Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 20

VERBOS REGULARES E IRREGULARES

Por la manera en que se conjugan, se pueden distinguir dos clases de verbos: regulares e irregulares.

Los verbos regulares son los que conservan la misma raz en todas sus formas y tienen las desinencias del modelo de su conjugacin (saltar, comer, vivir). Presente Pretrito perfecto simple saltar (modelo) salt-o salt- contestar contest-o contest- Futuro salt-ar contest-ar

Se consideran regulares los verbos que tienen cambios en su raz en algunas de sus formas por motivos nicamente ortogrficos: Presente Pretrito perfecto simple Futuro cazar caz-o coger coj-o cac- cog- caz-ar cog-er

Los verbos irregulares son los que no conservan igual la raz en todas sus formas, o tienen desinencias distintas del modelo de su conjugacin, o ambas cosas.

Para saber si un verbo es regular o irregular basta observar las siguientes formas:

Primera persona del singular del presente de indicativo. Tercera persona del singular del pretrito perfecto simple. Primera persona del singular del futuro de indicativo.

Presente Pretrito perfecto simple Futuro saltar (modelo) salt-o salt- salt-ar mostrar muestr-o mostr- mostr-ar andar and-o and-uvo and-ar

IRREGULAR VERBS
INFINITIVE abide arise awake be beat become begin bend bet bind bind bite bleed blow break breed bring build buy catch abode arose awoke was/were beat became began bent bet bound bound bit bled blew broke bred brought built bought caught PAST PARTICIPLE abode arisen awoke been beaten become begun bent bet bound bound bitten bled blown broken bred brought built bought caught SIGNIFICADO tolerar, soportar surgir, plantear despertarse ser, estar golpear, latir, batir llegar a ser comenzar doblarse, inclinarse apostar en algo atar, unir, ligar atar, unir, ligar morder/se sangrar soplar, hacer sonar romper criar, reproducir/se traer construir comprar agarrar

choose come creep cut deal dig do [does] draw drink drive eat fall feed feel fight find fling fly forget freeze get give go

chose came crept cut dealt dug did drew drank drove ate fell fed felt fought found flung flew forgot froze got gave went

chosen come crept cut dealt dug done drawn drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found flung flown forgotten frozen got/gotten given gone

elegir venir arrastrar, deslizarse cortar tratar, ocuparse cavar, excavar hacer dibujar, atraer beber conducir comer caer alimentar sentir luchar, pelear encontrar arrojar, lanzar volar olvidar helar, congelar obtener, conseguir dar ir

grind grow hang have [have/has] hear hide hit hold keep kneel know lead lend learn leave lose make mean meet pay put read ride

ground grew hung had heard hid hit held kept knelt knew led lent learnt left lost made meant met paid put read rode

ground grown hung had heard hidden hit held kept knelt known led lent learnt left lost made meant met paid put read ridden

moler cultivar, crecer colgar tener, haber or ocultar, esconder golpear sostener, soportar guardar, conservar arrodillarse saber, conocer guiar, conducir prestar aprender irse, dejar, partir perder hacer, fabricar significar encontrarse con pagar poner, colocar leer cabalgar

ring run say see seek sell send shake shine shoot show shrink shut sing sink sit slay sleep slide sling smell speak spend spin

rang ran said saw sought sold sent shook shone shot showed shrank shut sang sank sat slew slept slid slung smelt spoke spent spun

rung run said seen sought sold sent shaken shone shot shown shrunk shut sung sunk sat slain slept slid slung smelt spoken spent spun

sonar correr decir ver buscar vender enviar agitar, sacudir brillar, resplandecer pegar un tiro mostrar, demostrar encogerse (tamao) cerrar cantar hundir/se sentar/se asesinar dormir resbalar, deslizar lanzar con fuerza oler hablar gastar, pasar girar, hilar

stand steal stick sting stride strike strive swear sweep swell swim take teach tear tell think thrive throw tread understand undo wake wear

