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A STUDY INTO KIRKBY INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE STUDENT ENGAGEMENT IN THE E-LEARNING PROCESS

By Program Latihan Perguruan Peringkat Ijazah Pertama

KHAIRUL HAFIZD BIN MOHD ASRI

Lecture Name : Hairol Azmi Bin Khalid

Student Engagement on The E-Learning Process [Khairul Hafizd Mohd Asri]

Class : William Wordsworth Matrix Number : PLPPIP/023/011/KIC I/C Number : 930902-02-5209

ABSTRACT/SYPNOPSIS E-learning is a new trend in education nowadays. As technology have develop, filed of education also has change their style of transferring knowledge. However there were humors that e-learning platform is not reliable enough for students to success. This paper was aim to determine the pros and cons using e-learning on student life. This paper also aim to carry out the student engagement in e-learning and its impact to all Kirkby International College students academics achievements. The paper also examines the data for the presence of interaction effects between e-learning engagement and studies habits. The study was conducted by a group of five students from William Wordsworth perusing Program Latihan Perguruan Peringkat Ijazah Pertama (PLPPIP). The study was conducted by group of five students from William Wordsworth of Kirkby International College who are pursuing for foundation program. 40 KIC students from various classes and background were sample and asked to answer a set of questionnaire consisting of 15 items of various constructions such as open ended, multiple answers and closed ended question. This paper presents the results of a study that examines the impact on examination grades of the level of student engagement in the e-learning process. The study relates to compare the method of transferring knowledge using of traditional lectures and e-learning based methods. The finding indicated that there are strong satisfactions among KIC students in using e-learning platform about their agree that e-learning did help them in their studies.

Journal of e-learning research | PLPPIP Kirkby International College

Student Engagement on The E-Learning Process [Khairul Hafizd Mohd Asri]

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Abstract..2 Introduction4 Methodology..4 Result5 Discussion.9 Conclusion10 Appendix..12

Journal of e-learning research | PLPPIP Kirkby International College

Student Engagement on The E-Learning Process [Khairul Hafizd Mohd Asri]

INTRODUCTION The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to serve billions of users worldwide The Internet is technological development that has potential to change the way we access knowledge and retransform traditional method of education, especially delivery method by using course materials and reliable resources. Utilizing internet as a platform in learning progress is believed contribute better outcome to student understand. As the use of e-learning is becoming more and more common in higher education it has become more and more significant, there is an issue either this platform of e-learning is effective or not . There is a considerable body of evidence to suggest that different teaching delivery styles can have different degrees of success; as measured in terms of academic results (Emerson & Taylor, 2004). E-Learning is construed in a variety of contexts, such as distance learning, online learning and networked learning (Wilson 2001). In the context of this paper all of these instances will be considered to describe learning that utilizes information communications technology (ICT) to promote educational interaction between students, lecturers and learning communities (Holley 2002). In Malaysia the government has encourage teachers to use the provided e-learning platform as another way of learning method in schools. This was believes to make student more attract and understand the subject well. This was proven by Terengganu government which provides ebook to all school students. So instead of bring text books they just need to bring a net book which have all text book platform in its. Kirkby International College students spend their time in internet for reading and searching information. It also does not refuse that they also spend their time on internet for entertainment and social networking. It was believe the provident two hours for e-learning
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Student Engagement on The E-Learning Process [Khairul Hafizd Mohd Asri] purpose using Summertown platform in previous semester had increase students understand in English subject.

METHODOLOGY This study is carry out to observe the contribution of students towards e-learning and impacts in their studies achievements, determine the pros and cons of e-learning and the impact of advance technologies toward studies habits. Interviews were conducted in all over Kirkby International College on 20th February 2012 until 4th March 2012. 40 Respondents were chosen by random. Age ranged from 18 to 20 years old and consists of male and female. They are from various races of 25 Malay, nine Chinese and six Indian. The respondent are choose from five classes which was five female and two male respondent from William Wordsworth, five female and two people from Robert Frost, six female and two male respondents from Shelly, six female and two male from Emily Dickinson class and six female and two male respondents from William Shakespeare. The questionnaire was made of 15 various questions. There were seven multiple choice questions, four yes/no question, one ranking question and three open ended questions. The questionnaire was design to find some important points for investigation such as the knowledge of respondents in e-learning process, daily usage of internets and the impact of elearning in studies. The team consisted of five members. Each member had to give the questionnaire for 8 people from each class. The question was design for people who already have experience in using e-learning platforms; they even could rate the help of e-learning in their studies.

