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241

4.16 EXERCCIOS pg. 159




1. Determinar a equao da reta tangente s seguintes curvas, nos pontos indicados.
Esboar o grfico em cada caso.

(a) ( )
x
x f
1
= ; . 3 ,
3
1
= = x x

2
1
) ( ) (
x
x f x m

= =

Considerando
3
1
= x ,
9
9
1
1
3
1
1
3
1
2
=
|

\
|

=
|

\
|

=
|

\
|
m .
3
3
1
/ = = y x p .
Assim,
3 9 3
3
1
9 3
+ =
|

\
|
=
x y
x y

0 6 9 = + y x


Considerando 3 = x ,
9
1
3
1
) 3 (
2

= m
3
1
3 / = = y x p

0 6 9
3 3 9
) 3 (
9
1
3
1
= +
+ =

=
y x
x y
x y


Segue o grfico:

242
-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 4 5
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
4
x
f (x)



(b) ( )
a x
x f

=
1
, } 4 , 2 { R a ; . 4 , 2 = = x x

Temos que:
.
) (
1
) ( ) (
2
a x
x f x m

= =

Para 2 = x temos:
2
) 2 (
1
) 2 (
1
) 2 (
2
a
a
m
+

= .

a a
y x p
+

=

= =
2
1
2
1
2 /
Assim,
. 0 4 ) 2 (
2 2 ) 2 (
) 2 (
) 2 (
1
2
1
2
2
2
= + + + +
= + + +
+
+

=
+
+
a y a x
x a y a
x
a a
y



Para 4 = x temos:
2
) 4 (
1
) 4 (
a
m

=

a
y x p

= =
4
1
4 /
243
Assim,
. 0 8 ) 4 (
4 ) 4 ( ) 4 (
) 4 (
) 4 (
1
4
1
2
2
2
= + +
+ =

a y a x
x a y a
x
a a
y


Segue o grfico:
-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 4 5
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
4
x
f (x)
Usando a = 3



(c) ( ) x x f 2 = ; . 0 , , 3 , 0 > = = = a a x x x
Temos que:
.
1
) ( ) (
x
x f x m = =

Para 0 = x , temos
=

+
+ +

x
x
x
f x f
x x
0 2
lim
) 0 ( ) 0 (
lim
0 0

Portanto, usando 4.1.2, segue que 0 = x a equao da reta tangente.

Para 3 = x temos:
3
1
) 3 ( = m e
3 2 3 / = = y x p .
Assim,
244
0 3 3
3 6 3
) 3 (
3
1
3 2
= +
=
=
y x
x y
x y



Para a x = temos:
( )
a
a m
1
= e
. 0 , 2 / > = = a a y a x p
Assim,
( )
. 0 2
1
2
= + =
=
a y a x ou a x a y a
a x
a
a y

Segue o grfico.
-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 4 5
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
4
x
f (x)
Usando a=1/2



2. Encontrar a equao da reta tangente curva , 1
3
= x y que seja perpendicular reta
. x y =

2
3 ) ( x x m =

245
A declividade da reta dada 1 = m . Assim a declividade da perpendicular reta x y =
ser 1 = m . Temos,

3
1
3
1
1 3
2
2
=
=
=
x
x
x



1
3
1
3
1
/
3
|

\
|
= = y x p
0 2 3 3 3 3 3 3
3 3 3 . 3 3 1 3 3
3
1
1 1
3 3
1
=
= +
|

\
|
= +
y x
x y
x y


1
3
1
3
1
/
3
|

\
|
=

= y x p
. 0 2 3 3 3 3 3 3
3 3 3 3 3 1 3 3
3
1
1 1
3 3
1
= +
+ = + +
|

\
|
+ = + +
y x
x y
x y



3. A posio de uma partcula que se move no eixo dos x depende do tempo de acordo
com a equao , 3 ) (
3 2
t t t x = em que x vem expresso em metros e t em segundos.
(a) Qual o seu deslocamento depois dos primeiros 4 segundos?
. 16 64 16 . 3 4 4 . 3 ) 4 (
3 ) (
3 2
3 2
m x
t t t x
= = =
=

(b) Qual a velocidade da partcula ao terminar cada um dos 4 primeiros segundos?
2 '
3 6 ) ( ) ( t t t x t v = =
246
. 24 16 . 3 4 . 6 ) 4 (
9 9 . 3 3 . 6 ) 3 (
0 4 . 3 2 . 6 ) 2 (
3 3 6 ) 1 (
0 ) 0 (
s m v
s m v
s m v
s m v
s m v
= =
= =
= =
= =
=

(c) Qual a acelerao da partcula em cada um dos 4 primeiros segundos?
. 18 4 . 6 6 ) 4 (
12 3 . 6 6 ) 3 (
6 2 . 6 6 ) 2 (
0 6 6 ) 1 (
6 ) 0 (
6 6 ) ( ) (
2
2
2
2
2
'
s m a
s m a
s m a
s m a
s m a
t t v t a
= =
= =
= =
= =
=
= =



