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ADM-1

SDH ADD-DROP MULTIPLEXER

User manual

MN.00114.E - 006 Volume 1/1

The information contained in this handbook is subject to change without notice. Property of Siae Microelettronica S.p.A. All rights reserved according to the law and according to the international regulations. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, without written permission from Siae Microelettronica S.p.A. Unless otherwise specified, reference to a Company, name, data and address produced on the screen displayed is purely indicative aiming at illustrating the use of the product. MS-DOS, MS Windows are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. HP, HP OpenView NNM and HPUX are Hewlett Packard Company registered trademarks. UNIX is a UNIX System Laboratories registered trademark. Oracle is a Oracle Corporation registered trademark. Linux term is a trademark registered by Linus Torvalds, the original author of the Linux operating system. Linux is freely distributed according the GNU General Public License (GPL). Other products cited here in are constructor registered trademarks.

Contents

Section 1. USER GUIDE

1 2

WARNING ................................................................................................................. 5 FIRST AID FOR ELECTRICAL SHOCK AND SAFETY RULES .......................................... 6 2.1 FIRST AID FOR ELECTRICAL SHOCK ..................................................................... 6 2.1.1 Artificial respiration .................................................................................. 6 2.1.2 Treatment of burns .................................................................................. 6 2.2 2.3 SAFETY RULES .................................................................................................. 7 CORRECT DISPOSAL OF THIS PRODUCT (Waste electrical & electronic equipment) ..... 9

PURPOSE AND STRUCTURE OF THE MANUAL ............................................................10 3.1 3.2 3.3 PURPOSE OF THE MANUAL .................................................................................10 AUDIENCE BASIC KNOWLEDGE ..........................................................................10 STRUCTURE OF THE MANUAL .............................................................................10

Section 2. DESCRIPTION AND SPECIFICATIONS

13

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS.........................................................................................13 4.1 4.2 GENERAL.........................................................................................................13 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS...................................................................................13

SYSTEM PRESENTATION ..........................................................................................16 5.1 5.2 5.3 OVERVIEW ......................................................................................................16 APPLICATIONS .................................................................................................16 MAIN FEATURES ...............................................................................................17 5.3.1 General .................................................................................................17 5.3.2 Configuration options ..............................................................................18 5.3.3 Aggregate interface.................................................................................23 5.3.4 Tributary interfaces .................................................................................24 5.3.5 Equipment capacity .................................................................................24 5.3.6 Crossconnections ..................................................................................24 5.3.7 Protection schemes .................................................................................25

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5.3.8 Monitoring and control .............................................................................26 6 EQUIPMENT TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS...............................................................28 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 7 STANDARDS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ...............................................................28 FRAME CHARACTERISTICS.................................................................................28 STM1 ELECTRICAL INTERFACE..........................................................................29 STM1/STM4 OPTICAL INTERFACE ....................................................................29 2 Mbit/s INTERFACE (E1) ...................................................................................30 10/100/1000 Mbit/s ETHERNET INTERFACE..........................................................30 34/45 Mbit/s INTERFACE (T3, E3) .......................................................................32 64 kbit/s CONTRADIRECTIONAL V.11 INTERFACE................................................33 ALARM INTERFACE............................................................................................33 NETWORK MANAGEMENT INTERFACE (NMI) .........................................................33 Power supply ...................................................................................................34 MECHANICAL STRUCTURE .................................................................................35 ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS ..........................................................................35

EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION ......................................................................................36 7.1 7.2 GENERAL.........................................................................................................36 UNPROTECTED CONFIGURATIONS ......................................................................36 7.2.1 4RU version ...........................................................................................36 7.2.2 2RU version ...........................................................................................37 7.2.3 1RU version ...........................................................................................37 7.3 EQUIPMENT PROTECTED CONFIGURATIONS .........................................................37 7.3.1 4RU version ...........................................................................................37 7.3.2 2RU version ...........................................................................................38 7.3.3 1RU version ...........................................................................................38 7.4 7.5 7.6 NETWORK PROTECTED CONFIGURATIONS ...........................................................39 7.4.1 2 Mbit/s end to end traffic protection between PDH and SDH rings.................39 REDUNDANCY OF TRIBUTARY INTERFACE UNITS ..................................................40 7.5.1 Equipment of tributary units slots (for 4RU version only) ..............................41 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION ...............................................................................43 7.6.1 LIU (Line Interface Unit) ..........................................................................43 7.6.2 SMU (SDH Multiplexing Unit) ....................................................................43 7.6.3 MCU (Main Control Unit) ..........................................................................43 7.6.4 SMCU (SDH Multiplexing and Control Unit) .................................................43 7.6.5 TIU (Tributary Interface Unit) ...................................................................44 7.6.6 PSU (Power Supply Unit)..........................................................................44 7.7 UNIT DESCRIPTION ..........................................................................................49 7.7.1 LIU (Line Interface Unit) ..........................................................................49 7.7.2 SMU (SDH Multiplexing Unit) ....................................................................50 7.7.3 2 Mbit/s (E1) tributary interface unit .........................................................52 7.7.4 155 Mbit/s (STM1) tributary interface unit ..................................................52 7.7.5 34/45 (E3/T3) tributary interface unit ........................................................54 7.7.5.1 Functional Description...............................................................55 7.7.6 Ethernet tributary unit interface ................................................................56 7.7.7 MCU (Main Controller Unit).......................................................................59 7.7.8 Power supply unit ...................................................................................60 7.7.9 Management Interface Unit (MIU) .............................................................60 7.7.10 SMCU ....................................................................................................61 7.7.10.1 7.7.10.2 SDH Block ...............................................................................61 Controller Block .......................................................................62

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7.8

EQUIPMENT FACILITIES ....................................................................................66 7.8.1 Loopbacks..............................................................................................66 7.8.2 Alarm indication......................................................................................66 7.8.3 User in/Alarm out ...................................................................................67

7.9 7.10

EQUIPMENT SYNCHRONISATION ........................................................................67 SDH OVERVIEW ...............................................................................................77

Section 3. INSTALLATION

85

EQUIPMENT INSTALLATION.....................................................................................85 8.1 8.2 8.3 GENERAL.........................................................................................................85 MECHANICAL INSTALLATION..............................................................................85 ELECTRICAL WIRING.........................................................................................85

USER CONNECTORS..................................................................................................87 9.1 9.2 GENERAL.........................................................................................................87 AVAILABLE CONNECTORS AND THEIR USE...........................................................87

Section 4. LINE-UP

103

10 EQUIPMENT LINEUP.............................................................................................103 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 GENERAL....................................................................................................... 103 EQUIPMENT SWITCHON ................................................................................. 103 1+0 TERMINAL MULTIPLEXER EQUIPMENT FUNCTIONALITY TEST.......................... 103 1+1 OR DROPINSERT MULTIPLEXER EQUIPMENT FUNCTIONALITY TEST............... 104 LASER FUNCTIONALITY TEST ........................................................................... 105 10.5.1 Switchon procedure ............................................................................. 105 10.5.2 Automatic laser shutdown check ............................................................. 106

Section 5. MAINTENANCE

109

11 MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES ..................................................................................109 11.1 GENERAL....................................................................................................... 109

12 UNIT REPLACEMENT...............................................................................................111 12.1 UNIT REPLACEMENT........................................................................................ 111

13 FUSES ....................................................................................................................112

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13.1

FUSES LIST ................................................................................................... 112

14 ACCESSORIES ........................................................................................................114 14.1 LIST AND USE OF ACCESSORIES ...................................................................... 114

15 TROUBLESHOOTING...............................................................................................115 15.1 15.2 GENERAL....................................................................................................... 115 FAULT LOCATION ........................................................................................... 115

16 PROCEDURES TO BACKUP THE FULL EQUIPMENT CONFIGURATION .......................120 16.1 16.2 16.3 GENERAL....................................................................................................... 120 CONFIGURATION UPLOAD ............................................................................... 120 CONFIGURATION DOWNLOAD .......................................................................... 120

Section 6. PROGRAMMING AND SUPERVISION

123

17 EQUIPMENT PROGRAMMING AND SUPERVISION ...................................................123 17.1 GENERAL....................................................................................................... 123

Section 7. COMPOSITION

125

18 EQUIPMENT COMPOSITION ...................................................................................125 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 GENERAL....................................................................................................... 125 ADM1 4RU MECHANICAL LAYOUT .................................................................... 125 18.2.1 ADM1 4RU version configuration list ...................................................... 126 ADM1 2RU MECHANICAL LAYOUT .................................................................... 129 18.3.1 ADM1 2RU version configuration list ...................................................... 130 ADM1 1RU MECHANICAL LAYOUT .................................................................... 130 18.4.1 ADM1 1RU version configuration list ...................................................... 131

Section 8. INDEXES AND SERVICES

133

19 LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................133 20 LIST OF TABLES .....................................................................................................137 21 ASSISTANCE SERVICE............................................................................................139 21.1 RQ.00961 MODULE ......................................................................................... 139

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Section 1. USER GUIDE

WARNING

The equipment described conforms to the European Directive 1989/336/EEC provided that the equipment installation is performed according to the procedures attached in the present manual.

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FIRST AID FOR ELECTRICAL SHOCK AND SAFETY RULES

2.1

FIRST AID FOR ELECTRICAL SHOCK

Do not touch the bare hands until the circuit has been opened. pen the circuit by switching off the line switches. If that is not possible protect yourself with dry material and free the patient from the conductor.

2.1.1

Artificial respiration

It is important to start mouth resuscitation at once and to call a doctor immediately. suggested procedure for mouth to mouth resuscitation method is described in the Tab.1.

2.1.2

Treatment of burns

This treatment should be used after the patient has regained consciousness. It can also be employed while artificial respiration is being applied (in this case there should be at least two persons present).

Warning
Do not attempt to remove clothing from burnt sections Apply dry gauze on the burns Do not apply ointments or other oily substances. Tab.1 - Artificial respiration Step Description Lay the patient on his back with his arms parallel to the body. If the patient is laying on an inclined plane, make sure that his stomach is slightly lower than his chest. Open the patients mouth and check that there is no foreign matter in mouth (dentures, chewing gum, etc.). Kneel beside the patient level with his head. Put an hand under the patients head and one under his neck. 2 Lift the patients head and let it recline backwards as far as possible. Figure

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Shift the hand from the patients neck to his chin and his mouth, the index along his jawbone, and keep the other fingers closed together. 3 While performing these operations take a good supply of oxygen by taking deep breaths with your mouth open

With your thumb between the patients chin and mouth keep his lips together and blow into his nasal cavities

While performing these operations observe if the patients chest rises. If not it is possible that his nose is blocked: in that case open the patients mouth as much as possible by pressing on his chin with your hand, place your lips around his mouth and blow into his oral cavity. Observe if the patients chest heaves. This second method can be used instead of the first even when the patients nose is not obstructed, provided his nose is kept closed by pressing the nostrils together using the hand you were holding his head with. The patients head must be kept sloping backwards as much as possible. Start with ten rapid expirations, hence continue at a rate of twelve/fifteen expirations per minute. Go on like this until the patient has regained consciousness, or until a doctor has ascertained his death.

2.2

SAFETY RULES

When the equipment units are provided with the plate, shown in Fig.1, it means that they contain components electrostatic charge sensitive.

Fig.1 - Components electrostatic charge sensitive indication

In order to prevent the units from being damaged while handling, it is advisable to wear an elasticized band (Fig.2) around the wrist ground connected through coiled cord (Fig.3).

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Fig.2 - Elasticized band

Fig.3 - Coiled cord

The units showing the label, shown in Fig.4, include laser diodes and the emitted power can be dangerous for eyes; avoid exposure in the direction of optical signal emission.

Fig.4 - Laser indication

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2.3

CORRECT DISPOSAL OF THIS PRODUCT (Waste electrical & electronic equipment)

(Applicable in the European Union and other European countries with separate collection systems). This marking of Fig.5 shown on the product or its literature, indicates that it should not be disposed with other household wastes at the end of its working life. To prevent possible harm to the environment or human health from uncontrolled waste disposal, please separate this from other types of wastes and recycle it responsibly to promote the sustainable reuse of material resources. Household users should contact either the retailer where they purchased this product, or their local government office, for details of where and how they can take this item for environmentally safe recycling. Business users should contact their supplier and check the terms and conditions of the purchase contract. This product should not be mixed with other commercial wastes for disposal.

Fig.5 - WEEE symbol - 2002/96/CE EN50419

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PURPOSE AND STRUCTURE OF THE MANUAL

3.1

PURPOSE OF THE MANUAL

The purpose of this manual consists in providing the user with information which permit to operate and maintain the ADM-1 equipment. Warning: This manual does not include information relevant to the SCT/LCT management program windows and relevant application. They will provided by the program itself as helpon line.

3.2

AUDIENCE BASIC KNOWLEDGE

The following knowledge and skills are required to operate the equipment: a basic understanding of microwave transmission installation and maintenance experience on digital radio system a good knowledge of IP/OSI networks and routing policy.

3.3

STRUCTURE OF THE MANUAL

The manual is subdivided into sections each of them developing a specific topic entitling the section. Each section consists of a set of chapters, enlarging the main subject master.

Section 1 User Guide


It provides the information about the main safety rules and expounds the purpose and the structure of the manual.

Section 2 Description and specifications


It traces the broad line of equipment operation and lists the main technical characteristics of the whole equipment and units it consists of. List of abbreviation meaning is also supplied.

Section 3 Installation
The mechanical installation procedures are herein set down as well as the user electrical connections. The content of the tool kit (if supplied) is also listed.

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Section 4 LineUp
Lineup procedures are described as well as checks to be carried out for the equipment correct operation. The list of the instruments to be used and their characteristics are also set down.

Section 5 Maintenance
The routine maintenance actions are described as well as fault location procedures in order to identify the faulty unit and to reestablish the operation after its replacement with a spare one.

Section 6 Programming and supervision


The AL radio family is programmed and supervised using different software tools. Some of them are already available, some other will be available in the future. This section lists the tools implemented and indicates if descriptions are already available. Each description of software tools is supplied in a separated manual.

Section 7 Composition
Position, part numbers of the components the equipment consist of, are shown in this section.

Section 8 Indexes and services


Lists of figures, list of tables and assistance service are shown in this section.

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Section 2. DESCRIPTION AND SPECIFICATIONS

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

4.1

GENERAL

What follows is the list of abbreviations used in this manual.

4.2
ADM AIS ALS ANSI AU BER BIP DCC

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
AddDrop Multiplexer Alarm indicating signal Automatic laser shutdown American national standards institute Administrative unit Bit error rate Bit interleaved parity Data communication channel Electromagnetic interference/Electromagnetic compatibility Engineering order wire European telecommunication standards institute Field programmable gate array High order path adaptation

EMI/EMC EOW ETSI FPGA HPA

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HPT IP ITU LAN LCT LIU LPDA LCT LLC LOF LOP LPA LPC LPT LTI MAC MCU MIB MIU MLM MSA MSOH MSP MSSPRing MST NE NMS O&M OSI PDH PM POH PPI PPP PRC PSU QL RAI RDI REI RSOH RST SCT

High order path termination Internet protocol International telecommunication union Local area network Local craft terminal Line interface unit Link access procedure on D channel Local craft terminal Logical link control Loss of frame Loss of pointer Low order path adaptation Low order connection Low order path termination Loss of timing input Media access control Main controller unit Management information base Management interface unit Multilongitudinal mode Multiplex section adaptation Multiplex section overhead Multiplex section protection Multiplex section Shared protection ring Multiplex section termination Network element Network management system Operation & maintenance Open system interconnect Plesiochronous digital hierarchy Performance monitoring Path overhead Plesiochronous physical interface Point to point protocol Primary reference clock Power supply unit Quality level Remote alarm indicator Remote defect indicator Remote error indicator Regenerator section overhead Regeneration section termination Subnetwork craft terminal

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SDH SEC SETG SETS SMCU SMU SNCP SNMP SPI SSM SSUL SSUT STM TCP TIU TSU TUG UDP VC WTR

Synchronous digital hierarchy Synchronous equipment clock Synchronous equipment timing generator Synchronous equipment timing source SDH multiplexing and main controller unit SDH multiplexing unit Subnetwork connection protection Simple network management protocol Synchronous physical interface Synchronous status messaging Synchronisation supply unit local Synchronisation supply unit transit Synchronous transport module Transport control protocol Tributary interface unit Tributary switch unit Tributary unit group User datagram protocol Virtual container Wait to restore

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SYSTEM PRESENTATION

5.1

OVERVIEW

The modern transmission system based on SDH hierarchy permits to makeup network and subnetwork flexible and expanded where signals pass through at different rates with high reliability. Network elements as line multiplexers (LTM), regenerators, adddrop multiplexers (ADM), synchronous cross connect (SDXC) make part of the network and assure: high flexibility simplified maintenance inservice test centralized management.

SIAE ADM1 family is SIAEs new generation of STM1/STM4 add drop multiplexers. Owing to its flexibility and compactness, SIAE ADM equipment represents the ideal solution for operators in search of a versatile multiservice provisioning platform for access and metropolitan SDH networks. SIAE ADM1 family belongs to the latest generation of SIAE SDH add drop multiplexers and includes: 4RU (4 rack units) conceived to support STM1/STM4 aggregate interfaces with fully protected configurations and high AddDrop capacity. 2RU (2 rack units) designed to support STM1/STM4 aggregate interfaces in unprotected SDH rings. 1RU (1 rack unit) conceived to support STM1 aggregate interfaces for Customer Premises applications.

5.2

APPLICATIONS

The ADM1 finds its application both in the access network and in the transport network. The ADM1 can be used stand alone, or in conjunction with the SIAE SDH digital radio systems, to implement an SDH access or Metro Ring network as shown in Fig.6. This network provides transport of 2 Mbit/s, 34/45 Mbit/s Ethernet, IP packets, allowing the elimination of all the intermediate multiplexing stages. When used in conjunction with the other SIAE 2 Mbit/s Multiplexers the ADM1 meets the demand of the customers for a wide variety of services (speech, ISDN, leased lines, fax) and bandwidth. Moreover the ring structure provides path protection and high availability performance.

