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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

Fostering A Sustainable Environment For Technopreneurship In Malaysia A Detailed Action Plan


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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

Table of contents
INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................................. 4 Section 1 - FUNDING IN THE NEW ECONOMY.......................................................6
1.1 Objectives and Current Status .................................................................................. 6 1.2 The Key Thrust of the Proposals .............................................................................. 6 1.3 The Seven Key Areas .............................................................................................. 7 1.3.1 Build a Pool of Angel Investors.............................................................................. 7 1.3.2 Credit Guarantee Corporation (CGC).................................................................... 8 1.3.3 Banking Sector....................................................................................................... 9 1.3.4 Grants ..................................................................................................................... 9 1.3.5 Incubators............................................................................................................. 11 1.3.6 Venture Capital..................................................................................................... 13 1.3.7 IPO on a Malaysian Exchange & MESDAQ ........................................................ 14

Section 2 - MARKETING SUPPORT.........................................................................16


2.1- Marketing Emerging Malaysian Companies .......................................................... 16 2.1.1 Role of Government ............................................................................................. 16 2.1.2 Current Situation .................................................................................................. 16 2.1.3 Proposed Solutions .............................................................................................. 17 2.2 Reaching out to the World Selling Malaysian Technology.................................. 19 2.3 Acceptance and Recognition - Buy & Use Malaysian ........................................... 21

Section 3 - TECHOPRENEUR DEVELOPMENT....................................................24


3.1 Overall Strategy....................................................................................................... 24 3.2 Government Policy on Private Sector Development .............................................. 25 3.3 Technopreneur Development Program .................................................................. 28 3.4 Technopreneur Online Database............................................................................ 31 3.5 Unsuccessful ventures ............................................................................................ 32 3.6 The School of Technopreneurship.......................................................................... 32 3.7 Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)......................................................................... 33 3.8 Increasing the demand for ICT products and services in Malaysia ....................... 34 3.9 Increasing the number of Technopreneurs............................................................ 40 3.10 Showcase of leading Technopreneur Companies ................................................ 41

Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

Section 4 - MSC - INFRASTRUCTURE....................................................................42


4.1 Introduction.............................................................................................................. 42 4.2 Connectivity ............................................................................................................. 44 4.4 Extending MSC benefits to ICT companies............................................................ 46 4.5 Reorientation of Electronic Payment Mechanisms................................................. 47 4.5 Retail Merchants ..................................................................................................... 49

Section 5 - CONCLUSION ..........................................................................................50 Appendix A Possible Funding & Incentive Schemes .....................................51
1. Government Technopreneur Investment Incentive Scheme (GTII) ...................... 51 2. Idea and Seed Development Scheme (ISDS).......................................................... 53 3. Government Venture Capital Investment Support For Mature Startups .................. 55

Appendix B Technopreneur Development Grant Scheme ............................57 Appendix C TeAM Information & Protem Council ...........................................59

Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

INTRODUCTION
Following the publication and the presentation of the TeAM White Paper entitled, Fostering A Sustainable Environment For Technopreneurship In Malaysia Findings And Recommendation Of TeAMs Industry Dialogues and the recent meeting with MIGHT (Malaysian Industry-Government Group on High Technology) and presentation to the joint NEAC (National Economic Action Council) MIGHT Dialogue, TeAM has drawn up this Detailed Recommendations and Action Plan to be submitted to relevant authorities for their evaluation and further action. This report outlines the detailed recommendations and action plan for the 4 key areas, which were outlined in the white paper namely; 1. 2. 3. 4. Funding in the new Economy Marketing of Malaysian companies and technologies both locally and overseas Technopreneur Development Multimedia Super Corridor Infrastructure

This detailed recommendations and action plan document and the White Paper submitted prior to this are the result of approximately 1000 man hours of work carried out by the members of the Protem Council of TeAM because we strongly feel that; 1. 2. The government needs to know exactly what the grassroots ICT firms require in terms of funding and support and; We also believe that the various government agencies seem genuinely concerned and appear to be working with an unparalleled sense of urgency as everyone realises the importance of the growth of the ICT sector of Malaysia to the future economic success of Malaysia, especially given the hollowing out in the manufacturing sector as firms move their operations to China and other low cost nations.

Section one of the documents specifically deals with the issues associated with funding of ICT companies in the new economy. We specifically outline an overview of the issues facing Technopreneurs especially at the seed stage of development. We then follow this up with detailed examples of various schemes both as grants, loans and investments for companies at various stages of development. Section two deals with Marketing of Malaysian ICT products and services both locally and overseas. Many Malaysian companies have difficulty in selling their software and services both locally and overseas due to various reasons such as lack of experience and poor perception of Malaysian ICT products and services. This section suggests how the government may be able to introduce some initiatives to kick-start the export of Malaysian ICT products and increase the purchase of Malaysian ICT products and services locally.

Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

Section three deals with the very real problem of Technopeneurship Development in Malaysia. Since the ICT startup culture is still very new in Malaysia the government has a significant role to play as a catalyst for the development but needs to work with the private sector, with organizations such as TeAM to take the whole industry forward. Section four deals with the very real issues that confront many ICT companies today and these relate to the level of readiness of the physical infrastructure for Malaysia to be at the forefront of the ICT industry. We have been very specific in many of our recommendations and have gone to the extent of devising various schemes and programs to ensure that these are very practical and workable solutions. While we are proud of the initial results of the MSC our constructive insights into the various problem areas must be viewed in the context of our overwhelming desire to be competitive in the Global arena. TeAM is prepared to work with the Authorities in the implementation of these proposals and in ensuring the success of the New Economy in Malaysia. It is our desire that with the implementation of many of these recommendations, a critical mass of Technopreneurs is created and the products and services of these companies as well as the Companies themselves are recognized as being World Class.

Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

Section 1 - FUNDING IN THE NEW ECONOMY

1.1 Objectives and Current Status


The current status of Funding in the New Economy is not satisfactory and this is proven in the many grouses of Technopreneurs who have not been able to adequately fund their ventures and also based on the fact that there are very few successful ICT companies in Malaysia compared to companies in Singapore, Korea, Hong Kong and China. The Government recognises that there needs to be substantial change in funding ICT ventures and has provided RM 500 million as venture capital funds and has announced a further RM 1.9 billion as debt financing. However, the rate of disbursement and consequently the success of ICT ventures are negligible. Since it is the policy of the Government to ensure that Malaysia completes a successful transformation from the production economy (p-economy) to the knowledge economy (keconomy), the avenue of Funding needs to be given greater attention and funds provided on a fast-track and successful basis to ensure the success of this policy and also that of the MSC The objective of this section is to provide key proposals and suggestions to ensure that Malaysia regains the lead in the k -economy a progresses at a faster pace towards nd realisation of the k-economy.

1.2 The Key Thrust of the Proposals


We propose a series of action plans and recommendations for all parties involved in ICT including government agencies, private sector corporations, not-for-profit organisations especially TeAM and finally Technopreneurs. These action plans specify exactly what needs to be done on a micro basis to ensure the success of the Governments policy and the transformation of the ICT industry into a bustling, profitable and successful industry.

Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

1.3 The Seven Key Areas 1.3.1 Build a Pool of Angel Investors
Many successful US and European technology companies have often started their ventures by being funded by Angels - primarily wealthy individuals and corporations who invest in Seed and Early stage companies and who provide them with enough capital to build a business from concept to prototype or pre-commercialization stage. This stage of funding known as Angel Investing is lacking in Malaysia and needs to be addressed urgently. Although the Government has provided tax incentives for Angel investments, such incentives need to be reassessed and refined to make them more effective in encouraging Angel investments. Our Proposals are as follows: The previous budget (budget 2001) provided incentives for Angel investments, but these need to be reassessed and adequately publicized. One of these incentives includes tax deductions for Angel-type investments into early-stage ventures. Views from various Angel Investors have shown lukewarm response to this incentive, as it is only applicable to investments that eventually list on an exchange. The uncertainty of listing and lack of clarity of this incentive has generally not resulted in any increase in interest in Angel investing. This incentive should instead be modified to allow deductions in investment in any MSC status company, regardless of whether they list or not. In future the incentive should be extended to other non-MSC technology companies as well. Need to organise Angel Investor Education Programmes via MavCap, MVCA and TeAM. Angel investing is very different from Venture Capital, and many do not know the differences. Need to create an avenue to showcase Companies to Angel Investors. This can be through encouragement of pre-exchange markets (not unlike MESDAQs MeNet) where Angel investors can consider potential investments, and start-ups can showcase their ventures to Angels. More events like the Kuala Lumpur Angels Club should be facilitated Organisations like TeAM, MVCA, MDC and MavCap can also act as conduits for such showcases. Encourage local corporations to set up Angel investment funds by publicising the incentives through seminars, workshops and newsletters. What local corporations have thus far initiated are more of Venture Capital Funds, which take majority stakes and run the show, versus Angel-type investing which are almost akin to grants.

Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan Need to work with trade organisations to encourage member companies to invest as corporate Angels. Broaden the role of Grant providers to act like angel financiers. This would entail the relaxation of grant terms and conditions, as well as reduction of grant amounts to as low as RM 50,000. Although presently there are no minimum amounts, most agencies are reluctant to look at too small an amount because of the effort required. This approach has to be revised, and a new but simple and FAST procedure for extending micro-investments must be devised.

1.3.2 Credit Guarantee Corporation (CGC)


The Banking sector is risk averse and loans to the technology sector are virtually nonexistent in Malaysia. Even if there are, the loans are not based on the merits of the business itself but rather rely on collateral and personal guarantees. To minimize the risk exposure and encourage Banks to lend to the ICT sector, we need to have a specific CGC for Technology companies (CGC-T). This may be a part of the current existing structure of the CGC in Malaysia.

Our Proposals are as follows: 1. CGC-T to guarantee loans to ICT Companies. 2. The Government to provide additional funds towards specific technology guarantees by CGC-T. This can be done on an immediate basis via the RM 1.9 billion awarded by the Government to MavCap. 3. The funds provided to CGC-T must be at lower rates than existing cost of funds to encourage more guarantees. 4. The guaranteed amount to be at least 80% of the loan thus minimizing the risk exposure of Banks. We are confident that Technopreneurs will be able to secure the balance of 20%, which will also serve as their commitment towards their venture. 5. Need to set up special criteria for CGC-T to guarantee such loans. This can be done in collaboration with TeAM. 6. Education/info programs for CGC-T officers on the ICT industry 7. Special division of the current CGC to be created for ICT Companies financing and guarantees (to be known as CGC-T).

Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

1.3.3 Banking Sector


The Banking sector in Malaysia is far too risk averse and generally does not provide financing for Technology companies. Thus, while there is a large pool of funds within the banking system, very little is provided for Technology companies because of the perceived higher risks in technology. Without bank financing for working capital and equipment purchase, the cost of financing a technology business is very high in Malaysia and it retards the growth of the ICT sector. The CGC-T will help to minimise the risk, but more can be done. Our Proposals are as follows: 1. Provide education/info programs for Bank officers on the ICT industry 2. Encourage Banks to fund ICT Companies with CGC-T guarantee. Bank Negara, for example, may make it a requirement for Banks to have a certain percentage of their loan portfolios in the ICT industry. 3. MoF and Bank Negara to provide low cost funds to banks to fund ICT Companies. 4. To bear in mind and quantifying the value of Intellectual Property, either in the form of patents or the like, when extending fnance. Currently, funding decisioni making appears to totally ignore the value of Intellectual Capital. 5. Special purpose banks specifically to fund ICT Companies. (e.g. like Bank Industry & Teknologi) to be set up or a special division under certain banks.

1.3.4 Grants
Government Grants are an excellent method of funding next generation technology, R&D and D&D (Design & Development) proposals especially for Seed and Early Stage companies. The Malaysian Government has recognized this fact and has provided numerous grant schemes through many different agencies for funding of such proposals. Despite this, many grant schemes are never utilized and thus a great opportunity has been lost in developing excellent Malaysian products and companies. According to a report by Bank Negara, only 25% of some RM 2.2 billion of available funds in 1999 had been disbursed. Clearly the budgeted funds from the government are not reaching Malaysian Technopreneurs. It should be noted that in a recent survey conducted by TeAM of the various agencies and schemes, only a few listed the extent of their funds or the current disbursement data. We believe that the key reasons for the lack of utilization of funds are as follows:

Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

Difficulty in obtaining information about the availability of Grants and the application criteria. Lack of clarity regarding the level of funds and the associated terms. Too many different agencies to contact. No Central Resource to approach for advice. The schemes have to be better utilized and administered to maximize opportunities for technology firms. Our Proposals are as follows: 1. The various schemes should be consolidated and a one-stop agency be established for grants, this would ease the problems of lack of awareness and bureaucracy. 2. The grants agency should publish quarterly reports on the effectiveness of the various schemes and the ratios of funds total versus amounts disbursed. 3. The various application processes should be streamlined and standardized as much as possible. 4. There should be a checklist for each application process and targets set for the turn-around of applications. 5. Valid reasons should be given for any application rejections based on a clear set of criteria. 6. Administrators must be qualified and experienced in each specific field. 7. Improved dissemination of information on all Grant schemes via all related organisations TeAM, PIKOM, etc. 8. Regular seminars to inform the public on the grants. 9. Workshops to educate Technopreneurs on the grant application process, documentation required, etc. 10. Timeframe for approval and disbursement to be minimized to three months with a standard guarantee of processing within that timeframe. 11. Disbursements timeframes to be shortened with first disbursement to be made within 30 days of completion of documentation. 12. All Grant payments to be made within 30 days of submission of claim.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan 13. Initial disbursements to be at least 30% of grant on an Advance basis not on a claimable basis. This will assist the company in starting the project faster. 14. Disbursement mode to be standardized for all Government Grants. Not the u pay first and I reimburse later concept. Grants can be paid via the one-stop agency to suppliers directly.

1.3.4.1 Technopreneur Development Grant (TDG) scheme


An example of a proposed new grant scheme called Technopreneur Development Grant Scheme (TDGS) is attached in Appendix B.

1.3.5 Incubators
The MDC (through its Technopreneur Development Flagship) will be setting up a Network of Incubators to incubate more ICT companies. However many Incubators globally have failed to develop successful companies and neither have Malaysian Incubators. Incubation is a very good idea but besides providing space and infrastructure, Incubators need to provide management expertise, services and also funds for Technology companies. Seed and Early Stage companies generally do not need much capital to start their business, even less if Incubators provide other amenities. Thus the Government must allocate some funds (either as an allocation, grant or soft loan) for Incubators to in turn fund these promising companies. Our Proposals are as follows: 1. Provide seed capital of RM 50,000 to RM 200,000 for promising start-ups that situate themselves within designated incubators 2. Provide incentives for investment in Incubators recognizing the fact that Incubators will not yield returns for long periods of time. An example would be an immediate tax deduction for investment into an MSC status incubator. 3. Other incentives are a Tax holiday for up to 7 years for the Incubators (similar to MSC Status but for a minimum of 7 years) 4. Allow Incubators to raise funds outside Malaysia without restrictions. 5. Provide cheap land especially next to or within Universities to enable Incubators to build facilities.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan 6. Allow University Faculty and Post Graduate Fellows and Researchers to work within such Incubators part of the time and earn a fee from the Companies or become shareholders in the ventures without restriction from University guidelines. 7. Provide Grants to Incubators to fund Incubatee companies 8. Allow Universities to provide Grants to the Incubators or Incubatee companies. 9. Recognise that in a virtual ICT environment, there should not be too much stress on the physical infrastructure, but more on the overall value added service that an incubator provides. Thus an Incubator must provide such services as expertise in Marketing, Sales, Business Development, Secretarial, Mentoring programs with Successful Technopreneurs, contacts within corporations and Government to encourage business development, Patent registration and other legal assistance, Advertising, Promotions and Public Relations assistance and Financial Management assistance among others. 10. Incubators must be managed by Technopreneurs with a successful track record and with other qualified and experienced business people, not by Bureaucrats, ex-Civil Servants or Academics. The purpose of an incubator is to create successful business entities and this cannot be done without management who have experience in business. 11. Encourage promising graduates of universities to start a business in an Incubator as an alternative to a professional job. This can be done if there is sufficient assistance like funds and adequate guidance of experienced Technopreneurs. 12. Reallocate VC funds managed by Government supported VCs to early stage investments co-managed by incubators. Allow a business model structure that will benefit Incubators, VCs, the Government and Technopreneurs.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

1.3.6 Venture Capital


Although the Government has provided plenty of funds for Venture Capital investing either through MSC Venture Corporation and MavCap, or via Bank Negara to Maybank Ventures and Commerce Ventures, not all of these companies have invested sufficiently fast or have only invested in minimal risk companies and thus technology investments have not been maximised. Although MavCap has only recently been set-up and must be given a chance to invest, it must be remembered that the RM 500 million was allocated in October 2000 and it has taken more than 14 months for the organization to be set-up. Much time has been lost in that period and MavCap must thus speed up its investment and disbursement. Also most of these companies who have been allocated Government funds are still very risk averse in their investment and are sometimes more cautious than even foreign Venture Capitalists. Since the Government provides the funds, the Government must encourage these companies to accept a higher risk and invest the money or lose the funds in the process. Our Proposals are as follows: 1. All government supported VC firms (MavCap, MSC Ventures, Maybank Ventures, Commerce Ventures, etc) to inform Technopreneurs on details of type of investments being sourced i.e. If software, what type of software, if technology, what type of technology, etc. 2. Details must include the amounts available for each stage of funding (min/max, etc) 3. Details must include exactly what they are looking for so that Technopreneurs are clear on what needs to be done & if they will qualify for such funding. 4. Decision timeframes to be reduced to maximum of 3 months with a guaranteed decision timeframe being committed upon submission of completed documentation. 5. A minimum sum must be committed to seed and early stage Companies with a clear definition of such stage made known to the public. Alternatively the definitions in this document under the Technopreneur Development section can be used. 6. A minimum of 30% of each fund must be invested each year so that there is no delay in investment. Unutilized funds to be reallocated to other VCs.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

7. More funds must be distributed to other VC funds, especially those with a track record of investments. A wider distribution will ensure better investment potential. The current outsourcing of RM 100 million to 4 VC firms under the MAVCAP funds is a positive step and should be further accelerated in the medium term. 8. Requirements to qualify as a VCC need revisiting as current laws make it difficult for qualified individuals to set up Venture Capital companies. The SC guidelines on Venture Capital may also need to be relaxed. 9. The government, being the provider of funds, should allow for some investment failures, much like a bank provides for bad loans; i.e. the pressure on the investment agencies to perform has caused these agencies to be extra conservative. We have taken the liberty of including a number of venture capital investment schemes and the investment criteria in Appendix A of this document.

1.3.7 IPO on a Malaysian Exchange & MESDAQ


One of the preferred exit strategies for an Investor (VC or Angel Investor) is a listing on a viable Stock Exchange. Thus the creation of MESDAQ in meeting the needs of the market was admirable, but the many restrictions on MESDAQ and the lack of trading and liquidity has been a disappointment to the industry. Hence one potential avenue of raising funds is out of reach of Technopreneurs and the preferred exit mechanism for Investors has been lost. As such, it is much more difficult to encourage Angel investments and VC investors have an additional risk to consider. Thus MESDAQ must be sorted out immediately for the greater good of the ICT industry. Our Proposals are as follows: 1. MESDAQ and KLSE signed an MOU in June 2001 to consolidate the stock markets. This process of consolidation must be accelerated so that MESDAQs visibility and the trading issues of MESDAQ may be quickly addressed. Further delay will be damaging to technology investments, as MESDAQ is the primary IPO exit route for technology investors in Malaysia. 2. As part of the consolidation exercise, MESDAQ must be incorporated into the current MASA screen to improve the liquidity & trading of MESDAQ stocks. MESDAQ stocks must be tradable by ALL stockbrokers in Malaysia just like any other KLSE stock. 3. MESDAQ must however be able to maintain its current listing criteria and requirements (subject to our suggested amendments below)

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan 4. The total listing approval timeframe (including approval of the Securities Commission) must be shortened to a maximum of 6 months. 5. MESDAQ listing rules must be streamlined so that ease of listing and compliance with continuing listing obligations on MESDAQ are comparable to the rules of other bourses in the region such as SESDAQ Singapore & GEM Hong Kong. The restrictions which should be removed or modified for technology listings include: removing compliance with the NDP until such time as MESDAQ has captured a significant number of technology listings; modifying the public spread requirement to 500,000 shares or at least 15% total issued share capital to be in the hands of at least 500 shareholders to enhance flexibility. Current rules require that at least 25% but not more than 49% should be in public hands with a total minimum of 200 public shareholders. removing the paid-up capital requirement of RM 2 million allowing secondary listings on MESDAQ, and primary listings here be allowed secondary listings on other bourses. removing the requirement that 50% of funds raised be used within Malaysia, and the requirement that at least 50% of the applicants assets and operations are situated within Malaysia. Although the Company can request a review of these requirements, the additional administrative work involved and the possibility of a rejection is not desirable. This is detrimental to the need to regionalise & globalise the ICT sector;

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

Section 2 - MARKETING SUPPORT


2.1- Marketing Emerging Malaysian Companies
TeAM has also identified several key areas to focus on helping Malaysian ICT companies market themselves better. Technology is only half the story with the other half being effective marketing of the products and services. One of the key weaknesses of the ICT industry in Malaysia is the marketing and promotion of Malaysian products and services both by the Malaysian government and by the companies themselves. India has been a powerhouse in its offerings globally and to compete effectively, we need the assistance of the extensive resources of the Government. The following areas have been identified as the key to the success of the ICT industry : 1. 2. Promoting Malaysian Technology Abroad Replicating Malaysias Manufacturing Success Story for the Technology Sector

2.1.1 Role of Government


The government has to play a key role in positioning Malaysia as a strong exporter of technology similar to the Manufacturing sector. TeAM envisions that a stronger approach to market and promote Malaysian technology companies to the world will be required to make this a reality.

