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ORIGIN OF DHOORDHARSHAN

Dhoordharshan is the national service of india and is also one of the largest broadcasting organization in the world. A network of three nations , two special interest channels ; 10 regional languages channels, 4 state network and an international channels . through a network of 868 terrestrial transmitters of varying powers it makes available television signals for over 87% of population. 300 millions viewers in their homes watch dhoordarshan programmes. Television sets established under various schemes in community centers in villages for a total number of 450 millons viewers (india , 1998). The countrywide class room on national network is aimed to reach quality education of students in the small village . Television in india has been in existence for decades now. India did not begin till September 15, 1959 with a small studio . the service was called DHOORDARSAN for the first 17 years , it spread haltingly and transmission was mainly in black and white . Doordharsan was established as a part of AIR , until 1976 , it consisted of one national network and seven regional networks . in 1992 there were sixty three high power television transmitters , 369 medium power transmitters , 76 low power station and 23 transposers . Regular satellite transmission began in 1982 . Television has come to the forefront only in the past 21 years and more so in past 13 .There were initially two ignition points , the first in the 80s when color television was introduced by state owned broad caster . DOORDARSHAN (DD) timed with 1982 Asian games which INDIA hosted . it then proceeded to install transmitter nation wide rapidly for terrestrial broadcasting .In this period , no private enterprise was allowed to set up television signals . the second spark came in early nineties with the broadcasting of satellite television by foreign programmers like NN followed

by STAR T.V and a little later by domestic channels such as ZEE T.V and SUN T.V into Indian homes . The number of Television sets in India increased from around 500,000 in 1976 to 9 million in early 1987 and to around 47 million in 1994 ; increases are expected to continue at around 6 million sets per year . IF all the DOORDARSHAN centers , Mumbai has the most acute language problem , having to cater to a compolitian and varied audience in Hindi , English ,Urdu ,Marathi and Guajarati . In 1984 ,DOORDARSHAN introduced a second channel for the big cities and permitted cable operators to transmit locally made programs to fill the gaps in the schedule when DOORDARSHAN was not in air . These cable operators grew from a few 100s in the eighties ton more than 20,000 in the nineties . Presently DOORDARSHAN operates 19 channels , two All India channels , 11 regional languages satellite channels (RLSC), four State Networks (SN) an international channel and a sports channels. Regular satellite transmission began in 1982 . Now more than 87% of population of the country can receive Doordarshasn programmes through a network of nearly 1044 Terrestial Television Transmitters . About 46 DOORDARSHAN studios are producing television software .

2 . EARTH STATION.

2.1 MASTER CONTROL ROOM


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