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L2 L2
ADM -1

ADM -1 ADM -1

PSTN PSTN
Ring STM4 Metro Ring
ADM -1

ADM -1

STM4 Access
ADM -1

ADM -1 ADM -1C -1 ADM -1C -1

ADM -1

ADM -1

STM1 Access Ring


ADM -1C -1 ADM -1C -1 ADM -1C -1

ADM 1

Fig.6 - ADM1 typical applications

5.3

MAIN FEATURES

5.3.1

General

SIAEs ADM1 family provides a very flexible and modular SDH platform. In order to offer the best solution for each application in terms of features and price, SIAEs ADM1 family is available in three different versions. About this topic, the 4RU represents the most powerful version in terms of multiplexing capacity and protection schemes. It is able to fulfil any Customer requirement in STM1 and STM4 applications. Unlike 4RU, the 1RU version has been conceived to provide a costeffective solution mainly addressed to Customer Premises applications. The 2RU version is an intermediate solution designed to provide a good compromise between the previous versions in terms of flexibility and costeffectiveness. In the following figures are shown the three mechanical layout type: Fig.7 ADM1 4RU version in protected configuration equipped with 126xE1 interfaces Fig.8 ADM1 2RU version in unprotected configuration equipped with 63xE1 interfaces Fig.9 ADM1 1RU version in unprotected configuration equipped with 32xE1 interfaces

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Fig.7 - ADM1 4RU version

Fig.8 - ADM1 2RU version

Fig.9 - ADM1 1RU version

5.3.2

Configuration options

The ADM1 equipment due to the high versatility and modularity can be used for Terminal, Linear Add Drop or Ring AddDrop applications (as shown in Fig.10, Fig.11 and Fig.12). The following configurations are supported: Tab.2 - Supported configurations Configurations 1+0 terminal multiplexer (see Fig.13) 1+1 double terminal multiplexer (see Fig.14) 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line protection (see Fig.14) 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line, equipment and E1 protection (see Fig.15) 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line, equipment and tributary protection (see Fig.16) 1+0 dropinsert (see Fig.17) 1+1 dropinsert with line protection (see Fig.18) 1+1 dropinsert with line, equipment and E1 protection (see Fig.19) 1+1 dropinsert with line, equipment and tributary protection (see Fig.20) Mechanical layout 4RU X X X X X X X X X X X 2RU X X X 1RU X X X

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STM-1/4 main Tributary interfaces STM-1/4 stand-by (1+1) Tributary interfaces

Fig.10 - ADM1 as terminal multiplexer 1+0 or 1+1

STM-1/4 west Tributary interfaces

STM-1/4 east Tributary interfaces

Drop

Insert

Tributary interfaces
Fig.11 - ADM1 as drop/insert

Tributary interfaces

STM1 or STM4 ring

Fig.12 - ADM1 as ring adddrop

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ADM1 terminal configurations

Block Diagram

Logical Diagram

TIU Tributary Interfaces

SMU -M

LIU -M

STM -n Tributaries - E1 - E3 - STM-1 - Ethernet

ADM -1

STM -n

- management - synchronization

Fig.13 - 1+0 terminal multiplexer

Block Diagram

Logical Diagram

TIU Tributary Interfaces

SMU-M

LIU-M

STM-n Tributaries - E1 - E3 - STM-1 STM-n - Ethernet

ADM-1 STM-n

LIU- M

- management - synchronization

Fig.14 - 1+0 double terminal multiplexer and 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line

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Block Diagram

Logical Diagram

TIU Tributary Interfaces

SMU - M

LIU - M

STM -n Tributaries - E1 - E3 - STM -1 - Ethernet

ADM - 1 STM -n

SMU - R

LIU - R

STM -n

- management - synchronization

Fig.15 - 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line, equipment and E1 protections

Block Diagram

Logical Diagram

TIU

SMU - M

LIU M

STM -n

TIU

SMU - R

LIU- R

Tributaries - E1 - E3 - STM -1 STM -n - Ethernet

ADM -1 STM -n

TSU

Tributary Interfaces

- management - synchronization

Fig.16 - 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line, equipment and tributary (STM1, E3/T3, Ethernet) protections

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Block Diagram
STM -n

Logical Diagram LIU -M


STM - n

LIU-M

SMU -M

- management - synchronization - ............


STM- n STM - n

ADM - 1

TIU
Tributaries - E1 - E3 - STM-1 - Ethernet

Tributary Interfaces

Fig.17 - 1+0 dropinsert

Block Diagram STM-n LIU-M SMU-M LIU-M STM-n

Logical Diagram - management - synchronization - .............. STM-n ADM-1 -1 STM-n

STM-n

LIU-R

LIU-R

STM-n

TIU

Tributary Interfaces

Tributaries - E1 - E3 - STM-1 - Ethernet

Fig.18 - 1+1 dropinsert with line protection

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Block Diagram

Logical Diagram LIU - M STM -n - management - synchronization - ............... STM -n ADM -1 STM -n

STM -n

LIU - M

SMU -M

STM -n

LIU - R

-R SMU -

LIU -R

STM -n

TIU Tributaries - E1 - E3 - STM-1 - Ethernet

Tributary Interfaces

Fig.19 - 1+1 dropinsert with line, equipment and E1 tributary protections

Block Diagram

Logical Diagram - management - synchronization - .................. STM -n ADM -1 STM -n

STM -n

LIU -M

SMU -M

LIU -M

STM -n

STM -n

LIU -R

SMU -R

LIU -R

STM -n

TIU

TIU

TSU

Tributaries - E1 - E3 - STM-1 - Ethernet

Tributary Interfaces

Fig.20 - 1+1 dropinsert with line, equipment and tributary (STM1, E3/T3, Ethernet) protections

5.3.3

Aggregate interface

ADM1 supports electrical and optical SDH interfaces: electrical STM1 according to ITUT G.703 optical STM1 type I.1, S1.1, L1.1, L1.2 according to ITUT G.957 optical STM4 type I4, S4.1, L4.1, L4.2 according to ITUT G.957 (4RU and 2RU version only).

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5.3.4

Tributary interfaces

The ADM1 enables access to core networks through a broad choice of interfaces: 2048 kbit/s (E1) G.703 unbalanced (75 Ohm) or balanced (120 Ohm); 34/45 Mbit/s (E3/T3) G.703 155 Mbit/s (STM1) electrical G.703 155 Mbit/s (STM1) optical G.957 type I1, S1.1, L1.1, L1.2 Ethernet 2x10/100BaseT + 1x100/1000BaseFx with integrated Layer 2 Ethernet switch Ethernet 2x10/100BaseFx + 1x100/1000BaseFx with integrated Layer 2 Ethernet switch

The equipment can be provided with different tributary units, yielding a very high level of configurability and modularity. Maximum equipment capacity is indicated in the table below:

Tab.3 - Tributary interfaces Tributary interface Interfaces per tributary unit Max n. of unit per apparatus Max interfaces per apparatus Mechanical layout 8 126 4RU E1 16 4 63 2RU 2 32 1RU 4 8 4RU STM-1 2 4 8 2RU 1 2 1RU 4 12 4RU Ethernet 3 4 12 2RU 2 6 1RU 4 12 4RU E3/T3 3 4 12 2RU 2 6 1RU

5.3.5

Equipment capacity

The features and characteristics related to the different versions are reported in the following table:

Tab.4 - Equipment features and characteristics Mechanical layout 4RU Aggregate interfaces Multiplexing capacity Tributary capacity 4x STM1 or 4xSTM4 up to 2xSTM1 or up to 2xSTM4 up to 2xSTM1 or up to 2xSTM4 2RU 2xSTM1 or 2xSTM4 up to 2xSTM1 or up to 2xSTM4 up to 2xSTM1 or up to 2xSTM4 1RU 2xSTM1 up to 2xSTM1 up to 1xSTM1

5.3.6

Crossconnections

The following crossconnections are available: higher order, at VC4 path level, for STM4 application lower order, at VC12 and VC3 path level, for STM1 and STM4 applications.

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The types of crossconnections are the following: aggregate to aggregate tributary to tributary aggregate to tributary.

In case of crossconnection between tributaries, they must be compleately configured, that means they must be enabled with signal label set as asynchronous.

5.3.7

Protection schemes

Different automatic protections are implemented in the equipment in order to meet the following redundancy requirements:

Network protection
MSP (Multiplex Section Protection) SNCP (SubNetwork Connection Protection), on EW aggregate streams 2 Mbit/s end to end traffic protection, between PDH and SDH rings. In case of SIAE PDH/SDH interconnecting rings, protection is given to PDH ring by embedding the alarms from each framed/unframed 2 Mbit/s signal of the PDH path into the ADM1 VC12s belonging to the SDH ring. In case of partially or non completely SIAE PDH/SDH interconnecting rings, PDH protection is given by inserting between PDH/SDH meeting points two additional ADM1 which embedded the alarms from the PDH ring, into the STM1 frame. This latter is then propagated into the SDH ring through a 155 Mbit/s tributary interface. Fig.21 shows the two different applications. MSSPRing (MultipleSection Shared Protection Ring), in case of STM4 aggregate signals.

Equipment protection
SMU (SDH Multiplexing Unit), with SETS and crossconnect functionality inside 1 tributary line power supply.
1

Available on 4RU version only

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2 Mbit/s

ADM-1 ADM-1 ADM-1

2 Mbit/s
PDH ADM-1 PDH

SDH Ring
using SIAE ADMs

ADM-1 ADM-1

PDH Ring
PDH PDH

2 Mbit/s
PDH

2 Mbit/s

2Mbit/s incoming stream Monitoring and alarm forcing on the POH SDH bytes

2 Mbit/s

ADM

ADM

2 Mbit/s
PDH PDH ADM-1

155 Mbit/s
ADM

SDH Ring
using existing ADMs

ADM ADM ADM-1 PDH

PDH Ring
PDH

2 Mbit/s
PDH

2 Mbit/s

Fig.21 - PDH ring protection using SIAE equipment

5.3.8

Monitoring and control

ADM1 allows local and remote management thanks to an embedded SNMP agent. Depending in network type and customer requirements, ADM equipment can be provided with two types of protocol stacks: a Full IP stack or an OSI+IP stack. When implementing OSI+IP stacks, layers 1 to 3 comply with recommendations ITUT Q.811, Q.812 and G.784.

26

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Several software solutions for local and centralized management are available: LCT (Local Craft Terminal) for maintenance and lineup activities (MS Windows OS) SCT (Subnetwork Craft Terminal) for centralised management of up to 100 NEs (MS Windows OS) NMS5LX (Element Manager) for centralised management of medium networks with up to 750 NEs per server (Linux OS) NMS5UX (Element Manager) for centralised management of large networks with up to 2500 NEs per server (HP Unix OS and HP OpenView platform).

For a detailed description of SIAE supervision software platforms, please refer to the relative product literature.

Fig.22 - Monitoring and control

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

27

EQUIPMENT TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

6.1
-

STANDARDS AND RECOMMENDATIONS


Network node interface for the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) Types and General Characteristics of Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Multiplexing Equipment Characteristics of synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) equipment functional block Synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) management Electrical characteristics of 2 Mbit/s, 34 Mbit/s, 155 Mbit/s aggregate interfaces Characteristics of performance monitoring statistics Optical interfaces for equipment and systems relating to the synchronous digital hierarchy Digital Line Systems Based on the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy for Use on Optical Fibre Cables Jitter characteristics of the digital network Architectures of the Transport Networks Based on the SDH Timing characteristics of SDH equipment slave clocks (SEC) The control of jitter and wander within digital networks which are based on the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) Power supply interface at the input of telecommunication equipment Power supply interface at the input of telecommunication equipment Power supply interface at the input of telecommunication equipment Environmental conditions and environmental test for telecommunication equipment European telecommunication standard for equipment practice Transmission and Multiplexing Synchronous Digital Hierarchy Multiplexing Structure ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) requirements 2 Mbit/s interface transfer function 34 Mbit/s interface transfer function Synchronisation Electrical safety for users and operators

ITUT G.707 ITUT G.782 ITUT G.783 ITUT G.784 ITUT G.703 ITUT G.826 ITUT G.957 ITUT G.958 ITUT G.823 ITUT G.803 ITUT G.813 ITUT G.825 EN 300 132-1 EN 300 1322 EN 300 1323 EN 300 019 EN 300 119 EN 300 147 EN 300 386 ITUT G.742 ITUT G.751 EN 300 4176 EN 60950

6.2
-

FRAME CHARACTERISTICS
155.520 Mbit/s (STM1) 622,080 Mbit/s (STM4)

Speed rate

28

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Frame structure

STM1 frame via multiplexing of three TUG3 and/or TU3 in a single AU4 STM4 frame via multiplexing of four AUG4 VC12/VC3 (STM1) VC4 (STM4)

Cross-connect levels

6.3

STM1 ELECTRICAL INTERFACE

Input side
Bit rate Line code Rated impedance Rated level Return loss Max attenuation of the input cable 155520 kbit/s 4.6 ppm CMI 75 ohm 1 Vpp 0.1 V 15 dB from 8 MHz to 240 MHz 12.7 dB at 78 MHz ( trend)

Output side
Bit rate Rated level Pulse shape 155520 kbit/s 4.6 ppm 1 Vpp 0.1 V see mask of Figure 24 and 25 of CCITT Rec. G703

6.4

STM1/STM4 OPTICAL INTERFACE

The optical interface can be specialized for different applications, by simply equipping the STM1 (or STM 4) optical unit (LIU) with the appropriate pluggable transceiver (with LC optical connectors). Information about the presence/absence and type of transceiver is transferred to the main controller. The characteristics of all the possible optical interfaces are summarized in the following table: Tab.5 - Optical interface characteristics Interface L1.2 L42 L1.1 L41 S1.1 S41 Reference Launched Minimum Operating Transceivpower sensitivity waveer (dBm) (dBm) length 0 ... 5 +2 ... 3 0 ...5 +2 ... 3 8 ...15 8 ... 15 34 28 34 28 28 28 14801580 12631360 12801335 12631360 12741356 Laser Fiber SingleMode SingleMode SingleMode Distance (km)

G.957

Up to 80

G.957

Laser

Up to 40

G.957

Laser

Up to 15

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

29

I1 I4

ANSI G.957

14 ...20 8 ...15

28 23

12631360

LED

MultiMode

Up to 2

LIUs are provided with Automatic Laser Shutdown functionality as prescribed by ITUT G.664 Recommendation.

6.5

2 Mbit/s INTERFACE (E1)

Input side
Bit rate Line code Rated impedance Rated level Return loss 2048 kbit/s 50 ppm HDB3 75 ohm or 120 ohm 2.37 Vp/75 Ohm or 3 Vp/120 Ohm 12 dB from 57 kHz to 102 kHz 18 dB from 102 kHz to 2048 kHz 14 dB from 2048 kHz to 3072 kHz 6 dB according to

Max attenuation of the input cable Accepted jitter Transfer function Output jitter

trend

see mask in Table 2, CCITT Rec. G.823 see mask in Figure 1, CCITT Rec. G742 Rec. G.783 (Table 10.1 (4/97))

Output side
Bit rate Rated impedance Rated level Pulse shape 2048 kbit/s 50 ppm 75 Ohm or 120 Ohm 2.37 Vp/75 Ohm or 3 Vp/120 Ohm see mask in Figure 15, CCITT Rec. G.703

6.6
-

10/100/1000 Mbit/s ETHERNET INTERFACE


10 Mbit/s or 100 Mbit/s or 1 Gbit/s 290 Mbit/s max GFP Virtual concatenation: Nx VC12 or Nx VC3 Rapid STP 100BaseFx or 1000BaseSx or 1000BaseLx LC 10BaseT or 100BaseT

Bit rate WAN throughput Frame Concatenation Bridge loop avoidance Optical user interface Optical connector Electrical user interface Electrical connector

30

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Switch characteristics
Tab.6 - Switch characteristics Parameter User ports (external) WAN ports (internal) Mode Address learning capacity MAC aging time 802.1Q VLANs Port based VLAN Packet buffer memory Max frame size Ethernet output queue Weight queues QoS Layer 2 flow control MDI/MDX (electrical) Value 3 3 Half/full duplex Full duplex 8K 01 hour Up to 4095 Yes/Not 1 Mbit 1632 Bytes 4 Strictly/weighted None/802.1p/TOSDSCP Yes/Not Yes/Not Notes Two: 10/100 + One: 100/1000 With a 290 Mbit/s total capacity For 10/100 eletrical Fixed for 100/1000 electrical Globally for the switch 15 sec steps software configurable Software configurable Software configurable Globally for the switch Software configurable between standard or extended Fixed Software configurable Software configurable Software configurable Software configurable

100BaseFx optical interface characteristics


Fiber type Transceiver type Connector type Operating distance Optical center wavelength Optical transmit power Receive sensitivity Average receive power max Link power budget Compliance Multimode 50/125 m or 62.5/125 m Pluggable LC up to 2 km 1310 nm 14 22 dBm 29 dBm 14 dBm 7 dB 100BaseFx as for IEEE 802.3

1000BaseSx optical interface characteristics


Fiber type Transceiver type Connector type Operating distance 125 m) Optical center wavelength Optical transmit power Multimode 50/125 m or 62.5/125 m Pluggable LC up to 550 m (50/125 m) or up to 300 m (62.5/ 850 nm 2 9.5 dBm

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

31

Receive sensitivity Average receive power max Link power budget Compliance

17 dBm 0 dBm 7.5 dB 1000BaseSx as for IEEE 802.3z

1000BaseLx optical interface characteristics


Fiber type Transceiver type Connector type Operating distance Optical center wavelength Optical transmit power Receive sensitivity Average receive power max Link power budget Compliance Singlemode 9/125 m Pluggable LC up to 10 km 1310 nm 3 9.5 dBm 19 dBm 3 dBm 9.5 dB 1000BaseLx as for IEEE 802.3z

6.7

34/45 Mbit/s INTERFACE (T3, E3)

Input side
Bit rate Line code Rated impedance Rated level Return loss 34368 kbit/s or 44736 kbit/s 20 ppm HDB3 75 Ohm 1.0 Vp/75 Ohm 12 dB from 860 kHz to 17200 kHz 18 dB from 17200 kHz to 34368 kHz 14 dB from 34368 kHz to 51550 kHz 12 dB at 17184 kHz according to

Max attenuation of the input cable Accepted jitter Transfer function Output jitter

trend

see mask in Table 2, CCITT Rec. G.823 see mask in Figure 2, CCITT Rec. G751 0.3 U.I from 0 Hz to 800 kHz 0.05 U.I. from 10 kHz to 800 kHz

Output side
Bit rate Rated impedance Rated level Pulse shape 34368 kbit/s or 44736 kbit/s 20 ppm 75 Ohm 1.0 Vp/75 Ohm see mask in Figure 17, CCITT Rec. G.703

32

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

6.8
-

64 kbit/s CONTRADIRECTIONAL V.11 INTERFACE


100 ppm contradirectional clock and data on independent wire see Rec. CCITT V.11

Tolerance Equipment side Coding Electrical interface

6.9

ALARM INTERFACE

User output
Relay contacts Open contacts R min. Closed contacts R max. Switching voltage V max. Switching current I max. normally open (NO) or normally closed (NC) 100 Mohm at 500 Vdc 0.5 Ohm 100 V 1A

User input
Equivalent circuit recognized as a closed contact Equivalent circuit recognized as an open contact 200 Ohm resist. (max) referred to 6 V (min) 60 kohm (min) referred to +4 V (max)

6.10

NETWORK MANAGEMENT INTERFACE (NMI)

AUI interface
Connector Connection to LAN Protocol 15 pin SUBD with a branching cable and a transceiver to Ethernet Thick coaxial cable or 10BaseT TCP/IP or OSI

10BaseT
LAN type Connector Connection to LAN Protocol Ethernet Twisted Pair 802.3 10baseT RJ45 direct with a CAT5 Twisted Pair TCP/IP or OSI

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

33

10Base2
Connector Connection to LAN Protocol Coax direct with standard coaxial cable TCP/IP or OSI

RS232 interface
Electrical interface Asyncronous baud rate Protocol PPP mode V.28 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600 PPP Client, Automatic (IP Address assigned by equipment)

SCT interface
Electrical interface Asynchronous baud rate Protocol PPP mode V.28 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600 PPP Automatic (IP Address assigned by equipment)

6.11

Power supply

ADM1 can be equipped with one or two PSU units, depending on the mechanical arrangement. One power supply unit may satisfy the equipment complete power requirement, while the two power supply units are in 1+1 redundance configuration, i.e. within the equipment the output lines are ORed together. Input voltage range and power consumption are indicated in the table below. Tab.7 -Input voltage range and power consumption Mechanical layout 4RU 2RU 1RU Input voltage 48 Vdc; 15 % +20% 48 Vdc; 15% +20% 24 Vdc; 15% +20% 48 Vdc; 15%+20% 230 Vac, 50/60 Hz Input current (max) 1.25 A 0.8 A 1A 0.5 A 0.15 A Power consumption (fully equipped) 50 Watts 30 Watts 20 Watts

34

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

6.12

MECHANICAL STRUCTURE

The equipment practice complies with EN 300 1194 standards for mechanical and EMI/EMC specifications. The equipment mechanical structure has the following dimensions: Tab.8 - Mechanical structure 4RU Height Width Depth 160 mm 480 mm 240 mm 2RU 90 mm 480 mm 240 mm 1RU 44.4 mm 480 mm 240 mm

Access to each unit in the shelf is possible from the front side. All connectors are placed on the front of the relevant units.