2.1.2 Current Situation


Initial positive signs are currently underway for example MATRADE has recently prepared exhibition venue bookings at ICT exhibitions and had invited local ICT companies to exhibit. There is a need to accelerate this activity to more countries and regions and also to broaden the impact and to cover more Malaysian ICT companies. There is no institution set up to promote Malaysian technology companies across the board with the exceptio n of the MDC. However, MDCs objective to promote Malaysian ICT companies is diluted by its primary objective to manage and developed the MSC. We propose that a separate entity or division should be set up to focus solely on the ICT sector. This entity should focus on marketing Malaysian ICT and not be distracted by the overall development of the MSC.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

2.1.3 Proposed Solutions A) The formation of MyTechTrade or TechTrade (Malaysian Technology Trade Development Corporation)
To be set up in a similar fashion as MATRADE under an established organization like MITI, this technology trade development corporation will undertake activities to promote, advertise and sell Malaysian technology products worldwide especially ICT. This organization will work closely with existing trade organizations like MATRADE to leverage on their existing network and offices worldwide. It will also offer training to MATRADE and MITIs officers on the extent of technology development in Malaysia to assist them to promote Malaysian companies. Malaysian technology companies will be invited to complement trade delegations, shows and exhibitions that are already planned. The organization will also publish a newsletter on the technologies available to be distributed to all Malaysian Trade Offices and Embassies globally. We propose that special funds be allocated from the Government to run this organization with coordination and collaboration with Multimedia Development Corporation, the respective Ministries and TeAM. It will organize trade missions, participate in exhibitions, conferences and networking sessions in foreign countries to promote Malaysian companies. It will also match-make Malaysian companies with the local partners in each country to facilitate joint ventures and collaborative efforts with their partners. It should also be able to share resources like research materials, databases and sales leads and tenders globally with all the respective Malaysian technology companies.

B) Training of MATRADE Officials about Malaysian Technology.


In the interim, MATRADE Officials must have adequate information about Malaysian companies. We propose special newsletters be sent to them monthly to update them on the developments of the technology industry in Malaysia Additionally, a website for these officials to keep updated on the latest developments are also proposed. They will be trained on how to match companies with partners and potential customers. Training can be done by TechTrade, MDC, TeAM and other related ICT organizations.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

C) Directory of ICT Companies


TechTrade must also maintain and publish a directory of Malaysian ICT companies for all to use and to search. This should be both in the form of a website and physical booklet for all to access easily. This directory will be distributed and marketed via all trade offices and embassies globally. The current website maintained by MDC called MDC Access should also be adequately promoted overseas as it is currently being underutilized or utilised by foreign companies as an entry point into Malaysia to offer their services in Malaysia. Other third party websites can work in collaboration to integrate the database and content to the website used by Government officials. The maintenance of such a database should be coordinated amongst several agencies and validated to ensure accuracy and data integrity. TeAM can coordinate this effort.

D) Marketing Resource Centers


We propose that the Government drives and funds the initiative to create a marketing resource center for each technology market in the world. (Similar to Small Business Administration Centers in the US) This marketing resource center identifies contacts, channels and customs of a particular market and will be extremely useful to Malaysian companies exploring abroad. It will also have a database of companies or be able to point to sources of these databases to assist Malaysian companies as they venture into new markets. A list of consultants in each of these markets must also be identified to coordinate and create the resource center initially and these consultants will be retained to assist Technopreneurs when the need arises. The Technopreneurs will be charged a reasonable and contracted rate for consultation. As an extension, the marketing resource center could also provide pooled services like small office space and tele-support facilities in each of the larger markets of the world. It does not make sense to have 10 different customer support centers in the US operated by 10 different Malaysian companies. This could be done via collaborative efforts from these marketing centers around the worlds largest markets for technology. This could be extended from the MDC Access that was set up by MDC. However, the center MUST be managed by people who have sufficient knowledge base not only in ICT but also domain expertise in specific sectors and industries.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

2.1.4 Key Benefits


The initiatives mentioned above represents a stronger assault in marketing Malaysian ICT companies abroad in the global markets. Not only targeted at the big developed markets, TechTrade can also open new opportunities in emerging markets for Malaysia. We must replicate the success of the initiatives undertaken in the manufacturing sector and position Malaysia to export to the world as focusing on our own market will not be sufficient to make us thrive.

2.1.5 Key Performance Indicators


1. 2. 3. 4. Number of Malaysian Companies Exporting their technology. Extent of sales as a percentage of Malaysian Technology companies. Number of recognized Malaysian brand names in foreign markets Number of leads and projects secured by Malaysian technology companies

2.2 Reaching out to the World Selling Malaysian Technology 2.2.1 Role of Government
Malaysia needs to intensify the promotion of its T echnology companies to the world. Here, the Government plays an important part to assist and encourage companies to reach out to the world.

2.2.2 Current Situation


The present representation at the worlds largest technology trade fairs by Malaysian companies can be characterized as insignificant despite initial positive action undertaken by MATRADE. Besides Malaysian Pavilions showcasing small companies, the companies often are lost in the sea of competitors and do not stand out. Based on the cost of participation at these shows, we are often reduced to handing out brochures and projector slideshow when others have extensive range of props, demo appliances and even hospitality booths to reach out and grab attention.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

2.2.3 Proposed Solutions


a) Global Tech/ICT exhibitions Traditionally Malaysian representation at these big shows are not impactful. Participants who are interested to go to these shows under the Malaysian delegation are often not committed fully to the show but somehow are interested in the free/subsidized booth. Booths are also bunched up and not spread according to the particular technology of interest. As such, we propose that the TechTrade organization be the master coordinator for companies interested in participating. They will serve as a consultant to advise on the booth location, booking process, showcase, booth design and promotions package to assist these companies do a better job at these shows. They will also be advised on how to follow up on leads at the show and close on potential deals that come by. TechTrade will also manage a show grant from the Government based on the extent of expenditure the companies are willing to make through a matching scheme. We propose a minimum Ringgit for Ringgit matching scheme. TechTrade will appoint Coordinators as consultants to assist Malaysian Technology Companies with marketing consultancy as to how to manage the booth and ensure success. Many Malaysian companies simply dont have the ability to attract attention and follow up and close on leads efficiently in a large show. b) Malaysian Tech Show To assist the smaller companies in Malaysia who may not be able to afford to participate in large exhibitions, TechTrade should create a technology show to be based in Malaysia. This event to be sponsored by the Government or Malaysian companies and organized by TeAM will be open to all TeAM members, MSC Status companies and other Malaysian ICT companies and will be marketed to all Malaysian Corporations and SMEs. TeAM will market this show globally with hopes that one day the event could be ASEANs largest technology showcase that is held in Malaysia annually. This will then allow Malaysia to attract the best minds to Malaysia with hopes of spurring partnerships and strong cooperation between technology companies in the region. This show will be differentiated from current Shows and are not primarily intended for the general public as a computer/PC show but as a specifically targeted business ICT Show for Corporations, SMIs and SMEs and other technology companies. It will comprise exhibitors in software, ICT products and services, emerging technology, R&D and D&D and other similar technologies.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

2.2.4 Key Benefits


The key benefit for Malaysian companies with these initiatives will allow them to market themselves better. Most technology companies like Intel, Microsoft are not only excellent in their technology but possess marketing capabilities that are amongst the best. Marketing budgets are exploding in a more global marketplace today as we compete globally. A major role by the Government in this respect will be a tremendous assistance to Malaysian ICT companies.

2.2.5 Key Performance Indicators


1. More Impactful Malaysian representation at large trade shows. 2. A successfully promoted tradeshow based in Malaysia, which will attract strong representation from Malaysian companies and visitors from the region. Eventually secure interest from other companies in the region to participate at our show. 3. A more direct a pproach to selling and marketing local software and services (rather than just through exhibitions). (E.g. sponsorships or contributions from corporations are directly converted into software and services during exhibitions).

2.3 Acceptance and Recognition - Buy & Use Malaysian 2.3.1 Role of Government
Besides marketing to the world, initiatives to promote and encourage Malaysians to use and purchase Malaysian Technologies must be encouraged. The government must start leading by example as well as launch initiatives to achieve this. It is pertinent to note that recently YB Dato Seri Rafidah Aziz, the Minister of International Trade and Industry (MITI) called for all sectors to use the Malaysia First in awarding contracts by the Government and private sector companies. TeAM fully supports this initiative and hereby proposes the following key thrusts in the promotion of local ICT product and services.

2.3.2 Current Situation


It must be noted that currently even government agencies and large Malaysian companies prefer using imported software and applications. We need to understand the reasons for this and the extent of foreign solutions versus local software usage in Malaysia.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

2.3.3 Proposed Solutions


a) Incentives for Using Local Software and other ICT products and services by Malaysian companies Objective: To encourage the use of IT in business by SMIs and SMEs and to assist local companies in building their ICT businesses locally. The government needs to set up a SIRIM like body for certification and accreditation of companies that develop their software in Malaysia (see item (b)). It is often difficult to distinguish resellers who customize software that are imported for their clients from the truly local software companies. Some incentives by the Government to develop the usage of local software are: Offer double tax deduction to SMIs for using local software products & services Offer Ringgit for Ringgit grants for using local software/services Increase the threshold of the current SMIDEC grant to RM 200,000 per SMI (rather than just RM10,000).

The above should not be limited to software but other related ICT services such as the following: v v v v v v v v integration, hosting (inclusive of other managed services), security, networks (internal and external) wireless capability consultancy design; and training

b) Neutral Certification Body for Software & Services SIRIM or a new body (NewOrg) to be formed for this purpose. We propose that this body uses an international standard like CMM (Capability Maturity Model developed by the Carnegie Mellon University) to certify companies and offers certification services at subsidised rates based on GRANTs from the Government. This will ensure some quality standards in local software development. c) Market Research on Software/Service Technology Spending on foreign software and services By having some research on value of software and services spent on foreign suppliers, we can gauge and benchmark how successful or how much monies can be curbed from leaving the country. This should be done by an independent research company and some criteria and guidelines set in determining what constitutes local software and services.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan We propose MDC take up the coordination of this research task, as it would serve as a good benchmark for the purpose of measuring the ROIs of promoting locally developed software and services. The research can be segmented into key industries and services (including government departments). Once some form of measures can be established, a target or goal can be set over a period of time (e.g. 5 years), and costs savings can be calculated based on the national savings to Malaysia. d) National Advertising Campaign Developing a National Advertising campaign to promote the use of locally developed software and services (similar to the Buy Malaysian campaign). This campaign should create a sense of value towards using local solutions and will build confidence in local Technopreneurs and local software and services.

