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Autodesk Official Training Guide

Essentials

Autodesk ® Revit ®

MEP 2010

Learning Autodesk ® Revit ® MEP 2010, Volume 2

Hands-on exercises demonstrate the concepts for building information modeling (BIM) and the tools for parametric engineering design and documentation.

257B1-050000-CM03A

July 2009

information modeling (BIM) and the tools for parametric engineering design and documentation. 257B1-050000-CM03A July 2009

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Contents

Chapter 8: Piping Systems

1

Lesson: Creating System Piping

2

About System Piping

3

Process of Creating a Piping System

7

Guidelines for Creating a Piping System

8

Exercise: Create a Hydronic Return Piping System

9

Chapter Summary

14

Chapter 9: Plumbing Systems

15

Lesson: Creating Plumbing Systems

16

About Plumbing Systems

17

Process of Creating a Plumbing System

22

Guidelines for Creating a Plumbing System

23

Exercise: Create a Sanitary Plumbing System

24

Chapter Summary

35

Chapter 10: Fire Protection Systems

37

Lesson: Creating Fire Protection Systems

38

About Fire Protection Systems

39

Process of Creating a Fire Protection System

42

Exercise: Create a Fire Protection System

43

Chapter Summary

48

Chapter 11: Electrical Systems

49

Lesson: Creating Electrical Circuits

50

About Electrical Circuits

51

Tools for Working with Electrical Circuits

53

Process of Creating Electrical Circuits

55

Guidelines for Creating Electrical Circuits

56

Exercise: Create an Electrical Lighting Circuit

57

Lesson: Creating Wiring

62

About Electrical Wiring

63

Process of Creating a Wire Type

67

Guidelines for Creating Wiring

68

Exercise: Create Wiring

69

Chapter Summary

75

Chapter 12: Working with Architects and Engineers

77

Lesson: Monitoring Changes in Linked Files

78

About Project Sharing

79

Copy and Monitor Tools

80

Coordinating and Monitoring Changes in the Current Project

82

Coordination Review Tool

83

Guidelines for Monitoring Changes in Linked Files

86

Exercise: Monitor a Linked File of Another Discipline

87

Lesson: Checking and Fixing Interference Conditions

90

About Interference Checks

91

Guidelines for Checking and Fixing Interference Conditions

93

Exercise: Check and Fix Interference Conditions

94

Chapter Summary

98

Chapter 13: Detailing and Drafting

99

Lesson: Creating Callout Views

100

About Callouts

101

Creating Reference Callouts

103

Guidelines for Creating Callouts

104

Exercise: Create a Callout View of a Section

105

Lesson: Working with Detail Views

108

About Detail Views

109

Creating Detail Views

114

Process of Saving and Reusing Detail Views

115

Guidelines for Saving and Reusing Detail Views

116

Exercise: Create a Detail View

117

Lesson: Working with Drafting Views

123

About Drafting Views

124

Process of Reusing Drafting Views

125

Guidelines for Reusing Drafting Views

126

Exercise: Create Drafting Views

127

Exercise: Import a View and a CAD File

134

Chapter Summary

136

Chapter 14: Annotations and Schedules

137

Lesson: Working with Text and Tags

138

About Text

139

About Tags

140

Guidelines for Working with Text and Tags

142

Exercise: Work with Text and Tags

143

Lesson: Working with Dimensions

148

About Temporary Dimensions

149

About Permanent Dimensions

153

Guidelines for Working with Dimensions

162

Exercise: Work with Dimensions

163

Lesson: Creating Legends

170

About Legends

171

Guidelines for Creating Legends

176

Exercise: Create a Legend

177

Lesson: Working with Schedules

181

About Schedules

182

About Schedule Properties

184

Exporting Schedules

186

Modifying Schedule Fields

187

Guidelines for Working with Schedules

187

Exercise: Create and Modify a Lighting Fixture Schedule

188

Chapter Summary

191

Chapter 15: Construction Documentation

193

Lesson: Working with Titleblocks

194

About Titleblocks

195

Creating and Updating Titleblocks

197

Guidelines for Working with Titleblocks

199

Exercise: Work with Titleblocks

200

Lesson: Working with Sheets

203

About Sheets

204

Process of Previewing and Printing Sheets and Views

206

Guidelines for Working with Sheets

207

Exercise: Work with Sheets

209

Chapter Summary

213

Chapter 16: The Family Editor (Optional)

215

Lesson: Creating and Modifying Families

216

About Families

217

Connectors

220

Process of Creating Families

223

Guidelines for Creating and Modifying Families

224

Exercise: Create an Air Terminal Family

226

Chapter Summary

232

Appendix

233

Chapter 8
Chapter
8

Piping Systems

A piping system associates two or more objects that are to be connected with piping and share common piping characteristics. Revit® MEP provides tools to create supply and return piping, adjust the sizing of piping, document piping, and check piping components for interferences with other building components.

Chapter Objective

After completing this chapter, you will be able to lay out and create system piping.

Lesson: Creating System Piping

This lesson describes how to lay out and create system piping. You begin the lesson by learning about system piping. Next, you learn the process and some recommended practices for creating a piping system. The lesson concludes with an exercise on creating a hydronic return piping system.

You create supply and return piping for mechanical systems. Revit provides tools to create supply and return piping, adjust the sizing of piping, document piping, and check piping components for interferences with other building components.

components for interferences with other building components. Base-mounted pump connected to supply and return piping

Base-mounted pump connected to supply and return piping

Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

Describe system piping.

Identify the steps in the process of creating a piping system.

State the recommended practices for creating a piping system.

Create a hydronic return piping system.

About System Piping

Revit provides tools for the creation, layout, and sizing of piping. It also includes different types of piping and pipe fitting families. Each family is a 3D representation of a pipe or pipe fitting and has the same characteristics as the actual physical components in the building. You can check piping modeled using Revit piping components for interferences with other systems and schedule the piping for quantity and analysis purposes.

and schedule the piping for quantity and analysis purposes. System piping Definition of System Piping, Pipe

System piping

Definition of System Piping, Pipe Fittings, and Pipe Systems

System piping is a 3D representation of the sections of pipe to be used in the building mechanical systems. Pipe fittings are 3D representations of the connections and transitions among various sections of a pipe.

Pipe systems are collections of piping and pipe fittings that are used to create piping of a particular type or for a particular purpose. When placing the pipe of a given pipe system, the pipe fittings used in the pipe type families specified in the type properties of that system are automatically inserted to create the piping run.

The following illustration shows the type properties of PVC pipes.

illustration shows the type properties of PVC pipes. Piping Element Properties Used in Sizing The pipe

Piping Element Properties Used in Sizing

The pipe sizing tool uses certain piping element properties in sizing the pipe. The material of the pipe determines roughness, and the pipe fittings used in the pipe type family determine the algorithm to be used in sizing the pipe.

The settings used for determining these properties for a given pipe run are available in the Pipe Type system family.

Methods for Pipe Sizing

The pipe sizing methods are based on velocity, friction, or a combination of the two quantities. The following table describes the four pipe sizing methods.

Pipe Sizing Method

Description

Velocity

A pipe is sized based on the velocity specified in the Pipe Sizing dialog box.

Friction

A pipe is sized based on the allowable friction as specified in the Pipe

Sizing dialog box.

Pipe Sizing Method

Description

Velocity and Friction

A

pipe is sized to meet both the velocity and allowable friction specified in

the Pipe Sizing dialog box.

Velocity or Friction

pipe is sized to meet velocity or allowable friction as specified in the Pipe Sizing dialog box.

A

The following illustration shows the Pipe Sizing dialog box.

The following illustration shows the Pipe Sizing dialog box. Piping Placement Tools The Place Pipe tab

Piping Placement Tools

The Place Pipe tab provides tools for placing the mechanical equipment to be piped and for placing the pipe, pipe fittings, and accessories such as the temperature gauge, flow meter, or air separator. When you activate the Pipe tool on the Plumbing & Piping panel of the Home tab, the Options Bar displays various options that you can use to place the pipe. You can specify various settings, such as the diameter, offset, elevation locking, level, and slope, prior to placing the piping in your Revit model.

locking, level, and slope, prior to placing the piping in your Revit model. Lesson: Creating System

Pipe Slope Tool

When inserting a pipe into your Revit model manually, you can specify a slope for that pipe on the Options Bar. However, you can also use the Generate Layout tool on the Layout panel of the Modify Mechanical Equipment tab. When doing so, you can again use the Slope option on the Options Bar to slope a pipe based on a total rise and run or with a specified rise per specified length of the pipe.

Automatically Connect

The Automatically Connect option on the Placement Tools panel of the Place Pipe tab allows you to automatically connect to a run of pipe or a piping connector on mechanical equipment. To avoid connection at a location nearby or directly above a pipe run or mechanical equipment, you might need to deactivate Automatically Connect.

Example of a Piping System

The following illustrations show various types of piping systems.

illustrations show various types of piping systems. Floor plan view of a chilled water piping to

Floor plan view of a chilled water piping to the cooling coil of an air handling unit

water piping to the cooling coil of an air handling unit Supply and return hot water

Supply and return hot water piping for a series of perimeter radiation units

Flow information tracked for a length of pipe serving perimeter radiation units Process of Creating

Flow information tracked for a length of pipe serving perimeter radiation units

Process of Creating a Piping System

A piping system associates two or more objects that are to be connected with piping and share common piping characteristics. This association of objects to be piped to a piping system provides information that you can use to size the required pipe and mechanical equipment. Assigning objects to a system also facilitates the use of the auto routing tools to quickly insert piping, connecting the objects that make up the system. You can create different types of piping systems, such as hydronic supply and return, sanitary, and domestic hot and cold water systems.

Process: Creating a Hydronic Supply Piping System

The process of creating a hydronic supply piping system is shown in the following illustration.

creating a hydronic supply piping system is shown in the following illustration. Lesson: Creating System Piping

The following steps describe the process of creating a hydronic supply piping system.

1. Place the mechanical equipment in a view. Place mechanical equipment to be piped in a view.

2. Edit the mechanical equipment. Edit the mechanical equipment to be assigned to the piping system by first selecting the mechanical equipment. Then, edit the new system by selecting Edit System on the System Tools panel of the Piping Systems tab.

3. Automatically route system piping. Automatically route system piping by selecting Generate Layout on the Layout panel of the Modify Mechanical Equipment tab. Specify pipe main routing for the system and use the arrows on the Options Bar to cycle through potential routing solutions.