6.13

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS

The equipment is compliant with the following standards: Storage: EN 300 01911, Class 1.2 (weatherprotected, partly temperaturecontrolled location) Temperature range: 25 C to +55 C Transport: EN 300 01912, Class 2.3 (public transportation) Temperature range: 40 C to +70 C Operation: EN 300 01913, Class 3.2 (Partly temperature controlled locations) Temperature range: 5 C to +45 C normal Rel. humidity: less than 95%

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

35

EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION

7.1

GENERAL

The ADM1 equipment can be configured for terminal, linear adddrop or ring adddrop applications, in unprotected or protected configurations. All the configurations use the same units, only quantity can be different; this allow the user to expand easily and at any time the system from unprotected to protected configuration.

7.2

UNPROTECTED CONFIGURATIONS

7.2.1

4RU version

The following configurations are supported: 1+0 terminal multiplex with up to 63 E1 tributary interfaces. In the terminal version all channels are assigned to a single STM1/STM4 aggregate. The equipment of common parts is typical for a terminal MUX: one or two PSU, one LIU, one SMU, a MCU. The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 63x2 Mbit/s. 1+0 double terminal multiplexer with up to 63 E1 tributary interfaces. In the double terminal version part of the channels are assigned to the West side aggregate, part to the East side. The equipment of common parts is the same as in the 1+0 terminal multiplexer. The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 63x2Mbit/s. 1+0 double terminal multiplexer with up to 126 E1 tributary interfaces. In the double terminal version part of the channels are assigned to the west side aggregate, part to the East side. The equipment of common parts is the same as in the 1+0 terminal MUX with an additional SMU (needed for the additional 2 Mbit/s terminations). The ADM can be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 126x2 Mbit/s. 1+0 dropinsert with up to 63 E1 tributary interfaces. In the repeater version, both direct digital transit of individual channels and local use with the capability of extracting or inserting up to 63x2 Mbit/s channels are possible. The VC used in the frame can be chosen by software programming. The basic common equipment is the same as in the 1+0 terminal MUX. The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 63x2 Mbit/s. 1+0 dropinsert with up to 126 E1 tributary interfaces. In the repeater version, both direct digital transit of individual channels and local use with the capability of extracting or inserting up to 126x2Mbit/s channels are possible. The equipment of common parts is the same as in the 1+0 terminal MUX with an additional SMU (needed for the additional 2Mbit/s terminations). The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 126x2Mbit/s.

The power supply can be duplicated in all the above mentioned configurations. Fig.32 shows the equipment general block diagram. It evidences the units described in the paragraph 7.7.

36

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

7.2.2

2RU version

The following configurations are supported: 1+0 terminal multiplex with up to 63 E1 tributary interfaces. In the terminal version all channels are assigned to a single STM1/STM4 aggregate. The equipment of common parts is typical for a terminal MUX: one or two PSU, one LIU, one SMU, a MCU. The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 63x2 Mbit/s. 1+0 double terminal multiplexer with up to 63 E1 tributary interfaces. In the double terminal version part of the channels are assigned to the West side aggregate, part to the East side. The equipment of common parts is the same as in the 1+0 terminal multiplexer. The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 63x2Mbit/s. 1+0 dropinsert with up to 63 E1 tributary interfaces. In the repeater version, both direct digital transit of individual channels and local use with the capability of extracting or inserting up to 63x2 Mbit/s channels are possible. The VC used in the frame can be chosen by software programming. The basic common equipment is the same as in the 1+0 terminal MUX. The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 63x2 Mbit/s.

The power supply can be duplicated in all the above mentioned configurations. Fig.33 shows the equipment general block diagram. It evidences the units described on the paragraph 7.7.

7.2.3

1RU version

The following configurations are supported: 1+0 terminal multiplex with up to 32 E1 tributary interfaces. In the terminal version all channels are assigned to a single STM1 aggregate. The equipment of common ports is typical for a terminal MUX: one PSU, one LIU, one SMCU. The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 32x2 Mbit/s. 1+0 double terminal multiplexer with up to 32 E1 tributary interfaces. In the double terminal version part of the channels are assigned to the West side aggregate, part to the East side. The equipment of common parts is the same as in the 1+0 terminal multiplexer. The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 32x2 Mbit/s.

Fig.34 shows the equipment general block diagram. It evidences the units described on the paragraph 7.7.

7.3

EQUIPMENT PROTECTED CONFIGURATIONS

7.3.1

4RU version

The equipment can be partially or fully protected by duplicating the LIU, the SMU, the PSU and the tributary units. For the tributary protection please also refer to paragraph 7.5 The following configurations are supported: 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line protection. The line protection is obtained by using the second interface (East) of the same LIU. The equipment of common parts is the same as in the 1+0 terminal multiplexer, but with the two LIU interfaces enabled. The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 63x2 Mbit/ s. 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line and equipment protection. This kind of protection requires the use of two LIU and two SMU units. The equipment can work with

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

37

a maximum of 63x2 Mbit/s in protected configuration. Other types of tributaries can be used in unprotected or simple unit redundancy configuration 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line, equipment and tributary protection. This kind of protection requires the same configuration as for the 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line and equipment protection with the addition of a TSU switch for the STM1, E3/T3, Ethernet tributaries. The 2 Mbit/s tributaries are protected (max. 63) without the need of a TSU switch. The STM1, E3/T3, Ethernet tributaries can be protected in unit redundancy with switch type. 1+1 dropinsert with line protection. This kind of protection requires the use of two LIU and one SMU unit. The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 63x2 Mbit/s. 1+1 dropinsert with line and equipment protection. This kind of protection requires the use of two LIU and two SMU units. The equipment can work with a maximum of 63x2 Mbit/s in protected configuration. Other types of tributaries can be used in unprotected or simple unit redundancy configuration 1+1 dropinsert with line, equipment and tributary protection. The kind of protection requires the same configurations as for the 1+1 dropinsert with line and equipment protection with the addition of a TSU switch for the STM1, E3/T3, Ethernet tributaries. The 2 Mbit/s tributaries are protected (max. 63) without the need of a TSU switch. The STM1, E3/T3, Ethernet tributaries can be protected in unit redundancy with switch type.

The power supply can be duplicated in all the above mentioned configurations. Fig.35 shows the fully protected configuration with 63x2 Mbit/s tributaries (1+1 terminal or dropinsert multiplexer with line, equipment and tributary protection).

7.3.2

2RU version

The following configuration is supported: 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line protection. The line protection is obtained by using the second interface (east) of the same LIU. The equipment of common parts is the same as in the 1+0 terminal multiplexer. but with the two LIU interfaces enabled. The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 63x2 Mbit/ s. The power supply can be duplicated.

7.3.3

1RU version

The following configuration is supported: 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line protection. The line protection is obtained by using the second interface (east) of the same LIU. The equipment of common partes is the same as in the 1+0 terminal multiplexer, but with the two LIU interfaces enabled. The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 32x2 Mbit/ s.

38

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

7.4

NETWORK PROTECTED CONFIGURATIONS

The following automatic protections are implemented in order to meet network redundancy requirements: MSP (1+1 equipment configuration is required) SNCP (Subnetwork Connection Protection), on EW aggregate streams 2 Mbit/s end to end traffic protection between PDH and SDH MSSPR, in case of STM4 aggregate signal.

7.4.1

2 Mbit/s end to end traffic protection between PDH and SDH rings

As introduced in chapter 5.2 and relevant Fig.7, the equipment provides protection to 2 Mbit/s end to end traffic between PDH and SDH rings. As shown in Fig.23 the performances of each 2 Mbit/s tributary signal coming from the PDH path and entering into the SDH ring is monitored at the SMU unit input. In case of 2 Mbit/s trouble the relevant generated alarm signals are embedded in the VC12 POH and then into the STM1 frame. This action permits to enable the SNCP protection at SDH ring end by switching the VC12s. Fig.24 shows the 2 Mbit/s alarms details, SDH consequent action, and alarm/switching activation time.

2 Mbit/s tributary input #1

PPI Plesiochronous Physical Interface

LPA Lower order Path Adaptation

LPT Lower order Path Termination

To alarm interface
SDH multiplexing functions

2 Mbit/s tributary input #n

Fig.23 - 2 Mbit/s monitoring and alarm insertion PDH+SDH alarm activation time SDH BER Threshold dependent 10 sec 1,5 msec

2 Mbit/s

2 Mbit/s alarms CRC Error

SDH consequent actions Parity errors forced on the POH (BIP2 of the V5 byte) TUAIS (optional) TUAIS (All 1 forced in the whole TU12, including the TU12 Pointer) TUAIS (All 1 in the whole TU12, including the TU12 Pointer)

2 Mbit/s G.704 Framed

BER 106 (CRC4/G.704) Loss of Signal (LOS) Loss of Frame (LOF) Received AIS Loss of Signal (LOS) Received AIS

2 Mbit/s unframed

1,5 msec

Fig.24 - 2 Mbit/s alarm monitoring and consequent SDH action

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

interface

STM-1

interface

STM-1

2 Mbit/s alignment and monitor

39

7.5

REDUNDANCY OF TRIBUTARY INTERFACE UNITS

The ADM1 provides equipment protection also to the tributary interface units (see Fig.31): Protection for E1 tributary This protection is available on 4RU version only. The redundancy is achieved by duplicating the SMU unit; a switch on the TIU unit selects the E1 tributary traffic from the two SMU units according to unit status and networks alarms.

Tributary (only E1)

SMU - R

Aggregate

SMU - M TIU
Fig.25 -Protection for E1 tributary Protection for STM1, E3/T3 and Ethernet tributaries Two types of protection are foreseen: -

Aggregate

Simple unit redundancy: this protection is available in all the RU versions. Full unit duplication (including physical interfaces with connectors) is achieved. The two units work independently. The crossconnect (within the SMU/SMCU) selects the active unit according to unit status and network alarms.

Tributary

TIU

SMU SMCU

Aggregate Tributary TIU

Fig.26 - Simple unit redundancy Unit redundancy with switch: This protection is available on 4RU version only. The two tributary interface units in redundancy are connected through a switch (TSU Tributary Switching Unit) that selects the tributary traffic from the two units according to unit status and network alarms.

TIU Tributary

SMU

Aggregate TIU TSU


Fig.27 - Unit redundancy with switch

40

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

7.5.1
See Fig.31.

Equipment of tributary units slots (for 4RU version only)

The first four TIU slots can house E1 tributaries only. The last four slots can instead be equipped with any TIU type (i.e. E1, E3/T3, STM1 and Ethernet) enabling any mixture of interfaces. The next figures show some examples of possible configurations. 126xE1 unprotected configuration

TIU (E1)

TIU (E1)

TIU (E1)

TIU (E1)

TIU (E1)

TIU (E1)

TIU (E1)

TIU (E1)

Fig.28 - 126xE1 unprotected configuration

63xE1 protected (unprotected in case of a single SMU) + 3x10/100BaseT + 3xE3 + 2xSTM1 (with TIU protection) configuration

Simple Unit Redundancy

cover

cover

(STM

cover

TU TIU (E1) (E1)

TU TIU (E1) (E1)

TU TIU (E1) (E1)

TU TIU (E1) (E1)

(E3)

TU TIU

(Eth)

TU TIU

TU TIU

TU TIU

(STM

TSU

Cover

TSU

Cover

1) -

Fig.29 - 63xE1 protected + 3x10/100BaseT + 3xE3 + 2xSTM1 configuration

48xE1 + 3x10/100BaseT (with TIU protection) and 2xSTM1 (with TIU protection) configuration

Unit Redundancy with Switch

1) cover

cover

cover

TSU

TSU

(Eth)

TIU TU (E1) (E1)

TU TIU (E1) (E1)

TIU TU (E1) (E1)

TU TIU
(Eth)

TIU TU

TIU TU

(STM

(Eth)

TU TIU
(STM-1)

(STM

(Eth)

(E3)

(STM-1)

(STM-1)

TSU

Cover

TSU

Cover

1) -

Fig.30 - 48xE1 + 3x10/100BaseT and 2xSTM1 configuration

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

1) -

Cover

(Eth)

(STM-1)

41

TU TIU

TU TIU

TU TIU

TU TIU

TU TIU

TU TIU

TU TIU

TU TIU

PSU-M PSU- R MIU

SMU M

SMU R

MCU

LIU -M

LIU -R

Up to 63 E1 Tributary in 1+0 or " Redundancy configuration"

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

PSU-M PSU-R MIU

SMU M

SMU R LIU M

MCU

LIU - R

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU
Cover Cover

TIU
Cover

TIU
Cover

TIU

TIU
TSU switch

TIU
Cover

TIU
TSU switch Cover

E1 Tributary in 1+0 configuration for expansion from 64 to 126

E3/T3 or STM1 or Ethernet Tributary in 1+0 configuration or "Simple Unit Redundancy"

E3/T3 or STM1 or Ethernet Tributary In "Unit Redundancy configuration with switch"

Fig.31 - Redundancy of tributary units

42

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

7.6

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

Fig.32 to Fig.35 show the block diagram of the different ADM1 equipment version. They evidence the units below described.

7.6.1

LIU (Line Interface Unit)

This unit provides two aggregate interfaces, East/West sides, to the STM1/STM4 signal. The SPI may be electrical or optical in alternative.

7.6.2

SMU (SDH Multiplexing Unit)

This unit provides the following: STM1 mapping/demapping as per G.707 Recc. Crossconnection for virtual containers VC12 and VC3: from direction E/W to direction W/E from the tributary lines to E/W direction and viceversa from tributary lines to tributary lines

The maximum crossconnection capability is 12xSTM1. The timing to all the equipment functional blocks by selecting four possible external synchronisation sources. Holdover and free running modes are also available according to Recs. G.810/G.813.

7.6.3

MCU (Main Control Unit)

This unit provides monitoring and controls of all equipment functional blocks. The manmachine dialogue is performed through the SCT/LCT or NMS5UX managers. In addition the controller provides: a 64 kbit/s service channel, transmitted over the F1 byte of the STM1 frame.

7.6.4

SMCU (SDH Multiplexing and Control Unit)

This unit provides the following: STM1 mapping/demapping as per G.707 Recc. Crossconnection for virtual containers VC12 and VC3: from direction E/W to direction W/E from the tributary lines to E/W direction and viceversa from tributary lines to tributary lines

The maximum crossconnection capability is 12xSTM1. The timing to all the equipment functional blocks by selecting four possible external synchronisation sources. Holdover and free running modes are also available according to Recs. G.810/G.813.

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

43

Monitoring and controls of all equipment functional blocks. The manmachine dialogue is performed through the SCT/LCT or NMS5UX managers. In addition the controller provides a 64 kbit/s service channel transmitted over the F1 byte of the STM1 frame.

7.6.5

TIU (Tributary Interface Unit)

The equipment can be equipped with different tributary interface types: 2 Mbit/s tributary interface (E1): each unit can provide up to sixteen 2 Mbit/s interface. The tributary impedance is 75 Ohms or 120 Ohms 3x34/45 Mbit/s tributary interface (T3, E3), G.703 2xSTM1 G.703 electrical or G.957 optical Ethernet 2x10/100BaseT + 1x100BaseFx/1000BaseSx or Lx Ethernet 2x100BaseFx + 1x100BaseFx/1000BaseSx or Lx

7.6.6

PSU (Power Supply Unit)

Different units process the DC battery or AC (1RU version only) input in order to supply the equipment with the required supply voltages. The unit for the 2RU and 4RU versions can be duplicated for higher reliability.

44

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

LIU SMU-M
SDH G.707 mapping SETS External timing Aggregate interface

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006


Cross-conn. matrix SDH G.707 mapping Up to 63x2 Mbit/s tributary interface up to 63x2 Mbit/s Aggregate interface TIU SDH G.707 mapping

STM-1/4 west

STM-1/4 east

MCU
Main controller Cross-conn. matrix Management & monitoring SDH G.707 mapping Up to 63x2 Mbit/s tributary interface additional up to 63x2 Mbit/s

In/out alarms

LAN/RS232 supervision ports

additional SMU-R
Only in case of term. 1+0 126x2 Mbit/s version

64 kbit/s V.11 service channel

34/45 Mbit/s interface

34/45 Mbit/s

48V batt. PSUM Equipment supply PSUR

STM-1 interface to/from SMU unit only

155520 kbit/s

Fig.32 - ADM1 4RU version general block diagram (1+0 unprotected configuration)
Ethernet interface Ethernet 10/100/1000

48V batt.

45

46

LIU SMU-M
SDH G.707 mapping SETS External timing Aggregate interface

STM-1/4 west

Cross-conn. matrix

SDH G.707 mapping

Up to 63x2 Mbit/s tributary interface

up to 63x2 Mbit/s

STM-1/4 east Aggregate interface

SDH G.707 mapping

MCU
Management & monitoring

In/out alarms Main controller

34/45 Mbit/s tributary interface

34/45 Mbit/s

LAN/RS232 supervision ports

64 kbit/s V11 service channel

TIU

48V batt. PSU-M Equipment supply PSU-R

STM-1 interface

155520 kbit/s

Fig.33 - ADM1 2RU version general block diagram (1+0 unprotected configuration) Aggregate
Ethernet interface Ethernet 10/100/1000

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

48V batt.

LIU SMCU
SDH G.707 mapping SETS External timing Aggregate interface

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006


Cross-conn. matrix SDH G.707 mapping Up to 32x2 Mbit/s tributary interface up to 32x2 Mbit/s Aggregate interface Management and monitoring SDH G.707 mapping Main controller 34/45 Mbit/s tributary interface 34/45 Mbit/s TIU PSU Equipment supply STM-1 interface 155520 kbit/s Ethernet interface Ethrernet 10/100/1000

STM-1 west

STM-1 east

In/out alarms

LAN/RS232 supervision ports

64 kbit/s V.11 service channel

Fig.34 - ADM1 1RU version general block diagram (1+0 unprotected configuration)

24 or 48/60 battery or 110/240 Vac

47

48

LIU SMCU
SDH G.707 mapping SETS External timing Aggregate interface

STM-1 west

Cross-conn. matrix

SDH G.707 mapping

Up to 32x2 Mbit/s tributary interface

up to 32x2 Mbit/s

STM-1 east Aggregate interface Management and monitoring

SDH G.707 mapping

In/out alarms Main controller

34/45 Mbit/s tributary interface

34/45 Mbit/s

LAN/RS232 supervision ports TIU

64 kbit/s V.11 service channel

Fig.35 - ADM1, 4RU version, equipment full protection (63x2 Mbit/s version)
PSU Equipment supply STM-1 interface Ethernet interface

24 or 48/60 battery or 110/240 Vac

155520 kbit/s

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Ethrernet 10/100/1000

7.7

UNIT DESCRIPTION

Herebelow the block diagram of the units the equipment consists of are supplied. The signal path from the STM1 aggregate lines to the tributary lines and viceversa is indicated.

