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Telecom India Daily

September 2012

Vol 01

Issue 01

Lets talk Telecom

a journal for global telecommunication community

Path laid down for Hi speed India

Telecom Talk
'India gears up for 4G'
Samar Mittal, Head of Sales Development, India Region, Nokia Siemens Networks

'India is a global pioneer in TD-LTE'

Eran Eshed, Co-founder and VP Marketing, Altair Semiconductor'

More effective LTE performance testing with Field to Lab methods Erik Org, Senior Marketing Manager, Azimuth Systems

TD - LTE is now Reality

Sandeep Kapoor, Country Director - India, Communications Test, JDSU

India emerges as LTE R&D, Testing Hub

Madhukar Tripathi, Anritsu Pte Ltd, India Branch Office

Telecom India Daily

September 2012

Editors desk......
Indian Telecom market is one of the biggest in the world today as it is on its way to touch the 1 billion user mark this financial year. It took almost 10 years for mobile to really become a mass device after the prices for calls & devices came down. A lot happened during 2005-2010 and it can be termed as one of the golden periods of Indian wireless history. It was during this period only that doors were opened for new technologies like 3G & BWA. Successful auctions took place and we had companies with licenses to bring high speed networks in the country. The question is Has that really happened? Much was hyped for 3G but it has not turned out to be successful story so far and now we have 4G. We have joined the 4G club with Airtels roll out of TD-LTE networks in Kolkata & Bangalore. It has been a slow start but we are sure that high speed technologies will take less time then 2G to become a real hit. The mantra is going to be the same make it affordable. In 3G it is happening now and in 4G it will happen in coming years. LTE as a technology across the globe is evolving and it is good to see this time we joined in the initial stage not like 3G where it took 10 years.

News Flash Tech Focus Telecom Talk India gears up for 4G
4 6 8

Samar Mittal, Head of Sales Development, India Region, Nokia Siemens Networks

India is a global pioneer in TD-LTE 10

Eran Eshed, Co-founder and VP Marketing at Altair Semiconductor

Viewpoint More effective LTE performance 12 testing with Field to Lab methods
Erik Org, Senior Marketing Manager, Azimuth Systems

TD - LTE is now Reality

Sandeep Kapoor, Country Director - India, Communications Test, JDSU


India emerges as LTE R&D, Testing Hub

Madhukar Tripathi, Anritsu Pte Ltd, India Branch Office


Company Focus We leverage technology

Huawei Telecommunications (India)


Tech Talk Devices & Services Report Corner Facts & Figures

21 22 23 24

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Telecom India Daily

September 2012

News Flash
Service Providers
airtel launches first 4G netork in India
Bharti Airtel Indias leading mobile service provider became the first operator in India to launch 4G Network. Airtel rolled out its TD-LTE network in Kolkata (April) and Bangalore (May). Airtel introduced Smartbytesfor 4G worlds first add on packs for customers to continue enjoying the 4G experience even after exhausting their monthly data limits

Technology Vendors
Polkomtel and Aero2 select Ericsson to expand 4G/LTE coverage in Poland
Ericsson to supply WCDMA and LTE infrastructure for operators Polkomtel and Aero 2. Agreement also covers modernization of the core network and services including deployment, integration and support services for three years. Upgrade to meet mobile broadband growth and increased demand for data services in Poland.

Sprint initiates Network Vision program to increase coverage and capacity of LTE network
Sprints initial deployment will focus on indoor applications, including entertain-ment venues, transportation hubs and business campuses. By deploying metro cells, Sprint expects to deliver a better broadband experience to more of its subscribers in these high-traffic areas and will help reduce costs in the process.

Nokia Siemens Networks supports Optus network modernization and 4G implementation

Nokia Siemens Networks is upgrading the Optus mobile network and deploying 4G using its Single RAN (radio access network) platform, based on its compact, energy-efficient Flexi Multiradio Base Station. The company is also providing its Evolved Packet Core platform including Flexi NS (Network Server) and Flexi NG (Network Gateway).

SK Telecom Launches Voice over LTE Services

To use HD Voice, both people on a call will have to be subscribed to SK Telecom's LTE service and have HD Voice-capable devices. The company has begun selling Galaxy S3 LTE embedded with HD Voice feature and plans to offer firmware upgrades for existing users of Galaxy S3 LTE within this month.

C Spire using Alcatel-Lucent to deploy 4G LTE High-Speed Mobile Broadband Services

C Spire is deploying Alcatel-Lucents industryleading end-to-end 4G LTE solution, including base stations, IP mobile backhaul for 4G LTE and existing 3G CDMA traffic, Wireless Packet Core (WPC) and a complete IP Multi-Media Subsystem (IMS) network core.

UNE launches largest Commercial LTE Network in Latin America

For the first stage of network deployment, UNE launched commercial LTE services in Bogota and Medellin. UNEs LTE network is now an ultra-high-speed wireless information highway that allows the Colombian people to enjoy easier access, faster data rates, better user experience and enriched multimedia services, further driving mobile broadband development in Colombia.

ZTE, China Mobile Hong Kong to Construct LTE-TDD Network

As part of the contract, ZTE will provide LTETDD solutions to CMHK, including SDR BTS, terminals, network planning, integration and network optimization. The jointly constructed network will be Hong Kongs central network, covering Hong Kong Island and Kowloon. CMHK is a wholly owned subsidiary of China Mobile Limited.

Verizon LTE Network Now Available in More Than 370 Markets

Verizon Wireless has introduced 4G LTE network in 34 new markets and announced expansion in 38 other markets today. With the new and expanded markets, the companys LTE network is now available in a total of 371 markets covering more than 75 percent of the U.S. population.

Huawei to Deploy UMTS/LTE MultiBand Antennas for Optimus

Portuguese mobile operator Optimus has selected Huawei to provide UMTS/LTE multifrequency antennas for its LTE commercial network. Using Huawei's multi-band (1800MHz/ 2100MHz/2600MHz) antennas, Optimus added LTE operation while maintaining the number of antennas, minimizing rental and infrastructure costs and retaining minimal visual impact.

