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Horizon 2020 e le misure di supporto alle PMI Magda De Carli Unit "Small and
Horizon 2020
e le misure di supporto alle
PMI
Magda De Carli
Unit "Small and Medium-Sized
Entreprises"
DG Research and Innovation
Research and
Research and
Innovation
Innovation
Europa 2020 (Feb. 2010) - 5 target OCCUPAZIONE 75% of the population aged 20-64 should

Europa 2020 (Feb. 2010) - 5 target

OCCUPAZIONE

75% of the population aged 20-64 should be employed

R & INNOVAZIONE

3% of the EU's GDP should be invested in R&D

A reduction of CO2 emissions by 20%

CLIMA / ENERGIA

A share of renewable energies up to 20%

An increase in energy efficiency by 20%

FORMAZIONE

The share of early school leavers should be under 10%

At least 40% of the younger generation should have a degree or diploma

POVERTA’

20 million fewer people should be at risk of poverty

Le 7 “Flagship Initiatives” Smart Growth Sustainable Growth Inclusive Growth Innovation     «

Le 7 “Flagship Initiatives”

Smart Growth

Sustainable Growth

Inclusive Growth

Innovation

   

« Innovation Union »

Climate, energy and mobility « Resource efficient Europe »

Employment and skills « An agenda for new skills and jobs »

(Nov.2010)

Education « Youth on the move »

   

Digital society « A digital agenda for Europe »

Competitiveness « An industrial policy for the globalisation era »

Fighting poverty « European platform against poverty »

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

Innovation Union: uno sguardo d’insieme 1. Training researchers 8. Forum on Forward Looking Activities 15.

Innovation Union: uno sguardo d’insieme

1. Training researchers 8. Forum on Forward Looking Activities 15. Screening of key regulatory frameworks
1. Training
researchers
8. Forum on
Forward
Looking
Activities
15. Screening
of key
regulatory
frameworks
22. European
market for
patents and
licensing
29. European
Innovation
Partnerships
2. University ranking system 9. EIT to expand its activities 16. Modernise standard- setting 23.
2. University
ranking
system
9. EIT to
expand its
activities
16. Modernise
standard-
setting
23. Safeguard
of IPRs
30. Policies for
researchers to
reside in
Europe
3. Developing new curricula 10. New financial instruments for private finance 17. Pre- commercial and
3. Developing
new curricula
10. New
financial
instruments
for private
finance
17. Pre-
commercial
and public
procurements
24. Smart
Specialisation
31. Scientific
cooperation
with third
countries
4. ERA Framework 11. Free Venture Capital funds 18. Eco- innovation action plan 25. Focus
4. ERA
Framework
11. Free
Venture
Capital funds
18. Eco-
innovation
action plan
25. Focus on
Innovation in
the next
Structural
Funds
32.
International
agreements on
research
infrastructures
Innovation
5. European Research infrastructures 12. Cross- border matching of innovative firms 19. European Design Board
5. European
Research
infrastructures
12. Cross-
border
matching of
innovative
firms
19. European
Design Board
26. European
Social
innovation
pilot
33. MS to carry
out self
assessments
6. Programmes focusing on EU2020 13. Review of State aid R&D&I 20. Open access 27.
6. Programmes
focusing on
EU2020
13. Review of
State aid
R&D&I
20. Open
access
27. Research
programmes
on public
sector and
social
innovation
34. New
indicator for
fast-growing
companies and
monitoring
7. Involvement of SMEs in R&I 14. EU Patent 21. Knowledge transfer 28. Partners consultation
7. Involvement
of SMEs in R&I
14. EU Patent
21. Knowledge
transfer
28. Partners
consultation
on knowledge
economy
Verso Horizon 2020 – le PMI • Innovation Union Communication (2010) • Commitment 6: "I

Verso Horizon 2020 – le PMI

Innovation Union Communication (2010)

Commitment 6: "I futuri programmi dell'Unione nel campo della ricerca e dell'innovazione si concentreranno sugli obiettivi della strate ia Europa 2020 e in particolare sull'Unione dell'innovazione"

Commitment 7: La Commissione elaborerà i futuri programmi dell'Unione nel campo della ricerca e dell'innovazione in modo che garantiscano un accesso agevolato alle PMI ed una loro pvigorosa partecipazione, con particolare riguardo a quelle che presentano un elevato potenziale di crescita

Consiglio Europeo del 4 febbraio 2011 invita la Commission a "esplorare la fattibilità di uno Small Business Innovation Research Scheme".

