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.: (+373 22) 28-75-59, : 27-15-15. E-mail: journalrusyn@rambler.ru
Editor's address: Association Rus'. M. Kogalniceanu Street, 24, ap. 1A,
Kishinev, MD 2001, Moldova.
Tel.: (+373 22) 28-75-59, fax 27-15-15. E-mail: journalrusyn@rambler.ru
, 2010
Association Rus', 2010

/ CONTENTS

/ history of the rusins


............................. 7-18
Sergei Suleak
"We return onto the Moldavian land as avengers"

1940 .
......................................................................................................................... 19-31
Nikolai Babilunga.
Voting with feet by the population of Bessarabia in 1940 a real referendum

1940- . .................................... 32-43
Vasilii Mishanin
The Sovietization of Transcarpathia in the second half of the 1940s.


(1944-1945 .) ................................................................................................. 44-50
Jurii Danilets
Orthodox Church in the first year of Soviet rule in Transcarpathia (1944-1945)

. ........................ 51-58
Mikhail Iurasov
The question about the date of the baptism of the ancestors of the Rusins by
St. Methodius

: ........................................................................................................ 59-77
Maksim Zhikh
Concerning the problem of the ethnic self-identity of the early Slavs: according to
the work of Florin Kurta

....................................................... 78-96
Mikhail Nesin
The Galician Assembly under Iaroslav Osmomysl


...... 97-112
Igor Burkut
WW1 in the historical memory of Galicians and Bukovinians

()
(1918-1938) ................................................................................. 113-118
Tatiana Pikovskaia
The place of the Sub-Carpathian Agricultural Union (SAU) in the political life of
Transcarpathia (1918-1938)

/ necrology


, ?! ....................................................................................... 119-122
Olga Petukhova
Say why?!

: ............................................................ 123-124
Vladimir Anikin
Sergei Pozhar: interrupted flight

/ archives



..................................................................................................................... 125-148
Maksim Sergievskii
Toponyms of Bessarabia and their evidence in the settlement process of the territory
, , ( Narodni Listy) ................... 149-160
Rus, Russia, Moscow (from the Bohemian newspaper Narodni Listy)

/ rusin bibliography


. . Slavismele romneti
........................................................................................................................ 161-163
Stati Vasilii
Between passions and ideosyncracies. About I. Evseev's book "Slavismele romneti"
,
: ............................. 164-171
Georgii Kozholianko, Aleksandr Kozholianko
Rusins in the world: examination of ethno-political processes


- ................................................................... 172-181
Maksim Zhikh
Concerning the problem of the social-political organization of the Galician and
Volynian lands of the pre-Mongol period
....... 182-183
Subscription to the International Historical Journal Rusin
.................................................... 184
Rules of Publication in the Journal Rusin
.................................................................................. 185-188
Information about the Authors
Summary ...................................................................................................... 189-191

2010


- 31808




(. 28-75-59)

2010, 1 (19)

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148

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4. Ibid. . 94.
5. tefanescu M. Cuvinte Grdite i Horodite n toponimica romneasc
(Arhiva, 1921, p. 76-80); Elemente ruseti n toponimica romneasca c (ibid.,
p. 218-228); Alte cuvinte ruseti de nuanta rutean n toponimica romneasc
(Arhiva, 1922, p. 64-75; 372-384); Toponimici romneti cu terminaiunea-ui
(ibid., p. 499-514); Rusismele rutenismele din toponimica romneasc (Arhiva,
1924, p. 199-206).
6. . . .. ,
.. II . , . XXXII (1927), . 312.
7. Barbulescu I.Inceputurile scrierii cirilice n Dacia Traiana (Arhiva, 1922, p.
161-195).
8. . . .
9. . . .
10. Op. cit., 162-163.
11. .. . ., 1916, .
44 .
12. . ., . 48.
13. , . 99.
14. .. . ., 1923. . 15.
15. . . - - , .,
1840, . 60 , . ., . 31.
16. . Documente privitoare la istoria romnilor publ. da E. Hurmuzaki. Vol.
II. . 832.
17. Ibid. P. 870.
18. . . ,
, , XIV-XVI . ., 1887, . 78 .
19. . . 67, 68-69.
20. Documente lui tefan cel mare publ. de I. Bogdan. T. I-II, Bukur., 1913.
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25 . Jordan J. Rumnische Toponomastik, I-III, Bonn, 1924-1926, .
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- , , .
vlad_anik@mail.ru
- , ,
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. .. . babi05@rambler.ru
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. jurijdanilec@rambler.ru
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- ,
,
, - ,
30-70- , ,
www.petrleschenco.ucoz.ru,
. od777@ya.ru
-
.
Tetiana261285@ i.ua
(25.X.1892, - 20.VI.1946, )
- -,
(1945), (1924-1946).

