Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 86

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 1

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Serial Number 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

Title Executive Summary Introduction To Study Objectives Of The Study Company Profile Research Methodology Analysis And Interpretation Findings Recommendations Conclusion Bibliography Annexure

Page Number 7 11 14 16 45 48 70 74 77 78 80

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 2

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

TABLE OF FIGURES

Figure Number 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Figure Name
Toyota automatic loom (Type G) Replica of the Toyota Model AA Corolla car Board of directors, TKM Milestones of Toyota Chief Executive Officer, Shodha Toyota

Page Number 18 19 22 28 34 36

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 3

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 4

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Competitive pressures and increasing complexity have led automotive companies to look for an edge wherever they can find it. Improved consumer insight into vehicle shopping and buying behavior can provide that valuable advantage.

This presentation contains insight that can help the vehicle dealer develop and execute more effective strategies in areas such as sales, marketing and advertising, after-sales service, Customer Relationship Management (CRM).

PROBLEM IN BRIEF:

The automotive world today is changing; consumers are changing. And the speed of change is continuing to accelerate with passage of time. The car dealers are finding it difficult to respond faster and more effectively to these changes.

Hence, this study focuses on the identification of current consumer preferences & buying behavior with respect to the cars.

KEY FINDINGS:

Trend in ownership of the cars:


Majority of the people prefer owning more than one car. About 44% wish to change car after 4-5 years of purchase. 60% of the respondents change the car mainly for style and looks.

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 5

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Vehicle buyers want their information fast:


About 65% of the population expected the response of the dealer to be provided within 24 hours. About 19% of the respondent opted to change the dealer for not getting the information from the dealer in specified time.

Consumers are going green:


76% of the people say that Fuel efficiency is the most important factor while choosing a car. 75% of them are conscious about the fuel efficient cars and about 67% of them currently own fuel efficient cars.

Consumer interest in online vehicle buying yet to develop:


94% of the respondents preferred to visit the dealer personally to buy car. Only 4% of the were interested to buy it over internet.

Media from which consumers collect information on cars:


For about 58% of respondents, TV is the main source from which they collected information about cars.

Key factors in vehicle choice:

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 6

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

About 45% 0f the surveyed population preferred white colour cars. This was because they believed that it makes them feel superior. 50% of the surveyed customers preferred diesel engine.

Customer Loyalty: Establishing and Maintaining a Dialogue:


60% of them said that Vehicle quality makes the more loyal towards the brand. For 62% of the customers, the high service quality was found to be the factor of high motivation when it comes to buying another car from the same dealer. Around 91% of them replied that Personalized Communication with the dealer is important. About 58% of them preferred to discuss about future vehicle preferences with dealer.

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 7

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 8

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

INTRODUCTION TO STUDY
Consumers preference towards a product or service always will not remain invariable. It changes with passage of time. It is very much dependent on the consumers prior experience with the same or similar product.

Knowing the consumer preferences would be of great help to the marketer. They are gradually replacing the old business strategies by a new wave of dynamic, fashion-conscious strategies that serve to get brands recognized in an increasingly fast-paced and savvy consumer market. The manufacturers are striving for trendy-looking cars as a way to draw buyers who once may have been sold on power, performance, warranties or amenities.

The preferences of the consumers are changing so rapidly that the marketer are put to make great efforts to be in pace with them. This study focuses on the identification of present consumer preferences with respect to the cars. It also indicates new consumer attitudes towards the vehicles they are purchasing.

The scope and depth of this study is to explore new and evolving preferences within the retail side of the automotive industry. It involves the, web usage, changing preference of the consumer concerning the communication with the dealer and trend in the customer loyalty. It also explores the environmental issues including fuel efficient vehicles. The scrutiny of all these aspects reflects todays automotive landscape and provides the dealers with the knowledge about the trend in the market according to which he can modify or change the activities to respond to the market profitably.

Buying a car used to be a simple process: A consumer would check out some ads, talk to a few friends and head into the dealer for more information. Today that process has grown more complex, as consumers increasingly rely on new tools such as the Internet, blog sites, Web Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 9

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

forums and online social networks. This increased sophistication has resulted in changing buying patterns as well as a shift of power in favor of the consumer. Keeping up with the pace of change isnt easy for many vehicle manufacturers and dealers.

Interestingly, significant commonalities are found among responses obtained by surveying the consumers. This report highlights these results and hence provides certain useful recommendations to the dealer and also to the manufacturer to some extent. The executive summary provides an overview of key findings from the study, and the sections that follow offer more in-depth data and analysis.

The automotive world today is changing; consumers are changing, establishing and retaining loyalty among todays knowledgeable and fickle consumers is more challenging than ever and the speed of change is continuing to accelerate. My hope is that the study will provide automotive companies with insights that can help them respond faster and more effectively to these changes.

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 10

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 11

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 12

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Objectives
1) Identify the trend in ownership of the cars.

2) Identify the consumer interest to go green.

3) Spot the consumer tendency in searching information and required speed of response from dealer to Consumer Query.

4) Study importance of various factors like brand, color, size, model etc., in consumers choice of car. 5) Recognize the consumers likelihood to purchase car over the internet online.

6) To find out the factors motivating consumer loyalty towards brand

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 13

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

PROFILE OF

TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION, JAPAN

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 14

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Toyota Motor Corporation is a multinational corporation headquartered in Japan, and currently is the world's largest automaker. In terms of name recognition, Toyota is also the only car manufacturer to appear in the top 10 of the Brand name Recognition ranking. In 1934, while still a department of Toyota Industries, it created its first product Type-A engine and its first passenger car (the Toyota-AA) in 1936. Kiichiro Toyoda founded the company in 1937 as a spin-off from his father's company Toyota industries to create automobiles. Toyota also owns and operates Lexus and Scion brands and has a majority shareholding in Daihatsu Motors, and minority shareholdings in Fuji Heavy Industries, Isuzu Motors, and the engine, motorcycle and marine craft manufacturer Yamaha Motors. The company includes 522 subsidiaries. Toyota is headquartered in Aichi, Nagoya and in Tokyo. In Addition to manufacturing automobiles, Toyota provides financial services through its division Toyota Financial Services and also creates robots. Toyota Industries and Finance divisions form the bulk of the Toyota Group, one of the largest conglomerates in the world.

History
In 1933, Toyoda Automatic Loom Works created a new division devoted to the production of automobiles under the direction of the founder's son, Kiichiro Toyoda. Fig.1:Toyota automatic loom (Type G)

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 15

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Kiichiro Toyoda had traveled to Europe and the United States in 1929 to investigate automobile production and had begun researching gasoline-powered engines in 1930. Toyoda Automatic Loom Works was encouraged to develop automobile production by the Japanese government, which needed domestic vehicle production partly due to the worldwide money shortage and partly due to the war with China. In 1934, the division produced its first Type-A engine, which was used in the first Model A1 passenger car in May 1935 and the G1 truck in August 1935. Production of the Model AA passenger car started in 1936. Early vehicles bear a striking resemblance to the Dodge Power Wagon and Chevrolet, with some parts actually interchanging with their American originals. Fig.2: Replica of the Toyota Model AA, the first production model of Toyota in 1936

Although the Toyota Group is best known today for its cars, it is still in the textile business and still makes automatic looms, which are now computerized and electric sewing machines, which are available worldwide. During the Pacific War (World War II), the company was dedicated to truck production for the Imperial Japanese Army. Because of severe shortages in Japan, military trucks were kept as simple as possible. For example, the trucks had only one headlight on the center of the hood. The war ended shortly before a scheduled Allied bombing run on the Toyota factories in Aichi. After the war, commercial passenger car production started in 1947 with the model SA. In 1950, a separate sales company, Toyota Motor Sales Co., was established (which lasted until July 1982). In April 1956, the Toyopet dealer chain was established. The following year, the Toyota Crown became the first Japanese car to be exported to the United State and Toyotas Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 16

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

American and Brazilian divisions, Toyota Motor Sales Inc. and Toyota do Brazil S.A., were also established.

