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ISBN: 978-9937-2-5280-5
Collection of poems by Kedar sangket,
kedarsangket@gmail.com, www.kedarphurkun.com
www.sahityasangalo.com

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?kdf cfpg\ eGg] xfd|f] ceLi6 xf] . ;\s]tsf sljtfx?
sflJos dgsf s'gf;Dd k'ug" \ . xflb{s z'eR] 5f

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www.aawaran.com

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s]bf/ ;\st]

11

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Vff]:6] hLjg
d"n 9f]sfdf cem} klg
d]/f] 5fof kg{ x'bg}
h:s]nf cyf{t\ vf]:6fsf] rs6L dfly
d]/f] hft 5'} 6';S' s a:5 .
ltd|f] ;dfj]zLsf]
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cf]l;g ;St}g .

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

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leGgtf
oxfF dfG5]x?df leGgtf vf]H5g\
Psn] csf{;uF bfFH5g\
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cg]stfdf cg'kl:ylt x'bF f
pkl:yltsf] ;+1f
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;\s]tsf sljtfx?

14

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;\s]tsf sljtfx?

16

s]bf/ ;\st]

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d lar/f km]l/ 6f]kL l;nfpFyF] .
s]bf/ ;\st]

17

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;\s]tsf sljtfx?

18

s]bf/ ;\st]

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ltd|f] emNsf]df
ltd|f] ;DemgfnfO{ 5fd]F
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rf}/:tfsf] Sofk]mdf lrklrklrk==
cfuf] tfKb}=ltdLnfO{ g} ;Dem]F .
d]/f x/]s kfOnfsf] 8f]adf
ltd|} cfs[lt5fof
ltd|} laDak|ltlaDa
ltd|} :kz{:jLs[ltdf
d ;w}+ ;lDem/x]5' .
d k"0f{?kdf klUnPF
d]/f] gofF g]kfn;Fu .
rf}/:tfsf] Sofkm]df lrklrklrk==
3fd tfKb} =
s]bf/ ;\st]

19

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

;u/dfyf x]g{
pl3|Psf] kxf8lt/ nfu]F
gofF w'n] ;8s x'bF } .
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d]/f] ;u/dfyf ltdL
ltdLnfO{ 6f9f ;Dem]/
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d}n] ltdLnfO{
klxnf]k6s 5fDg ;lsgF .
ltd|f] ;x/sf] xfjfsf] emf]Ssf
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ltdLnfO{ lbg g;s]sf]
d]/f ofqf:kz{sf
s]jn,
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/,
;\s]tsf sljtfx?

20

s]bf/ ;\st]

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d]/f] b]z
ltdLn] emf/]sf cfFzx' n]
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d ltd|} dgsf] lsgf/fdf
Ps lbg t}l/g]5' .
rf}/:tfsf] Sofkm]df lrklrklrk==
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cfuf] tfKb}=
xft ydfpFb} =
b'Mv / kL8fn] lklN;Psf]
d]/f] b]zsf] ltd|f] syf
ltdLnfO{ g} k9\b} 5' x/]s If0f .

s]bf/ ;\st]

21

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

h"gsf] k|sfzdf sljtf


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h"g;Fu} Ps rf]O6f /f]zgL dfu]/
PSn} PSn}
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hxfF xfjf ofnsf kbf{ 7]Nb}
aGb ePsf] p;sf gfs clg
km'6s
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:kz{ lbg vf]lh/x]Yof] .
;\s]tsf sljtfx?

22

s]bf/ ;\st]

pm a]:sg glhlsg vf]Hof]


h"gsf] lg/fgGb zLtn;Fu
v]Ng vf]Hof]
x]g{ vf]Hof]
5'g vf]Hof]
cfsfz v'nf lyof] r'Dg vf]Hof] .
la:tf/} ha h"g cf]em]lng yfNof]
p;n] ca b]Vg ;s]g
sljtfsf x/kmx
sljtfsf cIf/x
pm rfxGYof] c nfdf] sljtf n]vF"
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lr;f] 6]ansf] ;txaf6
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p;n] b]Vg ;Sg];Ddsf] lIflthaf6 .
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/ x]of] klZrdtkm{sf] p/f7 lIflth
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hxfF ;]tf] lxpFn] 9fs]sf] lyof] .
s]bf/ ;\st]

23

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

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tfNrLv]n rf]sdf ;+jfb kl:s/x]5g\ .
d pgLx?sf] x"ndf
lagf;\st]
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g/d rfgfdf xfdL xNsf
cf/f]x uof}F .
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sljx?sf] ld7f] ;+jfb;Fu}
sljx?sf] lttf] jt{dfg;Fu}
sljx?sf] ts{ / ljts{;uF }
;+jfbdf
l;dfgf, efiff, sfJo, bz{g, lrGtg
;\s]tsf sljtfx?

24

s]bf/ ;\st]

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sljsf k|Zgx?df
;\st] sf lrlrnf]
slnnf] ljrf/sf] d'gf
emG8} v;L kf] xfNof]
eG8} x/fO{ kf] xfNof]
t/ d]/f] duGt] emf]nfdf
d cd]hg psfnf] aU5' /
af8'nL / ;'b/" ;Demgf sf zAbx
pk|mbF } lyP
aNn x]b{} 5' cfh .
h] xf];\ tfNrLv]nsf sljx dfkfsf /x]5g\
logLxn] ef]ln s]xL u5{g\ unf{g\
d]/f] k"0f{ ;dy{g .

-Ps ;fFem Ps e]nfdf tfNrLv]nsf sljx?;Fu_

s]bf/ ;\st]

25

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

ckmuflg:tfgdf ljb]zL kfx'gfx


lxGb'sz
' sf] sfvdf x'ls{P/ klg
cl:tTj u'dgfd x'g nfu]sf] b]z
d Pp6f e"kl/j]li6t /fi6
rf/}lt/af6 lgrf]l/Psf] 5'
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cem} d]/f el/nf kfvfxdf
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n'sfdf/L v]ln/x]sf 5f}
d]/f el/nf] z/L/nfO{
gf} jif{;Dd ;n] vf]l;|P/ nUof]
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d}n] xf/sf] ;':s]/f km]l/gF
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;f]rF] d :jtGq ePF ca .
;\s]tsf sljtfx?

26

s]bf/ ;\st]

ha ltdLn] r';/] efUof} ;


km]l/ d]/} k|fGtLo zf;sf/f
d k'gM n'l5g k'u]
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hgwgsf] ;'/Iff ug{ ;lsgF
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c?s} O;f/fdf a8f] a]tfnsf ;fy
ltd|f] Tof] pR5[v
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uf]nL k8\lsof]
ad v:g yfNof] d]/} yfKnf]dfly
km]l/ d]/f] kxf8 n'l6of]
d]/f] k|sl[ t n'l6of]
d]/f] cl:tTj u'Dof] .
ckmufg ltd|f] b]z
d]/f] k/b]z
o;/L g} cn] n'l6/x] .
s]bf/ ;\st]

27

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

of] s:tf] gftf


Ps} cfdfsf]
ue{af6 wtL{ 6]Sbf
5f]/f of 5f]/Lx?
lbbL of alxgLx?
cyf{t ;fOgf]df aflwg]x?
ug{x] ?n] slQ dfof / ;xof]u ubf{/x]5g\
t/ ha
;do ljTb} hfG5
tj qmdzM Tof] dfofsf] 8f]/L
tlGsGb} hfFbf]/x]5
oxfF;Dd ls
Pp6} /utsf] gftf
d[To' z}ofdf
d[To' s'//] a:bf
kfgLsf] ;xf/f lnb}
hLjg clNem/x]sf] a]nf
v'lrF\ dfGb}
ltgLx? xfF:b} Pscfk;df
dflt/x]sf x'G5g\ .

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

28

s]bf/ ;\st]

ltdLh:t} sljtf
xf] ltd|} r'N7f]df pd|s
] f] sljtf
ltd|} a};df pd|s
] f] sljtf
ltdLn] yfKg] kFw/] Lsf]
d'xfgdf pd|s
] f] slnnf] sljtf
ltdL h:t} sljtf
cf]l;nf], /l;nf] 3'/g] af/Ldf e'mNg]
wfgrd/ / sf]bfsf] skgL h:tf]
hLjg eg{] cGgafnL h:t} hLjGt sljtf .
csf{]= = =
lxhf] ;Nn{Ss} ltdL h:t} sljtf b]v5
] '
hxfF ltdL hLjgsf] cf]8f/d'lg a;]/
Ps ayfg e]8fafv|f r/gdf 5f]8b\ }
of] cyfx b]z ?g] ;fpg] em/Ldf
ltdLn] s]xL sljtfsf zAbx?
8f]sf]el/ e/]/ xf6df ;fl6lbP5f}
xfdLx? wGo eof}F
s]bf/ ;\st]

29

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

r]tgfn] yf]/}
xfdL dflysf] sfnf] afbn kmf6\of] .
tLgkfg] lha|fs
] f] :jfbdf x'ss
]{ f]
eL/ df}/Lsf] dxn] n6kl6Psf] cw/nfO{
xfdL 3'Dg] kfvf / vs{df x'ss
]{ f]
dfx'/Lsf] ayfg 5f]8/]
ltdL s'ga]nf
of] u|fdL0f] l76f]nfO{
dh]qf]n] d'v 5f]k/] efUof}
To;}n] cfh ;Nn{Ss}
ltdLh:tf] sljtf sf]g{ kfof] of] sljn] .