7.7.1

LIU (Line Interface Unit)

Refer to block diagram of Fig.55. The line STM1 interfacing is performed through a synchronous physical interface (SPI) circuit.

Electrical version
At the receive side (West or East) the SPI interfaces the STM1 signal then performing: clock extraction from CMI decoding code conversion from CMI to NRZ format input cable loss compensation up to 13 dB

The hybrid that follows supplies the two SMU units in case of SMU unit duplication. At the transmit side it receives 155520 kbit/s signal and performs the code conversion from NRZ to CMI format according to G.703 Recommendation. The LIU is provided with a switch, controlled by the controller unit, for selection of the signal coming from the two SMU units.

Optical version
It interfaces the fibre cables through optical transmitter and receiver. At the receive side a PIN diode extracts the data at 155520 kbit/s rate in NRZ format. The circuits that follow are the same of electrical version. At the transmit side the data at 155520 kbit/s rate in NRZ format is passed for modulation to the optical transmitter. The card uses a pluggable laser module that can be changed without extracting the card. The controller card detects if a laser module is changed and updates the system. The types of supported laser module are listed in Tab.5.

LOS LED WEST SIDE

OUT

IN

OUT

IN

LOS LED EAST SIDE

LOS LED: when ON a loss of incoming signal is detected


Fig.36 - LIU - Electrical version

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

49

LOS LED WEST SIDE

LOS LED EAST SIDE

LOS ON

LOS ON

TX LED ACTIVE

LASER MODULES

TX LED ACTIVE

LOS LED: when ON a loss of incoming signal is detected TX LED ACTIVE: when ON the Tx laser is active
Fig.37 - LIU - Optical version

7.7.2

SMU (SDH Multiplexing Unit)

The SMU unit consists of the blocks shown by the block diagram of Fig.56. It performs the multiplexing structure from STM1 to tributary and viceversa. A brief overview of the main functions will follow. Fig.56 shows the SMU unit in drop/insert configuration.

LED CARD FAIL

2M ACT
TX LED ACTIVE

SYNC 2 MHz IN

SYNC 2 MHz OUT

LED CARD FAIL: when ON the card has a major alarm LED ACTIVE STATUS: when ON the card is active
Fig.38 - SMU

MST + RST
At the receive side an aligner circuit searches from the incoming signal the bytes A1 and A2 for alignment. If the correct alignment is achieved, then a frame aligned timing circuit permits to extract all the RST and MST bytes of the SOH. After descrambling the content of some byte is then sent to main controller for processing and for displaying by the SCT program when connected. At the output of MST+RST block, the Administrative Unit (AU) is passed to the MSA section passing through a switch for signal selection from West (East) lines. At the transmit side the AU payload from the MSA section is added with MST and RST bytes thus generating the STM1 signal. The byte allocation is made by using a frame timing derived from a local clock locked to the SETS. SOH content is shown in Fig.67. The STM1 signal, after duplication, is then sent to the West (East) lines passing through the LIUs.

50

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

MSA (Multiplex Section Adaptation)


At the receive side this section extracts VC4 from AU4 and viceversa at the transmit side terminating/inserting the AU pointers. The pointers permit a flexible allocation to VC4 within AU4 regarding possible phase/frequency fluctuation of the payload with respect to transport module (see Fig.69). The pointer occupies the STM1 nine first bytes of the fourth row. Pointer value permits always to locate the VC4 start (byte J1 of POH) and recovery possible phase/frequency variation between AU4 and VC4. Positive stuffing is made if VC4 bit rate is lower than AU4; negative stuffing if on the contrary (see Fig.70). In the first case the first three bytes following the pointer are used; in the second the last three pointer bytes are dedicated to the negative justification. Stuffing operation is followed by pointer value updating (incremented or decremented) through inversion of some bytes of pointer word.

HPT (High Path Termination)


This section terminates/inserts the VC4 POH thus extracting C4/generating VC4. The POH acts as path trace identifier, error monitor, payload identifier and remote alarm indicator. See Fig.71 for VC4 POH content.

HPA (High Path Adaptation)


This section performs the following: mapping/demapping from C4 to TU12 and viceversa passing through TUG2 TUG3 structure as shown in Fig.72 and Fig.73. alignment of TU12 WEST/EAST sides in the same temporal position permits adaptation of any VC12 embedded into the STM1 from one side to the other through TU 12 pointer mechanism (see Fig.74).

LPC (Lower Order Path Connection)


It permits the VC12s within STM1 East/West to be: cross connected from one side to the other in any position of STM1 locally terminated at any tributary interface.

LPT (Low Path Termination)


At the receive side it extracts the C12 container by terminating the POH while at transmit side performs opposite operation. The POH acts as low path trace identifier, error monitor, payload identifier and remote alarm indicator. Fig.76 shows the POH content (byte V5).

LPA (Low Path Adaptation)


This section permits to map (demap) an asynchronous 2048 kbit/s into (from) the C12 container. Justification bits are included in order to perform adaptation of the external clock with the internal one. The generated frame consists of 140 bytes with a period of 500 s as shown in Fig.75.

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

51

PPI (Plesiochronius Physical Interface)


It interfaces the 2 Mbit/s input/output signal adapting the HDB3 line code with the NRZ equipment code and viceversa.

SETS
The synchronisation equipment timing source circuit supplies the reference for timing the equipment circuitry. Fig.58 shows the synchronisation block diagram.

7.7.3

2 Mbit/s (E1) tributary interface unit

This unit can interface up to sixteen 2 Mbit/s tributary lines. Further units can be added until the maximum capacity is reached. As shown in Fig.59 it consists of a level adapter from HDB3 to NRZ/TTL and viceversa. In case of ADM1 4RU version with SMU unit protection, an hybrid duplicates the signal at transmit side whereas a switch selects the best signal from the two SMU units.
Tributary 2 Mbit/s 75 Ohm

11 16 11

12

16

Output Tributary 2 Mbit/s 120 Ohm 9-12 1-4 13-16 5-8

Fig.39 - 2 Mbit/s (E1) tributary interface unit

7.7.4

155 Mbit/s (STM1) tributary interface unit

The unit interfaces two STM1 tributary lines. Further units can be added until the maximum capacity is reached. The STM1 interface can be electrical or optical, depending on the equipped unit. Refer to block diagram of Fig.57 for the following description.

SPI
Electrical version At the receive side (A or B) the SPI interfaces the STM1 signal then performing: clock extraction from CMI decoding code conversion from CMI to NRZ format input cable loss compensation up to 13 dB

At the transmit side it receives 155520 kbit/s signal and performs the code conversion from NRZ to CMI format according to G.703 Recommendation.

52

12

Input

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Optical version It interfaces the fibre cables through optical transmitter and receiver. At the receive side a PIN diode extracts the data at 155520 kbit/s rate in NRZ format. The circuits that follow are the same of electrical version. At the transmit side the data at 155520 kbit/s rate in NRZ format is passed for modulation to the optical transmitter. The card uses a pluggable laser module that can be changed without extracting the card. The controller card detects if a laser module is changed and updates the system. The types of supported laser module are listed in Tab.5. By SW programming it is possible to disable the SPI of the tributary unit, connecting the STM1 signals to the SPI placed on the TSU unit. In this case the SPI interface can be electrical or optical depending on the proper TSU.
C36073

LOS

V.11

OUT

IN

OUT

IN

Side A

Side B

V11 service channel

C36074

LOS

LOS V.11

LOS B

ON

OUT

IN

OUT

IN

Side A

Side B Class 1 Laser Product

V11 service channel

LED LOS: when ON a loss of incoming signal is detected LED ON: when ON the Tx Laser is active
Fig.40 - Frontal view

MST + RST
At the receive side an aligner circuit searches from the incoming signal the bytes A1 and A2 for alignment. If the correct alignment is achieved, then a frame aligned timing circuit permits to extract all the RST and MST bytes of the SOH. After descrambling the content of some byte is then sent to main controller for processing and for displaying by the SCT program when connected. At the transmit side the AU payload from the MSA section is added with MST and RST bytes thus generating the STM1 signal. The byte allocation is made by using a frame timing derived from a local clock locked to the SETS. SOH content is shown in Fig.67. The STM1 signal is then sent to the A (B) lines passing through the SPIs.

MSA (Multiplex Section Adaptation)


At the receive side this section extracts VC4 from AU4 and viceversa at the transmit side terminating/inserting the AU pointers. The pointers permit a flexible allocation to VC4 within AU4 regarding possible phase/frequency fluctuation of the payload with respect to transport module (see Fig.69). The pointer occupies the STM1 nine first bytes of the fourth row.

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

ON

53

Pointer value permits always to locate the VC4 start (byte J1 of POH) and recovery possible phase/frequency variation between AU4 and VC4. Positive stuffing is made if VC4 bit rate is lower than AU4; negative stuffing if on the contrary (see Fig.70). In the first case the first three bytes following the pointer are used; in the second the last three pointer bytes are dedicated to the negative justification. Stuffing operation is followed by pointer value updating (incremented or decremented) through inversion of some bytes of pointer word.

HPT (High Path Termination)


This section terminates/inserts the VC4 POH thus extracting C4/generating VC4. The POH acts as path trace identifier, error monitor, payload identifier and remote alarm indicator. See Fig.71 for VC4 POH content.

HPA (High Path Adaptation)


This section performs the following: mapping/demapping from C4 to TU12 and viceversa passing through TUG2 TUG3 structure as shown in Fig.72 and Fig.73. alignment of TU12 A/B sides in the same temporal position permits adaptation of any VC12 embedded into the STM1 from one side to the other through TU 12 pointer mechanism (see Fig.74).

Bus interface
This section interfaces the A and B signals, adapting the internal bus of the unit to the crossconnect bus inside the SMU (SMCU) unit.

V11 service channel


This section permits to map (demap) a V.11 64 kbit/s service channel into (from) the F1 bytes. By SW programming the service channel can be connected to the A or B channel.

7.7.5

34/45 (E3/T3) tributary interface unit

The unit terminates three T3 or E3 bidirectional tributaries, at 34/45 Mbit/s. The line interface is at 75 Ohm, realized by 1.0/2.3 connectors. Through software programming, it is possible: to configure each single interface to operate at 34 Mbit/s or at 45 Mbit/s to assign the channel to one of the VC3s of the SDH frame. The multiplexing scheme is depicted in Fig.42.

More units can be inserted into the subrack, up to reach the maximum foreseen capacity. On the frontal panel, the LOS alarm points out, for each channel, the absence of the input signal.
CHANNEL 1 C36079 LOS CHANNEL 2 CHANNEL 3

Fig.41 - 34/45 (E3/T3) tributary interface unit

54

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

7.7.5.1

Functional Description

For the SDH transport, mapping is foreseen on the single VC3s. A block diagram of the unit is reported in Fig.43; it highlights the following functional blocks:

Relay
It implements all the switching functions between the tributary unit and the Switch unit.

LIU
LIU contains all the circuits that interface the three E3 and/or T3 lines. In transmission, it generates the signal at 34.368 or at 44.736 Mbit/s to send to the line. An internal monitoring circuit provides to raise an alarm in case of transmission fault. In reception, it regenerates the clock and the data of the HDB3 or B3ZS signal in input. An embedded AGC circuit allows getting an attenuation equal to 6dB and 12 db f . An internal monitoring circuit provides to raise an alarm in case of LOS or errors on the input signal.

Mapper
The device maps the three E3/T3 circuits into the TUG3 of the SDH frame. The three interfaces can be of uniform (E3/T3) or mixed type. This block adapts the E3/T3 user traffic to the transport in the synchronous network, providing a justifying process in the correspondent VC3s.

Bus Interface
It allows adapting the frame format to that foreseen by the SMU unit.

Microprocessor Interface
All the functions of unit management and configuration are charged to this block.

STM -N

AUG

AU -4

VC -4 TU -3 VC -3 C-3 34368 Kbit/s : E3 44736 Kbit/s : T3

Pointer processing Multiplexing Aligning Mapping Container (C) Virtual Container (VC) Tributary Unit (TU)

TUG -3

TUG -2 TU -12 Tributary Unit Group (TUG) Administrative Unit (AU) Administrative Unit Group (AUG) VC -12 C-12 2048 Kbit/s : E1

Fig.42 - Multiplexing structure

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

55

3 x E3/T3 G703 75ohm Input Output Interfaces

Tras Tras Tras

Rel

Rel Rel

LIU + TX Clock Extractor

Mapper + PLL

To Bus Interface

SMU M

To To TSU Microprocessor Interface XO To

SMU R

MCU

Fig.43 - E3T3 unit block diagram

7.7.6

Ethernet tributary unit interface

This unit terminates three Ethernet tributaries, which, depending on the equipped unit, can be of type: 2x10/100BaseT + 1x100 Base FX or 1000 Base SX/LX 2 (Fig.44) 2x100BaseFX + 1x100 Base FX or 1000 Base SX/LX 2 (Fig.45)

More units can be inserted into the subrack, up to the reaching of the maximum foreseen capacity. In case of optical equipping, the LEDs or the lasers are of Class1. The functionality is typical of a transparent bridge, operating at level 2 (link layer) of the OSI standard with: management of the QoS (Quality of Service) at level 2 with consequent proprietary management of the queues flow control access to the carrier through examination of the physical address (MAC) VLAN (Virtual LAN), where different LANs can share the carrier maintaining a reciprocal independence management of the Spanning Tree protocol, which allows routing the packets within the SDH ring, avoiding spurious network loops.

The unit can accept Ethernet frames with standard length (up to 1536 bytes). As regards the SDH transport, the embedding into the GFPF frame is foreseen, with the possibility to multiplex 2. The 100 or 1000 operation is achieved programming the unit for the wished modality and equipping the same unit with the proper optical transceiver (100FX or 1000SX or LX) the traffic on one or more concatenated VC12s and/or VC3s. Up to three virtual concatenations are foreseen, is such a way to create independent paths within the network. A different concatenation can be associated to each port with variable transport capacity, with a maximum throughput on WAN side (internal) of 290,304 Mbit/s per unit. The distribution of the traffic over the different VCs can be configured by the user via SW programming.

Ch 1
C36068

Ch 2

Ch 3
DPLX

Link/ACT 100/1000Bx 10/100BaseT 10/100BaseT

OUT IN
Fig.44 - 2x10/100BaseT + 1x100BaseFx or 1000BaseSx/Lx unit

56

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Ch 1
C36069 DPLX Link/ACT 100/1000Bx

Ch 2

Ch 3

100BASEFX

100BASEFX

OUT IN

OUT IN

OUT IN

Fig.45 - 2x100BaseFx + 1x100BaseFx or 1000BaseSx/Lx unit

Functional description
The development foresees the treatment at level 2, transparent bridge type, of the packet traffic. The three Ethernet access interfaces are connected to an internal switch of level 2 that provides to send the traffic in the different directions depending on the MAC Address. The Ethernet packet, before being sent to the wished VCs, is embedded into a GFPF frame. For the SDH transport, the mapping is foreseen on the single VC12s and VC3s, or on concatenated VCs, with the possibility to create up to a maximum of 3 concatenations per unit. A block diagram of the unit is reported in Fig.46; it highlights the following functional main blocks:

Electrical Interface
The electrical interface is in compliance with 802.3 standard and foresees, depending on the realization, two or three RJ45 connectors on the front panel.

Optical Interface
The optical interface is achieved equipping the proper unit with a LED or laser transceiver, of pluggable type, with a LC type connector. The equipment controller provides to the user the information about the presence/absence/type of the transceiver.

Relay
It implements all the switching features between the tributary unit and the Switch unit.

Level 2 Switch
The switch realizes all the switching functions at level 2 between the 10/100 and 1000 Mbps input ports, the three internal ones and that devoted to the switch with the CPU of the BPDU signal relevant to the Spanning Tree (RapidSTP). The switch supports the following standards: IEEE 802.3 relevant to LAN interfaces IEEE 802.1Q relevant to VLAN tagging, up to a maximum of 4096 local VLANs IEEE 802.1p for the priority management IEEE 802.3x for the flow control.

It can recognize up to 4096 different MAC Addresses, manages 4096 VLANs and provides the HW support to the CPU for the management of the Spanning Tree protocol. The Quality of Service (QoS) is managed both at level 2 and at level 3, addressing the incoming packets on four queues per port. The packets are queued on the chosen queue analyzing the 3 bits foreseen by the Ethernet tag IEEE 802.1, or observing the bits contained in the TypeofService field of the IP header.

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

57

MII/GMII interface and GFP frame


The module adapts the MII interface of the switch to the internal interface; the packet traffic, before being loaded on the relevant VCs, is embedded according to the GFPF standard, which supports the multilink transport.

VC3 or VC12 Ethernet mapper


The module maps the traffic over the single VC12s or VC3s or concatenated VCs. Up to three virtual concatenations are foreseen, is such a way to create independent paths within the network. A different concatenation can be associated to each port with variable transport capacity, with a maximum throughput on WAN side (internal) of 290,304 Mbit/s per unit.

Bus Interface
It allows adapting the frame format to that foreseen by the SMU unit.

Micro Interface
All the functions of unit management and configuration are charged to this block.

Microprocessor
All the functions of dynamic management of the Spanning Tree are charged to this block. It is provided with a Dual Port Ram for the interconnection towards the central Micro.

RAM
Memory suitable to recover the delay among the different VCs of the same concatenation and allow the reconstruction of the original sequence of the Ethernet packets.

100 FX or 1000 SX/LX

Optical Transceiver Electrical Interface Electrical Interface Layer 2 SWITCH

100B T

MII/GMII interface and GFP Framer

VC3 or VC12 Ethernet mapper Bus Interface To SMU-M

100B T

To SMU-N

RAM To TSU Rel Processor Microprocessor Interface

RAM FLASH

Dual Port Ram

To MCU

Fig.46 - Figure Block diagram of the 2x10/100BaseT + 1x100/1000 BaseFX Ethernet tributary unit

58

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

7.7.7

MCU (Main Controller Unit)

This unit mainly consists of a main controller type MPC860 (see Fig.60) that interacts with the equipment boards and management ports. The activities executed by the main controller are the following: Communication management: it makes use of SNMP as management protocol and IP or IP over OSI as communication protocol stacks. See Fig.61 for details. The interface ports for the equipment management are the following: LAN Ethernet 10BaseT or AUI or 10Base2 (located in Ethernet card) RS232 asynchronous used for SCT/LCT connection RS232 asynchronous used for connection to remote NEs DCC (data communication channel) embedded within STM1 for connection to the remote NEs.

Login: the main controller manages the equipment or network login/logout by setting and then controlling the users ID and relevant password. Database (MIB): validation and storing in a nonvolatile memory of the equipment configuration parameters. Equipment configuration: distribution of the parameters stored in the MIB towards the controlled units for their attuation in addition to the controls from user not stored in the MIB (i.e. loops, manual forcing etc...) Alarm monitoring: acquisition, filtering and correlation of the alarms gathered from the controlled units. Local logger and alarm sending to the connected managers: SCT/LCT NMS5UX. Management of the alarm signalling on the basic shelf front panel.

