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Delivering Reliable and Quality Power

14 February 2012

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World Map

Distance Between Saudi Arabia & Singapore 6637.6km hours (flight duration) 8.5

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Asia Middle-East

Singapore Island size: 712 sq km East-west: 42km North-south: 23km Population 5 million

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Singapore Power Group Assets


Total Assets: S$31.1B

Australia 69% ~ S$21.5B Singapore

Singapore 31% ~ S$9.6B

Australia

Australian Business is a Significant Part of SP


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Singapore Power
Singapore Power Limited
Singapore Operations
Main Businesses Other Businesses SP Training & Consultancy Company SP Telecommunications Singapore District Cooling (60%) Power Automation (51%) SP AusNet (51%) SPI Management Services (SPIMS) SPI (Australia) Assets Jemena Asset Mgt Co (JAM)

Australia Operations

SP PowerAssets (SPPA)
PowerGas SP PowerGrid (SPPG) SP Services

Asset Company

Management Company

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Group Business Profile


Our Focus
Generation Transmission

Distribution

Retail

ELECTRICITY

Singapore
Australia
Production

SPPA SPN
Transmission

SPPA SPN SPIAA


Distribution

SPS

(Billing & Market Support)


Retail

GAS
Singapore Australia SPIAA PGas PGas SPN SPIAA

Our Electricity and Gas T&D


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Generation
GW h
44,000 42,000 40,000 38,000 36,000 34,000 32,000 30,000 28,000 26,000 24,000 22,000 20,000 18,000 16,000 14,000 12,000 10,000 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 0

Electricity Demand (GWh)


34,764 35,922 37,424 37,940 37,974 41,199

33,314

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Maximum Demand: 6,494 MW

6 major power generation companies (Generation capacity 10,000

MW) Large reserve margin (60%) Fuel mix: 80% natural gas, 20% fuel oil
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Singapore T & D Network


400kV Network

230kV Network

66kV Network

22kV and 6.6kV Network

Low Tension Network 400/230 Volts

Low Tension Consumers


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1.3 million customers

Maximum demand : 6,494 MW

Electricity Network Assets

Transmission

Distribution

Substations: 104 Transmission Cables: 6,236km Cable Joints: 27,050

Substations: 10,093 Distribution Cables: 23,519km Cable Joints: 233,207

As at 31 Mar 2011

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Fully Underground Cable Network

Singapores Network Performance


Time (min)
35

System Average Interruption Duration Index, SAIDI

30

25

SCADA & closed ring operation of 22kV network


33.1

20

15

27.4

Application of Condition Monitoring


10 10.7 7.4 6.2 3.9 5 3.9 3.7 4 3.9 2.2 2 2.2 1.5 0.5 1.2 1.14 0.69 0.3 0.7

91/92 92/93 93/94 94/95 95/96 96/97 97/98 98/99 99/00 00/01 01/02 02/03 03/04 04/05 05/06 06/07 07/08 08/09 09/10 10/11

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Continual Improvement in SAIDI

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International Benchmarking
(mins/cust/year)

Distribution Reliability Index - SAIDI

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Source: KEMA Price and Performance Benchmarking Report 2010

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Singapores Network Performance


0.5

System Average Interruption Frequency Index, SAIFI


0.4

0.3

0.44

0.2

0.31 0.23

0.1
0.17 0.14 0.12 0.11 0.07 0.09
0.1

0.07

0.07

0.05

0.04

0.03

0.01

0.03

0.023

0.007 0.016

0.04

0
91/92 92/93 93/94 94/95 95/96 96/97 97/98 98/99 99/00 00/01 01/02 02/03 03/04 04/05 05/06 06/07 07/08

08/09

09/10 10/11

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Continual Improvement in SAIFI

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International Benchmarking
(Interruptions/cust/year)

Distribution Reliability Index - SAIFI

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Source: KEMA Price and Performance Benchmarking Report 2010

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Number of Incident-Free Days


( FY 05/06 to FY 10/11)
5.5 mths

No. of 150 Incident-free Days


3.7 mths

4.6 mths 4.0 mths 3.7 mths

100

3.1 mths

167 113 93 122 141 112

50

0 FY 05/06 FY 06/07 FY 07/08 FY 08/09 FY 09/10 FY 10/11

15

FY 11/1
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Grid Charge

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Industrial Customer
HT Connected at 22kV
Low Price Low Performance Low Price High Performance

