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EFFICIENT POWER GRID SYSTEM FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC AND WIND

A PROJECT REPORT Submitted by

ARUNXAVIER.S MANOPRIYA.S SELVARANI.R SRIRAM.P

(080407102088) (080407102103) (080407102131) (080407102132)

in partial fulfillment for the award of the degree of

BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING
in ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING COIMBATORE INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, COIMBATORE

ANNA UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY COIMBATORE, COIMBATORE-641047


APRIL 2011

EFFICIENT POWER GRID SYSTEM FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC AND WIND

A PROJECT REPORT Submitted by

ARUNXAVIER.S MANOPRIYA.S SELVARANI.R SRIRAM.P

(080407102088) (080407102103) (080407102131) (080407102132)

in partial fulfillment for the award of the degree of

BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING
in ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING COIMBATORE INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, COIMBATORE

ANNA UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY COIMBATORE, COIMBATORE-641047


APRIL 2011

ANNA UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY COIMBATORE 641047


BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE
Certified that this project report EFFICIENT POWER GRID

SYSTEM FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC AND WIND is the bonafide work of ARUNXAVIER.S, MANOPRIYA.S, SELVARANI.R, SRIRAM.P who carried out the project work under my supervision.

SIGNATURE Mrs. YAMINI SHANMUGAM, M.E., SUPERVISOR Lecturer Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Coimbatore Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore-641109.

SIGNATURE Dr.H.MANGALAM, M.E., Ph.D., HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT Professor Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Coimbatore Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore-641109.

Submitted for the University Examination held on.

Internal Examiner

External Examiner

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Our heart is filled with gratitude to Almighty God for empowering us with the courage, wisdom and strength to carry out this project work successfully. We would like to record our sincere indebtedness and gratitude to our renowned Director, Dr.K.A.Chinnaraju, M.Sc., M.B.A., Ph.D., for his noteworthy efforts to enhance our professional dexterity and co-curricular excellence. We are indebted to our respected Principal, Dr.N.Nagarajan, M.E., Ph.D., for providing us with necessary facilities to carry out our project work. We feel great pleasure for acknowledging our sincere thanks to the Dean, Academic Affairs, Prof.K.Smiles Mascarenhas, M.E., for his remarkable guidance and powerful motivation. We express our sincere thanks to our Head of the Department, Dr.H.Mangalam, M.E., Ph.D., for her timely help and co-operation. We wish to thank our project coordinators Mr.R.Naveen, M.E. and Mr.S.Praveen Chakkravarthy, M.E., for their kind support in carrying out this project. We are very much pleased to acknowledge our sincere thanks to our guide Mrs. Yamini Shanmugam, M.E., for her guidance and valuable suggestions. Finally, we extend our thanks to the management, faculty members, parents and our student friends for their support and encouragement.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER NO. ABSTRACT

CONTENTS

PAGE NO. i ii iii iv 1 5 5 6 6

LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 1.2 2 DC Output Of a PV Cell PV Cells Configuration

LITERATURE SURVEY 2.1 Wind Turbine Systems 2.1.1 Doubly-Fed Induction Machine Concept 2.1.2 2.2 Principles Of Operation Of DFIG Wind Turbine Concept 2.2.1 Danish Concept, Constant Speed 6

7 7 8 8 8

HARDWARE DESCRIPTION 3.1 3.2 Introduction Power Supply Unit 3.2.1 Power Supply Circuit Diagram Explanation

9 11 11 11 14 14 15 16

PROPOSED STUDY WORK 4.1 Block Diagram 4.1.1 Block Diagram Description

MOTOR 5.1 5.2 5.3 DC Motor Working Principles Of DC Motor PCB Design

MICRO CONTROLLER 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 Micro Controller Unit Features PIC 16F877 Pin Diagram Relay Unit LCD Display

18 18 19 20 24 25 28 29

CONCLUSION REFERENCES