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APPENDIX 4C

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-1

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-1 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-1 is also represented by: o Reach 006 o North Branch Menomonee River

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER


43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL


43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u


43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK


43 41 t u 18 t u


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u


94

o ff SHA SHA


94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK


894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u


94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


894


43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE


43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145


43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )


43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A


UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX


43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u


94

A A


94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18


894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK


94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )


894
CREEK

@ ?
38


43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON


43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6


45 t u 41 t u


43

!
MN-9

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11


43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14


94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17


43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17


94

A A
18 t u


94

MN-18

! MN-18


894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


94


894


43

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

Pioneer Road

MN-1
! !

Mequ

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water Waterbodies Civil Division


0

650 1,300 Feet 2,600

Assessment Point Map: MN-1


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Pioneer Road

MN-1
! !

Mequ

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilities Manufacturing and Industrial

0 650 1,300 Feet 2,600

Land Use Map: MN-1


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Geometric Mean Standard Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP) Not to Exceed Standard Minimum Concentration Standard USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow) Standard/Target 200 counts/100 ml 400 counts/100 ml 5 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Flashiness

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-1, Reach 6, North Branch Menomonee River
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Very Good Moderate to Poor Good Very Good to Good Very Good Moderate to Poor
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonably low at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site are typically below this level about 20% of the time. The water leaving the nearby wetlands may be anoxic at times which would decrease oxygen levels in the stream. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are below 400. Unlike many of the downstream sites, this site does not exhibit frequent spikes of >5,000 counts. This may be related to settling and solar exposure in the wetlands. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations of phosphorus, on most of the days, are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentrations do not exceed 0.3 mg/l on any day. Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on most of the days and the concentrations of suspended solids do not exceed 100 mg/l on any day. The decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water. The upper portion of the concentration ranges for each month is fairly typical; however, the lower portions of the ranges (below the median or 25th percentile) decline more than would be expected. This may indicate excess organic matter or biochemical oxygen demand in the stream. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the median and 75th percentile values decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt. Phosphorus concentrations rarely exceed the planning guideline. They increase slightly during late spring and summer. This may be related to a combination of snow melt and fertilizer runoff from agricultural fields. The concentrations of suspended solids are relatively low year-round and lower during the winter months. The lower concentrations during the winter are probably related to a number of factors including frozen conditions and low-impact storms (snow doesnt pound the soil like rain).

Good to Moderate Very Good Very Good

Figure Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Note that the largest declines in dissolved oxygen concentrations occur at low flows. This is partly due to a combination Moderate
of decreased water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often naturally associated with the warm summer months). Decreases during low-flow conditions may be exacerbated by oxygen demand from organic material and in-stream biochemical oxygen demand. Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. Note that during any period with the higher flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard about 50% of the time. During low flows and dry conditions, the standard is met well over 75% of the time. This would also be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational uses to wading. Concentrations of phosphorus only exceed the planning guideline at higher flows. This suggests that the excess phosphorus is originating from non-point sources. The similarities between the phosphorus and suspended solids data suggest that the phosphorus may be associated with suspended sediment. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Moderate

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Very Good to Good Very Good

Flashiness Index
Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.30

Reach 6

Description North Branch Menomonee River

Average Daily Flows


North Branch Menomonee River (6) 50 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-1 North Branch Menomonee River

Water Quality Indicator


Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
701 81 116 287 672 89 90 147 9.6 9.5 90 0.047 0.038 95 1.24 1.12 8.2 6.9 0.0023 0.0013

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River @ North Branch Menomonee River (RI 6)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ North Branch Menomonee River (RI 6)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ North Branch Menomonee River (RI 6 )


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-0.05 0.05-0.1 0.1-0.15 0.15-0.2 0.2-0.25 0.25-0.3 0.3-0.35 0.35-0.4 0.4-0.45 0.45-0.5 >0.5

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ North Branch Menomonee River (RI 6)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

North Branch Menomonee River Reach 006


Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

North Branch Menomonee River Reach 006


Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+04
Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

North Branch Menomonee River Reach 006


Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

North Branch Menomonee River Reach 006


Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-2

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-2 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-2 is also represented by: o Reach 803 o Upper Menomonee River

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER


43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL


43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u


43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK


43 41 t u 18 t u


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u


94

o ff SHA SHA


94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK


894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u


94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


894


43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE


43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145


43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )


43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A


UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX


43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u


94

A A


94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18


894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK


94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )


894
CREEK

@ ?
38


43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON


43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6


45 t u 41 t u


43

!
MN-9

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11


43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14


94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17


43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17


94

A A
18 t u


94

MN-18

! MN-18


894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


94


894


43

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

Pioneer Road

MN-2
! !

Mequon Road

! ! Ap pl et on

Av .
!

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water Waterbodies Civil Division


0

1,000 2,000 Feet 4,000

Assessment Point Map: MN-2


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Pioneer Road

MN-2
! !

Mequon Road

! ! Ap pl et on

Av .
!

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilities Manufacturing and Industrial

0 1,000 2,000 Feet 4,000

Land Use Map: MN-2


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Geometric Mean Standard Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP) Not to Exceed Standard Minimum Concentration Standard USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow) Standard/Target 200 counts/100 ml 400 counts/100 ml 5 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Flashiness

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-2, Reach 803, Upper Menomonee River
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Very Good Good to Moderate Good Good to Moderate Very Good
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonably low at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site periodically fall below this level. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are below 400. Unlike many of the downstream sites, this site does not exhibit frequent spikes of above 5,000 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations of phosphorus, on most of the days, are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentrations do not exceed 0.35 mg/l on any day. Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on most of the days and the concentrations of suspended solids do not exceed 100 mg/l on any day. This may be related to settling in the wetlands. Note the lower dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer. This is expected and due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water. The moderate variability suggests that there may be algal growth, organic enrichment and increased oxygen demand in the stream. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, note that the median and 75th percentile values decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt. Phosphorus concentrations are lowest in late winter and early spring and are highest in the summer and early fall. The increases during the summer may be related to fertilizer inputs and runoff from agricultural fields. The concentrations of suspended solids are relatively low year-round and lower during the winter months. The lower concentrations during the winter months are likely due to a number of factors including frozen conditions and low-impact storms (snow doesnt pound the soil like rain).

Good Good to Moderate Moderate Very Good

Figure Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Note that the largest decreases in dissolved oxygen concentrations occur at low flows. This is likely due to a combination Good Moderate
of decreased water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. Note that during any period with high flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard about 50% of the time. During low flows and dry conditions, the standard is met over 75% of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading. Concentrations of phosphorus are greatest at low flows. This suggests a background source of phosphorus that may be associated with agricultural drain tile discharge or releases from private onsite wastewater treatment systems (including agricultural lagoons). The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Moderate Very Good

Flashiness Index
Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.25

Reach 803

Description Upper Menomonee River

Average Daily Flow


Upper Menomonee River (803) 200 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point

Water Quality Indicator

Statistic

Condition Existing
797 75 124 262 602 86 79 144 9.3 9.1 100 0.09 0.072 70 0.77 0.72 7.9 5.7 0.0024 0.0012

MN-2 Fecal Coliform Bacteria Upper Menomonee (annual) River

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River @ Upper Menomonee River (RI 803)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Upper Menomonee River (RI 803)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Upper Menomonee River (RI 803 )


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-0.05 0.05-0.1 0.1-0.15 0.15-0.2 0.2-0.25 0.25-0.3 0.3-0.35 0.35-0.4 0.4-0.45 0.45-0.5 >0.5

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Upper Menomonee River (RI 803)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

Upper Menomonee River Reach 803


Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Upper Menomonee River Reach 803


Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+04
Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Upper Menomonee River Reach 803


Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Upper Menomonee River Reach 803


Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-3

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-3 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-3 is also represented by: o Reach 812 o West Branch Menomonee River

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER


43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL


43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u


43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK


43 41 t u 18 t u


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u


94

o ff SHA SHA


94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK


894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u


94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


894


43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE


43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145


43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )


43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A


UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX


43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u


94

A A


94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18


894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK


94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )


894
CREEK

@ ?
38


43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON


43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6


45 t u 41 t u


43

!
MN-9

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11


43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14


94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17


43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17


94

A A
18 t u


94

MN-18

! MN-18


894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


94


894


43

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

! !

MN-3

Ap pl et

on Av .
!

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water Waterbodies Civil Division


0

625 1,250 Feet 2,500

Assessment Point Map: MN-3


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

! !

MN-3

Ap pl et

on Av .
!

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilities Manufacturing and Industrial

0 650 1,300 Feet 2,600

Land Use Map: MN-3


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Geometric Mean Standard Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP) Not to Exceed Standard Minimum Concentration Standard USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow) Standard/Target 200 counts/100 ml 400 counts/100 ml 5 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Flashiness

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-3, Reach 812, West Branch Menomonee River
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Good Moderate Good Very Good to Good Very Good
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site are below this level about 20% of the time. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100 ml). The counts on majority of the days are below 400. Unlike many of the downstream sites, this site does not exhibit frequent spikes of above 5,000 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations of phosphorus, on most of the days, are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentrations do not exceed 0.25 mg/l on any day. Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on most of the days and the concentrations of suspended solids do not exceed 100 mg/l on any day. This may be related to settling in the ponds and wetlands. The decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water. The upper portion of the concentration ranges for each month is fairly typical; however, the lower portions of the ranges (below the median or 25th percentile) decline more than would be expected. This may indicate excess organic matter and biochemical oxygen demand in the stream. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the median and 75th percentile values decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt. Phosphorus concentrations rarely exceed the planning guideline. They increase slightly during late spring and summer. This may be related to a combination of snow melt and fertilizer runoff from agricultural fields. The concentrations of suspended solids are relatively low year-round and lower during the winter months. The lower concentrations during the winter are probably linked to a number of factors including frozen conditions, decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesnt pound the soil like rain).

