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Prof. Constantino Tsallis Lecture:

Nonextensive Statistical Mechanics

Date 14 March 2012 (Wednesday) 13:30- Place Sony Computer Science Labolatories / 3F – large meeting room Access Access - Sony Computer Science Laboratories, Inc.



Prof. Constantino Tsallis Department of Theoretical Physics, Head Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas National Institute of Science and Technology for Complex Systems, Head


working in Rio de Janeiro at CBPF, Brazil. He was born in Greece, and grew up in Argentina, where he studied physics at Instituto Balseiro, in Bariloche. In 1974 he received a Doctorat d'Etat et Sciences Physiques degree from the University of Paris-Orsay. He moved to Brazil in 1975 with his family (his wife and daughter). Tsallis is credited with introducing the notion of what is known as Tsallis entropy and Tsallis statistics in his 1988 seminal paper "Possible generalization of Boltzmann–Gibbs statistics" published in the Journal of Statistical Physics, vol. 52, pp. 479–487. The generalization is considered to be one of the most viable and applicable candidates for formulating a theory of non- extensive thermodynamics. The resulting theory is not intended to replace Boltzmann–Gibbs statistics, but rather supplement it, such as in the case of anomalous systems characterised by non-ergodicity or metastable states. One of the most impressive experimental verifications of the predictions of q-statistics concerns cold atoms in dissipative optical lattices. Eric Lutz made an analytical prediction in 2003 which was verified in 2006 by a London team. Tsallis conjectured in 1999 (Brazilian Journal of Physics 29, 1; Figure 4):

Constantino Tsallis (Greek:


b. 1943)

That a longstanding quasi-stationary state (QSS) was expected in LONG-range interacting Hamiltonian systems (one of the core problems of statistical mechanics). This was quickly verified by many groups around the world. That this QSS should be described by q-statistics instead of Boltzmann–Gibbs statistics. This was verifed in June 2007 by Pluchino, Rapisarda and Tsallis (in the last figure, instead of the celebrated Maxwellian (Gaussian) distribution of velocities (valid for SHORT-range interactions), one sees a q-Gaussian). These results establish that the q-entropy provides verifiable predictions from first principles as a generalization of Boltzmann–Gibbs entropy for certain classes of phenomena.

Lecture I: “Introduction to nonextensive statistical mechanics” (90 minutes)

This is a lecture talk on nonextensive statistical physics for non specialists of statistical physics.

After briefly reviewing the basic concepts of the celebrated Boltzmann-Gibbs statistical mechanics,

we shall introduce why and how the standard entropy needs to be generalized into nonadditive forms.

We shall also show how the Fourier transform and its inverse, the Central Limit Theorem,

the Levy distributions, and the large-deviation theory are consistently generalized.


(i) C. Tsallis, ”Introduction to Nonextensive Statistical Mechanics - Approaching a Complex World” (Springer, 2009);

15:20-16:20 Prof. Constantino Tsallis

CBPF (Brazillian Physics Research Center)

“Recent topics of nonextensive statistical mechanics” (60 minutes)

In this talk we shall briefly review frontier topics of nonextensive statistical physics.

Predictions, verifications and applications for natural, artificial and social systems will be focused on.

Topics will include from elementary particles (recent experiments by the Collaborations CMS,

ALICE and ATLAS at LHC/CERN and Collaboration PHENIX at RHIC/ Brookhaven),

low temperature phenomena, turbulence to econophysics, medical applications,

and nonlinear generalizations of Schroedinger, Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations.


(i) J. S. Andrade Jr., G.F.T. da Silva, A.A. Moreira, F.D. Nobre and E.M.F. Curado,

Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 260601 (2010);

J. S. Andrade, Jr., G. F. T. da Silva, A. A. Moreira, F. D. Nobre, E. M. F. Curado

Thermostatistics of Overdamped Motion of Interacting Particles Physical Review Letters 105, 260601 (2010)




F.D. Nobre, M.A. Rego-Monteiro and C. Tsallis,


Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 140601(2011);



D. Nobre, M. A. Rego-Monteiro, C. Tsallis Nonlinear Relativistic and Quantum


Equations with a Common Type of Solution Physical Review Letters 106, 140601




(iii) J. Ludescher, C. Tsallis and A. Bunde,


”Universal behaviour of interoccurrence times between losses in financial markets:


An analytical description”,

Europhys. Lett. 95, 68002 (2011).

