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-POWERFUL SOLUTIONSHITACHI EXCITATION SYSTEM

VCS-6000

The HITACHI VCS-6000 State-of-the-Art Voltage Regulator System Meets or Exceeds all U.S., Canadian & European Engineering Standards

Reasons for Excitation System Upgrade The expansion of the power distribution network in recent years increased the necessity for stable operation of individual generators. Known issues in this context are a decrease in stability as transmission distances and load inconsistencies increase. For green site unit projects and modernization projects, high system efficiency and easy maintenance of control devices are mandatory in the electric power industry. For modernization projects, system and spare part obsolescence are also important decision factors in deploying a new excitation system. Power Plant Needs and Our Solution Stable Power Supply Flexible Plant Management Digital-AVR Centralization of Information Quick Response & High Efficiency Easy System Maintenance Systems Integration Power System Stabilizer Human Machine Interface Information Network Maintenance Tool The Digital Automatic Voltage Regulator and Power System Stabilizer are the most cost effective measures in power transmission stabilization strategies. HITACHIs solution is the digital, static VCS-6000 Excitation System with the integrated Power System Stabilizer. Using a state-of-the-art 32 bit RISC processor, the VCS-6000 integrates various functions into the voltage control system to achieve a responsive and reliable network.

Power Line Network

Distribution Network Local Network Industries & Consumer

Key Components of Digital-AVR Control The primary function of the Digital AVR is regulating the generator voltage and matching it with the voltage reference value (90R set point). Hence, the AVR has a key role in supplying stable voltage during power swings in the power generation network.
Required Functions: - Multifunction Controller - High Reliability (system redundancy, self-diagnostic function, compact design) - Centralized System Supervision - Ease of Operation, Maintenance, and Safety - Power System Stabilizer

Outline of Digital-AVR

Power Stability
Transient Dynamic

Proposed improvement by means of genarator Excitation System AVR: Maintenance of Generator Voltage PSS: Improvement of the power system stability

AVR PSS AVR setting value +

PT

KA

G2
Main Transformer
Decrease in Power Stability

Gn

Main Breaker Power Grid 1


Local Power Oscillation(1.0Hz)

T
Turbine

G1
Generator VG (Generator Voltage)

Rotational Torque

AVR: Automatic Voltage Regulator PSS: Power System Stabilizer


Power Grid 2
Inter-system Power Oscillation (0.3-0.5Hz)

CONTROL SYSTEM CONFIGURATION Parallel Redundant Control System


Each control channel A/B has parallel control hardware for gate signal control and for I/O signal interface. Hence, there is no impact on plant operation if one channel failure occurs.

Capacity Expansion
Each control channel A/B has the capability to fire 10 parallel thyristor bridges. Hence, there is no limitation to the excitation rating.

Diagnostic Identification
The HMI stores fault information with time stamp for both control channels.

Typical Thyristor Excitation System VCS-6000 (Redundant AVR)

52 PT-A

HMI

VCMI(A) Signal Detect

Optic Control GPG

RDIO RDIO DI TB

AI

VCMI(B) PT-B AI EX-TR 41 Max 10 Parallel THY#n THY#1 GDIO Signal Detect Control GPG

Optic RDIO RDIO

DO

Tool

PS(A) Optic PS(B)

AC VCMI; Voltage Control Module Integrated GPG; Gate Pulse Generator EX-TR; Excitation Transformer GDIO; Gate Driver & I/O DC CBC; Craw-Bar Circuit HMI; Human Machine Interface

DC

CrowBar DR

CBC

RDIO; Remote Digital I/O PS; Power Source

inches (mm)
ACFCB THY (1) THY (2) AVR

HMI

90.6" (2,300)

39.4" (1,000)

43.3" 43.3" (1,100) (1,100) 165.4" (4,200)

39.4" (1,000)

47.2" (1,200)

Typical dimensions for 375VDC / 2000ADC class 4

VCS-6000 COMPONENTS
I LOCAL OPERATION / MONITORING MAIN MENU ONLINE PROCESS MONITOR CONTROL PANEL

Fault Indication Channel On-Off Limiter Action (Master/Slave) Mode Selection (Local-Remote)

Scroll button Mode Selection AVR-AER (FCR) Var/PF On-Off

Reset Alarm Release

I HMI (mounted on the front panel of AVR) I COOLING FAN Each THY panel has on-line maintenance capability of the fan (hot-swap) I FAN POWER SUPPLY CONTACTOR

AVR/AER Selector Excitation ON/OFF Selector FCB ON/OFF Selector

I HPSI High potential signal interface for signal calculation at VCMI. Input Signals: *EX-TR secondary voltage *Generator field voltage *Generator field current *Crow-bar voltage I VCMI *Signal detection (V, P, Q, f, Vfdc etc.) *AVR control *Analog input: 20 points *Analog output: 7 points *Gate pulse generator *Historical trend data record I RDIO VCMI controls these I/O signals through the optical cable transmission between RDIO and VCMI. *Digital input: 16 points *Digital output: 10 points

I AC FIELD CIRCUIT BREAKER (41) Main field circuit breaker provides disconnect from excitation field circuit. AC-FCB is applicable for the ratings; 690V AC, 4,000 ADC.