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

30

s]bf/ ;\st]

d d[To' s'//] a:bf


d d[To' s'//] a:bf
dnfO{ yfxf 5
slQ b'MvL 5f+} ltdL
d ltd|f] glhs}sf] tftf] sfv af6
s'ga]nfs'ga]nf
Pslbg yfxf g} gkfO{ ;]nfpg ;S5'
s]xL lbg s]xL If0fd}
d:t lgGb|fdf lgbfpg ;S5'
ljGtL d]/f pd/lxt tl:j/ /
sf]g{ afFls/x]sf ck"0f{ lrqx? x]//]
slxNo} PSn}
g b'Mvlbg' kL8fdf ltdL .
d ltd|f] v'zLsf] klxnf] pd
d ltd|f] dfofsf] k|yd ;"q
t/ klg d ltd|f] hLjgdf
g cfsfz h:t} eP/ 9flsg ;s]F
g u'nfkm h:t} eP/ k'mNg ;s]F
d]/f] lk|o ltdL
d]/f] k|f0f ltdL
s]bf/ ;\st]

31

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

d]/f] dfofsf] cefjn]


slxNo} g?g'
slxNo} gaxlsg' a]yfdf
lsgsL hLjg cfuf] xf]
of] aN5 clg lgE5 .
hlt 3f]6b\ f klg ghfg]
hlt sf6] klg pld|g]
SofG;/ eGg] /f]u
kmnfdsf] lvof h:t} x'bF f] /x]5 lk|o
hxfF cfh d
ulng k'u]F ylng k'uF]
d]/f] Kof/ ltdL
d]/f] r'Djg ltdL
d]/f] cFufnf] ltdL
d]/f] dfofsf] vftL/
g d ltd|f] cfFvfdf
5rlNsPsf] b]Vg rfxG5' cfFz'
g d ltd|f] cf:yfdf
eP/ b'Vg rfxG5' a]yf
a? cfpm clns j/ cfp t
clg b]pm dnfO{
Pp6f ljZjf;sf] r'Dag
Pp6f ljjztfsf] r'Dag .
clGtd r'Dag .
-:j= alxgL ;'hL ;'gj' f/sf] ;+emgfdf_
;\s]tsf sljtfx?

32

s]bf/ ;\st]

rf]ef/
x}g, P 7'n] <
ltdL sfGtLk'/L gu/LnfO{
;d'Gb| efsf] x]g{ rfxG5f} x}g <
cfp To;f]eP hfpmF
cfh} rf]ef/ y'gf}F /
kfgL 8'f rnfpF
;ef ejgsf] dflydfly .
-@)^& df n]vs
] f] sljtf_

s]bf/ ;\st]

33

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

d]/f] ufpF
lxdr'nL pQ/df
uf}/Lz\s/ xfFl;lbG5
k"jl{ t/ tfd] 8fF8f
e'mNs] 3fddf d':s'/fpF5 .
klZrddf RofFjf ufpF
;fFem kbf{ l/;fpF5
blIf0fdf r'/] kxf8
t'jfFnf]n] lwld{/fpF5 .
led;]gyfgsf 306Lx?
a6'jfn] ahfO{ lbG5g\
yfvf{/L jgkfvf
sf]OnL uLtn] u'~hfO{ lbG5g\ .
kfl/ ufpFsf] emfFqm] vf]nf
a]nf a]nf ;';fpF5

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

34

s]bf/ ;\st]

xfjf ufpFsf] 5x/fn]


a+;
} 5f]kL dg b'vfpF5 .
lvDtL vf]nf ;Nn] eL/df
l/;fpFb} uLt ufpF5
cfsfz / wtL{ klg
Ps cfk;df dLt nfpF5 .
b]p/fnL 8fF8f cfh
ahf/n] el/P5
/:gfn' xf] ufpF d]/f]
ljsf;df 5l/P5 .
/fd]5fksf] ;b/d'sfd
dGynLn] vf]l;b]5
knfFtL vf]nfsf] kfgL klg
a]tfnLn] rf]l/b]5 .
o'jf ;a} lab]zdf
ufpF3/ z"Go ef5
kftn]sf] jg klg
km8fgLn] gff] ef5 .
;f+;b sdnhLn]
7]Ssfkf ;Dxfn]5g\
s]bf/ ;\st]

35

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

ufpFsf e|i6x?
hgjfbn] 7Ls kf/]5g\ .
d]/f] ufpF d]/f] kxf8
d hGd]sf] 7fpF
cfh d hxfF k'ul] g
g]kfnL e} afFRg kfpmF .

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

36

s]bf/ ;\st]

k|ltljwfdf ljwf sljtf


sljtf sf]//]
ljrf/ af]ns
] f x'G5f}
ltdL ljrf/ sljtfdf dfq y'Gg gvf]h .
dfofk|d] , b]zbz{g
lxdfnkxf8, a'4;u/dfyf
s'g} Ps ljwfdf c6\g ;Sb}gg\
ltd|f ljrf/x?nfO{ gv'DRofpm .
ljrf/ljifo
x}gx'bF g} .
ljrf/ljzfn
xf]x'G5 .
ltd|f] ljzfn ljrf/x?
sljtfsyfgf6slgofqfpkGof;df
la6'nf] eP/ plePsf] x]g{ ;lsGg ca .
ljljwtfdf h'dl'{ /Psf]
;flxTo lj36g x'g yfNof]
k|ltljwfdf ax'/u+ Lo x'bF f
s]bf/ ;\st]

37

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

c6\g ;Sb}gf}
k'/fgf wf]tLsf]
ljwfsf] km]/df u'6d'l6P/
t'gf]em}F ufFl7g
hxfF k'/fgf ljwfx?sf]
la:tf/} 3]/f tf]8/] laGb' aflx/
cg'zf;gsf] tuf/f] efFRof]efFRb} 5
lbgfg'lbg ax'ljwfx?sf]
/+uLotfdf ;ld>0f eP/
lvNnL p8fpg yfln;Sof]
k'/fgf cfVofgx?nfO{ .
c3f]lift ljwf k|xf/sf]
gofF :kz{df
/,
k|ltljwfsf] ax'/u+ Lotf ;flxTodf .

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

38

s]bf/ ;\st]

cfuf] kfgL
cfuf] cfuf] htftt} kfgL kfgL
cfuf] kfgL htftt} kfgL cfuf]
s] kfgL /fd|f] eG5f} s] tfn ulx/f]
eP kfgL a9L rN5 af9Lklx/f] .
kof] kfgL cf]xf] clt jiff{ eof]
emof] kfgL cf]xf] c3f]/ af9L rNof] .
aNof] n aNof] s7} k|sl[ t hNof]
kz'kI+ fL s7} of] w/tL hNof] .
hflGbgF aUg nf} d dUg eP/
hflGbgF aNg nf} d Gofgf] eP/ .
hns} s0fn] of] lha|f] /l;G5
hns} /0fn] of] lha|f] 8l;G5 .
aN5 cfuf] hnfO{ lbG5 df6f]
aU5 kfgL aufO{ lbG5 df6f] .
g cfuf] dfqn] rNb5 ;[li6
g kfgL dfqn] aGb5 ;[li6 .
s]bf/ ;\st]

39

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

aG5 wtL{ pHofnf] j]u kfgLn] g}


kf5{ ?k Gofgf] t]h cfuf]n] g} .
k|of]u 5}g oxfF d kfgLsf] st}
To;}n] 5rlNsG5' d htftt} .
cfuf] gx'bF f klg sfDb5 hLjg
kfgL gx'bF f klg ;'Sb5 hLjg .
g /f]Sg] tfut 5 dfgj ltd|f]
g 5]Sg] ;fwg 5 dfgj ltd|f] .
cfuf] cfuf] htftt} kfgL kfgL
cfuf] kfgL htftt} kfgL cfuf] .
s] kfgL /fd|f] eG5f} s] tfn ulx/f]
eP kfgL a9L rN5 /] af9Lklx/f] .
-/fxt ldNb5 x]/ Ps ?k}ofF lbP bfg oxfF
cfxt ldNb5 s/f]8, s/f]8f+} hgtfsf ToxfF .
efg'eQmn] eg] of] hutdf d/L nfg' s] 5
b]jsf]6fn] eg] s]xL u/ cfh 5f]8L hfg' h] 5 ._

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

40

s]bf/ ;\st]

Uff]vf{nL cfGbf]ng / dxfdfgj


cfGbf]ng ug{x] ?
slxNo} xf/]s} 5}gg\
xfg{] cfGbf]ng
hgtfn] ub{} ub{g} g\ .
ljhosf ;'lglZrt
lIflth b]vk] l5
xf/sf ;Defjgf
k|z:t} k|s6 ePkl5
;Qfwf/Lx?
v';fdt u5{g\
n'sfdf/L u5{g\
cfkm\g} 3'/g] df af3 ulh{b+ f klg
c?s} 3/ kf] b]vfpF5g\
x] dxfdfgjsf e]ifwf/Lx?
of] ztfAbLdf gf\nf] 76fP/
xfQL tl;{gj] fnf 5}g .
sfg'gsf cIf/x?nfO{
;Tosf] lj/f]wdf
s]bf/ ;\st]

41

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

;w}F ljhoL aGg vf]Hg]x?


dfgj clwsf/sf s[lqd d's0' 8f] nufP/
cfxf; xfF;f] u'~hfpg]x?
ltdLdflysf] cfsfzdf dfq
;Lldt /x]/ u'~hg] g;Dem
lsgls xfd|f] kbrfkleq
o:tf] 5fk 5
oflgls hxfF 6]Sof}F
ToxLF ljhosf] Oltxf; sFl' bPsf] 5
t/ klg cfh xfdLnfO{
xf/sf dfnf u'Yofpg vf]Hg]
x] dxfdfgj
s;/L kf] cfof] ;fx; ltdLnfO{ <
xfdLn] ltd|f]
lr;f] lsNnf leq
a'sl{' ; dfg{ cfPsf x}gf}F
g t lev dfUg cfPsf xf}F
xfdL t ltdLn] c;'nfpg ghfGbf
gldnfPsf] lx;falstfa
;f]em\ofpg vf]hs
] f xf}F
t/ klg ltd|f] lr;f]dgn]
slxNo}, ctLt ;Dem]gf}
g t ljhosf] tSdf g} ;Dof}
sxlnPsf] a|e] :] 6 ckm b a|e] sf] Oltxf;nfO{
sflvleq n'sfP/
;\s]tsf sljtfx?

