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AS 2749—1985

Australian Standard
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INFORMATION PROCESSING—
BASIC MODE CONTROL
PROCEDURES FOR DATA
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS
This Australian standard was prepared by Committee IS/1, Information Processing
Systems. It was approved on behalf of the Council of the Standards Association of
Australia on 25 September 1984 and published on 31 January 1985.

The following interests are represented on Committee IS/1:


Australian Bankers’ Association
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Australian Bureau of Statistics


Australian Computer Equipment Suppliers Association
Australian Computer Users Association
Australian Electrical and Electronic Manufacturers Association
CSIRO, Division of Computing Research
Department of Defence
Life Insurance Federation of Australia
National Library of Australia
Office Equipment Industry Association of Australia
Public Service Board, N.S.W.
Qantas Airways Limited
Telecom Australia
Universities and Colleges

Review of Australian Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Australian Standards are subject
to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editi ons as necessary. It is
important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest editi on, and any
amendments thereto.
Full details of all Australi an Standards and related publications will be found in the Standards Australia
Catalogue of Publications; this information is supplemented each month by the magazine ‘The Australian
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and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards.
Suggesti ons for improvements to Australi an Standards, addressed to the head offi ce of Standards Australi a,
are welcomed. Noti fi cati on of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in an Australian Standard should be made
without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.
AS 2749—1985

Australian Standard
This is a free 7 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

INFORMATION PROCESSING—
BASIC MODE CONTROL
PROCEDURES FOR DATA
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

First published (AS 1484, Part 1) . . . . . . . . . 1973


AS 2749 fir st published . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985

PUBLISHED BY STANDARDS AUSTRALIA


(STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA)
1 THE CRESCENT, HOMEBUSH, NSW 2140
ISBN 0 7262 3559 8
AS 2749—1985 2

PREFACE
This standard was prepared by the Association’s Committee on Information
Processing Systems to supersede AS 1484, Digital Data Transmission,
Part 1 — 1973, Basic Mode Control Procedures for Data Communication
Systems. It is identical with and has been reproduced from ISO 1745 — 1975,
drawn up by ISO/TC 97, Information Processing Systems.
The purpose of this standard is to specify the implementation of the Australian
standard 7-bit coded character set* for information interchange on data
transmission channels. It also defines the formats of the transmitted messages
and the supervisory sequences which are part of the transmission control
procedures.
For the purpose of this Australian standard, the text of the ISO standard used
herein should be modified as follows:
(a) Terminology: The words ‘Australian Standard’ should replace the words
International Standard’ wherever they appear.
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(b) Cross-references: The references to International Standards should be


replaced by references to Australian standards as follows:

Reference to International standard Appropriate Australian standard


ISO 646, Information processing— AS 1776, Information processing—
ISO 7-bit coded character set for 7-bit coded character set for
information processing interchange information interchange
ISO 1177, Information processing— AS ----, Information processing—
Character structure for start/stop and Character structure for start/stop and
synchronous transmission synchronous transmission†
ISO 1155, Information processing, AS 2742, Information processing—
Use of longitudinal parity to detect Use of longitudinal parity to detect
errors in information messages errors in information messages
ISO 2111, Basic mode control
procedures—Code independent
information transfer
AS 1484.5, Digital data transmis-
ISO 2628, Basic mode control sion—Extensions to basic mode con-
procedures—Complements trol procedures
ISO 2629, Basic mode control
procedures—Conversational infor-
mation message transfer

* See AS 1776—1980, Information Processing—7-bit Coded Character Set for Information Interchange.
† In course of preparati on.

 Copyright STANDARDS AUSTRALIA


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provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs.
Care should be taken to ensure that material used is from the current edition of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the Standard is
amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identified.
The use of material in print form or in computer software programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in commercial
contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be varied by Standards Australia at any time.
3 AS 2749—1985

CONTENTS Page

0 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

0.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

0.2 Communication phases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

1 Scope and field of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

1.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

1.2 Assumptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

2 Definitions of the transmission control characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7


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3 Message formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

3.1 General rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

3.2 Information messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

3.3 Forward supervisory sequences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

3.4 Backward supervisory sequences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

4 Description of phases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

4.1 Phase linkage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

4.2 Phase diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

4.3 Recovery procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

5 Description of use of the transmission control characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Annexes (not part of the Standard)

A Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

B Extensions of transmission control functions using DLE sequences . . . . . . . . . 23

C Alternate positive acknowledgement option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

(PAGE 4 IN THE HARD COPY IS BLANK)