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187

INFORMATION ABOUT THE AUTHORS


Vladimir Anikin - Doctor of Political Science and Doctorate of
Philological Sciences, Associate Researcher of the Institute of European
Integration and Political Sciences of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova.
vlad_anik@mail.ru
Igor Burkut - Doctorate of History, Associate Professor of the Faculty
of Political Science and State Administration of the Fedkovich University
of Chernovtsy. 889393@inbox.ru
Nikolai Babilunga - Doctorate of History, Professor, Director of the
Faculty of Domestic History of the Institute of History, State and Law of
the Shevchenko State University of Pridnestovye. babi05@rambler.ru
Iurii Danilets - Doctorate of History, Associate Professor of the Faculty of
the History of the Ukraine, Uzhgorod National University, Associate Editor
of the International Historical Journal "Rusin". jurijdanilec@rambler.ru
Maksim Zhikh - Doctorate of the Faculty of Museum Studies of the
Faculty of St. Petersburg State University. max-mors@mail.ru
Georgii Kozholianko - Doctor of History, professor of the Chernovits
National University, chairman of the Ethnographical Society of Chernovtsy.
g_kogolianko@ukr.net
Aleksandr Kozholianko - Doctorate of History, co-worker of
the Department of Ethnology of the Chernovits National University.
g_kogolianko@ukr.net
Vasilii Mishchanin - Doctorate of History, Associate Professor of the
Faculty of the History of the Ukraine, Uzhgorod National University.
vvmichanin@rambler.ru
Mikhail Nesin - graduate of the Faculty of Historical Regional Studies
of St. Petersburg State University: petergof-history@ yandex.ru
Olga Petukhova - journalist, specialist correspondent of a number of
central Russian newspapers, editor of the department of culture of the journal
"Krestianka", author of musical tele- and radio programs, printed editions
about stage casts of the 1930s - 1970s., chief editor of the All-Russian

188

2010, 1 (19)

Newspaper of the Union of Architects of Russia "Autograph", founder and


editor of the site www.petrleschenco.ucoz.ru, director of the International
fund "Retro" in honour of Peter Leschenko. od777@ya.ru
Tatiana Pikovskaia - postgraduate of the department of World History
of the State Pedagogical Institute of Vinnitsa. Tetiana261285@ i.ua
Maksim Sergievskii (25.X.1892, Moscow - 20.VI.1946, Moscow)
Russian soviet philosopher - specialist of Romance Studies, merited scientist
of the Russian Federation (1945), professor of Moscow State University
(1924-1946). Founder of the Moscow School of Romance Specialists and
Moldavian Studies. Author of several works in the field of general and
Romance linguistics, a number of textbooks, dictionaries. From 1925 was
a member of the International Society of Romance Linguistics.
Vasilii Stati - Doctorate of Philology, Doctor of History, Professor of
the Academy of Public Management under the President of the Republic
of Moldova, Chairman of the patriotic movement "Pro-Moldova".
journalrusyn@rambler.ru
Sergei Suleak - Doctorate of History, chief editor of the international
historical journal Rusin, President of the Association Rus'.
sergei_suleak@rambler.ru
Mikhail Iurasov - Doctorate of History, Senior Researcher of the Institute
of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow), Professor
of the Russian Academy of Art and Architecture. mihail_yurasov@mail.ru

Summary

189
SUMMARY*

Sergei Suleak
"We return onto the Moldavian land as avengers".
In the 65th year of the victory over fascism, the theme of the "Soviet
Occupation" of Bessarabia arises once again. However, the events of those
years show that the local population considered the Romanians as occupiers.
After the beginning of WWII, the Bessarabians entered the ranks of the
Red Army. In 1940, thirty-eight thousand Bessarabian soldiers deserted
the Romanian army and joined the Red Army. Having occupied Bessarabia
at the end of July 1941, the Romanian authorities created the province of
Bessarabia. In the fall of 1941, forty-nine ghettos were created in Bessarabia
and one hundred seventy in Transnistria. Over three hundred thousand
Jews and fifty thousand gypsies perished in the concentration camps of
Transnistria during the Romanian occupation. The war brought Moldavia
irreparable damage. The economy of the land was totally destroyed and over
six hundred fifty thousand people perished.
Nikolai Babilunga
"Voting with feet" by the population of Bessarabia in 1940 a real
referendum.
During the years of the Romanian occupation the majority of Bessarabians
did not consider themselves "Rumanians". The inhabitants of the Old
Kingdom in the position of occupiers (bureaucrats, officers and policemen,
colonizers and clergy, landowners and bankers, soldiers sent into the country
from Romania itself, and a handful of collaborators linked to the occupiers)
left Bessarabia in 1940. The basic population of Bessarabia did not think
about leaving but greeted the liberating soldiers in exuberance with flowers,
fruit and wine. Only an insignificant part of Bessarabians left in total, no
more than 2 %. This percentage includes the 1940 and 1944 exodus.
Vasilii Mishanin
The Sovietization of Transcarpathia in the second half of the 1940s.
The article is about the first steps of the Sovietization of Transcarpathia
during the period of activity of the Peoples Council of Transcarpathian
Ukraine (1944-1945) and the politics of the Soviet government in imposing
a Soviet way of life in the Transcarpathian Region, as an integral part of the
* annotations of the material published in the rubrics History of the Rusins
and Famous Rusins.