2.3.4 Key Benefits


Before we can sell to others we must show them that we use our own products. This is the strongest marketing pitch to the world. We believe that by buying and using local software, we can assist in driving improvements as well as providing the essential revenues for Malaysian companies to develop further. Further understanding of this is also elaborated in the next section on Technopreneur Development.

2.3.5 Key Performance Indicators


1. 2. 3. 4. Number of Malaysian software companies that have strong clientele of Malaysian companies. Number of Malaysia software companies with local and global recognition. Number of Malaysian companies taking advantage of the tax incentives to use local software and the amount involved. National savings based on local software usage when compared to foreign software.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

Section 3 - TECHOPRENEUR DEVELOPMENT


3.1 Overall Strategy
This section outlines the detailed recommendations and action plan for Technopreneur Development (TD) in Malaysia. Technopreneur Development will have 5 key thrusts or macro recommendations with each key thrust having a series of action plans and recommended government agencies, private sector involvement and key requirements, including financials; and specific KPIs The Key Thrusts of Technopreneur Development include: -

Government Policy on Private Sector Development An analysis of the Governments involvement in the private sector and how it participates in the economy in relation to ICT. Areas of concern for TeAM are business activities where t e Government is competing directly against the local private sector and an h analysis on Government procurement projects, especially on the MSC Flagship projects, in fostering the partnership between private sector and the Government. Technopreneur Development Program A program to assist Technopreneurs in developing their business with support services for example business plan writing, HR management, financial reporting and other management skills. A strategy to tap into the existing strengths and expertise of community players such as other Technopreneurs, institutions and private sector companies. Increasing the demand for ICT products and services in Malaysia Malaysias local ICT demand for products and services is still lagging behind its counterparts. Malaysias GDP cannot claim a 1% of IT spending as compared to Singapore's 3%, South Korea's 2%, Australia 3.4% and US 8%. The year 2000 B2C market in Malaysia (from leading Research houses like IDC, eMarketer and Gartner) records only 24% of Singapore's RM2.4 billion market (despite our population being 7 times larger than Singapores), while the B2B market is only 5% of Korea's B2B market. Such low local demand will hamper the countrys objective of becoming a Knowledge society and the growth of Technopreneurs due to small local demand to support products and services by Technopreneurs. This thrust will provide recommendations on areas of increasing demand by private sector organizations, SMEs and increasing the growth of B2C.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan Increasing the number of Technopreneurs There is a need to increase the number of Technopreneurs from secondary and higher level education institutions; and also from the professional and working environment. Recommendations will be made to implement an action plan to fundamentally increase the pool of Technopreneurs from the above sources. Showcase of leading Technopreneur Companies Due to the catch-up game of Malaysias New Economy, an immediate initiative is needed to identify existing pioneers and package them to become regional players. Recommendations will be made to establish key local Technopreneur companies to become regional players in the shortest time frame possible.

3.2 Government Policy on Private Sector Development 3.2.1 Role of government


1. 2. Catalyst for the development of new services and the industry Provision of services that may be cost effective or profitable if provided by the private sector

3.2.2 Current Situation


1. 2. 3. Several government agency initiatives are in direct competition to private sector companies e.g. Knowledge Worker Exchange (KWX) under MDC. Contract award of future MSC flagship projects to companies could be more broad based, and should be awarded to companies with the know-how rather than the know who Not a lot of local software solutions have been procured by the government

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

3.2.3 Possible solutions


A. Modify MDCs mandate Modify MDCs mandate so that it does not have to become a self-sustaining and profit generating entity. This will enable it to better serve the Techneupreneurs it was established to nurture. Identification and subsequently divestment, of all government initiatives that directly compete with private sector companies either by; 1. 2. 3. 4. MBO Trade sale Listing Closure/ Windup of Operations

The above are the possible action plans that can be undertaken for other Government sectors as well. B. Award of government ICT contracts Award of government ICT contracts should be broader based and the number of companies awarded contracts should be increased dramatically. The focus should be on SMEs that actually have done similar projects before and/or have people in the project team that have the competency and the know how from previous project implementations, to execute the proposals submitted. The award of small size Government contracts of lesser than RM500,000 should be given to SMEs in the ICT industry. For example in the construction industry, this will be similar to new government initiative to award contracts to Class D, E and F contractors directly instead of the traditional practice of awarding contracts to the class A contractor who takes a margin and subcontracts projects down the value chain. For larger projects SME initiatives should be in place to allow/encourage them to bid as a consortium working together with larger and smaller ICT companies. C. Registry of local software vendors While the Government has plans to set up a Registry of Local Software Vendors under e-perolehan, this should be extended as a reference point for private Malaysian companies and foreign companies to access information on Malaysian ICT companies. MDC Access should also be integrated into this Registry. This should be promoted in a more aggressive manner; 1. Overseas, to potential software purchasers and resellers 2. Locally, to potential software purchasers as well as local software companies (Note: Point 2.1.3 (C) in the marketing section of this paper discusses these issues in more detail.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

D. Study on the Governments participation in the Economy An study is needed to analyze the Governments involvement in the Economy. The objective of this study is to understand and identify sectors where the Government can reevaluate its role by being a facilitator rather than directly competing with the local private sector. The objective of the study is to streamline national resources to facilitate the growth of the national economy. It is proposed that the Economic Planning Unit (EPU) or the National Economic Action Council (NEAC) should undertake this study.

3.2.4 Key Benefits


Maximizing national efficiency by allocating efficient private sector resources to project works thus reducing Government spending Accelerated Development of SME Technopreneurs as the government projects will offset the slowdown in the private sector. A dramatic increase in the critical mass of ICT entrepreneurs and companies in Malaysia Better optimization of resources in the Government where needed. Government resources will be realigned to meet more strategic national development undertakings.

3.2.5 Key Performance Indicators


1. 2. 3. Identify competing ventures by 1st March 2002 Specific Target dates for divestment of competing ventures with a target completing date of 31st December 2002. No of new companies awarded government ICT contracts increased by 50%. Focus should be on SMEs. Target date for achieving this goal shall be 31st December 2002

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

3.3 Technopreneur Development Program 3.3.1 The different stages of development of the Technopreneur Venture
The Technopreneur venture goes through multiple stages of development. Originating from the Technopreneur itself, many venture ideas can be formulated. The stages of development is as follows:Pre-Idea A stage where a Technopreneur has a few ideas for a venture but has not started on any initiative to progress on any of the ideas. This is natural for example many Technopreneurs from educational institutions (student or academic personnel) who are in the initial stages of experimenting and researching on the numerous ideas. Idea The next stage of development is when the Technopreneurs have identified a particular venture and have taken concrete steps to produce the following functions:v Business Plan, together with detailed market research v Proof of Concept v Alpha to Commercial product or service Seed The initiation of organizational structure or legal entity to operate and mange the venture will commence this stage of development. Normally the founding shareholders will form a core management team or top management. No revenue or very minimal revenue with slow growth is evident at this stage of development Start-up This stage marks the higher evolution of the venture where a management team will have support functions such as finance, administration and a proper marketing department. Revenue will experience high growth exceeding CAGR of 20% and existing capacities of the venture will reach maximization, which will mark the commencement of the next stage Expansionary.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

Expansionary As in its name, this stage symbolizes the high expanded stage of the company where head counts, capacity (technical and supportive roles) will greatly expand to meet with high growth of demand. This stage will be characterized by multiple cycles where the venture expands to different levels such as a solution development company expanding from a domestic market to a regional market and so forth. Pre-IPO The venture has reached a level of viability and accepted market levels to be floated in a market bourse with minimal accepted regulations and market qualifications such as underwriting and etc.

3.3.2 The critical needs of a venture: Different needs for different stages
The different stages that a venture undergoes require different types of support. Critical to this is the type of funding in all stages of development. The road today is often long, windy and difficult but our recommendations propose solutions at every step of the way.,

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

The table below depicts the different type of support needed by a venture.
SUPPORT NEEDED AT DIFFERENT STAGES OF THE TECHNOPRENEUR VENTURE Stages Pre-Idea Duration 6 months Funding Non-Funding 1. Market research 2. Networking and industry peer support 3. Counseling Grants for Proof of Concept 1. Detailed Market research, including product differentiation, financial analysis and competitive strategies Technical, editorial and application support Project Management Physical location

Idea

9 months

1.

a. b. c.

Amount RM50k to 2. RM100k Duration: 9 months 3. Purpose: To develop 4. Business Plan and Proof of concept Grant for Alpha, beta 5. and commercial product Amount: Up to RM1 6. million Purpose: To develop Commercial product VC funding o up to 1. f RM1.5 million 2. 3. 4. a. b. 5. 6.

2. a. b. Seed 1 to 1 years 1.

Equipment access Management training

Corporate and secretarial support Financial advisory services Networking and industry peer support Advertising and marketing Advisory and consultancy Bulk media buying Training and HR Development Business Development and partnership

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

Stages Start-up

Duration 3 years

Funding 1. 2. 3. VC funding of up to RM3 million Grants for next generation technology Grants for International or foreign market presence

Non-Funding 1. 2. a. Talent and HR recruiting Advertising and marketing International linkage and market research Bulk media buying Business Development and partnership Marketing network International expansion support International Market research

b. 3. 4. 1.

Expansionary

2 years

1. 2.

Pre-IPO

1 year

1.

VC Funding u to p RM15 million Grants for a. International or foreign market presence VC and/ or 1. mezzanine financing 2. a. b.

Listing support Strategic action plan Government Strategic marketing acquisition plan

The above funding and non-funding support outlined in the table above are assistance needed by third parties. Expertise and capabilities that have been internally developed are not outlined in the above table.

3.4 Technopreneur Online Database


Recommend the development of a Technopreneurs on-line portal (TOP) to meet the following objective: To register an inventory of Technopreneurs in Malaysia with their skills and ventures; To promote collaborative technopreneurship where a symbiotic program is instilled to assist a technopreneur from the skills, knowledge and experience from another technopreneur; To effectively monitor and manage Technopreneurs and their ventures An online application for the relevant grants that assist the growth of ventures A source to seek VCs, angels and other funders A source for market and business development collaboration, including foreign linkage.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan The online portal will work in collaboration and in alliance with other online presence of associations, community web sites and content/e-commerce driven web-sites. It is important here to emphasize that the on-line portal shall be a non-profit entity and will not compete with other industry players. Such a portal has also been currently conceptualized or implemented (although not in totality) by the Multimedia Development Corporation (MDC) via MDC Access, Ministry of Entrepreneur Development, Ministry of International Trade and Industry, MESDAQ via MeNet and private companies such as Skali, FirstFloor capital and others. A Technopreneur registered at the site must have one or more ventures or may be working on a few ventures, which may be eligible for the Technopreneur Development Grant as elaborated in the next section. TOP will remain a strategic element to the management and operations of the said Grant Scheme.

3.5 Unsuccessful ventures


It is natural that certain ventures initiated by the Technopreneur will not graduate and fail to graduate to the next level. Such ventures will undergo an embargo period that will later be published as a public domain for the community to learn and to capitalize further. This concept of taking ventures into the public domain is termed as recycling and will benefit the community at large and provide a platform for other Technopreneurs to learn from these failed ventures. Intellectual Property (IP) will remain the property of the Technopreneur.