stood stole stuck stung strode struck strove swore swept swelled swam took taught tore told thought throve threw trod understood undid woke wore

stood stolen stuck stung strode struck striven sworn swept swollen swum taken taught torn told thought thriven thrown trodden understood undone woken worn

pararse robar pinchar, atascarse picar, arder dar pasos largos golpear, sonar esforzarse jurar, maldecir barrer hinchar/se nadar tomar, llevar ensear rasgar, arrancar decir, contar pensar, creer crecer, prosperar tirar, arrojar pisar, aplastar entender, comprender deshacer despertarse vestir, usar (ropa)

win wind write

won wound wrote

won wound written

ganar serpentear, enrollar escribir

REGULAR VERBS
INFINITIVE
Abridge Accomplish Acknowledge Achieve Add Adjust Agre Agree Aim Alleviate Analyze Antedate Apportion Approve Arrive Assign Associate Assume Attain Authorize Abridged Accomplished Acknowledged Achieved Added Adjusted Agreed Agreed Aimed Alleviated Analyzed Antedated Apportioned Approved Arrived Assigned Associated Assumed Attained Authorized

PAST

PARTICIPLE
Abridged Accomplished Acknowledged Achieved Added Adjusted Agreed Agreed Aimed Alleviated Analyzed Antedated Apportioned Approved Arrived Assigned Associated Assumed Attained Authorized

SIGNIFICADO
Compendiar Efectuar, verificar Reconocido Ejecutar, realizar Sumar, aadir Ajustar Estar de acuerdo Convenir, estar de acuerdo Pretender Aliviar, mitigar Analizar Antedatar Prorratear, repartir, adjudicar Aprobar, confirmar Arribar, llegar Asignar Asociar, juntar, asociado Suponer, asumir Lograr, alcanzar, obtener Autorizar

Avoid Base Block Borrow Broaden Budget Call Carry Carry out Certify Classify Close Close out Code Collect Combine Complete Concounter Consent Consume Contain Contitute Control

Avoided Based Blocked Borrowed Broadned Budgeted Called Carried Carried out Certified Classified Closed Closed out Coded Collected Combined Completed Encountered Consented Consumed Contained Contituted Controlled

Avoided Based Blocked Borrowed Broadned Budgeted Called Carried Carried out Certified Classified Closed Closed out Coded Collected Combined Completed Encountered Consented Consumed Contained Contituted Controlled

Evitar Basar Bloquear, cerrar Pedir prestado Ensanchar Presupuestar Llamar Llevar Realizar Certificar Clasificar Cerrar Liquidar Codificar Cobrar Combinar Completar Encontrar Consentir Consumir Contener Constituir Controlar

Control Controll Convert Cover Cover Create Cross Change Check Date Declare Decrease Dedicate Deduct Define Demand Deposit Design Detail Determine Determine Devise Devote Die

Contolled Controlled Converted Covered Covered Created Crossed Changed Cheked Dated Declared Decreased Dedicated Deducted Defined Demanded Deposited Designed Detailed Determined Determined Devised Devoted Died

Controlled Controlled Converted Covered Covered Created Crossed Changed Cheked Dated Declared Decreased Dedicated Deducted Defined Demanded Deposited Designed Detailed Determined Determined Devised Devoted Died

Controlar Controlar Convertir Cubrir Cubrir Crear Cruzar atravesar Cambiar Confrontar Fechar Declarar Disminuir Dedicar Restar Definir Exigir, demandar Depositar Disear Detallar Determinar Determinar Idear, inventar Dedicar, consagrar Morir

Direct Discover Discuss Disregard Divide Effect Elect Embrace Employ Empty Enact End Endorse Enter Equal Establish Estimate Evaluate Evidence Exchange Exist Expect Expire Extend

