rsm;ukd nO;f yef;&ef? aumif;rGev
f yS aom t&m0wKrsm;ukd acsreI ;f ypf&ef vltaygif;wkYd csw
D ufMuavonf/
xkjYd yif ormusr;f yg jcrd ;f ajcmufcsurf sm;ukd uwday;csurf sm; tenf;i,frQ tusKd ;r&Syd ?Hk rrSeyf EHk iS w
hf uG
Oa&mywkduf\&mZ0ifvnf; &mZ0wfrIwnf;[laom aoG;tvdrf;vdrf;vl;ayaecJhonfvnf;aumif;? [mbwfpf
pyif;qmu if;\twKywd a&;om;cJh\/
a&Tcsed cf iG pf mq&m\tvdt
k wkid ;f - raumif;aomw&m;onf raumif;aomtusKd ;udjk zpfaponfreS cf ahJ omf
txufazmfjy&mygraumif;aomtusKd ;wko
Yd nf rnfonfw
h &m;\tusKd ;wkeYd nf;/ c&pf0g'D\tusKd ;wkw
Yd nf;/ okjYd zpf
aomf c&pf0g'(0g)c&pf\w&m;awmfonf aumif;aomw&m; jzpfEkdifOD;rnfavm/ b,fenf;ESifhrQ aumif;aom
w&m; rjzpfEkdifawmhacs/
Ak'v
ufxufawmftcgrSp ESpaf ygif; 2400-ausmt
f wGi;f Ak'b
momEkid if w
H \
Ydk &mZ0ifudk Munfah vm/
34

txufyg aMumufzG,fvefYzG,f? MuufoD;xzG,f tjzpftysufrsm;ukdawGU&yg\avm/ bmwpfckrQ rawGU&acs/


Ak'0g'onf wkdufrIckdufrI owfrIjzwfrIwkdYudk b,feHa&mtcgrS tm;ray;cJhacs/ Ak'omoemjyefYyGm;a&;
twGuf aoG;wpfpufrQ rxGucf /hJ rpD;cJMh uacs/ okaYd omf uREyfk w
f \
Ydk pum;ukd toifc&pf,mefwYdk ,kv
H rdk ,
S aHk y&m\/
xkdYaMumifh a'gufwma*stufpfvifum yifwm;\a&;om;csufukd azmfjy&csdrfhrnf/
Ak'0g'onf bmoma&;ppfwkdufjcif;udk rdrdwkdY\EkdifiHjcm;pepfwpfck jyKvkyfxm;aom(0g)jrdKU&Gma&; yg0g
,lxm;Muaom ygy&[ef;rif;wkdY\0g'(c&pf0g')uJhodkYppfruf wkdufcdkufjcif;ukd b,ftcgrS tm;ray;cJhacs/
(BUDDHISM AND CHRISTIANITY)

wpfzef Ak'0 g'onf bmoma&;ppfyrJG sm;ukd b,faomtcgrS rwku


d cf ?hJ aoG;wpfpufrQ r,kpd ;D apcJ?h tjcm;
bmom0g'rsm;ukd b,feaH &mtcgrS rESyd pf ufchJ ? Ak'b
mom*kP
d ;f wpfco
k nf tjcm;*kP
d ;f wpfcu
k dk b,faomtcgrQ
rzdpD; rESdyfpufcJhaMumif;ukd ,cktcgynm&Sifwkdif;u 0efcHMuavjyD[k &kdufpfa'Apfu a&;om;cJhjyefacs\/
(AMERICAN lECTURES)

okt
Yd m;jzifh raumif;aomtusKd ;wku
Yd kd rawGUjrif&jcif;onf aumif;aomtusKd ;omjzpfxeG ;f aomaMumifh
jzpfacs\/ aumif;usKd ;udk xGuaf paomw&m;onf raumif;aomw&m;rjzpfEidk /f bmaMumifh jrwfaomw&m;onf
jrwfaomtusdK;udk ay;wwf\[k a&TcsdefcGifpmq&mu qkdaomaMumifh[lvkd/
rQjzifh raumif;usdK;udk jzpfapwwfaom a&TcsdefcGifpmq&mwkdY\c&pf,mefw&m;onf raumif;aom
w&m;jzpfaMumif; xif&mS ;cJah vjy/D xko
d Ydk raumif;aomw&m; jzpfaMumif;xif&mS ;yacsaomf toifw\
Ydk bmomvnf;
]]qifaemufacG;yg}} jzpfawmhownf;/
