Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 3

Activity

Monday, October 08, 2012 9:56 AM

Part 1 Activity Questions


1.) What is a base? 2.) What is a power? 3.) What does a base and power (exponent) tell you to do? 4.) What is a power a shortcut to? 5.) How could you use geometry to describe squaring or cubing a number?

Activity Answers
1.) A base is sort of like your starting number, its well your base! An example in: 84 (8*8*8*8) your base would be 8. 2.) A power is the small number (or exponent) that is there to show how many times you multiply the base number. 3.) A base is the number that you will multiply the power by. Ex: 53 = 125 (125=5*5*5). 4.) A power is a shortcut for showing how many times to multiply your base by. 5.) Squaring=length times width.

What are the Different Forms?: Notes


Standard form: standard form is when the number (sum, difference, product, quotient, ect.) is just written out just as a regular number, ex: 3,000 or 56, they are just as they would be. Expanded form (repeated multiplication): expanded form is when the total of a multiplication problem is written out with all the integers, ex: 5 x 5 x 5 x 5 x 5 (=3,125). Exponential form: exponential form is when for example the problem above with 5 x 5 x 5 x 5 x 5 it would be 55 in exponential form, you would count and the multiples and then have your base number with however many times the number adds on. Her are some more examples: 8*8*8*8*8*8=86 OR 3*3*3*3=34
1 2 3 4 5 6 8's 1 2 3 4 3's

Even MORE Examples:


Exponential Notation (Powers of 10) Exponential Form (Power) 106 105 104 103 102 101 100 10-1 10-2 10-3

Expanded Form/Repeated Multiplication 10x10x10x10x10x10 10x10x10x10x10 10x10x10x10 10x10x10 10x10 10 1 1/10 1/10 x 1/10 1/10 x 1/10 x 1/10

Standard Name 1000000 100000 10000 1000 100 10 1 0.1 0.01 0.001

Introduction to Exponents Page 1

Part 2
Negative and Positive Powers
Base Exponent Meaning Value 2 4 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4

Part 3

Use constants to help you think through what happens with variables in the following list of questions. 1. What do you get when you add x by x? 2x 2. What do you get when you subtract x by x? 0 3. What do you get when you multiply x by x? 1x 4. What do you get when you divide x by x? 1 5. What do you get when you multiply x by x by x? 3x 6. What about x by x by x by x by x? 5x 7. What do you get when you multiply x^2 by x? x^3 8. What about x^2 by x^3? x^5 9. What about x^4 by x^6? x^10 10. Come up with a rule that explains what happens when you multiply same bases. You pretty much just add the bases and then add the exponents. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. What do you get when you divide x by x? 1 What do you get when you multiply x^2 by x? x What about x^4 by x^2? x^2 What do you get when you divide x^5 by x^3? X^2 What about x^6 by x? X^7 Come up with a rule that explains what happens when you divide same bases. When you divide the same bases it is just like regular division but to help you can change x to 1. What do you What do you What do you What do you get when you get when you get when you get when you square x^3? x^6 square x^4? x^8 cube x^2? x^6 raise x^3 to the fourth power? x^4

Introduction to Exponents Page 2

4. What do you get when you raise x^3 to the fourth power? x^4 5. What do you get when you raise x^2 to the fifth power? x^10 6. Come up with a rule that explains what happens when you raise a base with an exponent by an exponent. Multiply the base and then multiply the exponent.

Introduction to Exponents Page 3