4. Specify the liquid in the system. Specify the liquid in the system and the solution concentration, if appropriate, by selecting System Properties on the System Tools panel of the Piping Systems tab.

5. Save the changes. Save the changes and finish creating the system.

Guidelines for Creating a Piping System

The following recommended practices help you effectively create a piping system.

Guidelines

Select the appropriate pipe type for the pipe installation you have in mind. Using an incorrect pipe type for a given installation may result in actually installing the incorrect pipe type.

Create hydronic systems to automate the process of pipe routing and track system data for sizing and analysis. This will improve the design, efficiency, and reliability of the overall mechanical system.

Trim the pipes that intersect. The resultant pipes that terminate at the same location will insert the appropriate fitting automatically. This saves time because the proper fitting is placed automatically as a by-product of the trimming operation.

Verify that sloped pipe systems are pitched in the desired direction after automatic pipe routing is complete. This is a sound practice for creating a piping system as you should never accept any automatic operation at face value.

Exercise: Create a Hydronic Return Piping System

In this exercise, you create a hydronic return piping system.

You are placing an air-cooled chiller outside the basement of a building. This chiller will discharge to a base- mounted pump, which will circulate the chilled water throughout the building.

You do the following:

Place mechanical equipment.

Create the hydronic return system layout.

Edit piping system properties.

Size the piping system.

Edit piping system properties. ■ Size the piping system. The completed exercise Completing the Exercise To

The completed exercise

Completing the Exercise To complete the exercise, follow the steps in this book or in

Completing the Exercise

To complete the exercise, follow the steps in this book or in the onscreen exercise. In the onscreen list of chapters and exercises, click Chapter 8:

Piping Systems. Click Exercise: Create a Hydronic Return Piping System.

Place Mechanical Equipment

1. Open i_rmep_creating_a_piping_system.rvt or m_rmep_creating_a_piping_system.rvt. The file opens in the 1-Mech floor plan view. Note: The illustrations for the metric dataset will be slightly different from those shown here.

2. Click Home tab > Mechanical panel > Mechanical Equipment.

3. Ensure that Air-Cooled Chiller : Standard (M_Air-Cooled Chiller : M_Standard) is selected in the Type Selector drop-down.

4.

In the view window:

Create the Hydronic Return System Layout

Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the chiller.

Click to place the chiller on the right, outside the pump room.

to place the chiller on the right, outside the pump room. 5. Select Base Mounted Pump

5. Select Base Mounted Pump : Model 4 x 6 (M_Base Mounted Pump : M_Model 100 x 150) from the Type Selector drop-down.

6. In the view window:

Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the pump.

Move the cursor to the lower-right corner of the pump room.

Click to place the pump.

corner of the pump room. ■ Click to place the pump. Note : You can select

Note: You can select the pump after placing it and use the arrow keys to place it close to the insertion point.

7. Exit the Mechanical Equipment tool.

1. In the view window, CTRL+select both AHU coils.

1 . In the view window, CTRL+select both AHU coils. 2. Click Modify Mechanical Equipment tab

2. Click Modify Mechanical Equipment tab > Create Systems panel > Hydronic Return.

3. Click Modify Piping Systems tab > System Tools panel > Edit System.

4. On the Options Bar, for System Name, enter CHWR.

5. Click Edit Piping System tab > Edit Piping System panel > Select Equipment.

6. In the view window, select the air-cooled chiller. On selection, the air-cooled chiller turns black.

7. On the Edit System panel, click Finish Editing System to complete the creation of the hydronic return system.

8. In the view window, select the upper AHU coil.

9. Click Modify Mechanical Equipment tab > Layout panel > Generate Layout to create the layout of the piping system.

10. In the Select a System dialog box:

Ensure that CHWR is selected from the displayed list.

Click OK.

11. On the Options Bar:

Verify that Network is selected in the Solution Type list.

Click Next Solution until you reach the solution 4 of 5. Note: You can continue clicking Next Solution to cycle through various potential solutions.

12. Click Generate Layout tab > Generate Layout panel > Modify.

13. In the view window:

Select the vertical route path in green.

Drag the move grip to the left, as shown.

in green. ■ Drag the move grip to the left, as shown. 14. On the Generate

14. On the Generate Layout panel, click Finish Layout to insert the piping.

15. Click View tab > Graphics panel > Thin Lines to view the plan using thin lines.

Edit Piping System Properties

1. In the view window, zoom in around the pump area.

1 . In the view window, zoom in around the pump area. 2. Click Modify tab

2. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Split.

3. On the Options Bar, select the Delete Inner Segment check box.

4. In the view window, click the pipe on the left of the pump for the first split and the pipe inside the pump on the right for the second split to remove a section of the pipe.

right for the second split to remove a section of the pipe. Note : You can

Note: You can select the pump, if necessary, and use the arrow keys to place it as shown above.

5. Exit the Split tool.

6. Delete the couplings that are placed on the ends of the split pipe.

7. In the view window:

Click the pump to select it.

Right-click the grip in the bottom-left corner of the selected pump. Click Draw Pipe.

8. On the Options Bar, change the Offset to 9' - 0" (2400 mm).

9. In the view window, draw a short segment of pipe, as shown.

In the view window, draw a short segment of pipe, as shown. 10. Exit the Draw

10. Exit the Draw Pipe tool.

11. In the view window:

Click the pump to select it.

Right-click the grip on the left of the selected pump. Click Draw Pipe.

Draw a short segment of a pipe to the left of the pump.

■ Draw a short segment of a pipe to the left of the pump. 12. On

12. On the Options Bar, change the Offset to 9' - 0" (2400 mm).

13. In the view window, move the cursor to the left to draw another short segment of a pipe to the left of the pipe segment you sketched in step

11.

to the left of the pipe segment you sketched in step 11. 14. Exit the Draw

14. Exit the Draw Pipe tool.

15. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Align to align the pipe segments.

16. In the view window:

Click the centerline of the pipe that you just sketched.

Click the centerline of the pipe on the left of this pipe to align them, as shown.

the pipe on the left of this pipe to align them, as shown. 17. Exit the

17. Exit the Align tool.

18. If you need to join the pipes, in the view window:

Click the right end of the pipe on the left.

Click the end grip and drag it to the end grip of the pipe on its right, as shown.

drag it to the end grip of the pipe on its right, as shown. 1 9

19. In the view window, inside the pump:

Click the left end of the pipe on the right.

Click the end grip and drag it to the end grip of the pipe on the left.

grip and drag it to the end grip of the pipe on the left. Note :

Note: If required, use the Align tool to align the pipe centerlines.

20. Click Modify.

21. Open the default 3D view.

22. Use the view cube to inspect the system you just created.

Size the Piping System

1. Open the 1-Mech floor plan view.

2. In the view window, enter ZF to zoom to fit in the view.

3. Zoom in to the chiller return pipe.

enter ZF to zoom to fit in the view. 3 . Zoom in to the chiller

4. Select the vertical riser pipe to move it.

4 . Select the vertical riser pipe to move it. 5. Click Modify Pipe Fittings tab

5. Click Modify Pipe Fittings tab > Modify panel > Move.

6. In the view window:

Click anywhere to establish a start point.

Move the cursor to the left of the vertical riser pipe.

Click to place a point about 2' - 0" (1000 mm) from the start point.

point about 2' - 0" (1000 mm) from the start point. 7. Exit the Move tool.

7. Exit the Move tool.

8. In the view window:

Move the cursor over the pipe run to the left of the vertical riser.

Select the pipe run. The pipe run is highlighted in red.

Select the pipe run. The pipe run is highlighted in red. Note : You can select

Note: You can select only one side of the pipe run joined by a vertical riser at a time.

9. Click Modify Pipes tab > Analysis panel > Duct/ Pipe Sizing.

10. In the Pipe Sizing dialog box, under Sizing Method:

Ensure that the And option is selected.

Verify that Velocity is set to 4 FPS (1.2 m/s).

Verify that Friction is set to 2.50 FT/100ft (250 Pa/m).

Click OK to size the pipe.

11. Clear the selection.

12. Open the default 3D view.

13. Set Model Graphics Style for the view to Shading with Edges.

14. Rotate the 3D model to properly view the piping system.

15. Close the file without saving changes.

Chapter Summary

Now that you have learned to lay out and create system piping using Revit MEP tools, you can create effective piping systems that can be checked for interferences against other systems and scheduled for quantity and analysis purposes.

In this chapter, you learned to lay out and create system piping.

Chapter 9
Chapter
9

Plumbing Systems

A plumbing system shows the routing and connections between plumbing fixtures in a model. Using tools provided by Revit® MEP, you can create a plumbing system by placing plumbing fixtures and then assigning them to a particular system. Using layout tools, you can determine the best routing scheme to connect the system components.

Chapter Objective

After completing this chapter, you will be able to create plumbing systems.

Lesson: Creating Plumbing Systems

This lesson describes how to create plumbing systems. You begin the lesson by learning about plumbing systems. Next, you learn about the process and some recommended practices for creating a plumbing system. The lesson concludes with an exercise on creating a sanitary plumbing system.

You can use various tools in Revit MEP to create plumbing systems in bathrooms and other parts of a building. Using these tools, you can also size the plumbing systems based on fixture unit values and check the systems against other building components for interferences.

The following illustration shows a typical bathroom plumbing system with components such as a vanity lavatory and a flush tank water closet along with pipes and ducts.

and a flush tank water closet along with pipes and ducts. Objectives After completing this lesson,

Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

Describe plumbing systems.

Identify the steps in the process of creating a plumbing system.

State the recommended practices for creating a plumbing system.

Create a sanitary plumbing system.

About Plumbing Systems

A plumbing system associates two or more fixtures that connect plumbing lines sharing common

characteristics. You can create plumbing systems in a building using plumbing lines and plumbing fixtures to facilitate calculations for flow and sizing of equipment.

Definition of Plumbing Systems

A plumbing system is a 3D representation of the sections of plumbing pipes that connect plumbing

fixtures to hot and cold water and sanitary systems. A plumbing system shows the routing and connections between plumbing fixtures.

Fixture Units

A plumbing system is sized using fixture units, which represent the numerical rating of flow within a

pipe. A fixture unit quantity is assigned to each fixture, and then the total connected fixture units are used to size each run of the plumbing line.

units are used to size each run of the plumbing line. Mechanical parameters of a plumbing

Mechanical parameters of a plumbing pipe, including fixture unit total

System Browser

The System Browser is a hierarchical list of all the plumbing elements and the systems to which they are assigned in a project. It provides a quick and easy way to track plumbing fixtures and components that are not assigned to any system.

