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Why the gradient of a scalar field is vector? b) Given phi (x,y,z) = X2yz3 (x square y z cube) find grad at phi (1,2,1) c) for what values of 'a' ,the vector A = 2i+aj+k and B= 4i -2j-2k are perpendicular.

Q.3 a) Distinguish between Linear and Angular momentum. Explain the law of conservation of angular momentum. Prove that the Angular momentum is constant in the absence of external torque. b) The angular momentum J ps a particle is given as kj = 8 t powers 4 i- 2 t square j + 12 t cube k. find the torque at t=1 Q.4 a) Discuss in detail the relativity of mass, time and length. b) What is time dilation? Explain with example. c) When we say that a clock in moving frame runs slower than a clock in a stationary frame. What does it mean?

Q.5 a) Differentiate between streamline and turbulent motion of a liquid. b)What is" coefficient of viscosity"? Explain in detail the Stoke's Law applicable in determining the coefficient of viscosity of a viscous liquid experimentally. c) Why do auto manufactures recommend using different viscosities of engine oil in cold and hot climate, Q.6 a) what is polarization of light? Explain Polarization by reflection and obtain Brewstar Law. Also explain the idea of double reflection. b) We wish to use a Quartz sheet (n=1.54) in air as polarizer. Find the polarizing angle and angle of refraction.

Q.7 a) Define internal energy. State and explain First and Third laws of thermodynamics. b) what is heat engine ?Determine the efficiency of the engine if it takes 10,000 J of heat and delivers 2000 J of work per cycle. Q.8 write note on any TWO: i) centre of mass ii) diffraction grating and Resolving Power iii)Production of low temperature.

Physics Paper 2010 Paper 2 Part II Q.2 a) State and prove Gauss's law in electrostatics and express the law in differential forms. b) Find the electricity intensity at a point outside a volume distribution of charge confined into a spherical region of radius R. Q.3 a) State and explain Ampere's law . Derive an expression for the value of 'B' inside a solenoid. b) a thin 10 cms long solenoid has a total of 400 turns of wire and carries a current of .20 ampere. Calculate the field inside near the centre.(given 0 = 12.57 *10 powers-7 T-m/A )

Q.4 a How a semi conductor diode is used as a half wave and full wave rectifier? b) What are the transistors? Give construction and symbol of PNP and NPN transistor. c) The resistivity of a metal increases with increase in temperature while that of a semi conductor decreases. Explain Q.5Discuss briefly the wave number of matter and obtain an expression of de Broglie's wavelength for matter waves. b) calculate de Broglie's wavelength of a .20 kg ball moving with a speed of 15m/s. Q.6 a) Derive Einstein's photoelectric effect on the basis of quantum theory and derive Einstein's Photoelectric equations. b) calculate the work function of NA in electron volts given that the threshold wavelength is 6800. 6.625 * 10-34 J-S Q.7 a)Define the terms decay constant ,half life and average life as applied to a radioactive substance. Find the relation between them. b)The half life of radium is 1590 years . In how many years will one gm of pure element i) lose one centigram ii) be reduced to one centigram c) Whena nucleus emitsa gamma ray photon ,what happens to its atomic number and its actual mass. Q.8 Write notes on any Two: a) self and mutual inductance b) Pauli's Exclsusion Principle c) Compton Scattering

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2007. PHYSICS, PAPER - I TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100 NOTE: (i) Attempt FIVE questions in all including question No. 8 which is compulsory. All questions carry EQUAL marks. (ii) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered (iii) Candidate must draw two straight lines (==================) at the end to separate each question attempted in Answer Books. Q.1. (a) If , , are the angles that vector r=xi+yj+zk makes with the positive directions of the coordinate axes, then show that cos 2 + cos 2 + cos 2 = 1 . (6) (b) Find a such that the vectors 2ij+k, i+2j3k, and 3i+aj+5k are coplanar. (6) (c) If =3x2zy2z3+4x3y+2x3y5, then find Div. grad F . (8) Q.2. (a) State and explain Keplers laws of planetary motion. (12) (b) A satellite is placed in a circular orbit with a radius equal to one half the radius of the moons orbit. What is its period of revolution in lunar months (the period of revolution of moon)? (8) Q.3. State Bernoullis theorem and give all necessary conditions. Derive Bernoullis equation for moving fluids. (4,4,12) Q.4. (a) What is simple harmonic motion (SHM)? Write the equation for SHM and solve it to find its time period. (2,4,8) (b) A body oscillates with SHM according to equation: (6) x=(6.12m)cos(8.38 rad/s)t+1.92 rad. Find its time period. Q.5. (a) What do you understand by diffraction of light? Give all the necessary conditions. Explain diffraction through a single slit and derive an expression for the minimas in the diffraction pattern. (2,4,4,6) (b) Monochromatic light of wavelength 44lnm falls on a narrow slit On screen 2.16m away, the distance between the second minima and the central maxima is 1.62cm. Find the width of the slit. (4) Q.6. (a) Explain the terms isothermal and adiabatic processes and calculate the work done in each case. (7,7) (b) Calculate the work done by an external agent in compressing 1.12 mole of oxygen from a volume of 22.4L and 1.32atm. pressure to 153 L at the same temperature. (6) Q.7. Write notes on any TWO of the following: (10 each) (a) Lorentz transformation (b) Equivalence of mass and energy (c) Production of low temperature