xkdYaemuf omoemcsif; EIdif;,SOf&mvnf;? ,ckwkdif ukd;uG,fqnf;uyfol aemufvkdufwynfhwyef;
oef;aygif;ig;&m(500000000)ausmf&Sdaom Ak'omoemukdvmjyD; ,SOfjydKifrd&ufom; jzpfaeacsonf/
Ak'bmomonf a&mufav&mwkdif;jynf aexkdifMuaomwkdif;&if;om;rsm;ukd ,Ofaus;apcJh\/ vdrm
apcJh\/ todPfynm wkd;wufapcJh\/ Ak'omoemonf trSefw&m;jzifhom atmifjrifcJh\/
c&pfomoemuJo
h Ydk owfjzwf nO;f yef;ESyd pf uf omoemjyKco
hJ nfr[kw/f Ak'0 g'onf trSejf zpfaom
aMumifh b,ftcgrQ tm;enf;rnfr[kwaf cs/ urm\taMumif;t&mudk tenf;i,frQ r&dyrf &d mS aom a&Tcsed cf iG q
f &m
paom jrefrmwkdif;zGm;c&pf,mefrsm;url Ak'omoemukefaysmufcgeD;jyD[k xifjrif,lqajymqkd&m a&;om;aeMu
uke\
f / Ak'o
moemonf tm;rukeo
f nft
h jyif wjznf;jznf;wtdtd aemuftm;ESizhf jd y;D wufvmonfudk if;wkYd
rjrifMuacs/ c&pf,mefomoemxGe;f um;aom Oa&mywku
d ?f tar&duwku
d w
f rYdk mS yif Ak'b
mom0ifO;D a& wk;d wuf
yGm;rsm;cJhavjyD/
rSefaomt&monf r&dk;Ekdif? ryaysmufEkdif/ rrSefaomtwkonf aps;aygojzifhyxrtwGif;rmef&Sdaomf
vnf; a&&SnMf uw
d af omtcgrSmrl rrSeaf omZmwday:ojzifh wjznf;jznf;aemufqw
k jf y;D wdrjf rKy&f pjrJ jzpfacsonf/
wpfzef jrwfaomusrf;pmonf ,kHavmufaom oufaoESifhjynfhpkHvdrfhrnf[k a&;jyD;vQif? a&TcsdefcGifpm
q&monf Ak'yg0pejzpfaom yd#uwfawmfESifh"ra[mif;"ropfwkdYukd EIdif;,SOfjyacs\/ xkdYaMumifh uREkfyfwkdY
uvnf; c&pf,mefusrf;pmwkdY\ rwlwrljzpfykHudk jy&acsOD;rnf/
"ra[mif;usr;f yg tpig;usr;f ukd arma&Sa&;onf[k c&pf,mefwu
Ydk ajymqkMd u\/ xkt
d wkid ;f vnf; ,kMH unf
Mu\/ okaYd omf if;wk,
Yd MHk unfwidk ;f r[kwaf cs/ arma&Saojy;D aemuf arma&S&UJ wynfrh sm;uG,v
f eG jf y;D aemuf ESpaf ygif;
rsm;pGmMumrS if;usrf;rsm;ukd a&;om;cJh\/ a&;olonf wpfOD;wnf;r[kwf/ ,cktcg tqifjcifPf&Sdaom
ynm&SifwkdYonf if;ig;usrf;udk pD&ifolrSm arma&Sr[kwfaMumif; odMuavjyD/ bmaMumifh/
if;usrf;wkdYonf arma&S xif&Sm;&SdpOftcgrSm r&SdcJhaomjrdKUjyrsm;\trnfwkdYukd azmfjyxm;aomaMumifh
vnf;aumif;? arma&SaojyD;aemuf ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm umvMumanmif;tcgaESmif;rS oGef;vkyfaom'*Fg;rsm;ukd
azmfjyaomaMumifhvnf;aumif;? xkdYjyif oJuEm&aeaomolwkdYESifhroifhavsmfaom v,f,mpkdufysdK;a&;Oya'?
oJuEm&r&SdaomEGm;? okd;? csdK;wkdYjzifh,ZfylaZmfaom Oya'wkdYudkazmfjycJhaomaMumifhvnf;aumif;? oJuEm&
e,frjzpfEidk af om v,f,mpku
d yf sKd ;jcif;? pyg;&dwo
f rd ;f jcif;? e,fjcif; ponfwu
Ydk dk azmfjyaomaMumifv
h nf;aumif;
35