3.6 The School of Technopreneurship


As part of the TDG Grant, Technopreneurs will be required to undergo training at certified continuing educational institutions to enhance their management skills. It is known that Technopreneurs require further training in the areas of management and it is proposed that eligible candidates applying for the TDG are required to undergo training and subscribe to relevant courses in business administration, HR, marketing, financial planning, etc. The fees for these courses will be paid via the TDG. A review of the related courses offered by both private and public educational institutions including management associations will provide a list of courses that will provide adequate training to Technopreneurs. The above will provide a further boost to the local educational institutions. The training is designed to provide Technopreneurs with management skills that will enhance the possibility of producing more Globally competitive Technopreneurs.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

3.7 Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)


It is recommended that the Technopreneurs Development Program have the following KPIs: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Time taken to approve and disburse Grants. No. of ventures approved under the Grant Schemes No. of Technopreneurs registered at TOP No of ventures of Technopreneurs Skills per Technopreneur No. of ventures funded and graduated to seed level No. of failed ventures or ventures not getting funded. No. of ventures continued after failure No. of active Technopreneurs (time span) Average age of Technopreneurs No. of collaborations undertaken between Technopreneurs No. of foreign or international marketing/ business collaborations Revenue of ventures from foreign sources

development

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

3.8 Increasing the demand for ICT products and services in Malaysia 3.8.1 The current state of affairs
Malaysias ICT spending is relatively low and not adequate to support a thriving local community of Technopreneurs. The low demand of ICT in the domestic market also restricts the growth of Technopreneurs and their ventures, which ultimately will marginalize the countrys objective in producing World Class Technopreneurs. As indicated in the table below, Malaysias local ICT demand for products and services in 2000 is still lagging behind its counterparts. Malaysias GDP has yet to reach 1% of IT spending as compared to Singapore's 3%, South Korea's 2%, Australia 3.4% and US 8%.
% of IT Spending over GDP IT Spending per capita

Country

IT Spending (RM billion)

GDP (RM billion)

Population (million)

Malaysia Singapore S. Korea Australia USA

5.9 12.5 46.7 52.4 2,918.0

885.40 383.80 2,420.00 1,535.20 36,461.00

21.8 4.2 47.5 19.2 281.4

0.67% 3.27% 1.93% 3.42% 8.00%

270.6 2,985.7 983.2 2,731.3 10,369.6

Another indication is Malaysias 2000 B2C and B2B market (from leading Research houses like IDC, eMarketer and Gartner) records a 24% of Singapore's RM2.4 billion market. Malaysias B2B market is only 5% of Korea's B2B market.

Country

B2C (RM million)

B2B (RM million)

Malaysia Singapore S. Korea Australia USA


Singapore, eMarketer, Gartner

596 2,457 760 1,140 152,000

894 193,200 16,720 10,555 400,000

Source: IDC, Ministry of Telecommunications and IT

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

3.8.2 The Key proposed thrusts


The proposed key thrusts to the recommendations in increasing demand for ICT products are as follows:-

Local conglomerates or Anchor movers


The identification and strategic action plan of large local companies to use ICT thus having a direct impact on Malaysias GDP. Large conglomerates are significant in this strategy due to their buying power, which will encourage their supply partner to also use ICT.

SMEs
SMEs are a vital component to Malaysias competitiveness and the use of ICT by the SMEs will in turn sharpen the competitiveness of Malaysias economy. Recent studies have highlighted that SMEs in Malaysia are still lagging behind their foreign counterparts in the use of ICT.

Consumer Internet or B2C Market


Although there has been much exposure to B2B and B2C commerce yet there is little expansion in this particular market. As indicated in the previous sections the B2C market in Malaysia is still lagging. This thrust will concentrate on findings that w relate to ill recommendations to the development of the B2C market.

3.8.2.1 Local conglomerates or Anchor movers


Create an impact on the national GDP. This thrust is designed to have key anchor local large companies in the key sectors of the industry. T strategy calls for the adoption of ICT by large corporations in the he following sectors:v v v v v v v v v v v v Education Construction an/or property development Automobile Plantation or Agriculture based products Finance Unit Trusts, Stock broking, Banking, Insurance, etc Electronics and Electrical Textile & Garments Furniture & Wood based industries Hospitality & Tourism Healthcare Consumer or retail products Logistics and transportation, etc

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan The identification of 4 to 5 companies within each sector that control more than 50% of the market share and that are leaders of their particular sector, thus having the impact on the national economy and also encouraging its supply and client partners to adopt ICT. For example in construction the companies identified are YTL, Gamuda, UEM, Renong, Road Builder, MTD and IJM. A . Incentive to anchor movers It is recommended that as an incentive to the Anchor movers double deduction or one year tax relief on expenditure spent on ICT or related services is needed to mobilize them to use ICT in their value and supply chain. The expenditure must not only include hardware and related software but also the following:v v v v v v v v integration, hosting, security, networks (internal and external) wireless capability consultancy design; and training

The above is an integral part of any E-commerce or E-Business transaction which will maximize the benefits to anchor movers. Emphasis should be given to local Technopreneur companies. B. Affordable to the SMEs i.e. the partners It is important to highlight that investment in ICT technology must be technology independent and technology invested by the anchor movers must allow its SME partners (including its distributor and suppliers) to invest in ICT and integrate with the host technology in the Anchor mover company. Such investment by the SMEs must not be a capital cost and burden to them and the technology must be available in the market by bureau service providers or ISPs at very competitive market prices. The current move to Rosetta Net as endorsed by the Government is commendable and should act as a catalyst for further enhancements in the use of technology by SMEs.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

C. International readiness The completion and investment by the Anchor companies would ultimately allow its operations to be scalable to capture foreign markets, for example a unit trust company with the ready portal and back end integration can duplicate such capability in another foreign country. The proposal in Budget 2002 providing a tax of only 10% for foreign sales via ecommerce is a step in the right direction. It is recommended that further inducement is made to promote such activities by allowing further tax relief for revenue recognized from such online or ICT strategies that are from local sources as well.

3.8.2.2 SMEs
SMEs remain an important element in boosting ICT demand in Malaysia. However many surveys and research have pointed out that despite heavy inducements by the Government, SMEs are slow in adopting ICT. Figures point out that approximately 30% are using e -commerce or e -business where the majority of this 30% are basic e -mail users. It is estimated that only 17% use the Internet for its daily operations such as marketing or customer relations management. These figures fare poorly compared to the 80% ratio of SMEs in developed companies that use E-commerce or E-Business. It is obvious that such laggards in the SME community are affecting Malaysias competitiveness. It is proposed that the following strategies be undertaken: Identify new economy S MEs or SMEs that are most palatable to the use of Ecommerce or E-Business. Provide incentives and strategic, targeted Public Relations initiatives to educate the public on the benefits of ICT and on the implementation issues. Micro strategize with sectorial divisions i.e. construction, textiles, automobile, etc. and offer the relevant e-commerce services in accordance to sectorial characteristics and business rules. Enhance the continued education and training via sectorial associations Provide the buffet of E-commerce services from complex applications like procurement or Portal Content Management System (CMS) to simple services such as E-mail systems. It is important to provide such buffet via bureau service providers than the normal approach of purchase and install. This will ensure that the SMEs have many options in initiating e-Business within their companies from and can select to start small with a Portal to market their products to adopting complex applications like ERP and SCM. All relevant agencies and Ministries should adopt the following broad strategies. It is important to note that such SME strategies augur well with implementation strategies outlined for Anchor movers in Section 3.9.2.1

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

3.8.2.3 Consumer Internet or B2C Market


Although there has been substantial publicity on B2B and B2C commerce, the growth of this particular market is not proportionate to the growth of the ICT generally. As indicated in the previous section the B2C market in Malaysia is still lagging behind others in the region. The following issues need to be reconsidered and the recommendations adopted: a) Internet Users Statistics the case of reporting the wrong statistics Press statements by both the private and public sectors state that there are approximately 1 to 1.5 million Internet subscribers in Malaysia. Although such statistics are true, the correct measurement should be Internet users and NOT Internet subscribers. It is important to note that the RM8 Report produced by the Government recently highlighted the correct usage of Internet users at 4 million At 4 million, Malaysias Internet population is 18% as opposed to the usage of Internet subscribers of 1 million or 4.5% of the overall population. The difference in percentage figures has significant impact in the overall perception of B2C viability. It is recommended that all public statements use Internet users as opposed to Internet subscribers and that a yearly survey be conducted and endorsed by the Ministry of Energy, Post and Multimedia. b) Synergy with housing developers In order to ensure greater Internet penetration and the use of e-commerce, it is recommended that a national initiative be undertaken to require all property developers to equip homes with computers or any other Internet devices, email facilities, broadband access and a township portal. Again as an inducement to property developers, tax relief incentives should be given to property developers to implement such measures.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

c) Affirmative Persuasion Strategies To leapfrog B2C Commerce in Malaysia, force mechanisms should be implemented to encourage individuals to transact using on-line payments. An example of such an area is in Bill payments for e.g. : Tax payments including land taxes etc. Payment of fines such as traffic violations

A more detailed study requires to be undertaken to ascertain the buying habits of the community. Such implementation should only be implemented with the necessary support services such as debit payment systems like Maybank2u debit system and should be implemented gradually in phases. d) Other Barriers to B2C Other barriers such as Payment Gateway systems and quality of Internet Access are elaborated in Section 4 below. The rectification of some of these issues will fundamentally enhance Consumer Internet and the B2C market in the country.