4. Um corpo cai livremente partindo do repouso. Calcule sua posio e sua velocidade
depois de decorridos 1 e 2 segundos. (Da Fsica, use a equao gt
2
1
- t v y
2
0
= para
determinar a posio y do corpo, onde
0
v a velocidade inicial e
2
m/s 9,8 g ).
s m
v
m y
y
s m v
t gt v
dt
dy
v
m y
gt t v y
o
o
6 , 19
2 . 8 , 9 0 ) 2 (
6 , 19 ) 2 (
4 . 8 , 9 .
2
1
0 ) 2 (
8 , 9 1 . 8 , 9 0 ) 1 (
8 , 9 0
9 , 4 1 . 8 . 9 .
2
1
0 ) 1 (
2
1
2
=
=
=
=
= =
= = =
= =
=


Nos exerccios de 5 a 42 calcular a derivada.
247
5.
10 2
) 3 7 3 ( 10 ) ( + = x x x f
) 7 6 ( ) 3 7 3 ( 100 ) (
9 2
+ + = x x x x f .

6.
3 2
) (
1
) ( ax bx
a
x f + =
) 2 ( ) ( 3 .
1
) (
2 2
a bx ax bx
a
x f + + = .

7.
4 7 2
) 1 3 ( ) 6 7 ( ) ( + = t t t t f
[ ] ) 6 14 ( ) 1 3 ( 7 ) 6 7 ( 12 ) 1 3 ( ) 6 7 (
) 6 14 ( ) 6 7 ( ) 1 3 ( 7 ) 1 3 ( ) 6 7 ( 12
) 6 14 ( ) 6 7 ( 7 . ) 1 3 ( 3 . ) 1 3 ( . 4 . ) 6 7 ( ) (
2 3 6 2
6 2 4 3 7 2
6 2 4 3 7 2
+ + + + =
+ + + + =
+ + + + =
t t t t t t t
t t t t t t t
t t t t t t t t f


8.
3
2
3 2
1 7
) (
|

\
|
+
+
=
t
t
t f
4 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
2
2 2
2
2
2
) 3 2 (
) 21 4 14 ( ) 1 7 ( 3
) 3 2 (
4 28 21 14
.
) 3 2 (
) 1 7 (
3
) 3 2 (
) 4 ( ) 1 7 ( 7 ) 3 2 (
.
3 2
1 7
3 ) (
+
+ +
=
+
+
+
+
=
+
+ +
|

\
|
+
+
=
t
t t t
t
t t t
t
t
t
t t t
t
t
t f


9. ( )
3
2
2
2 6 3 ) ( + = x x x f
3 2
3
1
2
2 6 3
) 1 ( 4
) 6 6 ( ) 2 6 3 (
3
2
) (
+
+
=
+ + =

x x
x
x x x x f

248

10.
1 3
2
) (

=
x
x
x f
1 3 ) 1 3 (
2 3
1 3
) 1 3 ( 3 1 3 2
1 3
3 . ) 1 3 (
2
1
. 2 2 . 1 3
) (
2
1
2
1

x x
x
x
x x x
x
x x x
x f


11.
1
1 2
) (

+
=
t
t
t f
2
1
2
3
2
2
1
2
2
1
2
2
1
) 1 2 ( ) 1 (
1
.
2
3
) 1 (
3
.
1 2
1
2
1
) 1 (
1 2 2 2
.
1 2
1
2
1
) 1 (
1 . ) 1 2 ( 2 . ) 1 (
.
1
1 2
2
1
) (
+

\
|
+

\
|
+

+
|

\
|

+
=

t t
t t
t
t
t t
t
t
t
t t
t
t
x f


12.
x
e x f

==
3
3
1
) (
) 1 (
3
1
) (
3
=
x
e x f

13.
6 3
2
2 ) (
+
=
x
x f
249
2 ln . ) 6 6 ( . 2 ) (
6 3
2
+ =
+
x x f
x x

14. ( )
s
e s s s f
3
3
2
2 1 6 7 ) (

+ + =
s
s
e s s s
e s s s s f
3 2 2
3 2 2
6 ) 6 14 ( ) 1 6 7 ( 3
) 3 ( . 2 ) 6 14 ( ) 1 6 7 ( 3 ) (

+ + =
+ + + =

15. ( ) t t e t f
t
5 ) (
2 2 /
+ =
(

+ + =
(

+ + + =
+ + + =
5
2
9
2
1
.
2
5
2
1
5 2 . ) (
) 5 (
2
1
) 5 2 .( ) (
2
2
2
2
2
2 2
t t e
t t t e t f
t t e t e t f
t
t
t t

