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views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. The countries listed in this paper do not imply any view on ADB's part as to sovereignty or independent status or necessarily conform to ADB's terminology.

Ho Chi Minh City Urban MRT Line 2 Investment Program

Samantha Hung Senior Social Development Specialist (Gender and Development) Asian Development Bank


Strategic Context
Congestion economic social impacts Public Transport Master Plan Target 46% HCMC public transport by 2020, currently <5% Government focus on urban transport; one of several integrated transport modes New agency Management Authority for Urban Railways Climate change considerations Multiple donors big $

HCMC MRT2 - Multi-tranche Financing

Framework (MFF) - 2 Tranches
Extension in Future
po Tham Lng

End of Line 2
Tham Lng

Interchange with Line 6 at Ba Queo

Pham Van Bach

Ba Queo
Nguyn Hng o

Bay Hien
Phm Vn Hai L Th Ring

1 &4
Dan Chu

Interchange with Line 5 at Bay Hien

Bn Thnh Tao Dn

Extension in Futuire
Interchange with Line 1 and 4 at Ben Thanh

Interchange Line 3 at Tao an

Beginning of Line 2

Project Implementation Period

2011: Tendering to select consultants Initial clearance, compensation and resettlement for MRT Line 2 2012: Hold tendering for the packages of the project Continue to finalize clearance, compensation & resettlement 2013 2015: Construction 2016: Commissioning & operation

Why Gender & Urban Rail

Increased returns with higher usage uptake Better responds to demand for all users Optimizes system and physical design features quality service with personal space and safety features for women, not just infrastructure Increases access to social services & employment Mitigates potential negative impacts e.g. human trafficking, HIV/AIDS, VAW, lost livelihoods Draws attention to other marginalized groups

Gender design features include:

Gender-specific physical design features and genderspecific planning of the transport infrastructure system

Accessibility Safety Convenience Affordability

Gender-specific employment targets & labor standards

Gender design features include:

Promotion of womens livelihood opportunities Gender capacity development for MAUR, targets for female staff in training, gender reference in all consultant TORs MAUR to recruit a full-time gender specialist

HCMC MRT Line 2 Investment Program Gender Action Plan: 2011-2017

Output Tranche 1: Output 1: Depot site work & office facilities Output 2: Capacity Building Program Output 3: Social & Gender Mainstreaming Program Output 4: Integrated sustainable urban transport Key Activities & Targets Physical design features e.g. separate toilets - 20% civil works jobs for women; gendered core labor codes in contract - GAP implementation training; project Social/Gender Specialist - All female staff trained; gender-related content in training materials -Commissioning design of specific program of ancillary support to address social and gender issues associated with new MRT2. - Marketing campaign to specifically target women as clients. - Gender-responsive design requirement in TORs e.g. street lighting around MRT station access and pick-up/drop-off points, schedules and ticketing options to suit multiples short trips/intermodal transport usage.

HCMC MRT Line 2 Investment Program Gender Action Plan: 2011-2017

Output Tranche 2: Output 1: Construction of MRT2 main line & depot facilities Key Activities & Targets - Station design features e.g. womens waiting spaces, separate toilets, shop spaces for female-owned businesses, child friendly access - 20% civil works jobs for women, gender core labor codes in contracts -Gender-responsive HIV/AIDS and human trafficking awareness - 100% FHHs access compensation and livelihood restoration support -30% jobs for women e.g. M&O, ticketing, station attendee staff - Rolling stock design e.g. womens only carriages, child seating, additional storage space e.g. for prams/shopping

Output 2: MRT2 E&M systems, rolling stock & metro services installed

Enabling factors & lessons learned

Strong management message Engage early, but is never too late Receptive Mission Leader Invest in government dialogue on main agenda Use national gender legal and policy frameworks Think outside the box to innovate Understand project technicalities & limitations Be practical & prepared to do the leg work

Need to build gender expertise in MAUR project team Gender Specialist Consultant recruitment is ongoing Limited gender awareness of stakeholders More focus on public awareness and communication Management and oversight of contractors for labor standards and gender targets

Implement, Monitor & Report on GAP!

Thank you for your interest !