Fixtures not assigned to a system appear in the Unassigned category in the System Browser.
Fixtures not assigned to a system appear in the Unassigned category in the System
Browser.

Expanded view of the System Browser showing domestic hot and cold water systems

Plumbing Fixture Libraries

You can use a number of plumbing fixtures by loading and placing the plumbing fixture families from the software library into your project. The library folders provide various plumbing fixtures that you can use as required.

You can edit plumbing fixture settings by creating a copy of the fixture. A copied plumbing fixture can also be used in other projects.

copied plumbing fixture can also be used in other projects. Partial listing of the available plumbing

Partial listing of the available plumbing fixture families

Plumbing Pipe Slope

You can slope a plumbing pipe by individual pipe section or by pipe run using the Slope tool. You access this tool by first selecting a section of piping and then selecting Slope on the Edit panel of the Modify Pipes tab. When you activate the Slope tool, the Slope Editor on the Options Bar is activated. Using the Slope Editor, you can specify the slope measurements.

The following illustration shows the Slope Editor on the Options Bar.

illustration shows the Slope Editor on the Options Bar. You use the Generate Layout option on

You use the Generate Layout option on the Modify Plumbing Fixtures tab to activate the Generate Layout tab. The options on the Generate Layout tab, along with the options on the Options Bar, enable you to specify the slope and routing parameters for piping, view different layout path solutions, and manually modify layout path solutions for the plumbing system.

In the following illustration, the Slope field is activated on the Options Bar to set a slope for the entire plumbing system. This option is available on the Options Bar when the Solutions option is selected on the Generate Layout tab.

the Solutions option is selected on the Generate Layout tab. Plumbing System Type Properties You can

Plumbing System Type Properties

You can specify the properties such as slope and material of the pipes used in a plumbing system. You can select a pipe and set its material and the associated pipe fittings, tees, elbows, transitions, and unions. These properties are then automatically placed when you place an instance of the pipe in the plumbing system.

you place an instance of the pipe in the plumbing system. Example of typical plumbing type

Example of typical plumbing type parameters

Example of a Plumbing System

The following illustration shows a plan view of a typical bathroom layout connected to a plumbing system.

a plan view of a typical bathroom layout connected to a plumbing system. Lesson: Creating Plumbing

Process of Creating a Plumbing System

You can create a plumbing system that associates pipes and fixtures and allows for calculations that can be used to size plumbing lines. You can also assign plumbing elements to systems that help in the use of auto routing tools. These tools enable you to insert plumbing lines, connecting the objects that make up the system.

Process: Creating a Plumbing System

The process of creating a plumbing system is shown in the following illustration.

a plumbing system is shown in the following illustration. The following steps describe the process of

The following steps describe the process of creating a plumbing system.

1. Select the plumbing fixtures. Select the plumbing fixtures that you need to assign to the plumbing system.

2. Set the properties for the fixtures. Specify properties such as the pipe type, the plumbing elevation for main and branch plumbing pipes, and the slope using the Edit System and Settings options on the Piping Systems tab and the Options Bar of the Generate Layout tab.

Note: A downward-sloped pipe requires a negative value, such as -1/8".

3. Create a plumbing path. Create a plumbing path and route the system plumbing by selecting the Generate Layout tool on the Modify Plumbing Fixtures tab. You can select any one of the routing solutions to specify the main routing method and use the arrows on the Options Bar to cycle through potential solutions.

4. Save the changes. Save the changes after selecting the desired routing solution. To do this, select Finish Layout on the Generate Layout tab. You can also select the Tee grips of the selected fittings to add connections for vents and runouts, if required, after you finish creating the system.

Guidelines for Creating a Plumbing System

The following recommended practices help you create a plumbing system effectively.

Guidelines

Select the appropriate pipe type for the plumbing system you are creating to ensure that the proper fittings are placed and appropriate properties are assigned to the system. This ensures an accurate representation of the plumbing system.

Create plumbing systems and schedules to automate the process of pipe routing and track system data for sizing and analysis.

Use the plus grips on plumbing fittings to change elbows to tees and tees to crosses for connecting vents and runouts. This saves the time and effort of manually changing the fittings.

Exercise: Create a Sanitary Plumbing System

In this exercise, you create a sanitary plumbing system.

You are laying out the bathroom plumbing for a conference center project. For this, you need to place plumbing fixtures, create a sanitary plumbing system and a gray sanitary water system, and complete the plumbing run for the unit.

You do the following:

Place plumbing fixtures.

Create a sanitary plumbing system layout.

Create a gray sanitary water system layout.

Manually complete the plumbing run for the unit.

■ Manually complete the plumbing run for the unit. The completed exercise Completing the Exercise To

The completed exercise

Completing the Exercise To complete the exercise, follow the steps in this book or in

Completing the Exercise

To complete the exercise, follow the steps in this book or in the onscreen exercise. In the onscreen list of chapters and exercises, click Chapter 9: Plumbing Systems. Click Exercise:

Create a Sanitary Plumbing System.

Place Plumbing Fixtures

1. Open i_rmep_creating_plumbing_system.rvt or m_rmep_creating_plumbing_system.rvt. The file opens in the Mechanical 2nd Floor Plumbing plan view. Note: The illustrations for the metric dataset will be slightly different from those shown here.

2. In the view window, zoom in to the center bathrooms for the Women 225 (WC H 41) and Men 226 (WC D 40) area in the lower-left of the building model as shown.

D 40) area in the lower-left of the building model as shown. 3. Click Home tab

3. Click Home tab > Plumbing & Piping panel > Plumbing Fixture.

4. Select Lavatory - Wall Mounted 19"x14" - Public (M_Lavatory - Wall Mounted 485 mmx355 mm - Public) from the Type Selector drop-down.

5. On the Place Plumbing Fixture tab, Placement panel, ensure that Place on Vertical Face is selected.

6. In the view window:

Align the plumbing fixture to the first reference line provided in the upper-right corner of the Women 225 (WC H 41) area.

in the upper-right corner of the Women 225 (WC H 41) area. ■ Click to place

Click to place the plumbing fixture. The exact placement of the plumbing fixture is not critical for completing this exercise.

7. Place another plumbing fixture aligned to the second reference line in the Women 225 (WC H 41) area.

the second reference line in the Women 225 (WC H 41) area. 8. Select Water Closet

8. Select Water Closet - Flush Valve - Wall Mounted Public - 1.6 gpf (M_Water Closet - Flush Valve - Wall mounted Public - 6.1 Lpf) from the Type Selector drop-down.

9. In the view window:

Align the plumbing fixture to the reference line under the previously placed lavatory.

to the reference line under the previously placed lavatory. ■ Click to place the plumbing fixture.

Click to place the plumbing fixture. Again, the exact placement of the plumbing fixture is not critical.

10. Place plumbing fixtures at the remaining two reference lines.

plumbing fixtures at the remaining two reference lines. 11. Exit the Plumbing Fixture tool. Create a

11. Exit the Plumbing Fixture tool.

Create a Sanitary Plumbing System Layout

1. In the view window, CTRL+select all the plumbing fixtures that you just placed.

2. Click Modify Plumbing Fixtures tab > Modify panel > Mirror drop-down > Draw Mirror Axis to copy the plumbing fixtures from the Women 225 (WC H 41) area to the Men 226 (WC D 40) area.

3. To identify the start point for copying the plumbing fixtures, click the midpoint of the wall that is to the upper right of the plumbing fixtures.

the midpoint of the wall that is to the upper right of the plumbing fixtures. Lesson:

4. Move the cursor down and click again to establish the endpoint. Notice that the plumbing fixtures have now been copied over the plumbing chase into the Men 226 (WC D 40) area.

over the plumbing chase into the Men 226 (WC D 40) area. 5. With the copied

5. With the copied plumbing fixtures in the Men 226 (WC D 40) area selected, on the Create Systems panel, click Sanitary.

6. Click Modify Piping Systems tab > System Tools panel > Edit System.

7. On the Options Bar, for System Name, enter 2nd Floor Sanitary.

8. On the Edit Piping System tab, Edit Piping System panel, ensure that Add To System is selected.

9. In the view window, click all the plumbing fixtures in the Women 225 (WC H 41) area to select them.

fixtures in the Women 225 (WC H 41) area to select them. 10. On the Edit

10. On the Edit System panel, click Finish Editing System.

11. To start creating the sanitary piping, in the view window, select one of the fixtures that you have placed.

12. Click Modify Plumbing Fixtures > Layout panel > Generate Layout.

13. In the Select a System dialog box:

Ensure that 2nd Floor Sanitary is selected in the list.

Click OK.

14. Click Generate Layout tab > Generate Layout panel > Place Base.

15. In the view window:

Zoom in to the reference planes on the wall between the two columns of plumbing fixtures.

Click to place the base on the cross closer to the wall as shown.

to place the base on the cross closer to the wall as shown. 16. On the

16. On the Options Bar:

Change the Offset value to - 4' 0" (-1220 mm).

Select 4" (100 mm) from the Diameter list.

17. On the Generate Layout panel, click Solutions.

1 7 . On the Generate Layout panel, click Solutions. 18. On the Options Bar: ■

18. On the Options Bar:

Ensure that Solution Type is set to Network.

Ensure that the solution is set to 1 of 5.

Ensure that the value for Slope is specified as 1/8" / 12" (1.00%).

Click Settings.

19. In the left pane of the Pipe Conversion Settings dialog box, ensure that Main is selected.

20. In the right pane of the Pipe Conversion Settings dialog box:

For Pipe Type, ensure that Pipe Types: PVC is selected in the Value list.

For Offset, ensure that the value is specified as -0' 6" (-152 mm).

21. In the left pane of the Pipe Conversion Settings dialog box, select Branch.

22. In the right pane of the Pipe Conversion Settings dialog box:

For Pipe Type, ensure that Pipe Types: PVC is selected in the Value list.

For Offset, ensure that the value is specified as -0' 6" (-152 mm).

Click OK.

23. On the Generate Layout tab, click Finish Layout.

2 3 . On the Generate Layout tab, click Finish Layout. Create a Gray Sanitary Water

Create a Gray Sanitary Water System Layout

1. In the view window, select any one of the plumbing fixtures.

2. Click Piping Systems tab > System Tools panel > Edit System.

3. Click Edit Piping System tab > Edit Piping System panel > Remove From System to remove the lavatories from the 2nd Floor Sanitary System before creating a new sanitary system.