42

s]bf/ ;\st]

rflxFbf efF8f], grflxFbf 7fF8f] ;DofF}


t/ klg x]Ssf/fv];\ dxfdfgj
ltd|f] lr;f] dgsf] ;fd'
nfef / DofUdf eP/ cfpg]5f}F
lsgls xfdL ofqfdf yfs]sf 5}gf}F
To;}n] cfp,
P ;a} uf]vf{nLx? cfp
xfdL ;a} ldn]/
csf{] ofqfsf] tof/L u/f}F
csf{] z[v
\ nfsf] o'4 u/f}F
hxfF ljhosf] emG8f
xfd|f] cfFugdf km/km/fpg] 5 Pslbg .

s]bf/ ;\st]

43

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

b Koflelnog ka
hLjg xf] yfS5
/ t hfG5g\
ysfO{ la;fpg
rf}tf/f]df
slxn]sfxLF ldqx?sf] ;fydf
b'O{ rf/ /S;Lsf af]tnx?
l;lgQ l/Q\fP/
f/ kms{G5fF} n'? n'?
xf/]sf sf}/ax? h;/L
/ klg wfpg] uof5f} cfhsn
b Koflelnog .
;fx'hL;Fu k'n v]Ngsf] dHhf
;fx'gL;Fu 76\6f ug{sf] dHhf
clg
slxn]sfxLF afa]S{ o' /
kf]sr{ f]k vfgsf] dHhfn]
xfdL gtd:s eP/
;fFem}lkR5]
;\s]tsf sljtfx?

44

s]bf/ ;\st]

wfpg] uof5f}F} cfhsn


b Koflelnog .
6]andf hfthft sf
;'zf]let k"mnx? b]v/]
;a}nfO{ a;f}F a;fF} nfU5
t/ ;'gufef k"mn eg]
hLjgffts k"mn /x]5
s] x'G5 s'lGg <
sL/fx? k"mn 5f]8/]
To;leq k:5g\ clg d5{g\
;'gufefsf] / eg]s}
xfdLn] a'em\g g;Sg] / /x]5
/ klg wfpg] uof5fF} cfhsn
b Koflelnog .
oxfF efjgfsf l;tgx? b]v/]
lunf;x? l/lQG5g\
t[i0ff d]6g\ ] w[i6tf b]v/]
;'gufefsf] /\u eg{
zAb a'lg/xG5g\
zAb cf]sln/xG5g\
k|d] sf zAb
v'lzofnLsf zAb
b'MvLofnLsf zAb
cgluGtL zAb}zAb
s]bf/ ;\st]

45

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

/S;L lkpFbf lg:sg]


kr zAb
ckr zAb
d tL zAb g;'lgsg
r'krfk aflx/ lg:sG5'
tL ;a} ;a}
;'g/] klg g;'g] h:tf] ug]{
dft nfu]sf gnfu]sf
nf]Ug] :jf:gL
ldq dfG5] kfx'gf
dflns gf]s/
/ sf]nfxnaf6
oflgls
b Koflelnog kaaf6 .

-Koflelnog ka o'ss
] f] Ps e6\6L k;n_

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

46

s]bf/ ;\st]

?v 9n]sf] 5}g
Oltxf;sf] kfgf kN6fP/
Psy/Ln] n]v] eg]
plxn] plxn]
;a}n] xfd|f] ufpFdf ?v df}nfPsf] s'/f
bx|f] h/f uf8]sf] s'/f .
Tof] vsf] lautsf xfFufx?af6
cd[t kmn kmNb} ubf{
k6sk6s
ljiffQm kmn kmn]sf] s'/f
efFlRrPsf], n5fl/Psf] / k5fl/Psf]
t/ slxNn} h/f gpv]lnPsf] s'/f
cyf{t\ sf6]/ gkmflnPsf]
jt{dfgdf klg /lx/x]sf]
cf]9f/leqsf s'/f .
csf{y/Ln] n]v] eg]
x]Ssf /fv];\
v 9n]sf] 5}g
s]bf/ ;\st]

47

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

v pv]lnPsf] 5}g
Dffq kft em/]sf] 5
Dffq s]xL kmn s'lxPsf] 5
Dffq s]xL xfFufx? n5fl/Psf 5g\
olb v 9n]sf] eP
vsf h/fx? klg pv]lng' kg{] xf]
To;f] ePsf] 5}g .
UffpFnx] ? o:t} eG5g\
u0ftGqn] dfq xfd|f ufpFdf
gofF kfpnfP v
s] /f]lkGYof] / <
lsgls oxfF
Pp6f ?v 9n] klg
c? y'k}| a'9f] ?vx? 9n]s} 5}gg\
/, o;sf df]6f ljiffQm h/fx?
Dff}nfO/x]5g\
ca ;a}n] egf}
F v pv]Ng' k5{ .

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

48

s]bf/ ;\st]

kfFr 6'qmf
ltdL x/fPkl5
ltd|f ;a} cfs[lt
cgfof;} x/fPkl5 klg
d r'nD'{ d}
ltd|} dfofsf] kf]v/Ldf
8'as
] f] lyPF .

cfhef]ln a]nfotdf
ufpFnx] ?gDa/Lx?
;\3;+:yfdf cfa4 x'G5g\
df;' kf]N5g\
/S;L lkpF5g\
/ cfFvf lrDn]/
dHhfn] ;'T5g\ .

o' j fx?
k9\g] k9\5g\
sfd ug]{ sfd u5{g\
wt'/] h]7fsfG5fx?
s]bf/ ;\st]

49

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

lbpF;} e'mK;L w'jfp5g\


g afafcfdfsf] 8/
g sfg"gsf] 8/ .

Jofkf/L
Jofkf/L dfG5]
wgL dfG5]
xfdL u|fxs hfjf]
vfP vf gvfP l3r\ .

n]vsx?
lstfa 5kfpF5g\
ljdf]rg u/fpF5g\
ldl8of kmsfpF5g\
uf]i7Lsf] lgDtf]df hfG5g\
/ l;nfpF5g\ kmf6]sf] 6f]kL .

k|jf;Lx?
ljb]z hfG5g\
b'vdf rf]Ol6G5g\
eSsflgG5g\, r]lK6G5g\, ?G5g\
hfFbf s'NnL clg
cfpFbf slj alg6f]kN5g\ .

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

50

s]bf/ ;\st]

ltdLnfO{ s] yfxf <


d kL8fdf k|s6 ePsL
ltd|} cfdfsf] ;Gtfg .
Gdf ;dft]/
nfkQf kf/]sL dWosL
ltdLnfO{ s] yfxf <
ltd|} h]7L 5f]/L t lyPF lg d
hxfF dnfO{ anfTsf/ u/]/
;]tLdf aufO{lbP .
oxfF ;Ltf, kfj{tL
k'lhG5g\ dlGb/df
ltg} ;Ltf / kfj{tL
k'gM n'l6G5g\ klg
clnk/sf] dw'jgdf
ltdLnfO{ s] yfxf
ltd|} sfgL
dflxnL alxgL t lyPF lg d
hxfF s[lqd cljefjs eP/
kz'kltdf hnfOPsL lyPF d .
s]bf/ ;\st]

51

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

8fG; af/x?df
cfwf z/L/ x]g{ kNs]sf
tL gfRg]x?dWo]
;Gtfgdf clns /fd|L
zx/ k;]sL
ltdLnfO{ s] yfxf <
ltd|} kftnL
;flxFnL alxgL t lyPF lg d
hxfF d k|To]s /Lg ;fFemx?df
a]lrPsL x'Gy]F .
kf]xf]/ ;fn u:tLdf
d'v 5f]kfP/ k/;Dd lxF8fof}
kfn}kfnf] d]/f] z/L/el/
r'/f]6sf 7"6fx?n] 7f]:of}
clg, aGb'ssf df]x/L w'jF fpFb} /dfof}
ltdLnfO{ s] yfxf <
ltd|} lnv'/L
sfG5L alxgL t lyPFlg d
hxfF d lhpFb}
gs{df k'us
] L lyPF .

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

52

s]bf/ ;\st]

t'jfFnf]
t'jfFnf] xf]= = = =tj' fFnf], xf] = = =
t'jfFnf]h:t}
pgsf] Tof] dgdf
lsg dw'/f] 5' d <
sf];n
] L h:t} t xf] of] hLjg
ofqfdf af]s/] lxF8b\ } 5' d .
sfuhsf] 6'qmf ;Dem]/ dnfO{
s+r} Ln] 6'qmfpFb} lxF85
\ g\
;d'b| xf} ltdL eG5g\ ;a}n]
kf}l8P/ pgLx? g} cufl8 k'U5g\
t/ d cfkm}F kf}l8Fb} 5' cfh
lsgf/fdf k'Ug cfF6s
] f] 5' d .
t'jfFnf] xf]= = = =tj' fFnf], xf] = = =
t'jfFnf]h:t}
pgsf] Tof] dgdf
lsg dw"/f] 5' d <
s]bf/ ;\st]

53

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

sf];n
] Lh:t} t xf] of] hLjg
ofqfdf af]s/] lxF8b\ } 5' d .
kxf8 ;lDemG5g\ s;}n]
s'lNrFb} dnfO{ psfnL r9\5g\
b]p/fnL xf} ltdL eG5g\
k"mnkftL r9fpFb} cufl8 k'U5g\
t/ d cfkm}F ofqL ePsf] 5' cfh
cfkm\g} uGtAodf lxF8b\ } 5' d .
t'jfFnf] xf]= = = =tj' fFnf], xf] = = =
t'jfFnf]h:t}
pgsf] Tof] dgdf
lsg dw"/f] 5' d <
sf];n
] Lh:t} t xf] of] hLjg
ofqfdf af]s/] lxF8b\ } 5' d .

