Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

Просмотров: 32

DSP Laboratory Guide 20feb2012

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Dsp Lab Manual Perfect
- Digital Signal Processing short question and answers
- Digital Filter Design Using Matlab
- Signal Processing Manual 2009
- FDSP COURSE PLAN.doc
- Em 32866871
- Ec010 602 Digital Signal Processing
- DSP Lect 11 Iir Design
- FIR Filters
- Designing of Low Complexity Fir Filters Using Genetic Algorithms (8 Files Merged)(2)
- Fir Filters
- analogous
- lab manual
- Real Time Pattern Recognition Using Matrox Imaging System
- Dsp Sample Question _final
- Mrk Dsp Subjects1
- Modified DA based FIR Filter in Multirate DSP systems on FPGA
- ESP ME2013 MODULE I final.pptx
- Dsp Microsoft Office Word Document
- Introduction

Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 44

Laboratory Guide

http://sp.utcluj.ro/html/Teaching.html

3rd Year AE

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 1 / 44

Outline

1

Laboratory 1 - Introduction to MATLAB

2

Laboratory 2 - Discrete-Time Signals

3

Laboratory 3 - Sampling of Analog Signals

4

Laboratory 4 - Discrete-Time Linear Time-Invariant Systems

5

Laboratory 5 - Linear and Circular Convolution

6

Laboratory 6 - Discrete Fourier Transform

7

Laboratory 7 - Finite Impulse Response Filters

8

Laboratory 8 - Discrete-Time Linear Time-Invariant Systems as Frequency

Selective Filters

9

Laboratory 9 - Innite Impulse Response Filters. Indirect Design Methods

10

Laboratory 10 - Innite Impulse Response Filters. Direct Design Methods

11

Laboratory 11 - Structures for the Realization of Finite Impulse Response

Systems

12

Laboratory 12 - Structures for the Realization of Innite Impulse Response

Systems

13

Laboratory 13 - Quantization of Digital Filter Coecients

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 2 / 44

Laboratory 1

L1. Introduction to MATLAB

Appendix A L. Grama, C. Rusu, Prelucrarea numerica a semnalelor - aplicat ii si probleme, Ed. UTPRES, 2008

To be done: To be acquainted with MATLAB programming environment,

respectively with the main commands and functions that will be used in the

next laboratories, read Appendix A: Not iuni MATLAB (pp. 139-165) and enter

the described examples in the command line.

Exercises

1

Consider the matrices: A =

_

_

3 2 1

8 4 5

0 2 0

_

_

, B =

_

_

2 3 4

1 1 1

2 3 2

_

_

and the

scalar m = 4. Evaluate using MATLAB: C = A + B; D = A B; E = C + m;

F = A B; G = B m; H = A

; I = B

; J = A/B; K = A \ B; L = C

m

. Verify

if J = A B

1

and if K = A

1

B. Use the long e format.

2

Generate a linearly spaced vector between 3 and 9 with the increment 2.

3

Generate a 13 element linearly spaced vector between 3 and 9.

4

Generate a 9 point logarithmically spaced vector between decades 10

3

and

10

3

.

5

Evaluate the scalar product of: a =

_

1 2

_

and b =

_

3 3

_

.

6

y = 3:0.9:123 is the given vector. Find the length of the vector and generate

another vector of the same length, with only 1s elements.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 3 / 44

Laboratory 1

7

Evaluate the element by element product of the matrices: A =

_

_

9 8 7

6 5 4

3 2 1

_

_

and B =

_

_

1 0 1

1 0 1

1 0 1

_

_

.

8

Graph x(n) = sin

_

2

1

5

n

_

, n = 0, 10, using stem . The graph should be

represented by red stars; label the axes and write a title.

9

Generate a function named bplusa.m : function sumab = bplusa(a, b) in

order to evaluate the sum of two variables a and b .

10

Generate a function named bproducta.m :

function prodab = bproducta(a, b) in order to evaluate the product of two

vectors a and b .

11

Generate a function: function geometricmean = GeomMean(a, b) in order to

evaluate the geometric mean of two scalars a and b .

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 4 / 44

Laboratory 2

L2. Discrete-Time Signals

Chapter 1 L. Grama, C. Rusu, Prelucrarea numerica a semnalelor - aplicat ii si probleme, Ed. UTPRES, 2008

To be done: In this laboratory the discrete time sequences (denition,

classication and properties) are presented. It will be also illustrated the way

to represent discrete-time signals using MATLAB. To be acquainted with

signals and sequences, read Chapter 1: Semnale si secvent e, paragraphs

1.1.1-1.1.2 (pp. 1-4), respectively paragraphs 1.2.1-1.2.2 (pp. 8-10) to see

the MATLAB functions used in the sequences description. Run scripts

1.3.1-1.3.12 (you can nd the MATLAB examples in Lab2 DSP Examples as:

L2 1, impulse, L2 3L2 4, UnitStep, L2 6L2 12).

Exercises

1

Generate and graph (using stem function) the sequence:

x(n) = {0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0}, n = 0, 8.

2

Generate the complex sequence: x(n) = (n) +ju(n), n = 0, 10, and graph the

real, respectively the imaginary part of the generated sequence, in the same

gure, using subplot(m, n, p) command.

3

Generate the ramp sequence, with initial value 0 and nal value 100, of length

20: x(n) =

100

19

n, n = 0, 19.

4

Graph the sequence: x(n) = 3 sin (4n) + 2 cos (0.72n), n = 0, 100. Is this

sequence periodic? If yes, which is the period?

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 5 / 44

Laboratory 2

5

Plot the discrete sequence, of length 20: x(n) =

_

sin (0.2n), n > 10,

0, n 10.

6

Generate the complex sequence, of length 50:

x(n) = exp

_

0.1n + j

_

20.1n +

4

__

. Plot the sequence attenuated by sine,

respectively by cosine functions: x

1

(n) = exp (0.1n) sin

_

20.1n +

4

_

;

x

2

(n) = exp (0.1n) cos

_

20.1n +

4

_

.

7

Graph the attenuated sine sequence of length 100, given by:

x(n) =

_

sin (0.1n)

0.1n

, n = 0,

1, n = 0.