16. ( ) 4 2 log ) (
2
+ = x x f
e
x
x f
2
log .
4 2
2
) (
+
=

17. 1 log ) (
3
+ = s s f
) 1 ( 2
log
1 . 1
log
.
2
1
log .
1
) 1 (
2
1
) (
3
3
3
2
1
+
=
+ +
=
+
+
=

s
e
s s
e
e
s
s
s f

18.
|

\
|
+ =
2
1 1
ln ) (
x x
x f
250
) 1 (
2
1
.
2
1
2
1 1
2 1
) (
2
3
2
3
2
3 2
+

=
+

=
+

=
+

=
x x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x x
x x
x f

19.
x x
x
b
a
x f
6 3
3
2
) (

=
[ ]
) 6 3 (
3 3
) 6 3 ( 2
3 3 6 3
) 6 3 ( 2
6 3 3 3 6 3
2
2
2
2
2 2
ln ) 6 6 ( ) (ln 3
ln ) 6 6 ( ln 3
ln ) 6 6 ( . . ln . 3 . .
) (
x x
x x
x x
x x x x
x x
x x x x x x
b
b x a a a
b
b x a a a b
b
b x b a a a b
x f



=

=

=

20. ( )
1
2
1 2 ) (

+ =
t
t t f
2 . ) 1 ( ) 1 2 ( 2 . ) 1 2 ( ln . ) 1 2 ( ) (
2 2 1
2 2
+ + + + =

t t t t t t f
t t

21.
) ln(
) (
2
1
) (
bs a
bs a s f
+
+ =
[ ]
bs a
bs a bs a b
bs a
b bs a bs a bs a bs a b
b bs a bs a
bs a
b
bs a bs a s f
bs a
bs a bs a
bs a bs a
+
+ +
=
+
+ + + + +
=
+ + +
+
+ + =
+
+ +
+ +
) ( ln . ) (
) ( 2
. ) ( . ) ( ln ) ( ln . ) (
. ) ( . ) ( ln
2
1
). ( ln . ) (
2
1
) (
) ( ln
) ( ln ) ( ln
1 ) ( ln ) ( ln

22. ( ) u u f = 2 cos ) (
|

\
|
+ = u sen u f
2
) (


23. 2 . cos 2 ) (
2
sen f =
251
2 2
2 2
2 4 2 cos cos 4
2 . ) ( . 2 . 2 2 . 2 cos . cos 2 ) (


sen sen
sen sen f
=
+ =

24. ) 6 3 ( ) (
2 3
x x sen x f + =
) 6 6 ( . ) 6 3 ( cos . ) 6 3 ( 3 ) (
2 2 2
+ + + = x x x x x sen x f
25. x x tg x f + + = ) 1 2 ( 3 ) (
x
x
x x x f
2
1
) 1 2 ( sec 6
2
1
2 . ) 1 2 ( sec 3 ) (
2
2 / 1 2
+ + =
+ + =


26.
x
x
x f
2
sec 3
) ( =
2
2 2
2
2
sec 3 sec 6
sec 3 . sec . sec . 2 . 3 .
) (
x
x x tg x x
x
x x tg x x x
x f

=

27. x e x f
x
3 cos ) (
2
=
] 3 3 3 cos 2 [
3 cos 2 3 3
2 . . 3 cos 3 . 3 ) (
2
2 2
2 2
x sen x e
x e x sen e
e x x sen e x f
x
x x
x x
=
+ =
+ =

28.
3 2
cos ) ( ec f =
3 3 2 2
2 3 3 3
cot . sec cos 6
3 . cot ) sec cos ( sec cos 2 ) (


g
g f
=
=

29. bx a x f cos ) ( =
x b
x b sen ab
b x b sen x b a x f
cos 2
. ) ( ) (cos
2
1
. ) (
2 / 1

=
=


252
30.
2
) ( ) ( u tg u u f =
u tg u u tg u u
u tg u u u tg u u f
2 2 2
2
2 . sec 2
] sec . [ . ) ( 2 ) (
+ =
+ =

31. 0 , ) (
cot
> = a a f
g

) cos ( . ln . ) (
2 cot


sc a a f
g
=
32.
2
) ( ) ( x sen arc x f =
2
1
1
) ( 2 ) (
x
x sen arc x f

=
33. t arc t t f 3 cos ) ( =
1 . 3 cos
9 1
3
) (
2
t arc
t
t t f +

=
34. ) ( cos ) ( t sen arc t f =
1
cos
cos
1
cos
) (
2
=

=
t
t
t sen
t
t f

35. x arc x f sec ) ( =
1 2
1
1
1
.
2
1
1
2
1
) (
2 / 1

x x
x x
x
x x
x
x f

36. ) 3 2 ( cos ) (
2
+ = t ec arc t t f 1 3 2 + t
253
t t arc
t t
t t f 2 . ) 3 2 ( sec cos
1 ) 3 2 ( 3 2
2
. ) (
2
2
+ +
+ +

=
37.
x
hx sen
x f
) ( ln
) ( =
2
2
) ( ln cot
1 . ) ( ln
cosh
) (
x
x senh gh x
x
x senh
x senh
x
x
x f

