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Causes and Effects of Human Trafficking Many crimes are going on everyday.

Unfortunately, one could not help but shed tears upon watching it. We can't act fast enough to end many of the situations that we see. Among the many problems that we face, human trafficking is one that has go on for many years. The victims of human trafficking are not specify, it targets male and females, adults, the elderly, children and many more. Human trafficking is a crime against humanity, human trafficking simply means the act of recruiting a person through the use of force for the purpose of exploiting them. What causes human trafficking? In a nutshell, there is a demand for it. First of all, men around the world profit pleasure in term of sexual satisfaction. Besides, human trafficking is highly profit in price. Last but not least, the increasing demand for cheap and exploitable labourers in the construction, agricultural and industrial sectors.

The first cause of human trafficking is because of the lust of men. Country with large sex industries create the great demand for women. Women and children have been trafficked to, from, through every region across the world for the purpose of commercial sex trade and sexual exploitations. Few of the major suppliers of women to sex industries all over the world are mostly from country like Belarus, Latvia, Moldova, Russia, and Ukraine. One of the strategies they use to recruit woman is through job advertisements. Sex industries use up woman both physically and emotionally. Some young, attractive women that are willing to work as dancers and hostesses are attracted to advertisements promise good salaries. Another method of recruitment is through marriage agencies. Then when the women are brought to another place, they realised they are fallen into the trap. They are entrap in prostitution, they have no choice other than forced to have sex with multiple men each day. (Donna M. Hughes 2000)

Another causes of human trafficking is because human trafficking is highly profit. After drug selling and gun running, human trafficking is the third largest business world-wide (M. Van Doornick). The profit to be made is huge and it's victims are mostly women and children. The profit to be made in trafficking humans is around 5 billion to 7 billion dollars a year. Human trafficking is known as a extremely-high-profit-business, low-risk-crime. Pimps can earn 5 to 20 times as much from a single woman they paid for her .Le Monde reported that during a 3-month stay in Germany on a tourist visa, a woman can earn US $20,000 for a pimp, according to German police (1998).

The final causes of human trafficking will be the increasing demand for cheap and exploitable labourers in the construction, agricultural and industrial sectors. The UNICEF website states that more than 216 million children are engaged in dangerous occupation (2004). It is very painful to see how these children are tortured, abused, starved to carry out labour that, in most cases, is beyond the capacity of a normal muscled adult. One can imagine how some of them are literally sold into rich family where they perform all kinds of tasks such as cooking, stewarding, gardening and cleaning.

These three causes have made a great impact on both individual as much as on society. Human trafficking has created different effects in term of psychological, societal and health.

In term of psychological effects, most traffickers recruit young victims which is approximately aged 6 24, this is because young victims tends to surrender more easily. Victims are forced to work in audacious environment. Besides, most of them are taught to use weapons and recruited as soldiers in army conflicts. All these activities will lead children to suffer from emotional annoyance, depression, lack of self esteem etc. Even though after they have been rescued, they will still struggle with the deep psychological disorder. These

children may not overcome their fear and may lead them to suicide. In fact, the longer the victims have been captured, the greater their traumatic experience.

Besides, human trafficking also responsible for societal effects. The victims often treated as crime or illegal immigrants than being seen as victims. This is because their passports and important documents are taken away from them by the traffickers upon their arrival. This is to make sure they are helpless and wont escape easily. Victims are kept in very poor conditions with low standard clothing and food, unhygienic living conditions and no provision for healthcare, while some victims are being locked into room or chained to beds. Even though they managed to escape, the victims have no where to go, because they didnt know help is available.

The final effects of human trafficking is health. Most of the victims of human trafficking are forced into prostitution or sexually exploited. They are forced to have sexual intercourse with several men in a day. This will drastically increase the risk of contracting different sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS or HIV. Beside, traffickers often supply victims with various drugs in order to create a further dependency on the trafficker.

In conclusion, human trafficking has made a great impact on both individual and also society. It seems absurd to imagine millions of women and children are being trafficked just for their bodies. The awareness towards human trafficking should be expanded to eliminate this crime that against humanity.

References
Aronowitz, Alexis. 2009. Human Trafficking, Human Misery: Global Trade in Human Beings. Greenwood Publishing Group. Carrasco, Sarah. 2009. Child Labour Exploitation. http://www.unicef.org/republicadominicana/english/protection_15759.htm. Accessed on 28 April 2012. Doornick, Marieke van. Human Trafficking: A High-Profit, Low-Risk Crime. http://www.digitaldevelopment-debates.org/05-securing-peace/crime/human-trafficking-a-high-profit-low-riskcrime.html . Accessed on 28 April 2012. Hughes, Donna M. 2000. The Natasha Trade: The Transnational Shadow Market of Trafficking in Women. Journal of International Affair, 53(2). Paringaux, Roland-Pierre. 1998. Prostitution Takes a Turn for the West Le Monde.