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Techno Book of CAD CAM CNC

Third Edition Revised

T he

Dear CNC Customer: At Techno, we take great pride in consistently designing and manufacturing the most user-friendly, economical and technologically advanced CNC Routers. Our current Family of CNC Routers represents over 20 years of CNC Research & Development. After installing thousands of machines all over the world, we know what our customers need, and work vigilantly to keep up with market demands while remaining price conscious. It is a balance of quality and economy that Techno has maintained since 1986. A Techno CNC Router System generates tremendous production capability for routing: plastics, woods, metals, composites (and more) in either a nested-based form or individual component processing. Our systems ship assembled, factory-tested and ready to route with fast and simple user-tutorials to get you up-and-running quickly. Beyond our machines ease-of use, and turnkey packaging, we incorporate high-end quality components. For example, Techno CNC Routers use closed-loop servomotors (more powerful than typical drive motors, give the user innite look-ahead, constant positional feedback and high-speed contouring), and ball screws on all three axes (a low friction, high-performance drive that requires minimal maintenance and extends machine life due to its smooth play-free motion). These high-end components and others like THK Rails, our proprietary aluminum T-Slotted table surface, and Technos own CNC Interface, integrate with an extensive line of CNC Accessories. If you require a 3HP spindle or a 10HP automatic tool changer, vacuum hold-down or pneumatic clamping, a dust-collection system, coolant, reverseengineering or 4th axis cutting, Techno has the means to provide the tools necessary to compete in todays highly competitive market. Whatever your application, a Techno CNC Router will improve your cut quality, decrease overhead and increase production. Please feel free to contact a Techno Application Engineer with any questions at 516-328-3970 or e-mail us at support@technocnc.com. Sincerely,

Roy Valentine, Sales Manager

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

TECHNICAL SECTION .......................................................................................................... 3 CNC ROUTERS ..................................................................................................................... 25 CNC ACCESSORIES ........................................................................................................... 43 CNC TOOLING ..................................................................................................................... 59 CNC CUSTOMERS ............................................................................................................... 105 CNC ARTICLES ..................................................................................................................... 115

Techno, Inc. Subsidiary of Designatronics, Inc. All rights reserved. No portion of this catalog may be reproduced without prior written consent of the Company. 2101 Jericho Turnpike, Box 5416 New Hyde Park, NY 11042-5416 Phone: (516) 328-3970 (800) 819-3366 Fax: (516) 358-2576 Web: technocnc.com Email: support@technocnc.com

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Section 1

Technical Section

We chose a Techno CNC Router because the machine quality is excellent, they answered all our technical questions and the overall presentation was very professional. It only took one year to get a full return on our investment. The LC X router has reduced our labor costs by almost 60%, increased our production and added a new element of creative carpentry to our shop. The capabilities seem endless.
-Steve Naines
Chicago Millwork

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INTRODUCTION TO CNC TECHNOLOGY ........................................................................... 5 CNC ROUTER COMPONENTS ............................................................................................. 6

Technical Section

SPINDLES ............................................................................................................................ 7 CNC TOOLING ..................................................................................................................... 9 TOOL COLLETING & COLLET MAINTENANCE ........................................................... 11 FIXTURING & VACUUM ....................................................................................................... 12 CNC ACCESSORIES ............................................................................................................. 16 REVERSE ENGINEERING .............................................................................................. 16 4TH AXIS ROUTING .......................................................................................................... 20 DUST COLLECTION ....................................................................................................... 21 COOLANT ........................................................................................................................ 22 CAD/CAM & CNC SOFTWARE ............................................................................................. 23

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Introduction to CNC Technology
Every day, manufacturers are turning to automation in order to meet their protability goals, and their success rate is amazing. Manufacturing shops all over the world are considering the purchase of a CNC Router, and most start out thinking, Id love to automate, but I cant afford it. Looking at what Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) Routers have already done for so many existing and emerging industries, you simply cannot afford not to consider the inherent advantages of automation. Most CNC router systems consist of a motorized XYZ router table, a control unit, computer, and programming software. The advantages gained from using a CNC Router are the same for most applications that were previously completed by hand: greater accuracy and faster cycle times. This type of automation has a high repeatability, and thus greatly increases a manufacturers yield and consistency. to communicate with the CNC Router to produce the part. The addition of a CNC Router allows a shop to take on projects that might not have been considered either feasible or economical using manual techniques. The fact is, the initial investment is usually relatively small seeing how a CNC router completely revolutionizes manufacturing. It is not uncommon for a Techno customer to obtain a return on investment in less then six months or even in one job.

CNC automation enables you to design a part on your PC, and then reproduce that design quickly and easily using the router. There are three basic steps to this process. First, a computer image is generated, typically through a CAD program. Second, a CAM program translates the geometry of the CAD drawing and cutter compensations to output a toolpath. And lastly, the toolpath is converted to a manufacturing programming language (i.e., G-Code) used

Craftsmen of any industry know that their work will only be as good as the tools used in the design and manufacturing process. Likewise, any professional knows that the quality of the product is what makes or breaks a reputation. A shop that utilizes better tools gives themselves the best chance of increasing production and prots. In fact, the history of the industrial revolution has been the same history of the development of better, more affordable tools. Currently, the CNC tools of automation are well within the budgets of small to mid-sized shops and realistically are becoming necessary to stay competitive in todays markets. When the decision to automate has been made, and the search begins for what CNC

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Router to invest in, there are several important aspects to consider. The end result of CNC Router design and construction should be greater than the sum of its parts. The quality of a CNC Routers components, in addition to the history and reputation of the company, should be weighed heavily during the buying process. This technical section will cover vital aspects to the buying process, such as: spindle options, tooling basics and maintenance, xturing requirements, CNC accessories and software; items which, when looking to purchase a CNC Router, should be considered without exception. However, the rst topic to be considered is the router itself. misalignment). This also ensures that the Techno machine does not need to be realigned ever, causing no wear on the drive or carriage system. Eliminating the downtime spent repairing damage from racking, results in increased productivity and prots.

CNC Router Components


The CNC Router market runs the gamut from hobbyist machines at $5000, up to huge CNC machining systems that cost in excess of $200,000. The idea is to nd the CNC Router with the right price to performance ratio within your budget. Size and space requirements should be decided upon before other more complex CNC features. Allotted shop space in relation to a routers work envelope can determine whether a 14 x 19 tabletop model or a 59 x 120 CNC system with a moving gantry are the right machine specications to research. After deciding on a machines footprint (e.g., 109 x 149 x 60), the element that greatly determines the quality, durability and overall performance of a CNC Router is found in its drive components. Basically, what method is used to move the machines axes. Technos CNC Routers utilize THK rails and ball screw drives, which provide smooth play-free motion, require minimal maintenance, provide excellent accuracy and long life. The placement of the ball screw is in the center of the axis of travel, which eliminates the possibility of racking (i.e., when the system twists due to

Some CNC Routers use other drive systems, such as the rack-and-pinion gear drive. The racks are typically installed on the outside of the machine, thus exposed to the elements. As the machine cuts, debris collects on the rack. These foreign materials get ground into the racks and gears, causing more friction in the drive system which, in turn, causes wear and makes the machine less accurate and unstable. In a rack-and-pinion system, there are typically two drive motors required to run the one axis (one on the right side and one on the left side of the machine). The two motors must stay completely in sync with one another. When these motors get out of sync, racking occurs. Racking deforms the gears within the system, wearing down the components, and the unit itself can be jolted out of square. The choice between what drive motors to use rst comes down to either servo or stepper motors. Servos are typically the more expensive motor, but certain Micro-Stepper motor options bring parity to the purchase price. The big difference between the two motors is in how they run. Steppers, as the name implies, have a set number of steps per revolution. Movement is measured assuming that each commanded step has been completed. Most steppers are run in what is called an open-loop conguration. This means that the location of an axis is not veried on an ongoing basis. The motor is commanded to move a certain distance and it is assumed the move is successful without verication. This can cause problems when excessive vibration or resonance from the motor/machine construction can cause the stepper motor to lose steps or even stall.

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In contrast to steppers, servomotors have constant feedback from the optical encoder. This device sits on the back of the motor and keeps the controller informed of how far the motor has actually moved. This constant feedback is used to correct any discrepancy between a desired and an actual position. This automatic corrective action results in faster cuts (up to three times the throughput), and increased power (up to three times the torque) at high speeds. The closed-loop nature of the servo also ensures that stalling cannot occur unless there is an immovable object in the path. When such an obstacle is encountered, the closed-loop system would communicate to the machines controller to shut down rather than lose position. in cost. In fact, in some CNC type applications, they are considered disposable.

Servomotor resolution depends upon the encoder used. Typical encoders produce positional signals (or pulses) per revolution, and encoders range from 500 to 200,000 pulses per revolution. The more pulses there are, the ner the resolution capability of the motor. Servos can perform highspeed continuous motion much more reliably because of the constant feedback from the encoder, making them much better suited to applications requiring a high-end quality nish.

Spindles
Spindle Types There are two broad categories of spindles used on CNC machines: brush types and brushless types. The brush type spindles, as the name implies, use commutating brushes to transfer current to the coils that cause the shaft to spin. The brushes tend to wear over time under normal use, and consequently wear out faster under heavier applications. Another drawback to brush type spindles is the noise associated with their commutating brushes. The main advantage, however, is that they are generally much lower

This low cost also tends to make these spindles less precise. TIR, or Total Indicator Runout, is an industry measure of spindle accuracy. TIR measures how true the rotation of the shaft is. It is typically measured at a xed distance from the tip of the spindle shaft and, as the measurement name indicates, determines how out-of- round the rotation is. Brush type spindle motors generally have TIR signicantly greater than the brushless type spindles. In many applications, such as woodworking, this is not of concern. The other broad category of CNC spindles are brushless, also known as AC spindles. Brushless AC spindles do not have the maintenance issue of brushes wearing out or the noise associated with brush type spindles. Because AC spindles require less maintenance, have a better TIR rating, they are also a more expensive alternative to brush type spindles. The cost is usually justied when looking at the overall comparison between the two spindle types. A summary of the comparison of their features is shown in the table on the following page. In the category of AC spindle motors, there are 3 types: xed collet spindles, manual quick change spindles, and automatic tool change spindles. The xed collet spindle requires the collet to be changed with a manual operation that usually requires a couple of wrenches. This is a fairly simple process but takes a few minutes each time it is required. The manual quick change and automatic tool change spindles have an electro/ pneumatic system that releases the current tool and replaces it with another in a matter of seconds. The automatic tool change system, as the name implies, is done without any

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operator intervention while the manual quick change system usually requires the operator to activate a signal to release the tool and to activate another button to reload the next tool into the spindle. Features
Brushes Noise Service Required Speed Control Power Range Tool Change Option Cost TIR Accuracy Voltage Required Current Used for 3HP Maximum Collet size

come with tool-length sensors and compensation software. This allows for the tool length to not only be measured but automatically compensated for in the G-Code software, with a simple and automatic process.

AC Spindle
None Relatively Quiet None - Bearings are usually sealed and lubricated Usually adjustable from the AC inverter that is needed Fractional HP to 20HP and above Manual or Automatic Thousands of $ Usually < .002 220-440V AC, single or 3 phase 220V AC single phase 16A 220V AC 3 phase 10A 1.5 and higher

Brush Spindle
Yes Noisy due to the brushes Brushes need to be replaced regularly Minimal, not precise, usually manual if available Typically in the 0-3 HP peak range Manual < $1,000 dollars Usually in the .002 - .004 range 120V AC typical, 220V AC single phase available For 3HP peak 15A circuit required .5 typical

The question of which spindle should be selected depends primarily on the applications and quantities of parts to be made. The benet of the automatic tool change system is that a great deal of time can be saved for parts that are to be made in large quantities that also require a number of different tools. If the quantities are not so large, the manual quick change might represent an economical compromise. In the case where the quantities of the parts are small or only a small number of tools are required, there is no clear benet to using either a quick change or automatic tool change system. Tool Length Offset The main difficulty with changing tools on spindles is adjusting the length of the new tool to match the previous tool so that the software can continue at the correct height of machining. This task is no longer very time consuming. In the past, the operator would have to either carefully adjust the tool height relative to the workpiece with gauge blocks or adjust the height of the Z-axis relative to the work-piece to rezero the Z-axis. Although this is not difcult, the task had to be performed carefully or else the second tool would not be at the correct height and the part might have a visible defect. Now, all Techno machines and many other CNC machines

Spindle Power The traditional way that the spindle power is measured is by the HP rating. This rating has to be carefully considered since the HP rating is generally proportional to the spindle rpm. For example, if a 3HP spindle is rated at 3HP at 18,000 rpm, it would only have 2HP at 12,000 rpm. The speed at which the rating is specied is therefore extremely important. The other aspect of spindle power that must be considered is the nature of the power rating. The power rating on the brush type spindles is generally specied as a momentary peak rather than a continuous rating. The rating for AC spindle motors is usually considered a continuous rating but even this might be specied as a function of duty cycle. Some spindles are rated for 100% duty cycle able to maintain the rated power continuously, while others are rated for a 60% or 80% duty cycle. In the latter case, the expectation is that the spindle will be used to its rated power for a few minutes and then allowed to rest for a brief period before the next part. This duty cycle rating is associated with the required cooling of the spindle. Spindle Cooling Three common methods of spindle cooling include: fan, compressed air or liquid. There are two types of fan-cooled spindles. First is an electric fan which will blow air through the spindle body. The second is a fan blade attached to the spindle arbor. This method of air ow is dependent on spindle rpm. Both methods of cooling have drawbacks.

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With fan-cooled systems, the duty cycle of the spindle is approximately 60% to 70%. Another is the noise generated by the arbor fans which tends to be in the upper 70s to lower 80s decibel range; however, electric fancooled spindles do not have noise related issues. These spindle offerings usually do not exceed 24,000 rpm and are usually the most economical. Compressed-air-cooled spindles allow for a 90% duty cycle. These require a constant stream of clean nonuctuating source of compressed air. These spindles are typically used for greater then 24,000 rpm. These spindles usually incorporate ceramic bearings. This method is the most efcient and allows for duty cycles of 100%. These spindles are ideal for very demanding applications such as production of very hard materials in a 24/7/365 day operation. The constant loads on the spindle generate a lot of heat, and the only method to remove this excess heat is through a separate liquid chiller unit. Choosing a Spindle There are many spindle options available for Techno CNC Routers. Correct selection of a spindle is imperative for optimum machine performance. The electric spindle is the heart of the machine. Many variables must be considered when selecting the correct spindle such as material to be cut, production volume, tooling, machine feed rate, and spindle rpm. Generally, each material and cut has an ideal tool prole and cutting speed. Larger diameter tools require slower speeds. Smaller diameter tools require higher speeds. Spindle speed and feed rate for a given cut must be balanced for best quality, tool life and spindle life. Incorrect spindle speed is a common error in CNC machining. Machine feed rate and spindle rpm are directly related to one another. The higher the rpm, the faster the machine must be cutting. The typical question is how fast should I be cutting? This can be determined by the chip load. Simple formulas can be used to predetermine feed rate. Formula: (chipload) x (# of cutting edges) x (rpm) = feed rate Many cutter manufacturers supply this information with the specic cutter to be used for different types of material to be cut. This will get you close and the optimal feed rate can be netuned at the machine. Typically, feed rates that are too slow will decrease tool life due to the increased friction. This increased friction will not only wear out the cutter, but will also heat up or burn the material being routed. Other considerations that must be taken is how to enter the part. Ramping into the part is the preferred method. The ideal ramp should be between 0 and 20 degrees from the table surface. This angle will allow you to enter into the material at 100% of the feed rate. At any angle greater then 20 degrees, the feed rate should be reduced accordingly. Entering into the part on a ramp will greatly increase spindle bearing and tool life.

CNC Tooling
Cutting Tool Geometry The tool geometry inuences cut quality, cutting speed, chip removal, and the life expectancy of the tool in a specic material. Choosing the right tool for the specic material being routed can be critical. There are several different geometries to choose from such as upcut / downcut helix, straight ute, and ball nose, to name a few. The cutter selection of this catalog denes in more detail the ideal geometry for specic materials. Illustrations on the next page shows basic terms used to dene a tools geometry. Router Bit Materials There are four basic materials to choose from when selecting a router bit for a specic application: High-speed steel, carbide tipped, solid carbide and PCD diamond. The choice of a specic tool depends on the material being routed. High-speed steel and carbide tipped tools tend to be used more with hand held routers vs. CNC Routers. The steel body of the tools tends to withstand the vibration caused by the inconsistencies of hand feeding the router. Another reason they are used with hand routers is that they are available in many geometries for low cost, and available at most home centers. The ideal choice for a CNC Router is solid carbide or PCD Diamond. Solid carbide is the most common router bit used on CNCs. It provides long life due

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to the tougher body construction (carbide), delivers the best edge nish, largest variety of geometry proles available, can achieve greater feed rates, is the best tool for plunging into the workpiece and has relatively low cost. PCD Diamond tools are ideal for very abrasive materials. These type of tools, however, are not cheap, perform very poorly on nonabrasive materials, cannot plunge, and are limited to how fast they can route. Formula 1: Chipload = chipload % x cutter diameter Formula 2: Feed Rate = [chipload] x [# of utes] x [rpm] A good starting point for determining chipload (thickness of the chip) is 2% of the cutter diameter (example 1/4 cutter = .005). For softer materials, it is recommended to take 4% of the cutter diameter. 2% Hard material: Brass, hardwood, cast acrylic, solid surface 4% Soft material: Aluminum, MDF, particle board, extruded acrylic, sintra, polycarbonate Chipload = [2% or 4%] x [cutter dia] Feed Rate = [chipload] x [# of utes] x [rpm] Example 1: 1/4 2-ute endmill (Hard Material) Chipload = .02 x .25 = .005 Feed Rate = .005 x 2 x 18000 = 180 Feed Rate = .005 x 2 x 12000 = 120 Feed Rate = .005 x 2 x 6000 = 60 Example 2: 1/4 4-ute endmill (Hard Material) Chipload = .02 x .25 = .005 Feed Rate = .005 x 4 x 18000 = 360 Feed Rate = .005 x 4 x 12000 = 240 Feed Rate = .005 x 4 x 6000 = 120 Note that for each cutter, there is a feed rate range that corresponds to the rpm range. The number of utes determines the range at which a cutter should be fed. The number of utes should be taken into consideration when cutting material. 3- and 4-ute cutters are best for high feed rates, while 1- and 2-ute cutters are best at lower feed rates. Also, keep in mind that spindles have peak power at higher rpm. It is better to use a 2-ute cutter at 18000 rpm than a 4-ute at 9000 rpm. When dealing with material that melts, a thicker chip will reduce melting. When cutting deep into these materials, it becomes important to remove the chips from the cut. Cutters with fewer utes are better capable of removing these chips. Also, larger cutters are better for dealing with melting.

Heat Heat generation in cutting tools should be avoided. Heat can change the properties of the tool and melt or burn the material being routed. This can lead to very poor surface nish, causing the tool to fail/break, or material melting and wrapping onto the tool. There are many causes of heat buildup such as improper tool selection, incorrect machine feeds, incorrect spindle rpm and/or rotation, and improper toolpath programming. In order to minimize or eliminate the heat buildup, you must avoid the above causes. To determine if you have programmed the feeds and speeds correctly, you can follow these simple formulas:

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Collet and Spindle Denitions Pull Stud Note: This is a maintenance item and should be replaced every 6 months. ISO Tool Holder HSK Tool Holder Note: Always make sure the tool holder and collet nut are rated for the appropriate spindle rpm. Improper selection will cause spindle bearing failure. Collet Note: Only a completed collet and collet nut assembly should be screwed onto a tool holder. the bottom and down from the top, again for about 80% of the collet length. This type of collet grips the tool evenly over the entire length of the collet and tends to have more

Full-Grip Collet

Half-Grip Collet

exibility, which results in ranged or universal collet sizes. This means that a specic collet size can hold a range of tool sizes (typically inch and close metric sizes). Collets are made from spring steel, and regular usage causes loss of elasticity and the need to replace them more often. It is recommended to use collets designed for specic size tools, as requiring the collet to expand for too-large tools or compress for too-small tools will shorten the life expectancy of the collet. Proper Tool Colleting Installation of the tool in the collet and collet nut is equally important. To prevent unnecessary strain on the collet and to ensure a proper t, only use a collet designed to t your tool shank diameter. In addition, the tools ute should not extend into the collet; doing so can score the inside of the surface, as well as force debris into the collet, putting the entire assembly off-balance and potentially damaging the spindle. The graphic below illustrates the correct and incorrect installation. Please note that these illustrations are designed to show proper insertion of the tool into the collet, and do not show the collet nut.
CORRECT Cutting ute is outside of collet. INCORRECT Cutting ute is inside of collet.

Collet Nut

Router Bit Note: Always make sure the router bit is properly balanced for the appropriate spindle rpm. Improper selection will cause spindle failure. Collets There are two basic types of collets, half-grip and fullgrip (see top right). Half-grip collets are identied by slits running from the bottom (or mouth) of the collet toward the top for about 80% of the collet length. This type of collet grips the router bit at the mouth of the collet. Half-grip collet is the simpler of the two collet types, and is ideally used with shorter shank tools where the shank would not ll the entire length of the collet. Full-grip collets have slits running up from

Tool shank lls 80% of collet.

Tool shank doesnt ll 80% of collet.

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Collet Maintenance Tool geometry, cutting material, and machine feeds and speeds are all important to the machines performance. Basic tooling maintenance should be at the top of this list. Proper colleting and collet maintenance are essential, and directly affects the cut quality and longevity of the spindle. A clean collet, tool holder, router bit, and spindle taper allows for a rm grip of the tool, preventing tool runout. Runout occurs when the tool and spindle do not share the same center of rotation (they are not concentric). This runout puts enormous strain on the spindle bearings and can cause the spindle to fail prematurely. In addition, a tool that is not perfectly concentric will result in an uneven, wavy cut. It is recommended that the collet, tool holder, router bit, and spindle taper be cleaned each and every time you change a tool. When the machine is running, dust and debris collects in all crevices of the spindle, while resins can build up on the tooling. These resins will usually build up around the mouth of the collet. Because of this buildup, the tool may not be properly gripped, and a loss of concentricity (runout) of the tool results. Proper cleaning and maintenance easily solves this problem. a tool holder in the spindle, even when the machine is not in operation. This will greatly reduce the amount of dust and debris that can enter the spindles interior, subsequently causing premature spindle failure.

Vacuum Hold-Down
The most common question asked when it comes to vacuum holddown is how much vacuum does my application require? Vacuum systems should be evaluated based on the specic applications. The smaller the part or thinner the material to be held, the greater the volume of air ow required, thus increasing the size of the vacuum pump. Many people state that you cant have enough vacuum. This is somewhat a true statement. However, it can be a very costly fact. It is always easy to overbuy. Purchasing a single 40HP or 50HP pump can cost in excess of $25,000, and the purchase is only the initial cost. Depending on where your shop is located, the utility rates can vary considerably. Keep in mind that operating costs (utility) rarely go down, so these costs will increase year to year. Purchasing a number of smaller pumps can help reduce the price of the pump as well as reduce the overhead to run these pumps. If you are processing sheets of materials that have large parts, then a single pump can be utilized. If the nest has numerous smaller parts, then it is best to run all the pumps for maximum air ow. There are other devices

Spindle Taper Proper maintenance for optimal performance does not stop at the tool or the tooling accessories. Care should be taken to extend cleaning to the spindle as well. For instance, regular cleaning of the inside of the spindle taper should be part of your maintenance regimen. In addition, always leave

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which can be purchased to aid the vacuum hold-down system such as a spindle pressure foot, or roller hold-down. These devices push down on the material while being routed thus aiding the vacuum system. Vacuum Table Basics When selecting a vacuum table, the most important thing to remember is how a vacuum table works. The following six criteria should be carefully considered when determining whether your CNC application could benet from using vacuum hold-down. 4) It is critical to realize that if the object is being machined; i.e., undergoing a side load, the actual force holding the object in place against the cutting force is now the friction between the object and the vacuum table. The magnitude of this relative friction force depends on the coefcient of friction between the object and the table, in addition to the actual vertical force on the object. Therefore, if the surface of the vacuum table is very slippery; e.g., Teon coated, the object will tend to slip no matter how much downward force is being applied. If the surface of the table is nonslippery; e.g., it is rubber coated, then the object will tend to stay in place assuming there is enough downward force being applied. Note that for small pieces; e.g., small brass letters that have a surface area of less than .5 square in., it is unlikely that they can be held reliably with a vacuum table because the downward pressure on this object would only be about 7.5 pounds. It is important to remember both factors with respect to securing hold-down: a) contact surface area between the actual vacuum holes and the object. b) relative coefcient of friction between the object and the vacuum table surface. Always consider the air permeability of the object being held down. The permeability is the amount of air that the object allows to pass through it. For example, a sponge is very permeable while a piece of aluminum is usually not. The permeability of the object determines whether a vacuum blower or a vacuum pump should be selected. A vacuum pump usually generates a very high vacuum; i.e., there is virtually no air in the vacuum chamber, but vacuum pumps tend not to draw or pull a great volume of air quickly. A vacuum blower tends to pull a great volume of air very quickly, but it does not necessarily create a very complete vacuum. How big a vacuum pump or blower should I select? Consider the following questions when deciding: a) How large a part is being held down? b) How large is the vacuum table and its chambers? c) How much leakage will there be in the system? d) How permeable is the material? e) How quickly will the material be needed to clamp and unclamp?

5) 1) Atmospheric pressure is approximately 15 psi pounds/sq.in.). Each square inch of surface area has a load of approximately 15 pounds on it. (This pressure is more below sea level and less at the tops of mountains). When we have a box that has no air in it; i.e., almost complete vacuum, the top and all other sides of the box are being loaded with 15 pounds of pressure on each square inch of surface. If the top of the box is 6x6 then there is 6x6x15=540 pounds of load evenly distributed on the surface. The box will collapse or bend in if it is not strong enough. A vacuum table; i.e., a box with holes in it, has the holes pulling down on the object above it with a pressure of 15 psi (assuming there is a complete vacuum). Note that the pressure on the object is based on the surface area of the hole in contact with the object being held, not the total surface of the object being held.
Clamping hole in vacuum table. The area of this hole determines the clamping load on the object, not the surface area of the object.

2)

3)

6)

Vacuum Table

Object being held

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Vacuum Pumps Vacuum hold-down and which pump to choose can be very complex subjects. There are several different pumps available for use with a CNC machine and all have varying specications and price ranges. The proper selection of a vacuum pump is imperative for optimal machine performance. To avoid paying too much or not enough, vacuum systems need to be evaluated based on the customers specic applications rather than cost alone. There are two main items of concern when looking at the specications of a pump: vacuum level and ow. Vacuum level is typically measured in terms of inches of mercury (i.e. Hg). This is the same term used when reading a barometer. So, its no surprise that the vacuum utilized in CNC vacuum hold-down works by atmospheric pressure applying 15 lbs/sq.in. (psi at sea level) in all directions. During a CNC routing operation, when you use vacuum to remove air from one side of the material being cut (the underside), then the atmospheric pressure on the other side (topside) increases, in effect, pushing on the material. How much hold-down force is applied to the material can be calculated by reading the vacuum level gauge, multiplying that numeral by surface area of the material (sq.in.) and multiplying that by 0.5. For example, lets look at a gauge that reads 22Hg for a material workpiece that is 24 square (576 sq.in.). Clamping Force = Gauge Reading (Hg) x Material Surface Size (sq.in.) x .5 22 x 576 x .5 = 6336 lbs Vacuum ow is the other important specication to consider when opting for CNC vacuum hold-down. Flow measures the volume of air pulled in by the pump. Measured in cubic feet per minute, vacuum ow is referred to as either open ow (CFM) or specic ow (SCFM). Open ow is the maximum ow without any restriction on the air being drawn by the pump. Whereas, specic ow refers to the level of air being drawn by the pump at a specic level of vacuum, usually the optimum level in relation to Hg. Since SCFM is directly related to the vacuums level of maximum clamping force (via the Hg gauge reading), SCFM or specic ow is the more relevant measure of vacuum ow. All pump manufacturers have performance curves that show the specic vacuum level vs. ow rate. Take for example, a 10HP pump that is rated for 11Hg @ 105 cfm and has an open ow rating of 280 cfm. When the open ow reaches 280 cfm, the vacuum level is at 0Hg, which using the clamping force equation above translates into zero hold-down. But, at 105 cfm the pump will not drop below 11Hg until it exceeds that ow rate. At 106 cfm and above, the vacuum level will drop, effectively decreasing your vacuum holddown. Diagram 1 illustrates the loss of vacuum as the ow increases.

Diagram No. 1 Once the vacuum begins to decrease, the part or parts you are machining can shift and move due to the loss of clamping force. This is primarily a concern in nested-based manufacturing where ow-through methods are used. Flow- through is the method of using an mdf scavenger board or sacricial board to protect the CNC machines surface. A sacricial board is made out of porous material so that air can be vacuumed through the board, helping secure the workpiece to the table. A sacricial board (i.e. a sheet of MDF) is put between the CNC machines table surface and underneath the material being routed. The scavenger board allows the CNC Router tool bit to penetrate the workpiece while the board protects the surface and the vacuum tables grid structure. The pump previously mentioned was used to illustrate the value of specic ow rate based on the usage of a 10HP regenerative vacuum blower. This example was the easiest method in which to illustrate how vacuum pumps and specic ow rates operate in the real world. There are many other pumps to choose from such as rotary vanes, positive displacement blowers, and rotary screw pumps. Prices from one system to another can uctuate a great deal,

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but these few are the most commonly used units in the CNC Router industry. The differences in a cost-to-performance ratio from one system to another are best described by comparing the pros and cons of each system. For each system, a 10HP example will be used in relation to Hg at scfm, decibel levels, approximate cost, typical applications and maintenance requirements. In comparison to the other vacuum systems, a 10HP regenerative blower is the lowest in cost, generally retailing for around $5,000. Regenerative vacuum blowers, consist of an electric motor coupled via belt or direct drive to the vacuum pump impeller. The motor rotates the impeller, drawing air in the inlet and discharging the air through the exhaust, creating vacuum. Because the inexact dimensional tolerances from the impeller to the housing, air is allowed to escape, resulting in lower vacuum pressure. This is known as slippage. Regenerative vacuum blowers typically generate low vacuum pressure, but generate greater volume of air as described in the earlier example of 11Hg at 105 scfm. The noise consideration is a very real concern for these products. A regenerative vacuum blower runs in a decibel range of 85 to 95. This type of vacuum is ideal for holding less dense materials such as foam and other porous materials. The required maintenance is minimal with regenerative blowers, usually limited to replacing air lters. vanes, greater vacuum pressure results. Up to 25Hg at 173 scfm can be achieved for an $8,300 10HP unit. The increased vacuum results in superior holddown capability, and is ideal for wood, plastic, and other nonporous sheet-like materials. Regenerative Vacuum Blower In addition, these shop friendly pumps run quieter with a decibel range of 80 to 85. The downside to using these pumps is that the carbon vanes need to be replaced after 6000 to 8000 hours depending on conditions. Increased heat in the pump reduces vane life; dirty and/or blocked air lters and relief valves will cause the vacuum pump to heat and decrease vane life. The electric motor for a positive displacement rotary blower is also coupled via belt or direct drive, but instead of carbon vanes it connects to two rotors that rotate in the opposite direction. When the rotors pass the blower inlet, it traps a quantity of air through the blower housing and discharges this compressed air out the exhaust. Because the pump compresses the air, when it is exhausted it is very loud due to the release of this pressure. Typical decibel ranges for a $8,500 10 HP unit run from 95 to 100. Positive displacement rotary blowers should be enclosed providing some sound protection. A max vacuum of 15Hg @ 250 scfm makes these Rotary Vane Vacuum Pump units ideal for wood, plastic, and other nonporous sheet-like materials. Regular maintenance such as oil changes are required between 5000-6000 hours of operation. Proper disposal of these oils are required. Lastly, rotary screw vacuum pumps, which are the most costly pump at about $15,000 for a 10 HP unit, are ideal for wood, plastic, and other nonporous sheet-like materials. They have their electric motor coupled via belt or direct drive to counter-rotating twin screws. These pumps are the most complex of all, but also yield the greatest vacuum at 29Hg at 150 scfm. They require cooling systems with complex electrical system controls to operate the unit.