=

38. [ ]
2 / 1
2
) 1 ( cot ) ( + = t gh t f
[ ]
2
2 2
2 2
2 / 1
2
) 1 ( cot
) 1 ( sec cos ) 1 (
) 1 ( 2 . ) 1 ( sec cos . ) 1 ( cot
2
1
) (
+
+ +
=
+ + + =

t gh
t h t
t t h t gh t f

39.
3
) 1 3 (
sec cos ) (
(

+
=
x
x
h x f
|

\
| +
(

+
=
(

+ + +

+
=
x
x
gh
x
x
h
x
x
x x
x
x
gh
x
x
h
x
x
h x f
1 3
cot .
1 3
sec cos
1
3
) 1 3 ( 3 .
.
1 3
cot
1 3
sec cos .
1 3
sec cos 3 ) (
3
2
2
2

40. 1 cosh arg ) (
2
= x x x x f
1 2
2
cosh arg
1
1
) (
2 2

=
x
x
x
x
x x f
41.
2
cot arg ) ( x gh x x f =
2
4
2
2
4
cot arg
1
2
1 . cot arg
1
2
) (
x gh
x
x
x gh
x
x
x x f
+

=
+

=


254
42. [ ]
2
2
cos arg
2
1
) ( x gh x f =
1 ;
1
2
. cosh arg 2 .
2
1
) (
2
4
2
>

= x
x
x
x x f

Nos exerccios 43 a 79, calcular a derivada. A seguir, usando um software algbrico,
comparar os resultados.

43.
5 3 5
) 6 2 (
3
1
) (

+ = x x x f
) 18 10 ( . ) 6 2 ( 5 .
3
1
) (
4 4 4 3 5
+ = x x x x x f .
44.
2
10 2
1
) 6 3 ( ) (
x
x x x f + =
3
9 2
2
) 6 6 ( ) 6 3 ( 10 ) (
x
x x x x f + + + = .

45.
3 6
) 1 3 ( ) 2 5 ( ) ( = x x x f
[ ]
[ ]
[ ] ) 48 135 ) 1 3 ( ) 2 5 (
) 30 90 18 45 ) 1 3 ( ) 2 5 (
) 1 3 ( 30 ) 2 5 ( 9 ) 1 3 ( ) 2 5 (
) 2 5 .( ) 1 3 ( 30 ) 1 3 ( ) 2 5 ( 9
5 . ) 2 5 ( 6 . ) 1 3 ( 3 . ) 1 3 ( 3 ) 2 5 ( ) (
2 5
2 5
2 5
5 3 2 6
5 3 2 6
=
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
x x x
x x x x
x x x x
x x x x
x x x x x f


46. ( ) x
x
x x f
+
+ =
1
1
5 2 ) (
4

255
x x
x
x
x
x x f
2
1
) 1 (
1
) 5 2 ( 8
2
1
) 1 (
1
2 . ) 5 2 ( 4 ) (
2
2
3
2
1
3

+
=

+ =



47. ( )
3 / 1
2
2 5 4 ) (

+ = t t t f
) 5 8 ( ) 2 5 4 (
3
1
) (
3
4
2
+ =

t t t t f

48. 1 3
1 3 2
7
) (
5
2
+ +
+
= x
x
x
x f
2
1
5
1
5
6
2
2
1
5
1
5
6
2
) 1 3 (
2
3
) 1 3 ( 7 ) 1 3 (
10
21
3 . ) 1 3 (
2
1
2 . ) 1 3 (
2
7
3 . ) 1 3 (
5
1
.
2
7
) (


+ + + + + =
+ + + + +

=
x x x x x
x x x x x x f


49. 7 6 2 ) (
2
3
+ + = x e x f
x

) 6 6 ( . 2 ) (
7 6 3
2
+ =
+ +
x e x f
x x

50. ( )
x
e x f = ) (
x
e
x e x f
x
x
2
2
1
. ) (
2
1
=
=



51.
x
x f
2 ln
2
1
) (

\
|
=
256
x
x
x
x f
x
x
x
2 ln . 2
2 ln .
1
.
2
1
2
1
ln .
2
2
.
2
1
) (
2 ln
2 ln
2 ln
=

\
|
=

\
|
=



52.
t
e
t f
t
1
) (
2
+
=


( )
2
2
2
1 2
1 . ) 1 ( ) 2 ( .
) (
2 2
2 2
t
e e t
t
e t e t
t f
t t
t t

=
+
=



53.
1
1
) (
+

=
t
t
e
e
t f
2
2
2 2
2
1
2
2
1
) 1 (
2
.
1
1
2
1
) 1 (
.
1
1
2
1
) 1 (
. ) 1 ( . ) 1 (
.
1
1
2
1
) (
+
+
=
+
+ +
|
|