-ufos /fh]z kfon /fO{f/f pTkflbt Pnad\ bz{g gd:t]df


;dflji6_

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

54

s]bf/ ;\st]

ltd|f] dgsf] 8fo/Ldf


ltdL To;/L ghLs eP/
dgel/ k'mN5f} eGg]
klxNo} yfxf kfPsf] eP
ls t ;'6S' s} eg]sL eP
pm klg t glhs glhs eP/
;dod}
d}g aQLem}F klUnGYof] xf]nf
ltd|} rfxgfsf]
leq st} sfdft'/ dem]/Llt/ .
kl5 kf] yfxf eof]
ltd|f yfs]sf dg
nf]nfPsf cfFvf /
;'ss
] f cf]7x?df
ct[Kt sfdjtL rfxgfx?
ck]lIft eP/
z/L/ / gzfx?df
;nanfpg yfn]sf] kfpFbf
Joy{} 7fgL klUnlbof] pm klg
s]bf/ ;\st]

55

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

cfuf]df l3p klUnPem}F


hLjgsf] dgf]/dtfdf .
w]/} lbg;Dd
dgsf kmSNofF6] bf]efgx?df
df]lbt :kz{;uF }
lxdgbLem}F ;nnn
aUb} uof]
kx/}kx/f
kxf8}kxf8df
ltd|} ufpFsf]
vf]N;}vf]N;fx'bF }
lr:ofgx?df
a'6fgx?df
hxfF ltgLx? PsfPs
hLjgsf] uf]nfw{leq
x/fpg yfn] .
hLjg cfkm}F Pp6f
k|of]uzfnf
Tof] k|of]uzfnfsf]
lbJob[li6leq
r/d :jfb
cfgGb cg'el" t
j]bgfljof]u
xif{lj:dftdf
7f]lSsFb} 3;|bF }
;\s]tsf sljtfx?

56

s]bf/ ;\st]

jxFb} hfFbf
ltdLdf k|sl6t
lxdkxf8x?df
hLjghnx?df
lrKnf af6fx?df
lrlKnFb} n8\b pq]5f}F
lglZrGt bf]efgsf] km]bdf .
hxfF PsfPs
cx?, lj/ eP/
?kx?, a]?k eP/
dgx?, a]Odfg eP/
Sofgef;df sf]/s
] f
n'Kt s7Lg efjsf
sf]l/Psf lrqem}F
xfd|f] cfs[lt
oqtq
htftt} em'lG8/x]sf] lyof]
lsgls pgsf] dg
pm dfG5]sf] dgleq eGbf
hLjGd'Qm eP/
6f9f st} c?;Fu}
cndlnPem}F nfUYof] .
ltd|f] dgsf 8fo/Ldf
d}n] s]jn ltg} s'/fjfx]s
;To xf]nf
c? s]xL k9\g ;lsgF .

s]bf/ ;\st]

57

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

slj, sljtf / xfd|f ;\st


] x?
ca xfd|f sljtf / sljx?
;8sdf dfq lrRofpg] 5}gg\
Rff}tf/Ldf dfq cndlng] 5}gg\
lj:tf/} ;':tf/} xf] o:t} dfgj lgld{t
cUnf of] a'h{ vflnkmf h:t}
x/]s 7fpFaf6, x/]s cUnf r'r/' faf6
;f\sl] ts ;r]tgsf sljtfx?sf] z\v3f]if ub{} hfg] 5f}F
ufpF j:tLsf pld|Psf sfnLemf/sf] rp/df a;]/ klg
xfdLn] xfd|f sljtfx? 5b{} hfg]5f}F
ca xfd|f ;f\sl] ts sljtfsf 5/f{x?n]
;Nn]/L kfvfx?df cIf/sf lapx? 5g{5
] g\
lg;fl:;Psf cfjfhx? Aff}l/g]5g\
of]Uotfsf] tf]Sdf 6]s/] afFRg cyf{t\
Ps 5fs / Ps cf n'uf hf]xf] ug{ g;Sg] ePkl5
Tof] ;Dkbf wgL /fi6sf] 5f]/f]
st} axfb'/ aGb} 5
st} /ftf aQLx?df a};
F ;f6\b} 5
st} ;';f/] ag]/
:jb]zsf tdfd\ ef]sf k]6x?sf] k]6f/f] eb{} 5
;\s]tsf sljtfx?

58

s]bf/ ;\st]

kfn] dfnLs h] klg aGb} 5


p:sf of]Uotfn] EofP;Dd h] klg ub{} 5 .
sfd 5f]8/]
v';S' s n's/]
cyf{t\ lgb|fsf] ;do rf]//]
st} pm a};
F df kf]lvPsf sljtf sf]5{
lrGtg / ljrf/sf u/fx?df pd|G5
st} pm 3/sf 5fk|fa] f6 b]lvg] cfsfzsf tf/fx? b]V5
clg pm b]V5, ;'Gb/ b]zsf] cf]8f/d'lg a:g]
Tof] cflbd dfG5]sf] hLjg / 5fof klg b]V5 .
pm o;/L g}
sljtfsf afF;/' Lleq r]tgfsf w"gx?df
u|l;t o'ufGt af]ss
] f c;xcl:tTjjfbLnfO{
;xcl:tTjsf] zLtn] gofF ljxfgL a'G5 .
xf] p;nfO{ o'4sf] Ps lx:;f klg dg kb{g}{
t/ klg pm uf]nLsf] lg;fgLdf
HofgnfO{ RofFvd] f yfk]sf] 5 .
lxhf] xfd|f sljtf
jgleqsf] lgu'/f]h:t} eP/ lgx'l/P
xl/of l;:g'sf kftx? eP/ xfd|f ef]sf k]6x?df k;]
lsgls a]zLsf v]tx? dfnLssf gfddf dfq btf{ lyP
h'ga]nf kfvf / eL/x? ;Kk} xfd|f yfKnfdf ufleP
Ps dfgf kl;gfsf] df]n cfwfdfgdf df]lnbf
crfgs cfh pm ltdLaf6 pl5lP/
of] dfgjlgld{Q ljZjs} pRr uugdf pleP/
;f\sl] ts ;r]tg sljtfx?sf] ljdf]rg ub{} 5, jfrg ub{} 5 .
s]bf/ ;\st]

59

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

sfsL{sf 3/df ;fsL{ dfq x}g


cfh klg of] ls/fFtL lgwf{] aRrf ltd|f] cu]gfsf] l8n;Dd
k'Ug g;s]sf cfnf] syf n]Vb} 5 .
xfdLn] b]lv/x]sf 5f}F
ltd|f] ax'ntfsf] gf/fleq t'lxPsf]
u0ftGqsf jfbdf dgf]tGqjfbLx? pln{P/ b]znfO{ aufO/x]sf]
3'/g] sf] ds}sf] 3f]uf] efFRg
5" l5d]sLnfO{ u'xf/L /x]sf]
xf] ca hgtfsf gf/f
;8sdf dfq 3lGsg' x'Gg
zx/df dfq blGsg' x'Gg
6fo/sf w'jfFdf dfq cfsflzg' x'Gg
ca t b'D;Ln] h:tf] vGg' k5{ /
lgsfNg' k5{ of] xfd|f] df6fdf df]6fPsf v'Dn] ls/fx?nfO{
gq xfdL lg/Gt/
cFWof/f]df alu/xg] 5f}F
cf]8f/df cfuf] km'ls/xg] 5f}F
/ pHofnf]df c? /dfO/xg] 5g\ .
-!* h'nfO{ @)!@ b'jOsf] a'h{ vflnkmfdf jflrt sljtf_

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

60

s]bf/ ;\st]

kmf]6f] sljtf
d df6f] 5fDb} lyPF
d]/} b]zsf] df6f]
PSsfl;,
b]zs} efOx?n]
ddfly wfjf af]n]
kmn:j?kM
g d}n] ltd|f] lhGbuLsf]
l;pFbf] nDAofpg ;s]F
g 5f]/fsf] eljiosf] /]vf g} sf]g{ ;s]F .
-bfsf] cfqmd0fdf dfl/Psf Ps k|x/Lsf] vlNtsf] kmf]6f] x]//] _

-;fef/, n8fFOdf hgtfaf6_

s]bf/ ;\st]

61

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

hfUg]5g\ hgtf km]l/


xfd|f sljtfx?
jfo'k\vL 3f]8fx?em}F p8\b} cfP
xfd|f zAbsf cfjfhx? ;8s, ufpF, zx/ xFb' }
k|To]s 36gf / kl/jt{gsf k|jw{s eP/
w]/} sfnf /ftx?nfO{ lrb}{ cfP .
ca xfd|f sljtfsf ;\st] x?n]
hfUg]5g\ hgtfx? km]l/ Psk6s
/ k'gj{xfnL x'g] 5 ck"0f{ vfsfx?
g5]s af6f] o;sf]
b"hg{ dfgl;stf ePsf ef]sfjfbx?n] .
ef]sfjfbsf ;w}F ef]sfPsf lrNnf cf]7x?
aN5Ln] pg]sf df5fsf] y'tg' f]em}F
pGg' k5{ / e'm08\ofpg' k5{
afF;sf z"nLx?df .
gq, logLx?n] cfTdxTof ug]5
{ g\ b]zsf] .

