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NGCN Summit

Amsterdam, 18th of May 2010

The Evolved Packet Core A New Internet Model For The Telecoms World?
Denis GROS-JEAN, FranceTelecom/Orange group Head of mobile packet core activities


the Group in few facts EPC architecture Major characteristics Conclusions

the Group in few facts

a leading telecommunications operator

at end 2009

193 million customers


132.6 million customers

ADSL Internet

13.5 million customers


50.9 billion

Orange Mobile footprint

Tunisia Jordan Egypt UK Belgium Luxembourg Austria France Switzerland Romania Poland Slovakia Moldova Sngal Guine-Bissau Guinea Cte dIvoire Guine Equatoriale Armenia Spain Dominican republic Caribbean Islands Vanuatu Botswana Madagascar Mauritius La Runion Cameroun


Niger Rpublique Centrafricaine

Uganda Kenya

The very big majority of the Orange mobile networks have deployed a 2G/3G packet core network

EPC: architecture and major characteristics

Overall objectives of LTE/EPC design

The 3GPP work on LTE/EPC aimed at defining a system with:

Higher data rate Lower latency Optimized for packet transport Natively support various Radio Access Technology

On access network side:

a new radio interface for better spectral efficiency evolution towards a flat architecture

On the core network side:

Specifications to support several RAT Specifications to provide mobility and seamless continuity Optimization of the number of nodes crossed by payload packets Selection of the most appropriate available access network, to optimize both operator and user experience

EPC Architecture Complete view with multi-access

Major Characteristics of Evolved Packet Core 1/2

Flat architecture and separation of user and data plane: only one node in radio part (eNode B), and potentially one node (gathering S-Gw and PDN Gw) for the data traffic in the CN
New split of functions between Radio Access Networks and Core network Optimization of the data path In the CN, reuse of the concept of 3G direct tunneling One node dedicated to the signaling, so full capacity of the node for the control plane => Better End to End performances: reduction of latency of data traffic, optimization of the attach procedure and session management establishment.

The EPC is an all IP network (AIPN)

Major Characteristics of Evolved Packet Core 2/2

Always-on IP connectivity by default
A default EPS bearer is established as soon as the UE gets attached to the network and remains connected UE reachability from the beginning Better performance for the data transfer Bearer establishment initiated by the network Characteristics of the bearer fully managed by the operator QoS model reviewed (reduction of parameters) Should allow the setup of End to End QoS from the start

Several access types with mobility

3GPP and non 3GPP accesses Several cases of mobility: 1. Intra-EUTRAN mobility: the UE moves from one eNodeB to another eNodeB 2. 3GPP Inter-RAT mobility: the UE moves between E-UTRAN and another 3GPP RAT (i.e. GERAN or UTRAN) 3. Mobility between 3GPP and non-3GPP access: the UE moves between a non-3GPP system (e.g. WiMAX) and a 3GPP system (e.g. E-UTRAN) 4. Mobility between different non-3GPP access: the UE moves from a non3GPP system (e.g. WiMAX) to another non-3GPP system (e.g. Wi-Fi)

EPC Architecture Mobility Management Entity

Mobility Management Entity is responsible for :

> > > > > > Non Access Stratum signaling (attach, detach, S-GW selection,) NAS signaling security (authentication, etc.) Inter CN node signaling for mobility between 3GPP access networks (terminating S3) Idle mode UE Tracking and Reachability (including control and execution of paging retransmission) Roaming (S6a towards home HSS) Bearer management functions including dedicated bearer establishment.

EPC Architecture Serving Gateway

Serving Gateway is responsible for:

> > > > > The local Mobility Anchor point for inter-eNodeB handover Mobility anchoring for inter-3GPP mobility E-UTRAN idle mode downlink packet buffering and initiation of network triggered service request procedure Lawful Interception Packet routing and forwarding

EPC Architecture PDN Gateway

Packet Data Network Gateway has the functions of:

> > > > > > IP address allocation Policy Enforcement Per-user based packet filtering (by e.g. deep packet inspection) Charging Support Lawful Interception User plane anchor for mobility between 3GPP access and non-3GPP access

EPC Architecture functional entities improved for EPC

SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node > > A control entity for 2G/3G users authentication (Gr) & mobility management Evolution of the SGSN for interworking with EPC nodes MSC Mobile Switching center: evolution for voice and SMS services EPC HSS Home Subscriber Subsystem with EPC subscribers profiles and 3G/2G subscribers profiles PCRF - Policy Control and Charging Rule Function > > A control entity providing the operators policies with charging and QoS per-EPS bearer. Evolution of the 3G PCRF

ePDG evolved Packet Data Gateway (for I-WLAN access) > > Data path for S10 and S12 interfaces (direct tunnel) > Includes Multi-access SeGW (Security Gateway) A control (users authentication and bearer management) and user plane entity for untrusted non-3GPP Evolution of the 3G PDG
* AAA server is used with ePDG for non-3GPP access


EPC design should allow to answer the current challenges that the operators are facing today:
Tremendous increase of data traffic with decrease of revenue per Gb Optimization of the CN architecture (one node dedicated to the signaling part), all IP network should allow to provide better efficiency and to reduce the costs Need for always on connections Always on IP connectivity by default New radio accesses Connection of several radio accesses are specified and mobility as well Deployment of QoS mechanisms Optimization and simplification

The better performances and the mobility should allow operators to offer new services and new experience to the end users (e.g. combination of voice and data services)


thank you