\
|
+

=
+
+
|
|

\
|
+

t
t
t
t
t
t t t t
t
t
t
t t t t
t
t
e
e
e
e
e
e e e e
e
e
e
e e e e
e
e
t f


54. ( ) x c bx
a
x f ln
1
) (
2
+ =
x
bx
a
x f
1
) 2 (
1
) ( =

55. ( ) 4 7 ln
2
1
) (
2
= x x f
257
4 7
7
4 7
14
.
2
1
) (
2
2

=
x
x
x
x
x f


56.
|

\
|

+
=
x
x
x f
1
1
ln ) (
2
2
2
1
2
) 1 ( ) 1 (
2
1
1
.
) 1 (
1 1
1
1
.
) 1 (
) 1 ( ) 1 ( 1 ) 1 (
) (
x x x
x
x
x
x x
x
x
x
x x
x f

=
+
=
+

+ +
=
+

+
=


57.
t
b
a
t f
|

\
|
= ) (
t b
a
b
a
t f
t
2
1
. ln . ) (
|

\
|
|

\
|
=

58. ( )
x
x
e x f 4 ) (
2
+ =
x e e x
x
e e x f
x x x x x x
2 . . ) 4 (
2
1
. ) 4 ( ln . ) 4 ( ) (
2 2 2 2
1
+ + + + =

59. ) 4 2 ( ) ( + = x sen x f
) 4 2 ( cos 2 ) ( + = x x f

60. ) 1 3 2 ( cos 2 ) (
2
+ = f
258
[ ] 3 4 ) 1 3 2 ( 2 ) (
2
+ = sen f

61.
2
2 cos 1
) (

+
= f

2
2
2 2
) ( sen
sen
f =

=

62.
2 2
cos ) ( + = sen f
0
cos 2 cos 2
) ( cos 2 cos 2 ) (
=
=
+ =


sen sen
sen sen f


63. ( )
2 4
3 2 cot ) ( = s g s f
2 2 2 3
2 2 2 3
) 3 2 ( sec cos . ) 3 2 ( cot ) 3 2 ( 16
2 . ) 3 2 ( 2 . ) 3 2 ( sec cos . ) 3 2 ( cot 4 ) (
=
=
s s g s
s s s g s f


64.
2
1
) (
|
|

\
|
=
x sen
x f
x sen
x
x sen
x
x sen
x f
3
2
cos 2
cos
.
1
2 ) (

=


65.
x
e
x sen
x f
) 1 (
) (
+
=
259
x
x
x x
e
x sen x
e
e x sen x e
x f
)] 1 ( ) 1 ( [cos
) 1 ( ) 1 ( cos
) (
2
+ +
=
+ +
=


66. ) 2 / ( cos ) 2 / ( ) (
2 2
x x sen x f =
2
.
2
cos
2
cos .
2
2
1
.
2
1
cos .
2
1
2 . cos
2
1
2
.
2
cos . 2 .
2
1
) (
3 3
2 2
x
sen
x x x
sen
x x sen x
x
sen
x
x sen x f
+ =
+
|

\
|

\
|
|

\
|
=


67. t t f
2
cos ln ) ( =
t tg
t
t sen
t
t sen t
t f
2
cos
2
cos
. cos 2
) (
2
=

=


68. ) 2 cos 3 ( log ) (
2
x x x f =
e
x x
x sen
x f
2
log .
2 cos 3
2 ) 2 ( 3
) (

+
=

69.
t
e t f
2 cos 2
) ( =
t
t
e t sen
t sen e t f
2 cos 2
2 cos 2
) 2 ( 4
2 ) 2 ( 2 . ) (
=
=


70.
3
2
cos ) (
x
arc x f =
260
2 2
2 2
4 9
2
3 .
4 9
3 / 2
9
4 9
3 / 2
9
4
1
3 / 2
) (
x x
x x
x f

=


71.
1
2 /
) (
+
=
s
s sen arc
s f
2
2
2
2
2
2
) 1 (
1
.
2
4
1
) 1 (
2
2 .
4
2 / 1
) 1 (
) 1 (
2
4
1
2 / 1
) 1 (
) (
+
|
|

\
|

+
=
+

+
=
+

+
=
s
s
sen arc
s
s
s
s
sen arc
s
s
s
s
sen arc
s
s
s f


72.
2
1
1
) (
x
tg arc x f

=
2 2
2
1 2 1
2
1 ) 1 (
2
1 ) 1 (
) 1 (
.
) 1 (
2
) 1 (
1
1
) 1 (
) 2 ( . 1
) (
2 4
4 2 2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
+
=
+ +
=
+
=
+


=
x x
x
x x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x f


73. ) 1 2 ( ) ( = x senh x f
) 1 2 ( cosh 2 ) ( = x x f

261
74. ( ) [ ] 1 cosh ln ) (
2
= t t f
) 1 ( 2
) 1 ( cosh
2 . ) 1 (
) (
2
2
2
=

=
t tgh t
t
t t senh
t f


75.
2 2
) 3 4 ( ) ( = t tgh t f
2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2
) 3 4 ( sec . ) 3 4 ( 16
8 . ) 3 4 ( 2 . ) 3 4 ( sec ) (
=
=
t h t t
t t t h t f