Moderate to Poor

Good to Moderate Very Good to Good Very Good

Figure Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Note that the largest declines in dissolved oxygen concentrations occur during low flows. This is partly due to a Moderate
combination of decreased water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often naturally associated with the warm summer months). Declines during low flow conditions may be exacerbated by oxygen demand from organic material and increase biochemical oxygen demand. Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. Note that during any period with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard about 50% of the time. During low flows and dry conditions, the standard is met well over 75% of the time; this would also be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading. Concentrations of phosphorus only exceed the planning guideline at high flows. This suggests that the excess phosphorus is from non-point sources. The similarities between the phosphorus and suspended solids data suggest that the phosphorus may be associated with suspended sediments. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Moderate to Poor

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Good Very Good to Good

Flashiness Index
Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.49

Reach 812

Description West Branch Menomonee River

Average Daily Flow


West Branch Menomonee River (812) 50 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-3 West Branch Menomonee River

Water Quality Indicator


Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
1,167 77 159 250 712 90 101 144 9.4 9.5 91 0.053 0.039 91 1.08 0.96 10.6 8.1 0.0035 0.0013

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River @ West Branch Menomonee River (RI 812)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ West Branch Menomonee River (RI 812)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ West Branch Menomonee River (RI 812 )


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-0.05 0.05-0.1 0.1-0.15 0.15-0.2 0.2-0.25 0.25-0.3 0.3-0.35 0.35-0.4 0.4-0.45 0.45-0.5 >0.5

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ West Branch Menomonee River (RI 812)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

West Branch Menomonee River Reach 812


Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

West Branch Menomonee River Reach 812


Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+04
Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

West Branch Menomonee River Reach 812


Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

West Branch Menomonee River Reach 812


Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-4

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-4 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-4 is also represented by: o Reach 820 o Willow Creek

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER


43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL


43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u


43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK


43 41 t u 18 t u


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u


94

o ff SHA SHA


94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK


894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u


94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


894


43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE


43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145


43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )


43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A


UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX


43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u


94

A A


94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18


894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK


94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )


894
CREEK

@ ?
38


43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON


43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6


45 t u 41 t u


43

!
MN-9

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11


43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14


94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17


43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17


94

A A
18 t u


94

MN-18

! MN-18


894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


94


894


43

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

Ap pl

MN-4

et on Av .
!

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water


0

650 1,300 Feet 2,600

ASSESSMENT POINT Map: MN-4


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Waterbodies Civil Division

Ap pl

MN-4

et on Av .
!

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utlities Manufacturing and Industrial

0 650 1,300 Feet 2,600

Land Use Map: MN-4


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Geometric Mean Standard Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP) Not to Exceed Standard Minimum Concentration Standard USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow) Standard/Target 200 counts/100 ml 400 counts/100 ml 5 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Flashiness

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-4, Reach 820, Willow Creek
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Good Moderate Good Good Very Good Moderate Good to Moderate Very Good Very Good
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site fall below this level about 20% of the time. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are below 400. Unlike many of the downstream sites, this site does not exhibit frequent spikes of >5,000 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most of the days are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentrations do not exceed 0.3 mg/l on any day. Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on most of the days and the concentrations of suspended solids do not exceed 125 mg/l on any day The decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water. However, the summer concentrations decline more than would be expected. This may indicate a lack of riffles and aeration. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the median and 75th percentile values decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt. Phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline less than 25% of the time. The median concentration increases slightly in March and is likely related to snow melt. Note that the increases in the lowest values during the late spring and early summer could be related to fertilizer application. The concentrations of suspended solids are reasonable year-round and lower during the winter months. The lower concentrations during the winter are probably related to a number of factors including frozen conditions and low-impact storms (snow doesnt pound the soil like rain).

Figure Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Good to Moderate Note that the largest decreases in dissolved oxygen concentrations occur at low flows. This is partly due to a combination
of decreased water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often naturally associated with the warm summer months). Decreases during low flow conditions may be exacerbated by excess organic material and biochemical oxygen demand. Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. Note that during any period with the high flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard roughly 75% of the time. During low flows and dry conditions, the standard is met well over 75% of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading. Concentrations of phosphorus only exceed the planning guideline at moist conditions and high flows. This suggests that the excess phosphorus is primarily from non-point sources. The similarities between the phosphorus and suspended solids data suggest that the phosphorus may be associated with suspended sediment. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Moderate to Poor

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Good Very Good to Good

Flashiness Index

Reach 820

Description Willow Creek

Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.44

Average Daily Flow


Willow Creek (820) 200 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-4 Willow Creek

Water Quality Indicator


Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
1,244 76 183 218 794 87 125 125 8.9 9.1 96 0.036 0.025 93 0.73 0.65 9.1 7.3 0.0030 0.0012

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River @ Willow Creek (RI 820)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Willow Creek (RI 820)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Willow Creek (RI 820 )


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-0.05 0.05-0.1 0.1-0.15 0.15-0.2 0.2-0.25 0.25-0.3 0.3-0.35 0.35-0.4 0.4-0.45 0.45-0.5 >0.5

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Willow Creek (RI 820)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

Willow Creek Reach 820


Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Willow Creek Reach 820


Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+04
Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Willow Creek Reach 820


Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Willow Creek Reach 820


Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-5

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-5 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-5 is also represented by: o Reach 823 o RI-16 o Menomonee River at County Line Road o Menomonee River at Washington-Waukesha County Line

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER


43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL


43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u


43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK


43 41 t u 18 t u


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u


94

o ff SHA SHA


94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK


894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u


94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


894


43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE


43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145


43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )


43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A


UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX


43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u


94

A A


94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18


894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK


94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )


894
CREEK

@ ?
38


43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON


43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6


45 t u 41 t u


43

!
MN-9

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11


43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14


94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17


43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17


94

A A
18 t u


94

MN-18

! MN-18


894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


94


894


43

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

! !

Mequon Road

! Ap pl et on

Av .
MN-5
!

Main St.
!

. St
LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds MN_5 Water Waterbodies Civil Division


0

800 1,600 Feet 3,200

Assessment Point Map: MN-5


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

! !

Mequon Road

! Ap pl et on

Av .
MN-5
!

Main St.
!

. St
LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilities Manufacturing and Industrial

0 800 1,600 Feet 3,200

Land Use Map: MN-5


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Geometric Mean Standard Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP) Not to Exceed Standard Minimum Concentration Standard USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow) Standard/Target 200 counts/100 ml 400 counts/100 ml 5 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Flashiness

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-5, Reach 823, RI-16, Menomonee River at Washington-Waukesha County Line (County Line Road)
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly chloride grab samples (CL not from models) Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Very Good Good Moderate Moderate to Poor Very Good Inconclusive (no winter data)
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonably low at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site rarely fall below this level. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are below 400. This site exhibits fewer spikes of above 5,000 counts than many of the downstream sites. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most days are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline, but occasionally, the concentrations exceed 0.5 mg/l. Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l during most of the days and the concentrations of suspended solids do not exceed 125 mg/l on any day These samples exhibit chloride concentrations that are below those that are toxic to fish and invertebrates. Concentrations measured in March consistently exceed the chronic toxicity threshold. However, a common source of chloride is road salt and there is no winter data. Note that concentrations in the March samples (which include snow melt and spring runoff) are higher than the rest of the year. However, chloride concentrations during the winter would be expected to be greater than those measured in March. Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer. This is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water. Conditions in early-to-mid summer approach the dissolved oxygen standard. While this is not a problem, it suggests that small amounts of additional organic inputs or algal growth may increase biochemical oxygen demand and create problems. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the median and 75th percentile values decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt. In most months, phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline 25% to 50% of the time. Note that the lowest range of concentrations increase in the late spring and early summer, possibly related to fertilizer runoff. The concentrations of suspended solids are relatively low year-round and lower during the winter months. The lower concentrations during the winter are probably related to a number of factors including frozen conditions and low-impact storms (snow doesnt pound the soil like rain).