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2007. PHYSICS, PAPER - II TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100 NOTE: (i) Attempt FIVE questions in all including question No. 8 which is compulsory. All questions carry EQUAL marks. (ii) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered (iii) Candidate must draw two straight lines (==================) at the end to separate each question attempted in Answer Books. Q.1. Write an expression giving the capacity of parallel plate capacitor and derive an equation giving the energy stored in it. How the capacity changes when it is filled with a dielectricmaterial? (4,10,6) Q.2. (a) Explain Amperes circuital law. Use it to find the magnetic field in a solenoid. (6,8) (b) A solenoid 1.33cm long and 2.6cm in diameter carries a current of 17.8A. The magnetic field inside the solenoid is 22.4mT. Find the length of the wire forming the solenoid. (6) Q.3. (a) Explain the term radioactivity. Write the equation for decay rate and find the expression for half life of radioactive element. How will you find the age of the radioactive sample? (2,3,6,5) (b) A rock is formed to contain 4.2mg of U and 2mg of Pb. Assume that the rock contained no lead at formation, with all the lead now present arising from the decay of uranium. Find age of the rock. The half life of U is 4.47x10 9 years.(4) Q.4. (a) What is thermionic emission? Name and explain some of its important applications. (4,6) (b) How can you use triode as detector in radio wave receivers? (10) Q.5. (a) What is P-N junction? Explain its working in forward and reverse biasing conditions. (4,8) (b) Draw bridge circuit for rectification and explain how it rectifies an AC. (8) Q.6. (a) Explain de Broglie hypothesis and write an equation giving de Broglie wavelength. Give an experiment to prove it. (4,4,6) (b) Calculate the de Broglie wavelength of an electron whose kinetic energy is 120eV. (6) Q.7. Write notes on any TWO of the following: (10 each) (a) Paulis exclusion principle (b) Zeeman effect (c) Elementary particles

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN B.P.S. 17, UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2002 Time Allowed: 3 hours Maximum Marks: 100

PAPER I

Note: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including Question No. 8, which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks. Q.1 (a) If A = A_1^i + A_2 i + A_3 j and B = B_1 i + B_2 j + B_3 k, then prove that A,B = A_(1 ) B_1 + A_2 B_2 + A_3 A_3 (b) Find the value of e so that A = ci 2j + k and B = 2ci + cj 4k are perpendicular. (c) If A, B C = 0, then show that vectors A, B, and C are coplanar. Given = 3x^(2 ) yx, find div. (grad ) Q.2 (a) Show that Newtons first law of motion is a special case of Newtons second law of motion. (b) State and explain the law of conservation of linear momentum. (c) A stream of bullet whose mass m = 3.8g each, is fired horizontally with speed v = 1100m/s into a large wooden block of mass M = 12kg that is initially at rest on horizontal table. If block is free to slide without friction across the table, what speed will it acquire after it has absorbed 8 bullets? Q.3 (a) Drive Bemoullis equation for steady flow of a non-viscous fluid. (b) a liquid is discharging from an orifice in a large tank at a distance h below the liquid surface. The tank is open at the top. Show that the speed of efflux is v = 2gh or 2 Q.4 Write the general equation for damped harmonic oscillator. Solve it and discuss all the three features of damping i.e. when damping is small, medium, and high. Q.5 (a) What is interference of light? What are the necessary conditions for interference? (b) How interference pattern is formed in case of Newtons Rings? Drive an expression for the radius of the dark and bright fingers. Q.6 (a) Give the Clausius, and Kelvin Planck statements of the second law or thermodynamics. Show that the two statements are equivalent. (b) What are the basic assumptions on which the kinetic theory of gases is developed? Explain these in brief. Q.7 Write notes on any two of the followings: Lorentz Transformation Standing Waves Maxwell Distribution of molecular velocity

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN B.P.S. 17, UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2002 Time Allowed: 3 hours Maximum Marks: 100