Directed Discovered Discussed Disregarded Divided Effected Elected Embraced Employed Emptied Enacted Ended Endorsed Entered Equaled Established Estimated Evaluated Evidenced Exchanged Existed Expected Expired Extended

Directed Discovered Discussed Disregarded Divided Effected Elected Embraced Employed Emptied Enacted Ended Endorsed Entered Equaled Established Estimated Evaluated Evidenced Exchanged Existed Expected Expired Extended

Dirigir Descubrir Comentar, discutir Hacer caso omiso de Dividir Efectuar Elegir Abarcar, abrazar Emplear Vaciar Establecer, estatuir Concluir, terminar Endosar Registrar, dar entrada Igualar Establecer Estimar, calcular Evaluar Evidenciar Cambiar, canjear Existir Esperar, suponer Expirar Extender, amplificar

Finance Finish Fire Focus Follow Found Furnish Gangpunch Generate Handle Handle Hire Identify Improve Include Increase Incur Indicate Inform Inscribe Install Intent Introduce Invest

Financed Finished Fired Focused Followed Founded Furnished Gangpunched Generated Handled Handled Hired Indentified Improved Included Increased Incurred Indicated Informed Inscribed Installed Intented Introduced Invested

Financed Finished Fired Focused Followed Founded Furnished Gangpunched Generated Handled Handled Hired Indentified Improved Included Increased Incurred Indicated Informed Inscribed Installed Intented Introduced Invested

Financiar Finalizar, terminar, acabar Despedir (empleados) Enfocar, concentrar Seguir Fundar, cimentar Surtir, proporcionar, amueblar Muliperforar Engendrar, producir Manejar Manejar Contratar, asalariar Identificar Mejorar Incluir Aumentar Incurrir Indicar Informar Inscribir Instalar Intentar, destinar Introducir Invertir

Investigate Involve Journalize Look for Mail Manage Mention Modify Obtain Open Organize Own Petition Plan Plan Point Point out Post Practice Prefer Prepare Present Prevent Prevent

Investigated Involved Journalized Looked for Mailed Managed Mentioned Modified Obtained Opened Organized Owned Petitioned Planned Planned Pointed Pointed out Posted Practiced Prefered Prepared Presented Prevented Prevented

Investigated Involved Journalized Looked for Mailed Managed Mentioned Modified Obtained Opened Organized Owned Petitioned Planned Planned Pointed Pointed out Posted Practiced Prefered Prepared Presented Prevented Prevented

Investigar Involucrar Asentar en el diario Buscar Enviar por correo Dirigir, administrar Mencionar Modificar Obtener Abrir Organizar Poseer Suplicar, rogar Planear Planear Apuntar, sealar Sealar, hacer notar Pasar al mayor Practicar Preferir Preparar Presentar Prevenir, evitar Prevenir

Price Print Protect Prove Provide Provide Purchase Range Reach Realize Receive Recommend Record Reduce Regard Register Reimburse Reimburse Relieve Remain Render Replace Replenish Represent

Priced Printed Protected Proved Provided Provided Purchased Ranged Reached Relized Received Recommended Recorded Reduced Regarded Registered Reimbursed Reimbursed Relieved Remanied Rendered Replaced Replenished Represented

Priced Printed Protected Proved Provided Provided Purchased Ranged Reached Relized Received Recommended Recorded Reduced Regarded Registered Reimbursed Reimbursed Relieved Remanied Rendered Replaced Replenished Represented

Valuar, valorar, poner precio Imprimir Proteger Probar, comprobar Proporcionar, surtir Proveer, proporcionar Comprar Variar, fluctuar Lograr, alcanzar Darse cuenta Recibir Recomendar Registrar Reducir Observar, considerar Registrar Reembolsar Reembolsar Relevar, remediar Permanecer, quedar Prestar, suministrar Reponer, suplir Relenar, surtir de nuevo Representar

Restrict Return Review Rule Satisfy Save Secure Separate Serv Share Sign Specialize State Study Subdivide Subtract Sue Summarize Supervise Support Temper Term Total Trade