4. In the view window, click the first two plumbing fixtures in both the Women 225 (WC H 41) and Men 226 (WC D 40) areas.

in both the Women 225 (WC H 41) and Men 226 (WC D 40) areas. 5.

5. Click Finish Editing System.

6. CTRL+select the four sinks in the Women 225 (WC H 41) and Men 226 (WC D 40) areas.

7. Click Modify Plumbing Fixtures tab > Create Systems panel > Sanitary to create a new sanitary system named gray water.

8. Click Modify Piping Systems tab > System Tools > Edit System.

9. On the Options Bar, for System Name, enter 2nd Floor Gray Water.

10. Click Finish Editing System.

Manually Complete the Plumbing Run for the Unit

1. In the view window:

CTRL+select the two short sanitary tees that join the sinks to the main piping as shown.

tees that join the sinks to the main piping as shown. ■ Right-click a selected sanitary

Right-click a selected sanitary tee. Click Delete.

2. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim.

3. To join the sink branch piping with the main piping, in the view window:

Click the lower sink branch piping.

Click the main piping.

view window: ■ Click the lower sink branch piping. ■ Click the main piping. 30 ■

4. Join the upper sink branch piping with the main piping.

. Join the upper sink branch piping with the main piping. 5. Exit the Trim tool.

5. Exit the Trim tool.

6. To start moving the gray water piping closer to the sinks, in the view window, select the piece of pipe that is still in line with the sanitary waste main piping.

that is still in line with the sanitary waste main piping. 7 . Use the Move

7. Use the Move tool to move the pipe about 2' - 0" (610 mm) closer to the sinks. The exact position is not important.

closer to the sinks. The exact position is not important. 8. Clear the selection. 9 .

8. Clear the selection.

9. To start resizing the 4" (102 mm) pipe to 2" (51 mm):

Place the cursor on the 4" (102 mm) pipe that you just moved.

Press TAB two times to highlight the entire piping.

Click to select the pipes and fittings that are highlighted.

piping. ■ Click to select the pipes and fittings that are highlighted. Lesson: Creating Plumbing Systems

10. On the Options Bar, select 2" (50 mm) from the Diameter list.

11. Clear the selection.

12. To create the piping to the riser for completing the gray water system, in the view window, select the elbow that is closer to the sanitary riser that has already been created. Notice the Tee grips that are shown.

already been created. Notice the Tee grips that are shown. 1 3 . Click the top

13. Click the top Tee grip to change the elbow to a short sanitary tee.

top Tee grip to change the elbow to a short sanitary tee. 1 4 . To

14. To draw the remaining piping:

Select the tee that was just created.

Right-click the upper Drag control of the selected tee. Click Draw Pipe.

the upper Drag control of the selected tee. Click Draw Pipe. The piping will automatically resize

The piping will automatically resize to the same size and elevation as the existing piping.

15. On the Options Bar:

For Edit Slope, enter 1/8" / 12" (1.00%).

Click Toggle Slope Direction to ensure that it is negative.

16. In the view window:

Move the cursor upward until it locks on the horizontal reference plane that indicates where the gray water riser will be created.

that indicates where the gray water riser will be created. ■ Click to place the pipe.

Click to place the pipe.

17. To draw the next piece of pipe at an angle of 90 degrees:

Move the cursor to the left.

Click the vertical reference plane next to the current sanitary riser.

vertical reference plane next to the current sanitary riser. Note : By clicking the reference line,

Note: By clicking the reference line, you end the creation of the piping string; however, the Piping tool is still active.

18. To draw the vertical riser:

Click the end of the pipe that has just been created.

■ Click the end of the pipe that has just been created. ■ Press SPACEBAR to

Press SPACEBAR to match the size and elevation of the pipe.

19. On the Options Bar:

Change the Offset value to -4' 0" (-1220 mm).

Change the Edit Slope value to 0" / 12"

(0%).

Click Apply.

20. Exit the Piping tool.

21. Activate the Trim tool.

22. To reconnect the sanitary main piping, click both ends of the main piping.

sanitary main piping, click both ends of the main piping. 23. Exit the Trim tool. 24.

23. Exit the Trim tool.

24. Open the 2nd Floor Plumbing 3D view.

25. In the view window, SHIFT+right-click to rotate the 3D model and view the plumbing fixtures that you have placed. Note: The completed image may differ slightly depending on the placement of the fixtures and the rotation of the drawing.

26. Close the file without saving changes.

Chapter Summary

You can now use various tools in Revit MEP to create plumbing systems in different parts of a building. You can also check the systems against other building components for interferences.

In this chapter, you learned to create plumbing systems.

Chapter 10
Chapter
10

Fire Protection Systems

In this chapter, you will learn how to create, lay out, and specify the size of various fire protection systems and their components. You will also learn how to ensure that the fire protection system and its components do not interference with other components in a building.

Chapter Objective

After completing this chapter, you will be able to create fire protection systems.

Lesson: Creating Fire Protection Systems

This lesson describes how to create a fire protection system. You begin the lesson by learning about fire protection systems. Next, you learn the process of creating these systems. The lesson concludes with an exercise on creating a fire protection system.

Fire protection systems are an essential component of modern buildings. Using Revit®, you can create various fire protection sprinkler systems and use layout tools to automatically generate sprinkler piping.

The following illustration shows an example of a fire protection system.

illustration shows an example of a fire protection system. Objectives After completing this lesson, you will

Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

Describe fire protection systems.

Identify the steps in the process of creating a fire protection system.

Create a fire protection system.

About Fire Protection Systems

Using Revit, you can create, layout, and specify the size of a fire protection system and its components.

Definition of a Fire Protection System

A fire protection system is a group of sprinklers and the supporting piping and valves required to create the system. You can create a sprinkler system by placing sprinkler heads, such as upright and pendent, as elements hosted in the ceiling or as nonhosted elements. You can then generate the sprinkler piping using the auto-layout tools or by manually drawing it.

When using autolayout tools, you should set an elevation for the piping head. This is because the layout tools do not find a solution for piping at an elevation above upright heads or below pendent sprinklers.

You can also check the fire protection system and its components for interferences with other components in a building. The information stored within the system can be used for analysis or scheduling purposes.

the system can be used for analysis or scheduling purposes. Semi-recessed sprinkler pendent Lesson: Creating Fire

Semi-recessed sprinkler pendent

Sprinkler Libraries

You can use a number of sprinkler families included in the sprinkler library folders by loading them into your project.

sprinkler library folders by loading them into your project. Partial listing of the available sprinkler families

Partial listing of the available sprinkler families

Hosted families require a ceiling for placement, and nonhosted families require an elevation to be
Hosted families require a ceiling for placement, and nonhosted families require an elevation to be

Hosted families require a ceiling for placement, and nonhosted families require an elevation to be specified.

Sprinkler Tools

You can use the various tools on the different panels of the Place Sprinkler tab to place sprinkler heads, sprinkler piping, and pipe accessories. When placing sprinklers, you should place the sprinkler piping above the pendent type sprinkler heads and below the upright sprinkler heads. This is because a piping run created in the opposite direction does not connect to the sprinkler as intended.

The following illustration shows the panels on the Place Sprinkler tab.

The following illustration shows the panels on the Place Sprinkler tab. 40 ■ Chapter 10: Fire

Wet and Dry Fire Protection Systems

You can connect a sprinkler head to a wet or dry fire protection system. Sprinklers that are created for use in a dry sprinkler system can only be assigned to dry sprinkler systems and the same is true for wet sprinkler systems. When you create a new system from a sprinkler placed in a model, only the system, wet or dry, that corresponds to the sprinkler type is available as an option.

Example of a Fire Protection System

The following illustration shows a 3D view of a typical run of sprinklers and associated piping.

shows a 3D view of a typical run of sprinklers and associated piping. Lesson: Creating Fire

Process of Creating a Fire Protection System

You can create a fire protection system by associating a number of sprinkler heads. To do this, you use the auto-routing tools to assign sprinklers to a fire protection system and insert piping, which connects the system objects.

Process: Creating a Fire Protection System

The following illustration shows the process of creating a fire protection system.

shows the process of creating a fire protection system. The following steps describe the process of

The following steps describe the process of creating a fire protection system.

1. Select the sprinkler heads. Select the sprinkler heads to be piped together. Then, use Fire Protection Dry or Fire Protection Wet on the Create Systems panel of the Modify Sprinklers tab to create a fire protection system.

2. Edit the sprinkler system. Edit the sprinkler system by using the tools available on the Edit Piping System tab. To activate this tab, select Edit System on the System Tools panel of the Modify Piping Systems tab.

3. Create a layout path. Create a layout path by using the Generate Layout tool on the Layout panel of the Modify Sprinklers tab. This tool automatically routes the system piping. You can browse through various solution types and select the most viable solution.

4. Save the changes. Save the changes to finalize the solution that you selected and finish drawing the fire protection system.

Exercise: Create a Fire Protection System

In this exercise, you create and lay out a wet and a dry fire protection system.

You are creating a sprinkler layout and a fire protection piping plan for a small room area and a hallway in a conference center.

You do the following:

Place sprinkler heads.

Create a sprinkler system.

Lay out the sprinkler piping.

a sprinkler system. ■ Lay out the sprinkler piping. The completed exercise Completing the Exercise To

The completed exercise

Completing the Exercise To complete the exercise, follow the steps in this book or in

Completing the Exercise

To complete the exercise, follow the steps in this book or in the onscreen exercise. In the onscreen list of chapters and exercises, click Chapter 10: Fire Protection Systems. Click Exercise: Create a Fire Protection System.

Place Sprinkler Heads

1. Open i_rmep_fire_protection.rvt or m_rmep_fire_protection.rvt. The file opens in the 2nd Floor Fire Protection Ceiling Plan view. Ensure that the RME 2009 Imperial - Arch.rvt or RME 2009 Metric - Arch.rvt file is in the same folder where you saved the courseware datasets.

Note: The illustrations for the metric dataset will be slightly different from those shown here.

2. In the view window, zoom in to Hall 220 (43).

2 . In the view window, zoom in to Hall 220 (43). 3. Click Home tab

3. Click Home tab > Plumbing & Piping panel > Sprinkler.

4. Ensure that Sprinkler - Dry - Pendent - Semi-Recessed - Hosted : 1/2" Dry Pendent (M_Sprinkler - Dry - Pendant - Semi-Recessed - Hosted : 15 mm Dry Pendant) is selected in the Type Selector drop-down.