PAPER II

Note: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including Question No. 8, which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks. Q.1 (a) Extend Gausss theorem to derive poissons equations. Show that Laplaces equations are Poissons equation s written in an other way. Consider an isolated uniformly charged spherical conductor. Calculate the Electric intensity at points (i) outside and (ii) inside the sphere. Q.2 (a) What is a Poynting vector? Evaluate it for an electromagnetic wave. Calculate the flow of electromagnetic energy into a resistor-cylindrical of length L, radius r and resistance across which a potential difference V is applied. Q.3 (a) Describe triode value and discuss its static and dynamic characteristics. (b) Howa triode value can be used as an amplifier? (c) A triode value has a mutual conductance of 2.5 ma per volt and an anode ac resistance of 20,000 ohms. Find the load resistance which must b inserted in the anode circuit to obtain a stage gain of 30. Q.4 (a) Describe a PN junction. Discuss its ampere-volt characteristics. Why there is sudden increase in the small reverse saturation current at the Breakdown voltage? Write the uses of Zener diode. (b) What are transistors? Draw the 3 types of ten common resistors circuits. Define de alpha and de beta of a transistor. Q.5 (a) Describe Compton effect and find out the expression for the change in wavelength when an electromagnetic photon strikes a particle an electron of an atom. (b) How much is the maximum change in wavelength in terms of Compton wavelength? (c) An X-ray photon whose initial frequency was 05 1.5(10)^19 Hz emerges from a collision with an electron, with a frequency of 1.2(10)^19 Hz. How much kinetic energy imported to the electron? Q.6 (a) What is nuclear fission, fission cross-sections and thresholds? Describe a nuclear reactor. (b) When an atom of ^( 235) U undergoes fission in a Statement reactor, about 200 Mev energy is liberated. Suppose that a reactor using uranium-235 has an output of 700 MW and is 20% efficient: (i) How many atoms does it consume in one day? (ii) What mass of uranium does it consume daily?

Q.7 Write short essay on any TWO of the following: a. Integrated Circuits (ICs) and their role in the advancement of present technologies. b. Isotopes and the uses of radio isotopes. c. Nature of and the experiments which confirm duality behaviour. FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN B.P.S. 17, UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2001 Time Allowed: 3 hours Maximum Marks: 100

PAPER I

Note: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including Question No. 8, which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks.

Q1. Three vectors are given by: a = 3i + 3j -2k b = -i - 4j + 2k c = 2i + 2j k Find (i) a. (b. c), (ii) a. (b. + c), (iii) a. (b + c) Q2. (a) State the basic postulates of special theory of Relativity. Discuss the effect of relative uniform motion on Mass, Length and Time. (b) A rod lies parallel to the x-axis of reference frame S, moving along this axis at a speed of 0.632 C. Its rest length is 1.68m. What will be its measured length in frame S? Q3. (a) What is meant by Interference of Light? Also distinguish between Constructive Interference and Destructive Interference. (b) Derive an expression for the Resolving Power of a plane diffraction grating. (c) Monochromatic light emitted from He-Ne laser source with = 632.8 nm is incident normally on a diffraction grating containing 6000 lines per cm. Find the angles at which one would observe the first order maximum and the second order maximum. Will it be possible to observe the third order maximum as well? Q4. (a) Differentiate between Travelling Waves and Standing Waves. (b) Prove that the Rate of Transfer of Energy in wave motion depends on the square of the wave amplitude and square of the wave frequency. (marks 10) (c) Spherical waves travel from a source of waves whose power output, assumed constant, is P. What will be the wave intensity I at a distance from the source? Q5. Write an essay on the production and measurement of low temperatures. Q6. State and explain the First Law of Thermodynamics. Discuss its applications in the case

of a. Adiabatic b. Isothermal c. Isochoric d. Isobaric Processes Q7. Write notes on any TWO of the following: a. Bernoullis Theorem b. Laser and its Applications c. Brownian Motion Q8. Write only the correct answer in the Answer Book. Dont reproduce the questions. 1. The vector in space has: a. Three components b Two components c. One component d. None of these

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN B.P.S. 17, UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2001 Time Allowed: 3 hours Maximum Marks: 100

PAPER II

Note: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including Question No. 8, which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks. Q1. (a) What is a point charge? Why do we take a point charge while estimating the electric field intensity of a system of charge? (b) What do you understand from Coulombs law and Gausss law? Do they represent the same fact (law)? If yes how; if no why? (c) a 24-volt lamp has a resistance of 8 ohms. What resistance must be placed in series with it, if it is to be used in a 117-volt line? Q2. (a) What requirements must be met to form an electric circuit? Is there any similarity between an electric and a magnetic circuit? Explain the terms MMF and reluctance. (b) Discuss the statement: In case of a transformer whatever is gained is voltage is lost in current. (c) What causes the magnetism? Differentiate between Dia-, Para-, Ferromagnetic materials.