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

[lv/dk
okdYjzpfaom if;ig;usrf;ukd a&;om;ol vufo,f&SmrawGUawmhacs/ okdYrawGUojzifh if;usrf;rsm;
ra&r&m jzpfaMumif; xif&mS ;onf r[kwaf vm/ r[kwrf [yfvyk Zf mwf jzpfaMumif;vnf; xif&mS ;jyrD [kwaf vm/
a,m&Irnfoo
l nf if;\trnfudk wyfxm;aoma,m&Irw
S pf mukd a&;om;olr[kwaf cs/ taMumif;um;ola&;aomusrf; olaojyD;rS jzpfysufaomtaMumif;t&mrsm; ygaeaomaMumifhwnf;/ xkdYtwl w&m;olMuD;
trnfygusr;f ukd rnfoal &;onf[k odorl &Sad cs/ if;w&m;olMu;D awG r&Sw
d ahJ emuf ESpaf ygif;rsm;pGmMumrS xku
d sr;f ukd
a&;ol[k odMuayonf/
xkdYjyif &o0wKESifh 100-200wkdYudk rnfola&;onf[krod/ qifjrL&,f qkdol ra&;aMumif;um; xif
&Sm;vS\/ taMumif;um;- 1-71? tcef; 25 qifjrL&,fvf aowJt
h aMumif;udk qifjrL&,fvu
f ,
dk w
f idk u
f a&;
om;xm;aomaMumifhwnf;/ xkdYaMumifh xdkolaojyD;rSa&;aompmjzpfaMumif; xif&Sm;vS\/ xkdYtwl 371? 471?
571? 671wku
Yd dk a&;oluv
dk nf; aocsmpGm rod&? uREyfk w
f o
Ydk nf trnfygusr;f rsm; tzd;k rwefaMumif; tok;H
r0ifjcif;rSwpfyg; bmrQrod&acs/
'g0d'fonf qmqHusr;f jyKq&m r[kw/f bmaMumif/h if;usr;f (COPTIRITY) ac:zrf;qD;csKyaf ESmifonfh
tcsed u
f mvukd azmfjy\/ xkt
d a&;onf 'g0d'af ojy;D aemuf ESpaf ygif; 500avmuf &Sad omaMumifw
h nf;/ xkjYd yif
a&SmvrGef onf okwefusrf;ESifha&SmvrGefoDcsif;ukd a&;om;pD&ifolr[kwf/ a[&Sm,
,vnf; if;\trnfwyfxm;
aom tem*wdusrf; ukd a&;aomolr[kwf/ a,mbwf ukd rnfola&;onf[k rnfolrQ twyfrajymEkdifacs/
{uxm
k Ef idk \
f / pifppfrmS
{uxmESia'oemus
hfa'oemusr;f jyKaompma&;q&m\trnfvnf; wdrjf rK yaf eojzifh rnforl Q razmfxw
ZZ&usr;f rSwpfyg; tjcm;"ra[mif;ygusr;f wku
Yd kd a&;om;ol\trnfudk aoaocsmcsm? a&a&&m&mod&o
dS l ray:
aygufao;acs/ {uxmusrf; xm0&ukdyif t&dyft>rufrQ razmfjycJh/ xkdYtwl a&SmvrGef\oDcsif;vnf;
xm0&ukd r&nfnTef;cJh/ xdkYjyif a'oemusrf; ukda&;om;olonf c&pf,mefyif r[kwfacswum;/
"ra[mif;usr;f onf ,kw,
d w
k m uif;rJ\
h / &ufpuf\/ rjzpfEidk w
f mawGudk a&;om;xm;aomusr;f jzpf
\[laom tcsuu
f o
dk mvQif uREyfk w
f Ydk od&&dS avonf/ xko
d nfh usr;f pmwku
Yd kd c&pf,mefwu
Ydk xm0&rS rkuy gXf[k
,kMH unfMu\/ trTe;f wifMu\/ okaYd omf &[l'u
D ,
dk w
f idk u
f rl c&pfaojy;D aemuf ESpaf ygif;100ausmf Mumaomtcg
a&mufro
S m b,fusr;f rrSeq
f adk omtcsuu
f dk qk;H jzwfMuavonf/ xko
d nf&h [l'w
D u
Ydk xm0&\rkuy gXftppf[k
qk;H jzwfxm;aom "ra[mif;usr;f rS rsm;pGmaomusr;f wku
Yd kd *sKd ;ZufzpfpD (Josephus) rnfaomyk*Kd vu
f y,fxw
k f
cJhavonf/ ,ckacwfrSmyif b&if*sDc&pf0ifwkdY\usrf; apmifa&(72)&Sd ya&mfwufpwifhusrf; apmifa&
(66)om&Sdavonf/ onfwkdYukdaxmufu c&pf,mefwkdY\"ra[mif;usrf;onf ra&r&m? raorcsmaompm
jzpfayawmhownf;/
"ropfudk b,fola&;oenf;/ c&pf0g'Dynm&Sdrsm;uawmh b,fola&;onfrod[k &kd;om;pGm0efcHMu\/
ynmrJo
h rl sm;uawmh roJ? vkum? rmuk? a,m[H waYdk &;onf[k ,kMH unfaeMu\/ xkyd *k Kd vaf v;OD; a&;cJ&h ;dk rSecf hJ
J mom
vQif olwo
dYk nf a[jAb
momESiahf &;cJ&h m\/ okaYd omf a[jAb
J momESi&hf adS om"ropfrrl sm;udk wpfcrk QrawGU&acs/
xko
d 4l -a,mufwo
Ydk nf &[l'rD sm; jzpfMu\/ okjYd zpfjcif;aMumifh olwo
Ydk nf a[jAjJ zifah &;om;cJ\
h / olwaYdk &;cJah omrl
ukd wpfpkHwpfa,mufaomol awGUzl;ygoavm/ rawGUzl;ao;acs/
"ropfusrf;yg &Sif,mukwf-&Sif,k' wkdYukd a&;om;olrsm;onf c&pf0if4-usrf;ukd awGUjrifzl;olrsm;
r[kwf[k ynm&Sdc&pf,mefwkdYuajymqkdMu\/ xkdusrf;ESpfusrf; c&pf0if4-usrf;wGif wpfusrf;ukdrQ &nfnTef;
csuf rjyKcJhonfhtjyif if;c&pf0ifwkdY azmfjyxm;cJhaom c&pf\wefckd;rsm;udkvnf; razmfjycJhacs/
,ckvuf&dS c&pf0if4-ckrw
S pfyg; tjcm;c&pf0iftajrmuftjrm; &Sw
d aHk o;\/ tcsKd Uaysmufq;Hk ukeaf vjy/D
tJ*kwKc&pf0if (GOSPEL OF EGYPTIANS) ? a[jAJc&pf0if? ,k'c&pf0if? aom'D,ufc&pf0if?
oli,fc&pf0ifpaomc&pf0iftajrmuftjrm; &Sdao;\/ ,ckvuf&Sd"ropfyg wrefawmf0wKtjyif zdvdwfwref
awmf tif'&l;wrefawmf? rm&Dwrefawmf? aouvwrefawmf 0wKtajrmuftjrm; &SdwkHao;\/
txufazmfjyyg c&pf0ifrsm;ESifhwrefawmf0wKrsm;udk bmaMumifh y,fjypfcJhoenf;/ raumif;vkdY ,ck&Sd
wmawGaum aumif;ygp/ ,ck&w
dS hJ c&pf0ifawGurl raumif;apum y,fcw
hJ chJ &pf0ifawGavmuf rqk;d &Gm;vSacs/
36