Grid pattern offers maximum exibility and provides easy customization of table surface.

Rotary vane vacuum pumps also consist of an electric motor coupled via belt or direct drive to the vacuum pump impeller made up of self-lubricating carbon vanes. The vanes rotate in the pump housing drawing air in the inlet and discharging the air through the exhaust, creating vacuum. Because of the close tolerances generated by the carbon

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The twin screws are machined to precision clearances in relation to the compression housing. The counterrotating screws cause a low pressure area in the suction port. Air is drawn in and trapped by the rotating screws and transported to the discharge end. This does result in a high decibel range of 95 to 100, and maintenance of these units includes regular oil changes Displacement Pump (for oil pumps) and expensive repairs on switches and shut down devices. All the pumps mentioned have their place in the CNC market. The level of performance varies from one model to another and also from manufacturer to manufacturer. Regardless, maximum vacuum and efciency is the goal. There are simple ways to increase efcient vacuum such as routing gasket around the perimeter of the vacuum table (if applicable), or seal the edges of the scavenger board. The yardstick for proper vacuum table hold-down is a system that performs at 11Hg or higher (a specic scfm). Whether you manually use a digitizing arm to touch-off these points, or attach a probe or laser scanner to a 3-axis CNC machine, each procedure nishes with a graphical le format to manipulate and/or export. The manner in which you collect, export and use the data may differ to a greater or lesser degree, but the shared result of each system is an organized series of standard geometric entities in space. There are several geometric entities you may encounter. A laser scanner or digitizing probe can produce a point cloud representing the objects 3D space. A point cloud or NURB is stored on your computer as an electronic le and then imported into standard industrial

CNC Accessories
Since CNC Routers are used to increase production in so many different industries, most CNC Router suppliers have to offer a wide variety of CNC accessories. Products that must integrate seamlessly with the routers existing electronics, mechanics and software include: lasers, probes, rotary tables, dust collection systems and several different styles of coolant, just to name a few. The following four sections provide an overview to some of the most common CNC accessories.

Reverse Engineering
Reverse Engineering is the process of recreating a model from an original. The term can be applied to software, electronics and, in our particular case, to mechanical modeling. There are a number of steps involved in the process, but the rst is the generation of the coordinate data points that lie on the surface of the part. Several devices that can be used to generate these coordinates laser scanner, structured light scanner, digitizing arms and touch probes, to mention just a few. Each system has its own set of advantages, but the end result for each is a point cloud of coordinates.

CAD/CAM software packages where it can be manipulated to generate a G-Code toolpath. Determining which digitizing system to purchase depends as much on your application as it does on how much you want to spend. If you intend to reverse-engineer 2D geometry only, then you can rule out the laser scanner in favor of a less expensive contact-type digitizer. If you need to perform 3D applications, then you have to weigh the type of scan (surface, material and size), accuracy requirements and time considerations in order to determine the best, cost-effective system for your shop. Types of Scanners There are basically two types of 3D scanners available, contact and noncontact. The rst type of scanner includes items like touch probes as well as digitizing arms. These devices collect data by physically touching the surface of the object and collecting the relative position information of the touch point. The noncontact type of scanner is generally lasertype or in some cases even ultrasonic based scanners. These

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surface. Because only a single beam is used, the angle of the surface does not affect the results and even measurements in deep holes can be taken. What to Scan and What to Scan with The different types of scanners are typically suited for different types of applications. The contact process is usually more time consuming but can also be more efcient for smooth engineered types of surfaces such as the fender of a car. Because of the contact, specic points can be digitized to get the features of the surface, such as an edge or cusp or hole. This allows for the features to be quickly and

scanners determine the relative distance from the scanner to the surface. This is usually the Z coordinate. The machine positioning the scanner usually supplies the travel to collect the X and Y coordinates. Another subcategory of noncontact type of scanner is structured light types. These scanners work with a specic varying intensity of light and multiple images of the object from known positions. A mathematical algorithm is then used to create a surface with the measured amount of reectivity. This basically recreates the 3D visible surface of the object. The speed and accuracy of the scanner varies greatly depending on the model and drive system of the CNC machine. In addition, the scanners share the same attributes from one manufacturer to another. Types of Laser Scanners There are a number of different types of laser displacement scanners, each offering advantages in certain applications. Interferometry is probably the most accurate but requires the greatest precision in the equipment and the surfaces to be measured. Triangulation looks at the angle of reection off the target surface and is generally very inexpensive but is limited by the inclination angle of the surface to be measured. Steeper angles produce very erratic results. Dynamic focusing uses a system to adjust the focus of a camera to determine the distance. This method requires moving parts and is thus limited by its speed and cost of equipment. The Conoscope method, used by the Techno laser scanner, uses polarized light and holographic methods to determine the distance to the reecting accurately recognized and digitized. Another advantage of contact scanner arms is that the surface generation is a more simple process. In most cases, the points being collected are directly used for creating splines or features in the software. There is generally little ltering that is required. The noncontact types of scanners are usually faster at collecting large numbers of data points but they typically are designed to gather points over a grid surface with a specic spacing along the X and Y axes. This process collects what is called a point cloud with a greater number of XYZ coordinate pairs. This approach is better suited for collecting data off very detailed surfaces which might be found on hand-carved objects such as furniture or coins. The drawback to this approach is that the features such as the cusps, edges and sharp corners might not be captured completely in the grid being used to collect the data unless the grid is relatively ne and then a great number of points have to be collected. Collecting vast amounts of data often creates processing problems. Remember that the number of data points increases geometrically as the grid gets ner.

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For example, over a 1x1 grid: Grid spacing in Inches
.2 .1 .05 .025

Number of Points Collected


36 121 441 1681

By cutting the grid spacing in half, you wind up collecting approximately 4 times as many points. As you can see, collecting data to reproduce ne detail can quickly involve scanning millions of data points. This produces a calculation burden on the computer as well as a processing problem to get all the required detail from the data. Dealing with this large quantity of data can become burdensome. Cleaning Up the Act Once the points are collected, the next stage is to generate the surface or the toolpath for the surface and this is where the software becomes critical. Think of the software as the word processor needed to edit the rough draft. Some software packages are available to reproduce the surface straight from the scanned data. Scanned surfaces can be projected onto existing surfaces or other G-Code programs with this software. The other approach is to create surfaces from the scanned data which will be integrated with other surfaces for an application or for reverse engineering. This approach is best done with a program like RHINO for the data collection and the surface manipulation. If the data collected is a point cloud, we would also recommend a program called COPIOUS. This is an add-on to RHINO and is specically designed to convert a great number of data points into surfaces. It also performs critical tasks such as ltering and feature recognition, both of which are extremely important. When a sea of data points is collected with a 3D

scanner, it is very similar to a at bed scanner scanning a sheet of paper in that both processes collect the data and under the best of circumstances; one should expect some noise in the data in both cases. This noise can come from a number of sources such as an imperfect surface, dirt on the surface and so on. Filtering and surface clean up is a crucial stage of reverse engineering and COPIOUS and RHINO are some of the best tools for accomplishing this. There are major software packages devoted exclusively to recreating surfaces from point cloud data. Some examples of these software packages are Imageware, Rapidform and Geomagic. These packages are designed to lter the noise as well as recreate the features of the object from the point cloud, such as holes, cusps, edges and so on.

The Grand Finale Once the surfaces have been created, edited and ltered they can be used for various applications. The results can be incorporated into other designs or transferred to a CAM program for machining or even projected onto existing parts as secondary machining on molds or models. Matching a System to Your Application Each of the three systems has its own advantages anddisadvantages in relation to an application. Although the laser scanner is the most expensive and is not typically used for 2D scanning, it also collects the most data in the most time-efcient manner. Laser scanning is an automated digitizer, which means you attach the laser module to the Z-axis of your CNC machine. X- and Y-axis data is collected via the CNC machines XY travel, while Z-axis data is collected by the laser. Through the software connected to the CNC machines controller, the laser creates a highly detailed point cloud from the XYZ data it collected. The point cloud, in turn, is saved to your computer hard drive in any number of standard formats.

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Laser Scanning is the fastest system and generates the best results, but does have some limitations. First, you need a CNC machine to use it; the depth of scan is determined by the Z-axis height as well as the specic lens selected for a particular depth of eld or readable area. Another limitation arises when objects to be scanned have contours under the top surface. In order to collect data on these contours during the initial scan, the end user needs a 4th axis to rotate the object so that it can be scanned from another angle. generate a point cloud, you lose whatever shop time you would otherwise use your machine for. A probe will not be able to collect points from sharp, deep cavities or grooves located underneath the objects top surface without rotating and rescanning, but it can quickly and easily do 2D scans. Access to reverse engineering tools and the advantages they provide is abundant, but which system to choose greatly depends on the nature of your application. Do you require 2D or 3D capabilities? What is the shape and contour of the objects being scanned? Do you have or plan to get a CNC machine? What is your work load? How accurate does your scan have to be and what funds are available for this purchase? Finding the right match between your application and a particular reverse engineering system is just the beginning. It helps to know how the system works in order to garner the best results. For instance, the noncontact digitizing CNC laser scanner collects data that is reected back, off the scanned object. The laser shoots a stream of light toward the object; when the light reaches the object, it bounces back toward the scanner in waves (i.e., Diffraction Principle and Interference Patterns). Depending on the intensity and range of the waves, the lasers sensor interprets the depth of the object. When the lasers sensor is able to clearly interpret the reected light waves, the resulting point cloud is extremely detailed. It is possible, however, for some aspects of the object to give a misrepresented reading of the surface area being scanned. The cleanliness of the surface, for one, can contribute to an inaccurate point cloud. Again, the lasers scan is so detailed that even the smallest of debris can be recorded. Other laser scanning aspects to consider include the texture and color of the surface to be scanned. As mentioned already, the surface area needs to be clean and free of debris; but clean should not be confused with glossy. Objects that have shiny or transparent surfaces do not scan well due to the nature of the scanners reected data collection. When the laser scans a glossy surface, the reected light that bounces off and back to the sensor is too strong and thus, misrepresented. On the other end of the spectrum, if the surface is at all transparent or translucent, then a portion of the lasers light will be absorbed into the surface, resulting in too little information returning to the laser. Color saturation also plays a signicant role in the quality of a lasers scan. Darker colors tend to absorb the laser, while lighter colored surfaces reect too much. There are controls to manipulate a scans range of intensity. Tweaking these controls can compensate for the amount of

A digitizing arm, on the other hand, through its manual operation, can collect points under the top surface of an object. The digitizing arms also have an impressive work range and are available in numerous work ranges of spherical radii. It works in tandem with a CAD program, giving the operator complete control of how points, lines and surfaces are reverse-engineered. The quality and accuracy of the nal model depends on the skill of the operator, as does the time. However, the end result is a NURBS model, a mathematical representation of a 3D surface, that is much more exible and smaller than a point cloud created by the other tools. That being said, they are also the most reasonably priced digitizing systems, versatile in that they perform 2D or 3D scans and do not require a CNC machine to operate. If you do have a CNC machine and want a cost-effective digitizer, then you should look at a CNC digitizing probe. These probes share the same benets of the laser scanners in that they are automated, and subsequently faster in collecting data than digitizing arms and are less prone to error. They are also a more economical option than the laser scanner. Although, what you save in money, you lose in the detail a laser provides. Also, a digitizing probe shares some of the disadvantages of the laser scanner. Because you need a CNC machine to

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light being reected; but a basic rule of thumb for quality laser scanning is to have objects with uniform color and nonreective surfaces. A common trick is to spray athletes foot powder on the part to create a uniform surface. Also affecting the collection of points is the geometry of the object in relation to the location of the laser or touch probe. The XY-travel should not run parallel to any straight edges on the object. If a pass with the laser or touch probe is almost parallel to the edge, it will cross the edge at one or more points. Dening the edge with so few points will result in a jagged edge. To heed this caveat, skew the object before beginning the scan so that the lasers XY-travel runs across any straight edges. The touch probe operates in similar fashion to the laser scanner, but is much simpler. It is not as detailed, accurate or fast, but it is the most affordable option.

4th Axis
Some CNC machines can be extended to utilize 4th axis capabilities. Typically, a machine that cuts using a rotary table and tailstock uses a rotary axis as its 4th axis. Any machine with 4th axis capabilities greatly increases its potential work range for applications such as carving, scanning and indexing. Indexing is the simplest function to use on a 4th axis. Indexing is utilized for applications when multiple operations are required on several different sides of a workpiece. In these cases, the axis is usually dened as the A-axis. Within a G-Code le, X-, Y- and Z-commands are provided for the machines three axes. At certain points in the le, rotary commands or A commands are given to index or rotate the part into a new position. A good example of indexing is inlay work performed on pool cues. The cue maker /

in-between each pocketing operation to rotate the part at regular intervals, typically 90. Another type of 4th axis application is sometimes called an axis swap. A toolpath for a at part is generated with the intent of carving it on a cylindrical surface. This is done by swapping the X- or Y-axis for the rotary axis. Thus, the original X-axis of the at part is now going to be carved around the workpiece in the rotary table. This is the equivalent of wrapping the toolpath around a part instead of along the X- or Y-axis. The last 4th axis application is what is referred to as true 4th axis machining. Toolpaths are generated using all 4-axis commands: X, Y, Z and A. This utilizes the full potential of the rotary table and allows the machine to create the part in the most efcient and exible way. There are, in fact, several parts that cannot be made by swapping, but require true 4th axis machining.

programmer will program a pocket routine in the CAD/ CAM software. He will then cut and paste the G-Code for the pocket several times with an A-axis command

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The Dust Collection System
An important addition to workshops and machines is a dust collection system. Dust collection systems make shops cleaner, safer, and extend the life of a machine. A clean shop is a safe shop. Uncontrolled dust can cause potentially serious health risks, contribute to messy work environment that can cause personal injury, and be the cause of premature machine failures. Sawdust, wood chips, and any other particles generated by cutting the wood, particle board, plywood, etc., become hazardous if they are inhaled. These products are created with the use of resins, alkaloids, silica, tannins, toxic organic and inorganic elements. Not to mention the insecticides, formaldehydes, and other toxins that come in contact with the tree in nature. Exposure to dust containing any of these can cause respiratory ailments, allergic reactions, skin problems, and liver, kidney, or blood diseases. Keep in mind, the ner dust particles can be easily inhaled and ultimately end up within the bloodstream. These are the realities as pertaining to proper dust collection in the modern workshop. DESIGNING THE PROPER DUST COLLECTION SYSTEM FOR YOUR SHOP In order to design a cost-effective and efcient dust collection system, the ducting must be carefully planned. The simpler the system, the cheaper and more efcient it will be. Before getting started, there are many variables which should be considered, such as: type of dust collector, type of ducting material, location, layout, and the budget for your system. Dust Collectors There are basically two types of dust collectors: singlestage, and two-stage. A single-stage unit is an inherently cheaper system which consists of an inline impeller which passes debris through the impeller and deposits the dust and debris into a lter bag. As dust and debris collects in the bag or drum, the system becomes increasingly less efcient. Precautions need to be taken with single-stage systems to prevent large objects, or any objects that can cause sparks when passing through the impeller. Objects that are too large can cause damage to the impeller, thus resulting in impaired performance. Objects that cause sparking exponentially increase the chance of a re or dust explosion. A good dust separator should be installed so that it will trap metal objects before they reach the impeller. If you suspect a spark was generated, the unit should be shut down immediately and the bag emptied into a safe airtight container. Two-stage units draw dust and debris into the system, but deposit the majority of the debris in the rst stage collection container before entering the impeller. At this point, only ne dust passes through the impeller. As this ne dust passes through the impeller, the second stage consists of a ne micron lter element which lters the ne dust as the air is exhausted from the dust collector back into the shop. Choosing Piping There are two types of piping to choose from: metal or plastic. There are several different types of metal ducting such as stove, heat, and ventilation piping, as well as piping designed specifically for dust collection systems. Metal piping is generally more expensive, but has many advantages over plastic piping. One advantage of using metal piping is the fact that it is a conductor and does not contribute to static electrical charge build-up. Although suspended dust within the ducting still generates a static electrical charge, metal piping is a conductor that can be easily grounded, dissipating the charge. If metal piping is to be used for the system, it should be of 26 gauge material or heavier so that the ducting will not collapse from the vacuum. The ideal ducting is piping that is specifically designed for dust collection purposes because it is the most efficient; however, this is the most expensive. The use of metal piping does make installation more difficult, and may not be airtight if it is not specifically designed for dust collection. All leaks should be sealed for optimum performance. Plastic piping, such as PVC or ABS, is the least expensive, readily available and easily assembled, but it has many inherent problems. Plastic piping is an insulator; thus static electricity is generated as dust particles travel through the ducting. It is very important to ground a plastic ducting system in order to dissipate the static electrical charge. This can be accomplished by running bare 16 AWG copper grounding wire, which should be stranded, braided and run inside the entire ducting system (braided antenna wire works well too). At any joints, the wire should be soldered

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so that there is a smooth transition at the joint. This smooth transition will help prevent debris from getting trapped, thus clogging the system. In addition, this braided wire should bespiral-wrapped around the exterior and grounded as well. Both metal and plastic piping require nal connection to the machines. This connection should be made with exible hose, not rigid piping. The use of ex hose will allow movement of the machine without damaging the ducting system. Metal piping typically connects easily to flex hose whereas plastic usually does not always mate correctly. A common method for this connection is to wrap duct tape around the plastic fitting increasing t h e Example of metal ducting specically diameter, or fabricate designed for dust collection. a wooden donut so that the connection can mate correctly. When using the exible hose, try to minimize the lengths, because its deeply corrugated surface can increase static pressure loss by as much as 50% over smooth-walled piping. Location of Dust Collector The location of the dust collector is very important because it will affect the over all efciency and cost of the system. When deciding the location of the dust collector, do not consider installing it in a room that has any ignition source. In addition, keep in mind that if installing outside the shop area in a small room, the air removed from the shop must be exhausted so that there wont be a pressure differential causing the dust collector efciency to drop. applications, extending the life of your bits also puts money back in your pocket. Three standard CNC Router coolant systems that you are likely to consider are: Micro-Drop Coolant Systems, Mist Coolant Systems and Cold Air Guns. All three systems cool the tool, not the workpiece. The Micro-Drop and Mist systems are used primarily on metal cutting applications, whereas plastics, woods and some metals can be cut with the Cold Air Gun.

Coolant
Using a CNC coolant system is an excellent method to improve cut quality and to extend the life of your tooling. In some applications it is not just a good idea, it is an absolute necessity. In many cutting applications, particularly plastics, the remelting of the cut particles is often the source of cut quality problems. Removing these cut particles with an air source sometimes solves the problem. In other cases, both cooling and air supply are required to remove cut particles. Considering how expensive CNC tooling can be for some

The highest initial purchase price of the three is the micro-drop system. The main benet of a micro-drop system is that it is a much cleaner system than misting. The units micro-dispenser applies very small amounts of coolant to the tool. This is benecial in that it does not waste product, it is a cleaner cooling method, but also, because of these aspects it can be used with a vacuum table (a Techno setup). Coolant, in general, can damage the material typically used on vacuum tables. Misting coolants are less expensive than micro-drops and are equally successful in cooling the tool. They have a large reservoir capacity to maintain the constant ow of coolant. As opposed to the micro-drops intermittent application of coolant, the mister applies a steady stream. The nature of this system does not lend itself to clean operations, and therefore are not recommended in conjunction with a vacuum table. The Vortex cold air gun can work with or without a vacuum system setup and is ideal for plastics and woods. Its steady stream of cold air prevents melting and chips igniting. The vortex tubes cylindrical generator causes compressed air to rotate, reaching speeds of up to 1,000,000 rpm, as it is forced down a longer inner wall of the tube, to produce the super-cooled air that exits through an air exhaust port.

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has evolved beyond the tasks of precise dimensioning. Expanded capabilities now include realistic renderings, dynamic analysis of moving elements and various finite element engineering analyses.

The main drawback of using a cold air gun is that a fairly large compressor is required. This need for a substantial compressor does add to the overall cost of the unit.

CAD / CAM & CNC Software


CAD and CAM software packages are closely related to one another. In fact, they share the rst two thirds of their respective acronyms: CAD / CAM stand for Computer-Aided Design and Computer-Aided Manufacturing. CAD programs typically are used to draw the part being developed. CAM programs are used for generating the toolpath for the CNC machine that will cut the part. The boundary between the two programs is often blurred as CAM programs often have drawing capabilities and CAD programs often have plug in programs, or added optional features, that allow them to generate toolpaths.

CAD/CAM programs get installed on a computer and, contrary to popular belief, learning to navigate the various functions is not rocket science. At rst, the different le formats and industry terms can be overwhelming. The good news is that with each successive completion of the cycle, from drawing, to toolpath, to cutting a part, the method becomes more familiar and, subsequently, easier to reproduce. CAD software creates drawings in 2D or 3D formats. Traditionally, CAD programs were primarily for engineering drawings and drafting. Its usefulness

A few standard 2D formats include: .DWG, .DXF, and .EPS. 2D CAD les typically share the same graphical element in that they are vector-based. Vector graphics consist of lines, arcs and other elements, in contrast to the pixels that make up a raster le, like a digital photo. Vector graphics dene these lines, arcs and polylines with simple mathematical equations. 3D CAD les are similar, but much more complex. Hundreds and even thousands of facets are calculated when creating 3D CAD les such as, .STL, .3DS, and .RAW. This is just a sampling of some of the more standard formats specic to different CAD programs. Other formats, such as .IGS, dene 3D surfaces and lines using complex parametric equations. CAM software helps convert and manipulate a CAD drawing into a toolpath. CAM software imports a CAD drawing and saves it in its own native le format. There are some programs that have both CAD and CAM capabilities in one software package, which is a convenient feature, but the transfer of les between two separate and standard CAD / CAM programs is not complicated. In fact, most CAD and CAM programs have built-in capabilities to both import and export several le formats. The toolpath generated by most CAM programs is in a standard manufacturing programming language called G-Code. Consisting of G and M codes or commands, a G-Code file guides the path of the cutter through the material by outputting code for linear or circular motions. CAM software also embeds parameters into the G-Code, such as tool width, toolpath position, cut depth, feeds and speeds, and others. These CAM parameters become increasingly important as the files being cut become more complex.

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For instance, a 2D part only requires that the depth of the cut be specified along with the path once the tool reaches the desired depth. When a 3D part is being carved, the full program description can consist of hundreds of thousands of G-Code commands specifying the toolpath. The program for 3D parts usually consists of very small line segments that form the desired shape. Another necessary step that CAM packages complete before outputting a toolpath is referred to as post-processing. This post-processing (or posting) customizes the G-Code commands and parameters to communicate with a specic CNC machine. The G-Codes and functions often remain the same, but posting serves to format the syntax of the le to meet with the protocol of a given CNC machines controller. Because of the great deal of freedom found in the international standards for G-Code, individual controllers may require different formats. The post-processing customizes the format to the specic controller being used. The scope of CNC machining applications is so vast, that a good CNC Software Suite (CAD / CAM) needs to accommodate a wide range of machining methods covering several different markets.

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Section 2

CNC Routers

The LC Series Tabletop CNC Router purchase has definitely benefited my business, now EVERY potential customer that has seen the machine orders a guitar. It also expands my business from just arch top guitars to creating and selling wooden pickup rings or other guitar parts. I did not want a stepper machine, as some of the wood I use is very expensive and could not afford the inaccuracies steppers deliver.
-Fernando Alonso Jaen
Guitarras Jaen

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CNC Routers
HOWTO CONSTRUCT A TECHNO CNC ROUTER SYSTEM ............................................ 27 PREMIUM CLASS ................................................................................................................. 28 LC SERIES ............................................................................................................................. 30 LC TABLETOP SERIES ........................................................................................................ 32 LCX SERIES ..................................................................................................................... 34 TABLETOP SYSTEMS .......................................................................................................... 36 ICP MODEL ROUTER ........................................................................................................... 38 CNC INTERFACE .................................................................................................................. 40

CNC Routers

A.R.T. CONTROLLER ........................................................................................................... 41

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CNC Routers How-to Construct a Techno CNC Router System


STEP 1
CHOOSE A ROUTER MODEL

Premium Class

LC Series

LC Tabletop Series

LCX Series

Footprint Work Envelope Power and


Production Volume

Tabletop Router

ICP Machine

Application(s)

STEP 2

CHOOSE A SPINDLE

Manual

Automatic Tool Changer

Horse Power rpm Electrical


Requirements

STEP 3

FIXTURING METHOD

Vacuum

Work-Holding Devices Manual Clamps Does your application


Mechanical

require a vacuum table for workpiece holddown?

STEP 4

CHOOSE A SOFTWARE PACKAGE

Market-based

Woodworking Signage Prototyping Modelmaking Other Nesting parts 4th axis, rev. eng.
Computer 2D & 3D Digitizers

STEP 5

CHOOSE YOUR CNC ACCESSORIES

Coolant

Tooling

4th Axis

Clamps

Are you cutting metal


and require a coolant system? Do you need to turn or index your parts? Do you need to reverse-engineer parts?

router bits, etc.

3D Laser Scanner

Dust Collector

Aggregates

Techno Vision

Oscillating/ Tangential Knife

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CNC Routers

Premium Class
The Premium Class CNC Router line offers tremendous production capabilities for, routing: plastic, wood, aluminum, composites, and more (either in nested-based form or individual component processing). Because of Technos unique machine design and long-term market presence, the Premium Class is a high-quality machine at an economical price. Check out all the features that come standard with this machine below.

FEATURES All steel construction Ball screw drives on all 3 axes, providing the highest degree of accuracy and repeatability which results in machine longevity, and requiring minimal maintenance THK rails and bearings on all 3 axes. These high-grade carriages provide smooth, play-free motion, and can handle very high loads,

which, in turn, provides an excellent edge nish Closed-loop brushless servomotors. These high-powered motors and drives monitor the machines position at all times Premium Class machines come standard with a PC, touchscreen monitor and local controls mounted on a control console. The customer

just has to connect the power and the machine is ready for production Techno Windows-based G-Code Interface is included with the system. It provides production logging and reporting, innite lookahead and continuous motion. Free software updates via the internet Tool calibration touch pad

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CNC Routers

MACHINE SPECIFICATIONS: PREMIUM CLASS Machine Model *Work Envelope (X x Y) **Floor Print (W x L x H) Repeatability Resolution

Dimensions in inch

Maximum Bridge Speed Clearance in/min


800 11 or 20

Z-Axis Travel
12 or 24

5950 59 X 50 93 x 102 x 70 59120 59 x 120 93 x 175 x 70 .001 59144 59 x 144 93 x 199 x 70 *Special sizes available upon request **H dimension for 11 bridge clearance, add 10 to W if equipped with Drill Bank

.0002

OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES Router Spindle 9-Spindle Drill Bank Coolant Systems C-Axis Fixturing Clamps

Vacuum Table Dust Collector 4th Axis Rotary Table Aggregate Tooling Multiple Spindles

Vacuum Pump Software Laser Scanner/Rev Eng. Tooling Kits Laser Pointer

We purchased the machine because we needed to streamline our production. The purchase of the Techno Premium Class machine has opened up new avenues of business and has reduced our labor costs considerably. We use MasterCam software and we seem to learn something new every day on how we can manufacture our product easier.

Company: Benson Woodworking Contact: Market: Tom Benson Custom Millwork Location: Hauppauge, NY Shop size: 5,000 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2000 Model: Premium Class 5996

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CNC Routers

LC Series
Techno offers 4 models of the LC Series CNC Router. All four models are constructed on a heavy-duty steel base and all come standard with ball screws on all three axes, and closed-loop servo controls. The use of such superior components, results in superior machine performance and longevity. This series machine is an excellent choice for small to midsized shops, and will meet all demanding applications at a very low price. This machine is an excellent entry-level machine that allows the user to start with the basics and build on it as the business grows. See next page for available accessories.

