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Summer Weeds of Piedmont Park:

Identification and Selecting Control Options

Patrick McCullough, Ph.D. Extension Specialist, University of Georgia North Georgia Turf Field Day June 10, 2010

Facts About Piedmont Park

Land was purchased by Benjamin Walker in the 1830s from a man who had won it in the land lottery Walker farmed the land until 1887, when he sold it to the Gentlemen's Driving Club, known today as the Piedmont Driving Club

Land was then used for horse racing and as an exposition site

1895

Facts About Piedmont Park

Worlds Fair (Cotton and International Exposition) 1895 President Grover Cleveland presided over opening Sept. to Dec. 1895 for 100 days Constructed for the Expo: Atlanta Botanical Gardens and Lake Clara Meer

Pictures were taken Friday June 11, 2010 Many of the weeds here are what you are facing now throughout the state

Turfgrasses in Piedmont Park: Bermudagrass Tall Fescue

Bahiagrass

Dallisgrass

MSMA Update: See www.GeorgiaTurf.com

Knowtweed Control
Common Name 2 to 3 way BLW Mixes atrazine/simazine bromoxynil metribuzin metsulfuron sulfentrazone (or combo products) triclopyr (or mixtures) Trade Names Trimecs, Weed B Gone various Buctril Sencor Blade, Manor, Spice Dismiss, Q4, Surge Turflon, others

fluroxypyr + 2,4-D + dicamba Escalade

Dichondra Control
Common Name 2 to 3 way BLW Mixes atrazine/simazine flazasulfuron metsulfuron quinclorac (or combo products) sulfentrazone (or combo products) triclopyr (or mixtures) trifloxysulfuron Trade Names Trimecs, Weed B Gone various Katana Blade, Manor, Spice Drive, One-Time Dismiss, Q4, Surge Turflon, others Monument

Bermudagrass Control in St. Augustinegrass


2 Weeks After Second Treatment Prograss + atrazine (2x) Untreated

Bermudagrass Control in St. Augustinegrass


2 Weeks After Second Treatment

Facts About Piedmont Park

April 16, 1898, the first baseball game between Georgia and Georgia Tech was played.

From 1902 until 1904, the Atlanta Crackers, the city's original professional baseball team played at Piedmont Park before moving to a stadium on Ponce de Leon Avenue

Spurge Control
Common Name 2 to 3 way BLW Mixes atrazine/simazine flazasulfuron metsulfuron rimsulfuron sulfentrazone (or combo products) trifloxysulfuron Trade Names Trimecs, Weed B Gone various Katana Blade, Manor, Spice TranXit Dismiss, Q4, Surge Monument

Mowing Height Effect on Smooth Crabgrass Incidence in Tall Fescue


100 90

Crabgrass Cover (%)

80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1" 2" 3" 4"


Source: Hoyle et al. 2008

Mowing Height

Crabgrass Control

Goosegrass Control

Lespedeza

Repeat applications Dicamba Metsulfuron Triclopyr Triclopyr + clopyralid

Specific Recommendations for Weed Control in Piedmont Park

Specific Recommendations

Crabgrass

Bermudagrass: Drive XLR8 (1.5 SL) at 64 fl oz/acre Tall Fescue: Drive or Acclaim Extra at 15 fl oz/acre

Goosegrass

Bermudagrass: Revolver at 26 fl oz/acre applied 2x Tall Fescue: Acclaim at 15 to 20 fl oz/acre 1x in

Specific Recommendations for Weed Control in Piedmont Park

Specific Recommendations for Weed Control in Piedmont Park

Bermudagrass Control in Tall Fescue


Acclaim + Turflon Ester at 20 fl oz + 32 fl oz/acre, respectively. Three apps at monthly intervals. Fusilade + Turflon Ester at 6 fl oz + 32 fl oz/acre, respectively. Three apps at monthly intervals.