Toyota began to expand in the 1960s with a new Research and Development facility, a presence in Thailand was established, the 10 millionth model was produced, a Deming Prize and partnerships with Hino Motors and Daihatsu were established.

The first Toyota built outside Japan was in April 1963, at Port Melbourne in Australia By the end of the decade, Toyota had established a worldwide presence, as the company had exported its one-millionth unit.

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 17

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

COMPANY OVERVIEW
The Toyota Motor Company was awarded its First Japanese Quality Control Award at the start 1970s and began participating in a wide variety of Motor sports. Due to the 1973 oil crisis, consumers in the lucrative U.S. market began turning to small cars with better fuel economy. American car manufacturers had considered small economy cars to be an entry level product, and their small vehicles were not made to a high level of quality in order to keep the price low. Japanese customers, however, had a long-standing tradition of demanding small fuelefficient cars that were manufactured to a high level of quality. Because of this, companies like Toyota, Honda, and Nissan established a strong and growing presence in North America in the 1970s. In 1982, the Toyota Motor Company and Toyota Motor Sales merged into one Company, the Toyota Motor Corporation. Two years later, Toyota entered into a joint venture with GM called NUMMI, the New United Motor Manufacturing Inc, operating an automobile manufacturing plant in Fremont, California. The factory was an old General Motors plant that had been closed for several years. Toyota then started to establish new brands at the end of the 1980s, with the launch of their luxury division Lexus in 1989. In the 1990s Toyota began to branch out from producing mostly compact cars by adding many larger and more luxurious vehicles to its lineup, including a full sized pickup, the T100 (and later the Toyota Tundra), several lines of SUVs, a sport version of the Camry, known as the Camry Solar, and the Scion brand, a group of several affordable, yet sporty, automobiles targeted specifically to young adults. Toyota also began production of the worlds best selling hybrid car, the Toyota pries, in 1997 with a major presence in Europe Due to the success of Toyota Team Europe, the corporation decided to set up TMME, Toyota Motor Europe Marketing & Engineering, to help market vehicles in the continent. Two Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 18

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

years later, Toyota set up a base in the United Kingdom, TMUK, as the companys cars had become very popular among British drivers. Bases in Indiana, Virginia and Tianjin were also set up. In 1999, the company decided to list itself on the New York and London Stock Exchange with over 30 million sold, the Toyota Corolla is the best selling car in the world.

Fig.3: Corolla car. In 2001, Toyota's Toyo Trust and Banking merged to form the UFJ, United Financials of Japan, which was accused of corruption by the Japan's government for making bad loans to alleged Yakuza crime syndicates with executives accused of blocking Financial Service Agency inspections. The UFJ was listed among Fortune Magazine's largest money losing Corporations in the world, with Toyota's chairman serving as a director. At the time, the UFJ was one of the largest shareholders of Toyota. As a result of Japan's banking crisis, the UFJ was merged again to become Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group. In 2002, Toyota managed to enter a Formula 1 works team and establish joint ventures with French motoring companies Citron and Peugeot, a year after Toyota started producing cars in France. On December 7, 2004, a U.S. press release was issued stating that Toyota would be offering Sirius Satellite Radios. However, as late as Jan. 27, 2007, Sirius Satellite Radio and XM Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 19

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Satellite radio kits were not available for Toyota factory radios. While the press release enumerated nine models, only limited availability existed at the dealer level in the U.S. As of 2008, all Toyota and Scion models have either standard or available XM radio kits. Major Lexus dealerships have been offering satellite radio kits for Lexus vehicles since 2005, in addition to factory-equipped satellite radio models. In 2007, Toyota released an update of its full size truck, the Toyota Tundra, produced in two American factories, one in Texas and one in Indiana. "Motor Trend" named the Tundra "Truck of the Year," and the 2007 Toyota Camry "Car of the Year" for 2007. It also began the construction of two new factories, one to build the Toyota Rav4 in Woodstock, Ontario and the other to build the Toyota Highlander in Blue Springs, Mississippi.

Toyota Philosophy:
Toyota's management philosophy has evolved from the company's origins and has been reflected in the terms Lean Manufacturing and Just In Time Production, which it was instrumental in developing.

The Toyota Way has four components:

1) Long-term thinking as a basis for management decisions,

2) A process for problem solving,

3) Adding value to the organization by developing its people, and

4) Recognizing that continuously solving root problems drives organizational learning.

The Toyota Way incorporates the Toyota Production System.

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 20

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

The Toyota Production System:


Toyota has long been recognized as an industry leader in manufacturing and production. Three stories of its origin have been found, one that they studied Piggly-Wiggly's Just-In-Time Distribution System, one that they followed the writings of W. Edwards Deming, and one that they were given the principles from an Army training program. It is possible that all are true. Regardless of the origin, the principles, described in Toyota's management philosophy, The Toyota Way, are as follows: 1) Base your goals management decisions on a long-term philosophy, even at the expense of short-term. 2) Create continuous process flow to bring problems to the surface. 3) Use pulls systems to avoid overproduction. 4) Level out the workload. 5) Build a culture of stopping to fix problems, to get quality right the first time 6) Standardized tasks are the foundation for continuous improvement and employee empowerment. 7) Use visual control so no problems are hidden. 8) Use only reliable, thoroughly tested technology that serves your people and processes. 9) Grow leaders who thoroughly understand the work, live the philosophy, and teach it to other. 10) Develop exceptional people and teams who follow your companys philosophy. 11) Respect your extended network of partners and suppliers by challenging them and helping them improve. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 21

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

12) Go and see you to thoroughly understand the situation (genchi genbutsu). 13) Make decisions slowly by consensus, thoroughly considering all options; implement decisions rapidly. 14) Become a learning organization through relentless reflection and continuous improvement.

Achievement of Toyota:
Toyota has grown to a large multinational corporation from where it started and expanded to different worldwide markets and countries by becoming the largest seller of cars in the beginning of 2007, the most profitable automaker ($11 billion in 2006) along with increasing sales in, among other countries, the United States.

Toyota has introduced new technologies including one of the first mass-produced hybrid gas-electric vehicles, of which it says it has sold 1 million globally (2007-06-07), Advanced Parking Guidance System (automatic parking), a four-speed electronically controlled automatic with buttons for power in addition, economy shifting, and an eight-speed automatic transmission. Toyota and Toyota-produced Lexus and Scion automobiles, consistently rank near the top in certain quality and reliability . In the Fortune Global 500, Toyota Motor is the sixth largest company in the world. Since the recession of 2001, it has gained market share in the United States. Toyota's market share struggles in Europe where its Lexus brand has three tenths of one percent market share, compared to nearly two percent market share as the U.S. luxury segment leader. In the first three months of 2007, Toyota together with its half-owned subsidiary Daihatsu reported number one sales of 2.348 million units. Toyota's brand sales had risen 9.2% largely on demand for Corolla and Camry sedans. The difference in performance was largely attributed to surging demand for fuel-efficient vehicles.

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 22

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

In November 2006, Toyota Motor Manufacturing Texas added a facility in San Antonio Toyota has experienced quality problems and was reprimanded by the government in Japan for its recall practices. Toyota currently maintains over 16% of the US market share and is listed second only to GM in terms of volume. Toyota Century is the official state car of the Japanese imperial family, namely for the Emperor of Japan Akihito.