190

2010, 1 (19)

Soviet Union, where any independence in any sphere of life by the local
authorities was completely excluded.
Iurii Danilets
Orthodox Church in the first year of Soviet rule in Transcarpathia
(1944-1945).
In the first year of Soviet rule in Transcarpathia Orthodox clergy supported
the policy of the Communists. The Orthodox were allies in the fight against
the Uniates, wanted to go under the control of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Mikhail Iurasov
The question about the date of the baptism of the ancestors of the
Rusins by St. Methodius.
In a recent publication by the Austrian historian P. Shrainer of the
Byzantine manuscript of the 15th C. (cod. Par. gr. 2303), which is preserved
in Paris, it is reported that in the year 6390 from the creation of the world
(881-882 AD) the Ros people was baptised. Although, judging by the text
of the document, the author of the manuscript was a contemporary of the
documented events, historians are not certain which group of Rus are under
question. The main reasons of the uncertainty of the specialists is because
of the heyday of paganism in Eastern Europe at the time and the firm belief
that the Rus lived only in the mid Dnieper region. Along with this, exactly
in 881-882 AD, St. Methodius journeyed from Moravia to Constantinople.
During this journey the primary teacher of the Slavs and his students could
have been in the basin of the Upper Tisa and in the lower Danube region
descending along the Siret and Pruth rivers. Having baptised a part of the
East Slavs, who were considered Rus, Methodius informed the Emperor
Basil the Macedonian and Patriarch Photius about this event resulting in the
news of the baptism of the Ros people. This could have been noted by one
of the Byzantine chroniclers, a contemporary of the event.
Maksim Zhikh
Concerning the problem of the ethnic self-identity of the early Slavs:
according to the work of Florin Kurta.
On the basis of medieval sources of much research the author convincingly
refutes several of the works of the known American Slavist Florin Kurta.
Kurta considers that in general the Slavs did not exist before the 6th C. and
that they were formed in the "shadow of Justinians fortresses and not in the
bogs of the Pripiat". Their "making" (according to Kurta) "was a result not

Summary

191

so much due to ethnogenesis as to the invention, fabrication and labelling by


the Byzantine writers". However, the analysis of the sources doesnt give a
basis to consider the opinion of the American researcher correct with regard
to the beginning of the ethnogenesis of the Slavs.
Mikhail Nesin
The Galician Assembly under Iaroslav Osmomysl.
In the given work the assembly action of the Galicians during the reign of
the Galician prince Iaroslav Vladimirovich Osmomysl is studied. The article
is based on chronicle, archaeological and research data. Along with this, the
earlier and later Galician assembly movements are studied which is necessary
for an adequate evaluation of the time period under study. In conjunction with
the specifics of the subject, the series of research questions are principally
dedicated to the question of the interrelationship of the assembly, society
and prince. In the work is included other material about the history of other
Russian lands. The result of the research demonstrated the significant power
of the Galician assembly which was capable of influencing state politics and
accordingly taking matters into their own hands.
Igor Burkut
WW1 in the historical memory of Galicians and Bukovinians.
In the article the author characterizes the peculiarity of the historical
memory of WW1 by the inhabitants of contemporary Galician and Bukovina.
The conclusions drawn were: The "Great War" has been remembered first
of all by the violence of the Russian soldiers and the repressions of AustroHungarian soldiery.
Tatiana Pikovskaia
The place of the Sub-Carpathian Agricultural Union (SAU) in the
political life of Transcarpathia (1918-1938).
The article studies the political activity of one of the most popular parties
in Transcarpathia during the period of its entry into the First Czech Republic
- the Sub-Carpathian Agricultural Union (SAU). Particularly, considerable
attention was focused on the attitude of SAU to the national problem which
was one of the crucial political problems at the time. The importance of
Hungary on the formation of the program principles of the SAU, in particular
on its transfer to the opposition positions, has been clarified. The political
program peculiarities of the SAU and its attempt to find allies among other
political forces has been determined.

2010, 1 (19)

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2010. - 192 .

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.: (373 22) 27-02-84, 28-75-59, : 28-75-59.
E-mail: info@rusyn.md, journalrusyn@rambler.ru
: http://www.rusyn.md
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