Q3. (a) In how many ways electrons can be emitted from various materials? Describe thermionic emission in detail and establish the Childs law. (b) What is meant by modulation? Describe its various types and show that a 100% amplitude modulation increases the radiated power by 50%. (c) Calculate the frequency of radio waves coming out of an oscillating circuit containing a capacitor of 0.02 microfarad and an inductor of 8 microhenry. Q4. (a) How would you calculate and of a triode from its characteristic curves? (b) What is rectification? How is it achieved? Draw fully labelled circuits for half-wave and full-wave rectifiers. (c) Explain how P-, and N-type semiconductors are produced? Elaborate the concept of a hole. Q5. (a) Discuss various models put forward to explain the atomic structure/ describe the advantages and disadvantages of each model and show how the shortcomings of one model were overcome by the subsequent model? (b) Explain the significance of Paulis principle. (c) An electron is moving with a velocity of m/s. Calculate the energy in electron-volts. Mass of electron is given as g? Q6. (a) Obtain expression for the wave numbers of lines belonging to different series of hydrogen atom. Draw suitable diagrams to show hydrogen spectrum. (b) Find de-Broglie wave length of helium atoms (mass kg) having average velocity m/s. Plancks constant is Js. Q7. (a) Explain that radioactive rays are of inter-nuclear origin. (b) What is chain reaction in nuclear fission? Explain controlled and uncontrolled chain reactions.

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2000 PHYSICS PAPER - I TIME ALLOWED: 3 HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS: 100 Note:- Attempt FIVE questions in all, including Question No.8 which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks. 1. (a) Find a unit vector which is perpendicular to the vectors +j and j + ?. (5) (b) If A = xz y2 j + 2x2y? and =x2yz2, find (15) 2. (a) Define angular momentum of a single particle and derive a relation between torque and angular momentum. (10) (b) Calculate the angular momentum, about the Earths center of a 50 kg person on the

equator of the rotating earth. (10) 3. Describe with the help of necessary diagrams the details of Michelson-Morley experiment. What was the conclusion drawn from the results of the experiment. (20) 4. (a) Write down Maxwells distribution function for molecular speeds in a gas. Give the details of various parameters involved. (10) (b) A container filled with N molecules of Oxygen gas is maintained at 300 K. What fraction of the molecules has speeds in the range 599-601 m/see? The molar mass M of Oxygen is 0.032 kg/mole. (10) 5. Differentiate between Phase and Group velocities. Given that phase velocity V of waves in deep water is (g l /2p ) 1/2 ,find their group velocity v. (20) 6. What is interferometer? Describe the construction and working principle of an interferorneter with which you are familiar. (20) 7. Write short notes on the following; (a) Viscosity (b) Planetary Motion (c) Laws of Thermodynamics and their importance in daily life. (20)

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2000 PHYSICS PAPER- II TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100

NOTE: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including question No.8 which is COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks. Q.1. (a) A dielectric sphere is placed in a uniform electric field. Draw a neat diagram showing a distortion produced in the field. Calculate, electric field outside and inside the dielectric sphere. (10) (b) Explain the dielectric polarization. Establish a relation between electric field strength E, polarization P and electric induction D. (10) Q.2 (a) Give a brief account of the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction. Describe two experiments to demonstrate it. (10) (b) Prove a relation between the induced e.m.f. and. the rate of change of lines of magnetic force through a circuit (10) Q.3. (a) What is transistor biasing? How will you connect a PNP transistor in i) common base

and ii) common emitter configurations. Draw their characteristics curves and discuss their current gain, voltage gain and input impedance. Give the applications of two configurations. (12) (b) Deduce the conditions under which the discharge of a condenser is Oscillatory in character. Find an expression for the frequency of oscillations. (8) Q.4. (a) Outline the basic facts of Photo electricity. Give the law of Photoelectric emission. How can they be explained? (12) (b) The kinetic Energies of photoelectrons range from zero to 4.0x1019J, when light of wavelength 3000 A falls on a surface, what is the stopping potential for this light? What is the threshold wavelength for the material? (8) (1 eV= 1.602x1O19J.) Q.5. (a) State fundamental postulates of Bohrs Theory of hydrogen atom Derive the mathematical expression for energy of electron in hydrogen atom. Give the interpretation of negative sign. (12) (b) Give an account of different series of Spectral lines of hydrogen atom. (8) Q.6. (a) Give the significance of Schrodingers Wave equation in wave mechanics. Apply it to calculate energies of particle in a box and discuss the results. (12) (b) What is Ileisenbergs Uncertainty principle? Explain its importance in the development of physics. (8) Q.7. Write a short essay on any two of the following: (20) (a) Nuclear Reactors and their classifications (b) Mass Spectrometer and Isotope detection (c) AM Radio Receivers and Transmitters

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