I THYRISTOR BRIDGE SECTION Hitachi design is based on N+1 parallel redundancy as a standard.

I GDIO GDIO supplies the gate pulse to the thyristor from the gate trigger signal received from VCMI. Functions: *Gate pulse adjustment *Digital input: 16 points *Digital output: 6 points

Example of AC Field Circuit Breaker Control System Arrangement


5

HITACHI Excitation System VCS-6000 Uses State-of-the-Art Digital Control Technology for Synchronous Machines, Providing Excellent Control and Easy Maintenance.
VCS-6000 FEATURES
ADAPTABILITY The VCS-6000 Automatic Voltage Regulator has been installed in all sizes of applications from small rotating excitation system to large static excitation system. FLEXIBILITY Selection of simplex or redundant system is available as required by the customer. RELIABILITY VCS-6000 assures high component reliability as a result of the following approach: Consolidated design results in fewer boards and less internal wiring. Varnish coating for of all boards inhibits corrosion and extends life. Aging test for all boards. STABILITY & REDUNDANCY Complete parallel redundant Excitation System through the following design features: Assuring stable plant operation by application of two parallel control channels. Assuring stable plant operation by implementation of N+1 Thyristor bridge circuits as standard design. Assuring stable plant operation by application of DC/DC & AC/DC control power supplies. ELECTRO-MAGNETIC INTERFERENCE Application of optical cable minimizes electro-magnetic influence of signals. Application of fiber-optic cables for gate-firing signals eliminates susceptibility to electromagnectic interference. LOCAL OPERATION One simple local operation screen on front door of AVR panel prevents confusion and potential for misoperation. Displays system parameters (Vg, Pg, Qg, etc;.) Raise/Lower commands of reference value. ON/OFF command and control mode selection command for excitation control for both channels in redundant system. EASE OF USE VCS-6000 provides diagnostic functions, control functions and limiters as follows: Fault detection of each module by sophisticated self-diagnostic function. High-speed historical trend; records data for testing and fault analysis. Soft start function for prevention of generator voltage over-shooting. Auto tracking function between actual operating mode and other control modes for bumpless transfer. Enhanced crow-bar circuit prevents energy from coming back into the control system following a collapse of the field (CEMF) Local control panel support for quick troubleshooting using alarm history log (historian).

MAINTAINABILITY VCS-6000 provides excellent maintainability of the excitation control system using the Commissioning & Maintenance Tool. Facilitates online replacement by isolation of disfunctional control channel from operation. One thyristor bridge per panel assembly improves maintainability and easy identification of disfunctional bridge. Safe maintenance, online monitoring and tuning with Commissioning & Maintenance Tool.

VCS-6000... Competitive Advantage Through High-Tech Engineering

EXAMPLES
Potential Source Rectifier Exciter(THY-EX) Available maximum 10 thyristor (THY) cubicles depending on required exciter rating. AVR cubicle is same dimension for both single or duplicate AVR.
PT CT EX-TR AC-FCB THY 31 G EX-TR G
AC -EX

Brushless Exciter(BL-EX)
PT CT AVR(VCMI) PWM G
AC -EX PMG

inches (mm)

AVR HMI 90.6" (2,300)

AVR (VCMI)

Fig 5 Brushless Exciter with PMG Fig 1 Apply AC-FCB


(Applicable for medium capacity generator) (Mainly apply for fossil power plant)

PT CT AVR(VCMI) PWM

31.5" (800)

39.4" (1,000)

inches (mm)

Fig 7 AVR cubicle dimension (Sample)

ACFCB

THY (1)

THY (2)

Fig 6 Brushless Exciter without PMG


(Mainly apply for hydro power plant)

AVR HMI

90.6" (2,300)

Input Output

PWM Rating 110 V, 3 phase 15 A continuous, 22.5 A, 60 S 60 A continuous, 90 A, 60 S

Alternator-Rectifier Exciter(AC-EX)
39.4" (1,000) 43.3" 43.3" (1,100) (1,100) 165.4" (4,200) 39.4" (1,000) 47.2" (1,200)
CT PT AVR (VCMI) 41 G
AC -EX HFG

