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4 (18), 2009

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2009, 4 (18)


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.: (+373 22) 27-02-84, : 27-15-15. E-mail: journalrusyn@rambler.ru
Editor's address: Association Rus'. M. Kogalniceanu Street, 24, ap. 1A,
Kishinev, MD 2001, Moldova.
Tel.: (+373 22) 27-02-84, fax 27-15-15. E-mail: journalrusyn@rambler.ru
, 2009
Association Rus', 2009

/ CONTENTS

/ history of the rusins


IX-X .? ............................ 6-14
Mikhail Iurasov
From Whence Came the "Rugi" to Raffelshtetten Between the 9th and 10th Centuries

-
.............................................................................................................................. 15-22
Dmitrii Pop
The Beginning of the Christianization of Sub-Carpathian Rus and the Ugro-Rusin
Missionaries in Kievan Rus

XII . : ..................................................................................................................... 23-37
Nikolai Babilunga
The Western Russian Lands and Kiev of the 12th Century in the Struggle for Independence:
the Role of the Orthodox Factor.

- .............................................. 38-49
Deacon Vladimir Vasilik
The View of the Russian Land in the Galician-Volynian Chronicle

6714 .
........................................................................................................................... 50-56
Maksim Zhikh
The Question about the Founding of Galich in the Ipatiev Chronicle in the Article of Year
6714.

XIX XX . (
) ......... 57-72
Vasilii Kotsan
The Folk Architecture and the Life of the Transcarpathian Rumanians at the End of the
19th to the First Quarter of the 20th Centuries. (An example of the Exposition of the
Transcarpathian Museum of Folk Architecture and Life)

XIX
XX . ............................................................................................... 73-88
Tatiana Sologub
The Decorative Motifs of the Embroidered Shirts of the Ukrainians of the Belo-Tisa Valley
at the End of the 19th to the First Half of the 20th Centuries.

/ rusin bibliography

,
.......................................................... 89-98
Iurii Danilets, Natalia Danilets
The Rusin Theme in the Publications of the Last Years

................................................... 99-105
Vladimir Anikin
A Living History of Art in Persons and Personalities

............................................................. 106-114
Mikhailo Feisa
Three New Books of the Rusins

/ archives


................................................................................................ 115-137
Apollon Skalkovskii
Rumanian Valour

............................................................ 138-160
Adolf Dobrianskii
Concerning the Boundaries of Sub-Carpathian Rus

1848 .
............................................................................................................. 161-172
Iakov Golovatskii
An Overview of the Situation in Galicia in 1848. The Epoch of the Restoration of the
Russian Nation in the Land

- ......................................................................................... 173-181
Dmitrii Markov
The Galician-Russian Question

/ necrology

(8.05.1930-31.10.2009) ...................................... 182-183


Omelian Dmytrovych Dovhanych (8.05.1930 - 31.10.2009)
................. 184-186
Subscription to the International Historical Journal Rusin

................................................................ 187
Rules of Publication in the Journal Rusin
............................................................................................ 188-189
Information about the Authors
Summary .................................................................................................................. 190-191

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I. Forrsok / Fszerk. Szvk Gyula. Szerk. Szili Sndor. Budapest, 2009. 2324. l.
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4. Soloviev A. Der Begriff Russland im Mittelalter // Studien zur lteren
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rodkowej i Wschodniej Europy / Wyd. F. Kupfer, T. Lewicki. Warszawam, 1956.
S. 81; .. . . . 200; Fomin A.V., Kovcs L. The tenth century
Mramaros county (Huszt) dirham hoard. Budapest, 1987.
27. : tpkova I. Islmsk stibro z nlezu v Keli na Morav //
Numizmatick sbornik. T. 4. 1957. S. 7396; .. . . . 201
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: Opole: Uniwersytet Opolski, Instytut Filologii Polskiej.
P. 373-383.
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136
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137

4. . . .
., 1833, . 32-36.
5. .
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7. .: . 71.
8. Ibid., . 134.
9. 1830-
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16. , , 1625 .
- ; 1626 . ,
1630 . .

: . . XX. , 1897. . 28-49.


(01) 13.01.1808 (28.12) 09.01.
(1898) 1899) - , - (1856). ,

. : (, 1835),
(, 1837),
. (, 1844),
(, 1846),
1733-1768 (,
1845), (,
1848), - (, 1889).

: ( ), -
. (, 1859) .

138

2009, 4 (18)



.
. , .
- , :
, ,
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(. . 1872 ., . 124).
,
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, ,
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- . .
I.
, , , , ,
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:
1.
I (970-990 .) : et
fines Russiae usque in Cracoa (. . . : Pierwotne dzieje
Polski i Litwy, 1846, . 374).