Telecom India Daily

September 2012

News Flash
Research & Development
Huawei Launches eMBMS Innovation Center to Develop LTE Solutions
Huawei launched an enhanced Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service (eMBMS) innovation center in Shenzhen in order to develop end-to-end eMBMS solutions and LTE applications. Huawei's eMBMS innovation center will focus on on-demand video services and broadcast information based on eMBMS.

Testing & Demonstration

Samsung Demonstrates Broadcast Services Over LTE Using Anritsu's Rapid Test Designer (RTD) and MD8430A
Samsung Electronics has demonstrated clear reception capabilities of LTE Broadcast services using evolved Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service (eMBMS) technology using Anritsu's Rapid Test Designer (RTD) and MD8430A to simulate the LTE network environment. Anritsus RTD delivers a rich set of test features using its fast and flexible flowcharting user interface.

Smart-RF research develops flexible solutions for future mobile broadband networks
The group developed the technical foundation for a new reconfigurable radio frequency (RF) transmitter capable of supporting different wireless standards within a single radio frequency band. A programmable radio module will help network operators to deploy their base stations more flexibly.

Huawei completes Industry's SingleSON Test on an Commercial Network

First LTE

Anritsu announces LTE-Advanced Carrier Aggregation option for Signaling Tester

Anritsu has developed this world-first MD8430A-085 Carrier Aggregation option for its base station simulator to help bring LTEAdvanced terminals and chipsets to market as soon as possible. Installing MD8430A-085 option in the MD8430A allows it to operate as an LTE-Advanced base station simulator supporting the coding/decoding, protocol and throughput performance tests required by carrier aggregation function tests.

The test was conducted in Hong Kong. The SingleSON test showed that throughput on the cell's edge can be enhanced up to 30% to improve end user experience using Huawei's Adaptive ICIC technology and marked a milestone for the commercialization of Huawei's SingleSON solution.

Nokia Siemens Networks extends TDLTE speed record in China Nokia Siemens Networks has achieved TDLTE data speeds of 1.3 Gbps using its commercial Flexi base station hardware. The live demonstration at a recent China Information Technology show in Beijing marks a new world record for the 4G mobile broadband technology. In addition, NSN is the first vendor to complete Phase 1 & 2 of China Mobiles TD-LTE field tests.

Huawei MSA Technology accelerate the Development of LTE-Advanced Standards

Huawei announced a new proposal for the LTEAdvanced Multi-Stream Aggregation (MSA) technology standard that is capable of increasing data rates at the cell's edge. The concept behind Huawei's MSA technology is that the user is always able to receive downlink data and aggregate downlink data streams from a cell or cell group with the best signal quality.

ZTE Completes Worlds First /TDD LTE PS Handover Test


Aricent and Mindspeed to develop a Complete, Highly Scalable eNodeB Reference Framework
Rigorously tested for functionality and performance, the base station solution is designed to help telecom equipment manufacturers deliver high-performance base stations in multiple form factors, including femto, pico, metro and micro-cell configurations and is available for both LTE-FDD & TD-LTE variants.

The infrastructure used to carry out the test consists of commercial system equipment provided by ZTE and an FDD/TDD LTE dualmode USB card, provided by Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute Company Limited. The test showed that when the FDD/TDD LTE dual-mode device is connected to the LTE network and large files are downloaded
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Telecom India Daily

September 2012

Technology Focus
Long Term Evolution (LTE) Technology Overview
Abhishek Passi, Solution Manager, Technical Sales, ZTE TELECOM INDIA Pvt. Ltd. LTE is a standard for wireless data communications technology and an evolution of the GSM/UMTS standards. The goal of LTE is to increase the capacity and speed of wireless data networks using new DSP (digital signal processing) techniques and modulations.

What is the need of LTE?

From an End User/ consumer prospective: this could be a surprising factor to differentiate between the available Technologies such as 2G, 3G and CDMA. What point of difference does it make to my current association with the kind of services I am subscribed to? The key to answer this is FASTER & EFFECTIVE communication , the demand to have Contents available on your handset in a blink of eye, and in order to experience this Telco operator has to introduce LTE in the Network. Be it Multimedia, Chat, Movie, Online Gaming, Social Networking. There is demand of High Tech environment capable of delivering the contents instantly and simultaneously making you available ON with always connected with professional and personal relationships. The main advantages noticed by end users are the super-fast speed especially how quickly new connections are established, how fast web pages load and how much more responsive applications feel and the improved reliability in delivering this high performance throughout the coverage area.

The first step towards an IP based packet switched (in green in fig. below) solution was made with the evolution of GSM to GPRS, using the same air interface and access method, TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access). UMTS was developed with a new access network, based on CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access), to reach higher data rates and data volume The access network in UMTS emulates a circuit switched connection for real time services and a packet switched connection for datacom services (in black in fig.1). LTE The Evolved Packet System (EPS) is purely IP based. Both real time services and datacom services will be carried by the IP protocol. LTE or the E-UTRAN (Evolved Universal Terrestrial Access Network) is the access part of the Evolved Packet System (EPS). The main requirements for the new access network are high spectral efficiency, high peak data rates, short round trip time and frequency flexibility.

Technology Evolution
LTE (both radio and core network evolution) is now on the market. Release 8 was frozen in December 2008 and this has been the basis for the first wave of LTE equipment. LTE specifications are very stable, with the added benefit of enhancements having been introduced in all subsequent 3GPP Releases. The LTE standard can be used with many different frequency bands. In North America, 700/ 800 and 1,700/ 1,900 MHz are planned to be used; 800, 1,800, 2,600 MHz in Europe; 1,800 and 2,600 MHz in Asia; and 1,800 MHz in Australia. GSM was developed to carry real time services, in a circuit switched manner, with data services only possible over a circuit switched modem connection, with very low data rates.

Network Elements in GSM,UMTS are Base Stations, Base Station Controller but as the technology is advanced to LTE the single entity e-NodeB is fully functional to operate with the Network and Communicate with the End User.