Prof. Tsallis Library:Nonextensive Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics http://tsallis.cat.cbpf.br/biblio.htm

The following papers were referred in the above series of lectures.

Part I: Non-extensive versus Extensive: Introduction to nonextensive statistical mechanics ; weak chaos, small lyapunov exponent (?), non-ergodic (?)

(1) C. Tsallis, M. Gell-Mann, Y. Sato Proceedings of the National Asymptotically scale- invariant occupancy of phase space makes the entropy Sq extensive Academy of Sciences (USA) 102, 15377-15382 (2005)

systems with classical thermodynamics Physical Review E 78, 021102 (2008)

Part II: Central Limit Theorem (3) S. Umarov, C. Tsallis, M. Gell-Mann, S. Steinberg Generalization of symmetric

alpha-stable Lévy distributions for q>1 Journal of Mathematical Physics 51, 033502




(4) G.L. Ferri, M.F. R. Savio, A. Plastino Tsallis' q-triplet and the ozone layer Physica A 389, 1829-1833 (2010)

(5) S. Umarov, C. Tsallis, S. Steinberg On a q-Central Limit Theorem consistent with

nonextensive statistical mechanics Milan Journal of Mathematics 76, 307–328 (2008)


Part III: Large Deviation Theorem (6) R. Hanel, S. Thurner When do generalized entropies apply? How phase space

volume determines entropy Europhysics Letters 96, 50003(2011)

(7) P. Tempesta Group entropies, correlation laws, and zeta functions Physical Review E 84, 021121 (2011)

Part IV: Predictions and Verifications (8) J. S. Andrade, Jr., G. F. T. da Silva, A. A. Moreira, F. D. Nobre, E. M. F. Curado Thermostatistics of Overdamped Motion of Interacting Particles Physical Review Letters 105, 260601 (2010)

(9) M. S. Ribeiro, F. D. Nobre, E. M. F. Curado Time evolution of interacting vortices

under overdamped motion Physical Review E 85, 021146 (2012)

(10) P. Douglas, S. Bergamini, and F. Renzoni Tunable Tsallis distributions in

dissipative optical lattices Physical Review Letters 96, 110601 (2006)

(11) B. Liu and J. Goree Superdiffusion and non-Gaussian statistics in a driven- dissipative 2D dusty plasma Physical Review Letters 100, 055003 (2008)

Classical Buffer Gas Physical Review Letters 102, 063001(2009)

(13) R.M. Pickup, R. Cywinski, C. Pappas, B. Farago, P. Fouquet Generalized spin- glass relaxation Physical Review Letters 102, 097202 (2009)

(* many people thought that spin glass was governed by boltzman-gibbs)

(14) C. Vignat, A. Plastino, A. R. Plastino, J. S. Dehesa Quantum potentials with q- Gaussian ground states Physica A 391, 1068-1073 (2012)

(15) Mohanalin, Beenamol, Prem Kumar Kalra, Nirmal Kumar A novel automatic

microcalcification detection technique using Tsallis entropy & a type II fuzzy index Computers and Mathematics with Applications; 60, 2426-2432 (2010)


(16) Sotolongo-Grau, D. Rodríguez-Pérez, J. C. Antoranz, Oscar Sotolongo-Costa Tissue Radiation Response with Maximum Tsallis Entropy Physical Review Letters 105, 158105 (2010)

(17) V. Khachatryan et al, (CMS Collaboration) Transverse-momentum and

2.36TeV Journal of High Energy Physics 02, 041 (2010)

nonextensive-statistical-mechanics q-exponential function Journal of Mathematical Physics 51, 063304 (2010)

(*new formulae of dirac delta and pi; pi's finite series representation) (19) M. Jauregui, C. Tsallis q-Generalization of the inverse Fourier transform Physics Letters A 375, 2085–2088 (2011)

(20) M. Jauregui, C. Tsallis, E. M. F. Curado q-moments remove the degeneracy

associated with the inversion of the q-Fourier transform Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment 11, 1742-5468 (2011)

(21) F. D. Nobre, M. A. Rego-Monteiro, C. Tsallis Nonlinear Relativistic and Quantum

Equations with a Common Type of Solution Physical Review Letters 106, 140601


(* a fantastic result)