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09

3G (Gemba,
Gembutsu, Genjitsu)

3M's (Muda, Mura,


Muri)
4M (5M, 6M, 7M)
Diagram

3G (, , )
"3 ", :
, ,
3 (, , )
: , ,

4 (5, 6, 7)
-

5S
5S

5W2H

5Why?

,
: , , ,

7

5?


6 (6 Sigma)

6 Process

, 6 (
6
)

6
6 Thinking Hats

,
6

6S (Safety, Security,
Satisfaction)

6S

5S + ,
7 (8)

7 (8) Deadly Waste

, . 7 8 ,
.

8D (Eight Disciplines)

8 ( )

Accuracy

( )


Affinity Diagram

Aliasing

,
..

-
Alpha Risk

. ,
.

Alternative
Hypothesis

Analogies

Analyze

Andon

ANOVA

Appraiser Score (%)


APQP (Advanced
Product Quality
Planning)
Attribute Data
Attribute
Measurement
System


DMAIC DMADV



()

(%)

APQP
, ,


. ,

Audit

Autonomation

Toyota

()
Balanced Design

Balanced Scorecard

Balancing

Bartletts Test



Bartletts
( )


Batch Production

BB (Black Belt)

Benchmarking

Bernoulli
Distribution

, :
. ,
:
-

Beta Risk

Bias

. ,
.

Binomial
Distribution


. ,
.

Block

Blue Ocean Strategy

" "

" "

Bottleneck

Box-Behnken Design

, , ,

Box-Behnken
Central Composite , 3
, " "

Boxplot Diagram

Brainstorming

Business Case

, 50% "",
""



(-)
C-chart

C&E (Cause-&-Effect) -
Matrix
-
Capability

Capability Analysis

Capability Indices

Capacity
Cause-&-Effect
Diagram

()

()

()

,
-
. 4M (5M, 6M, 7M) Diagram


Cell Manufacturing

Center Points

,


,

Central Composite
Central Composite
Design

Central Limit
Theorem

, ,
.

()
, ,

Challenge Fact

,
,

Champion


Change Agent

Changeover

, ,



Changeover Time

Chi-Square

Chi-Squared
Distribution



,
( )

,

Coefficient of
Determination

CI (Confidence
Interval)

( )

COI (Core Operation


Income)

. R2 (R-squared)

,

, ,

Common Cause
Variation
Confounding
Consequential
Metric

Constraint

. Aliasing

Contingency Tables

Continuous Data

Continuous Flow
Continuous
improvement
Contour Plot

ontradiction

Control

, .


. , , ,

,

DMAIC


Control Limits

COPQ (Cost Of Poor


Quality)

COQ (Cost Of
Quality)

Correlation
Correlation
Coefficient

,
(
?)


( ,
, 100% )


Cp

CP (Control Plan)


Cpk

Cpl


Cpm

Cpu

Creative Thinking


Critical Mass

CRM (Customer
Relationship
Management)
Crossfunctional
Team
CRR (Customer
Return Rate)


,

,

CT (Critical To)

CTA (Critical To
Assembly)

CTC (Critical To
Customer)

,
,

,
,

CTD (Critical To
Delivery)

CTM (Critical To
Manufacturing)

CTQ (Critical To
Quality)

CTR (Critical To
Reliability)

CTV (Critical To
Validity)

Current State Map

Curvature

CUSUM (Cumulative
Sum)

,
,

,
,

,
,

,
,

,
,


()
,

Cycle Time (CT)

D (Detection)

Decision Rules

Defect

FMEA,

Defects

, ,
,

Defective

Define

Demand

Discrimination

,

DMAIC DMADV

. Design Resolution

Descriptive Statistics ,

Design

DFM (Design for


Manufacturability)
Design Resolution

DMADV,
, ,


()

()
Destructive test

Detectability

DF (Degree of
Freedom)
DFSS (Design For Six
Sigma)

Discrete

, .
,

DMADV (DefineMeasure-AnalyzeDesign-Verify)

()

DMAIC (DefineMeasure-AnalyzeImprove-Control)

DOE (Design Of
Experiment)

( )

---

---

DOE for Sigma

Dotplot

( )
Downtime

, ,

DPM (Defect Per


Million
Opportunities)

( )

DPMO (Defect Per


Million
Opportunities)

( )

DPO (Defect Per Unit


( )
Opportunity)

DPPM (Defective
Part Per Million)

( )

DPU (Defect Per


Unit)

( )

Draftsman Plot

Draftsman

Drift

2 (Epsilon-Squared)
EBIT (Earnings
Before Income &
Taxes)
Effect

Effective Screen
Score (%)


Sum-of-Squares (Effect) / Sum-of-Squares (Total)

(Y), (X)
%

EHS (Environmental,
Health & Safety)
Entitlement

ERP (Enterprise
Resource Planning)

