AS ISO/IEC 15938.

5—2004
ISO/IEC 15938-5:2003

AS ISO/IEC 15938.5
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Australian Standard™
Information technology—Multimedia
content description interface
Part 5: Multimedia description schemes

This Australian Standard was prepared by Committee IT-029, Information
Systems—Interconnection. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards
Australia on 21 November 2003 and published on 5 March 2004.

This is a free 7 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

The following are represented on Committee IT-029:
Australian Broadcasting Authority
Australian Broadcasting Corporation
Australian Communications Industry Forum
Australian Consumers’ Association
Australian Electrical and Electronic Manufacturers Association
Australian Information Industry Association
Australian Subscription Television and Radio Association
Commercial Television Australia
DSTC
Department of Defence (Australia)
Special Broadcasting Service
The University of New South Wales
The University of Sydney
University of Wollongong

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2001.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 03038.

AS ISO/IEC 15938.5:2004

This is a free 7 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

Australian Standard™
Information technology—Multimedia
content description interface
Part 5: Multimedia description schemes

First published as AS ISO/IEC 15938.5:2004.

COPYRIGHT
© Standards Australia International
All rights are reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any
means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without the written permission of the
publisher.
Published by Standards Australia International Ltd
GPO Box 5420, Sydney, NSW 2001, Australia
ISBN 0 7337 5643 3

ii

PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Standards Australia Committee IT-029, Coded Representation of
Picture, Audio and Multimedia/Hypermedia Information. This Standard is identical with and has been
reproduced from ISO/IEC 15938-5:2003, Information technology — Multimedia content description
interface—Part 5: Multimedia description schemes.
The objective of this Standard is to provide the generic description tools pertaining to multimedia
including audio and visual content.

This is a free 7 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

This Standard is Part 5 of AS 15938, Information technology — Multimedia content description
interface, which, when complete, will consist of the following:
Part 1:
Part 2:
Part 3:
Part 4:
Part 5:
Part 6:
Part 7:
Part 8:

Systems
Description definition language
Visual
Audio
Multimedia description schemes (this Standard)
Reference Software
Conformance testing
Extraction and use of MPEG-7 descriptions

The term ‘informative’ has been used in this Standard to define the application of the annex to which
it applies. An ‘informative’ annex is only for information and guidance.
As this Standard is reproduced from an International Standard, the following applies:
(a)

Its number does not appear on each page of text and its identity is shown only on the cover and
title page.

(b)

In the source text ‘this part of ISO/IEC 15938’ should read ‘this part of AS 15938’.

(c)

A full point should be substituted for a comma when referring to a decimal marker.

References to International Standards should be replaced by references to equivalent Australian or
Australian/New Zealand Standards, as follows:
Reference to International Standard

Australian/New Zealand Standard

ISO
3166

AS
2632

3166-1

Codes for the representation of names
of countries and their subdivisions
Part 1: Country codes

2632.1
AS/NZS
2632

3166-2

Part 2: Country subdivision code

2632.2

Codes for the representation of names
of countries and their subdivisions
Part 1: Country codes
Codes for the representation of names
of countries and their subdivisions
Part 2: Country subdivision code

AS
4217

Codes for the representation of
currencies and funds

3759

Codes for the representation of
currencies and funds

8601

Data elements and interchange
formats — Information interchange —
Representation of dates and times

AS/NZS
3802

Data elements and interchange
formats — Information interchange —
Representation of dates and times

iii

CONTENTS

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Page

1
1.1
1.2

Scope .............................................................................................................................................................. 1
Organization of the document...................................................................................................................... 1
Overview of Multimedia Description Schemes........................................................................................... 1

2

Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 3

3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4

Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 4
Conventions ................................................................................................................................................... 4
Wrapper of the schema ................................................................................................................................. 6
Terminology ................................................................................................................................................... 6
Symbols and abbreviated terms ................................................................................................................ 11

4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5

Schema tools ............................................................................................................................................... 12
Introduction.................................................................................................................................................. 12
Base types .................................................................................................................................................... 12
Root element ................................................................................................................................................ 16
Top-level types............................................................................................................................................. 19
Description metadata tools......................................................................................................................... 42

5
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6

Basic datatypes ........................................................................................................................................... 48
Introduction.................................................................................................................................................. 48
Integer datatypes ......................................................................................................................................... 48
Real datatypes ............................................................................................................................................. 54
Vectors and matrices .................................................................................................................................. 56
Probability datatypes .................................................................................................................................. 64
String datatypes........................................................................................................................................... 67

6
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5

Linking, identification and localization tools............................................................................................ 71
Introduction.................................................................................................................................................. 71
References to Ds and DSs .......................................................................................................................... 72
Unique Identifier .......................................................................................................................................... 75
Time description tools ................................................................................................................................ 77
Media Locators ............................................................................................................................................ 95