La consultazione del Green Paper (primavera 2011) conferma che le PMI devono avere un ruolo chiave nel futuro programme UE di ricerca e innovazione.

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

L’esperienza dei programmi R&D&I Risorse su base transnazionale Focus sulla “Eccellenza” Impulso

L’esperienza dei programmi R&D&I

L’esperienza dei programmi R&D&I Risorse su base transnazionale Focus sulla “Eccellenza” Impulso

Risorse su base transnazionale

Focus sulla “Eccellenza”

Impulso efficace alla competizione nella Ricerca

Strumenti efficaci nel campo della formazione

Crescita di attrattività per la R&I Europea

Frammentazione dei Programmi

Necessità di semplificare

Strategia per l’innovazione

Necessità di focalizzare risorse su “grand challenges”

Estendere la partecipazione

PolicyResearch and Innovation
PolicyResearch and
Innovation
Verso Horizon 2020 • . R&D 7FP 2007 - 2013 Innovation Union Innovation CIP The

Verso Horizon 2020

• . R&D 7FP
.
R&D
7FP
2007 - 2013
2007
- 2013
Verso Horizon 2020 • . R&D 7FP 2007 - 2013 Innovation Union Innovation CIP The European
Innovation Union
Innovation Union
2020 • . R&D 7FP 2007 - 2013 Innovation Union Innovation CIP The European Institute for
Innovation CIP
Innovation
CIP
The European Institute for Innovation and Technology
The European
Institute for
Innovation and
Technology
PolicyResearch and Innovation
PolicyResearch and
Innovation
2014 - 2020
2014
- 2020
Institute for Innovation and Technology PolicyResearch and Innovation 2014 - 2020 R&D&I HORIZON 2020
R&D&I HORIZON 2020
R&D&I
HORIZON
2020
PolicyResearch and Innovation
PolicyResearch and
Innovation
Novità in Horizon 2020 1. Maggiore sostegno alla realizzazione e diffusione di processi innovativi (testing,

Novità in Horizon 2020

1. Maggiore sostegno alla realizzazione e diffusione di processi innovativi (testing, piloting, dimostrazioni di nuove tecnologie) + a tutte le forme di innovazione (business

models, social innovation,

)

2. Sostegno alla “market demand” di innovazione:

- standard;

- public procurement;

- inducement prizes;

- bottom-up activities (call for proposals più flessibili);

3. Uso estensivo di strumenti finanziari con effetto leva.

4. Un nuovo strumento per le PMI

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

Horizon 2020 Societal Challenges Industrial Leadership − Health, demographic change and well-being − Food
Horizon 2020
Societal Challenges
Industrial Leadership
− Health, demographic change and
well-being
− Food security, sustainable agriculture,
marine and maritime research, and
the bio-economy
− Secure, clean and efficient energy
− Smart, green and integrated transport
− Leadership in enabling and
industrial technologies (LEITs)
− Access to risk finance
− Innovation in SMEs (619M€)
− Climate action, resource efficiency
and raw materials
− Inclusive, innovative and secure
i
soc e
ti
es
EIT
31748 M€*
17938 M€*
E xce en ll t S c ence i − European Research Council (ERC) −
E
xce en
ll
t S
c ence
i
− European Research Council (ERC)
− Future and Emerging Technologies (FET)
− Marie Curie Actions
− Research infrastructure
24598 M€*
PolicyResearch and
Innovation

*in constant prices

Horizon 2020
Horizon 2020

SME support - Objective

To stimulate growth by means of increasing the levels of innovation in SMEs, covering their different innovation needs over the whole innovation cycle for all types of innovation, thereby creating more fast-growing, internationally active SMEs.

creating more fast-growing , internationally active SMEs. All types of innovation More impact!! Policy Research and
creating more fast-growing , internationally active SMEs. All types of innovation More impact!! Policy Research and

All types of innovation

More impact!!