8

Generate and plot next sequences (abscissa n must include only the indicated

range):

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 6 / 44

Laboratory 2

x

1

(n) = 0.5(n), n = 5, 10; x

2

(n) = 0.8(n 5), n = 5, 1S0;

x

3

(n) = 1.5(n + 100), n = 150, 0; x

4

(n) = 2u(n), n = 20, 20;

x

5

(n) = 1.5u(n 10), n = 10, 20;

x

6

(n) = 2.5u(n + 10), n = 15, 15;

x

7

(n) = 1.2(n + 5) + 1.3 [u(n) u(n 20)] , n = 15, 25;

x

8

(n) = 2.2 sin

_

20.1n +

4

_

, n = 0, 49;

x

9

(n) = 1.5 sin

_

4

n +

3

_

, n = 0, 20;

x

10

(n) = 2 cos

_

5

n +

6

_

, n = 20, 20;

x

11

(n) = ln

sin

_

10

n

_

cos

_

10

n

_

, n = 20, 20;

x

12

(n) = exp (3n), n = 0, 9; x

13

(n) = (3)

n

sin

_

8

n

_

, n = 0, 20;

x

14

(n) = 10 sin

_

20.1n +

6

_

, n = 5, 20.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 7 / 44

Laboratory 2

9

Generate and plot next sequences:

x

1

(n) =

_

n(2 n), n = 5, 10

10, otherwise

10 n 20;

x

2

(n) =

_

_

8

i =0

a(n 2i );

_

a =

_

n + 3, n = 0, 5

0.5, otherwise

_

, n = 0, 10

50, otherwise

0 n 15;

10

Generate 3 sinusoidal sequences of dierent amplitude, frequency and phase

and plot them simultaneously on the screen (minimum 1 period).

11

Generate 16 periods of a periodic sequence; every period consists in 5 samples

of 1 and 10 samples of 0.

12

Generate an uniformly distributed random sequence, between 0 and 10. Plot

this sequence for n = 0, 49.

Hint: To generate an uniform distributed random sequence on a specied interval

[a, b], you have to multiply the output of rand function by (b a), and then to add

a. In the case of this example a = 0 and b = 10.

13

Generate a normally distributed random sequence (gaussian), between 0 and

10. Graph this sequence for n = 0, 49.

Hint: This sequence has a specic mean (5) and variance (5). To generate a gaussian

sequence with these parameters multiply the output of randn function by the

standard deviation (

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 8 / 44

Laboratory 2

14

Generate and plot the sequences of length 100:

x

1

(n) = (n) (n 5); x

2

(n) = u(n 5);

x

3

(n) = n [u(n) u(n 10)] ; x

4

(n) = exp [(0.2 + j 0.3) n];

x

5

(n) = n [u(n) u(n 10)] + exp [(0.2 + j 0.3) n];

x

6

(n) = n [u(n) u(n 10)] + exp (0.3n) [u(n 10) u(n 20)] .

15

Add an uniformly distributed random sequence of mean 0 and maximum

amplitude 0.2, to the 100 length sequences, generated at exercise 14.

16

Repeat exercise 15, for a gaussian sequence of mean 0 and variance 0.1.

17

Plot using stem function, the sequence obtained by summing a sine sequence

by an uniform noise with the amplitude 10 times lower.

18

Generate and graph a rectangular sequence and a sawtooth one having 15

samples per period. You have to represent graphically 5 periods.

19

Generate 101 samples of a ramp sequence with the initial value 0 and the

increment equal by 0.01. Plot this sequence between 20 and 30.

Hint: For plotting this sequence you can use the syntax: stem(20:30, x(21:31))

assuming that the generated sequence was denoted by x .

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 9 / 44

Laboratory 2

20

Create a MATLAB function to generate a nite length sinusoidal sequence.

The function must have 5 input arguments: 3 for the sinusoids parameters

and 2 to specify the rst and the last index of the nite sequence. The

function will return a colon vector that will contain the sinusoid values.

Hint: function seq = gensin(ampl, freq, phase, ninitial, nnal) .

Use the created function in a MATLAB script to evaluate the minimum, the

maximum, the mean and the standard deviation of a sinusoidal sequence with

parameters: ampl = 1.5 , freq = 1/15 , phase = pi/6 , n = 0, 50.

21

Modify the function generated at 20, to return 2 output arguments: a vector

that contains the sequences values and a vector with the sequences indices.

Hint: function [seq, n] = gensin1(ampl, freq, phase, ninitial, nnal) .

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 10 / 44

Laboratory 3

L3. Sampling of Analog Signals

Chapter 1 L. Grama, C. Rusu, Prelucrarea numerica a semnalelor - aplicat ii si probleme, Ed. UTPRES, 2008

To be done: The aim of this laboratory is the introduction of analog signals,

the way to obtain a discrete-time sequence from an analog signal (sampling

of analog signals) and the way to reconstruct analog signals from samples.

To be acquainted with analog signals, their way of sampling and their

reconstruction from samples see Chapter 1: Semnale si secvent e, paragraphs

1.1.1-1.1.5 (pp. 1-8). In paragraph 1.2.3 (p. 11) the MATLAB functions

used for interpolation are presented. Run scripts 1.3.13-1.3.15 (you can nd

the MATLAB examples in Lab3 DSP Examples as: L3 1L3 3). Study the

problem 1.3.16.

Exercises

1

Plot an amplitude modulated signal, sampled by 1MHz, whose carrier is of

100kHz and modulation signal of 10kHz, for a modulation index m = 1.2.

Graph on the same gure, but in a dierent pane the suppressed carrier

amplitude modulated sequence.

2

From all sequences obtained after sampling analog sinusoidal signals by 50kHz,

which one has the major variation?

3

Generate 101 samples of a sequence obtained from an analog sinusoidal signal

sampled by 1kHz; the analog sinusoid has unitary amplitude, zero phase and a

frequency of 100Hz.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 11 / 44

Laboratory 3

From the previous sequence generate a full-wave rectied one ( abs );

Perform the arithmetic mean of the previously obtained sequences;

Graph the three sequences in the same gure, but in dierent panes.

4

Consider an analog sinusoidal signal with frequency F = 200Hz. This signal is

sampled by F

s

= 800Hz. Plot the analog signal, the discrete-time sequence

obtained after sampling and the analog signal that can be recovered from

samples (F

sim

= 8kHz).

5

Consider the analog sinusoids with frequencies: 300Hz, 400Hz, 500Hz, 700Hz,

900Hz. All of them are sampled by 900Hz (dont forget the simulation

frequency). Plot the analog sinusoidal signals, the sequences obtained after

sampling, the analog signals that can be recovered from the corresponding

samples and also the corresponding spectra. Is there any alias error? Why?