Good

Good to Moderate Moderate Good

Figure Chloride by flow (Cl not from models) Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Inconclusive (no As the field data used to develop this figure do not include samples from the winter, it is impossible to draw accurate winter data) conclusions regarding chloride from this figure. Good Moderate to Poor
Note the slight decline in the concentration of dissolved oxygen that occurs at low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. The infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5 years) would only contribute during the high flows when substantial non-point loads are present. Note that during any period with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard 75% of the time. During low flows, the standard is met more than 75% of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading. Concentrations of phosphorus are greatest at high and low flows. This suggests a background source of phosphorus that is particularly noticeable during low flows as well as non-point loading of phosphorus at high flows (likely associated with suspended sediment). The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Moderate to Poor Very Good to Good

Flashiness Index

Reach RI-16

Description County Line Road

Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.33

Average Daily Flow


County Line Road (823) 200 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-5 Menomonee River at WashingtonWaukesha County Line

Water Quality Indicator


Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
1,417 68 205 202 890 82 105 125 10.5 10.7 99 0.097 0.063 70 1.21 1.08 10.2 6 0.0041 0.0016

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River @ County Line Road (RI 16)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ County Line Road (RI 16)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ County Line Road (RI 16)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-0.05 0.05-0.1 0.1-0.15 0.15-0.2 0.2-0.25 0.25-0.3 0.3-0.35 0.35-0.4 0.4-0.45 0.45-0.5 >0.5

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ County Line Road (RI 16)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

County Line Road (RI-16) Reach 823


Chloride
Flow Conditions 1000 Acute Toxicity (757 mg/L) Chronic Toxicity (395 mg/L) Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

High Flows

Moist Conditions

Mid-range Flows

Dry Conditions

Low Flows

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data; Chloride Field Data

County Line Road (RI-16) Reach 823


Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

County Line Road (RI-16) Reach 823


Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+04
Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

County Line Road (RI-16) Reach 823


Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

County Line Road (RI-16) Reach 823


Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-6

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-6 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-6 is also represented by: o Reach 834 o Nor-X-Way Channel

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER


43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL


43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u


43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK


43 41 t u 18 t u


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u


94

o ff SHA SHA


94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK


894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u


94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


894


43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE


43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145


43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )


43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A


UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX


43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u


94

A A


94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18


894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK


94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )


894
CREEK

@ ?
38


43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON


43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6


45 t u 41 t u


43

!
MN-9

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11


43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14


94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17


43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17


94

A A
18 t u


94

MN-18

! MN-18


894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


94


894


43

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

! !

Mequon Road

Main St.
!

MN-6

Brown D

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water


0

850 1,700 Feet 3,400

Assessment Point Map: MN-6


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Waterbodies Civil Division

! !

Mequon Road

Main St.
!

MN-6

Brown D

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilities Manufacturing and Industrial

0 850 1,700 Feet 3,400

Land Use Map: MN-6


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Geometric Mean Standard Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP) Not to Exceed Standard Minimum Concentration Standard USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow) Standard/Target 200 counts/100 ml 400 counts/100 ml 5 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Flashiness

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-6, Reach 834, Nor-X-Way Channel
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Good Good Variable (some good, some bad)
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site rarely fall below this level. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on most of the days are either below 400 or above 5,000. A potential goal in this case may be to determine the conditions that create the above 5,000 days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these conditions. An additional goal may be to find ways to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that have below 400 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most of the days are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentrations do not exceed 0.3 mg/l on any day. Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l during the majority of the days, but the concentrations of suspended solids exceed 200 mg/l on some days. Note the lower dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer. This is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water. Conditions in early-to-mid summer approach the standard. While this is not a problem, it suggests that small amounts of additional organic inputs or algal growth may increase biochemical oxygen demand and create problems. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, note that the 75th percentile values decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt. In each month, phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline less than 25% of the time. Note that the 75th percentile concentrations decline during the late spring and early summer, possibly related to phosphorus uptake from plants and algae. The 75th percentiles of suspended solids concentrations are highest in the late winter and early spring. Particularly in March, this is probably related to runoff from snow melt. The maximum concentrations of suspended solids are lowest in the winter, likely due to frozen conditions, decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesnt pound the soil like rain).

Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Good Good Good to Moderate

Moderate Very Good to Good Good

Figure Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations at low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased water Good
agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). This is somewhat natural, but may be exacerbated by alterations in the stream and watershed (for example, a concrete-lined channel). Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. Note that during any period with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard more than 75% of the time. During dry conditions and low flows, the standard is met more than 75% of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading. Concentrations of phosphorus are lowest at high and low flows. This suggests that the inputs are primarily non-point sources that are activated during small storms, but that are diluted by heavy storms. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Moderate to Poor

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Good Good

Flashiness Index
Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.48

Reach 834

Description Nor-X-Way Channel

Average Daily Flow


Nor-X-Way Channel (834) 50 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-6 Nor-X-Way Channel

Water Quality Indicator


Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
3,261 72 208 200 1,962 83 113 114 10.0 9.9 100 0.056 0.038 90 0.75 0.70 16.0 4.3 0.0037 0.0011

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River @ Nor-X-Way Channel (RI 834)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Nor-X-Way Channel (RI 834)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Nor-X-Way Channel (RI 834 )


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-0.05 0.05-0.1 0.1-0.15 0.15-0.2 0.2-0.25 0.25-0.3 0.3-0.35 0.35-0.4 0.4-0.45 0.45-0.5 >0.5

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Nor-X-Way Channel (RI 834)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

Nor-X-Way Channel Reach 834


Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Nor-X-Way Channel Reach 834


Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+04
Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Nor-X-Way Channel Reach 834


Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Nor-X-Way Channel Reach 834


Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-7

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-7 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-7 is also represented by: o Reach 841 o Lilly Creek

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER


43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL


43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u


43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK


43 41 t u 18 t u


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u


94

o ff SHA SHA


94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK


894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u


94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


894


43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE


43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145


43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )


43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A


UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX


43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u


94

A A


94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18


894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK


94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )


894
CREEK

@ ?
38


43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON


43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6


45 t u 41 t u


43

!
MN-9

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11


43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14


94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17


43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17


94

A A
18 t u


94

MN-18

! MN-18


894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


94


894


43

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

Main St.
!

MN-7

! ! !

Capitol Dr.

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water Waterbodies Civil Division


0

800 1,600 Feet 3,200

Assessment Point Map: MN-7


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Main St.
!

MN-7

! ! !

Capitol Dr.

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilities Manufacturing and Industrial

0 800 1,600 Feet 3,200

Land Use Map: MN-7


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Geometric Mean Standard Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP) Not to Exceed Standard Minimum Concentration Standard USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow) Standard/Target 200 counts/100 ml 400 counts/100 ml 5 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Flashiness

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-7, Reach 841, Lilly Creek
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Good Moderate to Poor Variable (some good, some bad)
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site fall below this level about 15% of the time. Concentrations occasionally fall below 2 mg/l. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are either below 400 or above 5,000. A potential goal in this case may be to determine the conditions that create the above 5,000 days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these conditions. An additional goal could be to find ways to decrease the fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that have below 400 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most of the days are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentrations do not exceed 0.4 mg/l on any day. Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on the majority of the days, but the concentrations exceed 200 mg/l on some of the days. It is normal for dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer to decline due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water; however, the lower concentrations during February, March, and May to December are lower than would be expected. This may be due to increased oxygen demand from aquatic organisms or from the decomposition of organic matter. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the 75th percentile concentrations drop during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt. There is an increase in the minimum values in July and August the cause of this is uncertain. In most months, phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline less than 25% of the time. Note that the 75th percentile concentrations decline in the late spring and summer, possibly related to phosphorus uptake from plants and algae. The 75th percentiles of suspended solids concentrations are highest during the late winter and early spring. The maximum concentrations for suspended solids are lowest in the winter, likely due to frozen conditions, decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesnt pound the soil like rain).

Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Good Good Moderate to Poor

Moderate

Good to Moderate Good

Figure Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Note the decline of dissolved oxygen concentrations during low flows; the standard is met only half of the time. This is Moderate
likely due to a combination of decreased water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). This is somewhat natural, but may be exacerbated by human-caused alterations of the stream and watershed. Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. Note that during periods with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard more 75% of the time. During dry conditions and low flows, the standard is met more than 75% of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading. Concentrations of phosphorus are highest at high flows. This suggests that the phosphorus inputs are primarily non-point sources. Much of the phosphorus is likely sediment-associated, particularly under moist conditions. Note the similarities between the phosphorus and suspended solids data. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Moderate to Poor

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Good Good

Flashiness Index

Reach 841

Description Lilly Creek

Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.69

Average Daily Flow


Lilly Creek (841) 200 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-7 Lilly Creek

Water Quality Indicator


Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
2,427 69 359 89 1,416 81 265 38 9.3 9.3 92 0.063 0.040 85 0.74 0.67 19.0 7.9 0.0051 0.0013

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River @ Lilly Creek (RI 841)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Lilly Creek (RI 841)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Lilly Creek (RI 841)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-0.05 0.05-0.1 0.1-0.15 0.15-0.2 0.2-0.25 0.25-0.3 0.3-0.35 0.35-0.4 0.4-0.45 0.45-0.5 >0.5

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Lilly Creek (RI 841)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

Lilly Creek Reach 841


Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Lilly Creek Reach 841


Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+04
Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Lilly Creek Reach 841


Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Lilly Creek Reach 841


Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-8

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-8 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-8 is also represented by: o Reach 855 o Butler Ditch

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER


43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL


43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u


43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK


43 41 t u 18 t u


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u


94

o ff SHA SHA


94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK


894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u


94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


894


43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE


43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145


43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )


43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A


UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX


43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u


94

A A


94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18


894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK


94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )


894
CREEK

@ ?
38


43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON


43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6


45 t u 41 t u


43

!
MN-9

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11


43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14


94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17


43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17


94

A A
18 t u


94

MN-18

! MN-18


894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


94


894


43

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

! ! !

MN-8

Capitol Dr.

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

Rd.

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water Waterbodies Civil Division


0

800 1,600 Feet 3,200

Assessment Point Map: MN-8


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

! ! !

MN-8

Capitol Dr.

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

Rd.