76. ] [ln sec ) ( x h x f =
x
x tgh x h x f
1
. ] [ln . ] [ln sec ) ( =

77.
2
) (arg ) ( x senh x f =
1
1
. arg 2 ) (
2
+
=
x
x senh x f

78.
2
2
1
arg ) ( x tgh x f =
4 4
4
4
4
4
4
4
1
2 .
2
1
) (
x
x
x
x
x
x
x f

=


79. x h x x f 2 sec arg ) 1 ( ) ( + =
262
1 2 0 ; 2 sec arg
4 1 2
2
) 1 ( ) (
2
< < +

+ = x x h
x x
x x f

80. Encontrar ) (x f .
(a)

>

=

0 ,
0 , 1
) (
x e
x x
x f
x

>
<
=

0 ,
0 , 1
) (
x e
x
x f
x

No ponto 0 = x , temos
1 ) 0 ( ) 0 (
' '
= = + f f . Portanto, 1 ) 0 (
'
= f .

(b) ) 4 3 | ln ) ( x x f =

\
|
+
|

\
|

=
,
4
3
); 3 4 ( ln
4
3
, ); 4 3 ( ln
) (
x x
x x
x f
Temos:
)
`

>

<

=
4
3
3 4
4
4
3
;
3 4
4
4
3
;
3 4
4
4 3
4
R x se
x
x
x
x
x x
y


(c)
| 1 2 |
) (

=
x
e x f
263

<

2
1
;
2
1
;
) (
2 1
1 2
x e
x e
x f
x
x

<
>
=

2
1
; 2
2
1
; 2
2 1
1 2
x e
x e
y
x
x

No ponto
2
1
= x , 2
2
1
' = |

\
|
+ y e 2
2
1
' = |

\
|
y . Logo, ) (x f no derivvel nesse ponto.
81. Calcular ), 0 ( f se x e x f
x
3 cos ) (

= .
x e x sen e e x x sen e x f
x x x x
3 cos 3 3 ) 1 ( . 3 cos ) 3 3 ( . ) (

= + = .
1 1 0 ) 0 ( = = f .

82. Calcular ), 1 ( f se . 2 / ) 1 ( ln ) ( x sen arc x x f + + =
4
1
2
1
1
1
) (
2
x
x
x f

+
+
=
6
3 2 3
4
1
1
2
1
1 1
1
) 1 (
+
=

+
+
= f


83. Dada , ) (
x
e x f

= calcular ). 0 ( ) 0 ( f x f +
1 ) 0 ( ) ( = =

f e x f
x

264
x x f x f = + = + 1 ) 1 ( 1 ) 0 ( ) 0 ( .

84. Dada a , cos 1 ) ( x x f + = mostrar que ) (x f par e ) (x f mpar. Usando uma
ferramenta grfica, esboar o grfico de ) (x f e ) (x f observando as simetrias.
x sen x f
x x f
=
+ =
) (
cos 1 ) (

par x f x f x x x f ) ( ) ( cos 1 ) ( cos 1 ) ( = + = + = .
mpar x f x f x sen x sen x f ) ( ' ) ( ) ( ) ( = = = .

Segue o grfico de ) (x f , observando-se a simetria em relao ao eixo dos y.
-3/2 - -/2 /2 3/2
-1
1
2
x
f (x)

Segue o grfico de ) (x f , observando-se a simetria em relao ori gem.
265
-3/2 - -/2 /2 3/2
-1
1
2
x
f ' (x)


85. Dada a , 3 cos 2 ) ( x x sen x f = mostrar que ) (x f mpar e ) (x f par.
2 . 2 cos . 3 cos 3 ) 3 ( 2 ) ( x x x sen x sen x f + =
mpar x f x f x x sen x x sen x f ) ( ) ( 3 cos . 2 ) 3 ( cos ) 2 ( ) ( = = = .

( )
par x f x f x x x sen x sen
x x x sen x sen
x x x sen x sen x f
) ( ' ) ( 2 cos . 3 cos 2 3 . 2 3
2 cos . 3 cos 2 ) 3 ( ) 2 ( 3
) 2 ( cos ) 3 ( cos 2 ) 3 ( ) 2 ( 3 ) (
= + =
+ =
+ =


86. Dada a , 2
2
1
) ( x sen x f = calcular ) ( x f e verificar que f e f so peridicas de
mesmo perodo. Usando uma ferramenta grfica, esboar os grficos de ) (x f e ) (x f
comprovando os resultados.
x sen x f 2
2
1
) ( =
x x x f 2 cos 2 ) 2 (cos
2
1
) ( = =
Para verificar a periodicidade temos:
266
). ( 2
2
1
) 2 2 (
2
1
) (
x f x sen
x sen x f
= =
+ = +

) ( ) ( 2 cos 2 cos ) ( + = + = = x f x x x f .
Portanto, so peridicas de perodo .
-3/2 - -/2 /2 3/2
x
f(x)


267
-3/2 - -/2 /2 3/2
-1
1
x
f ' (x)