139

2.
IV (1235-1270 .) dux magnae Sandomiriae, quae est
terra Ruthenorum (. Pray, Dissert. De Hung., p. 316: Deserici, De initiis
Hung., I, 170).
3. 1344 . ; oppidum Rzeschoviense cum suo toto
districtu in terra Russiae situm, secundum quod antiquitus per serenissimos
duces Russiae extitit limitatum (. L. Rzyszczewski, Cod. diplom., I,
204). , . , ,
.
4. 1348 . . , . ,
: villa nostra vulgariter dicta Rogi in terra Russiae prope Krosno (.
Libri fundationum, tom. CI, pag. 100, ).
5. 1434 . , . , : in terra Russiae et districtu Sanocensi ( . , 1775 .).
6.
(Sandecium, . o) , , . : Episcopatus
Premisliensis amplissimus, nobiles in eo quamplurimi Rutheni, si omnes
essent obedientes ter mille numerarentur parochiae. Sed inquietissimus,
a 50 enim annis unitorum cum schismaticis perpetua ibi est concertatio.
Unitus episcopus cathedra pulsus toties et toties, iterumque eam recepit.
Nupernus vero mortuus per 12 annos episcopatum regens in villa debuit
propria cathedram locare. Extollitur hic episcopatus in longum latum plus
quam 100 milliaria germanica, nam etiam Hungariae nonnullae (partes) et
Scepusiensis capitaneatus non procul Cracovia civitate ad eum pertinet.
In hoc episcopatu economia regia Samboriensis, aliquot supra decem
civitates continens, ad 400 autem villas. In hoc sita Premislia civitas
celebris et nova Samboria, bene ambae munitae, Jaroslavia, Sanocia,
Sancia et Stryi, aliaeque regales civitates cum capitaneatibus, plurimaque
oppida dominorum, millenae villae. In hoc plurimi sunt schismatici, et ideo
mirabilia perpessi uniti, ut ex infra dictis patebit (. Harasiewicz Annales
ecclesiae ruthenae. Leopoli. 1862, p. 303).
7. , ,
1255 ., () -

140

2009, 4 (18)

: interventu
venerabilis sponsae Christi germanae sororis videlicet Solomeae quondam
Galiciae reginae (Pray, Annales R. H. I, 297). .
8. , fratrum minorum (Sandecium)
, .
, , : Habet iste
conventus clenodium spirituale, hoc est faciem Domini nostri Jesu Christi
graeco penicillo a S. Luca in tabella lignea depictam, quam cum Leo
princeps Russorun ab imperatore orientis Constantinopoli dono accepisset,
uni pio et sancto eremitae, ad montes Carpatos angelicam ducenti vitam,
propter fructum spiritualem donavit. In hocce loco, ubi iste duxit vitam
eremiticam, extat conventus P. P. Minoritarum et civitas Neo Sandecensis
(Bardossy, Supl. anal. Scepusii. 162 p.). , , , ,
.
9. (. 1589 .) ,
. (. De situ Poloniae,
, I. 124).
10. Sarmatiae Europeae
description (1578 .) ,
. . (. , I, 59).
11. (. 1612 .) Polonia ( , I, 418) ,
. : Roxolania
Carpathios montes non longe ab urbe attigit Cracovia.
12.
, ,
(. Pray,
Per. Aust. P. 424; F. A. Kollar, Vorlufige Austrhrung der Rechte des
Knigreichs Hungarn, Wien, 1772; Palma, De titulis Mariae Theresiae;
Joh. Gottfr. Einhorn, Weltgeschichte, V, 194; Fessler, X, 189; Emil Janitsch,
Geschichte der deuts. sterr. Monarchie, VI, 245; Ch. W. Koch, Jurium
Hungariae in Russiam Minorem et Podoliam, Bohemiaeque in Osvicensen
et Zatoriensen ducatum praevia explication. Vindobonae 1773).
13. 15 1773 .,
,

141

, , , : Posteaquam spectatis intuitu regni


Hungariae et Bohemiae coronae nostrae competentibus Nobis in varias
Poloniae provincias juribus quas illa (M. Theresia) secundum litteras
suas patentes 11 Septembris 1772 publicatas occupari jussit, tamquam
vindicatum aequivaleus omnium praetensionum e regherum suorum
Hungariae et Bohemiae antiquissimis juribus derivatarum. ,
, ,
.
14.
, 18
1773 . , 2- .
15. -
, .
rex Galiciae et Lodomeriae,
dux Osvicinensis et Zatoriensis, 1846 . dux Cracoviensis, . ,
, , , ,
, : partium Poloniae dominus
et haeres, .
16. ,
, , : , , -, -, , , -, -, , , ,
, , -, , , ,
, , -, -, , ,
, , , , , , ,
, , , , , , , .. 172
129 90 000
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142

2009, 4 (18)

. 1660 ., VII, 3 400


3 ;
800 000, ,
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,
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(Die Grnzen zwischen der russisechen und polnischen
Nation in Galizien. Lemberg, 1849).
II.
, , ,