okjYd zpfcahJ om c&pf,mefw\


Ydk usr;f onf a&mf&rf;r,fzUJG rawmfrwJ?h t&GUw
J apmif;? raumif;wa&mif;? taMumif;
rqku
d ?f tusKd ;ruku
d ?f aemufvu
dk if ,fom; ynmPfuif;rJo
h l wynft
h rsm;okaYd &;xm;cJah om t&mjzpfaomaMumifh
yrmPrlavmufaomusrf;pm r[kwfawmhjyD/
xkaYd Mumifh xko
d Ydk rnfrnf&& r&Sad om c&pf,mefusr;f wku
Yd kd aocsm*eajymol? a[molu;l ,lot
l wdtus
&Sad om Ak'y g0pejzpfaom yd#uwfawmfEiS ahf &Tcsed cf iG pf mq&mu EIid ;f ,SOjf cif;onf &,fz,
G o
f m jzpfawmhownf;/
xko
d ,
Ydk OS jf yKd ijf cif;jzifh c&pf,mefusr;f tusn;f wefrmS yk
d t&kyq
f ;kd oGm;&avonf/ vSy,SOaf us;olEiS ,
hf OS jf yKd irf ad om
&kyfrvSoluJhodkYwnf;/
roJ? vkum? rmuk? a,m[ef wo
Ydk nf c&pfu,
dk MHk unfwidk ;f if;wkt
Yd rnfygaomc&pf0ifwu
Ydk kd a&;olrsm;
[kwfyg\avm/ if;wkdYudka&;olrsm;onf c&pfESifhtwlaecJh&olrsm;omjzpfcJhvQif rdrdwkdY\rsufpdjzifh jrif&? em;
jzifhMum;&aom taMumif;t&mrsm;udk a&;om;Mu&onfjzpfaomaMumifh wpfOD;tqkdESifhwpfOD;\pum; wpfom;
wnf;us wlrQaeacsrnf/ ,ckaomf wlMuyg\avm/ rwlacs/ rwlyHk MunfOh ;D avmh/
vkummonf roJ a&;aom aumif;uifu Mu,f\taMumif;udk rodcJh/ roJ onf vkumma&;om;aom
aumif;uifAv
dk af csrsm;ukd rMum;cJah cs/ vkummonf roJ\ta&SUt&yfuynm&Srd sm; taMumif;udk rodc/hJ roJonf
vkumm\ok;d xde;f orm;rsm; taMumif;ukd rMum;cJ/h vkumm a[&k'b
f &k ifu uav;oli,fwu
Ydk dk owfjzwfaMumif;
ESifhwuG a,mowf-rm&D-oli,fc&pf wYdk tJ*kwKjynfokdY xGufajy;aMumif; rygacs/ roJtvkdtm;jzifh a,mowf
onf wrefawmfu owday;ojzifh rm&DESifhc&pfukd,laqmifjyD;vQif tJ*kwK jynfokdYxGufajy;owwf/ vkumm\
tvkdtm;jzifh olwkdYtm;vkH; a,&IqvifjrdKUUokdYoGm;jyD; xkdrS eZm&uf okdY jyefMuowwf/
xkdYjyif c&pfarG;zGm;aom taMumif;t&mukda&;om;&m c&pfonf qD&ifeD,yfpfbk&ifcHcefaY paomtcg
arG;zGm;onf[k vkumqk\
d / tcsuu
f adk xmufaomf vkumukad &;olonf c&pfEiS t
hf wlaecJzh ;l olr[kwaf Mumif;
xif&mS ;\/ taMumif;um; qD&if,yfpu
f dk a[&k'af ojy;D rS bk&ifccH efo
Y jzifh if;onf c&pfarG;jy;D (10)ESpMf umrS
bk&ifcjH zpf tcGeaf umufEidk af vrnf/ vkum\tvkt
d m;jzifh a,mowf-rm&Dwo
Ydk nf eZm&ufaeMu\/ uav;udk
owfrw
S af omae&m arG;Ekid &f eftvkiYd mS qD&ife,
D yfp\
f tcGeaf umufcaH &;ukd xnfo
h iG ;f xm;avonf/ okx
Yd nfo
h iG ;f
aomfvnf; c&pfarG;wmeJY tcGefaumufwm (10)ESpfuGmjcm;jyD;aeacs\/
roJurl a[&k'b
f &k ifvufxuf c&pfarG;aMumif;udo
k mqk\
d / a[&k'af o (10) ESpMf umrS ajy;rd&ufom;
jzpfaeMuavonf/ tu,f roJa&m vkumyg rSecf v
hJ Qif c&pfudk olrarG;rD 10-ESpu
f tJ*w
k K jynfoYdk ,laqmifomG ;
jcif; jzpf&rnf/ a[&k'o
f nf aojy;D 10-ESpMf umrS uav;awGudk owfae&acsrnf/ rSm;,Gi;f aomtcsurf sm;ukd
urmay:&Sd rnfonfhc&pf0g'Drsm;u nDnTwfatmif ajz&Sif;Ekdifygrnfenf;/
xkjYd yif roJ? vkumwkYd c&pf\aqGpOfrsKd ;qufpm&if;yg\/ rmuk? a,m[efwYdk ryg/ roJEiS v
hf u
k mwkYd
ygaom pm&if;vnf; rwlMu/
c&pfaocef;udak &;Mu&mvnf; c&pf0ifusr;f wk\
Yd tqko
d nf wpfO;D ESiw
hf pfO;D uGjJ ym;Muuke\
f / (ocsKif;
wGi;f wko
Yd nf yGiv
hf pfojzifh used ;f pufvsu&f adS om oef&Y iS ;f olw\
Ydk tavmif;rsm;pGmwko
Yd nf xMu)[k roJqk\
d /
xkdvlaowkdYonf c&pfxonfwkdifatmif wGif;xJu aeapmifhaeMuukefowwf/ c&pfu yxr x? olwkdYu
'kw,
d x? pDryH Hk aumif;vS\/
xkdxvmolrsm;ukd rnfoljrif&oenf;? rod/ xkdYaemuf olwdkY bmjzpfoGm;Muoenf;/ olwkdYonf c&pf
aumif;uifwuf&m twlrygMuacs/ olwo
Ydk nf wGi;f xJoYdk jyef0ifMuukeo
f avm/ rmuk-vkum-a,m[efwo
Ydk nf
olwkdY\taMumif;udk tb,fhaMumifhra&;cJhMuoenf;/ xkdoefY&Sif;olwkdYum; tolwkdYenf;/ pifppftm;jzifh olwkdY
onf c&pf,mefoefY&Sif;olrsm; [kwfykHr&acs/
c&pfudk opmazmufo?l ,k'&Sum&kwt
f aMumif;ESiyhf wfoufvnf; xkcd &pf0ifusr;f wko
dY nf tcsi;f csi;f
tqkrd wlujJG ym;Muuke\
f / roJtqkt
d m;jzifv
h nf; ,k'onf c&pfuo
dk pmazmufjy;D vufaxmufcs &aomaiGudk
bke;f Mu;D rsm;okYd jyefay;\/ bke;f Mu;D rsm;u if;udk vufrcHaomaMumifh ,k'onf xkad iGprsm;ukd ypfcscjhJ y;D aemuf
MuKd ;qGcJ saoav\/ xkaYd emuf bke;f Mu;D rsm;onf xdak iGpjzifh tk;d vkyo
f rm;\ajrukd 0,f\/ xkad jrukd tumvkr'
[kwGifapownf;/
teufum; aoG;ajr[kqv
dk o
dk wnf;/ wrefawmf0wKum; ayw&konf xjy;D vQif (xko
d o
l nf rw&m;
37

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

aom trItwGufjzifh&aomtcESifh ajrwpfuGuf0,fjyD;rS arSmufvsufvJ0rf;uGJojzifh tlrsm;aygufaojyD)[k