5. Click Place Sprinkler tab > Placement panel > Place on Face to place sprinklers on the face of the Hall ceiling.

6. In the view window:

Place an instance of the sprinkler head in the upper-left corner of the Hall area.

Align the sprinkler head to the center of the two reference planes.

sprinkler head to the center of the two reference planes. 7. Exit the Sprinkler tool. 8.

7. Exit the Sprinkler tool.

8. In the view window, click the sprinkler head that you have just placed to select it.

9. Click Modify Sprinklers tab > Modify panel > Copy.

10. On the Options Bar, ensure that the Multiple check box is selected.

11. In the view window, click at a point below the sprinkler head to specify the start point for the Copy tool.

sprinkler head to specify the start point for the Copy tool. 1 2 . Move the

12. Move the cursor 9' 0" (2700 mm) to the right and place an instance of the sprinkler head.

to the right and place an instance of the sprinkler head. 1 3 . Place another

13. Place another instance of the sprinkler head 9' 0" (2700 mm) to the right of the sprinkler head you just placed.

mm) to the right of the sprinkler head you just placed. 14. Exit the Copy tool.

14. Exit the Copy tool.

15. In the view window, CTRL+select the sprinkler heads you have placed in the extreme left and the extreme right.

you have placed in the extreme left and the extreme right. 16. On the Modify panel,

16. On the Modify panel, click Copy.

17. On the Options Bar, ensure that the Multiple check box is selected.

18. In the view window, click at a point below the sprinkler heads to specify the start point for the Copy tool.

19. Place 11 instances of sprinkler heads, each 9' 0" (2700 mm) apart.

of sprinkler heads, each 9' 0" (2700 mm) apart. 20. Exit the Copy tool. 21. Activate

20. Exit the Copy tool.

21. Activate the Sprinkler tool to create a fire protection system in Room 213 (EDP II 52), which is to the left of the Hall area.

22. Select Sprinkler - Pendent - Hosted : 1/2" Pendent (M_Sprinkler - Pendant - Hosted :

15 mm Pendant) from the Type Selector drop- down.

23. On the Place Sprinkler tab, Placement panel, ensure that Place on Face is selected to place sprinklers on the face of the Room 213 (EDP II 52) ceiling.

24. In the view window, place two instances of sprinkler heads in the lower half of the Room 213 (EDP II 52) area in the center of the reference planes. Tip: Align the sprinkler heads with the center of the lighting fixtures.

sprinkler heads with the center of the lighting fixtures. 25. Exit the Sprinkler tool. 2 6

25. Exit the Sprinkler tool.

26. In the view window, select both instances of the sprinkler heads that you have just placed.

both instances of the sprinkler heads that you have just placed. Lesson: Creating Fire Protection Systems

27. Use the Copy tool to place two instances of sprinkler heads above the selected sprinkler heads, each 10' 0" (3000 mm) apart. Tip: Click at a point above the selected sprinkler heads to specify the start point for the Copy tool.

heads to specify the start point for the Copy tool. 28. Exit the Copy tool. Create

28. Exit the Copy tool.

Create a Sprinkler System

1. In the view window, select any sprinkler head in the Hall area.

2. Click Modify Sprinklers tab > Create Systems panel > Fire Protection Dry.

3. To associate all the sprinklers in the Hall area to

a dry fire protection system, click Modify Piping

Systems tab > System Tools panel > Edit System. On the Options Bar, notice that Fire Protection Dry 1 is displayed for System Name.

4. On the Edit Piping System tab, Edit Piping System panel, ensure that Add To System is selected.

5. In the view window, click the remaining sprinkler heads inside the Hall area to select them. The selected sprinkler heads turn black in color to indicate selection.

6. Click Edit Piping System tab > Edit System panel

> Finish Editing System to complete associating

the sprinklers in the Hall area to the dry fire protection system.

7. In the view window, select any sprinkler head inside the Room 213 (EDP II 52) area.

8. Click Modify Sprinklers tab > Create Systems panel > Fire Protection Wet.

9. Associate all the sprinklers in the Room 213 (EDP II 52) area to the wet fire protection system.

Lay Out the Sprinkler Piping

1. In the view window, select a sprinkler head in the Hall area.

2. Click Modify Sprinklers tab > Layout panel > Generate Layout. A network piping solution for the sprinkler heads is displayed in the view window.

3. On the Options Bar:

Select Perimeter from the Solution Type list.

Verify that solution 2 of 5 is selected. Tip: Use the Previous Solution and the Next Solution arrows to select the required solution.

Click Settings.

4. To specify main piping settings, in the Pipe Conversion Settings dialog box:

In the left pane, ensure that Main is selected.

In the right pane, ensure that the Pipe Type value is set to Pipe Types: Standard.

For Offset, enter 11' 6" (3505 mm) in the Value field.

5. To specify other piping settings, in the Pipe Conversion Settings dialog box:

In the left pane, select Branch.

In the right pane, ensure that the Pipe Type value is set to Pipe Types: Standard.

For Offset, enter 11' 6" (3505 mm) in the Value field.

Click OK.

6. Click Generate Layout tab > Generate Layout panel > Finish Layout to create the pipe layout for the sprinklers.

7.

Open the 2nd Floor Fire Protection view. Notice the new sprinkler system that you have created.

view. Notice the new sprinkler system that you have created. 8. Open the 2nd Floor Fire

8. Open the 2nd Floor Fire Protection Ceiling Plan view.

9. In the view window, select a sprinkler head in Room 213 (EDP II 52).

10. Activate the Generate Layout tool.

11. On the Options Bar:

Select Network from the Solution Type list to specify a layout solution that wraps the pipe around the perimeter of the sprinkler heads.

Verify that solution 1 of 2 is selected.

Click Settings.

12. To verify main piping settings, in the Pipe Conversion Settings dialog box:

In the left pane, ensure that Main is selected.

In the right pane, ensure that the Pipe Type value is set to Pipe Types: Standard.

For Offset, enter 10' 0" (2900 mm) in the Value field.

13. To verify other piping settings, in the Pipe Conversion Settings dialog box:

In the left pane, select Branch.

In the right pane, ensure that the Pipe Type value is set to Pipe Types: Standard.

For Offset, enter 10' 0" (2900 mm) in the Value field.

Click OK.

14. Click Finish Layout.

15. Open the 2nd Floor Fire Protection view. You can view both the sprinkler systems that you have created from different directions.

16. Close the file without saving changes.

Chapter Summary

You can now create fire protection systems in Revit MEP using various placement and layout tools. You can also use the information stored within the system for analysis or scheduling purposes.

In this chapter, you learned to create fire protection systems.

Chapter 11
Chapter
11

Electrical Systems

Electrical circuits connect similar electrical components to form an electrical system. Revit® MEP provides tools for modeling electrical systems quickly and effectively. You can place devices and assign them to electrical circuits and panels. You can create wiring to connect various electrical components. Using the Revit MEP tools, you can track lighting levels and balance panel loads.

Chapter Objectives

After completing this chapter, you will be able to:

Create electrical circuits.

Create wiring.

Lesson: Creating Electrical Circuits

This lesson describes how to create electrical circuits. You begin the lesson by learning about electrical circuits and the tools used for working with them. Next, you learn the process and some recommended practices for creating electrical circuits. The lesson concludes with an exercise on creating an electrical lighting circuit.

Revit provides tools for modeling electrical systems quickly and effectively. While creating electrical systems, you define voltage definitions for connected components, place devices and assign them to electrical circuits, and map circuits to an appropriate panel. Assigning circuits to a panel allows you to easily load tracking and automation of panel schedules. You can also track electrical loads and use voltage drop information to automatically size circuited wires.

drop information to automatically size circuited wires. Light fixtures and switches placed in a classroom Objectives

Light fixtures and switches placed in a classroom

Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

Describe electrical circuits.

Identify the tools for working with electrical circuits.

Identify the steps in the process of creating electrical circuits.

State the recommended practices for creating electrical circuits.

Create an electrical lighting circuit.

About Electrical Circuits

You create electrical circuits to place electrical components, such as devices, lighting fixtures, and electrical equipment, in a project. You can connect components to a circuit using an available electrical connector if the components have correct electrical settings, such as voltage, number of poles, and phase.

Definition of Electrical Circuits

Electrical circuits connect similar electrical components to form an electrical system. An electrical circuit is associated with a circuit number on a panel.

You can define which components can connect to each other and track cumulative electrical loads as you add components to the circuit. You can use the electrical properties of components to populate a panel schedule, size wiring based on voltage drop, and balance loads across the panel.

Voltage Definitions

Voltage definitions in Revit include a range of voltages that you can assign to the distribution systems in a project. Each voltage definition is specified as a range of voltages to allow for differing voltage ratings on devices from various manufacturers.

Distribution Systems

Distribution systems in Revit define the characteristics of connected panels and circuits. Phasing, configuration, number of wires, and voltage definition information are defined within the distribution system.

Depending on your project requirements, you can edit, add, or delete voltage definitions and distribution
Depending on your project requirements, you can edit, add, or delete voltage definitions and distribution

Depending on your project requirements, you can edit, add, or delete voltage definitions and distribution systems.

Example of Electrical Circuits

The following illustration shows electrical components assigned to a circuit and a panel.

illustration shows electrical components assigned to a circuit and a panel. 52 ■ Chapter 11: Electrical

Tools for Working with Electrical Circuits

You can use various Revit tools for loading, creating, and tracking electrical circuit information.

Family Libraries

Revit provides various electrical families that you can load and place in an MEP model. When necessary, you can copy a family from your library and edit the electrical connection and other information, which allows you to utilize the family in different applications in the MEP model.

the family in different applications in the MEP model. Some of the available electrical families Electrical

Some of the available electrical families

Electrical Panel of the Home Tab

The Electrical panel of the Home tab provides tools that contain options for adding electrical components and wiring, check circuits in a project, and create panel schedules. The following illustration shows the tools on the Electrical panel of the Home tab.

shows the tools on the Electrical panel of the Home tab. When you select a tool

When you select a tool on the Electrical panel, various settings become active on the contextual tab based on the selected tool. Families loaded into the project are available in the Type Selector drop- down.