Telecom India Daily

September 2012

Technology Focus
The key differentiators like Bandwidth, UL & DL speed, Modulation techniques, output power for different technologies are as listed below:

Few Applications of LTE for Consumer and Enterprise Customers :

CONSUMER APPLICATION Connected Car Live Messaging

ENTERPRISE APPLICATION Secure /Manage Data on Devices Mobile Cloud Computing Mobile Collaboration

Multi Party Video Calling

Image Enable Search

Wireless Broad Band Branch Office Interactive Digital Signage Public Safety

Mobile Gaming

Mobile Advertising Location Based Service Mobile video Monitoring


Next Generation Music Enhanced Mobile Video



Multi Party Video Calling

LTE key benefits and features:

High Download/ Upload Data Speed guaranteed as compare to 3G. Mobility across the Borders, boundaries with always ON connectivity, in case of no LTE coverage fall back to 3G/GSM ensures the connectivity. Online Gaming Experience

Telecom India Daily

September 2012

Telecom Talk
'India gears up for 4G'
. As a specialist in mobile broadband, we remain committed towards working with telecom operators to further increase teledensity, enhance customer experience and empower communities.
Samar Mittal, Head of Sales Development, India Region, Nokia Siemens Networks

Progress of TD-LTE so far in India

Time Division Duplex (TDD) LTE, or TD-LTE, became a global technology in 2010. Important milestones included the first TD-LTE call in India broadband Wireless spectrum at 2.3 GHz. Emerging markets have been leading the charge in raising awareness of the potential of TD-LTE. In India, where fixed broadband penetration is below 1%, operators aim to complement 3G with TD-LTE. Commercial 4G network launches in India are a reality now with Kolkata and Bangalore going live. Bharti Airtel has selected Nokia Siemens Networks to build and operate its TD-LTE network in Maharashtra. Being part of Indias large-scale TD-LTE commercial rollout, we will deliver the TD-LTE network, end-user data devices, and newly introduced industrys first TD-LTE 6 pipes radio. Globally, Nokia Siemens Networks is leading in LTE deployments, having delivered more than half of all live LTE networks, and running half of the worlds TD-LTE trials. In India too, we are aiming at garnering an impressive TD-LTE market share. From networks to devices, Nokia Siemens Networks can offer a full range of TD-LTE solutions to Indian operators. We are engaged with all major BWA spectrum winners in India to conduct TD-LTE trials and we are collaborating with ecosystem partners to accelerate industrys progress towards comprehensive deployment of TD-LTE in the country. 4G over the BWA spectrum is important for the country, as it will allow operators to offer high speed, low latency data to the target enterprises and consumers. With 4G, the consumers will experience something very new. This technology ensures high-speed mobile broadband connectivity and a superior performance from mobile applications across a wide range of devices.

On spectrum for TD-LTE

Many countries throughout the world have large chunks of unpaired unused spectrum. History also suggests that unpaired spectrum will trade at a much lower price per MHz/population than its FDD equivalent. With large amount of available unpaired spectrum and growing capacity demands, TD-LTE has gained a lot of traction worldwide coupled with strong commitment from leading operators. As a specialist in mobile broadband, we remain committed towards working with telecom operators to further increase teledensity, enhance customer experience and empower communities. The National Telecom Policys focus on providing broadband for all is a visionary step ahead. Nokia Siemens Networks believes mobile broadband growth can be fuelled by 4G. We have significantly invested in advancing TDLTE so operators can reap the benefits of delivering mobile broadband using unpaired spectrum. Nokia Siemens Networks has introduced a Liquid Radio-based 6 pipes remote radio head* that uses the companys unique pipe approach to offer unprecedented flexibility in delivering TD-LTE. By covering three sectors with a single radio head, operators can reduce site costs by up to one-third. It is the first remote radio head that can support a 6sector TD-LTE site to deliver 80% more capacity and 40% more coverage as compared to traditional 3-sector sites. This enables higher data speeds, and considerably reduces total cost of ownership

Requirements for TD-LTE networks

Nokia Siemens Networks end-to-end 4G solution provides a future-proof, easy and costefficient path to LTE. Our network is 4G-ready today (e.g. Internet-HSPA). Flat network architecture for I-HSPA is already commercially available and uses similar network architecture with only two nodes on the user plane as in 4G thus enabling a smooth migration path to 4G.

Telecom India Daily

September 2012

Telecom Talk
As the leading supplier of Direct Tunnel, Nokia Siemens Networks with its core offering paves the way for 4G flat architecture already today. The software-definable Flexi Multiradio Base Station offers the perfect upgrade path to 4G/LTE. end-to-end 4G solutions addressing the full scope of the operators deployment needs including access, core, devices, network management and services. Our plug and play 4G devices allow customers to quickly and easily use their 4G product allowing them to quickly access their broadband networks soon after purchase, and also provides operators with the guarantee of a reliable range of 4G products for their LTE customers. Nokia Siemens Networks has expanded its data devices portfolio with three new 4G data devices which help operators deliver mass market mobile broadband profitably and quickly. The USB-lte 7510 is a plug-and-play wireless USB dongle that delivers mobile broadband anywhere via desktops and laptops. The MHRlte 7512, a mobile hotspot router, creates hotspots that support up to 10 Wi-Fi connections, anywhere, anytime. Finally, CPEilte 7222 is a small, plug-and-play indoor wireless broadband modem for installation at a subscribers residence. These 3GPP-standardized devices cater to subscribers on-the-move lifestyle by also supporting GSM, 3G and Wi-Fi, as well as offering the highest performance with techniques such as superior cell-edge capability and improved overall sector throughput.

