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AS/NZS 60998.

1:1998
IEC 60998-1:1990

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Australian/New Zealand Standard


Connecting devices for low voltage circuits for household and similar purposes Part 1: General requirements

AS/NZS 60998.1:1998 This Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard was prepared by Joint Technical Committee EL/4, Electrical Accessories. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 11 August 1997 and on behalf of the Council of Standards New Zealand on 28 November 1997. It was published on 5 January 1998.

The following interests are represented on Committee EL/4:


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Australasian Railway Association Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry Australian Electrical and Electronic Manufacturers Association Consumer Electronics Suppliers Association Electricity Supply Association of Australia Ministry of Commerce New Zealand National Electrical Contractors Association of Australia New Zealand Manufacturers Federation Plastics and Chemicals Industries Association Incorporated Regulatory authorities (electrical) Telarc New Zealand Testing interests

Review of Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Joint Australian/ New Zealand Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editions as necessary. It is important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest edition, and any amendments thereto. Full details of all Joint Standards and related publications will be found in the Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand Catalogue of Publications; this information is supplemented each month by the magazines The Australian Standard and Standards New Zealand, which subscribing members receive, and which give details of new publications, new editions and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards. Suggestions for improvements to Joint Standards, addressed to the head office of either Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand, are welcomed. Notification of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in a Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard should be made without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 94356.

AS/NZS 60998.1:1998

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Australian/New Zealand Standard


Connecting devices for low voltage circuits for household and similar purposes Part 1: General requirements

First published as AS/NZS 60998.1:1998.

PUBLISHED JOINTLY BY: STANDARDS AUSTRALIA 1 The Crescent, Homebush NSW 2140 Australia STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND Level 10, Radio New Zealand House, 155 The Terrace, Wellington 6001 New Zealand
ISBN 0 7337 1520 6

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PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Joint Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand Committee EL/4, Electrical Accessories. The objective of this Standard is to provide general requirements for various designs of low voltage connecting devices. Particular requirements for these designs are provided in the appropriate Part 2 document. This Standard is technically equivalent to, and reproduced from, IEC 60998-1:1990, Connecting devices for low voltage circuits for household and similar purposes, Part 1: General requirements. This Standard is Part 1 of a series dealing with connecting devices for low voltage circuits. The series consists of the following:
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Connecting devices for low voltage circuits for household and similar purposes Part 1: Part 2.1: Part 2.2: Part 2.3: Part 2.4: General requirements Particular requirements for connecting devices as separate entities with screw-type clamping units Particular requirements for connecting devices as separate entities with screwless-type clamping units Particular requirements for connecting devices as separate entities with insulation piercing clamping units Particular requirements for twist-on connecting devices

Each Standard in Part 2 is intended to be used in conjunction with Part 1, so as to convert that part into the complete Standard for that specific device. Where a particular clause of Part 1 is not mentioned in Part 2, that clause applies as far as is reasonable. Where Part 2 states addition, modification or replacement, the relevant requirements in Part 1 should be adapted accordingly. A number of variations have been made in this Standard to the requirements of IEC 60998-1:1990. These variations, which are necessary for Australian/New Zealand requirements, are listed in Annex ZZ and are indicated in the text by a marginal bar set adjacent to the varied text. As this Standard is reproduced from an international Standard, the following applies: (a) (b) (c) (d) Its number does not appear on each page of text and its identity is shown only on the cover and title page. In the source text this International Standard should read this Australian/New Zealand Standard. A full point substitutes for a comma when referring to a decimal marker. The references to International Standards should be replaced by references, where appropriate, to the following Australian or Joint Australian/New Zealand Standards: Australian or Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 4695 Fire hazard testing of electrotechnical products 4695.112 Part 112: Method for determining the comparative and the proof-tracking indices of solid insulating materials under moist conditions

Reference to International Standard IEC 112 Method for determining the comparative and the proof-tracking indices of solid insulating materials under moist conditions

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IEC 228 364 Conductors of insulated cables Electrical installations of buildings AS 3000 Electrical installations Buildings, structures and premises (known as the SAA Wiring Rules) Degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment (IP Code)