Yellow Nutsedge (in bermudagrass)


SedgeHammer at 1.3 oz/acre + NIS Dismiss at 12 fl oz/acre Other herbicides: Monument, Katana

Lespedeza

Repeat applications of dicamba (4L) at 1 pint/acre +/ metsulfuron (60DF) at 0.5 oz/acre

Specific Recommendations for Weed Control in Piedmont Park

Specific Recommendations for Weed Control in Piedmont Park

Dallisgrass

MSMA at 4 lb ai/acre followed by two applications of Revolver at 26 fl oz/acre

Broadleaf Weeds (Clover, Spurge, Knotweed)


2 to 3-way BLW mixtures, One-Time, Trimec, Escalade, Celsius Metsulfuron

Knotgrass
MSMA at 4 lb ai/acre followed by two applications of Revolver at 26 fl oz/acre Nonselective control (Roundup at 8 fl oz/acre 2x)

Bahiagrass Control in Bermudagrass


Metsulfuron (Blade, Manor, or Spice) at 1 oz/acre + NIS applied twice MSMA at 4 lb ai/acre followed by metsulfuron

Facts About Piedmont Park

New Herbicides
February 20, 1892 Georiga played Auburn in football for the first time in the park. UGA lost 10-0. Concerts at Piedmont Park: Paul McCartney, Dave Matthews, Allman Brothers, and many more

Celsius Herbicide

Celsius
Turfgrass Species Bermudagrass Buffalograss Centipedegrass Rate (oz prod./acre) 2.5 to 7.4 2.5 to 7.4 2.5 to 7.4 2.5 to 7.4 2.5 to 7.4

Celsius 68WDG, (Bayer) Dicamba 57.4% Thiencarbazone-methyl 8.7% Iodosulfuron 1.9% Turfgrass Uses: Warm-season turfgrasses Weeds Controlled: Broadleaf and grassy weeds. Release: Spring 2010

St. Augustinegrass Zoysiagrass

Celsius

Problem Weeds Controlled with Celsius


Residential Lawns Commercial Lawns Golf Courses Sports Fields

Campsites Parks Roadsides Cemeteries School Grounds

Carpetgrass Va. Buttonweed Bull Paspalum Foxtail spp. Lespedeza Spurge Doveweed

Celsius (68 WG) at 3.7 oz/acre (2x) 10 WAIT


100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Dallisgrass Control 6 WAIT


LSD = 12

Control (%)

4 oz/a (2x)

5.3 oz/a (1x)

Celsius

MSMA fb Revolver (2x)

Dallisgrass Control 12 WAIT


100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
LSD = 25

Celsius
Promising Uses with this Product

St. Augustinegrass

Control (%)

Grassy weeds: barnyardgrass, foxtail, cool-season grasses, large crabgrass

Carpetgrass control Lawns with mixed species

4 oz/a (2x) 5.3 oz/a (1x) MSMA fb Revolver (2x)

(St. Augustine/centipede), (zoysia/bermudagrass)

Celsius

Celsius

Flazasulfuron

Advantages:
Exceptional warm-season turfgrass tolerance, Lawn care operators use one product, Control of problem weeds: Carpetgrass, Va. buttonweed, bull paspalum, others.

Trade name: Katana (25 DF)


Acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibitor Sulfonylurea family

Disadvantages:
Tall fescue sensitivity, Two new active ingred., we dont know much about, Two ALS inhibitors in the mix, slow activity, Pushed to market very quickly, still learning about it.

