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Monolythic Crystal Filters

Filter Characteristics
Critical to the understanding of filter behavior is a definition of the vocabulary of the most frequently used terms and familiarity with the typical filter amplitude frequency response curve, (fig. 1). Center Frequency (F0) The frequency between the high and low cut off frequencies of a filter. Bandwith (BW) The difference between two cut off frequencies at a specified attenuation level (3dB or 6dB). Attenuation Reduction of signal in transmission through a filter. (Attenuation is usually indicated in decibels dB). Decibel Unit that shows the ratio between two powers, two voltages or two currents. Insertion Loss Power loss of the filter in the passband (in dB). Zero dB reference shall be the point of maximum output of the filter unless it is specified otherwise. Termination Impedance A value to terminate the filter input/output. It is generally expressed by resistance with parallel to capacitance which contains stray capacitance.

Insertion Loss = 10 Log Pin Pout


Load Impedance (Output termination) The impedance connected to the output terminals of the filter in order to achieve the proper response. Spurious Mode Unwanted responses that occur in the filter due to resonant frequncies of the crystal other than the fundamental frequency.

(10 Log P1 , 20 Log V1 or 20 Log I1 ) V2 P2 I2


Shape Factor Ratio of bandwidths at two different levels of attenuation. Ripple Is the difference between the passband maximum value and minimum loss.

FREQUENCY IN KHz
190 0 3dB 10 F1 PASSBAND BANDWIDTH EQUALS F2-F1 BW1 F2 RIPPLE F0 = F2 + F1 2 200 210 220 INSERTION LOSS 230

ATTENUATION (DECIBELS)

20

30

40

STOPBAND BW2

SPURIOUS RESPONSE

50 SHAPE FACTOR 60 ATTENUATION PEAK 70 BW2 BW1

fo

The pulse of progress

Monolythic Crystal Filters


type 10K7A 10K7.5A 10K15A 10K6B 10K7.5B 10K7.5B1 10K15B 21K15A 21K7.5B 21K15B1 center Fr (MHz) 10.695 10.700 10.700 10.700 10.700 10.695 10.700 21.400 21.400 21.400 No. of poles 2 2 2 4 4 4 4 2 4 4 holder type 49U or 49T 49T 49T 2 x 49T 2 x 49T 2 x 49T 2 x 49T UM1 or UM5 2x(UM1 or UM5) passband width (min) 6 dB 3.5 KHz 3 dB 7.5 KHz 3 dB 3.0 KHz stopband width(max) 20 dB 10 KHz 18 dB 25 KHz 40 dB 10 KHz insertion loss (max) 2 dB 2 dB 2 dB 3 dB 2 dB 2 dB 2 dB 2 dB 2 dB 2 dB passband coupling ripple (max) capacitance 1 dB 1 dB 1 dB 1 dB 1 dB 1 dB 1 dB 1 dB 1 dB 24 pF 15 pF 15 pF 5.5 pF 20 pF 5 pF termination impedance 1 k//11.5 pF 1.5 k//5.5 pF 3 k//2.5 pF 1 k//8.5 pF 1.5 k//3.5 pF 1.5 k//3.5 pF 3 k//1.5 pF 1.5 k//3.5 pF 900//5.4 pF 1.5 k//2.5 pF

3 dB 3.75 KHz 18 dB 12.5 KHz

3 dB 3.75 KHz 40 dB 12.5 KHz 3 dB 3.75 KHz 40 dB 12.5 KHz 3 dB 7.5 KHz 3 dB 7.5 KHz 3 dB 7.5 KHz 40 dB 25 KHz 18 dB 25 KHz 40 dB 14 KHz 40 dB 25 KHz

2x(UM1 or UM5) 3 dB 3.75 KHz

HC49/U Resistance Weld


11.1 max.

HC49/T Resistance Weld


11.1 max.

UM1 Resistance Weld

UM5 Resistance Weld

7.8 max. 13.5 max. 7.8 max. 11.20 max. 8.0 max. 5.8 max. 3.1 max. 0.35 3.1 max. 3.750.2 12.7 min.

20.0 min.

20.0 min.

4.65 max.

4.65 max.

4.880.2

4.880.2

3.1 max. 4.7 max. 4.7 max.

0.43 0.43

in mm

in mm

in mm

in mm

The pulse of progress

Filters

0.35

3.1 max.

3.750.2

12.7 min.