,
, , , .
.
, (), :
(. . . 1872 ., . 12); ,
(ib. 29); ((ib. 119). ,

(. . ., . 1842 ., I, 19. . 77; , . .
1857 ., I, 48).
? , ,
, , (Strigonium, Gran) -
(Samisius, Samosch)
-.
. I, ,
1018 . (. ., . 140), ., , ,
, 1031 .
(. ., 146). , ,
, ,
1069 . (, II, 45), ,

143

1102 . (. ., 266).
, 1108 . .
, (De orid. Pol. 1. V), I ,
( ),
: Unde loco dieque
constituto conveniunt principes in Scepusiensi territorio, societatem inter
se ineunt, communes amicos, communes hostes sibi fore promittunt. Ut
foedus hoc firmum perenneque sit, nova affinitate sanciunt: Colomannus
enim Juditam Boleslai filiam Stephano natu majori filio suo despondit,
Scepuciense territorium, quod Poloniae ditionis erat, in dotem datum.
, (Hist. Pol. lib. IV, ad an. 1108),
(tunc) ,
, , :
Colomannus Ungariae rex filio suo natu majori Stephano filiam Juditam
Boleslai polonorum ducis desponsat uxorem, provinciam Scepusiensem,
quae tunc juris polonorun fuerat et ejus non modica in terra Cracoviensi
consistebat, Boleslaus filiae in dotem consignat. Ab eoque tempore
sequestrata a Polonia in proprietatem et ditionem Ungarorum transiit.

(Chron. Pol. I. III, c. 8, p. 49): Stephanus filius Colomanni regis natu major
accepit Juditam Boleslai ducis Poloniae natam, cui pro dote assignavit
terram Scepusiensem, et ab eo tempore in proprietatem Hungarorum
transit), (. 15, . 57),
, , : hunc Boleslaum ducem tradidisse
filiam suam ex ruthena genitam Colomanno alteri filio Colomanni regis
Ungariae, ad coronandum eum in regem haliciansem, et non Stephano
majori natu


(. 1253). 1108 . ,
, ,
, .
.
, , ; -

144

2009, 4 (18)

! (Jste
Boleslaus filiam suam de ruthena genitam Colomanni regis Hungarorum
filio matrimonialiter copulavit, cui nomine dotis castellaniam de Spisz,
quoad viveret, possidendam assignavit. Quem Colomannum una cum rege
Hungarorum Haliciensibus in regem praefecerunt, cujus coronationem rex
Boleslaus, prout erat credulus, per regem Hungariae dolose circumventus,
castellaniam de Spisz Hungariae incorporandam tradidit et loco ejusdem
castellaniam Premislensem nomine dotalitii filiae suae recepit. Haec
autem dolositas fuit origo dissensionum inter Polonos et Hungaros, prout
in sequentibus patebit. Et sic castellania de Spisz a Polonis abalienata per
Hungaros usque ad praesens fraudulenter detenta occupatur.)
,
1108 . ,
, ;
, ( ).
, ,
, .
, ;
, .
, ,
, . , :
1) - 1108 .
, , .
2) ( II-) -
,
( , ) ,
(Schier, Reginae Hung., p. 100), , .
3) (Anonymus
Belae regis notarius), . - , .
4) IV (10561106) -, , - .
5) I 1198 . ,

145

, I I, , 1108 .
6) , , ,
, , -
, , , - , , , ,
(Vindiciae, p. 286),
, XVIII .
(, Schier.
Reginae Hung.; Benczur, Ungaria semper libera; Cornides, Vindiciae,
Hollk, Nexus nationis hungarae cum polonica, Cassoviae 1831 .)
.
1) , ,
. ,
. , 1211 .
II
, ,
. , . , 1212 . (Vindingus ad an.
1212, 35, . 353).
2) II
,
, (., , , Allgemeine Weltgeschichte. Brnn, 1788, I, 214).
3) ,
III (Bela III, 1174-1196 .),
IV (`1235-1279 .), ,
-
,
.
, , IX . ,
(. . . . I, . V, . 83, .). ,
,

146

2009, 4 (18)

, ,
. (Crisius) (Zagyva), 300 , , : et subjugaverunt sibi Hungari omnes
habitatores terrae a Crisio usque ad fluvium Zageva et usque ad sylvam
Scepus (Anonym. Bel. reg. notarius, Cap. XXXII). ,
. (, XVIII: missus
est Borsu filius Bunger cum valida manu versus terram Polonorum, qui
confinia regni conspiceret ad montem Tatur et in loco convenienti castrum
construeret causa custodiae regni; LVII: dux vero Zulta post
reversionem militum suorum fixit metas regni Hungariae usque ad fluvium
Morva (Morava) et eodem modo ex parte Polonorum usque ad montem
Tatur, sicut primum fecerat regni metam Borsu filius Bunger), , (regnum)
, ,
, ,
(Samusius, Szamos).
;
, ,
.
. I .
.
,

, , , . ,
, ,
;

: .
4) ,
IV (1056-1106 .),
Hungaria semper libera (p. 65) montes
Carpatios Tatri dictos praelaudati imperatoris aevo finibus regni Hungariae