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilities Manufacturing and Industrial

0 800 1,600 Feet 3,200

Land Use Map: MN-8


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Geometric Mean Standard Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP) Not to Exceed Standard Minimum Concentration Standard USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow) Standard/Target 200 counts/100 ml 400 counts/100 ml 5 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Flashiness

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-8, Reach 855, Butler Ditch
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Good Moderate Variable (some good, some bad)
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site fall below this level about 10% of the time. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of days are either below 400 or above 5,000. A potential goal in this case may be to determine the conditions that create the above 5,000 days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these conditions. An additional goal could be to find ways to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that have below 400 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most of the days are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentrations do not exceed 0.35 mg/l on any day. Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on most of the days, but the concentrations exceed 200 mg/l on some of the days. It is normal for dissolved oxygen concentrations to decline during the summer due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water; however, the ranges of concentrations are wider than would be expected. This may be due to increased oxygen demand from aquatic organisms or from the decomposition of organic matter. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, note that the 75th percentile values decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt. There is an increase in the minimum values in July and August the cause of this is uncertain. In most months, phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline less than 25% of the time. Note that the 75th percentile values decline during the late spring and summer, possibly related to phosphorus uptake from plants and algae. The maximum concentrations for suspended solids are the lowest during the winter. This is likely due to frozen conditions, decreased construction, and low-impact storms (snow doesnt pound the soil like rain).

Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Good Good Moderate to Poor Moderate

Good to Moderate Good

Figure Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations at low flows; the standard is met 75% of the time. This is likely due Moderate
to a combination of decreased water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). This is somewhat natural, but is likely exacerbated by human-caused alterations in the stream and watershed. Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. The infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5 years) would only contribute during the high flows when substantial non-point loads are already present. Note that during periods with the highest flows, fecal coliform exceeds the regulatory standard. During dry conditions and low flows, the standard is met more than 75% of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading. Concentrations of phosphorus are highest at high flows. This suggests that the phosphorus inputs are primarily non-point sources. Much of the phosphorus is likely associated with sediment. Note the similarities between the phosphorus and suspended solids data. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Poor

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Good to Moderate Good

Flashiness index
Reach 855 Location Butler Ditch Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.67

Average Daily Flows

Butler Ditch (855)

200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0


Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS)

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-8 Butler Ditch

Water Quality Indicator


Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
2,425 64 424 82 1,325 79 286 31 9.6 9.3 93 0.065 0.042 85 0.68 0.62 17.5 7.9 0.0046 0.0014

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River @ Butler Ditch (RI 855)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Butler Ditch (RI 855)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Butler Ditch (RI 855)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-0.05 0.05-0.1 0.1-0.15 0.15-0.2 0.2-0.25 0.25-0.3 0.3-0.35 0.35-0.4 0.4-0.45 0.45-0.5 >0.5

AverageTP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Butler Ditch (RI 855)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

Butler Ditch Reach 855


Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Butler Ditch Reach 855


Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+04
Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Butler Ditch Reach 855


Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Butler Ditch Reach 855


Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-9

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-9 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-9 is also represented by: o Reach 848 o RI-21 o Menomonee River Downstream of Butler Ditch o 127th Street Extended

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER


43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL


43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u


43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK


43 41 t u 18 t u


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u


94

o ff SHA SHA


94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK


894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u


94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


894


43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE


43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145


43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )


43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A


UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX


43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u


94

A A


94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18


894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK


94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )


894
CREEK

@ ?
38


43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON


43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6


45 t u 41 t u


43

!
MN-9

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11


43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14


94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17


43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17


94

A A
18 t u


94

MN-18

! MN-18


894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


94


894


43

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

Main St.
!

pp A

! !

MN-9

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water Waterbodies Civil Division


0

800 1,600 Feet 3,200

Assessment Point Map: MN-9


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Main St.
!

pp A

! !

MN-9

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilities Manufacturing and Industrial

0 800 1,600 Feet 3,200

Land Use Map: MN-9


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Geometric Mean Standard Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP) Not to Exceed Standard Minimum Concentration Standard USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow) Standard/Target 200 counts/100 ml 400 counts/100 ml 5 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Flashiness

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-9, Reach 848, RI-21, Menomonee River Downstream of Butler Ditch (127th St. Extended)
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Good Good Variable (some good, some bad)
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site fall below this level infrequently. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are either below 400 or above 5,000. A potential goal in this case may be to determine the conditions that create the above 5,000 days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these conditions. An additional goal could be to find ways to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that have below 400 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning standard on about two-thirds of the days, but the concentrations exceed 1.5mg/l on some of the days. Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on most of the days, but the concentrations exceed 200 mg/l on some of the days. These samples have chloride concentrations that are below levels that are toxic to fish and invertebrates. However, a common source of chloride is road salt and there is no winter data. In other parts of the watershed, chloride is higher in March probably a residual from road salt. As this is not the case here, it is possible that chloride may not be problematic at this site. The decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water. The upper portions of the ranges for each month is fairly typical; however, the lower portions of the ranges (below the 25th percentile) decline more than would be expected during the summer. This may indicate excess organic matter and biochemical oxygen demand within the stream. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the median and 75th percentile values decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt. In most months, phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline about 25% to 50% of the time. Note that the phosphorus concentrations increase in March and is likely from snow melt. The maximum concentrations of suspended solids are lowest in the winter. This is likely due to frozen conditions, decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesnt pound the soil like rain).

Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly chloride grab samples (CL not from models) Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Moderate to Poor Good Inconclusive (no winter data) Good

Moderate Moderate to Poor Good

Figure Chloride by flow (Cl not from models) Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Inconclusive (no It is difficult to assess chloride without data from the winter months; however, the data suggests that high flows may dilute winter data) the chloride concentration. Good Poor
Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentration at low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. The infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5 years) would only contribute during the high flows when substantial non-point loads are already present. Note that during periods with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard more the 75% of the time. During low flows, the standard is met more than 75% of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.). Concentrations of phosphorus are greatest at high and low flows. This suggests a background source that is particularly noticeable during low flows (perhaps from non-contact cooling water) as well as non-point loading of phosphorus during medium and high flows. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Moderate to Poor Good

Flashiness Index

Reach RI-21

Description 127th Street Ext.

Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.42

Average Daily Flow


127th Street Ext. (848) 1200 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 1000 800 600 400 200 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-9 Menomonee River Downstream of Butler Ditch

Water Quality Indicator


Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
2,828 57 489 72 1,571 76 229 51 10.8 11 99 0.101 0.061 69 1.08 1 15.7 6 0.0052 0.0019

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River @ 127th Street Ext (RI 21)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ 127th Street Ext (RI 21)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ 127th Street Ext (RI 21)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-0.05 0.05-0.1 0.1-0.15 0.15-0.2 0.2-0.25 0.25-0.3 0.3-0.35 0.35-0.4 0.4-0.45 0.45-0.5 >0.5

AverageTP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ 127th Street Ext (RI 21)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

127th Street Ext. (RI-21) Reach 848


Chloride
Flow Conditions 1000 Acute Toxicity (757 mg/L) Chronic Toxicity (395 mg/L) Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

High Flows

Moist Conditions

Mid-range Flows

Dry Conditions

Low Flows

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data; Chloride Field Data

127th Street Ext. (RI-21) Reach 848


Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

127th Street Ext. (RI-21) Reach 848


Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+04
Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

127th Street Ext. (RI-21) Reach 848


Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

127th Street Ext. (RI-21) Reach 848


Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-10

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-10 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-10 is also represented by: o Reach 861 o Little Menomonee Creek

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER


43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL


43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u


43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK


43 41 t u 18 t u


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u


94

o ff SHA SHA


94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK


894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u


94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


894


43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE


43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145


43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )


43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A


UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX


43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u


94

A A


94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18


894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK


94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )


894
CREEK

@ ?
38


43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON


43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6


45 t u 41 t u


43

!
MN-9

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11


43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14


94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17


43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17


94

A A
18 t u


94

MN-18

! MN-18


894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


94


894


43

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

ad

MN-10

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water Waterbodies Civil Division


0

485 970 Feet 1,940

Assessment Point Map: MN-10


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

ad

MN-10

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilities Manufacturing and Industrial

0 500 1,000 Feet 2,000

Land Use Map: MN-10


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Geometric Mean Standard Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP) Not to Exceed Standard Minimum Concentration Standard USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow) Standard/Target 200 counts/100 ml 400 counts/100 ml 5 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Flashiness

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-10, Reach 861, Little Menomonee Creek
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Very Good Good to Moderate Variable (some good, some bad)
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site fall below 2 mg/l infrequently. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are either below 400 or above 5,000. A potential goal in this case may be to determine the conditions that create the above 5,000 days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these conditions. An additional goal could be to find ways to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that have below 400 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most of the days are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentrations do not exceed 0.3 mg/l on any day Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat).The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l during the majority of the days, but the concentrations exceed 200 mg/l on some of the days. The decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water. The upper portion of the ranges for each month is fairly typical; however, the lower portions of the ranges (below the median or 25th percentile) decline more than would be expected, particularly during the summer. This may indicate excess organic matter and biochemical oxygen demand in the stream. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, note that the median and 75th percentile values decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt. In each month, phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline less than 25% of the time. Note that the minimum values increase during the late spring and into the summer. This is likely related to runoff of fertilizer. The maximum concentrations of suspended solids are lowest during the winter, likely due to frozen conditions, decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesnt pound the soil like rain).

Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Very Good to Good Good Moderate

Moderate to Poor Very Good to Good Good to Moderate

Figure Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Good to Moderate Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased
water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). Also, note that dissolved oxygen concentrations decline during high flows, suggesting that the stormwater runoff may carry a relatively large organic load and biochemical oxygen demand in the stream. Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. Note that during periods with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard more the 75% of the time. During low flows, the standard is consistently met. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading. Concentrations of phosphorus are highest at high flows. This suggests the prevalence of non-point loads of phosphorus. Unlike many of the other sites, the phosphorus concentrations do not appear to correlate well with suspended solids concentration data. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Moderate to Poor

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Good Moderate

Flashiness Index

Reach

Description

Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.31

861

Little Menomonee Creek

Average Daily Flow


Little Menomonee Creek (861) 50 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-10 Little Menomonee Creek

Water Quality Indicator


Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
4,970 57 438 91 3,710 73 201 62 9.2 9.2 97 0.061 0.049 89 1.06 0.93 24.6 10.8 0.0031 0.0014

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River @ Little Menomonee Creek (RI 861)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Little Menomonee Creek (RI 861)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Little Menomonee Creek (RI 861 )


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-0.05 0.05-0.1 0.1-0.15 0.15-0.2 0.2-0.25 0.25-0.3 0.3-0.35 0.35-0.4 0.4-0.45 0.45-0.5 >0.5

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Little Menomonee Creek (RI 861)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

Little Menomonee Creek Reach 861


Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Little Menomonee Creek Reach 861


Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+04
Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Little Menomonee Creek Reach 861


Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Little Menomonee Creek Reach 861


Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-11

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-11 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-11 is also represented by: o Reach 871 o Little Menomonee River

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER


43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL


43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u


43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK


43 41 t u 18 t u


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u


94

o ff SHA SHA


94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK


894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u


94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


894


43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE


43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145


43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )


43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A


UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX


43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u


94

A A


94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18


894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK


94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )


894
CREEK

@ ?
38


43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON


43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6


45 t u 41 t u


43

!
MN-9

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11


43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14


94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17


43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17


94

A A
18 t u


94

MN-18

! MN-18


894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


94


894


43

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

Mequon Road Mequon Road

ain St.

Brown Deer Rd.

76th St.

G G
d. Bay R Green

n Fo d u D c La A
MN-11

A n to le pp A v.

v.

! !

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water Waterbodies Civil Division

0 1,2002,400 Feet 4,800

Assessment Point Map: MN-11


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

Mequon Road Mequon Road

ain St.

Brown Deer Rd.

76th St.

G G
d. Bay R Green

n Fo d u D La c A
MN-11

A le pp n to A v.

v.

! !

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilities Manufacturing and Industrial

0 1,250 2,500 Feet 5,000

Land Use Map: MN-11


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Geometric Mean Standard Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP) Not to Exceed Standard Minimum Concentration Standard USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow) Standard/Target 200 counts/100 ml 400 counts/100 ml 5 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Flashiness

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-11, Reach 871, Little Menomonee River
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Good Good to Moderate Variable (some good, some bad)
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site rarely fall below this level and never below 2 mg/l. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are either below 400 or above 5,000. A potential goal in this case may be to determine the conditions that create the above 5,000 days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these conditions. An additional goal could be to find ways to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that have below 400 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most of the days are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentrations do not exceed 0.3 mg/l on any day. Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on most of the days, but the concentrations exceed 200 mg/l on some of the days. The decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water. The upper portion of the ranges for each month is fairly typical; however, the lower portions of the ranges (below the median or 25th percentile) decline more than would be expected, particularly during the summer. This may indicate excess organic matter and biochemical oxygen demand in the stream. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, note that the median and 75th percentile concentrations decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the conditions are poor in March and are likely related to snow melt. In each month, phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline less than 25% of the time. Note that the minimum concentrations increase during the late spring and into the summer and are likely due to runoff of fertilizer. The maximum concentrations for suspended solids are lowest in the winter. This is likely due to frozen conditions, decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesnt pound the soil like rain).

Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Good Very Good to Good Moderate

Moderate to Poor Very Good to Good Very Good

Figure Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Good Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations at low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased water Moderate to Poor
agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. Note that during periods with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard nearly all of the time. During low flows, the standard is met consistently. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading. Concentrations of phosphorus are greatest at high flows. This suggests the dominance of non-point sources of phosphorus. Note also that the minimum concentration increases at low flows, possibly due to background phosphorus sources such as non-contact cooling water. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Good Good

Flashiness Index

Reach

Description

Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.46

871

Little Menomonee River

Flashiness Index
Little Menomonee River (871) 200 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-11 Little Menomonee River

Water Quality Indicator


Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
7,777 53 700 68 4,477 70 261 48 10.4 10.5 98 0.058 0.043 89 0.58 0.56 13.2 4.6 0.005 0.0017

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River @ Little Menomonee River (RI 871)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Little Menomonee River (RI 871)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Little Menomonee River (RI 871 )


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-0.05 0.05-0.1 0.1-0.15 0.15-0.2 0.2-0.25 0.25-0.3 0.3-0.35 0.35-0.4 0.4-0.45 0.45-0.5 >0.5

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Little Menomonee River (RI 871)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

Little Menomonee River Reach 871


Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Little Menomonee River Reach 871


Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+04
Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Little Menomonee River Reach 871


Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Little Menomonee River Reach 871


Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-12

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-12 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-12 is also represented by: o Reach 857 o RI-22 o Hampton Avenue o Menomonee River Downstream of Little Menomonee River

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER


43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL


43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u


43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK


43 41 t u 18 t u


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u


94

o ff SHA SHA


94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK


894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u


94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


894


43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE


43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145


43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )


43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A


UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX


43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u


94

A A


94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18


894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK


94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )


894
CREEK

@ ?
38


43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON


43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6


45 t u 41 t u


43

!
MN-9

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11


43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14


94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17


43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17


94

A A
18 t u


94

MN-18

! MN-18


894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


94


894


43

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

! ! !

MN-12

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water


0

370 740 Feet 1,480

Assessment Point Map: MN-12


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Waterbodies Civil Division

! ! !

MN-12

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Argiculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilities Manufacturing and Industrial

0 375 750 Feet 1,500

Land Use Map: MN-12


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Geometric Mean Standard Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP) Not to Exceed Standard Minimum Concentration Standard USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow) Standard/Target 200 counts/100 ml 400 counts/100 ml 5 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Flashiness

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-12, Reach 857, RI-22, Menomonee River Downstream of the Little Menomonee River (Hampton Avenue)
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Good Good Variable (some good, some bad)
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site rarely fall below this level and never below 3 mg/l. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are either below 400 or above 5,000. A potential goal in this case may be to determine the conditions that create the above 5,000 days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these conditions. An additional goal could be to find ways to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that have below 400 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning standard on most of the days, but the concentrations exceed 0.5mg/l on some of the days. Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on most of the days, but the concentrations exceed 200 mg/l on some of the days. These samples have chloride concentrations that are below levels that are toxic to fish and invertebrates. However, a common source of chloride is road salt and there is no winter data. Note that March data (which include snow melt and spring runoff) are higher than the rest of the year. Winter chloride concentrations would be expected to exceed those measured in March. The decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water. The upper portion of the ranges for each month is fairly typical; however, the lower portions of the ranges (below the median or 25th percentile) declined more than would be expected, particularly during the summer. This may indicate excess organic matter and biochemical oxygen demand in the stream. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, note that the median and 75th percentile values decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt. In most months, phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline between 25% and 50% of the time. The maximum concentrations of suspended solids are lowest in the winter. This is likely due to frozen conditions, decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesnt pound the soil like rain).

Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly chloride grab samples (CL not from models) Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Moderate to Poor Very Good to Good Inconclusive (no winter data) Good

Moderate to Poor Moderate to Poor Very Good

Figure Chloride by flow (Cl not from models) Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Inconclusive (no It is difficult to assess chloride trends without data from the winter months; however, it appears that when chloride is not being actively applied, some amount is in a reservoir (sediment). This chloride is gradually released and this is winter data) Good Poor
particularly noticeable during mid-to-dry conditions. During higher flow conditions, the concentration becomes diluted. Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations at low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. The infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5 years) would only contribute during the high flows when a substantial non-point load is already present. Note that during periods with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard nearly all of the time. During low flows, the standard is met over 75% of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.). Concentrations of phosphorus are greatest at high and low flows. This suggests a background source of phosphorus that is particularly noticeable at low flows (possibly from non-contact cooling water) as well as non-point loads of phosphorus during high flows. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Moderate Good

Flashiness Index

Reach RI-22

Description Hampton Avenue

Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.42

Average Daily Flow


Hampton Avenue (857) 1200 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 1000 800 600 400 200 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-12 Menomonee River Downstream of Little Menomonee River

Water Quality Indicator


Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
4,366 50 795 31 2,175 69 348 21 10.7 10.9 99 0.1 0.061 69 1.07 1.01 13.4 5.2 0.0054 0.0021

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River @ Hampton Avenue (RI 22)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Hampton Avenue (RI 22)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Hampton Avenue (RI 22)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-0.05 0.05-0.1 0.1-0.15 0.15-0.2 0.2-0.25 0.25-0.3 0.3-0.35 0.35-0.4 0.4-0.45 0.45-0.5 >0.5

AverageTP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Hampton Avenue (RI 22)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

Hampton Avenue (RI-22) Reach 857


Chloride
Flow Conditions 1000 Acute Toxicity (757 mg/L) Chronic Toxicity (395 mg/L) Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

High Flows

Moist Conditions

Mid-range Flows

Dry Conditions

Low Flows

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data; Chloride Field Data

Hampton Avenue (RI-22) Reach 857


Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Hampton Avenue (RI-22) Reach 857


Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+04
Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Hampton Avenue (RI-22) Reach 857


Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Hampton Avenue (RI-22) Reach 857


Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-13

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-13 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-13 is also represented by: o Reach 890 o Underwood Creek

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER


43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL


43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u


43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK


43 41 t u 18 t u


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u


94

o ff SHA SHA


94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK


894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u


94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


894


43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE


43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145


43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )


43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A


UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX


43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u


94

A A


94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18


894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK


94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )


894
CREEK

@ ?
38


43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON


43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6


45 t u 41 t u


43

!
MN-9

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11


43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14


94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17


43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17


94

A A
18 t u


94

MN-18

! MN-18


894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


94


894


43

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

Capitol Dr.