FEATURES Ships assembled and tested Ball screws on all 3 axes, providing the highest degree of accuracy and repeatability which results in machine longevity, and requiring minimal maintenance THK rails and bearings on Y-axis. These high-grade carriages provide smooth motion, longevity, and can handle very high loads, which, in turn,provides an excellent edge nish

Closed-loop servomotors. These


high-powered motors and drives monitor the machines position at all times End of travel limit switches Proprietary X-Z axis beam design which helps keep debris and dust away from drive components. This unique design keeps the machine running while keeping machine maintenance to a minimum

Techno Windows-based G-Code


Interface is included with the system. It provides production logging and reporting, innite look-ahead and continuous motion. Free software updates via the internet Heavy-duty aluminum T-Slot table surface which can easily be upgraded for vacuum table hold-down Tool calibration touch pad

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CNC Routers

Model 78120

Model 4896 MACHINE SPECIFICATIONS: LC SERIES Machine Model


4848 4896 59120 78120 Dimensions in inch

Work Envelope (X x Y)
48 x 48 48 x 96 59 x 120 78 x 120

Floor Print (W x L x H)
74 x 83 x 60 74 x 125 x 60 109 x 149 x 60 109 x 149 x 60

Repeatability Resolution

Maximum Bridge Speed Clearance in/min


250 or 800 5.0

Z-Axis Travel

.001

.0002

8.9

OPTIONS and ACCESSORIES Vacuum Table Vacuum Pump Automatic Tool Changer CAD/CAM Software Variety of Spindles

Variety of Clamps Laser Pointer Dust Collectors Manual Quick Changers Rev. Engineering Laser Scanner 4th Axis Rotary Table

Computer Coolant Systems Tooling Kits 2D or 3D Digitizing Probe Tool Calibration Touch Pad

The Techno machine (LC Series) has dramatically expanded my capabilities by making it possible to produce beautiful 3D images as well as very accurate 2D designs in very little time. In the rst four months, it has already generated about $4,000 of additional revenue, so it should easily pay for itself in the rst year.

Company: LCI Signs Contact: Dave Wartman Location: Pine, CO Market: Signage Shop size: 1,500 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2002 www.lazerconcepts.com

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CNC Routers

LC Tabletop Series
Techno offers 3 models of the LC Tabletop Series CNC Router. All three models come standard with ball screws on all three axes, and closed-loop servo controls. The use of such superior components, results in superior machine performance and longevity. This series machine is an excellent choice for small to midsized shops, and will meet all demanding applications at a very low price. This machine is an excellent entry-level machine that allows the user to start with the basics and build on it as the business grows. See next page for available accessories.

FEATURES Ships assembled and tested Ball screws on all 3 axes, providing the highest degree of accuracy and repeatability which results in machine longevity, and requiring minimal maintenance THK rails and bearings on Y-axis. These high-grade carriages provide smooth motion, longevity, and can handle very high loads, which, in turn,provides an excellent edge nish

Closed-loop servomotors. These


high-powered motors and drives monitor the machines position at all times End of travel limit switches Proprietary X-Z axis beam design which helps keep debris and dust away from drive components. This unique design keeps the machine running while keeping machine maintenance to a minimum

Techno Windows-based G-Code


Interface is included with the system. It provides production logging and reporting, innite look-ahead and continuous motion. Free software updates via the internet Heavy-duty aluminum T-Slot table surface which can easily be upgraded for vacuum table hold-down Tool calibration touch pad

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CNC Routers
Model 3024 Shown with optional stand

Model 5024 Shown with optional vacuum table

MACHINE SPECIFICATIONS: LC TABLETOP SERIES Machine Model


2012 3024 5024

Dimensions in inch

Work Envelope (X x Y)
20 x 12 30 x 24 50 x 24

Floor Print (W x L x H)
37 x 37 x 37 47 x 49 x 37 67 x 49 x 37

Repeatability Resolution

Maximum Bridge Speed Clearance in/min


250 5.0

Z-Axis Travel
8.9

.001

.0002

OPTIONS and ACCESSORIES Vacuum Table Vacuum Pump Automatic Tool Changer CAD/CAM Software Variety of Spindles

Variety of Clamps Laser Pointer Dust Collectors Manual Quick Changers Rev. Engineering Laser Scanner 4th Axis Rotary Table

Computer Coolant Systems Tooling Kits 2D or 3D Digitizing Probe Tool Calibration Touch Pad

The LC Series Tabletop CNC Router purchase has denitely benetted my business, now EVERY potential customer that has seen the machine, orders a guitar. It also expands my business from just arch top guitars to creating and selling wooden pickup rings or other guitar parts. I did not want a stepper machine, as some of the wood I use is very expensive and could not afford the inaccuracies steppers deliver.

Company: Guitarras Jaen Contact: Fernando Alonso Jaen Location: Spain Market: Arch Top Guitars Shop size: 645 sq.ft. / 60 sq. m. Customer: Since 2005 Model: LC Tabletop 3024 www.guitarrasjaen.com

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CNC Routers

LCX Series
Techno offers 8 models of the LCX Series CNC Router. The LCX machine is designed to meet large format routing applications. The frame construction consists of large heavy steel tubing that is welded and stress relieved. This heavier frame design provides a rigid foundation for the machine, thus resulting in superior machine performance. In addition, the machines standard drive components consist of ball screws on all three axes with high speed closed-loop servo motors and drives. The machine features axial locking braces, steel backing members and nine-inch gantry clearance (with 12.7 Z-axis stroke). This new series machine is made to complement the LC Series in that it has an excellent price to performance ratio and is an excellent choice for any size shop or company with large format cutting applications.

FEATURES Ships assembled and tested Ball screws on all 3 axes, providing the highest degree of accuracy and repeatability which results in machine longevity, and requiring minimal maintenance THK rails and bearings on Y-axis. These high-grade carriages provide smooth motion, longevity, and can handle very high loads, which, in turn, provides an excellent edge nish

Closed-loop servomotors. These


high-powered motors and drives monitor the machines position at all times End of travel limit switches Proprietary X-Z axis beam design which helps keep debris and dust away from drive components. This unique design keeps the machine running while keeping machine maintenance to a minimum

Techno Windows-based G-Code


Interface is included with the system. It provides production logging and reporting, innite lookahead and continuous motion. Free software updates via the internet Heavy-duty aluminum T-Slot table surface which can easily be upgraded for vacuum table holddown Tool calibration touch pad

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CNC Routers

MACHINE SPECIFICATIONS: LCX SERIES Machine Model


48168 59120 59144 78120 78144 78168

Dimensions in inch

Work Envelope (X x Y)
48 x 168 59 x 120 59 x 144 78 x 120 78 x 144 78 x 168

Floor Print (W x L x H)
74 x 197 x 60 82 x 149 x 60 82 x 173 x 60 109 x 149 x 60 109 x 173 x 60 109 x 197 x 60

Repeatability Resolution

Max. Speed in/min

Bridge Clearance

Z-Axis Travel

.001

.0002

800

9.0

12.7

OPTIONS and ACCESSORIES Vacuum Table Vacuum Pump Automatic Tool Changer CAD/CAM Software A Variety of Spindles

A Variety of Clamps Laser Pointer Dust Collectors Manual Quick Changers Rev. Engineering Laser Scanner

4th Axis Rotary Table Computer Coolant Systems Tooling Kits 2D or 3D Digitizing Probe

We chose a Techno CNC Router because the machine quality is excellent, they answered all our technical questions and the overall presentation was very professional. It only took one year to get a full return on our investment. The LCX router has reduced our labor costs by almost 60%, increased our production and added a new element of creative carpentry to our shop. The capabilities seem endless.

Company: Contact: Location: Market:

Chicago Millwork Steve Naines Chicago, IL Custom Architectural Millwork Shop size: 22,000 sq.ft. Model: LCX 48168 Customer: Since 2005

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CNC Routers

Tabletop Systems
Techno offers 6 sizes of their Tabletop CNC Routers. These convenient and compact-sized machines are compatible with most of Technos CNC accessories: Windows-based interface, industry standard G-Code, vacuum hold-down, additional axes, etc. If your application does not require heavy-duty routing, these machines supply a perfect option for expanding your business through CNC routing.

FEATURES Moving gantry provides stationary work surface Closed-loop servo control system Ball screws on all 3-axes

Tool calibration touch pad Heavy-duty T-Slot table surface for


easy part xturing (vacuum table optional)

Axis limit switches at all ends of


travel

Techno Windows-based G-Code


Interface with free lifetime upgrades via the internet

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CNC Routers

Shown with optional stand and vacuum table MACHINE SPECIFICATIONS: TABLETOP SYSTEMS Machine Model Travel Y X Table Size (W x D) Repeatability Resolution Maximum Speed in/min
Dimensions in inch

*Gantry Clearance
4.9

Z-Axis Travel
3.1 6.8, 10.8 or 19.6

015 11.4 13.7 74 x 197 x 60 027 19.7 82 x 149 x 60 040 21.3 29.5 82 x 173 x 60 054 39.4 109 x 149 x 60 067 31.1 33.5 109 x 173 x 60 130 40.9 49.2 109 x 197 x 60 *19.6 gantry clearance for foam applications only.

.0004

.0001

250

7.5, 11.8 or 19.6

OPTIONS and ACCESSORIES Vacuum Table/Pumps 4th Axis Rotary Table Laser Scanner Software

Router Spindles Coolant Systems Laser Pointer Dust Collector


We manufacture Point of Purchase displays. Many of the pieces we fabricated in the past utilized an expensive CNC milling machine. The Techno router has provided us a much more economical and quicker method of producing the parts. The quality of the machine and the cuts it produces speak for itself. All it does is run! The machine is simple and easy to use; weve had no problems at all with the machine.

Fixturing Clamps 11 or 19 Gantry


Clearance

Digitizing Probe
Company: Contact: Location: Market: Alliance Display Mitch Nelson Winston Salem, NC Point of Purchase Displays Shop size: 8,000 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2000 Model: Gantry III 067 www.concepttocustomer.com

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CNC Routers

ICP Model Router


Techno offers the ICP Router in 3 sizes with microstepper motor drives. This fully-enclosed tabletop machine features ball screws on all three axes. The mobile T-Slotted work surface is ideal for clamping down your workpiece.

FEATURES Ball screws on all 3-axes Moving T-Slot table platform 5/8HP, 8-24K rpm spindle Small, compact design Safety enclosure with interlock

Techno

Windows-based G-Code Interface with free lifetime upgrades via the internet 32 K internal memory (stepper) (2) 24V inputs and (2) 24V outputs

Comes fully assembled and ready


to use

T-Slot work surface for easy part


xturing

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CNC Routers

MACHINE SPECIFICATIONS: ICP MODEL ROUTER Machine Model


2015 3020 4030

Dimensions in inch

Travel X
7.87 11.8 15.75

Y
5.9 7.87 11.8

Z
3.53 3.53 5.5

Bridge Clearance
3.9 4.5 6.7

Size W
21.1 24 30.7

D
23.6 25.6 33.5

H
27.2 28.2 31.9

Machine Model
2015 3020 4030

Weight lb
210 225 265

Repeatability

Positioning Accuracy
.002

Spindle
5/8HP, 8-24K rpm, 1/8 and 1/4 collets provided

Aluminum T-Slot Table Surface


15.75 x 9.8 19.6 x 9.8 23.6 x 14.7

Motor Drive Type


Stepper Stepper Stepper

.004

We use the Techno DaVinci and ICP Model machines for our production of jewelry. The addition of the routers has given me more time to be creative as well as more competitive. The machines run all day every day with no downtime. We chose Techno because of their reputation for quality. The machines are reliable and require minimal maintenance.

Company: Hendricks Mfg. Contact: Bob Hendricks Location: Taylorsville, UT Market: Jewelry Manufacturing Shop size: 1,500 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2000 Model: ICP www.create-a-ring.net

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CNC Routers

Techno CNC Servo G-Code Interface


Technos CNC Windows-Based G-Code Interface is included with each machine and is an indispensable tool in any CNC Router application. Its open architectural design accepts G-Code les from any industry standard CAD/CAM software package and can operate using inch or metric units, and congurable for multiple languages. Customers that are new to automation nd the Techno CNC Interface easy to learn and operate. Most are up and running in less than one day. They nd the intuitive single-screen design and functions easy to use and remember. The jogging buttons, speed controls and run displays are all visible on the main page. Customers soon discover that just because the Techno CNC Interface is easy to use does not mean that it is not a comprehensive CNC program. Several impressive features include: Toolpath preview with viewing tools and adjustable screen Built-in editor for shop oor modications Machine feed rate & spindle override control Continuous and step jogging functionality to ne tune positional locations Mechanical homing location controls (at any corner of the machine) No DNC link required Ability to plot and compare toolpath position relative to actual motion to verify positional feedback Allows for up to 10 xture offsets X/Y axes orientation swapping I/O machine diagnostics Skip function to return to program positions (in case of tool bit failure) Built-in basic nesting features Interface password protection to safeguard system functions Production logging & reporting Techno also offers free updates, via the Techno Support Web Site, for the life of the machine.
Toolpath/Part Preview Screen Setup/System Input Screen Easy-Input Pop-Up Screens Techno CNC Interface Main Screen

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CNC Routers

Advanced Remote Technology (A.R.T.) Controller


The New A.R.T. (Advanced Remote Technology) hand-held controller proves to be the most modern on the market today. Used in conjunction with any PC, this easy-to-use controller allows the operator freedom to move around the machine during setup and operation. A.R.T. provides complete control of all machine functions through easy-to-read and understand menus via high-tech touchscreen monitor. This system also provides easy button denition and explanation functions, making A.R.T. extremely easy-to-use, while allowing complete access to all of the machines powerful control functions. A.R.T. Controller Features: 5-1/2 inch Color Touch-screen Monitor 320 x 240 pixel resolution High-Speed USB capabilities IP 54 Dust Protection External Emergency Stop Button 3 Meter Chord Multiple Congurable Languages Direct PC Connection via USB Port Requires no DNC Link Unlimited File Storage Capacity Direct Data Read for Uninterrupted Maximum Cutting Performance (No Drip Feed) Control Functions Selectable Commands: Complete 4th Axis Jogging Automatic Tool Calibration Automatic Tool Changer Setup Automatic Tool Length Offsets File Selection Program Speed Entry Axis Homing Manual Tool Change Functions Chuck Control Command Denitions Axis Override Position High-Frequency Spindle Control Coolant Control Part Previewer Feed Rate Override Spindle Speed Override Ten Fixture / Home Offsets Skip (Proximity Restart) Basic Nesting and Much More!

Techno CNC Interface Main Screen on A.R.T.

Top View A.R.T. Controller showing external Emergency Stop Button

Close-up of USB File Upload Port

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CNC Routers
Notes: ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________
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Section 3

Accessories

I purchased my 5 ft x 8 ft RG Series machine with seven highfrequency spindles to manufacture high volumes of wood rosettes, plinth blocks, and replace mantels. I based my decision to purchase the Techno because of the quality, reliability, cost and company reputation. I now own my machine since 2001 and it has proven to be a valuable asset to my company. Techno is an excellent company that is easy to work with.
-Gary Deutsch
Garys Engraving

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Accessories
SPINDLE OPTIONS Automatic Tool Changer ..................................................................................................... 45 HSD High-Frequency Spindle ............................................................................................ 45 Porter Cable 3.25HP Commercial Spindle ......................................................................... 45 Colombo High-Frequency Spindle ...................................................................................... 46 Technos High-Speed Commercial Spindle ........................................................................ 46 Technos Engraving Head .. ............................................................................................... 46 Benz 9-Spindle Vertical Drill Bank ....................................................................................... 46 Technos Multispindle Option ............................................................................................. 47 Technos Engraving Head Adaption to High-Frequency Spindles ..................................... 47 PRESSURE FOOT/VACUUM SHROUD ATTACHMENT ................................................. 47 PIGGY BACK SELF-FEED DRILL .................................................................................... 48 TECHNO VINYL CUTTER ................................................................................................. 48

Accessories

TECHNO VISION ............................................................................................................... 48 4TH AXIS ............................................................................................................................. 49 TOOL HOLDERS ............................................................................................................... 50 ER COLLETS / WRENCHES ............................................................................................. 51 MICRO-DROP COOLANT SYSTEM ................................................................................. 52 MIST COOLANT SYSTEM ................................................................................................ 52 VORTEX TUBE .................................................................................................................. 52 TECHNO VACUUM TABLE .............................................................................................. 53 VACUUM PUMP OPTIONS Rotary Vane Vacuum Pump .............................................................................................. 54 Regenerative Vacuum Blower ............................................................................................ 54 25-HP Regenerative Vacuum Blower .................................................................................. 54 Twin Pack of Rotary Vane Vacuum Pumps ........................................................................ 54 ROLLER HOLD-DOWN .................................................................................................... 55 DIGITIZER .......................................................................................................................... 56 TECH-SCAN ...................................................................................................................... 56 CYCLONE DUST COLLECTOR ........................................................................................ 57 BAG UNIT .......................................................................................................................... 57

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Accessories
Automatic Tool Changer
FEATURES

Collet Spindles
HSD High-Frequency Spindle
FEATURES

Very easy to use and


operate

Machine will
automatically pick up tools during tool changes

Maintenance-free Industry standard


ER collets

Automatic tool length compensation. Using Technos tool calibration pad, the machine will automatically record all the tool length offsets in the machine interface

Quiet operation 6,000 to 18,000 rpm


standard

Fast and easily


removable vacuum hood

Fully programmable rpm control Uses industry-standard tool holders


and collets

Ideal spindle choice for a variety of materials to be cut On/Off functions controlled via CNC

Very quiet operation Wide range of horsepower available Available in any voltage rating per customer requirements All automatic tool changers come equipped with Technos Interlock Safety Board, which monitors spindle actions

Porter Cable 3.25HP Commercial Spindle


FEATURES

3.25 Horsepower 120V AC


operation

10,000 to 22,000
rpm

Heavy-duty
aluminum mounting bracket

Fast and easily removable


vacuum hood

On/Off functions controlled via CNC


Phone: 516-328-3970 45 www.technocnc.com

Accessories
Collet Spindles
Colombo High-Frequency Spindle
FEATURES

Technos Engraving Head


FEATURES

Maintenance-free Industry standard


ER collets

800 Watt, 8,000-24,000


rpm spindle

Spring-loaded
engraving head which allows the engraving head to ride on irregular surfaces maintaining constant cutter depth

Ultra quiet operation 12,000 to 24,000 rpm


standard (other speeds available upon request)

Fast and easily


removable vacuum hood

Micrometer tool depth adjustment

Ideal spindle choice for a


variety of materials to be cut

On/Off functions
controlled via CNC

On/Off functions controlled via CNC

Benz 9-Spindle Vertical Drill Bank


FEATURES

3HP Drive
Technos High-Speed Commercial Spindle

9-Vertical drill spindles Automatic drill length


calibration between router spindle and drill bank via tool calibration pad

FEATURES 800 Watt, 1 HP or 220V AC,

110V AC
1-phase

8,000 to 24,000 rpm Fast and easily


removable vacuum hood

Auto tool calibration


using Technos tool calibration pad

Five drills for X and Y


with shared center

On/Off functions
controlled via CNC

All machines provide full coverage Other congurations available upon request On/Off functions controlled via CNC

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Phone: 516-328-3970

Accessories
Collet Spindles
Technos Multispindle Option
FEATURES Increased production for greater part production volume

Pressure Foot / Vacuum Shroud Attachment


High-Frequency Spindle Pressure Foot. This pressure foot is designed to apply downward force to the part while being machined. This downward force prevents parts from popping up or shifting during machining. In conjunction, the debris that is removed while cutting is extracted through the built-in dust shroud. Downward force is manually adjusted by relocating the shaft collar along precision shafting. The pressure foot is ideal for plastics, woods, composites, berglass, or any substrate when routed. The pressure foot ts any manual high-frequency collet type spindles. This accessory can be added at any time.

Easily adjustable
spindle center to center locations via T-Slot plate

On/Off functions controlled via CNC

Technos Engraving Head Adaption to High-Frequency Spindles


FEATURES

Spring-loaded
engraving head which allows the engraving head to ride on irregular surfaces maintaining constant cutter depth

FEATURES

Quick and easy setup Adjustable downward force Built-in vacuum shroud Fits a variety of high-frequency spindles Easily added to existing machines
with Colombo spindles

Micrometer tool depth


adjustment

Easily and quickly


retracts allowing high-frequency spindle to route

Prevents part movement

Spindle automatic tooling offsets for


X, Y and Z positions

On/Off functions controlled via CNC


Phone: 516-328-3970 47 www.technocnc.com

Accessories
Piggy Back Self-Feed Drill
FEATURES 1/2 HP air motor

Techno Vision
Techno Vision is equipped with a digital camera that automatically locates reference markers on a print le, veries the image and adjusts it for linear and rotational distortion. The Vision Software, in operation with Technos GCODE CNC Interface, transfers this information to the CNC Router allowing customers to route digital prints almost effortlessly. This new system seamlessly integrates with traditional graphics programs and quickly mounts on all Techno CNC Routers. FEATURES

3 automatic stroke 1/2 key type clutch Techno interface software


automatically applies offset compensation between router spindle and drill

High-Brightness LED
Lights Control Lighting

640 x 480 high-speed


IIDC Digital Camera with automatic exposure and gain adjustment

Embedded high-brightness

Techno Vinyl Cutter

FEATURES Comes with adjustable spring tension controlled oating blade

white LED lights eliminate the effects of ambient light

Camera and Light


system enclosed in dust-free housing

Techno Vision
completely integrates with the easy-to-use Techno CNC Interface

2-Precision bearings
for smooth blade rotation

High-Speed marker
acquisition uses propriety adaptive image processing and control algorithms

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Phone: 516-328-3970

Accessories
4th Axis
Technos servo-controlled CNC Routers are all 4-axis ready. Whether you need to route an intricate 3D carving on a cylindrical surface or index a part by rotating it a set number of degrees, the Techno 4th axis upgrade will prove to be a valuable tool. In addition, Techno offers a rotary outrigger for its rotary tables. The outrigger allows for a higher volume production by utilizing a single axis drive. Companies can increase their production by vast numbers without having to invest in numerous machines. A single machine can be equipped with up to six router spindles and six rotary stations, thus increasing the production by six times. FEATURES

Closed-loop position feedback High precision gearing with multiple ratios available for
specic applications

Heavy-duty body housing with 2 rows of double-row


angular-contact ball bearings

Easy to setup and operate Adapts to any Techno router Comes complete with Tailstock and center set 1-1/8 diameter drive spur

We invested in the Techno 4-axis CNC router because we needed a machine that was very sturdy and accurate which could cut with the precision and detail we required. The investment in the router has increased the sales of my high dollar cues yet reduced my overhead to produce these intricate detailed pieces. I am very satised with my purchase and I look forward to being able to purchase another machine very soon.

Company: Josey Cues Contact: Keith Josey Location: Savannah, GA Market: Pool Cue Mfg. Shop size: 850 sq.ft. Customer: Since 1998 Model: Gantry III System 040 www.joseycues.com

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Accessories
Tool Holders
Catalog Number
H24G10-ISO3032 H24G10-ISO2525 H24G10-ISO2016 H24G10-ISO2020 H24G10-ISO1511 H24G10-HSK5032 H24G10-HSK5032L H24X10-ISO30STD1 H24X10-ISO25STD1 H24X10-ISO20STD1 H24X10-ISO15STD1 H24G10-ISO30PS1 H24G10-ISO25PS1 H24G10-ISO20PS1 H24G10-ISO15PS1

Holder
ISO 30 ISO 25 ISO 20 ISO 20 ISO 15 HSK50F HSK50F Long

Collet
ER32 ER25 ER16 ER20 ER11 ER32 ER32

Max. Tool Shank


3/4 5/8 3/8 1/2 1/4 3/4 3/4

ISO 30 Tool Stand ISO 25 Tool Stand ISO 20 Tool Stand ISO 15 Tool Stand Pull Stud for ISO 30 Tool Holder Pull Stud for ISO 25 Tool Holder Pull Stud for ISO 20 Tool Holder Pull Stud for ISO 15 Tool Holder

ER Collets / Wrenches

Porter Cable Collets Catalog Number


H25P00-43000 H25P00-43001 H25P00-42950 H24X30-SHROUD2 HL7A30-251205

Size
1/4 3/8 1/2 Vacuum Shroud 1/4 X 1/8 Bore Reducer

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Phone: 516-328-3970

Accessories
ER Collets / Wrenches

8 pc. ER32 Collet set shown

ER16 Collets ER32 Collets Catalog Number


H24X10-ER3218 H24X10-ER32316 H24X10-ER3214 H24X10-ER32516 H24X10-ER3238 H24X10-ER3212 H24X10-ER3258 H24X10-ER3234 H24G10-ER32NUT H24X10-CWER3202 H24X10-CW38MM01 H24X10-ER32SET

Catalog Number Size


1/8 3/16 1/4 5/16 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 ER32 Collet Nut ER32 Nut Wrench 38 mm Open-End Wrench Complete ER32 Set of 8 Collets H24X10-ER1618 H24X10-ER1614 H24X10-ER1638 H24G10-ER16NUT

Size
1/8 1/4 3/8 ER16 Collet Nut

ER11 Collets Catalog Number


H24X10-ER11116 H24X10-ER1118 H24X10-ER1114 H24G10-ER11NUT

Size
1/16 1/8 1/4 ER11 Collet Nut

ER25 Collets Catalog Number


H24X10-ER2518 H24X10-ER25316 H24X10-ER2514 H24X10-ER25516 H24X10-ER2538 H24X10-ER2512 H24X10-ER2558 H24G10-ER25NUT H24X10-CWER2502 H24X10-CW27MM01 H24X10-ER25SET

Size
1/8 3/16 1/4 5/16 3/8 1/2 5/8 ER25 Collet Nut ER25 Nut Wrench 27 mm Open-End Wrench Complete ER25 Set of 7 Collets

Engraving Spindle Collets Catalog Number


H25C00-1174 H25C00-11764 H25C00-1178 H25C00-1174-DB H25C00-11764-DB H25C00-1178-DB H25C00-NMNC H25C00-SSNC H25C00-VCRS250

Size
1/4 Collet 11/64 Collet 1/8 Collet 1/4 Drawbar 11/64 Drawbar 1/8 Drawbar Plastic Nose Cone SST Nose Cone Chip Removal System

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Accessories
Micro-Drop Coolant System
This coolant system is ideal for use with the Techno vacuum table. This units microdispenser applies a very small amount of high-performance vegetable-based lubricant to the cutting tool. It does this by atomizing the lubricant in a high-velocity air stream, which delivers the lubricant to the cutting tool. The result is higher material removal rates, improved nish, tighter tolerances and increased productivity.

SPECIFICATIONS
Fluid Viscosity Range Liquid Flowrate Range Inlet Pressure Range Recommended Filtration Air Consumption Reservoir Capacity 50-200 SUS 2-16 drops/min 60-125 PSI 40 Micron 1.7 cubic ft/min @ 80 PSI 16 oz

Mist Coolant System


This coolant system is ideal for all Techno machines equipped without a vacuum table. This misting unit provides a steady stream of mist lubricant that immediately cools and lubricates the cutter.

SPECIFICATIONS
Inlet Pressure Range Air Consumption Reservoir Capacity 60-125 PSI 0.3 cubic ft/min @ 90 PSI 2 gallons

Vortex Tube
Cold Air Guns are powered by a Vortex tube a unique device that creates a Vortex from compressed air and separates it into hot and cold airstreams. Heres how it works. The vortex tubes cylindrical generator causes the input compressed air to rotate reaching speeds up to 1,000,000 rpm as it is forced down the inner wall of the hot or longer end of the vortex tube. At the end of the hot tube, a small portion of this air exits through a needle valve as hot air exhaust. The remaining air is forced back through the center of the incoming air stream at a slower speed. The heat in the slower moving air is transferred to the faster moving incoming air. This super-cooled air ows through the center of the generator and exits through the air exhaust port. SPECIFICATIONS
Powered By Air Consumption Filtered factory air (70-100 PSIG/4.8-6.9 bar) Consumes 15 SCFM (425 SLPM) 0.3 cubic ft/min @ 90 PSI

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Accessories
Techno Vacuum Table
The most common question asked when it comes to vacuum hold-down and nested-based manufacturing is, how much vacuum does my application require? Vacuum systems should be evaluated based on the specic applications. The smaller the part or thinner the material to be held, the greater the volume of air ow needed, thus increasing the size of the vacuum pump. Many people state that you cant have enough vacuum. This is somewhat a true statement, but it can be a very costly fact. It is always easy to over buy. Purchasing a single 40HP or 50HP pump can cost in excess of $25,000. This cost, however, is only the initial cost. What about the utilities? Depending on where your shop is located, these rates can vary considerably. Keep in mind, operating cost (utility) rarely goes down, so this cost will increase year to year. There are other avenues which can be considered. Purchasing a number of smaller pumps can help reduce the price of the pump as well as reduce the overhead to run these pumps. If you are processing sheets of materials that have large parts, then a single pump can be utilized. If the nest has numerous smaller parts, then it is best to run all the pumps for maximum air ow. There are other devices which can be purchased to aid the vacuum hold-down system such as a spindle pressure foot, or roller hold-down. These devices push down on the material while being routed, thus aiding the vacuum system. Technos vacuum table design is the most exible and efcient system offered Rubber Plugs M6 T-Nuts on the market today. Techno understands that xturing parts can be the most complex part of the manufacturing process, in addition to being time consuming. With Technos vacuum table, we allow for both mechanical and vacuum xturing to be used simultaneously. What does this mean? If you are processing sheets of material such as MDF, Melamine, plastic, foam or any other sheet-like material, vacuum ow-through process is an excellent solution. If you are processing small or irregular shaped products, then you may want to utilize vacuum along with mechanical clamps. With Technos universal vacuum table, you can achieve both. With the T-Slots built into the aluminum vacuum table, it is easy to mount gates for banking your material against, lining the material up square to the axis of travel. In addition, Technos vacuum tables are zoned. If you are processing small parts, then you do not require the entire machines vacuum table to be wide open, rather, just a small section. Technos vacuum tables are also easily customizable. Technos vacuum tables are channeled, which allow gasketing material to be routed around the vacuum table. The channels cut into the table are placed on a 1.0 grid; therefore, the gasketing can be formed to any pattern to xture small parts. In areas along the open zone where vacuum is not required, simply utilizing the rubber plugs will close off the other vacuum ports in the zone. This exibility makes the job easier and setup minimal. Foam Gasketing

Individual zones run the length of the table.

Grid pattern offers maximum exibility and provides easy customization of table surface.

Techno offers a number of clamps and accessories for the vacuum table. See below.

