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A diligent IAEA is the need of the hour From the ultimately futile conquest for religion to oil in recent

times, the Middle East has for long been gripped in continuous conflagrations. Hence intelligible it is that initial steps for world peace need to be ambled from this region for the expedition to succeed. Such a notion seems further elusive in the near future amidst possibilities of Israel disregarding diplomacy and attacking Iran for continuing with its nuclear programme. IAEA, the principal UN agency concerned with regulating the use of nuclear technologies to constructive purposes has been widely criticised for failing to dissuade Iran from adopting nuclear weaponry. Iran expressed its mistrust in the IAEA when Javad Jahangirzadeh, a member of the Iranian parliament's presiding board accused Director General, Yukiya Amano of sharing sensitive and confidential information about Irans nuclear programme with Israel. Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu in his address to the 67th General Assembly drew parallels between a nuclear armed Iran and a nuclear armed Taliban. He insisted that Iran needs to be stopped with immediate effects for the sustenance of stable relations, reinforcing the fears that Israel would take it upon itself to dismantle Irans nuclear plan. Netanyahu justified his stance of drawing a line as a deterrent to a nation half the size of Europe. Earlier in 2012, Iran threatened to close the Straits of Hormouz and backed off after dissuasion from the United States of America. Netanyahu is hoping that the Islamic republic would do the same and disassemble their nuclear programme after Israels threat. Contrarily, Ali Asghar Soltanieh, Iran's envoy to the IAEA highlighted the irony that Israel is the only non-party to the Non-Proliferation Treaty in the Middle East despite repeated calls by the international community. Soltanieh insisted, Peace and stability cannot be achieved in the Middle East while the massive nuclear arsenal of that regime continues to threaten the region and beyond. Ehud Azoulay, the Israeli envoy was quick to refute Soltanieh by unfurling allegations on Syria and Iran of continuing their nuclear weaponry programmes despite being party to the Non-Proliferation Treaty. When rationally considering the scenario, it is understandable that nuclear weaponry on each end is a major hindrance to the peace building processes. Going by the IAEA reports, traces of uranium enriched up to 27% at the Fordow enrichment plant in central Iran were found. Though substantially below the 90% level needed to make the fissile core of nuclear arms, they were above Iran's highest-known enrichment grade, which was close to 20%. In its 12th resolution in nine years, the IAEA vocally rebuked Iran for continuing with their nuclear weapons programme and also dissuaded Israel from any military action. Significantly, Western nations were able to get Moscow and Beijing on board hinting evolvement from the generally prevailing status quo regarding Middle Eastern affairs. Imbroglio for the IAEA further obfuscates with factually backed indictments for neglecting its most important agenda, ensuring the safety regulations for nuclear power plants. It is noteworthy that a mere 8.9% of the agencies total budget is spent for ensuring the safety of nuclear power plants, a fact that was widely reflected when the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster occurred. Strikingly, the

Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plants destruction emitted greater radiation than both Nagasaki and Hiroshima bombings combined. The long term effects of this constructive nuclear power generation facilitys destabilization are yet to be uncovered, let alone the consequences of a full blown nuclear war. It is evident that the IAEAs neglect of responsibility has had calamitous consequences which could have been reproved. A scrupulous and dexterous IAEA is the key to world peace and even the sustenance of mankind. Twesh Mishra Reporter, IAEA International Press Brainwiz Model United Nations Conference, 2012

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