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

Horizon 2020
Horizon 2020

Article 18 (Regulation) -SMEs as modified in the Partial General Approach – Council 31/05/2012

1. Particular attention shall be paid to ensuring the adequate participation of, and innovation impact on, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) as well as private sector in general in Horizon 2020. Quantitative and qualitative assessments of SME participation shall be undertaken as part of the evaluation and monitoring arrangements.

2. Further to the establishment of better conditions for SMEs to participate in Horizon 2020, specific actions shall be undertaken within (….) . These specific actions shall take the form of a dedicated SME instrument that is targeted at all types of SMEs with an innovation potential, in a broad sense, and shall be implemented in a consistent manner and tailored to the needs of SMEs as set out under the specific objective "Innovation in SMEs" in Point 3.3.(a) of Part II of Annex I.

3.The integrated approach set out in paragraphs 1 and 2 should lead to [around 15%] a minimum of 20% of the total combined budget for the specific objective on "Leadership in enabling and industrial technologies" and the priority "Societal challenges" going to SMEs.

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

Horizon 2020
Horizon 2020

Activities for SMEs

All forms of R&D and all forms of innovation, towards exploitation and commercialisation

Under Innovation in SMEs

SME instrument (applied in all societal challenges as well as the LEITs)

Innovation in start-ups, spin-offs and young research-intensive companies (Eurostars and other measures)

Enhancing the innovation capacity of SMEs (mentoring and coaching)

Supporting market-driven innovation (network of procurers )

in addition

SME participation in collaborative R&D or innovation projects (all three priorities)

Access to risk finance (debt and equity facility)

Exchan e and mobilit actions)

Link for access to procurements

y of researchers involvin

SMEs (Marie Curie

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

The SME instrument Research and Innovation
The SME
instrument
Research and
Innovation
The Analysis Research and Innovation
The Analysis
Research and
Innovation
SME innovation strategy Strong relationship between innovation and internationalisation! SMEs that participate in

SME innovation strategy

Strong relationship between innovation and internationalisation!

SMEs that participate in European projects:

increase their R&D and innovation capability due to the possibility to tap the best knowledge in the Union

get access to international networks,

get access to new markets and customers,

get access to qualified staff

i

ncrease

th

t

e repu a

ti

d

on an

company on EU level.

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

i ibilit

v s

y o

f th

e

Pitfalls and challenges • Only about 22% of SMEs participating in EU research programs are

Pitfalls and challenges

Only about 22% of SMEs participating in EU research programs are strategic innovators

Most academics engage with industry to further their research rather than to commercialise their knowledge

SMEs are not encouraged to take the project leadership, but public (R&D) organisations lack the entrepreneurial expertise

Results are not exploited because projects were not designed for exploitation

Innovation has moved from a focus on product and process innovation to various forms of innovation, including new organisational models

Ex-post evaluation: good project results, little exploitation.

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

The Concept Research and Innovation
The Concept
Research and
Innovation
Horizon 2020
Horizon 2020

Strategic positioning

Horizon 2020 Collaborative Research Target: R&D topics Eurostars Target: R&D intensive SME Horizon 2020
Horizon 2020
Collaborative
Research
Target: R&D
topics
Eurostars
Target: R&D
intensive SME
Horizon 2020
SME instrument
Target: Business
innovation motivated
SMEs
R&D Market driven opportunity projects driven
R&D
Market
driven
opportunity
projects
driven

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

projects

TARGET SHIFT from SCIENCE with SMEs towards SME s with SCIENCE “SMEs in the driver

TARGET SHIFT

from

SCIENCE with SMEs

towards

SMEs with SCIENCE

“SMEs in the driver seat”

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

SCOPE SHIFT from TECHNOLOGY segmentation towards CHALLENGE oriented segmentation “Market driven