Vacuum Pod

Cam Clamp

H91X30-PL006-001 (50 pc/bag)

HL6100M209119 (10 pc/bag)

HX4892-W0002 (40 ft/bag)

HX4892-4X4POD

HL5400M290002

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Accessories
Vacuum Pumps
Rotary Vane Vacuum Pump
FEATURES 10HP TEFC AC Motor

25HP Regenerative Vacuum Blower


FEATURES

Available in 230/460V,
50-60 Hz, 3 ph or 1 ph

25HP TEFC AC Motor Available in 230/460V,


50-60 Hz, 3 ph or 1 ph

Comes complete with


vacuum gauge, primary and secondary lters, check valve and plumbing to connect to router

Comes complete with


vacuum gauge, lter, check valve and plumbing to connect to router

Rated for 173 CFM,


25 Hg, 81 db

Rated for 295 CFM,


at 14 Hg

Open ow = 467 CFM

Regenerative Vacuum Blower


FEATURES 10HP TEFC AC Motor

Twin Pack of Rotary Vane Vacuum Pumps


FEATURES

(2) 10HP TEFC AC


Motors

Available in 230/460V,
50-60 Hz, 3 ph or 1 ph

Available in 230/460V,
50-60 Hz, 3 ph or 1 ph

Comes complete with


vacuum gauge, lter, check valve and plumbing to connect to router

Comes complete with


vacuum gauge, primary and secondary lters, check valve and plumbing to connect to router

Rated for 273 CFM,


11 Hg

Rated for 346 CFM,


25 Hg, 81 db

NOTE: Other size vacuum pumps available upon request. Ask your salesman for details.

Pneumatic Clamp

12 Clamp Bar

Filter Element

Toggle Clamps

HL5400M290010

HX5400-CB192-001

H91X30-REPLFLT

HL5400M290051

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Accessories
Model 60W Roller Hold-Down

Technos roller hold-down system is designed to work on Techno Premium Class CNC router models. It is ideal for rough plywood or stacked sheet materials when the conventional vacuum hold-down is not practical enough to do the job. Now two and three sheets of material can be processed allowing an even shorter manufacturing cycle time. The twin roller positions applies maximum downward force to the material, preventing part slippage.

FEATURES (4) 2 diameter urethane covered steel rollers

Automated sensors lift and retract rollers before outer


edge of work piece

3 roller clearance for


easy loading and unloading of materials

Manual controls to
adjust for various sheet lengths

Works well with warped


materials

Protective roller guards Provides part hold-down


for 13

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Accessories
Digitizer
Digitizing Probe
FEATURES

Tech-Scan
New from Techno! By using the Techno Laser Scanner in conjuction with our CNC routers you can scan and reproduce detailed parts with ease and accuracy you wont believe. Just place any nished part on the routing table and the Techno Laser Scanner, which is conveniently mounted to the Z-axis, traverses back and forth over its surface. You can actually see the laser traveling over your part! The laser system creates a point cloud of your parts shape and contours. The le is then ready for importing into CAD/CAM software. From here, the data can be manipulated or a toolpath can be generated to duplicate the part. The Techno Laser Scanner is a noncontact measuring sensor capable of scanning a variety of surfaces, including but not limited to: shiny reective surfaces, and even coarse or steeply angled surfaces. System Includes:

Easily mounts on any


Techno servo-controlled machine

Digitizes complex
2-dimensional curved objects and 3-dimensional geometric objects

Run software according to Axes scan dimensions


and step resolutions, program automatically collects data SCANS 2- AND 3-DIMENSIONAL OBJECTS QUICKLY AND EASILY!

Both 2- and 3-dimensional models are generated


onto the screen via automatic toolpath points or a point cloud

Generated object can be saved in ASCII le


format, and then imported into most CAD/CAM programs ready for manipulation

Scanner Point Cloud Collection Software Mounting Accessories Scanner Protection Hood
AVAILABLE LENSES
Lens mm 25 50 75 100 125 150 250 Depth of Field mm 1.8 8 18 35 45 70 180 Absolute Lens Accuracy in. .0001 .0002 .0004 .0006 .0008 .0014 .0019 Lens Lateral Repeatability Resolution m in. .4 1.0 2.0 4.0 8.0 15 15 .0009 .0018 .0025 .0029 .0039 .0047 .0039

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Accessories
Cyclone Dust Collector Bag Unit

When purchasing a CNC Router, it is easy to overlook other auxiliary equipment needed to run the router. Proper dust collection is imperative. Techno routers run at high- speeds and generate a fair amount of chips and dust. Collection of this debris and, most importantly, dust that gets airborne is crucial. Techno is proud to offer a 2HP two-stage high-performance cyclone dust collector with 0.2 2.0 Micron external lter cartridge. FEATURES 2HP, TEFC, 230V, 1-phase motor 39 External lter cartridge which captures particles between 0.2 and 2 microns @ 11 fpm face velocity Vacuum dust hood controlled via CNC, ts all highfrequency spindles Vacuum hood connection = 4.0 Includes ducting from cyclone to machine hood 55 gallon ber drum

Techno is proud to offer a powerful dust collector that features a 12 steel impeller driven by a 1.5HP AC motor. FEATURES 1.5HP TEFC motor (110V or 220V option) 6 Outlet with (2) 4 openings Quiet operation Unit on wheels for easy mobility 1300 CFM air ow 10.3 static pressure

NOTE: See technical section for dust collection technical guide.

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Section 4

Routing Tools

Solid Wood & Wood Composites Double-Sided Laminates Hard Plastics Soft Plastics Nonferrous Metals Specialty Tools

Prole Tooling Insert Tooling

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www.technocnc.com www.techno-isel.com/tooling

Routing Tools
CNC TOOLING KITS ......................................................................................................... 61 SOLID WOOD & WOOD COMPOSITES ........................................................................... 65 DOUBLE-SIDED LAMINATES ........................................................................................... 70 HARD PLASTICS .............................................................................................................. 73 SOFT PLASTICS ............................................................................................................... 79 NONFERROUS METALS ................................................................................................. 83 SPECIALTY TOOLS .......................................................................................................... 86

Routing Tools

PROFILE TOOLING ........................................................................................................... 93 INSERT TOOLING ............................................................................................................. 101

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Phone: 516-328-3970

Routing Tools
CNC Tooling Kits

Nested-Based Manufacturing Tool Kit

Solid Wood Manufacturing Tool Kit

H25XAM-7866-01 - Nested-Based Manufacturing Tool Kit (8 Pieces*)


Catalog Number
H25XAM-RC2257 H25XAM-12 H25XAM-46172 H25XAM-46349 H25XAM-201005 H25XAM-46170

No. of Tools
1 4 2 2 2 1

Description
Surface Cutter for Soft/Hard Plastics, Wood Composites and MDF Laminates Surface Cutter Inserts Compression Bit for MDF and Laminates Downcut Spiral for Solid Wood Boring Drill Bit for Soft/Hard Wood Compression Bit for MDF Laminates

Cutting Edge Diameter


2-1/2 3/8 1/4 5 mm 1/4

Cutting Edge Length


1/2 1-1/4 3/4 27 mm 7/8

Shank Overall Diameter Length


1/2 3/8 1/4 10 mm 1/4 2-1/2 3 2-1/2 57 mm 2-1/2

H25XAM-7866-02 - Solid Wood Manufacturing Tool Kit (10 Pieces*)


Catalog Number
H25XAM-46261 H25XAM-46359 H25XAM-46361 H25XAM-46355 H25XAM-46245 H25XAM-46345 H25XAM-46241 H25XAM-46376 H25XAM-43820

No. of Tools

Description
Upcut Spiral for Solid, Hard Woods Downcut Spiral for Solid, Hard Woods

Cutting Edge Diameter


1/2 3/8 1/2 3/8 3/16 1/8 1/4

Cutting Edge Length


1-1/4 1 3/4 1/2 1 3/4

Shank Overall Diameter Length


1/2 3/8 1/2 3/8 1/4 2-1/2 3 2-1/2 2

Upcut Spiral for Solid, Hard Woods Downcut Spiral for Solid, Hard Woods Upcut Spiral for Solid, Hard Woods Upcut Ball Nose for Solid, Hard Woods Straight Plunge for Solid, Hard Woods

* All Techno Tooling Kits come standard in a wooden case storage box.

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Routing Tools
CNC Tooling Kits

Sign Manufacturing Tool Kit

Nonferrous Metal Upcut Tool Kit H25XAM-7866-03 Sign Manufacturing Tool Kit (16 pieces*)
Catalog Number
H25XAM-45726 H25XAM-45756 H25XAM-45751 H25XAM-45705 H25XAM-51404 H25XAM-51504 H25XAM-43500 2 H25XAM-43508 H25XAM-51402 H25XAM-51502

No. of Tools

Description
90 V-Groove 120 V-Groove 90 V-Groove 60 V-Groove O Flute Upcut for Acrylic, Plastic, Wood and Solid Surfaces Single O Flute Downcut for Acrylic, Plastic, Wood and Solid Surfaces Straight O Flute for Acrylic, Plastic, Soft Plastic, PVC, Styrene Straight O Flute for Acrylic Plastic, Soft Plastic, PVC, Styrene Spiral O Flute Upcut for Aluminum, Brass, Copper and Nonferrous Metals Spiral O Flute Downcut for Aluminum, Brass, Copper and Nonferrous Metals

Cutting Edge Diameter


1-1/4 1/2 1/4

Cutting Edge Length


3/4 21/32 15/16 5/8 3/4

Shank Overall Diameter Length


1/2 2-1/2 1-59/64 2-13/64 1-3/4

2 1/8 1/2 3/4 1/4 5/8 2 1/4 2-1/2

H25XAM-7866-04 Nonferrous Metal Upcut Tool Kit (6 pieces*)


Catalog Number
H25XAM-51402 H25XAM-51406 H25XAM-51408

No. of Tools
2

Description
Single Flute Upcut for Aluminum, Brass, Copper, Nonferrous Metals

Cutting Edge Diameter


1/4 1/8 3/16

Cutting Edge Length


5/8 5/16 1/2

Shank Overall Diameter Length


1/4 1/8 1/4 2 1-1/2 2

* All Techno Tooling Kits come standard in a wooden case storage box.

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Phone: 516-328-3970

Routing Tools
CNC Tooling Kits

Plastic Manufacturing Tool Kit Nonferrous Metal Downcut Tool Kit H25XAM-7866-05 Nonferrous Metal Downcut Tool Kit (6 pieces*)
Catalog Number
H25XAM-51502 H25XAM-51506 H25XAM-51508

No. of Tools
2

Description
Single Flute Downcut for Aluminum, Brass, Copper, Nonferrous Metals

Cutting Edge Diameter


1/4 1/8 3/16

Cutting Edge Length


5/8 5/16 1/2

Shank Overall Diameter Length


1/4 1/8 1/4 2 1-1/2 2

H25XAM-7866-06 Plastic Manufacturing Tool Kit (12 pieces)*


Catalog Number
H25XAM-51404 H25XAM-51410 H25XAM-51412 H25XAM-51504 H25XAM-51510 H25XAM-51512

No. of Tools

Description
Single O Flute Upcut for Foam, Plastic, Wood and Solid Surfaces

1Cutting Edge Diameter


1/4 1/8 3/16 1/4 1/8 3/16

Cutting Edge Length


3/4 1/2 5/8 3/4 1/2 5/8

Shank Overall Diameter Length


1/4 1/8 3/16 1/4 1/8 3/16

2 Single O Flute Downcut for Foam, Plastic, Wood and Solid Surfaces

* All Techno Tooling Kits come standard in a wooden case storage box.

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Routing Tools
CNC Tooling Kits

9-Spindle Drill Bank Tool Kit

V-Groove Cutter Tool Kit H25XAM-DBKIT 9-Spindle Drill Bank Tool Kit (9 pieces*)
Catalog Number
H25XAM-301005 H25XAM-201005

No. of Tools
5 4

Description
Right-Hand Rotation Drill Bit Left-Hand Rotation Drill Bit

Cutting Edge Diameter


5 mm

Cutting Edge Length


27 mm

Shank Overall Diameter Length


10 mm 57 mm

H25XAM-7866-07 V-Groove Cutter Tool Kit (6 pieces*)


Catalog Number
H25XAM-45705 H25XAM-45700 H25XAM-45704 1 H25XAM-45712 H25XAM-45716 H25XAM-45724

No. of Tools

Description
60 V-Groove Cutter for Plastic, Wood, Solid Surfaces, Foam and Acrylic 90 V-Groove Cutter for Plastic, Wood, Solid Surfaces, Foam and Acrylic 90 V-Groove Cutter for Plastic, Wood, Solid Surfaces, Foam and Acrylic 90 V-Groove Cutter for Plastic, Wood, Solid Surfaces, Foam and Acrylic 90 V-Groove Cutter for Plastic, Wood, Solid Surfaces, Foam and Acrylic 90 V-Groove Cutter for Plastic, Wood, Solid Surfaces, Foam and Acrylic

Cutting Edge Diameter


1/2 3/8 1/2

Cutting Edge Length


5/8 7/16

Shank Overall Diameter Length


1-3/4 1/4 1-5/8

1/2 5/8 3/4 5/8 1 2-1/4 1/2 2 2-1/8

* All Techno Tooling Kits come standard in a wooden case storage box.

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Routing Tools Solid Wood & Wood Composites


Single Edge Carbide-Tipped Straight Plunge
For Use On: Hardwood: Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry, Mahogany, Maple, Oak, Poplar, Teak and Walnut Composite Wood: MDF, Particle Board and Plywood Designed for general usage where longer tool life over high speed steel are essential. Single edge tools for slower feed rates.

Double Edge Carbide-Tipped Straight Plunge


For Use On: Hardwood: Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry, Mahogany, Maple, Oak, Poplar, Teak and Walnut Composite Wood: MDF, Particle Board and Plywood Designed for general usage where longer tool life over high speed steel are essential. Double edges tools for faster feed rates and smoother nish.

Catalog Number
H25XAM-45100 H25XAM-45102 H25XAM-45104 H25XAM-45108 H25XAM-45300 H25XAM-45308 H25XAM-45313

Cutting Cutting Shank Edge Edge Dia. Dia. Length


1/8 3/16 1/4 3/8 1/2 7/16 1/2 1 1-1/4 2-1/2 1/4 3/8 1/2

Overall Length
2 2-1/4 2-1/2 2-7/8 4-3/8

Catalog Number
H25XAM-45190 H25XAM-45200 H25XAM-45239 H25XAM-45204 H25XAM-45211 H25XAM-45216 H25XAM-45402 H25XAM-45404 H25XAM-45419 H25XAM-45427

Cutting Cutting Edge Edge Dia. Length


1/16 1/8 3/16 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/16 7/16 5/8 1/2 1 3/4 1 1-1/4 3/4 2-1/2

Shank Dia.

Overall Length
1-5/8 2 2-3/16 2 2-7/8 2 2-1/2 3-3/8 2-1/4 4-1/2

1/4

3/8 1/2

Production Down Shear - 3

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Routing Tools Solid Wood & Wood Composites


Double Edge Solid Carbide Upcut Spiral Wood Rout
For Use On: Softwood: Cedar, Cottonwood, Pine and Redwood Hardwood: Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry. Mahogany, Maple, Oak, Poplar, Teak and Walnut Composite Wood: MDF, Particle Board and Plywood Designed for routing where upward chip removal,tool rigidity, long life and high quality nish is desired. Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/8 3/16 1/4 3/8 1/2 1/2 3/4 1-1/8 1 1-1/4 1-1/8 1-5/8 mm 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 16 20 25 35 50 55 60 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 64 76 88 100 120 1/2 1/8 1/4 3/16 1/4 3/8 2-1/2 3 2-1/2 3 3-1/2 2

Double Edge Solid Carbide Downcut Spiral Wood Rout


For Use On: Softwood: Cedar, Cottonwood, Pine and Redwood Hardwood: Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry, Mahogany, Maple, Oak, Poplar, Teak and Walnut Composite Wood: MDF, Particle Board and Plywood Designed for routing where downward chip removal, tool rigidity, long life and high quality nish is desired. Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 1/2 3/4 1-1/8 1 1-1/4 mm 16 20 25 35 50 55 60 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 64 76 88 100 120 2 2-1/2 3 2-1/2 3 3-1/2

Catalog Number
Inch H25XOS-52-244 H24XAM-46100 H25XOS-52-260 H25XOS-52-264 H25XAM-46102 H25XAM-46316 H25XAM-46103 H25XAM-46104 H25XAM-46106 H25XOS-52-360 H25XAM-46107 Metric H25XOS-52-410 H25XOS-52-411 H25XOS-52-412 H25XOS-52-414 H25XOS-52-416 H25XOS-52-418 H25XOS-52-420 H25XOS-52-422 H25XOS-52-424 H25XOS-52-426 Helix Angle 30

Catalog Number
Inch H25XAM-46200 H25XAM-46202 H25XAM-46416 H25XAM-46203 H25XAM-46204 H25XAM-46206 H25XAM-46207 Metric H25XOS-57-410 H25XOS-57-411 H25XOS-57-412 H25XOS-57-414 H25XOS-57-416 H25XOS-57-418 H25XOS-57-420 H25XOS-57-422 H25XOS-57-424 H25XOS-57-426 Helix Angle 30

1/4 3/8 1/2

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Routing Tools Solid Wood & Wood Composites


Double Edge Solid Carbide Straight Wood Rout
For Use On: Softwood: Cedar, Cottonwood, Pine and Redwood Hardwood: Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry, Mahogany, Maple, Oak, Poplar, Teak and Walnut Composite Wood: MDF, Particle Board and Plywood Provides a superior nish in a variety of wood materials with a neutral cutting action.

Three Edge Solid Carbide Low Helix Finisher


For Use On: Softwood: Cedar, Cottonwood, Pine and Redwood Hardwood: Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry, Mahogany, Maple, Oak, Poplar, Teak and Walnut

Designed for perfect balance and ultrasmooth nish over a wide speed range.

UPCUT

Catalog Number
H25XOS-56-240 H25XAM-43808 H25XAM-43812 H25XAM-43824 H25XAM-43836 H25XOS-56-320 H25XAM-43848

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/8 3/16 1/4 5/16 3/8 1/2 1/2 1 1-1/8 5/16 3/8 1/2 1/4 2 2-1/2 3

Catalog Number
H25XOS-60-239 H25XOS-60-241 H25XOS-60-243 H25XOS-60-245 H25XOS-60-249 H25XOS-60-253 H25XOS-60-251 Helix Angle 10 DOWNCUT

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/4 3/8 1/2 3/8 7/8 5/8 1-1/8 1-5/8 2-1/8 1/2 1/4 3 3/8 3-1/2 4 4-1/2

Catalog Number
H25XOS-60-240 H25XOS-60-242 H25XOS-60-244 H25XOS-60-246 H25XOS-60-250 H25XOS-60-252 Helix Angle 10

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/4 3/8 1/2 3/8 7/8 5/8 1-1/8 1-5/8 2-1/8 1/4 3 3/8 1/2 4 4-1/2

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Routing Tools Solid Wood & Wood Composites


Double Edge Solid Carbide Chipbreaker Finisher
For Use On: Softwood: Cedar, Cottonwood, Pine and Redwood Hardwood: Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry, Mahogany, Maple, Oak, Poplar, Teak and Walnut Composite Wood: MDF, Particle Board and Plywood For faster feed rates than a conventional two ute with a smooth nish.
UPCUT

Double Edge Solid Carbide Rougher


For Use On: Softwood: Cedar, Cottonwood, Pine and Redwood Hardwood: Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry, Mahogany, Maple, Oak, Poplar, Teak and Walnut Composite Wood: MDF, Particle Board and Plywood Designed for use when faster feed rates cannot be achieved, or on low horsepower machines.
UPCUT

Catalog Number
Inch H25XOS-60-307 H25XOS-60-311 Metric H25XOS-60-411 H25XOS-60-413 H25XOS-60-415 H25XOS-60-417 H25XOS-60-419 Helix Angle 30 DOWNCUT

Cutting Cutting Edge Edge Dia. Length


3/8 1/2 8 10 12 16 18 1-1/8

Shank Dia.

Overall Length

Catalog Number
H25XOS-60-815 H25XOS-60-825 Helix Angle 20

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
3/8 1/2 1-3/8 1-3/8 3/8 1/2 3-1/2 3-1/2

3/8 1/2 mm 8 10 12 16 18

3 64 76 100 120

25 35 55 65

DOWNCUT

Catalog Number
Inch H25XOS-60-308 H25XOS-60-312 Metric H25XOS-60-412 H25XOS-60-414 H25XOS-60-416 H25XOS-60-418 H25XOS-60-420 Helix Angle 30

Cutting Cutting Edge Edge Dia. Length


3/8 1/2 8 10 12 16 18 1-1/8

Shank Dia.

Overall Length

Catalog Number
H25XOS-60-816 H25XOS-60-826 Helix Angle 20

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
3/8 1/2 1-3/8 1-3/8 3/8 1/2 3-1/2 3-1/2

3/8 1/2 mm 8 10 12 16 18

3 64 76 100 120

25 35 55 65

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Phone: 516-328-3970

Routing Tools Solid Wood & Wood Composites


Rougher Compression
For Use On: Softwood: Cedar, Cottonwood, Pine and Redwood Laminated and Veneered Material Hardwood: Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry, Mahogany, Maple, Oak, Poplar, Teak and Walnut Composite Wood: MDF, Particle Board and Plywood Compression Rougher design allows for increased feedrates over a standard compression and provides a clean edge on the top and bottom surfaces. This tool excels in single- or stack-sheet plywood where the edge is hidden or covered. Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
3/8 1/2 1-1/4 3/8 1/2 3-1/2 4

Catalog Number

H25XOS-60-855* H25XOS-60-865* Helix Angle 30 *Mortise Compression

Phone: 516-328-3970

69

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Routing Tools Double-Sided Laminates


Single Edge Solid Carbide Compression Spiral
For Use On: Laminated and Veneered Double Sided Laminates and veneered materials. Composite Wood MDF, Particle Board, Plywood

Double Edge Solid Carbide Downcut Spiral Wood Rout


For Use On: Laminated and Veneered Double Sided Laminates and veneered materials. Composite Wood MDF, Particle Board, Plywood

Compression design for optimum edge nish on both sides of laminated materials. Single edge designed for low speed applications. Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/8 3/16 1/4 3/8 3/8 1/2 6 8 10 12 3/8 5/8 7/8 1-1/8 mm 25 35 6 8 10 12 64 76

Compression design for optimum edge nish on both sides of laminated materials. Double edge design for faster feed rates and improved part nish. Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/4 3/8 1/2 6 8 10 12 7/8 1 1-1/8 mm 25 35 6 8 10 12 64 76 1/4 1/2 2-1/2 3

Catalog Number
Inch H25XOS-60-102 H25XOS-60-106 H25XAM-46140 H25XAM-46142 H25XAM-46148 H25XAM-46156

Catalog Number
Inch H25XAM-46170 H25XAM-46174 H25XAM-46186 Metric H25XOS-60-133 H25XOS-60-135 H25XOS-60-137 H25XOS-60-139 Helix Angle 30

1/4 3/8 1/2

2-1/2 3

Metric
H25XOS-60-132 H25XOS-60-134 H25XOS-60-136 H25XOS-60-138

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70

Phone: 516-328-3970

Routing Tools Double-Sided Laminates


Double Edge Solid Carbide Chipbreaker/Finisher Compression Spiral
For Use On: Laminated and Veneered: Double Sided Laminated and Veneered Materials Hardwood: Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry, Mahogany, maple, Oak, Poplar, Teak and Walnut Composite Wood: MDF, Particle Board, Plywood Compressed design for optimum edge nish on both sides of laminated materials. Chipbreaker/nisher designed for increased feed rates in hard and dense materials.

Single Edge Solid Carbide Mortise Compression Spiral


For Use On: Laminated and Veneered: Double Sided Laminated and Veneered Materials Composite Wood: MDF, Particle Board, Plywood

Mortise compression design for optimum edge nish on both sides of laminated materials. Short upcut design offers reduced small part movement and allows for mortise and rabit cuts with same tool. Single edge design for low-speed applications. Upcut Cutting Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Edge Dia. Lgth. Dia. Lgth. Lgth.
1/4 3/8 1/2 6 8 10 12 .175 .188 .200 1/4 3/8 1/2 6 8 10 12 2-1/2 3 3-1/2 64 76

Catalog Number
Inch H25XOS-60-123C H25XOS-60-124C H25XOS-60-163C H25XOS-60-169C Metric H25XOS-60-135C H25XOS-60-137C H25XOS-60-139C Helix Angle 30

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
3/8 1/2 8 10 12 7/8 1-1/8 7/8 1-1/8 mm 25 35 8 10 12 64 76 3/8 3 1/2

Catalog Number
Inch
H25XOS-60-111 H25XOS-60-121 H25XOS-60-161 H25XOS-60-166

7/8 1-5/8

Metric
H25XOS-60-152 H25XOS-60-154 H25XOS-60-156 H25XOS-60-158 Helix Angle 30 22

mm
4

Phone: 516-328-3970

71

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Routing Tools Double-Sided Laminates


Double Edge Solid Carbide Mortise Compression Spiral
For Use On: Laminated and Veneered: Doubled Sided Laminated and Veneered Materials Composite Wood: MDF, Particle Board, Plywood

Mortise compression design for optimum edge nish on both sides of laminated materials. Short upcut design offers reduced small part movement and allows for mortise and rabit cuts with same tool. Double edge design for faster feed rates and improved part nish. Upcut Cutting Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Edge Dia. Lgth. Dia. Lgth. Lgth.
7/8 1-1/8 1-3/8 22 1/4 .188 .200 mm 4 3/8 1/2 10 12 2-1/2 3 3-1/2 76

Catalog Number

Inch H25XOS-60-113 1/4 H25XOS-60-123 3/8 H25XOS-60-127L H25XOS-60-173 1/2 Metric H25XOS-60-152 10 H25XOS-60-154 12 L = Left Rotation Tool

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72

Phone: 516-328-3970

Routing Tools Hard Plastics


Double Edge Solid Carbide Upcut Spiral O Flute
For Use On: Hard Plastic: Cast and extruded acrylic, Melamine, Nylon, Polycarbonate, ABS, Acetal Solid Surface Low helix geometry designed to cut hard plastic with a smooth nish and upward chip ow. Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/4 3/8 1/2 6 8 10 12 3/8 3/4 1 1-1/8 mm 25 35 6 8 10 12 64 76 88 1/4 3/8 1/2 2-1/2 3 3-1/2

Double Edge Solid Carbide Downcut Spiral O Flute


For Use On: Hard Plastic: Cast and extruded acrylic, Melamine, Nylon, Polycarbonate, ABS, Acetal Solid Surface Designed to cut plastic with a smooth nish and downward chip ow.

Catalog Number
Inch H25XOS-52-622 H25XOS-52-624 H25XOS-52-638 H25XOS-52-650 Metric H25XOS-52-626 H25XOS-52-640 H25XOS-52-642 H25XOS-52-644 Helix Angle 11

Catalog Number
Inch H25XOS-57-623 H25XAM-46413 H25XOS-57-637 H25XOS-57-651 Metric H25XOS-57-627 H25XOS-57-639 H25XOS-57-643 H25XOS-57-645 Helix Angle 10-11

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/4 3/8 1/2 6 8 10 12 3/8 3/4 1 1-1/8 mm 25 35 6 8 10 12 64 76 88 1/4 3/8 1/2 2-1/2 3 3-1/2

Phone: 516-328-3970

73

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Routing Tools Hard Plastics


Double Edge Solid Carbide Straight
For Use On: Hard Plastic: Cast and extruded acrylic, Melamine, Nylon, Polycarbonate, ABS, Acetal

Designed specically to rout harder, more rigid plastics. The straight ute design helps to reduce part lifting in thin sheet applications

Catalog Number
Inch H25XOS-56-041 H25XOS-56-061 H25XOS-56-081 H25XOS-56-082 H25XOS-56-122 H25XOS-56-162 Metric H25XOS-56-450 H25XOS-56-451 H25XOS-56-452 H25XOS-56-454 H25XOS-56-456 H25XOS-56-458

Cutting Edge Diameter


1/8 3/16 1/4 3/8 1/2 4 5 6 8 10 12

Cutting Edge Length


1/4 3/8 3/4 7/8 1 mm 16 20 25 35

Shank Diameter

Overall Length

2 1/4 2-1/2 3/8 1/2 3

6 8 10 12

64 76 88

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74

Phone: 516-328-3970

Routing Tools Hard Plastics


Three Edge Solid Carbide Low Helix Finisher
For Use On: Hard Plastic: Cast and extruded acrylic, Melamine, Nylon, Polycarbonate, ABS, Acetal Solid Surface Designed for perfect balance and ultrasmooth nish over a wide speed range.

UPCUT

DOWNCUT

Catalog Number
Inch H25XOS-60-239 H25XOS-60-241 H25XOS-60-243 H25XOS-60-245 H25XOS-60-249 H25XOS-60-251 Metric H25XOS-60-481 H25XOS-60-471 H25XOS-60-473 H25XOS-60-475 H25XOS-60-483 Helix Angle 10

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/4 3/8 1/2 3/8 7/8 5/8 1-1/8 2-1/8 1/2 1/4 3 3/8 3-1/2 4-1/2

Catalog Number
Inch H25XOS-60-240 H25XOS-60-242 H25XOS-60-244 H25XOS-60-246 H25XOS-60-250 H25XOS-60-252 Metric H25XOS-60-482 H25XOS-60-472 H25XOS-60-474 H25XOS-60-476 H25XOS-60-484 Helix Angle 10

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/4 3/8 1/2 3/8 7/8 5/8 1-1/8 2-1/8 1/2 1/4 3 3/8 3-1/2 4-1/2

mm
6 8 10 12 14 25 35 45 6 8 10 12 14 76 88 110

mm
6 8 10 12 14 25 35 45 6 8 10 12 14 76 76 88 110

Phone: 516-328-3970

75

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Routing Tools Hard Plastics


Single Edge Solid Carbide Downcut Spiral O Flute
For Use On: Hard Plastic: Cast and extruded acrylic, Melamine, Nylon, Polycarbonate, ABS, Acetal

Designed to provide a smooth nish in hard plastics. The down cut spiral helps maximize part holding.

METRIC
Catalog Number
H25XAM-51510 H25XOS-62-712 H25XOS-62-719 H25XAM-51504 H25XOS-62-727 H25XOS-62-733 H25XOS-62-740 Helix Angle 21

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/8 3/16 1/4 3/8 1/2 1/2 5/8 3/4 1-1/2 1-1/8 1-5/8 1/8 1/4 3/16 1/4 3/8 1/2 3 3-1/2 2

Catalog Number
H25XOS-62-802 H25XOS-62-804 H25XOS-62-806 H25XOS-62-808 H25XOS-62-810 H25XOS-62-812 H25XOS-62-814 H25XOS-62-816 H25XOS-62-818 H25XOS-62-820 H25XOS-62-822 H25XOS-62-824 H25XOS-62-826 H25XOS-62-828 H25XOS-62-830 H25XOS-62-832 H25XOS-62-834 H25XOS-62-836 H25XOS-62-838 H25XOS-62-840 H25XOS-62-842 H25XOS-62-844 H25XOS-62-846 H25XOS-62-848 H25XOS-62-849 H25XOS-62-847 Helix Angle 21

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length mm mm mm mm
2 2.5 3 12 8 12 4 20 30 5 16 30 8 12 20 30 38 25 38 30 35 38 8 2 6 2.5 6 3 6 3 6 4 6 4 5 6 5 6 76 8 10 10 12 64 76 64 50 64 50 64 50

8 10 12

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Phone: 516-328-3970

Routing Tools Hard Plastics


Single Edge Solid Carbide Upcut Spiral O Flute
For Use On: Hard Plastic: Cast and extruded acrylic, Melamine, Nylon, Polycarbonate, ABS, Acetal Solid Surface Designed to provide a smooth nish in hard plastics with upward chip removal.