Global Presence of Toyota


Toyota has factories all over the world, manufacturing or assembling vehicles for local markets, including the Corolla. Toyota has manufacturing or assembly plants in: Japan, Australia, India, Canada, Indonesia, Poland, South Africa, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, France, Brazil, Pakistan, Argentina, Czech Republic, Mexico, Malaysia, Thailand, China, Vietnam, Venezuela, Philippines, Russia.

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 23

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

PROFILE OF TOYOTA KIRLOSKAR MOTORS, BANGALORE

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 24

Toy

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Toyota Kirloskar Motor Pvt. LTD

Mr. H Nakagawa, MD

Mr. M Kawabata, DMD

Mr. S Tomonaga, DMD

Fig.4: Board of directors TKM Toyota Kirloskar Motors is a joint venture between Kirloskar Group and Toyota Motor Corporation, Toyota Kirloskar Motor Private Limited (TKM) aims to play a major role in the development of the automotive industry and the creation of employment opportunities, not only through its dealer network, but also through ancillary industries. TKM's growth since inception can be attributed to one simple, yet important aspect of its business philosophy Putting Customer First. While managing growth, TKM has maintained its commitment to provide quality products at a reasonable price and has made every effort to meet changes in customer needs. TKM firmly believes that the success of this venture depends on providing high quality products and services to all valued customers through the efforts of its team members. TKM, along with its dedicated dealers and suppliers, has adopted the Growing Together philosophy of its parent company TMC to create long-term business growth. In this way, TKM aims to further contribute to progress in the Indian automotive industry, realize greater employment opportunities for local citizens, improve the quality of life of the team members and promote robust economic activity in India. All Toyota employees are expected to embody these values in their daily work, including environmental protection activities. To respect the environment, they go to the source to Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 25

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

identify and analyze problems (Genchi Genbutsu), move forward to challenge conventional ideas and old habits, to improve further (kaizen) through teamwork. The framework provided by The Toyota Way enables the company to respond to, among other things, the environmental challenges at various stages of the life-cycle of a vehicle. These include greenhouse gas emissions, waste reduction, increased recycling and the banning of hazardous substance use in parts and components. These challenges will have inevitable consequences for Toyota's organization and employees, and are aiming to balance them with their desire for future growth. In 1992, the Toyota Guiding Principles were established in direct response to the international initiatives agreed to at the Rio Earth Summit. This summit focused on the potential for a clash between trade and environmental rules, and resulted in a statement of principles about forest management, conservation and sustainable development. The Toyota Guiding Principles are a cornerstone of their corporate management philosophy. These principles were updated in 1997, to ensure they continue to provide Toyota with a clear path towards achieving sustainable development. These principles have been explored and developed in Toyota's Global Vision 2010, adopted in April 2002, which proposes a series of long-term policies on the theme of Innovation into the Future. Toyota's Global Vision 2010 guides management in its response to long-term social changes, combining consideration for the environment, the benefit to their customers of value-added products and the encouragement of their employees through shared prosperity and social involvement. Based on the Guiding Principles, which codify Toyotas business spirit, the Toyota Earth Charter (adopted in 1992 and revised in 1997) embodies a comprehensive approach to global environmental issues. It outlines Toyota's basic policy and action guidelines towards effective environmental management and improvements. The Toyota Earth Charter underlines a commitment to environmental excellence, not only through broad principles, but in concrete examples of what can be done through action guidelines. In connection with the Toyota Guiding Principles and the Toyota Earth Charter, a European Environmental Policy was developed as a Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 26

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

means of linking principles, goals, targets and action plans with management structures and systems. TKM firmly believes that employees are the main source of strength for the organization. The human resources management in Toyota seeks to create a corporate culture where values such as Continuous Improvement and Respect for People are fully reflected in all actual corporate and individual activities. The company takes maximum care to ensure stability of employment and strives to improve working conditions. To develop human resources and improve the technical skills of its employees, TKM's young team members are regularly sent to Japan, Indonesia, and Taiwan for training programs. More than 425 team members have benefited from such programs at various Toyota plants worldwide. TKM also believes in continuously improving its products and practices. Every team member is encouraged to give suggestions to improve the product, efficiency of processes or working conditions. They are also appropriately rewarded for the same. Thus TKM seeks to progress by empowering its employees. The first Toyota automobile to be sold was the Qualis, which re-badge Toyota Kijang in the multi purpose vehicle (MPV) segment in January 2000. The name is said to have been derived by combining Quality and Service. Due to the high quality, capacity and comfort, it soon became a best seller, selling over 21,000 units and garnering 35 per cent share in the segment. Today Toyota Kirloskar sells 4 car models in India. It stopped producing the Toyota Qualis to make way for the Toyota Innova, which was launched in India in 2005. The most expensive car from Toyota is a very powerful SUV - the Land Cruiser Prado. Toyota production system was born out of the need. The two main pillars that this system is based on are, Just-In-Time and Automation. The Toyota production system relies on the absolute elimination of waste as essential. Toyota is by far the largest Japanese automotive manufacturer, producing more than 4.5 million vehicles per year equivalent to one car manufactured every six seconds. S

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 27

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Toyotas plant in India is situated at Bidadi, Karnataka, which is a green belt. Toyotas commitment towards the environment is very high. Toyota all over the world provides a wide range of innovative reasonably prized high quality products through an exclusive dealers network with the best sales and after sales service at the global Toyota standards. Timely customers feedback through the service network also allows the company to respond to emerging customer needs and introduced new products tailored to the Indian market.

VISION STATEMENT Contributing to Indian industry and economy, thorough technological transfer, human resource development and vehicles that meet the global standards at the cooperative price, contributing to well being and stability of the team members. Contributing to the overall growth for our business associates and the automobile industry.

MISSION STATEMENT Our mission is to design, manufacture, and market automobiles in India and overseas while maintaining the high quality that meets global Toyota quality standards, and offers superior value and excellent after sales service. We are dedicated to proving the highest possible level of value to the customers, team members, communities, and investors in India. Guided by principles of Growing Together Toyota group companies have contributed to the automotive industry in each country they operate in, through strong partnerships based on high level of localization and technology transfer along with manufacturing and sales activities.

Toyota group of companies provide extensive know-how related to the product development, manufacturing and sales through the technological transfer to local co-operations. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 28

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

In addition, those corporations transfer technology to their affiliated companies. In this manner, manufacturing and sales level are steadily improved on a broad basis. Toyota products made in India have become interestingly competitive because of continual, compressive improvements made in operations. The introduction of the world famous Toyota production system and the progressive technology has advanced industrial innovation. Toyotas professionals in manufacturing and sales contribute to higher competitiveness and the growth of the Indian industries in this Toyotas Lexus and Toyota branded vehicles rank annually among the worlds highest quality cars in third party surveys of customer satisfaction.

Recognition
At TKM, we look forward to improve continuously not only our products but also our processes and service. Our obsession with perfection has been recognized by various institutions such as JD Power and TNS Automotive, as well as automotive publications like Overdrive, as the reason for the success of Toyota products in India and across the globe.

Local Community Development


At TKM, every effort is made to contribute to society. A residential school at Bidadi, reconstructed by Toyota, now houses 75 students, mainly belonging to backward communities. In the aftermath of the tragic earthquake in Gujarat, TKM and its dealers played a major role in distributing food, clothing and relief in remote affected area. TKM also takes a lead role in contributing to the community, distributing books and bags in local school etc.