3.8.3 Key performance Indicators


It is proposed that the following KPIs be considered: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Value of B2C Commerce and its growth rate. Value of B2B Commerce and its growth rate and breakdown by sectors Internet subscribers Internet users Quality of Internet access. A yearly survey to be conducted Number of homes having Internet devices IT spending and IT spending as a portion of GDP Survey on the number of merchants on-line and percentage of revenue derived from on-line business Survey on the adoption of ICT by SMEs by sectors Survey on large conglomerates (by sectors) adopting ICT, including revenue derived Malaysias competitive ranking against other countries Malaysias e-Business readiness ranking

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

3.9 Increasing the number of Technopreneurs


There is a need to increase the number of Technopreneurs from secondary and higher level education institutions; and also from the professional and working environment. Recommendations will be made to implement an action plan to fundamentally increase the pool of Technopreneurs from the above sources. Our recommendations include: 1) Holding venture competitions in each state with sufficient prize money so that the winners will be able to use the money as seed capital to start their business 2) Technopreneurship clubs should also be started in secondary schools, colleges and universities to foster the risk taking culture at this level. We propose that the government allocate RM 14 million per year, providing RM 1 million per state (plus the KL Federal Territory), per year. 3) Mentoring programs with existing Technopreneurs could also be set up together with the school or universities. This will take existing internship programs a step further whereby the educational institutions would arrange for their students to actually receive talks and seminars from people in the ICT sector on an ongoing basis. This will be similar to initiatives that Business schools routinely do particularly in the US. The purpose of doing this is that ICT cuts across just about every industry in a different way. As such, there is no one overall body that can effectively spur members of all industries to adopt ICT into their business processes. Rather, we believe that bodies that are industry or community specific have a better idea and focus on specific industries and thereby can create programs that are relevant and effective to their respective members and constituents. At the same time, we recognize that the key driver of a long-term trend to make Technopreneurship a driver of our countrys economy is through the inculcation of these values at an early stage, particularly when our population is still in school. Generally speaking, the people most influenced by role models will be those who are younger and there is a tremendous amount of potential present in the education system at this time. We believe that by supporting groups who can effectively reach out to students, we can go a long way toward incubating this kind of favourable attitude toward innovation and Technopreneurship, particularly in the ICT sector.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

3.10 Showcase of leading Technopreneur Companies


Malaysia requires a showcase of leading Technopreneur companies. These examples are needed to provide an indication that Malaysias New Economy is thriving. In addition, the provision of the showcase will also be a morale booster for Malaysian Technopreneurs. Identification of leading local pioneer Technopreneur companies There is a need to identify at least 10 companies owned or managed by local Technopreneurs, which are not only successful companies but also leaders in their respective fields. Flotation of the leading Technopreneur companies It is further recommended that these Technopreneur companies be listed over a period of 12 months with the support of the Government. To ensure the success of the flotation the strategic support of the Government is needed especially in the use of the companies services and regional expansion.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

Section 4 - MSC - INFRASTRUCTURE


4.1 Introduction

In light of TeAMs white paper recommendations, we saw the MDC and infrastructure in general as two of the areas which could be tweaked in order to provide vastly enhanced growth incentives for the local ICT industry. In considering this question, we found that there were four sub-areas of concern among technopreneurs. These included: 1) Lack of a mass market access to faster and more reliable internet connections. This is having the effect of reducing the incentive for businesses in the country to utilize the internet for key business processes, reducing innovation in the area of content development and acting as a disincentive for foreign investment into Malaysia. 2) Development of the new Technopreneur flagship, it was felt that the MSC and the various financial measures available through it should be more focused on creating a group of successful Technopreneurs. This would reduce the rate of failure in the industry which is often brought about by poor management and marketing as opposed to poor idea generation.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

3) Opening up the benefits of MSC status in order to spur the industry. It is felt by many that there are many good ICT companies that are not being addressed by the MSC status. This is particularly true of new start-ups who might not be ready to satisfy all of the criteria for MSC status. Many of these new businesses operate on very tight budgets or may even be home-based at the onset meaning that they cannot afford, nor is it effective for them to immediately move into the MSC cybercities. Nonetheless, the MSC initiative is a very good one in attracting investors into the industry and in that way, we should attempt to find any means possible to capitalize on the benefits that are already being extended in order to spur the overall industry regardless of location. At the same time, we understand that settlement of the cybercities is a priority of government and we should find ways to encourage people to move rather than forcing them to do so irrespective of individual business concerns. 4) MEPS and the Existing System of Accepting Paymen ts. It is felt by many that the disincentives and hassles that have been built into the financial system are actually having a vastly detrimental impact on the advancement of the local ecommerce system. As such, we should attempt to streamline and simplify the processes required for Technopreneurs, and business in general, to adopt e commerce as an incremental advancement in their business. 5) Retail Merchants also need to be persuaded to adopt e-commerce and the streamlining of the existing Payments Systems as well as the education of Retail Merchants is necessary for the success of e-commerce.

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Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Detailed Action Plan

4.2 Connectivity
In order to develop the local market for ICT products and to increase the efficiency of MDCs and other departments marketing efforts to attract foreign and local investment in the ICT and information industries, the government should encourage the development of Internet connectivity services, particularly the use of broadband. Affordable Broadband connectivity is likely to increase the int ensity of Internet usage. As such, we would propose that the government extend the following measures: 1) The government should consider extending either a tax deduction or a subsidy on the use of broadband connections for businesses. 2) The government should encourage property owners and property developers to install data infrastructure in their real estate by providing a tax deduction or suitable subsidy. This should cover both wireless and broadband infrastructure. The impact of creating this incentive is that it would instantly provide more business owners with access to faster connections thereby spurring the business community in general to adopt the Internet as their primary platform for doing business. 3) The government could consider granting licens es to locally owned businesses interested in providing broadband services, thereby increasing competition with and among Telco providers. This market -based solution will greatly spur the growth of broadband as witnessed in the United States 4) Finally, as Internet connectivity is the backbone of an Internet economy, the government should provide research grants for new technology related to data infrastructure. The net financial impact of these measures will be negligible as the lost taxes due to the subsidies can be made up through an incremental increase in the incomes of infrastructure providers.

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4.3 QUALITY OF SERVICE


We would also like to highlight three qualitative issues and the solutions to the issues that arise in the current telecommunication environment. 4.3.1 Better Quality of service by Telco and ISP providers, especially in Point of Interconnection (POI).
There should be strict adherence to Global best practices, which stipulates minimal percentage of faults in the POI, thus allowing superior interconnection communication (data, voice and others) between two or more Telco's and ISPs. Enforcement on these matters by the Communication and Multimedia Commission must be rigid with hefty penalties to defaulting parties. It is further recommended to make it mandatory as to allow two or more Telcos or ISPs to connect between each other at all Point of Interconnections (POIs). For example, Telco A that has recently secured a customer in Ipoh is allowed to interconnect with another Telco (Telco B) due to Telco Bs infrastructure in Ipoh being readily available. Telco Bs will be compensated for the use of its Infrastructure by the sharing of the Telco fees collected by Telco A. It is understood that the above has already been practiced to a certain degree in Malaysia but the absence of a Mandatory requirement promotes the failure of such arrangement. Current problems are evident where a building which has subscribed to a particular Telco cannot interconnect to another Telco due to red tape, bureaucracy or plain non-competitive practices adopted by the other Telco. Again it is very significant to highlight that enforcement of such practices is paramount to this success.

4.3.2 Provision of service to Value Added Service (VAS) providers


All Telco and Internet infra providers must adhere to a certain best practice to such provision to VAS providers giving a certain time period for activation and certain level of Service Level Agreements (SLA). Again enforcement is very important. It is evident through numerous complains by VAS providers that certain Telco's implement unwarranted red tape and bureaucracy in order to implement non-competitive business practices because the VAS are competing against the Telco's in the VAS service provision. Again Mandatory requirement for Telcos to allow VAS to Interconnect holds substantial importance.

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4.3.3 Peering
Currently Internet access connection (partly due to the problems of the POI as illustrated above) between ISPs is required to be enhanced. For example a TMnet user will experience slow connection to access a website hosted on a Jaring or Maxis infrastructure. The reason is because the peering between Telco's and ISPs are small and sometimes traffic has to be diverted overseas and return back to Malaysia, due to the congestion. It is recommended that the government ensure the enhancing of peering arrangements between the ISPs and Telco's would be needed to ensure Malaysia achieves the knowledge Economy status. Due to the substantial lead of TMNet as the dominant ISP in the country, special attention should be given to peering arrangements between TMNet and the other ISPs in the country.

4.4 Extending MSC benefits to ICT companies


In order to effectively stimulate local and foreign investment through the use of the MSC schemes, we would propose the following steps be taken: 1) Extending all tax and financial incentives contained in the MSC Bill of Guarantees to all newly-formed ICT-focused companies, regardless of their location, upon registration with either the MDC or the Ministry of Energy, Communications and Multimedia. The tax incentive given to companies should be for 2 years. The net financial result of this measure will be negligible since most companies do not make a profit in their first two years. Upon completion of the 2 years these companies can then choose to become a full MSC Status company. 2) In addition, all incentives related to foreign ownership and work permits should also be granted to these companies provided that they locate themselves in an incubator area or receive express permission from the Ministry or the MDC to that extent. In order to safeguard the integrity of the measure, all companies that are majority foreign-owned should be requested to place a RM3000 bond with the government for every foreign non-director subject to a company audit to be completed in the 12th month of their operations. Should the company fail to have business operations in their intended role, the government may retroactively rescind this right and force the companys non-local directors to divest their shares. 3) In order to continue to encourage ICT companies to locate themselves in the MSC cybercities, the entire Bill of Guarantees should be maintained for those companies located in the cybercities. A condition that will be required of any company not located in the cybercities is that they must locate their data centres in Malaysia. This is really the heart of the MSC initiative in an age where companies can locate themselves with ease in a virtual space.

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4.5 Reorientation of Electronic Payment Mechanisms


During the 2002 Budget speech, the Prime Minister alluded to a reduction in taxes on income generated from online sales of goods and services through e-commerce. TeAM considers this as an excellent starting point to addressing the relative inactivity of the ecommerce sector in this country. However, of more grave issue is the fact that mechanisms for small and medium businesses to take advantage of the use of e -commerce are largely inaccessible. We see three elements that drive this inaccessibility. 1) Most local banks make obtaining a merchant account for e-commerce unwieldy at best, requiring companies to deposit RM100, 000 of cash as a Fixed Deposit before receiving Merchant Accounts from the acquiring banks. 2) The fact that there is only one Authorised processing authority is also detrimental to the e-commerce. We propose the addition of two other organisations licensed to provide this service 3) Due to the current SET system utilized by MEPS, the transaction time is taking longer than the normal International standards. The problem is further enhanced due to the lack of bandwidth and quality of service by ISPs and Telcos. Such long time to approve online transactions cripples the growth of B2C development in Malaysia. To remedy these problems, we would suggest the following possible solutions: 1) Creating Lower Barriers of Entry to Obtaining Merchant Accounts If banks are to continue imposing rigidly high requirements on new e-commerce merchants for the provision of a new e-commerce merchant account, the Government should consider allocating funds to the private sector through the banking system to allow qualified merchants with bridge financing equal to the required initial transaction requirements (ie: up to RM100,000) so as to ensure that merchants can obtain an e-commerce account with relatively little hassle. This would be particularly helpful for small and medium enterprises. Another option to the allocation of such financing would be to allow NGO and associations to organize the merchant accounts on behalf of its members. In other words, as an example, SMIDEC could arrange to have an umbrella account for all of its merchants and allow them to immediately put their businesses online with the same merchant account.

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2) The need to have more than one national payment system Currently MEPS is the only authorized national payments system. Bureau service providers such as GHL, Camtech and Skali are required to connect to MEPS and MEPS in turn connects to the banks. To induce positive competition and quality of service, it is recommended that at least another two other national payment gateway systems be licensed. This policy should be reviewed every two years to ensure that the required quality of service is sufficient. A further recommendation is that all three payment clearing service providers should have the facility of accepting debit account payment systems in addition to credit card transaction facilities. This will depend on all Banks allowing the three national payment clearing service providers to provide debit account payments. The wide use of debit account payment services will accelerate demand for online transactions due to the reduction of fraud and risks to merchants and banks.

