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AS/NZS 3651:1994

ISO 9542:1988

Australian/New Zealand Standard


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Information processing systems—


Telecommunications and
information exchange between
systems—End system to
intermediate system routing
exchange protocol for use in
conjunction with the protocol for
providing the connectionless-mode
network service
AS/NZS 3651:1994

This Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard was prepared by Joint Technical


Committee IT/1, Information Systems — Interconnection. It was approved on behalf
of the Council of Standards Australia on 12 October 1993 and on behalf of the
Council of Standards New Zealand on 26 July 1993. It was published on
17 January 1994.
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The following interests are represented on Committee IT/1:


Australian Association of Permanent Building Societies
Australian Bankers Association
Australian Bureau of Statistics
Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Australian Committee of Directors and Principals
Australian Computer Society
Australian Computer Users Association
Australian Information Industry Association
Australian Telecommunications Users Group
Australian Vice Chancellors Committee
Department of Defence, Australia
Department of Industry, Technology and Commerce, Australia
Information Exchange Steering Committee, Australia
Institute of Information and Communication Technologies, CSIRO, Australia
Life Insurance Federation of Australia
OPTUS Communications, Australia
Telecom Australia

Review of Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Joint Australian/


New Zealand Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the
issue of amendments or new editions as necessary. It is important therefore that
Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest edition, and any
amendments thereto.
Full details of all Joint Standards and related publications will be found in the Standards
Australia and Standards New Zealand Catalogue of Publications; this information is
supplemented each month by the magazines ‘The Australian Standard’ and ‘Standards
New Zealand’, which subscribing members receive, and which give details of new
publications, new editions and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards.
Suggestions for improvements to Joint Standards, addressed to the head office of either
Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand, are welcomed. Notification of any
inaccuracy or ambiguity found in a Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard should be
made without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action
taken.
AS/NZS 3651:1994

Australian/New Zealand Standard


This is a free 8 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

Information processing systems—


Telecommunications and
information exchange between
systems—End system to
intermediate system routing
exchange protocol for use in
conjunction with the protocol for
providing the connectionless-mode
network service

First published as Joint Standard AS/NZS 3651:1994.

PUBLISHED JOINTLY BY:

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA
1 The Crescent,
Homebush NSW 2140 Australia
STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND
Level 10, Standards House,
155 The Terrace,
Wellington 6001 New Zealand
ISBN 0 7262 8667 2
ii

PREFACE

This Standard was prepared by the Joint Australia/New Zealand Standards Committee IT/1, on
Information Systems— Interconnection. It is identical with, and has been reproduced from,
ISO 9542:1988, Information processing systems — Telecommunications and information exchange
between systems — End system to Intermediate system routeing exchange protocol for use in
conjunction with the Protocol for providing the connectionless-mode network service (ISO 8473) .
This Joint Standard is one of a series of Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Standards which are
currently under development. Since OSI Standards are developmental, there may be some minor
difficulties encountered in their implementation. For this reason, Standards Australia will be
providing, through the OSI Help Desk, a service to coordinate and disseminate information
concerning difficulties which are identified in using this Joint Standard.
Under arrangements made between Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand and the international
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Standards bodies, ISO and IEC, as well as certain other Standards organizations, users of this Joint
Standard are advised of the following:
(a) In Australia, copyright is vested in Standards Australia. In New Zealand, copyright is vested
in Standards New Zealand.
(b) The number of this Joint Standard is not reproduced on each page; its identity is shown only
on the cover and title pages.
For the purpose of this Joint Standard, the ISO/IEC text should be modified as follows:
(i) Terminology The words ‘Australian Standard’, ‘New Zealand Standard’ or ‘Joint
Australian/New Zealand Standard’ should replace the words ‘International Standard’ wherever
they appear.
(ii) References The references to International Standards should be replaced by references to the
following Australian/New Zealand Standards:
Reference to International Standard Australian/New Zealand Standard
or other Publication
ISO AS
7498 Information processing systems — 2777 Information processing systems —
Open systems interconnection— Open Systems Interconnection—
Basic reference model Basic reference model
7498/Add.1 Addendum 1: Connectionless- 2777 Supp1 Supplement 1: Connectionless-
mode transmission mode transmission
7498/Add.4 Addendum 4: OSI Management 2777.4 Part 4: Management framework
Framework
8208 Information processing systems — 3621 Information processing systems —
Data communications — X.25 Data communications — X .25
Packet Level Protocol for Data packet level protocol for data
Terminal Equipment terminal equipment