87. Seja ) (x f derivvel e perodo de perodo T . Mostrar que f tambm peridica de
perodo T .
Se ) (x f derivvel ==>
x
x f x x f
x f
x

+
=

) ( ) (
lim ) (
0

Se ) (x f peridica de perodo T ==> ) ( ) ( x f T x f = + e ) ( ) ( x x f T x x f + = + +
Queremos mostrar que
) ( ) ( x f T x f = +
De fato



88. Mostrar que a funo
x
e x y

= satisfaz a equao . ) 1 ( y x y x =
) (
) ( ) (
lim
) ( ) (
lim ) (
0
0
x f
x
x f x x f
x
T x f x T x f
T x f
x
x
=

+
=

+ + +
= +


268
x
e x y

=
x x
e e x y

+ = ) 1 (
Substituindo na equao:
x x x x
x x x
e x e x e x e x
e x x e e x x


= +
= +
2 2
) ( ) 1 ( ) (


89. Mostrar que a funo
2 /
2
x
e x y

= satisfaz a equao . ) 1 (
2
y x y x =
2
2
x
e x y

=
2
3
2 2 2
3
2
2
2 2
2
2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2 2
2 2
. ) 1 (
2
2
.
x x x x
x x x
x x
e x e x e x e x
e x x e x e x x
e
x
e x y



= +
=
|
|

\
|
+
+

=

90. Mostrar que a funo
x x
y
ln 1
1
+ +
= satisfaz a equao ). 1 (ln = x y y x
x x
y
ln 1
1
+ +
=
2
) ln 1 (
1
1
x x
x
y
+ +
|

\
|
+
=

) 1 ln ( = x y y y x
2 2 2 2
) ln 1 (
1
) ln 1 (
ln 1 ln
ln 1
1
) ln 1 (
ln
) ln 1 (
1
1
.
x x
x
x x
x x x
x x x x
x
x x
x
x
+ +

=
+ +

=
+ +

+ +
=
+ +
|

\
|
+
.

269
91. Sejam f e g funes tais que x x g f = ) )( (
0
para todo ) ( ) ( , x g e x f e x existem para
todo x .
( ) ,
) (
1
) (
x g
x g f

= sempre que . 0 ) ( x g
Temos:

( ) ( ) 1 ' ) ( ' = = x x g f o .
Pela regra da cadeia,
( ) ) ( ' )). ( ( ' ) ( ' x g x g f x g f = o .
Logo,
1 ) ( ' )). ( ( ' = x g x g f ou ( )
) (
1
) (
x g
x g f

= , 0 ) ( ' x g .

92. Obtenha a regra do produto para ) ( uv derivando o frmula . ln ln ) ln( v u uv + =

( )
( )
( ) g f g f fg
fg
g f g f
fg
fg
g
g
f
f
fg
fg
g f fg
+ =

+
=

+ = lg lg ) lg(
.

93. Provar que:
(a) Se , cot x g y = ento . cos
2 ,
x ec y =
x sen
x
x g y
cos
cot = =
270
x
x sen x sen
x x sen
x sen
x x x sen x sen
y
2
2 2
2 2
2
sec cos
1 cos
cos . cos ) (
=

=

=

=


(b) Se , sec x y = ento . . sec
,
x tg x y =
x
x y
cos
1
sec = =
x tg x
x
x sen
x
x
x sen
y
. sec
cos
.
cos
1
cos
) (
2
= =

=


(c) Se , cot x g arc y = ento .
1
1
2
,
x
y
+

=
y g x x g arc y cot cot = = , ) , 0 ( y .
Como para ) , 0 ( y , 0 sec cos )' (cot
2
= y y g ,usando o teorema da funo inversa,
temos:
2 2
2
1
1
cot 1
1
sec cos
1
) (cot
1
x y g
y y g
y
+

=
+

=


(d) Se , 1 | | , cos = x x ec arc y ento . 1 | | ,
1 | |
1
2
,
>

= x
x x
y
) , 0 ( , sec cos 1 | | , cos = = y y x x x ec arc y .
Como ) , 0 ( , 0 cot sec cos )' sec (cos = y gy y y , temos
271
1 ,
1
1
1 sec cos . sec cos
1
cot . sec cos
1
) sec (cos
1
2 2

=

=

=
x
x x y y
y g y y
y


(e) Se , cosh x y = ento .
,
x senh y =
2
cosh
x x
e e
x y

+
= =
x senh
e e
y
x x
=

2
.