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4.5 Retail Merchants


The other side to the coin in the B2C Market is the retail merchant. The following are some barriers to the lack of retail merchants offering services and products online: Quality of Internet access is poor Quality of the national payment systems are inadequate. Education and understanding on the use of e-commerce by retail merchants Difficulties in acquiring Merchant Identification for e-commerce transactions Lack of e -commerce demand in the local market to sustain any e -commerce developments Fraud and Security issues While some of the above barriers have been addressed above there is also the need to educate Retail Merchants. The proposed recommendations are as follows:1) To boost B2C, traditional brand names or existing household brand names should be encouraged to use e-Commerce and allow online transactions of their goods or services. This is because it is natural that the consumer has more faith and loyalty in brands or establishments that they recognize and trust. 2) Education on fraud and best practice, including the use of Digital Certificates, for security management is also necessary. 3) It is recommended that under the Ministry of Domestic Trade the same SME strategy outlined in section 3.9.2.2 be implemented in conjunction with Anchor mover strategies outlined in section 3.9.2.1. 4) It is recommended that an informative community portal be established to provide advise and guidance to retail merchants.

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Section 5 - CONCLUSION
The proposals above have been structured to meet all the fundamental requirements of Technopreneurs. Many of the suggestions can be implemented on a fast-track basis and should be done urgently. If this need is not met in Malaysia, one of two things will happen. Either many local ICT companies will fail and it will be detrimental to the industry as a whole and to the Governments policy of creating a k-economy in Malaysia or; Many Malaysian companies will seek greener pastures elsewhere and this will continue the brain drain currently faced by Malaysia and will lead to a s lower economic growth in future.

TeAM is prepared to work with the Authorities in the implementation of these proposals and in ensuring the success of the New Economy in Malaysia. We are confident that our proposals will lead to Malaysia regaining the lead in the New Economy but the close cooperation between industry and government is necessary for this to work.

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Appendix A Possible Funding & Incentive Schemes


1. Government Technopreneur Investment Incentive Scheme (GTII) Objective
Malaysia is progressing towards being a knowledge-based economy. High-tech start-ups are important to the vitality of a knowledge-based economy. However, investments into high-tech start-ups are generally risky due to the dynamic nature of their businesses. To encourage investment into such high-tech start-ups, the Government is prepared to coshare the risk with the investors by introducing the Technopreneur Investment Incentive. The Technopreneur Investment Incentive aims to ease the difficulty faced by high-tech start-ups in obtaining capital investment in their initial phase of growth by providing investors of qualifying start-ups with loss insurance for their investments into these startups. Qualified technopreneur start-ups will be given GTII Status by Government The start-up can then issue Certificates to its investors up to a maximum investment of RM3million. Investors with valid certificates are entitled to deduct their loss amount against their taxable income.

Technopreneurial Start-up
A technopreneurial start-up should fulfill the following basic criteria to be qualified and/or retain its qualified status: 1. It is an unlisted company in its initial years of existence with a paid-up capital of at least RM10,000; 2. It should primarily be in the initial stage of developing or exploiting new technology in relation to a specific product, process or service, in a high growth sector. This is identified as pre-idea, idea, seed and start-up stage of Venture stage development as described earlier. 3. It is incorporated in Malaysia (there is no restriction on the ownership profile of the company) and conducts the qualifying technopreneurial start-up activity wholly or mainly in Malaysia;

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4. A start-up company can be granted the approved technopreneurial start-up status for at most 5 years. During this period, it must continue to satisfy the qualifying conditions. There would not be any renewal or extension of the status to the same company. If the company wishes to embark on a new qualifying technopreneur activity, it would need to set up a new entity. The qualifying status will lapse under one of the following conditions: v v v v Company goes for public listing; Total amount of investment raised under GTII exceeds RM3million; after a maximum period of 5 years; the company breaches the conditions stipulated under the GTII Terms & Conditions(To be defined); v the status is revoked by the Government.

Investment
v Investment must satisfy the following criteria to be qualified: 1. An investor can be an individual or a company. Individual includes the Technopreneur who founded the technopreneurial start-up, his relatives and employees who purchase shares from the technopreneurial start-up at market price (exclude share allocation to employees and shares obtained by exercising employee stock options). A start-up can issue certificates to its investors up to a maximum investment of RM3million. 2. Investment must be in the form of purchase of new ordinary or preference share capital in the qualifying technopreneurial start-up and NOT replacement capital NOR debt instruments (e.g. convertible loans). 3. There must be no condition in the shares that would eliminate the investors' risk. 4. Share must be issued, and acquired by the investor within the period when the technopreneurial start-up is enjoying the approved status. 5. Any Losses incurred in the investment will be recognised under this Scheme provided that the sale of the qualified shares is between the start of 2nd year and end of 6th year from the date of purchase of the shares. 6. Each investment must be at least RM10,000 to qualify.

Investor Benefits
An investor is entitled to deduct his loss incurred under GTII against his taxable income for the same year in which the sale takes place. The investor will be able to benefit from declaring a reduced taxable income. In the event where the investor's income for that year is less than the loss incurred from the sale of the qualified share, the remaining loss amount may be carried forward indefinitely to be offset against future income. The investor will need to submit to IRD the Letter of Certification in the tax filing process as proof that he is a qualified investor under the GTII.

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2. Idea and Seed Development Scheme (ISDS)


The Idea and Seed Development Scheme (ISDS) aims to provide equity financing for startups in the idea and seed stage of enterprise formation. It is proposed that this subfund is managed by Incubators/ accelerators that can provide the necessary support services to the companies. The Incubators will do the analyzing and have the ability to invest in the venture as a matching investment, drawing from the principle funds handled by MAVCAP and other VCs like Mayban Ventures, Commerce Asset Ventures etc For every Ringgit raised from 3rd party private investor(s) by the company, the Incubators will match a Ringgit (for cash injections only), up to a maximum sum of RM 500,000. Both the managing organization and the 3rd party investors will take equity stakes in the company, the percentage of which will be in proportion to their respective Ringgit amount of investment.

Objective of the Scheme


The objective of the SDS is to foster Technopreneurship and innovation activities in Malaysia through matching financing by the government.

Funding Principle
The scheme encourages private sector investments in innovative idea and seed-stage companies as a means to stimulate Technopreneurship in Malaysia. The startup and its 3rd party investor(s) jointly apply to any of the incubators for cofunding. If the application is successful, Incubators will match the 3rd party investor's investment and take an equity interest in the company.

Amount of Funding
The fund will match a Ringgit for every 3rd party private sector cash injection, up to a maximum sum of RM500,000. The minimum investment by the 3rd party investor(s) shall be RM75,000.

Qualifying Company
For the purpose of this scheme, the qualifying company is defined as any legal entity that meets the criteria of idea and seed as described herein. The company should be engaged in the development of new or better products, processes and applications. Innovation can be in the form of technology and/or business models. The company must be incorporated in Malaysia and would be carrying out its core activities in Malaysia. E.g. if the company globalises, the HQ functions and the highest value added functions, like intellectual property and top management, should all reside in Malaysia.

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Qualifying Business Activities


The business activities of the startup companies shall have the following characteristics: 1. Substantial innovative or intellectual content; 2. High growth potential; and 3. Scalability for both the local and international market

Disbursements
Upon approval by Incubators, the fund will be disbursed in the form of paid up capital in 2 equal tranches. The first tranche will be paid out upon receipt by Incubators of documentary proof that the 3rd party investor(s) has invested his share of equity financing. The 2nd tranche will be paid out when the company has met milestones set by the company in the investor evaluation form. The milestones should be fixed some 6 to 18 months after the project commencement.

Divestment
Incubators shall exit from the investment at the earliest of the following: 1. Initial Public Offering of the company; or 2. Sales, merger or acquisition of the company ; or 3. Such time when a third party cash offer is received by the Incubator for the purchase of its shares prior to the 5th anniversary of its investment in the company; or 4. If the above exit points have not occurred at the end of the 5 years, the Incubator will review the exit strategies. If it chooses to divest completely, the shares will be offered to other 3rd party investors, the founder(s) and other existing shareholders in proportion to their shareholding or in any other fair and equitable manner. However the Incubator reserves the right to choose its exit strategy.

Transfer of Shares
Should any of the shareholders (founder shareholders and 3rd party investor) wish to divest their investment, they must first make an offer to the remaining shareholders, subject to the terms of the investment agreement. They may only approach another external investor(s) if the existing shareholders have declined to participate.

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3. Government Venture Capital Investment Support For Mature Startups Description


Venture Capital Investment Support for Start-ups is a program to directly co-invest into early stage promising and strategic companies that are based in Malaysia. The objective is to play a catalytic role in drawing investments into earlier stage start-ups by lowering the mental barrier through lower risk exposure. This scheme differs from the earlier Startup Development Scheme in that the amounts involved are larger and the companies targeted under this scheme are more mature companies. This scheme is a government investment scheme. It will invest in a company with a minimum leverage factor of RM1 investment for RM2 of private investment. The government will follow the valuation of the startup company by the private investors providing the matching 2 times equity money. This is to ensure that market forces are not distorted. The investment amount is capped at RM1 million and the holding company of the government will not become the largest single shareholder in the company and will not invest in a company on its own for this scheme.

Objective
The primary aim of the fund is to directly co-invest into early stage promising and strategic companies that are based or linked to Malaysia. The objectives of the fund are three-fold: a) to develop an environment that will bring forth a critical mass of promising start-up companies in the early stage; b) to play a catalytic role in drawing investments into earlier start-up companies; and c) draw in start-up companies that are s trategic in nature to Malaysia.

Eligible investment
1. In the early stage of company development 2. In a fast growing technology sector (technology based, export oriented and Intellectual Property-centric)

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Eligible Investors
Venture Capitalists, Corporate, Business Angels, Family, Friends

Due Diligence
Conducted by both relevant government nominees/agencies and the private investors. Subsequent to the investment, the government will require the company to submit halfyearly reports and management accounts. Annual audited accounts are to be submitted as well. Relevant government nominees/agencies will act as observers at Board meetings although it reserves the right to appoint a director to the Board.

Funding principles
Co-investment basis (RM 1 government investment for every RM 2 private investment) Maximum of RM 1 million per investment.

Benefits to Private Investors


Risk is reduced with the co-investment scheme

Benefits to Technopreneurs
Access to private investor's expertise in management and business network. Access to the governments full value-chain of support at various stages of their growth, including networks of investors, technology providers, potential customers, the government agencies and professional service providers.

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Appendix B Technopreneur Development Grant Scheme


The Technopreneur Development Grant Scheme (TDGS) is critically needed to ensure the success of the ICT industry. TDGS is designed to assist Technopreneurs in the idea stage of the Technopreneurs venture because currently investors are not investing capital to assist Technopreneurs in the areas of business plan development, training, proof of concept and beta product development stage. TDGS acts as a provider of such capital due to the failure of the market to provide funds at this stage of development. As reported in Bank Negaras 2000 Annual Report, seed capital and other early stage investment accounted for only 11% of total VC investments. It is proposed that RM150 million is needed over the Rancangan Malaysia 8 (RM8) period, which can assist more than 1,000 Technopreneurs.