PWM

Fig 2 375VDC 2,000 A DC class cubicle dimension (Sample)


PT CT EX-TR THY
Tool

Fig 8 AC-EX with HFG


THY AVR
HMI

inches (mm)

AVR (VCMI)

90.6" (2,300)

Fig 3 Apply DC-FCB


(Applicable for large capacity generator)

DCFCB

31

Fig 9 200 VDC 200 A class Cubicle Dimension (Sample)

43.3" (1,100)

39.4" (1,000)

47.2" (1,200)

ACBUS

THY (1)

THY (2)

THY (3)

THY (10)

FS

DCBUS

inches (mm)

AVR HMI

90.6" (2,300)

Fig 4 500VDC 8,000A DC class cubicle dimension (Sample)

31.5" (800)

47.2" (1,200)

47.2" (1,200)

47.2" (1,200)

47.2" (1,200)

39.4" (1,000)

31.5" (800)

39.4" (1,000)

63" (1,600)

WORLD WIDE SUPPORT

HITACHI Provides Innovative & Reliable Solutions, Products & Services World-Wide:
Hitachi Canada, Ltd.
Power & Industry Division 460-10655 Southport Road S.W. Calgary, Alberta T2W 4Y1 Tel : +1 (403) 278-1881 Fax: +1 (403) 278-1810

Hitachi India Pvt, Ltd.


10th Floor, Hindustan Times House 18-20, Kasturba Gandhi Marg New Delhi-110001 Tel: +91 (11) 2331-5635 Fax: +91 (11) 2331-3742

Head Office Hitachi, Ltd., Power Systems


Akihabara Daibiru Building, 18-13, Soto-Kanda 1-chome, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 101-8608 Japan Tel: +81 (3) 3258-1111

Mechanical Dynamics and Analysis, Ltd. Control Systems (MD&A CS)


328 South Link Lane, Suite 13 Fort Collins, CO 80524 Tel: +1 (970) 224-2223 Fax: +1 (970) 224-1700 email: csd@MDAturbines.com www.MDAturbines.com

Hitachi Asia, Ltd.


(Headquarters) Power & Industrial Group 16 Collyer Quay #20-00 Hitachi Tower, Singapore 049318 Tel: +65 (6535) 2100 Fax: +65 (6535) 1533

Hitachi China, Ltd.


Beijing Headquarters 18/F., Beijing Fortune Building 5 Dong San Huan Bei Lu Chao Yang District Beijing 100004 Tel: +86 (10) 6590-8111 Fax: +86 (10) 6590-8110

Hitachi America, Ltd.


Power & Industrial Division 50 Prospect Avenue Tarrytown, NY 10591-4698 Tel: +1 (914) 332-5800 Fax: +1 (914) 332-5555

Hitachi Australia, Ltd.


(Head office) Level 3. 82 Waterloo Road. North Ryde, NSW 2113 Tel: +61 (2) 9888-4100 Fax: +61 (2) 9888-4188

Hitachi China, Ltd.


(Shanghai Branch) 18/F., Ruijing Building No. 205 Maoming Road(s) Shanghai 200020 Tel: +86 (21) 6472-1002 Fax: +86 (21) 6415-8310

Hitachi Europe, Ltd.


(European Headquarters) Power & Industrial Group Whitebrook Park Lower Cookham Road Maidenhead, Berkshire SL6 8YA,UK Tel: +44 (1628) 58-5000 Fax: +44 (1628) 58-5373

Hitachi Australia, Ltd.


(Brisbane office) Sky Level. 301 Coronation Drive Milton. QLD 4064 Tel: +61 (7) 3369-3962 Fax: +61 (7) 3369-8155

Hitachi Mexico, S.A. de C.V.


Andres Bello No.10 Piso 10 Col. Chapultepec Polanco 11560.Mexico.D.F. Tel: +52 (55) 5282-9040 Fax: +52 (55) 5282-9042

Hitachi, Ltd. Information & Control Systems Division Power Plant Control Systems Engineering Dept.
5-2-1, Omika-cho, Hitachi-shi, Ibaraki-ken, 319-1293 Japan Tel: +81 (294) 53-1111 Fax: +81 (294) 53-2230

Mechanical Dynamics & Analysis, Ltd.


19 British American Blvd. Latham, NY 12110 USA Tel: +1 (518) 399-3616 Fax: +1 (518) 399-3929
This product is protected by the following patents and/or patent pendings. Patent: JP3314035, JP3706960 (US5594350) Patent Pending: JP2006-129631, JP2005-333486, JP2003-204699

Copyright 2009 Hitachi,Ltd. All rights reserved

No.VCS-6000-CATA-01E2 Printed in the USA 2009(MD&A)