Journal of e-learning research | PLPPIP Kirkby International College

Student Engagement on The E-Learning Process [Khairul Hafizd Mohd Asri]

RESULT/FINDING Figure 1: Respondent Knowledge about Internet


95% 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0%

0% NO

5% LITTLE YES

0 NEED MORE TRANING

Figure 1 shows the percentage of respondents who had knowledge about internet, able to access and know to surf internet. Thus from 40 people who have been interviewed, only 5 percent has a little information about internet. It is very small number compared to other frequency. In the other hand, all the other 95 percent of respondents have a wide knowledge about internet technologies. Neither one of respondent need more training or had no knowledge at all about internet.

Figure 2: Respondent Knowledge in Using Microsoft


NEED MORE TRANING YES LITTLE NO 0% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 8% 30% 62%

Figure 2 shows the number of respondents who mastered in using Microsoft when making assignment or doing presentation. Based on this figure, 62 percent from the respondents said
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Student Engagement on The E-Learning Process [Khairul Hafizd Mohd Asri] that they already mastered in using Microsoft and able to use most of the functions. On the other hand only 8 percent of the respondents think that they only had little knowledge in using Microsoft as there are functions that unusable by them. It can be seen that a bit large number of respondents that is 30 percent said they need more training to fully master in using Microsoft.

Figure 3: Respondent Ability to Use E-Learning Platform


50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 0% NO LITTLE YES NEED MORE TRANING 12% 48% 40%

Figure 3 show the ability of respondents to use e-learning platform such as Hot Potato program. 48 percent of them stated that they already know a little in using e-learning platform. While another 40 percent from all respondents said that has the ability to use e-learning platform. They might be able to create and answers question from the platform. Just 12 percent of the respondents still need more training from instructors to use this platform. But, there is none of the respondents who know nothing about e-learning as they all is exposing to recent technologies.

Figure 4: Daily Spend on Internet

Journal of e-learning research | PLPPIP Kirkby International College

Student Engagement on The E-Learning Process [Khairul Hafizd Mohd Asri]


More Than 5 Hours 22% Less Than 2 Hours 8% 2-3 Hours 28% 3-5 Hours 42%

Figure 4 shows the hours of respondents spend on internet every day. It can be seen from the figure; majority or 42 percent of the respondents spend their time on internet almost 3-5 hours daily. About 28 percent of the respondents said that they used to be on internet about 2-3 hours daily. Not far from that, another 22 percent of respondents stated that they might spend more than 5 hours surfing various web pages on internet. Only minority of 8 percent from the respondents spend less than 2 hours browsing internet. Figure 5: Common Web Page Visited
70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Entertainment Education (Study/Revision) Social Network 10% 0 Financial / Business 32% 58%

Figure above shows the type of page or common usage of internet by the respondents. More than half of the respondents about 58 percent said they frequently browsing internet as they are addicted to social network. None of the respondents use internet for online banking or doing business. The reason for 32 percent of respondents browsing internet are for entertainment only. Only 10 percent of the respondent browse internet for education purpose.

Figure 6: Primary Usage of E-Learning

Journal of e-learning research | PLPPIP Kirkby International College

Student Engagement on The E-Learning Process [Khairul Hafizd Mohd Asri]


58% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Finding Information

25% 12% 5%

Doing Exercises

Sharing Idea and Opinions

Doing Revision

Figure 6 shows the primary usage of e-learning when respondents use that platform. The most usage of e-learning for 58 percent of respondents is for finding valuable information for their studies. Whereas 23 percent respondents doing revision through e-learning. 12 percent of people interview are using e-learning for practicing and doing exercise for topic they learned. Just 5 percent from the respondents interview sharing their ideas and opinions through writing on e-learning website.

Figure 7: Daily Academics Web Site

More Than Eight Five to Seven Three to Five Less Than Two 0% 5%

8% 32% 38% 22% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40%

Figure 7 shows the number of academics web site visited by the people who response to this survey. 38 percent of them visited three to five academic web pages during their lesson or for revision purpose. The other 32 percent visited five to seven academic sites on internet for doing research for their assignment. They said the sources on internet are easily accessible and fast. In the other hand, 22 percent of the respondent only visited two academic website or less because they said source on internet are not trustable. Not much as other frequency, 8 percent already visited more than 8 academic platforms on internet daily.

