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CEN/TC 320

CEN/TR 14310
CEN/TC 320 Secretariat: DS

Freight transportation services Declaration and reporting of environmental performance in freight transport chains

ICS : Descriptors :

CEN/TR 14310:2002 (E)

Contents
Foreword ...................................................................................................................................................................... 3 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................. 4 1 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................................... 4 2 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................................... 4 3 Content and structure ........................................................................................................................................... 5 3.1 General recommendations ................................................................................................................................ 5 3.2 Information on road transport ............................................................................................................................ 5 3.3 Information on rail transport .............................................................................................................................. 6 3.4 Information on sea transport and inland navigation .......................................................................................... 6 3.5 Information on other conditions ......................................................................................................................... 7 Annex A (Informative) Examples of declarations for road transport ........................................................................... 8 Annex B (Informative) Example of a declaration for multimodal transport ............................................................... 10

CEN/TR 14310:2002 (E)

Foreword

This Technical Report (CEN/TR 14310:2002) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 320, "Transport,LogisticsandServices,thesecretariatofwhichisheldbyDS.

CEN/TR 14310:2002 (E)

Introduction
It is necessary for the proper including of transport in the different environmental activities in companies that there is a harmonized standard for the flow of information to facilitate easy and foolproof calculation. This Technical Report is a step towards fulfilling this need for a common international and multimodal standard or guideline i.e. for declaration and reporting of environmental performance in goods transport. This Technical Report is targeted at the information exchange in and between companies, as well as from companies to authorities. It should therefore be used for delivering transport data e.g. for green accounting, environmental declarations, certification (EMAS, ISO 14000), LCA (Life Cycle Analysis), KPI (Key Performance Indicators), environmental benchmarking, environmental labelling etc. that will become management activities in companies in the coming years. This Technical Report specifies the content and structure of a declaration of environmental performance in freight transport. The principles may be applied for documentation of environmental performance of any mode or relevant combination of transport modes in a goods transport chain. This Technical Report is a guideline for the presentation of data and source of data used for calculating environmental performance, but does not specify which models or methods that should be used. To make it easier to analyse environmental performance of goods transport in the future, further development of standardised models and methods for simulation of emission should be made. Annex A and B (informative) are examples of how this Technical Report can be used. This document is not an interpretation guideline of the ISO 14001 standard but is compatible with existing standards defining requirements for environmental management systems. The recommendations described can be used whether within environmental management systems, or independently.

Scope

This Technical Report is a guideline for preparing environmental declarations and reporting. The guideline recommends the content and structure for documentation and evaluation of environmental performance in freight transportation. The guideline is applicable to freight transport purchasers and freight transport operators. Reliability and trustworthiness are essential to the use and acceptance of eco reporting. When specific data is not available it is therefore paramount to use commonly acknowledged data. The calculations and results should be presented in a transparent and true way that aids the evaluation of the environmental performance of a given freight transport. As a rule of thumb, it can be said that when the method, used for calculating the energy consumption and emissions for one customer, is extended to all the costumers of a transport company, then all transport related energy consumption and emissions from that transport company should be accounted for.

Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this Technical Report, the following terms and definitions apply: 2.1 freight transport transport of goods on road, railway, sea and inland navigation 2.2 transport chains movement of a given consignment of goods/products from the time the goods are made available by the shipper, until they are delivered as instructed

CEN/TR 14310:2002 (E) 2.3 transport system transport on road, railway, sea and inland navigation including all necessary actions by the participating parties to the continued function of the transport system 2.4 goods the shipped items including the packaging received by the recipient, excluding packaging and transport material forming part of a common pool, e.g. EUR pallets, containers, swap bodies and tara weight of the vehicle

Content and structure

3.1 General recommendations


Information and declaration of energy consumption and of exhaust emissions should include the following as a minimum: a) Transport profile clear and unambiguous identification of the transport (e.g. period, assignment, customer covered by the declaration); weight/dimension/number of goods (e.g. l, kg, t, m, m ); identification of the transport (from A to B), and the modes involved (road, sea, rail). b) Basic transport data, per mode transport distance (km); transport work (e.g. t/km). c) Calculated transport data, per mode use of energy (e.g. l, t, kg, MJ or kWh); emissions, CO2, NOx, SO2, HC, CO, PM (g or kg). d) Documentation of calculation method and data used data source and system boundaries for the use of fuel or energy (e.g. reference to own registered system, commonly known simulation models or key figures); the specific data, on which the calculations are based; if general or average data is used, description of calculation method and data origin (e.g. business average, adjusted country average, company or trade model). e) Issuer responsible for the declaration clear and unambiguous identification of the company, or the person, responsible.
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3.2 Information on road transport