Performances: PM management as per Recc. G.826 performed processing: byte B1 related to RST of STM1 E/W byte B2/M1 related to MST of STM1 E/W

BIP2 of V5 related to VC12 Download: the main controller is equipped with two flash memory banks containing the running program (active bank) and the standby program (inactive bank). This permits to download a new software release to the inactive bank without disturbing the traffic. Bank switch enables the new release to be used. Download activity is based on FTP protocol which downloads application programs, FPGA configuration, configuration files on main controller inactive bank or directly on the peripheral controllers.

Major alarm led

Automatic laser shutdown disable led Critical alarm led


M L ALS

Remote RS232

Alarm I/O and Service channel

A R B EOW m W TEST RS232 SCT USER I/O - V11

Reset controller Minor alarm led


LED LED LED LED LED

Warning alarm led Active test led

Management RS232

MAJOR ALARM: when ON a major alarm is detected in the equipment (see SCT for detail) MINOR ALARM: when ON a minor alarm is detected in the equipment (see SCT for detail) CRITICAL ALARM: when ON a critical alarm is detected in the equipment (see SCT for detail) ALS: when ON automatic laser shutdown is disable. Therefore Tx laser is always ON: pay attention. TEST: when ON a manual test operation is active. Fig.47 - MCU

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

59

7.7.8

Power supply unit

This unit feeds all the system units. Four different PSU units are available to satisfy the power requirements of each ADM1 mechanical version as shown in the table below. Tab.9 - Power supply ADM1 mechanical layout 4RU 2RU 1RU Input voltage range 48/60 Vdc 48/60 Vdc 24 Vdc 48/60 Vdc 90 to 254 Vac Power consumption 50 W 30 W 20 W Figure Fig.48 Fig.49 Fig.49 Fig.49 Fig.50

Power connector

Switch

Led ON

Fig.48 - Power supply unit - 4RU

+ Power connector

Switch Led ON

Fig.49 - Power supply unit - 2RU/1RU

L L

N N

Main input connector

Switch

Led ON

Fig.50 - Power supply unit - 1RU

7.7.9

Management Interface Unit (MIU)

This unit supplies the physical Ethernet connection for management. The user can select from three types of physical connections: 10BaseT, 10BaseThub, AUI. The MAC layer is performed by controller card.

60

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

10BaseT unit

10BaseT-hub

AUI unit

Fig.51 - MIU

7.7.10

SMCU

The SMCU unit consists of two main block: SDH block (see Fig.54) Controller block (see Fig.53)

7.7.10.1

SDH Block

It performs the multiplexing structure from STM1 to tributary and vice versa. A brief overview of this block will follow.

MST + RST
At the receive side an aligner searches from the incoming signal the bytes A1 and A2 for alignment. If the correct alignment is achieved, then a frame aligned timing circuit permits to extract all the RST and MST bytes of the SOH. After descrambling the content of some byte is then sent to main controller for processing and for displaying by the SCT program when connected. At the output of MST + RST block, the Administrative Unit (AU) is passed to the MSA section passing through a switch for signal selection from West (east) lines. At the transmit side the AU payload from the MSA section is added with MST and RST bytes thus generating the STM1 signal. The byte allocation is made by using a frame timing derived from a local clock locked to the SETS. SOH content is shown in Fig.67. The STM1 signal, after duplication, is then sent to the West (East) lines passing through the LIUs.

MSA (Multiplex Section Adaptation)


At the receive side this section extracts VC4 from AU4 and viceversa at the transmit side terminating/inserting the AU pointers. The pointers permit a flexible allocation to VC4 within AU4 regarding possible phase/frequency fluctuation of the payload with respect to transport module (see Fig.69). The pointer occupies the STM1 nine first bytes of the fourth row. Pointer value permits always to locale the VC4 start (byte J1 of POH) and recovery possible phase/frequency variation between AU4 and VC4. Positive stuffing is made if VC4 bit rate is lower than AU4; negative stuffing if on the contrary (see Fig.70). In the first case the first three bytes following the pointer are used; in the second the last three pointer bytes are dedicated to the negative justification. Stuffing operation is followed by pointer value updating (incremented or decremented) through inversion of some bytes of pointer word.

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

61

HPT (High Path Termination)


This section terminates/inserts the VC4 POH thus extracting C4/generating VC4. The POH acts as path trace identifier, error monitor, payload identifier and remote alarm indicator. See Fig.71 for VC4 POH content.

HPA (High Path Adaptation)


This section performs the following: mapping/demapping from C4 to TU12 and viceversa passing through TUG2 TUG3 structure as shown in Fig.72 and Fig.73. alignment of TU12 WEST/East sides in the same temporal position permits adaptation of any VC12 embedded into the STM1 from one side to the other through TU 12 pointer mechanism (see Fig.74).

LPC (Lower Order Path Connection)


It permits the VC12s within STM1 East/West to be: cross connected from one side to the other in any position of STM1 locally terminated at any tributary interface.

LPT (Low Path Termination)


At the receive side it extracts the C12 container by terminating the POH while at transmit side performs opposite operation. The POH acts as low path trace identifier, error monitor, payload identifier and remote alarm indicator. Fig.76 shows the POH content (byte V5).

LPA (Low Path Adaptation)


This section permits to map (demap) an asynchronous 2048 kbit/s into (from) the C12 container. Justification bits are included in order to perform adaptation of the external clock with the internal one. The generated frame consists of 140 bytes with a period of 500 s as shown in Fig.75.

PPI (Plesiochronius Physical Interface)


It interfaces the 2 Mbit/s input/output signal adapting the HDB3 line code with the NRZ equipment code and viceversa.

SETS
The synchronisation equipment timing source circuit supplies the reference for timing the equipment circuitry.

7.7.10.2

Controller Block

This unit mainly consists of a main controller type MPC860 that interacts with the equipment boards and management ports.

62

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

The activities executed by the main controller are the following: Communication management: it makes use of SNMP as management protocol and IP or IP over OSI as communication protocol stacks. See Fig.61 for details. The interface ports for the equipment management are the following: LAN Ethernet 10BaseT or 10Base2 RS232 asynchronous used for SCT/LCT connection RS232 asynchronous used for connection to remote NEs DCC (data communication channel) embedded within STM1 for connection to the remote NEs.

Login: the main controller manages the equipment or network login/logout by setting and then controlling the users ID and relevant password. Database (MIB): validation and storing in a nonvolatile memory of the equipment configuration parameters. Equipment configuration: distribution of the parameters stored in the MIB towards the controlled units for their attuation in addition to the controls from user not stored in the MIB (i.e. loops, manual forcing etc...) Alarm monitoring: acquisition, filtering and correlation of the alarms gathered from the controlled units. Local logger and alarm sending to the connected managers: SCT/LCT NMS5UX. Management of the alarm signalling on the basic shelf front panel.

Performances: PM management as per Recc. G.826 performed processing: byte B1 related to RST of STM1 E/W byte B2/M1 related to MST of STM1 E/W

BIP2 of V5 related to VC12 Download: the main controller is equipped with two flash memory banks containing the running program (active bank) and the standby program (inactive bank). This permits to download a new software release to the inactive bank without disturbing the traffic. Bank switch enables the new release to be used. Download activity is based on FTP protocol which downloads application programs, FPGA configuration, configuration files on main controller inactive bank or directly on the peripheral controllers.

Major alarm led

Automatic laser shutdown disable led Critical alarm led


M L ALS R m W TEST RS232 SCT USER I/O - V11

Sync 2 MHz OUT

Remote RS232

Alarm I/O and Service channel

Minor alarm led


LED LED LED LED LED

Ethernet Warning Reset alarm controller led Active test led

Sync 2 MHz IN

Management RS232

MAJOR ALARM: when ON a major alarm is detected in the equipment (see SCT for detail) MINOR ALARM: when ON a minor alarm is detected in the equipment (see SCT for detail) CRITICAL ALARM: when ON a critical alarm is detected in the equipment (see SCT for detail) ALS: when ON automatic laser shutdown is disable. Therefore Tx laser is always ON: pay attention. TEST: when ON a manual test operation is active. Fig.52 - SMCU unit

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

63

SMCU
LAN RS232 SCT USER IN ALARM OUT

Alarm Leds

MPC860

DCC East/West from SDH block DCC

CONTROLLER BLOCK

SDH BLOCK

TRIBUTARY BOARDS

Fig.53 - SMCU unit Controller block diagram

64

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

MST+RST MSA HPT HPT VC4 POH insert SOH insert AU PTR insert MSA VC4 POH term. TU12 PTR proc. TU12 PTR insert HPA HPA MST+RST AU PTR proc. LPC

to LIU East

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

from LIU West

SOH term.

C4

C4 VC4

VC12

VC4 VC12
VC12 Cross Connect Matrix HPA MSA AU PTR proc. TU12 PTR proc. VC4 POH term. HPT

MST+RST MSA HPT VC4 POH insert TU12 PTR insert HPA AU PTR insert

MST+RST SOH term. from LIU East

to LIU West

SOH insert

C4

VC4

C4

VC4 VC12 VC12


T0 T4

Fig.54 - SMCU unit SDH block diagram

external timing

SETS

LPA C12 map. VC12 POH insert

LPT

LPT VC12 POH term.

LPA C12 demap

PPI G.703 gener 2 Mbit/s 32

2 Mbit/s 32

PPI Decod. ck extr. si/po

C12

C12

VC12

VC12

65

7.8

EQUIPMENT FACILITIES

7.8.1

Loopbacks

Various types of loopsbacks may be implemented for test and maintenance purpose. They are enabled via software. The loopbacks have to be timed to avoid possible traffic loss. What is shown herebelow is a list of the available loopbacks: aggregate interface loopbacks local loopback As shown in Fig.63 STM1 signal from East/West transmit side of the aggregate interface, LIU is routed back to the receive side towards the opposite direction or towards the terminations ports, depending on the presetting made in the crossconnect section. remote loopback As shown in Fig.64 STM1 signal inputting the receive side of the East/West aggregate interface is routed back to the transmit side of the same direction. VC12 loopback As shown in Fig.65 it is possible to loopback any VC12 embedded within the STM1 payload by passing through the crossconnect section. This latter permits to any VC12 to be crossconnected towards the same direction, East or West. Same applies for the VC12 from/to the tributary interface. Warning: this kind of loop cannot be timed. tributary interface loopbacks local loopback As shown in Fig.66 after receiving the loopback control, the trib. signal, connected at the transmit side, is routed back to the receive side. remote loopback As shown in Fig.66 the trib. signal from the crossconnect is routed back towards the STM1 aggregate signal, East or West or both depending on the crossconnect setting.

7.8.2

Alarm indication

All the alarm roots from the different circuits the ADM1 consists of, are processed by the main controller and classified according to a severity degree settable by the user. Alarm classification is the following: Critical or major: corresponding to an urgent alarm. Situation jeopardizing traffic continuity. Minor: corresponding to non urgent alarm: Situation showing a possible traffic degradation not jeopardizing the traffic continuity. Warning: situation showing an external alarm that jeopardizes traffic continuity but caused by an external failure.

Alarm severity is: displayed by the corresponding LED on the shelf front as shown in Fig.62. displayed by the managers connected to supervision ports.

In addition the software program shows the individual alarm root and relevant description. See Unit Description for the meaning of LEDs.

66

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

7.8.3

User in/Alarm out

Internal alarms can be routed to four available relay contacts for sending outside an alarm condition classified as severity degree. This is implemented via software. The external alarms can be reached by four input in I/O connectors. See controller card for connector position and Tab.17 for pin connection.

7.9

EQUIPMENT SYNCHRONISATION

Operating mode
There are three operating modes as specified by Reccs G.810/G.812/G.813 and ETS 300 41761: Locked: normal operating condition in which the local clock frequency is slaved to an external input reference source. Holdover: condition of the local clock which has lost the reference source input and is using the stored data, acquired while in locked condition, for a time greater than 15 minutes. The stored data are used to reproduce the locked condition within a specific tolerance. Freerunning: operating condition of the local clock which has lost the reference source and has no access to the stored data acquired from the input reference source. Freerunning ends when a reference source reverts to available synchronisation source.

Synchronisation sources
As shown in Fig.58 the local clock has to be locked to the following external sources: STM1 from West side STM1 from East side one 2 Mbit/s signal applied to the 63 possible inputs 2 MHz STM1 from tributary unit

Selectors A and B select one of the four possible synchronisation sources to generate the equipment clock T0 and the external 2 MHz synchr. output T4. Selection is made by processing the source conditions through the main controller.

Source hierarchy
The available sources are classified depending on the priority and the quality levels assigned. Priority level A priority can be assigned to each individual source from the highest (priority number = 0) to the lowest (priority number 7 source disabled) Quality level A synchronisation status messages (SSM) (embedded into bit 5 to bit8 of byte S1 inside the SOH) is used to determine the quality level of the source. Tab.10 shows the quality level and relevant meaning. The lowest quality level number (excluding level 0) corresponds to the highest quality.

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

67

Tab.10 - Synchronisation source quality level Quality level 0 2 4 8 11 15 Abbreviation PRC SSUT SSUL SEC DNU Meaning Quality unknown Primary reference clock Synchronisation supply unit transit Synchronisation supply unit local SDH equipment clock Do not use

Quality level of 2 Mbit/s and 2 MHz input sources must be assigned by the user; otherwise level 11 (SEC) will be set as default. Quality level carried by SOH within STM1, East/West sides, can be changed by the user if required.

Automatic switch condition


The synchronisation source is selected under the following conditions: No manual forcing is active The quality level has priority with respect to the priority level Source with highest quality level is selected. If same quality level has been assigned to the available sources then synchronisation source with the highest priority is selected.

Automatic switching mode


If the best selected source fails, then the best of remaining sources will be selected for use. The changeover happens after the expiration of the hold off time (settable from 300 to 1880 msec). During this time the system is clocked in holdover mode assuring a frequency accuracy better than 0.05 ppm. If the lost best source has been recovered reversion occurs after a WTR (Wait to restore) time settable from 0 to 12 minutes. If only one source is available for synchronisation and this one fails the following happens: Synchronous source fails after 15 minute trail: estimation of the input frequency enables the hold over operation mode. A frequency drift lower than 0.05 ppm is assured for the first 15 minutes plus 0.01 ppm per day increment plus max 2 ppm for temperature variation. Synchronous source fails before 15 minute trail: system is switched to free running mode using the internal source assuring an accuracy of 4.6 ppm.

Manual forcing
It si possible to enable any available source in the following manual mode: Manual switch: if the quality level is disabled or the available sources have the same quality then a source can be selected as preferential with respect to the others. If this source fails, automatically the source with the highest priority will be selected. Forced switch: a source can be selected for use regardless the quality/priority levels assigned to the others. In case of the source fails there is no switch to another available source. The system works in holdover mode.

68

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

to SMUs

to SMUs

SPI Opt. West Elect.

SPI Elect. East Opt.

from controller unit SPI Opt. West Elect. Opt. SPI Elect. East

Fig.55 - LIU block diagram

from SMUs

from SMUs

69

70

MST+RST MST+RST MSA HPT HPA HPA MSP TU12 PTR insert VC4 POH insert AU PTR insert HPT MSA TU12 PTR proc. VC4 POH term. AU PTR proc. LPC SOH insert

SOH term.

from LIUs West

to LIUs East SOH insert MST+RST

C4

C4 VC4

VC12

SOH term.

VC4 VC12
VC12 Cross Connect Matrix HPA TU12 PTR proc. VC4 POH term. HPT MSA AU PTR proc.

MST+RST MSA HPT VC4 POH insert TU12 PTR insert HPA AU PTR insert

MST+RST MSP

MST+RST MSP SOH term.

SOH insert

C4

VC4

C4

VC4 VC12 VC12

to LIUs West

from LIUs East SOH term. MST+RST

Fig.56 - SMU unit block diagram

SOH insert

MST+RST T0 T4 LPA C12 map. VC12 POH insert LPT LPT VC12 POH term. LPA C12 demap PPI G.703 gener

external timing

SETS

2 Mbit/s 63

2 Mbit/s

63

PPI Decod. ck extr. si/po

C12

C12

VC12

VC12

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

MST+RST MST+RST MSA HPT HPA HPT MSP VC4 POH insert AU PTR insert MSA TU12 PTR insert VC4 POH term. TU12 PTR proc. HPA AU PTR proc. LPC SOH insert to TSU ChB

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

from TSU Ch A

SOH term.

SPI

SPI SOH insert MST+RST

C4

C4 VC4

VC12

SOH term.

VC4 VC12
Bus interface

MST+RST MSA HPT HPA HPA MSA AU PTR proc. TU12 PTR proc. VC4 POH term. HPT TU12 PTR insert VC4 POH insert AU PTR insert

155 Mbit/s

ChA

ChB MST+RST MSP SOH term.