8348 Information processing systems — 2994 Information processing systems —


Data communications — Network Data communications— Network
Service Definition service definition (includes
8348/Add.1 Addendum 1: Connectionless- 8348/Add.1)
mode Transmission
8348/Add.2 Addendum 2: Network Layer 2994 Supp1 Supplement 1: Network layer
Addressing addressing
iii

ISO AS/NZS
8473 Information processing systems — 3682 Information processing systems —
Data communications —Protocol Data communications— Protocol
for providing the connectionless- for providing the connectionless-
mode Network Service mode network service
AS
8648 Information processing systems — 3622 Information processing systems —
Open Systems Interconnection— Open Systems Interconnection—
Internal organization of the Internal organization of the
Network layer network layer
8802 Information processing systems — 4802 Information processing systems —
Data communications — Local Local area networks
Area Networks
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CCITT
X.25 Interface Between Data Terminal —
Equipment (DTE) and Data
Circuit Terminating Equipment
(DCE) for Terminals Operating
in the Packet Mode and
Connected to Public Data
Networks by Dedicated Circuit

 Copyri ght STANDARDS AUSTRALIA/STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND


Users of Standards are reminded that copyright subsists in all Standards Austr alia and Standards New Zealand publications and
soft ware. Except where the Copyright Act allows and except where provided for below no publi cati ons or soft ware produced by
Standards Austr alia or Standards New Zealand may be reproduced, stored in a retr ieval system in any form or transmitt ed by any
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Up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard may be copied for use exclusively in-house by purchasers of
the Standard without payment of a royalt y or advice to Standards Australi a or Standards New Zealand.
Inclusion of copyright material in computer software programs is also permit ted wit hout royalty payment provided such
programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs.
Care should be taken to ensure that material used is fr om the curr ent editi on of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the
Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identif ied.
The use of materi al in pri nt form or in computer soft ware programs to be used commercially, with or wit hout payment, or in
commercial contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This poli cy may be vari ed by Standards Australi a or Standards
New Zealand at any time.
iv

CONTENTS

Page

0 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

1 Scope and Field of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

2 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

Section one: General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

3 Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
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4 Symbols and Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

5 Overview of the Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Section two: Specification of the protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

6 Protocol Functions .... .. ... .. ..... ..... ................. 7

7 Structure and Encoding of PDUs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

8 Conformance .... .. ... .. ..... ..... .................. .. 17

Annex A PICS Proformas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Annex B Supporting Technical Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Annex C State Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29


1

Information processing systems—


Telecommunications and information exchange
between systems— End system to intermediate
system routing exchange protocol for use in
conjunction with the protocol for providing the
connectionless-mode network service
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0 Introduction the one(s) to which the End System is directly


connected?
This International Standard is one of a set of Interna-
b) How do End Systems discover the existence and
tional Standards produced to facilitate the interconnec-
reachability of other End Systems on the same
tion of open systems. The set of standards covers the
subnetwork (when direct examination of the
services and protocols required to achieve such intercon-
destination NSAP address does not provide
nection.
information about the destination subnetwork
address)?
This International Standard is positioned with respect
to other related standards by the layers defined in c) How do Intermediate Systems discover the exis-
ISO 7498 and by the structure defined in ISO 8648. In tence and reachability of End Systems on each of
particular, it is a protocol of the Network Layer. This the subnetworks to which they are directly con-
International Standard permits End Systems and Inter- nected?
mediate Systems to exchange configuration and routeing
information to facilitate the operation of the routeing and d) How do End Systems decide which Intermediate
relaying functions of the Network Layer. System to use to forward NPDUs to a particular
destination when more than one Intermediate
The aspects of Network Layer routeing that are System is accessible?
concerned with communication between End Systems The protocol assumes that:
and Intermediate Systems on the same subnetwork are to
a great extent separable from the aspects that are con- a) routeing to a specified subnetwork point of attach-
cerned with communication among the Intermediate ment address (SNPA) on the same subnetwork is
Systems that connect multiple subnetworks. This pro- carried out satisfactorily by the subnetwork itself,
tocol addresses only the former aspects. It will be sig- but
nificantly enhanced by the cooperative operation of an
additional protocol that provides for the exchange of b) the subnetwork is not, however, capable of route-
routeing information among Intermediate Systems, but is ing on a global basis using the NSAP address
useful whether or not such an additional protocol is alone to achieve communication with a requested
available. destination. 1)
In addition, certain protocol functions assume that:
This International Standard is designed to operate in
close conjunction with ISO 8473 and its addenda. c) the subnetwork supports broadcast, multicast, or
other forms of multi-destination addressing for n-
This International Standard provides solutions for the way transmission.
following practical problems.
1)
a) How do End Systems discover the existence and Consequently, it is not possible to use Application Layer
reachability of Intermediate Systems that can route communication to carry out the functions of this International
NPDUs to destinations on subnetworks other than Standard.