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 12 / 44

Laboratory 4

L4. Discrete-Time Linear Time-Invariant Systems

Chapter 2 L. Grama, C. Rusu, Prelucrarea numerica a semnalelor - aplicat ii si probleme, Ed. UTPRES, 2008

To be done: The aim of this laboratory is to present discrete-time LTIS. The

way to evaluate the system response to arbitrary input signals, with zero

initial conditions, is illustrated. In this laboratory, the usage of z-transform to

LTIS characterization is also presented. To be familiar with LTIS read Chapter

2: Semnale discrete, paragraphs 2.1, 2.1.1-2.1.3 (pp. 43-46). The MATLAB

functions used to evaluate the output, the impulse response of a LTIS,

respectively the functions used to characterize the discrete-time systems are

described in paragraphs 2.2.1-2.2.2 (pp. 48-50). Run scripts 2.3.1-2.3.9 (you

can nd the MATLAB examples in Lab4 DSP Examples as: L4 1L4 9). Study

problems 2.3.102.3.13.

Exercises

1

Demonstrate through a MATLAB scrip (as L4 1.m) that the system

H{x(n)} = x

2

(n) is nonlinear. Consider: x

1

(n) = sin (20.1n),

x

2

(n) = sin (20.15n), a = 3, b = 3.

2

A discrete LTIS is characterized by the constant-coecient dierence equation:

y(n) 1.5 cos

8

y(n 1) + 0.95y(n 2) = x(n) + 0.4x(n 1).

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 13 / 44

Laboratory 4

Determine the poles of the systems transfer function, which are the roots of

the polynomial A(z) = 1 +

N

k=1

a

k

z

k

using the roots command. If these roots

are complex-conjugate, the response of the system contains harmonic

components. Represent the real and the imaginary part of the complex

sequences p

n

k

u(n), for n = 0, 30, where p

k

are the systems poles;

Accordingly to the dierence equation, the impulse response sequence is:

h(n) = (a

1

p

n

1

+ a

2

p

n

2

) u(n). Determine the constants a

1

and a

2

. Evaluate the

impulse response using the MATLAB command impz (see L4 8.m);

Determine the steady-state response of the system to the complex exponential

input sequence (see L4 9.m): x(n) = e

j

0

n

, for n = 0, 60,

0

=

6

, using the

relation:

y(n) = |H (

0

)| e

j

0

n+H(

0

)

.

3

Analyze the eect of poles and zeros of a system function H(z) on the

magnitude of the frequency response function |H()|, for the systems:

H

1

(z) =

1 z

1

z

1

1 z

2

z

1

where:

1) z

1,2

= 1; 3) z

1,2

= e

j

3

; 5) z

1,2

= e

j

2

3

; 7) z

1,2

= 1;

2) z

1,2

= e

j

6

; 4) z

1,2

= e

j

2

; 6) z

1,2

= e

j

5

6

;

Analyze how |H()| is modifying accordingly to the zeros position, and

represent the zeros in z-plane. What do you observe? Comment on the results.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 14 / 44

Laboratory 4

H

2

(z) =

0.3

1 p

1

z

1

1 p

2

z

1

where:

1) p

1,2

= 0.3; 2) p

1,2

= e

j

4

; 3) p

1,2

= e

j

2

; 4) p

1,2

= 0.3;

Analyze how |H()| is modifying accordingly to the poles position, and

represent the poles in z-plane. What do you observe? Comment on the results.

4

Find the impulse response of the system described by the transfer function:

H(z) =

1 + z

1

+ z

2

+ z

3

1 0.5z

1

4z

2

+ 2z

3

.

5

Evaluate the rst 50 samples of the impulse response sequence of the system:

H(z) =

z

2

+ 1

z

3

1.9z

2

+ 1.55z 0.425

.

6

Evaluate the rst 100 samples of the impulse response of the system:

H(z) =

z

z 1

.

7

Next transfer functions of some discrete LTIS are considered:

H

1

(z) = 1 4z

1

+ 4z

2

; H

4

(z) =

_

1 + z

1

_

2

1 z

1

+ 0.25z

2

;

H

2

(z) = 1 + 4z

1

+ 4z

2

; H

5

(z) =

_

1 z

1

_

2

1 z

1

+ 0.25z

2

;

H

3

(z) = 1 z

1

+ 0.25z

2

; H

6

(z) =

1

1 z

1

+ 0.25z

2

;

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 15 / 44

Laboratory 4

Using the zplane command represent the pole-zero diagrams for the system

functions H

i

(z), i = 1, 6;

Using the freqz command represent the frequency response characteristics for

each system. Specify what type of system is described by each transfer function;

Evaluate and plot the unit impulse and the unit step response for H

5

(z).

8

Find the impulse response of the system: H(z) =

0.5z

2

+ 0.5z

z

2

z 0.5

.

9

A LTIS is characterized by the system function:

H(z) =

(z + 0.2)

_

z

2

+ 5

_

(z 0.7) (z

2

z + 0.49)

.

Represent the poles and the zeros in the z-plane;

Evaluate and plot the phase response characteristic. Is this system a

linear-phase one?

10

Two causal systems are considered. Determine which one is stable. Comment

on your answer.

H

1

(z) =

1 0.6z

1

+ 1.15z

2

0.98z

3

+ 0.98z

4

1 + 1.27z

1

+ 2.02z

2

+ 1.54z

3

+ 0.98z

4

;

H

2

(z) =

2 2.54z

1

+ 5z

2

4.3z

3

+ 3.27z

4

1 0.77z

1

+ 0.82z

2

+ 0.41z

3

+ 0.51z

4

.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 16 / 44

Laboratory 4

11

For the sequence:

x(n) = (0.9)

n

sin (0.2n), n = 0, 99,

nd the impulse response after you evaluate X(z).

Hint: The z-transform of the sequence

x(n) = a

n

sin (

0

n)u(n)

is

H(z) =

az

1

sin

0

1 2az

1

cos

0

+ a

2

z

2

, |z| > |a|.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 17 / 44

Laboratory 5

L5. Linear and Circular Convolution

Chapters 2 and 3 L. Grama, C. Rusu, Prelucrarea numerica a semnalelor - aplicat ii si probleme, Ed. UTPRES, 2008

To be done: The aim of this laboratory is to present the linear and the

circular convolution. You can nd the theoretical aspects regarding the linear

convolution in Chapter 2: Semnale discrete, paragraph 2.1.4 (pp. 47-48),

respectively in 2.2.3 (p. 50) the MATLAB commands used for linear

convolution evaluation. In Chapter 3: Transformata Fourier discreta, paragraph

3.1.3 (pp. 95-96) you can nd the aspects regarding the circular convolution.