Singapore (2006)

SAIDI (mins/cust/year)
Hong Kong (2006)

Tokyo (2006) New York

Low Performance
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High Price

High Performance
Source: KEMA Grid Price and Performance Benchmarking Report, 2010
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High Price

The Roles of T&D Companies


Deliver comfort and convenience to customers at affordable tariff rate Powering the economy of the country, state, city served

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Common Challenges Faced by Most Utilities


Inadequate capital for strengthening the network Mindset problems

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Inadequate Capital?

Preventing equipment failures will save capital fund


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Termination Failure Unable to Find the Root Causes

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Changing The Mindset

Key Challenges: Inherited Culture Historical Experience Perception of Norms Exposure

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Unlearning and Relearning

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The People
Quality Workforce:
Dedication Knowledgeable Professionalism Openness Willingness

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Asset Management Objectives


Cost Efficiency Reliability Quality

Asset Management Policies

Network Planning

Engineering & Procurement

Project Implementation

Operation & Maintenance

Renewal

Balance between resources & performance


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At the Macro Level


Asset Management Strategy
Setting Policies Defining Processes

The People

The Equipment

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Are we doing things first time right?

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Network Planning
Planning Guidelines and Criteria
No overloading Available alternative Simple to operate

Other Consideration
Planned Network Redundancy Spare capacity for load growth Flexibility for network expansion

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Network Construction
Quality Management System
Contractor workers registration system Contractor workers training Enforcement for using proper tools

Doing Things First Time Right


No repeating of same known mistakes Root cause analysis Information sharing and education

Five Years Warranty

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Evolution of Maintenance Practices


Historical

Post-Fault Repairs
Preventive

Predictive
Condition-Based

New Approach

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Condition-Based Maintenance

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Maintenance Policy

Adoption of Condition-based Maintenance Regime

Combination of scheduled

periodic and condition-based


Time-based Maintenance OEM Recommendation Leverage condition results to fine-tune maintenance cycles maintenance

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Network Health Screening

Condition Monitoring Systems


Thermal Scanning Dissolved Gas Analysis Oil Pressure Monitoring Distributed Temperature Sensing

What they detect


Overheating Abnormal oil contents Low pressure Hot spots

Applied to
Equipment Equipment & cables Cables Cables

Oscillating Wave Test System


Partial Discharge Monitoring Operating Mechanism Monitoring
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Low insulation
Minute current leakage Abnormal operation

Cables
Equipment & cables Equipment
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Condition Dashboard for 230kV Cable Joints

Oil Sampling at Cable Joint

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Dissolved Gas Analysis

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Cable Oil Pressure Monitoring System

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Keeping underground cables healthy

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Security & Operation Surveillance

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Keeping close watch on vital Installations

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Network Failures Averted


Network FY 01/02 FY 02/03 FY 03/04 FY 04/05 FY 05/06 FY 06/07 FY 07/08 FY 08/09 FY 09/10 FY 10/11 FY 11/12 Total

400kV

11

230kV

10

51

66kV

13

11

56

22kV

27

11

23

31

36

45

11

15

15

40

24

278

6.6kV

41

39

34

39

14

23

31

16

246

Total

30

23

67

80

55

93

69

43

55

81

46

642*

*Up to 31 Dec 2011


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Condition Monitoring on Underground Cables


Journey of OWTS 2007 22kV & 6.6kV Cables Successfully averted 132 potential cable failures 2008 66kV Cables 2009 230kV Cables Worlds first test

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Oscillating Waveform Testing Fleet

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Benefits of Condition Monitoring


Higher Reliability of Network Cost Savings

Condition Monitoring More Effective Maintenance Policy Safer Working Environment

Learning will form basis for a long-term Condition Monitoring program

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Benefits of Condition Monitoring for Asset Management


Preserving reliability and quality of supply
Less faults to weaken network Short downtime

Rectification cost is much cheaper than repair cost


Evidence of root cause not destroyed

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Network Asset Management Process