ajymavjyD/ xkdajrudkyif tauv"'(0g)aoG;ajr ac:ownf;/ xkdYaMumifh roJtvkd ,k'onf aemifw& aiG
udk jyefay;\/ ayw&ktvkd xkad iGjzifh ajrMu;D ukd 0,f\/ roJtvkd ,k'onf uk,
d u
hf u
dk ,
dk f owfao\/ ayw&ktvkd
arSmufvsuv
f jJ y;D 0rf;uG
J tlrsm;xGuaf o\/ ESpaf ,mufwt
Ydk wGi;f rnfonfu rSeo
f enf;/ trSeu
f m; ESpOf ;D vk;H
rSm;ykH&acsonf/
okYd rqDravsmf cRwaf csmt
f vDvD tqkrd nDaom tcsut
f vufaygif; axmifaomif;ru aygrsm;vS?
trSm;awGawmxaeaom "ra[mif;? "ropfwu
Ydk kd uREyfk w
f \
Ydk yd#uwfawmfEiS Ehf idI ;f ,SO0f ahH om a&Tcsed cf iG pf mq&m
onf pdeaf usmuftuJ tawG;tcufvo
JG jzifh ausmufp&pf ausmufcu
J dk pdet
f ppfEiS ,
hf OS jf yKd irf &d rHk u? ausmufcJ
zufu tEkdif,lvkdolESifhwlaeacsjyD/ xkdYaMumifh toifonf tHhwpfyg; tygt0if jzpfacsjyD/
xkaYd emuf ygVdy#d uwfawmfrsm; yg0ifaom yx0D0ifudk tjypfq&dk mS jyef\/ yx0D0ifqo
dk nfum; trsKd ;
rsdK;ajymif;vGJjref cPcPjzpfvG,fysufvG,faomt&mjzpfownf;/ a&-av-ae[laom taMumif;wkdYaMumifh
,aeYuRef;onf reufjzef yifv,fjzpfoGm;Ekdif\/ Ak'a*gwr y&dedAmefpHawmfrlonfrSm 2480-ausmfjyDjzpf\/
xkb
d &k m;vufxuf &Scd zhJ ;l onf[k yd#uwfrsm;yg&Sad om opfyif? awm? awmif? a&ajr? ork'& mwku
Yd kd ,ckvu
dk v
f H
&SmazG rawGUaomaMumifh (0g) ,ckvw
l Ydk rsu0f g;xifxif rjrif&aomaMumifh xkt
d cgu r&Scd zhJ ;l [lvnf;aumif;
(0g) rSm;onf[lvnf;aumif; rqkdEkdifacs/
pifppfrmS ygVdy#d uwfygaom yx0D0ifonf a,bk,stm;jzifh rSe\
f / ,ckaemufq;Hk ay:avmu"gwf
ynmonfw\
Ydk ,lqcsu?f ,kMH unfcsu?f a&;om;csuw
f EYdk iS v
hf nf; udu
k n
f \
D / okaYd omf tEkpw
d af omae&mXmersm;
opfyifawmawmifrsm;? jrpfacsmif;rsm;rl ESpaf ygif; acwfaygif;csed Mf umanmif;ojzihf &kyaf jymif;uG,yf xkpd Oftcgu
twkdif; &SdcsifrSyif ,cktcg &Sdacsrnf/ pifppfrSm rlvtajccHukdom rSef\/ rrSef\ ppfaMum&acsrnf/
ygVdyd#uwfygorQukd Ak'a*gwr\rkuygXfawmfcsnf;yif jzpfonf[k uREkfyfwkdY 0efrcHEkdif? rSefvS\/
tusdK;taMumif; rjid? ,kwdom"u r&Sdaomt&m[lorQukd trSef[k r,kHMunf&ef Ak'&Sifawmfbk&m;
uk,
d w
f idk u
f wm;jrpfawmfrcl \
hJ / okw
Yd m;jrpfco
hJ jzifh taMumif;tusKd ;rwJh ,kwo
d m"urJah om t&m[lorQonf
Ak'yg0pe bk&m;pum;awmfr[kwf[k &J&Jwif;wif; uREkfyfwkdYqkd0Hh\/
ok&Yd mwGif ygVdy#d uwfawmfygaom urmajrMu;D taMumif;t&monf c&pf,mefw\
Ydk "ra[mif; "ropf
yg0ifaom yx0D0ifxuf ykrd rdk eS u
f ef&rHk u? omvGe
f vnf; jynfph aHk vonf/ ygVdy#d uwfyx0D0if uRe;f Mu;D av;
uRe;f ? uRe;f &ef 2000? ork'& mMu;D av;pif;ESiw
hf uG pMu0VmteE&adS Mumif; yg0if\/ if;onf ,ckaemufq;Hk ay:
(ISLAND UNIVERSE) pMu0Vm[laom avmu"gwfynm&SifwkdY\ t,l0g'ESifhvnf;aumif; (PLURALITY OF THE WORLD) urmteE[laom avmu"gwfay:0g'ESifhvnf;aumif; ukdufnDaeavonf/
xkdYjyif uREkfyfwkdY\Ak'bk&m;&Sifonf urmavmuukd zefqif;aomyk*Kdvf r[kwfaomaMumifh urmh
yx0D0ifudk rsujf rifu,
dk af wGUjzifo
h m a[mjyawmfrcl ahJ vonf/ ,ckacwfay:vufawGU yx0D0ifrsm;onf a*gwr
Ak'u
dk tpOfaxmufcv
H mMuuke\
f / toifa&Tcsed cf iG pf mq&monf euwa A'0dZm (ASTRONOMY) ravhvm
zl;cJo
h jzifh "l0MH u,fajrmufbuf bmrSrawGU&[k a&;om;jcif;jzpf&m\/ pifppfrmS toifonf ajrmuftar&du
wkduumvD
fumvDzkd;eD;,m;euwf0if rSjzpfap okdYr[kwf vufr200ausmfxlaom yg0gtaumif;qkH;rSefajymif;MuD;jzifh
tvmpume,frSjzpfap ajrmufbufodkYMunfhcJhaomf rSmbuf aumif;uifrSmxuf qef;Mu,faomt&mrsm;udk
awGU &ayrnf/ aumif;uifr;D zdk (FURNANCE OF THE SKY) [kq&dk aomfvnf; rnfonft
h &mrSe;f wyftyf
aocsmrod&aomt&mMu;D rsm;ukd awGU&acsrnf/ urm\Pftjrifonf Murf;vSao;\/ urmodorQonf rod&
ao;wm\ 10ykH 1ykHom &Sdao;\/ rawGU&ao;? rod&ao;aomt&mrsm;vSacsao;\/ rjrif&ao;aomt&m
awG taoacsFteE &Sdaeacsao;\/ ,ckacwf ,ckaeYtxdurmynm&SifwkdY topftqef;awGUorQonf Ak'
a*gwrpum;udkaxmufcHcsufwdkYomjzpfacs\/ xkdYaMumifh a&TcsdefcGifpmq&mtjypfqkd rapmygavESifhOD;/ wjznf;
jznf;wpfpp avmu"gwfynmt00 wk;d wufvmwkid ;f Ak'\
pum;awmfawG rSe?f rSev
f mojzifh toifph w
d x
f rJ mS
,ckrSm;aeonfxifaomt&mrsm;udk aemufrsm;rMumrD avmu"gwfq&mwkdYurSefvmygjyD[k axmufcHvmcsdrfh
rnfum; rvGJrkcsjzpfownf;/
xm0&\yx0Dudk Munf&h cI ahJ omf ,ckacwfay:yx0DaA'ynmwkEYd iS v
hf ;Hk vk;H qefu
Y si&f rHk u tvGe&f ,fz,
G f
38

vnf;aumif;onf/ xm0&onfajrMu;D ESiahf umif;uifudk zefqif;ol vufonfjzpfonf[k c&pf,mefw,