METRIC
Catalog Number Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/8 1/4 1/8 1/4 3/16 1/4 3 2-1/2 3 3-1/2 2

Catalog Number
H25XOS-63-802 H25XOS-63-804 H25XOS-63-806 H25XOS-63-808 H25XOS-63-810 H25XOS-63-812 H25XOS-63-814 H25XOS-63-816 H25XOS-63-818 H25XOS-63-820 H25XOS-63-822 H25XOS-63-824 H25XOS-63-826 H25XOS-63-828 H25XOS-63-830 H25XOS-63-832 H25XOS-63-834 H25XOS-63-836 H25XOS-63-838 H25XOS-63-840 H25XOS-63-842 H25XOS-63-844 H25XOS-63-846 H25XOS-63-848 H25XOS-63-849 H25XOS-63-847 Helix Angle 21

H25XOS-63-701 1/16 H25XOS-63-700 1/4 H25XOS-63-711 H25XAM-51410 1/8 1/2 H25XOS-63-743* H25XOS-63-716 3/8 3/16 H25XOS-63-718 5/8 H25XOS-63-724 3/8 H25XOS-63-744* 1/4 3/4 H25XAM-51404 H25XOS-63-727 1-1/2 H25XOS-63-730 5/8 H25XOS-63-733 3/8 1-1/8 H25XOS-63-745* 1-5/8 H25XOS-63-746* 1/2 Helix Angle 21 *Special point for improved bottom nish.

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length mm mm mm mm
2 2.5 3 12 8 12 4 20 30 5 16 30 8 12 20 30 38 25 38 30 35 38 8 2 6 2.5 6 3 6 3 6 4 6 4 5 6 5 6 76 8 10 10 12 64 76 64 50 64 50 64 50

3/8 1/2

8 10 12

Phone: 516-328-3970

77

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Routing Tools Hard Plastics


Single Edge Solid Carbide Downcut Spiral O Flute
For Use On: Hard Plastic: Cast and extruded acrylic, Melamine, Nylon, Polycarbonate, ABS, Acetal Solid Surface

Single Edge Solid Carbide Upcut Spiral O Flute


For Use On: Hard Plastic: Cast and extruded acrylic, Melamine, Nylon, Polycarbonate, ABS, Acetal Soft Plastic: ABS, Polycarbonate, Polyethylene, PVC, Polypropylene, HDPE, Polystyrene, UHMW, and Extruded Acrylic Solid Surface The polished ute allows for razor sharp cutting edge and easy chip evacuation. Catalog Number
H25XOS-65-000 H25XOS-65-010 H25XOS-65-013 H25XOS-65-012 H25XOS-65-019 H25XOS-65-018 H25XOS-65-020 H25XOS-65-023 H25XOS-65-025 H25XOS-65-026 H25XOS-65-027 H25XOS-65-033 Helix Angle 21

The polished ute allows for a razor sharp cutting edge nish. The down cut spiral helps improve part holding. Catalog Number
H25XOS-64-000 H25XOS-64-012 H25XOS-64-016 H25XOS-64-018 H25XOS-64-024 H25XOS-64-025 H25XOS-64-026 H25XOS-64-031 H25XOS-64-033 Helix Angle 21

Cutting Cutting Shank Edge Edge Dia. Dia. Length


1/16 1/8 3/16 1/4 3/8 1/4 1/2 3/8 5/8 3/8 3/4 1-1/4 3/4 1-1/8 1/8 1/4 3/16 1/4 3/8

Overall Length

Cutting Cutting Shank Edge Edge Dia. Dia. Length


1/16 1/8 3/16 1/4 1/2 5/8 1-1/4 5/8 7/8 1-1/4 1-1/2 1-1/8 1/8 1/4 1/8 1/4 3/16

Overall Length

1/4

1/4 3/8

3 2 2-1/2 3

3/8

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Phone: 516-328-3970

Routing Tools Soft Plastics


Double Edge Solid Carbide Upcut Spiral O Flute
For Use On: Soft Plastic: ABS, Polycarbonate, Polyethylene, PVC, Polypropylene, HDPE, Polystyrene, UHMW, Foam, and Extruded Acrylic Foam High helix geometry designed to cut soft plastic with a smooth nish and upward chip ow. Special point geometry for improved bottom nish. Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4 1-1/2 1-1/4 1-3/4 2-1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 2-1/2 4

Double Edge Solid Carbide Downcut Spiral O Flute


For Use On: Soft Plastic: ABS, Polycarbonate, Polyethylene, PVC, Polypropylene, HDPE, Polystyrene, UHMW, and Extruded Acrylic Solid Surface Designed to cut plastic with a smooth nish and downward chip ow.

Catalog Number
Inch H25XAM-46313 H25XOS-52-701 H25XOS-52-702 H25XOS-52-704 H25XOS-52-706 Metric H25XOS-52-742 H25XOS-52-744 H25XOS-52-746 Helix Angle 22

Catalog Number
Inch H25XOS-57-623 H25XAM-46413 H25XOS-57-637 H25XOS-57-651 Metric H25XOS-57-627 H25XOS-57-639 H25XOS-57-643 H25XOS-57-645 Helix Angle 10-11

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/4 3/8 1/2 3/8 3/4 1 1-1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 2-1/2 3 3-1/2

mm 6 8 10 12 25 35 6 8 10 12 64 76 88

mm
12 35 45 55 12 100

Phone: 516-328-3970

79

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Routing Tools Soft Plastics


Double Edge Solid Carbide Straight O Flute
For Use On: Soft Plastic: Acrylic, Melamine, Nylon, Polycarbonate, ABS, PE, Acetal, PET, HDPE and UHMW

Double Edge Solid Carbide Straight O Flute


For Use On: Soft Plastic: ABS, Polycarbonate, Polyethylene, PVC, Polypropylene, HDPE, Polystyrene, UHMW, and Extruded Acrylic

Designed with free cutting O ute geometry along with a double ute design for smooth nish.

Designed with free cutting O ute geometry along with a double ute for improved part nish. The straight ute design helps to reduce part lifting in thin sheet applications.

METRIC
Catalog Number
H25XOS-56-430 H25XOS-56-431 H25XOS-56-432 H25XOS-56-434 H25XOS-56-436 H25XOS-56-438

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length mm mm mm mm
4 5 6 8 10 12 16 20 25 35 6 8 10 12 64 76 88

Catalog Number
H25XOS-56-610 H25XAM-43600 H25XAM-43604 H25XOS-56-624 H25XAM-43608 H25XOS-56-628 H25XAM-43612 H25XAM-43616 H25XOS-56-655

Cutting Cutting Shank Edge Edge Dia. Dia. Length


1/8 3/16 1/4 3/8 1/2 5/16 1/2 5/8 3/8 1 1-1/4 1 2-1/8

Overall Length
2

1/4 2-1/2 3/8 1/2 4 2-1/2 3 6

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80

Phone: 516-328-3970

Routing Tools Soft Plastics


Single Edge Solid Carbide Downcut Spiral O Flute
For Use On: Soft Plastic: ABS, Polycarbonate, Polyethylene, PVC, Polypropylene, HDPE, Polystyrene, UHMW, and Extruded Acrylic Solid Surface Designed to provide a smooth nish in soft plastic with downward chip removal.

METRIC
Catalog Number
H25XAM-51510 H25XOS-62-762 H25XAM-51512 H25XAM-51504 H25XOS-62-777 H25XOS-62-783 H25XOS-62-790 Helix Angle 21

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/8 3/16 1/4 3/8 1/2 1/2 5/8 3/4 1-1/2 1-1/8 1-5/8 1/8 1/4 3/16 1/4 3/8 1/2 3 3-1/2 2

Catalog Number
H25XOS-62-852 H25XOS-62-854 H25XOS-62-856 H25XOS-62-858 H25XOS-62-860 H25XOS-62-862 H25XOS-62-864 H25XOS-62-866 H25XOS-62-868 H25XOS-62-870 H25XOS-62-872 H25XOS-62-874 H25XOS-62-876 H25XOS-62-878 H25XOS-62-880 H25XOS-62-882 H25XOS-62-884 H25XOS-62-886 H25XOS-62-888 H25XOS-62-890 H25XOS-62-892 H25XOS-62-894 H25XOS-62-896 H25XOS-62-898 H25XOS-62-899 H25XOS-62-897 Helix Angle 21

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length mm mm mm mm
2 2.5 3 12 8 12 4 20 30 5 16 30 8 12 20 30 38 25 38 30 35 38 8 2 6 2.5 6 3 6 3 6 4 6 4 5 6 5 6 76 8 10 12 64 76 64 50 64 50 64 50

8 10 12

Phone: 516-328-3970

81

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Routing Tools Soft Plastics


Single Edge Solid Carbide Straight O Flute
For Use On: Soft Plastic: ABS, Polycarbonate, Polyethylene, PVC, Polypropylene, HDPE, Polystyrene, UHMW, and Extruded Acrylic

Single Edge Solid Carbide Downcut Spiral O Flute


For Use On: Soft Plastic: ABS, Polycarbonate, Polyethylene,PVC, Polypropylene, HDPE, Polystyrene, UHMW, and Extruded Acrylic Solid Surface The polished ute allows for razor sharp cutting edge and easy chip evacuation. The down cut spiral helps improve part holding. Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/16 1/8 3/16 1/4 3/8 1/4 1/2 3/8 5/8 3/8 3/4 1-1/4 3/4 1-1/8 1/8 1/4 3/16 1/4 3/8 3

Designed to combine the fast free cutting of O ute geometry with the tool life available from solid carbide particularly in small diameters. Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/2 1/8 5/8 3/16 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/8 3/4 1-1/4 5/8 1 1/4 1/8 1/4 3/16 1/4 3/8 1/2 2 3 4 2-1/2 2 2-1/2 4 2-1/2 3

Catalog Number
H25XAM-43500 H25XOS-61-045 H25XOS-61-043 H25XOS-61-064 H25XAM-43504 H25XOS-61-081 H25XAM-43508 H25XOS-61-084* H25XOS-61-121 H25XAM-43156 H25XAM-43520

Catalog Number
H25XOS-64-000 H25XOS-64-012 H25XOS-64-016 H25XOS-64-018 H25XOS-64-024 H25XOS-64-025 H25XOS-64-026 H25XOS-64-031 H25XOS-64-033 Helix Angle 21

Helix Angle 22 *This tool is designed and toleranced for air routers with guide bushings.

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Phone: 516-328-3970

Routing Tools Nonferrous Metals


Single Edge Solid Carbide Downcut Spiral O Flute
For Use On: Aluminum High-speed cutters for machining aluminum sheet material. These tools are optimized for use on high-speed CNC mills, high-speed machining centers and CNC routers.

Single Edge Solid Carbide Straight


For Use On: Aluminum Designed to combine the fast free-cutting of O ute geometry with a neutral cutting action when xturing and top nishare primary considerations.

Catalog Number
H25XOS-62-602 H25XAM-51506 H25XOS-62-610 H25XOS-62-612 H25XAM-51508 H25XOS-62-620 H25XAM-51502 H25XOS-62-624 H25XOS-62-625 Helix Angle 22

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/16 1/8 3/16 1/4 3/8 1/4 5/16 1/2 3/8 1/2 3/8 5/8 1-1/4 3/4 1/8 1/4 3/16 1/4 3/8 1-1/2 2 1-1/2 2 3

Catalog Number
H25XAM-43500 H25XAM-43504 H25XAM-43508 H25XOS-61-100 H25XOS-61-120

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/8 3/16 1/4 5/16 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 13/16 7/8 1/4 3/8 2 2-1/2

Phone: 516-328-3970

83

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Routing Tools Nonferrous Metals


Single Edge Solid Carbide Upcut Spiral O Flute
For Use On: Aluminum High-speed cutters for machining aluminum sheet and block material. These tools are optimized for use on high-speed CNC mills, high-speed machining centers and CNC routers.

METRIC
Catalog Number
H25XOS-63-602 H25XOS-63-603 H25XAM-51406 H25XOS-63-610 H25XOS-63-612 H25XAM-51408 H25XOS-63-620 H25XAM-51402 H25XOS-63-624 H25XOS-63-629 H25XOS-63-626 Helix Angle 22

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/16 3/32 1/8 3/16 1/4 5/16 3/8 1/4 5/16 1/2 3/8 1/2 3/8 5/8 1-1/4 9/16 1-1/8 1/8 1/8 1/4 3/16 1/4 5/16 3/8 1-1/2 2 1-1/2 2 1-1/2 2 3 2-1/2 3

Catalog Number
H25XOS-63-902 H25XOS-63-904 H25XOS-63-906 H25XOS-63-908 H25XOS-63-910 H25XOS-63-912 H25XOS-63-914 H25XOS-63-916 H25XOS-63-918 H25XOS-63-920 H25XOS-63-922 H25XOS-63-924 H25XOS-63-926 H25XOS-63-928 H25XOS-63-930 H25XOS-63-932 H25XOS-63-934 H25XOS-63-936 H25XOS-63-938 H25XOS-63-940 H25XOS-63-942 H25XOS-63-944 H25XOS-63-946 H25XOS-63-948 H25XOS-63-950 Helix Angle 22

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length mm mm mm mm
2 6 2.5 8 3 12 8 12 4 20 30 5 16 30 8 12 20 30 38 25 38 30 38 2 6 2.5 6 3 6 3 6 4 6 4 5 6 5 6 76 8 8 10 12 64 76 64 50 64 50 64 50

8 10 12

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Routing Tools Nonferrous Metals


Double Edge Solid Carbide Upcut Spiral O Flute
For Use On: Aluminum Solid Surface Designed as a general purpose spiral with several times the life of their high-speed counterparts. They are used when upward chip ow is preferred. Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/8 3/16 5/16 3/8 1/2 3/4 13/16 7/8 1/4 3/8 2 2-1/2

Double Edge Solid Carbide Upcut Spiral O Flute


For Use On: Aluminum Solid Surface Designed as a general purpose spiral with several times the life of their high-speed counterparts. They are used when upward chip ow is preferred. Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/8 3/16 5/16 3/8 1/2 3/4 13/16 7/8 1/4 3/8 2 2-1/2

Catalog Number
H25XAM-46100 H25XAM-46101 H25XOS-52-100 H25XOS-52-120 Helix Angle 30

Catalog Number
H25XAM-46200 H25XAM-46201 H25XOS-57-100 H25XOS-57-120 Helix Angle 30

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Routing Tools Specialty Tools


Double Edge Solid Carbide Foam Cutters
For Use On: Foam Foam cutters for thick material with upward chip ow.

Four Edge High-Speed Steel Upcut Spiral Foam Cutters


For Use On: Foam Designed to cut thick foam with upward chip ow.

Catalog Number
H25XOS-52-554 H25XOS-52-558 H25XOS-52-560 H25XOS-52-564 H25XOS-52-570 H25XOS-52-574 Helix Angle 25

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/8 3/16 1/4 5/16 3/8 1-1/8 1-5/8 2-1/4 3-1/8 3-1/2 1/4 3/16 1/4 5/16 3/8 2-1/2 3 4 4-1/2 5

Catalog Number
H25XOS-40-562 H25XOS-40-564 Helix Angle 25

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/2 3-5/8 4-1/8 1/2 6 6-1/2

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Routing Tools Specialty Tools


Solid Carbide Edge Rounding
For Use On: Soft Plastic: ABS, Polycarbonate, Polyethylene, PVC, Polypropylene, HDPE, Polystyrene, UHMW, and Extruded Acrylic Hard Plastic: Cast Acrylic, Melamine, Nylon, PVC and Vinyl Solid Surface Designed for rounding the edge of sheets or parts. They come in both single edge and double edge.
SINGLE EDGE

Single Edge Straight O Flute

Single Edge Spiral O Flute

Double Edge Straight O Flute

Catalog Number
Straight O Flute H25XOS-66-082 H25XOS-66-083 H25XOS-66-084 Spiral O Flute H25XOS-66-085 H25XOS-66-086 H25XOS-66-087 Helix Angle 22

Cutting Edge Dia.

Cutting Edge Length

Shank Dia.

Overall Length

Opening

Radius

SM Cutting Edge Dia.


.195 .180 .163 .195 .180 .163

Tip to Radius

Plastic Size

1/4

3/8

1/4

2-1/2

5/32 7/32 9/32 5/32 7/32 9/32

1/8 3/16 1/4 1/8 3/16 1/4

1/16

1/8 3/16 1/4 1/8 3/16 1/4

1/4

3/8

1/4

2-1/2

1/16

DOUBLE EDGE STRAIGHT O FLUTE

Catalog Number
Inch H25XOS-66-092 H25XOS-66-093 H25XOS-66-094 Metric H25XOS-66-073 H25XOS-66-074 H25XOS-66-075 H25XOS-66-076

Cutting Edge Dia.

Cutting Edge Length

Shank Dia.

Overall Length

Opening

Radius

SM Cutting Edge Dia.


.195 .180 .163 4.47 4.24 3.96 3.73

Tip to Radius

Plastic Size

1/4

3/8

1/4

2-1/2 mm

5/32 7/32 9/32 4 5 6 7

1/8 3/16 1/4 3 4 5 6

1/16

1/8 3/16 1/4 3 4 5 6

10

64

1.5

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Routing Tools Specialty Tools


Solid Carbide Edge Rounding
For Use On: Soft Plastic: ABS, Polycarbonate, Polyethylene, PVC, Polypropylene, HDPE, Polystyrene, UHMW, and Extruded Acrylic Hard Plastic: Cast Acrylic, Melamine, Nylon, PVC and Vinyl Solid Surface Designed for rounding the edge of sheets or parts. They come in both single edge and double edge.

DOUBLE EDGE STRAIGHT V FLUTE

Catalog Number
Inch H25XOS-66-120 H25XOS-66-121 H25XOS-66-122 H25XOS-66-123 H25XOS-66-160 H25XOS-66-161 H25XOS-66-162 H25XOS-66-163 Metric H25XOS-66-077 H25XOS-66-078 H25XOS-66-079

Cutting Edge Dia.

Cutting Edge Length

Shank Dia.

Overall Length

Opening

Radius

SM Cutting Edge Dia.


.320 .305 .288 .255 .445 .430 .413 .347 5.21 6.68 8.18

Tip to Radius

Plastic Size

5/32 3/8 3/8 1/2 1/2 3/8 5/8 8 10 12 12 14 16 8 10 12 mm 64 70 76 1/2 3 3/8 2-1/2 3/8 13/32 5/32 3/8 17/32 9 11 13

1/8 3/16 1/4 3/8 1/8 3/16 1/4 1/2 8 10 12

1/16

1/8 3/16 1/4 3/8 1/8 3/16 1/4 1/2 8 10 12

1.5

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Routing Tools Specialty Tools


Double Edge Solid Carbide Rout & Chamfer
For Use On: Soft Plastic: ABS, Polycarbonate, Polyethylene, PVC, Polypropylene, HDPE, Polystyrene, UHMW, and Extruded Acrylic Hard Plastic: Cast Acrylic, Melamine, Nylon, PVC and Vinyl Designed to provide up to a 1/16 top face chamfer and a nished side edge on plastic sheets or parts.

Catalog Number
H25XOS-66-200 H25XOS-66-202 H25XOS-66-204 H25XOS-66-206 H25XOS-66-208 H25XOS-66-210 Helix Angle 0

Cutting Edge Diameter


1/4 3/8 1/4 3/8 1/4 3/8

Cutting Edge Length


3/16 1/4 5/16

Shank Diameter
3/8 1/2 3/8 1/2 3/8 1/2

Overall Length
2-1/4 3 2-1/4 3 2-1/4 3

Material Thickness
1/8 3/16 1/4

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Routing Tools Specialty Tools


Double Edge Solid Carbide Upcut Bottom Surfacing
For Use On: Soft Plastic: ABS, Polycarbonate, Polyethylene, PVC, Polypropylene, HDPE, Polystyrene, UHMW, and Extruded Acrylic Hard Plastic: Cast Acrylic, Melamine, Nylon, PVC and Vinyl Aluminum Solid Surface Designed for pocketing applications where the bottom of the pocket must be smooth.

Catalog Number
H25XOS-66-306 H25XOS-66-307 H25XOS-66-308 H25XOS-66-309 H25XOS-66-314 H25XOS-66-315 H25XOS-66-320 H25XOS-66-321 H25XOS-66-326 H25XOS-66-327 H25XOS-66-328 Helix Angle 30

Cutting Edge Diameter


1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4

Corner Radius
.020 .002 .020 .002 .030 .002 .030 .002 .030 .002 .040

Cutting Edge Length


1/4

Shank Diameter
1/8

Overall Length

2 1/4 3/8 5/8 7/8 1-1/8 3/8 1/2 3/4 2-1/2 3

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Routing Tools Specialty Tools


Plastic Drills with Special Point
For Use On: Soft Plastic: ABS, Polycarbonate, Polyethylene, PVC, Polypropylene, HDPE, Polystyrene, UHMW, and Extruded Acrylic Hard Plastic: Cast Acrylic, Melamine, Nylon, PVC and Vinyl Special tool steel, surface-treated body, ute and point for maximum lubrication. Point is precision ground at 60 angle for gradual penetration to minimize cracking and chipping of plastic materials. 0 rake angle on the cutting edge eliminates grabbing as the drill comes through the plastic surface. Catalog Number Fractional Drills
H25XOS-70-502 H25XOS-70-503 H25XOS-70-506 H25XOS-70-509 H25XOS-70-510 H25XOS-70-511 H25XOS-70-512 H25XOS-70-513 H25XOS-70-514* H25XOS-70-515 H25XOS-70-516 H25XOS-70-517 H25XOS-70-520* H25XOS-70-521 H25XOS-70-522 H25XOS-70-523 H25XOS-70-524* H25XOS-70-525 H25XOS-70-526 H25XOS-70-527 H25XOS-70-528 * H25XOS-70-529 H25XOS-70-530 H25XOS-70-531 *Shank length 7/8 1/8 9/64 5/32 11/64 3/16 13/64 7/32 15/64 1/4 17/64 9/32 19/64 5/16 21/64 11/32 23/64 3/8 25/64 13/32 27/64 7/16 29/64 15/32 31/64 1-1/2 1-3/4 1-15/16 1-3/4 2-1/8 2-7/16 2-1/2 2-5/8 2-7/16 2-7/8 2-15/16 3-1/16 1-3/4 3-5/16 3-7/16 3-1/2 2-1/4 3-3/4 3-7/8 3-15/16 2-1/2 4-3/16 4-5/16 4-3/8 1/8 9/64 5/32 11/64 3/16 13/64 7/32 15/64 1/4 17/64 9/32 19/64 5/16 21/64 11/32 23/64 3/8 25/64 13/32 27/64 7/16 29/64 15/32 31/64 2-3/4 2-7/8 3-1/8 3-1/4 3-1/2 3-5/8 3-3/4 3-7/8 4 4-1/8 4-1/4 4-3/8 3-1/8 4-5/8 4-3/4 4-7/8 4-3/8 5-1/8 5-1/8 5-3/8 4-3/4 5-5/8 5-3/4 5-7/8

Catalog Number
H25XOS-70-532* H25XOS-70-533 H25XOS-70-534 H25XOS-70-535 H25XOS-70-536 H25XOS-70-537 H25XOS-70-538 H25XOS-70-539 H25XOS-70-540 H25XOS-70-541 H25XOS-70-542 H25XOS-70-543 H25XOS-70-544 H25XOS-70-545 H25XOS-70-546 H25XOS-70-547 H25XOS-70-548 H25XOS-70-549 H25XOS-70-550 H25XOS-70-551 H25XOS-70-552 H25XOS-70-553 H25XOS-70-554 H25XOS-70-555 H25XOS-70-556 H25XOS-70-557 H25XOS-70-558 H25XOS-70-559 H25XOS-70-560 H25XOS-70-561 H25XOS-70-562 H25XOS-70-563

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Dia. Length
1/2 33/64 17/32 35/64 9/16 37/64 19/32 39/64 5/8 41/64 21/32 43/64 11/16 45/64 23/32 47/64 3/4 49/64 25/32 51/64 13/16 53/64 27/32 55/64 7/8 57/64 29/32 59/64 15/16 61/64 31/32 63/64 2-5/8 1/2 5-1/8

3-1/8

1/2

3-1/8

1/2

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Edge Dia. Length Length Dia.

3-1/8

1/2

3-1/8

1/2

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Routing Tools Specialty Tools


Engraving Tools

For Use On: Softwood: Cedar, Cottonwood, Pine and Redwood Hardwood: Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry, Mahogany, Maple, Oak, Poplar, Teak and Walnut Soft Plastic: ABS, Polycarbonate, Polyethylene, PVC, Polypropylene, HDPE, Polystyrene, UHMW, and Extruded Acrylic Hard Plastic: Cast Acrylic, Melamine, Nylon, PVC and Vinyl Aluminum Solid Surface The engraving tools are offered with a wide range of tip sizes and angles to accommodate many engraving styles.

Catalog Number
H25A00-18112005 H25A00-18112010 H25A00-18112020 H25A00-18112005B H25A00-18112010B H25A00-18112005F H25A00-18112010F H25X00-ENGRAVE

Cutting Edge Diameter

Overall Length

Shank Diameter

Cut Type

Suggested Use

0.005 0.010 30 From Vertical General Engraving 0.020 0.005 Engraving 1-1/2 1/8 0.010 Brass/Aluminum 15 From Vertical 0.005 Engraving Plastic 0.010 14-Bit Solid0 Carbide Engraving Kit Includes 2-pieces of each bit in the table above.

Available 14-Bit Solid Carbide Engraving Kit

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Routing Tools Prole Tooling


Single Edge Solid Carbide V Bottom
For Use On: Softwood: Cedar, Cottonwood, Pine and Redwood Hardwood: Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry, Mahogany, Maple, Oak, Poplar, Teak and Walnut Composite Wood: MDF, Particle Board and Plywood Soft Plastic: ABS, Polycarbonate, Polyethylene, PVC, Polypropylene, HDPE, Polystyrene, UHMW, and Extruded Acrylic Hard Plastic: Cast Acrylic, Melamine, Nylon, PVC and Vinyl Solid Surface Laminated and Veneered Designed for V grooving or beveling 90.

Double Edge Solid Carbide Upcut Spiral Ball Nose


For Use On: Softwood: Cedar, Cottonwood, Pine and Redwood Hardwood: Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry, Mahogany, Maple, Oak, Poplar, Teak and Walnut Composite Wood: MDF, Particle Board and Plywood Soft Plastic: ABS, Polycarbonate, Polyethylene, PVC, Polypropylene, HDPE, Polystyrene, UHMW, and Extruded Acrylic Hard Plastic: Cast Acrylic, Melamine, Nylon, PVC and Vinyl Aluminum Solid Surface Designed for carving and modeling operations.Their improved tip geometry gives a superior cut compared to most ball nose end mills. Catalog Number
H25XOS-52-235B H25XOS-52-244B H25XOS-52-240B H25XOS-52-260B H25XAM-46376 H25XAM-52-360B H25XAM-46378 H25XAM-46380 H25XAM-46384 Extended Length H25XOS-52-235BL H25XOS-52-244BL H25XOS-52-240BL H25XOS-52-260BL H25XOS-52-280BL H25XOS-52-320BL H25XOS-52-360BL H25XOS-52-386BL H25XOS-52-397BL Helix Angle 30

Catalog Number

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Bevel Edge Edge Dia. Length Angle Dia. Lgth.
5/8 1/2 3/4 3/16 3/4 7/16 90 82.5 90 60 90 60

Cutting Cutting Shank Edge Edge Dia. Dia. Lgth.


1/16 1/8 3/16 1/4 1/2 3/8 1/2 1/16 1/8 3/16 1/4 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 1/4 1/2 3/4 1 1-1/8 1-1/4 2-1/8 1/4 1/2 3/4 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 2-1/2 3 1/4 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 1/4 1/8

Overall Lgth.

Solid Carbide H25XOS-37-50 3/16 H25XAM-45780 H25XOS-37-51 1/4 H25XAM-47782 H25XOS-37-52 3/8 Helix Angle 3-5 Shear H25XAM-45733 9/16

2 2-1/2 1/2 3/8 1/2 3 4

1/4 3/8 1/2

2 1-1/2 2-1/2 2-1/4

1/8 3 4 5 6

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Routing Tools Prole Tooling


Double Edge Carbide-Tipped Round & Rout
For Use On: Softwood: Cedar, Cottonwood, Pine and Redwood Hardwood: Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry, Mahogany, Maple, Oak, Poplar, Teak and Walnut Foam

This bit creates a at-bottom groove between two quarterround shapes. Short vertical walls extending below the radius lend extra depth to the appearance. Depending upon the cut depth adjustment, the radii can be ush with the work surface or recessed. The prole can be formed on an edge using an edge guide.

Catalog Number
H25XAM-56100 H25XAM-56170 H25XAM-49700 H25XAM-49701 H25XAM-49702 H25XAM-49704 H25XAM-56178 H25XAM-49706 H25XAM-49708 H25XAM-49710

Overall Diameter
3/8 1/2 3/4 .615 7/8 1 1-1/8 1-3/8 1-3/4 2

Cutter Diameter
3/16 1/4 .240 .245 .250 1/2 .363 .500

Radius
3/32 1/8 1/4 3/16 5/16 3/8 5/16 1/2 5/8 3/4

Cutting Edge Length


5/16 3/8 1/2 9/16 5/8 9/16 1 1-1/4 1-7/16

Overall Length
2 1-7/8 2 2-1/8 2-1/6 2-1/8 2-3/4 2-1/2 2-3/4 2-15/16

Max. Cutter Length


5/16 3/8 3/16 7/16 15/32 9/16 3/4 1 1-1/8

Shank Diameter
1/4

1/2

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Routing Tools Prole Tooling


Double Edge Carbide-Tipped V-Groove Cutter
For Use On: Softwood: Cedar, Cottonwood, Pine and Redwood Hardwood: Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry, Mahogany, Maple, Oak, Poplar, Teak and Walnut Plastic Foam Designed for cutting decorative V grooves and lettering on signs with these V Groove bits. Use with an edge guide to chamfer and bevel edges.