SCOPE SHIFT

from

TECHNOLOGY segmentation

towards

CHALLENGE oriented

segmentation

“Market driven bottom-up”

,

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

SYSTEM SHIFT from Specialised programme structures towards INTEGRATIVE architecture “Synergies of

SYSTEM SHIFT

from

Specialised programme structures

towards

INTEGRATIVE architecture

“Synergies of support measures”

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

The Design Research and Innovation
The Design
Research and
Innovation
Horizon 2020
Horizon 2020
Horizon 2020 SME instrument Pre-commercial ? procurement Demonstration Concept & Feasibility Assessment M ar e

SME instrument

Pre-commercial ? procurement Demonstration Concept & Feasibility Assessment M ar e k t R ep
Pre-commercial
?
procurement
Demonstration
Concept &
Feasibility
Assessment
M
ar e
k t R
ep ca on
R&D
li
ti
Commercialisation
SME window EU
financial facilities
IDEA MARKET continued support throughout the project
IDEA
MARKET
continued support throughout the project
PolicyResearch and Innovation
PolicyResearch and
Innovation

I

Idea /Concep t = Busin ess plan

Horizon 2020
Horizon 2020
I Idea / Concep t = Busi n ess plan Horizon 2020 Phase 2: R&D, demonstration,

Phase 2: R&D, demonstration, market replication

D

prototyping, testing

Piloting innovative processes, products and services

Miniaturisation/design of products

Planning & developing scaling-up (market segments, process etc.)

Market replication

Business plan III

l

t

eve opmen ,

Cost reimbursement:

1 to 3 M€ EC funding

12 to 24 months

Phase 1: Concept and feasibility assessment

Feasibility of concept

Risk assessment

IP regime

Partner search

Design study

Pilot application intention

Business plan II

Lump sum: around 50.000 to 100.000 €

~ 6 months

Phase 3:

Commercialisation

l successful projects Q ua lit y l a b e f or Facilitate access
l
successful projects
Q
ua
lit
y
l
a
b
e
f
or
Facilitate access to
private finance
Support via networking ,
training, coaching,
information, addressing
.
knowledge sharing,
dissemination
i a IP management
.
,
SME window in the EU
financial facilities (debt
facility and equity
facility)
N
o
dir
ec
t f
u
ndin
g
facilities (debt facility and equity facility) N o dir ec t f u ndin g Policy

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

Horizon 2020
Horizon 2020

The organisation of a mentoring scheme

Industry Network of Investors Sector Central EC management (e.g. Exec. Agency) innovation Networks Plaforms
Industry
Network of
Investors
Sector
Central EC
management
(e.g. Exec. Agency)
innovation
Networks
Plaforms
Agencies
(e.g. EBAN,
(Associations,
(e.g. TAFTIE)
EVCA)
Specialist support
for SMEs
Coaching/
Mentoring Networks
Clusters)
Coaching « strategic innovation »
Coaching « financing »
Coaching « technological innovation»
PolicyResearch and Innovation
PolicyResearch and
Innovation
EEN
EEN
SME/ Start-up
SME/
Start-up
Coaching and mentoring – From incrementa l t o ra di ca l i nnova

Coaching and mentoring – From incremental to radical innovation

Coaching:

Access to financing

Access to equity t

i

t

ns rumen s

Standards

IPRs

Etc,

Mentoring: Provide expertise to help advance ideas, grow businesses and build networks. Role:

Keep mentees accountable

Help refine ideas Bring new ideas to grow

Bring an external view

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

Horizon 2020
Horizon 2020

SME instrument main features

Targeted at all types of innovative SMEs

Company-focused (only SMEs allowed to apply for funding; single company support possible)

Competitive, market-oriented

EU dimension

Bottom-up while addressing societal challenges and/or key enabling technologies

Grant-based staged funding

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

Proposed funding(million euro, 2014-20) Around 15 % of Societal Challenges and LEIT of which a

Proposed funding(million euro, 2014-20)

Around 15 % of Societal Challenges and LEIT of which a part is foreseen for the SME instrument