The MATLAB functions used are presented in 3.2.2 (p. 99). Run scripts

2.3.14, respectively 3.3.6-3.3.8, 3.3.11 (you can nd the MATLAB examples in

Lab5 DSP Examples as: L5 1L5 5). Study problems 2.3.152.3.16.

Exercises

1

Determine the linear convolution of the sequences: x

1

(n) = |10 n| and

x

2

(n) = 1.5 cos

_

20.1n +

4

_

, for n = 0, 20. Plot the two sequences and the

sequence obtained after convolution. Which is the fundamental period of the

linear convolution?

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 18 / 44

Laboratory 5

2

The impulse response of a LTIS is:

h(n) =

_

exp (0.1n), n = 0, 31,

0, otherwise.

At the input of the system the sequence x(n) = u(n) u(n 20) is applied

(u(n) is the unit step sequence). Determine the system output using the linear

convolution.

3

The impulse response of a LTIS is:

h(n) =

_

exp (0.15n), n = 0, 31,

0, otherwise.

At the input of the system the sequence x(n) = u(n) u(n 30) is applied

(u(n) is the unit step sequence). Determine the system output using the linear

convolution.

4

Consider the system described by the z-domain transfer function:

H(z) =

z 1

(z 0.25)(z 0.5)

.

Determine the rst 100 samples of the unit step response sequence;

Express the system function as: H(z) = H

1

(z) + H

2

(z);

Determine the unit step response of the individual blocks and then add the

results. Compare the obtained result with the one obtained in the rst part.

5

Consider the system: H(z) =

z

z 0.5

. Evaluate:

The unit step response;

The unit ramp response;

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 19 / 44

Laboratory 5

The response to the sequence: x(n) = 10 cos

n

3

u(n);

The response to the sequence: x(n) = 10 0.5

n

u(n).

6

Two linear systems are connected in cascade:

h

1

(n) = { 2

, 3, 2, 1, 0.5, 1, 2, 4},

h

2

(n) = { 3

, 1, 5, 0, 2, 6}.

Generate an arbitrary input sequence x(n) (i.e., a sinusoidal sequence);

Evaluate the output sequence of the rst system, using the linear convolution,

and then evaluate the output sequence of the cascade formed by the two

systems;

If the cascade order is changed, repeat the operations involved in the precedent

part. What can you conclude?

Suppose that the second system is characterized by the input-output relation:

y(n) = 0.01 [x(n)]

2

, and the rst system remains unchanged. Repeat the

precedent parts and compare the output resultant sequences.

7

Evaluate the circular convolution of the sequences: x

1

(n) = (2)

n

and

x

2

(n) = 1.1 cos

_

0.25n +

6

_

, for n = 0, 10. Plot the two sequences and the

sequence obtained after the evaluation of the circular convolution. Which is

the fundamental period of the circular convolution?

8

Consider the sequences: x

1

(n) = 1.1 sin

_

20.05n +

4

_

and x

2

(n) = (1)

n

,

for n = 0, 15. Write a MATLAB script to evaluate:

The linear convolution;

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 20 / 44

Laboratory 5

The 16-point circular convolution in two ways (using circonv and, respectively

t );

The circular convolution in minimum number of points required in order to

obtain the same result as in the case of the linear convolution, in two ways

(using circonv and, respectively t ).

9

Evaluate the linear and the circular (using minimum length DFT required)

convolution of the sequences: x

1

(n) = u(n) u(n 20) (n = 0, 30) and

x

2

(n) = (0.7)

n

(n = 0, 20). Which is the minimum length for the period N

such that the values of the two convolutions to be the same? Graph the two

sequences and also those obtained after the evaluation of linear, respectively

circular convolution.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 21 / 44

Laboratory 6

L6. Discrete Fourier Transform

Chapter 3 L. Grama, C. Rusu, Prelucrarea numerica a semnalelor - aplicat ii si probleme, Ed. UTPRES, 2008

To be done: The aim of this laboratory is to present the Discrete Fourier

Transform (DFT): its denition, its properties and also its implementation in

MATLAB. To become familiar with DFT read Chapter 3: Transformata Fourier

discreta, paragraphs 3.1.1-3.1.2 (pp. 90-95), respectively paragraph 3.1.4 for

the sampling in the frequency domain (pp. 96-97). The MATLAB functions

used to implement the DFT are presented in 3.2.1 (pp. 98-99). Run scripts

3.3.13.3.5, 3.3.93.3.10, 3.3.12 (you can nd the MATLAB examples in

Lab6 DSP Examples as: L6 1L6 8). Study problems 3.3.133.3.16.

Exercises

1

Plot the magnitude and the phase of the corresponding DFT for:

x(n) =

_

1, n = 0, 5,

0, n = 6, 10.

2

Consider the sequence given in exercise 1; pad it by 116 zeros. Plot the

magnitude and the phase of the DFT for the zero-padded sequence.

3

Generate a MATLAB program to verify the Parseval relationship for:

x(n) =

_

n + 2j , n = 0, 63,

0, otherwise.

y(n) =

_

n + 3j , n = 0, 63,

0, otherwise.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 22 / 44

Laboratory 6

4

An amplitude modulated signal, sampled by 1MHz, whose carrier is of 100kHz

and modulation signal of 10kHz is considered. For a modulation index of

m = 0.7 graph the magnitude and the phase spectra.

5

Consider the sequences: x

1

(n) = 0.2 sin

_

20.1n +

8

_

, x

2

(n) = 2e

0.2n

,

n = 0, 49. Plot the considered sequences and their product. Evaluate the

magnitude and the phase spectra of the DFTs for x

1

(n), x

2

(n) and x

1

(n)x

2

(n).

Plot the results.

6

Evaluate the N-point DFTs of: x

1

(n) = u(n) u(n 20) (n = 0, 30),

x

2

(n) =

_

n 1, n = 0, 5,

(1)

n

, n = 6, 10.

Graph the sequences and their DFTs (real

and imaginary parts, magnitude and phase) for [, ] and

N = 32; 128; 256; 512; 1024.

7

Consider the sequences: x

1

(n) = { 3

x

2

(n) = { 1.2

, 3, 0, 0.5, 2},

Evaluate the linear convolution (using conv ) between x

1

(n) and x

2

(n). Which

is the length of the result?