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

MN-13

und Rd.

Greenfield Av.

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water Waterbodies Civil Division


0

700 1,400 Feet 2,800

Assessment Point Map: MN-13


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Capitol Dr.

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

MN-13

und Rd.

Greenfield Av.

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilities Manufacturing and Industrial

0 700 1,400 Feet 2,800

Land Use Map: MN-13


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Geometric Mean Standard Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP) Not to Exceed Standard Minimum Concentration Standard USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow) Standard/Target 200 counts/100 ml 400 counts/100 ml 5 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Flashiness

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-13, Reach 890, Underwood Creek
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Good Moderate Variable (some good, some bad)
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site are below this level about 10% of the time, but never below 2 mg/l. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are either below 400 or above 5,000. A potential goal in this case may be to determine the conditions that create the above 5,000 days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these conditions. An additional goal could be to find ways to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that have below 400 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on majority of the days are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentration does not exceed 0.35 mg/l on any day. Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on most of the days, but the concentrations exceed 200 mg/l on some of the days. The decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water. The upper portion of the ranges for each month is fairly typical; however, the lower portions of the ranges (below the median or 25th percentile) decline more than would be expected. This may indicate excess organic matter and biochemical oxygen demand in the stream. While the ranges of concentrations are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the median and 75th percentile values decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt. In most months, phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline less than 25% of the time. Note that the minimum concentrations increase in the late spring and summer, possibly due to runoff of fertilizer. Also, the phosphorus concentration increases in March and is likely related to snow melt. The maximum values for suspended solids are lowest during the winter. This is likely due to frozen conditions, decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesnt pound the soil like rain). In each month, the reference concentration is exceeded less than 25% of the time.

Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Good Good Moderate to Poor

Moderate to Poor Moderate Very Good

Figure Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased Moderate Moderate to Poor
water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). While this is not unexpected, the concentrations of dissolved oxygen occasionally fall below desirable concentrations. Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. The infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5 years) would only contribute during the high flows when substantial non-point source is already present. Note that during periods with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard all of the time. During low flows, the standard is met nearly all of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading. Concentrations of phosphorus are greatest at high flows and suggest the presence of non-point loads of phosphorus. The similarities between the phosphorus and suspended solids data suggest that the phosphorus may be associated with suspended sediment. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Moderate Good

Flashiness Index

Reach 890

Description Underwood Creek

Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.65

Average Daily Flow


Underwood Creek (890) 200 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-13 Underwood Creek

Water Quality Indicator


Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
9,075 61 789 44 4,377 77 404 17 10.1 9.8 96 0.069 0.050 83 0.68 0.61 17.2 7.6 0.0048 0.0013

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 890)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 890)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 890 )


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-0.05 0.05-0.1 0.1-0.15 0.15-0.2 0.2-0.25 0.25-0.3 0.3-0.35 0.35-0.4 0.4-0.45 0.45-0.5 >0.5

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 890)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

Underwood Creek Reach 890


Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Underwood Creek Reach 890


Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+04
Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Underwood Creek Reach 890


Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Underwood Creek Reach 890


Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-14

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-14 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-14 is also represented by: o Reach 905 o Underwood Creek

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER


43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL


43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u


43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK


43 41 t u 18 t u


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u


94

o ff SHA SHA


94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK


894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u


94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


894


43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE


43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145


43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )


43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A


UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX


43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u


94

A A


94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18


894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK


94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )


894
CREEK

@ ?
38


43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON


43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6


45 t u 41 t u


43

!
MN-9

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11


43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14


94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17


43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17


94

A A
18 t u


94

MN-18

! MN-18


894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


94


894


43

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

o ff o F II E L D F ELD

C ii tt C WAUW WAUW
!

MN-14
!

C ii tt y C y WEST A WEST

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water Waterbodies Civil Division


0

700 1,400 Feet 2,800

Assessment Point Map: MN-14


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

o ff o F II E L D F ELD

C ii tt C WAUW WAUW
!

MN-14
!

C ii tt y C y WEST A WEST

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilites Manufacturing and Industrial

0 700 1,400 Feet 2,800

Land Use Map: MN-14


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River - Variance Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Variance Standard - Geometric mean not to exceed Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP)
1 1 1

Standard/Target 1,000 counts/100 ml 2,000 counts/100 ml 2 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Variance Standard - Less than 10% of all samples/month Variance Standard - Minimum Concentration

USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow)

Flashiness
1

indicator only

Variance standards are from Chapter NR 104 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code apply.

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-14, Reach 905, Underwood Creek
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Good to Moderate The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Good to Moderate Variable (some good, some bad)
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is slightly high at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site fall below this level occasionally, but never fall below the 2 mg/l variance standard. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are either below 400 or above 5,000. A potential goal in this case may be to determine the conditions that create the above 5,000 days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these conditions. As there is a variance that allows the fecal coliform to reach 2,000 counts, another goal could be to reduce fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that have fewer than 2,000 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most of the days are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentration does not exceed 0.35 mg/l on any day Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy and aesthetically unpleasant. They can clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on most of the days, but the concentrations exceed 100 mg/l on some of the days. While it is natural for dissolved oxygen concentrations to decline during warmer months, the concentrations decline sporadically in March and during the summer and early winter this is unusual. The low concentrations in March may be related to pollutants and biochemical oxygen demand in the runoff associated with snow melt. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the 75th percentile value declines substantially in the summer and early fall. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria. Bacteria are most prevalent in the winter and conditions are particularly poor in March. This is most likely related to snow melt. Phosphorus concentrations are greatest in March and are likely related to snow-melt. Concentrations then decline during the summer and early fall. This could be related to uptake by plants during the growing season. Suspended solids concentrations are below the reference concentration most of the time. The majority of the higher concentrations are likely related to larger rain or snow melt events that disturb bare soil.

Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Good Good Good to Moderate Moderate Good to Moderate Good

Figure Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Note that dissolved oxygen concentrations decline at low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased water Good Moderate to Poor
agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. The infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5 years) would only contribute during the high flows when substantial non-point sources are already present. Note that during any period with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the variance standard. During moist conditions, fecal coliform exceeds the standard 50% of the time. During low flows and dry conditions, the standard is met nearly all of the time. During these low flows would be the safest time for recreational uses (boating, wading, swimming), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading. Concentrations of phosphorus are highest at high flows, with concentrations exceeding the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline over 50% of the time at the highest flows. This suggests the prevalence of non-point loads of phosphorus. The similarities between the phosphorus and suspended solids data suggest that the phosphorus may be associated with suspended sediment. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments. Note that this site is located downstream of some concrete-lined reaches within the watershed. As a result, upstream activities such as stream bank erosion and re-suspension of stream sediments likely make less of a contribution to suspended sediment loads at this site compared to sites that are situated downstream of natural reaches that experience these activities.

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Good to Moderate

Good

Flashiness Index

Reach 905

Description Underwood Creek

Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.72

Average Daily Flow


Underwood Creek (905) 200 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-14 Underwood Creek

Water Quality Indicator


Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
5,659 80 492 296 2,660 90 361 150 6.6 6.3 100 0.052 0.031 88 0.66 0.67 8.5 5.0 0.0036 0.0013

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)1 Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)1

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)1 Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)1

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>2 mg/l)1

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Variance standards are from Chapter NR 104 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code apply.

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 905)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 905)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 905 )


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-0.05 0.05-0.1 0.1-0.15 0.15-0.2 0.2-0.25 0.25-0.3 0.3-0.35 0.35-0.4 0.4-0.45 0.45-0.5 >0.5

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 905)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

Underwood Creek Reach 905


Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Special Variance Regulatory Standard (2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Underwood Creek Reach 905


Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows

Regulatory Standard- Special Variance (2,000 cfu/100 mL)


Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows

Box & Whiskers


Dry Conditions Low Flows

1.E+04
C onc e ntra tion (c fu/1 0 0 m L)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Underwood Creek Reach 905


Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Underwood Creek Reach 905


Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-15

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-15 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-15 is also represented by: o Reach 883 o Menomonee Mainstem

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER


43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL


43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u


43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK


43 41 t u 18 t u


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u


94

o ff SHA SHA


94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK


894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u


94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


894


43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE


43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145


43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )


43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A


UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX


43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u


94

A A


94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18


894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK


94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )


894
CREEK

@ ?
38


43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON


43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6


45 t u 41 t u


43

!
MN-9

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11


43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14


94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17


43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17


94

A A
18 t u


94

MN-18

! MN-18


894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


94


894


43

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

! ! !