Restricted Returned Reviewed Ruled Satisfied Saved Secured Separated Served Shared Signed Specialized Stated Studied Subdivided Subtracted Sued Summarized Supervised Supported Tempered Termed Totaled Traded

Restricted Returned Reviewed Ruled Satisfied Saved Secured Separated Served Shared Signed Specialized Stated Studied Subdivided Subtracted Sued Summarized Supervised Supported Tempered Termed Totaled Traded

Restringir Retornar Revisar Gobernar, rayar Satisfacer Salvar, ahorar Asegurar, obtener Separar Servir Repartir, compartir Firmar Especializarse Expresar, declarar Estudiar Subdividir Substrear, restar Demandar Resumir, compendiar Supervisar Sostener Moderar, modificar, ajustar Denominar Totalizar Comerciar

Transfer Treat Turn out Use Utilize Verify Watch Work

Transfered Treated Turned out Used Utilized Verified Watched Worked

Transfered Treated Turned out Used Utilized Verified Watched Worked

Transferir, traspasar Tratar Producir, sacar Usar Utilizar Verificar Vigilar, observar Trabajar

TIEMPOS VERBALES-VERB TENSES

Present tenses- Tiempos verbales de presente. Simple Present tense- Presente simple. Este es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tienen lugar en el presente y con una frecuencia determinada, es decir, cada da, cada maana, etc. Ej.: John washes the dishes every day. (John lava los platos cada da). Forma negativa del Simple Present: Sujeto+Do not o don't/does not o doesn't +verbo de la accin en infinitivo+ Complementos. Ej.: John does not/doesn't wash the dishes every day. Forma interrogativa del Simple Present: Do/does+ sujeto+ verbo de la accin en infinitivo+ Complementos. Ej.: Does John wash the dishes every day? Para la negacin y la interrogacin de las frases con este tiempo verbal, necesitamos el verbo auxiliar (to) do.

Present Continuous/Progressive tense- Presente Continuo: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tienen lugar en el presente, en el mismo momento en el que se est enunciando la frase. El Present Continuous se forma con el presente del verbo (to) be ms el verbo de la accin en gerundio (Infinitivo+-ing). Ej.: John is washing the dishes right now. (John est lavando los platos ahora mismo). Forma negativa del Present Continuous/Progressive: Sujeto+is/are+not+verbo de la accin en gerundio+ Complementos. Ej: John is not/isn't washing the dishes right now. Forma interrogativa del Present Continuous/Progressive: Is/are+ Sujeto+ Verbo de la accin en gerundio+ Complementos? Past tenses-Tiempos verbales de pasado.

Simple past tense- Pasado simple: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado, sin que importe excesivamente el momento del pasado en el que tuvieron lugar. Ej.: John washed the dishes yesterday evening. (John lav los platos ayer por la tarde).

Para construir las formas negativa e interrogativa del Simple Past, necesitamos la ayuda del verbo auxiliar (to) do, esta vez con su tiempo en pasado, DID. Forma negativa del Simple Past: Sujeto+ DID not/didn't+ Verbo de la accin en infinitivo+Complementos. Ej.: John didn't wash the dishes yesterday evening. Forma interrogativa del Simple Past: DID+ Sujeto+ verbo de la accin en infinitivo+ Complementos. Did John wash the dishes yesterday evening? En ingls, hay dos tipos de Simple Past o de pasado simple: el regular o el irregular. Los verbos regulares forman el Simple Past aadiendo el sufijo -ed al infinitivo y los verbos irregulares forman su Simple Past sin seguir ninguna regla. En este apartado de la pgina tienes acceso a la lista completa de todos los verbos irregulares que hay en ingls. Un ejemplo de Simple Past regular es el del verbo (to) wash= (lavar), cuyo Simple Past es washed y un ejemplo de verbo irregular es el de (to) break= (romper) , cuyo Simple Past es broke.