Catalog Number
H25XAM-45726 H25XAM-45754 H25XAM-45756 H25XAM-45758 H25XAM-45764 H25XAM-45770 H25XAM-45728* H25XAM-45732* *Maximum rpm 18,000.

Overall Diameter

Tool Cut Angle


90 110 120 130 140 150 90

Maximum Cutter Length


3/4 47/64 21/32 31/64 7/16 1 1-3/4

Angle Length
5/8 7/16 23/64 13/64 15/64 11/64 3/4 1

Shank Diameter
1/2 1/4

Overall Length
2-1/2 2 1-59/64 1-3/4 1-47/64 1-11/16 2-3/4 3-1/4

1-1/4

1-1/2 2

1/2

Phone: 516-328-3970

95

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Routing Tools Prole Tooling


Double Edge Carbide-Tipped Elongated Core Box
For Use On: Softwood: Cedar, Cottonwood, Pine and Redwood Hardwood: Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry, Mahogany, Maple, Oak, Poplar, Teak and Walnut Foam Ideal for uting wood mouldings and columns. This cutter can be used for 3-D sculpting in foam materials

Catalog Number
H25XAM-45930 H25XAM-45932 H25XAM-45936 H25XAM-45938 H25XAM-45942 H25XAM-45946* H25XAM-45949** *Maximum rpm 18,000. **Maximum rpm 14,000.

Overall Diameter
3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 1 1-1/2 2-1/4

Radius
3/16 1/4 5/16 3/8 1/2 3/4 1-1/8

Cutting Edge Length


1

Shank Diameter

Overall Length

1-1/4

1/2

2-3/4

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Routing Tools Prole Tooling


Double Edge Carbide-Tipped Traditional & Classical Groove
For Use On: Hardwood: Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry, Mahogany, Maple Oak, Poplar Teak and Walnut. Softwood Designed for bead-sided routing on solid wood surfaces. The traditional prole is a more delicate prole that includes a step between the quarter-round and the at bottom to the groove. The classical prole is used to form a bead-sided groove with a rounded bottom, embellishing solid wood surfaces.

Traditional Groove

Classical Groove

Catalog Number
Traditional Groove H25XAM-56102 H25XAM-56106

Cutting Edge Dia.


(D) 1/2 3/4

SM Cutting Edge Dia.


(D1) .270 .394

Radius
(R) 5/64 9/64

Cutting Edge Length


(B) 13/32 7/16

Shank Diameter
(d) 1/4 1/2

Overall Length
(L) 2-1/16 2-5/8

Catalog Number
Classical Groove H25XAM-56108 H25XAM-56112 H25XAM-56114 H25XAM-56115

Cutting Edge Cutting Dia. Edge Radius


(D) 1/2 3/4 1 1-1/2 (R1) 3/32 9/64 13/64 1/4

Radius
(R) 9/64 5/32 1/4

Cutting Edge Length


(B) 7/16 1/2 11/16 3/4

Shank Diameter
(d) 1/4 1/2

Overall Length
(L) 2 2-3/4 3

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Routing Tools Prole Tooling


Double Edge Carbide-Tipped Bowl and Tray
For Use On: Solid Wood

Double Edge Carbide-Tipped Raised Panel 1/2 Shank


For Use On: Solid Wood Composite Wood: MDF, Particle Board, Plywood Designed to rout decorate grooves on solid wood or panels. This cutter produces raised panels with a narrow bevel using a hand router equipped with an edge guide or on a router table.

Designed for routing solid wood serving trays, at dishes, shallow bowls and similar objects. 3 in 1 specialty plunging bit that cuts flat, smooth bottom surfaces, walls and a transition radius between them, all in one pass.

Catalog Number
H25XAM-45981 H25XAM-45984 H25XAM-45986

Cutting Cutting Shank Overall Edge Radius Edge Dia. Lgth. Dia. Lgth.
(D) 1/2 3/4 1-1/8 (R) 1/8 1/4 (B) 1/2 5/8 (d) 1/4 1/2 (L) 2-1/8 2-5/8

Catalog Number

Overall SM Cutting Cutting Cutting Angle Overall Edge Edge Edge Degree Lgth. Lgth. Dia. Dia.
(D1) .454 7/32 (a) 30 25 (B) 1/2 3/4 (L) 2-3/4 2-1/4

(D) H25XAM-56116 1-1/8 H25XAM-56117 2-23/32

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Routing Tools Prole Tooling


Double Edge Carbide-Tipped Round and Ogee Groove
For Use On: Solid Wood Compositie Wood: MDF, Particle Board, Plywood Designed to rout decorative grooves on solid wood or MDF panels and surfaces with a handheld or CNC Router. Cutters form edges with a edge guide.

Catalog Number
Ogee Groove H25XAM-49230 Round Groove H25XAM-49232 H25XAM-49234

Cutting Edge Dia. (D)


1-9/16 1-5/8 1-31/32

SM Cutting Radius (R)


5/32 3/8 5/8

LG Cutting Radius (R1)


7/8 3/4 1-3/16

Cutting Edge Length (B)


7/8 23/32

Shank Diameter (d)


1/2 1/2

Overall Length (L)


2-9/32 2-3/16

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Routing Tools Prole Tooling


Double Edge Carbide-Tipped Ogee Groove
For Use On: Solid Wood Designed to rout at-bottom grooves with ogee shoulders that decorate any solid wood suface. Reverse ogees rout a at-bottom groove with a step prole for the shoulders.

Ogee Groove

Reverse Ogee Groove

Catalog Number
Ogee Groove H25XAM-56118 H25XAM-56122 H25XAM-56124 Reverse Ogee Groove H25XAM-56204 H25XAM-56208 H25XAM-56210

Overall Cutting Edge Dia. (D)


3/4 1/2 3/8 15/16 1 1-3/16

SM Cutting Edge Diameter (D1)


.256 .157 .123 5/16 3/8 15/32

Cutting Edge Radius (R)


9/64 5/64 1/16 5/32 3/16 15/64

Cutting Edge Length (B)


1/2 3/8 5/16 21/32 19/32

Shank Diameter (d)


1/2 1/4 1/4 1/2

Overall Length (L)


2-3/4 2

1-7/8

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Routing Tools Insert Tooling


Spoilboard Surfacing Cutters

For Use On: Soft Plastic: ABS, Polycarbonate, Polyethylene, PVC, Polypropylene,HDPE, Polystyrene, UHMW, and Extruded Acrylic Hard Plastic: Cast Acrylic, Melamine, Nylon, PVC and Vinyl Composite Wood: MDF, Particle Board and Plywood Designed for surfacing MDF, particle board and balsa core where ow through or high ow xturing is employed using large capacity vacuum pumps. This method of surfacing spoilboards allows for much faster table planing.

Catalog Number
Straight H25XAM-RC2257 H25XAM-RC2258

Cutting Edge Diameter

Cutting Edge Length

Shank Diameter

Overall Length

2-1/2 4

1/2

1/2 3/4

2-1/2 4

ACCESSORIES

Description
H25XAM-12 H25XAM-67115 H25XAM-5005 Replacement Blade Replacement Screw Replacement Wrench

NOTES: 1) These tools are dynamically balanced and approved for use on CNC routers. Max rpm 18,000, 1/8 in. depth of cut max. 2) Spoilboard surfaces: 2-1/2 in. diameter tools should be fed at 200-600 ipm at 12,000-16,000 rpm. 4 in. diameter tools should be fed at 200-600 ipm at 12,000-14,000 rpm. Do not exceed 1/8 in. depth per pass.

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Routing Tools Insert Tooling


Single & Double Edge Carbide-Tipped, 1/2 Shank Miter Fold & Sign Making Insert Router Bit
For Use On: Composite Wood: MDF, Particle Board, Melamine Designed to miter fold MDF, melamine and wood to a perfect joint.

Catalog Number

Overall Cutting Edge Dia. (D)

Cutter Angle (a)


45 50 60 70 90 91 100 110 120 130 150 160

Cutting Edge Angle (a1)


22.5 25 30 35 45 45.5 50 55 60 65 75 80

Angle Length (B1)

Max. Cutting Edge Lgth. (B)


1 31/32 29/32 7/8 3/4 11/16

Overall Length (L)


2-3/8 2-9/16 2-7/16 2-9/16 3 3-3/16 3-1/16 3 2-15/16 2-25/32

Shank Length (L1)


1-3/8 1-1/2 1-3/8 1-1/2 1-25/32 2

Replacement Blades

Single Edge H25XAM-RC1045 H25XAM-RC1046 H25XAM-RC1108 H25XAM-RC1048 H25XAM-RC1102 H25XAM-RC1100 H25XAM-RC1103 Dual Edge H25XAM-RC1105 H25XAM-RC1104 H25XAM-RC1107 H25XAM-RC1106 H25XAM-RC1109

13/16 7/8 1-1/32 1-7/32 1-1/2 1-5/8 1-3/4 2-1/32 2-1/8 2-1/4 2-5/16

H25XAM-RCK56 H25XAM-RCK134 H25XAM-RCK119 H25XAM-RCK119 H25XAM-RCK136

1-1/16

1-1/16 1-5/32

5/8 9/16 1/2 9/32 3/16

2 H25XAM-RCK137

Notes: 1) Maximum RPM for H25XAM-RC1106 and H25XAM-RC1109 is 14,000. 2) Maximum RPM for H25XAM-RC1107 is 16,000. 3) Maximum RPM for H25XAM-RC1045, H25XAM-RC1046, H25XAM-RC1048, H25XAM-RC1104 and H25XAM-RC1108 is 18,000. 4) Maximum RPM for H25XAM-RC1100, H25XAM-RC1102, H25XAM-RC1103 and H25XAM-RC1105 is 22,000.

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Routing Tools Insert Tooling


Double Edge Solid Carbide Insert Straight Router Bit
For Use On: Wood Wood Composites Soft/Hard Plastics PVC Designed to yeild cuts which are cleaner than typical insert bits, offering high speed cuts with super clean nish. They also are channel set, double edge knives. Each blade has a double sided cutting edge for economy.

Catalog Number
H25XAM-RC3100* H25XAM-RC3110* *Maximum RPM 18,000

Cutting Edge Diameter


3/8 1/2

Cutting Edge Length


20 mm 30 mm

Shank Diameter
1/2

Overall Length
2-7/8 3-1/8

Flutes
1 1

Replacement Blades

Retainer Clips

H25XAM-RCK32 H25XAM-67104 H25XAM-RCK34 H25XAM-67105

Notes: 1) Replacement 3 x .5mm set screwsfor RC3100 use 67015 (4mm long); RC-3110 use 67016 (5mm long); all others use 67017 (6mm long). 2) Replacement 1.5mm special hex key 5011.

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Section 5

Techno Customers

Thank you once again for the great service. We got home Thursday night about midnight, and had the machine in place and running by noon on Friday. I have been cutting all kinds of practice shapes, and I am very comfortable with the machine already. I expect to be using it full time shortly. Every time I cut something, I come up with ten more things I can make using the machine.
- One Very Happy Customer

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Our Customers
Three Techno Routers Produce High-End Custom Millwork
Company: Culin & Colella Contact: Ray Culin Location: Mamaroneck, NY Customer Since: 1995 Market: Architectural Milwork Shop size: 10,000 sq.ft. Web site: http://www.culincolella.com Models: Gantry III Model 130, RG Series 5996, Premium Class 5996

We purchased our rst router back in 1990 to produce custom round tables. It was a small machine, a Gantry III Model 130, with a process area of 41 x 49. The machine immediately put us ahead of the competition because CNC automation was not yet standard in our industry. Prior to our rst machine, any complex shapes needed templates. Once we had the machine, we ran it for 8 hours per day producing the same shapes without templates. I specically purchased the machine for a custom millwork job that we had bid on and then were awarded the contract. The job consisted of work in a round house; therefore, all the millwork had arched shapes that needed to blend with the utmost precision. After completion of this yearlong job, we traded our smaller machine for a Techno Model RG Series 5996 CNC router, which could process larger parts. We have been running this machine between 8-10 hours per day for the last 14 years. Recently, it was becoming a concern that our 14-year old machine, which we rely on so heavily, may go down, crippling our 14-month backlog of jobs. In December of 2005, I decided to purchase another machine, a Techno Premium Class 5996 CNC router. This would be for running all cabinet boxes, and as a backup to our RG. Today, we have both Techno routers running between 8-10 hours per day, producing both our complex curved parts and our simple case work.

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Our Customers

We use mostly hardwoods, and our Techno CNC machine has given us unlimited capabilities in carving, sign-making and high-end furniture design. It has completely changed us from furniture restoration to furniture manufacturing. It was the best servo machine on the market for its size, not to mention Technos salesperson, John, who was very helpful in getting us started. The software is also the best you can buy, and it works with all CAD programs because it uses G-Code. Its easy and continues to meet our needs completely!

Company: Designer Woodworking Contact: Market: Edward Krieger Architectural Millwork Wood Specialty Items Location: Manhattan, Kansas

Shop size: 2,000 sq.ft. Customer: Since 1995 Model: Gantry III Tabletop 054

The Techno router was the only one that had all the technical features, like ball screws and servomotors, needed to produce the quality we were looking for at a price we could afford. On several occasions we had an idea for a new display in the morning then had several built and assembled by the end of the day. The Techno machine has also saved us in contract manufacturing costs that help us stay competitive in this low-margin business.

Company: JC Solutions Contact: Market: Jin Kim Store Fixtures Location: Port Washington, NY Shop size: 100,000 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2001 Model: LC Series 4896 and Premium Class 5996

We purchased the machine because it was very well built. The Techno factory being local also was a plus. I cant complain about anything. The machine is extremely easy to use and cuts our parts perfectly. We paid for the machine on the rst run of radius molding blanks we cut

Company: Old World Mouldings Contact: Market: Al Havrenek Wood Mouldings Location: Bohemia, NY Shop size: 20,000 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2003 Model: LC Series 4896 www.oldworldmouldings.com

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Our Customers

We purchased our Techno CNC machine over other brands because of Technos superior quality. Our machine has enabled us to increase our production by working on more than one project at a time. It has helped increase our scope of work. Within three days our machine was up and running, which allowed the Interface to do its job, servicing all my needs!

Company: Foam Pack Ind. division of Padis Inc. Contact: Market: Harvey Goodstein Fabricated Styrene Foam Location: Springeld, NJ Shop size: 4,500 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2004 Model: RG Series 5996 w/20 Gantry Clearance

In researching CNC routers, we chose Technos model 5996 RG Series machine because it possessed the highest quality and ease of use at the lowest price. The machine has increased production dramatically without increasing our staff, thus making us more protable. The machine has given us the ability to do jobs that were not achievable in the past. This was the best investment for our company. We now have grown the business so much that the machine is running all day. We have decided to add another Techno in the coming months.

Company: CNC Carpentry Contact: Market: Rick Vesely Custom Millwork Location: Bermuda Shop size: 2,500 sq.ft. Customer: Since 1999 Model: RG Series 5996

We purchased the machine because we needed to streamline our production. The purchase of the Techno Premium Class machine has opened up new avenues of business and has reduced our labor costs considerably. We use MasterCam software and we seem to learn something new every day on how we can manufacture our product easier.

Company: Benson Woodworking Contact: Market: Tom Benson Custom Millwork Location: Hauppauge, NY Shop size: 5,000 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2000 Model: Premium Class 5996

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Our Customers

I purchased my 5 ft x 8 ft RG Series machine with seven high-frequency spindles to manufacture high volumes of wood rosettes, plinth blocks, and replace mantels. I based my decision to purchase the Techno because of the quality, reliability, cost and company reputation. I now own my machine since 2001 and it has proven to be a valuable asset to my company. Techno is an excellent company that is easy to work with.

Company: Garys Engraving Contact: Market: Gary Deutsch Wood Rosettes, Plinth Blocks, and Fireplace Mantels Location: Lonsdale, MN

Shop size: 644 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2001 Model: RG Series 5996 with 7 1HP spindles

www.garysengraving.com

Need Picture

We decided to purchase a Techno CNC router because its distinct quality separated it from the rest. We found their local distributors, 2e lleri Teknoloji Urunleri Ltd. Sti., to be very professional. Within seven months we were able to have a full return of investment and reduce labor costs by 40%. Each day the Techno router brings us more business. Now we have a different business vision because the Techno CNC Router opened up new markets.

Company: Bir Umut Mobilya Contact: Muammer Dongel & Suat Aslandersen Home & Ofce Decoration & Display Stands

Location: Istanbul, Turkey Market:

Shop size: 3,200 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2005 Model: LC Series Model 78120 www.1umutmobilya.com

We purchased the Techno router because we needed to automate our MxV door line used in warehouses and loading dock industries. It has not only taken the manual inaccurate method of drilling and routing holes out of the equation, it has also made our product line more protable.

Company: DL Manufacturing Contact: Market: Wendell Moultan Garage Door Mfg. Location: North Syracuse, NY Shop size: 25,000 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2003 Model: LC Series 4896 www.dlmanufacturing.com

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Our Customers

We purchased the model 4896 LC Series machine because it was the best value that was the highest quality machine we looked at. When we received the machine, we were up and running and producing product the same day. It has increased our output potential dramatically while keeping our staff numbers the same.

Company: Artistic Sign and Design Contact: Market: Joe Putjenter Model Maker Location: Omaha, NE Shop size: 2,500 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2003 Model: LC Series 4896

I purchased the Techno router because it enabled me to quote and machine very complex models. The router has changed my business by giving my clients greater condence in our capabilities and quality of models. This has had a dramatic increase in our revenues and ability to secure new business.

Company: Boulard Designs International Contact: Market: Norman Boulard Model Maker Location: Lousville, KY Shop size: 400 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2000 Model: RG Series 5950

I manufacture sports clocks and custom millwork components. The investment of the router has cut my production-cycle time in half. This reduction in time lowered my labor costs, thus making the company more profitable. I researched a number of machines and concluded that the Techno LC Series was the best machine on the market. The Techno interface has many complex features, yet it is very easy to use.

Company: Richard Foster Construction Contact: Market: Richard Foster Woodworking Shop Location: New Hyde Park, NY Shop size: 700 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2004 Model: LC Series 4896 www.richardfosterconstruction.com

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Our Customers

We invested in the Techno 4-axis CNC router because we needed a machine that was very sturdy and accurate which could cut with the precision and detail we required. The investment in the router has increased the sales of my high dollar cues yet reduced my overhead to produce these intricate detailed pieces. I am very satised with my purchase and I look forward to being able to purchase another machine very soon.

Company: Josey Cues Contact: Market: Keith Josey Pool Cue Mfg. Location: Savannah, GA Shop size: 850 sq.ft. Customer: Since 1998 Model: Gantry III System 040 www.joseycues.com

We manufacture point-of-purchase displays. Many of the pieces we fabricated in the past utilized an expensive CNC milling machine. The Techno router has provided us a much more economical and quicker method of producing the parts. The quality of the machine and the cuts it produces speak for itself. All it does is run! The machine is simple and easy to use, and weve had no problems at all with the machine.

Company: Alliance Display Contact: Market: Mitch Nelson Point-of-Purchase Displays Location: Winston Salem, NC

Shop size: 8,000 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2000 Model: Gantry III 067 www.concepttoconsumer.com

We purchased the Techno LC Series router because we felt it was the best machine with the greatest value. The machine is very easy to program and operate. We can go from drawing to part in less than 15 minutes. When we rst installed the machine, it took us less than 2 days to be up and running. We have received a 6 month return on investment which has exceeded our expectations. The machine purchase has opened up new opportunities for us. To conclude, I would have to give Techno a 10 in quality, workmanship and attention to detail.

Company: Outcast Products Contact: Market: Randy Piersall Exhibits Location: Portland, OR Shop size: 2,500 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2004 Model: LC Series 4896

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Our Customers

For years we had to cut our custom inlays by hand with the use of a pantograph machine. This process was long and tedious. Once we purchased our rst CNC machine, our hourly production of inlay materials we customize was greatly reduced. In addition to this, was, an increased accuracy. Yet, our overall reason for choosing a Techno CNC Router was due to their fair prices that go accordingly with size, and the various models/sizes of their machines. We needed more space with easy maneuverability. Techno offered this to us with our rst machine, and continued with several more CNC routers housed in our larger shop. Thank you once again for the great service. Everyone I met at Techno was very friendly, courteous and seemed very enthusiastic about their jobs. We got home Thursday night about midnight, and had the machine in place and running by noon on Friday. I have been cutting all kinds of practice shapes, and I am very comfortable with the machine already. I expect to be using it full time shortly. Every time I cut something, I come up with ten more things I can make using the machine. - One Very Happy Customer

Company: Custom Inlay Inc. Contact: Market: Bryan England Inlaid Components Location: Leitchfeld, KY Shop size: 2,500 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2004 Model: LC Series 4896 www.custominlay.com

Company: TMF Custom Wood Products Contact: Market: Tom Farmer Woodworking Location: Hilton, NY Shop size: 5,000 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2004 Model: LC Series 4896

Quality, precision and a brand new view on work, those are the reasons why we purchased a CNC router. We now have the ability to complete more complex projects while getting better accuracy in the shortest amount of time. Technos CNC router excels in both build and machine quality, including their design of servomotors and enclosed bearings, which were most applealing. It took us a mere 30 days to receive our full return on investment and for the past 4-1/2 years we have remained satised customers!

Company: Embree Communication Group Contact: John Cunningham Location: Hamilton, Ontario, Canada Market: Signs, Recognition Systems

Shop size: 7,000 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2001 Model: RG Series 59120 www.embree-signs.com

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Our Customers

We chose a Techno CNC Router because its servo system provided the accuracy we needed, was easy-to-use, and had the ability to process a wide range of materials. Our new router was running within one day, and had a full return of investment six months after. The Techno machine has been solid and reliable, expanding our capabilities of operation so we can offer new products to our customers.

Company: Creative Graphic Services Contact: Market: Ron Niner Signs and Graphics for Event Venues Location: Santa Clarita, CA

Shop size: 22,500 sq.ft. Customer: Since 1996 Model: RG Series 5996 www.cgshome.com

We chose a Techno CNC Router because the machine quality is excellent, they answered all our technical questions and the overall presentation was very professional. It only took one year to get a full return on our investment. The LCX router has reduced our labor costs by almost 60%, increased our production and added a new element of creative carpentry to our shop. The capabilities seem endless.

Company: Chicago Millwork Contact: Market: Steve Naines Custom Architectural Millwork Location: Chicago, IL

Shop size: 22,000 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2005 Model: LCX 48168

We chose a Techno CNC Router because of the value for the money. The CNC Router had decreased production time, and allowed us to produce parts we were not otherwise able to pro duce. It has given us the ability to take on new jobs we would not have been able to complete.

Company: Glide Inc. Contact: Market: David Liatti Prototyping and Home Furnishing Products Location: Brooklyn, NY

Shop size: 2000 sq.ft. Customer: Since 2004 Model: RG Series 5950 www.glide-inc.com

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Our Customers

The LC Series Tabletop CNC Router purchase has definitely benefited my business, now EVERY potential customer that has seen the machine, orders a guitar. It also expands my business from just arch top guitars to creating and selling wooden pickup rings or other guitar parts. I did not want a stepper machine, as some of the wood I use is very expensive and could not afford the inaccuracies steppers deliver.

Company: Guitarras Jaen Contact: Market: Fernando Alonso Jaen Arch Top Guitars Location: Spain Shop size: 645 sq.ft. / 60 sq. m. Customer: Since 2005 Model: LC Tabletop 3024 www.guitarrasjaen.com

By purchasing a Techno CNC Machine over the competitors, I saved money and gained quality and value. It took only two days to get my machine up and running, and has increased production and most importantly accuracy. I am now able to venture into newer markets while accepting more complicated projects.

Company: Cherry Tree Custom Woodworks Contact: Market: Arthur Allison Commercial/Residential; Entertainment Centers, Furniture, Custom Childrens Room Furnishings LC Series 4896 Location: Orange Park, FL

Shop size: 2,000 sq.ft. Model:


www.cherrytreecustomwoodworks.com

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Section 6

CNC Articles

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CNC Articles
UPSTATE CNC SERVICE ..................................................................................................... 117 Small Shops CNC Router Like Having a Free Employee

LCI SIGNS AND IRONWORKS ............................................................................................. 118 Inexpensive But Accurate CNC Router Aids Signmakers Expansion

FOAM FABRICATORS .......................................................................................................... 120 CNC Machine Drops Production Time for Foam Samples from Five Days to Two

HIALEAH ................................................................................................................................ 122 CNC Technology Brings Out Hidden Talents on Physically Disabled Children

CNC Articles

CHAMPION SAFES ............................................................................................................... 124 CNC Router Provides 400% Productivity Gain for Woodworking Manufacturer

PETER MCCANN ................................................................................................................... 126 CNC Milling Machine Eliminates Three Weeks of Hand Carving Technodome Model

NATIONAL SIGN AND DESIGN ............................................................................................ 128 CNC Router Expands Sign Shop and Pays for Itself within One Year

IRONWOOD DESIGNS .......................................................................................................... 130 Four-axis CNC Machine Boosts Gun Stock Production 200% to 300%

JULIU HORVATH .................................................................................................................. 132 Computerized Router Turns Yoga Instructors Labor of Love into Protable Exercise Machine

CHERRY TREE CUSTOM WOODWORKERS ...................................................................... 134 CNC Router Cuts Leadtime 63% for Build-to-Order Furniture Maufacturer

RICHARD FOSTER CONSTRUCTION ................................................................................. 136 16-Year-Old Entrepreneur Builds Successful Woodworking Business with CNC Router

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CNC Articles
Small Shops CNC Router Like Having a Free Employee
rip. The Techno LC has an accuracy of 0.002 inch. The Techno machine makes it possible to fabricate a countertop from As written by and seen in Wood & Wood Products Magazine, June 2006 start to nish in only one day, less than possibility of losing position in the middle of a Until recently, Tom Farmer worked for a half the time that was required in the part.TheLCseriesincludesanaluminumT-slot large corporation. He spent his evenings, past, Farmer said. Even better, I can table that can be converted to a vacuum table weekends, and days off doing what he loved spend the majority of that time working by installing the Techno accessory kit. to do - making high-end custom kitchens. His on other projects while the CNC router The Techno LC machine clearly had customers loved the solid surface counters completes the countertop. Its like having the capabilities I needed to substantially and hardwood cabinets he produced. The a free employee here that does the job reduce the time required to produce word spread around the Rochester, N Y, right every time. I save additional time countertops, Farmer said. I talked to the area and soon Farmer had more business when I install the countertops because I people at Techno, explained my situation, than he could handle for his small shop, know they will t perfectly. and hoped they would make me an offer Upstate CNC Service. In addition to the time savings in counthat I couldnt refuse. They offered me an But the question arose: How could he tertop production, Farmer also achieves LC4896 with a 4-foot by 8-foot table and get all that work done? Farmer would clamp greater accuracy in manufacturing wood all the software needed to design and build the template to the solid surface material cabinets. While he still produces and run a hand router around the simple cabinet components on edges, then fasten the counter in dedicated manual machines, the place and cut it to the nal shape. CNC router is often used to proIt typically took two to three days to duce more complex parts, as well fabricate and install the countertop, as produce designs that would be and the best accuracy that could impossible or impractical to make be achieved with this hand-cutting by hand. An example of this is a method was about 1/16 inch. curved cabinet whose door, box, frame face, stiles and rails are A New Breed of CNC Machine all curved. Farmer was aware that CNC On the average, the CNC machinery could automatically router has reduced by about 20%, produce the complicated shapes the time required to make cabinets needed for countertops in custom and other wooden parts of a custom kitchens, however, the size of the kitchen, Farmer said. countertops he built would have The Techno machine helped required a very large machine For Farmer the Techno machine makes it possible to fabricate me triple the revenues of my busia countertop from start to nish in only one day, less then half costing anywhere from $50,000 ness, Upstate CNC Service, makto more than $100,000. With the time that was required in the past. ing it possible for me to quit my day any wood or solid surface component up his business still in the early stage of job and spend every day doing what I love, to that size for only $18,500. I bought the development, Farmer could not even Farmer added. The CNC router promachine and have never regretted my consider spending that much money on duces even better looking countertops decision. equipment. and cabinets than I was able to produce Then Farmer heard about the Techno in the past. Yet I can fabricate and install Substantial Time Savings LC Series CNC routing system, which the countertops in a fraction of the time After purchasing the Techno CNC provides a number of critical features that that was previously required. I also save router, Farmer changed his method of allow it to deliver accuracy to a level that a signicant amount of time in producing fabricating the counters. Now, he lays has previously only been available from wooden cabinetry. And I have the option out the geometry of the entire kitchen machines at a much higher cost. of producing far more intricate designs using BobCAD software, generates a Ball screws are provided on all three axes, than were possible in the past. toolpath to produce the design, then offeringsmoothmotion,ahighlevelofaccuracy All in all, the Techno LC machine has exports the G-Code to the Techno maand repeatability, and minimal maintenance. played a vital role in making it possible for chine. He then mounts the countertop A closed loop servo control system provides me to do what I love every day. onto the CNC router, selects the proconstant position feedback, higher power and For more information about Upstate gram, turns on the machine and lets it smooth continuous motion that eliminates the CNC Service, visit www.upstatecnc. com

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CNC Articles
Inexpensive But Accurate CNC Router Aids Signmakers Expansion
special reective materials, the signs make it easy for friends, families and neighbors to find the home, not to mention emergency personnel when every second counts. LCI ornamental signs are constructed from recycled steel and nished in a very durable powder coat. The company offers a wide range of standard decorative images including wildlife, horses, pets, recreational activities and decorative images. The lettering background is easy to read because it is made from the same material that some highway and street signs use. The company attracts new customers by displaying at crafts shows, their showroom and through its Internet site at www. lcisigns.com. Its general store features items ranging from a switch cover nished with copper patina at $18.00 to a rustic log framed mirror with metal art for $225.00. LCI also produces custom pieces such as machined parts, artists silhouettes and sign brackets, and just about anything else thats made from metal, wood or plastic. Limitations of working in metal alone Our metal silhouette signs have proven extremely popular but working in metal alone has inherent limitations, Wortman said. I wanted to expand our capabilities by being able to incorporate wood into metal signs. I began using a hand router and had no difficulty in cutting out letters and very simple designs. But I was limited by the fact that all I could produce with power tools were very simple 2D patterns; and a long time was required to produce even the simplest designs.