The following illustration shows a contextual tab and some settings available on that tab.

a contextual tab and some settings available on that tab. System Browser The System Browser contains

System Browser

The System Browser contains a list of all electrical components in a model and the systems to which these are assigned. The electrical components that are not assigned to a system appear in the Unassigned category. Using the System Browser, you can easily track electrical components and ensure that all components are assigned to a system.

and ensure that all components are assigned to a system. System Browser displaying assigned and unassigned

System Browser displaying assigned and unassigned electrical components

Instance Properties Dialog Box

You can use the Instance Properties dialog box of a specific space to specify parameters for lighting. You can assign lighting intensity information to light fixtures in the Revit family or associate them with a specified IES photometric data file. Light fixtures placed in the volume defined by a space in Revit contribute to the average estimated illumination of that space.

The following illustration shows the Electrical - Lighting parameters in the Instance Properties dialog box.

- Lighting parameters in the Instance Properties dialog box. Process of Creating Electrical Circuits Creating an

Process of Creating Electrical Circuits

Creating an electrical circuit associates a group of electrical components in a model with a specific electrical panel. Associating components with an electrical circuit allows you to automatically wire circuits. Associating components with a circuit also assigns them to an electrical panel, which enables you to track the circuit and associated panel loads for scheduling and balancing.

Process: Creating Electrical Circuits

The following illustration shows the process of creating electrical circuits.

shows the process of creating electrical circuits. The following steps describe the process of creating

The following steps describe the process of creating electrical circuits.

1. Place electrical components. Place electrical components in a view.

2. Create power circuit. Select an electrical component to be assigned to an electrical circuit and then select Power on the Create Systems panel of the contextual tab.

3. Activate the Edit Circuit tool. Activate Edit Circuit on the System Tools panel of the Electrical Circuits tab. You use the tools provided on the Edit Circuit tab to add and remove components, view circuit properties, select a panel, and view the panel properties for a circuit.

4.

Add components to the circuit. Add components to the circuit by first selecting Add To Circuit on the Edit Circuit panel of the Edit Circuit tab and then selecting the component to be added to the circuit. The component you selected in Step 2 is already part of the circuit.

5. Finish and save changes to the circuit. Finish adding components to the circuit by selecting Finish Editing Circuit on the Edit Circuit panel of the Edit Circuit tab.

6. Assign the electrical circuit to a panel. Activate the Panel list by selecting Select Panel on the System Tools panel of the Electrical Circuits tab. Finally, select a panel or a transformer from the Panel list on the Options Bar and click in the floor plan to accept the new circuit being added.

Guidelines for Creating Electrical Circuits

The following recommended practices help you create electrical circuits efficiently.

Guidelines

In the initial stages of development, ensure that the distribution systems are defined appropriately as part of Electrical Settings for the application you design.

Assign a distribution system to panels as well so that you can connect devices only to panels of the same distribution system.

Include the light fixture ID, circuit number, and panel name in the tags for the light fixture. This helps to maximize the use of tag properties and provide complete information about the light fixture in the tags.

Take note of any connected load errors that may occur while placing the load on the panel. This helps you update the load of the correct configuration on a panel that cannot accept excess load.

Exercise: Create an Electrical Lighting Circuit

In this exercise, you create an electrical lighting circuit by placing lighting fixtures, assigning them to an electrical circuit, and editing the circuits in the panel.

You are completing the lighting layout for a conference center. You need to create an electrical lighting circuit in one of the rooms of the conference center. You begin by placing the light fixtures and switches. Then, you assign the light fixtures to an electrical circuit and assign the circuit to a panel. You also tag light fixtures and edit circuits on the panel to balance the load between different circuits.

You do the following:

Place light fixtures and switches.

Observe space lighting calculations.

Create an electrical circuit.

Tag light fixtures.

Edit circuits on the panel.

■ Tag light fixtures. ■ Edit circuits on the panel. The completed exercise Lesson: Creating Electrical

The completed exercise

Completing the Exercise To complete the exercise, follow the steps in this book or in

Completing the Exercise

To complete the exercise, follow the steps in this book or in the online exercise. In the online list of chapters and exercises, click Chapter 11:

Electrical Systems. Click Exercise:

Create an Electrical Lighting Circuit.

Place Light Fixtures and Switches

1. Open i_rmep_elec_circuits.rvt or m_rmep_elec_circuits.rvt. The file opens in the 3rd Floor Ceiling Plan view. Note: The illustrations for the metric dataset will be slightly different from those shown here.

2. Click Home tab > Electrical panel > Lighting Fixture to begin placing light fixtures in the view.

3. Select Plain Recessed Lighting Fixture : 2x4 - 277 (M_Plain Recessed Lighting Fixture :

600x1200 - 277) from the Type Selector drop- down.

4. Click Place Fixture tab > Placement panel > Place on Face.

5. In the view window:

Move the cursor over room 307.

Press SPACEBAR to rotate the fixture vertically.

Click to place the light fixture at the intersection of the ceiling grid lines in the upper-left area of the room, as shown. Tip: Zoom in to the view, if required.

the room, as shown. Tip : Zoom in to the view, if required. 6. Click Modify.

6. Click Modify.

7. In the view window, select the light fixture you just placed.

the view window, select the light fixture you just placed. 8. Click Modify Lighting Fixtures tab

8. Click Modify Lighting Fixtures tab > Modify panel > Copy to create a copy of the light fixture.

9. To place the copy of the light fixture, in the view window:

Click near the selected light fixture to specify a start point. The exact location is not critical.

Move the cursor 8' (2400 mm) to the right of the selected light fixture.

8' (2400 mm) to the right of the selected light fixture. ■ Click to place the

Click to place the copy of the light fixture. Note: Alternatively, you can enter 8' (2400 mm) as the distance while moving the cursor and press ENTER.

10. Place another copy of the light fixture 8' (2400 mm) to the right of the first copy you placed.

8' (2400 mm) to the right of the first copy you placed. 11. Exit the Copy

11. Exit the Copy tool.

12. In the view window, CTRL+select the three light fixtures you just placed.

13. Place copies of the selected light fixtures 8' (2400 mm) below them.

of the selected light fixtures 8' (2400 mm) below them. 1 4 . Create another row

14. Create another row of light fixtures 8' (2400 mm) below the row you placed in the previous step.

(2400 mm) below the row you placed in the previous step. 15. Open the 3rd Floor

15. Open the 3rd Floor Lighting Plan view.

16. Click Home tab > Electrical panel > Device drop- down > Lighting to place switches in the plan view.

17. Select Lighting Switches : Three Way (M_Lighting Switches : Three Way) from the Type Selector drop-down.

18. Ensure that Place on Vertical Face is selected on the Placement panel of the Place Lighting Device tab.

19. In the view window:

Click to place a switch on the walls near each door as shown. The exact location is not critical.

Press ESC two times to end the currently active tool.

■ Press ESC two times to end the currently active tool. Observe Space Lighting Calculations 1

Observe Space Lighting Calculations

1. In the view window:

Move the cursor over the edges of room 307 to highlight the room space.

Click to select the space.

to highlight the room space. ■ Click to select the space. 2. Click Modify Spaces tab

2. Click Modify Spaces tab > Element panel > Element Properties to view lighting calculations.

3. In the Instance Properties dialog box:

Under Electrical - Lighting, notice that the Average Estimated Illumination value is 67.30 fc (744.83 lx), based on the light fixtures you just added.

Click OK.

Create an Electrical Circuit

1. In the view window, select a light fixture that you placed in room 307.

2. Click Modify Lighting Fixtures tab > Create Systems panel > Power.

3. Click Modify Electrical Circuits tab > System Tools panel > Edit Circuit.

4. Click Edit Circuit tab > Edit Circuit panel > Add To Circuit to add the selected light fixture to an electrical circuit.

5. In the view window, select the remaining light fixtures in the room.

window, select the remaining light fixtures in the room. 6. To assign the circuit to a

6. To assign the circuit to a panel:

On the Edit Circuit panel, click Select Panel.

On the Options Bar, select LP-3 from the Panel list.

7. On the Edit Circuit panel, click Circuit Properties.

8. In the Instance Properties dialog box, under Instance Parameters, Electrical - Loads:

Notice the voltages and current information that are extracted from the electrical properties of the light fixtures you placed.

Click OK.

9. On the Edit Circuit panel, click Finish Editing Circuit to save changes to the circuit.

Tag Light Fixtures

3.

In the Edit Circuits dialog box, under Circuits:

1. Click Annotate tab > Tag panel > Tag By Category to add tags to the light fixtures.

2. On the Options Bar, ensure that the Leader check box is cleared to avoid adding a leader on the tag.

3. In the view window:

Select each light fixture in succession to tag it.

■ Select each light fixture in succession to tag it. ■ Press ESC to exit the

Press ESC to exit the Tag tool.

Edit Circuits on the Panel

1. In the view window:

Zoom in to the electrical room to the right of room 307.

Select the panel LP-3.

room to the right of room 307. ■ Select the panel LP-3. 2. Click Modify Electrical

2. Click Modify Electrical Equipment tab > Electrical panel > Circuits.

Notice that circuit 11 is listed with the load name Lighting Classroom 5 307. Tip: Click and drag the load name to the right so that you can see the complete load name.

Notice the loads for A, B, and C buses.

Click Rebalance Loads. Notice that the loads are adjusted to minimize the voltage difference across buses.

Click OK.

4. Clear the selection.

5. Close the file without saving changes.

Lesson: Creating Wiring

This lesson describes how to create wiring. You begin the lesson by learning about electrical wiring. Next, you learn the process of creating a wire type and some recommended practices for creating wiring. The lesson concludes with an exercise on creating wiring.

Wiring depicts the connections between various electrical components, such as electrical devices, lighting fixtures, and electrical equipment. To create wiring connections among electrical components in a project, use the tools available on the Electrical panel of the Home tab.

In Revit, you can create both automatic and manual wiring. The following illustration shows the electrical devices wired in a plan view.

shows the electrical devices wired in a plan view. Objectives After completing this lesson, you will

Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

Describe electrical wiring.

Identify the steps in the process of creating a wire type.

State the recommended practices for creating wiring.

Create wiring.

About Electrical Wiring

In Revit, you can graphically represent circuit information using wiring. Wiring can be displayed with or without graphical symbols and tick marks. You can also customize the display of these tick marks. Wiring can be automatically generated using the circuit information in a project. You can also manually place the wiring in a view.

Definition

Electrical wiring is the physical wiring that connects all electrical components in a building. In Revit, you can display electrical wiring using wire components that contain sizing and circuit information.

Electrical Wire Settings

In Revit, you can specify settings to define electrical wiring properties using the Electrical Settings dialog box. To open this dialog box, select Electrical Settings from the MEP Settings drop-down on the Project Settings panel of the Manage tab.