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 23 / 44

Laboratory 6

In some cases, it should be convenient to evaluate the linear convolution using

the Fourier transform. At the beginning, evaluate the linear convolution in a

some way inconsistent manner. Extend x

2

(n) with three zeros, so that both

sequences to have the same length. Evaluate then the 8-point DFT for the two

sequences. After multiplying the two DFTs, evaluate the IDFT of the product

X

1

(k)X

1

(k). Take into account only the real part of the result, imaginary part

being the result of the roundo errors. In what measure the result is identical

with the one obtained through the linear convolution. How many samples are

accurate? Why?

Which is the minimum length DTF that must be used, so that through the

preceding procedure to obtain the same result as in the case of linear

convolution? Pad both sequences by zeros, till both of them are of length equal

by the minimum required to evaluate accurate the linear convolution using the

DFT. Repeat the previous part.

Pad with ve zeros the two sequences, so that their length is greater than the

minimum required. Repeat the previous part and specify to what extent a

greater number of samples aect the result.

8

Consider the sequence: x(n) = { 3

, 2, 7, 1, 4}.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 24 / 44

Laboratory 6

Evaluate the 5-point DFT for the sequence x(n). Multiply the DFT by a

complex exponential: e

j

2k

5

. Compute the IDFT of the product, that is to nd

the sequence x

1

(n): x

1

(n) = IDFT{X(k)e

j

2k

5

}. Take into account only the

real part of the sequence x

1

(n), the imaginary part being the result of the

roundo errors. Compare x

1

(n) by x(n). Are these sequences obtained by

circular translation?

Repeat the previous part to obtain a circular shift by 3 samples.

How can you modify this technique so that to be possible to evaluate the linear

convolution?

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 25 / 44

Laboratory 7

L7. Finite Impulse Response Filters

Chapter 2 L. Grama, A. Grama, C. Rusu, Filtre numerice - aplicat ii si probleme, Ed. UTPRES, 2008

To be done: The subject of this laboratory are FIR lters. In the rst part

some theoretical aspects regarding the digital lters are presented, their

advantages and disadvantages toward the analog ones. The FIR lters

characteristics are illustrated and some design methods are described:

windowing method, sampling in the frequency domain method and the

optimal method. To be acquainted with the digital lters read Chapter 2:

Filtre cu raspuns nit la impuls, paragraphs 2.1-2.1.1 (pp. 41-42), respectively

2.1.2-2.1.3 (pp. 42-48) to become familiar with the FIR lters (their

characteristics and approximation methods). The MATLAB functions used to

implement FIR lters are presented in 2.2.1-2.2.4 (pp. 48-54). Run scripts

2.3.12.3.4 (you can nd the MATLAB examples in Lab7 DSP Examples as:

L7 1L7 4). Study problems 2.3.52.3.6.

Exercises

1

Design a 21 FIR LPF, with the cuto frequency of 0.2.

2

Redesign the previous lter for a larger transition band.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 26 / 44

Laboratory 7

3

Graph the rectangular, triangular, Blackman, Hamming, Hanning, Kaiser

(dierent ) windows, and also their magnitude frequency response

characteristics. Note the principal lobes values and the maximum amplitudes

of the secondary lobes [dB]. Verify the results by those given in Table 2.3. For

N = 20 study demowindows.m . What happens if you modify the windows

length (N = 50)? What can you say about the windows eect in the FIR

lters design?

4

Design a FIR band-reject lter, of order 21, using the windowing method (use

the windows generated in exercise 3), with the stop band limits F

s1

= 10kHz,

F

s2

= 15kHz. The sampling frequency considered is F

s

= 90kHz. Plot the

frequency response characteristic, the zeros distribution and the impulse

response of the lter, for each window.

5

Design a FIR LPF, of order 36, using the sampling in the frequency domain

method, with the pass band limit F

p

= 15kHz and the sampling frequency

F

s

= 50kHz. Sketch the frequency response characteristics of the lter, the

zeros distribution and the impulse response.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 27 / 44

Laboratory 7

6

Design a FIR BPF, of minimum order, with the frequencies F

s1

= 10kHz,

F

p1

= 12kHz, F

p2

= 60kHz, F

s2

= 62kHz and the sampling frequency

F

s

= 130kHz, the minimum attenuation in the stop bands of 40dB and the

maximum attenuation in the pass band of 3dB. Sketch the frequency response

characteristics of the lter.

Hint: In order to evaluate the pass and stop band deviations use:

A

PB

= 20 lg

1 +

p

1

p

p

=

10

A

PB

20

1

10

A

PB

20

+ 1

A

SB

= 20 lg

s

s

= 10

A

SB

20

.

7

Redesign the FIR PBF from exercise 6, using the SPTool graphical interface.

8

Consider the FIR lter described by the input-output relationship:

y(n) =

1

4

[x(n) + x(n 1) + x(n 2) + x(n 3)]. Evaluate and sketch the

impulse response and the frequency response characteristics.

9

Design a 33 order Hilbert transformer, with optimum response, such that the

normalized frequency to be within 0.05 and 0.45.

10

Design a 55 linear phase FIR LPF, with the transition frequencies 0.2 and 0.3.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 28 / 44

Laboratory 7

11

Design a FIR lter that approximate the magnitude characteristic:

|H()| =

_

_

_

0, 0 < < 0.2,

1, 0.25 < < 0.45

0, 0.5 < < .

Evaluate and sketch the impulse response and the frequency response

characteristics.

12

Design a linear phase LPF, of order 51, to approximate the characteristic of an

ideal LPF. The cuto frequency is considered to be 0.2. Graph the frequency

response characteristics for the designed lter. You should observe the

presence of the Gibbs phenomenon.

13

Design a linear phase BPF, of order 40, to approximate the characteristic of an

ideal BPF (rectangular window) with the cuto frequencies: 0.2 and 0.6.

14

Repeat exercise 13 for a Hamming window. Why the Gibbs phenomenon

doesnt appear anymore? What can you say about the transition band?

15

Design a lter to approximate the characteristic of a dierentiator,

H() = /, considering a Blackman window. The order of the lter should

be 40.

16

Consider the moving average lter described by the constant-coecient

dierence equation: y(n) =

1

3

[x(n) + x(n 1) + x(n 2)].

Evaluate and plot the magnitude and the log-magnitude frequency response for

this lter;

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 29 / 44

Laboratory 7

At the input of this lter a signal mixed up with noise is applied. What do you

obtain at the output? Comment on the result;

Repeat the previous parts for a ve order moving average lter, described by the

dierence equation:

y(n) =

1

5

[x(n) + x(n 1) + x(n 2) + x(n 3) + x(n 4)].

