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CHAPTER 3 HEREDITY AND VARIATION ( FORM 4) Section A. 20 objective questions 1. Where does meiosis occur in animal?

? Di mana berlakunya meiosis pada haiwan? I Testes II Ovary III Uterus A. I and II only B. I and III only C. II and III only D. I, II and III 2. What is one of the thread-like structures found in a cell? Apakah nama struktur seperti benang yang dijumpai di dalam sel? A. Nuclear membrane B. Chromosome Membrane nuclear kromosom C. Cytoplasm D. Gene Sitoplasma gen 3. The process involved in the production of a gamete is.. Proses yang terlibat dalam pembentukan gamet ialah A. mitosis B. Meiosis Mitosis meiosis C. mutation D. fertilization Mutasi persenyawaan 4. Which of the following characteristic is determined by genes? Ciri yang manakah dikenalpasti melalui gen? A. Skin colour B. Body weight Warna kulit berat badan C. Height D. Gender 5. The number of chromosome in human ovum is.. Bilangan kromosom di dalam ovum ialah A. 22 + X B. 22 + Y C. 44 + XX D. 44 + XY Answer : A 6. A sudden change in the genes or chromosome of an organism is known as.. Perubahan yang berlaku pada gen dan kromosom sesuatu organisma dikenali sebagai A. variation B. mutation Variasi mutasi C. fertilization D. crossing-over Persenyawaan pindah silang 7. Which of the following human characteristic is controlled by recessive gene? Antara ciri berikut, yang manakah dikawal oleh gen resesif? A. Right handed B. Free ear lobes Tangan kanan Cuping telinga bebas C. Blue eyes D. Ability to roll the tongue Mata berwarna Keupayaan menggulung biru lidah 8. A gender or sex of the baby is determined by the Jantina bayi ditentukan oleh I the type of sex chromosome carried by the ovum jenis kromosom jantina yang dibawa oleh ovum II the type of sex chromosome carried by the sperm Jenis kromosom jantina yang dibawa oleh sperma III the amount of chromosome in an ovum and a sperm Jumlah kromosom di dalam ovum dan sperma A. I only B. II only C. I and II only D. II and III only 9. What is the probability of having a male child at each birth? Berapakah kebarangkalian mendapatkan bayi lelaki untuk setiap kelahiran? A. 0% B. 25% C. 50% D. 100% 10. The same characteristic which can be found in identical twins are Ciri ciri sama yang boleh ditemui pada kembar seiras ialah

I. blood group ( kumpulan darah ) II thumbprint ( jenis cap jari ) III eye colour ( warna mata ) A. I and II only B. I and III only C. II and III only D. I, II and III 11. Which of the following genetic diseases is caused by chromosome mutation? Antara penyakit genetic berikut, yang manakah disebabkan oleh mutasi kromosom? A. Colour blindness B. Haemophilia Buta warna hemofilia C. Downs syndrome D. Sickle cell anemia Sindrom Down anemia sel sabit 12. Which of the following is a gene mutation? Mana antara berikut merupakan mutasi gen ? A. Downs syndrome B. Haemophilia Sindrom Down hemofilia C. Klinerfilters syndrome D. Turners syndrome Sindrom Klinefelter sindrom Turner 13.Enviromental agents which cause mutation are Agen persekitaran yang menyebabkan mutasi ialah I DNA ( DNA) II radiation ( sinaran ) III chemicals ( bahan kimia ) A. I and II only B. I and III only C. II and III only D. I , II and III 14. What of the following is an example of discontinuous variation? Antara contoh berikut, yang manakah variasi tak selanjar? A. Weight B. Intelligence Berat kecerdikan C. Blood group D. Height Kumpulan darah ketinggian 15. Which of the following is an example of continuous variation? Antara contoh berikut, yang manakah variasi selanjar? A. Weight B. Type of ear lobes D.

Berat jenis cuping telinga C. Ability to roll the tongue D. Blood group Keupayaan menggulung kumpulan darah lidah 16. Which of the following is the contribution of genetic research? Mana antara berikut, berkaitan dengan ciptaan genetik ? A. Discovery of diseases caused by viruses Mencari penyakit yang disebabkan virus B. Breeding of rice that is resistant to diseases Benih padi yang tahan kepada penyakit. C. The production of insulin by cow to cure diabetes Penghasilan insulin oleh lembu untuk menyembuhkan diabetes Vaccination can prevent some diseases Vaksinasi untuk menyembuhkan penyakit. 17. Diagram 1 shows a plant cell. Rajah 1 menunjukkan sel tumbuhan.

Diagram 1 What is X? Apakah X A. Gene B. Chromosome Gen kromosom C. Nucleus D. DNA Nucleus DNA 18. The number of chromosome found in a female human skin cell is.. Bilangan kromosom di dalam sel kulit seorang perempuan ialah A. 22 + X B. 22 + Y C. 44 + XX D. 44 + XY 19. Variation in humans may be influenced by.. Variasi yang berlaku terhadap manusia dipengaruhi oleh I age ( umur ) II surrounding ( persekitaran ) III genetic inheritance ( pewarisan genetik )

A. I and II only B. I and III only Section B Structure questions

C. II and III only D. I, II, and III

1. Table 1 shows the result of a study of variation conducted on the students Form 4A and 4B. Jadual 1 menunjukkan keputusan untuk mengkaji variasi di kalangan pelajar kelas 4A dan 4B Body mass ( kg ) (Berat badan (kg )) 35-40 41-45 46-50 51-55 56-60 Table 1 (a) Draw a histogram based on the data in Table 1. Lukis histogram berdasarkan data di Jadual 1 Number of students (Bilangan pelajar) 8 12 24 10 6

( 3 marks ) (b) Calculate the percentage of student which have the body mass between 41 kg and 45 kg. Kira peratus pelajar yang mempunyai berat badan di antara 41 kg hingga 45 kg. _______________________________________________________________________________ ( 1 mark ) (c) What is the type of variation shown by the graph in (a)? Apakah jenis variasi yang ditunjukkan oleh graf di (a )?

_______________________________________________________________________________ ( 1 mark ) (d) Give two other examples of this type of variation. Berikan dua contoh sifat untuk jenis variasi di atas. i) _____________________________________________ ii) _____________________________________________ ( 2 marks ) 2. Diagram 2 shows an ovum is fertilized by sperm . Two zygotes P and Q are formed at the same time. Rajah 2 menunjukkan ovum yang disenyawakan oleh sperma . Dua zigot P dan Q dihasilkan .

Diagram 2 (a) State the genetic chromosome carried by Nyatakan bilangan kromosom yang dibawa oleh (i) Sperm ( sperma ) :___________________________________________________________ (ii) an ovum ( ovum) : __________________________________________________________ ( 2 marks ) (b) Based on the Diagram 2, name the process R. Berdasarkan Rajah 2, namakan proses R. ______________________________________________________________________________ ( 1 mark ) (c) What type of twins will be formed? Apakah jenis kembar yang terhasil? ______________________________________________________________________________ ( 1 marks ) (d) State two characteristic of the twin form in (c ). Nyatakan dua ciri kembar di ( c ) (i)._________________________________________________________________________ (ii)________________________________________________________________________ ( 2 marks )