Past Continuous/Progressive Tense- Pasado continuo: Es un tiempo verbal en el que se expresan acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado, pero en un momento concreto. Este tiempo verbal se forma con el pasado del verbo (to) be (was o were)+ el verbo de la accin en gerundio (infinitivo+-ing). Ej: John was washing the dishes at eight o'clock last night. (John estaba lavando los platos a las ocho ayer por la noche). Forma negativa del Past Continous/Progressive: Sujeto+ Was not o wasn't/were not o weren't+ Verbo de la accin en gerundio+ Complementos. Ej.: John was not/wasn't washing the dishes at eight o'clock last night. Forma interrogativa del Past Continuous/Progressive: Was/were+Sujeto+Verbo

de la accin en gerundio+ Complementos?. Ej.: Was John washing the dishes at eight o'clock last night?

Present Perfect tense- Pretrito Perfecto: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado, pero en un pasado muy reciente. Este tiempo verbal se forma con el presente del verbo (to) have, has o have+el participio del verbo de la accin: Regular (Infinitivo+ed) o Irregular (tercera columna de la lista de verbos irregulares). Ej.: John has washed the dishes this morning. (John ha lavado los platos esta maana). Forma negativa del Present Perfect Tense: Sujeto+ has not o hasn't /have not o haven't + Verbo de la accin en participio+ Complementos. Ej.: John has not/ hasn't washed the dishes this morning. Forma interrogativa del Present Perfect Tense: Has/Have+ Sujeto+ Verbo de la accin en participio+ Complementos. Ej.: Has John washed the dishes this morning?

Past perfect tense-Pretrito pluscuamperfecto: Es un tiempo verbal que expresa acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado, pero en un pasado menos reciente que el que se expresa en el Present Perfect. Es lo que se denomina el pasado del pasado (past in the past). Se forma con el verbo (to) have en pasado, had+ el participio del verbo de la accin: Regular (Infinitivo+ed) o Irregular (tercera columna de la lista de verbos irregulares). Ej: John had washed the dishes at two in the afternoon. (John haba lavado los platos a las dos de la tarde). Forma negativa del Past Perfect Tense: Sujeto+ had not/hadn't+ Verbo de la accin en participio+ Complementos. Ej.: John had not/hadn't washed the dishes at two in the afternoon. Forma interrogativa del Past Perfect Tense: Had+ Sujeto+ Verbo de la accin en participio+ Complementos.

Future tenses- Tiempos verbales de futuro Simple future- Futuro simple: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tendrn lugar en un futuro, sin importar excesivamente el momento. Se forma con la partcula will+ el infinitivo del verbo de la accin sin el (to). Ej.: John will wash the dishes tomorrow. (John lavar los platos maana). Forma negativa del Simple Future: Sujeto+ will not/won't+ Verbo de la accin en infinitivo+ Complementos. Ej.: John will not/ won't wash the dishes tomorrow. Forma interrogativa del Simple Future: Will+ Sujeto+ Verbo de la accin en infinitivo+ Complementos. Ej.: Will John wash the dishes tomorrow?.

Near future- Futuro prximo: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que van a tener lugar en el futuro, pero se trata de un futuro muy cercano al momento en el que se habla. Se forma con el verbo (to) be en presente (is o are), seguido de GOING TO+ el infinitivo del verbo de la accin. Ej.: John is going to wash the dishes tonight. (John va a lavar los platos esta noche). Forma negativa del Near Future: Sujeto+ is not o isn't/ are not o aren't+ Going to+ Verbo de la accin en infinitivo+ Complementos. Ej.: John is not/isn't going to wash the dishes tonight. Forma interrogativa del Near Future: Is/are+ Sujeto+ Going to+ Verbo de la accin en infinitivo+ Complementos?. Ej.: Is John going to wash the dishes tonight?