Ydk MHk unfMu
onf/ okdYaomf xkdurmajrMuD;udk zefqif;&Sifjzpfonfqkdaom xm0&onf rdrdukd,fwkdifzefqif;aom ajrMuD;\
ykHoPmefukd rod&Smacs/ okdYrod&SmaomaMumifh urmajrMuD;onf av;axmifhykHoPmef&Sd\/ axmifhykdif;
wrefawmf wpfa,mufpD&Sd\[k ajymcJh&Sm\/
txufr;dk aumif;uifudk tpdik t
f cJrmaomt&m[k ajymrdc&hJ mS \/ b,ftcgrS roGm;aomaeudk &yfwefY
atmifyif jyKvkyfEkdifcJh\/ a&onf nDnmaomrsufESmjyif&Sd\[laomtcsufudkrQ em;rvnfaom xm0&onf
yifv,fa&udk xuf0ufjcrf;cGaJ p a&eH&jH zpfap\/ urmajrMu;D ukd pMu0Vm\A[kd xifjrifc\
hJ / pMu0VmteE
[laom ,ckacwfaemufqkH;ay: 0dZmESifhqefYusifap&ef urmajrMuD;udk wpfckom pGJpGJjrJjrJ ajymcJh\/
urmopfjzpfaom awmifajrmuftar&duwku
d Mf u;D wko
Yd nf xm0&\av;axmifh urmrygacs/ t,kwf
ojzifh uREkfyfwkdY\jrefrmEkdifiHyif xm0&zefqif;aom urmrygacs/ xm0&\urmonf usOf;ajrmif;vS\/ Ak'
&Sifawmfbk&m;\urmavmuonf teEjzpf us,f0ef;jyefYajymvS\/ xkdodkYjzpfygvsuf Ak'a*gwr\yd#uwf
ygyx0D0ifudk xm0&usr;f ygaom yx0DEiS Ehf idI ;f ,SO&f ef tm;xkwaf omtoifa&Tcsed cf iG pf mq&monf urmyh nm&Sif
wkdY\tv,f &,fzG,frSwpfyg; tjcm;bmrQykd rjzpfEkdifawmhacs/
xkdYaemuf oHCmESpf&yfukd ndEIdif;&m toifa&TcsdefcGifq&m\pum;rsm;udk awGU&aomtcg aMomf...
olum; vlUatmufwef;pm; Pfynmuyfyg;? tajrmftjrifreI rf mT ;rTm;&Sad om vlUtEpm;ygwum;[k nnf;nL
rdawmh\/ Ak'b
momomoemawmfxrf;&[ef;awmfrsm;onf c&pf0g'Dyg'&Dwx
Ydk uftusiphf m&dwE iS w
hf uG tajrmf
tjrif tqifjcifPft&mwkdY ykdrkdjrifhjrwfavonf/
acwfckvwftcgu c&pf,mefbkef;MuD;rsm;onf vlowfrIK;rsm;om jzpfcJh\/ ukdvHbwfpf\rdwfaqGrsm;
taemuftif'duRef;pkrS ,laqmifvmaom umvom;a&m*gonf tjrifhjrwfqkH;[kdvDzm;om;vD,kdrSp &SdorQ
atmufwef;pm; c&pf,mefbek ;f Mu;D wko
Yd w
Ydk idk af tmifyif pufqyk zf ,
G af umif;aoma&m*g ul;pufjyefyY mG ;cJzh ;l avonf/
xkdYaMumifh toifwkdY\c&pf,mefbkef;MuD;rsm;onf tusihfpm&dwt&mESifhAk'bmom&[ef;awmfrsm;xuf rom
aMumif; xif&Sm;\/ tqifjcifPfqkdif&mrl c&pf0g'Dbkef;MuD;rsm;onf Ak'bmomoHCmawmfwkdY\ajcvSrf;
ukdrDatmif rvkdufEkdifMuao;acs/
xkjdY yif uREyfk w
f aYdk wGUMuK&H zl;aom c&pf,mefbek ;f Mu;D wdrYk mS tjcm;bmomoifvpdk w
d rf &Sad Mumif;? uREyfk w
f AYdk 'k
bmomusr;f pmrsm;udk ,kMH unfvu
dk ef m&efoabmrsKd ;jzifh r[kwaf pum A[kow
k tvkiYd mS zwfMunfMh uyg[k wku
d f
wGef;aomtcg rzwfvkdaMumif; zwfrdu i&JMuD;rSm aMumufaMumif;ESifhjyefvnfajymqkdMuavonf/
Ak'b
mom&[ef;awmfrsm;\ omoemjyKa&;onf urm\tHzh ,
G w
f pf&yfyif jzpfc\
hJ / tdE,
d Ekid if \
H jyif
bufusaom wdAuf? w&kwf? uifAkd;'D,m; paomEkdifiHrsm;odkYvnf;aumif; oD[kdVf? jrefrm? ,kd;',m;(xkdif;)
paomwkid ;f jynfrsm;odv
Yk nf;aumif; oGm;a&muf omoemjyKcMhJ u\/ [,fvifepfpw
f pfwidk ;f jynfrsm;odv
Yk nf; oGm;
a&muf w&m;tvif;a&mif xGef;ajymifapcJh\/ xkdYjyif ukdvHbwfra&mufrD ESpfaygif;(900)cefYu Ak'bmom
&[ef;awmfrsm;onf tar&duwkdufokdYyif a&mufatmif Ak'w&m;awmfudk jzefYawmfrlcJhMu\/ ruqDukdEkdifiH&Sd
a*gwrvmjrKd U[laomtrnfuakd xmufu Ak'o
moemESiAhf 'k ,
Ofaus;jcif;rsm; xkt
d ar&duwku
d o
f Ydk ysUH ESUH zl;aMumif;
xif&Sm;acsonf/
xkdxkdacwf jzpfay:cJhMuukefaom Ak'&[ef;awmfrsm;\vkHYvya,m*aMumifh urmhvlOD;a& av;ykHESpfykH
cefaY omvlow0gwko
Yd nf csKd qrd v
hf pS mG aomAk'" r\t&omudk cHpm;ok;H aqmifaeMu&uke\
f / uREyfk w
f AYdk 'k b
mom
&[ef;awmfrsm;onf c&pf,mefomoemjyKrsm;uJhodkY wefckd;MuD;aomc&pf0g'Dbk&ifrsm;\ tultnDukdvnf;r&/
toif;tyif;&efykHaiGukd uka#uk#mvnf; r&SdbJ rdrdwkdY\tm;ukdom trSDjyKawmfrlMuukefvsuf urmhtESHUtjym;
vSnfhvnf<uoGm; bk&m;omoem jyefYyGm;a&;twGuf toufpGefYonftxd MudK;yrf;awmfrlcJhMuukef\/
,ckacwfay: c&pf,mefomoemjyKq&mrsm;uJhodkY PfynmEke,faomolwkdYukd avmumrdoaMu;aiG
yku
d q
f pH onfjzifjh zm;a,mif; rdrw
d \
Ydk trSm;udk ,kMH unfapouJo
h rYdk [kwb
f J Ak'" r\jrifjh rwfreS u
f efaomtcsuf
rsm;ESifhESpfoufzG,fwkdYukd bef;jy? yef;vSaomurmh'kuonfrsm;ukd trwokce,fwGif;okdY oGwfoGif;awmfrlcJh
Muuke\
f / c&pf,mefomoemjyKq&mrsm;onf rdrw
d \
Ydk qkid &f mtoif;tyif;rS vcaMu;aiGr&cJah omf omoemjyK
roGm;Muukef? Ak'bmom&[ef;awmfrsm;um; rnfonfhtcaMu;aiGukdrQ rufarmawmifhwjcif;r&SdbJ omoem
39