155 Mbit/s

MST+RST

SOH MSP insert

C4 C4 VC4

VC4 VC12 VC12

to TSU Ch A

SOH insert

SOH term. MST+RST Switch

from TSU ChB

Fig.57 - STM1 tributary unit block diagram

MST+RST

from/to SMU (SMCU) Ch A V.11 int. from/to SMU (SMCU) Ch B

V.11 - 64 kbit/s service channel

71

SETS Internal source


STM1-TU

T3 1 T2

2 MHz SETG Equipment CK

2 Mbit/s

Selector A

T0

63 STM-1 West T1 STM-1 East T1 Selector drive Main controller priority/ quality loss of external timimg T4 external synch. output

Selector B

G.703

Fig.58 - Synchronisation block diagram

To SMU-M Up to 126x2 Mbit/s G.703 Level adapter To SMU-R From SMU-M Up to 126x2 Mbit/s G.703 Level adapter From SMU-R

Fig.59 - 2 Mbit/s interface unit block diagram

72

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Ethernet boards

LAN

RS232

SCT

USER IN

ALARM OUT

DCC Alarm Leds MPC860 East/West from SMU DCC

CONTROLLER BOARD

ADM-1 BOARDS

Fig.60 - Controller architecture

APPLICATION Applic./present. session layers Transport layer

SOFTWARE

SNMP

TCP/UDP

Routing layer

IPoverOSI IP IS-IS ISO 10589

Data link layer

PPP

PPP

LLC MAC

LAPD Q921

LCC MAC

Physical layer

RS232

DCC STM-1

Ethernet LAN

DCC STM-1

Ethernet LAN

Fig.61 - IP/IPover OSI protocol stack

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

73

C36050

C36050

12

C36060

1 1 1 1 1 1 1

12 12 12 1

12

12

12 12

ON

ON

11

11

11

C36056 2M C36056 2M ACT

ACT

C36058 LOS W E LOS

C36064

B RS232 SCT USER I/O & V11

m W TEST

Fig.62 - Alarm indications in evidence

EOW

R Major Minor
m W TEST M C ALS

Critical Automatic (laser) shutdown disabled Manual operator

Reset P

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Warning

11

11

11

11

11

11

11

11

11

11

11

11

11

16

C36064

LOS W

LOS

TX RX

16

16

2M

2M 2M

2M

2M 2M

2M 2M

16

16

16

16

ALS C

16

74

LOS (Loss Of STM-1/4 Signal)

Power ON

C36054
10 Base T

C36054

C36054

C36054

C36054

C36054

C36054

C36054

LAN activity

Aggregate interface

Cross-connect

Aggregate interface

STM-1 West

LIU

LIU

STM-1 East

Loopback control

Loopback control

Tributary interface

Tributary ports
Fig.63 - Aggregate interface local loopback

Aggregate interface

Cross-connect

Aggregate interface

STM-1 West

STM-1 East

Loopback control

Loopback control

Tributary interface

Tributary ports
Fig.64 - Aggregate interface remote loopback

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

75

Aggregate interface STM-1 West

Cross-connect VC12 VC12 Loop control Loop control VC12

Aggregate interface STM-1 East

Loop control

Tributary interface

2 Mbit/s

Fig.65 - VC12 loopback

LOCAL Cross-connect

REMOTE Cross-connect

Loopback control

Loopback control

Trib. signal

Trib. signal
Fig.66 - Tributary interface loopback

76

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

7.10

SDH OVERVIEW

This is a brief overview of SOH structure. For details see Rec. G.707. A1 B1 D1 A1 A1 A2 E1 D2 AU POINTER B2 D4 D4 D10 S1 B2 B2 K1 D5 D8 D11 M1 K2 D6 D9 D12 E2 X X MSOH A2 A2 J0 F1 D3 X X X X RSOH

Fig.67 - SOH content

RSOH key
A1, A2 bytes used for frame alignment J0 byte used as regenerator section path trace B1 byte used for error control by means of BIP8 parity code D1, D2, D3 bytes carry the DCC (Data Communication Channel) for control and management of regenerator sections E1 byte is used for voice communication among operators at regenerator sections F1 byte, 64 kbit/s data channel X bytes, reserved for national use bytes forwarding the alarm criteria detected in the regenerator section upstream bytes not used bytes reserved for future international standardisation

MSOH key
B2 bytes used for error control by means of BIP24 parity code K1, K2 (from bit1 to bit5): automatic switching check (not used) K2 (from bit6 to bit8): MS remote defect indication (MSRDI) D4D12: DCCM data communication channel E2: Engineering Order Wire S1 (b5b8): synchronous status bytes M1: Multiplex Section REI, Remote Error Indication X: reserved for national use : reserved for future international standardisation

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

77

9 bytes

261 bytes

9 bytes

STM-1

SOH

AU-4 AU pointer

Path information

A B C D E F G A B C D E F G A B C D E F G 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

VC-4 (TUG-3X3)

C 1 2 3 TUG-2 Pointer

TUG-3 (TUG-2X7)

1 TU-12

3 Path information Fixed and justification bits 2 Mbit/s plesiochronous

VC-12 C-12

Fig.68 - Multiplexing structure of up to 63x2 Mbit/s within the STM1 frame

78

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

270 bytes 9 bytes SOH Overhead section AU4 pointer J1 SOH Overhead section VC4 9 rows 261 bytes

Fig.69 - Dynamic allocation of VC4 within AU4

Start of VC4
PT
(n)

Start of VC4
PT
(n)

J
Frame N PT (n)

PT (n)

J
Frame N+1 PT (n+1)

PT (n+1)

J
Frame N+2 PT (n+1)

PT (n+1)

Negative justification
PT(n) = Pointer with n" value J = Bytes with opportunity of negative justification S = Bytes with opportunity of positive justification (stuffing)

Positive justification

Fig.70 - Pointer in action

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

79

J1 1 B3 C2 G1
9 bytes

REI 2 3 4 5

RDI 6 7

N.U. 8

REI = Remote Error Indication RDI = Remote Defect Indication N.U. = Not used

F2 H4 F3 K3 N1 J1 B3 C2 G1 F2 H4 F3 K3 N1 = = = = = = = = = Path trace Path error monitoring function Signal label Path status and performance Not used Multiframe position indicator Not used Not used Not used

Fig.71 - VC4 POH content

86

TUG-3 (C)

C B A C B A C B A

261

86

C-4 TUG-3 (B)

1 C B A C B A C B A

86

TUG-3 (A)

. . . . 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2

1 column

9 rows

fixed stuffing

Fig.72 - Multiplexing of three TUG3 into C4

80

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

TU-12

TUG-2

A C

A C

A C

TUG-3

1 4 5 6 7

1 3 4 5 6

fixed stuffing bit

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 .................................

..........86

Fig.73 - TUG2/TUG3 multiplexing structure

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

81

V1 Position 105 . . . Position 139 V2 Position 0 . . . TU-12 Position 34 V3 Positon 35 . . . Position 69 V4 Position 70 . . . Position 104
500 s
negative justification possibility

125 s

1 byte

POINTER
V1 + V2 = pointer word V3 = negative justification V4 = reserved

pointer area
125 s

VC-12 area

125 s

125 s

positive justification possibility

V1 N = New Data Flag Bit I = Increment Bit Negative Justification-Invert 5 D Bits Positive Justification-Invert 5 I Bits Pointer range 0 to 139 SS = TU Type ("10" for TU-12) D = Decrement Bit

V2

N N N N S S I D I D I D I D I D
10-bit pointer value indicates the offset from V2 to the first byte of VC-12

Fig.74 - TU12 frame and pointer position

82

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

V5 (see Fig.76 ) RRRRRRRR 32 bytes RRRRRRRR J2 C1 C2 O O O O R R 32 bytes

140 bytes

RRRRRRRR N2 C1 C2 O O O O R R 32 bytes RRRRRRRR K4 C1 C2 R R R R R S1 S2 I I I I I I I 31 bytes RRRRRRRR

500 S

J2 N2 K4 I O C S1/S2 R

= = = = = = = =

Low order path access point identifier Not used Not used Data bits Overhead bits Justification control bit Justification opportunity bits Fixed stuff bits

= Information bytes = Control and stuffing bytes

Fig.75 - VC12 mapping


Byte V5
BIP-2 1 2 REI 3 RFI 4 SIGNAL LABEL 5 6 7 RDI 8

REI CODING
0 1 no error one or two errors 0 1

RFI CODING
no mulfunctioning remote mulfunctioning indication 0 1

RDI CODING
no remote alarm remote alarm indication

SIGNAL LABEL CODING


000 010 unequipped equipped asynchronous

BIP-2 = REI = RFI = RDI =

Bit Interleaved Parity Error Checking Remote Error Indication Remote Failure Indication Remote Defect Indication

Fig.76 - VC5 byte content

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

83

84

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Section 3. INSTALLATION

EQUIPMENT INSTALLATION

8.1

GENERAL

The equipment consists of a wired subrack for 19 rack mounting. The equipment is shipped in an appropriate cardboard box. After unpacking mechanical installation takes place as well as electrical wiring.

8.2

MECHANICAL INSTALLATION

On their sides the subrack is provided with two holes for the rack mounting making use of 4 M6 screws. On right side the subrack is provided with a faston that must be connected to the protective earth with a permanent connection (see Tab.11).

8.3

ELECTRICAL WIRING

The electrical wiring must be done using appropriate cables thus assuring the equipment responds to the electromagnetic compatibility standards. The cable terminates to flying connectors which have to be connected to the corresponding connectors on the equipment front. Position and pinout of the equipment connectors are available in this section. Tab.11 shows the recommended cables to be used and the corresponding interconnecting connectors.

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

85

Tab.11 - Recommended cables and connectors Interface In/Out tributary E1 Signal 2 Mbit/s 75 Ohm Connectors 1.0/2.3 female type SUB-D 26 pins male type 1.0/2.3 female type 1.0/2.3 female type LC type RJ45 type LC type 1.0/2.3 female type SUB-D 26 pins male type SUB-D 9 pins male type SUB-D 9 pins male type 155 Mbit/s electrical 75 Ohm 155 Mbit/s optical 24 Vdc or 48 Vdc 1.0/2.3 female type LC type SUB-D 3W3 female type GST 3 female type Faston male type Section of each wire 2.5 sqmm for length 10m Three wire 1.5 sqmm for length 10m Section area 4 sqmm Coaxial with double shield ST214 type 26 conductor with double shield 3 conductor with double shield 3 conductor with double shield Coaxial with double shield ST214 type Cable Coaxial with double shield ST212 type Eight symmetric shielded pairs with external shield Coaxial with double shield ST214 type Coaxial with double shield ST214 type F.O. Cat 5 shielded

In/Out tributary E1

2 Mbit/s 120 Ohm

In/Out tributary E3/T3 In/Out tributary STM-1 In/Out tributary STM-1 In/Out tributary Ethernet In/Out tributary Ethernet In/Out synchronisation In/Out User RS232 SCT Line In/Out STM-1 Line In/Out STM-1 DC Power Supply

34/45 Mbit/s 75 Ohm 155 Mbit/s electrical 75 Ohm 155 Mbit/s optical 10/100BaseFx 100BaseFx/ 1000BaseSx or Lx 2 MHz 75 Ohm

AC Power Supply GND Ground Bolt

230 Vac

86

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

USER CONNECTORS

9.1

GENERAL

User connections have to be performed using proper connectors available on the front of the following units the equipment consists of. For ADM1 4RU version, refer to Fig.77. For ADM1 2 RU version, refer to Fig.78. For ADM1 1 RU version, refer to Fig.79.

9.2

AVAILABLE CONNECTORS AND THEIR USE

The user connectors are:

TIU (Tributary Interface Units)


2 Mbit/s (E1) 75 Ohm: each unit carries up to sixteen tributaries I/O connectors: 1.0/2.3 female 75 Ohm type (see Fig.80)

2 Mbit/s (E1) 120 Ohm: each unit carries up to sixteen tributaries I/O connectors: SUBD26 pins male 120 Ohm type (see Fig.82 and Tab.12)

155 Mbit/s (STM1) electrical: each unit carries up to two tributaries I/O connectors: 1.0/2.3 female 75 Ohm type (see Fig.83) V11service channel connector: MINI Din circular 8 pins female (see Fig.83, Fig.85 and Tab.13)

155 Mbit/s (STM1) optical: each unit carries up to two tributaries I/O connectors: LC type for I1, S11, L11, L12 applications (see Fig.84) V11service channel connector: MINI Din circular 8 pins female (see Fig.84, Fig.85 and Tab.13)

Ethernet 2x10/100BaseT + 1x100BaseFx/1000BaseSx or Lx I/O connectors: RJ45 type (see Fig.88, Fig.87 and Tab.14) I/O BaseFx connector: LC type (see Fig.86)

Ethernet 2x10/100BaseFx + 1x100BaseFx/1000BaseSx or Lx I/O BaseFx connectors: LC type (see Fig.86)

34/45 Mbit/s (E3/T3) G703: I/O connector: 1.0/2.3 75 Ohm female (see Fig.97).

SMU (SDH Multiplexing Unit)


In/Out 2 MHz synchronisation source connectors: 1.0/2.3 female 75 Ohm type (see Fig.81)

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

87

MCU (Main Controller Unit)


User I/O and V11 connector: SUBD26 pins male type (see Fig.89, Fig.90 and Tab.17) RS232 connector: SUBD9 pins male type (see Fig.89 and Tab.15) SCT connector: SUBD9 pins male type (see Fig.89 and Tab.16)

SMCU (SDH Multiplexing and Main Controller Unit)


In/Out 2 MHz synchronisation source connectors: 1.0/2.3 female 75 Ohm type (see Fig.91) User I/O and V11 connector: SUBD26 pins male type (see Fig.90, Fig.91 and Tab.17) RS232 connector: SUBD9 pins male type (see Fig.91 and Tab.18) SCT connector: SUBD9 pins male type (see Fig.91 and Tab.19) 10BaseT management interface: RJ45 type connector (see Fig.91, Tab.20 and Tab.22)

LIU (Line Interface Unit) electrical


Each unit carries up to two In/Out STMn interfaces STM1 In/Out connectors: 1.0/2.3 female 75 Ohm type (see Fig.92)

LIU (Line Interface Unit) optical


Each unit carries up to two In/Out STMn interfaces STM1 In/Out connectors: LC type for I1, S11, L11, L12 applications (see Fig.93).

MIU (Management Interface Unit)


Three different Ethernet interfaces are available 10BaseT: RJ45 type connector (see Tab.20 and Tab.22) 10BaseThub: RJ45 type connector (see Fig.86 and Tab.20) AUI: SUBD15 pin female type connector (see Fig.94 and Tab.21)

PSU (Power Supply Unit) for DC input battery


24 or 48/60 Vdc input: SUBD 3W3 female type (see Fig.95 and Tab.23)

PSU (Power Supply Unit) for AC main input


110/240 Vac input: GST 3 pins male DIN type connector (see Fig.96 and Tab.23).

88

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

C36050

C36050

C36060

2M 2M

2M 2M 2M

2M

2M

2M

11 11

11 11

11

11

C36056 2M C36056

ACT ACT

C36058 R ACT B A C36063

M ALS C

LOS ACT E W

W ACT

EOW RS232 SCT

TEST W m

USER I/O & V11

Fig.77 - ADM1 4RU version, position of the user connectors

SMU-M MCU

LIU-M

LIU-R

SMU-R

LOS

C36063

11

11

11

LOS

11

11

11

11

11

11

11

16 16 16

16

16

16

2M

ON

ON

12

16

12

12

16

12

12

12

12

12

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

TIU-TRIBUTARY INTERFACE UNITS PSU-M PSU-R MIU

2 Mbit/s trib. position

2 Mbit/s trib. or 35/45 Mbit/s or STM-1 trib. position


C36054 C36054 C36054 C36054

C36054

C36054

C36054

C36054

+ 10 Base T

TX RX

ACT

89

11

11 16

ON

ON

12 1 1

11

11 16

TIU-TRIBUTARY INTERFACE UNITS

C36054

12 1 1

11

11 16

C36054

12 1 1

11

11 16

C36054

12 1 1

Fig.78 - ADM1 2RU version, position of the user connectors

90

SMU

MCU

LIU
C36063 USER I/O & V11 SCT RS232 ALS C W TEST m M EOW B A R C36058

MIU
RX
W ACT C36056 2M 2M ACT C36056

PSU-R
TX
C36063 C36060 ACT E

C36054

PSU-M

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

LIU
C36054

SMCU
ACT E W ACT

PSU
USER I/O & V11 SCT C36063 RS232

11

11 16

12 1 1

11

11 16

12 1 1

Fig.79 - ADM1 1RU version, position of the user connectors

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

TIU-TRIBUTARY INTERFACE UNITS

C36054

C36063

ON

ALS C M B A R C36058 C36056

W TEST m EOW

91

1.0/2.3 connectors for 2 Mbit/s tributary interfaces (75 Ohm)


INPUTS

11

12

16

12

16

1 C36052

11

OUTPUTS
Fig.80 - Front view

1.0/2.3 coaxial connectors for 2 MHz synchronism

C36053 ACT

2M

IN

OUT 2 MHz synchronism

Fig.81 - Front view

92

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Tab.12 - Connector pinout for 2 Mbit/s tributary interfaces (120 Ohms) Pin number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Signal input bwire P1 output bwire P1 input bwire P2 output bwire P2 input bwire P3 output bwire P3 input bwire P4 output bwire P4 GND input awire N1 output awire N1 input awire N2 output awire N2 input awire N3 output awire N3 input awire N4 output awire N4 GND input shieldGND output shieldGND input shieldGND output shieldGND input shieldGND output shieldGND input shieldGND output shieldGND 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 Trib. 14 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 Trib. 58 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 Trib. 9 12 Trib. 1316 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 cable shield 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 cable shield 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 13 14 14 15 15 16 16 13 13 14 14 15 15 16 16 13 13 14 14 15 15 16 16

1 10 19

9 18 26

1 -4

C36054

Tributaries 1 to 4

Tributaries 5 to 8

Fig.82 - Front view

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

5 -8

13 -16

9 -12

93

C36073

LOS

V.11

OUT IN A side

OUT IN B side V11 service channel

Fig.83 - Front view

C36074

LOS

LOS

ON

V.11

OUT IN A side

OUT IN B side V11 service channel


Fig.84 - Front view

ON

Class 1 Laser product

8 5

7 4

6 3

Fig.85 - Front view

Tab.13 - V11 service channel connector pin-out Pin number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 V11 connections Ck Rx V11 (out+) Ck Rx V11 (out) Tx V11 (out+) Tx V11 (out) Rx V11 (in+) Rx V11 (in) Ck Tx V11 (out+) Ck Tx V11 (out)

94

LOS

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

LC connector for Optical Ethernet tributary


C36069 DPLX Link/ACT 100/1000Bx 100BASEFX 100BASEFX

OUT IN

OUT IN

OUT IN Class 1 Laser product

Fig.86 - Front view

LC and RJ45 female connector for Ethernet tributary


C36068 DPLX

Link/ACT 100/1000Bx 10/100BaseT 10/100BaseT

OUT IN Class 1 Laser product


Fig.87 - Front view

Female RJ45 connector for 10/100BaseTx Ethernet tributary


10/100BTx Pin1 Pin8

Fig.88 - Front panel Tab.14 - Female RJ45 connector pin-out Pin 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Function TPTx+ TPTx TPRx+ Termination network Termination network TPRx Termination network Termination network Notes

M C36058 R A B EOW m

C ALS 1 6 W TEST RS232 5 9 1 6 SCT 5 9 USER I/O & V11

Fig.89 - MCU (Main Controller Unit) connectors

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

95

9 pin SUBD male connector pinout for RS232 interface and PPP protocol
Tab.15 - 9 pin SUBD male connector pinout Pin number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 RS232 signal NC RX (IN) TX (OUT) GND -

9 pin SUBD male connector pinout for SCT/LCT connection


Tab.16 - 9 pin SUBD male connector pinout Pin number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Signal NC RX (IN) TX (OUT) NC GND NC NC

96

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

25 pin SUBD (high density type) male connector pinout for user I/O and V11 channel pinout
Tab.17 - 25 pin SUBD (high density type) male connector pinout Pin number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9/18/23/24/25/26 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 21 22 User IN 1 User IN 2 User IN 3 User IN 4 USER IN/OUT Rel 1 (1st contact) Rel 2 (1st contact) Rel 3 (1st contact) Rel 4 (1st contact) Rel 1 (2nd contact) Rel 2 (2nd contact) Rel 3 (2nd contact) Rel 4 (2nd contact) GND Rx V11 (in) Rx V11 (in+) CK Rx V11 (out+) CK Rx V11 (out) CK Tx V11 (out+) CK Tx V11 (out) Tx V11 (out+) Tx V11 (out) V11

1 10 19

9 18 26

Fig.90 - Front view

M C36089

C ALS

10 Base T R

1 6
RS232

5 9

1 6
SCT

5 9
USER I/O & V11

m WTEST

2M

IN

OUT 2 MHz synchronism

Fig.91 - SMCU (SDH Multiplexing and Main Controller Unit) connectors

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

97

9 pin SUBD male connector pinout for RS232 interface and PPP protocol
Tab.18 - 9 pin SUBD male connector pinout Pin number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 RS232 signal NC RX (IN) TX (OUT) GND -

9 pin SUBD male connector pinout for SCT/LCT connection


Tab.19 - 9 pin SUBD male connector pinout Pin number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 RS232 signal NC RX (IN) TX (OUT) NC GND NC NC

1.0/2.3 connectors for STM1 aggregate interfaces

C36062

LOS

LOS

IN OUT West side

OUT IN East side

Fig.92 - Front view

98

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

LC connectors for STM1 aggregate optical interfaces

C36063 ON

LOS W E

LOS ON

OUT IN West side

OUT

IN

East side Class 1 Laser product

Fig.93 - Front view

Female connector type SUBD 15 pins for AUI Management interface

8 15

1 9

Fig.94 - Front view

Tab.20 - Female connector type SUBD 15 pins Pin number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Signal GND CD+ TXD+ GND RXD+ GND NC GND Pin number 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Signal CD TXD GND RXD +12V GND NC -

Female RJ45 connector for 10BaseT management interface

Pin1

Pin8

Fig.95 - Front view

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

99

Tab.21 - Female RJ45 connector pin-out Pin number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 RS232 signal Transmitted data (+) Transmitted data () Received data (+) Not used Not used Received data () Not used Not used

3W3 SUBD female connector for DC input battery

3 -

Fig.96 - Front view Tab.22 - Power supply Pin number 1 2 3 RS232 signal + GND -

GST3 DIN type male connector for AC main input

Fig.97 - Front view Tab.23 - GST3 DIN type male connector Pin number L RS232 signal Line Ground N Neutral

100

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

1.0/2.3 connector for 34/45 Mbit/s (E3/T3) G.703 tributary


CHANNEL 1 C36079 LOS CHANNEL 2 CHANNEL 3

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Fig.98 - Front view

101

102

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Section 4. LINE-UP

10

EQUIPMENT LINEUP

10.1

GENERAL

Before putting the equipment into service it is advisable to perform checking mentioned here below.