In the Electrical Settings dialog box, you can specify settings for ambient temperature, wire crossing gap size, and hot wire, ground wire, and neutral wire tick marks. The Slanted Line Across Tick Marks option enables you to display the tick mark for the ground conductor as a diagonal line across the tick marks for the other conductors. In addition, you can specify whether tick marks should be shown on all wires or only on home runs or should not be shown at all.

The following illustration shows the wire settings in the Electrical Settings dialog box.

the wire settings in the Electrical Settings dialog box. Wire Tick Marks Wire tick marks are

Wire Tick Marks

Wire tick marks are defined under the Wiring category in the Electrical Settings dialog box. You can assign the tick mark style for each type of conductor, such as hot, ground, and neutral. If the wire tick marks are set to be always shown, tick marks appear when wires are created.

After wire tick marks are created, you can select them to display control grips for modifying the tick marks. For example, you can increase or decrease the number of hot conductors by clicking the plus or minus control grips of the selected tick marks. If you want to move the location of a tick mark along the wire, use the Moving Tick Marks control grip.

The following illustration shows an example of a wire tick mark modification in a project.

an example of a wire tick mark modification in a project. Home Runs You can create

Home Runs

You can create home runs by manually drawing wires using the Wire tool on the Electrical panel of the Home tab. If you are using the Wire tool and have not selected an electrical component as the endpoint of a wire, Revit creates a home run symbol. After you create symbols, you can select them to display the grips that help move or adjust the arc of a home run.

Using the Wire tool, you can also create multiple home runs by wiring electrical components from multiple circuits.

The following illustration shows an example of a multiple home run in a project.

shows an example of a multiple home run in a project. Electrical Wire Sizes In Revit,

Electrical Wire Sizes

In Revit, a library of wire sizes is available for the currently selected combination of wire material, temperature rating, and insulation type. Each wire size is assigned ampacity, size, and physical diameter. You can also define whether wire sizing tools should use a given wire size.

In the Electrical Settings dialog box, under Wire Sizes, you can specify wire sizing information based on conductor temperature ratings of 60 o C, 75 o C, and 90 o C. Under Correction Factor, you can specify a value for the current-carrying ability of the wire material at specific temperatures. Along with correction factor settings, you can specify ground conductor sizes.

The following illustration shows the Electrical Settings dialog box with aluminum wire sizes available in a project.

dialog box with aluminum wire sizes available in a project. Wire Types You define wire types

Wire Types

You define wire types by selecting materials and specifying properties such as temperature rating, insulation, maximum size, and neutral wire settings for a given type of wire. Using different combinations of these properties, you can create standard sets of wire types to be used in Revit. You specify these properties of a wire type under the Wiring Types category in the Electrical Settings dialog box.

The following illustration shows the wire types for a project.

Settings dialog box. The following illustration shows the wire types for a project. Lesson: Creating Wiring

Electrical Circuits and Automatic Wire Generation

Electrical circuits connect similar electrical components to form an electrical system. When a circuit is selected in a view, you add permanent wiring to the circuit by either selecting the generate wiring controls in the view or using tools on the Modify Electrical Circuits tab. To create permanent wiring, you can highlight a component in the circuit, press TAB to highlight the circuit, and then select the circuit. This automatically generates the wiring. You can then select arced or chamfered wiring to specify the type of wiring for the circuit.

Example

The following illustration shows an example of temporary wiring being converted to permanent electrical wiring in a project.

of temporary wiring being converted to permanent electrical wiring in a project. 66 ■ Chapter 11:

Process of Creating a Wire Type

Creating a new wire type allows you to connect electrical objects with wires and track the appropriate wire sizes and materials for use. This allows Revit to track ampacity rating information to appropriately size wires based on use.

Process: Creating a Wire Type

The following illustration shows the process of creating a wire type.

illustration shows the process of creating a wire type. The following steps describe the process of

The following steps describe the process of creating a wire type.

1. Specify wire type settings. Specify the wire type settings in the Electrical Settings dialog box. To access this dialog box, select Electrical Settings from the MEP Settings drop-down on the Project Settings panel of the Manage tab. Then, select Wiring Types in the left pane of the Electrical Settings dialog box to display the wire type settings in the right pane.

2. Add a new wire type. Add a new wire type by selecting Add in the Electrical Settings dialog box. Then, you can provide an appropriate name for the new wire type.

3. Specify properties for the wire type. Specify properties for the wire type in the Electrical Settings dialog box. You can specify properties, such as material, temperature rating, insulation, max size, and neutral, for the new wire type.

4. Save changes. Save the changes for the wire type by clicking OK in the Electrical Settings dialog box.

Guidelines for Creating Wiring

The following recommended practices help you create wiring effectively.

Guidelines

Specify wire settings with available wire sizes to define the wire types that you can use in a Revit model. This allows you to create different wire sizes for the same wire type.

Specify wire settings in project template files to save time and maintain consistency across projects. To save even more time, you can specify wire settings in the templates used by your company so that the settings are consistent across projects.

Transfer wire settings from one project to another using the Transfer Project Standards tool on the Project Settings panel of the Manage tab. This will expedite the design process and keep company standards consistent across projects.

Turn off wire tick marks universally to ensure consistency across all project views by selecting Never for the wiring settings in the Electrical Settings dialog box. You can also turn these settings off in a given view by controlling the settings in the Visibility/Graphic Overrides dialog box in the view.

Apply tags to circuits to indicate circuit numbers. When you create circuits, Revit automatically assigns circuit numbers. Applying tags to these circuit numbers helps you save time by removing the numbering system from the process.

Manually wire together devices from different circuits. This helps in creating multiple circuit home runs.

Exercise: Create Wiring

In this exercise, you create and work with electrical wiring in a project.

You need to complete the lighting layout in your design. To do this, you will place lighting fixtures, generate wiring, and create home run wires.

You do the following:

Place electrical devices.

Generate automatic circuit wiring.

Create wiring manually for receptacles.

Display wire tick marks.

Create a home run wire.

Create a multiple circuit home run wire.

a home run wire. ■ Create a multiple circuit home run wire. The completed exercise Lesson:

The completed exercise

Completing the Exercise To complete the exercise, follow the steps in this book or in

Completing the Exercise

To complete the exercise, follow the steps in this book or in the onscreen exercise. In the onscreen list of chapters and exercises, click Chapter 11: Electrical Systems. Click Exercise:

Create Wiring.

Place Electrical Devices

1. Open i_rmep_wiring.rvt or m_rmep_wiring.rvt. The file opens in the Level 1 Power Plan view. Notice the linked architectural model. Note: The illustrations for the metric dataset will be slightly different from those shown here.

2. Click Home tab > Electrical panel > Device drop- down > Electrical Fixture to place receptacles.

3. Ensure that Duplex Receptacle : Standard (M_Duplex Receptacle : Standard) is selected in the Type Selector drop-down.

4. In the view window, click the walls in rooms 104 (30), 107 (28), and 108 (27) to place two receptacles in each room, as shown. The exact location of the receptacles is not critical.

The exact location of the receptacles is not critical. 5. Exit the Device tool. 6 .

5. Exit the Device tool.

6. In the view window, select a receptacle that was placed in room 104 (30).

select a receptacle that was placed in room 104 (30). 7 . Click Modify Electrical Fixtures

7. Click Modify Electrical Fixtures tab > Create Systems panel > Power to create an electrical circuit.

Systems panel > Power to create an electrical circuit. 8. Click Modify Electrical Circuits tab >

8. Click Modify Electrical Circuits tab > System Tools panel > Edit Circuit.

9. Click Edit Circuit tab > Edit Circuit panel > Add To Circuit.

10. In the view window, select the remaining three receptacles placed in rooms 104 (30) and 107

(28).

three receptacles placed in rooms 104 (30) and 107 (28). 11. On the Edit Circuit panel,

11. On the Edit Circuit panel, click Select Panel to indicate the panel from which a circuit originates.

12. On the Options Bar, select PP-1N from the Panel list.

13. On the Edit Circuit panel, click Finish Editing Circuit.

Generate Automatic Circuit Wiring

1. In the view window:

Move the cursor over one of the duplex receptacles in room 104 (30).

Press TAB so that dashed lines appear, indicating the intended wiring of the new circuit.

Click the receptacle to establish the wiring of the new circuit.

the receptacle to establish the wiring of the new circuit. 2 . To generate arced wiring,

2. To generate arced wiring, select the arced icon that appears with the dashed wire preview.

the arced icon that appears with the dashed wire preview. 3 . Select the home run

3. Select the home run wire in room 107 (28) to display the grips, as shown.

3 . Select the home run wire in room 107 (28) to display the grips, as

4. Select the square grip at the end of the home run wire and drag it to reposition the wire for a clear view, as shown.

drag it to reposition the wire for a clear view, as shown. 5. Click Annotate tab

5. Click Annotate tab > Tag panel > Tag By Category to add a tag to the home run wire.

6. On the Options Bar, clear the Leader check box to remove the display of a leader.

7. Click the home run wire in room 107 (28) to add a circuit number tag.

home run wire in room 107 (28) to add a circuit number tag. Note : In

Note: In the metric dataset, the tag number that appears is 5.

Create Wiring Manually for Receptacles

1. Click Home tab > Electrical panel > Wire to manually start creating the wiring.

2. Ensure that Wire Types : THWN (Wire Types :

XHHW) is selected in the Type Selector drop- down.

3. In the view window:

Move the cursor in room 103 (25) over the area where the duplex receptacle is mounted on the left wall until the wiring connection point appears.

on the left wall until the wiring connection point appears. ■ Click the connection point to

Click the connection point to establish the first point for the arced wiring.

4. To create wiring:

Click inside room 103 (25) to establish a second point for the wiring arc. The exact location is not critical.

for the wiring arc. The exact location is not critical. ■ Click the electrical connection point

Click the electrical connection point at the base of the receptacle on the right wall in room 103 (25).

5. Connect the two receptacles in room 105 (26), as shown.

. Connect the two receptacles in room 105 (26), as shown. 6. Exit the Wire tool.

6. Exit the Wire tool.

Display Wire Tick Marks

1. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family.

2. To load a tick mark type in the project, in the Load Family dialog box:

Browse to the Imperial (Metric) Library > Electrical Components >TickMarks folder.

Select Long Wire Tick Mark.rfa (M_Long Wire Tick Mark.rfa).

Click Open.