147

fuisse circumscriptos, , ,
, , ,
.
5) 1198 (Fejer, Codex
diplom., t. II, p. 324) , 1108 . , , : In nomine S.
Trinitatis et individuae unitatis. Emericus Dei gratia Hungariae, Dalmatiae,
Croatiae, Ramaeque rex omnibus notificamus, quod quia sanctissimus,
rex Stephanus et beatus Ladislaus rex, Hungariae reges nostri patres et
praedecessores ordinaverunt accepto apostolico mandato, ut de omnibus
proventibus regelibus nunc habitis et quoque modo et nomine habendis
atque ampliandis, rex Hungariae, quicunque fuerit in Deo coronatus per
sedem Strigoniensem, in signum catholicae fidei, decimam solvere deberet
archiepiscopo Strigoniensi, a quo fidem baptismatis et coronam receperunt.
Nos eadem fide, que salvari volentes. In perpetuum statuimus, quod de
omnibus proventibus regalibus archiepiscopus Strigoniensis decimam ad
plenum recipere debeat, prout semper receperunt. Item decimam tributorum
in terra Scipis et in Posonio ipsi domino Archiepiscopo in perpetuum pro
mensa sua, sicut per SS. Reges eroant donatae; item pro salute nostra et
pro discordia vitanda exemplo sanctorum regum donavimus in perpetuum
domum regalem in castro Strigoniensi, quae nondum fuit opere consummata,
eidem Strigoniensi Archiepiscopo tamen tempore necessitates nostrae
ipse dominus Archiepiscopus. Nos in eadem recipere teneatur. Datum per
manus domini Katapani episcope Agriensis, aulae nostrae cancellarii, anno
ab incarnatione Domini millesimo centesimo nonagesimo octavo. ,
, I
I, ()
,
, , ,
, , . , ,
,
, , , , ,
. , , ,
. , , ,
, : ,

148

2009, 4 (18)

.
, ,
, (Saxones et
Latini) (. Wagner, Anal. Scepus. I, 264);
,
. ,
, : 1289 IV

(. Pray, Specimen hierarch., p. I, p. 135);
,
1298 .
, (frater
Basilius armenorum archiepiscopus) , ,
,
: Non Ioannes dei gratia episcopus Cracoviensis
ratas et gratas habentes pramissas indulgentias, praesentibus confirmamus
nostrum sigillum apponentes (Bardosy, Supl. anat. Scep., p. 429 sq.).
, (
),
: 1299 . , (Bardosy, Supl. anat. Scepus., p. 432 sq.).
6) , , .
, , :
, .
, 1108 . ?

, , .
, 1108 ,
, ,
. , 1244 . -

149

(scultetiam)
(Bardosy, Supl. anal. Scepus., p. 311 sq);
1280 .
(Sanctimonialibus
ordinis S. Clarae in civitate Sandec. Bardosy Supl. anal. Scep., 157 sq);
1288 1289 . (sculteto) , (Bardosy Supl. anal. Scep., 285, 305). 1292 .
- (Venceslaus rax Bohemiae dux
Cracoviae ac Sandomiriae, marchioque Moraviae) , , (Bardosy, Supl. anal. Scep., 350).
1298 .
, ; 1299 .
. , , , , , 1108 .
,
: , ,
(Analecta Scepusii Suplementa analectorum Scepusii) , ,
1209 . ,
, XI .,
,
. . ,
. IV (Bela IV)
1243 . (nobiles de Scepus, Lanceolati), , , (eandem, quam ab
antiquo habuerunt conservare volentes libertatem),
:
, ,
I I (. Bardosy, Supl. anal.
Scep., 34 sq.).
, , , -

150

2009, 4 (18)

, 1108 .

, , .
. ,
(quod viveret; in dotem datum, in dotem consignat, pro dote assignavit
.n.); , , , :
Boleslaus, prout erat credulus, per regem Hungariae dolose circumventus,
castellaniam de Spisz Hungariae incorporandam tradidit, et loco ejusdem
castellaniam Premislensem nomine dotalitii filiae suae recept... Et sic
castellania de Spisz a Polonis abalienata per Hungaros usque ad praesens
fraudulenter detenta occupatur. , , , ,
. - , ,
(. Gebhardy, Allgem. Weltgeschichte XLIV, p. 206);
, ,
, II.
,
.
,
,
, (. Vita S. Ottonos L. II, c. 4; Dlugos, p.
374).

