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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Drossen Dam

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment Gerald Zenz

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Austria Salzburg - Kaprun Mooserboden Reservoir Development Electricity Pumped Storage Safe Operation Flood Risk Reduction

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

SAFETY
Preparedness for emergency
ATCOLD / Dam Safety Expert Seminar / Melbinger

Design Construction

Maintenance Reduction of Losses Rehabilitation

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

Surveillance

BEVOS 2012
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NAME OF PRESENTATION COMES HERE ARIAL 24 PTS

Design & construction of Ermenek arch dam


Gerald Zenz TU Graz Johannes Linortner - Pyry Energy GmbH Roman Kohler - Pyry Energy GmbH Hydro Bernhard Mayer - Pyry Energy GmbH Hydro

Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Ermenek - Double Curved Arch Dam

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Design Construction - Measures

Drainage Curtain

Grout Curtain Hydraulic Head 22bar

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Concreting of Dam Block Joint Grouting - Impounding


CONCRETE/BETON REACHING 17 (Elevation reached in average)/17 YE ULAILMASI (btnyle tamamlanm Kotlar) REACHING 17 (Elevation completely finished)/ 17 YE ULAILMASI (btnyle tamamlanm Kotlar) BLOCK JOINT GROUTNG: Start / BLOCK DERZ EJEKSYONU: Balang BLOCK JOINT GROUTNG: End / BLOCK DERZ EJEKSYONU: Biti START OF IMPOUNDING:10.08.2009 -

WATER LEVEL versus TIME/ Zamana kar Su Seviysi

700.00

663
650.00

03.06.09

15.01.2012 Minimum Operation Water Level Minimum Iletme Su Seviyesi

660

633

24.03.09

16.01.10

624.6 615.9 598


600.00

620.4

30.12.09

15.12.09

606.8 592.7 581.2 574.1

ELEVATION / KOt [m]

568

25.10.08

27.07.09

564.4 551.1 538 09.08.08


26.04.09

550.00

Work Suspention due to Financing Problems 508


500.00

539.9 532.9

02.04.09 11.03.09

500.0
10.08.2009: CLOSURE OF T2 = START OF RISING OF WATER LEVEL 15.06.2009 = Injection T1/T1'in enjektion

Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Ermenek Construction at Crest Elevation

01.01.2008

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

31.12.2008

31.12.2009

01.01.2011

10.03.2009 = CLOSURE OF T1/T1'in kaptlmas

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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Failure - Probability - Curve


Impounding
Probability of Failure

Design Behavior Inconsistencies Ageing

Normal Operation

Time of Usage - Years


ATCOLD / Dam Safety Expert Seminar / Melbinger Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Tsankov Kamak

Bottom Outlet 2 steel pipes through Dam Length 37 m Diameter 1.3 m Closing Device: 2 slide gates Spillway 4 Dam Crest Overflow Sections Radial Gates 4x 8.0/8.0 m Stilling Basin 106/66 m Capacity 1500 m/s

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Tsankov Kamak during Construction

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Abutment Forces

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Model of Dam Abutment System Behaviour

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Conservative Model - Keyblock Analysis

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Quality Assurance
During Execution of Construction Rock Abutment (Geological Monitoring) Concrete Production / Surface / Core Grouting Temperature Distribution

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Tsankov Kamak during Impounding August 2010

Forward for optimum use of Hydro Power

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Testing of Spillway

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Execution of Monitoring Measurement Program Program for Observation (Visual Inspection) Testing of Equipment Handover of gained results Normal Operation
Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

Comparison of Results Variation of Tests Documentation of Results

Extraordinary Results
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Birecik - HEPP 2500GWh


Commercial Operation Dam Safety Monitoring
Set in operation Impounding Annual Safety Assessment Experience for new projects

Water Pressure Piezometer, Pressure Cell, Drainage Drillings Water Seepage Drainage Collection Channel; Measurement Weirs Structural Behaviour Extensometer, Plumpline, Joint Opening, Temperature Geodetic Measurements Settlements
Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Monitoring - Uplift During first years