Doers
Assets
Online Equipment & Cables Manual

Detection
Current leakage High temperature Low pressure Dissolved gases Gas quality Manual Download

Data Management Data Transmission


Optical Fibre Network Expert System Man-machine Interface

Reliability & Quality Enhancement


Repair Replacement Review monitoring programme Review maintenance Review design Decision

Specialist Diagnosis

Trending Analysis

Thinkers

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Thinkers & Doers working closely together

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Network Asset Management System


High Quality

Customers

Low Price

Reduce Failures Condition Monitoring Programme

Optimise Costs Condition-Based Maintenance Programme

Network Asset Management

Condition Monitoring
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Fast Response and Customer Satisfaction

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Commitment to Customers
Fast response
12.5 kVA generator set

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Mobile Generators

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Important Message to Customers

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Constant Update to Customers

Supply Restored

Outage in progress

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Special Arrangements for Customers

Portable Lighting

Small generator set

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Serving Customer with a Heart

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Customer Relations
Customer Manager Programme Power Quality Advisory Panel

Power Quality Interest Groups


Knowledge Sharing with Customers E-Bulletin POWERCONNECT

Customer Satisfaction Survey

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Customer Manager Programme

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Power Quality Advisor Panel

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Power Quality Interest Groups


Semiconductor Petrochemical Pharmaceutical

Essential Services Finance & Banking

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Knowledge Sharing with Customers

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Working together to improve Power Quality

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PowerConnect

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Annual Customer Satisfaction Survey


2010 2009
8.6 8.6 8.4 8.3 8.1 7.5 6.6

2008
2007

2006
2005 2004

0.00

2.00
Very Poor

4.00
Poor

6.00
Average

8.00
Good

10.00
Very Good
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Customer-Centric Service
Past
Network Planning Customers Engineering Design Network Development Maintenance & Operation

Electricity Supply Chain Electricity Supply Ring

Present

Our work Our performance Our service


Customers

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Engage customers through customer managers

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Holistic & Systemic Approach


Network Planning & Design
Asset Management Quality Management

Industrial/ Commercial/ Residential & VIP Customers

Network Operations & Maintenance


Risk Management
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Network Creation

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Structure

People

The Critical Success Factors Policies Processes

Systems

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Our Technology Applications


Wide Range of Applications
Remote control Remote status monitoring Remote measurement Remote CCTV Remote meter reading Security surveillance system Authorized fire alarm monitoring centre Mobile phone authentication for access control Fleet management system

ExpertSystem
1 2 4 5 7 8 * 8 3 6 9 #

IPPhone
Equipment

ISOS Substation

Substation

IES

Substation

PDM

1 2 4 5 7 8 * 8

3 6 9 #

IPPhone RTU IndustrialPC IndustrialPC RTU

COP

SCM Video

Substation PDM

ISOSS

DVR IES

BACS CONTROLLER

Communications Network

NetworkMangement

Cable Substation

COP

NMS-I RTU

1 2 3

IPPhone
Equipment

NMS-II

4 5 6 7 8 9 * 8 #

Substation Sub Station IPPhone HMI SCM

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 * 8 #

Communication Network

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Elements for Smart Grid and ECO City Application

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Managing the Transmission and Distribution Business

An Art or A Science
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Reliability and Quality Roadmap


Condition Monitoring Programme Condition Based Quality Maintenance Programme Management System

Systemized Contingency Operation Plan

Asset Replacement Programme

Prevention Containment
Operational Readiness and Fast Response Business Continuity Management

Asset Security and Protection

Reliability & Quality - Power Delivery


Generators Mobilisation

Network Protection System

Remote Control and Monitoring Capability

Systemized Contingency Operation Plan

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Sharing SPs Expertise Overseas

CESC Limited, India

2010 Shanghai World Expo

2008 Beijing Olympics

2010 Guangzhou Asian Games World Cup 2010 Johannesburg, South Africa

Help Others to Make Dreams Come True


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Modes of Co-operation
Sharing of knowledge and experience at Utilities Companies Skills transfer for condition monitoring Singapore as the Training Centre for potential leaders and engineers

Seeing is Believing
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See You in Singapore

Tan Teck Lee


teckleetan@singaporepower.com.sg Telephone: (+65) 63788849
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