529

Classification of degrees of protection provided by enclosures Insulation co-ordination within lowvoltage systems, including clearances and creepage distances for equipment. First supplement Fire hazard testing

1939

664A

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695

AS/NZS 4695 Fire hazard testing of electrotechnical products 4695.2.11 Part 2.11: Test methods Glowwire end-product test and guidance 4695.2.2 Part 2.2: Test methods Needleflame test AS 1192 Electroplated coatings Nickel and chromium

695-2 Part 2: Test methods 695-2-1 Section 1: Glow-wire test and guidance 695-2-2 Section 2: Needle-flame test ISO 1456 2039 2039-2 2081 2093

Metallic coatings Electroplated coatings of nickel plus chromium Plastics Determination of hardness Part 2: Rockwell hardness Metallic coatings Electroplated coatings of zinc on iron or steel Electroplated coatings of tin Specific and test methods

1789 4169 Electroplated coatings Zinc on iron or steel Electroplated coatings Tin and tin alloys

Copyright

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA/ STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND

Users of Standards are reminded that copyright subsists in all Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand publications and software. Except where the Copyright Act allows and except where provided for below no publications or software produced by Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system in any form or transmitted by any means without prior permission in writing from Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand. Permission may be conditional on an appropriate royalty payment. Australian requests for permission and information on commercial software royalties should be directed to the head office of Standards Australia. New Zealand requests should be directed to Standards New Zealand. Up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard may be copied for use exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand. Inclusion of copyright material in computer software programs is also permitted without royalty payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs. Care should be taken to ensure that material used is from the current edition of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identified. The use of material in print form or in computer software programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in commercial contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be varied by Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand at any time.

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CONTENTS
Page
Clause

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Normative references . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General notes on tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Main characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Classification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Protection against electric shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Connection of conductors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Resistance to ageing, to humidity conditions, to ingress of solid objects and to harmful ingress of water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Insulation resistance and electric strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mechanical strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Temperature rise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Resistance to heat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Creepage distances, clearances and distances through sealing compound . . . Resistance of insulating material to abnormal heat and fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Resistance of insulating material to tracking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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1 1 2 3 3 4 4 5 6 7 7 8 10 12 15 17 18 19 20

FIGURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ANNEXES (informative) A Schematic presentation of connecting devices as a basis for the definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Approximate relationships between conductors of cross-sectional areas in mm 2 and AWG sizes as used in North America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Variations to IEC 60998-1:1990 for Australian/New Zealand conditions (normative) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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ZZ

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1 AUSTRALIAN/NEW ZEALAND STANDARD

CONNECTING DEVICES FOR LOW VOLTAGE CIRCUITS FOR HOUSEHOLD AND SIMILAR PURPOSES

Part 1: General requirements

Scope This standard applies to connecting devices as separate entities for the connection of two or more electrical copper conductors (complying with IEC Publication 228) rigid (solid or stranded) or flexible, having a cross-sectional area of 0,5 mm 2 up to and including 35 mm 2 and equivalent AWG conductors with a rated voltage not exceeding 1 000 V a.c. up to and including 1 000 Hz and 1 500 V d.c. where electrical energy is used for household and similar purposes. Connecting devices complying with this standard shall not require the use of special tools, other than for twist-on connecting devices. This standard contains the general requirements to be used together with the Parts 2, containing detailed particular requirements.

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Normative references The following standards contain provisions which, through reference in this text, form an integral part of this publication. At the time of publication, the editions indicated were valid. All standards are subject to revision, and product committees using this publication are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the standards listed below. Members of IEC and ISO maintain registers of currently valid International Standards.

IEC publications quoted:


112 (1979): Method for determining the comparative and the proof-tracking indices of solid insulating materials under moist conditions. Conductors of insulated cables. Electrical installations of buildings. Classification of degrees of protection provided by enclosures. Insulation co-ordination within low-voltage systems, including clearances and creepage distances for equipment. First supplement. Fire hazard testing. Part 2: Test methods. Glow-wire test and guidance.

228 (1978): 364: 529 (1989) 664A (1981):

695: 695-2-1 (1980):

COPYRIGHT

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AS/NZS 60998.1:1998, Connecting devices for low voltage circuits for household and similar purposes General requirements

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