,
(. Gebhardy, XLIV, p. 207; , . . .,
. II, . VII, . 93). , , -
, 1097 (, . 155 .; , . II, . VI, . 77);
, 1114 . (Gebhardy, LI, 208), 3
1114 . (Schier, Reg. Hung., p. 90) .
, , II
- (Chron. Turoczy, cap.
LXIII; Pray, Reg. Hung. P. 120; , . . . . II, . VII,

151

. 93). II (Gebhardy,
LI, 208), , , . , ,
1108 . (communes amicos,
communes hostes sibi fore promittunt), - .
,
,
. , :
castellaniam de Spisz Hungariae incorporanda tradidit, et loco ejusdem
castellaniam Peremislensem nomine dotalitii filiae suae recepit. 1117 . , ,
,
,
(. Gebhardy, LXX, 306, 307, 308; , II, . VII, . 92). , (, II, . VII, . 93),
(. Kadlubko, Lips., p.
720, 721) ,
(Gebhardy, LXX,
p. 310, 311; ., II, . VII, . 93, 94).
,
,

,
. ,
, ,
. (, II, . VII,
. 92, 93). II c
.
, , II
. , ,
,
.
; . II,
- , ,

152

2009, 4 (18)

(Turoczy Chron.,
cap. LXIII; Pray, Reg. Hung., p. 120): Domine, quid et quod facis? Si
cum multa morte militum tuorum castrum capis, quem ducem constitues?
Si inter principes Tuos eligis nullus remanet. Num quid vos vultis regno
relicto habere ducatum? Nos barones castrum non oppugnabimus; si
oppugnare vis, solus pugna; nos autem in Hungariam recedemus et nobis
regem eligemus. , , - ,

, , .
, , .
,
,
. ,
, , , ;
.
,
, , .

, ,
, .
: provinciam scepusiensem, quae tunc juris Polonorum
fuerat, et pars ejus non modica in terra cracoviensi constitebat, , (tunc) , ,
. ,
. ,
- ,
, -
, , ; ,
,
, .
,
, , .

153

, ;
-
, , , de ruthena genitam,
, . , ,
(. Gebhardy, Allg. Weltgesch. LI, 202); , , .

,
,
.
,
(), .
, 1108 .
, , , . ,
, .
. XIV ., ,
- , , . ,
, ,
.
15 1412 .
,
status quo, , (in
quieta utriusque regni possessione maneunt, lis autem nonnisi post elapsum
ab obitu utriusque Regis lustrum suscitari voleat); , ,
(Wagner, Anal. Scepus. I,
7 sq). ,
8 (1412)
37 000 ,
;

154

2009, 4 (18)

,
, (Wagner,
Anal. Scepus. I, 212). , 1434 .,
, .
8 1440 .
: -
, ,
(Castrum Lublio in terra Scepusiensi cum omnibus civitatibus, oppidis,
villis, quae titulo pignoris usque ad praesens tempus ratione regni nostri
Poloniae pacifice possedimus et tenuimus atque tenemus, promittimus
et pollicemur de nostra mera liberalitate statim postquam celebritas
coronationis praemissae feliciter facta fuerit et consummata reintegrare et
libere restituere regno Hungariae absque quavis pecuniarum praedictarum,
in quibus pignori obligata fuerunt, exactione, litterasque quascunque
superinde confectas mox post dictam coronationem restituemus etc. . A
Czepusegi XIV vrosok pragmaticai trtenete. Lczn 1842, p. 87, Palma,
Explic. Juris in Russiam Minorem p. 18; Katona, Hist. critica, t. XIII, p.
23), . - ,
, ,
1486 . ,
, ,
(Art. 32 de 1486: Item quis Poloni omni arte omnique via et
technis conati sunt et semper conantur ad terras et dominia ad S. coronam
pertinentia pedem interre et illa usurpare, prout etiam aliquam partem de
facto usurparunt. Proinde statutum ac sancitum est sub nota perpetuae
infidelitatis, ut nemo regnicolarum audeat illis aut eorum alicui castra
portalitia, civitates, oppida, possessiones aut alia bona immobilira vendere,
in scribere, impignorare commendare, donare vel aliter qualitercunque dare
vel assignare). ,
- - . , . 11
1751, . 15 1765 . ,
, -
: 1772 .
, 37 000 ( 800 000 ) , (Fessler,
t. X, p. 180; Lass Istvn Lengyel orszg stat, pag. 75). - : 1794 .

155

, : ,
,
I
comitatus Ovariensis (cp. Bardosy, Supl. anal. terrae Scepus. P. 89, nota
46. Boleslaus denique III terram Scepusiensem ac Premislensem ipsamque
Galiciam invalvere quaesivit;
. 5, 11, 16, 54, 58, 59, 67,157, 161, 268). ,
XIX , , , - , ,