Devices for TD-LTE

4G technology promises enhanced delivery of mobile broadband data to laptops on the move and smartphone services, thanks to increased data rates, reduced latency and its scalable allIP flat network architecture. This technology ensures high-speed mobile broadband connectivity and a superior performance from mobile applications across a wide range of devices. As demand continues to rise to access broadband networks at increasing speeds, operators need products that will support and enhance their 4G network for their customers. Nokia Siemens Networks award winning LTE Device portfolio provides operators with products they can trust and rely on to provide the highest quality of broadband network access. Nokia Siemens Networks delivers a family of compelling market tested, powerful and award winning 4G devices. These best-in-class OFDM technology devices are leading the industry with

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September 2012

Telecom Talk
'India is a global pioneer in TD-LTE'
.The need from the Indian consumer is clearly there and the Indian regulators, together with the key carriers, have responded to this need and have created an environment that allows LTE to leapfrog 3G and become the de-factor mobile broadband technology in India.
Eran Eshed, Co-founder and VP Marketing at Altair Semiconductor

India has joined the 4G club. How do you see the future of Indian Telecom?
The Indian market is very strategic for Altair. Although the regulatory and ecosystem dynamics are somewhat complex, these challenges are overshadowed by the huge potential that wireless and specifically 4G/LTE offer in terms of growth. Altair is one of the LTE semiconductor pioneers in India, and has been testing, trailing and supplying products to leading carriers such as Reliance Industries and Airtel for more than a year and a half.

consequently driving it to price points which are challenging when compared to other geographies. We identified this dynamic long ago and planned for a chipset that is optimized for the feature set and cost points of Indian carriers. This turned out to have been a very good move. I believe some of our competitors were caught off guard in that sense. We are already shipping the product and expect to ramp up significant volume as early as the first quarter of next year.

Like any technology, LTE also has its own value chain. At what level does Altair comes in and what role does it play in the technological evolution?
The traditional supply flow from chip companies like Altair is to ODM and OEMs who build devices such as USB dongles, indoor/outdoor routers, portable WiFi hotspots, etc. The model is no different in the Indian LTE value chain, however with another very important and direct dialog channel between us and the carriers. LTE is a relatively new technology and TD-LTE, being the younger standard variant, is even newer. India is a global pioneer in TD-LTE and in the process of planning and trialing their networks, carriers have worked closely with us and others to better understand the capabilities of the chipset which is the core engine behind the LTE device.

What contribution has Altair has made in the global LTE arena?
Altair was the first semiconductor company to sample an LTE chipset to market in September 2009. Since then, we have been involved in numerous trials with the worlds most prominent operators. We have assisted infrastructure partners in completing interoperability testing in more than 15 LTE bands, which is no small feat. We were also the first to ship a combined FDD and TDD LTE chipset and the first to demonstrate real-time handover between the two modes on a commercial network. Moreover, we have been involved in many industry standardization and qualification processes. Our most recent achievement was receiving chipset certification from Verizon Wireless, which is a very significant milestone for the company.

A few months ago you released a TDLTE chipset optimized for the Indian Market. How significant is this launch and what advantages will it bring to the Indian market?
The Indian telecom market is very unique in several aspects, one being the relatively low Average Revenue Per User (ARPU) from wireless services. This has a strong impact on the device cost, which is required by carriers to sustain a viable business model

Telecom India Daily


September 2012

Telecom Talk
What growth potential does Indian market hold for Altair? the What can the market expect to see next from Altair Semiconductor?
We have a very competitive product roadmap which we intend to announce soon. We plan to maintain our strong technology leadership position by introducing new and enhanced LTE chipsets that will support the most advanced revisions of the LTE standard. Such chipsets will include among other things, cutting edge features such as Carrier Aggregation, advanced MIMO receiver techniques and interference cancellation. It is quite an exciting time for the company so be sure to stay tuned.

We believe India represents the highest growth potential for LTE globally. The need from the Indian consumer is clearly there and the Indian regulators, together with the key carriers, have responded to this need and have created an environment that allows LTE to leapfrog 3G and become the de-factor mobile broadband technology in India. We have a strong local office with great staff who support both customers and carrier partners with their rollouts. Altair will continue investing in India, as we are very committed to playing a leading role in Indias LTE scene moving forward.

Indian Telecom Market : 2011-12

Which Circle has most number of subscribers and Teledensity? What is the urban & rural division of Telecom Operators subscribers? .............................................. .............................................. What is the market share of each operator in each circle? Which Mobile Operator added maximum number of subscribers? ...............................................

Telecom India Daily report give answers to all such questions. The report contains telecom Statistics at the year end and monthly performance of various services and players. The Report is available in PDF format. Grab your copy now to know detailed summary of last year. For booking, send mail at : info@telecomindiadaily.in

Telecom India Daily


September 2012

More effective LTE performance testing with Field to Lab methods
. Field to Lab tools can not only make it easier to run the tests but may also provide tools to visually compare and evaluate the RF conditions.
Erik Org, Senior Marketing Manager, Azimuth Systems

Across the wireless ecosystem, carriers, vendors, device and infrastructure OEMs all face a growing need to test under real world conditions. With the increasing number of MIMO protocols, the challenge to productively and effectively test devices and networks becomes even more difficult. It is essential to remember that the most lab based testing uses the static test scenarios from 3GPP in order to measure average or typical performance. But effective testing must do more, effective testing and effective test processes should enable lab based test teams to test a wide range of dynamic real world conditions in a reasonably short time. With todays complex protocols, its essential to incorporate real-world test methodologies throughout the design cycle.

Field to Lab tools can not only make it easier to run the tests but may also provide tools to visually compare and evaluate the RF conditions. Ideally, field testing should measure device performance across the widest possible range of real world conditions. Ideally, field testing should measure device performance across the widest possible range of real world conditions.

Recreating Field conditions in the lab with Field to Lab

When testing mobile devices, the device in the test lab should be exposed to the same changing environment experienced by a customer in the field. For many years, devicevalidation methodologies have used channelemulators configured with industry-approved and standardized channel models. Statistical representations of channel conditions are very useful in representing average RF environments needed for testing and certification. However, they dont capture the unique and specific conditions dynamically experienced by a device as is used on a network. Field-to-Lab testing, which recreates realworld channel conditions (collected from drive testing) in a network testbed (Fig. 1) can address this problem. Field to Lab methods can effectively bridge the gap between laboratory and field-measured results. By combining test methodologies including conducted test, in-lab replay of drive tests, and over-the-air performance testing, productdevelopment teams can create a comprehensive environment in the lab thats as realistic as possible. Subsequently, R&D and qualityassurance engineers can test products in the lab using both standard models and real-world conditions from actual field data collected from locations of interest. This drastically reduces the need for resource-intensive field testing. Such tests hold even greater value since they also can be performed across the full productdevelopment cycle.