,

,

,

Error

Error Proofing

Escapism

Event

EVOP (Evolutionary
Optimization)

( )

EWMA
(Exponentially
Weighted Moving
Average)

Expected Value

Experimental Error

External Setup


,

,

F-Ratio

F-Test

Factor

F

F-

()

Failure Effect

Failure Mode

()



False Rules

FIFO (First-In-FirstOut)
Finance Rep.
Financial Benefit

Fishbone Diagram

Fits

Flag

Flow
Flow Manufacturing

FMEA (Failure Mode


Effect Analysis)

FMECA (Failure
Mode Criticality
Analysis)
Focus of Six Sigma
(Y=f(X))

,


, ,



,

. 4M (5M, 6M, 7M) Diagram

FR (Failure Rate)



( )


,

FOR (Fall-Out-Rate)


. FOR (Fall-Out-Rate)

Fractional Factorials
Design
FTY (Final Test Yield)

FTY (First Time Yield) ,




Full Factorial Design


Future State Map


Gamma distribution

GB (Green Belt)

Gemba (Genba)
Gembutsu
(Genbutsu)
General Linear
Model

Genjitsu

Goalpost Mentality

Goodness-Of-Fit

.
,

. ,

. ,

.
: , ,
, ,

GRR (Gauge R&R)

( (
))

Ha

. Alternative Hypothesis

Hidden Factory

Heijunka

Histogram
Ho


. Null Hypothesis


Hoshin Kanri

(. Hoshin , kanri
)

House OF Quality


Hypothesis Testing

Ideal State Map


IDOV (Identify
Design Optimize
Validate)
Improve


,
IDOV
---

DMAIC

IMR (Individual
Moving Range)


Inferential Statistic

Innovation

, , ,
, ..

Instrument
Correlation

Interaction

Interaction Plots


Internal Setup

Inventory

Ishikawa Diagram

, ,
,

. 4M (5M, 6M, 7M) Diagram


Jidoka

JIT (Just-In-Time)

Job to be done

Just-Do-It

,
,

,

. Kaizen

Kaikaku

Kaizen

Kaizen Blitz

,

-

Kaizen Event

, ,

Kaizen List
(Newspaper)

()
,

()
Kamishibai

: ,
,

Kanban

KPI (Key
Performance
Indicators)

( )
,

KPOV (Key Process


Operating Variables)
Kurtosis


LCL (Lower Control
Limit)

,
,
( ?)

Lead Time

Lean / Lean
Manufacturing

,
Lean Six Sigma

-;
Lean Six Sigma


Least Squares

,
,

Leptokurtosis

Level

Leveling

Levenes Test

LIFO (Last-In-FirstOut)

, :



Levenes


, ,

Linearity

Littles Law

, , ,


()

Location

, .
, ,

Logistic regression

()

Loops

, (
)

LSL (Lower
Specification Limit)

MA (Moving
Average)

Main Effect


, ,


,


Main Effects Plots


Marginal Plot

, . ,

Mass Production

()
GRR

Master Value

MBB (Master Black


Belt)

Mean

Mean Square

Measure
Measurement Unit
Median




DMAIC DMADV


MFR (Manufacturing

Failure Rate)

Mistake Proofing

. Error Proofing


Mizusumashi

, ,

Mode

Monument

Moonshine Area

,
,

,
,

Motion

MRP (Material
Requirements
Planning)
MSA (Measurement
System Analysis)
MTBF (Mean Time
Between Failures)

( )
,

Multifunctional
Team
Multiple Regression

Multi-Vari Analysis

Muda


. Crossfunctional Team



Mura

Muri

NDC (Number of
Distinct Categories)


Noise Variable

Nominal

Normal distribution

: , ,
. , ,

(nP-)
nP-chart


Null Hypothesis

NVA (Non-Value
Add)

, .

( )


O (Occurrence)

Obeya

FMEA,

Objective or Goal
statemenmt

Observed value

ODBC (Open
DataBase
Connectivity)

Odds

Odds Ratio

OEE (Overall
Equipment
Efficiency)
OFAT (One Factor At
a Time)
OLE (Overall Labor
Efficiency)



( )
,



One Piece Flow

One Way ANOVA

Operation

Ordinal

, ,
. , , ,

Outcome
expectations

Outlier

, -

Overprocessing

Overproduction

,
.