6 829

Innovation in SMEs Research intensive SMEs (Eurostars) Enhancing innovation capacity of SMEs Market-driven innovation

619

Access to risk finance

strong SME focus

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

What next: Outlook and challenges Policy Research and Innovation

What next:

Outlook and challenges

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

What next: outlook and challenges • Implementation • Evaluation and selection based on market relevance

What next: outlook and challenges

Implementation

Evaluation and selection based on market relevance and EU added value ‐ ‐ ‐ > NEED OF APPROPRIATE EXPERTS EVALUATORS

How much paper do we need… to strike a balance between a lean administration and a reliable selection

Mentoring and coaching: definitions, organisational aspects

How to convince potential lead customers and investors of the quality of the selection process… towards a quality label

Centralised vs decentralised implementation…

YOUR INPUT WELCOME!

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

Links to COSME Horizon 2020 and COSME are complementary programmes to generate growth and jobs

Links to COSME

Horizon 2020 and COSME are complementary programmes to generate growth and jobs

Different focus:

Horizon 2020 = innovation driven growth

COSME = support to create favourable business environment and competitiveness Closely coordinated, for instance:

Integrated financial instruments (debt and equity), with facilities in both programmes serving complementary objectives

Enterprise Europe Network set up under COSME, but support to SMEs for EU funding

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

Horizon 2020
Horizon 2020

Next steps:

Ongoing: Parliament and Council negotiations on the basis of the Commission proposals

Ongoing: Parliament and Council negotiations on EU budget 2014-20 (including overall budget for Horizon 2020)

Mid 2012: Final calls under 7th Framework Programme for Research to bridge gap towards Horizon 2020

Mid 2013: Adoption of legislative acts by Parliament and Council on Horizon 2020

1/1/2014: Horizon 2020 starts; launch of 1 st calls

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

Grazie per la vostra attenzione! magda.de-carli@ec.europa.eu http://ec.europa.eu/research/horizon2020/index_en.cfm

Grazie per la vostra attenzione!

magda.de-carli@ec.europa.eu

http://ec.europa.eu/research/horizon2020/index_en.cfm

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

Policy Research and Innovation

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

Semplificazione SEMPLIFICARE per - ridurre i costi di partecipazione; - accelerare procedure e tempistica; -

Semplificazione

SEMPLIFICARE per

- ridurre i costi di partecipazione;

- accelerare procedure e tempistica;

- ridurre il tasso di errore finanziario.

Come?

1. Struttura: un solo programma, obiettivi meglio definiti

2. Regole: un unico corpo di regole per l intero Programma

PolicyResearch and

Innovation

obiettivi meglio definiti ’ 2. Regole: un unico corpo di regole per l intero Programma Policy
Le nuove Rules for Participation - Regole di finanziamento e concernenti il partenariato più semplici;

Le nuove Rules for Participation

- Regole di finanziamento e concernenti il partenariato più semplici;

- Regole di imputazione costi più snelle (es. accounting interno; abolizione dell’imputazione temporale, …);

- 2 tassi di rimborso: 100% per attività di ricerca, 70% per altre azioni (= nessuna differenziazione in base allo status legale!);

- Un solo metodo per calcolare costi indiretti: single flat rate;

- Procedure di controllo razionalizzate

PolicyResearch and Innovation
PolicyResearch and
Innovation
per calcolare costi indiretti: single flat rate; - Procedure di controllo razionalizzate PolicyResearch and Innovation
Controllo e Audit - Estensione del “Guarantee fund” a tutte le Azioni per ridurre: Ex-ante

Controllo e Audit

- Estensione del “Guarantee fund” a tutte le Azioni per ridurre:

Ex-ante financial capacity checks; Certificates on financial statements;

- limitazione degli ex-post audit (risk e fraud detection analysis) = un massimo di 7% dei partecipanti soggetti a controllo per Horizon 2020;

- Procedure interne per valutazione e lancio del progetto semplificate;

OBIETTIVO

il time to grant dovrebbe ridursi di 100 giorni (dagli attuali 350 a

2 50)

PolicyResearch and

Innovation