Journal of e-learning research | PLPPIP Kirkby International College

Student Engagement on The E-Learning Process [Khairul Hafizd Mohd Asri] Figure 8: Common IT Support in E-Learning
70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

PERCENTAGE (%)

Develop curricular and course materials 5%

Training and exercises 15%

Researching online materials 62%

Answer question of course elements 18%

OPTIONS

Based on figure 8 above, most of 62 percents of people interviewed state those e-learning platforms provide research materials online for free. Another 18 percent of the respondent said that e-learning always has site for them to answer question based on their study course. While another 15 percent stated that e-learning platform has lots of exercises and training to be completed. Small number of 5 percent of the respondent said that the platform has develop curricular and course material to be read and downloaded. Figure 9: Challenges to Support E-Learning
50% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Lectures lack of knowledge Students lack of confidence Inconsistent technologies 15% 35%

Figure 9 shows the percentage of significant challenges for respondents to use e-learning during their studies at colleges. Half of the respondents that is 50 percent said that inconsistent technologies have been major factor for them for not supporting e-learning. They said that network crash, damage devices and unreliable internet network are among the factors. About 35 percent of the respondents state that they do not have any confident or trust to used elearning as someone could misused the platform for other purposed. Only 15 percent of total respondents said that lecture nowadays still have lack of knowledge about e-learning platform.

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Student Engagement on The E-Learning Process [Khairul Hafizd Mohd Asri] Figure 10: Help of E-learning in Studies
71% and above 8% 51-70% 12% 0-30% 28%

31-50% 52%

Figure 10 shows the effectiveness of e-learning in helping respondent studies. More than half of the respondents of 52 percent said e-learning only effective about 31% to 50% in their studies. From 8 percent of respondents opinion said that e-learning help for their success in studies up to more than 71%. A few of 12 percent respondent stated that e-learning help in their revision somewhat around 51% to 70% only. The remaining of 28 percent of respondents gives view only 30% or less, e-learning are useful to them.

DISCUSSION
Nowadays trend of learning in institution is to use technology support in learning process. As technologies develop learning process also change toward better situation. Internet has support in field of education since it has been created. E-learning is also some part of changes of technology which give impact to education field. E-learning known as electronic learning is a method of education used for web-based distance education, where in there is no face-to-face interaction. Popularity of e-learning increase time to times. It is very valuable in adding value in organizational matters, like it is easier to access information and there is flexibility with respect to time and place. It is a facility that reduces the travel time and associated costs. It eliminates the expense and inconvenience of getting the teachers and students in the same premise.

Advantages of e-learning One can log-in and get all blended learning courses on the World Wide Web environment. Students can learn independently in any time and place. E-Learning is self-paced and the learning sessions are available all time. Students can customize the course material as per their own needs. They have added control over their learning process and are able to better understand the subject. E- Learning gives supporting environment to all individuals for
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Student Engagement on The E-Learning Process [Khairul Hafizd Mohd Asri] learning methods. Students get single central location for all course materials. Students get a chance for enhanced exchange with other students and qualified teachers which are based on communication and information technologies. E-learning provides improved organization for regular studies like meeting assignment deadlines, homework etc. Students can deal with teachers who are highly qualified, but cannot reach because of distance barriers, now with elearning coming in scene they can give their inputs and help students in their research. Students have an option to choose what they like. E- Learning draws students to topics they like and enjoy. Now lets evaluate the advantages for teachers. First and foremost, the method of teaching becomes more interactive. Teachers can prepare single document for all different types of students, so that they dont need to do it again and again. Timing is also flexible for teachers; they can do this with continuation to their regular classes in schools. They can get more and more information on net, that they embed in their course materials. Interaction with students becomes more appropriate. When students are sharing their problems with teachers, since its not face to face they fear less and can ask their problems freely.

Disadvantages of e-learning. Persons communication and interaction with instructor and fellow students will be through electronic medium including email, chat rooms, discussion boards, or perhaps Skype or online meeting technology. Not having access to the visual cues, body language, and non-verbal communication of a traditional program could make it difficult to discern true meaning. Online learning can limit the amount of public speaking practice and team work that are so much a part of in class presentations, group work, and discussions. Course availability is limited. Not all courses of study are available online. If person are interested in an unusual field or one that requires lab work, they may find it difficult to find a suitable source for an online education. Furthermore instructors will not be on hand or "on campus" and easily accessible to answer questions. While they may be available on email, that's not the same as having access to a living, breathing person and to be able to ask questions during a break or after class. While technology tools and the Internet infrastructure are becoming more and more stable, there are still instances when technology fails. Servers may be down, or you may experience periods when connection to the Internet is interrupted. Hard drives fail, and email may get caught in spam filters and never be delivered. It's important to backup important class information and make certain that alternative ways to communicate.
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Student Engagement on The E-Learning Process [Khairul Hafizd Mohd Asri] Working alone can isolate a student, making it easy to put off or neglect course work or drop out of an online class completely. It takes a certain amount of internal motivation to continue when someone was pressed for time and don't have fellow students to talk with and help to motivate them along the way.