76th St.

76th St.
c La v. A

nd Fo u D n to le pp A A
!

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

v.
M II L M

MN-15

! ! !

Bluemound Rd.

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water


0

850 1,700 Feet 3,400

Assessment Point Map: MN-15


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Waterbodies Civil Division

! ! !

76th St.

76th St.
c La v. A

nd Fo u D n to le pp A A
!

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

v.
M II L M

MN-15

! ! !

Bluemound Rd.

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilities Manufacturing and Industrial

0 850 1,700 Feet 3,400

Land Use Map: MN-15


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Geometric Mean Standard Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP) Not to Exceed Standard Minimum Concentration Standard USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow) Standard/Target 200 counts/100 ml 400 counts/100 ml 5 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Flashiness

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-15, Reach 883, Menomonee Mainstem
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Good Good Variable (some good, some bad) Good Good Very Good to Good Moderate to Poor
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site are normally higher than this level. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are either below 400 or above 5,000. A goal may be to determine the conditions that create the above 5,000 days and discourage recreational use on these days. An additional goal could be to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that have below 400 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most of the days are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentrations do not exceed 0.3 mg/l on any day Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy and aesthetically unpleasant. They can clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on most of the days, but the concentrations exceed 100 mg/l on some of the days. It is natural for dissolved oxygen concentrations to decline during warmer months due to decreased solubility. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the median and 75th percentile values decline substantially during the summer and early fall. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria. Conditions are particularly poor in March and are likely related to snow melt. Also note that the summer accounts for many of the below 400 days while the winter has many of the above 5,000 days. Phosphorus concentrations are greatest in March and likely related to snow-melt. The 75th percentiles decline slightly in the summer and early fall. This is likely related to uptake by plants during the growing season. Suspended solids concentrations are below the reference concentration most of the time. The majority of the higher concentrations are likely related to larger rain or snow melt events that disturb bare soil. Winter has lower concentrations due to a number of factors including frozen conditions, decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow vs. rain).

Good Good

Figure Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Note that dissolved oxygen concentrations decline slightly during low flows. This is likely due to a combination of Good Poor
decreased water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. Infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5 years) would only contribute during the high flows when substantial non-point loads are already present. During periods with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard; during moist conditions, fecal coliform counts exceed the standard 75% of the time. During low flows, the standard is met over 75% of the time. These conditions would be the safest time for recreational use (boating, wading, swimming). Concentrations are greatest at high flows, with concentrations exceeding the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline about 50% of the time during the highest flows. This suggests that phosphorus sources are primarily non-point. The similarities between the phosphorus and suspended solids data suggest that the phosphorus may be associated with suspended sediment. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. All of the instances when the concentration exceeds the reference occur at the moist-to-high flow conditions. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Good to Moderate Good

Flashiness Index

Reach

Description

Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.46

883

Menomonee Main Stem

Average Daily Flow


Menomonee Main Stem (883) 1200 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 1000 800 600 400 200 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-15 Menomonee Mainstem

Water Quality Indicator


Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
6,137 47 1,063 12 3,064 67 476 6 11.0 11.1 100 0.063 0.043 84 0.55 0.52 15.6 5.6 0.0057 0.0023

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River @ Mainstem (RI 883)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Mainstem (RI 883)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

>0.5

0.45-0.5

0.4-0.45

Menomonee River @ Mainstem (RI 883)

0.35-0.4

0.3-0.35

0.25-0.3

0.2-0.25

0.15-0.2

0.1-0.15

0.05-0.1

0-0.05

80

400

360

320

280

240

200

160

120

40

Average TP (mg/L)

Average Number of Days Per Year

Menomonee River @ Mainstem (RI 883)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

Menomonee Main Stem Reach 883


Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Menomonee Main Stem Reach 883


Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+04
Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Menomonee Main Stem Reach 883


Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Menomonee Main Stem Reach 883


Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-16

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-16 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-16 is also represented by: o Reach 914 o Honey Creek

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER


43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL


43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u


43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK


43 41 t u 18 t u


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u


94

o ff SHA SHA


94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK


894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u


94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


894


43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE


43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145


43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )


43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A


UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX


43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u


94

A A


94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18


894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK


94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )


894
CREEK

@ ?
38


43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON


43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6


45 t u 41 t u


43

!
MN-9

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11


43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14


94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17


43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17


94

A A
18 t u


94

MN-18

! MN-18


894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


94


894


43

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

! ! !

MN-16 Bluemound Rd.


!

Greenfield Av.

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

es tH om e

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water Waterbodies Civil Division


0

Loo m

is Rd .

Fo r

Assessment Point Map: MN-16


3,400

850 1,700 Feet

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED


October 16, 2008

27th St

Av .

! ! !

MN-16 Bluemound Rd.


!

Greenfield Av.

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

es tH om e

Loo m

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilities Manufacturing and Industrial

is Rd .

Fo r

3,400 Feet

Land Use Map: MN-16


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

850 1,700

27th St

Av .

Menomonee River - Variance Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Variance Standard - Geometric mean not to exceed Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP)
1 1 1

Standard/Target 1,000 counts/100 ml 2,000 counts/100 ml 2 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Variance Standard - Less than 10% of all samples/month Variance Standard - Minimum Concentration

USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow)

Flashiness
1

indicator only

Variance standards are from Chapter NR 104 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code apply.

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-16, Reach 914, Honey Creek
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Good to Moderate The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Very Good to Good Variable (some good, some bad)
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is slightly high at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site are consistently above this level as well as the variance standard of 2 mg/l. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are either below 400 or above 5,000. A potential goal in this case may be to determine the conditions that create the above 5,000 days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these conditions. An additional goal could be to find ways to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that have below 400 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most of the days are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentration does not exceed 0.35 mg/l on any day. Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on most of the days. Note the lower dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer. This is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the median values decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the summer accounts for many of the below 400 days mentioned above while the winter has many of the above 5,000 days. While the ranges of concentrations are fairly consistent throughout the year, note that the median concentration increases in March. This may be related to snow melt. Also, concentrations are more consistent and the 75-95% group is generally lower during the late spring, summer, and early fall. This may be related, in part, to uptake by plants during the growing season and the release of phosphorus from sediments and decomposing organic matter. Suspended solids concentrations are relatively low year-round and lower during the winter months. This is probably linked to a number of factors including frozen conditions, decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesnt pound the soil like rain). In addition, the concrete-lined channel limits the amount of in-stream erosion.

Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Good Very Good to Good Very Good to Good Moderate

Moderate

Very Good

Figure Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Note that the dissolved oxygen concentration declines during low flows (though still well above the variance standard). Good Moderate to Poor
This is likely due to a combination of decreased water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. The infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5 years) would only contribute during the high flows when substantial non-point sources are already present. Note that during any period with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory variance standard. During dry conditions, the variance standard is met 75% of the time and during low flows, the standard is met consistently. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.), although the amount of water in the stream would most likely limit recreational uses to wading. Concentrations are greatest at high flows, with concentrations exceeding the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline nearly 75% of the time at the highest flows. This suggests phosphorus loads are originating primarily from non-point sources. The similarities between the phosphorus and suspended solids data suggest that the phosphorus may be associated with suspended sediment. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments. Note that this site is located downstream of some concrete-lined reaches within the watershed. As a result, upstream activities such as stream bank erosion and re-suspension of stream sediments likely make less of a contribution to suspended sediment loads at this site compared to sites that are situated downstream of natural reaches that experience these activities.

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Moderate

Good

Flashiness Index

Reach 914

Description Honey Creek

Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.83

Average Daily Flow


Honey Creek (914) 200 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-16 Honey Creek

Water Quality Indicator


Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
5,659 80 492 296 2,660 90 361 150 6.6 6.3 100 0.052 0.031 88 0.66 0.67 8.5 5.0 0.0036 0.0013

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)1 Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)1

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)1 Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)1

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>2 mg/l)1

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Variance standards are from Chapter NR 104 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code apply.

Menomonee River @ Honey Creek (RI 914)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Honey Creek (RI 914)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Honey Creek (RI 914)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-0.05 0.05-0.1 0.1-0.15 0.15-0.2 0.2-0.25 0.25-0.3 0.3-0.35 0.35-0.4 0.4-0.45 0.45-0.5 >0.5

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Honey Creek (RI 914)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

Honey Creek Reach 914


Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Special Variance Regulatory Standard (2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Honey Creek Reach 914


Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Special Variance (2000 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+04
Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Honey Creek Reach 914


Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Honey Creek Reach 914


Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-17

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-17 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-17 is also represented by: o Reach 908 o North 70th Street o RI-09 o Menomonee River Downstream of Honey Creek

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER


43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL


43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u


43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK


43 41 t u 18 t u


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u


94

o ff SHA SHA


94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK


894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u


94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


894


43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE


43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145


43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )


43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A


UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX


43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u


94

A A


94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18


894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK


94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )


894
CREEK

@ ?
38


43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON


43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6


45 t u 41 t u


43

!
MN-9

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11


43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14


94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17


43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17


94

A A
18 t u


94

MN-18

! MN-18


894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


94


894


43

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

MN-17
! ! !

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Division


0

455 910 Feet 1,820

Assessment Point Map: MN-17


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA
!