Requires a non-ionic surfactant (0.25% v/v), ammonium sulfate increases activity Available in spring 2010

Use in bermudagrass and zoysiagrass Controls grasses, sedges, and broadleaf weeds

Flazasulfuron
Weeds Controlled by Flazasulfuron Broadleaf Weeds Grassy Weeds
Southwest bedstraw Field madder Lawn burweed Common chickweed White clover Large hop clover Dandelion Annual Bluegrass Annual Ryegrass Crabgrass spp. Nutsedge spp. Perennial Ryegrass Roughstalk bluegrass Tall Fescue

Katana (flazasulfuron)
Weeds Controlled by Flazasulfuron Broadleaf Weeds Grassy Weeds
Southwest bedstraw Field madder Lawn burweed Common chickweed White clover Large hop clover Dandelion Annual Bluegrass Annual Ryegrass Crabgrass spp. Nutsedge spp. Perennial Ryegrass Roughstalk bluegrass Tall Fescue

Perennial Ryegrass Control


(6 WAT in 2009, UGA Griffin)
No Urea 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Urea 1.5 lb/1000 sq ft 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Perennial Ryegrass Control


(6 WAT in 2009, UGA Griffin)
No Urea Urea 1.5 lb/1000 sq ft

Control (%)

0.25

0.5

Control (%)

0.25

0.5

Flazasulfuron 25 DF Rate (oz of product/acre)

Flazasulfuron 25 DF Rate (oz of product/acre)

Poa annua Control


(6 WAT in 2009, UGA Griffin)
No Urea 90 80 70 Urea 1.5 lb/1000 sq ft 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Poa annua Control


(6 WAT in 2009, UGA Griffin)
No Urea Urea 1.5 lb/1000 sq ft

Control (%)

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0.25 0.5 1

Control (%)

0.25

0.5

Flazasulfuron 25 DF Rate (oz of product/acre)

Flazasulfuron 25 DF Rate (oz of product/acre)

Flazasulfuron at 0.5 oz/acre + NIS + Urea at 1.5 lbs/1000 sq ft (0 + 3 WAT) (5 WAT, 2009)

Katana (flazasulfuron)

Purple Nutsedge
Repeat applications are needed Two applications of 0.5 oz/acre similar to halosulfuron.

Kyllinga

Season long control with two applications Similar to halosulfuron

Dimethenamid

Tower Labeled Turfgrasses


Cool-Season Grasses Bentgrass sp. Bluegrass, Annual Bluegrass, Kentucky Fescue, Fine Fescue, Tall Ryegrass, Perennial Warm-Season Grasses Bahiagrass Bermudagrass Buffalograss Centipedegrass St. Augustinegrass Seashore Paspalum Zoysiagrass

Tower Herbicide, 6.0 lb./gal.


BASF product, Mode of action: Substituted amide Similar activity to Pennant

Preemergence Use
Labeled in nursery and landscape ornamentals Golf turf 2009 Other turf sites 2010

Dimethenamid (Tower)

Amicarbazone

Rates

Trade Name: Not disclosed


21 to 32 fl oz/acre Total per year: 64 fl oz/acre

Developed by Arysta LifeScience Photosystem II inhibitor

Controls

Primary use: Selective Poa annua control


Annual Grasses goosegrass, annual bluegrass Sedges: Yellow nutsedge, annual sedges Annual broadleaf weeds: spurges, carpetweed, Fl. pusley. Common purslane

Must be used in late winter or early spring only NOT FOR USE in fall or warm weather on cool-season turf Some soil residual activity and broadleaf weed control

Tank-mix with other DNAs (pendimethalin) to increase crabgrass control.

Potential introduction to turf: 2010-2011.

Annual Bluegrass Control in Bermudagrass


UGA Griffin, 2010

Annual Bluegrass Control in Bermudagrass


UGA Griffin, 2010

Amicarbazone 70DF 10 oz/acre


Ami 10.0 oz/a Ami 7.5 oz/a Ami 5.0 oz/a

Appl. Date: March 16, 2010

Photo: April 14, 2010 Photo: April 14, 2010 (1 MAT)

Fall Applications of Amicarbazone on Creeping Bentgrass

When is it safe to use amicarbazone?

Source: Yelverton, NC State

Summer Applications of Amicarbazone on Creeping Bentgrass

Source: Yelverton, NC State

Rutgers Univ.