3. Click Manage tab > Project Settings panel > MEP Settings drop-down > Electrical Settings.

4. In the Electrical Settings dialog box, select Wiring in the left pane.

5. To specify wire tick marks settings, in the right pane of the Electrical Settings dialog box:

For Hot Wire Tick Mark, Ground Wire Tick Mark, and Neutral Wire Tick Mark, select Long Wire Tick Mark (M_Long Wire Tick Mark) from the Value list.

Ensure that Show Tick Marks is specified as Always.

Click OK to close the dialog box.

Create a Home Run Wire

1. Click Home tab > Electrical panel > Wire.

2. Ensure that Wire Types : THWN (Wire Types :

XHHW) is selected in the Type Selector drop- down.

3. To create a home run, in the view window:

Click the electrical connection point for the duplex receptacle on the right wall of room 103 (25).

Place two points in room 104 (30) toward the right of room 103 (25) to define the arc for the home run to the panel, as shown. The exact location of the points is not critical.

as shown. The exact location of the points is not critical. 4. Exit the Wire tool.

4. Exit the Wire tool.

Create a Multiple Circuit Home Run Wire

1. To create a multiple circuit home run, in the view window:

Select the home run you manually created.

Drag the square grip at the end of the home run arrow to place it at the nearest receptacle connection point in room 104

(30).

Notice that the arrow for the home run and the tag placed in the earlier section update to indicate the two circuits now included in this run. In the metric dataset, the tag appears as 4, 5.

in this run. In the metric dataset, the tag appears as 4, 5. ■ Press ESC

Press ESC to end the selection of the home run.

2. Close the file without saving changes.

Chapter Summary

Now that you have learned to create electrical circuits and wiring, you can effectively connect electrical components with wires and track the appropriate electrical load, wire sizes, and materials for use.

In this chapter, you learned to:

Create electrical circuits.

Create wiring.

Chapter 12
Chapter
12

Working with Architects and Engineers

In many projects, you will collaborate with other design and engineering professionals to facilitate your design. In this chapter, you will learn about some of collaboration techniques provided by Revit® MEP. These tools will help you work efficiently and accurately.

Chapter Objectives

After completing this chapter, you will be able to:

Monitor changes in files of other disciplines linked to Revit MEP.

Check and fix interference conditions.

Lesson: Monitoring Changes in Linked Files

This lesson describes how to monitor changes in files of other disciplines linked to Revit MEP. You begin the lesson by learning about project sharing and the Copy and Monitor tools. Next, you learn the steps to coordinate and monitor changes in the current project. Then, you learn about the Coordination Review tool and some recommended practices for monitoring changes in linked files. The lesson concludes with an exercise on monitoring changes in a linked file of another discipline.

In most building projects, you need to collaborate on the building design. For example, a mechanical engineer uses an architect's preliminary building model to devise the initial mechanical design layout of the building. Therefore, proper coordination and monitoring helps ensure that the mechanical model is synchronized with the changes that the architect made to the building model. Effective change monitoring reduces errors and expensive rework during construction.

reduces errors and expensive rework during construction. Structural model linked to a Revit MEP project Objectives

Structural model linked to a Revit MEP project

Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

Describe project sharing.

Describe the Copy and Monitor tools.

Coordinate and monitor changes in the current project.

Describe the Coordination Review tool.

State the recommended practices for monitoring changes in linked files.

Monitor changes in a linked file of another discipline.

About Project Sharing

You can share project information across disciplines to create a robust project design. You can link projects and insert elements from one project into another. For example, a mechanical engineer can use an architectural model for creating and analyzing the HVAC design or a structural model for duct coordination.

Definition of Project Sharing

Project sharing is the process of linking projects across disciplines. For example, you can share an Autodesk® Revit® Structure model with an MEP engineer. Using Revit MEP, the engineer can create an MEP model on the same design. You can then link the MEP model with the original structural model.

Project sharing is effective only when you coordinate and monitor the shared information for updates.

Linking Projects

You link a project file using the Import/Link RVT dialog box. While linking, use shared coordinates, origin-to-origin, or center-to-center positioning to specify the location of the linked model in the host project.

When you link an Autodesk® Revit® Architecture or Revit Structure project file, its path is saved in the host Revit MEP project file. After linking, if the linked project file changes, you can reload it in the host project file to view the updated linked project file. If the path of the linked project file changes, you can update its path in the host project file using the Manage Links dialog box. You can access the Manage Links dialog box by selecting Manage Links on the Manage Project panel of the Manage tab or on the Link panel of the Insert tab.

You can select a linked project file and bind it with the host. Binding converts
You can select a linked project file and bind it with the host. Binding converts

You can select a linked project file and bind it with the host. Binding converts the linked file to a group in the host file. Then, you can edit the grouped or ungrouped objects. You can also convert a model group into a link, which saves the group as an external file. However, you must exercise caution because if an architectural or structural link is bound to a host Revit MEP file, future updates will not be propagated.

Inserting Elements

You can insert 2D elements or drafting views created in a Revit MEP project into a Revit Architecture project by selecting the relevant option from the Insert from File drop-down on the Import panel of the Insert tab. You can also insert Revit Architecture schedules into a Revit MEP project and vice versa. The inserted Revit Architecture or MEP schedules retain the formatting of the original Revit project.

Example of Project Sharing

The following illustrations show the different views of host MEP models displaying elements from the linked structural models.

displaying elements from the linked structural models. Section view Copy and Monitor Tools Plan view You

Section view

Copy and Monitor Tools

structural models. Section view Copy and Monitor Tools Plan view You use the Copy and Monitor

Plan view

You use the Copy and Monitor tools on the Copy/Monitor tab to coordinate and monitor the changes in the building and structural models. To access this tab, activate the Copy/Monitor mode using the Select Link option from the Copy/Monitor drop-down on the Coordinate panel of the Collaborate tab.

drop-down on the Coordinate panel of the Collaborate tab. Copy/Monitor tools Copy Tool Using the Copy

Copy/Monitor tools

Copy Tool

Using the Copy tool, you can copy elements within a current project or from a linked project to a host project. This establishes a relationship between the copied and original elements, which helps monitor changes to the original element and report differences. After copying elements, you can see the copy/monitor icon displayed next to the copied elements, which indicates that a relationship is established with the original elements and that the copied elements are monitored. If you modify a copied element, a warning message is displayed, indicating that an element has changed. For example, you can copy grid lines from a linked building model to an MEP model using the Copy tool. Later, if you move one of the copied grid lines, a warning message appears.

The following illustration shows a warning message box for grid line displacement.

shows a warning message box for grid line displacement. Based on the impact a change has

Based on the impact a change has on the MEP model, you can accept or reject the change. You can also accept or reject the change later by performing a coordination review using the Coordination Review tool.

A coordination review lists all the changes made to copied elements.
A coordination review lists all the changes made to copied elements.

A coordination review lists all the changes made to copied elements.

Monitor Tool

You can monitor the elements created in the current project using the Monitor tool. The Monitor tool establishes a relationship between the corresponding elements, for example, between two grid lines.

You cannot monitor unlike pairs, such as a grid line and a wall, which are contained in the linked file to the elements that are native to the host file. To do this, you select a pair of similar elements and establish a relationship between them using the Monitor tool. The copy/monitor icon is displayed near the first element you select to indicate that it has a relationship with another element.

Coordinating and Monitoring Changes in the Current Project

Elements in the current project can be accidentally modified by members of the same team. To avoid inconsistency, monitor the elements so that you get a notification when they are modified.

Procedure: Coordinating and Monitoring Changes in a Current Project

The following steps describe how to coordinate and monitor changes in a current project.

1. In the view window, draw two instances of an element. Note: Perform this step if the elements to be monitored do not exist in the project.

2. To activate Copy/Monitor mode, click Collaborate tab > Coordinate panel > Copy/Monitor drop- down > Use Current Project.

3. To monitor the relationship between elements in the current project, click Copy/Monitor tab > Tools panel > Monitor.

4. In the view window, select two elements, one after the other, to establish a relationship between them. Notice that the Copy/Monitor icon displays near the first element you select, which indicates that the element has a relationship with the second element. This symbol also indicates that the first element is monitored.

Coordination Review Tool

You use the Coordination Review tool when monitored elements are modified. For example, if a structural project is linked to an MEP project and you are monitoring the level lines in the structural project, Revit MEP notifies you to perform a coordination review when level lines are modified.

Coordination Monitor Warning

You can monitor the elements within a Revit MEP model. However, when the elements being monitored are not synchronized, warning messages appear that notify you of any violations. The various violations that lead to the generation of warning messages are as follows:

An original monitored element from the linked project has changed.

A copied monitored element in the host project has changed.

Both the original monitored and copied elements have changed.

The original element in the linked file is deleted.

The copied element in the host file is deleted.

■ The copied element in the host file is deleted. Coordination monitor warning Lesson: Monitoring Changes

Coordination monitor warning

Coordination Review Warning

If the monitored elements within a linked file are modified and the file is reloaded, a warning message notifies you that you must perform a coordination review. This occurs either when the linked file is reloaded using the Manage Links dialog box, or when the file is reopened and the modified linked file is reloaded. When the warning message box appears, close the warning and perform a coordination review.

close the warning and perform a coordination review. Coordination Review warning Coordination Review Dialog Box

Coordination Review warning

Coordination Review Dialog Box

You can access the Coordination Review tool on the Coordinate panel of the Collaborate tab. If you want to check warning messages between elements in the current project, select the Use Current Project option from the Coordination Review drop-down. You can also check warning messages between linked and host projects by selecting the Select Link option from the Coordination Review drop-down.

After you select an option, the Coordination Review dialog box opens. It displays an expandable tree of all warnings between monitored elements. You can expand element warning groups until a value

under the Action column is displayed.

Coordination Review dialog box When you select an element listed in the Coordination Review dialog

Coordination Review dialog box

When you select an element listed in the Coordination Review dialog box, the element is highlighted in the view window.

Action

In the Coordination Review dialog box, you can select from a set of options available under the Action column for each warning. The following table describes these options.

Option

Description

Do nothing

This option takes no action on the element. This changes the message status so that the warning can be filtered out or considered later.

Reject

This option is used when there is a difference between an element in the host file and its associated monitored element. The difference is because the change made to the element in the host file is incorrect, and a change must be made to the associated monitored element.

Note: This command is available only on the In Host Project tab.

Accept difference

This option accepts the change made to the element and updates the relationship. For example, if a pair of grids were 8 inches apart, and one was moved away by 12 inches, the change would be accepted, and the relationship will be set to 12 inches.

Note: This command is available only on the In Host Project tab.

Option