Real World Testing

The ability to accurately predictin the labthe performance a user will experience in the field offers several key advantages and enables users to: Test against field conditions earlier in the design cycle than ever before enabling early discovery of field-related issues. Benchmark new devices against the golden routes used by carriers to verify and validate device performance Share test conditions between partners to accelerate collaboration and reduce the time to troubleshoot or debug problems Regression test new hardware, firmware, and software revisions against challenging real world RF conditions Performance benchmark possible firmware upgrades

Final pre-deployment testing often consists of device validation, performed in actual mobiledevice usage field conditions. However, device field testing across diverse conditions of terrain, population density, physical location, and motion is extremely time-consuming and costly. It also lacks repeatability.

Telecom India Daily


September 2012


Fig. 1. Field-to-lab testing for mobile devices offers a virtual scenario developed from real-world channel conditions collected from drive testing.

Field-to-lab methods can integrate actual drivetest scan logs into the testbeds used in carrier and equipment vendors labs. They can more effectively test commercial devices against field data collected over carriers golden drive test routes or at other key locations of interest in the actual network, where performance is critical.

a playback file for a given number of basestations, can be filtered, smoothed, and filled to ensure realistic playback conditions. Then the data is played back on the channel emulator. A playback control tool configures the channel emulator and streams the playback conditions to the channel emulators signal path running between the mobile device and the basestation. This offers the ability to characterize expected performance, reproduce and verify field issues, benchmark interoperability with other devices, and optimize performance algorithms. Consequently, wireless devices are more thoroughly tested before ever being deployed in the field, and theres considerably improved post-deployment troubleshooting and resolution.

Field to Lab Methods

Field-to-lab testing typically involves three phases: Collecting field data Conditioning the data for playback Playback of the field data on a channel emulator

Accordingly, the key components of a field-tolab methodology include a data source such as commercially available scanner or proprietary logging tool, a tool to map and filter scanner results from the possibly large number of sectors seen in the real world to the much smaller testbeds typically located in wireless test labs along with a playback tool. After commercial drive-test tools collect the device and network performance data, field-tolab test methodologies can condition, save, and reuse it as many times as required with many different devices. Because the tests are virtual, test labs can concatenate multiple drive-test logs and perform virtual field tests across multiple geographies without ever starting a vehicle. Drive-test data, which is converted into

Field-To-Lab Testing In Action

Recently, a leading handset manufacturer (who had already deployed field-to-lab testing to reduce software-development time, as well as improve time-to-market and product quality), found multiple scenarios in which they could effectively model or recreate real world performance. One scenario, the crossing cell, describes the situation where the UE is moving away from the cell to which it is attached (and sees lower and lower RSRP) and towards another cell (that exhibits increasing RSRP). The crossing cell exists where RSRP from both cells intersect. Testing against this known scenario was a good start. However, the test team used field-to-lab

Telecom India Daily


September 2012

Telecom India Daily


September 2012

tools to further exaggerate that setting. Thus, the handset manufacturer could now test products against the crossing cell scenario as well as confirm that the design margin was sufficient to handle a range of field conditions. Software changes necessary for additional performance margin were implemented and then regression-tested against multiple scenarios using end-to-end testbed management capability. The improved ability to rapidly test many devices against multiple drive-test profiles saved both the handset manufacturer and carrier a significant amount of time and money. Furthermore, field-to-lab testing is performed in the privacy and security of a companys own labs. No doubt, then, it provides the enhanced security needed when designing and developing groundbreaking new mobile devices versus drive testing. Equally important was their capability to easily perform RF profiling. An example of the results from RF environmental profiling is shown in Fig 2. In Figure 2, a RSRP distribution is shown for drive tests completed in Navi Mumbai and Kolkata, however multiple histograms can be shown to illustrate the distribution of several performance parameters for each drive and include RSRP, SINR and other KPIs. Effective test tools provide not only the results necessary to understand performance issues but also offer the visualization tools necessary to compare and evaluate relative performance across multiple environments. Specifically, visualization tools (for example, Azimuths AzMapper software package) can: a) Help companies choose the markets in which they want to do drive tests in (by choosing markets that offer different RF profiles and ignoring markets that look similar) Help identify the cause for an issue. For example, when there is an issue on the field (such as bad throughput), profiling would allow them to compare results across multiple drives and evaluate if the cause for a particular issue was a (perhaps) unique distribution of a performance indications (such as RSRP) that they observed throughout a drive Enable users to select the profiles they want to use in their labs (with FTL) to test their devices



Fig. 2. RF Environmental Profiling Comparing RSRP for drive tests in Navi Mumbai with Kolkata

Telecom India Daily


September 2012

The Value of Field to Lab
As the wireless industry introduces advanced new products, field testing has, and will continue to be, particularly important. Field-tolab testing accelerates performance testing, benchmarking, and troubleshooting of mobile devices against real-world conditions, while avoiding the substantial cost and time required for actual drive testing. However, the value of a field-to-lab test methodology goes beyond the accurate mapping of current drive-test profiles to the field. It also offers a strong visualization capability that makes it easier for carriers and device vendors to compare and contract RF environmental conditions. It also offers a common platform for sharing test environments (that capture challenging radio conditions) across the wireless ecosystem (Fig. 3). The sharing of playback files and test results up and down across the ecosystem achieves faster troubleshooting and lower development cost. With Field to Lab methods, operators and device vendors can share and compare results generated from common drive-test scenarios using the exact same playback files, ensuring true apples-to-apples comparisons. Field to Lab ensures a rapid feedback loop and a powerful collaborative test environment to perform more accurate and efficient testing, enhance product quality, and substantially reduce time-to-market.