76th S

MN-17
! ! !

uemound Rd. Bl

Greenfield Av.
LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Routing Reach Tributary Area

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilities Manufacturing and Industrial Civil Division

445 890 Feet 1,780

Land Use Map: MN-17


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

Menomonee River - Variance Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Variance Standard - Geometric mean not to exceed Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP)
1 1 1

Standard/Target 1,000 counts/100 ml 2,000 counts/100 ml 2 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Variance Standard - Less than 10% of all samples/month Variance Standard - Minimum Concentration

USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow)

Flashiness
1

indicator only

Variance standards are from Chapter NR 104 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code apply.

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-17, Reach 908, RI-09, Menomonee River Downstream of Honey Creek (North 70th Street)
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Good Good Variable (some good, some bad)
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonably good at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site are consistently above this level as well as the variance standard of 2 mg/l. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are either below 400 or above 5,000. A potential goal in this case may be to determine the conditions that create the above 5,000 days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these conditions. As there is a variance that allows the fecal coliform to reach 2,000 counts, another goal could be to find ways to decrease coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that have fewer than 2,000 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning standard on most of the days, but the concentrations exceed 0.5mg/l on some of the days. Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on most of the days. These samples have chloride concentrations that are below levels that are toxic to fish and invertebrates. However, a common source of chloride is road salt and there is no winter data. Note that concentrations in March samples (which include snow melt and spring runoff) are higher than the rest of the year. Winter chloride concentrations in samples would be expected to exceed Marchs chloride concentrations. Notice the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer. This is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, note that the median value declines during in the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the summer accounts for many of the below 400 days mentioned above while the winter has many of the above 5,000 days. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, note that the median value increases in March. This may be related to snow melt. Also note that concentrations are lower in May (75th percentile below 0.1 mg/l); this could be due to increased plant uptake. Suspended solids are relatively low year-round and slightly lower during the winter months. This is probably linked to a number of factors including frozen conditions, decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesnt pound the soil like rain).

Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly chloride grab samples (CL not from models) Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Moderate to Poor Good Inconclusive (no winter data) Very Good to Good Moderate to Poor

Moderate to Poor Good

Figure Chloride by flow (Cl not from models) Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Inconclusive (no It is difficult to assess chloride trends without data from the winter months; however, it appears that when chloride is not being actively applied, some amount is in a reservoir (sediment). This chloride is gradually released and is particularly winter data) Good Moderate to Poor
noticeable during mid-to-dry conditions. During higher flow conditions, the concentration becomes diluted. Note that the decline in dissolved oxygen occurs at low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. The infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5 years) would only contribute during the high flows when substantial non-point loads are already present. Note that during any period with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the variance standard. During moist conditions, the counts exceed the variance standard over 50% of the time. During low flows, the variance standard is met all of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.). Concentrations of phosphorus are greatest at high and low flows. This suggests a background source of phosphorus that is particularly noticeable at low flows (perhaps from non-contact cooling water) as well as non-point sources of phosphorus at high flows. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Moderate to Poor Good

Flashiness Index

Reach RI-09

Description North 70th Street

Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.49

Flashiness Index
North 70th Street (908) 1200 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 1000 800 600 400 200 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-17 Menomonee River Downstream of Honey Creek

Water Quality Indicator


Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
5,659 80

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)1 Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)1

492 296 2,660 90 361 150 6.6 6.3 100 0.052 0.031 88 0.66 0.67 8.5 5.0 0.0036 0.0013

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)1 Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)1

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>2 mg/l)1

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Variance standards are from Chapter NR 104 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code apply.

Menomonee River @ N. 70th Street (RI 09)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ N. 70th Street (RI 09)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ N. 70th Street (RI 09)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-0.05 0.05-0.1 0.1-0.15 0.15-0.2 0.2-0.25 0.25-0.3 0.3-0.35 0.35-0.4 0.4-0.45 0.45-0.5 >0.5

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ N. 70th Street (RI 09)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

North 70th Street (RI-09) Reach 908


Chloride
Flow Conditions 1000 Acute Toxicity (757 mg/L) Chronic Toxicity (395 mg/L) Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

High Flows

Moist Conditions

Mid-range Flows

Dry Conditions

Low Flows

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data; Chloride Field Data

North 70th Street (RI-09) Reach 908


Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Special Variance Regulatory Standard (2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

North 70th Street (RI-09) Reach 908


Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows

Regulatory Standard- Special Variance (2,000 cfu/100 mL)


Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows

Box & Whiskers


Dry Conditions Low Flows

1.E+04
C onc e ntra tion (c fu/1 0 0 m L)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

North 70th Street (RI-09) Reach 908


Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

North 70th Street (RI-09) Reach 908


Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-18

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-18 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-18 is also represented by: o Reach 919 o RI-10 o Falk Dam o Menomonee River Near Upstream Limit of Estuary

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER


43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL


43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u


43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK


43 41 t u 18 t u


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u


94

o ff SHA SHA


94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK


894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u


94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


894


43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE


43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145


43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )


43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A


UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX


43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E


94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u


94

A A


94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18


894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK


94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )


894
CREEK

@ ?
38


43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON


43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6


45 t u 41 t u


43

!
MN-9

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11


43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14


94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17


43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17


94

A A
18 t u


94

MN-18

! MN-18


894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD


94


894


43

LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

76th S

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

nd Fo

y o ff y o ATOSA ATOSA

! ! !

Bluemound Rd.

MN-18
!

Greenfield Av.

o ff o A L L II S ALL S
LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water


0

550 1,100 Feet 2,200

Assessment Point Map: MN-18


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Waterbodies Civil Division

76th S

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

nd Fo

y o ff y o ATOSA ATOSA

! ! !

Bluemound Rd.

MN-18
!

Greenfield Av.

o ff o A L L II S ALL S
LEGEND

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodland and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilities Manufacturing and Industrial

0 550 1,100 Feet 2,200

Land Use Map: MN-18


WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River - Variance Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Variance Standard - Geometric mean not to exceed Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP)
1 1 1

Standard/Target 1,000 counts/100 ml 2,000 counts/100 ml 2 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Variance Standard - Less than 10% of all samples/month Variance Standard - Minimum Concentration

USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow)

Flashiness
1

indicator only

Variance standards are from Chapter NR 104 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code apply.

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-18, Reach 919, RI-10, Menomonee River Near the Upper Limit of the Estuary (Falk Dam)
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Good Good Variable (some good, some bad)
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonably good at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site are nearly always above this level and are consistently above the variance standard of 2 mg/l. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are either below 400 or above 5,000. A potential goal in this case may be to determine the conditions that create the above 5,000 days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these conditions. As there is a variance that allows the fecal coliform to reach 2,000 counts, another goal could be to find ways to decrease coliform loading in order to increase the number of days that have fewer than 2,000 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. About half of the days had concentrations that exceeded the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on most of the days. Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer. This is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water. Concentrations are well above the special variance level. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the median values decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the summer accounts for many of the below 400 days mentioned above while the winter has many of the above 5,000 days. Fecal coliform counts increase noticeably in March and are potentially related to snow melt. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, note that the median concentration increases slightly in March. This could be explained by snow melt. Suspended solids concentrations are relatively low year-round and slightly lower during the winter months. This is probably linked to a number of factors including frozen conditions, decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesnt pound the soil like rain).

Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Moderate to Poor Good Very Good to Good Moderate to Poor

Moderate to Poor Good

Figure Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Good Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased Moderate to Poor
water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with warm summer months). Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. The infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5 years) would only contribute during the high flows when substantial non-point loads are already present. Note that during any period with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory variance standard. During moist conditions, the counts are above the variance standard over 50% of the time. During low flows, the variance standard is met all of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.). Concentrations of phosphorus are greatest at high and low flows, although concentrations are frequently greater than the planning guideline under all flow conditions. The higher concentrations at flow extremes suggests a background source of phosphorus that is particularly noticeable at low flows (perhaps due to inputs of non-contact cooling water) as well as nonpoint sources of phosphorus at high flows. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Moderate to Poor

Good

Flashiness Index

Reach RI-10

Description Falk Dam

Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.49

Flashiness Index
Falk Dam (919) 1200 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 1000 800 600 400 200 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-18 Menomonee River near Upstream Limit of Estuary

Water Quality Indicator


Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
5,659 80

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)1 Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)1

492 296 2,660 90 361 150 6.6 6.3 100 0.052 0.031 88 0.66 0.67 8.5 5.0 0.0036 0.0013

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)1 Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)1

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>2 mg/l)1

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Variance standards are from Chapter NR 104 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code apply.

Menomonee River @ Falk Dam (RI 10)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Falk Dam (RI 10)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

>0.5

0.45-0.5

0.4-0.45

Menomonee River @ Falk Dam (RI 10)

0.35-0.4

0.3-0.35

0.25-0.3

0.2-0.25

0.15-0.2

0.1-0.15

0.05-0.1

0-0.05

80

400

360

320

280

240

200

160

120

40

AverageTP (mg/L)

Average Number of Days Per Year

Menomonee River @ Falk Dam (RI 10)


400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

Falk Dam (RI-10) Reach 919


Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Special Variance Regulatory Standard (2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Falk Dam (RI-10) Reach 919


Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows

Regulatory Standard- Special Variance (2,000 cfu/100 mL)


Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows

Box & Whiskers


Dry Conditions Low Flows

1.E+04
C onc e ntra tion (c fu/1 0 0 m L)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Falk Dam (RI-10) Reach 919


Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Falk Dam (RI-10) Reach 919


Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

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