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THE LEADING EDGE

Aerodynamic Design of Ultra-streamlined Land Vehicles

CONTENTS

Useful Relationships

a-streamlined Land Vehicles C ONTENTS Useful Relationships The less wetted area the lower the aerodynamic drag,

The less wetted area the lower the aerodynamic drag, see Chapter 1.

wetted area the lower the aerodynamic drag, see Chapter 1. Seperation flow on junction and bubble

Seperation flow on junction and bubble canopy, see Chapter 2.

List of Symbols

Preface

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Introduction: A Short History of Streamlined Land Vehicles

1. General Aerodynamic Concepts

Significance of Aerodynamic Drag Aerodynamic Drag Components Drag Area Trade-off Between Aerodynamic Drag and Vehicle Mass

2. Basic Fluid Mechanics

Aerodynamic Drag and Vehicle Mass 2. Basic Fluid Mechanics The arched sail was designed to take

The arched sail was designed to take advantage of cross- winds, see Chapter 3.

Some Fluid Fundamentals The Boundary Layer

3. Aerodynamic Forces on Bodies
3. Aerodynamic Forces on Bodies

Streamlining Examples Drag of Flat Plates and Bodies of Finite Thickness Ground Effect Aerodynamic Moments Crosswind Effects

Ground Effect Aerodynamic Moments Crosswind Effects One possible solution to wheel well interference drag, see

One possible solution to wheel well interference drag, see Chapter 4.

solution to wheel well interference drag, see Chapter 4. Yarn tuft test with a down- force,

Yarn tuft test with a down- force, see Chapter 5.

4. Yarn tuft test with a down- force, see Chapter 5. 4. Vehicle-level Aerodynamic Details Interference

4. Vehicle-level Aerodynamic Details

Interference Drag Drag of the Wheel System Bubble Canopies Nose Shape Trailing-edge Thickness of the Main Body Gaps and Seams Effect of Surface Roughness on Skin Friction Ventilation

5. Aerodynamic Drag of the Entire Vehicle

Construction of a Simple Aerodynamic Drag Model Practical Aspects of Body Design Testing and Development

6. Real World

Successful Bodies and Their Development

Midnight Sun IV gets a checkup during Sunrayce 97, see Chapter 6.

References Index About the Author

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