The Techno router makes it possible to produce 2D and 3D images faster and with more accuracy.

A Colorado signmaker has increased the breadth of its product line and boosted its revenues through the use of a new router that provides the accuracy associated with high-end machines at a much lower price. LCI Signs and Ironworks has long been in the business of producing metal silhouette signs for gates and entryways as well as decorative furniture. Owner Dave Wortman began adding wood accents to increase the appeal of these signs but was limited by the long amount of time it took to route the accents by hand and the fact that he was limited to working in 2D. Wortman was interested in purchasing a CNC router to expand that aspect of his business but the machines he was aware of were either too expensive or

not accurate enough. Then I heard about Technos new LC router which is fully servo-driven and includes ball screws and antibacklash ball nuts on all three axes for highly accurate motion control, Wortman said. I havent seen any other machines in their price range with these features. This machine has dramatically expanded my capabilities by making it possible to produce beautiful 3D images as well as very accurate 2D designs in very little time. In the first four months, it has already generated about $4,000 of additional revenue, so it should easily pay for itself in the rst year. LCI specializes in producing personalized signs to identify homes, businesses and communities. With

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CNC Articles
I started browsing the Internet looking for computerized numerical control (CNC) routers that could meet my requirements. The critical issues for me were that I needed the ability to produce large signs to a high level of accuracy in order to produce inlays with a tight fit and complicated 3D images. I didnt have any problem nding machines with these features but the cost was beyond what I could afford, $30,000 and up in nearly every case. It was beginning to look like it would be impossible to take advantage of this market opportunity that seemed to have so much potential. Then Wortman heard about Technos new low cost LC series CNC routing system. This machine provides a number of critical features that allow it to deliver accuracy to a level that has previously only been available from machines at a much higher cost. Ball screws are provided on all three axes, offering smooth motion, a high level of accuracy and repeatability, and minimal maintenance. A closedloop servo control system provides constant position feedback, higher power, and smooth continuous motion that eliminates the possibility of losing position in the middle of a part. The LC series machine includes a heavy steel ground stress-relieved base and an aluminum T-Slot table that can be easily converted to a vacuum table by installing the Techno vacuum table accessory kit. The machine comes fully assembled and includes Technos Windows-based CNC G-code Interface w i t h f r e e l i f e ti m e so ftw a r e upgrades. No comparable machines at this price with this accuracy The LC series was the only machine I have seen that has everything I need at a price that I can afford, Wortman said. The machine was brand new pictures into tabletops, cabinetry, headboards, and other furniture or crafts. With the CNC router, the only limitation is your imagination. Clients have asked us to create carvings that show views from their property, wildlife from their pictures, custom cars and many other designs. The wood inlays add character, warmth and personality to traditional silhouette signs. We can offer this type of product at a very reasonable price because nearly all of them are created from digital or scanned conventional photos with very little manual effort. These are jobs that would have been absolutely impossible to do with power tools. The new machine has also greatly increased the speed with which we can do the simpler 2D routed signs, such as plain lettering. Wortman said that the economics of the new machine are difficult to argue with. My investigation showed that this new machine provides the accuracy and size needed to produce high-quality 3D images at the lowest possible price, he said. By increasing our capabilities, it has opened up several new markets while reducing our costs for producing standard wood components. Just as important, the added value provided by the wood inlays has increased the price that we can get for our existing products such as silhouette signs and furniture. Spending money on an expensive piece of machinery is always a difcult decision for a small, family-owned business. But when you can quickly get your investment back through increased revenues, it makes the decision much easier. All in all, the low cost and high quality of the new Techno LC series machine offers an unbeatable proposition for any small sign maker that does not currently have the capability to accurately reproduce 3D images.

Techno CNC systems are so easy to use that customers start producing parts right away.

Techno routers interface with all industry standard G-code CAD/CAM sample packages.

at the time I bought it so I couldnt see it in action locally. But I did visit someone nearby using an earlier Techno machine based on similar technology and I fell in love with it at rst sight. The machine was clearly very versatile and its owner told me that it required very little maintenance. The ability to add wood and plastic to our signs has added an important new dimension to our business, Wortman said. We have taken photos of people, their pets, their property, and anything else that is near and dear to them and carved them into wood with the router. In some cases, we inlay the wood pieces into metal signs or ornaments. We are also carving

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CNC Machine Drops Production Time for Foam Samples from Five Days to Two
as polyethylenes, polyurethanes, polypropylenes, and EPS, both molded and extruded. Samples for testing Each of the companys regional design and test facilities is staffed with degreed packaging professionals A CNC machine allows Foam Fabricators to produce the typical order of 20 sample models in two days compared to the five days needed to cut the foam pieces by hand. With the exception of one person who loads the foam stock and removes finished pieces, the machine can run unattended around the clock if necessary to turn out a large order. Another benefit of automating the sample production process is that it enables the company to take on jobs it would have lost in the past. When the shape of the customers part was too complex to cut by hand, we had to turn away the work, says Nathan Musgrove, an applications engineer at Foam Fabricators Jefferson, Georgia regional design and test center. That hasnt happened since we installed the CNC machine. It can accurately cut even the most complex 3D shapes. Foam Fabricators, headquartered in Scottsdale, Arizona, is a coast-to-coast network of 14 facilities providing shapemolded foam products, packaging, and components. Its foam products are used in the packaging of items such as electronics equipment and appliances, but they can also be found in other applications such as inside bicycle helmets. Foam Fabricators also fabricates exible materials such wire to cut the foam, working from the specications on the SolidWorks CAD drawing. This was a time-consuming process. There was an additional drawback to producing samples by hand. Some of the shapes that customers needed were not possible to produce this way. For example, a jet ski manufacturer asked Foam Fabricators to make a bow otation unit, a piece of foam that ts in the bow of a four-man jet ski to provide buoyancy. This part had a lot of complex geometry and it was impossible to shape it by hand, says Musgrove. We werent able to make the sample, so we were unable to take on the job. A third drawback was that the handmade models were not highly accurate since the process of cutting them required some interpolation between surfaces. This was acceptable to some customers, but others wanted greater accuracy. One of Foam Fabricators larger customers asked the company to consider using a CNC machine to cut the foam samples. As the company looked into this, they discovered two options: heavy and expensive machining centers primarily designed for metalworking, and inexpensive routers that could not provide the accuracy Foam Fabricators needed.

The CNC machine allows Foam Fabricators to produce the typical order of 20 sample models in two days compared to the ve days needed to cut the foam pieces by hand. Shown are foam packaging materials in various stages of completion.

and fully equipped with the latest in fabricating, drop testing, computerized data acquisition, and CAD systems. When a customer comes to Foam Fabricators with a new product that needs to be packaged, the rst step is to work with one of the companys engineers to determine the appropriate material. The Foam Fabricators engineer species the material, size, and performance characteristics for the product and uses the SolidWorks CAD system to create a 3D model of the initial concept. Previously, samples were produced by hand. An engineering assistant used a band saw, drill press, or hot

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Then they found the Techno Model 160 Production CNC router from Techno Isel, New Hyde Park, New York, which offered a perfect compromise. The machine was very accurate and robust which was designed for production routing and drilling on a wide variety of materials including wood, plastic, MDF, solid surfacing materials, and nonferrous metals. The price and the capabilities included in the Techno CNC system seemed perfect for Foam Fabricators needs, so the company decided to purchase it. The technical specications of the Techno machine they selected include a working area for the router of 59 inches by 50 inches and z-axis height of 12 inches, a vacuum hold-down table, 5 horsepower Columbo spindle and a raised gantry for large part clearance. The table features a rapid travel speed of 800 inches per minute, a z-axis cutting force of 200 pounds maximum, 0.0005-inch resolution and repeatability, and 0.003 inches/foot absolute accuracy. Automated sample production Now when a customer comes to Foam Fabricators with a request for a new product, the engineer creates the SolidWorks model, as he did in the past. But instead of creating a drawing, he exports the solid model directly into the Techno systems CAM program. Originally designed for metalworking, this CAM program is also well-suited for foam because of its ability to generate the most complex contours with little programming effort. In the CAM program, the engineer gives the command and the software creates the toolpaths for cutting the sample. The only additional input required is information such as feed rates and cutting speeds. Total programming time, from when the SolidWorks model is imported into the CAM program until and this type of contact ensures low friction, low wear, and long life. The ball screws also make it possible to produce parts to the machine resolution of 0.0005 inch. In addition, the machine is constructed on steel stress-relieved bases with hardened steel linear ways, and ball screws with servomotors standard, which offer the best precision performance, speed capacity, and machine longevity. This shaft-andbearing system produces very smooth, play-free motion and is an extremely rigid system that produces high-quality cuts. Customers appreciate the faster turnaround on samples. Those who need a high degree of accuracy in their samples are noticing an improvement from the Techno machine here, too. More importantly, customers who come to Foam Fabricators seeking packaging components now have condence that the company can take on their jobs, no matter how complex the shape of their parts. Because the CNC machine imports CAD geometry and replicates that shape exactly, regardless of the complexity, Foam Fabricators is no longer limited to simpler shapes. Having the Techno CNC machine has paid off for Foam Fabricators in a number of ways: faster turnaround on samples, more accurate samples, better satised customers, and the ability to take on more complex jobs. In addition, having a CNC machine helps the company compete against other injection foam molders. Making samples on a CNC machine is becoming the norm in our industry, explains Musgrove. With the Techno machine, we found a cost-effective way to meet this requirement.

Shown are computer components readied for shipping with foam packaging produced by Foam Fabricators.

the system is ready to cut foam, ranges from 30 minutes to two hours depending on the complexity of the part. After a piece of foam stock is fastened to the Techno machine, the operator hits the start button and the sample is then carved automatically. The machine does not require any supervision, except to remove the nished piece and attach a new foam block to repeat the process. epeat With this machine, a typical order for 20 samples is completed in two days. Large sample orders no longer require the t production assistance of engineers. The machine is simply kept supplied with stock and runs until the order is nished. Foam Fabricators has been very pleased with the reliability of the Techno machine. With just regular lubrication, it functions perfectly. Part of its reliability is due to the materials used in its construction. For example, the machine uses antibacklash ball screws. These screws have excellent power transmission due to the rolling-ball contact between the nut and screws,

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CNC Technology Brings Out Hidden Talents in Physically Disabled Children
handicapped, deaf, autistic, blind, and physically impaired. In the past, I often felt frustrated working with physically impaired students because many of them, while cognitively normal or above normal, cannot achieve anything close to their true potential in the technology lab due to their physical limitations. Poor muscle control keeps many students from using conventional power tools for safety reasons. Even if they could use the tools, chances are they would end up disappointed because the results would be far below the quality of the designs they can conceive. I have seen a number of these students become frustrated over their inability to consummate their designs - and, as a result, give up on what in my opinion might have otherwise been a very fruitful career.
Instead of having to rely on others to produce their designs, our special education students can use the Techno CNC machine to compete on an equal basis with fellow students.

By Jeff Lintz In my career teaching production technology to middle school special education students, I have had many students who clearly had talent in graphics and design that went unrealized because of their physical disabilities. I have seen students with an enormous amount of creativity get frustrated and withdraw because they could not physically build what their mind could conceive. This situation has taken a major turn for the better as our school has equipped itself with inexpensive, accurate computerized numerical control (CNC) equipment. This equipment makes it possible for students to dene their ideas on the computer, using special interface

equipment and then watch their designs being built before their eyes. The fact that they can use the machines capabilities to build beautiful and functional objects without help from another person enhances both their enthusiasm and their self-esteem. In one of the most dramatic examples Ive witnessed, a student with cerebral palsy built a CO2-powered car for the Dragster Design Challenge and has gone on to do very well in the graphics program at Miami Lakes Educational Center. Special Education Program The special education classes at Hialeah Middle School in Miami-Dade County, FL, include students who are mentally

Bringing New Technology into the Classroom About three years ago, far-sighted local school ofcials decided to purchase CNC machinery and bring it into the classroom. CNC machines automate the work of conventional power tools by using computer-generated commands to move the cutting surface with far more precision than could be achieved by even the most experienced craftsman. Our school selected Technos DaVinci, a unique tabletop machine, suitable for a wide range of applications, including model making, woodworking, plastic fabrication and sign making. The DaVinci is slightly different from the more common gantry style machine because it moves the workpiece as well as the cutting spindle. The machine is constructed out of state-of-the-art extruded aluminum proles. Because

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of this design, similar to that used in the aircraft industry, the machine is light and portable, yet rigid. In addition, the machine has hardened steel linear ways and ball screws, which means that it provides a high level of performance, speed capacity, and machine longevity at a surprisingly low price. The servo DaVinci machine comes standard with 3-axis servo control, which can be upgraded to 4-axis to accommodate a rotary table option. Techno machines can also be equipped with T-Slotted vacuum tables for easy xturing of sheet stock-like materials. Along with the DaVinci machine, we got the IMS CO2 system, which allows students to quickly, easily, and inexpensively design and produce nely machined CO2 metric 500 racing cars that meet the specications for Technology Student Association (TSA) competition. The kit includes specially fitted hardware, interface software, instructional videos, and fabrication templates that simplify the design and manufacture of CO2 cars. The kit allows any student to produce better cars more quickly, without tedious hand carving. But for our physically disabled students, the difference is like night and day. Instead of having to rely on others to produce their designs, they can compete on an equal basis with fellow students, using the CNC machine to substitute for a lack of ne motor control. One Students Story I put the new machine to the test almost as soon as we had it set up. I had a student with cerebral palsy, whose involuntary spastic motions made it unsafe for him to use conventional power tools. But it was clear from the very beginning that he had a sharp mind and a graphical inclination. When he entered class he couldnt use a conventional computer mouse, so I got After winning the state contest, my students traveled to the nationals and placed ninth out of nearly 50 teams entered. I maintain contact with this student, who is now enrolled at Miami Lakes Educational Center and Miami-Dade College. He has also participated in a statewide leadership youth program for physically impaired people and has been called back as a leader for the coming year. The Whole Class Benets The value of CNC technology extends far beyond physically disabled students. All of my students participated in a project earlier this year to build nameplates for a meeting of principals from throughout the school district that was held at my school. The students designed and made a nameplate for each principal and also designed and built a plaque for their own use. For example, one student scanned his favorite cartoon character, converted the resulting raster le to a vector le, then pasted it into his plaque design and used the DaVinci to engrave it in a block of wood to design a jewelry box lid. As my colleague Ron Torres-Gatherer, Technology Education Teacher at Hialeah High School, says: Revitalizing the classroom so that kids are invigorated by learning and enthusiastic about coming to school requires fresh ideas and creative approaches to teaching. The emphasis should be on providing educational tools to motivate, inspire, and focus on teaching skills rather than simply teaching the student how to use the tool itself. CNC technology has the potential to make a difference in the lives of thousands of handicapped kids by allowing them to overcome their disability, energizing them with a passion for learning and a sense of accomplishment.

CNC technology has the potential to make a difference in the lives of thousands of special education students.

him a track ball, which proved easier to manipulate. Almost immediately, this student demonstrated his ability to create interesting designs on the computer. He took a strong interest in the CO2 racer project and created the model of a car with computer-aided design software that had the other kids oohing and aahing. In the past, his enthusiasm probably would have been lessened by my assisting him with hand-over-hand tooling of the project. But the CNC equipment gave him a chance to follow the creative process to its logical conclusion. He used the software provided with the DaVinci to cut his design out of a block of wood. The pride on his face was truly something to behold. This may have been the rst time in his life that he could build something all by himself. As the other students in the class began treating him like an equal and paying less attention to his physical disabilities, he began to shine. He took a much more active role, such as participating as an integral member of the team that won the Environmental Challenge contest sponsored by the Florida Technology Student Association. The project involved a drip irrigation system to conserve water in a buttery garden. The student I refer to designed the display and folder that accompanied the project and did much of the research.

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CNC Router Provides 400% Productivity Gain for Woodworking Manufacturer
Switching from conventional power tools to a CNC router helped a manufacturer of gun safes increase productivity by 400%. When Champion Safes used power tools to produce racks for its gun cases, each person could only produce enough parts for 20 to 30 safes per day. To increase productivity, the company invested in a computerized numerical control (CNC) router that works unattended to produce parts of any shape, simple or complex, based on a computer program. Now a single person can produce all the parts needed for 120 safes in one day. Quality has been substantially improved because the CNC router doesnt make mistakes and cuts to an accuracy of 0.002 inch compared to typical 1/16 accuracy for manual cutting. We have substantially reduced our manufacturing costs while increasing our quality, said Terry Zierenberg, Director of Engineering for Champion Safes, Provo, Utah. Whats really amazing is that the CNC router that does all this costs only $15,000. Champion Safes has been building heavy and tough safes since 1998. The companys safes sell for between $800 and $2,500. Champion Safe bodies are pressure-formed from thick A-36 carbon steel plate with fully welded top and bottom caps. Doors are built out of heavy A-36 carbon steel plate with sandwiched re insulation, offering more security and better re protection than a plate steel door alone. Champion uses heavy-duty, ball bearing internal hinges and multiple relockers that collectively protect a safe against drilling and forced entry. Champion Safe is the only home security safe company to use a glass, bank-vault type relocker. To protect the lock from attack, it bonds industrial diamonds to tungsten steel hardplate. The company includes re protection, standard on all models, ranging from 30 minutes at 1200oF to 105 minutes at 1550oF for different models. gun safes per day and ve people would have been needed to handle todays production volume. Zierenberg had long thought about purchasing a CNC machine to perform this operation but, when he originally checked, the cost of these machines put them out of reach. When I worked for a competitive safe company, we bought a CNC router for $65,000, he said. Prices have dropped since then but until a couple of years ago, the cheapest machine that I could nd that would do this job cost about $45,000, which was more than we could justify, he said. These were machines with servo- motors and ball screws that provide high levels of accuracy, and large tables that make it possible to produce big parts. We didnt want to spend that much because we only have one group of wood products, so we can only use the machine in a few areas. When I heard about Technos LC router, which offers essentially the same features and capabilities for under $15,000, my rst question was: can it hold up? I saw a demonstration at a local dealer and it looked good so I decided that for that money it was worth the gamble. New router offers mix of performance and economy Technos LC series CNC routing system provides a number of critical features that allow it to deliver accuracy and long-term reliability of a level that has previously only been available from machines at a much higher cost. Ball screws are provided on all three axes, offering smooth motion, a high level of accuracy and repeatability, and minimal maintenance. Ball screws have a number of advantages over racks.

Previous manual machining methods The notched racks that hold the guns inside the safe are cut out of three-quarter inch particleboard. The geometry of the racks is complex because each rack typically holds 20 to 30 guns. In the past, skilled woodworkers cut these racks using hand routers with bearing bits by following templates, and with table saws. The accuracy of the racks depended on the accuracy of the templates, and making good templates required patience and long experience. Frequently, templates were ruined and new ones had to be made before the job could continue. A skilled craftsman was needed to accurately follow the lines of the template. Even though the operator would follow the template carefully, he or she might bump corners or otherwise damage the template so that it got worn out and had to be replaced. For all these reasons, one person was only able to produce enough components for about 20 to 30

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Automating the process of machining racks When we got the new process for machining racks up-and-running, I felt like I had died and gone to heaven, Zierenberg said. The LC Series machine does everything we need it to do at a remarkably low price. As far as durability goes, I have been amazed and satised. We have been running They dont have the play or the requirement for adjustments that racks do; they also do not wear as easily as racks do and they are far less likely to get debris in the mechanism than racks to cause skipping and errant motion. A closed- loop servo control system provides constant position feedback, higher power, and smooth continuous motion that eliminates the possibility of losing position in the middle of a part. Servomotors, unlike stepper motors, do not lose position and cannot skip steps. Servos are also far better for 3D applications because they can change speed on the fly without losing power as steppers do. Zierenberg generated programs for the gun racks and a number of other wood parts, such as center dividers, used in the companys different models of safes. He designed jigs that hold the particle board blanksinplace.An operator simply loads the jig with a precut blank, calls up the appropriate program, and hits the start button. He then walks away while the router nishes the part. It typically takes the Techno router about one minute for each rack that is machined. Some of the racks are more complex and take as long as four minutes. While the router is busy, the operator can work on other jobs, such as cutting out blanks on a table saw. The machine is available in three sizes, with work envelopes of 30 by 24 inches, 50 by 48 inches and 50 by 96 inches. Each of these models provides a repeatability of 0.001 inches, a resolution of 0.0002 inches and a maximum speed of 250 inches per minute. A wide range of optional equipment is offered including a laser scanning module, CNC lathe attachment, Porter Cable router, vacuum blower, and fourth axis rotary table. The 4-foot by 8-foot model sells for $13,995. Higher productivity means increased prots The increase in productivity that has been achieved with the new machine has signicantly reduced Champions manufacturing costs. Clearly, the availability of high-quality, low-cost routers has the potential to dramatically improve the protability of every manufacturer that uses wood in their product, Zierenberg said. Our savings extend through the assembly process as well because the more accurate parts that we produce with the new CNC router avoid the need for manual tting. Having lower manufacturing costs than our competitors gives us the opportunity to offer greater value to customers and increases our sales volume. Higher productivity means that we are able to handle this volume without adding workers, which increases prot margins. Technos LC series CNC is clearly the wave of the future for woodworking manufacturing.

the machine all day, every day for two years and have no problems. By the way, besides being less expensive than other CNC routers, the LC also takes up quite a bit less space, which provides additional savings. The LC series machine includes a heavy steel ground stressrelieved base and an aluminum T-Slot table that can be easily converted to a vacuum table by installing the Techno vacuum table accessory kit. Because the frame is a single welded piece, there is no chance for it to get out of square or require alignment. Technos sales team were very helpful, not only giving me all the information I requested about the machine, but also helping me nd the right software package and providing me with the necessary training to get my production up-and-running quickly, Zierenberg added. The machine comes fully assembled and includes Technos Windows-based CNC G-Code interface with free lifetime software upgrades.

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CNC Milling Machine Eliminates Three Weeks of Hand Carving Technodome Model
Peter McCann Architectural with a wide variety of composites Models Inc. (PMAMI) saved and unique materials. Other inthree weeks in the production house services include computer of an architectural model of the animation, signage, graphics, and Technodome by cutting molds for brochures. We have made many the roof sections on a CNC Router large models, but the one of the instead of hand carving them. The Technodome, at a 1:200 scale, Technodome, when it is built, will measured 22 feet long by 10 feet be the worlds largest and singlewide by two and a half feet tall, is most technologically advanced the largest model we have made indoor attraction ever, according to date, says McCann. to its developer. The architectural model itself was huge, the largest Cutting 3D Parts PMAMI has ever produced. The PMAMI used a laser cutter roof of the model was particularly The rst step in creating the model was to import the architects to fabricate the portions of the challenging because there were AutoCAD drawing into Technos CNC Interface. Technodome model that were 2D many different roof styles. Peter shapes, such as walls and oors. and downhill skiing in the same visit. McCann, president of PMAMI estimates McCann didnt want to cut the roof pieces In addition to nature attractions, it will that carving the roof molds by hand would this way, however, because the roof was feature disaster rides, IMAX theatres, have taken at least ve weeks. With the so complex. The roof of the Technodome a 125,000-capacity sports and music computer-controlled method, cutting has many different roof styles, including a arena, and massive indoor theme zones instructions for the milling machine big dome, McCann says. Breaking the similar to those at Disney parks. The were generated from the architects roof up into hundreds of little 2D pieces and Technodomes capacity is 11 million CAD model and the roof portion of the then assembling them would have been visitors per year, and its annual budget project was completed in only two weeks. extremely difcult. The alternative was to is predicted to be $1 billion. The model was so large we had to create 3D molds of the different roof shapes PMAMI got involved with the divide it into sections and then glue and then vacuum form acrylic over the top Technodome when an architect them together, says McCann. The of the molds. The acrylic pieces could then developing a concept for the facility accuracy we got with the CNC machine be assembled on top of the walls fairly hired PMAMI to produce an architectural was so high that all the different roof easily. model. With 12 employees, PMAMI is pieces t together perfectly. One option for producing the molds the largest rm of its kind in Toronto. The The Technodome is the dream of was to carve them by hand out of wood. company has been in business since Abraham Reichmann, a member of To do this, PMAMI craftsmen would have 1980, serving the model making needs the Toronto-based Reichmann family used a band saw to rough cut the shape of local and international architects, known for ambitious developments. out of a two- to four-inch thick piece of industrial designers, engineers, and Reichmann has been shopping his basswood. Next they would have used manufacturers. Its 6,000 square foot Technodome project around from city a milling machine to carve more of the facility in downtown Toronto features a full to city for nearly a decade. For a time, it 3D shape. Then they would have handrange of model making and presentation looked as if it would be built in Toronto. carved the details. Producing the molds capabilities. Model making services Currently, it seems that Montreal will this way would have taken ve weeks, include wood and plastics machining, be its home. Wherever it ends up, the according to McCann. Instead he decided laser cutting, prototype molding, casting, Technodomes proposed 1.2 millionto look for a computer numeric controlled vacuum forming and fabrication. Plastics square-foot space will reportedly feature (CNC) machine that would be capable of and wood are the primary materials several biospheres, making it possible producing architectural models. used in the construction of models along for a patron to go white-water rafting McCann was aware of two options in

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CNC equipment. The rst was heavy and expensive machining centers primarily designed for metalworking. They would deliver the accuracy he needed, but the smallest machining centers start at $30,000 and machines in this price range have working areas that are too small for all but a fraction of McCanns work. A machining center with a table large enough to handle nearly all his work would cost in the $100,000 price range, considerably more than he wanted to spend. McCann ruled out most routers, on the other hand, because they could not provide the accuracy he needs. Then McCann heard about the Techno CNC router, which provides the best of both worlds. For the price of $45,000, PMAMI got a 49-inch by 40-inch working area and z-axis travel distance of 6.5 inches large enough to produce most architectural model parts. Another reason McCann chose the Techno machine was that even though it was one of the more affordable CNC machines, it had a number of high-end features that would allow it to produce parts with the level of the accuracy PMAMIs work required. For example, each Techno router is constructed from extruded aluminum proles. It has four ground and hardened steel shafts and eight recirculating bearings in each axis. This shaft-and-bearing system produces very smooth, play-free motion and an extremely rigid system that produces high-quality cuts. The machine also uses antibacklash ball screws. These screws have excellent power transmission due to the rolling-ball contract between the nut and screws. This type of contact ensures low friction, low wear, and long life. The ball screws also make it possible to produce parts to the machine resolution of 0.0005 inch. The rst step in cutting the roof molds for the Technodome model was to import the architects AutoCAD 2000 le into the CNC programming software that comes with the Techno system. Originally designed for machine and cutting all the roof molds took two weeks. Accuracy and Other Benets In addition to saving three weeks on the construction of the roof, the use of the CNC machine gave PMAMI a level of accuracy that would have been impossible to achieve by hand. That was important in this project, which was built as 13 separate sections because of its size. When it was time to put all of the sections together, the roof pieces matched perfectly, saving the rm the rework that would have been needed otherwise. The customer was very pleased with the model, which also included a detailed interior complete with lights. McCann has found that many projects benet from the combination of laser cutting and CNC machining. The laser is perfect for cutting 2D pieces, while the Techno handles the 3D pieces without the mess of cutting and sanding, McCann explains. As we use the CNC machine more, were nding that it really eliminates the aggravation we used to have with some of the more complicated 3D parts. We just do the programming, turn on the machine, and let it run. Having the CNC machine has also opened up new business possibilities for PMAMI, including signs and prototypes. It makes us a lot more versatile and sets us ahead of pretty much everyone in the area, McCann adds. On the Technodome project, the use of the Techno CNC machine generated a savings of at least three weeks in the production of the roof molds. In addition to the difference between the cutting time on the machine versus carving by hand, additional time was probably saved by the accuracy of the nished pieces. The fact that all the roof pieces t perfectly when the model was assembled eliminated the need for rework. For complicated 3D shapes such as the roof of the Technodome, PMAMI nds the Techno CNC machine to be the perfect tool.

A scaled model of the Technodome project.