7
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9
7.10

Basic description tools ............................................................................................................................. 101
Introduction................................................................................................................................................ 101
Language identification ............................................................................................................................ 102
Textual annotation..................................................................................................................................... 103
Classification Schemes and Terms ......................................................................................................... 119
Description of agents ................................................................................................................................ 158
Description of places ................................................................................................................................ 171
Graphs and relations................................................................................................................................. 175
Ordering Tools ........................................................................................................................................... 187
Affective description ................................................................................................................................. 190
Phonetic description ................................................................................................................................. 194

8
8.1
8.2

Media description tools............................................................................................................................. 196
Introduction................................................................................................................................................ 196
Media information tools ............................................................................................................................ 198

9
9.1
9.2

Creation and production description tools............................................................................................. 222
Introduction................................................................................................................................................ 222
Creation information tools........................................................................................................................ 222

10
10.1

Usage description tools ............................................................................................................................ 237
Introduction................................................................................................................................................ 237

iv

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Page

10.2

Usage information tools............................................................................................................................237

11
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
11.5
11.6
11.7
11.8
11.9
11.10

Structure description tools.......................................................................................................................245
Introduction ................................................................................................................................................245
Base segment description tools ..............................................................................................................252
Segment attribute description tools ........................................................................................................262
Visual segment description tools ............................................................................................................278
Audio segment description tools.............................................................................................................308
Audio-visual segment description tools .................................................................................................312
Multimedia segment description tools ....................................................................................................326
Ink segment description tools..................................................................................................................330
Video editing segment description tools ................................................................................................353
Structural relation classification schemes .............................................................................................381

12
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5

Semantics description tools.....................................................................................................................393
Introduction ................................................................................................................................................393
Abstraction model .....................................................................................................................................396
Semantic entity description tools ............................................................................................................397
Semantic attribute description tools .......................................................................................................426
Semantic relation classification schemes ..............................................................................................432

13
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4

Navigation and access tools ....................................................................................................................449
Introduction ................................................................................................................................................449
Summarization ...........................................................................................................................................449
Views, partitions and decompositions ....................................................................................................482
Variations of the content...........................................................................................................................523

14
14.1
14.2
14.3
14.4
14.5
14.6
14.7

Content organization tools .......................................................................................................................530
Introduction ................................................................................................................................................530
Collections..................................................................................................................................................531
Models.........................................................................................................................................................545
Probability models.....................................................................................................................................546
Analytic models .........................................................................................................................................572
Cluster models ...........................................................................................................................................582
Classification models ................................................................................................................................584

15
15.1
15.2
15.3

User interaction tools ................................................................................................................................589
Introduction ................................................................................................................................................589
User preferences........................................................................................................................................590
Usage History.............................................................................................................................................622

Annex A (informative) xPath Datatype definition based on W3C XPath specification ....................................632
Annex B (normative) Classification Schemes .....................................................................................................638
Annex C (informative) Registration procedure.....................................................................................................726
Annex D (informative) Patent statements .............................................................................................................729
Bibliography ............................................................................................................................................................730

1
AUSTRALIAN STANDARD

Information technology — Multimedia content description
interface —

This is a free 7 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

Part 5:
Multimedia description schemes
1
1.1

Scope
Organization of the document

This International Standard specifies a metadata system for describing multimedia content. This document
specifies the Multimedia Description Schemes (MDS) description tools (Description Schemes, Descriptors, and
datatypes) that comprise ISO/IEC 15938-5. The following set of subclauses are provided for each MDS description
tool, where optional subclauses are indicated as (optional):

Syntax: specifies the normative syntax of the description tool using Description Definition Language (DDL) (see
ISO/IEC 15938-2).

Binary syntax (optional): specifies the normative binary representation for the description tool, where relevant.
If a binary syntax is not specified, then the binary coding method of ISO/IEC 15938-1 shall apply for the
description tool.

Semantic: specifies the normative semantics of the description tool and each of its components (attributes and
elements).

Informative examples (optional): provides informative examples that illustrate the use or instantiation of the
description tool in creating descriptions.

1.2

Overview of Multimedia Description Schemes

The MDS description tools are organized on the basis of functionality as shown in Figure 1.
Collections

Content Organization

Models

Navigation &
Access

Creation &
Production

User
Interaction

User
Preferences

Summaries
Media

Usage
Content Metadata
Views

User
History

Content Description
Structure

Semantics

Variations

Basic Elements
Schema
Tools

Basic
Datatypes

Links & Media
Localization

Basic
Tools

Figure 1 — Overview of the Multimedia Description Scheme (MDS) description tools

www.standards.com.au

© Standards Australia

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AS ISO/IEC 15938.5-2004, Information technology Multimedia content description interface
Multimedia description schemes

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