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

62

s]bf/ ;\st]

lk|o sljx? xfd|f sljtfx? dnfdL aGg'eGbf cufj}


logLx?sf] ;gfvt u/fF} .
s]jn afFRgs} vflt/ xfd|f] ;\3if{ xf] eg]
cflbdsfnem}F gf} lxF8f}F
a]Ssf/sf ltd|f jfb, bz{g / lrGtg
ef], xfd|f cFug] fsf l8nx?df gafF8 .
ca hgtfx? c3fO;s]
ltd|f 6'lF 8v]nsf] rsf{ cfjfhsf efif0fx?n]
ltd|f jfdkGyleqsf
;"qfTds u|f08 l8hfOgsf rnv]n /
vf]jm| f] gLlt, vf]jm| f] l;4fGtsf tfs]tfx?n] .
cxF ca kRg] 5}gg\ xfd|f cfwf k]6leq
ltd|f ckr jfSo / ck"/f efsfx? .
ca g]kfn hftLo bfn] el/g] eof]
t/ o;sf] cfj]un]
/fi6sf ax'njfbL gf/f;Fu}
;\st] sf efjL r]tgf / bz{gn]
u|fdL0f ;'wf/df af9L cfpg] 5
/ aufpg] 5g\ gfhfoh b]zsf k'hf/Lx?nfO{ .

s]bf/ ;\st]

63

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

ef] x} 7fOFnf ==
s'g ;\st] lbP/ jf lnP/
d]/f lrGtg / r]tgf a'em egf}F .
ltdL sf]bfsf] skgLleq}
dft]/ 3'st' L v]N5f}
v"ldRsf] emfFd\ f ef\sf] df8 hdfpF5f} .
ef] x} 7fOnf
pwf}nL / pef}nLdf t gdfltb]pm
hfnL?dfn le/]/
xl/of] :ofpnf nf5]/
hl; e|j' m| d' e|j' m| d' /
;f]O{ 9f]n] ;f]On] dfq}
] f] g;Dem .
ltd|f} ;:sf/ / ;+:s[ltdf afFrs
v"ldRsf] P];
F n
] '

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

64

s]bf/ ;\st]

l8S\ ;, 8u / ;]S;
l8S\ ;df ltdL
olQ ;f/f] dflQof} sL
;w}F dfTg dfq vf]hp] m .
ltd|f] l;+xf;g sf] 8Nnkn]
ltd|f] lubL ;w}F kf]Nof]
;w}F tfltof] .
ltdL /fFlsP/
ltd|f ufnfsf /]l;sfsf em'G8x? km'6g\ cfF6]
vfnL kf]N6fx? RofltP/
vftfx? df]6fP .
Sofgfljhsf kftkftx? ltdLn]
;a} ltd|} ;Dem]pm .
ca olt 5f8f eof} ltdL
ltd|f] gff] ;Def]u xfdLn] x]g'{ 5}g
ltdLnfO{ ;DxfNg
xfdLn] ;s]gf}F
ltd|f] gff] ;Def]u
x]g'{ klg 5}g
t/ ltdL xfg]{ 5f} .
s]bf/ ;\st]

65

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

cxd\ o'4sf] b'ud


{ a:tL
P slj ltdLn] dfgjLo /]vf d]6/]
a]:sg ufnL vfof} lg of] jif{ .
d csljnfO{ kf] a]:sg nfh nfUof]
lsg To:tf] sljtf n]Vof} xF <
h'g u|fdL0f]n] a'em\g ;s]g
/ ltdLn] dfq a'em\of} .
cfbLdsfn e"ln gxfn x} <
ltdLnfO{ ef}ltsjfbn] Rofk]sf] 5}g .
s] sf nfuL sf]of} sljtf, slj ltdLn] <
hLjgsf] /]vf ga'emL
ufnL vfg 7"nf sljx?sf] <
of /x/} /x/df <
yfxf 5 ltdLn] /x/}df sljtf n]Vof} dh:t}
n]Vb} hfFbf ltdLn]
s'g cfwf/df sljtf sf]of} <
s'g ;dosf] sljtf n]Vof} <
s'g st} asjf; eP x'g\
s'g cfwf/xLg eP x'g\
;\s]tsf sljtfx?

66

s]bf/ ;\st]

st} n'ss
] f b]vfof}
st} x/fPsf] b]vfof}
st} hLjg vf]Hof}
st} hut vf]Hof}
st} ufpF vf]Hof}
st} kxf8 vf]Hof} .
t/,
;a}n] a'em\g] zAb kf] 5fg]5f} .
clg slj ltdL sxfF slj eof} t olt rfF8}
e';S' s} e'n5
] f}
eo\s/ a8fa8f rfSnf zAbsf hu nfpg' ltdLn] .
ltd|f sljtfsf 6F8' fnx?df
sljtf a'em\g / n]Vg t
l;Sg' k5{ /], l;Sg'
b]Vof} ls st} o;sf] af]wLa[If <
;'Gof} ls st} o:sf] kf7zfnf <
b]Vof 5}g eg], ef] gvf]h x}
d h:tf] sfnfnfO{ xfF8LcFuf/
;]tf]nfO{ tdf]/lxdfn 7fGg]n]
s] s'ln{g' slj eg]/ <
hxfF /]vfsf]b{} ;Ldfgf yK5f} ltdL
xfF:b} 5' d otflt/ / ltdL ?Fb} .
sljtf t ltd|} af]wsf] ;\st] t xf] lg slj .
ca ltdLn] sljtf sf]gx'{ Gg
sljt] u'ju{jfbnfO{ g9f]uL .
t/ s] ltd|f] dg dfG5 t <
s]bf/ ;\st]

67

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

u' dfg]/ ef]u lbg]dfUg] afgL


h;sf] t/ d zAb g} 5flDbg eg]
ltdL gfdb{ lsg aGg] <
xfdL ;fdfgfGt/ /]vf
tL /]vfx? jf:tjdf slxNo} hf]l8Ggg\
6f9fsf] b'/Ldfx]/fO{df afx]s .
yfxf e}/fv];\
of] ztfAbL cem} 9f]uF Lsf] o'u xf] eg]/
ef]sfjfbsf] cg'xf/ la;{g klg g5f8
hxfF xfgfyfksf ue]{ dgx?n]
ladf/L cfdfsf] 5ftLsf t'gfx?
nfh}ljgf km'sfO{x/]5g\ / r'l;/x]5g\
kfn} kfnf] nfD6fx? .
b]Vof 5f} 5ftLsf cgluGtL,
a]bgfsf ljjz tL /]vfx? ltdLn] <
x}g eg], ltdL lsg o'4 /R5f} <
ltdL cfkm}F klg dxfslj 7fg of] o'usf]
gq ltd|f sljtf csljtf x'G5g\
/ ltdL d h:t} cslj .
bfFtdf 9'f ltd|f] nfU5 Totf
d l;l/ x'G5' otf
s:tf lkmtnf cIf/x? ltd|f
clnslt zAbsf]if x]//]
zAb 5fGg' kb}g{ d"v{ slj <
lvt\ lvt\ gxfF; w]/}
km]l/ pQfpnf]sf] ;+1f ldN5 .
;\s]tsf sljtfx?

68

s]bf/ ;\st]

clg ltd|f] sljtfdf


clnslt c\uh
]| Lsf] lyd klg t 5}g .
6'jm| f6fj|mL bfofFafofF lgdf]7/]
v} a\fPsf] t ltd|f] sljtfnfO{ <
plxn]sf slj rf/ u]8f x'Gy]
;a}n] gfd ;DemGy] sljx?sf
cfh ltd|f kfnfdf
Rofph:tf slj lg:s]/
tdf]/ 5]S5' eG5g\
lvDtL ;'sfpF5' eG5g\
/f];L, tfdfsf]zL la;{G5f}
/ lqz'nLdf cfTdxTof u5f},{ lsg <
hF3f/ tf/]sf 5f} s'07fx? af]s/]
e";sf] cfuf] tfk]sf 5f} hf8f]df
dfs'/L e~Hofdfb]p/fnL klg 9fn]5f} .
pkb|f] slj ltdL
v} p:n] ;Demg ;s]sf], x/kmx?df ltd|f] gfd <
v} p:n] s'bF s
] f]
lznfGof;df ltd|f] cflbd j:tLsf] lrq0f <
v} p:n] sf]g{] u/]sf] lrqdf ltd|f] cfs[lt <
v} bfz{lgsx?sf] lubLdf jt{dfg laDa ljrf/ <
v} ltdL d/]sf] lhpFbf] syfdf ltdL kfq <
ca sljs} 3/df cfuf] nufof] csljn]
/ hnfO{ lbof] p;sf kf08'lnlkx? .
b]Vof} ltdLx?n]
s]bf/ ;\st]

69

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

sljsf sljtf,
lnv' / lvDtLsf] tL/df
lrtfdf hn]sf] a]nf
clg Ps x"n c3f]/L afafx?n]
ltd|f sljtfsf nKsfsf] /fk slt Gofgf] eGb}
kz'kltdf cfuf] tfk]sf
tflk/x'h
F :tf] sljtfsf] tftf]
cf==yfyfyf
d 89\5,' ltdL ;lsG5f} / d5f}{ hn]/
t/,
wGo Ps x"n sljx?n]
wfjf af]nL EofP5g\ cfh
gq d, dfq slj eGyF,] -d dfq _
ca d, d /lxgF
g ljrf/, /Xof]
g bz{g, pl3|of]
g lrGtg, e]l6of]
cxd\ o'4sf] b'ud{ a:tLdf
ca dnfO{ slj aGg' 5}g
/ geg klg .