10.2

EQUIPMENT SWITCHON

Connect the 24/48/60 V battery or the main line to the appropriate power supply connectors. Push the ON/OFF switch and check that green Led ON lights up.

10.3

1+0 TERMINAL MULTIPLEXER EQUIPMENT FUNCTIONALITY TEST

Proceed as follows: Setup the test bench of Fig.99. Perform a physical loop between the Tx/Rx of the STM1 West aggregate. Connect a pattern generator/error detector to in/out connector number 9 of tributary unit 1 (as example). Connect the PC (where the SCT/LCT program has been installed) to LAN or RS232 interface port. Run the program

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

103

Warning: it is assumed that the SCT/LCT program is well known. Otherwise refer to the program help online for details. Open the menu Equipment and then LCT interface and then Synchronisation and then set parameters. Set T0 operation control in free running. Open VC4 East/West window and then setting window. Set the signal label to TUG structure and then press apply. Open window TUG3 setting and enable VC12 in any TUG3 structure. Select tributaries and then 2 Mbit/s slot 1 setting windows Close the braker of line 9 then in VC12 setting windows assign the signal label of Tx and Rx as asynchronous Open the crossconnect window. Setup the crossconnect matrix from VC123/TUG23/TUG31/STM1 West crossconnected to tributary 9. Select tributaries and then 2 Mbit/s slot 1 setting windows from LCT interface. Press Details... and check that VC12 number 9 does not display any alarm and the breaker is closed on the trib. line under test as shown in Fig.102. Perform a bit error rate measurement and check for no errors.

Tx STM-1 interface West side (LIU)

Rx

Tributary interface unit

Management interface LAN or RS232 interface port SCT/ LCT

Tributary ports Pattern/generator error detector

Fig.99 - 1+0 terminal multiplexer bench setup

10.4

1+1 OR DROPINSERT MULTIPLEXER EQUIPMENT FUNCTIONALITY TEST

Proceed as follows: Setup the test bench of Fig.100. Perform a physical loop between the two STM1 aggregates, East/West sides of the LIU. The LIU R connections must be disconnected. Connect a pattern generator/error detector to in/out connector number 9 of tributary unit 1 (as example).

104

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Connect the PC (where the SCT/LCT program has been installed) to LAN or RS232 interface port. Run the program. Warning: it is assumed that the SCT/LCT program is well known. Otherwise refer to the program help online for details.

Open the menu Equipment and then LCT interface and then Synchronisation and then set parameters. Set T0 operation control in free running. Open VC4 East/West window and then setting window. Set the signal label to TUG structure and then press apply. Open window TUG3 setting and enable VC12 in any TUG3 structure. Select tributaries and then 2 Mbit/s slot 1 setting windows. Close the braker of line 9 then in VC12 setting windows assign the signal label of Tx and Rx as asynchronous. Open the crossconnect window. Setup the crossconnect matrix as shown in Fig.101. Fig.101 shows VC123/TUG23/TUG31/STM1 West crossconnected to tributary 9 as primary line while VC123/TUG23/TUG31/STM1 East crossconnected as secondary line. The darker colour into square P indicates the line in service. Select tributary and then PPI setting windows from LCT interface. Press Details... of PPI 19 and check that VC12 number 9 does not display any alarm and the breaker is closed on the trib. line under test as shown in Fig.102. Perform a bit error rate measurement and check for no errors. Remove cable from Rx side of STM1, west side. Check the changeover from primary line to secondary line. The changeover is indicated by the change of colour density. The darker colour into square S indicates the line in service. If wished, repeat the same test by crossconnecting other VC12s and change the position of pattern generator to another tributary line.

10.5

LASER FUNCTIONALITY TEST

10.5.1

Switchon procedure

Connect Tx West (East) to Rx West (East) as shown in Fig.103. Run SCT/LCT program and look for STM1 East/West window. Click on STM1 West (East) of LCT program until window of Fig.104 is displayed. Set Automatic Shutdown to auto mode. Check that Leds ACT West and East are ON.

In case of opposite situation is shown, wait for expiration of x time present in Auto Restart Time box (range from 60 to 300 sec.). Note: The laser is switched on every x seconds for 2 seconds thus permitting the opposite side laser to receive and consequently the two transmitters to be switched on. If faster laser switchon is required, set automatic shut down to manual mode and then press restart to send immediately the switchon control. Note: If laser power measurement is required, set automatic shutdown to test mode, preset test time from 2 to 100 sec. and then press Restart to activate the test.

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

105

10.5.2

Automatic laser shutdown check

Set automatic shutdown to auto mode Remove the optical cable from Rx West (East) side the optical cable and check that Led ACT goes off.

Tx STM-1 interface West side (LIU) STM-1 interface East side (LIU)

Tx

Rx

Rx

Tributary interface unit

Management interface LAN or RS232 interface port SCT/ LCT

Tributary ports Pattern/generator error detector

Fig.100 - Bench setup

Fig.101 - Crossconnect matrix setup

106

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Line under test

Fig.102 - Tributary line setup

West Side Tx

East Side Tx

Rx

Rx

Fig.103 - Laser functionality test

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

107

Fig.104 - Laser facilities

108

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Section 5. MAINTENANCE

11

MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES

11.1

GENERAL

Maintenance normally consists of two steps: periodical checks corrective.

Periodical checks have the purpose to verify the equipment performances in absence of alarm condition. This can be done by connecting the SCT/LCT program to the supervision ports and then run the G.826 performances made over the SOH (bytes B1/B2/M1) and over any individual VC12 path (BIP2 of VC5). This checks can be also done through the NMS5UX system permanently connected in the network to be supervised. Corrective maintenance takes place as soon as one or more alarm conditions are in existence. The sequence of operation to be carried out is shown in Fig.105.

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

109

IN THE STATION

IN THE MAINTENANCE CENTER

START

Activation of one or more alarm indicators on the equipment front or displayed by the connected software programs: (SCT/LCT or NMS5UX)

Location of the faulty module (see document ?Troubleshooting")

Request of unit replacement

Withdrawal of the spare unit

Replacement of the faulty unit with the spare one and unit realignment if necessary

NO

Has the alarm indication disappeared?

YES

Normal condition restored

Forwarding of the faulty module to the repair center

Fig.105 - Flow diagram: Corrective maintenance

110

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

12

UNIT REPLACEMENT

12.1

UNIT REPLACEMENT

The correct procedure for unit replacement is described in this chapter.

LIU, Tributary interface units (TIU), MIU


Disconnect all external cables from the faulty unit. Extract the faulty unit by means of special handles Insert the spare unit, push until the front panel is aligned with the other cards. Check by SCT that the inserted unit has been located by the system.

SMU
Disconnect all external cables from the faulty unit. Extract the faulty unit by means of special handles Insert the spare unit, push until the front panel is aligned with the other cards. Check that Red Led is ON and after about 10 sec. is OFF. Check by SCT that the inserted unit has been located by the system.

MCU, SMCU
Disconnect all external cables from the faulty unit. Extract the faulty unit by means of special handles Insert the spare unit, push until the front panel is aligned with the other cards. Wait for the start of unit (about 1 minute) than by SCT configure again the new unit like the one before replaced (if necessary by downloading of a saved configuration). Check that configuration is correct, then activate the unit by SCT> equipment > start > start application (the status mark must switch from red to green).

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

111

13

FUSES

13.1

FUSES LIST

Tab.24 shows the list of fuses of ADM1 different versions. Tab.24 - Fuses list ADM-1 1RU Unit code C36085 C36086 C36087 C36089 Unit description PSU(Power Supply Unit)-48Vdc PSU(Power Supply Unit)-24Vdc PSU(Power Supply Unit) 230VAC SMCU(SDH Mult-Contr Unit) 10BT SIAE code M09913 M09913 M03649 M09904 Fuse description BEL FUSE SST3.5 TIMED 3,5A 125V SMD BEL FUSE SST3.5 TIMED 3,5A 125V SMD BEL FUSE MRT1.6 TIMED 1.6A 250Vac radiale ins BEL FUSE SSQ5 FAST 5A 125V SMD

ADM-1 2RU Unit code C36093 C36094 Unit description MIU(Manag.Int Un) hub/10BT MIU(Manag Int Unit) 10BT SIAE code M09901 M09901 ADM-1 4RU Unit code C36050 C36052 C36053 C36054 C36058 C36059 C36060 C36061 C36062 C36063 C36068 C36069 Unit description PSU(Power Supply Unit)-48Vdc TIU(Trib Int Unit) 16xE1 Coax SMU(SDH Multipl Unit) STM1 TIU(Trib Int Unit) 16xE1 Sub-D MCU(Main Controller Unit) MIU(Management Int Unit) 10B2 MIU(Management Int Unit) 10BT MIU(Management Int Unit) AUI LIU(Line Int Unit) STM1 El LIU(Line Int Unit) STM1 Opt TIU(Trib Int Un) 10/100BT+1GBX TIU(Trib Int Un) 10/100FX+1GBX SIAE code M09915 M09902 M09904 M09902 M09903 M09901 M09901 M09901 M09902 M09903 M09903 M09903 Fuse description BEL FUSE SST5 TIMED 5A 125V SMD BEL FUSE SSQ2 FAST 2A 125V SMD BEL FUSE SSQ5 FAST 5A 125V SMD BEL FUSE SSQ2 FAST 2A 125V SMD BEL FUSE SSQ3 FAST 3A 125V SMD BEL FUSE SSQ1 FAST 1A 125V SMD BEL FUSE SSQ1 FAST 1A 125V SMD BEL FUSE SSQ1 FAST 1A 125V SMD BEL FUSE SSQ2 FAST 2A 125V SMD BEL FUSE SSQ3 FAST 3A 125V SMD BEL FUSE SSQ3 FAST 3A 125V SMD BEL FUSE SSQ3 FAST 3A 125V SMD Fuse description BEL FUSE SSQ1 FAST 1A 125V SMD BEL FUSE SSQ1 FAST 1A 125V SMD

112

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

C36071 C36073 C36074 C36079

MIU(Manag.Int Un) hub/10BT TIU(Trib Int Unit) STM1 El TIU(Trib Int Unit) STM1 Opt TIU(Tributary Int Unit) E3/T3

M09901 M09903 M09903 M09903

BEL FUSE SSQ1 RAPIDO 1A 125V SMD BEL FUSE SSQ3 RAPIDO 3A 125V SMD BEL FUSE SSQ3 RAPIDO 3A 125V SMD BEL FUSE SSQ3 RAPIDO 3A 125V SMD

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

113

14

ACCESSORIES

14.1

LIST AND USE OF ACCESSORIES

To make easier the use of the accessories, their detailed explanation and use on the equipment are here below provided. Tab.25 - Accessories SIAE code F15056 LC/LC Accessories Use Optical fibre cable for local loop S.11, L.11, L.12

L=3m

F15055 LC/LC
L=3m

Optical fibre cable for local loop I1

F15041 (FCPC/LC) MULTIMODE


L=3m

Optical fibre cable for connecting opticalinterface equipment to instruments with FCPC connections

F15039 (FCPC/LC) SINGLEMODE


L=3m

F20154 1.0/2.3/BNC

L=3m

Cable for measurement on 2 Mbit/s 75 Ohm tributary channels or STM1 electrical interface 26pin cable for measurements on 2 Mbit/s, 120 Ohm tributary channels Tool for tributary 75 Ohm cable extraction

F03365 L = 2.5 m
L = 2.5 m

Z17659

114

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

15

TROUBLESHOOTING

15.1

GENERAL

An abnormal operating condition occurs whenever one of the following alarm condition: critical major, minor and warning is activated on the front (see Fig.106, Fig.107 and Fig.108) or displayed by the managers SCT/NMS5UX. Investigation must be made in order to discover if cause of faulty/degradation is attributed to the equipment or is external to the equipment. In case of equipment failure, it is necessary to locate the faulty unit and replace it with spare. Warning: if the controller unit is faulty the equipment configuration must be loaded as per procedure of chapter 16, par. 16.3 CONFIGURATION DOWNLOAD.

15.2

FAULT LOCATION

The best and reliable method of investigation consists of the alarm root processing. To the purpose proceed as follows: run the SCT program perform the connection to the network through the SCT select the alarmed unit select menu Equipment and then View current alarms

Fig.109 will be shown and the current alarm roots will be displayed. All the traps (alarm roots) are grouped in equipment functionalities in order to make the investigation easy. The traps grouped into PPI group alarms, sets group alarms, STM1 group alarms, generally indicates external alarms not given by the equipment. The Unit alarm grouping indicates an equipment faulty unit. The faulty unit must be replaced with spare.

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

115

1 12

1 1 1

C36050

C36050

C36060

ON

11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11

16 16 16 16 16

11 16 16

16

11

11

C36056 2M 2M ACT C36056

C36058 C36064 W E LOS

ALS C LOS

C36064 LOS W E LOS

B RS232 SCT USER I/O & V11

EOW

m W TEST

Fig.106 - Alarm indications for ADM1 4RU version

R Critical Major Minor m W TEST Manual operator M C ALS Automatic (laser) shutdown disabled

Reset P

Card fail Working condition

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Warning

2M 2M 2M 2M 2M

2M

2M

2M

C36054

C36054

C36054

C36054

C36054

C36054

C36054

C36054

12

12 12 12 12 12 12

1 1 1

116

LOS (Loss of STM-1 signal) * ON laser ON (optional unit) Power ON

1 1

10 Base T

RX TX ON

LAN activity

11

11

12

16

11

12

12

16

12

16

11

11

C36054 C36054

C36054 C36054

C36056 2M 2M ACT E W ACT ACT C36063

C36056

11

C36058 R A C36063

M C ALS

EOW RS232 SCT

m W TEST USER I/O & V11

C36060

LAN activity R Card fail ACT

Power ON

Reset P
Critical Major Minor M C ALS Automatic (laser) shutdown disabled Manual operator

Fig.107 - Alarm indications for ADM1 2RU version

Working condition

m W TEST
Warning

ON

ON

11

16

11

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

LOS ON
TX RX TX

(Loss of STM-1 signal) ON laser ON (optional unit)

117

Power ON
W

ON

C36054 C36054

LOS ON Critical Major Minor


m W TEST

(Loss of STM-1 signal) ON laser ON (optional unit)

M C ALS

Automatic (laser) shutdown disabled Manual operator

Fig.108 - Alarm indications for ADM1 1RU version

Warning

C36063

USER I/O & V11

SCT

C36063

RS232

ACT

EOW

ALS C

W TEST m

ACT

C36058

118

Reset P

1 1 11 11 12 12 16 1 1 11 11 16

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Fig.109 - Equipment current alarm

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

119

16

PROCEDURES TO BACKUP THE FULL EQUIPMENT CONFIGURATION

16.1

GENERAL

The full equipment configuration backup is used in case of replacement of faulty controller unit with spare. The equipment configuration download permits to restore the equipment original operating condition. Warning: As soon as the download has been executed and the new parameters stored in the controller MIB it is necessary to proceed for their activation in the following way: 1 2 3 4 run the SCT program from Subnetwork Craft Terminal window select menu Equipment and then LCT Interface until Add Drop Multiplexer window is displayed. Select row Equipment from Equipment View until Equipment window is displayed. From Equipment select Start and Start Applications to finish.

16.2

CONFIGURATION UPLOAD

Foreword: It is advisable to upload the configuration during the first installation. Proceed as follows by using the SCT/LCT software program: 1 2 3 4 5 6 Select Equipment Configuration Wizard from menu Tools; Equipment Configuration Wizard window will be displayed. Select Upload and then Backup Full Equipment Configuration; Template Selection window will be displayed. Select the correct equipment template (in case of uncorrected choice the backup will be aborted). Press OK and then select the equipment to be uploaded from Upload Configuration File window. Press OK and then edit the file name from Save backup as window. Press Save; Equipment Configuration Wizard: Complete Backup window will appear. The window shows dynamically the backup procedure. If everything is OK, at the end of the upload will appear the word done showing the procedure success. Press OK to finish.

16.3

CONFIGURATION DOWNLOAD

Once the spare basic shelf has been installed proceed as follows: 1 Select Equipment Configuration Wizard from menu Tools. Equipment Configuration Wizard window will be displayed.

120

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

2 3 4

Select Download and then Restore Full Equipment Configuration from Equipment Configuration Wizard. Select Backup File window will be displayed. Select the wanted backup file with extension .bku you are looking for and then press Open. Download Configuration File window will be displayed. Select the equipment to download and then press OK; Equipment Configuration Wizard: Complete restore window will be displayed. This window shows dynamically the download operation. The word done indicates that download has been successfully. Press OK to finish.

Warning: In case of addresses change it is necessary to restart the equipment.

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

121

122

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Section 6. PROGRAMMING AND SUPERVISION

17

EQUIPMENT PROGRAMMING AND SUPERVISION

17.1

GENERAL

The ADM equipment has been designed to be easily programmed and supervised. To the purpose the following software programs can be used: SCT/LCT: management and supervision of an IP/OSI subnetwork consisting of up to 100 SIAE network elements NMS5UX: management and supervision of an IP/OSI network consisting of SIAE network elements

For program details refer to the corresponding documentation. SCT/LCT documentation is available as help online.

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

123

124

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Section 7. COMPOSITION

18

EQUIPMENT COMPOSITION

18.1

GENERAL

ADM1 is a very flexible and modular platform that can be used for terminal/linearadddrop/ringadd drop applications, either as 1+0 or 1+1 multiplexer. The ADM1 consists of a 19 compatible subrack available in three different mechanical versions.