Assessing Agency
It is proposed that a One-Stop agency be appointed under the Government to administer the Grant. The appointed agency must ensure that minimal red tape and bureaucracy is practiced in the administration of the Grant.

Symbiotic nature of the Grant


The purpose of the Grant is to finance and provide necessary capital for Business Plan (including financial analysis and detailed market research), proof of concept and beta design, which in this case are called Deliverables. Technopreneurs would have to appoint fellow Technopreneurs for the above deliverables, for example a Technopreneur wanting to develop a community portal may appoint another fellow Technopreneur to conduct the beta design and the approval of the Grant will only be approved to Technopreneurs that have engaged another Technopreneur registered at TOP (as mentioned above). This symbiotic mechanism allows further capital spin-off benefits to other Technopreneurs thus creating a chain effect of the benefits.

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Eligibility and management of the Grant


Eligibility and management of the Grant is proposed to be as follows: 1. Eligibility to a Malaysian, Permanent Resident or a foreigner Technopreneur with a legal work permit 2. A Technopreneur who has an idea or managing a venture that has the intention to develop the idea. 3. The venture must relate to technology related fields 4. The Technopreneur must provide details on the purpose of the grant and to appoint another fellow registered Technopreneur to conduct the Deliverables 5. Ventures that have received capital from the Grant must graduate within 9 months. 6. Deliverables that are related to market research and industry information that will be beneficial to the community at large shall be available to the Public at TOP.

Enhancing the speed of grant disbursement


Many obstacles still remain in the administration and disbursement of the Grants. The One-Stop agency managing the Grant must practice a liberal approach to the disbursement with strict adherence to pre-determined processes and best practice time frame for the disbursement. Such best practices will require an online enhancement to the management of the Grant, Technopreneurs and their ventures, which will also encompass the objective of TOP. TOP in turn will also work in conjunction with other on-line websites to ensure the capture of the critical mass of the Technopreneur community.

Unsuccessful ventures under TDG


It is natural that certain ventures initiated by the Technopreneur will fail to graduate to the next level. Such ventures will undergo an embargo period that will later be published as a public domain for the community to learn and to capitalize further. This concept of taking ventures into the public domain is termed as recycling and will benefit the community at large and provide a platform for other Technopreneurs to learn from these failed ventures. The One-Stop agency can provide such information for publication on TOP. Intellectual Property (IP) will remain the property of the Technopreneur.

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Appendix C TeAM Information & Protem Council


TeAM The Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia Address: Suite 4.02, 4th Floor, Wisma Central, Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur URL: www.team.net.my Contact: Sivapalan Vivekarajah Tel: 03-2166 9190 Email: vsiva@3Capital.com COUNCIL MEMBERS

SIVAPALAN VIVEKARAJAH
Siva is the CEO of 3Capital.com Sdn Bhd the first Malaysian Venture Capital and IPO consultant focused on the ICT industry. He is also the Senior Partner and Founder of Ventura Management a leading Corporate Consultancy in Kuala Lumpur. He is a qualified Chartered Secretary and holds an Honours Degree in Law from the University of London. He also obtained his MBA with Distinction from the University of Hull, UK in 1998. A serial Entrepreneur, he has been an Entrepreneur since the age of 24 in a variety of industries including Consultancy, Manufacturing, Trading and Finance. He is a columnist with the New Straits Times with a column entitled "New Economy" and is a sought after speaker on the Conference circuit. He is the Founder of the Technopreneurs Association of Malaysia and is presently its Protem President. CHRISTOPHER CHAN Chris, 34, founded TMS (The Media Shoppe Sdn Bhd) when he returned from the USA in 1996. With over RM6M in paid up capital and a workforce of 40 knowledge workers, TMS has presense in Singapore, Hong Kong, and the US. Chris had architect award winning products like tmsPUBLISHER that is used by clients all over the world. Chris also won the ICT Entrepreneur of the Year (2001) Pikom Computimes Award. Chris holds a Bachelor of Music from the University of Central Arkansas, USA, and currently is serving as protem Vice president for TeAM (Technoprepreneurs Association of Malaysia)

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TENGKU FARITH RITHAUDDEEN Tengku Farith is responsible for the strategic vision, overall management and leadership of Skali. With more than 8 years of management and business experience, Farith drives the growth of the company. His career began with Commerce International Merchant Bankers (CIMB) in the Corporate Finance division. He was a key team member in the Corporate Finance and Capital Market divisions. Throughout his career at CIMB, Farith established relationships with various investment bankers, analysts, researchers, venture capitalists and private investors, and was involved in corporate advisory services for Penang Port, agencies under the Ministry of Rural Development and KPJ Healthcare Bhd. Prior to joining Skali as its President, Tengku Farith led a team to turn around a local manufacturing company involved in the building materials industry. In his 4 years as CEO of this company, he earned valuable experience in managing the day-to-day and hands-on operations of two factories employing 160 employees. Tengku Farith obtained his Bachelor of Arts in Economics from Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada in 1992. Tengku Farith sits on the advisory board of many organizations including Venture 2001 Business Plan competition, Malay Chamber of Commerce and is one of the founding members of the New Economy Forum. Tengku Farith has recently been selected for the World Economic Forums 100 Global Leaders for Tomorrow for the Year 2002.

BRIAN FERNANDEZ Brian Fernandez,31, holds a Bachelor in Economics from Murdoch University in Western Australia. He is the CEO of Qusol Sdn Bhd a company focusing on software development and the provision of consultants to companies on a project basis. In addition he is also the founder of Justcarsnbikes an automotive e-business. Prior to becoming a Technopreneur, he was previously employed as the Manager of Business Development & Strategy with AIZ Information Services, an IT subsidiary of the Zuellig Group, a Swiss multinational employing over 18,000 people in the Asia-Pacific region. He joined AIZ in 1996 as its 4th employee as the Assistant Marketing Manager and contributed to the development and marketing of its insurance and healthcare software solutions. During the 4 year period, he assisted the Regional Managing Director and the AIZ team in setting up additional operations in Singapore and the Philippines and was involved in the early stages of its European Expansion.

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PREMESH CHANDRAN Prem is the Chief Executive Officer of Malaysiakini.com. He qualified in Physics and obtained a Masters Degree in International Relations from the University of Sydney. Prior to heading Malaysiakini, he served as the Research Officer of the Malaysian Trades Union Congress and as a Senior Writer with the Sun. At TeAM, Premesh coordinates the working group on the MSC and infrastructure. TEOH JUI HONG Jui Hong is a marketing consultant and copywriter, currently serving as the Partner at Phische/Company, an Advertising and Marketing Communications agency focusing on putting practical marketing ideas into action using digital tools. He began his career at Arthur Andersen Business Consulting, where he helped clients improve business processes and implement strategic analytical systems. He later joined Innovate Content Pte Ltd, a subsidiary of Singapore-listed Singatronics Ltd., as Vice President of Business Architecture. He helped drive the company's marketing strategy, developed new market opportunities and managed corporate communications and media relations. Jui Hong has worked with clients such as Hong Leong Group, MIMOS, OSRAM Semiconductor (formerly known as Siemens Semiconductor), Pantai Medical Hospital, Universiti Putra Malaysia and Crabtree & Evelyn. Jui Hong is an alumnus of Monash University, Australia, having graduated with a Bachelor of Commerce and a Bachelor of Business Systems. His academic achievements have been recognized with the admission into the Golden Key Honor Society, Monash Chapter. MATTHEW MENDELSOHN Matthew is the Managing Director of Backpack Asia Sdn. Bhd., a travel content house for the budget travel industry. He holds an M.A. from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy (Tufts University) in Boston, US. Among his first papers was on the potential impact of the MSC on Malaysia's economic development (written 1997).

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JEFF P.L. LEONG Jeff, is a Malaysian Advocate and Solicitor with an Honours Degree in Law from the National University of Singapore. He is a member of the Malaysian Bar, Law Society of Singapore, Law Association for Asia and the Pacific (LAWASIA) and also the Law Society, England and Wales. A Fulbright scholar, he is the Senior Partner of Messrs Jeff Leong, Poon & Wong, Malaysia. He specialises in among others, Cyberlaws, Technology and E-Commerce Contracts. In TEAM he is heading the Legal and Technical Committee. KHOO BOO HOCK Boo Hock is the CEO of Splotz Sdn Bhd, a marketing organisation providing consultancy and services in both traditional marketing and eMarketing arenas. His previous experiences in management positions with Intel, Rating Agency Malaysia Berhad and MSC Venture Corporation Sdn Bhd form a strong platform in understanding the needs of entrepreneurs, technology, funding and investment and marketing. Boo Hock holds a BSc in Information Systems and an MBA.

FAN KUAN WENG Kuan, is CEO of INNOVEIGHT Sdn Bhd a firm that assists technology companies develop their corporate strategies, refocus and prioritizes product, roadmaps, streamline operations and raise funds. Prior to INNOVEIGHT, Kuan served as Chief Analyst at MSC Venture Corporation, a venture fund for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT). Kuan started his career in Australia at a Big Five ac counting firm in the areas of audit and IT consulting. Later, he joined a leading Malaysian telecommunications company and then expanded his sphere of experience by working in corporate finance and treasury for a tier-1 merchant bank. Kuans last position at the bank was as Head of Capital Markets, dealing with money market instruments and debt securities. Kuan holds Bachelor degrees in Economics (Accounting) and Computer Science (Hons). He is a Chartered Accountant of Australia, member of the Malaysian Institute of Accountants and registered treasury dealer with the Financial Markets Association of Malaysia. Kuan is also a regular speaker at industry conferences and events.

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ROY EMERSON Roy is the CEO of Worldsites Malaysia ands had mire than 25 years of experience in business. Prior to Worldsites Malaysia, as CEO ; he managed several large multi national subsidiary companies in the Telecommunications and New Media industries. These companies included British Telecom PLC, Deutsche Telekom AG and Bell Atlantic Inc. CHONG SEE MING SeeMing is currently the head of Communications at JobStreet.com. She spearheads all public relations effort encompassing areas like media, universities as well as community relations. She has a Bachelor of Business degree from Monash University, Australia. She has over 6 years experience in the IT industry. She is a long-term committee member with Malaysian Nature Society Selangor Branch, a pro-tem council member with TeAM- Technoprenuer's Association of Malaysia and co- founder of WORD UP! Kuala Lumpur's most exciting gathering for writers FARIZ ALI Fariz has an MBA in Finance (University of Iowa), BA Economics & Business Administration (Knox,Illinois) with a strong emphasis on IT and Computer Programming He has 16 years of experience in Merchant Banking -- Areas of expertise range from corporate finance, mergers & acquisitions, technology investment advisory and valuations to corporate restructuring His last held position before forming First Floor Capital was Head of the e-Business Division Arab-Malaysian Merchant Bank

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