Toyota Techno Park India


A global first for Toyota Park India (TTPI), in Bidadi near TKM is a non-profit industrial infrastructure company conceived around the new Toyota Kirloskar motors automobile plant. TTPIs objectives are to foster ancillary industries in India to help promote local industries through technological transfer and expand employment opportunities. Five joint ventures have Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 29

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

already been established with Toyota group of companies in TTPI involving TK Kirloskar Automotive Ltd., Stanzen Logisticas Center Pvt. Ltd., and Transystem Logistics International Pvt. Ltd.

Toyotas concern towards: Environment, Technology & Employment

Toyota is committed to manufacture technically advanced and environment friendly products. Their plant at Bidadi surrounded by a green belt, meets high environmental standards and has also obtained ISO 14001 certificate on April 2001.

Toyota has always believed that the best way to serve society by providing automobiles that will not only make people happy, but will also be the environmental friendly. Waste water at TKM is collected purified so that it can be used for fishponds and rise field. To realize high quality vehicle production at responsible prices, Toyota seeks the best balance between human resources and advanced robot technology.

Toyota Legacy (100 million vehicles)


Toyota legacy meeting the automotive need of more than 160 countries accumulated domestic production of 100 Million vehicles.

By October 1999, Toyota had reached domestic production of more then 100 million vehicles and a worldwide cumulative production of about 112 million vehicles since its naissance. This world class records is proof of our continuing effort to satisfy customer expectations. Research and development has made possible technological advancement in

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 30

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

quality manufacturing, safety, efficiency, and environmental preservation all of which contribute to enhancing customer satisfaction.

Fig.5 Milestones of Toyota

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 31

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 32

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

PROFILE OF

SHODHA TOYOTA, HUBLI

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 33

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Toyota Kirloskar motors ltd, In the presence of the honorable minister for large and medium industries, Government of Karnataka, Mr. R.V.Deshpande, the Deputy Managing director to TKML, Mr.K.K. Swamy and Director of Marketing TKML, Mr. Aoki inaugurated the Shodha Toyota facility on 29 April 2001. Mr. Prasad Deshpande and Mr. Prakash Nayak promoted this dealership. The Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Ganesh Kumar Nair, heads Shodha Toyota, who look after all the 3s (i.e., sales, service and spare parts) activities of the organization.

Shodha Toyota consists of following board of directors: Managing Director: Mr. Prasad Deshpande. Chief Executive Officer: Mr. Ganesh Kumar Nair. (Fig.6) Director: Mr. Prakash Nayak. Mrs. Kalpana Kayak. Mr. Meghana Deshpande..

Mr. Ganesh Kumar

Fig.6 It is engaged in sale and service to Toyota vehicles, and covers 12 district of north Karnataka viz: Hubli, Dharwad, Gulburga, Bellary, Haveri, Hospet, Bijapur, Belgaum, Bidar, Davangere, Bagalkot & Gadag. The customer base includes industrial houses, businessmen, government departments and others. They have implemented quality management system accordance with 9001:2000 and they are in the process of obtaining the desired result to meet the international standards of the Toyota in India. It is one of the first of its kind in Hubli, similar to other dealership. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 34

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Shodha Toyota is duly equipped with state of arts tools and equipments and necessary spare parts from the day of commencement of this operation. It is the latest to join the network of exclusively Toyota 3s dealership, which signifies sales, service, and spare parts under one roof, is the Toyotas approach to the customer care service. The sales, service, and spare parts officers and the dealership have given extensive training by the Toyota.

In Shodha Toyota, they recruit the candidates by making the advertisements, reference etc., and they have only one selection process for candidates. Employees are satisfied with all the facilities in the company. It is one of the leading dealer automobile in North Karnataka. The company has good market in the north Karnataka and rural area.

MISSION STATEMENT Total customer satisfaction as our mission To achieve this we will always strive to improve processing continuously & deliver quality service as per customers needs and thus build Customer for Life.

Objectives:
The organization has framed a list of objectives to achieve the mission statement. Managing director in co-ordination with General Manager has defined following quality objectives for Shodha Toyota: To understand and define the customer vehicle requirement clearly and executing the order as per the sales process to achieve 100% customer satisfaction. To procure the spare parts and Materials from approved suppliers & keep the optimum stock levels so that customer requirements are fulfilled.

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 35

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

To understand and define customer service needs clearly and executing them as per service processes, as to achieve 100% customer satisfaction. To allocate work to competent personnel and improve their competences through effective training. To improve the processes continuously at every opportunity. To maintain pressure free environment, hygienic facilities and clean atmosphere with an aim to serve the people and society. To meet the requirements all interested practiced viz., suppliers, directors, employees. Toyota Kirloskar motors ltd., suppliers, statutory and regulatory bodies with an aim to enhance stakeholders satisfaction.

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 36

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

DEPARTMENTS OF SHODHA TOYOTA

The Shodha Toyota consists of following three departments: Human resource department. Sales department. Service department.

HUMAN RESOURCE DEPARTMENT

Recruitment
Recruitment is the process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating and encouraging them to apply for the job in the organization. Recruitment represents the first contact a company has with potential employees.

Objectives:
To determine the present and future requirements of the organization in conjunction with the personnel and job analysis activities. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 37

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Increase the pool of job candidates with minimum cost. Mutt the organizations legal and local obligations regarding the composition of its work force. Increase organizational and individual effectiveness in short and long term. Start identifying and preparing potential job applicant who will be appropriate candidates. Evaluate the effectiveness of various recruiting techniques and source fro all types of the job applications.

Source Of Recruitment:
Source of the recruitment in Shodha Toyota is classified into two brand categories:

Internal Sources

External sources

a) Promotions

Press advertisements a) Placement agencies b) Unsolicited applications c) Recommendations d) Employee referrals.

Selection

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 38

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Selection is the next step to the recruitment this is the logical step to sleeting the qualified and competent people to fill the job in the organization.

Selection process:

In Shodha Toyota they have one solution process means they have only one step in the selection process. That is one interview. they conduct one interview to the candidate on that interview they select the candidates.

Functions Of HR Manager
Issuing appointment letters to the new employees and collecting necessary certificates. Induction training for the newly receipted employees Issuing I-cards to new employees Maintaining attendance register Maintaining the list of newly joined and dropped out employees in the last week of every month. Issuing inter office notice/circular whenever necessary Make entry the details of PF and ESI contribution for every month. Notification of national and festival holidays Earned leave maintenance. Organizing training as per the training schedule Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 39

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Preparing leave plan for service staff every 45 days Sending I HT-soft copy Report to TKM Bangalore, before third of every month and hard copy reports should be sent before 10th of every month. Submitting sales status report to TKM by 30th / 31st of every month Submitting PF and ESI returns.

SALES DEPARTMENT
Sales manager

Assistant sales manager (6.dist)

assistant sales manager (6. dist)

It is an important part of Shodha Toyota. The Toyota sales process has six modules which follow the steps in Toyota sales process.

These modules include: Preliminary activities Approach and qualifying Presentation and demonstration

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 40

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Negotiating and closing Delivery Follow up. Preliminary activities: Collection of the customer databases of the customers and generation of the yearly sales target activity takes place. The general manager and the sales manager this activity. Sales target are set for particular year further it also includes the monthly sales planning which depends on the ability of the sales officers and the potential area for the monthly sales target will be allocate to each of the sales officers. Approach and qualifying: Sales Territory of Shodha Toyota is distributed within 12 districts. Each district has one assistant sales manager who collects the information of the customers and informs the sales manager. Here then the sales manager sends direct mail advertising about the vehicle to the customer. Qualifying includes whatever the customer is a potential buyer. People may be targeted according to their standard of living destination and their ability to pay. Presentation and demonstration: Once the customer approaches the showroom the presentation demonstration activity is carried out. This activity includes of the vehicles and features such as safety and security, style design interiors information regarding the engine. Negotiating and closing: The customer decides to buy the vehicles the sales manager negotiates with him and further documentation takes place. Once the customer is satisfied the deal is closed he will be given some other trial benefits like financial options, free on year insurance etc.