Fig. 3. The feedback loop shows how information flow is facilitated and development time can be reduced when results are referenced to a common set of requirements.

Author Profile : Erik Org is senior marketing manager at Azimuth Systems and brings over 15
years of experience in improving corporate performance and value. He is a former submariner in the US Navy and has held positions with both Fortune 500 companies as well as startups in the wireless communications field.

Telecom India Daily


September 2012

TD - LTE is now Reality
.to match the end user experience, service providers need to test these LTE networks thoroughly before launch.

Sandeep Kapoor, Country Director - India, Communications Test, JDSU

The increased use of mobile devices for businesses and consumers worldwide have created tremendous demand for high speeds, reliability and high quality. As mobile operators look to 4G and LTE to deliver these services, it is important to keep in mind some best practices with regard to ensuring the high speed mobile networks facing unpredictable bandwidth demand operate at the highest quality. Lets take a look at TDLTE, and its role in the future of LTE and 4G mobile technologies. The launch of TD-LTE systems in Kolkata and Bangalore has brought cheers for the mobile data subscribers. This has undoubtedly opened new era in the mobile broadband. As per Global mobile Supplier Association (GSA) report on Evolution to LTE, July 11, 2012 LTE TDD is gaining market traction globally which includes nine commercial LTE TDD systems around the world with network deployments, service launches, trials, etc especially in and around India, Australia, Russia, Middle east, South America, Nigeria and China. With introduction of 4G services even though we could not see theoretical values. However, we can definitely see higher throughputs in the downlink and uplink paths compared to existing 2G and 3G technologies. LTE has brought the new concept of heterogeneous networks in the cellular arena with lots of possibilities of convergence with existing networks. These networks have come to reality in such short span of time, by utilizing existing key infrastructure like power, cell towers and transmission network, to the possible extent. This brings new set of challenges to verify compatibilities and identify limitations from the green field deployments.

solutions and helps the vendors to qualify their networks at various stages. The key test range starts from innovative Packet portal solution for network wide monitoring and is integrated with Protocol Anlayzer and triple play analyzer. Receiver based Drive test tool is used for spectrum clearance, handovers & throughput verification. Protocol analyzer helps for control plane and throughput analysis with end to end call tracing between various network elements. Ethernet back haul testers help for qualifying transmission networks, helping identifying throughput bottlenecks. Base Station Analyzer is used for qualifying eNB Performance as per 3GPP TS 36.304 V10.2.0 (2011-06), which characterizes complete transmitter performance tests. The purpose of Base-station demodulation performance requirements is to estimate how the network is performing. This helps in verification of possible eNodeB impairments, that can cause network degradation. eNB impairments include RF and baseband impairments, receiver EVM, time and frequency tracking and estimation. 3GPP recommends modulation specific error vector magnitude (EVM) requirements to ensure high quality signals of the eNB. Typical impairments of the transmitted signal modulation accuracy are analog RF distortions (frequency offset, local oscillator phase noise, amplitude/phase ripple from analog filters) as well as distortions created within the digital domain such as intersymbol interference from digital filters used for symbol shaping, finite word length effects and most important for conditions near maximum transmit power, the clipping noise from peak to average ratio reduction.

LTE Network Testing

To match the end user experience, service providers need to test these LTE networks thoroughly before launch. JDSU offers range of test and measurement

Telecom India Daily


September 2012

The EVM requirement ensures that the downlink throughput due to the non-ideal waveform in the eNB is only marginally reduced, typically by 5% assuming an ideal reception in the UE. The required EVM must be fulfilled for all transmission configurations and across the entire dynamic range of power levels used by the eNB. Overall the LTE EVM specification requires special attention to the higher bandwidth and smaller duplex distances. TDLTE is a critical aspect to ensure high speed mobile networks and services are enabled (4G/LTE) ensuring fast, reliable and quality services. As the popularity of mobile devices and use continue to soar, it is imperative for operators to keep in mind important test and measurement solutions, techniques and practices to deliver the highest quality.

Telecom Monthly Tracker

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New products & services launched, contracts signed Tariff Tracker containing data in tabular format about all new plans, recharges, offers launched by operators Device Tracker Tabular format containing summary of all the devices (Feature Phone, Smartphone, Tablets). Telecom Stats or any other Key activity will also be listed

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Telecom India Daily


September 2012

India emerges as LTE R&D, Testing Hub
.many LTE technology related companies (chip, handset, service providers) are outsourcing LTE chipset, protocol stack related testing & development to Indian market.

Madhukar Tripathi, Anritsu Pte Ltd India Branch Office Long Term Evolution (LTE) is a 3.9G wireless broadband technology developed by the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP), an industry trade group. LTE offers a superior user experience in terms of faster speed, interactive TV, Video blogging, many other applications which need high bandwidth. LTE provides downlink peak rates of at least 100Mbit/s, 50 Mbit/s in the uplink and RAN (Radio Access Network) round-trip times of less than 10 ms.

Anritsu contribution to LTE: Anritsu is

global leader in Test and Measuring Instrument for LTE technology. Anritsu contributes from R&D to conformance to production to network maintenance of the LTE Network. Anritsu Signalling Tester is used in LTE chip design & development. Anritsu Spectrum Master is used in spectrum monitoring of LTE network. Radio Communication Analyzer, Signal Generator, Signal Analyzers are used in LTE Base Station production. MT8820C All-in-one RF Tx/Rx Measurement Solution for LTE FDD/TDD Mobile Terminal R&D and Manufacturing. MD8430A which Supports both LTE FDD & TDD Chipsets is Ideal Mobile Development Platform. MS2712E/MS2713E Spectrum Analyzers; MT8212E Base Station Analyzers ; ML2490A Power Meters and Power Sensors are used for LTE Installation and Maintenance. MF6900A is Digital Fading Simulator Supporting LTE FDD/TDD 22 MIMO 2-cells or 42 MIMO. MP2100A is ideal for LTE CPRI v4.1 Optical Module Evaluation. ME7834L Protocol Test System for Mobile Device Development, Conformance, Carrier Acceptance and Behaviour Analysis for MultiRAT Recently Samsung demonstrated broadcast services over LTE using Anritsus Rapid Test Designer (RTD) and MD8430A (Signaling Tester)

What is special in LTE: LTE use new

modulation scheme known as OFDMAOrthogonal Frequency-Division Multiple Access. Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) is a multi-user version of the popular orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) Multiple input multiple output (MIMO) technologies introduced in LTE such as spatial multiplexing, transmit diversity, and beam forming are key components for providing higher peak rate at a better system efficiency, which are essential for supporting future broadband data service over wireless links.