COPYRIGHT
2

The protocol is connectionless, and is designed to: This International Standard does not specify any
protocol elements or algorithms for facilitating routeing
minimize the amount of a priori state information and relaying among Intermediate Systems. Such
needed by End Systems before they can begin to functions are intentionally beyond the scope of this
communicate with other End Systems; International Standard.

minimize the amount of memory needed to store


routeing information in end systems; and 2 References

minimize the computational complexity of End ISO 7498, Information processing systems — Open
System routeing algorithms. systems interconnection — Basic reference model.

ISO 7498/Add.1, Information processing systems —


1 Scope and Field of Application Open systems interconnection — Basic reference model.
ADDENDUM 1: Connectionless-mode transmission.
This International Standard specifies a protocol which is
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ISO 7498/Add.4, Information processing systems —


used by Network Layer entities operating ISO 8473 in
Open systems interconnection — Basic reference model.
End Systems and Intermediate Systems (referred to
ADDENDUM 4: OSI Management Framework.
herein as ES and IS respectively) to maintain routeing
information. The Protocol herein described relies upon
ISO 8208, Information processing systems — Data
the provision of a connectionless-mode underlying
communications — X.25 Packet Level Protocol for Data
service. 1)
Terminal Equipment.
This International Standard specifies:
ISO 8348, Information processing systems — Data
communications — Network Service Definition.
a) procedures for the transmission of configuration
and routeing information between Network entities ISO 8348/Add.1, Information processingsystems — Data
residing in End Systems and Network entities communications — Network Service Definition.
residing in Intermediate Systems; ADDENDUM 1: Connectionless-mode Transmission.
b) the encoding of the protocol data units used for ISO 8348/Add.2, Information processingsystems — Data
the transmission of the configuration and routeing communications — Network Service Definition.
information; ADDENDUM 2: Network Layer Addressing.

c) procedures for the correct interpretation of ISO 8473, Information processing systems — Data
protocol control information; and communications — Protocol for providing the connec-
tionless-mode Network Service.
d) the functional requirements for implementations
claiming conformance to this International Stan- ISO 8648, Information processing systems — Open
dard. Systems Interconnection — Internal organization of the
Network layer.
The procedures are defined in terms of:
ISO 8802, Information processing systems — Data
a) the interactions between End System and Inter- communications — Local Area Networks.
mediate System Network entities through the
exchange of protocol data units; and CCITT X.25, Interface Between Data Terminal
Equipment (DTE) and Data Circuit Terminating
b) the interactions between a Network entity and an Equipment (DCE) for Terminals Operating in the Packet
underlying service provider through the exchange Mode and Connected to Public Data Networks by
of subnetwork service primitives. Dedicated Circuit, 1985.

1)
See Clause 8 of ISO 8473 for the mechanisms necessary to realize
this service on subnetworks based on ISO 8208 and ISO 8802.

COPYRIGHT
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AS/NZS 3651:1994, Information processing


systems - Telecommunications and information
exchange between systems - End system to
This is a free 8 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

intermediate system routing exchange protocol for


use in conjunction with the protocol for providing
the connectionless-mode network service

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