17

Using a rectangular window, design a FIR BPF, of order 55, with the

normalized cuto frequencies 0.18 and 0.33. Plot the impulse response and

the frequency response characteristics.

18

Design a 55 order FIR lter, of equal ripple, to approximate the frequency

response:

H() =

_

_

_

0, 0 < < 0.2,

1, 0.22 < < 0.43

0, 0.5 < < .

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 30 / 44

Laboratory 8

L8. Discrete-Time Linear Time-Invariant Systems as Frequency Selective

Filters

Chapter 1 L. Grama, A. Grama, C. Rusu, Filtre numerice - aplicat ii si probleme, Ed. UTPRES, 2008

To de done: The aim of this laboratory is to present the LTIS as selective

lters in the frequency domain. In the rs part the ideal lters characteristics

are illustrated, and then some particular classes of selective lters are shown:

digital resonators, comb lters, notch lters, all-pass lters and digital

sinusoidal oscillators. The theoretical aspects are illustrated in Chapter 1:

Filtrari selective paragraph 1.1 (pp. 1-20), respectively in paragraph 1.2 (p.

20) the MATLAB functions are described. Run scripts 1.3.11.3.9 (you can

nd the MATLAB examples in Lab8 DSP Examples as: L8 1L8 9).

Exercises

1

Redo example L8 9, for the other values of the frequency f

0

.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 31 / 44

Laboratory 9

L9. Innite Impulse Response Filters. Indirect Design Methods

Chapter 3 L. Grama, A. Grama, C. Rusu, Filtre numerice - aplicat ii si probleme, Ed. UTPRES, 2008

To be done: This laboratory is focused on designing, analyzing and

implementing IIR lters. In some applications, the IIR lters are more

advantageously than the FIR lters because they can realize excellent

selectivity characteristics with a lower order of the transfer function. In

contrast with the FIR lters, the IIR ones cannot have linear phase. To

become familiar with the IIR lters read Chapter 3: Filtre cu raspuns innit la

impuls, paragraphs 3.1, 3.1.1 (pp. 70-77), respectively paragraph 3.1.3 (pp.

83-84) about the IIR lters advantages. The MATLAB functions used to

implement the IIR lters are presented in 3.2.1-3.2.3 (pp. 84-88). Run scripts

3.3.13.3.4 (you can nd the MATLAB examples in Lab9 DSP Examples as:

L9 1L9 4). Study problems 3.3.53.3.6.

Exercises

1

Using the impulse invariance method design a digital Butterworth band-pass

lter, for which:

The attenuation is lower than 1dB at 4kHz and 6kHz;

The attenuation is greater than 40dB at 3kHz and 8kHz;

The sampling frequency is 20kHz.

1 Evaluate and sketch the frequency response characteristics for the analog BPF

and for the corresponding digital one.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 32 / 44

Laboratory 9

2 Evaluate and sketch the impulse response of the digital BPF and the pole-zero

diagram in the z-plane.

3 Is the obtained digital lter stable?

Repeat the problem using the bilinear transformation method.

2

Repeat exercise 1 for a Cebsev I lter. Comment on the dierences.

3

Repeat exercise 1 for a Cebsev II lter. Comment on the dierences.

4

Repeat exercise 1 for an Elliptic lter. Comment on the dierences.

5

Repeat exercises 14 and design these lters using the graphical interface

SPTool.

6

Consider the analog lter described by the system function:

H(s) =

2

s + 2

s

2

+ 2

2s

2

+ 3s + 2

. Using the bilinear transformation method, obtain

the corresponding digital lter; the sampling period is equal by T = 0.8. What

kind of lter is the obtained one? Is this lter stable?

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 33 / 44

Laboratory 10

L10. Innite Impulse Response Filters. Direct Design Methods

Chapter 2 L. Grama, A. Grama, C. Rusu, Filtre numerice - aplicat ii si probleme, Ed. UTPRES, 2008

To be done: In this laboratory the direct design methods for IIR lters are

described. The theoretical aspects regarding the direct design methods for IIR

lters are presented in Chapter 3: Filtre cu raspuns innit la impuls in paragraph

3.1.2 (pp. 78-83), respectively in 3.2.4 (pp. 88-91) the MATLAB functions

are illustrated. Run scripts 3.3.73.3.11 (you can nd the MATLAB examples

in Lab10 DSP Examples as: L10 1L10 5). Study problems 3.3.123.3.13.

Exercises

1

Consider a Cebsev II digital HPF, with 4 poles and 4 zeros, with the system

function: H

d

(z)

=

0.076945 0.19009z

1

+ 0.25374z

2

0.19009z

3

+ 0.076945z

4

1 + 0.80034z

1

+ 0.73056z

2

+ 0.17774z

3

+ 0.035329z

4

Using the Pade approximation method for H

d

(z), and considering the impulse

response length equal by 50, compare the methods performances for:

M = {2; 5; 7} and N = {2; 5; 7}.

2

Consider the lter given in exercise 1; approximate it using the least squares

design method.

3

Consider the lter given in exercise 1; approximate it using Pronys design

method.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 34 / 44

Laboratory 10

4

Consider the lter given in exercise 1; approximate it using Shanks design

method.

5

Using Yule-Walker method, synthesize a BRF, with the stop band between 0.3

and 0.6 and the cuto pass band frequencies 0.25 and 0.65.

6

Design a 5 order Butterworth LPF, which satises the condition:

0.9 < H() < 1, for 0 < f < 0.2.

7

Consider a LTIS described by the transfer function:

H(z) =

0.05634(1 + z

1

)(1 1.01666z

1

+ z

2

)

(1 0.68z

1

)(1 1.4461z

1

+ 0.7957z

2

)

. Sketch the pole-zero

diagram, the frequency response characteristics and the group delay

characteristic.

8

Design a minimum order Butterworth LPF, which satises the conditions:

0.99 < |H(f )| < 1 for 0 < f < 0.22 and 0 < |H(f )| < 0.01 for 0.25 < f < 0.5.

Plot the frequency response characteristics and the group delay characteristic;

Find the poles and the zeros of the system function and write the system

function expression in a compact manner.

9

Repeat exercise 8 for a Cebsev lter.

10

Design a Cebsev BRF which must reject the frequency f = 0.22. The design

must satisfy the next requirements:

The order of the lter is ten;

The stop band width is 0.04;

The widths of the transition bands are 0.03;

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 35 / 44

Laboratory 10

The stop band attenuation must be at least 20dB, and the ripple in the pass

band is 1dB.