A Techno router can help create models in various plastics, woods and composites.

metalworking, it is also well-suited for wood and foam because of its ability to generate the most complex contours with little programming effort. In the programming software, McCann separated the roof from the rest of the architects model. Since it was a 3D wireframe model, he needed to add surfaces to the outline of the roof because the toolpaths would be derived from the surfaces. Next, he divided the roof into different mold shapes that could be used to form the acrylic pieces. Most molds produced multiple acrylic pieces. Once this preliminary programming work was done, McCann gave the command to software to create the toolpaths for each of the molds. After supplying some additional information such as feed rates and cutting speeds, the system was ready to go. For each mold, a piece of Renshape, MDF, or a plaster block was placed in the Techno machine. An operator hit the start button and the 3D mold was carved automatically. The actual cutting took only about one hour for most of the molds. The entire process of programming the CNC

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CNC Router Expands Sign Shop and Pays for Itself within One Year
By Jeff Wolf A computer numeric controlled (CNC) router has allowed our company, National Sign and Design Group, to expand into furniture, counter tops, trade show displays, and other new sources of revenue, paying for itself within twelve months of operation. For example, we more than doubled our income when a restaurant that needed a sign also hired us to produce its counter tops and sneeze guard. We now bid on highermargin jobs that require close tolerances, using the The Techno router is easy to set up and easy to use. CNC router to achieve levels of accuracy and repeatability that are impossible by We identied accuracy, repeatability, hand. resolution, and reliability as the National Sign started out as a most important selection criteria for home-based screen printing business. the router. Some CNC routers we We eventually expanded into vinyl evaluated had components such as graphics, a process in which letters that rack-and-pinion drives that needed have been designed on a computer frequent maintenance and other items are cut from vinyl using a special that needed constant adjustment. We plotter and then applied to a plywood wanted to avoid these sorts of chores substrate. When we got requests and concentrate on our business. for wooden signs with dimensional Price was also a consideration. Some cutouts, the work was contracted out machines on the market at the time were to a company with a router. Over the priced in the $80,000 range, and they years, however, the demand for this were ruled out as too expensive for our type of work kept growing while the current volume of router work. quality and the dependability of the outside contractor was becoming a Accuracy for the Right Price problem. This led us to consider buying The search for a CNC router our own router, specically one that eventually led us to Techno, Inc. CNC was computer-controlled so it could Routers, New Hyde Park, NY. The be programmed to cut computerTechno machines are designed for generated letters and other designs. production routing and drilling on a wide variety of materials including wood, plastic, MDF, solid surfacing materials, and nonferrous metals. The accuracy level of the Techno machine was actually higher than we needed for sign making. It featured a positioning accuracy of 1 mm in 300 mm. We realized, however, that the ability to produce parts with tight tolerances could lead to new types of work. We also believed, after reviewing the specifications of the Techno machine that it would be as reliable as we needed. Its use of antibacklash ball screws, for example, would ensure play-free motion. These screws have excellent power transmission due to the rolling-ball contact between the nut and screws. This type of contact ensures low friction, low wear, and long life. We didnt nd any other CNC router with the combination of capabilities and accuracy level as the Techno machine, unless they were quite a bit higher in price. The Techno system we selected cost the same as less accurate machines yet delivered the accuracy of higher-end machines. With the purchase of the router, we moved National Sign out of the house and into a 5,000-square foot shop. Even employees with minimal computer experience were able to use the driver software and run the machine. We initially used its CNC routing capabilities to do standard

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signage jobs for its existing clients and to take on contract work for other sign makers. The machine gave us the ability to produce fancier signs such as those with reliefs cut out of cedar planks. It also gave us an aesthetic advantage in the production of wooden signs with dimensional letters raised an inch or more. With most routers, it isnt possible to cut this deep with a very thin tool in one pass. An inch-thick letter, for example, would typically be cut with a 1/4-inch ball end mill. This tool would cut 1/4-inch deep on each pass, requiring four passes to complete the one-inch letter. Ideally, each pass would be cut identically to the others but with most machines, the repeatability is not high enough to permit this. This results in distinct ridges in the letter from the four different passes. The sign must be hand nished to remove the ridges. Due to the Techno machines repeatability of 0.004 inch, we have found it unnecessary to do any hand nishing on this type of sign because this router doesnt leave any ridges. New Types of Work Although the sign business was expanding due to the Techno machine, it wasnt long before we were using it to do jobs that werent related to signs at all. For example, what started out as a regular sign job turned out to include a substantial amount of carpentry. We had been hired to make a sign for a new juice store and while we were discussing the job with the owner, he happened to mention that he was having trouble getting contractors to build his counter tops and the acrylic sneeze guard above the juice preparation area. Knowing that the router could cut these materials, we offered to do that work for him as well. The sneeze guard was designed on the computer to match the stores display case. It was angled so that as it comes up from counter it leans away from the customer at about a 75degree angle. At the top is a horizontal, 12-inch shelf that is used for displays. Our designer added some shelves on the kitchen side of the sneeze guard for rigidity. The whole unit needed to t precisely onto the counter with a margin of one-quarter inch. After modeling the entire sneeze guard on the computer, the designer broke down the design into nine separate parts. He sent the les to the router, which cut all of them from a large sheet of 1/4 inch acrylic in about 20 minutes. Because the router cut so cleanly, no sanding was required. The pieces were assembled and the sneeze guard was ready in just a few hours. The counter tops were produced in a similar manner. They were designed on the computer to include holes for holding cups. The pieces were cut with the router and assembled. We also laminated the counter tops, using the router to cut the pieces of laminate as well. When the counter tops were installed in the store, they t perfectly and the owner remarked that they looked better than other counters that had been built by carpenters. This project started out as just a sign job, for which we were charging $1,000. We ended up making more than twice that amount, pulling in an additional $1,500 for the sneeze guard and countertops. The success of that job opened up other options for our company. Mostly by word of mouth, the area learned of our new capabilities, and we have started producing trade show exhibits with the router as well. We have also been asked to help a local manufacturer of wooden rocking horses. He was producing one horse every three weeks by hand.We use the router to cut each piece from at stock 2 inches thick, routing out the curved surfaces of a leg, for example, across 180 degrees, then turning it over and cutting the other side. Using this technique, we can produce six horses in the time it takes to make one by hand. With all the additional work that the router is bringing in, the machine will probably pay for itself in the rst twelve months. We may eventually purchase another one. Currently, our company runs the router between four and six hours per day. But we have recently bid on jobs that never would have been considered before getting the router. A good example is the production of templates for a company that makes molds for automobile seat cushions. Each seat requires hundreds of templates that must be accurate to within thousandths of an inch. That is now within our capabilities. If we win some of the jobs we have bid on lately, the router may be used as much as 12 hours a day. We will then purchase a second machine if the volume of router work grows further.
Jeff Wolf is the president of National Sign and Design Group in Brampton, Ontario. The Techno router operates several hours a day, allowing us to bid on jobs we never could have before.

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Four-axis CNC Machine Boosts Gun Stock Production 200% to 300%
Ironwood Designs, a manufacturer of wooden gun stocks, has increased production 200 to 300 percent after replacing a manual pantograph with a four-axis Techno CNC router. Previously, the company used the pantograph to carve out inlets and other areas in the gun stocks. It was a back-breaking process that was both slow and inaccurate. The four-axis CNC machine can carve the cutouts in about one-fth the time it took to do them by hand. And since the machine can automatically reposition a part and cut all sides in one operation, it can run unattended. This lets one employee to do the work of two. In addition to being faster, the CNC is much more accurate than hand carving, giving Ironwood Designs a reputation for quality work. The Techno machine has boosted the volume of our business by letting us take on jobs we didnt have time for, or couldnt do accurately enough in the past, says Matt Shuster, President of Ironwood Designs. Ironwood Designs, located in San Jose, California, designs and manufactures replacement gun stocks. The companys products, made of high-quality hardwoods, are purchased by individual gun owners, gun dealers, and rearms manufacturers to replace the inexpensive plastic or softwood stocks of many imported military guns such as the FN-FAL and the AK-47. Ironwood Designs sells a four-piece wooden set that includes the butt stock, pistol grip, and an upper and lower hand guard. As one of the few companies making replacement gun stocks for these weapons, Ironwood Designs has a thriving business. The companys previous production process had a bottleneck, however, that needed to be eliminated so they could grow. four spindles so four parts were cut at once. One problem with this approach was the sheer physical labor involved. Shuster did this work himself. It took an average of 15 minutes to complete the carving process for four butt stocks. If Shusters hand slipped, four parts were damaged at once. He estimates that he had a loss of between 10 and 15 percent due to carving error. A desire for a faster, more accurate carving process led Shuster to look at other options besides the pantograph. He had researched the technology and knew that a CNC machine could be programmed to automatically cut the shapes he was then cutting by hand. One option was to purchase a heavy and expensive CNC machining center primarily designed for metalworking and adapt it for working with wood. He had heard of other woodworking companies doing this, but the $125,000 to $250,000 price tag of these machines was prohibitive. At a woodworkers trade show, Shuster found a better alternative, a four-axis CNC router machine from Techno Inc., New Hyde Park, New York, designed for production routing and drilling on a wide variety of materials including wood, plastic, MDF, solid surfacing materials, and nonferrous metals. This machines complete system was affordable; it has two 5 HP Colombo spindles with dual rotary stations for high production, and can cut two identical parts at the same time. Shuster also appreciated its robustness, which included steel stress-relieved bases with hardened steel linear ways, ball screws, and

One step of the process in creating a wooden gun stock.

Keeping up with Business In the first step of making a gun stock, a Zuckerman copy lathe is used to automatically carve a wood block into the desired 3D profile. A Zuckerman machine is the gold standard in the industry for proling; it is the same machine that shapes the necks of Fender guitars. This part of the production process, which was handled by an Ironwood Designs employee, needed no improvement. The next step was the problem. After parts are cut on the Zuckerman machine, they need further cutting to carve out the inlets where the stock ts into the rie and areas where parts such as the swivel and the butt plate are later attached to the stock. After running the parts through the copy lathe, which was located in the companys shop, Shuster took them to his home workshop where he used a manual pantograph to make these additional cuts. The pantograph had

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servomotors as standard features for precision performance, speed capacity, and machine longevity. He purchased a Techno four-axis machine with a ve by six feet table big enough to handle even the longest butt stocks. Four-axis Benets The four-axis capability of the Techno machine is what makes it the solution Shuster was hoping for. If he had purchased a traditional, threeaxis CNC router, it would have been necessary to continually reposition parts on the machine because cuts are needed on all sides. Although this still would have been faster than cutting parts by hand, the machine would have required constant attention. A four-axis machine, on the other hand, has dual spindles, one that holds the part and one that holds the cutter. The cutting program directs the x, y, and z motions of the cutter, as with a traditional CNC machine. But it also directs the positioning of the part. After one side has been cut, the part can be rotated, for instance, to allow access to the other side. With a four-axis machine, repositioning happens automatically so the cutting goes faster and its completely unattended, Shuster says. Using the four-axis machine, it now takes Ironwood Designs only three minutes to cut four butt stocks, compared to 15 minutes needed with the pantograph. Shuster estimates that the overall productivity of his business has increased by 60 to 80 percent since he acquired the CNC machine. It is located in the shop with the Zuckerman copy lathe, and one employee runs both machines. Shuster handles light nishing work. We now produce 100 pieces in four hours. Previously that took us two days, he says. The quality of the cuts is much better with the Techno CNC machine. There is less tearing of the wood because spindle is spinning at 18,000 rpm, says Shuster. And if a cut is off by 0.010 inch, I can modify the NC program and easily x it. In the past, the tightest tolerance he could achieve was 0.01 inch to 0.02 inch. The Techno CNC machine holds between 0.003 inch and 0.004 inch. That is phenomenal for wood, says Shuster. Now we produce factory quality pieces. You cant distinguish our stocks from the original military production except that we use a higher grade of wood. The combination of higher quality and faster production has led to an increase in business for the company. After nishing a large, two-and-a-half year contract for one gun manufacturer, Shuster has now programmed the CNC machine for a new product, a replacement stock for the Belgian FN-FAL rie. Designed in the 1950s, this rie has been out of production for years. But surplus versions are being imported, and new ones are being manufactured in the US from old military specications. Ironwood Designs is now offering replacement parts for this rie to manufacturers, who will resell them as accessories, as well as to smaller gunsmiths who build FN-FALs for customers, and to individual owners of the rie who wish to retrot it with a nicer wooden stock. In addition to this new product, for which Shuster anticipates a big demand, he plans to use the Techno CNC machine to take on projects he has long wanted to do but couldnt in the past because of time or accuracy limitations. For example, he plans to offer replacement stocks for common guns such as hunting ries that are far more easier to install than those that are currently available. Most replacement stocks come seminished. The sides

A shot of the shop where gun stocks are held.

are carved but they have not been sanded so tool marks are visible. The gun owner has to fit the rifle to the stock, a process than can take hours of filing. For those who arent experienced woodworkers, theres the danger of damaging the stock. Shuster plans to cut these stocks on the CNC machine for a level of accuracy that has been previously unavailable. My kits will be innovative because they give you drop-in fit, he says. The acquisition of a four-axis CNC router improved productivity and accuracy at Ironwood Designs. The result is an increase in business. We no longer advertise and yet our volume keeps increasing, says Shuster. With a four-axis Techno CNC machine, were now able to produce replacement stocks for anyone who wants one.

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Computerized Router Turns Yoga Instructors Labor of Love into Protable Exercise Machine
A well-known Yoga instructor helped express his artistic talent at a commercial level by turning a new exercise machine concept into a protable business with the help of a Techno CNC router. The new concept involves wooden, multipurpose exercise machines that are designed to simulate the movements used in ballet, swimming, gymnastics and yoga. When Juliu Horvath began designing these machines about 10 years ago, he built them with a jig saw and templates. Each machine took so long to build by this approach that it seemed impossible to build a protable business from his concept. Several years ago, however, he switched to a Techno computerized router that has allowed him to cut the time required to build the machines by 80% and turn what was previously merely a labor of love into a growing business. Horvath began his career as a ballet dancer in Romania and defected to the United States in the late 1960s. Not long after his arrival, he gave up dance to pursue the study of Yoga. He developed a Yoga system based on the underlying principle of translating breathing patterns to movement patterns. Teachers and students from all over the world continue to ock to his studio in New York City to learn his original Yoga system. Horvaths system includes a unique series of oor exercises designed to enhance flexibility while increasing strength. Finding that many students had difficulty learning these exercises, he began building wooden machines to make it easier to perform them. I saw that existing exercise machines were too rough and too linear, Horvath says. Length and breadth were missing. They made it hard to build coordination and exibility. Horvaths machines incorporate the kind of sweeping organic curves one expects to find in Art Nouveau furniture. The platforms are curved in the Santa Cruz style of wavy red and blond woodwork and patterned after the swirling shapes of bonsai trees. They are created to command a melodic movement that increases the individuals effective range of motion. According to Horvath, My machines are designed for athletes, dancers and health conscious people, not body builders. While the concept was developed in the mid-1980s, it took until 1994 to develop the design to absolute fullness, including determining the exact proportions to t any body type. Horvath set up the rst machines in his Yoga studio in New York City called White Cloud Studio. The machines, which he calls the Gyrotonics Expansion System, developed an almost cult-like following from the very start among the New York dance

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community and since then the himself, although he does use system has won followers All in all, since purchasing the new router, part-time employees from time worldwide at affiliated studios Horvath has been able to turn his exercise to time. in Los Angeles, London, machine concept into a protable business T e c h n o r o u t e r s h a v e Paris, Seattle, Munich, Mexico antibacklash ball screws for C i t y a n d F l o r e n c e . W h i l e venture. play-free motion that make it the system was originally possible to produce circles that from Techno follows a pattern that is conceived for dancers, it are accurate to the .0005 inch programmed with a drawing program. has proven equally successful machine resolution. These ball screws Rather than tediously trace the contours with children, the elderly, and also make it possible to produce of the template, Horvath can now simply those recovering from injuries and wooden parts as accurate as the put a piece of wood on the Techno illness. machine resolution. The ball screws router and ip the switch. It produces The Gyrotonics Expansion System have excellent power transmission due parts in about 1/5 the time required on is a patented design that uses handto the rolling-ball contact between the a jig saw. A key advantage is that the and foot-operated wheel bases and nut and screws. This type of contact router can generate a 3-axis motion. pulley suspensions to precisely hone also ensures low friction, low wear and This means that operations such as the body through some 130 variations long life. rounding the edges of a part, which on 50 different sets of exercises. In ve years of operation, Horvath would normally be done in a second Workouts typically last between one has never had any problems with operation after jigsawing, can now be and two hours and consist of slow turns the machine. This is partly due to the accomplished in a single setup. synchronized with rhythmicallystrength and rigidity of the table. The The accuracy of the computerreleased deep breaths. Weights Techno machine is constructed from controlled router is also far greater, used are much lower than typical extruded aluminum proles that can which provides additional time savings. exercise machines generally on support all the materials that Horvath The Techno system has an accuracy the order of 30 pounds. uses and provides easy clamping of 0.1 mm (.004) in 300 mm and Horvath builds each machine himself, capability. The machine also has four a repeatability of 0.01 mm (.0004). and this is a key selling feature of the ground and hardened steel shafts and This precision eliminates the need for equipment. The base and support eight recirculating bearings in each most manual nishing operations and elements are made of wood while other axis. This shaft and bearing system for individually fitting components. components are machined aluminum. produces very smooth play-free motion It makes it possible to build more In the beginning, Horvath built wooden and an extremely rigid system that accurate and better looking parts that components with a jig saw, using produces high-quality cuts. are interchangeable with each other. intricate templates to guide his hands, All in all, since purchasing the new The Techno router was relatively and heavily sanded each piece after router, Horvath has been able to turn inexpensive. Horvath estimates that cutting. There were two problems with his exercise machine concept into he paid for its cost last year in one this approach. It took so long to build each a profitable business venture. The single order for ve machines. Horvath machine that, considering his other time precision and repeatability of the router himself is computer-illiterate, but he commitments, Horvath was precluded makes it possible for him to perform all has a friend who converts his sketches from turning the exercise machines production work himself and will make into AutoCAD drawings then uses a into a serious business. Second, it easy to delegate manufacturing to CNC programming package called the lack of precision provided by others, if required by future growth, Mastercam to produce a le that the jig saw cutting meant that the without sacricing quality. router understands. Once the program components of each machine had is finished, Horvath operates the to be individually fitted. machine in his workshop. When he Then, about ve years ago, Horvath wants to produce a part, he simply heard about the Techno computerloads a piece of wood and pushes a controlled router that can produce few buttons to start the machine. He wooden components in far less time does nearly all the manufacturing work than a jig saw. The 3-axis gantry router

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CNC Router Cuts Leadtime 63% For Build-ToOrder Furniture Manufacturer
Styles and tastes change so quickly in the furniture business that any company that builds up a substantial inventory risks having to unload it at a substantial loss if customer buying patterns change. Cherry Tree Custom Woodworks, Orange Park, Florida, helps small furniture retailers overcome this problem by providing such a fast response time that most of its customers dont need to give the go-ahead to produce a product until they have an order in hand from their customer. The critical issue then becomes producing the piece as quickly as possible in order to keep the customer happy. Cherry Tree has dramatically reduced delivery time by producing most items on a Techno low-cost computer numerical control (CNC) router that produces highly accurate work from a CAD program, eliminating the need for what used to be a very time-consuming and skill-intensive manual task. The time required to produce a typical piece has been cut from 27 to 10 hours, so fast that in most cases customers assume that their furniture is simply being delivered from stock. Cherry Tree Custom Woodworks produces beds, entertainment centers, drawers, mirrors, and just about anything else that you can imagine in the area of custom furniture. The company serves as the manufacturing arm for a number of small and highly creative furniture designers and marketers. These companies typically sell their wares over the Internet or through retail outlets. Many of these companies are relatively small operations whose sales volume can uctuate drastically from month to month. Building up an inventory of products would leave the company open to a major nancial hit if customer demand did not match their own projections. Most of these companies try to avoid these problems by scrambling to build customer orders as they are received. But the last thing they want to do is antagonize a customer by making them wait too long. They typically look for small woodworking manufacturers like Cherry Tree that can respond very quickly to meet their needs. Need to respond quickly in the virtual furniture business In the past, a quick turnaround was difficult because Cherry Tree used the typical labor-intensive process that has been used by custom furniture manufacturers for many years. Craftsmen and women cut out pieces from medium density berboard (MDF), plywood, or hardwoods using traditional shop equipment. If the piece has curves or other complex shapes, a template is usually produced and the parts are trimmed ush to the template. Building an accurate template requires a huge amount of skill. Even cutting out and drilling simpler pieces with straight edges to the required level of accuracy is no job for a beginner. As the complexity of the design rises, the time required to build it also increases, to the point where a company that uses traditional methods may decide that it isnt practical to even bid on the job. Arthur Allison, owner of Cherry Tree Custom Woodworks, faced these kinds of problems. In some cases,he was unable to provide customers with the delivery dates that they originally requested. In other cases, he had to turn down work because he was unable to deliver it in the time frame that it was needed. Arthur was aware that many larger furniture manufacturers had already moved to CNC equipment which allowed them to take much of the skill and time out of the job of

accurately producing difcult shapes. But the equipment that he had seen advertised and in shows was either cost prohibitive or else could not provide the level of accuracy and ruggedness needed to meet his requirements. For a number of years, he watched the CNC equipment market and waited for a machine to come along that would meet his requirements. Low cost plus high accuracy The LC machine from Techno is the rst one that I saw that economically provided the accuracy and durability we needed, Arthur said. The machine was designed with just the right mix of features for the small to medium sized custom furniture manufacturer. For example, it has ball screws on all three axes and a closed-loop servo control system. These are the kind of features that are required for the accuracy that our customers demand. Yet the machine with a 50 by 96 inch travel complete with all required software costs under $20,000. When I saw the Techno, I realized that this was a machine that could pay for itself very quickly with the volume of work that I had to put through it.

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I took a close look at the machine at one of Technos technology centers and proved to myself that it could not only handle every job in our shop but also make it possible for us to take on jobs that we werent capable of handling in the past. Technos LC series CNC routing system provides a number of critical features that allow it to deliver accuracy and long-term reliability of a level that has previously only been available from machines at a much higher cost. The LC Series machine is constructed on a heavy steel base, includes a T-Slot aluminum table surface, ball screws on all threes axes, closed-loop servomotor drives, and comes with Technos Windows-based G-Code interface that is upgradable free for the life of the machine. These premium drive components offer smooth playfree motion, a high level of accuracy and repeatability, that requires minimal maintenance. The closed-loop servo control system provides constant position feedback, higher power, and smooth continuous motion that eliminates the possibility of losing position in the middle of a part. With these high-end features, it was easy to recognize that we would get high-speed routing and superb cut quality. The new method of producing furniture to order Arthur now produces most furniture pieces by a new and much more efcient method. His customers can provide their designs in the form of paper drawings. Once he has a drawing in a CAD/CAM software program, he makes any desired modications and scales it to any size. When he is satised, he automatically generates a G-Code program used by the router to produce the design. He loads the material on the machine, pushes the start button and walks away while the router nishes the part. The time required to produce a typical part has dropped from hours to minutes. As a typical example, Arthur mentioned a dresser designed in the form of a lighthouse that he builds for one of his customers in response to consumer orders. The dresser has many pieces with complicated curved surfaces that are required to create a fairy-tale look. In the past, Arthur produced it by rst drawing each piece in full scale on paper, cutting out the paper, gluing them to plywood, then cutting the plywood to shape with a scroll saw, and finally sanding the board so it could serve as a pattern. Each pattern lasted long enough to make three to ve pieces, unless it was nicked by the saw used to cut out the nished parts. Using this method, it took Arthur about 27 hours to produce the dressers. Now, he imports the drawing into EnRoute 3, converts it to a CAD le, and exports G-Code. Then he loads the machine with wood, pushes the start button, and watches while it cuts out each piece. He can now produce a dresser in only 10 hours, and about half of that time he can be doing other things while the machine is cutting out the pieces. A complete package including training and support Arthur added that the Techno sales staff was very helpful in helping him select the right machine for his needs and providing the training he needed to quickly become productive. The machine has proven to be very reliable, not requiring any service outside of routine maintenance in the year that he owned it despite the fact that he keeps it running nearly nonstop. The machine comes fully assembled and includes Technos Windows-based CNC G-Code interface with free lifetime software upgrades. The machine is available in ve sizes, with work envelopes of 30 by 24 inches, 48 by 48 inches, 48 by 96 inches, 59 by 120 inches, and 78 by 120 inches. Each of these models provides a repeatability of 0.001 inches, a resolution of 0.0002 inches and a maximum speed of 250 inches per minute, with an available upgrade to their high-speed version of 900 inches per minute. There is also a wide selection of spindles, software, and accessories to choose from such as laser scanning modules, 2D and 3D digitizing probes, vacuum tables, 4th axis rotary tables, coolant systems, and tooling. Arthur chose the 4-foot by 8-foot model which best ts his material sheet sizes and his total investment including software was under $20,000. In the past, producing complicated parts used to be a very difcult and labor intensive task, Arthur concluded. It was not unusual even for an experienced person like myself to ruin a part and have to start that part over. The purchase of a CNC router has greatly improved the situation. Now, I can program the item once and then reproduce the program with 100% accuracy on the CNC router whenever a customer places an order. The time required to turn out the typical item has been reduced by nearly 2/3. This means that I can help my customers provide better service to their customers by delivering furniture in much less time than was required in the past. I have also been able to reduce my prices by an average of 10%, which makes me more competitive. In spite of that price reduction my protability has increased because I can now get more done in less time. Clearly, CNC routers have the potential to help the domestic custom furniture business compete much more effectively with imports and large chains.

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16-Year-Old Entrepreneur Builds Successful Woodworking Business with CNC Router
As written by and seen in Wood & Wood Products Magazine, December 2005

With the help of his Techno CNC router Foster was able to build all sorts of pieces including this motor driven clock.

Richard Foster has been making gifts for his teachers, friends and relatives since elementary school and became so good at it that people began paying him. Like millions of Americans, Richard Foster dreamed of establishing his independence and nancial security at an early age by developing his own business based on doing what he loves to do, which is woodworking. Now 16 years old, Foster faced a series of challenges early on in his career and was able to tackle those challenges and meet the needs of his growing customer base by becoming more efficient and offering quicker turnaround times. Foster had been using a table saw, drill press, and power router to build all sorts of pieces including a motor driven clock for his tennis coach that consisted of a hand-carved tennis racquet about one foot in diameter. Shortly thereafter, Foster began to receive numerous orders for racquet clocks. Foster was limited in the number that he could produce, as each one took four to ve hours to carve with hand and power tools. Soon orders for golf clocks followed and, the next thing he knew, all of his free time was occupied with making the clocks, which he sold at $80 each. I found that more and more people

wanted to buy the clocks but there wasnt enough time in the day to make them, says Foster. I was aware of CNC machines, but I knew that they cost a lot of money. Foster remembered reading an article about Technos new low cost LC series CNC routing system. The machine provides a number of features that t Fosters needs. Ball screws are provided on all three axes, offering smooth motion, a high level of accuracy and repeatability, and minimal maintenance. A closed loop servo control system provides higher power, constant position feedback that eliminates the possibility of losing position in the middle of a part. The Techno machine seemed to have all the features that I was looking for, says Foster. Besides cost ($15,000), it also offers a high level of accuracy, repeatability and minimal maintenance. Techno also provided me with Rhinoceros and Visual Mill software. I was able to set up the machine in my familys garage and I was off and running. The new router made it possible for Foster to increase his clock output in a fraction of the time. I started by dening the geometry for my clocks with the Rhinoceros software, Foster says. This process required me to fully dene the design and ensured that every clock I produced was identical. Then I imported the geometry into Visual Mill, where I dened the motions of the router required to cut out the clock. I then downloaded the resulting G-code program to the CNC router. Foster then loads a four 1 x 12 pine boards onto the machine at a time, and can cut out one side of 12 tennis clocks in an hour. Foster then turns over the board for the machine to cut out the other half. Each clock is produced exactly like Fosters original computer

model. The accuracy of the clocks is far better than even an experienced woodworker with 12 years experience, like Foster, is able to achieve. Foster then sands, paints and assembles the clocks and they are ready to. The new machine has drastically reduced the amount of time required to make each clock, says Foster. This made it possible to cut the price of each clock in half, allowing the clocks to be more affordable for my customers and also gave me the time to design ve new clock options: baseball, soccer, football, hockey, and basketball. Foster established a company called Time for Sports and looked for new avenues to expand the business - quite a challenge for someone not yet old enough to acquire his own credit card or drive to any business appointments. Fosters next move was as a sponsor at the Nasdaq-100 Open, a tennis tournament in Key Biscayne, FL. He made 570 clocks to sell at a booth at the event. Foster set new sales records and established an important new marketing channel for his company. He later became a sponsor at the Pilot Pen Tournament in New Haven, CT. Fosters early entrepreneurial success led to media exposure, including TV appearances on Warehouse Warriors, Something to Talk About, and Senior Moments, and in the New York Times, and Newsday, all of which has helped drive trafc to his Web site: www.richardfostertimeforsports.com and also helped to increase sales. The Techno LC Series has played a major role in helping me to achieve a signicant level of with very little overhead, Foster says. Its capacity and ability to operate on its own provide the potential for our company to introduce new products without any additional capital investment.

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Terms and Conditions for Limited Warranty and Repairs Warranty


All Techno mechanical components are warranted against manufacturers defects in material and workmanship for a period of one (1) year from the time of shipment from Techno facilities. All Techno electrical components are similarly warranted for a period of one (1) year from the time of shipment from Techno facilities. Technos sole obligation under this warranty is limited to repairing the product or, at its option, replacing the product without additional charge, provided the item is properly returned to Techno for repair as described below. The provisions of this warranty shall not apply to any product that has been subjected to tampering, abuse, improper setup or operating conditions, misuse, lack of proper maintenance, or unauthorized user adjustment. Techno makes no warranty that its products are t for any use or purpose to which they may be put by the customer, whether or not such use or purpose has been disclosed to Techno in specications or drawings previously or subsequently provided, and whether or not Technos products are specically designed and/or manufactured for such a purpose. NOTE: Drive motors (servo or stepper) are considered mechanical components. THIS WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, WHETHER EXPRESSED, IMPLIED, OR ARISING BY OPERATION OF LAW, TRADE USAGE, OR COURSE OF DEALING, ARE HEREBY DISCLAIMED. THERE ARE NO WARRANTIES THAT EXTEND BEYOND THE DESCRIPTION ON THE FACE HEREOF.

Limitation of Remedy
In no event shall Techno be liable for any incidental, consequential, or special damages of any kind or nature whatsoever. Techno is in no way liable for any lost prots arising from or connected to this agreement or items sold under this agreement, whether alleged to arise from breach of contract, expressed or implied warranty, or in tort, including, without limitation, negligence, failure to warn, or strict liability.

Return Procedure
Before returning any equipment in or out of warranty, the customer must rst obtain a return authorization number and packing instructions from Techno. No claim will be allowed nor credit given for products returned without such authorization. Proper packaging and insurance for transportation is solely the customers responsibility. After approval from Techno, the product should be returned with a statement of the problem and transportation prepaid. If, upon examination, warranted defects exist, the product will be repaired or replaced at no charge, and shipped prepaid back to the customer. Return shipment will be by common carrier (i.e., UPS). If rapid delivery is requested by customer, then such transport is at the customers expense. If an out-of-warranty situation exists, the customer will be notied of the repair costs immediately. At such time, the customer must issue a purchase order to cover the cost of the repair or authorize the product to be shipped back as is, at the customers expense. In any case, a restocking charge of 20% will be charged on all items returned to stock.

Field Service
Repairs are ordinarily done at Technos New Hyde Park, New York facility, where all necessary instrumentation is available. This instrumentation is difcult to transport, so eld service is severely limited, and will only be supplied at Technos discretion. If eld service is required and is performed at Technos sole discretion, all relevant expenses, including transportation, travel time, subsistence costs, and the prevailing cost per hour (eight hour minimum) are the responsibility of the customer.

Unforeseen Circumstances
Techno is not liable for delay or failure to perform any obligations hereunder by reason of circumstances beyond its reasonable control. These circumstances include, but are not limited to, accidents, acts of God, strikes or labor disputes, laws, rules, or regulations of any government or government agency, res, oods, delays or failures in delivery of carriers or suppliers, shortages of materials, and any other event beyond Technos control.

Entire Agreement/Governing Law


The terms and conditions contained herein shall constitute the entire agreement concerning the terms and conditions for the limited warranty described hereunder. No oral or other representations are in effect. This Agreement shall be governed in all respects by the laws of New York State. No legal action may be taken by any party more than one (1) year after the date of purchase. Techno reserves the right to change designs, specications, prices, and any applicable documentation without prior notice.

2101 Jericho Turnpike, Box 5416 New Hyde Park, NY 11042-5416 Phone: 516-328-3970 Fax: 516-358-2576 Web site: www.technocnc.com E-mail: support@technocnc.com

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