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

70

s]bf/ ;\st]

d]/L n'/LnfO{
d]/L n'/LnfO{ g ln/f rflxof] g 8n/ g} rflxof]
n'/L ef]ln n]s nfU5]
a? Pp6f 8f]sf],
b/f] gfDnf]
/ Ps kmfFsf] g"g rflxof] .
d]/L n'/LnfO{
g h"g x]g{] /ft rflxof]
g 3fd x]g{] lbg rflxof] .
n'/LnfO{ g ;f;";uF sf] skmL ukm / ;f/ rflxof]
g >Ldfg\sf] ofb rflxof]
a? n'/L ef]ln kfvf e5]{
Pp6f xFl;of
gofF sf]bfnf]
/ vfhf rflxof] .
d]/L n'/LnfO{
g l8:sf], g af/ rflxof]
g Sofkm], g /Lg /ft rflxof] .
s]bf/ ;\st]

71

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

d]/L n'/LnfO{ g ;fFw, g ;Ldfgf rflxof]


g ;\3Lotf rflxof]
a? Pshf]/ rKkn,
gofF rf]nL,
/ kml/of rflxof] .
d]/L n'/LnfO{
g ;ef / ;+ljwfg rflxof]
g df]afOn / :s'6/ rflxof] .
n'/LnfO{ g ofb, g k|d] rflxof]
g s k'/L s rflxof]
a? n'/L ef]ln dfOt hfG5]
p:sf] sfFv] 5f]/f
/ yf]/} vr{ rflxof] .
d]/L n'/LnfO{
g af]l8{\ rflxof]
g sn]h rflxof] .
d]/L n'/LnfO{ g zx/, g pHofnf] rflxof]
g df]6/sf/ rflxof]
a? n'/L ef]ln xf6 eg{ hfG5]
ef]nf{sf] kftsf] 3'd,
/ clnslt ;do rflxof] .
d]/L n'/LnfO{
g s;}sf] ;fy rflxof]
g s;}sf] cf; rflxof] .
;\s]tsf sljtfx?

72

s]bf/ ;\st]

a]zLif{s
6Gg /S;Ln] dft]/
pleG5 oxfF sljtf / slj
/, 5fb\5 cfk\mg} sfJoel/ .
ev{/ xtf/df, grkfO{ cf]sn]sf
6fpsf] / leqsf xfd|f e|dx?
cfkSsdf g} lsg rkfpg' <
lsg lgNg' <
lsg cf]sNg' <
lh0f{ emfFh/Ln] y]Sb}g eg]
p;f] t ltI0f ltd|f] sndn] s] af]Sg' kg]{ xf] <
kL8fsf] ef/L, dgsf] Hjfnf
l/;sf] kf]sf], b]z bz{g, lbJo uh{g <
of lubLsf ;a} lbUe|ldt s'kf]if0f ps';d's;
' tf <
of] ljzfn hut\ leq c6\bg} f} xfdL
;f\sl] ts /]vf sljtf t l/df]6 jl:t xf] .
eL?tfdf of] 8udlug ;Sb}g .
s]bf/ ;\st]

73

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

jx'/\u 5 o;df
eo 5 o;df
u|fdL0f] u|l;t 5 of] leq .
dnfO{ emL/n] pg / eg
tF u|fld0f] xf];\ clg cflbd]= =OToflb = OToflb j|mdzM
cyft\ bnLgdf vf]:6f 3';fb}{ a? efsn ;Dem
tfls d ;dodfg} ltd|f] dlGb/df kl;{g ;s"F .
km's{] aG;f] 3fF;sf]h:tf] /f}gs
efn'sf]h:tf] emD6\ofOF
v'a dg kof] of] n't] sljnfO{ .

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

74

s]bf/ ;\st]

sfa'ndf a'na'n / lxpF jiff{


ltd|f] j:tL;Dd
;fbf ljrf/ of] lxd jiff{tem}F
km';k\ m';\ km';k\ m';\ emg{ yfNof] .
el/;So dgel/ lxdr'lnem}F
dgUo ;}4flGts s'/fx? lnP/
d h?/ b]lvg]5'
d]/f ljs6 a:tLx?df .
d 6'n' 6'n' x]l//xg ;lSbgF
ltdLn] d]/f] ufF; n'6s
] f]
n'6g\ ' n'l6;s], n'6g\ ] ;fx; gaf]s ca .
xfdL lr;f] lxpFx?sf] af]emaf6
lr;f] ef/L rfFkx?af6
pGd'lQm vf]Hb}
;\st] x? 5f]8s
] f] VofnVofn g7fg .
sfa'ndf Psflaxfg}
lxpF jiff{df a'n a'n /f]Pem}F
ltdL g' kb}g{ ca .
s]bf/ ;\st]

75

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

nG8gsf sljx? lkmnLnLnL


;'lgsg -Psflaxfg}_
lem;ld;]df
ltd|f] ;x/df of] slj <
ltd|f] y]D; l/e/ eGbf k/
;d'bs
| f] 5]jd} f
pGdfbdf
pGd'v xFb' }
sljtfsf] ;"q vf]Hg k'Ubf
nG8gsf ef];kmL/f sljsf
;fd'lb|s dgn]
d]/f sljTjnfO{ lgy|S' s lehfO{ lbof] .
sljx?sf xNsf a;fOdf
b'O{ rf/ 3'8s
\ f]df g} lkmnLnLnLnLnL
sljtf km'Sg] /x/ d]/f]
sljtfdf ?g] /x/ d]/f]
sljtfdf 5fb\g] /x/ d]/f]
sljtfdf 8sfg]{ /x/ d]/f]

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

76

s]bf/ ;\st]

ltd|f] u's'ndf
gofFjfb hGdfp eGof] .
;f]r+ s
] f] klg jiff+{} g} eof]
km]/L ;f+R] b} 5' .
sjoqLx?sf] 5]jd} f
b'O{ rf/ 3'8s
\ f]df g} lkmnLnLnLnLnL
e';S' s} 9fF6p] lg ;fyL
of] ljlhP:6 sljnfO{
ltd|f] ufpFsf] glhs}sf]
lk|mG6g\ cg bL ;L sf] lsgf/} lsgf/
:ofFl7nf] cf]l;nf] ;d'Gb|df
a]:sg lxF8fof}
nfdf] lxF8fof}
dfof nfu]g of] ljr/f sljsf] <
sljx?sf] xfF;f] g} dL7f]
sljtf g} dL7f]
t/, x]g{] cfFvf s:tf]s:tf] x}
sljx?sfjLr a;fO{df
;flxlTos g[To a;fO clg
b'O{ rf/ 3'8s
\ f]df g} lkmnLnLnLnLnL
ltd|f] zx/sf] ;d'bd| f
d lrKn]/ n8]sf] eP
d 8'a/] d/]sf] eP
s] kf] uYof}{ lg a]nfotsf slj xf] <
s]bf/ ;\st]

77

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

z\s} kf] nfUof]


jN6g cg gfhsf] eLdf
b'O{ Kofs g3'6l\ sFbf] xf] t== .
;f]OTufOn;f]OTufOn -cl;g kl;g_ x'bF }
of] slj klg lkmnLnLnLnLnL
P slj dgx?
lsg xfF;s
] f unnnn <
v} sljx? <
v} sjoqLx? <
clg 6Gg kf7sx? <
of] ;s]tsf] :kz{ g} o:tf]
st} 5'g' kg]{
st} x]g'{ kg]{
st} a]xf]g'{ kg]{
;a}sf] dg t /fVg} kof] lg
ls s;f] = = hL <
laTy}df
dfof nfpFbf s] eof]
;f6\g kf] gkfOPnf t
Ps hgf sljsf] sf]7fdf
slt w]/} slj dgx? <
slt w]/} s'ts'tL gnfUg]
s'sR'{ rfx?xftx?cf}nfx?ufnfx?cw/x?
k/]nLx?cfFvfx?skfnx?
y'k}| c? rLhx? <
;\s]tsf sljtfx?

78

s]bf/ ;\st]

h:t}M
/f]dflG6s sljtfx?
/f]dflG6s d'Qmsx?
/f]dflG6s uhnx?
/f]dflG6s uLtx?
/f]dflG6s u]8Lx?
/f]dflG6s r'6l\ snfx?
clg e'OdF f /f]dflG6s kf/fsf 3'/fO{x?
l/Aaf]l/Aaf] -/S;L/S;Ldft_sf s'/fx?
;a} lkmnLnLnLnL
of] slj klg lkmnLnLnLnL
Tof] slj klg lkmnLnLnLnL
pgL sjoqL slj lkmnLnLnLnL
pm kf7s ljr/f klg lkmnLnLnLnL
Tof] sf]7f klg lkmnLnLnLnL
;a}, ;a}, ;a}, ;a}, ;a}hgf lkmnLnLnLnL
dfq s]jn 3'/fO
z"Gotfdf slj dgx?
/,
d lar/f slj

gf]6M ;'gj' f/L efiffsf] cy{


;f]OTufOn;f]OTufOn
ef];kmL/f
l/Aaf]l/Aaf]

s]bf/ ;\st]

cl;g kl;g x'bF }


clt sf]dn
/S;L/S;Ldftsf s'/fx?