Tall Fescue Establishment 4 WAS


Treatments Applied Day of Seeding (UGA 2010)
Turf Cover (% of Untreated)
90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2 4 8 Velocity
1.67 oz/acre Amicarbazone Rate 70 WG (oz of product/acre) LSD = 21

How soon can we reseed in to amicarbazone treated areas?

Perennial Ryegrass Establishment 4 WAS


Treatments Applied Day of Seeding (UGA 2010)
Turf Cover (% of Untreated)
100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2 4 8 Velocity
1.67 oz/acre Amicarbazone Rate 70 WG (oz of product/acre)

Amicarbazone

LSD = 16

Advantages:
Use early spring in cool temperatures Safety to cool-season grasses in spring Reseed intervals may be quicker than Velocity Use during bermudagrass greenup (vs. glyphosate)

Disadvantages:

Do not use in summer or fall in cool-season turf Mode of action is similar to atrazine and simazine

Source: G. Henry, Texas Tech

Indaziflam

Trade Name: Specticle


Developed by Bayer Chemical class: alkylazines

Primary use: Preemergence Herbicide, some POST activity


Annual bluegrass control Crabgrass and goosegrass Other weeds

Potential introduction to turf: late 2010 or 2011.

Source: G. Henry, Texas Tech

Source: G. Henry, Texas Tech

Smooth Crabgrass Control 15 WAT (6/1/10) Applications Made on 2/19/10


Crabgrass Control (%)
100 80 60 40 20 0 35 52.5 70

Smooth Crabgrass Control 4 WAT (5/4/10) Late Spring Applications Made on 4/6/10
Crabgrass Control (%)
100 80 60 40 20 0 35 52.5 70

Specticle 20WP Rate (g a.i./ha)

Specticle 20WP Rate (g a.i./ha)

Smooth Crabgrass Control 8 WAT (6/1/10) Late Spring Applications Made on 4/6/10
Crabgrass Control (%)
100 80 60 40

Indaziflam

Trade Name: Specticle


Developed by Bayer Chemical class: alkylazines

Preemergence Poa annua control

90 to 100% control

20 0 35 52.5 70

Texas Tech Research on Poa annua control, treatments from 0.03 kg to 0.06 kg a.i./ha

Low rates: 82% POST control by 10 WAIT High rates: 94 to 100% POST control by 10 WAIT

Specticle 20WP Rate (g a.i./ha)

Indaziflam (Specticle)

Aminocyclopyrachlor

Advantages:
Greater flexibility with application timing Long residual control Excellent weed control

Trade name: Imprelis


Classification: Pyrimidine caboxylic acid Mode of action: Synthetic auxin Use: Postemergence broadleaf weed control

Disadvantages:

Dupont product that will be released in fall 2010 Turfgrasses: Tall fescue, ryegrass, and warmseason grasses (bermuda has intermediate tolerance)

Turfgrass safety, concerns over rooting inhibition Lateral movement

White Clover Control 5 Days After Treatment

Aminocyclopyrachlor
Roadside VM Products: Perspective

June 2010 UGA Griffin

aminocyclopyrachlor + chlorsulfuron aminocyclopyrachlor + chlorsulfuron + sulfometuron aminocyclopyrachlor + metsulfuron aminocyclopyrachlor + rimsulfuron

Plainview

Streamline

Name???

Imprelis SL at 4.5 fl oz/acre

Untreated

Catsear Dandelion 5 Days After Treatment


June 2010 UGA Griffin

Plainview
(aminocylcopyrachlor (50DF) at 3.8 oz/acre + chlorsulfuron (75 DF) at 0.6 oz/acre)

New Trade Names

Spice metsulfuron (Regal) Departure glyphosate (Syngenta) Starfighter oxadiazon (Phoenix) Q4 Plus quinclorac + sulfentrazone + 2,4-D + dicamba (PBI Gordon)

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