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

a&Tcsed cf iG f

(THE BALANCE OF GOLD)

a&;twGufoufouf tm&kHjyK vSnfhvnfw&m;a[mcJhMu\/


okaYd omf bmomwkid ;f bmomwkid ;f taumif;ESit
hf qk;d wkYd 'Gew
f v
JG su&f MdS uuke\
f / vcaMu;aiGudk ruf
w&m;a[mq&mvkyfaeMuaom c&pf,mef"rq&mrsm;vnf; &SdMuukef\/ xkdYjyif vcaMu;aiG wpfpkHwpf&mudk
rufarm wG,w
f mjcif; r&Srd
l wu,fo
h 'gw&m;jzifh w&m;a[maeMuaom c&pf,mef"rq&m taumif;tcsKd UwdYk
vnf;&Sad csao;\/ aemufvpl m;rsKd ;um; tvGe&f mS ;yg;avonf/ uREyfk w
f t
Ydk aemufEidk if H aeYpOfwu,fah pwem
ESifh"rq&mvkyfaeolwpfa,mufukd awGUcJh&zl;\/ xkdolum; wu,fhvlaumif;wpfa,mufaywnf;/ xkdYtwl
Ak'bmomqkdif&mvnf; atmufwef;pm; "ruxduwcsdKU &SdaMumif;ukd uREkfyfwkdY0efcH\/ xkd"ruxdursdK;um;
,ckacwf aygrsm;vm a&S;acwfu r&SdcJhacs/
okaYd omf uREyfk w
f q
Ydk v
dk &dk if;um; "ruxdu tqk;d taumif; r[kw/f w&m;"rt,kwt
f jrwfuo
kd m jzpfav
ownf;/ "ruxdu (0g) "rq&mwku
Yd m; vlomrefwo
Ydk mjzpfaomaMumifh vlomrefw\
Ydk tjyLtrl tvkyt
f ukid f
rsdK;udkom vkyfukdifay&m\/ rSefvS\/
(1) tyjzL twGi;f rnf;ol?
(2) twGi;f jzL tyrnf;ol?
(3) twGi;f ty ESpXf mevk;H jzLol?
(4) twGi;f ty ESpXf mevk;H rnf;ol?
[l vlav;rsKd ;&S&d m trSw(f 3)vlrsKd ;um; &Sm;vSpmG \/ od&Yk mwGif xkad v;rsKd ;wkYd Ak'b
mom"ruxdursm;
um; tnHhqkH;twGif;jzL tyrnf;om jzpfEkdif\/ taMumif;um; Ak'"rwnf;[laom twGif;tESpfonf tppf
trSejf zpf jzLazG;\/ okaYd omf "ruxduurl vlow0g\oabmtwkid ;f usiahf eaomaMumifh rnf;aeavrnf/
c&pf,mef"rq&mum; taumif;qk;H twGi;f rnf; tyjzL (0g) t,kwq
f ;Hk twGi;f rnf; tyrnf; jzpfEidk af vonf/
tk.d ..pmjzL? pmeD t,lrnDaomfvnf; wpfajrwnf;ae wpfa&wnf;aomuf aygufazmfarG;csi;f ? tdref ;D
csi;f wk?Yd oifwo
Ydk nf tvif;rSvmjy;D vQif tb,fah Mumifh tarSmifatmufoYkd 0ifa&mufcv
dk aHI eMuygoenf;/ tb,f
aMumifh tvif;rSvmjy;D tvif;odaYk &mufol rjzpfEidk Mf uygoenf;/ Oa&my-tar&du ponfwYdk tarSmifrv
S mjy;D
tvif;okdY a&mufolawG wkd;yGm;vsufaeacsjyD/ tarSmifrStvif;okdYvmjcif;onf aumif;aomvmjcif;rnf\/
tvif;rS tarSmifokdY ul;jcif;onf qkd;&Tm;vSacs\/ tvif;rS tvif;odkYa&mufolum; taumif;qkH;wnf;/
tk.d ..c&pf,meftppf? a&ESpaf &jzef;wdYk - tarSmifrS tvif;odaYk &mufatmif tb,faMumifh tm;rxkwMf u
ukeo
f enf;/ tarSmifrS tvif;odaYk &mufoo
l nf r*Fvm&Spd w
G um;? tarSmifurdk ek ;f tvif;bufo&Ydk ek ;f olonf
usuo
f a&&Spd w
G um;? tarSmifrv
S mtarSmifEiS yhf if tqk;H owf&jcif;onf aMumufz,
G v
f efzY ,
G ?f Muufo;D jzef;
ausmcsrf;zG,f aumif;avpGwum;/
xkaYd Mumifh ab;b,xlajymaom tarSmiftwGi;f rS twif;ckew
f uf tvif;bufoaYkd &mufatmif tm;
xkwfMuukefavmh/
tk.d ..c&pf0g'Dw?Ydk toifw\
Ydk 0dpm&P? 0Dro
H [laomPfrsupf Ed pS v
f ;Hk ukyd w
d x
f m;MuvQif tpOftarSmif
usacsrnf/ rsufpdrSdwfxm;olonf aerGef;wnfhcsdefrSmyif arSmiftwdusae&Smrnf/ PfrsufpdESpfvkH;ukdzGifhvdkuf
onfESifhwpfjydKifeuf tvif;udkjrif&vwHU/
xkdYaMumifh txufazmfjy&myg PfrsufpdESpfvkH;ukd zGifh tvif;jrifatmif &Iavm? MunfhMuavm/
rsufvkH;zGifhvsuf rjrifolonf aMumifawmifuef;onf/ toifwkdYonf t,loD;acgif;rmaom aMumif
awmifuef;wko
Yd m r[kwyf gu rsupf zd iG v
hf u
dk o
f nfEiS w
hf pfjyKd ief uf tvif;a&mifukd jrifMu&vwUH / yifah vm? zGiahf vm?
Munfah vm? &Iavm/ odzYk iG yhf ifMh unf&h o
I jzifh tvif;a&mifu&kd olonf r*Fvm&Sad yownf;/ jrif&aomtvif;a&mif
atmuf jyKH;&TifpGmavQmufoGm;Ekdifolonf a[m&SEjzpfygapcvkd/
tajzpmukd Munf&h
I pOf;pm;aomolonf tb,foYdk jyK&rnfenf;/ urmavmutwGi;f xm0&
bk&m;[laom t&mr&S[
d
l vnf;aumif;? xko
d nfx
h m0&onf tu,f&Sad pum tvGe,
f w
k n
f q
hH ;dk &Gm;? vlnphH m;jzpf
\[lvnf;aumif; ,ckrsujf rifavmu&St
d rku
d q
f ;Hk t,kwrf mqk;H vlyif rajym0Hh rvky0f w
hH mawGudk jyKvyk af jymqko
d l
jzpfaomaMumifh xkdxm0&onf vlow0g\&kdaojcif;? ylaZmfjcif;udk rcHxkduf[lvnf;aumif;? vlow0gwdkY\
tjypfajy&mvrf;zGiahf omol r&S[
d
l vnf;aumif;? c&pfaojcif;um; r[kww
f rf;w&m; ajymrSm;qkrd mS ;rdaomaMumifh
40