(f) Se , x tgh y = ento . sec
2 ,
x h y =
x x
x x
e e
e e
x tgh y

= =
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
x h
e e
e e
e e
e e e e
e e
e e e e e e e e
y
x x
x x
x x
x x x x
x x
x x x x x x x x
2
2
2
2
2 2 2 2
2
sec
2 4
2 2
=
(

+
=
+
=
+
+ + +
=
+
+ +
=




(g) Se , sec x h y = ento . . sec
,
x tgh x h y =
x x
e e
x h y

+
= =
2
sec
x tgh x h
e e
e e
e e e e
e e
y
x x
x x
x x x x
x x
. sec
) (
) (
.
) (
2
) (
) ( 2
2
=
+

=
+

=



272
(h) Se , sec x h arc y = ento . 1 0 ,
1
1
2
,
< <

= x
x x
y
x
x
x h arc y
2
1 1
ln sec
+
= = .
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2 2 2
2
2 2
2 2 2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
1
1
.
1 1 1
1 1
1 1
1
.
1
1 1
1 1
1 1
1
1 1
.
1 . 1 1 ) 2 ( 1 (
2
1
x x x x x
x
x x x
x x x
x x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x x x x
y

=
+
+
=
+
+
=
+
+

=
+
+
|

\
|

=



(i) Se , cos x ech arc y = ento . 0 ,
1 | |
1
2
,

= x
x x
y
|
|

\
|
+
+ = =
x
x
x
x ech arc y
2
1 1
ln cos .
Vamos mostrar para 0 > x . Temos,
2
2 2
2
2
2 2
2
2
1
1

1
1 1
.
1 1

1
1 1
.
1 1
1
'
x x
x x
x
x
x
x x
x
x
x
x
y
+

=
+
+ +
+ +

=
|
|

\
|
+

+
+
=


273
94. Encontrar todos os pontos onde o grfico de ) (x f tem a mesma tangente horizontal.
Usando uma ferramenta grfica esboar o grfico de ) (x f e ) (x f e comparar os
resultados.
(a) ; 2 ) ( x sen x f =
0 2 cos
0 2 cos 2 ) (
=
= =
x
x x f

4
) 1 2 (
4
2
,
2 4
,
2
2
+
=
+
=
+ =
+ =
k k
x
Z k
k
x
Z k k x


-3/2 - -/2 /2 3/2
-1
1
2
x
y


(b) x x f cos 2 ) ( = ; senx x f 2 ) ( ' =
0
0 2
=
=
x sen
x sen

Z k k x = ,
274
-3/2 - -/2 /2 3/2
-2
-1
1
2
x
y


95. Traar num mesmo sistema de coordenadas as funes
2
1 x y = e
2
1 x y + = .
Usando a visualizao grfica responder:

(a) Quantas retas so tangentes a ambas as parbolas?
(b) Quais so os pontos de tangncia?
(c) possvel encontrar essas retas algebricamente?

Seguem os grficos em um mesmo sistema de coordenadas.

-2 -1 1 2
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
4
x
f (x)


275
Respostas:
(a) Duas
(b) Sejam
1
P e
2
P os pontos de tangncia da reta que tem inclinao positiva.

( )
1 1 1
, y x P = ( )
2 2 2
, y x P =
1 2
1 2
y y
x x
=
=


Temos,
x y 2 = tangente em
1
P
:
1
2x m =
Equao da reta tangente no ponto
1
P
:
( )
( )
1 1 1
1 1
2 x x x y y
x x m y y
=
=


( )
1 1 1
2 x x x y y =

Substitui no ponto
2
P , vem:

( )
1 1
1 1
1 1 1 1 1
2
4 2
2
x y
x y
x x x y y
=
=
=


2
1 x y + =
2
1 1
1 2 x x + =

1
0 1 2
1
1
2
1
=
= +
x
x x


2
1
= y

( ) 2 , 1
1
= P , ( ) 2 , 1
2
= P

Por simetria: ( ) 2 , 1
3
= P , ( ) 2 , 1
4
= P

(c) Equao das tangentes:
( )
x y
x y
2
1 1 . 2 2
=
=

Por simetria, a outra tangente x y 2 = .


96. Dada a funo 5 6
2
+ = x x y definida para [ ) + , 3 x , desenvolver os
seguintes itens:
276
(a) Determinar a funo inversa ) ( ) (
1
x f x g y

= = e identificar o domnio.
( ) [ ) + =
+ + =
, 3 , 4 3
5 9 9 3 . 2
2
2
x x
x x y


( )
4 3
4 3
4 3
2
+ + =
+ =
+ =
y x
y x
y x

Portanto, a inversa dada por 4 , 4 3 + + = x x y .


(b) Encontrar a equao da reta tangente curva ) (x f y = no ponto de abscissa 5.
Temos:
0 5 30 25 5
0 0
= + = = y x

( ) 6 2 = x x f ( ) 4 6 5 . 2
0
= = = x f m

Equao da reta tangente: ( ) 5 4 = x y

(c) Encontrar a equao da reta tangente curva ) (x g y = no ponto de abscissa 0.
Temos:
4 3 + + = x y
( )
2 1
4
2
1

+ = x y
( )
( )
4
1
0
4 .
2
1
0
2 1
=
=

y
y


5 0
0 0
= = y x
5
4
1
4
1
5
+ =
=
x y
x y


(d) Fazer uma representao grfica dos resultados obtidos e identificar a relao
estabelecida no Teorema 4.14.

277
-4 -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
x
f (x)