Changes of study habits among student: As the technologies changes, the habits of study for students also changes. Students nowadays tend to work alone rather than group discussion. They felt comfortable to sit in front of computers reading article than go to library and do revisions with their friends. Therefore they become a passive learner which less communication with other. Students nowadays think that they could find everything about knowledge in internets. So, student does not need to walk to library to search the whole bookshelf for single book that they wanted. What they do is just search it on internet and everything will pop out. However there are habits which also negative apply by students. As they are browsing information from internets they tends to plagiarism the whole text for their assignment rather than read and find the main point wrote with their own elaborations. Many students nowadays are too much lazy to think as they just search for the answers for every question on internets. In the other hand, when using internet students commonly does not concentrated on task their doing. Many of them will open many other tabs for various website. They even could watch streaming football match while doing their assignments. As the result they might be unable to finish up their assignment or its will be less quality. Students also depend too much on technologies. They use the reasons of network crash or there was no internet connection for not completing their assignments. Students also to postpone their homework until the last minutes for submission their works.

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Student Engagement on The E-Learning Process [Khairul Hafizd Mohd Asri]

Conclusion
ELearning could have potentially major effects on the way higher education is designed, implemented and delivered. Until now, universities have been static in their structure and delivery of higher education courses. However, demand for learning has never been so high, and this in conjunction with the need to geographically broaden learning may prompt universities to introduce eLearning initiatives. The same demands for learning and the increased revenue of independent educational providers, has produced a real threat to the very existence of the traditional university. ELearning may provide universities with a means of exceeding the newly formed competition, by taking full advantage of their traditional, already established reputations. For students, eLearning can provide an educationally-superior alternative to traditional lectures, in which learning can take place outside the lecture hall. E-Learning can also provide a model for students on how to become self directed independent learners, which may assist them to become life long learners. For lecturers, networked learning may cause changes in work patterns and even change their professional role, but in addition, eLearning provides them with the opportunity to test students in real business situations and new methods to evaluate each students learning. The role of the lecturer is predominant in the successful
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Student Engagement on The E-Learning Process [Khairul Hafizd Mohd Asri] delivery of networked learning initiatives, as lecturers have the influence to eliminate students technical frustrations, make students feel empowered and encourage students to interact with one another.

References
Shank, P. (2002). New skills for a new field: What you need to know to be an eLearning expert. Online learning, <http://www.onlinelearningmag.com/onlinelearning/magazine/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=127 88 (accessed 3rd March 2012). Shapiro, L. (2000). Evolution of Collaborative Distance Work at ITESM: structure and process. Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(1), pp. 44-55. Wilcox, B. L., & Wojnar, L. C. (2000). Best practice goes online. Reading online, 4 (2) , Retrieved June 16, 2009, from http://www.readingonline.org/articles/wilcox/.

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Student Engagement on The E-Learning Process [Khairul Hafizd Mohd Asri]

APPENDIX
Q1 : Do you know to access internet No 0 little 2 Yes 38 Need More Training Need More Training Need More Training Need More Training Need More Training More than 6 Hours Financial/ Business Doing 0

Q2 : Can you use power point presentation No 0 little 3

Yes

25

12

Q3 : Can you produce handouts and exercise on a computer No 9 little 8 Yes Q4 : Do you know how to use hot potatoes No 0 little 19 Q5: can you used an interactive whiteboard No 2 little 10

17

Yes

16

Yes

21

Q 6 : How many hour daily you spend on Internet surfing Less than 1 3 1-2 Hours 11 2-4 Hours Hours Q 7 : What are your common usage of internet Entertainment 13 Studying 4 Social Revision Networking Q8: What is your primary used of e-learning Finding 24 Doing 5 Sharing idea 16

17

23

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Journal of e-learning research | PLPPIP Kirkby International College

Student Engagement on The E-Learning Process [Khairul Hafizd Mohd Asri]


Information exercises and opinions Revision

Q9: In what field of study do you think, e-learning is more effective Language 29 Math 2 Science

Art

Q10 : IT support for instructional use of tech in learning process Develop 0 Training 6 27 curricular and and Researching course exercises online materials materials Q11 : Institution encourage to use incorporate technology into my learning Agree 9 Somewhat 23 Somewhat 2 Agree Disagree Q 12: Significant challenges to support using e-learning Lecture lack of 6 Lecture 9 20 knowledge lack of Inconsistent confidence technologies Q13: What percentage do you think e-learning helped in your studies? 0-30% 21 31-50% 18 51-70% 1

Answer question of course elements Disagree

Unreliable Technologies

71% and above

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