Evaluate the output of this lter to the excitation x(n) = sin (20.22n), for

n = 0, 299. Comment on the result.

11

A LTIS is described by the transfer function: H(z) =

z

z 0.9

.

Evaluate and sketch the impulse response;

Evaluate and sketch the frequency response characteristics (the magnitude and

the phase);

Evaluate the output of this lter to the excitation x(n) = sin 20.05n, for

n = 0, 499. Compare the excitation with the output sequence. How are aected

the amplitude and the phase of the input sinusoid?

Repeat the previous part for x(n) = sin (20.1n), for n = 0, 499.

12

Two continuous-time signals are considered, x

a

(t) and y

a

(t), which are in an

integral relationship: y

a

(t) =

_

t

0

x

a

(t)dt. The integral can be approximated

using the trapezoidal rule as follows: y

a

(t) y

a

(t

0

) +

t t

0

2

[x

a

(t) + x

a

(t

0

)].

A discrete integrator can be represented by the nite dierence equation:

y(n) = y(n 1) +

T

2

[x(n) + x(n 1)], where x(n) and, respectively y(n)

represent the sampled signals derived from x

a

(t) and y

a

(t).

Determine the transfer function H(z) of the discrete integrator;

Generate two vectors to describe the discrete integrator. Chose T = 0.1s;

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 36 / 44

Laboratory 10

Consider the signal: x

a

(t) = 0.9

t

sin (2t). Its integral can be approximated by

discrete integrator. For this purpose, this signal is sampled by T = 0.1s and it

is passed through the integrator. Evaluate the rst 100 samples for the output

sequence and compare them by the theoretical result;

Repeat previous parts for T = 0.05s.

13

Consider the LTIS described by the system function: H(z) =

1

1 z

N

.

Create a variable to describe this system, and then generate 100 samples of the

systems impulse response (N = 10);

Evaluate and sketch the frequency response characteristics (the magnitude and

the phase);

Generate 10 samples of the sequence: x(n) = 9 n, for n = 0, 9. Pad x(n) by

90 zeros. Pass this new sequence through the lter and evaluate the rst 100

samples of the response sequence.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 37 / 44

Laboratory 11

L11. Structures for the Realization of Finite Impulse Response Systems

Chapter 2 L. Grama, A. Grama, C. Rusu, Filtre numerice - aplicat ii si probleme, Ed. UTPRES, 2008

To be done: This laboratory is dedicated to the realization of discrete-time

LTIS with nite impulse response. The direct form, the cascade structure,

and the lattice one will be presented. It is also described the frequency

sampling implementation for a FIR system its advantage consists in the

computational eciency toward other implementations. The theoretical

aspects regarding discrete-time LTIS implementation are presented in Chapter

4: Structuri pentru implementarea sistemelor discrete paragraph 4.1 (pp.

122-123), respectively in 4.1.1. (pp. 123-132) the structures for the

realization of FIR systems are described. Study problems described in the

examples 4.3.1-4.3.3 (you can nd the MATLAB scripts in Lab11 DSP Examples

as: L11 1L11 4).

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 38 / 44

Laboratory 11

Exercises

1

Next FIR systems are considered:

H

1

(z) = 1

5

6

z

1

+

1

6

z

2

;

H

2

(z) =

_

1 2z

1

__

1 0.8e

j

6

z

1

__

1 0.8e

j

6

z

1

_

;

H

3

(z) = 1 1.27z

1

+ 1.19z

2

+ 1.18z

3

+ 0.4z

4

;

H

4

(z) = 0.5 + 0.2z

1

0.3z

2

+ z

3

;

Synthesize and draw the structures corresponding to the direct form, cascade

and respectively lattice implementations.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 39 / 44

Laboratory 12

L12. Structures for the Realization of Innite Impulse Response Systems

Chapter 2 L. Grama, A. Grama, C. Rusu, Filtre numerice - aplicat ii si probleme, Ed. UTPRES, 2008

To be done: In this laboratory the direct, the cascade, the parallel and the

lattice structures for the IIR systems are presented. To be acquainted with

the theoretical aspects regarding discrete-time IIR systems implementation

structures read Chapter 4: Structuri pentru implementarea sistemelor discrete, the

paragraph 4.1.2 (pp. 132-141), respectively the paragraph 4.2 (pp. 141-143),

where the used MATLAB functions for IIR systems implementation are

presented. Run script 4.3.8 (you can nd the MATLAB example in

Lab12 DSP Examples as: L12 1). Study problems 4.3.44.3.7.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 40 / 44

Laboratory 12

Exercises

1

Next IIR systems are considered:

H

1

(z) =

3

_

1 z

1

_

_

1 +

2z

1

+ z

2

_

(1 + 0.3z

1

) (1 0.7z

1

+ 0.49z

2

)

;

H

2

(z) =

_

1 0.3e

j

4

z

1

__

1 0.3e

j

4

z

1

_

_

1 0.6e

j

6

z

1

_ _

1 0.6e

j

6

z

1

_ ;

H

3

(z) =

3

1 1.27z

1

+ 1.19z

2

+ 1.18z

3

+ 0.4z

4

;

H

4

(z) =

0.5 + 0.2z

1

0.3z

2

+ z

3

1 0.3z

1

+ 0.2z

2

+ 0.5z

3

;

Synthesize and draw the structures corresponding to the direct forms I and II,

cascade, parallel and respectively lattice implementations. Specify for each

system if it is stable or not.

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 41 / 44

Laboratory 13

L13. Quantization of Digital Filter Coecients

Chapter 2 L. Grama, A. Grama, C. Rusu, Filtre numerice - aplicat ii si probleme, Ed. UTPRES, 2008

To be done: The aim of this laboratory is the analysis of the word-length

eects in representing numerical values on systems performances, in dierent

structures. Finite-word-length eects report on quantization consequences

that are present in the digital implementations of systems, either in hardware

or in software. We want to analyze the round-o quantization eects to

digital lters. Theoretical aspects regarding quantization of digital lters

coecients are illustrated in Chapter 5: Cuantizarea coecient ilor ltrelor

digitale, paragraphs 5.1, 5.1.1-5.1.3 (pp. 169-174). The round-o

quantization eects in digital lters are illustrated in the paragraph 5.1.4 (pp.

174-184). The MATLAB functions used in this laboratory are described in

the paragraph 5.2 (pg. 185-187). Run scripts 5.3.15.3.13 (you can nd the

MATLAB examples in Lab13 DSP Examples as: L13 1L13 13).