(P-)
P-chart

Pacemaker

,


,


Pareto Chart


Path to Ideal

PDCA (Plan-DoCheck-Act)
Pearson Correlation

Percentile

,
,

---

n%

Platikurtosis

PLEX (Plant Level


Experiment)
Poisson Distribution

, :

( )

Poka Yoke

. Error Proofing

Polynomial Model

Pooled Standard
Deviation

Population
Parameter
Population Variance

Power




. Variance


Pp

PPAP (Production
Part Approval
Process)


Ppk

ppm (Part Per


Million)
Precision

ppm ( )
,

()


Prediction Interval

Primary Metric


Problem Statement

- /

Process

Process Flow
Diagram

Process Owner

Productivity

Project Champion

Project Charter
Project Core Team


. Champion



Project Leader


Project Scope

Project Sponsor

Project Team

,
..

, -

,

Project Team
Member

Pull System

Pure Error

,
,

, -

Push System

Q1 (25th Percentile)

Q2 (50th Percentile)

Q3 (75th Percentile)

25

, 25%
50

. Median
75

, 75%

QA (Quality
Assurance)

QC (Quality Control)

QFD (Quality
Function
Deployment)

QOS (Quality
Operating System)
Quartiles

25, 50 75 1, 2 3

R&R (Repeatability
& Reproducibility)

()

R (R-aquared)

Randomization

, ,

Randomized Block
Design

Randomness

Range

Rational Subgroups

Red Tagging

Reduced Model


,

, ( 5S)

,

Region of Curvature

Regression Equation

Repeatability

Repeats

. ,
,
.


Replicates

Reproducibility

,
, ,

Residuals

Response Surface

Reverse the Problem ,



ROI (Return Of
Investment)

Role Play

RPN (Risk Priority


Number)

RTY (Rolled
Throughput Yield)

,
-
()
,
(FMEA)


,
,

S (Severity)

S.M.A.R.T.

Sample Size (n)

Sample Statistic


FMEA,
--- -


,

,

SCAMPER

Scatter plot

,
, , , ,
,

SCORE (Select,
Clarify, Organize,
Run, Evaluate)

- ---

Screen

100% ,

Screen Effectiveness

Screening
Experiments
SD (Standard
Deviation)
SDCA (StandardizeDo-Check-Act)



,


-

"---"

Search & Reapply

,
- ,


Secondary Metric

Seiketsu

Seiri

Seiso

Seiton
Set-In-Order
(Straighten)
Shadow Diagram
Shape
Shift
Shine (Sweep)

/
. Seiton

,
( )


. Seiso

Shitsuke

Sigma Level


Simple Regression

Simulation
Single Unit Flow

. One Piece Flow

SIPOC Diagram

- ---

Six Sigma

. 6 (6 Sigma)


Skewness

Skills Unused

SMART

. S.M.A.R.T.

SME (Subject Matter



Expert)
SMED (Single Minute

Exchange of Dies)
Sort
Spaghetti Diagram

SPC (Statistical
Process Control)

Spearmann
Correlation
Special Cause
Variation

. Seiri

/

/
,


,


,

Specification Limits

Sponsor

. Project Sponsor

Spread

Stability of a Meas.
System

Stakeholder Analysis
Standard Operations

Standard Work

, ,

Standardization

, ,

Standardize

. Seiketsu

Star or Axial Points

Steepest Ascent or
Descent
Steering Committee
Strategy Canvas

STY (Second Time


Yield)

Sum Of Squares
Between

Sum Of Squares
Within

Supermarket

Supply Chain
Management

Surface Plot
Sustain




. Shitsuke

" "
Swim Lane Diagram

-, /
,

T&C (Terms &


Conditions)

t-Distribution

Taguchi Quality
Philosophy

Takt Time
Temporal Variation

, , "
"

.

Thesaurus

Throughput

TOC (Theory Of
Constraints)

,
,

,
( )
, "
, "

Tolerance

TPM (Total
Productive
Maintenance)

TPS (Toyota
Production System)
TQM (Total Quality
Management)


Toyota


Transition Action
Plan

Transportation

Treatment
Treatment
Combination
Tree Diagram
TRIZ (Theory Of
Inventive Problem
Solving)
TTY (Third Time
Yield)

Type I Error

Type II Error

, ,

( )


,

1-

. Alpha Risk
2-

. Beta Risk

(U-)
U-chart

,
t ( )


UCL (Upper Control
Limit)

USL (Upper
Specification Limit)

,
,
( ?)

VA (Value Add)

Value Curve

Variance

( )

Variance between
groups

Variance within a
group

Verify

DMADV

Visualization

VOC (Voice Of
Customer)

( )

VOP (Voice Of
Process)

( )

VS (Value Stream)

VSM (Value Stream


Map)

()

Waiting

, ,

Waterspider

. Mizusumashi

WB (White Belt)


6,

?
W.I.I.F.M. (What In It
,
For Me)

WIP (Work In
Process)

( )
, ,
, ,

Wishful Thinking

XY Matrix

XY

YB (Yellow Belt)


Yield

Z
Zlt (Z Long Term)

Z
Z-score

Z
Zst (Z Short Term)

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