, , .
.
, , , , , .. ,
, (Supl. anal. Scepus.),
: Merozlai (. 253), Ivan et Dan (. 259), Ivanus judex (.
262), Detbor (. 298), Andreas filius Polyan (. 389). , , ,
, ,
V 1616 . : Russi gens
mea est, Russia patria nobis communis Regnum Russiae maximum sex
palatinatibus constans, qui non provinciis sed regnis aequiparari possunt.
Vicinae nobis sunt gentes Hungariae, Moesicae, Bulgaricae, Graecae,
Moschicae innumerae, omnes ejusdem fidei, omnes ad bella notae etc.
(Harasiewicz, Annal. eccles. ruthenae, p. 252).
, , hospites;
, 1271 . : libertate fidelium
nostrorum hospitum Saxonum de Scepus (A nepessgi XVIs vrosok
pragm. Trtnete, p. 47); 1317 .: quod hospites
et Saxones nostri dilecti et fideles de Scepus (ibid., 51);
1243 . ,
: hospitibus nostris in villa Olassi, juxta consuetudinem aliorum
hospitum (ibid., 61); I 1374 .: fidelis de S. Ladislao
( , . Donnersmark) de comitatu Scepusiensi in sua
et universorum civium et hospitum nostrorum de eadem personis (ibid.,
p. 64); 1433 .: hospitibus ac toti communitati
civitatum terrae nostrae Scepus (ibid., p. 83).

156

2009, 4 (18)


, , hospites: , ,
1278 ., hospites slavi
(Biderman, Ungar. Ruthenen, II, 80);
IV 1258 ., : quod cum terram Nadosth in Scepes hospitibus Slavis dederimus, ut
nobis de eadam censum solvant (Bardosy, supl. anal. Scepus, p. 91).
, , 1280 ., : Hungari, Saxones, Slavi, Latini (Fejer, Codex diplom, V. 3, 41).
, , -
,
XVII . (Biderman, Ung.
Ruthenen, I, 10).
, :
, ,
, . ,
, , ; ,
XVIII ,
, : -,
, , , , . : , ..;
, : , .
, ( )

. , ,
,
.
, ,
, , : 30
000 ,
(. Schematismus cleri dioecesis eperjesiensis).
,
; .

157


1280 . ( Fejer, Cod. dipl. V. 3,
41), (hospites) (, , , )
,
,
,
. ( nobiles
lanceati) ,
, , ,
1280 : et ex praedictis
nobilibus propter inhabentiam sacerdotis eorundem sine confessione ac
sine communicatione corporis et sanguinis D. N. Jesu Christi nec non
sacra unctione semel, medius et tertius homines essent expirati, atque
infantes baptisatione carentes emigraverunt et per cives praedictae civitatis
multas olasphemias ad ecclesiam procedentes passi fuissent (Wagner,
Anal. Scepus, I, 111). ,
(. Cstrtk, .
Donnerstmark, . Oppidum S. Ladislai), ,
, :
.
, , , ;
, , , , 1280 . (Wagner, Anal. Scepusii,
I, 111). : 1286 . ,
(, , IV),
,
, (capitulum
Scepuseiense):
; ,
. IV,
, , : Cum rex
Ladislaus piae recordationis terram Scepus intrasset et in suburbio castri

158

2009, 4 (18)

de eadem descensum habuisset, timore Dei postposito gens Bulgarorum,


Cumanorum et aliorum achismaticorum ecclesiam beati Martini invadentes
et eandem ac sacristiam concellassent et cum equis conculcassent, et
etiam quam plurimorum nobelium instrumenta litteralia simili modo
condemnata extitissent, in grande praejudicium ejusdem ecclesiae s.
Martini et gravamen (cp. Wagner, Anal. Scepus, III, 14).
,
(Bardosy, Supl. anal. Scepus,
259); , , (, ),
,
(. Bardosy, Supl. anal. Scepus, . 400);
III 1290 .:
quod tempore domini Ladislai Regis patruelis fratris nostri ipsa ecclesia
B. Martini per insultas Cumanotum et neugerorum miserabiliter extitisset
spoliata et camera ejusdem ecclesia confracta ac omnia bona praedictae
ecclesiae fuissent ablata et instrumenta ac privilegia super possessionibus
ecclesiae suae confecta enormiter pedibus equorum contrita etc. (Wagner,
Anal. Scep. I, 303).


, -:

, - ;
XVII . , (nam etiam Hungariae nonnullae et
Scepusiensis capitaneatus non procul Cracovia civitate ad eum,
episcopatum Premislensem pertinet. Harasiewicz, Annal. eccl. Ruthenae,
p. 303). , ,
,
, .
,
.
,
.
- :

159

( ) -, , ,
, , . 1412 . ;
1440 . , 1772 .
: -
. (rmnyi).
, , II, -;
, ,
,
IV 1243 . (A Szepessegi XVI. Vrosok pragmaticai trtnete,
61), 1269 .,
de consencu fratris nostri
Colomanni Regis (Wagner, Anal. Scepus. I, 391), , ,
1279 ., ,
(Colomanni regis
inclytae recordationis, qui dum adhuc viveret, terram Scepus possederat
asque ad vitam suam (Wagnr, Anal. Scepus. I, 299).