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 41

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Delivery: After the execution of the above mentioned activities, delivery of vehicles take place. Follow up Responsibility of the show room extends not only till the vehicle is sold, but there is an extended courtesy which includes a phone from the sales department on 3 rd day, followed by a Thank You Letter along with a phone call by the sales manager and a photograph taken on the date of delivery of the owner.

Responsibilities of the sales manager:


To plan and set the target and sales of vehicles. Monitoring daily targets of all sales officers. Conducting sales meeting regularly. Monitoring daily customer /weekly report enquires. Ensuring effective territory coverage by the sales officers. Achievement of the sales target. Identifying the inventory for event/ promotional activities with TKM. Coordinating for customer relation management. Motivating sales officers, their performance review and periodic appraisal. Coordinating training program to ensure show room house keeping, perfect condition of the display vehicles and test-drive veneries. To attend management review meeting and indicating corrective and preventive actions.

SERVICE DEPARTMENT
Head customer service officer, heads workshop or servicing department he is assisted by a service manager 3 service advisors, a controller and parts in charge then assist the service manager gives it to any of the advisors, who then prepares a job card, jots all the problems, what Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 42

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

the customers complaints are about. He then advises for the repair, replacement, and the further process of repairs and general check up starts that is when the responsibility is handed over to the chief technicians who carry on the work and after all mechanical work is completed, the vehicle is sent to washing where ever the outer body is given the water mad the interiors are given air blow.

In the same way, accidents cases are dealt with and the procedures of repair goes hand in hand with the insurance agent who inspects the vehicle and then gives orders for the further repairs. On an average 15 vehicles are serviced in a day.

Functions Of Service Manager:


The service manager is the leader of the dealer service workshop. He is responsible for the following: Plan, lead, organized and control the service department. Analyze and ensure customer satisfaction. Direct staff towards the customer oriented thinking. Coordination service and ware house operation. Observe dealership guidelines and fulfill the manufacturers priority tasks. Generate profit for the dealership, monitor cost effectiveness, analyze major service. Indicators and develop market for leadership. Manage service shop infrastructure, environmental and safety issues. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 43

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 44

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 45

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Definition Of The Problem And Research Objectives:


Preference of the customers with respect to the cars is very rapidly changing along with the time. The customers are demanding exclusivity and newer aspects when it comes to buying or owning of cars. This has put all the car manufacturers and dealers into confusion. They are constantly looking for new ways to serve their customers. Hence the problem here is to: Identify the changing consumer trends and preferences, with regards to cars and hence respond to them profitably. Objectives: 7) Identify the trend in ownership of the cars. 8) Identify the consumer interest to go green. 9) Spot the consumer tendency in searching information and required speed of response from dealer to Consumer Query. 10) Study importance of various factors like brand, color, size, model etc., in consumers choice of car. 11) Recognize the consumers likelihood to purchase car over the internet online. 12) To find out the factors motivating consumer loyalty towards brand

Development Of The Research Plan


This calls for the decision to be made on the subsequent aspects: Data sources: The sources of data that were utilized in this project were both primary and secondary data. The primary data was the data obtained by surveying the consumers, where as the secondary data was the information about the existing customers of the dealer. The secondary data was used to know the precedent preference of the customer. Research approach: Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 46

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

This indicates the approach used to collect the primary data. Here, the research approach used is the survey research & observational data collection, as it best suited to obtain the required information to satisfy the projects objectives. Research instruments: Usually, for Marketing research there are two main search instruments in collecting the primary data: Questionnaires and Mechanical devices. Here, the research instrument used was questionnaire. Most of the questions in the questionnaire were of closed ended type with several options for the respondents convenience along with a few open-ended questions intending short answers.

Sampling Plan:
After deciding on the research approach and instruments, the sampling plan was designed, which called for decision on the Sample unit, sample size and sample procedure.

Sample unit: This indicates the target population that will be sampled. The target population selected for this project consisted of all those people who owned a car. Sample size: The sample size selected was 60. Sample procedure: The sample procedure selected was convenience sampling. Contact methods: Here the contact methods used: - Telephonic interviewing. -Personal interviewing. Area of survey: Shodha Toyota is the only dealer for north Karnataka, which includes 12 districts out of which the most potential places: Hubli, Dharwad, Belgaum, Bellary were concentrated more. Certain Sample units from other districts were also included. Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 47

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 48

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Q1: Number of cars owned by respondents


one car two cars more than two none Total Missing System Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent 28 54.9 56.0 56.0 14 27.5 28.0 84.0 7 13.7 14.0 98.0 1 2.0 2.0 100.0 50 98.0 100.0 1 2.0 51 100.0

Graph:1

None

2%

More Than Two

14% Series1

Two

28%

one

56%

Interpretation: 56% of the surveyed population at least own car. 28% of the respondents
owned more than two cars and 14% of them owned more than two cars. 2% of them presently did not have, but had possessed car but due to some reasons had sold it.

Q2: Frequently of the changing car


Valid 1yr-3yrs 4yrs-6yrs 7yrs-9yrs above 10 yrs Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent 15 29.4 38.5 38.5 17 33.3 43.6 82.1 3 5.9 7.7 89.7 4 7.8 10.3 100.0 Page 49

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Missing Total

Total System

39 12 51

76.5 23.5 100.0

100.0

Graph:2
frequency of changing the cars
percentage of customers
50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% 1yr-3yrs 4yrs-6yrs years 7yrs-9yrs 10yrs and above 7.69% 10.26% 38.46% 43.59%

Series2

Interpretation: About 43.6% of the respondents wished to change their car after 4-6 years of
purchase, about 38.5% wished to change their car after 1-3 years of purchase. Therefore about82% of them would change the car between 1-6 years of purchase. Maximum number of the respondents in this group owned small cars. 7.7% of them wanted to change after 7-9 years of purchase and about 10.26% of the respondents wished to change their car after 10 years of purchase. Hence, around 18% of them preferred to change their car after 7 years of purchase, out of which about 14% of them were customers who owned Toyota car.

Q3: Factors influencing consumers decision to change car

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 50

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Graph:3
financial schemes Cash discounts Exchange offers Upgrade technology Service and maintainance frequency Fuel effeciency Upgrade status Driving and riding comforts Stlye and looks 0% 10% 20% 30% 50% 60% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 4% 8% 4% 34% 46% 56%

Series1

Interpretation: 60% of the consumers changed their car for Style and Looks. 56% of them
changed their car for Fuel Efficiency. 50% of them changed their car for the sake of Driving & Riding Comforts, 46% of them change car for the sake of Increased Service and Maintenance Costs. 34% of the people change car to upgrade themselves with new technology and about 30% of the people change it to upgrade status. Only 8% of the change it for cash discounts and 4% of the population change car for the good financial schemes and exchange offers available.

Q4: The extent to which consumers agree with the statement that, The car you drive reflects your societal status.
Valid Strongly agree Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent 7 13.7 14.0 14.0 Page 51

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree Strongly disagree Total Missing System Total

22 6 14 1 50 1 51

43.1 11.8 27.5 2.0 98.0 2.0 100.0

44.0 12.0 28.0 2.0 100.0

58.0 70.0 98.0 100.0

Graph:4
Strongly disagree

2% 28% 12% 44% 14% Series1

Disagree Neither Agree nor disagree

Agree

Strongly agree

Interpretation: 44% of the population agrees with the statement where as 28% of them
disagree. 14% of strongly agree where as only 2% of them strongly disagree. About 12% of the surveyed population say that they neither agree nor disagree with the statement that the car they drive reflects their societal status.