Apart from the information to be given according to 3.1, the road transport declaration should include the following information, if available: description of vehicle (for the specific or average truck used for the transport); EURO standard or year of production, and/or engine rating (kW); 5

CEN/TR 14310:2002 (E) type/weight/dimension (e.g. empty and gross weight, volume, etc.); capacity utilisation (e.g. %, maximum load, m or load metre, average load, percentage of empty run, load metres, etc. (state whether or not EUR pallets, containers and swap bodies are included in the weight of the goods)); use of energy (e.g. litres of diesel per km, km/l, kWh, MJ etc. (state type of fuel, sulphur contents (%) and/or energy contents (MJ/kg))).
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3.3 Information on rail transport


Apart from the information to be given according to 3.1, the rail transport declaration should include the following information, if available: description of train (e.g. make/model, year of construction of locomotives, number of axles on the wagons, empty weight, volume of wagons etc., for the specific or average train used for the transport); capacity utilisation (e.g. %, maximum load, average load, percentage of empty run, etc. (state whether or not EUR pallets, containers and swap bodies are included in the weight of the goods)); use of energy; share of diesel traction (%, MJ or km); diesel consumption (MJ per t/km), (state type of fuel, sulphur contents (%), and/or energy contents (MJ/kg)); share of electric traction (%, MJ or km);
NOTE In order to ensure transparency, it is necessary that the declaration of the energy consumption by electric locomotives includes the power consumption in kWh delivered into the electricity network, as well as the primary energy (in MJ), consumed at the power plant for the production of the energy;

power consumption (kWh per t/km); renewable energy (kWh); nuclear energy (kWh); fossil energy (kWh).

3.4 Information on sea transport and inland navigation


Apart from the information to be given according to 3.1, the sea transport and inland navigation declaration should include the following information, if available: description of ship(s) (specific or average ship used for the transport); year of construction; length between pp; type of ship (e.g. container, bulk carrier; tanker, reefer, RO RO ferry, etc.); type of engine (slow, medium, high speed, gas turbine); type/weight/dimension (e.g. maximum capacity in TEU, ton payload or lane metre, etc.); name and shipping company/operator of the ship(s) included in the transport; capacity utilisation (e.g. %, maximum load/TEU/lane metre, average load/TEU/lane metre, percentage of distance in ballast, etc. (state whether or not EUR pallets, containers and swap bodies are included in the 6

CEN/TR 14310:2002 (E) weight of the goods));


NOTE For combined passenger and freight ferries, allocation between passengers and goods should be taken into strong consideration (a model for the allocation should, in that case, be used in all emissions)

use of energy (e.g. tonnes of oil per hour (t/h), MJ, etc. (state type of fuel, sulphur contents (%), and/or energy contents (MJ/ton))).

3.5 Information on other conditions


The following information can be included in the declaration, if regarded relevant: use of energy and emissions for other handling than transport (e.g. loading and unloading of goods, containers and swap bodies); environmental initiatives to obtain other reductions than in the transport chain (e.g. use of environmentally adapted paint, green cleansing agents, exhaust control systems, etc.); environmental initiatives regarding optimisation of systems (e.g. use of IT for route planning, adjustment of capacity according to the transport assignment, use of specialists for city logistics , etc.); use of energy and emissions for temperature controlled goods during transport (ATP); congestions (e.g. traffic jam, terminal congestions, etc.).

CEN/TR 14310:2002 (E)

Annex A (Informative) Examples of declarations for road transport

A.1

Road transport declaration of fuel and energy consumption and of exhaust emissions

Information on vehicle/vehicle combination XX3 Vehicle make and model Truck and trailer Type of vehicle 26 tonne truck with 3 axles Engine rating (kW), certification (EURO), year of manufacturing 300 kW, EURO 2, 1995 Exhaust emission device (type of) Fuel (type of) Average fuel consumption l/km Eurodiesel 0,32

Energy content of fuel, (kWh/l) 9,9

Gross vehicle mass Maximum load Mean value of load 26 ton 15 ton 70 % * Note Mean value of load is the mean quantity of load in relation to all haulage including unladen haulage. Calculated emissions and energy consumption for the average use of the vehicle NOx (g) HC (g) CO (g) PM (g) 26,0 1,6 2,2 0,46 Per litre of fuel 8,32 0,51 0,7 0,147 Per km 0,792 0,05 0,07 0,014 Per ton km Reference to sources for how the emissions have been calculated Source EBB - EDC, Database and calculator, Swedish Road Haulage Association, 2001 Type of haulage/type of goods handled Description of the type of haulage (i.e. type of goods and from/to) Load unit Ton