(Russia hungarica); , , , , , ; ,
IV 1243 ., , : vice
quondam in Russia, quae vocatur hungarica, nobis nostrisque baronibus in
expeditione praesentibus laudabiliter dimocavit dahinc et super fluvium
Dones ( ) perstitit in conflictu (Bardosy,
Supl. anal. Scep. 150 p.);
III 1297 ., , ,
,
: usque ad unam viam, qua itur versus Hungariam (Bardosy,
Supl. anal. Scepus. P. 419 sq.).
, , ,
, , X
XI . , , ,
- -

160

2009, 4 (18)

. ,
, (.
, XII, . 1, . 23).
, ,
,
, , , , .
(Gran) (Waizen); , ,
. (Erau) . ; ,
(Szamos),
, ,
, . :
, : .

.
. . .
: .
. CCVIII. 1880. . 134-159.


http://www.edrus.org

1999 . .
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173

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174

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Subscription to the International


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- , ,
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.. . babi05@rambler.ru
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- . nataliadanilec@rambler.ru
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jurijdanilec@rambler.ru
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. sologubt@rambler.ru
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, . mihail_yurasov@mail.ru
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189

Information ABOUT THE AUTHORS


Anikin Vladimir - Doctor of Political Science and Doctorate of Philological
Sciences, Associate Researcher of the Institute of European Integration and Political
Sciences of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova. vlad_anik@mail.ru
Babilunga Nikolai - Doctorate of History, Professor, Director of the Faculty
of Domestic History of the Institute of History, State and Law of the Shevchenko
State University of Pridnestovye. babi05@rambler.ru
Vasilik Vladimir - Deacon, Doctorate of Philological Sciences and Doctorate of
Theology, Associate Professor of the Faculty of Slavic and Balkan History of the
Faculty of History of St. Petersburg University, Associate Professor of St. Petersburg
Theological Academy. fvasilik@mail.ru
Danilets Natalia - Researcher of the Transcarpathian Museum of Folk
Architecture and Life. nataliadanilec@rambler.ru
Danilets Iurii - Doctorate of History, Professor of History of the Ukraine of
Uzhgorod National University, Associate Editor of the International Historical
Journal Rusin. jurijdanilec@rambler.ru
Zhikh Maksim - Doctorate of the Faculty of Museum Studies of the Faculty of
St. Petersburg State University. max-mors@mail.ru
Kotsan Vasilii - Director of the Faculty of Medieval History of Uzhgorod
National University, Director of the Transcarpathian Museum of Folk Architecture
and Life. kocanv@rambler.ru
Pop Dmitrii - translator, philologist (Slavic studies), local historian, instructor
of the Czech language, deputy to the President of the Transcarpathian Regional
Society of Alexander Dukhnovich. journalrusyn@rambler.ru
Sologub Tatiana - Senior Researcher of the Transcarpathian Museum of Folk
Architecture and Life. sologubt@rambler.ru
Iurasov Mikhail - Doctorate of History, Senior Researcher of the Institute of
Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow), Professor of the
Russian Academy of Art and Architecture. mihail_yurasov@mail.ru
Feisa Mikhail - Doctorate of Linguistics, Professor of the Faculty of Rusin
Language and Literature of the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Novy Sad
(Voevodina). fejsam@eunet.yu

2009, 4 (18)

190
SUMMARY*

Mikhail Iurasov. From Whence Came the Rugi to Raffelshtetten Between


the 9th and 10th Centuries? The Raffelshtetten Customs Statute, which
researchers have dated as existing from 904-906 AD, has been published long ago
and researched, from various points of view, fairly well. Along with this, historians
are sure that the Rugi mentioned in the Statute are the same as the Rus, that
is, the inhabitants of Old Rus. At the same time, a sufficient amount of research,
based on the given archaeological and linguistic findings, indicate that Eastern Slavs
lived in the Upper Tisa Basin and partly in present-day Eastern Slovakia before the
arrival of the Hungarians. That is, the ancestors of the present-day Rusins, lived
on lands neighbouring Great Moravia on its southern and south-eastern borders.
The author believes that there is reason to believe that in the 9th-10th centuries, the
Rugi who came to Raffelshtetten to trade, could have originated from the lands
settled by the ancestors of the present-day Rusins.
Dmitrii Pop. The Beginning of the Christianization of Sub-Carpathian Rus
and the Ugro-Rusin Missionaries in Kievan Rus. Among the Slavs the Christian
religion replaced paganism at the end of the first millennium and during a relatively
short period of time, historically speaking, was established as the leading religious
teaching. Among the Slavic peoples, the Sub-Carpathian Rusins were among the
first to accept Christianity. They were the participants who played a definite role
in the Christianization of Kievan Rus. However, historians up to the present time,
continue debating about the ways Christianity spread into the lands under the
Carpathians as well as about the missionaries who acquainted the Rusins with
Christianity. Answers may be found about several of these questions in the article.
Nikolai Babilunga. The Western Russian Lands and Kiev of the 12th Century
in the Struggle for Independence: the Role of the Orthodox Factor. An example
of the competition between Kiev and Carpathian Rus for the right to be the economic
and political center of the Russian lands during the early period of the crumbling
of the Old Rus State and also the stabilizing role of the Orthodox Church in the
epoch of internal strife, which occurred on the ruins of the Principalities of Kievan
Rus, is presented in the article. The example is taken from the biography of the
outcast-prince Ivan Berladnik and his son Rostislav. In the Dniester-Carpathian
lands, the Galician Principality of the 12th century becomes one of the most
powerful and developed Old-Rus regions, which lead to independent policies in
its relationship to Kiev. Ivan Rostislavich was the last of the minor outcast princes
and first Russian mercenary-prince, who had great popularity among the ordinary
people of the Dniester-Carpathian and Danubian lands. His struggle for the throne in
Galich represents the struggle before the imminent fall of Rus. Originally in Rus,
authority was based on Assembly Rule strengthened by princely rule. The growing
power of the boyar oligarchy in the Western Russian lands was in competition.
Diakon Vladimir Vasilik. The View of the Russian Land in the GalicianVolynian Chronicle. The article is dedicated to the view of the Russian Land in the
Galician-Volynian Chronicle. The article attempts to show that the authors of the
* annotations of the material published in the rubrics History of the Rusins
and Famous Rusins.