Q5: Speed at which the customer wants the response from the dealer
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent 2 3.9 10.0 10.0 5 9.8 25.0 35.0 6 11.8 30.0 65.0 4 7.8 20.0 85.0 3 5.9 15.0 100.0 Page 52

Valid

immideately within 1 hour within 24 hours within 48 hours more than 48

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Missing Total

hours Total System

20 31 51

39.2 60.8 100.0

100.0

Graph:5(PTO)
speed of the response desired
35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Immediately Within one hour Within 24 hours Within 48 hours more than 48Hours 10% 25% 20% 15% Series2 30%

Interpretation: 30% of the respondents want the reply form the dealer for the forwarded query
within 24 hours. 25% of them demand the response for the query within one hour, and 20% of the people want their queries to be answered within 48 hours. 15% of the customers are ready to wait more than 48 hours for the response of the dealer to their queries where as 10% of the respondents demand that their quires must be responded by the dealer immediately. Therefore, 65 % of respondents need the quires to be responded within a day and about 35% of them can wait till 48 hours.

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 53

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Q6: The reaction of the customer if he does not get the information sought, in specified the time.

Frequency Percent wait patiently change the brand change the dealer change both brand and dealer opt for the competitors car other reaction Total Missing System Total Valid 26 5 9 3 5 1 49 2 51 51.0 9.8 17.6 5.9 9.8 2.0 96.1 3.9 100.0

Valid Percent 53.1 10.2 18.4 6.1 10.2 2.0 100.0

Cumulative Percent 53.1 63.3 81.6 87.8 98.0 100.0

Graph:6
60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% Series2

Change both brand and dealer

Change brand

Change dealer

Wait patiently

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Opt competitors car

Other reaction

Page 54

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Interpretation: About 54% of the respondents say that they are ready to wait patiently for
the reply; about 19% say that they would be changing the dealer if they did not get the response from the dealer on specified time. 10.20% of the population would change the brand and again 10.20% of the people would go for the competitors car. About 7% of the customers would opt to change both brand and dealer

The above two questions i.e., Q5 and Q6 are cross tabulated below using the SPSS software to get the following results.

CROSS TABULATION

Action of customer against the dealer for not / wrongly providing the information sought Total The time within which the customer wants reply from dealer for the information sought immediately Count Change both change the brand and dealer dealer 1 0 opt competit ors car 1 2

wait patiently 0

% within The time within which the customer wants .0% reply from dealer for the information sought within 1 hour Count 4 % within The time within which the customer wants 80.0% reply from dealer for the information sought Count 4

50.0%

.0%

50.0%

100.0%

.0%

.0%

20.0%

100.0%

within 24 hours

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 55

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

% within The time within which the customer wants 66.7% reply from dealer for the information sought within 48 hours Count % within The time within which the customer wants reply from dealer for the information sought Count % within The time within which the customer wants reply from dealer for the information sought 3

.0%

16.7%

16.7%

100.0%

75.0%

.0%

.0%

25.0%

100.0%

more than 48 hours

66.7%

.0%

33.3%

.0%

100.0%

Total

Count 13 % within The time within which the customer wants 65.0% reply from dealer for the information sought

20

5.0%

10.0%

20.0%

100.0%

Q7: Level of motivation that each of the specified factors provide to the customer to purchase another car from same dealer.

Graph:8
20%
e na liz ers o dc a t ion uni c o mm . am.. om s

56% 50% 42% 50% 46% 62% 50%

24% 22%

28% 8%

dp G oo

pr ce o f erien Ex p

c as ed urch s ly p v iou s rene Awa

a r fr

t ory y his of m

t o de

a ler st af f

14% 18%

36% 36% 30% 50% 8% 24% 48% 60% 80% 100%

ge wled K no

les of s a

Hi gh l y m oti vate s Moti vate s Dose n t m oti vate

t af f les s of s a ness ndli y d f rie ua lit y an ta lit ice q ospi Serv H or ust w rs t r Deale t hyn es s

26% 10% 42% 20% 40%

l Popu

h ip alers of de arit y

e n am

0%

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 56

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Interpretation: Popularity of the dealership name highly motivates only 10% of the
consumers, where as 42% of them say it would motivate them and 48% conclude that it is not a motivational factor to buy another car from same dealer. . Dealers trustworthiness is the factor of high motivation to 26% of the people, it motivate 50% of the people and doesnt motivate remaining 24% of them. The service quality is the one which highly motivate 62% of the population; 30% of them say it would motivate them and the remaining 8% say that it would not motivate them. Hospitality and friendliness of the sales staff highly motivates only 18% of the consumers, the same would motivate 46% of them, and to the remaining 36% it is not a motivating factor. Knowledge of the sales staff would highly motivate only 14% of the population, where as to 50% of population it just motivates and to the remaining 36% it would not be a motivating factor. Awareness of my history to the dealer would highly motivate only to 8% of the population, motivates 42% of the people, and will not motivate the remaining 50% of them. Experience of previously purchased car from same dealer, highly motivates only 28% of the consumers, motivates 50% of the consumers and doesnt motivate 24% of them. Good Personalized Communication highly motivates 20% of the respondents, motivates 56% of the respondents and will not motivate 24% of the respondents to buy another car from same dealer.

Q8: Preference of the customers to pay extra to get extra features while buying the car?

yes no Total Missing System Total

Valid

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent 32 62.7 64.0 64.0 18 35.3 36.0 100.0 50 98.0 100.0 1 2.0 51 100.0

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 57

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Graph:9

No 36%

Yes 64%

Interpretation: 64% of the customers are ready to pay extra to get extra features in car where
as the rest 36% of the customers do not prefer to pay extra. That is they want extra features of the car with zero cost.

Q9: Through which media do you collect the information about cars? Graph:10
Others Automotive magazines Family and Friends Finance service broker Internet Car dealer Print Media TV

4% 22% 40% 2% Series1 12% 12% 38% 58%

Interpretation: 58% of the respondents surveyed said that TV is the first main source from
which they collect the information about the cars, 40% of them said that they family and Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 58

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

friends is the important source from which they gather information on cars. To 38% of the respondents print media is found to be the source of information on cars. 22% of the consumers refer the automotive magazines for information on cars. 12% of them get the information from internet and another 12% of them another 12% of them collected it from the car dealers. Other sources accounted to only 4%.