79

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

k|ltdf]If k/b]zLsf]
cf] k/b]zL slj dgx? <
lsg au]sf] e]n eP/
5tf5'Nn
kfv}el/ leQ}el/ <
otf ltdL 5rlNsG5f}
ptf tdf]/ ;'S5 clg
lvDtL wldlnG5 .
xfdL 9l8of s]sf nflu yfK5f}F
df5f of Eofu'tf <
/f]wL wfggfr
r08L;fs]nf kmf]n iofFb/
nfv] gfr Nxf];f/
of xfd|f s'g} kj{df
slQg} km/s 5 / <

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

80

s]bf/ ;\st]

pxL 5fnfsf] 9f]n


pxL tfdfsf em\ofD6f
/, k|foM Pp6} laDa .
d'Gw'd, uLtf, s'/f0f / k'/f0f
Pscsf{sf k"/s
bz{g, ;fxLTo / snfsf AofVof .
cf] k/b]zL ldq
d, ltdL / pm
glhTg] zLto'4sf] n8fO{+ ub}{ /x]5f}
cfwf af6f]df g} lsg g5Ksfsf] <
v} a'em]sf] o:sf] cy{ <
lap6L Oh 6y
" P08 6y
" Oh lap6L -hf]g ls+y_
wGo k/b]zL
ltd|f] bz{gn]
k|ltdf]Ifsf] k|flKt u/fof]
cft\ssf] h/f] /x]g .

s]bf/ ;\st]

81

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

gLb gnfu]sf /ftx?


p;sf] lr;f] PSnf] la:t/fn] eGof]
lsg 56k6fO /x]5; tF <
tftf] e'u\ f| e] m}F tfltPsf]
p;sf] vf]k8Lsf] hjfkm lyof] of]
tFnfO{ klg, tF leqsf] ;+ljwfgsf] vfFrf] 5
cgluGtL ljrnLt ;d:of 5 .
cfpFbf pk|fGt /ftx?n] p;nfO{
o;/L g} lh:SofO/xg] 5 .

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

82

s]bf/ ;\st]

z]/x?
qmlds ?kn]
xfd|f 3/]n' h\unx?df
z]/x?sf] huhuL eO g} /Xof]
sfnfGt/b]lv jt{dfg;Dd .
oxfF w]/e} Gbf w]/}
z]/sf cfxf/df
d/], df/], wfOt] / n\u8f] eP .
cem} klg of] a"9f] z]/
h\unsf] /fhf g} 7fG5
cFWof/f] g} b]V5 bfofFafofF ;a}lt/ .
b]V5', t/ cfhef]nL
z]/n] k'R5/ u'8NF' sf] kf/]/ efUb} 5 .
lsgls, z]/ wkfpg
uwf, uf], xfOgf, lrt'jf, af3, :ofnafx]s
v;L, af]sf / 3f]8fx? klg
PDa'; yfKg k|mG6nfOgdf pq]sf 5g\ .
s]bf/ ;\st]

83

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

d[To'sf] ;F3f/;Fu
g d sfn;Fu 8/fpg] 5'
g ltd|f] dfof;Fu
s] sfFt/ ag]/ lxF8g\ '
d[To'sf] ;F3f/;Fu .
ladf/ dleq 5
n's/] xfF;/] a:5
gn'sL a; eG5' d
t/ lrGtg v:5 .
k};fsf] s'/f] ;DemG5f} ltdL
km/flsnf] u/f vf]Hb}gf}
ltdLn] To;f] gu/ eG5f}
cfk\mg} ltdL af6f] /f]Hb}gf} .
lvof /x]5 lhGbuL
cgL dfof sfFrf] kmnfd
chf{kL g;Sg' /x]5
lhGbuLsf ;fFrf] nufd .
;\s]tsf sljtfx?

84

s]bf/ ;\st]

d eP/ ca o:tf]
slt afFRg ;S5' eG5'
d]/f] nflu htftt} h"g 3fd
a? ltdL xf;]/} afFr eG5' .
dfq lrGtg xf]
d]/f] bz{g 5}g
d]/f] ljhf/f]kgsf] sf]lknf
st} dg]{ t x}g <

s]bf/ ;\st]

85

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

ltdL d]/L h"g xf}


ltdL d]/L h"g xf}
cFWof/f]df lxF8fpg]
ltdL d]/f] w"g xf}
PsfGtdf u'Gu'gfpg] .
lxhf];Dd v'zL lyof}
PSsfl; s] ef] cfh <
ltdL d]/f] g"g xf}
dgaf/Ldf ld;fpg]
Pslbg gaf]Nbfdf
emsL{ / kmsL{ u5{o\ f}
ltdL d]/f] 3"g xf}
d'6l' eq ;Nanfpg] =
/ft lbgsf] ;Demgfn]
5fnh:t} pnf{O{ lbG5
ltdL d]/f] v'g xf}
g;fleq ;Nanfpg] =
;\s]tsf sljtfx?

86

s]bf/ ;\st]

;dodf af]neGbf
pt} stf Jo:t x'G5f}
ltdL d]/f] r"g xf}
d'6l' eq lrnfpg]=
unfel/, sfgel/
nufO{ lbDsL uxgfem}F
ltdL d]/f] ;'g xf}
dgsf] s'gf] rDsfpg] =

s]bf/ ;\st]

87

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

3fd
eG5\of} ltdL
3fd ;w},F Ps} 7fdaf6 pbfpF5
t/ dnfO{ 6'n6' n
' ' x]//] a:of $! aif]{
lIflthn] luHofpF5 To;f] xf] eGbf .
ltdL g} eg ca
3fd ;w}F sxfF
Pp6} k"j{ lIflthsf] lkl7daf6 pbfpF5, g c:tfpF5 km]l/
ltdL h:t} lgw{Ss eP/ .
pm t ;wF} em'lNs/xG5 lg/Gt/
/ k5\ofO{ /xG5
3fd 5n]/ a:g]sf sf]7frf]6fx?df .
lbg}lkR5]
oxLFaf6 x]b5
{] ' ltdLnfO{
o"= eL k|f6] S] ;gljgfsf] sfnf] rZdfaf6
/ of] hLjgsf] Jo:t Rofkaf6 klg .
3fdaf6 rGb|/lZd eP/
zLt emfb}{ lxF8s
] f
cfnf ltd|f uf]xf]x? .
;\s]tsf sljtfx?

88

s]bf/ ;\st]

dfs'/fx
!= :yfg kl/roM
lbgdf oL dfs'/fx?
9'fd'lg a:b5g\
eP ;d'bL| t6sf] lr;f afn'jf vf]H5g\
sf]xL h\un cyf{t\ n]sdf /dfpF5g\
sf]xL zx/sf cldnf af]6x?df a:5g\
/ em5{g\ slxn]sfFxL zx/lt/
logLx?sf] / x]//] :yfg kl/ro ldN5 .

@= /, x'nLofM
Ct'cg';f/
logLx? 5]kf/fsf h:tf] sfFrn
' L klg km]5g{ \
k|foM /ftf, v}/f / km';f| x'G5g\ .

#= prfOM
cGbfhLdf cGbfh nufpg' k5{
a]nf s'a]nf 36\g] a9\g] ub{5g\

s]bf/ ;\st]

89

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

$=cfsf/ k|sf/M
df]6f]b'Anf] kftnf]df x'G5g\
;zQm cf7j6f v'fx?n]
yfx} gkfO{ xfd|f dl:tis 6]lslxF85
\ g

%= afgLJoxf]/fM
k|foM logLx?n] p8]/ 6f]S5g\
cfk\mg} ;GtfgnfO{ df5{g\
p8\bf slxn] cfkm}F k5fl/G5g\
s's/' h:tf] emD6G5g\ kl5 km]/L la/fnf] aGb5g\
laiffn' ofn emf5{g\ .

^=/f]uyfdM
6f9} a:g] ;s];Dd
dfs'/fn] 6f]Sof eP
o;sf] OGkm]S;gsf] /f]uyfd
oxL sljtf ;lDemg" .

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

90

s]bf/ ;\st]

gofF g]kfn / sd/]8


slt w]/} oyfy{sf] ;kgf a'g/]
kUn]sf x/]s /ftx?
ltd|f] ;Demgfdf sNk]/} a"9f] eP
ljr/f tL cFWof/f PSnf /ftx? 5fDb} afFrs
] f
n8f, sfgf, ljw'jf / /fF8L cfdfx?
56k6Ldf slQ klg glg:;fl;g'
gofF g]kfn / sd/]8nfO{ z'esfdgf
rf}w jif{ klxn]
ltdLn] v]ns
] f o'4x?df
bz jif}e{ l/ ag]sfnfO{ eTsfof}
g gofF aGg lbof}
g agfpg ;Sof} cfh;Dd
sd/]8
w]/} lbgx? s'//] al;of]
t/ slxNo} b]Vg ;lsPg ltd|f] gofF g]kfn
p a]nf
s]bf/ ;\st]

91

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

aGb's prfn eGof} ltdLn]prfNof}F


l6u+ / tfg eGof} tfGof}F
df:6/sf 3fF6L l5gf eGof} b'O{ 6'jm| f kfof}F
lhDdn / d'lvofnfO{ e'm08\of eGof} e'm08\ofof}F
;b/d'sfd hnfof}F
;L=8L=cf]=sf] 6fpsf] df]Nof} l5gfof}F
cfh ltdL hgtfsf s]Gb|df k'Ubf
s/f]8f}s
F f] lxgfldgf xFb' f
lha|fdf e]g; af]ss
] f sd/]8x?
ltd|f 6fpsfx? of] ;fndf
eg sltslt k}ofF kg]{ d"No tf]sf}F <
gofF g]kfn / sd/]8nfO{ z'esfdgf
klZrd hfpF sldzg
blIf0f hfpF lguf]l;Pzg
pQ/ hfpF 8]lnu]zg
g oxfF s;}sf] rflxof] e]l/lkms]zg
g oxfF rflxof] s;}sf] cyf]/fOh]zg
jf jf b]zsf xflsd;fkx?
ltd|} >LdtLsf z/L/el/
xL/f, df]tL / ;'gx?n] el/pg\
xfd|f z/L/ ef]sf, gff / gfDnfn] g} ufFlhpg\
efif0f} lkR5]
ltdLn] jx'njfbsf] bz{g 5fF6o\ f}
hfltotfdf :jfoQtfsf] lsQfsf6 uof}
;\s]tsf sljtfx?