Indias Contribution to Global LTE development- deployment: India has

emerged as LTE R&D, Testing hub for global market. Many LTE technology related companies (chip, handset, service providers) are outsourcing LTE chipset, protocol stack related testing & development to Indian market. Bharti Airtel has already started TDD LTE services in selected cities. Expansion of TDD LTE is already undergoing. Reliance plan is still not clear. This roll out of 4G services will be game changer in Indian telecom market.

Whats next: LTE is under development and

not matured technology yet. Research on VoLTE (Voice over LTE) and LTE-A (LTE Advanced) is on currently. Next generation LTE, LTE-Advanced or LTE Rel-10 the next step in LTE evolution.

Challenges for Indian market: India

have huge geographical area, service providers will have multi technology mobile services. Mobile Handset should be low cost and support multi technology.

Telecom India Daily


September 2012

Company Focus
We leverage technology - Huawei Telecommunications (India)
Advent of 4G in India marks a milestone for Indian Telecom Industry. The technology has potential to transform the industry by providing for a robust platform for building the countrys digital economy. 4G LTE is believed to increase mobile data traffic in the country nearly 100-fold by 2015 with consumers streaming close to 600 hours of video content.

Key strategies for increasing LTE penetration in India

Huaweis Customer Orientation underpins all our strategies which include both our direct customers and the end consumers. We believe in delivering excellence in technology, quality and help bring down the TCO through our integrated end to end services, which makes Huawei a preferred partner for TSPs for 4G/ LTE roll out in India. On the other hand we have the end user who will benefit from great value, enhanced experience and customer service. R&D has been the core DNA of Huawei and we invest heavily towards it, going forward also R&D would be the core of our business model to continuously innovate and offer breakthrough technologies to customers to match their specific needs. We differentiate in value creation; it is not just about the price but the cost of ownership whereby we focus on the entire cost of ownership of our customers. We leverage technology.

The challenge needs to be approached both from the network, through policy-based control including tiering and maybe traffic-shaping, backhaul optimization, and offload through WLAN, and from the business side with pricing, potential tiered offers and segmentation. No single method of addressing capacity issues provides a complete solution and therefore a combination of offload, traffic management and segmentation is recommended.

Huawei's contribution to the global LTE arena

Huawei is playing a contributory development role in the Global telecom Scenario especially in emerging markets like India which need innovative cost-effective solutions. The Company constantly works on providing its customers with the latest innovative technology while reducing the operating and capital cost of the equipment. Huawei helps telecom operators around the world achieve approximately 30 percent precious savings in overall TCO. Huawei has been frontrunner in LTE with successful deployments with leading operators across the globe.

Challenges for 4G deployment in India and possible solutions

India was dawdling with 3G while the rest of the world was already set to witness 4G/ LTE. Till some time back, while most networks were being transferred from 2G to 3G there were players already geared up to scale up services to 4G. However, the India is currently in time for 4G and the country needs a conducive environment to ensure smooth roll outs. Primary issue would be that the spectrum is not enough to cope with the continued rise in data traffic. Cost problems and opportunities of this data boom have to be kept in mind before settling on a solution.

What will LTE mean to an end user?

LTE defines a new era of Mobile Broad Band Experience. This technology enhances customer experience and will allow subscribers to experience high speed wireless internet access that can support bandwidth intensive applications, support video streaming and highdefinition video conferencing.

Telecom India Daily


September 2012

Tech Talk
LTE and 3G base Charging System
Indian Telecom Market one of the biggest market in the world but at same time also the most competitive and price sensitive. The difference today as compared to earlier days is that users have became more smart in choosing and evaluating the options available in the market. The usage habits are also changing and in high speed era it will be crucial for operators to launch new applications and charge end users effectively. Today user is more concern about two factors in mobile-data usage One is charging at the end user, as they wants to pay charges only as per actual usage with known factors. Second one is high-speed data access for wherever user go and with most useful applications.

Not only dedicated charging, it has to be extended too Subscription management Integrated Application running platform and control Data-cache utility to increase access speed and reduce the bandwidth usage Full-fledge Online credit control for individuals and group/family Carrier Network more close to Sync & get social network activities or promotions Policy and resource Management QoS Mobile Media (LiveTV)

Now days charging turn-on into mobile handset base application ex: Iphone and blackberry...etc Above all factors could be taken forward only with user trust about charging on each bit. User moreover looking forward for more accurate and transparent real-time charging /billing. Highspeed mobile broadband charging for 3G and LTE users base is major challenge for operator looking to built his base with market demands and expected RoI. Flexible data-plans shall be the most important unique way to get user to use data-usage in 3G and LTE network. Coming days preloaded handset base application demand the charging with respect 'N' number of application. VoIP over LTE feature, QoS and policy management, Subscription and Application Management will be the major challenging areas for Vendors and as well operator.

As per business perspective we have to divide the Charging system into three different flavors 1. 2. 3. Charging system - for 2G/3G network Convergent Charging Charging for prepaid and postpaid 2G/3G/LTE network CISA (Charging and Integrated Subscription & Application management) which take the responsibility of Charging, subscription management, Policy Management and Application Management. Specially, Data-cache utility most required entity in 3G and LTE network to get utilize maximum bandwidth which reduces users waiting time during the data-usage.

Idea: 4G and 5G Charging System:

When we talk about 4G and 5G base network, charging system will come with multiple arms.

Above idea is a high-level scope, with a proper design and expert mind can make best out of it.

