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1. In the stabilize reactance modulator AFC system, a.

the discriminator must have a fast time constant to prevent demodulation b. the higher the discriminator frequency, the better the oscillator frequency stability c. the discriminator frequency must not be too low, or the system will fail d. phase modulation is converted into FM by the equalizer circuit 2. In the spectrum of a frequency-modulated wave a. the carrier frequency disappears when the modulation index is large b. the amplitude of any sideband depends on the modulation index c. the total number of sidebands depends on the modulation index d. the carrier frequency cannot disappear 3. The difference between phase and frequency modulation a. is purely theoretical because they are the same in practice b. is too great to make the two system compatible c. lies in the poorer audio response of phase modulation d. lies in the different definitions of the modulation index 4. Indicate the false statement regarding the Armstrong modulation system a. The system is basically phase, not frequency modulation, b. AFC is not needed, as crystal oscillator is used. c. Frequency multiplication must be used. d. Equalization is unnecessary 5. An FM signal with a modulation index mf is passed through a frequency tripler. The wave in the output of the tripler will have a modulation index of a. mf/3 b. mf c. 3mf d. 9mf 6. An FM signal with a deviation is passed through a mixer, and has its frequency reduced fivefold. The deviation in the output of the mixer is a. 5 b. Indeterminate c. /5 d. 7. A pre-emphasis circuit provides extra noise immunity by a. boosting the bass frequencies b. amplifying the higher audio frequencies c. pre amplifying the whole audio band d. converting the phase modulation to FM 8. Since noise phase-modulates the FM wave, as the noise sideband frequency approaches the carrier frequency, the noise amplitude a. remains constant b. is decreased

c. is increased d. is equalized 9. When the modulating frequency is doubled, the modulation index is halved, and the modulating voltage remains constant. The modulation system is a. amplitude modulation b. phase modulation c. frequency modulation d. any of the three 10. Indicate which one of the following is not an advantage of FM over AM: a. Better noise immunity is provided b. Lower bandwidth is required c. The transmitted power is more useful d. Less modulating power is required 11. One of the following is an indirect way of generating FM. This is the a. reactance FET modulator b. varactor diode modulator c. Armstrong modulator d. reactance bipolar transistor modulator 12. In an FM stereo multiplex transmission, the a. sum signal modulates 19 kHz subcarrier b. difference signal modulates the 19 kHz subcarrier c. difference signal modulates the 38 kHz subcarrier d. difference signal modulates the 67 kHz subcarrier 13. The amount of frequency deviation from the carrier center frequency in an FM transmitter is proportional to what characteristic of the modulating signal? a. Amplitude b. Frequency c. Phase d. Shape 14. The process of phase-modulating a carrier with binary data is called a. frequency-shift keying b. multiplexing c. carrier phasing d. phase-shift keying 15. The ratio of the frequency deviation to the modulating frequency is known as the a. deviation factor b. frequency-shift keying c. modulation index d. ratio of modulation 16. The phenomenon of a strong FM signal dominating a weaker signal on a common frequency is referred to as the a. Capture effect b. Blot out c. Quieting factor

d. Dominating syndrome 17. What is the carrier swing of an FM transmitter when modulated by 75%? a. 53.2kHz b. 48kHz c. 112.5kHz d. 5.25kHz 18. In a narrow-band FM system, the deviation ratio is commonly one and the highest audio frequency is generally limited to a. 300Hz b. 10000Hz c. 3000Hz d. 7500Hz 19. Which of the following contains de-emphasis circuit? a. FM transmitter b. FM receiver c. VHF transmitter d. VHF receiver 20. What is the approximate bandwidth of an FM with a modulation factor of 12.5 and a modulating frequency of 10 kHz? a. 20 kHz b. 270 kHz c. 250 kHz d. 45 kHz 21. An amplifier operating over the frequency range of 455to 460 kHz has a 200 k input resistor. What is the RMS noise voltage at the input to this amplifier if the ambient temperature is 17C? a. 40 V b. 4.0 V c. 400 V d. 4.0 mV 22. In an FM transmitter, what is the result of overmodulation? a. Lower frequency b. Distortion c. Higher power d. Excessive bandwidth 23. Angle modulation includes the following types of modulation: a. FM b. PM c. AM d. a and b 24. The amount of frequency increase and decrease around the center frequency in an FM signal is called the a. Index of modulation