omjzpfonf[lvnf;aumif; c&pfusrf;a[mif;usrf;opfESpfckvkH;ygorQtaumif;uav;rsm;onf c&pft&if


yGiahf wmfrcl ahJ omAk'a *gwr\w&m;awmfrS ck;d ,lxnfo
h iG ;f xm;aomt&mrsm; jzpfonf[
l vnf;aumif;? raumif;
qkd;&Gm;aomt&m[lorQonf xm0&(0g)c&pf\ rkuygXfjzpfonf[lvnf;aumif; pOf;pm;qifjcif&rnf/
aemufqkH;ESpfcsuf&Sif;ap&ef atmufygwkdYudk Munfhavm/
(1) uREyfk w
f u
Ydk kd rke;f wD; w&m;pGaJ om olwt
Ydk wGuf qkawmif;arwmykaYd vmh/
(2) uREyfk t
f m; ay;awmfral om olwo
Ydk nf uk,
d af wmf\vljzpfaomaMumifh xdo
k w
l t
Ydk zkt
Yd vkiYd mS qkawmif;yg\/
vk&d if;um; c&pfonf olUudrk ,Ho
k rl sm;twGuf qkrawmif;[kqv
dk \
dk / txufygpum;ESp&f yfonf wpfa,muf
wnf;u ajymaompum;rsm; r[kwEf idk /f xkaYd Mumifh aemufpum;omvQif c&pf\pum;jzpf\/ eHygwf(1)pum;
onf Ak'a *gwr\pum;awmfjzpf\/ wpfzef (1) reufzeftwGuf *&krpdkufMuESifh? (0g) tem*wftwGuf tm&kHrjyKMuESifh?
(2) aeYwkdif; eufjzeftwGuf qkawmif;Muavmh[laompum;ESpf&yfESifh
(1) w&m;awmfukd avmbom;wdt
Yk m; a[mavmh?
(2) w&m;awmfudk &[l'rD w
S pfyg; tjcm;vlrsKd ;wku
Yd dk ra[m&[laompum;wkw
Yd iG f eHygwf(1)ygpum;wko
Yd nf c&pf\
rkuy gXfrsm; r[kwEf idk u
f ek /f eHygwf(2)yg pum;wko
Yd nfomvQif c&pf\pum;rsm; jzpfuek \
f /
okdYtm;jzifh rsm;jym;vSukefaom a&SUaemufrnDukefaom pum;wkdYukdaxmuf xm0&(0g)c&pfonf
tESpfr&Sd tumtwdjzpfaom tnHhpm;atmufvrf;orm;jzpfonf[l qifjcifpOf;pm;jyD;vQif c&pf0g'wnf;
[laom tarSmife,frSxGuf Ak'0g'wnf;[ltvif;e,fokdY ul;EkdifMuygapownf;/
c&pfwnf;[laom nTefeuf&TUHAGuftwGif;rS twif;uef,uf&kef;umwuf Ak'0g'wnf;[laomMunf;
uke;f xufoaYdk &mufatmif tm;xkwEf idk Mf uygapukeo
f wnf;/ c&pf0g'0JZvkyu
f dk vGeaf jrmuf Ak'0 g'wnf;[laom
wpfzufurf;odkY wufvSrf;EkdifMuygapownf;/ ab;b,xlajym aMumufvefYzG,faygvSaom c&pf,mefawmrS
xGufajrmufjyD;vQif csrf;om&Tifvef; yDwdyef;yGifh? vQrf;vQrf;wifh tzl;tyGifh? tikHqifhvsuf wifhw,fjyKH;&Tif
Ak'0g'wnf;[laom vGifjyifodkY a&mufEkdifMuygapcvkd/ /

41

E-book is created by www.shanyoma.org

oQifOu|

Оценить