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 42 / 44

Laboratory 13

Exercises

1

Next IIR systems are considered:

H

1

(z) =

1 2 cos

2

6

z

1

+ z

2

1 1.4 cos

2

6

z

1

+ 0.49z

2

1 2 cos

2

4

z

1

+ z

2

1 1.2 cos

2

4

z

1

+ 0.36z

2

;

H

2

(z) =

0.5 + 0.2z

1

0.3z

2

+ 0.1z

3

+ z

4

1 + 0.1z

1

0.3z

2

+ 0.2z

3

+ 0.5z

4

;

Determine the numerators and denominators coecients and sketch the

pole-zero diagram and the frequency response characteristics;

For the direct form quantize (using truncation) the transfer function coecients

on 15, 8 and 4 bits. Note the values obtained for each case;

1. Sketch the pole-zero diagram and the frequency response characteristics for

the transfer functions with quantized coecients;

2. Compare the frequency response characteristics of the lters with

unquantized coecients with those with quantized coecients. How many bits

are necessarily for the coecients representation such that this limitation do

not aect much the magnitude characteristic?

Determine the parallel form of the given transfer functions;

1. Quantize the coecients of each function from the structure on 15, 8 and 4

bits. Note the values obtained for each case;

2. Evaluate the global transfer function summing all the transfer functions with

quantized coecients and plot the global frequency response and compare the

results with the one previously obtained;

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 43 / 44

Laboratory 13

Determine the cascade form of the given transfer functions;

1. Quantize the coecients of each function from the structure on 15, 8 and 4

bits. Note the values obtained for each case;

2. Evaluate the global transfer function multiplying all the transfer functions

with quantized coecients;

3. Sketch the pole-zero diagram and the global frequency response and

compare the results with the one obtained for the direct form;

Determine the lattice structure of the given transfer functions;

1. Quantize the coecients of each function from the structure on 15, 8 and 4

bits. Note the values obtained for each case;

2. Evaluate the global transfer function and plot the pole-zero diagram and the

global frequency response; compare the results with the one previously obtained.

2

Redo example L13 12, for L

and L

1

norms. What can you notice?

3

Redo example L13 13, for L

and L

2

norms. What can you notice?

Laboratory Guide (sp.utcluj.ro) Digital Signal Processing 3rd Year AE 44 / 44

- Dsp Lab Manual PerfectЗагружено:Ssgn Srinivasarao
- Digital Signal Processing short question and answersЗагружено:Rachit Nema
- Digital Filter Design Using MatlabЗагружено:Kirti Susan Varghese
- Signal Processing Manual 2009Загружено:bhashik
- FDSP COURSE PLAN.docЗагружено:anita_anu12
- Em 32866871Загружено:Anonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Ec010 602 Digital Signal ProcessingЗагружено:jobins123
- DSP Lect 11 Iir DesignЗагружено:Sayyeda Umbereen
- FIR FiltersЗагружено:Rîtzî Saxena
- Designing of Low Complexity Fir Filters Using Genetic Algorithms (8 Files Merged)(2)Загружено:Manwinder Singh Gill
- Fir FiltersЗагружено:guy2luv_63
- analogousЗагружено:sirisiri100
- lab manualЗагружено:Kirubha Shankar Ece
- Real Time Pattern Recognition Using Matrox Imaging SystemЗагружено:Anupam Dubey
- Dsp Sample Question _finalЗагружено:Mehta Sparsh
- Mrk Dsp Subjects1Загружено:rppvch
- Modified DA based FIR Filter in Multirate DSP systems on FPGAЗагружено:Editor IJRITCC
- ESP ME2013 MODULE I final.pptxЗагружено:devidasdighe
- Dsp Microsoft Office Word DocumentЗагружено:Gaurav Singh
- IntroductionЗагружено:Syed Ejaz Hussain Abidi
- EENG5610_Chap9_1_revised(2).pptЗагружено:Santosh Bommakanti
- 4Загружено:fikret
- Final Papper JIOS T 674Загружено:vinitha
- Загружено:Ramya C.N.
- ECE 569 With MatlabЗагружено:Xiao Yang
- Cs2403 Dsp 2 MarksЗагружено:EkambaramMuniyandi
- An 1MultiRateandPolyPhaseЗагружено:philippe
- Electrical EngineerЗагружено:api-79270455
- Control SystЗагружено:Liyana Nasarudin
- Syllabus 7thЗагружено:deepak4315

- UDA driverЗагружено:ramot
- SGA1566 User ManualЗагружено:Max Powel
- Digital Image Processing_ Final-1.docЗагружено:AbhIshek RAj
- Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio using Energy Detection under Non Fading EnvironmentЗагружено:Editor IJRITCC
- TP5208 64K SRAM Echo ProcessorЗагружено:Gelu T
- Bat Mink HireЗагружено:bikerbell
- HTL4110B12Загружено:Constantin Costica
- ICOM IC-7200 BrochureЗагружено:gus289
- Efficient FFT Algorithm and Programming TricksЗагружено:Choirul Imam
- 7ETC_DSPЗагружено:Ayub Khan
- Synchronous and asynchronous clock 141211001844 Conversion Gate02Загружено:Adhi Suruli
- ee151-syllabusЗагружено:Catherine Lee
- ECE739_L9Загружено:Sudheer Kopparapu
- MYTEC 8x192ADDA Manual Ver.feb 2006Загружено:Andres Bernal
- 256017884 (1)(1).pdfЗагружено:DomingoGlez
- Laboratory 14 - VCOЗагружено:Ariana Ribeiro Lameirinhas
- Manual GM1357Загружено:Maria Diamantopoulou
- SR5200 service manualЗагружено:Giannis Giakoumakis
- FrFT ReportЗагружено:Rajeev Prakash
- compressive sensing theory notesЗагружено:Madhav Gumma
- Analog and Digital MEMS Microphone Design Considerations6Загружено:aragon1974
- MATLAB Workshop on Fourier Transform & Wavelet Applications in Signal & Image Processing and Analysis 4-5,January 2014Загружено:Uma Maheswari
- Digital PWM IC Control Technology and IssuesЗагружено:iMiklae
- AC Lab Manual for EceЗагружено:V SATYA KISHORE
- EMDЗагружено:samrock001
- Lab 1Загружено:pochaco07
- Online Read Me Who BabaЗагружено:Jason Makiaris
- Signal Fundamentals NewЗагружено:Madan Mohan Kannojiya
- Lab ReportЗагружено:Salman Razzaq
- Lec003 Filtering ConvolutionЗагружено:Guillermo Fajardo