COPYRIGHT
AUSTRALIAN STANDARD 5 AS 2749—1985

Information processing — Basic mode control procedures for


data communication systems

0 INTRODU CTION Extensions to the basic mode are contained in the


following International Standards:
0.1 General
ISO 2111, Basic mode control procedures — Code
A data communication system may be considered as independent information transfer;
the ensemble of the terminal installations and the
interconnecting network that permits information to be ISO 2628, Basic mode control procedures —
exchanged. Complements;
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A data link concept is identifiable when considering ISO 2629, Basic mode control procedures —
terminal installations connected to the same network, Conversational information message transfer;
operating at the same speed, in the same code.
Whenever actions on the respective transmission and also in annexes B and C of this International
control characters take place, a separation of data links Standard.
is constituted. Typical examples where this applies are:
store and forward switching centres, concentrators, The following considerations have been taken into
intermediate reformatting and speed-change devices. account in developing the rules for the basic mode:

The information transfer in a data link is monitored by The rules are based on the assumption that one of the
data link control procedures where some characters, stations in each connection would be either a computer
selected within a code set, are given particular or a device capable of handling automatically an
meanings according to the transmission phase and are exchange of information. The rules are designed to
used for various purposes such as to delineate allow the complexity of operation to be increased from
information, to reverse the direction of transmission, to a basic level by adding options. These options are
ask questions, to answer, etc. designed so that any number of stations can still
communicate even though they normally operate at
The data link control procedures are categorized in different levels of complexity.
classes which are referred to as modes of operation.
The present considerations relate to one class called It is desirable to reduce optional features in this
“basic mode”, which is defined as follows: International Standard to a minimum, but still retain a
balance between an economic solution for the “low cost
In the basic mode all the necessary transmission systems” and extendability for encompassing more
control information (for example, message framing complex systems. The rules may be difficult to
and supervisory instructions) passing from one implement in very simple systems involving low cost
station to another is carried over the link by devices and human control. On the other hand, in
discrete control characters selected from the ten complex high speed computer links, the rules may
transmission control characters which are defined seriously restrict the throughput of information. These
in the ISO /CCITT 7-bit code (ISO 646). The two cases are regarded as the upper and lower fringes
information exchanges are carried out in the of the present International Standard and may be the
alternate mode on standard communication subject of future International Standards.
facilities. The control of the data link is not
affected by any characters other than the ten With the above considerations, typical limitations of
transmission control characters. Other codes than basic mode control procedures are:
the ISO /CCITT code may therefore be transmitted
provided that they do not contain any of the ten — restriction of efficiency by the time delay which
transmission control characters in either heading is due to the alternate mode of operation;
or text. Sequences of transmission control
character combinations such as DLE.XXX are not — single link operation only.
permitted, with the one exception DLE.EO T which
is defined as “Disconnect”.

COPYRIGHT
AS 2749—1985 6
0.2 Communication phases
1 SC OP E AND FIELD OF AP PLICA TION
The table below shows the various possible phases and
sub-phases of a data communication. 1.1 General

Phases 1 and 5, which relate to the establishment and This International Standard specifies the method of
clearing of connections over the general switched implementation of the ISO /CCITT 7-bit coded character
network, are under the responsibility of the CCITT and set 1) for information interchange on data transmission
are therefore not covered by this International channels. It also defines the formats of the transmitted
Standard. messages and the supervisory sequences which are
part of the transmission control procedures. It covers
In each phase, one of the stations directs the operation the majority of existing data transmission systems and
and is responsible for the continuity of the data link configurations used in conjunction with data
communication. The other station or stations only react processing systems.
to the actions of the responsible station.
These control procedures deal with transmission over
The transmission control characters which are shown one link at a time and do not describe the operation of
alongside the various sub-phases are those which are data links in “tandem”. They relate to the class of
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involved in the basic mode of operation. control procedures which is known as the basic mode
and apply at the interface between data communication
EO T is shown in parentheses in Phases 2 and 3 equipment and data terminal equipment.
because its use within the phases initiates a
changeover to Phase 4.

Table of phases

Transmission control
Function Station’s name characters Notes
Phase used in basic mode
Action Responsible Forward
Reaction Responsive Backward
1 Establishment
of connection a) Switching CCITT
over general Responsibility
network b) Identification
2 Establishment a) Switching Call Calling Not covered
of data link Answer Called at present
b) Polling Poll Control (EOT), ENQ
Reply Tributary (EOT)
c) Selecting Select Master (EOT), ENQ
Reply Slave ACK, NAK
3 Information transfer Transfer Master SOH, STX
Slave ETB, ETX,
Supervision (EOT) ACK, NAK
(EOT)
4 Termination a) Return to Terminate Master EOT
neutral state Interrupt Slave EOT
b) Return to EOT
control station Terminate Master EOT
Interrupt Slave
c) Disconnect Disconnect Master DLE, EOT
Disconnect Slave DLE, EOT
5 Clearing of connection CCITT
Responsibility

1)
See ISO 646. CCITT: Alphabet No.5.

COPYRIGHT
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AS 2749-1985, Information processing - Basic


mode control procedures for data communication
systems
This is a free 7 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

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