18.2

ADM1 4RU MECHANICAL LAYOUT

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU or
TIU TSU

TIU or
Cover
TIU

TIU or
TIU TSU

TIU or
TIU

Fig.110 - ADM1 4RU version

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Cover

125

The ADM1 4 RU version shelf can house the following units: eight tributary interface unit (TIU) TIU modules include tributary traffic interfaces (E1, STM1, E3/T3 or Ethernet) two power supply unit (PSU main and reserve) one management interface unit (MIU) (optional) two SDH multiplexing unit (SMU main and reserve) SMU modules include SDH processing and crossconnect functionality one main controller unit (MCU) MCU module includes the main system CPU and provides Service channels, LCT access and alarms IN/OUT two line interface unit (LIU main and reserve) LIU modules provide STM1 or STM4 aggregate traffic interfaces two tributary switch unit (TSU) TSU modules provide tributary (STM1, E3/T3, Ethernet) traffic protection switch

18.2.1

ADM1 4RU version configuration list

Depending on the equipping of the common parts, the ADM1 can be configured as shown in the following table. Tab.26 - ADM-1 4RU version configuration list Configurations MCU TIU TIU LIUM LIUR SMUM SMUR 2 Mb/s 34/45 Mb/s, (E1) STM1 Eth Unprotected 1+0 terminal multiplexer (see Fig.111) 1+0 double terminal multiplexer with up to 63 E1 (see Fig.111) 1+0 double terminal multiplexer with up to 126 E1 (see Fig.112) 1+0 dropinsert with up to 63 E1 (see Fig.111) 1+0 dropinsert with up to 126 E1 (see Fig.112) X X X X X TSU

X X

X X

X X

X X

X X

Protected 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line protection (see Fig.111) 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line and equipment protection (see Fig.114) 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line, equipment and tributary protection (Fig.115) 1+1 dropinsert with line protection (see Fig.113) X X X X X -

126

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

1+1 with dropinsert with line and equipement protection (see Fig.114) 1+1 dropinsert with line, equipment and tributary protection (see Fig.115)

The power supply (PSU) can be duplicated (for redundancy) in all the above mentioned configurations.

Cover

Cover

Cover

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

Cover Cover

up to 63E1

E3/T3, STM1, Ethernet

Fig.111 - ADM1 4RU version

Additional E1

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU or
Cover
TIU

TIU or
Cover
TIU

TIU or
TIU

TIU or
TIU

Cover

Cover

Cover

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

Cover or

Cover or

Cover or

Cover or

Cover

up to 63E1

E3/T3, STM1, Ethernet


Fig.112 - ADM1 4RU version

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

127

Additional E1

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU or
Cover
TIU

TIU or
Cover
TIU

TIU or
Cover
TIU

TIU or
TIU

up to 63E1

E3/T3, STM1, Ethernet


Fig.113 - ADM1 4RU version

Additional E1

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU or
Cover
TIU

TIU or
Cover
TIU

TIU or
Cover
TIU

TIU or
TIU

up to 63E1

E3/T3, STM1, Ethernet


Fig.114 - ADM1 4RU version

128

Cover

Cover

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Additional E1

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU
TIU

TIU or
TSU TIU

TIU or
Cover
TIU

TIU or
TSU TIU

TIU or
Cover

up to 63E1

E3/T3, STM1, Ethernet (redundancy with switch)


Fig.115 - ADM1 4RU version

18.3

ADM1 2RU MECHANICAL LAYOUT

TIU or TU cover TIU SMU MCU

TIU or TU cover TIU

TIU or TU cover TIU LIU MIU

TIU or TU cover TIU PSU-M PSU-R

Fig.116 - ADM1 2RU version The ADM1 2 RU version shelf can house the following units: four tributary interface unit (TIU) TIU modules include tributary traffic interfaces (E1, STM1, E3/ T3 or Ethernet) two power supply unit (PSU main and reserve) one management interface unit (MIU) one SDH multiplexing unit (SMU) SMU modules include SDH processing and crossconnect functionality one main controller unit (MCU) MCU module includes the main system CPU and provides Service channels, LCT access and alarms IN/OUT one line interface unit (LIU) LIU modules provide STM1 or STM4 aggregate traffic interfaces

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

129

18.3.1

ADM1 2RU version configuration list

With the same common part equipment the ADM1 can be configured as shown in the following table: Tab.27 - ADM1 2RU version configuration list TIU Configurations MCU LIU SMU 2 Mbit/s (E1) 34/45 Mbit/s STM1, Eth

Unprotected 1+0 terminal multiplexer with up to 63 E1 (see Fig.117) 1+0 double terminal multiplexer with up to 63 E1 (see Fig.117) 1+0 dropinsert with up to 63 E1 (see Fig.117) Protected 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line protection (see Fig.117) X X X X X X X X X X

The power supply (PSU) can be duplicated for redundancy.

Up to 63xE1 or 34/45 Mbit/s, STM-1, Eth TIU or TU cover TIU SMU MCU TIU or cover TIU LIU MIU TIU or TU cover TIU TIU or cover TIU PSU PSU -M PSU -R

TU

TU

Fig.117 - ADM1 2RU version

18.4

ADM1 1RU MECHANICAL LAYOUT

TIU or

cover TIU

TIU or

cover TIU

Fig.118 - ADM1 1RU version

130

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

The ADM1 1 RU version shelf can house the following units: two tributary interface unit (TIU) TIU modules include tributary traffic interfaces (E1, STM1, E3/ T3 or Ethernet) one power supply unit one SDH multiplexing and main controller unit (SMCU) SMCU modules include: SDH processing and crossconnect functionality the main system CPU and provides Service channels, LCT access and alarms IN/OUT

one line interface unit (LIU) LIU modules provide STM1 aggregate traffic interfaces

18.4.1

ADM1 1RU version configuration list

With the same common part equipment, the ADM1 can be configured as shown in the following table. Tab.28 - ADM1 1RU version configuration list TIU Configurations MCU LIU SMU 2 Mbit/s (E1) 34/45 Mbit/s STM1, Eth

Unprotected 1+0 terminal multiplexer with up to 32 E1 (see Fig.119) 1+0 double terminal multiplexer with up to 32 E1 (see Fig.119) 1+0 dropinsert with up to 32 E1 (see Fig.119) Protected 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line protection (see Fig.119) X X X X X X X X X X

Up to 32 x E1 or 34/45 Mbit/s, STM1, Eth TIU or cover TIU TIU or cover TIU

Fig.119 - ADM1 RU version

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

131

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Section 8. INDEXES AND SERVICES

19

LIST OF FIGURES

Fig.1 - Components electrostatic charge sensitive indication................................................. 7 Fig.2 - Elasticized band ................................................................................................... 8 Fig.3 - Coiled cord .......................................................................................................... 8 Fig.4 - Laser indication.................................................................................................... 8 Fig.5 - WEEE symbol - 2002/96/CE EN50419 ..................................................................... 9 Fig.6 - ADM1 typical applications ................................................................................... 17 Fig.7 - ADM1 4RU version ............................................................................................. 18 Fig.8 - ADM1 2RU version ............................................................................................. 18 Fig.9 - ADM1 1RU version ............................................................................................. 18 Fig.10 - ADM1 as terminal multiplexer 1+0 or 1+1........................................................... 19 Fig.11 - ADM1 as drop/insert ........................................................................................ 19 Fig.12 - ADM1 as ring adddrop .................................................................................... 19 Fig.13 - 1+0 terminal multiplexer .................................................................................... 20 Fig.14 - 1+0 double terminal multiplexer and 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line ................... 20 Fig.15 - 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line, equipment and E1 protections............................ 21 Fig.16 - 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line, equipment and tributary (STM1, E3/T3, Ethernet) protections ........................................................................................................................ 21 Fig.17 - 1+0 dropinsert ................................................................................................ 22 Fig.18 - 1+1 dropinsert with line protection..................................................................... 22 Fig.19 - 1+1 dropinsert with line, equipment and E1 tributary protections ........................... 23 Fig.20 - 1+1 dropinsert with line, equipment and tributary (STM1, E3/T3, Ethernet) protections 23 Fig.21 - PDH ring protection using SIAE equipment ............................................................ 26

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

133

Fig.22 - Monitoring and control ....................................................................................... 27 Fig.23 - 2 Mbit/s monitoring and alarm insertion................................................................ 39 Fig.24 - 2 Mbit/s alarm monitoring and consequent SDH action ........................................... 39 Fig.25 -Protection for E1 tributary ................................................................................... 40 Fig.26 - Simple unit redundancy ...................................................................................... 40 Fig.27 - Unit redundancy with switch ............................................................................... 40 Fig.28 - 126xE1 unprotected configuration........................................................................ 41 Fig.29 - 63xE1 protected + 3x10/100BaseT + 3xE3 + 2xSTM1 configuration ....................... 41 Fig.30 - 48xE1 + 3x10/100BaseT and 2xSTM1 configuration ............................................. 41 Fig.31 - Redundancy of tributary units ............................................................................. 42 Fig.32 - ADM1 4RU version general block diagram (1+0 unprotected configuration).............. 45 Fig.33 - ADM1 2RU version general block diagram (1+0 unprotected configuration) Aggregate .. 46 Fig.34 - ADM1 1RU version general block diagram (1+0 unprotected configuration).............. 47 Fig.35 - ADM1, 4RU version, equipment full protection (63x2 Mbit/s version)....................... 48 Fig.36 - LIU - Electrical version ....................................................................................... 49 Fig.37 - LIU - Optical version .......................................................................................... 50 Fig.38 - SMU ................................................................................................................ 50 Fig.39 - 2 Mbit/s (E1) tributary interface unit .................................................................... 52 Fig.40 - Frontal view...................................................................................................... 53 Fig.41 - 34/45 (E3/T3) tributary interface unit .................................................................. 54 Fig.42 - Multiplexing structure......................................................................................... 55 Fig.43 - E3T3 unit block diagram ................................................................................... 56 Fig.44 - 2x10/100BaseT + 1x100BaseFx or 1000BaseSx/Lx unit .......................................... 56 Fig.45 - 2x100BaseFx + 1x100BaseFx or 1000BaseSx/Lx unit ............................................. 57 Fig.46 - Figure Block diagram of the 2x10/100BaseT + 1x100/1000 BaseFX Ethernet tributary unit 58 Fig.47 - MCU ................................................................................................................ 59 Fig.48 - Power supply unit - 4RU .................................................................................... 60

Fig.49 - Power supply unit - 2RU/1RU .............................................................................. 60 Fig.50 - Power supply unit - 1RU ..................................................................................... 60 Fig.51 - MIU ................................................................................................................. 61 Fig.52 - SMCU unit ........................................................................................................ 63 Fig.53 - SMCU unit Controller block diagram .................................................................. 64 Fig.54 - SMCU unit SDH block diagram .......................................................................... 65 Fig.55 - LIU block diagram ............................................................................................. 69 Fig.56 - SMU unit block diagram...................................................................................... 70 Fig.57 - STM1 tributary unit block diagram ................................................................... 71 Fig.58 - Synchronisation block diagram ............................................................................ 72 Fig.59 - 2 Mbit/s interface unit block diagram.................................................................... 72 Fig.60 - Controller architecture........................................................................................ 73 Fig.61 - IP/IPover OSI protocol stack ............................................................................... 73 Fig.62 - Alarm indications in evidence .............................................................................. 74 Fig.63 - Aggregate interface local loopback ....................................................................... 75

134

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

Fig.64 - Aggregate interface remote loopback ................................................................... 75 Fig.65 - VC12 loopback .................................................................................................. 76 Fig.66 - Tributary interface loopback ................................................................................ 76 Fig.67 - SOH content ..................................................................................................... 77 Fig.68 - Multiplexing structure of up to 63x2 Mbit/s within the STM1 frame ......................... 78 Fig.69 - Dynamic allocation of VC4 within AU4 ............................................................... 79 Fig.70 - Pointer in action ................................................................................................ 79 Fig.71 - VC4 POH content ............................................................................................. 80 Fig.72 - Multiplexing of three TUG3 into C4 ................................................................... 80 Fig.73 - TUG2/TUG3 multiplexing structure ................................................................... 81 Fig.74 - TU12 frame and pointer position ........................................................................ 82 Fig.75 - VC12 mapping................................................................................................. 83 Fig.76 - VC5 byte content............................................................................................... 83 Fig.77 - ADM1 4RU version, position of the user connectors .............................................. 89 Fig.78 - ADM1 2RU version, position of the user connectors .............................................. 90 Fig.79 - ADM1 1RU version, position of the user connectors .............................................. 91 Fig.80 - Front view ........................................................................................................ 92 Fig.81 - Front view ........................................................................................................ 92 Fig.82 - Front view ........................................................................................................ 93 Fig.83 - Front view ........................................................................................................ 94 Fig.84 - Front view ........................................................................................................ 94 Fig.85 - Front view ........................................................................................................ 94 Fig.86 - Front view ........................................................................................................ 95 Fig.87 - Front view ........................................................................................................ 95 Fig.88 - Front panel ....................................................................................................... 95 Fig.89 - MCU (Main Controller Unit) connectors ................................................................. 95 Fig.90 - Front view ........................................................................................................ 97 Fig.91 - SMCU (SDH Multiplexing and Main Controller Unit) connectors ................................. 97 Fig.92 - Front view ........................................................................................................ 98 Fig.93 - Front view ........................................................................................................ 99 Fig.94 - Front view ........................................................................................................ 99 Fig.95 - Front view ........................................................................................................ 99 Fig.96 - Front view ...................................................................................................... 100 Fig.97 - Front view ...................................................................................................... 100 Fig.98 - Front view ...................................................................................................... 101 Fig.99 - 1+0 terminal multiplexer bench setup .............................................................. 104 Fig.100 - Bench setup ................................................................................................ 106 Fig.101 - Crossconnect matrix setup........................................................................... 106 Fig.102 - Tributary line setup ...................................................................................... 107 Fig.103 - Laser functionality test ................................................................................... 107 Fig.104 - Laser facilities ............................................................................................... 108 Fig.105 - Flow diagram: Corrective maintenance ............................................................. 110 Fig.106 - Alarm indications for ADM1 4RU version .......................................................... 116

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

135

Fig.107 - Alarm indications for ADM1 2RU version .......................................................... 117 Fig.108 - Alarm indications for ADM1 1RU version .......................................................... 118 Fig.109 - Equipment current alarm ................................................................................ 119 Fig.110 - ADM1 4RU version ....................................................................................... 125 Fig.111 - ADM1 4RU version ....................................................................................... 127 Fig.112 - ADM1 4RU version ....................................................................................... 127 Fig.113 - ADM1 4RU version ....................................................................................... 128 Fig.114 - ADM1 4RU version ....................................................................................... 128 Fig.115 - ADM1 4RU version ....................................................................................... 129 Fig.116 - ADM1 2RU version ....................................................................................... 129 Fig.117 - ADM1 2RU version ....................................................................................... 130 Fig.118 - ADM1 1RU version ....................................................................................... 130 Fig.119 - ADM1 RU version ......................................................................................... 131

136

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

20

LIST OF TABLES

Tab.1 - Artificial respiration .............................................................................................. 6 Tab.2 - Supported configurations......................................................................................18 Tab.3 - Tributary interfaces .............................................................................................24 Tab.4 - Equipment features and characteristics ..................................................................24 Tab.5 - Optical interface characteristics .............................................................................29 Tab.6 - Switch characteristics ..........................................................................................31 Tab.7 -Input voltage range and power consumption ...........................................................34 Tab.8 - Mechanical structure ............................................................................................35 Tab.9 - Power supply ......................................................................................................60 Tab.10 - Synchronisation source quality level .....................................................................68 Tab.11 - Recommended cables and connectors...................................................................86 Tab.12 - Connector pinout for 2 Mbit/s tributary interfaces (120 Ohms) ...............................93 Tab.13 - V11 service channel connector pin-out .................................................................94 Tab.14 - Female RJ45 connector pin-out............................................................................95 Tab.15 - 9 pin SUBD male connector pinout ...................................................................96 Tab.16 - 9 pin SUBD male connector pinout ...................................................................96 Tab.17 - 25 pin SUBD (high density type) male connector pinout ......................................97 Tab.18 - 9 pin SUBD male connector pinout ..................................................................98 Tab.19 - 9 pin SUBD male connector pinout ..................................................................98 Tab.20 - Female connector type SUBD 15 pins .................................................................99 Tab.21 - Female RJ45 connector pin-out.......................................................................... 100 Tab.22 - Power supply .................................................................................................. 100 Tab.23 - GST3 DIN type male connector ....................................................................... 100 Tab.24 - Fuses list ........................................................................................................ 112 Tab.25 - Accessories..................................................................................................... 114 Tab.26 - ADM-1 4RU version configuration list.................................................................. 126 Tab.27 - ADM1 2RU version configuration list ................................................................. 130 Tab.28 - ADM1 1RU version configuration list ................................................................. 131

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

137

138

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

21

ASSISTANCE SERVICE

The assistance service provided by Siae Microelettronica will be in compliance, if stipulated, to what specified in the Agreement of Software Maintenance. To exploit this service, fill in all its parts the Module for the notification of bad SW operation (RQ.00961) and send it to the following address: SIAE Microelettronica S.p.A via Michelangelo Buonarroti, 21 20093 Cologno Monzese Milano - Italy www.siaemic.it Fax + (39) 02 25391585 e-mail siaemi@siaemic.it

21.1

RQ.00961 MODULE

Each RQ916 module can contain at most one signalling. The information required for the signalling of the bad operation. Warning. The compiling of the parts General Information (Siae only), Trouble notified by, Reserved to Siae Department and Validation manager are at charge of the Siae personnel.

Section Trouble Identification SIAE product name. Identifier or SIAE code of the product whose bad operation has been detected. Version. Version of the sw product whose bad operation has been detected Documentation Type. Identifier of the document where the problem has been detected. Revision. Revision of the document where the problem has been detected. Volume N. Number of the volume of the document where the problem has been detected. Page N. Number of the page, into the volume, where the problem has been detected. Typology. Severity of the detected bad operation: Critical, if it prevents the use of a main functionality of the product; Important, if it prevents the use of a secondary functionality of the product; Disturbing, if occasionally and in difficultly reproducible conditions, it prevents the use of a main functionality of the product; Minor, if very seldom it prevents the use of a secondary functionality without important consequences; Suggestion, if no functionality of the product is damaged but some aspects (e.g.: user interface) can be improved.

Recurrent. Possibility (Yes) or not (No) to cause the bad operation after the same sequence of inputs given to the product. Repeatable. Possibility (Yes) or not (No) to reproduce the detected bad operation. Annexes. Possibility (Yes) or not (No) of annexed to the NM and their possible number.

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

139

Title. Title of the bad operation. Description. Clear and concise description of the bad operation, comprehensive of the edge conditions and, when possible and applicable, of the reference to the test (identifier and version of the technical documentation, test identifier).

140

ADM-1 - MN.00114.E - 006

GENERAL INFORMATION (SIAE ONLY) Object Submitted Software Documentation Hardware Number

Distribution List: Quality Assurance

TROUBLE NOTIFIED BY Siae Operator Name Customer Report Ref. Company/Dept. Contract N SW/FW failures SIAE product name Documentation Documentation type Volume N. Page N. Typology Recurrent Repeatable Annexes Critical Yes Yes Yes: N Important No No No Disturbing Minor Suggestion ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Revision ______ ___________________________________________________ Version ______ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ Date Date Tel e-mail Address TROUBLE IDENTIFICATION _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________

Customer Name Reference _______________________________

Title: Description (including enviranmental conditions):

RESERVED TO SIAE DEPARTMENT Trouble Accepted_Open Rejected Notes Analysis performed by CORRECTIVE ACTION DESCRIPTION Date Expected Closing Date Reasons

FIXED VALIDATION MANAGER Notes MN

Executed by Closed Open Verified by

Date

Approved by Date

Quality Record Module TROUBLE REPORT Siae Microelettronica all rights reserved.

Issued by Terzo L.

Approved by Gaviraghi S. Document Ref. RQ.00961

Date 24/09/02

Page 1/1 Rev/Ver 003