Q10: Colour and Brand of car preferred by the consumers


Colour: Graph:12

Champagne 5% Silver 13%

Grey 7% White 45%

White Black Red Silver Champagne

Red 14% Black 16%

Grey

Interpretation: From the pie chart above it is clear that 45%of the consumers opted for
White colour; 16%, 14% and 13% of the consumers preferred Black, Red and Metallic silver colours respectively. 7% preferred to go for Grey colour whereas only 5% said that they preferred Champagne colour. Brand:Graph:13

Tata 17% Chevrolet 0% Skoda 9%

Mahendra 3% Hyundai 6%
Hyundai Maruti Honda

Maruti 36%

Toyota Skoda Chevrolet59 Page Tata Mahendra

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com
Toyota 20% Honda 9%

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Interpretation: 36% of the population preferred Maruti brand of car, further 20% of them
favored Toyota brand of cars, 17% of them went for Tata. About 9 % of the consumers preferred Skoda another 9% of them went for Honda brand. Only 6%, 3%, and 0% of them were towards Hyundai, Mahindra and Chevrolet brands respectively

Q11: Preference of the above-mentioned colour is because:

Graph:14

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 60

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% Many It makes people are me feel using it superior Attracts peolple's attention Upcoming fashion I like It Others select it for me other reason Series1

Interpretation: 53% of the customers preferred particular colour because they liked it.
Around 37% of them

Q12: The reasons why the customers shift to different Brand: Graph:15
Size of car Interior design Features Price of vehicle Exterior design After sales service Safety Popularity of brand name Fuel effeiciency Experience luxury Experiment something new It fits personal needs Vehicle quality

20.41% 24.49% 32.65% 28.57% 30.61% 42.88% 38.78% 16.33% 40.82% 30.61% 18.37% 16.33% 59.18%

Series1

Interpretation: According to about 60% of the consumers Vehicle quality is the most
important reason why they shift to different make or brand. For about 43% of consumers After Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 61

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

sales service stood the main reason for shifting brand. Further, for about 41% of the consumers Fuel efficiency happens to be the reason for changing the brand. For 38.78% of the people Safety was the factor which was important. Features in the car was the reason for 32.65% of the consumers to shift the brand. 30.61% provided the reason of Exterior design and again another 30.61% of them gave the reason of Experience luxury. 28.57%, 24.49% and 20.41% shifted the brand because, Price of car, Interior design and Size of the car were the reasons respectively. For 16.33% of them the reason for changing car stood Popularity of brand name and again another 16.33% changed it to fit to their personal needs.

Q13: Consciousness about environment friendly car/ fuel-efficient car among the respondents?

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent Valid very conscious 15 29.4 30.6 30.6 conscious 22 43.1 44.9 75.5 neither conscious nor 7 13.7 14.3 89.8 unconscious unconscious 5 9.8 10.2 100.0 Total 49 96.1 100.0 Missing System 2 3.9 Total 51 100.0

Graph:16
50.00% 45.00% 40.00% 35.00% 30.00% 25.00% 20.00% 15.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% Series1 Very unconscious Unconscious Very conscious Neither conscious nor unconscious Conscious

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 62

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Interpretation: From the above graph it is clear that 45% of the respondents are Conscious
& 30% of them are Very Conscious. About 15% of the population is Neither Conscious Nor Unconscious. Only 10% of the population is unconscious about the Green Cars. And 0% of the population is Very Unconscious.

Q16: Consumers currently own fuel-efficient car / planning to buy / seriously thing to buy fuel-efficient car:

Graph:17
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent 16 31.4 66.7 66.7 6 11.8 25.0 91.7 2 3.9 8.3 100.0 24 47.1 100.0 27 52.9 51 100.0

currently own planning to buy thinking seriously Total Missing System Total

Valid

Seriously thinking 8% Planning to purchase 25% Currently ow ning 67%

Interpretation: Consumers currently owning the fuel efficient car account to 67%. Those
who are planning to purchase account to 25% and those who are seriously thinking about possessing a fuel efficient car account to only 8%.

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 63

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Q17: Way selected by the customers while purchasing car:

personal visit over internet over telephone Total Missing System Total

Valid

Frequen Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent cy 47 92.2 94.0 94.0 2 3.9 4.0 98.0 1 2.0 2.0 100.0 50 98.0 100.0 1 2.0 51 100.0

Graph:18
100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0%

Personal visit 94%

Internet 4%

Telephone 2%

Some other person 0%

Other way 0%

Series1

Interpretation: 94% of the customers preferred to personally visit the dealer to purchase car.
Only 4% of the population preferred to purchase car over internet and 2% made it over telephone.

Q18: What would motivate you to buy cars over internet?

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 64

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Frequency Percent Valid ability to contact concerned person ability to negotiate price online delivery to home or the nearest location ability to see photos / vedios of the cars ability to compare cars online ability to get quotations nothing motivates 8 Total System 7 3 1 2 3 4 29 1 50 1 51 13.7 5.9 2.0 3.9 5.9 7.8 56.9 2.0 98.0 2.0 100.0

Valid Cumulative Percent Percent 14.0 14.0 6.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 58.0 2.0 100.0 20.0 22.0 26.0 32.0 40.0 98.0 100.0

Missing Total

Graph:19
All none Ability to get quotation Ability to compare cars online Ability to see photos and videos of cars Delivery to home or nearest location Ability to negotiate price online Ability to contact concerned person

2% 58% 8% 6% Series1 4% 2% 6% 14%

Interpretation: 58% of the people replied that nothing would motivate them to buy car over
internet. However, Ability to contact concerned person motivates 14% of the surveyed population. Further, 8% of the respondents were likely to be motivated by Ability to get quotations and 6% were likely to be motivated by Ability to compare cars online. Another 6% Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 65

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

felt that Ability to negotiate price online would motivate to some extent and around 4% demanded Ability to see photos and videos of cars both in use and out of use. 2% of the respondents said that the facility of getting Delivery to home or nearest location would stimulate them to use net and another 2% of the respondents felt that all the facilities are essential.

Q19: Importance of personalized communication with the dealer to the customer

Valid

Missin g Total

Frequenc Percen y t very important 21 41.2 important 23 45.1 neither important nor 2 3.9 unimportant unimportant 2 3.9 Total 48 94.1 System 3 5.9 51 100.0

Valid Cumulative Percent Percent 43.8 43.8 47.9 91.7 4.2 95.8 4.2 100.0 100.0

Graph:20

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 66

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Very unimportant

Unimportant Neither important nor unimportant Important

Series1

Very important 0.00% 10.00% 20.00% 30.00% 40.00% 50.00% 60.00%

Interpretation: About 50% and 47% of the respondents say that personalized communication
is important and very important respectively. About 14% of them say that it is Neither important nor unimportant again 14% of them say that it is unimportant. The respondents saying that it is very unimportant accounts to 0%.

Q20: Consumers are ready to share information with the dealer regarding:

Graph:21

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 67

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% Series1

Contact information

Future vehicle preferences

Lifestyle information

Interpretation: About 57% of the population is ready to share the information about Future
vehicle preferences, and about 48% 0f the respondents want to share with the dealer about the needs and preference. Around 18% of the respondents prefer sharing information about their Vehicle buying history, and around 15% prefer sharing Future purchase intention and again another 15% want to share about Future purchase intention. 12% and about 18% of the prefer sharing information on Life time information and Prior research history respectively.

Q21: Consumers expect the following things out of the dealer, from whom they buy their car:

Graph:22

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

About needs and preferences

Vehicle buying history

Prior reasearch history

Future purchase intention

Page 68

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

120.00% 100.00% 80.00% 60.00% 40.00% 20.00% 0.00%


ve y ai l su r em

45%

56% 87% 79%

39.58% 70.83% 75.00%

43.75% Series2 Series1

54.55%

60.42% 43.18% 12.50%


let ter s

56.25%

20.83%
ai l

29.17%
e

25.00%
er vic e af ter s ve y su r Cu st o m er s at isf ac t io n su r n ve y ter pu rc ha se af ev en ts

ew s

po st

ia -

ive

ur ch as

af ter p

rv

dr

ln

via

re m in de

es t

m ai

let ter s

tt

ac k

Po s

E-

Se rv ic e

m ep

ew s

io n

st Cu st o m er s at isf ac t io In vi ta t

Interpretation: 54% of the consumers expect service reminders where as 45% of the
respondents do not. 48% of the respondents expect Post test drive survey where as 56% do not. Only 12.5% of them want Email newsletters from the dealer where as 87% of them did not. 20% of the respondents expect News letter via post mail where as about 79% of them do not. About 29% of the consumers expect Welcome pack after purchase where as about 71% do not expect. 25% of the consumer expect Invitations to special events where as 75% did not expect. About 60.42% of the customers demand Customer satisfaction survey after service where as about 39.5 did not expect. Around 56% expected Customer satisfaction survey after purchase where as about 43% did not expect.