CO2 (g) 2610 835,2 79,5

SOx (g) 0,68 0,216 0,021

Diesel (g) 845 270,0 25,7

Product A from X-town to Y-town Quantity 5 SOx (kg) 0,015 Distance (km) 150 Diesel (kg) 19 Diesel (kWh) 191

Total quantity of emissions and energy consumption for the haulage NOx (kg) HC (kg) CO (kg) PM (kg) CO2 (kg) 0,6 0,04 0,05 0,01 59,6

Facts concerning the haulier Company name Address Postal address Country Liaison person Phone 009 xx xxx xxx

Company A Street XX Eurocity Sweden John Johnson Fax 009 xx xxx xxx E-mail john.johnson@compa.se

Signature Place and date

Signature

Signature in block letters

Eurocity 2001-xx-xx

John Johnson

CEN/TR 14310:2002 (E)

A.2

Transport declaration of energy consumption and emissions

Vehicle type and haulage description Vehicle type: 40 t Engine standard: EURO 3 2001 Haulage type: Long distance Km/litre diesel oil: Load: 3.1 20 tonnes CO2 (g) 850 Diesel (MJ) 11.61 Diesel (kWh) 3.23 Diesel (litre) 0.32

Emissions and energy consumption (MJ, KWh, litre) per km NOx (g) HC (g) CO (g) Particulates (g) SO2 (g) 8.46 0.24 0.47 0.006 0.026

REPORT Regarding: Number of km hauled:

January-April 2001 for PB Wood 60000

Energy consumption and emissions in total NOx (kg) HC (kg) CO (kg) Particulates (kg) 507 14.4 28.2 3.6

SO2 (kg) 1.6

CO2 (kg) 51039

Diesel (MJ) 696.6

Diesel (kWh) 193.8

Diesel (litre) 19.2

COMPANY Company name: Address: Postal code and town: Country: Tel.: Fax: e-mail: SIGNATURE

MAF Transport Omfartsvejen 1 6330 Padborg DK 45 74 67 12 33 45 74 67 43 17 maf@transport.dk

Place and date

Name

Reference: Calculations of emissions and energy consumption are based on data from the handbook "MILJ OG SIKKERHED, Hndbog for vejtransport" (ENVIRONMENT AND SAFETY, Handbook for Road Transport), published by Erhvervenes Transportudvalg (Danish Shippers' Council) and International Transport Danmark, 1997, with additional updates.

CEN/TR 14310:2002 (E)

Annex B (Informative) Example of a declaration for multimodal transport

B.1

Data for energy consumption and emissions of a vehicle/vessel (10 tonnes of cargo)

Transport stage number Traffic mode Vehicle/vessel type Description Distance

1 Truck Light truck, distribution Pick-up 100 km


Approximate value Estimated uncertainty (+/-)

2 Truck Tractor with trailer Long distance 1000 km


Approximate value Estimated uncertainty (+/-)

3 Truck Light truck, distribution Distribution 100 km

Energy
Approximate

SUM
value Estimated uncertainty (+/-) Approximate value Estimated uncertainty (+/-)

Energy use Fosile energy kWh Nuclear energy kWh Renewable energy kWh

570 0 0

60 0 0

1.700 0 0

200 0 0

570 0 0

60 0 0

2.840 0 0

320 0 0

Emissions
Emissions to air CO2 Fossil CO2 Total NOx HC CO PM SOx Max cargo capacity Fuel consumption Cargo capacity utilisation % by weight Engine type Fuel type Exhaust after-treatment Data source reference kg kg g g g g g
Approximate value Estimated uncertainty (+/-) Approximate value Estimated uncertainty (+/-)
Approximate

SUM
value Estimated uncertainty (+/-) Approximate value Estimated uncertainty (+/-)

153 153 2.500 120 220 59 0,20 8,5 tonnes 2,75 l/km 50 % Euro 1 Mk1 No

15 15 300 20 20 5 0,01

460 460 4.000 230 440 62 0,57 26 tonnes 3,5 l/km 70 % Euro 2 Mk1 No

40 40 400 20 40 5 0,05

153 153 2.500 120 220 59 0,20 8,5 tonnes 2,75 l/km 50 % Euro 1 Mk1 No

15 15 300 20 20 5 0,01

766 766 9.000 470 880 180 0,97

70 70 1.000 60 80 15 0,07

Volvo LV & Scania 1998

Volvo LV & Scania 1998

Volvo LV & Scania 1998

Reference:This is a prototype of the result table for the NTM emissions calculation web-tool. The calculations are carried out according to the methodology described at www.ntm.a.se. Numbers presented above are only shown as an example and are not valid. Questions regarding the table can be put forward to Sebastian Bckstrm, Chalmers University of Technology (sb@mot.chalmers.se).

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CEN/TR 14310:2002 (E)

Figure B.1 Example of a transport declaration on a web site 11

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