Uplift Measurements Foundation and Comparison with Design Assumptions


Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Significant Change
Increased need of electricity Huge increase of Energy Balance

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

The new world of demand and supply decoupling

Dam VERBUND Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

13.05.2012

BEVOS 2012 PAGE 24


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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Storage and Pumped Storage Power Plants

Source: Prof. Brauner / TU Wien

High efficiency and high reliability Control capability - electricity produced if needed in the system In Pumped-storage HPP Taking out electric energy from the grid

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Pumped Storage Limberg II


Entire Development in Rock Power Waterway i 6.20 m, Length 4 km Design discharge 144 m3/s Pressure Shaft i 4.80 m, Length 0.6 km Cavern app. 50.000 m Road Construction for execution 6 km with 5km of this road in of tunnel

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Optimization of Surge Tank

Optimization of Surge Tank Connection lower chamber inclined shaft Deaeration of lower chamber

Connections Lower Chamber Pressure Shaft Lower Chamber Inclined Shaft Upper Chamber Inclined Shaft
BEVOS 2012
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Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Physical Model of Surge Tank


Model Scale M=1:30

Observation of instationary oszillations Emptying of upper chamber De- and aeration of lower chamber Verifcation of hydraulic losses

Lower Chamber Pressure Shaft


Simulation Pressure Tunnel

Simulation Turbine

Water Level Gauges Pressure Cells

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Continuously Remote Dam Monitoring


Special to consider Permanent Information about Performance Weather independent Warning instantaneous Continuous Data Series No Reading errors Complete Information (Visual Inspection Required) Periodically Reading Manually Plant Knowledge reduction Expensive System Special Knowledge required System Errors possible
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Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

GEODETIC MEASUREMENTS Deformation of Dam with its environment Total Deformation General Verification for Plump line and extensometers Observation about large scale deformations Dam Attendant
Inspection if fixed points and measurement points are damaged Clearing for Visibility Visual Inspection

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

DAM OWNER

AUTHORITY

ATCOLD / Dam Safety Expert Seminar / Melbinger Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Austrian COMMISSION on DAMS

Established in the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry,

Environment and Water Management Experts within all dam related Sciences Check of the Project in course of the Water Rights Procedure
mandatory if H>15m, I>500.000 m3 mandatory if special/unusual methods of design/construction

applied, or if difficult foundation conditions

Matters of general importance, fundamental questions

(e.g. guidelines) "Backbone" dam supervision (Permanent - Subcommittee)

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

The DAM SAFETY ENGINEER

Responsible for all issues of dam safety


Normal operation Extraordinary events/incidents Company Dam Expert Familiar with the plant Reliable Appropriate Directive Power to take measures Appropriate availability

Requirements
(DSE+Deputies):

Member of Technical Management Level in the


Comprehensive Liabilities - Dam Supervision Comprehensive Liabilities as to Reporting

Annual Safety Report (Safety assessment)

Need of Approval by the Water Authority!!!


Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Theory Dam Engineering Dam safety general aspects Concrete and embankment dams Dam foundation and reservoir Bottom outlets and spillways Layout of instrumentation Instrumentation devices Visual inspection Execution of measurements Safety assessment
Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Fill Dam - Durlassboden

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Fill Dam - Durlassboden

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Fill Dam - Durlassboden

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Concrete Dam - Kaprun

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Concrete Dam - Kaprun Testing of Bottom Outlet

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Concrete Dam - Kaprun Testing of Bottom Outlet

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

Dam Structures Design Analysis Construction - Performance


Synergy & Transfer of Know How Design & Analysis Recursive Process

Construction / Observation

Operation / Monitoring

Improving / Upgrading

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

BEVOS 2012
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Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management

References Austrian Committee on Large Dams http://www.atcold.at 2nd Dam Experts Seminar Kaprun 2005 Swiss Committee on Large Dams - http://www.swissdams.ch Linortner J, Zenz G, Kohler R: Impounding Ermenek Reservoir in German Water resources Management, 4 (2010)

Dam Design, Surveillance and Safety Assessment

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