b. Frequency deviation c. Phase deviation d. Bandwidth of the FM signal 25. The amount of frequency deviation is dependent on the intelligence frequency in a. An FM signal b. A PM signal c. Both FM and PM signals d. Neither FM nor PM signals 26. An FM signal has an intelligence frequency of 2 kHz and a maximum deviation of 10 kHz. If its carrier frequency is set at 162.4 Mhz, what is its index of modulation? a. 10 b. 5 c. 2 d. 20 27. The amount an FM carrier frequency deviates for a given modulating input voltage level is called the a. Frequency deviation b. Index of modulation c. Deviation constant d. Deviation ratio 28. Standard FM broadcast stations use a maximum bandwidth of a. 150 kHz b. 200 kHz c. 75 kHz d. 15 kHz 29. Carson's rule is used to approximate the necessary a. Frequency deviation b. Bandwidth c. Capture ratio d. Modulation index 30. An FM transmitter has an output power of 500 W when it is not modulated. When intelligence is added, its modulation index is 2.0. What is its output power with a modulation index of 2.0? a. 250 W b. 500 W c. 1000 W d. 2000 W 31. In a Crosby FM transmitter, an FM signal having a center frequency of 2.04 Mhz and a deviation of 69 Hz is passed through four cascaded frequency multiplier stages: two triplers, one doubler, and one quadrupler. What type of signal appears at the output of the last multiplier stage? a. Center frequency of 2.04 Mhz and deviation of 4.96 kHz b. Center frequency of 146.88 Mhz and deviation of 4.96 kHz c. Center frequency of 2.04 Mhz and deviation of 69 Hz d. Center frequency of 146.88 Mhz and deviation of 69 Hz

32. The circuitry used to increase the operating frequency of a transmitter up to a specified value is called the a. Multiplier b. Expander c. Pump chain d. All the above 33. Another way to describe the modulation index is using the a. Deviation ratio b. Deviation constant c. Capture ratio d. Maximum deviation 34. The purpose of the matrix network in a stereo FM broadcast transmitter is to a. Mix the 38-kHz pilot carrier with the L R audio b. Convert the L and R channels to L + R and L R channels c. Separate the left channel from the right channel d. Modulate the L + R and L R signals with the carrier signal 35. An FM signal has an intelligence frequency of 5 kHz and a maximum deviation of 25 kHz. Its index of modulation is a. 125 b. 0.2 c. 5 d. 6 36. The inherent ability of FM to minimize the effect of undesired signals operating at the same or nearly the same frequency as the desired station is known as the a. Capture effect b. Signal-to-noise ratio c. Noise figure d. Bessel function 37. Frequency multipliers a. Are used to multiply the frequency of the carrier signal of an FM signal b. Consist of a class C amplifier followed by a tank circuit that filters out a single harmonic c. Are used to multiply the frequency deviation of an FM signal d. All of the Above 38. Which is not one of the three stages in which a PLL can beoperated? a. Free-running b. Capture c. Locked/tracking d. Searching 39. Difference between AM and FM receiver block diagrams is that the FM version includes a a. Limiter b. Discriminator c. Deemphasis network d. All the above

40. Which is not one of the three stages in which a PLL can be operated? a. Free-running b. Capture c. Locked/tracking d. Searching 41. A PLL is set up so that its VCO free-runs at 8.9 Mhz. TheVCO does not change frequency unless its input is within75 kHz of 8.9 Mhz. After it does lock, the input frequencycan be adjusted within 120 kHz of 8.9 Mhz without havingthe PLL start to free-run again. The capture range of thePLL is a. 75 kHz b. 120 kHz c. 150 kHz d. 240 kHz 42. The input signal into a PLL is at the a. VCO b. Low-pass filter c. Comparator d. Phase detector 43. A 100 MHz carrier is deviated 50 kHz by a 4 kHz signal. The modulation index is a. 12.5 b. 12.9 c. 11. 9 d. 11.5 44. The maximum deviation of an FM carrier is 2 kHz by amaximum modulating signal of 400 Hz. The deviation ratio is a. 5 b. 6 c. 7 d. 8 45. The maximum allowed deviation of the FM sound signal in TV is 25 kHz. If the actual deviation is 18 kHz, the percent modulation is a. 72% b. 75% c. 80% d. 82% 46. If the amplitude of the modulating signal applied to aphase modulator is constant, the output signal will be a. The carrier frequency b. modulating frequency c. phase modulation d. modulation index 47. The phenomenon of a strong FM signal dominating aweaker signa on a common frequency is referred to as the a. capture effect

b. threshold effect c. pre-emphasis d. de-emphasis 48. Pre-emphasis is compensated for at the receiver by a. high-pass filter b. low-pass filter c. all of the above d. none of the above 49. In PM, a frequency shift occurs while what characteristic of the modulating signal is changing? a. Amplitude b. frequency c. time d. all of the above 50. What is the relative amplitude of the third pair of sidebands of an FM signal with m = 6 a. 1.3 b. 0.50 c. 0.33 d. 0.11