Q22: The importance of the various factors to the customer while choosing car:

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

elc o

sp e

cia l

Page 69

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Graph:23

Interpretation: size is very important to about 54% of the consumers and is important to
about 38% of them. Free accessories is very important to about 14% of the consumers and is important to 48% of them. 36% say cash discount is very important and to 34% of them it is important. 74% of the respondents say Reliability of the brand is very important and 16% say it is important. Safety is very important to about 72% and 24% of them say it is important. Price of the car is very important to 40% of the consumers and 50% of them say it is important. Exterior design is very important to 46% and another 46% of them say it is important. Interior design is very important to 44% of the customers and to 50% of the respondents say it is Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 70

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

important. 44% of the respondents say Interior design is very important and 50% of them say it is important. Warranty coverage is very important to 62% of the respondents and to about 30% of the consumers say it is important. 30% of the consumers say Low finance rates is very important factor in the vehicle choice and 28% say it is important. Colour of vehicle is very important to 52% of the consumers and to 32% of the consumers it is important.20% of the respondents say Road tax is very important and 54% say it is important. To 76% of the consumers Fuel efficiency is very important and 24% say it is important. 68% of the respondents say Engine quality is very important and 28% say it is important. 42% of them say Vehicle availability is very important and 44% of the say it is important. 38% of them say Product future and options is very important and 48% say it is important.

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 71

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 72

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

FINDINGS

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 73

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

The following significant things were found: Almost all of the respondents, who were surveyed, possessed at least one car and majority of the people change car after 1 year and before 6th year of purchase. Among them majority of the people comprised owners small car owners. Those who wished to change car after 7 years of purchase accounted to about 18%, out of which only the consumer who owned cars accounted to about 14%. The factors that influence the most on the people to change their car are: Style and looks (60%), Fuel efficiency (56%), Driving and riding comforts (50%), and to considerable extent the service and maintenance frequency (46%) would also influence the consumers. In total, 58% of the people agree that the car they drive reflects their societal status. Total 65% of the customers want their information within one day where as the rest say they can wait more than 48hrs. About 57% of the customers say that they are ready to wait patiently to dealers response for the information sought. The rest percentage of the customers my change brand, or may change dealer or change both brand and dealer or may opt the competitors car. A few might respond in other way. The cross tabulation between the time within which the customers wanted reply and their reaction if they did not get the response in specified time gave interesting result that, out of every 20 customers seeking information on specified time, the dealer would be loosing 6 of them fro not providing information on said time to the customers.

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 74

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Good personalized communication is one of the important aspects, which motivated the dealers existing customers to buy another car from same dealer. Quality service is the next vital aspect, which highly motivated the consumers. The highest preferred type of engine was found to be the diesel engine 50%. Next came the petrol engine, which accounted to 40%. Majority of the people (64%) preferred paying extra money to get extra features in the car they want to buy. Majority of the people (52%) were reluctant to spend extra money on accessories. Television, Family and friends and Print media were found to be the main sources from which the consumers collected the information on cars and they accounted to 58%, 40% and 38% respectively. The customer who preferred White colour accounted to 45%. 16%, 14% and 13% of the people opted Black, Red and Silver respectively. According to 53% of the consumers this preference in the colour is mainly because they like it, according to about 37% of the consumers it is because it makes them feel superior and according to about 35% of them it is because they feel that these colours attract peoples attention. About 60% people opinion is that Vehicle Quality is the main factor, which makes them more brand loyal. Furthermore, for around 43% of the consumers After sales service is the main factor that makes them more brand loyal then comes Fuel efficiency. Around 76% of the consumers are conscious about the fuel-efficient cars. 67% of the consumers currently own Fuel-efficient cars Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com Page 75

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Around 94% of the consumers prefer to personally visit the dealership firm to buy the car. That is they want to touch and feel the product personally and converse with the concerned person. There are very less consumers using net for buying cars. 58% of the people are reluctant to use net and say that nothing can motivate them. Among the minimums, the highest percentage i.e., 14% of them say that Ability to contact concerned person over net might motivate them to use net more. About 57% of the customers prefer to share with the dealer the information about Future vehicle preference and around 47% like to share about their needs and wants. Majority of the consumers expect the dealer to carry out customer satisfaction survey after sale and after service and also send them service reminders via telephone/e-mail.

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 76

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 77

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

RECOMENDATIONS

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 78

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

The following are the recommendations to the company. These recommendations are obtained based on the analysis of the findings.

EXCHANGE OFFERS: The company must conduct exchange offers for the Toyota big car owners (existing customers) who have completed their 6 years after purchase and to those who have completed 4 years after purchase in case of the small cars.

PROMOTIONAL ACTIVITIES: Promotional activities must emphasize chiefly on style and looks, driving and riding comforts, societal status and fuel efficiency. Using TV and print media largely for advertisements would make the company profitable.

RESPONDING QUICKLY TO CONSUMER QUERIES: Improve ability to respond quickly to consumer queries. An effective lead management is very important than ever. An integrated continuous approach to lead management can significantly improve conversion rates and decrease the overall cost of selling cars.

GETTING MOST OUT OF WEB: Get the most out of the web. With at least some consumers who consider buying their vehicles online. Integrate C2C tools more tightly into the marketing mix.

PERSONALIZED COMMUNICATION: Personalize communication with customers do not mass customize. This can have a positive impact on the vehicle repurchase decisions. Hence, effective CRM program and the use of advanced technologies would increase effectiveness and efficiency and improve delivery of services to the consumer. This calls for careful and effective management of customer information such as personal profiles.

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 79

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

IMPROVING CUSTOMER LOYALITY: Focus on improving customer loyalty. Improved hospitality and friendliness of sales staff and service of high quality must be provided, as they are the main factor that boosts consumer loyalty.

IMPROVE SHOWROOM ATMOSPHERE: Since 94% of them prefer personal visits, provide very comfortable and impressive showroom atmosphere.

STOCK DEMANDED COLOURS IN CAR: Stock more cars only of those colours that are demanded i.e, White, Black, Red & Metallic silver. This reduces the loss of customer resulting from shortage of demanded color cars and helps to promote sales.

IMPROVEMENTS IN THE VEHICLE DESIRED: Concentrate more on improving the mileage of the car as customers are becoming conscious about fuel efficiency.

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 80

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 81

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

CONCLUSION

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 82

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

CONCLUSION
Consumer attitudes about the vehicle buying process have become increasingly sophisticated, as have the tools at their disposal. This has resulted in the need for automotive companies to fundamentally re-think over their approach to critical areas such as sales, marketing and advertising, post-sale communication, CRM and manufacturer/dealer collaboration. In some cases this may involve a change of mindset as well as significant financial investments, but these opportunities hold the potential for great returns and are, in fact, necessary in todays market. Addressing these changes and challenges will not be possible in a single step. This will be a process of evolution. But companies that start this process well prepared with the right consumer information and insight will be heading in the right direction.

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 83

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

BIBILOGRAPHY

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 84

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

Marketing Management ( Philip Kotler ). Statistical Techniques (Gaur). Icfai journals: Consumer behaviour. News Papers. Google Search: Cars Online, Future car trends AOL Autos

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 85

IDENTIFYING CAR PREFERENCE AND BUYING BEHAVIOUR OF THE CAR OWNERS

ANNEXURE

Babasabpatilfreepptmba.com

Page 86

Похожие интересы