Telecom India Daily


September 2012

Devices & Services

LG unveils world's first LTE Smartphone with Snapdragon QuadCore
The Optimus G will be the first commercial and global smartphone to offer the Snapdragon S4 Pro (APQ8064) processor with a Quad-Core Krait CPU, LTE supported capabilities, and the newest generation Adreno 320 GPU. Optimus G sports a beautiful 4.7-inch WXGA True HD IPS+ Display with 320ppi high pixel density (1280x768 pixels) and Stripe RGB IPS Panel with 15:9 aspect ratio.

ZTE unveils Worlds First 1.4GHz TD-LTE Terminals


ZTE Corporation has released the worlds first range of 1.4GHz TD-LTE terminals, including modules, USB cards, indoor CPE and outdoor CPE devices. ZTE has completed a range of 1.4GHz TD-LTE terminal function and performance tests in Chinas first governmentsponsored TD-LTE internet of things in Beijing, China and the range of terminals is now ready to be applied to a wide range of applications.

Motorola PHOTON Q 4G LTE

The new device will boast a five-row, PC-like QWERTY keyboard, international capabilities and a generous 4.3-inch ColorBoost display. The handset runs on Android 4.0.4 (Ice Cream Sandwich) and supports 1.5 GHz dual-core processor. Motorola PHOTON Q is Business Ready with full corporate security including remote wipe, pin lock, and data encryption. Other key features include 8MP camera with 1080p video capture & playback, mirror mode connectivity with HDMI cable and NFC.

ZTE unveils World First Multi-Mode TDD/FDD LTE Terminal Products

ZTE Corporation launched MF820S2 and MF91S, the worlds first multi-standard USB modem and uFi which supports LTE FDD/LTE TDD/TD-SCDMA / EDGE. The new MF820S2 and MF91S follow an outstanding lineage of new terminal solutions such as the global introduction of Chinas first LTE tablet, the V96A; ZTEs first single-chip LTE smartphone, the Grand X LTE (T82); the MF91 uFi and the MF821 modem.

ZTEs Global Debut of Grand X LTE (T82) with China Mobile Hong Kong
The Grand X LTE (T82) is the companys first single-chip LTE smartphone equipped with a 1.5 GHz dual-core CPU, which is based on advanced 28nm technology. The Grand X LTE (T82) is also WiFi capable and uses Android 4.0. It showcases a 4.3-inch qHD screen which provides an exceptional HD quality visual experience. The device has an 8 mega pixel rear camera that supports 1080p HD video shooting and playback.

Huawei launches Worlds First LTE 150M High Speed Mobile WiFi E5776
Huawei launched the world's first LTE Category 4 multi-mode Mobile WiFi product, the E5776 in Japan. The first Mobile WiFi device to support Wi-Fi 22, the E5776 provides the worlds fastest LTE network download speed up to 150Mbps. With a battery life lasting up to 10 hours, the E5776 can simultaneously support the connection of 10 devices with Wi-Fi access to an LTE network.

Research In Motion Introduces the New Ultra Powerful, Ultra Portable and Ultra Fast 4G LTE BlackBerry PlayBook Tablet
Featuring the latest BlackBerry PlayBook OS 2 software, the 4G LTE BlackBerry PlayBook tablet gives customers access to high speed mobile networks around the world (LTE and HSPA+) and offers an exceptional, high-fidelity, fast web experience that supports more HTML5 functionality than any other native tablet browser on the market.

For more details on news, please visit

- http://www.telecomindiaonline.com/

Telecom India Daily


September 2012

Report Corner
VoLTE Subscriptions to Hit 10 Million by 2013 - By SNS Telecom
A relatively new term, Voice over Mobile Broadband (VoMBB) refers to the end to end routing of standard mobile phone calls over a mobile broadband networks such as LTE and HSPA. VoMBB brings unique advantages to carriers in the form of improved spectral efficiency, cost reduction per subscriber, high quality audio, user terminal power savings and the ability to offload voice capacity to other technologies such as WiFi. Due to the early efforts of North American and South Korean CDMA carriers, VoMBB subscriptions are expected to reach nearly 10 million by the end of 2013. Driven by the commercialization of both the VoLTE and VoHSPA standards throughout the globe, the industry is further expected to grow at a CAGR of nearly 150 % between the 3 year period from 2013 to 2016, eventually accounting for 450 Million VoMBB subscriptions by the end of 2016. By this time, almost 5% of all worldwide mobile carrier voice subscriptions will be based on VoMBB, which will generate nearly 100 Billion USD in voice service revenues. This "Voice over Mobile Broadband Market: 2012 - 2016" presents an in depth assessment of the VoMBB industry. Besides analyzing the business case and industry roadmap, including carrier and vendor commitments for VoMBB deployments, the report presents subscription and service forecasts for both VoLTE and VoHSPA from 2012 until 2016 at a regional as well as at a global scale. The report also features an 'Expert Opinion' section, featuring exclusive transcripts of vendor interviews on the outlook of VoMBB industry.

Telecom India Daily


September 2012

Facts & Figures

LTE Statistics (GSA July 11, 2012)
338 operators in 101 countries are investing in LTE o 280 commercial LTE network commitments in 90 countries 58 pre-commitment trials in additional 11 countries 89 commercial LTE networks launched in 45 countries 150 commercial LTE networks forecast by end of 2012 23 commercial LTE 1800 networks launched in 18 countries 98 LTE 1800 user devices announced Nine commercial LTE TDD systems are

Poland Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Brazil Japan Australia India Sweden UK

Aero2 (FDD and TDD) Mobily STC Sky Brasil Servicos Softbank Mobile XGP/LTE TDD NBN Co Bharti Airtel 3 Sweden (FDD and TDD) UK Broadband

2.6 GHz 2.6 GHz 2.3 GHz 2.6 GHz 2.6 GHz 2.3 GHz 2.3 GHz 2.6 GHz 3.5 GHz, 3.6 GHz

3GPP band
Band 38 Band 38 Band 40 Band 38 Band 38 Band 40 Band 40 Band 38 Bands 42, 43

Telecom India Daily


September 2012

Telecom India Daily


September 2012