92

s]bf/ ;\st]

/fhb/jf/ 9fn]sf] cx\sf/df ulh{of}


ltd|} ;'ss
] f ufnf kf]6Lnf] kfof}
kfn} kfnf] l;+xf;g cf/f]x0f uof} .
;a} nfhkr'jf, kfgLd?jf
g]kfnL hgtfsf et'jf
;DdfggLo, dfggLo ;ef;bHo'x?df
of] n't] sljsf]
gofF g]kfn / sd/]8 b'jn
} fO{ clu|d z'esfdgf

s]bf/ ;\st]

93

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

Hffjnfv]ndf Ps laxfg
Hffjnfv]ndf Ps laxfg
s8f lrof lkpFb}
Ps}l5g hfjnfv]n rf]sdf
s]lx b[Zo;Fu d clNemPF .
ljleGg ;jf/Lsf xg{x?
u|fxsnfO{ af]nfO{ /x]5g\
h]af| qml;\
k}bnofqLsf] clwsf/df
cfxf; xfF;f]df a]u| pkl:yt 5 .
oxfFsf tdfd\ lhGbuLx?
;j]/a} f6 k|lt:kwf{sf] o'4df plqP/
ljhosf o'4 d}bfgdf
hLjgsf cl:yTjnfO{ lal;{P/
plq/x]5g\
dgleq cxd\tfsf] af?b lnP/ .

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

94

s]bf/ ;\st]

k"j{ /fhf jL/]Gb|


;flns eP/ 6f]nfO/x]5g\
xfdLleqsf] G cfefif x]b}{
au}rF fsf] aLrdf l7 pleP/
x]l//x]5 b'MvfGt gf6s
Tof] a]nfsf Kof/f hgtfx?
clxn] zx/ k;]sf 5g\
/ sfsfs'n aGb}
vf]lh/x]5g\ 8'8F df hd]sf kfgL .

s]bf/ ;\st]

95

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

lg/Lx ;fF3/' L
x/]s laxfgLdf
lgj{:q x'G5] ;fF3/' L
lg/Lx x'G5] ;fF3/' L .
zAb ;+jfbdf kf]lvg] u5{
/ b'Vg] u5{ u[xkL8fdf ;fF3/' L .
slt lgi7'/Lx? 5g\ oxfF
xfd|f] 5ftLel/ pld|Psf
lgj{:q gLlt
lgj{:q ljlw /
lgj{:q /fhgLlt
o:tf]sL
ul/a ufpFsf]
b'Anf] afnsh:tf]
xfOgfsf] j:tLdf
Pp6f 3fOt] hgfj/h:tf]
;\s]tsf sljtfx?

96

s]bf/ ;\st]

h:tf], kmnk"mnsf] au}rF fdf


ef]sfPsf] afFb/x?sf] Psx'nh:tf] .
slt nlqFbf]kg 5 oxfF
s]Gb|df 5f]l8Psf dgx?
ljej x',F d
ljb|fx] L x',F d /
ljho x",F d sf] cxd\tfdf afFlr/x]5g\ .
o:tf]sL
a};
F sf] lzTsf/sf]
d:td:t r/d\ cfjfhh:tf]
anfTsf/kl5 kL8fdf af}l/PsL
Pp6L lgwf{] gf/Lsf] z/L/h:tf]
h:tf], ;of}F jif{ k5fl8 k/]sf]
xfdLdflysf] wldnf] cfsfzh:tf] .
x/]s laxfgLdf
lgj{:q x'G5] ;fF3/' L
lg/Lx x'G5] ;fF3/' L .
zAb ;+jfbdf kf]lvg] u5{
/ b'MVg] u5{ u[xkL8fdf ;fF3/' L .
b]V5' pm x/]s laxfgL
:jfoQtfsf] gf/fdf af}l/G5
s]bf/ ;\st]

97

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

dWofGx efif0fdf 8'lqmG5


;fFem d:t;Fu a]xf];L x'G5 /
/ft cfo{3f6sf] d'bf{h:t} x'G5 .
of] a]nf
oxfF o:tf] 3fd vf]lh/x]5g\
hxfF ;a}sf s/];faf/Ldf e'mlNspg\
oxfF o:tf] cIf/x? vf]lh/x]5g\
hxfF ;a}sf] tgdgleq plgpg\
t/, ;dfg clwsf/ vf]Hbf
hftLo efua08fdf gxf]ldpg\ .
o;/L g},
x/]s laxfgLdf
lgj{:q x'G5] ;fF3/' L
lg/Lx x'G5] ;fF3/' L .
zAb ;+jfbdf kf]lvg] u5{
/ b'MVg] u5{ emg\ u[xkL8fdf ;fF3/' L .

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

98

s]bf/ ;\st]

k|d
] lbj;df s] lbpmF <
cf] d]/f lk|o k|l] dsfx?
ltdLnfO{
ltDn] dfGg] u/]sf] k|d] lbj;df s] lbpmF <
u'nfkmsf km'nk} m"nx? of r'Dagsf cgluGtL /;x?
of sf]bfsf] skgL / wfgsf] afnf
of l;Fuf/L lbpmF dxFufdxFuf lsDtLsf bfgfx?n]
eg ltdLnfO{ s] lbpFm <
d]/f] dlynnfO{ yf5
ltDnfO{ a|f08]8s} yf]s dgk5{ cfhef]ln
h:t}M n"O;, e'O6F g, u'rL of :ofFgn
of c? s'g} a|f08]8 d]8x? =
t/, d]/f lk|o lk|ldc/ k|d] Lx? xf]
ltd|f rfxgfsf cfFvfx?df
ltd|f hdfgfsf] of] k|d] lbj;
pbf;Lgtfdf km'Ng] k|d] km"nx?h:t} eP
h'g ;f}Gbo{sf] eLdf
If0fe/df g} cf]OnL em5{ emof] / d5{ klg
s]bf/ ;\st]

99

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

tL pRref}lts cf:yfsf dgdf


d]/f] bl/b| x}l;otn] lbPg ;DxfNg
/ hLjge/ g;s'n
F f ug{ klg
d tL ;'b/" c;kmn ;Demgfdf
o:t}o:t} of]ukmn ge]l6g] sljtf sf]l//xg] 5'
eg ltdLnfO{ s] lbpmF c? <
Ps cDvf]/f s~rg kfgL of
Ps sk Sofkm] Nof6] <
dnfO{ yfxf 5
ltdLnfO{ Sofkm] Nof6] g} dg k5{ .
ltd|} zx/leq
ltDnfO{ a|f08]8 ;fdfg g} dgk5{ cfhef]ln
a]s/Ls]s of c? s'g} dxFuf sf8{
Tof] klg t d]/f] vNtLsf] x}l;Ptn] lbPg vl/b ug{ .
cf] d]/f lk|o k|l] dsfx?
ltd|f hdfgfsf] of] k|d] lbj;
d]/f nflu dlGb/df r9fPsf k"mnx?h:t} eP
h'g, If0fe/df g} cf]OnL em5{ emof] / em5{g\ klg
eg ltdLnfO{ s] lbpFm <
Ps 6'jm| f] sf]bfsf] /f]6L of
ANofs km/]:6 s]s <

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

100

s]bf/ ;\st]

dnfO{ yfxf 5,
ltdLnfO{ ANofs km/]:6 s]s g} dgk5{ .
a? ltdLn],
lbndf pd|s
] f] Ps tf]nf dg dfu]sf] eP t x'GYof]
lemlslbGy] x'n
F f t'gf] km'sfn]/
t/, ltdLn] d'6' g} dfu]pm
ltd|f] s;d dnfO{
d'6' sn]hf] lbG5' eGg] dfG5], dg} kb}g{
d jf:tljseGbfkfl/sf] ;Ldfdf /Dg g;Sg] dfG5]
csf]{ cy{df,
dfof, :kz{ dfqsf] emf]s
F f klg t x}g .
eg ltdLnfO{ s] lbpmF <
km]jftfnsf] h:t} ljzfn dg of==
/fgLkf]v/Lsf] h:t} b"lift kfgL dg <

s]bf/ ;\st]

101

;\s]tsf sljtfx?

sljsf b'O{ x/km


sljtf cfkm} af]ns
] f 5g\, af]Nb5g\ . s;}n] sljtfsf cleJolQmx?
prfn]/ ;u/dfyfh:tf] pFrf] x'g] / gubf{ lgrf] x'g] ;lDemg] xf] eg]
oxfF sljtf sf]l/g] lyPgg\ xf]nf, of] /l;nf] hut\df .
wGojfb lbFbf ;lDem/x]5' ;a}nfO{, hh;n] of] s[lt lgsfNg
;xof]u k'ofP . d]/f] dgdf s;}sf] gfd 5'6s
] f] 5}g .

;\s]t