Summary

191

Chronicle were the bearers of common Russian consciousness. The understanding of


the Russian Land in the Galician-Volynian Chronicle is a choronym symbolizing the
Lands of Kiev, the region of its influence. In other contexts, the choronym may also
relate to the Galician and Volynian Lands and also to other Russian principalities,
for example the Kozel Principality. The understanding of Russian is an ethnonym.
Russian in a number of positions counters the Liakhs, Polovtsy, Ugry and so forth.
The idea of Rus, Russian is a political and cultural designation indicating all
of the territory of Old pre-Mongol Rus. That Prince Roman Mstislavovich is called
Tsar affirms that Rus is thought of as a certain kingdom - a sacred kingdom. The
betrayal of Daniil Romanovich is comprehended as a godless act equated to the
sin of Cain and Judas. In the Galician-Volynian Chronicle there is a direct analogy
between Rus (more exactly the Galician-Volynian Lands) and Israel. Accordingly
Rus is a holy land and its fate in many ways corresponds to Ancient Israel relating
to the concept of divine intervention and also to a national transgression and divine
punishment. One of the examples is a comparison of King Bela with Sennacherib
and the Pharaoh. In the Praise of Vladimir Vasilkovich and also in the stories about
the building of Kholm and Kamenets there is a sense of the concept of the Holy
City - New Jerusalem.
Maksim Zhikh. The Question about the Founding of Galich in the Ipatiev
Chronicle in the Article of Year 6714. Among other legends about the princeslegendary founders of cities in Medieval Rus, existed the legend about the eponym
Prince Galich - founder of the city of Galich (a fragment located in the article of
the year 6714 (1206 AD) in the Ipatiev Chronicle). There is enough of a basis to
consider Galich a real historical personality - the prince of one of the groups of the
Carpathian Slavs. This is affirmed with the coincidental recording of his burial in a
postscript about the elevation of the first fortifications around Galich. Initially (before
the acquisition of these lands by Kiev in the 10th Century) Galich fulfilled one of
the political-administrative functions and was probably the religious cultural center
of the Carpathian Slavs. Its founding itself, seemingly, is tied to the establishment
of some ethno-political unity.
Vasilii Kotsan. The Folk Architecture and the Life of the Transcarpathian
Rumanians at the End of the 19th to the First Quarter of the 20th Centuries (An
example of the Exposition of the Transcarpathian Museum of Folk Architecture
and Life).The particulars of the folk art and life of the Romanians of Transcarpathia
are analyzed in the given article. An example of the exposition of the Transcarpathian
Museum of Folk Architecture and Life is described in the particulars of the dwelling
and enclosures including the inner furnishings of a home from the village Srednee
Vodianoe in the region of Rakhov. A set of folk clothes and the process of preparing
domestically-woven wool covers (lizhniki) is described in detail.
Tatiana Sologub. The Decorative Motifs of the Embroidered Shirts of the
Ukrainians of the Belo-Tisa Valley at the End of the 19th to the First Half of
the 20th Centuries. The particulars of the ornamental motifs in the embroidery
of shirts of the Ukrainians of the Belotisa Valley at the end of the 19th and first
half of the 20th Centuries is described in the given article. The author describes
in detail the various types of designs and the methods of incorporating them in
complex pattern compositions. Besides common names, the local folk names are
also given. For example a flower is zhuchok (little beetle), stylized birds are
kachechki(ducklings), some are numery (numerals), narrow variously-colored
borders are putki (trails) etc.

2009, 4 (18)

,
2009. - 192 .

MD 2001, , . ,
. . , 24/1.
.: (373 22) 27-02-84, 27-44-30, : 27-15-15.
E-mail: info@rusyn.md, journalrusyn@rambler.ru
: http://www.rusyn.md
8.12.2009. 6084 1/16.
1.
.
Times New Roman.
700 .
330.
:
. , . , 111.
.

.
.

2009


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